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From the Top: Are we there yet? Col. Bruce A. Litchfield The blueprint for relevancy Col. Steve Spano RIPRNET exploits tactical environment Capt. David Canady Combat Comm: Giving commanders real-time access 1st Lt. Joshua Garvin GPS: Program develops, fields new capabilities for today's warfighter Mr. Joe Davidson Troika Project Ms. Jennifer Colaizzi The role of Air Force photographers Tech. Sgt. Melissa Phillips The AFN connection Senior Master Sgt. Manuelito Castillo Saving lives Capt. Greg Banfield Predator power 1st Lt. Shannon J. Maguire Cable Dawgs to the rescue Tech. Sgt. Paul Dean



Time Machine: AACS reunion Mr. Gerald Sonnenberg Civilian Focus : Career broadening News Briefs: Sports guy; Cutting the file fat; AFC4A honors Gen. Hobbins; Hurricane Rita support; Sky control; Multimedia: Documenting change; Patriot `05 support; Capabilities assessment; and Looking for OSI agents Techno Gizmo : VIPER: Airborne comm provides vital link 379th Expeditionary Communications Squadron


6 From the Top: Traveling the


road to transformation

Col. Bruce A. Litchfield 8 9





Transformational Comm

Col. Steve Spano






EDITORIAL STAFF Col. Robert J. Steele Commander, Air Force Communications Agency Ms. Lori Manske Chief, Public Affairs Ms. Karen Petitt Managing Editor Mr. Jim Verchio Editor

This funded Air Force magazine, published by Helmer Printing, N. 6402 790th St., Beldenville, Wisc., 54003, is an authorized publication for members of the U.S. military services. Contents of the intercom are not necessarily the official views of, or endorsed by, the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense, or the Department of the Air Force. Editorial content is edited, prepared and provided by the public affairs office of AFCA.


Scope Valkyrie

Capt. David Canady

Gen. T. Michael Moseley Air Force Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Tom Hobbins Acting Chief of Warfighting Integration and Chief Information Officer Maj. Gen. Gregory Power Director for Operations and Support Integration Maj. Gen. Michael W. Peterson Director for Information, Services and Integration Mr. David Tillotson Director for Policy, Planning and Resources

Submitting to the intercom Stories should be in Microsoft Word format and should be no longer than 600 words. Photographs should be at least 5x7 in size and 300 dpi. Submit stories via e-mail to [email protected] Subscription requests E-mail all mailing requests or address changes to [email protected] Comments to the staff Comments, and letters to the editor, may be e-mailed or sent via the postal service to AFCA/PA, intercom, 203 W. Losey St., Room 1200, Scott AFB, IL 62225-5222.


Most Improved Magazine & Honorable Mention Clarion Award * Women in Communications Award of Excellence - Internal Magazine NAGC Blue Pencil Competition Best Online Newspaper Air Force Media Contest Best Designed Publication DoD's MILGRAPH Competition 2004/2003

Cover, themed "Transformation," designed by Mr. Jim Verchio

Brig. Gen. (sel) Michael Basla Director for Operational Support and Modernization

2 intercom November 2005

Hot Topic

See related AWARD story, page 28


in a Box

Fritz Mihelcic

AFCA Deputy Chief Counsel

Hobbins nominated for 4th star

Pending Senate confirmation,Lt.Gen.William Hobbins will receive his fourth star. The last time the lead communicator for the Air Force earned a fourth star was in 1984 when Gen.Robert T.Herres was serving as director for command,control and communications systems for the Joint Chiefs. General Hobbins has been serving as the Acting Chief of Warfighting Integration and Chief Information Officer since May,and was serving as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Warfighting Integration since August 2003. With his fourth star,General Hobbins will serve as Commander,United States Air Forces Europe;Commander,Air Component Command,Ramstein;and Director,Joint Air Power Competency Center,Ramstein AB,Germany.

Wireless access

My neighbor has an unsecure wire less LAN. Can I legally use his "open" wireless router to access the Internet?


Letters to the editor

TSSR clarification

I read your magazine monthly. I love your varied and interesting articles concerning the Communications and Information community. However, your article, TSSR The Longest Shot, in the September 2005 issue has me confused.You talk about the longest Tropo Satellite Support Radio, or TSSR, shot ever being established during the Patriot 2005 exercise by the 236th CBCS from Hammond, La. The article tells how they set up an AN/TRC-170 relay link from Michael Army Airfield to Wendover Airfield in Utah which is a distance of about 100 miles. Here's the confusing part. The AN/TRC-170 is a long haul microwave communications system that from terminal to terminal can provide a link of about 150 miles. The TSSR unit you refer to in the article is really the AN/GRC-239 radio, which, using the two foot dish has a maximum distance of about 25 miles. The 100-mile relay should be for the AN/GRC-239 radio (TSSR) not the AN/TRC-170.

--Master Sgt. James W. Mayou

267th CBCS

CAP m i s s i o n c o v e r a g e

Thanks for the coverage in the October 2005 issue of intercom of the Civil Air Patrol, the "fourth arm" of the U.S. Air Force. It was too long ago that Secretary of the Air Force, Dr. Sheila Widnall, called us that and I, for one, have remembered it. Still serving ... Semper Vigilans.

--Lt. Col. David S. Friedenberg

CAP, Director of Logistics Middle East Region retired Master Sergeant (April `74) Training Technician -- 75172 (old AFSC)


Gallery photos

I really like September's "extra" gallery. Any way to get the pictures in a .jpg or .bmp format so I can use them as a slideshow for my screen saver? Great work!

--Mr. Anthony J. Delgado

Personnel Systems Requirements Office

Thanks for clarifying that issue!

Great question. We've made all the images available as .jpgs so you can download them and save them to your computer for use as screen savers. You'll be able to find it in our "lithos" section of the Web site. And thanks for the compliment, which really goes out to the incredible photographers. Enjoy!

The law of "Wi-Fi Mooching" is currently unclear. The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act presently governs the issue. Unfortunately, the law contains ambiguous language written to address hacking in 1986--it did not contemplate current Wi-Fi technology. The law says it's illegal to "exceed authorized access" on a system, but that language isn't well defined. There are arguments on both sides. Some users intentionally leave their Wireless Access Point open for the use and benefit of any other users who happen by. Some ISPs specifically believe that information needs to be free, and they don't mind subscribers sharing their Wi-Fi service. On the other hand, some ISPs have prohibited WAP-sharing in their service contract (and may even monitor bandwidth usage rates for suspicious levels of activity). Criminally, incidents are handled on a case-by-case basis; so far, there have been very few incidents where "Wi-Fi Moochers" have actually been charged. Bottom line: unless Congress steps in, we'll have to wait for the courts to interpret the ambiguous law. Until then, be safe and don't mooch.

Send in your question to: [email protected] or call DSN: 779-6060

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Traveling the road to transformation

`Are we there yet?'

