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Commandant, AFPCGSC Command Guidance for CY-2012

January 2012

"Year of the Dragon"

Above anything else, I would like to greet all of you a very Happy New Year. Although I am very much aware of the number of unfortunate incidents that transpired during the past month, I still wish that such events did not dampen the joys and the new hope that were supposed to come with the Yuletide Season. And as we welcome the New Year, which according to the Chinese calendar is the Year of the Dragon, I certainly pray that the myth which describes a Dragon as a "deliverer of good fortune" will come true. Nevertheless, I am certain that good fortune will not come unless we prepare and work hard for it. Thus I would like to emphasize some points, which will be the College's major thrusts for the year. The President, in his speech during the 76th AFP Day Celebration highlighted the outstanding qualities of the Filipino soldier ­ he talked about selflessness in the face of calamities. He also discussed the reforms that have been instituted in the AFP ­ all in the interest of enabling the Armed Forces becoming better servants of the Filipino people. He also commented on our pursuit of peace and order and cited the gains of our Internal Peace and Security Plan or OPLAN "Bayanihan." And amidst the accomplishments and the good qualities of the Filipino soldier, the President also recognized the need to provide the AFP with better equipment. These points were amply reiterated by our new Chief of Staff ­ LT GEN JESSIE DELLOSA, in his Command Guidance wherein he emphasized sustaining the gains of our reform agenda not only in our bid to rid the AFP of corruption; but also in our quest to improve our capabilities through the professionalization of our ranks, through force restructuring, and through upgrade of our equipment. The Chief of Staff further underscored the value of focused military operations in order to secure our people and their way of life ­ an indispensable factor if we are to "Win the Peace." Along this line, the Chief

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of Staff recognizes the importance of engaging our stakeholders in order to get them "onboard" and give them ownership of the total effort towards the attainment of security and development. Meanwhile, the Defense Planning Guidance for 2013 to 2018 issued by our Secretary of National Defense, emphasizes unit preparedness through our adherence to the Defense System of Management, a system that allows us not only to plan strategically, but also enables us to realize those plans. In essence, the foregoing conveys the importance of sustaining the reforms that have been instituted so far in order to come up with an AFP that is better prepared to meet the challenges that lay ahead. Such challenges can come from the re-shifting of priority from Internal Security Operations to Territorial Defense; and from the change in our concept of victory ­ from the concept of "winning the war" to "winning the peace." These challenges will require unprecedented efforts in restructuring the AFP's organization, in determining and acquiring its equipment and weapon systems, and in reorienting the Filipino soldier's beliefs in the conduct of war and determining the parameters of victory. I therefore believe that the best way for the AFPGSC to contribute to all of the aforementioned efforts is for the College to assume a more significant role in educating mid-level officers (and non-commissioned officers), so that the College will produce leaders who can transform the aspirations of our national and military leaderships into reality. The AFPCGSC shall likewise ensure that it effectively performs its role in molding officers (and NCOs) who are examples of discipline, loyalty and integrity. Thus, for this year, I would like us to focus on activities that 1) will improve what we teach, 2) how we teach, and 3) sustain our ability to teach. The first one will require a continuing review of our curriculum, the second calls for improvements in our methods of instruction and for more activities related to faculty development, and the third necessitates an organization that is adequately manned by qualified instructors and is responsive enough should the College be directed anew to conduct simultaneous Command and General Staff Courses for Academic Year 201213. Curriculum Review and Improvement Considering that the conduct of the Command and General Staff Course is our main reason for existence, I would like the Academic Center,

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with the help of the Research and Special Studies Center (RSSC) to review the 2011 curriculum, which we have implemented for AFPCGSC Class 55, in order to determine the areas where changes or adjustments have to be made. We need to make a thorough evaluation of the subjects that are part of the General Staff and of the Joint and Combined Operations Phases. Considering the importance of joint operations and of the primacy of the IPSP "Bayanihan" amongst the various thrusts of the AFP, I want both Centers to determine which from the current subjects are necessary for the attainment of inter-service, interagency and multi-stakeholder synergy. We may have to do away with or minimize subjects that are not essential to the conduct of joint operations and of inter-agency coordination. We need to make sure that the lesson plans no longer deal with the fundamentals of a particular subject, but should focus on explaining how that subject is applied or practiced at the operational and even at the strategic level. As an example, a lesson plan should no longer delve on explaining "logistics cycle" or what "intelligence cycle" is, but instead should focus on how logistics or intelligence support the conduct of joint operations. If we can streamline the lessons for every module in the General Staff Phase, we can allow more time for the subjects included in the Joint and Combined Operations Module and we can also include other very significant subjects. In line with this, I would like the Academic Center to study the possibility of incorporating the following subjects into our curriculum: Defense System of Management, which is included in an SND Memorandum dated 19 July 2011 on "Guidance for Implementing and Institutionalizing DSOM," and prescribes that DSOM must be incorporated into the officer education professional development programs; Social Work and Community Development, which is being proposed by OJ8, and aims to allow middle managers of the AFP to clearly define their roles in building communities as a tool for peace, security, and development of the people; and Operations Law, which is envisioned to be conducted by a Mobile Training Team from the Asia Pacific Center for Military Law of the Australian Defense Force, within the first quarter of the year.

