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Adobe Illustrator




New Feature Highlights

The industry-standard vector graphics creation software for print and the Web

Adobe Illustrator 9.0 software is once again setting new standards for vector graphics creation software-- introducing powerful, integrated tools for creating and optimizing Web graphics, and delivering the most flexible, versatile transparency capabilities available in any vector illustration program. With one of the most innovative releases in its history, Adobe Illustrator provides compelling benefits for Web designers and graphics professionals. · Produce superb vector and raster graphics for the Web. Illustrator 9.0 introduces new Web-related features that make it easier and more efficient to mock up Web pages and prepare easy-to-edit Web graphics. Illustrator produces compact vector and raster graphics for fast download from the Web; provides a reliable preview of how vector artwork will look in Web browsers; and improves the Web-production workflow with Adobe's line of Web-design products. · Experience extraordinary creative freedom. You can apply transparency to absolutely everything, including raster images, type, and spot colors, and then print those transparent graphics or produce Web versions with completely reliable results. Blending modes, instant feathering, opacity masks, and other transparency features open a rich new array of creative options. · Meet impossible deadlines with ease. Illustrator 9.0 is packed with dozens of other new features--from its support for live object and layer effects to its graphic styles, nested layers with thumbnails, and customizable keyboard shortcuts--that help you work faster and with more creative control. In addition, Illustrator 9.0 integrates tightly with Adobe's family of professional graphics programs for print, Web, and dynamic media, including Adobe Photoshop® Adobe InDesignTM Adobe GoLive®, Adobe , , LiveMotionTM and others. With Adobe Illustrator 9.0, you can work with familiar, productive Adobe tools to , produce the highest quality graphics for any medium--print, the Web, or dynamic media. This document describes the new features in Adobe Illustrator 9.0. The first three sections explain the new Web, creativity, and productivity features in the program. The final sections touch on additional product enhancements, as well as listing what's included in the box, pricing and availability, and system requirements.

Produce Superb Vector and Raster Graphics for the Web

A star next to a feature indicates an Adobe original feature, or a unique implementation of that feature, which you'll find only in Adobe Illustrator 9.0 and other professional graphics programs from Adobe.

Illustrator 9.0 delivers completely integrated tools for laying out Web pages and creating superb vector- or raster-based Web graphics. These tools produce easy-to-edit graphics that are more versatile than anything you can create with image-editing tools. When you're ready, you can output compact Flash Shockwave Format (SWF) and SVG (scalable vector graphics) files or optimized GIF, JPEG, and PNG files. Illustrator includes a number of other new features that enhance the Web graphics creation process: A builtin Pixel Preview mode makes it easy to see how your vector graphics will look rasterized in Web browsers. Live drop shadows and glows streamline production of attractive Web buttons and other graphics. Plus, Illustrator integrates smoothly with Adobe's professional Web design tools, including Adobe Photoshop 5.5, Adobe GoLive, and Adobe LiveMotion, for an efficient Web-design workflow. Vector-based Flash and SVG Output Web designers are constantly looking for practical ways to make their Web sites more compelling. Vectorbased Web formats, such as Flash and the emerging SVG standard, are opening up tremendous opportunities for improving your audience's Web experience. These file formats maintain high-quality vector artwork and fonts, while producing smaller file sizes and faster download times. This means that you can incorporate more graphics and animation into your Web pages without slowing down your site (or running the risk



of having viewers click away because they get tired of slow downloads). Illustrator 9.0 outputs Web graphics in Flash (SWF) or SVG format. Here's a brief overview of these formats and how Illustrator supports them.

About Flash: Flash is the name of both a Web-animation program and a file format. First introduced in

1996, the program hit its stride last year as the widespread availability of Flash-enabled Web browsers increased demand for Flash pages. The Flash program produces native Flash files in a proprietary FLA format. Macromedia has taken steps to open the Flash format by publishing the Flash Shockwave Format (SWF), allowing programs such as Illustrator 9.0 to output Flash files. However, Flash (SWF) is only a semi-open standard--it's controlled by Macromedia rather than a standards committee, such as the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) or ISO. Plus, Flash documentation has only been updated infrequently. Nonetheless, the Flash format offers appealing benefits: Designers have produced sophisticated Web pages using the Flash format. Flash pages and graphics are scalable, playing back smoothly on screens of any size and across multiple platforms; and they adapt well to a wide variety of user interfaces. Flash files can also be printed with reasonable quality (though these files don't use ICC profiles for accurate color, and they print outlines and not real fonts, so hinting isn't available for small font sizes).

About SVG: The SVG format is a nearly complete, open standard developed by the W3C. The working group

responsible for the SVG specification consists of numerous industry leaders, including Adobe, Apple, Autodesk, BitFlash, Corel, Hewlett Packard, IBM, ILOG, INSO, Macromedia, Microsoft, Netscape, OASIS, OpenText, Quark, RAL (CCLRC), Sun, Visio, Xerox, and staff from the W3C. The SVG standard promises huge benefits for Web designers: For one thing, unlike the Flash (SWF) format, SVG is written using the open standards of XML (Extensible Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). SVG pages are thus a natural fit for integrating with back-end database systems that are also built on these standards. XML is rapidly becoming the lingua franca of business data, providing a platform for companies to exchange invoices, bills of materials, financial information, and more, so this connection is invaluable. By using XML, graphic objects can be manipulated more easily than ever before: You could store shapes in a database and dynamically build Web pages differently to suit different platforms, applications, personalization options, and other criteria. For example, Web designers can create buttons with text once, rather than multiple times in multiple languages. Localized text strings are then stored in a database, and the buttons are created dynamically based on the viewer's language preference setting. The use of CSS standards means that it's easier to maintain your Web site because you can globally change graphics and other elements by changing the style definition. SVG files can be standalone, self-contained graphics, or they can appear in-line in XHTML or any other XML Web page. SVG also supports interactivity (actions prompted by, for example, a mouse cursor moving over an object); plus, sophisticated animation features are included as part of the SVG language. To promote consistency on the Web, the W3C has designed the SVG standard to be compatible with its own efforts (DOM1, DOM2, CSS, XML, XPointer, XSLT, XSL, SMIL, HTML, and XHTML), as well as with other standard technologies (ICC, URI, UNICODE, sRGB, ECMA Script/ JavaScript, and Java). In addition to these data-level benefits, SVG files offer smaller file sizes that download faster; crisp detail as you pan and zoom in on them; high-quality printing at whatever zoom level you select; support for fills, blends, gradients, and filters that can be animated and applied to both raster images and SVG (vector) formats; and fully searchable text. When Adobe's authoring tools, such as Adobe Illustrator 9.0, export SVG files, they can subset and embed glyph information from the Type 1 and TrueType fonts used in a document. This allows SVG viewers that support these subsetted fonts, such as the free Adobe SVG Viewer (described on the next page), to render font information with full fidelity, even preserving Type 1 font hinting.

