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American-Japanese Dictionary of

Useful Technical Baking Terms

Edited by Shinji Nishimura (BS&T Class #148) Edited by Ken Embers AIB International Research and Development Dept. Education Department Chiba Flour Milling Co., LTD Manager, Career Development and by the Japanese Students of AIB's Baking Science and Technology Resident Courses

AIB International · 1213 Bakers Way · Manhattan, Kansas 66502 · 1-800-633-5137 · www.aibonline.org

A

English acetic acid acid acidity acid reacting material adherent adjust aftertaste aging alcohol alkaline almond amended formula amylopectin amylase analysis anion aroma arrival of goods article of inferior quality astringent taste atmosphere atom atomic number atomic weight Japanese bunnseki in ion kaori nyuuka furyouhin sibumi kiatsu genshi genshi bangou syuuseisyohou alukarisei Roman Letters sakusan sansei sando sannseizai fuchakusei chousei atoaji jyukusei

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B

English back bacteria bad bake bakery baking baking powder base basic batch size batter beet sugar bench bench time beryllium best big binder biochemistry bit bitter blade bland blend blind block bloom boil boiling point bottom Japanese / / / / dama (dai) ikioi syafutu suru /niru futten teibu saiteki no ookii / futoi kettyakuzai seikagaku sukoshi /ippen nigai ha kuchiatari no yoi kongou satou sagyoudai enki kihonnteki na / enkisei no shikomi syousei Roman Letters ushiro kin warui syousei

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B

English bottom heat bowl bottom heat braid braided bread bran bran bread brand bread bread box bread cage breading /breadcrumbs bread pan break breakdown brioche brittle broad bran bromine brown brown-and-serve roll brown bread brock brown rice brush bubbly buffer bulged burned particle burnt alum Japanese / / moroi dai fusuma syuuso kassyoku no hanyakipan kuro pan dama / dai genmai hake awa no oi / awadatta kanshou(zai) bukakkou na (pan) agekuzu yakimyouban shitabi amu ami pan fusuma fusuma iri pan meigara pan pan bako pan kago panko pan gata sakeru / kudaku rekka Roman Letters shitabi

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B

English butter butter cream buying in Japanese siire Roman Letters

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C

English calculate calorie cake candy cane sugar canned capacity caramel caramelize caraway seed carbon carbon dioxide gas carboxymethylcellulose carrageenan cation caved sides cellulose Celsius scale chalky change character characteristic cheese cheesy (odor) cell chestnut chewiness / chewability chewy chilled chlorine Japanese / / maku tochinomi /kuriiro no sosyakusei (kuchiatari) kutyatuku / hiki no tsuyoi reizou no enso sesshi ondo (memori) hakubokujou no henka seijou seikaku yoh ion kebingu tanso tansangasu karameruka suru cake / nama gashi ame /touka satou kannzume no yohryou Roman Letters keisan suru

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C

English chlorine chocolate chopped meat cinnamon circle citric acid clear flour closed grain coat coarse grain cob clod color coloring material compact competitor component compound conc. (concentration) condensation condensed milk confectionery connection consistency consumer package consumption contact container continuous mixing cool Japanese / // en kuensan kuriako mitsuna (sudachi) nuru aria sudachi marui pan tsumetai irozuki chakusyokuzai mitsu na (shokkan) kyousousya seibun kagoubutsu noudo gyousyuku / nousyuku rennyuu kashi tsunagari katasa / kanshoku / nohdo kateiyou no mono shouhiryou sesshoku yohki renzoku mixing hourei suru hikiniku Roman Letters enso

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D

English Danish pastry dark dark rye flour decimal point decorate defatted defatted soy flour defect degree delicious delivery demonstrate denaturing dense dense grain density detergent development dextrose diet bread diffusion delivery dilute dish dispersion dissolve distilled water distribution divide divider Japanese / / / / / shousuuten kazaru dasshi dassi daizuko ketten /tansho do oishii haisou jitsuen suru hensei mitsu na tsumatteiru (sudachi) mitsudo / noudo senzai kaihatsu / hatsugen budou tou byouninyou pan kakusan haisou usui / kihaku na sara bunsan yohkai suru jouryuusui haisou bunkatsu suru bunkatsu ki koi /kurai (iro) Roman Letters