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In view of the focus on IPSP, we may also have to determine if a subject on Stabilization, Security, Transition and Reconstruction Operations, is necessary or applicable to the Philippine setting. We may also

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have to include subjects that are related to peacekeeping and peace support operations. Considering the emphasis placed by the President on the need to provide the AFP with modern equipment, we may have to look into subjects that will enable mid-level officers to determine what equipment the AFP needs and how such equipment should be managed to maximize their employment both for territorial defense and internal security operations. I want the Academic Center to submit its recommendation on how the aforementioned subjects will affect the curriculum and on the feasibility of such subjects being taught to AFPCGSC students. When I say feasibility, this includes our ability to teach the subject in terms of availability of instructors, classrooms and pertinent facility requirements; and if such subjects can be incorporated into the AFPCGSC annual program and budget. We need to complete the review, to include the studies pertaining to the inclusion of the new subjects to the AFPCGSC curriculum before the start of AFPCGSC Class 57. The review must of course be complemented by an end of course evaluation, which will consider the inputs not only of the faculty but of the students as well so that we can determine how to improve our programs of instruction. It is in this area where I would like the RSSC to take a more active role. For the succeeding classes, it will be very useful and helpful if we can evaluate every module halfway through and immediately after its completion. The module review will allow us to crosscheck the results that will be obtained from future curriculum reviews and end of course evaluations. Improvements in Methods of Instruction Alongside the curriculum review is the need to improve our methods of instruction. While the current curriculum allows the students to assume a bigger role in the learning process, we need to know if our concept of "adult learning" has indeed been more effective in imparting knowledge to our students. We need to determine the degree of intervention of our Directing Staffs during classroom instructions to ensure uniformity of the knowledge being imparted to the students and proper facilitation of all seminar discussions. We must also ensure that all lessons are institutionalized. Thus we must push for the proper archiving and documentation of all the lesson

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plans, and lesson materials. This will prevent us from "re-inventing the wheel" so to speak every time a new group of officers is assigned to the AFPCGSC or every time a new CGSC Class starts. We can use the computers that were donated by the AFPCGSC Foundation for this purpose and I would like the CEIS office to assist in developing our local area network so that our Module Directors, who are responsible for the development and conduct of a particular module, can easily store and properly archive all lesson plans and instructional materials. The Academic Center will be responsible for the electronic filing of all instructional materials and must see to it that all Phase Directors down to the Module Directors will be able to organize their respective files. The objective is to make those academic files accessible to the faculty and even to the students, who may be doing research work. We must realize that proper compilation of all training materials will allow easier review of the curriculum and of the subjects being taught to the students. Meanwhile, it can be recalled that last November, OJ8 asked for inputs from the different education and training units of the AFP regarding needs the can be referred to the University of the Philippines. In response to this, the College submitted the need for activities that are geared towards faculty development, most especially opportunities for training and faculty exchanges in order to improve the teaching competencies of our Directing Staff. We shall continue to explore these opportunities in coordination with OJ8. Further, as part of the twinning program between the AFPCGSC and the Development Academy of the Philippines, we will inquire if there are other training opportunities for our faculty that can be provided by DAP. AFPCGSC Organizational Responsiveness A very critical requirement to sustaining our ability to conduct the Command and General Staff Course effectively is the responsiveness of our organization. In line with this, studies related to the revision of our organizational structure must determine if the AFPCGSC should maintain its line and staff structure just like any other military unit, or should it be organized like a typical University. In the mean time, we were directed to use the TO&E that was prescribed by OJ3 during the latest preparation of our Program Objective Memorandum (POM). However, we realized that the said TO&E does not reflect our requirements for officers, enlisted personnel and civilian employees. The discrepancy between our actual requirements and those prescribed by the aforementioned TO&E prevents the College from acquiring