"We will have arrived at our "We will have arrived at our transformation destination when transformation destination when we have achieved victory over the we have achieved victory over the terrorists' ability to threaten our terrorists' ability to threaten our way of life." way of life."


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By Col. Bruce A. Litchfield

Agile Combat Support Systems Wing commander

WRIGHT PATTERSON AIR FORCE BASE, Ohio -- Have you ever noticed that one of the universal questions asked when you're traveling is,"Are we there, yet?"? It doesn't matter whether the vehicle is full of children or adults, if you're on a trip longer than 10 minutes, someone will always ask the question. A little more than 2 ½ years ago, Air Force Materiel Command set up a new transformation office to implement Secretary the of Defense Donald Rumsfeld's vision to reshape the Department of Defense, particularly as it pertains to our mission of delivering war-winning expeditionary capabilities. The transformation office wrestled with the issue of adapting the command to meet the mandates of a post-9/11 world. The charter for transformation has evolved many times since its inception. Even with the many changes that have occurred to the original focus, I am still asked the same question in terms of the transformation journey. Today, the United States and allied partners are engaged in a war that has implications far beyond freedom for the people of Iraq and Afghanistan. The War on Terrorism is not limited to the borders of these countries. Terrorists know no borders: they don't subscribe to the rules of armed conflict, nor are they guided by principles that value human life. Victory in Iraq is necessary because of the strategic importance of the region. But even after the violence is controlled and the country is governed by a ratified constitution, the War on Terrorism will continue. Terrorists live throughout the world, and it may take decades of sustained and cooperative efforts to ultimately defeat their

From Top

capacity to threaten our freedoms. The War on Terrorism may turn out to be our children's Cold War. It will take the full spectrum of America's political, economic and military power to win. Our role is to develop and sustain military capabilities that provide the advantage on the ever-changing battlefield against an enemy that does not follow a conventional textbook. Since the march on Baghdad, we have seen terrorist tactics such as urban mortar attacks, firing on transport aircraft, roadside incendiary devices, suicide bombers and mass car bombings. None of these tactics are focused on winning a traditional, force-on-force, militaryagainst-military battle. They are designed to defeat our nation's desire to fight on the "terrorist battlefield." In response to warfighter requirements, the Aeronautical Systems Center has had to transform on many levels. Gone are the days when the next new aircraft was just around the corner.The demands for our talent and skills are now associated with keeping aircraft flying longer with capabilities never envisioned when the platform was designed. There are many great examples were we've adding sensors, weapons, information systems and other capabilities that the operators are using today. These new capabilities were fielded through efforts by highly talented and experienced men and women across the center. In many cases we've had to find ways to secure funding, solidify requirements, find technical solutions and execute contracts rapidly, while complying with the regulations governing the acquisition process. The next step is to turn the need for these Herculean efforts into daily operations. If we are to sustain a pace that satisfies rapidly evolving battlefield needs, we need to develop an operating style that understands, anticipates and reacts with-

in the terrorist cycle time. This challenge is sometimes difficult because our normal process is set on an annual basis. The good news is that with planning and coordination, there are procedures in place to get things moving quickly when necessary. For example, the program executive officer consolidation at product centers and new wing structure go a long way toward expediting capability delivery. The new structure also implements one of the basic principles of war: unity of command. There is a clear line of authority and accountability when it comes to program execution. Even with all the changes that have come during the last year, there is one constant in the process of transformation -- the men and women who make up the force that executes the mission. As individuals we have the responsibility to come to work each day with the attitude that someone on the battlefield is counting on us to deliver. Before going home each night, each of us needs to ask ourselves,"Can I do anything more to field a capability, expedite a technology, or assist in any way possible so that an Airman, Soldier, Sailor or Marine may gain the advantage on the battlefield?" In the acquisition world, we are used to working with longer timelines, but in reality, every day counts. "Are we there, yet?"As an experienced road warrior, I've developed a universal answer,"We're getting closer." In the War on Terrorism, our enemies will persist as long as they believe there's an opportunity to drive us from their illdefined battlefield. Our job is to field war-winning capability in less time than the enemy's ability to respond. We will have arrived at our transformation destination when we have achieved victory over the terrorists' ability to threaten our way of life. Until then, we must maintain the transformation journey and continually improve the way we execute the mission.


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Transformational communications


Innovative information management concepts lead to changes across Air Force functional communities

By Col. Steve Spano



for relevancy

apparent.Voice, data, video, functional applications, network management and tactical communications, for example, have either been or will be consolidated, converged, managed centrally or administered remotely. Once the network is viewed as a utility, the conditions will be set to provide many services in a completely different way, by someone else altogether or not at all. These trends cannot be stopped, delayed or ignored--they are inevitable. Confronting this reality offers tremendous opportunities as we look to the future. The past 15 years have been solely about building the network and formulating visions and strategies around new network-centric terms and concepts. Like any technology, these trends will run their cycle and give way to a new dynamic. Like telephony, the rapid evolution of network-centric trends is quickly leading to a future where the network will be important but irrelevant, and the content that rides on the network will dominate both vision and

Editor's note: The is the second, and last article in this series by Colonel Spano. His first article titled, "One Air Force­One Enterprise" is located on page 6 of the October intercom. RAMSTEIN AIR BASE, Germany -- Last month's article provided a brief overview of the innovative information management concepts being worked by key players in our community. It further outlined how they will lead to significant cultural and process changes across Air Force functional communities. Now we'll build upon that vision by linking those efforts to other ongoing initiatives, thereby creating a much broader and integrated vision to maintain our relevance in the future. Today, a clear path of information technology convergence and centralization of infrastructure and services is

"Accepting this fundamental premise is the entry fee into an arena of new opportunities and vision."


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strategy. Network centric will soon yield to information centric. This shift will be as significant and profound as the transformational changes brought about by the network-centric vision, driving similar shifts in organizational structures, doctrine, technology and processes. The indicators of this shift are emerging with increasing clarity, offering tremendous opportunities. Trends toward convergence, centralization of information technology services and remote administration offer opportunities to sort the relevant from irrelevant. Consider the following: Internet protocol is collapsing voice, data and video networks onto a robust and enduring infrastructure, driving integration and new ways of providing security and services; analog and digital telephone switches are giving way to Voice Over IP setting the stage to merge the telephone and network career fields; NCC help desks and telephone operations are being centralized to provide better service and reduce the workload for work group managers; NCC personnel and systems control facilities are modernizing to a point where circuit provisioning and routing can be done remotely; the desktop computer is fast approaching the same disposable commodity as the VCR and DVD player, shifting the market toward blade personal computers/servers and middleware to increase security and service while reducing maintenance and the total cost of ownership. These changes, together with new information management concepts discussed in part one of this article, and such initiatives as the pending regionalization of current MAJCOM network operation security centers into a predetermined number of integrated NOSCs, will set in motion opportunities to significantly alter how our communications personnel are organized as well as the services they provide. Remote administration down to the individual workstation and network device--hub, router, switch and firewall--will provide the functionality needed to resolve most base-level

information technology issues, thus changing the dynamic of Air Force communications squadrons. Technology is proving this capability in industry and within Air Force NOSCs today. Further centralization and remote administration of traditional systems control facilities, network services, telephone services and help desks will reduce the information systems flight--the largest flight in typical communications squadrons--to a small touch-maintenance function. This change will ignite a chain reaction of possibilities for how our communications units are organized and what services they will provide in the future. Accepting this fundamental premise is the entry fee into an arena of new opportunities and vision. The trends are pointing a different way than expected, but they are nonetheless leading to a new and better end state. New organizational structures and missions that move toward information management, expanded and retooled expeditionary communications capa-