...even when you zoom in closely.

SVG files download quickly and display in crisp detail...


SVG At Work

Highlighted text character located in a search

Full view of an SVG page with a map of Moscow

Zoomed-in view of the area highlighted by the red circle

Adobe Systems is providing a free Web-browser plug-in, called Adobe SVG Viewer, for viewing SVG graphics. This plug-in is installed automatically with Adobe Illustrator 9.0, or you can download the viewer from Once it's installed, you can try panning and zooming on SVG graphics while maintaining crisp detail, performing full text searches, and more. (Zoom in on a page by pressing Ctrl/Command and clicking. Zoom out by pressing Ctrl/Command + Shift and clicking. Right-click or Controlclick and choose other options from the context-sensitive menu that appears.) Example pages are available for browsing in the SVG Developer Preview on

Easily attach JavaScript routines to Illustrator objects using the SVG Interactivity palette. Then export your vector graphics in SVG format.

How Illustrator supports Flash (SWF) and SVG output: Illustrator 9.0 fits well into either vector-based Web graphic workflow. When exporting Illustrator graphics in Flash (SWF) format, you can choose whether to export the file to a single SWF file; to export each layer to a separate frame within an SWF file; or to export each layer to separate SWF files. Exporting layers to separate frames is a quick, effective way to produce Flash animations. You can even specify a frame rate for the animation during export. Plus, you can specify that Illustrator automatically turn objects into symbols for use in Flash 4.0.

When preparing SVG output, you can assign JavaScript routines to objects using the SVG Interactivity palette, and then export that information with the file. You can, for example, associate a script with a wide range of mouse events to produce basic interactivity in your final Web page. Illustrator also installs the free Adobe SVG Viewer, which works with different browsers to play back SVG graphics. For more information, see

Choose AI Layers to SWF Frames and set a frame rate to export a quick Flash animation.

Save for Web Window While vector-based Web formats offer significant advantages (smaller file sizes and faster download times), raster formats, such as GIF, JPEG, and PNG, still dominate Web design. Even as this balance changes and Flash and SVG sites grow in popularity, raster formats will continue to be important for handling images and other continuous-tone graphics. That's why Adobe Illustrator 9.0 includes comprehensive optimization controls that help you: · Make tradeoffs between image quality and file size, so you get the best-looking graphics possible while maintaining optimal download and display times. · Ensure that graphics display well in Web browsers. For example, you can check the effect of browser dither on 8-bit displays.


Illustrator 9.0 presents easy-to-use controls for these tasks in the Save For Web window (in Illustrator, choose File > Save For Web to view this window). This window looks and works just like the one in Adobe Photoshop 5.5, so you can apply what you know about one program in the other and move between these programs easily to perform Web design and optimization tasks. This section describes what you can do with these built-in optimization controls. LiveView panels with choice of 2-up or 4-up views The best way to make tradeoffs in quality and file size is by comparing the original version of a graphic with the optimized versions, and then fine-tuning the compression settings applied. The LiveView panels in Illustrator streamline your preview of optimization settings: You can look at an original and optimized version of a graphic side-by-side in 2-up view, or an original image along with three optimized variations in 4-up view. In 4-up view, the first optimized graphic shows the settings you've chosen, while the other two optimized views show variations that Illustrator generates for you. You can also look at the original graphic or the optimized version individually to see more detail. The LiveView panels display pertinent file details, such as the original file name and size (under the original image) or the applied compression settings with the projected file size and download speed at the selected modem rate. This interactive view makes it easy and efficient to adjust optimization settings. Optimization controls Illustrator 9.0 supports the GIF, JPEG, PNG-8, and PNG-24 optimization formats for reducing file sizes. The optimization format you choose depends on the color and tonal range of your graphic. In general, you'll use GIF and PNG-8 to compress graphics with flat color or sharp edges and crisp detail; JPEG to compress layouts that include photographic images; and PNG-24 for layouts with images that need to preserve variable levels of transparency. (PNG-24 files are significantly larger than JPEG files, so use this format only when necessary.) Illustrator provides a selection of preset optimization settings on a menu for instant application to graphics. These presets include GIF combinations using 32, 64, and 128 colors with or without dither; JPEG Low, Medium, or High settings; PNG-8 128 dithered; and PNG-24. You can also specify and save named combinations of settings that you use often. Illustrator delivers a comprehensive selection of compression controls for GIF, JPEG, PNG-8, and PNG-24 optimization. For GIF and PNG-8 files, you can specify the type of color palette that's generated; the number of colors generated in the color table; which colors snap to Web-safe equivalents; whether transparent areas are maintained or filled with the matte color; which matte color fills transparent areas or blends with partially transparent edges; how much dither is applied and what algorithm is used; and so on. Illustrator also includes a Lossy GIF option, which can produce dramatically smaller GIF files (10­50% smaller) with minimal loss of graphics quality. For JPEG files, you can specify the level of quality you want, how the graphic downloads (all at once or in multiple passes), the level of blur applied to reduce JPEG compression artifacts, the matte color used to simulate transparency, and other settings. Superior color controls for smaller file sizes One of the best ways to reduce GIF or PNG-8 file sizes while maintaining graphics quality is to minimize the number of colors saved with an image. The Color Table tab in the Save For Web window displays the colors associated with the 8-bit image you're optimizing. Using its controls, you can add, delete, edit, or lock colors. Locking colors ensures that the color remains untouched as you eliminate other colors or shift them to Web-safe colors. Illustrator also displays RGB and hexadecimal values for colors as your cursor rolls over them in the Color Table or LiveView panels.

