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2nd Edition 2008

© 2008 American Dental Association

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

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Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

Acknowledgements This publication was developed by the Council on Dental Practice. Principal staff contributions were made by Dr. Pamela Porembski, senior manager, Special Projects, Ms. Joan Dietrich, manager, Dental Team Activities & Publications and Ms. Jennifer Fraga, coordinator, Dental Team Activities and Special Projects all in the Council on Dental Practice; and Mr. Tom Elliott in the Legal Department.

The Council on Dental Practice Mission Statement The mission of the Council on Dental Practice is to recommend policies and provide resources to empower our members to continue development of the dental practice, and to enhance their personal and professional lives for the betterment of the dental team and the patients they serve.

Disclaimer This publication of the American Dental Association is offered as information only and not as legal or other professional advice. Persons reviewing this material need to consult with their own personal advisors for such advice. Issues identified for consideration may or may not be important to your personal decisions.

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

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Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

Introduction: Abbreviations, acronyms and symbols are often used in dental charting or in dental publications as a convenience. The Council on Dental Practice (CDP) maintains this listing of dental abbreviations, symbols and acronyms in an effort to give uniformity for authors, educators, practitioners, oral health care students and others who may have a need to use or know common dental and dental-related abbreviations, symbols and acronyms. You will notice that there may be more than one meaning for an abbreviation and/or acronym, or more than one common way to abbreviate a term. The lists provided here reflect current usage as reported to the Council on Dental Practice. It is always important to keep in mind the context of the entry when using or interpreting an abbreviation or acronym. The Council recommends that dentists select their own approved list of abbreviations, symbols and/or acronyms for their offices. This list should be made part of your office policies so that all team members use uniform terminology. A form is provided for this purpose in this publication. Dentists may wish to consider making this form available when complying with a patient's or other lawful request for records. Acronyms, abbreviations and symbols selected should have single meanings in your office. Dentists should avoid using abbreviations, symbols or acronyms that are obscure. Unique abbreviations, symbols or acronyms may not be understood by others and may cause a variety of problems in both a clinical and legal setting. If there is any doubt about the understanding of an abbreviation, symbol or acronym, it should not be used. Dentists are advised to consult with their own legal counsel, professional liability insurers or risk management representatives for specific advice. Abbreviations or acronyms should not be used on patient informed consent forms. Dentists are also advised to refrain from using abbreviations when writing prescriptions for patients. While these may be commonly used in charting, prescriptions given to patients should be completely legible and no abbreviations should be used. Recommendations from the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention (NCC MERP) are included in this text. Finally, this listing is not complete. Comments and suggestions from readers regarding additions or deletions to future editions of this publication are welcome. Please submit your comments or suggestions to: Mail: Council on Dental Practice Attn: Senior Manager of Special Projects 211 E. Chicago Avenue Chicago, Illinois 60611 Fax: 312-440-2924 E-mail: [email protected]

Pamela Porembski DDS Senior Manager, Special Projects 2nd Edition Editor

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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Table of Contents

Page

Mission Statement of the Council on Dental Practice & Disclaimer ............................................................................................................. 2

Introduction ........................................................................................................... 3

Commonly Used Dental Charting Abbreviations and Symbols ............................. 5

Commonly Used Dental Acronyms ..................................................................... 21

ADA Agency Acronyms....................................................................................... 31

Designations for Teeth (Tooth Numbering)......................................................... 35

Prescriptions Writing Recommendations of NCC MERP .................................... 36

Alphabetical Index of Commonly Used Dental Abbreviations ............................. 39

Template for Personalized List of Abbreviations, Symbols & Acronyms............. 50

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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Commonly Used Dental Charting Abbreviations and Symbols

Symbol / "X" or "=" /kg /lb Meaning per missing tooth or pontic per kilogram per pound rotated counterclockwise rotated clockwise lesser than greater than change; diagnosis differential diagnosis check approximately equal fracture increased decreased no difference diastema open contact drifted mesially drifted distally Celsius Fahrenheit female male primary secondary degree of mobility six month recall

< >

^ midline midline °C °F

1° or 1 2° or 2 + (number) 6MR

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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ABBREVIATION

WORD OR TERM

algin ALL alv alvect alvy AM am AM BU Amal AMO amp An ANB anes ant ante ANUG aob AP AP AP AP ap APAP apeo APF apico appl appl appt APT aq AR ARC as lib ASA

alginate Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia alveol(us) (ar) alveolectomy alveolectomy before noon amalgam amalgam buildup amalgam Anterior Maxillary Osteotomy amputation Angle A point Nasion B point anesthesia; anesthetic anterior before Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis alcohol on breath adult prophylaxis anterior-posterior Adult Periodontitis addicted patient apex acetaminophen, paracetamol; Nacetyl-para-aminophenol Apicoectomy acidulated phosphate fluoride apicoectomy; apical root canal surgery appliance application appointment Active Periodontal Treatment water amalgam restoration AIDS Related Complex freely; as needed aspirin; acetylsalicylic acid

A

a A(LFH) A(TFH) AAA ab abc ABCD abf abn abr abs abut Ac ac acc ACM acr acry AD ADD ADHD adj adv AED AG Ag Ag pt AIDS air abr AL alg before (Anterior) Lower Facial Height [anterior nasal spine-menton] (Anterior) Total Face Height [nasion-menton] Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm abutment abscess Asymmetry, Borders, Color, Diameter abfraction abnormal abrasion abscess abutment acute before meals accessory Acetaminophen acrylic acrylic Alzheimer's Disease Attention Deficit Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder adjust(ed) (ment) advanced Automatic External Defibrillator attached gingival silver silver point Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome air abrasion attachment loss alginate

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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asap asst asst atr att attr atyp Au ausc aux av AVC ave aver avg aw aw adj AZT

as soon as possible assistant; dental assistant assorted atrophy attachment attrition atypical gold auscultation auxilliary avulsion Active Vertical Corrector treatment average average average arch wire archwire adjustment Azidothymidine

BII bil bis-gma bkt BL bldup BMS bn BOP bp BR br br br bx brdg brdg brk BRM brux BSSO BTI bu buc BUN bw bwx bwxr bx

bridge supported by two implants bilateral bisphenol-a-glycidyl methacrylate bracket bone loss build up Burning Mouth Syndrome bon(e) (y) bleeding on probing blood pressure by report bridge fixed partial denture brush biopsy bridge fixed partial denture bracket Biological Response Modifier brux(er) (ism) Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy bleeding time index build up buccal Blood Urea Nitrogen level bitewing x-ray bite wing x-ray bite wing x-ray biopsy

B

B b/u BA bb BBTD bbti BC BD BD BD BDF - H BDF - V bf bg BGW bi BI bid buccal build up broken appointment bad breath Baby Bottle Tooth Decay bisque bake try in bone crest bony defect base of defect buccal distal bony defect fill ­ horizontal bony defect fill ­ vertical bone fragment bone graft bigonial width bicuspid biologic indicators twice a day

C

c

C C&B C&S C/ /C c/o ca ca

with coarse crown and bridge culture and sensitivity complete upper denture complete lower denture complaining of approximately circa

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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CA CAB CAD CAD/ CAM CAL calc canc CaOH caps car Car Prev Tx carp CAT cav CBC cc cc cc CD CE CEJ cem ceph ceram CFA CHF chk chk chr cit acid CL CL cl & sh cl I cl II cl III CL/CP

cancer Coronary Artery Bypass Coronary Artery Disease computer-aided design/ computer-aided manufacture clinical attachment level calculus cancel(lation) Calcium Hydroxide capsules caries Caries Prevention Treatment carpule computerized axial tomography cavity complete blood count caries control chief complaint cubic centimeter chemical dependency cervical erosion cementoenamel junction cement(ation) cephalometric image ceramic craniofacial analysis Congestive Heart Failure check observe chronic citric acid cleft lip crown lengthening cleansing and shaping classification of jaw relation; Angle Class I classification of jaw relation; Angle Class II classification of jaw relation; Angle Class III cleft lip, cleft palate

CLD cldy CLP clr cm CMB cmpd CMV CO COC COD comp comp Comp BU con bar conc cond cong cons cons sed COPD COS COW CP CP CPAP cpd CPEC CPF CPR CPT CR cr crl crn crn lngth CRO

complete lower denture cloudy cleft lip and palate clear centimeter Chronic Mouth Breathing compound cytomegalovirus centric occlusion Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst (Gorlin Cyst) condition on discharge complete composite composite buildup connector bar concentrat(e) (ion) condition congenital consultation conscious sedation Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease curve of Spee curve of Wilson centric position child prophylaxis Continuous Positive Airway Pressure compound comprehensive periodontal examination and charting coronally positioned flap cardiopulmonary resuscitation Caries Prevention Treatment centric relation crown cervical root lesion crown crown lengthening centric relation occlusion