"Trends toward convergence, centralization of information technology services and remote administration offer opportunities to sort the relevant from irrelevant."

bility, information operations and space and command and control integration will require a carefully managed and synchronized strategy. The possible transition from some of the more traditional operations and maintenance functions of the communications career field does not mean the communications community closes the books on being the Air Force's information technology experts. In fact, it places more challenges on our NCOs and officers. The new communications professionals will need a greater depth and breadth of technical knowledge than they have today, but they will apply it in a much different way. These new professionals will need a much broader understanding of how systems, architectures and applications function to meet the information demands of the organizations they serve. These specialists will become intelligence, operations, logistics and training specialists who can understand and respond to the changing events and the new information demands as well as the changes that result from them. This change is significant and it is transformational, and will posture our community to provide more relevant services to meet new operational and strategic challenges. Transformation has been defined many different ways by many different people. Regardless of how it is defined, in its simplest form transformation is about two things: using technology to fundamentally change existing processes and being relevant in ongoing change. The absence of either element replaces an opportunity for transformation with merely an evolution of the status quo, thereby replacing strategy with hope, and accepting the inevitable conclusion that our career field will likely maintain its importance ... but lose it relevance.

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Communications evolution

By Capt David Canady

Chief Tactical C4 Engineer

USCENTAF, Forward -- Everyone has heard of the NIPRNET and the SIPRNET. However, there's a new medium on the horizon called Radio Internet Protocol Routed Network, or RIPRNET. In a project dubbed Scope Valkyrie, the A6 forward and rear staffs are on the verge of implementing an integrated air-ground-air radio network that will provide an unprecedented ability to command and control air power throughout the theater. Mr. Jeff Sapp, CENTAF's senior Radio Frequency engineer, conceived the engineering concept that formed the basis for the current Scope Valkyrie effort. He said RIPRNET,"was designed to solve the ever evolving needs for C2 and air-to-ground communications." After meeting with various agencies and communications maintainers, Mr. Sapp found they were all looking for systems that basically did the same thing, which was a way to link all the agencies together into

one seamless radio network. By combining the best in commercial radio technology with the versatility and flexibility of IP networks, Scope Valkyrie will provide a self-healing, scalable, open-source network. It will be capable of allowing C2 users to access and use virtually any type of radio to remotely control aircraft from any location in the theater through a network link to the RIPRNET and a computer. Although the application for this technology to a military C2 environment is new, the use of this technology is not. Following Sept. 11, Mr. Sapp, a theater transmissions engineer, was employed to help provide a similar capability for homeland security. Using this same technology, a homelandsecurity network for air traffic control was created spanning the United States and linking key governmental and defense agencies. The RIPRNET will exploit this concept and adapt it to meet the dynamic nature of the tactical environment, while maintaining the

reliability standard that has become the hallmark of the homeland security network. The RIPRNET went from concept to reality during the past few months. Building upon the written concepts of previous rotations, the engineering team transformed the concept into an engineering plan, not only identifying the equipment assets, but also how it is configured. At the beginning of the rotation a goal was set to have the system developed and a site completed before the rotation concluded. Additionally, the plan was not merely to build a new system for the theater, but to develop an architecture that would also support currently fielded air-ground-air C2 communications systems throughout the theater. Half-way through the rotation, the RIPRNET is being intensely tested on a local test suite and the engineering plan for the first site is complete. The first site of Scope Valkyrie will be underway shortly along with another revelation in how network centric warfare is redefining how we bring the fight to the enemy.


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Transformation mindset

Airman 1st Class Greg Reyes, a satellite communications technician with the 374th Communications Squadron at Camp Zama, Japan, performs a preventive maintenance inspection on multiplexer equipment. Transformation across the spectrum of communications specialties ensures the warfighter can meet the needs of tomorrow.

Master Sgt. Val Gempis / AFNEWS Det 1

By 1st Lt. Joshua Garvin

34th Combat Communications Squadron

TINKER AIR FORCE BASE, Okla. -- As American military forces transition to meet future challenges, Air Force communications capabilities are transforming to ensure full support of lighter, more nimble forces in the field. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld said in January 2002,"...the ability of forces to communicate and operate seamlessly on the battlefield will be critical to success...We must transform our forces for new and unexpected challenges." Soon, field commanders will have access to information once only reserved for senior leadership working at fixed installations. This will result in more accurate and timely decisions made on the frontline. To do this, new unidirectional equipment is augmenting the bidirectional systems of the past. Bidirectional systems include equipment such as telephones and computers. New unidirectional equipment, including the 18-inch Global Broadcast System field terminal, is allowing combat communicators to deliver

more than 60 simultaneous data feeds to field commanders. To return information to the Air Operations Center, combat communicators will be erecting Theater Injection Points. This gives theater commanders the information they need, including UAV video feeds and an up-to-date battlefield status. While GBS carries the major load of warfighting information, combat communicators are meeting the evolving challenges of bidirectional communications as well. The future is demanding that rapidly deployable units be leaner and meaner. More is required from less. The single-pallet, Deployable Initial Communications Element, also known as DICE, fulfills this requirement. It provides a satellite communications reachback capability through the Flyaway TriBand Satellite Terminal, AN/USC-60A. Field commanders are given full access to NIPRNET, SIPRNET and DSN within 48 hours of notifying the providing combat comm unit in the CONUS. This downsizing of communications equipment has not replaced the robust architecture provided in previous years. Instead, communi-

cators are now minimizing the time necessary to enable initial communications. For a more robust communications capability, combat comm can deploy Theater Deployable Communications. TDC can provide full network, telephone, and radio support for 2,000 customers within 24 hours after arrival on site. The 3rd Combat Communications Group recently demonstrated this capability in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. Within hours of receiving the tasking, the "Third Herd" provided critical C2 comm to thousands of joint service, Coast Guard, law enforcement and civilian disaster relief workers along the Gulf Coast. As the military transforms its weapons systems to meet the challenges, demands on communications and communicators will become increasingly intense. As war continues to evolve, it is the combat communicator who will lead the way to winning the technologically advanced battles of the future. (Capt Mark Dietrich, 34th Combat Communications Squadron, contributed to this article.)