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D

English double bond dough dough mixing doughnuts dough scale doughy dozen dried egg white dried egg yolk dried whole egg dry dry milk drop plate dusting flour dull dumbbell shape dye Japanese / / kiji bakari kijiyou no dahsu ranpaku ko ran ho ko zenran ko kansou / kawaita funnyuu kijiukeban tegona kusunda (iro) / nibui arei kei senryou Roman Letters nijyuu ketsugou kiji hongone

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E

English eating quality economical efficiency egg egg white egg yolk elasticity electron element eliminate elongated emulsifier end energy enzyme equipment evaporation even excessive excessive machining exothermic expand expansion expense extensible external appearance extrusion Japanese / / / kouso setsubi jouhatsu / kika ichiyou na kata kikai ni yoru sonsyou hatsunetsu teki hukuramu hukurami / bouchou keihi shintensei no yoi gaikan oshidashi Roman Letters syokkan / tabekuchi keizaiteki na kouritsu tamago ranpaku ranoh danryokusei denshi genso jokyo suru nobashita nyuukazai hashi

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F

English fast fat absorption fat and oil fat depth fatty acid fault fermentation fibrousness filling filter final product final proof first fit fixed flaky flat (odor) flat (taste) flat top flavor flavoring material flexibility flour flow fluorine fluidity fold fondant food additive foreign flavor Japanese / / shokuhin tenkabutsu isyuu Roman Letters hayai kyuuyu yushi yui shibousan ketten hakkou sujippoi (kuchiatari) guzai / tsumemono roka saisyuuseihin hoiro saisho no tekisuru ittei no fureiku jou no ki no muketa (nioi) ajike no nai tiara na toubu (no pan) kaori / huumi huumizai shintensei komugiko ryuudou suru fusso ryuudousei oritatamu

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F

English foreign taste formula fragile framework free freezing point French bread French pie fresh bread front frozen frozen bread fructose fry frying pan fumigation full fat dry milk Japanese / kunjou zenshi hunnyuu shinsen na pan mae reitou no reitou pan katou ageru Roman Letters imi haigou / kagaku shiki moroi kokkaku yuuri gyouko ten

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G

English gas retention gassing gassy gelatinization gentle germ ginger glaze glass glassy glucono delta lactone glucose gluten gold good good point grain graininess granulated sugar gray grissini grittiness guar gum gum gummy Japanese / gamushitsu nebaru zaratsuki kin yoi chousho sudachi / (chiisai) dama ryuujosei (kuchiatari) guranyuu tou haiiro budou tou koutaku koutaku no aru Roman Letters gasu hojiryoku gasu hassei awadatta koka otonashii haiga shouga

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H

English handling property hard hardness hard water harsh hash hearth bread heavy height high ends hole home-service bakery homogeneous honey hour hot hot spot humidity hydrate hydrogen hydrolysis hydroxide hygiene hygienic hygroscopic Japanese / shitsudo suiwa suru suiso kasuibunkai suisankabuts eisei eiseitekina kyuusitsu Roman Letters sagyousei katai (mizu no) koudo kousui zaratsuki kizamu jikayaki pan omoi / koi takasa hashi no takai (pan) ana seizou takuhai bakery kin itsu kei hachimitsu jikan atsui

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I

English independent bakery independent multiple bakery indicator individual character industrial use ingredient insect in-store bakery insufficient proof internal quality invert sugar investigate investment iodine iodine value ion iron tetsu hoiro fujyuubun naisou tenkatou chousa suru toushi yohso yohso ka shijiyaku kosei gyounu yoh genzairyou (gai)chuu Japanese Roman Letters oroshiuri syoukibo bakery oroshiuri chuukibo bakery

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J

English jam jelly job-hop Japanese tenshoku Roman Letters

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K

English keeping quality kettle knead / kneading knife knobby knotty Japanese / / dekoboko no kobujou no Roman Letters hozonsei kama, yakan / yusoh neru / koneru