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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CRP crs CS CS CT CTS cu CUD cur CV CVA Cx

C-reactive protein coarse coronal scaling conscious sedation computerized tomography Cracked Tooth Syndrome cause unknown complete upper denture curettage Curriculum Vitae Cerebral Vascular Accident control tooth

denthx desen dev DFDBA dfdg DFMT dg dh dhr DI DI dia diag dias DigA dil dir disc dist div DJD DK DK DL DM dnka DO dob DOB DOF DOT dpc dr drn drs drsg dt dtr

dental history desentiz(ation) (e) develop demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft differential diagnosis decayed, filled or missing teeth diagnosis dental history dental health record distal incisal Dentogenesis Imperfecta diameter diagnosis diastema anterior digastric muscle dilute direct discussed distal divide Degenerative Joint Disease caries decay distal lingual Diabetes Mellitus did not keep appointment distal occlusal date of birth distal occlusal buccal distal occlusal facial directly observed therapy direct pulp cap drain drain dressing dressing decayed teeth denture

D

d d D d/c d/c d/e d/w D/W da daw DB DBA dbl DC DD DDR debrd dec dec decid decid def del demo dent day depth distal discontinue discharged double ended instrument discussed with dextrose/water dental assistant dispense as written distal buccal dentin bonding agents double dentigerous cyst differential diagnosis direct digital radiography debridement decrease deciduous deciduous primary defective deliver(ed) demonstrate dent(al) (istry)(ition)(ure)

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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du dup DV DVT dwt dx DZP

drug user duplicate(d) domestic violence Deep Vein Thrombosis pennyweight diagnosis diazepam

e-surg etch etiol ETS eug eval Ex ex. exam exc excs exf exp ext ext bl extr

electro-surgery acid etch etiology environmental tobacco smoke eugenol evaluat(ion) (e) examination example examination excision excision exfoliat(e) (ion) (ive) expos(ed) (ure) extract(ion) external bleaching extruded

E

E E&E e.g. ea EAL EBV ECC ecf ECM ED EDA edent EGF EM emerg EMG EMO endo EO EOP epi epin epith EPT eq pts equil equiv esp ESRD est extraction excavate and evaluate for example each electronic apex locator Epstein-Barr Virus early childhood caries extended care facility extra-cellular matrix effective dose Ectodermal dysplasia edentulous Epidermal Growth Factor Erythema Multiforma emergency electromyogram edentulous mandibular overdenture endodontics extraoral Early Onset Periodontal disease epinephrine epinephrine epitheli(um) (al) electric pulp test equal parts equilibrate; equilibration equivalent especially End Stage Renal Disease estimate

F

F f F F F/ /F F/C F/F F/L F/P F/U f/u fa fac famhx FAPA fb fc fc fd facial fine fluoride failed appointment maxillary full denture mandibular full denture fever or chills full maxillary denture over full mandibular denture full lower denture full maxillary denture over partial mandibular denture full upper denture follow up failed appointment facing family history Fever-Apthous ulcersPharyngitis-Adenitis foreign body flap curettage formocresol furcation depth

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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FDS fem ff FGC fgg fgm fh FH fl fl FLD FLK fms fmwk fmx FN FNA FNB FO F-O fom food imp FOTI FP FPD FR frag frenmy freq Ftx FU(D) func fuo fur furc FX fx fx pros

Flap Debridement Surgery female fine fine full gold crown free gingival graft free gingival margin family history Frankfurt Horizontal fluid fluoride full lower denture Funny Looking Kid full mouth series framework full mouth series false negative fine needle aspiration fine needle biopsy Flap with Osseous resection surgery fiber optics floor of mouth food impaction Fiber Optic Transillumination false positive fixed partial denture Functional Regulator (Frankel Appliance) fragment frenectomy frequent fluoride treatment full upper denture function fever of unknown origin furcation furcation fracture function fixed prosthodontics

fxd Fxd

fixed fixed prosthodontics

G

g g ion ga gal GBI GBS GCF gen G-EOP GERD gf GI GI GI GIC ging GIR GJP gm gmh Gn Go GP gp gplasty grp GTCS GTH gtmy GTR gtt gvty gram glass ionomer cement general anesthesia gallon gingival bleeding index gingival bleeding score gingival crevicular fluid general; generalized Generalized Early-onset Periodontitis gastroesophageal reflux disease gold foil gastrointestinal tract Gingival Index glass ionomer glass ionomer cement gingiva(l) glass ionomer resin Generalized Juvenile Periodontitis gram general medical history gnathion gonion general practitioner gutta percha gingivoplasty group Generalized Tonic-clonic Seizures (Grand Mal) Gingival Thickness gingivectomy guided tissue regeneration drop gingivectomy

H

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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H H H&C H&P h/o H2O H2O2 HA ha HAOS HAV HBD hbp HBsAg HBV hci HCV hemr Hg HGH HH hh HHV hist HIV HL hl HMO HNF hoh hoi hosp HP HPBL HR hr hrd HS hs

history hour hot and cold History and Physical history of water hydrogen peroxide hydroxyapatite headache hard acrylic occlusal splint Hepatitis A virus has been drinking high blood pressure Hepatitis B surface antigen Hepatitis B virus home care instructions Hepatitis C virus hemorrhage mercury Human Growth Hormone health history hard of hearing Human Herpes Virus history Human Immunodeficiency Virus Hairy Leukoplakia hearing loss Horizontal Mandibular Osteotomy head-neck-face hard of hearing history of present illness hospital handpiece horizontal probing bone level high risk hour hard heavy smoker at bedtime

HSV ht htn htr hve hw hx hyg

Herpes Simplex Virus height hypertension hard tissue replacement high volume evacuation healing well history dental hygiene

I

I I&D i.s.q. i.s.q. I/D IA IAL IBD IBF IBI IC ic med icp ID id IDDM IDU IFPD IM imm immed imp impl impr in IN inc incisal incise and drain no change in status quo incise and drain inferior alveolar incidental attachment loss intrabony defect ibuprofen Eastman Interdental Bleeding Index informed consent intracanal medication intercuspal position identification interior diameter Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1) injection drug user implant fixed partial denture intramuscular immediate immediate imp(acted)(action)(roved)(lant) (ression) implant impression inch intranasal incomplete

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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incl incr incs indir inf infl inj inj inl inr ins INS instr int int bl intr io ip ipc IPD IRM irrig iv ivdu ivrf

include increase incised indirect inf(erior) (ected) inflammation injection injury inlay intermittent inserted insurance instruct(ed) (ion) Internal internal bleaching intruded intraocular intercuspal position indirect pulp cap Inflammatory Periodontal Disease intermediate restorative material Irrigation Intravenous intravenous drug use incomplete vertical root fracture

LA lab lac lat LCR LE les lft lg Li lido lig ling liq LJP LL LLQ LP lpa LPM LR lrg LRQ

local anesthesia laboratory laceration lateral light cured resin Lupus Erythematosus lesion left large lingual lidocaine liga(ment) (ture) lingual liquid Localized Juvenile Periodontitis lower left lower left quadrant lichen planus loss of periodontal attachment lateral pterygoid muscle lower right large lower right quadrant

M

M m m MAA malig maloc man mand MAS MAT max MB mcg mdl mesial male medium Mandibular Advancement Appliance malignant malocclusion mandib(ular) (le) mandib(ular) (le) massester muscle maxillary alveolar tenderness maxi(lla) (llary) (mum) mesial buccal microgram midline

J

JRA Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

K

kg KS keratinized gingival Kaposi's sarcoma

L

L l l L l LA left length liter lingual lower labial

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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MDR-TB med med hx medic meds mEq mf MF MFL MFP mg mg MGJ mh MI MI MI MID min min miss MjAU ML ml mld MM mm MNVB MO mo MOB MOD mod MODB MOL MP MPBI MPD

Multiple Drug Resistant Tuberculosis medium medical history medicament medications milliequivalent medium fine mesial facial mesial facial lingual myofascial pain milligram mucogingival mucoginival junction medical history maximum intercuspation mesial incisal myocardial infarction mesial incisal distal minute minimal missing Major Apthous Ulcers mesial lingual milliliter mild mucous membrane millimeter Mental Neurovascular Bundle mesial occlusal month mesial occlusal buccal mesial occlusal distal moderate mesial occlusal distal buccal mesial occlusal lingual mandibular plane (gonionmenton) Modified Papillary Bleeding Index myofacial pain dysfunction

MPI MS MSBI MVA MVP MW

maximum permitted intake Multiple Sclerosis modified sulcular bleeding index motor vehicle accident mitral valve prolapse modified Widman surgery