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Space transformation

By Mr. Joe Davidson

Space and Missile Systems Center Public Affairs

LOS ANGELES AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Government officials, representing military and civil interests, recently emphasized the need for continued transformation of the Global Positioning System. Air Force Space Command is making steady progress to deliver modernized satellites, ground control systems and military-user equipment. The GPS program continues to develop and field new capabilities for the warfighter and civil users, according to Navstar GPS Joint Program Office officials. The years following the first and subsequent launches of Block I GPS satellites identified the need for continued development and improvements in the existing system. The first 11 satellites, launched between 1978 and 1985, demonstrated the value of GPS technology. These early missions led to the development and launch of a series of operational Block II satellites that included a signal for civilian use, launched in 1989. Additional Block IIA GPS satellites were launched in the early 1990s to complete the GPS constellation, allowing AFSPC to declare full operational capability on April 27, 1995. Normally, the GPS constellation consists of 24 satellites and associated operational "spares."The largest number of operational satellites on orbit was 30, achieved November 2004. Today, efforts by Navstar GPS Joint Program Office, aerospace and industry teams include adding new capabilities and improved service to military and civilian users. "Ultimately, it's all about how we improve service for military and civilian users around the world, said Col. "

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Allan Ballenger, Navstar GPS Joint Program Office system program director."Sustainment of the GPS constellation is essential, as is modernization of current and future systems and capabilities." Approximately eight of the latest Block IIR "replenishment" satellites will be modernized to include a new military code and a second civil signal called L2C. The first IIR-M satellite is scheduled for launch later this year. The two new signals on the IIR-M satellite will provide reduced vulnerability to interference and will allow for calculation of ionospheric corrections at the user's location. Additionally, service performance in accuracy, availability, integrity and reliability will be realized. The follow-on system for the IIR-M will be the IIF "follow-on" satellite. These satellites will have the same capability as the IIR-M, plus add a third civil signal called L5 to support several applications, especially civil aviation. Later this year, the Navstar GPS Joint Program Office will complete another milestone in providing a valuable service to its military and civilian users. The GPS team will complete implementation of the Legacy Accuracy Improvement Initiative with the National Geo-Spatial Intelligence Agency and the 50th Space Wing. This initiative will add six of the agency's monitoring stations, located around the world, into the heart of the GPS Operational Control Segment -- operated by the Air Force's 2nd Space Operations Squadron at Schriever AFB, Colo. This Air Force and National Geo-Spatial Intelligence Agency team effort will result in doubling data collected for use by the GPS Master Control Station. This data enhances the ability to observe satellite

"Ultimately, it's about how we improve service for military and civilian users around the world."

-- Col. Allan Ballenger

Navstar GPS Joint Program Office Program Director

performance, and GPS broadcasted navigation message accuracy will be improved. These improvements called for by the LAII will apply to all users, resulting in a 15 to 20 percent improvement in navigation accuracy without any change to existing receivers -- both military and civil. The initial six monitoring stations will enable the Master Control Station to see every satellite 100 percent of the time from at least two monitoring stations. When the remaining five agency sites are added, the Master Control Station will see every satellite 100 percent of the time from at least three monitoring stations. Looking ahead to its first launch in 2013, the next-generation GPS system -- Block IIIA -- will introduce new capabilities to meet higher demands of military and civilian users. Block IIIA offers the opportunity for a crosslinked command and control architecture, allowing the entire GPS constellation to be updated from a single ground station instead of waiting for each satellite to orbit in view of a ground antenna. This will improve accuracy, integrity and reduce vulnerability of GPS signals. Block IIIA also supports a spot beam antenna that provides resistance to hostile jamming. Whatever improvements can be made or steps to modernization can be taken, the Navstar GPS JPO ensures that U.S. and allied military and civilian users all over the world will benefit, said Colonel Ballenger.


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ISR transformation

An Army Psychological Operations Team from the 324th TPD deployed from Colorado Springs, Colo., put out a fire and repair their vehicle after an improvised explosive device detonated on the side of the highway during a convoy from Samarra to Tikrit, Iraq. Exercises such as Troika Project are aimed at giving troops like these an enhanced battlefield awareness.

Staff Sgt. Suzanne Day / JCCC

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A crew chief from the 46th Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron Balad AB, Iraq, completes post flight inspections of the RQ-1 Predator after one of its sorties. UAVs are capable of providing imagery that gives the warfighter a clear picture of the battlefield.

Tech. Sgt Rob Jensen / JCCC

By Ms. Jennifer Colaizzi

USJFCOM Public Affairs

SUFFOLK, Va. -- The U.S. Joint Forces Command's intelligence enterprise recently tested dozens of critical intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance processes, methodologies and technologies for interoperability and timely data dissemination. Extended Awareness III, also known as EA III, the third in a series of experiments, provided the premier venue for a three-part USJFCOMsponsored initiative, known as the ISR Troika Project. The ISR Troika Project forms an integrated ISR architecture which links the Joint Operational Test Bed System, and two Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrations, the Adaptive Joint C4ISR Node and Multisensor Aerospace/ground Joint ISR Interoperability Coalition, or MAJIIC. According to USJFCOM officials, the ISR Troika Project is designed to give front-line joint warfighters faster access to quality near-real time ISR data. "There's a real danger of ambush during convoy operations, said Maj. " Scott Kunkel, EA III experiment lead in Suffolk."The guy in the HUMVEE

wants to know if the enemy is waiting around the corner, and this experiment is assessing how well the intelligence assets and processes are working." Suffolk provides a "reach back" site for the EA III warfighters, who are running convoy operations in the main experiment site at Fort Huachuca, Ariz. During the September experiment, those warfighters could reach back, through a chat capability, to imagery, signals and all-source intelligence analysts from the Joint Transformation Command for Intelligence who sat in Suffolk at the USJFCOM facility. "We have access to full-motion realtime surveillance video, via MAJIIC, and can reference a map and then request to redirect a Unmanned Aerial Vehicle to collect imagery for coordinates for where our convoy is heading -- before they get there, said Mr. " Harry Adams, an imagery analyst, who had video, cartography software, chat and several other software programs open and working simultaneously. "We can also search archived video to see if things have changed, said Mr. " Adams, who is one of several imagery analysts from the National GeospatialIntelligence Agency who support USJFCOM intelligence needs. "This kind of intelligence informa-

tion is great for the tactical commander on the move, said Maj. Kunkel, who " added that ISR Troika is contributing to increased warfighter situational awareness through sensor fused data, sent across a common network. Comments from experiment participants prove the experiment is showing how intelligence transformation is increasing battlespace awareness and providing solutions to pressing needs of the front-line warfighter. According to people who are working on the ISR Troika Project, the EA III experiment showed remarkable ISR interoperability improvements compared to the previous two experiments in the series. In EA III, the MAJIIC full motion video server is connected to live data feeds from both Predator and Scan Eagle unmanned aircraft systems. It provided imagery data that could be accessed in near real time. Maj. Kunkel said that JOTBS represents an interoperability concept that promotes payload commonality, standards development, and contributions to joint and coalition cooperation."It helps in achieving decision superiority on the battlefield."