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L

English label labor labor force lack lacks body lactose laminate lard large last law lead lean leave ~ as it is leavening lecithin lemon light lime litmus paper liquid liquidity liquid oil loaf locust bean gum long loose low ends lubricant lump Japanese // nagai yurui hashi no hikui (pan) junkatsuzai (chuukurai no) dama akarui / usui / karui sekkai litmus shikenshi ekitai ryuudousei ekitaiabura houchi suru boucyouzai ohkii saigo no housoku namari Roman Letters hyoushiki roudou roudouryoku fusoku koshi no nai nyuutou sou ni suru

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L

English lumpy Japanese Roman Letters katamari no aru (shokkan)

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M

English machine magnesium make make up malt maltose management manganese manufacturing process marble marchpane margarine marmalade mass mastication material maturing measure medium medium bran medium rye flour meek melting point membrane meringue merit mercury metal mild milk Japanese / / / / / / otonashii yuuten maku meremge riten / tokuchou suigin kinzoku onwa na / otonashii gyuunyuu shitsuryoh kuchiatari / soshaku sairyou jukusei keiryou futsuu no / chuugata no chuugata no fusuma bakugatou keiei / kanri mangan koutei dairiseki (moyoh no) majipan tsukuru / seizou suru shiage Roman Letters kikai

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M

English milk bread minutes mix / mixing mixer mixture mixture of vegetable shortening and animal fat molarity mold mole molecule monoglyceride mould / moulding moulder multi-grain bread multiple musty / / Japanese / Roman Letters

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N

English network neutron nitrogen nonfat dry milk non-uniform noodle normality nuclear Japanese Roman Letters amime cyuuseishi chisso dashifunnnyuu fuzoroi men kiteido kaku

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O

English oatmeal odor off flavor oil oil depth old sponge dough onion open grain optimum osmotic pressure ounce oven oven spring over overbaked oxidation oxygen Japanese kama kamanobi kata yakisugi sanka sanso nioi ishuu abura yui kajuku nakadane tamanegi aria sudachi saiteki no shintouatsu Roman Letters

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P

English prime starch process produce product proof proofer property punching pungent put ~ on Japanese / Roman Letters tokutou denpun koutei seizou suru seihin hoiro (koutei) hoiro (kikai) tokusei gasunuki (shita ya hana wo) shigeki suru tsukeru / nuru

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Q

English quality quality control quantity Japanese Roman Letters hinshitsu hinshitsukanri ryoh

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R

English ragged ragged break raisin rancid odor rational raw raw material reaction reagent recipe reducing agent reduction reflection refold relative humidity (RH) remove research resilience restricted retail multiple bakery retail single bakery rich ringer donut ripeness rise time roll roll-in fat rolling pin room temperature ropey odor Japanese / / / // Roman Letters

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R

English rough handling roughness round round cell rounder rubbery rum rusk rusting rye rye bread rye flour Japanese / Roman Letters sozatsu na atsukai arasa (kuchiatari) marui / marumeru marume ,arume ki gomuyoh no ramushu nidoyaki pan sabi rai mugi raimugi pan rai mugi ko

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S

English saccharide sale saline salty salt saltless bread salty taste sanitary sanitation scrape down screen second sedimentation seed sell separation sesame side shallow shape sharp sheen sheeny sheet pan shelf life shiny shipment shop short short bran Japanese / Roman Letters toushitsu hannbai gan en no shiokarai shokuen muen pan shioaji eiseiteki na eisei kakiotosu ami byoh chinkou tane hanbai suru bunri goma sokumen asai katachi / keitai kakubatta tsuya tsuya no aru tenpin himochi / shoumikigen koutaku no aru shukka mise mijikai shou husuma

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S

English shortening shortness shred shrink sieve sifting silky silver simple skin type slack slant slice slick slow slurry small smash smoke point smooth smoothness soap sodium sodium bicarbonate soft softness soft water soggy solid solid fat (index) Japanese / / // / tsurutsuru no osoi / yukkuri shita kendakueki chiisai kudaku hatsuenten nameraka namerakasa sekken natoriumu juusou yawarakai yawarakasa nansui guchatsuku kotai kokeishi (shisuu) nensei no hikui / yawarakai /kiji ga yurunde iru naname no gin kantan na / tanjun na shuushuku / chijimu furui furuu sakumi Roman Letters