N

n/a n/c n/d N/S N/V N2O na NaCl NAD NaF nar nc NCP ncr NE nec NED neg NERD NHL ni nk NKA NKDA nl NNS no. non-vtl np npc npe not applicable no charge not determined no show nausea and vomiting nitrous oxide not applicable sodium chloride no apparent distress sodium fluoride narrative no change in condition non compliant patient necrotic norepinephrine necrotic no evidence of disease negative no evidence of recurrent disease Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma no insurance not known no known allergies no known drug allergies normal limits non-nutritive sucking number non-vital new patient no previous complaint new patient examination

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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nph npo nr nrc ns ns NSAID nsf NSPT NUG nv NVB

no previous history nothing by mouth next recall nonrestorable caries non-smoker nothing significant nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug no significant findings Non Surgical Periodontal Therapy Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis next visit inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle

OS OSCC oss OTC oth ov oxy oz

oral surgery Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma osseous over the counter other office visit oxygen ounce

P

P p P&C P&E P&M P(TFH) P/ P/F P/P P: pa PA PA PACR PAL palp pan pano PAP part PASS pat path pax Pb PBI PBI palatal prophylaxis post and core prophylaxis and exam papillae and marginal gingiva Posterior Total Facial Height (sella-gonion) maxillary partial denture partial maxillary denture over full mandibular denture partial maxillary denture over partial mandibular denture Treatment Plan periapical posterior-anterior preparatory appointment post and core restoration probing attachment level palpation panoramic image panoramic image periapical pathology partial Plaque Assessment Scoring System patient pathology periapical x-ray lead papillary bleeding index Periodontal pocket Bleeding Index

O

O O2 OAT obj OC OC occ occl occl xr OCD ocf od OFD oh ohi ohr oi oint OKC OMLP OMSCC onl op ortho occlusal oxygen Oral Appliance Therapy objective open contact oral contraceptives occlus(al) (ion) occlus(al) (ion) occlusal x-rays Obsessive Compulsive Disorder other clinical findings outer diameter Orofaciodigital Syndrome oral hygiene oral hygiene instructions oral health record occlusal interference ointment Odontogenic Keratocyst Oral Mucosal Lichen Planus Oral Mucosal Squamous Cell Carcinoma onlay operat(ion) (ory) orthodontics

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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PBS PC PC PC pc pc pcap PCD PCN PCO PCR PCT PD pd PDC PDI pdl pecor pedo PEN per os perc perf periap perio perio main perm PFG PFM pfs ph ph PI pit-fis PJC pk pkt PL PLD

papillary bleeding score periodontal chart porcelain crown poor contact after meals pulp cap pulp cap Periapical Cemental Dysplasia penicillin periodontal chart only pseudo centric relation plaque control techniques partial denture probing depth preventive dentistry counseling periodontal disease index periodontal ligament pericoronitis pedodontics; pediatric dentistry penicillin by mouth percussion perforation periapical periodont(al) (itis) (ics) periodontal maintenance permanent porcelain fused to gold porcelain fused to metal pit and fissure sealant past history (tele)phone plaque index pits and fissures porcelain jacket crown pocket pocket partial lower denture partial lower denture

PLP plpts plq PLV PM PMC pmh pmma PMO pmrc pnxr po PO poc POI pol pom pon porc POS pos post post post op POT pow ch PPD PPE ppm(b) ppt PR pre op prec att prefab prelim premed prep prev

palatal lift prosthesis pulpitis plaque porcelain laminate veneer after noon porcelain to metal crown past medical history polymethylmethacrylate Posterior Maxillary Osteotomy polyacid-modified resin composite material panoramic radiograph by mouth post operative pocket post operative instructions polish porcelain on metal pontic porcelain point of service Positive After posterior post operative post operative treatment power chain probing pocket depth personal protective equipment parts per million (billion) paper point per rectum pre-operative precision attachment prefabricated preliminary premedicate prepar(e) (ation) prevention

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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prim prn pro prog prophy pros prosth prov prox PRP PRR PS PSA PSR PST pt PUD pulp pulpo pur PVS pwdr Px px P-XR Pxs

primary as needed prophylaxis prog(nosis) (ress) prophylaxis prosthodonti(cs) (st) prosthodonti(cs) (st) provisional proximal plasma rich protein preventive resin restoration past smoker posterior superior alveolar periodontal screening and recording post surgical treatment patient partial upper denture pulp(otomy) (ectomy) pulpotomy purulent polyvinyl siloxane powder prognosis prophylaxis panoramic radiograph prophylaxis

qrtrs qs quad

quarters sufficient quantity quadrant

R

R R R&C r/o RA RA rad RAP RAS RAU RBFPD rc rc rcf rct RD R-D RDH rdk re reapp reappt reb rec rec rec recem recon red ReDK re-eval ref reg reimpl right recurrent decay risks and complications rule out right angle Rheumatoid Arthritis radiograph recovering addicted patient Recurrent Apthous Stomatitis Recurrent Apthous Ulcer resin-bonded fixed partial denture; Maryland bridge residual cyst root canal root canal filling root canal therapy recession depth rubber dam registered dental hygienist recurrent decay regarding reappoint(ment) reappoint(ment) rebase gingival recession recommend(ed) record recement reconstruction reduc(ed) (tion) recurrent decay re-evaluation reference regular reimplantation

Q

Q q q4h (q 4°) q6h (q 6°) q1d qam qd qh qid qod question every every 4 hours every 6 hours every day every morning every day every hour four times a day every other day

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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rel rem rem pros repl res resp rest ret RME RMGI RMH ro ROH ROHic ROM RP rp rp/sc RPD RPE RPS rrr rt RTC rw Rx

reline removable removable prosthodontics replac(ed) (ing) resin respiration restor(ation) (e) retained rapid maxillary expansion resin modified glass ionomer reviewed medical history radiopaque alcohol alcoholic range of motion retruded position root planing root planing and scaling removable partial denture rapid palatal expansion root planing and scaling residual ridge resorption right return to clinic recession width Prescription

SBE SBI SBP SC sc sd seal sed sens sft sgl SH sh Sig sl SL SLE SM SM sm SM SMA SNA SNB SnF SPT sr SRP ssc ssn st st stat std STD STL STM sut sub

Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis sulcular bleeding index systolic blood pressure subcutaneous scaling sterile dressing sealant sedative sensitive soft single social history shade directions; take as follows slightly sublingual; under the tongue Systemic Lupus Erythematosus study models space maintainer small submucosal study model analysis sella-nasion-A-point sella-nasion-B-point stannous fluoride supportive periodontal treatment silver restoration scaling and root planing stainless steel crown social security number student smokeless tobacco immediately standard sexually transmitted disease soft tissue lesion soft tissue management suture subgingival; submarginal

S

s s s sut S&RP S&Sx S/D s/e S/S SAOS SARS without surface silk suture scaling and root planing signs and symptoms systolic / diastolic blood pressure single ended instrument signs and symptoms soft acrylic occlusal splint Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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subcut subggv subging subl subling subm subq sugg sup super super supnum supp supra ggv supra marg sur surf surg surg ext susp susp SVOS sx Sx sxt sym symp syr sys sz

subcutaneous subgingival subgingival sublingual sublingual submucosal subcutaneous suggestion superior above additional supernumerary supperation supragingival supramarginal surface surface surg(ery) (ical) (eon) surgical extraction suspension suspect soft vinyl occlusal splint sometimes symptoms sextant symmetric symptoms syrup system (ic) size

TBS tbsp tc Tem A Tem P Temp temp TENS th TID TMD tmj TN tng top TP TP TPR TPT tr trans tsp tt TTC Tx Tyl

tris-buffered saline tablespoon tissue conditioning anterior temporalis muscle posterior temporalis muscle temperature temporary transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation tooth three times per day temporomandibular joint disorder temporomandibular joint trigeminal neuralgia tongue topical treatment plan therapeutic pulpotomy temperature, pulse, respiration thermal pulp test treatment transitional teaspoon temporary treatment tetracycline treatment tylenol

U

U u U(A)FH UK UL ULQ uncoop uner ung unilat unk universal color upper upper anterior facial height unknown upper left upper left quadrant uncooperative unerupted ointment unilateral unknown

T

t cond T/t tab tb TB TBA tissue condition(er) (ing) time/temperature tablet toothbrush Tuberculosis Tooth Brush Abrasion

Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

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unsvc UR URQ

unserviceable upper right upper right quadrant

w-d wgt WL w-n wnl wt

well developed weight working length well nourished within normal limits weight

V

v.s. var vaso VD VD VDO vert bw vert def vert dim vit vs vtl VZV vital signs varnish vasoconstrictor venereal disease vertical dimension vertical dimension of occlusion vertical bitewings vertical defect vertical dimension vitamin vital signs vital Varicella Zoster Virus