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Diamond in the rough

Appearing out of a town literally made from trash and mud is a little girl who accepts a toy given to her from passing soldiers who were traveling through the outskirts of Baghdad, Iraq, to search for insurgents. Even while ensuring security for local villages, many U.S. servicemembers carry along school supplies, candy and toys for the children they meet along the way.

Tech. Sgt. Russell Cooley / 1st CTCS



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By Tech. Sgt. Melissa Phillips

407th AEG Public Affairs

ALI BASE, Iraq--Base photographers here are proving that a picture is truly worth a thousand words in fighting the Global War on Terror. "Our images tell the military story to the American public, our children and their children and beyond, said " Master Sgt. Maurice Hessel, base multimedia center manager and still photographer, who is deployed from McConnell AFB, Kan. Also from McConnell is Airman 1st Class Jamie Shultz, who added,"I like knowing someone else will see (what I see) and maybe have a better understanding that not all of the locals hate us or want to bomb us." Considering

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themselves observers to history, base photographers here have captured images of Iraqi citizens and Air Force Airmen interacting with each other. Their images not only assist with command decision-making and investigations, but they can also give families back home a sense of the environment and mission. "A picture that Sergeant Hessel took of me holding a little girl in my arms has helped to put my wife and son at ease, said Chief Master Sgt. Charles " Aliff, a security forces manager whose team had their base defense and humanitarian missions documented by the photographers. "The images they create educate, motivate and inspire confidence in the U.S. Air Force, and its role in the defense of freedom." The

chief is deployed from the Ohio Air National Guard in Toledo. The photographers have logged many hours accompanying Chief Aliff and the security forces members on convoy patrols throughout the 210 square miles surrounding the base. Their mission is to forge relationships with the locals and keep the more than 9,000 U.S. and coalition forces on the installation safe from terrorist attacks. Photographers are trained in convoy operations and survival tactics. While outside the base perimeter, they also carry an M-16 but their preferred weapon of choice against the enemy is their camera. "My camera to me is like what a rifle is to security forces--it's a part of me, " Sergeant Hessel said about the camera


and 30 pounds of equipment he hauls around. The photographers have to strike a delicate balance: remain an objective observer to history in the making, yet act as a conduit of emotion to portray humanity occurring. Airman Shultz said, "It's heartaching to see kids run, sometimes bare-footed over rocks and dirt, in weather that would be unbearable to most, hoping that they'll get some water or food." Sergeant Hessel added that he feels documenting Air Force people and the mission is a privilege and responsibility that he doesn't take lightly. "The men and women of the U.S. military are considered heroes in the eyes of most Americans, and I believe military photographers have played a role in that view."


C-130: "History in the making" is what I was thinking here. I like how the Airman is giving a thumbs up to the Iraqi aircrew. It's a testament to the commitment our servicemembers have in seeing a successful Iraqi air force take form. Sunset: This was taken just before a live-fire exercise. What I like is how it shows the "calm before the storm" as security forces emptied their arsenal an hour later. Operation Reach Out: This is my personal favorite. When I took this photo, all I could think about was my 2year-old daughter. I actually had to stop and compose myself before I could continue. We're making a difference in these peoples' lives through our volunteer-run program to distribute food, water and clothes to the community here.

Photos by

Master Sgt. Maurice Hessel

40th Air Expeditionary Group


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Maintenance team installs wireless cable TV for news, entertainment to boost morale for troops in Balad,Iraq

By Senior Master Sgt. Manuelito Castillo

332nd Expeditionary Communications Squadron

BALAD AIR BASE, Iraq -- Thanks to a small band of technicians here, troops serving in Iraq are receiving American Forces Network television and radio broadcasts. With programming from major networks, AFN keeps the troops informed and entertained. A team of five AFN technicians, assigned to the 332nd Expeditionary Communications Squadron, offers services such as FM radio stations, wireless cable TV and satellite TV. They are responsible for 16 major sites and several Forward Operating Bases traveling as far north as Camp Courage in Mosul and as far south as Ali Base.

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The team is always prepared to travel at a moment's notice. This has become a necessity due to the sporadic availability of transportation and short notice service requests. Recently they installed an $85,000 wireless cable TV Airman 1st Class Willie Jones and Senior Airman system which enabled first-time access Courtney Maloy with Staff Sgt. Jose Bonillas and Tech. Sgt. Joselito Mojica (above) bring in the cable. for base occupants to receive current news, entertainment and command providing AFN signals as was exempliinformation. fied during one of their trips through The AFN team's efforts boosted the Erbil International Airport. A C-130 morale of more than 5,000 assigned Army was grounded for mechanical problems and Air Force personnel. They also had an and the pilot needed to contact his opportunity to work closely with the counterparts for assistance. The team Marines serving at Camp Fallujah to provided him with a satellite phone, install another new cable TV infraand he was able to get through just fine. structure. While there, they also proAt the end of their AEF rotation they will vided in-depth equipment training to have succeeded in installing more than 50 Marines. Always savvy travelers, $500,000 worth of AFN equipment that protheir service sometimes goes beyond vided some of the comforts of home.

2 NCOs solve imaging and configuration problems for deployed medical facility software

By Capt. Greg Banfield

332nd Expeditionary Communications Squadron

BALAD AIR BASE, Iraq -- The 332nd Expeditionary Communications Squadron here supports a myriad of different missions on the base, but one customer really stands out. That's the 332nd Expeditionary Medical Group, the first Air Force theater hospital since the Vietnam War. This unit of medical professionals provides trauma care for 150,000 servicemembers as well as contractors, Iraqi Army, police, civilians and even insurgents. During a recent deployment, the 332nd ECS had the opportunity to directly enhance the hospital's ability to treat critically wounded patients. The hospital recently faced a problem with its imaging system, called MedWeb, which is used to forward Xrays of critically injured soldiers to specialists in Landsthul, Germany. The specialists use the imagery to assist the doctors here in diagnosing problems and coming up with solutions. The

doctors were in a jam because MedWeb was bogged down. Tech. Sgt. Gerald Lowry, deployed from Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio, worked with hospital technicians to quickly identify IP address errors that were preventing connectivity through the firewall. Once those errors were corrected, he updated the MedWeb software, despite not having any experience with the system. The fix allowed radiologists to read films 10 to 15 minutes earlier and ultimately increased time in the "golden hour" which saves lives. "There's no doubt in my mind that Sergeant Lowry's expertise in diagnosing this system's communication fault and fixing the firewall/access issue has meant the difference in life and death to several of our wounded heroes already," said Lt. Col. James Payne, 332nd EMDG medical logistics flight commander. Another vital concern to the staff was the movement of patients to other treatment facilities in Europe or the United States. One critical system that aides in patient transfer is the

TRANSCOM Regulatory C2 Evacuation System, or TRACES. A team of technicians from the Combined Air Operations Center came to Balad to install a version of the system called TRACES-Mobile in the contingency aeromedical staging facility. However, while the team was here, they were unable to get the mobile version of the system to properly operate. This time Sergeant Lowry and Staff Sgt. Scott Ferrell, deployed from Shaw AFB, S.C., spent four days looking over installation, configuration and protocols of the TRACES-Mobile system. It was especially difficult work because the two technicians did not have experience with TRACES. After intense troubleshooting, they did isolate the problem to ports that were not open in the firewall. The impact was immediately felt as patient transfer delays were cut by more than 80 percent and the system enabled the prompt movement of more than 1,300 patients, said Lt. Col. Jose Soto, CASF chief nurse.