GIF compression options

JPEG compression options

Add, delete, edit, lock, or shift colors to Web-safe equivalents with the Color Table in the Save For Web window.

Move your cursor over different colors in the Save For Web window to see their RGB and hexadecimal values.


Illustrator provides options for quickly selecting all colors, all Web-safe colors, or all non-Web-safe colors, so you can efficiently perform group actions. You can, for example, select a set of colors or all colors and then shift them automatically to Web-safe equivalents. You can also doubleclick any color to open a Color Picker and then edit and automatically update that color. The Color Picker includes an option for displaying only Web-safe colors. The color controls in Illustrator also help you preview how your 8-bit color images will display in different browsers and on different operating systems. To check the effects of browser dither, select the Browser Dither option from a popup menu in the Save For Web window, or set your computer display to 8-bit color and then preview the optimized graphic in the different Web browsers you specify.

Snap colors to their Web-safe equivalents in the Illustrator Color Picker.

Overview of the Save For Web Window in Illustrator 9.0











View the graphic in four different ways: with no optimization settings applied, with the current optimization settings applied, with the original and optimized image side by side to check out the graphics quality, or with the original and three optimized versions. Display a popup menu with options for viewing browser dither and trying different modem speeds. Select named sets of optimization settings from this menu. Illustrator 9.0 includes a number of common sets for GIF, JPEG, PNG-8, and PNG-24 files. You can save additional named sets with your frequently used optimization settings. Set optimization options for GIF, JPEG, PNG-8, or PNG-24 files. Click to set options that resize the graphic smaller or larger, or that clip the graphic to the Artboard size. Manage the colors in GIF and PNG-8 files: Select/deselect, add/delete, lock/unlock, edit, sort by characteristics, and much more. Select a Web browser in which to preview your graphic for browser dither and other artifacts. Displays the RGB and Hexadecimal readouts of colors as your cursor rolls over those colors in the Color Table or rolls over the graphics in the LiveView panels. Zoom in or out of a graphic using predefined zoom settings. The graphics are linked and always zoom to the same magnification level. Displays the applied optimization settings, file size, and estimated download time. Use the eyedropper tool to select colors in the original graphic. A selected color appears in the color swatch below it. Zoom and pan in the original or optimized graphics. The graphics are linked and always zoom and pan together.


Pixel Preview Mode While laying out Web pages or designing Web graphics may be faster and more flexible in a vector drawing environment, it does raise other issues: For example, you'll need to keep an eye on how your smooth, resolution-independent vectors will look as rasterized output in Web browsers. Illustrator 9.0 makes this easy with its new Pixel Preview mode. Rather than having to export raster Web graphics, open them in different Web browsers, view how they look, and then return to Illustrator to make adjustments, you can toggle your view in Illustrator to see how your artwork will look as bitmaps. As you edit in this mode, your graphics will snap to the pixel edge if Snap To Pixel is checked. You can uncheck this option to create objects that don't snap to pixels or to move objects in sub-pixel increments (the latter also requires setting a preference). You can even choose to work only in Pixel Preview mode when you're producing Web graphics to ensure reliable final quality. Web-safe RGB Color Workflow Illustrator 9.0 is designed to support an RGB-based color workflow for producing Web-safe color graphics. It has two startup files, one for an RGB-color workflow and one for a CMYK-based color workflow. You simply choose the RGB option in the New Document dialog box (choose File > New) to set Illustrator to default to RGB mode and open RGB settings, including brushes, swatches, gradients, patterns, and styles. If the last selection on the Color palette was in CMYK, that palette will still display in CMYK. However, Illustrator will convert any colors you select to RGB on the fly (you can also set the Color palette to RGB by choosing the command from the Color palette menu). If you work with both print and Web graphics, you may prefer to default to CMYK mode and then to set documents on an individual basis to RGB mode. That's possible as well by choosing File > Document Color Mode > RGB Color.

Choose Web-safe colors from the color ramp in the Color palette.

Illustrator has offered a Web-safe Swatches palette since version 7.0. Now, however, you can also set the Color palette to operate in Web-safe mode by

Set Illustrator to default to RGB-color mode.

choosing Web-Safe RGB from its menu. Then only Web-safe colors appear in the color bar at the bottom of the palette, plus hexadecimal color values appear for selected colors. (Clicking the Fill/Stroke boxes on the toolbox or in the Color palette opens a Color Picker with a Snap To Web Color option.) The Info palette also reports the RGB and hexadecimal values of any selected object.

View RGB and hexadecimal color values in the Info palette.

After choosing the Release to Layers command, export a Flash (SWF) animation--just choose AI Layers To SWF Frames in the Flash Export Options dialog box. Or export a layered PSD file for animation in the ImageReady component of Photoshop.

Release To Layers Command Illustrator 9.0 fits smoothly into your workflow for creating animated Web graphics. Using the Release To Layers command, you can move all of the objects on one layer to individual layers. You can then export them as individual frames in a Flash file, or for animation in other programs, such as Adobe Photoshop 5.5. What's more, by controlling how your objects are released to layers, you determine how they will appear in the animation: as a series of individual objects that appear and disappear in a sequence, or as a series that builds from a single object to the complete original artwork. For example, you could create an animation that appears to write text onto the screen by placing individual text characters on a layer and releasing them to layers in a build sequence. (In a build sequence, the first layer contains the first letter, the second layer contains the first and second letters, and so on.) You could then export a layered Photoshop (PSD) file and modulate the timing of each layer's appearance in the Adobe ImageReadyTM component of Photoshop 5.5.