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more officers from the Major Services who can be used as Directing Staff, and limits our ability to employ civilian professors. It is important for the College to attain and maintain the desired number of faculty who can 1) be assigned long enough with the AFPCGSC and be subjected to a Faculty Development Program, and 2) sustain the various academic programs of the College. In this regard, our proposed revisions to the AFPCGSC TO&E must reflect the organizational structure, which we believe will allow us to better perform our mandate of educating selected officers of the AFP and at the same time allow us sufficient flexibility even if we will be conducting simultaneous Command and General Staff Courses. As a stopgap measure, let us follow-up the request we forwarded to higher headquarters regarding the availability of instructors from the Major Services. We also need to evaluate what changes and how those changes should be made to our organization in order to facilitate the development of a "joint and combined training capability by 2015 and the establishment of a Joint and Combined Training Center (JCTC) that is capable of conducting joint training by 2016." Considering that the establishment of a separate JCTC is prescribed in the Defense Planning Guidance for 2013-2018, we need to determine how we can facilitate the transition effectively without sacrificing our function of conducting the Command and General Staff Course. To this end, I would like C3 to work with C1 in determining our actual personnel requirements both in terms of qualification and in number; while C4 will work with C3 in evaluating and determining our equipment requirements. I would like the review and revision of the AFPCGSC TO&E to be completed within the first quarter of the year. Other Focus Areas The Academic Board shall continue to be the main facility of the Commandant in managing the Academic Affairs of the College. In line with this, I would like that the Academic Board Regulation be reviewed in order to make it adept with the current curriculum. In line with this, C5 shall spearhead the review of the said regulation in cooperation with the Academic Center. While it was mentioned that a separate JCTC shall be established by the year 2016, the execution of its various functions shall remain to be part of the responsibilities of the AFPCGSC until such separation has been fully

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realized. In this regard, I would like the current JCTC to maintain its current thrusts and ensure that the RP-US Exercise BALIKATAN will be successfully conducted from 12 March to 28 April this year. It can be noted that the Chief of Staff emphasized during his assumption speech the need to strengthen military-to-military exchanges and dialogues. In line with this, JCTC shall continue all planning conferences in preparation for succeeding BALIKATAN Exercises, and developing policies and guidelines for the conduct of joint and combined exercises. For its part, I would like the Military History Center to sustain its efforts related to the management and disposition of available historical records from the various AFP units. In view of this, let us revive our efforts in requiring all AFP units to submit their historical records on a quarterly basis. I also would like the Military History Center to start digitizing its records by "scanning" the various documents in its possession. If we could not preserve the hard copies, at least we will be able to keep electronic copies of such documents. I further would like our Registrar to assume a more pro-active stance in the selection process of all candidates for the Command and General Staff Course. I specifically would like the College to give particular attention to the physical and medical examinations of all CGSC candidates. In relation to the proper documentation of all educational materials and historical documents mentioned earlier, and to allow us better and more efficient connectivity, I would like C6 to complete the installation, testing and launching of the AFPCGSC mail server, and the creation of separate web pages for the Academic Center and the Military History Center within the first quarter of the year. This could be vastly improved if we can establish a fully functioning paperless communication system. We must also do our share in protecting the environment and there is no better way of doing it than going paperless. To improve our Information System, I am also expecting that the Information Strategic Plan for the College will be published within the same period. And to provide better library services for our students, I would like C6 to create a database for our library before the year ends and make it available on-line so that it can be accessed by all students wherever they may be. Lastly, I would like to see a fit and healthy AFPCGSC family. Thus, I would like our C1 in cooperation with Commander, HSG, to look into

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activities that we can do on a regular basis, where all organic personnel of the College can engage in sports or any form of physical fitness activity. As a start, I would like College personnel to participate in the Tuesday and Thursday morning PT here in Camp Aguinaldo.

Conclusion The foregoing enumerates the various areas that the AFP Command and General Staff College shall be focussing on and intends to accomplish for the year. These activities are all geared towards allowing the College to effectively perform its mandate of educating qualified AFP mid-level leaders so that they will truly be fit to command, qualified to advise and capable to plan in a joint operations environment. And while there are many challenges towards the successful accomplishments of these aspirations, I am encouraging "all available hands" of the AFPCGSC, to "man their stations" with vigilance and be equipped with the desire to accomplish things with excellence and selfless dedication to serve our God, country and people. Through these, I am more than certain that the Year of the Dragon will truly be one that is filled with good fortune.

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