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Comm unit brings dedicated video feed to commanders, decision-makers

By 1st Lt. Shannon J. Maguire

332nd Expeditionary Communications Squadron

BALAD AIR BASE, Iraq -- One of the premier assets for both Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom is the Air Force's unmanned aerial vehicle, the Predator. The Predator is a lightweight, medium altitude and long endurance weapons system packing two laser-guided Hellfire missiles. The 46th Expeditionary Reconnaissance Squadron here operates both the MQ-1 and RQ-1 Predators, which perform interdiction, reconnaissance, surveillance missions. The job of the 332nd ECS is to bring those Predators in "desktop view" for key organizations and commanders via the Global Broadcast System. Commanders need a dedicated path for the video feed, and that capability allows decision makers to pinpoint targets, clear the area of friendly forces and take out hostile targets. The unit's network managers dedicated their time to this project testing the path, configuring equipment and coordinating fiber runs with the Army network counterparts in the 50th Signal Battalion. "This project was really challenging because we were working with a mix of tactical and fixed communications equipment all tied into the same infrastructure, said Senior " Airman Abe Vlaanderen, 332nd ECS network management technician. This combined effort brought live-local Predator feed to a TV in the Joint Defense Operations Center, and the team was then able to expand that capability to the Joint

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Intelligence Center--further enabling the mission. "The ability to see what the Predator sees not only gives the JDOC situational awareness, but it allows them to work with the JIC and 1st Brigade Combat Team in reducing the `kill chain' and ensuring the safety of the military forces at Balad, said Maj. Mark Cox, the OIC of the Joint Intelligence " Center. Without a solid communications infrastructure and the proper configuration of equipment, assets such as the Predator cannot bring command and control eyes on the target to make the decision to engage. Lt. Col. Bill Nelson, Commander, 33nd ECS, added, "Communications technicians work behind the scenes and spend countless hours mapping, configuring and programming to enable the war fighter to keep us all safe ... and personnel of the 332nd ECS are quiet professionals taking care of business and making the mission happen."

Comm team restores vital link between base units and PERSCO data bases

By Tech. Sgt. Paul Dean

407th Air Expeditionary Group PA

ALI BASE, Iraq--It's 5 p.m. Oct. 2 and the 407th Personnel Support for Contingency Operations section here is winding down the day shift. The "cable dawgs" of the 407th Expeditionary Communications Squadron are doing the same. But things changed rapidly 10 minutes later when 1st Lt. Adam Pudenz walked into the communications compound. The PERSCO team chief could not be contacted by phone or e-mail because the PERSCO building had no telephone or computer network service. "We knew what that meant right away, said Tech. Sgt. Carl Beaty, the "

407th ECS NCO in charge of base information infrastructure. If both systems were down it meant that a cable system had been severed somewhere between the PERSCO building and the communications compound. Lieutenant Pudenz said,"I'm sure everybody knows from experience that PERSCO handles a lot of issues for them. A lot of those actions require communications." The 407th ECS Airmen found the cut quickly. A contractor working near the PERSCO building had accidentally torn the wire while digging. There were 200 broken copper wires and six broken strands of fiber optic cable in the hole. It was getting dark, and it was a mess. The team went into an organized scatter--some getting lighting, and others gathering tools and equipment. The cable dawgs were in and around the hole, splicing and dicing trying to make ends meet. The task of matching 12

halves of fiber optic paled in comparison to the copper problem, which included two cables with four groups of 25 wires, each with a unique pattern and color code. Darkness and dust also compounded what would be a difficult task under the best of conditions. Then the generator died, but still they continued. The crew used flashlights to keep going while they waited for the lights to turn on again. After three intensive hours, the phones and Internet were back online in the PERSCO building. "These guys really went above and beyond, considering the circumstances, Sergeant Beaty said."They " knew what had to be done and they took the ball and ran." Staff Sgt. Paul Mattke, a 407th ECS voice and network systems journeyman, said,"It was really something. Everybody knew what their part of the job was, and they just took it upon themselves to make sure it got done, whatever it took."

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Time Machine

By Mr. Gerald Sonnenberg

AFCA Public Affairs

OVERLAND PARK, Kan. -- About 250 members of the AACS Alumni Association gathered here in late September for their 29th reunion. The members are communicators from nearly every state who represent every decade and conflict since the early days of Army and Air Force communications in the 1930s. These communications, air traffic control, and various comm unit support people helped develop today's Air Force. The reunions serve to help them remember and be remembered for their sacrifices to the nation. During the four-day event John Arceneaux, Bob Harper, George McConnell, and Ron Howard talk about the "good ole days." Each man served at RAF Croughton, England, in the 1230th Airways and Air

Communications Service outside North Hampton in the late 1950s. They were the largest group of any one unit represented at the reunion. "We come here to renew friendships and tell the same stories over again. And the stories get better every time, said Mr. Howard. " Sharing experiences in details that may have seemed insignificant at the time is a skill that most members seem to take pride in. That pride is communicated from generation-to-generation, for example, as a veteran of Desert Storm compared his experience with his counterpart, a woman, who was a radio operator in Europe in 1945. The reunion is more than telling stories. World War II and Korean War AACS veterans toured Independence, Mo., and the Harry S. Truman Presidential Museum and Library. There, they questioned "President Truman," who was in the form of a historian and actor lookalike, about issues of

that time during a White House "press conference." Also, they took part in a remembrance service to honor those who had passed away during the year. The most enjoyable time for many they say was the banquet on the last night. Airmen from the 509th Communications Squadron at Whiteman AFB, Mo., were scattered throughout the hall as guests of the ranking officer seated at their table. The average age of AACS members is 74, and the experiences they pass on to the young Airmen are invaluable to some. The respect is mutual as AACS members applaud one senior airman who had just returned from Iraq. "These are men and women who represented core values even before there were core values, said new AACS " member Denise Sonnenberg, a 1999 retired E-6 air traffic controller."I'm looking forward to next year."