Release art scattered along a path to layers to create instant Web animations.


Instant Drop Shadows and Glows Illustrator 9.0 introduces new transparency capabilities, as well as live object and layer effects, which you can use to your advantage in designing Web graphics. You can, for example, apply editable drop shadows and glows to Web graphics in a few quick steps. Drop shadows include settings for x and y offset values, darkness, blur, and color. Glows can be set to appear on the outside edge of an object (outer glows) or on its interior (inner glows). These shadows and glows maintain transparency, and even support blending modes. However, you don't have to convert your Illustrator objects to rasters before you can use these effects. And, even after applying drop shadows and glows, you can modify the underlying object freely, changing the shape of an object, editing what it says (if it's a text object), and more. For more information about transparency and object and layer effects, see "Experience Extraordinary Creative Freedom" and "Meet Impossible Deadlines with Ease" later in this document.

Quickly create good-looking (and easy-to-edit) Web buttons with the "live" drop shadows feature.

Live Shapes The new "live" shapes feature in Illustrator 9.0 offers another example of how live object and layer effects support Web graphic design. With this feature, you can apply rectangles, rounded rectangles, and ellipses to selected text and other objects, creating dynamic relationships between them. When you apply the shape, you'll specify whether its size is absolute or relative. A shape with a relative setting will automatically grow and shrink to accommodate changes to the other object. For example, you could apply a live shape to text to produce a flexible Web button. If you then edited the text in response to late-breaking changes, the shape would expand or contract to fit the new text. For more information about object and layer effects, see "Meet Impossible Deadlines with Ease" later in this document.

Edit text with a "live" shape applied to it, and the shape adapts automatically to the change.

Apply automatically resizing,"live" shapes to text and other objects.


Integration among Adobe's Web Tools Illustrator 9.0 fits smoothly into Adobe's Web design toolkit, including Adobe Photoshop, Adobe LiveMotion, and Adobe GoLive. Illustrator 9.0 and Photoshop 5.5 share common Web optimization controls, as well as other Adobe-standard commands, tools, palettes, and interface elements. Adobe LiveMotion, the latest addition to Adobe's Web design solution, provides the Adobe-standard user interface and intuitive tools for creating interactive animation and graphics. It's designed to work with Illustrator and Photoshop files, turning them into spectacular animations and adding interactivity and sound with compelling results. You can then incorporate files from any of these products into the Web pages you design and publish with Adobe GoLive. You can even place native Illustrator 9.0 files in GoLive, which then calls Illustrator to prepare those files in GIF, JPEG, PNG, Flash (SWF), or SVG formats. If you update the original Illustrator artwork, GoLive prompts you to update the file placed in GoLive. This superb integration among Adobe's Web design tools paves the way for you to learn these programs quickly and move among them easily to perform your Web production tasks. Plus, it ensures consistent, predictable results.

Experience Extraordinary Creative Freedom

Illustrator 9.0 removes the physical barriers between what you're envisioning and what you can produce onscreen, providing unlimited transparency capabilities for rapidly designing ghosted type, fades, soft shadows, and other natural-looking transparency effects for your print and Web graphics. With these tools, you'll be able to move from design idea to high-quality printed or online output with the speed and precision you need (transparent effects print reliably on any Adobe PostScript® Level 2 or higher printer). Plus, you can create opacity and layer masks, quickly apply editable feathering to artwork, and move transparent files back and forth with Photoshop. The result is that you can explore your creative ideas more fully and with a new level of freedom and flexibility. Unlimited Transparency Capabilities The new transparency capabilities in Illustrator 9.0 are the most flexible, versatile, and powerful controls available in any vector illustration program today. With Illustrator 9.0, you can apply transparency settings to any layer, group, or object, including raster images, type, and spot colors, so that other objects can show through. Applying transparency is as easy as selecting the object or group and adjusting an Opacity slider (or entering a specific opacity value) in the new Transparency palette. To apply transparency to a layer, you simply click the circle to the right of the layer name in the Layers palette and then adjust the opacity setting in the Transparency palette. Your opacity setting then affects the entire layer as a single object--any graphics on the layer, and any you add later on, immediately assume the opacity of the layer.

Use the new Transparency palette to easily apply transparency to objects.

Click the circle to the right of the layer's name to apply transparency to a layer (and any objects on that layer).

Transparency grid for viewing transparent effects

A group of six circles with a single transparency setting applied

Transparency applied to an imported image Text with different transparency settings applied to each character Transparency applied to an Illustrator-drawn rectangle


Target the fill or stroke of an object with the Appearance palette to control how transparency is applied.

By default, transparency settings affect an entire object. However, you can use the Appearance palette to target an object's fill or stroke before specifying transparency. In addition, the Knockout Group option on the Transparency palette controls how transparent objects in a group interact: When the option is selected, the topmost object in the group knocks out the other objects in the group to reveal the objects and layers below. When the option is deselected, all of the objects in a transparent group show through the topmost object, along with the other objects arranged beneath the group.

Knockout Group option off

Knockout Group option on

Select the Knockout Group option on the Transparency palette when you want the top transparent object in a group to knock out the other objects in the group. Deselect the option to have the transparency settings collectively affect whatever appears beneath the group.

Illustrator 9.0 provides a transparency grid to help you more easily view the transparent areas of your artwork. This grid appears as a checkered background, similar to the one Photoshop uses to indicate transparency. You can control the size of the grid and whether it appears in grayscale or color on a document-specific basis. When you print your artwork, Illustrator ensures that transparent objects print with predictable, highquality results to any PostScript Level 2 or higher printer. Additional aspects of Illustrator 9.0's transparency capabilities are described in the rest of this section. Flexible Transparent Text Effects With Illustrator 9.0, it's as easy to apply transparency to text as to any other kind of object. You can vary the transparency settings for every character, word, or paragraph in a text block, and even create cumulative effects by applying individual settings to characters and then applying an overall setting to an entire text block. Text remains fully editable with transparency applied. You can change any type attribute, run spell-check, reword a section, and more.