X

X xc xf XR xs xt xxf xylo times extra coarse extra fine x-ray excess(ive) extract (ion) extra extra fine Xylocaine

Y

y/o years old

W

w w/ w/f w/fl w/n width with with fluoride with fluoride within

Z

ZDV ZnPO4 ZOE Zidovidine zinc phosphate zinc oxide eugenol

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

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Commonly Used Dental Acronyms

Acronym Meaning

A

AAAHC AAE AAFP AAHD AAO AAOMP AAOMR AAOMS AAP AAP AAPD AAPHD AARP ACE ACP ACP ACS ADA ADAA ADABEI ADAF ADEA ADHA AGD AHA AHA AHCPR AHIC AHIP AHRQ AIDS ALARA AMA ANHB Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care American Association of Endodontists American Academy of Family Physicians American Association of Hospital Dentists American Association of Orthodontists American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons American Academy of Periodontology American Academy of Pediatrics American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry American Association of Public Health Dentistry formerly known as the American Association of Retired Persons ADA Clinical Evaluator American College of Prosthodontics American College of Physicians American College of Surgeons American Dental Association American Dental Assistants Association ADA Business Enterprises, Inc. ADA Foundation American Dental Education Association American Dental Hygienists' Association Academy of General Dentistry American Heart Association American Hospital Association Agency of Health Care Policy and Research American Health Information Community America's Health Insurance Plans Agency for Health Care Research and Quality Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome As Low As Reasonably Achievable (radiation) American Medical Association Alaska Native Health Board

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

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ANSI ANTHC ANUG APHA ARC ASA ASC ASDA ASO ASTDD ASTM AwDA AWWA

American National Standards Institute Alaska Native Tribal Health Corsortium Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis American Public Health Association Aids Related Complex American Society on Aging Accredited Standards Committee American Student Dental Association Administrative services only Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors American Society for Testing and Materials Americans with Disabilities Act American Water Works Association

B

BAT BBP BCLS BEIR BFE BLS BMP BMS BPHC Best Available Technology Blood Borne Pathogen Standard Basic Cardiac Life Support Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation Bacterial Filtration Efficiency Basic Life Support Best Management Practices Burning Mouth Syndrome Bureau of Primary Health Care (HRSA)

C

CAPMI CDA CDC CDHC CDHP CDL CDO CDPMA CD-ROM CDT CDT CE CERP CERT Computer Assisted Post Mortem Identification Certified Dental Assistant Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Community Dental Health Coordinator consumer-driven health plan Certified Dental Laboratory Chief Dental Officer Certified Dental Practice Management Assistant Compact Disk-Read Only Memory Certified Dental Technician Current Dental Terminology Continuing Education Continuing Education Recognition Program Community Emergency Response Team

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

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CFR CFU CG CHAMPUS CHAP CHIN CHIP CMS CN CNS COA COB COBRA CODA COHR COMSA CPR CPT CQI CRC CTS CTS CV CVA

Code of Federal Regulations Colony Forming Units Center of Gravity Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services Community Health Aide Program Community Health Information Network Children's Health Insurance Program/Medicare-Medicaid Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services cranial nerves Central Nervous System Certified Orthodontic Assistant Coordination of Benefits Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act Commission on Dental Accreditation Computer-based Oral Health Record Certified Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Assistant Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Current Procedural Terminology Continuous Quality Improvement Code Revision Committee Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Cracked Tooth Syndrome Curriculum Vitae Cerebrovascular Accident

D

D/E DANB DARW DAT DBA DC DDS DEA DeCC DEF DFMT DFT DHAT Double-ended instrument Dental Assisting National Board Dental Assistant Recognition Week Dental Aptitude Test Doing Business As Dentigerous Cyst Doctor of Dental Surgery Drug Enforcement Agency Dental Content Committee decayed, extracted, filled Decayed, Filled or Missing Teeth decayed, filled teeth Dental Health Aide Therapist

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

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DHMO DICAD DICOM DIT DMD DNA DPP DR DRG DSMO DUWS(L)

Dental Health Maintenance Organization Digital Image Capture in Dentistry Digital Imaging Communications in Medicine Dental Identification Team Doctor of Dental Medicine deoxyribonucleic acid Dental Practice Parameters Direct Reimbursement diagnosis-related groups Designated Standards Maintenance Organization Dental unit water supply (line)

E

EAP EAS EBD ECF ECP ECP EDI EEOC EFI EFT EHR EM EMG EMS EMT EOB EOC EPA EPSDT ERA ERISA ESAR-VHP ESC Employee Assistance Programs Emergency Alert System Evidence-based Dentistry extended care facility electronic claims processing exposure control plan Electronic Data Interchange Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Electronic File Interchange Electronic Funds Transfer Electronic Health Record Erythema Multiforme Electromyography Emergency Medical Services Emergency Management Training Explanation of Benefits Emergency Operations Center Environmental Protection Agency Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment Program Electronic Remittance Advice Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 Emergency System for Advance Registration of Health Professions Volunteers Electronic Study Club

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 25 of 52

F

FAQ FDA FDBI FDI FDS FEMA FFS FGF FMV FOTI FQHCs FTC frequently asked question Food & Drug Administration Facial Dog Bite Injury World Dental Federation Federal Dental Service Federal Emergency Management Agency Fee for Service Fibroblast Growth Factor Fair Market Value Fiber Optic Transillumination Federally Qualified Health Centers Federal Trade Commission

G

GKAS GLC GMT GPR GRAS GUI Give Kids A Smile Gas-liquid Chromatography Geometric Mean Titer General Practice Residency Generally recognized as safe Graphic User Interface

H

HazMat HCPCS HCQA HCS HCW HEDIS HHS HIPAA HITSP HMO HPSAs HRSA HS HSA HTML Hazard Communication Standard Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System Health Care Quality Alliance Hazard Communication Standard health care worker Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set Health and Human Services Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 Healthcare Information Technology Standards Panel Health Maintenance Organization Health Professional Shortage Areas Health Resources and Services Administration Head Start Health Savings Account Hypertext Markup Language

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 26 of 52

I

IBWA ICD IG IHCIA IHS INDID IOM IPA ISO ISP International Bottled Water Association International Classification of Diseases Implementation Guide Indian Healthcare Improvement Act Indian Health Service Individual Identifier Institute of Medicine Individual Practice Association International Organization for Standardization Internet Service Provider

J

JADA JCAHO JCSMS Journal of American Dental Association Joint Commission of Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations Joint Commission on Sports Medicine and Science

K L

L(A)FH LAN LASER LD LD50 LDH LE LEAT LHD LTC LTG Lower (Anterior) Facial Height Local Area Network Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation lethal dose lethal dose expected to kill 50% Licensed Dental Hygienist Lupus Erythematosus Least Expensive Alternative Treatment Local Heath Department long term care long term goals

M

MBTI MCHB MCO MF MMDD_YYYY MRC MRD MRI Meyers Briggs Type Indicator Maternal and Child Health Bureau Managed Care Organization Mental Foramina month, day of month, year Medical Reserve Corps maximum recommended dose magnetic resonance imaging

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 27 of 52

MSA MSD MSDS MTD

Medical Savings Account Musculoskeletal Disorders Material Safety Data Sheets month to date

N

n NADL NADP NAIC NAOH NAS NCCHC NCCSH NCDHM NCI NCOAL NCQA NCRP NCVHS NDA NFAC NFDH NHBPEP NHII NHSC NIDCR NIDR NIH NIMS NLM NOEL NOHC NOHIC NPDB NPI NPPES NPRM NPSF unspecified number National Association of Dental Laboratories National Association of Dental Plans National Association of Insurance Commissioners National Alliance for Oral Health National Academy of Sciences National Commission on Correctional Health Care National Coordinating Committee on School Health National Children's Dental Health Month National Cancer Institute National Council on the Aging National Committee on Quality Assurance National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics National Dental Association National Fluoridation Advisory Committee National Foundation of Dentistry for the Handicapped National High Blood Pressure Education Program National Health Information Infrastructure National Health Service Corps National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research National Institute of Dental Research National Institutes of Health National Incident Management Systems National Library of Medicine No Observable Effects Level National Oral Health Conference National Oral Health Information Clearinghouse National Practitioner Data Bank National Provider Identifier National Plan and Provider Enumeration System Notice of Proposed Rulemaking National Patient Safety Forum

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 28 of 52

NQF NRC NRHA NRP NSAID NSF NTP

National Quality Forum National Research Council National Rural Health Association National Response Plan non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs nonsufficient funds National Toxicology Program

