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There are six essential sub-processes in ACT

Essential Components of ACT

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Acceptance

Essential Components of ACT

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Acceptance

Essential Components of ACT

Defusion

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Acceptance

Essential Components of ACT

Defusion

Self as Context

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Contact with the Present Moment

Acceptance

Essential Components of ACT

Defusion

Self as Context

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Contact with the Present Moment

Acceptance

Values

Essential Components of ACT

Defusion

Self as Context

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Contact with the Present Moment

Acceptance

Values

Essential Components of ACT

Defusion

Committed Action

Self as Context

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Colloquially:

Let Go

Acceptance

Shared Property Relations

Defusion

There are several kinds of relations among these six essential subprocesses. "Shared property relations" are those in which each component together forms a functional unit. Defusion and acceptance are both about undermining excessive literality, or (more colloquially) "letting go."

More technically:

Undermine Excessive Literality

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Colloquially:

Let Go

Show Up

Contact with the Present Moment

Acceptance

Shared Property Relations

Defusion

Self as context and contact with the present moment both involve verbal and non-verbal aspects of "here and now", or more colloquially, "showing up." These processes are in the center of the hexagram because issues of being are central to all of the other processes and at one level of analysis ACT can be distilled down into a single word: Be.

Self as Context

More technically:

Undermine Excessive Literality

Verbal and Non-Verbal

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Colloquially:

Let Go

Show Up

Get Moving

Contact with the Present Moment

Acceptance

Values

Shared Property Relations

Defusion Committed Action

Values and Committed action involve positive uses of language to choose and complete courses of action ... that is they are about getting moving

Self as Context

More technically:

Undermine Excessive Literality

Verbal and Non-Verbal

Build Positive Use of Language

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Dialectical relations exist between undermining and promoting language functions in the service of acceptance and change

Acceptance

Values

Defusion

Committed Action

Facets of the Acceptance and Change Dialectic

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Contact with the Present Moment

Acceptance

Values

Facilitative Relations

Defusion

Committed Action

Self as Context

Some relations are simply mutually facilitative ... for example defusion helps make contact with the present moment possible while contacting the present moment provides the events that may need to be defused from

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This then is the overall ACT model

Acceptance

Contact with the Present Moment

Values

Defusion

Committed Action

Self as Context

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Acceptance and Mindfulness Processes

Acceptance

Contact with the Present Moment

You can chunk them into two larger groups

Values

Defusion

Committed Action

Self as Context

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and

Contact with the Present Moment

Commitment and Behavior Change Processes

Values

Acceptance

Defusion

Committed Action

Thus the name "Acceptance and Commitment Therapy"

Self as Context

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The Essence of ACT Work

Acceptance

Contact with the Present Moment

Values

is this psychological space

Defusion

Committed Action

and what it is, is the answer to this central ...

Self as Context

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ACT Question

(2) are you willing to have that stuff, fully and without defense

Acceptance

Contact with the Present Moment

(6) at this time, in this situation?

Values (5) of your chosen values

If the answer is "yes," that is what builds...

Defusion

Psychological Flexibility (4) AND do what takes you in the direction Committed Action

(3) as it is, and not as what it says it is,

Self as (1) Given a distinction between Context you and the stuff you are struggling with and trying to change

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Psychological Flexibility

­ Psychological flexibility is contacting the present moment fully as a conscious, historical human being, and based on what the situation affords changing or persisting in behavior in the service of chosen values.

4/21/2005

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We Can Now Define ACT

­ ACT is a functional contextual therapy approach based on Relational Frame Theory which views human psychological problems dominantly as problems of psychological inflexibility fostered by cognitive fusion and experiential avoidance. In the context of a therapeutic relationship, ACT brings direct contingencies and indirect verbal processes to bear on the experiential establishment of greater psychological flexibility primarily through acceptance, defusion, establishment of a transcendent sense of self, contact with the present moment, values, and building larger and larger patterns of committed action linked to those values. ­ Said more simply, ACT uses acceptance and mindfulness processes, and commitment and behavior change processes, to produce greater psychological flexibility.

4/21/2005

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