Apply any combination of transparency settings to text to create different effects.


Choose blending modes that work like those in Photoshop.

Blending Mode Support Blending modes help you vary how the color(s) applied to a selected object or group interact--or blend-- with the colors of underlying objects. Illustrator 9.0 provides all of the relevant blending modes from Photoshop, including Multiply, Screen, Overlay, Soft Light, Hard Light, Color Dodge, Color Burn, Darken, Lighten, Difference, Exclusion, Hue, Saturation, Color, and Luminosity. By combining blending modes with opacity settings, you can create a variety of special effects. For example, the Soft Light blending mode darkens or lightens the colors, depending on the color of the selected group or object. It produces a result that's similar to shining a diffused spotlight on your artwork. Adjusting the opacity setting of the selected group or objects also affects the resulting color. In some cases, you may not want the blending mode you've applied to a group of objects to affect the underlying artwork. Illustrator provides the Isolate Blend option on the Transparency palette, so you can limit the result to the group. The blending mode then determines how the colors in the group's objects interact. Support for Maintaining Transparency in Photoshop Files Illustrator fully supports existing transparency in Photoshop (PSD) files. When you open a Photoshop file in Illustrator, you can view the original Photoshop layers and masks as Illustrator objects with masks--and with full transparency maintained. You can then edit the layer transparency settings in Illustrator. Placing Photoshop files preserves layer opacity and masks as a single object within Illustrator. In addition, you automatically preserve transparency when you export files to PSD format (in fact, this is the only way to export files with transparent areas for use in other programs). Illustrator also gives you the option of maintaining transparency when you rasterize artwork or flatten selected objects. Opacity and Layer Masks In Illustrator 9.0, you can produce unusual effects by designing opacity masks. You create an opacity mask by layering two or more objects on top of each other, selecting them, and clicking the Mask option on the Transparency palette. The topmost object becomes the mask, and its grayscale values (luminosity) affect what's visible in the underlying objects. For example, if you made an opacity mask from a completely white object, the masked objects would then be completely visible. If the opacity mask was black, the underlying objects would completely disappear where the opacity mask overlapped them. With a black-and-white gradient, the masked objects would appear in the white to off-white areas and disappear entirely where the gradient was black. Varying the transparency of the opacity mask modulates its intensity. You can turn any object into an opacity mask. Using patterns, gradients, and gradient meshes as opacity masks can produce compelling effects. Text can serve as an opacity mask, allowing you to quickly design unusual text effects (plus, the text remains editable). Even using images as opacity masks creates interesting results: For example, if you applied a 55 percent opacity setting to an image and turned it into an opacity mask, the masked artwork would then appear to have the image ghosted on top.

Here a black-and-white radial filled object was used to mask the image (we also used a clipping path to clip the image to the opacity mask's shape). Where the fill is white, the image shows through. Where the fill is gray, the image looks ghostly. And where it's black, the image disappears. This starkly demonstrates how grayscale values affect an opacity mask.


Opacity masks are easy to use. The Transparency palette displays thumbnails of the original artwork and the mask, along with a link symbol. When that link symbol is fully visible, you can move the mask and the underlying artwork anywhere in your document. If you click the mask thumbnail, you can move or edit it independently of the underlying artwork (though that artwork remains visible). You can even disable an opacity mask temporarily to view and adjust its component parts. Checking the Invert Mask option in the Transparency palette causes the underlying artwork to clip to the shape of the masking object and reverses the grayscale effect. Black areas become transparent (so the underlying artwork shows through), while white areas become opaque. Finally, you can undo any mask by selecting it and unchecking the Mask option on the Transparency palette.

Use any object to create an opacity mask that controls how the objects beneath it show through. Here we created and styled a text object, made it transparent, and positioned it on an image. We then selected the Mask and Invert Mask options, so both the grayscale values and shape of the text would control how the image showed through.

Creating layer masks is also only a few-step process in Illustrator 9.0. You simply make sure the shape you want to use as a mask appears at the top of the layer (with the object selected, choose Object > Arrange > Bring To Front). Then click the Make/Release Clipping Mask button on the Layers palette. Anything that falls within the boundaries of the shape shows through; everything else on the layer is hidden. Any objects that are subsequently added to the layer are also clipped by the mask. Clicking the Make/Release Clipping Mask button automatically releases the mask.

Here a star shape is being used to mask a map stored on a layer and focus attention on a single city.

Position the clipping object at the top of the layer you want to mask. Then click the Make/ Release Clipping Mask button to instantly mask that layer.

Make/Release Clipping Mask button


Live Feathering Live feathering softens the transition between foreground and background objects, and particularly between semitransparent objects and background objects. It works particularly well with text and the path objects you create. Previewing the results as you adjust the feather radius helps you apply feathering efficiently. Just as with other live object and layer effects, you don't have to convert your Illustrator objects to rasters before you can apply feathering. And, even after applying it, you can edit the underlying object. You can even remove feathering without having to create your artwork over again. For more details, see "Object and Layer Effects" in the next section.

Specify a feathering radius to control how text and path objects blend with objects behind them.

Here feathering is being applied to soften the transition between the hand-drawn flames jetting out of the rocket and the background element. Even after applying the feathering, it's easy to edit the underlying paths.

Preview overprinting capabilities With Illustrator 9.0, you can preview your overprint settings to proof trapping and spot color effects before you go to press. You can, for example, see on-screen how a spot-color object will overprint other objects.