O

OCR OESS OMSS ORGID ORGTYPE OSAP OSAP OSHA OTC Office for Civil Rights Office of E-Health Standards and Services Organized Medical Staff Section (AMA) Organization Identifier Organization Type Office Sterilization and Asepsis Procedures Organization for Safety and Asepsis Procedures Occupational Safety and Health Administration over the counter

P

P&L P.A.N.D.A. PAHO PARCA PBR PC PCP PCR PEL PHD PHI POE POS PPE PPO PPT PRO PT PTAC Profit and Loss statement Prevent Abuse and Neglect Through Dental Awareness Pan American Health Organization Patient Access to Responsible Care Act paper based record personal computer primary care physician polymerase chain reaction testing permitted exposure limit public health dentistry Protected Health Information Place of Employment point of service personal protection equipment Preferred Provider Organization partial prothrombin time Professional Review Organization Normal Prothrombin Time; protime Professional and Technical Advisory Committee

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 29 of 52

Q

QA QC Quality Assessment Quality Control

R

RAM RBA RBC RCT RDAEF RDH REL RFGD RFI RFP RFQ RMT ROI RQ RR RUC RVS Random-Access Memory Risks, Benefits and Alternatives red blood cells Randomized Clinical Trial Registered Dental Assistant in Expanded Functions Registered Dental Hygienist Recommended Exposure Limit Radiofrequency Glow Discharge Request for Information Request for Proposals Request for Quote Retromolar Trigone return on investment Readiness Quotient Relative Risk Relative Value System Update Committee Relative Value System

S

SAL SBE SCD SCDI SCDP SCHIP SDP SES SNODENT SOAP SOP SOPHE SPT STD STG Sterilization Accuracy Level Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis Special Care Dentistry Standards Committee on Dental Informatics Standards Committee on Dental Products State Children's Health Insurance Program Survey of Dental Practice Socio-economic status Systematized Nomenclature of Dentistry subject, objective, assessment and planning standard operating procedure Society for Public Health Education Supportive Periodontal Therapy Sexually Transmitted Disease short term goals

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 30 of 52

T

TDD TDP/TFD Tfx TJC TLV TMD TMJ TOA TPA TQM TWA Telecommunication Device for the Deaf Tricare Dental Program / Tricare Family Dental Program Toxic effects The Joint Commission Threshold Limit Value Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Temporomandibular Joint Table of Allowance Third Party Administrator Total Quality Management Time-Weighted Average

U

UCR UEL UR URL USOC USPHS UV UVGI Usual, customary and reasonable Upper Exposure Limit utilization review Uniform Resource Locator United States Olympic Committee United States Public Health Service ultra-violet light Ultra-violet Germicidal Irradiation

V

VA VCD VDRL VDT VFO Veterans Administration Video Cephalometric Diagnosis Venereal Disease Research Laboratory Test Video Display Terminal Video Fiber-Optic

W

WHO World Health Organizations

X

XML Extensible Markup Language

Y

YOB YTD year of birth year to date

Z

z unknown quantity

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 31 of 52

Commonly Used ADA Acronyms

Acronym Meaning Division

A

AADA ACCTG ADABEI ADABFS ADAF ADAGAT ADAPUB ADPAC AP AS ASDA Alliance of the American Dental Association Department of Accounting ADA Business Enterprise, Inc. Business and Financial Services Division ADA Foundation (Charitable) ADA Grassroots Action Team ADA Publishing Department of Political Affairs/American Dental Political Action Committee Acceptance Program Division of Administrative Services American Student Dental Association GOVT SCI FINOP Subsidiary ADABEI AS GOVT

B

BFS BHM BOT Business and Financial Services Department of Board and House Matters Board of Trustees ADABEI AS

C

CAPIR CAS CAS CC CDBP CDEL CDP CEBJA CELL CERP CGA CI CIDA CIPD CLA CM CMIRP Council on Access, Prevention and Interprofessional Relations Contract Analysis Service Council on ADA Sessions Council on Communications Council on Dental Benefit Programs Council on Dental Education and Licensure Council on Dental Practice Council on Ethics, Bylaws and Judicial Affairs Center for Continuing Education and Lifelong Learning Continuing Education Recognition Program Council on Government Affairs Council on Insurance Center for International Development and Affairs Committee on International Programs and Development Committee on Local Arrangements Council on Membership Council on Members Insurance and Retirement Programs CMS MDSS FINOP DENPR LEGAL CMS COMM DENPR EDUC DENPR LEGAL DENPR EDUC GOVT FINOP MDSS

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 32 of 52

CMS CND CODA COMM CRFA CSA

Division of Conference and Meeting Services Committee on the New Dentist Commission on Dental Accreditation Communication and Corporate Relations Commission on Relief Fund Activities Council on Scientific Affairs ADAF SCI MDSS EDUC

D

DAD DBIS DCA DCMS DCS DCSMP DDI DDSS DEAG DEC DENPR DIIS DITP DLS DMCS DMI DMM DMS DOS DPIE DR DSA DSGA DSM DSR DT DTAP DTS DUPL DWAC Department of Application Development Dental Benefit Information Services Department of Congressional Affairs Division of Conference and Meeting Services Department of Central Services Department of Conference Services and Meeting Planning Department of Dental Informatics Department of Dental Society Services Dental Ergonomics Advisory Group Department of Electronic Communications Division of Dental Practice Department of Internet and Intranet Systems Department of IT Projects Department of Library Services Department of Media and Creative Services Department of Membership Information Department of Membership Marketing Department of Membership Services Department of Officer Services Department of Public Information and Education Direct Reimbursement Department of Standards Administration Department of State Government Affairs Department of Salable Materials Dental Society Resources Department of Technology Dental Team Advisory Panel Department of Testing Services Duplicating Dentists' Well-being Advisory Committee EDUC FINOP ITSSM ITSSM GOVT ITSSM ITSSM EDUC COMM MDSS MDSS MDSS AS COMM ITSSM DENPR GOVT CMS FINOP CMS DENPR MDSS POL COMM

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 33 of 52

DWC

Department of Washington Communications

COMM

E

EAC EDSAC EDU EDUC Executive Director's Update Division of Education Employee Advisory Committee OED

F

FDI FDS FINOP Federation Dentaire Internationale (World Dental Fed.) Federal Dental Services Membership Office Finance/Operations MDSS MDSS

G

GKAS GOVT GSD Give Kids A Smile Division of Government Affairs Guidelines and Standards Development SCI CAPIR

H

HDQB HIPAA HOD HPA HPRC HR Headquarters Building Insurance Portability and Accountability Act House of Delegates Health Policy Analysis Health Policy Resources Center Department of Human Resources POL AS AS

I

IA ITSSM Internal Audit Division of Information Technology, Standards and Salable Materials FINOP

J

JCNDE Joint Commission on National Dental Examinations EDUC

L

LARP Department of Legislative and Regulatory Policy GOVT

M

MARCOM MDSS MSC MSOP Department of Marketing Communications Division of Membership and Dental Society Services Member Service Center Membership Services Outreach Program MDSS MDSS COMM

N

NCDHM NIDCR National Children's Dental Health Month National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 34 of 52

O

OCOO OCPA OED OS OSA OSPC Office of the Chief Operating Officer Office of the Chief Policy Advisor Office of the Executive Director Office Services Office of Student Affairs Office of Strategic Planning and Consulting AS MDSS POL OED POL

P

PMC POL PRC PSE PUR Performance Management Cycle Policy Paffenberger Research Center (ADA Foundation) Products and Standards Evaluation Purchasing SCI SCI FINOP

R

RES RI Research and Laboratories Research Institute (ADA Foundation) SCI SCI

S

SB SC SCI SHRE SI SPC Safety and Biocompatibility Survey Center Division of Science Shipping and Receiving/Mail Room Scientific Information Strategic Planning Committee FINOP SCI POL SCI DENPR

T

TGMI Tripartite Grassroots Membership Initiative MDSS

W

WO Washington Office (Location) GOVT

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 35 of 52

Designations for Teeth Permanent Dentition (Universal National System)

Maxillary Right 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Mandibular Right 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 Third Molar Second Molar First Molar Second Premolar First Premolar Canine Lateral Incisor Central Incisor Maxillary Left 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 Mandibular Left 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 22

Third Molar Second Molar First Molar Second Premolar First Premolar Canine Lateral Incisor Central Incisor Primary Dentition

Maxillary Right A B C D E Mandibular Right K L M N O

Second Molar First Molar Canine Lateral Incisor Central Incisor

Maxillary Left J I H G F Mandibular Left T S R Q P

Second Molar First Molar Canine Lateral Incisor Central Incisor

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 36 of 52

COUNCIL RECOMMENDATION

Recommendations to Enhance Accuracy of Prescription Writing Adopted Sept. 4, 1996 Revised June 2, 2005