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News Briefs


SPORTS GUY: Helping the Air Force capture its second straight Armed Forces Softball Title is left center fielder, Master Sgt. Isaiah Rivers, SAF/XC. He was one of just 25 players invited to the All-Air Force training camp at Eglin AFB, Fla., where players competed positions. Sergeant Rivers earned a starting spot at left center field for the tournament in September, which consisted of a nine-game, head-to-head series with the Army and Marines to determine this year's champion. The Air Force brought home the Gold Medal after winning seven games. His play throughout the tournament "was spectacular" said teammates, and he finished with a .600 batting average. (Mr. Jeff Lane / SAF XCI) CUTTING THE FILE FAT: The Combined Air Operations Center at Al Udeid had a file plan so obese that it took 35 record custodians to track, maintain, and streamline the work of about 400 personnel. With an integration of British and Australian records, the Functional Area Records Manager needed a complete restructuring. But, the FARM derived a way of allowing the coalition members access to files no matter who was on shift. Implementing this structure was no easy task as operations were live 24 hours and as the network structure itself was being implemented, the users were always modifying the files. After multiple heated discussions about timelines and functionality, it was implemented. It required every user to be briefed on the foreign disclosure issues, establishing well-defined organizational units, and a highly coordinated effort to move the current file structure piece by piece. (1st Lt. Dustin Nowak / CAOC)

Civilian Focus

SCOTT AIR FORCE BASE, Ill. ­ When Lily Angell immigrated to the United States with her husband in 1968, she came with a desire to excel. In 2004, Ms. Angell applied for and received a two-year Communications and Information Career Program assignment in the Air Force Command, Control, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Center at Langley AFB,Va. CICP is one of several career broadening programs available to Air Force civilians. For her, this assignment is a highlight in her 24-year civil service career, as well as her life since leaving her war-torn homeland. A native of Vietnam, she met her husband Jack when he worked there for the U.S. State Department's U.S. Agency for International Development.They were married in 1967 and then left Vietnam for Hill AFB, Utah, shortly after the Tet Offensive. Since that time, she became a U.S. citizen, raised three children, earned her master's degree in business administration, and completed the Air War College seminar program. She worked in the private sector until beginning her civil service career with the Internal Revenue Service in 1981. She worked at Hill AFB in a clerical position while attending school in the evenings to get her degree.The Angells were then reassigned to Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, in 1983. Eighteen months later, she was promoted into a GS growth position with the Air Force Logistics Center there. "The opportunity for me to broaden my experience through Broadens the skills of high potential CICP came when I saw an e-mail. I knew it was right for me," employees through specially designed said Ms. Angell."Thanks to the support of my former leaderbroadening assignments ship, I received an outstanding endorsement and was selected Enhances leadership perspective by for the job." virtue of the location of the assignment Early in her career, she worked with logistics data systems. Serves as key program in the Air Force leadership development frameLater, she worked in the communications, computers, and work information technology arena."Although I did enjoy working Centrally managed by the Air Force for Air Force Materiel Command, I wanted an opportunity to Civilian Career Programs (AFPC/DPK) work in the command and control arena that directly impactTargeted at the GS-12, GS-13, and ed warfighting support." Now she is briefing senior officers on GS-14 grade levels the progress of fielding warfighting capabilities. In August Normally from two to three years 2006, Ms. Angell will move on to another assignment. in duration "My experience with the career broadening assignment has Exempt from DoD Priority been a successful and rewarding one," she said."Ultimately, Placement Program hard work, the desire for self-improvement and achievement, For more about CICP go to: and having good supervisors, all have contributed to my career success." (Mr. Gerald Sonnenberg / AFCA Public Affairs) cb/prog-info.htm.



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AFC4A honors Gen Hobbins' leadership, commitment

WASHINGTON -- Lt. Gen.William Hobbins recently received an award from the Board of Directors of the Air Force Command and Control, Communications and Computer Association for his leadership, support and commitment to the C4 community. The AFC4A presented the Albert J. Edmonds award to General Hobbins, who is currently serving as acting Air Force Chief of Warfighting Integration and Chief Information Officer. During his career, General Hobbins has commanded two tactical fighter wings and a composite air group. He planned and executed combat forces in Europe for Operation Allied Force, and deployed and executed Air Operations Centers for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. In his current position,"General Hobbins has led an unprecedented effort to reorganize the Air Staff to respond to the needs of field commands while providing for the individual needs of all Airmen and Air Force federal employees in the communications and information career fields," said retired Lt. Gen. John Fairfield, president of the AFC4A. "He has embraced this community and has sent a signal to all Airmen that in the end delivering relevance to warfighters is what it's all about." General Hobbins is only the fourth person in nine years to be so honored by the AFC4A. Since 1999, only three individuals have received this award: Col. Glenn Giddings in 1997; Col. Jim Lauducci in 2000; and Maj. Gen. Charles Croom in 2004. In 1997 the AFC4A created the award in recognition of Lt. Gen. Albert J. Edmonds' unique role as the catalyst in forming this association. General Edmonds retired in 1997 as director of the Defense Information Systems Agency. "General Hobbins has achieved unparalleled heights of effectiveness," said General Fairfield. "He has led forces through conflict and has established what promises to be the most effective organization imaginable to support those needing warfighting services. "At the heart of his endeavors, General Hobbins has never lost sight of the people who accomplish the mission of the Air Force. He knows the value of an integrated team, and he supports those who do the work. His leadership and passion for the Air Force serve as an inspiration to us all." (AFC4A)

Retired Lt. Gen. John Fairfield, Lt. Gen.William Hobbins and retired Lt. Gen. Albert Edmonds, for whom the award is named.

The AFC4A is dedicated to honoring and supporting active duty Airmen and civilians who serve the Air Force. Since 1990, the Association has distributed more than $75,000 to this cause. They recently donated money for hurricane relief efforts at Keesler AFB, they send speakers to comm and info technical schools, and have recognition programs for outstanding achievements in C4.

HURRICANE RITA SUPPORT: The 254th Combat Communications Group stepped up to the challenge to aid in Hurricane Rita relief efforts. The 221st Combat Communications Squadron, fresh from a Louisiana deployment for Hurricane Katrina support, deployed again to Bryan-College Station,Texas, to stage for a future deployment providing communications support to state agencies. The 254th CCG headquarters staff deployed a communications contingent to Austin at Texas Military Forces Headquarters, and to Houston to provide communications personnel to Joint Task Force Rita and Task Force Rescue. At State Headquarters in Austin, the group provided the Deputy J6 Director and A6 director for the operation, along with J6 representatives in the J35 future planning cell, Joint Operations Center, and State Operations Center. The 254th CCG and 221st CCS also provided personnel conducting shelter management operations to Dallas-area shelters for dis-

254th CCG aid in relief efforts placed Texas and Louisiana neighbors as part of Joint Task Force Neighbor and Task Force Mavericks. The 272nd Engineering and Installation Squadron in LaPorte,Texas, also assigned to the 254th CCG, directly supported the Jefferson County Airport to get their facility up and running. They also worked with their host wing, the 147th Fighter Wing at Ellington Field,Texas, to run cable for a Hurricane Rita emergency medical facility there. The 236th CCS, still involved in Hurricane Katrina support, deployed personnel across the state as security personnel. They also ran a refueling service out of Hammond for Army and Air units. (Major Brent Glass, 254th CCG)