Meet Impossible Deadlines with Ease

While your creative vision is foremost on your mind, your deadlines aren't far behind. That's why Illustrator 9.0 is packed with features to help you work faster and more efficiently. This support starts with the new native file format that Illustrator is based on: Adobe PDF. With this new format, you can share and print Illustrator files more easily while protecting the integrity of your original files. In addition, Illustrator supports "live" object and layer effects, graphic styles, nested layers with thumbnails, customizable keyboard shortcuts, and other features that can help streamline your workflow. It even provides a quick way to simplify paths, automatically reducing the number of points to produce smoother lines and smaller file sizes. Support for Exporting Editable Text in PSD Format The integration between Illustrator and Photoshop is stronger than ever! Now you can design type treatments in Illustrator, and export it to Photoshop, where the text remains editable. As long as you've set text up on its own layer in Illustrator, it will appear on a separate, editable text layer in Photoshop. You can then handle late-breaking changes efficiently without having to pop back into Illustrator to start over again.

Set up text on its own layer in Illustrator. Then, if you export it to Photoshop, the text layers come in as editable Photoshop text layers.

Layers palette in Photoshop

Layers palette in Illustrator

Object and Layer Effects One of the most powerful new features in Illustrator 9.0 are its object and layer effects. Now you can apply transformations, filters, distortions, and more to any object, group, or layer as a series of "live" effects. What makes this feature so innovative is that these effects change only the appearance of the selected object, not the selection itself. This means that you can edit the underlying object or any step in a series of effects you've applied without having to redo the others. Here are several examples of how you might use object and layers effects.

Easy-to-update artwork: Businesses today need to project a more cutting edge, entertaining image. One way

to do that is by keeping a corporate logo fresh and exciting, while still preserving its integrity. Object and layer effects make it fast and fun to maintain this effort. You can design a distinctive logo using any combination of object and layer effects; then change the effects applied or subtly alter the underlying object without having to redo all of the steps involved. Or you could make multiple copies of the logo and apply different effects to each, without affecting the purity of the underlying paths and text!

Apply object and layer effects to any object.

Then easily edit the shape of that object.

And even swap out one set of effects for another without having to start over again.


Live Photoshop and third-party plug-in filters: If you've ever rasterized artwork and applied a Photoshop or third-party filter to it, you know how painful it is when a client comes back to you for a change. Live object and layer effects eliminates this pain. Now you can apply these live effects directly (choose them from the Effect menu, not the Filter menu) and then edit the underlying object or change the applied effect instantly. For example, you could apply a mosaic effect to an object and then edit the object's shape without starting from scratch. Live effects and text: Here's the amazing part--live object and layer effects apply to text as well. You can apply a series of effects from the Effects menu to text and then edit that text without a hitch. For example, you could distort and feather the text--a step that automatically converts it to outlines but without the restrictions of the past. You could then spell check the text, edit the wording, change the font, and perform other edits without starting over with a new text block.

The example here shows text with a "live" radial blur applied to it.

Then, a new font was applied without having to redo any other steps.

Editable outlined text: But here's the clincher--you can use a live effect to turn text into outlines. Why do this? Because then anyone can open, view, and print the file, regardless of whether they have the fonts installed or whether they're using Illustrator or another program, such as InDesign, to print the file. Yet, at the same time, the text remains completely editable for anyone who has the font installed. This new feature eliminates a production nightmare that's plagued computer-based designers for years.

Graphic Styles Illustrator 9.0 introduces a new concept, appearance, and puts that concept to use in a productivity-enhancing new feature, called graphic styles. In Illustrator 9.0, appearance refers to changing the look of an object without changing the object itself. One of the chief ways you change an object's appearance is by applying live object and layer effects (described in the previous section). Any combination of live effects, fills, strokes, and transparency settings can make up an appearance. When you apply these attributes to a selected object, they are listed in the new Appearances palette and can be reordered, deleted, edited, and so on. More importantly, an appearance can be saved for on-going use as a named graphic style in the new Styles palette.

Change an object's appearance without changing its underlying characteristics with the Appearance palette and Effect menu.

Then save any appearance as a graphic style.

Graphic styles can include any number of effects and other attributes--even multiple fills and strokes. You could, for example, create complex line patterns by setting up multiple strokes in a style. Or you could combine multiple fills with different colors and opacities to create unusual effects. You can apply graphic styles to any selected object, including shapes, text, and images, and even to groups and layers, with a single click of your mouse. Since styles always change the appearance of an object, not the object itself, you can


still modify the object freely. If, for example, you roughen and color text using a style, you can change its font or run spell-check on it. Illustrator provides a number of predefined graphic styles. To look at the composition of a predefined style, click it in the Styles palette and view the attributes listed in the Appearance palette. To create new styles, you can start from a predefined style and make changes; or, you can apply settings separately to an object and then, with the object still selected, choose New Style from the Styles palette menu. Renaming, duplicating, merging, and deleting styles is easy. For example, you can use the eyedropper tool to append one object's style to another object and style. You can even blend two objects with styles applied!

Object used to design a graphic style

Save any combination of fills, strokes, transparency settings, and more as a graphic style.

New object with saved graphic style applied

Graphic styles streamline how you keep documents consistent. You could, for example, define a set of graphic styles to use for particular design clients or in specific areas of a Web site. You'd then save these styles in standalone Illustrator documents for use as style libraries (just the way you currently save Swatches and Brushes libraries). You could then load these style libraries into any document, or share them with colleagues to maintain consistency. Layer Organization Controls Some graphics include many dozens of layers, which can be challenging to manage. Illustrator 9.0 helps you streamline the organization of your layers by nesting related layers. Any layer can contain sublayers, and sublayers can contain other sublayers. Viewable Layer Content The Layers palette in Illustrator 9.0 now displays a thumbnail of the objects that appear on a layer to help you quickly identify what's on each layer. If you then open the layer in the palette, separate thumbnails appear for each object and group on the layer--plus, you can open each group to reveal the objects that it contains. You can then rename, duplicate, merge, delete, or reorder any layer, sublayer, group, or object. In addition, Illustrator gives you more control over what appears on the Layers palette. You can show all layers, objects, and groups, or only the top-level layers. You can also set the row size to be small, so more layers show at once, or large so you can get a better view of the thumbnails. You can even specify a custom size for how your layers appear. Finally, you can choose whether top-level layers or all layers display thumbnails.