Personnel to whom this applies: Prescribers; Nursing or Pharmacy staff (who transcribe verbal prescription orders or rewrite transfer or admission orders when entering or leaving a health care facility); Health care administrators/managers. Technology plays an important role in the delivery of healthcare. Utilize technology, as appropriate, but evaluate its effectiveness on an ongoing basis. While technology can reduce medication errors and enhance patient safety, it also has the potential to cause new types of unintentional errors. The Council recommends: 1. ...all prescription documents be legible. Verbal orders should be minimized. (See the Council's Recommendations to Reduce Medication Errors Associated with Verbal Medication Orders and Prescriptions) 2. ...prescription orders include a brief notation of purpose (e.g., for cough), unless considered inappropriate by the prescriber. Notation of purpose can help further assure that the proper medication is dispensed and creates an extra safety check in the process of prescribing and dispensing a medication. The Council does recognize, however, that certain medications and disease states may warrant maintaining confidentiality. 3. ...all prescription orders be written in the metric system except for therapies that use standard units such as insulin, vitamins, etc. Units should be spelled out rather than writing "U." The change to the use of the metric system from the archaic apothecary and avoirdupois systems will help avoid misinterpretations of these abbreviations and symbols, and miscalculations when converting to metric, which is used in product labeling and package inserts. 4. ...prescribers include age and, when appropriate, weight of the patient on the prescription or medication order. The most common errors in dosage result in pediatric and geriatric populations. The age (and weight) of a patient can help

© 1998­2007 National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention. Used with permission. All Rights Reserved. *Permission is hereby granted to reproduce information contained herein provided that such reproduction shall not modify the text and shall include the copyright notice appearing on the pages from which it was copied.

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 37 of 52

dispensing health care professionals in their double check of the appropriate drug and dose. 5. ...medication orders include drug name, exact metric weight or concentration, and dosage form. Strength should be expressed in metric amounts and concentration should be specified. Each order for a medication should be complete. The pharmacist should check with the prescriber if any information is missing or questionable. 6. ...a leading zero always precede a decimal expression of less than one. A terminal or trailing zero should never be used after a decimal. Ten-fold errors in drug strength and dosage have occurred with decimals due to the use of a trailing zero or the absence of a leading zero. 7. ...prescribers avoid the use of abbreviations including those for drug names (e.g., MOM, HCTZ) and Latin directions for use. The abbreviations in the chart below are found to be particularly dangerous because they have been consistently misunderstood and therefore, should never be used. The Council reviewed the uses for many abbreviations and determined that any attempt at standardization of abbreviations would not adequately address the problems of illegibility and misuse.

Abbreviation U

Intended meaning Units

Common Error Mistaken as a zero or a four (4) resulting in overdose. Also mistaken for "cc" (cubic centimeters) when poorly written. Mistaken for "mg" (milligrams) resulting in an overdose.

g

Micrograms

Q.D.

The period after the "Q" has sometimes Latin abbreviation been mistaken for an " I, " and the drug has been given "QID" (four times daily) rather for every day than daily. Misinterpreted as "QD" (daily) or "QID" (four Latin abbreviation times daily). If the "O" is poorly written, it for every other day looks like a period or "I." Subcutaneous Three times a week Mistaken as "SL" (sublingual) when poorly written. Misinterpreted as "three times a day" or "twice a week."

Q.O.D.

SC or SQ TIW

D/C

Discharge; discontinue

Patient's medications have been prematurely discontinued when D/C, also (intended to mean "discharge") was misinterpreted as "discontinue," because it was followed by a list of drugs. Misinterpreted as the Latin abbreviation "HS" (hour of sleep). Mistaken as "U" (units) when poorly written.

HS Cc

Half strength Cubic centimeters

© 1998­2007 National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention. Used with permission. All Rights Reserved. *Permission is hereby granted to reproduce information contained herein provided that such reproduction shall not modify the text and shall include the copyright notice appearing on the pages from which it was copied.

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 38 of 52

AU, AS, AD IU

Latin abbreviation Misinterpreted as the Latin abbreviation for both ears; left "OU" (both eyes); "OS" (left eye); "OD" ear; right ear (right eye) International Unit for Mistaken as IV (intravenous) or 10(ten)

MS, MSO4, Confused MgSO4 another

one Can mean morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate

8. ...prescribers avoid vague instructions such as "Take as directed" or "Take/Use as needed" as the sole direction for use. Specific directions to the patient are useful to help reinforce proper medication use, particularly if therapy is to be interrupted for a time. Clear directions are a necessity for the dispenser to: (1) check the proper dose for the patient; and, (2) enable effective patient counseling. In summary, the Council recommends: Don't Wait . . . Automate! When In Doubt, Write It Out! When In Doubt, Check It Out! Lead, Don't Trail

© 1998­2007 National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention. Used with permission. All Rights Reserved. *Permission is hereby granted to reproduce information contained herein provided that such reproduction shall not modify the text and shall include the copyright notice appearing on the pages from which it was copied.

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 39 of 52

Alphabetical Index of Commonly Used Dental Abbreviations

Word or Term Abbreviation amputation anesthesia; anesthetic angle anterior Anterior (Lower Facial Height) [anterior nasal spine-menton] Anterior (Total Facial Height) [nasion-menton] Anterior digastric muscle Anterior Maxillary Osteotomy anterior temporalis muscle anterior-posterior apex apicoectomy; apical root canal surgery appliance application appointment approximately approximately equal archwire archwire adjustment as needed as soon as possible aspirin; acetylsalicylic acid assistant; dental assistant assorted Asymmetry, Borders, Color, Diameter at bedtime atrophy attached gingiva attachment attachment loss Attention Deficit Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder attrition atypical auscultation Automatic External Defibrillator auxiliary average avulsion Azidothymidine amp anes An ant A(LFH) A(TFH) DigA AMO Tem A AP ap apeo, apico appl appl appt ca aw aw adj prn asap ASA asst asst ABCD hs atr AG att AL ADD ADHD attr atyp ausc AED aux ave, aver, avg av AZT

A

A point Nasion B point Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm abfraction abnormal above abrasion abscess abutment accessory acetaminophen acetaminophen, paracetamol; N-acetyl-para-aminophenol acid etch acidulated phosphate fluoride Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome acrylic Active Periodontal Treatment Active Vertical Corrector treatment acute Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis addicted patient additional adjust(ed) (ment) Adult Periodontitis adult prophylaxis advanced after after meals after noon AIDS Related Complex air abrasion alcohol alcohol on breath alcoholic alginate alveol(us) (ar) amalgam amalgam buildup amalgam restoration ANB AAA abf abn super abr abc, abs ab, abut acc ACM APAP etch APF AIDS acr, acry APT AVC ac ALL ANUG AP add,super adj AP AP adv post pc PM ARC air abr ROH aob ROHic alg, algin alv am, amal AM BU AR

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 40 of 52

B

Baby Bottle Tooth Decay bad breath base of defect before before meals before noon bicuspid bigonial width bilateral Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy biologic indicators Biological Response Modifier biopsy bisphenol-a-glycidyl methacrylate bisque bake try in bite wing x-ray bleeding on probing bleeding time index blood pressure Blood Urea Nitrogen level bon(e) (y) bone crest bony defect fill - vertical bracket bridge bridge supported by two implants broken appointment brush biopsy brux(er) (ism) buccal buccal distal build up Burning Mouth Syndrome by mouth by report bony defect bony defect fill - horizontal bone fragment bone graft bone loss BBTD bb BD a, ante ac AM bi BGW bil BSSO BI BRM bx bis-gma bbti bw, bwx, bwxr BOP BTI bp BUN bn BC BDF - V bkt, brk br, brdg BII BA br bx brux B, buc BD b/u, bldup, bu BMS per os, po BR BD

BDF - H

Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst (Gorlin Cyst) Calcium Hydroxide calculus cancel(lation) cancer capsules cardiopulmonary resuscitation caries caries control Caries Prevention Treatment carpule cause unknown cavity Celsius cement(ation) Cementoenamel Junction centimeter centric occlusion centric relation occlusion cephalometric image ceramic Cerebral Vascular Accident centric position cervical erosion cervical root lesion change check chemical dependency chief complaint child prophylaxis chronic Chronic Mouth Breathing Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Circa citric acid classification of jaw relation; Angle Class I classification of jaw relation; Angle Class II classification of jaw relation; Angle Class III cleansing and shaping clear cleft lip cleft lip and palate cleft lip, cleft palate