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S

English solubility solute solution solvent soupy sour sour dough soy flour spatula specific gravity specific volume spice sponge sponge dough sponge mixing spotty spread sprouted squeeze stability stabilizer stage staled bread staling starch steam step stick sticks on teeth sticky Japanese / / / hijuu kikou ritsu / hiyouseki koushinryoh nakadane nakadane kiji nakadane mikisingu madara na hirogari hatsuga shita shiboru anteisei anteizai dankai rouka sita pan rouka denpun suijouki dankai fuchaku suru hanukari suru nechatsuku / betatsuku Roman Letters youkaido yousitsu youeki youbai yawarakai / (torotoro) sanmi /suppai sour kiji daizuko

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S

English stiff stock storage straight dough strain strawberry streaky striated striation string strong strong flour strong point structure submerged sucrose succulence sugar sulfate sulfur supermarket central bakery supermarket on-premise bakery sweet sweetness sweet roll swirled symmetric symmetry syneresis syrup uzumaki no tsuriatta taishou risui amai amami Japanese // / / Roman Letters katai / koshi ga tsuyoi / nensei no takai zaiko chozou (ko) jikagone kiji kosu ichigo shima no aru sujippoi suji himo tsuyoi kyohriki ko chousyo / tokuchou kouzou (soshiki) shizunde satou /shotou tajuusei (kuchiatari) satou ryuusan en iou super chokuei koujou

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T

English tartaric acid taste tea spoon technique temperature tender tenderizer tenderness texture textured texture in taste thermometer thick thick cell walls thin tight tin tin pan toasted bread tolerance tool top heat top of loaf touch tough toughen tray oven trial production trough tunnel oven Japanese / / / // / / sisaku (hakkou) sou Roman Letters shusekisan aji /syokumi kosaji gijutsu ondo yawarakai jyuunanzai yawarakasa shokkan / kanshoku saenai / zarazara no kuchiatari ondokei atsui / koi / futoi makuatsu hosoi / usui shimatteiru suzu tenpan toast pan taisei kigu uwabi pan no choubu sesshoku hiki no tsuyoi / katai kyouka suru

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T

English turn turner turnout turn over twist Japanese Roman Letters hanten hanten souchi seisanryou kaitenritsu nejiru

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U

English unbaked under underdeveloped uneven grain uniform unit unpleasant unsaturated solution unsymmetrical up right usage Japanese / / Roman Letters namayake no kahou / fusoku jukusei ( konnetsu) fujyuubun na mura no aru sudachi kinitsu no tan i fukai na fuhouwa youeki fukinnsei na suichoku no youto / shiyouhou

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V

English vacant vacuum value vanilla vapor vegetable vegetable gum vegetable oil velvet vertical mixer viscosity vital gluten vitamin volume Japanese / / / taiseki jouki shokubutsusei chokubutsusei gum sarada abura biroudo no yohna tategata mixer nensei / nendo kassei gulten Roman Letters kara no shinkuu / gen atsu suru kachi / atai

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W

English wall walnut warehouse wash water water absorption waxy corn starch weak weak flour weak point weight wet wheat flour wheat starch whip whipping agent white white bread white rye flour whole egg wholesale whole wheat whole wheat bread width wind wrap wrapping wrinkle wrinkled top Japanese / / / zenran oroshiuri no zenryuu zenryuupan haba maku tsutsumu housou shiwa shiwa no aru hyouhi yowai hakurikiko tansho jyuuryou simetta komugiko komugi denpunn awadateru kihouzai hakushoku / shiroi shokupan / shiropan Roman Letters maku kurumi souko tsyuadashi mizu kasui / kyuusui

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X

English xanthan gum Japanese Roman Letters

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Y

English yeast yeast food yeasty yellow yeast raised donut yield young dough young sponge dough Japanese / sansyutsu / syuuryoh wakai kij wakai nakadane yeast yoh no kiiro Roman Letters

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Z

English zinc Japanese Roman Letters aen

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