Small thumbnails

Medium thumbnails

View sublayers, groups, and objects in the revised Layers palette.

Large thumbnails


Integrated Adobe PDF (Portable Document Format) Support The Illustrator file format is now Adobe PDF at its core, making it easier to prepare these compact files for handoff. This transition in file formats is transparent because Illustrator 9.0's file extension is still .ai, and it can open and save previous versions of its files (back to version 1.0). However, you can now roundtrip PDF files that you've saved from Illustrator without losing any file features, such as fonts, patterns, or vertical text blocks. Plus, you have a complete set of compression, font embedding, color management, security, and other settings available for quickly preparing PDF files for high-end output. Future versions of Acrobat Reader will be able to open, view, and print native Illustrator files because they are PDF based. Improved Color Management Adobe Illustrator 9.0 supports a device-independent, color-managed workflow using the Adobe Color Engine (ACE), the latest version of Adobe's core color technology that will also be included in upcoming releases of other Adobe products. With Illustrator 9.0, you can now specify an RGB or CMYK color space for your documents (see "Web-safe RGB Color Workflow" earlier in this document for details). RGB and CMYK objects may no longer coexist in the same document, preventing unexpected color results when you output files. You can also select ICC profiles that define your document's color space, specify the color space of your output device, and direct how Illustrator handles imported graphics that are either untagged or tagged with a different color space. Alternatively, you can choose an option that makes Illustrator 9.0 handle color management the same way that Illustrator 8.0 did. Illustrator 9.0 also supports soft-proofing on-screen. Proof Setup lets you specify how Illustrator maps output colors to colors on-screen (either retagging or converting colors). Proof Colors then simulates final output on-screen using those specifications. Illustrator 9.0 also includes the Adobe Gamma control panel that's included with all Adobe publishing programs for setting your monitor's color space. With ACE installed, you have even more support for ensuring consistent color as you move files between Illustrator, the next release of Photoshop, and other upcoming Adobe publishing programs. These Adobe programs can, for example, now automatically detect when your color management settings vary and ask you to synchronize them to ensure better color fidelity. In addition, the ACE component presents a consistent interface across Adobe products, making it easier to learn and control color-managed workflows. Simplify Path Simplify Path removes unnecessary anchor points from selected paths without changing the shape of those paths (select a path, and choose Object > Path > Simplify). It produces smoother paths and smaller file sizes. You set values for the curve precision and angle threshold to specify how closely the revised path follows the shape of the original path. A preview option lets you see the results before you close the dialog box. You can also choose to view the original path and the new path to compare the differences. The preview even lists the number of points on the original and revised paths.

Set PDF options for Illustrator files, which now offer native support for this compact, reliable format.

Quickly reduce the number of points on a path, and smooth its shape, using Simplify Path. Preview your work as you adjust options. Also keep track of what the original and new shape look like, as well as how many points are on each.


Lasso Tools Illustrator 9.0 provides two tools to help you more precisely select irregular areas in complex artwork: the lasso and direct-select lasso tools. You'll use the lasso tool to select entire objects and paths in an irregular selection area, and the direct-select lasso tool to select portions of paths or objects. Keyboard shortcuts let you quickly modify the behavior of these tools. Pressing Shift lets you add onto the selection, while pressing Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) lets you subtract from it. Expanded File Format Support Adobe Illustrator software sets the standard among illustration software programs for how well it works with other software, including Microsoft Office, Autodesk AutoCAD, CorelDRAW, and Macromedia FreeHand. Illustrator 9.0 is no exception, offering new or improved import/export support for Flash (SWF), SVG, WMF, EMF, CGM, DXF, and DWG files. In addition, Illustrator offers native support for Adobe PDF. Here's a detailed list of the file format support you'll enjoy. Graphics import--Adobe Illustrator 9.0 can open any Adobe Illustrator file (including version 1.0 files). In addition, Illustrator 9.0 can open or place EPS, PDF (one page at a time), SVG, and Photoshop 2.5, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, and 5.5 files, as well as Macromedia FreeHand 5.0, 5.5, 7.0, and 8.0 files, CorelDRAW 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0 files, and files saved in Amiga IFF, BMP, CGM 1/2/3, DWG, DXF, EMF/WMF, GIF, JPEG, PNG, KODAK® Photo CDTM, PICT, PCX, PXR, TGA, and TIFF formats. Graphics export--Adobe Illustrator 9.0 saves files in Adobe Illustrator (AI), EPS, and PDF format. It also exports Flash (SWF), SVG, GIF, JPEG, PNG, PSD with layers, Amiga IFF, BMP, CGM 1, EMF/WMF, DWG, DXF, PICT, PCX, PXR, TGA, and TIFF file formats. You can also drag and drop Illustrator graphics into other Adobe programs, such as InDesign, Photoshop, or PageMaker, or into other third-party applications, such as Microsoft Word. Text import/export--Adobe Illustrator 9.0 imports the following text formats: ASCII; Microsoft RTF (Microsoft Office 97, 98, and 2000); and Microsoft Word (Office 97, 98, and 2000). It imports and exports text (TXT) files.

Extra Value in the Box Here's an overview of the extra value you'll find in the Adobe Illustrator 9.0 software package. · Adobe Illustrator 9.0 software, plus these other useful programs: --Adobe Acrobat Reader 4.0 software for viewing PDF files --The latest Adobe PostScript printer driver for Windows or the Macintosh, as well as a comprehensive set of PostScript Printer Description (PPD) files (optional installation) --New Adobe SVG Viewer plug-in for viewing SVG pages from different Web browsers --Tryout versions of Adobe Photoshop, Adobe InDesign, Adobe LiveMotion, and other professional Adobe products · Training and support materials, including: --Adobe Illustrator 9.0 User Guide and Adobe Illustrator 9.0 Quick Reference Card --Adobe Technical Notes and developer support information --A list of learning resources, including Adobe certified trainers, service providers, and more · Versatile artwork and other content, including: --Premium Type 1 fonts* --Illustrator extras, such as brush libraries, style libraries, action sets, templates, and pattern libraries --Professional-quality clip art, stock photos, and textures* * Not included in Education version

Keyboard Shortcuts When deadlines are looming, you're focused on moving as quickly as you can from one graphics task to the next. That's why many designers master keyboard shortcuts precisely to boost their speed and productivity. Here's how Illustrator 9.0 handles keyboard shortcuts.