COC CaOH calc canc CA caps CPR car, DK cc Car Prev Tx, CPT carp cu cav °C cem CEJ cm CO CRO ceph ceram CVA CP CE crl , chk CD cc CP chr CMB COPD ca cit acid cl I cl II cl III cl & sh clr CL CLP CL/CP

bf bg BL

C

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 41 of 52

clinical attachment level cloudy coarse compound complaining of complete complete blood count complete lower denture complete upper denture composite composite buildup computerized axial tomography computerized tomography concentrat(e) (ion) condition condition on discharge congenital Congestive Heart Failure connector bar conscious sedation consultation Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Control tooth coronal scaling coronally positioned flap Coronary Artery Bypass Coronary Artery Disease craniofacial analysis C-reactive protein crown crown and bridge crown lengthening cubic centimeter culture and sensitivity curettage Curriculum Vitae curve of Spee curve of Wilson cytomegalovirus comprehensive periodontal examination and charting

CAL cldy c, crs cmpd, cpd c/o comp CBC /C, CLD C/, CUD comp Comp BU CAT CT conc cond COD cong CHF con bar cons sed, CS cons CPAP Cx CS CPF CAB CAD CFA CRP cr, crn C&B CL, crn lngth cc C&S cur CV COS COW CMV CPEC

debridement decay decayed teeth deciduous decrease decreased Deep Vein Thrombosis defective Degenerative Joint Disease degree of mobility deliver(ed) demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft demonstrate dent(al) (istry)(ition)(ure) dental assistant dental health record dental history dental hygiene dentigerous cyst dentin bonding agents Dentogenesis Imperfecta denture depth desentiz(ation) (e) develop dextrose/water Diabetes Mellitus diagnosis diameter diastema diazepan did not keep appointment differential diagnosis dilute direct direct digital radiography direct pulp cap directions; take as follows directly observed therapy discharged decayed, filled or missing teeth discussed with dispense as written distal

debrd DK dt dec, decid dec DVT def DJD + (number) del DFDBA demo dent da dhr denthx, dh hyg DC DBA DI dtr d desen dev D/W DM dg, diag, dx, dia ^, dias DZP dnka , DD, dfdg dil dir DDR dpc Sig DOT d/c DFMT d/w daw D, dist

D

date of birth day DOB d

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 42 of 52

distal buccal distal incisal distal lingual distal occlusal distal occlusal buccal distal occlusal facial divide domestic violence double double ended instrument drain dressing drifted distally drifted mesially drop drug user duplicate(d) discontinue discussed

DB DI DL DO DOB DOF div DV dbl d/e dr, drn drs, drsg midline midline gtt du dup d/c disc

every 4 hours every 6 hours every day every hour every morning every other day examination example excavate and evaluate excess(ive) excision exfoliat(e) (ion) (ive) expos(ed) (ure) extended care facility external bleaching extra coarse extra extra fine extra fine extra oral extra-cellular matrix extract (ion) extruded

E

each early childhood caries Early Onset Periodontal disease Eastman Interdental Bleeding Index Ectodermal dysplasia edentulous edentulous mandibular overdenture effective dose electric pulp test electromyogram electronic apex locator electro-surgery emergency Erythema Multiforme endodontics End Stage Renal Disease environmental tobacco smoke especially estimate etiology eugenol evaluat(ion) (e) every ea ECC EOP

q4h (q 4°) q6h (q 6°) q1d, qd qh qam qod Ex, exam ex. E&E xs exc, excs exf exp ecf ext bl xc xxf xf EO ECM E, xt, ext extr

F

facing Fahrenheit family history female fever or chills Fever-Apthous ulcersPharyngitis-Adenitis Fiber Optic Transillumination fiberoptics fine fine fine fine needle aspiration fine needle biopsy fixed fixed partial denture fixed prosthodontics flap curettage Flap Debridement Surgery Flap with Osseous resection surgery floor of mouth fac °F famhx, fh , fem F/C FAPA FOTI F-O f ff FNA FNB fxd br, brdg, FPD fx pros, Fxd fc FDS FO fom

IBI EDA edent EMO ED EPT EMG EAL e-surg emerg EM endo ESRD ETS esp est etiol eug eval q

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 43 of 52

fluoride fluoride treatment follow up food impaction for example foreign body formocresol four times a day fracture fragment framework Frankfurt Horizontal free gingival graft free gingival margin freely; as needed frenectomy frequent full gold crown Fahrenheit failed appointment false negative full maxillary denture over full mandibular denture full maxillary denture over partial mandibular denture full mouth series full upper denture function Functional Regulator (Frankel Appliance) Funny Looking Kid furcation furcation depth full lower denture

F, fl Ftx f/u food imp e.g. fb fc qid , FX frag fmwk FH fgg fgm as lib frenmy freq FGC °F F, fa FN F/F F/P fms, fmx F/U, FU(D) func, fx FR FLK fur, furc fd F/L, FLD

Periodontitis Generalized Tonic-clonic Seizures (Grand Mal) gingival(l) gingival bleeding index gingival bleeding score gingival crevicular fluid Gingival Index gingival recession Gingival Thickness gingivectomy gingivoplasty glass ionomer glass ionomer cement glass ionomer resin gnathion gold gold foil gonion gram greater than group guided tissue regeneration gutta percha

GTCS ging GBI GBS GCF GI rec GTH gtmy, gvty gplasty GI g ion, GIC GIR Gn Au gf Go g, gm > grp GTR gp

H

Hairy Leukoplakia handpiece hard hard acrylic occlusal splint hard of hearing hard tissue replacement has been drinking headache head-neck-face healing well health history hearing loss heavy smoker height hemorrhage Hepatitis A virus Hepatitis B surface antigen Hepatitis B virus Hepatitis C virus Herpes Simplex Virus high blood pressure HL HP hrd HAOS hh, hoh htr HBD ha HNF hw HH hl HS ht hemr HAV HBsAg HBV HCV HSV hbp

G

gallon gastroesophageal reflux disease gastrointestinal tract general anesthesia general medical history general practitioner general; generalized Generalized Early-onset Periodontitis Generalized Juvenile gal GERD GI ga gmh GP gen

G-EOP GJP

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 44 of 52

high risk high volume evacuation history History and Physical history of history of present illness home care instructions Horizontal Mandibular Osteotomy horizontal probing bone level hospital hot and cold hour Human Growth Hormone Human Herpes Virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus hydrogen peroxide hydroxyapatite hypertension

HR hve H, hist, hx H&P h/o hoi hci HMO HPBL hosp H&C h, hr HGH HHV HIV H2O2 HA htn

I

ibuprofen identification immediate immediately inch increased intrabony defect intracanal medication intramuscular intranasal intermittant internal internal bleaching intruded intraocular intravenous intravenous drug use IBF ID imm, immed stat in incr, IBD ic med IM IN inr int int bl intr IO IV IVDU

labial laboratory laceration large lateral lateral pterygoid muscle lead left length lesion lesser than lichen planus lidocaine liga(ment) (ture) light cured resin lingual liquid liter local anesthesia Localized Juvenile Periodontitis loss of periodontal attachment lower lower left lower left quadrant lower right lower right quadrant Lupus Erythematosus

LA lab lac lg, lrg lat lpm Pb L, lft l les < LP lido lig LCR L, LI, ling liq l LA LJP lpa l LL LLQ LR LRQ LE

M

Major Apthous Ulcers male malignant malocclusion Mandibular Advancement Appliance mandibular full denture mandibular partial denture mandibular plane (gonionmenton) massester muscle maxi(lla) (llary) (mum) maxillary alveolar tenderness maxillary full denture maxillary partial denture maximum intercuspation maximum permitted intake medical history MjAU , m malig maloc MAA /F /P MP MAS max MAT F/ P/ MI MPI med hx,

J

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis JRA

K

Kaposi's sarcoma keratinized gingiva KS kg

L

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 45 of 52

mh medicament medications medium medium fine Mental Neurovascular Bundle mercury mesial mesial buccal mesial facial mesial facial lingual mesial incisal mesial incisal distal mesial lingual mesial occlusal mesial occlusal buccal mesial occlusal distal mesial occlusal distal buccal mesial occlusal lingual microgram midline mild mandib(ular) (le) minute missing missing tooth or pontic Mitral valve prolapse moderate Modified Papillary Bleeding Index modified sulcular bleeding index modified Widman surgery month motor vehicle accident mucogingival mucoginival junction mucous membrane Multiple Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Multiple Sclerosis myocardial infarction myofacial pain dysfunction Myofascial pain medic meds m, med mf MNVB Hg M MB MF MFL MI MID ML MO MOB MOD MODB MOL mcg mdl mld man, mand min miss "X" or "=" MVP mod MPBI MSBI MW mo MVA mg MGJ MM MDR-TB MS MI MPD MFP

nausea and vomiting necrotic Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis negative new patient new patient examination next recall next visit nitrous oxide no apparent distress no change no change in condition no charge no difference no evidence of disease no evidence of recurrent disease no insurance no known allergies no known drug allergies no previous history no show no significant findings non compliant patient Non Surgical Periodontal Therapy Non-Hodgkins Lymphona non-nutritive sucking nonrestorable caries non-smoker nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug non-vital norepinephrine normal limits not applicable not determined not known nothing by mouth nothing significant number no previous complaint