SKY CONTROL: The 727th Expeditionary Air Control Squadron, Det. 1, at Kirkuk Air Base, Iraq, provides instantaneous and continuous information superiority by providing commanders and pilots with a realtime view of northern Iraq's airspace. The detachment's Airmen give operators at nearby Balad Air Base a key airspace picture, allowing them to communicate enemy targets and threats to pilots flying missions. "The radar feed we provide is integral to fighters in the cockpits. Our picture allows operators to contact friendly aircraft and relay the position of hostile forces and when they will be within weapons range," said Capt. Donald Land, detachment commander. Airman 1st Class Derek Riley, a radar maintainer, said,"We provide a picture for over 200 nautical miles, 360-degree rotation." That's 285,000 square miles of air superiority that can be picked up and moved at a moment's notice. If given a supply of water, diesel and packaged meals, the squadron's Airmen can take all of its

Tech. Sgt.Christopher Gish / 366th CS

Airman 1st Class Derek Riley checks over a radar antenna at Kirkuk Air Base, Iraq.The detachment's Airmen provide commanders and pilots a realtime view of northern Iraq's airspace.

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MULTIMEDIA: Documenting the damage

BARKSDALE AIR FORCE BASE, La. -- When the boss asked,"What damage did Barksdale suffer?"after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita came through, images from the multimedia center here answered the question--reiterating once again that multimedia is a valuable tool in the communications armada.The team documented masses of tractor trailers loaded with supplies destined for the Gulf Coast and showed the fuels folks who were servicing trucks and helicopters headed to the New Orleans area. Other energies were focused on evacuees who headed north looking for shelter. The team also captured images of maintenance personnel launching Barksdale's B-52H aircraft, which sought safe haven elsewhere. As Hurricane Rita moved quickly through the area the team documented a few downed trees and minor damage to some base structures.The imagery released was featured on Air Force News and incorporated into an infomercial on the Armed Forces Network.(Master Sgt. Michael Kaplan / 2nd BW)

assets and move to a new location in a matter of days. This rapid deployment ability makes them the most cost-efficient choice for a bare base environment. Airborne warning and control system aircraft cost more money because of fighter escort and refueler requirements, and every second the system is airborne it is expensive in fuel costs alone, Captain Land said. In theory, operators could control aircraft while in another part of the world, said Staff Sgt. Pete Johnson, the detachment's NCO in charge of the communications support flight. (Tech. Sgt. J. LaVoie / 506th AEG/PA) PATRIOT `05 SUPPORT: The 179th Communications Flight contributed to the success of the PATRIOT 05 exercise held this summer at various locations in Wisconsin.The 179th CF provided the primary base communications for the Patriot-East region.This task was different than last year's exercise because the 179th CF supported the existing primary base

communications unit. This year, the 145th AW/Communication Flight from Charlotte, N.C., was the 179th CF's co-host. The 179th CF established, trained and maintained fixed communication aspects to include networking, radio, voice communications and LAN. The maintenance team accomplished radio, frequency, networking, UHF, VHF, and HF radio network training. They also provided voice communication training and fiber-optic training, and assisted Combat Communication Units from various areas for tactical communications. The CF Network Control Center worked with getting the E-MEDS and Aero-Meds fiber connections up and running along with working countless hours on migrating the network over from the SATCOM link to the commercial carrier. Members from the unit's multimedia shop joined with five other units and the 4th Combat Camera Squadron to provide documentation of the exercise. (174th CF)


CAPABILITIES ASSESSMENT: More than 100 participants from the Air Force's planning, operations, research and development communities gathered Oct. 4 in Herndon,Va., to play out scenarios that may threaten the United States in years to come. Together, those leaders discussed how the Air Force of the future will defend America against threats with the tools it has now.They also discussed what new tools the Air Force will need to fight future threats, said Col. Gail Wojtowicz, division chief for future concepts and transformation of the Air Force plans and programs directorate. This year, those gathered at the assessment focused on two key areas the Air Force believes it can improve: long-range strike capabilities and persistent intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance. Long-range strike capability is the ability to reach out across the globe and hit a target. Today, the Air Force has not fully developed persistent ISR that allows it to look deep inside enemy territory. Unmanned aerial vehicles that fly along a nation's borders cannot peer deep enough inside to see what the Air Force needs to see. In space, orbiting satellites' revisit rate is not enough to provide persistent ISR, and there are places where satellites cannot operate in a geosynchronous orbit. One solution to providing persistent ISR includes balloons floating in "near space," an area about 18 miles above the surface.That is significantly higher than where a UAV may fly, but not as high as a satellite. (Staff Sgt. C. Todd Lopez / AFPN)

The Air Force Office of Special Investigations is seeking staff sergeant selects and above with electronics, communications or a computer background for its Technical Services program. The Technical Services program provides highly specialized investigative services supporting OSI investigations as well as providing professional investigative support to sensitive Air Force and Department of Defense programs. The mission is divided into two distinctly different areas: Providing technical investigative support to OSI: This support is electronic surveillance support to OSI special agents conducting criminal and counterintelligence investigations. It can include covert video and audio surveillance, vehicle tracking, long range and low light photo surveillance, lock and alarm bypass, and wiretap or other esoteric surveillance techniques. Technical agents are also called upon to assist in protective service operations and counterintelligence activities. Supporting the Air Force Technical Surveillance Counter-measures program: The TSCM program is a sensitive, classified service OSI provides to detect the presence of clandestine technical surveillance devices and to identify technical security vulnerabilities within DoD and other U.S. government facilities. Interested applicants should contact their local OSI detachment for more information concerning eligibility, training requirements and benefits.


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Techno Gizmo

Airborne comm provides vital link

What is it? The "Magic Makers" of the 379th Expeditionary Communications Squadron make their mark with the first ever mobile Viper system. The squadron's newest asset gives commanders the ability to communicate while airborne in high threat areas. Why is this so special? The Viper package can provide four simultaneous modes of combined communications services: phone, secure phone, Internet, and secure Internet. This capability is a true force multiplier, especially in today's high threat environment where connecting the right person at the right time and place is mission critical. How does it work? Magically, of course ... the roll-on/roll-off capability of the Viper system is loaded onto the tactical military aircraft and connected to an external satellite antenna. The system then communicates through commercial satellite connections to a ground station and

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then gets beamed back to the aircraft. It's sort of like the way a wireless system talks to a wireless router at home. Only in this case, the message has a lot farther to travel. Can it be used on all aircraft? The Viper is primarily designed for two main airframes: C-130s and C-17s. It only requires one pallet position, some power, the Viper system and some comm-warriors to provide this communications capability. What's ahead? Commanders who've used the system are impressed with the new capability and give it a "thumbs up." Testing continues to go well in theater--the system was officially certified for C-17 airworthiness Sept. 20. The Viper team stands ready to provide a full spectrum of new communications capabilities to the CENCOM commander.

Source: 379th ECS [email protected] /DSN: 318-437-2273



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