Identical shortcuts as version 8.0: The last thing you want is to have to relearn keyboard shortcuts, so Illus-

trator 9.0 maintains all of the shortcuts used in version 8.0. This means that you can easily keep working just the way you're accustomed to.

Keyboard shortcut editor: Illustrator 9.0 also introduces new flexibility with a keyboard shortcut editor for

adapting keyboard shortcuts to your needs. When you customize keyboard shortcuts, the changes are stored in a text file that's easy to share with colleagues. You can also set up different combinations of keyboards shortcuts and switch among them easily. Illustrator ships with a predefined set of keyboard shortcuts that matches the ones used in Illustrator 6.0.

Additional Enhancements

Illustrator 9.0 also introduces other enhancements that simplify your graphics creation process. You can now: · Specify polygonal as well as rectangular image maps in the Attributes palette. · Rotate a bounding box directly. The cursor changes to a rotation cursor when you position it within a few pixels of a corner selection handle on a bounding box. · Align objects to a specific object or to the artboard. Also align objects by specifying fixed spacing between them. Another new option lets you exclude the stroke weight as you align objects. · Use the eyedropper and paintbucket tools to sample and apply graphic styles, including transparency, fill, and stroke settings. You can even specify eyedropper and paintbucket tool options to isolate certain settings in a graphic style for sampling.


System Requirements* Power Macintosh · Any PowerPC® processor · Mac OS software version 8.5, 8.6, and 9.0 · 64 MB of RAM · 105 MB of available hard-disk space · CD-ROM drive · 800x600 or greater monitor resolution · If using Adobe PostScript® printers: Adobe PostScript Level 2 or later required Windows 98/Windows NT 4.0/ Windows 2000 · Intel® Pentium® or faster processor · Microsoft® Windows® 98, Windows NT® 4.0, or Windows 2000 operating system · 64 MB of RAM · 105 MB of available hard-disk space · CD-ROM drive · Video card that supports 800x600 or greater monitor resolution · If using Adobe PostScript printers: Adobe PostScript Level 2 or later required Estimated Street Price $399 Expected Ship Date 2nd Quarter 2000 * System requirements are subject to change prior to the product shipping.

· Locate a specific color in the Swatches palette by typing its name in the new Find field. · Jump to another application to edit an imported graphic, save those changes, and return to Illustrator where the changes automatically appear. · Apply different arrowheads to either end of a selected path. · Adjust the origin point and reflect objects using the Transform Each command. · Apply Transform Each as an object and layer effect to make several copies at once. · Control whether the pencil tool automatically alters a selected path when you draw near it, or starts drawing another path. A new pencil tool option toggles this behavior, so the tool can adapt to different workflows. · Double-click the Fill or Stroke boxes anywhere they appear to open the Color Picker. · Review Document Info, such as the fonts and colors used, in a palette (choose Window > Document Info). · Quickly hide or show the bounding boxes on selected objects by choosing a command from the View menu (rather than opening Preferences and checking and unchecking an option there). · Select all objects in an illustration that have specific opacity values, blending modes, or graphic styles applied. · Link directly to the Adobe Web site to purchase missing fonts. The Font Problem dialog box identifies the fonts that are missing and provides a link to the Adobe Web site.

Availability and Pricing

In the United States and Canada, Adobe Illustrator 9.0 for Mac OS 8.5 and later, Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, and Windows 2000 is expected to ship in the second quarter of 2000. The estimated street price for Adobe Illustrator is $399 (U.S.) for all platforms. Registered users of any version of Adobe Illustrator can upgrade to version 9.0 for only $149 (U.S.). Registered users of Photoshop, InDesign, and PageMaker can purchase Adobe Illustrator 9.0 for only $249 (U.S.). Users of CorelDRAW and Macromedia FreeHand can also purchase Adobe Illustrator 9.0 for only $249 (U.S.). Customers in the United States and Canada who purchased Adobe Illustrator 8.0 for the Macintosh or Windows after April 5, 2000 are eligible for a free upgrade with proof of purchase. This offer expires on July 3, 2000, and the free upgrade must be claimed by September 3, 2000. Upgrades are available only on CD-ROM. French, German, and Japanese versions of Adobe Illustrator 9.0 are expected to ship within 30 days of the initial release. In addition, information about other language versions, as well as all pricing, upgrade, and support policies for other countries, will be announced separately.

About Adobe Systems

Founded in 1982, Adobe Systems Incorporated ( builds award-winning software solutions for Web and print publishing. Its graphic design, imaging, dynamic media, and authoring tools enable customers to create, publish and deliver visually rich content for various types of media. Headquartered in San Jose, California, Adobe is the fourth largest U.S.-based personal software company, with annual revenues exceeding $1 billion.

Adobe Systems Incorporated 345 Park Avenue San Jose, CA 95110-2704 USA World Wide Web

Adobe, the Adobe logo, GoLive, Illustrator, ImageReady, InDesign, LiveMotion, Photoshop, and PostScript are trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated. Apple, Macintosh, Mac, Mac OS, and Power Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the United States and other countries. Flash is a trademark of Macromedia, Inc. KODAK is a registered trademark and Photo CD is a trademark of Eastman Kodak Company. PowerPC is a trademark of International Business Machines Corporation. Microsoft, Windows, and Windows NT are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S. and/or other countries. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. © 2000 Adobe Systems Incorporated. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA. 08/15/00



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