N/V ncr, nec NUG neg np npe nr nv N2O NAD i.s.q. nc n/c NED NERD ni NKA NKDA nph N/S nsf NCP NSPT NHL NNS nrc ns NSAID non-vtl NE nl n/a, na n/d nk npo ns no. npc

O

objective observe Obsessive Compulsive obj chk OCD

N

narrative nar

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 46 of 52

Disorder occlus(al) (ion) occlusal occlusal interference occlusal x-rays Odontogenic Keratocyst office visit ointment onlay open contact open contact operat(ion) (ory) Oral Appliance Therapy oral contraceptives oral health record oral hygiene oral hygiene instructions Oral Mucosal Lichen Planus Oral Mucosal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma oral surgery Orofaciodigital Syndrome orthodontics osseous other other clinical findings ounce outer diameter over the counter oxygen occ, occl O oi occl xr OKC ov oint, ung onl OC op OAT OC ohr oh ohi OMLP OMSCC OSCC OS OFD ortho oss oth ocf oz od OTC Oxy,O2

full mandibular denture partial maxillary denture over partial mandibular denture partial upper denture parts per million (billion) past history per per kilogram per pound permanent personal protective equipment pit and fissure sealant pits and fissures plaque Plaque Assessment Scoring System plaque control techniques plaque index pocket point of service preventive resin restoration primary probing attachment level pontic poor contact porcelain crown porcelain fused to gold porcelain fused to metal porcelain jacket crown porcelain laminate veneer porcelain on metal porcelain to metal crown positive post and core post and core restoration post operative post operative instructions post operative treatment post surgical treatment posterior Posterior Maxillary Osteotomy posterior superior alveolar posterior temporalis muscle Posterior Total Facial Height (sella-gonion)

P/P PUD ppm(b) ph / /kg /lb perm PPE pfs pit-fis plq PASS PCT PI Pk, pkt, poc POS PRR 1°,1 ,prim, decid PAL pon PC PC PFG PFM PJC PLV pom PMC pos P&C PACR PO, post op POI POT PST post PMO PSA Tem P P(TFH)

P

Palatal palatal lift prosthesis palpation panoramic image panoramic radiograph paper point papillae and marginal gingiva papillary bleeding index papillary bleeding score partial partial denture partial lower denture partial maxillary denture over P PLP palp pan, pano pnxr, P-XR ppt P&M PBI PBS part PD PL, PLD P/F

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

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posterior-anterior view powder power chain precision attachment prefabricated preliminary premedicate pre-operative prepar(e) (ation) preparatory appointment prescription prevention preventive dentistry counseling preventive resin restoration

PA pwdr pow ch prec att prefab prelim premed pre op prep PA Rx prev PDC PRR 1° or 1 , decid, prim PAL pd PPD prog Px p, pro, prophy, px, Pxs P&E pros, prosth prov prox PCR pc, pcap pulp plpts pulpo pur

rapid palatal expansion reappoint(ment) rebase recement recession depth recession width recommend(ed) reconstruction record recovering addicted patient Recurrent Apthous Stomatitis Recurrent Apthous Ulcer recurrent decay reduc(ed) (tion) re-evaluation reference regarding registered dental hygienist regular reimplantation reline removable removable partial denture removable prosthodontics replac(ed) (ing) residual cyst residual ridge resorption resin resin modified glass ionomer resin-bonded fixed partial denture; Maryland bridge respiration restor(ation) (e) retained retruded position return to clinic reviewed medical history Rheumatoid Arthritis right right angle risks and complications root canal root canal filling root canal therapy root planing

primary probing attachment level probing depth probing pocket depth prog(nosis) (ress) prognosis

prophylaxis prophylaxis and exam prosthodonti(cs) (st) provisional proximal pseudo centric relation pulp cap pulp(otomy) (ectomy) pulpitis pulpotomy purulent

RPE reapp, reappt reb recem RD rw rec recon rec RAP RAS RAU R, rdk, ReDK red re-eval ref re RDH reg reimpl rel rem RPD rem pros repl rc rrr res RMGI RBFPD resp rest ret RP RTC RMH RA R, rt RA R&C rc rcf rct rp

Q

quadrant quarters question quad qrtrs Q

R

radiograph radiopaque range of motion rapid maxillary expansion rad ro ROM RME

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 48 of 52

root planing and scaling rotated clockwise rotated counterclockwise rubber dam rule out

rp/sc, RPS

study model analysis study models Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis subcutaneous subgingival subgingival; submarginal

SMA SM SBE SC, subq subcut, subggv, subging sub subl, subling SL SM, subm qs sugg SBI sup supnum std supp SPT supraggv Supramarg s, sur, surf surg surg ext susp susp su, sut sym Sx, symp syr sys SLE SBP S/D

R-D r/o

S

scaling scaling and root planing sealant secondary sedative sella-nasion-A-point sella-nasion-B-point sensitive sextant sexually transmitted disease shade signs and symptoms silk suture silver silver point silver restoration single single ended instrument six month recall size slightly small smokeless tobacco social history social security number sodium chloride sodium fluoride soft soft acrylic occlusal splint soft tissue lesion soft tissue management soft vinyl occlusal splint sometimes space maintainer stainless steel crown stannous fluoride sterile dressing student sc s&rp,SRP, S&RP seal 2° or 2 sed SNA SNB sens sxt STD sh S&Sx, S/S s sut Ag Ag pt sr sgl s/e 6MR sz sl sm st SH ssn NaCl NaF sft SAOS STL STM SVOS sx SM ssc SnF sd st

sublingual sublingual; under the tongue submucosal sufficient quantity suggestion sulcular bleeding index superior supernumerary standard supperation supportive periodontal treatment supragingival supramarginal surface surg(ery) (ical) (eon) surgical extraction suspect suspension suture symmetric symptoms syrup system (ic) Systemic Lupus Erythematosus systolic blood pressure systolic / diastolic blood pressure

T

tablespoon tablet teaspoon telephone temperature temperature, pulse, respiration temporary Tbsp tab tsp ph Temp TPR temp

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

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temporary treatment temporomandibular joint temporomandibular joint disorder tetracycline therapeutic pulpotomy thermal pulp test three times per day time/temperature times tissue condition(er) (ing) tissue conditioning tongue tooth Tooth Brush Abrasion toothbrush topical transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation transitional treatment Treatment Plan trigeminal neuralgia tris-buffered saline tuberculosis twice a day tylenol

tt tmj TMD TTC TP TPT TID T/t x t cond tc tng th TBA tb top TENS trans tr, Tx P:, TP TN TBS TB bid Tyl

V

Varicella Zoster Virus varnish vasoconstrictor venereal disease vertical bitewings vertical defect vertical dimension vertical dimension of occlusion vital vital signs vitamin VZV var vaso VD vert bw vert def VD VDO vtl v.s., vs vit

W

water weight well developed well nourished width with with (insert line over c; can't find symbol) with fluoride within within normal limits without working length aq, H2O wgt, wt w-d w-n w w/ c w/f, w/fl w/n wnl _ s WL

U

uncooperative unerupted unilateral universal color unknown unserviceable upper upper anterior facial height upper left upper left quadrant upper right upper right quadrant Uncoop uner unilat U UK, unk unsvc u U(A)FH UL ULQ UR URQ

X

x-ray xylocaine XR xylo

Y

years old y/o

Z

Zidovidine zinc oxide eugenol zinc phosphate ZDV ZOE ZnPO4

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

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Forms ­ Template for Personalized List of Abbreviations, Symbols & Acronyms Dental office of Dr. {name} Accepted Abbreviations, Symbols & Acronyms Effective as of: {date} In the interests of staff communication and patient safety, the following list of accepted abbreviations, symbols and acronyms has been developed by Dr. [name] for use by all employees of [dental office]. Dr. [name] has developed this list so that each abbreviation, symbol or acronym has a single meaning. This list is complete, and no other abbreviations, symbols or acronyms are to be used.

Dental Terminology

Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 51 of 52

Dental Terminology

Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms

Dental Abbreviation, Symbols and Acronyms

Page 52 of 52

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ADA.org: Dental Abbreviations, Symbols and Acronyms