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ASIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SCHOOL OF ENVIRONMENT, RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

Term Paper I Carbon Black Production Plant

Instructor: Prof. C. Visvanathan Course: ED 78.20 Industrial Waste Abatement and Management Submitted By

1. Ms. Kunnika 2. Mrs.Prisna 3. Ms. Monta 4. Mr. Pasavi 5. Ms. Jitima 6. Ms. Chanokkamon 7. Ms. Sirikan 8. Ms. Soraya Changwichan Pianjing Thammasatta Ratchapongsirikul Khorungkul Cheawtada Nawapan Aroonvilairat 104009 104097 104098 104100 104101 104102 104103 104104

ED78.20 Industrial Waste Abatement & Management

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL ACT NO. 47 OF 1980 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION LICENCE APPLICATION Application No. 001/2007....... Date ...... February 28, 2007... Sector Category (Chemical industry) (Petrochemical industry)

Name of Industry: Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited Type of Industry: Manufacture/Assembly/Formulation/Repacking/ Processing/Other (specify)/ Mr. Visut Chirapakorn, Production Manager

Name of Applicant: Postal Address:

- 44 Moo 1, Ayutthaya-Angthong Highway, Posa Subdistrict, Muang District, Angthong 14000, Thailand. Telephone No: (66-35)-617000, 611631-5 Fax: 620-200, 611-316 1 1.1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF INDUSTRY Nature of Industry 1.2 Petrochemical industry

Location of Industry (Location map and a clear route sketch with land marks to the site to be annexed) Address: - 44 Moo 1, Ayutthaya-Angthong Highway, Posa Subdistrict, Muang District, Angthong 14000, Thailand. - Location map is presented in Appendix A

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Name of local authority Muang District, Angthong Province

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Is the site within an Approved Industrial Zone? No

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Amount of Capital Investment: 300 million Baht. Local: 70% Foreign: 30% Date of commencement of operation: February 24, 1980

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Number of Shifts/Day and Times: 7 days a week, 3 shifts/day (except office workers) Working hours: 08.00-16.00, 16.00-24.00, 24.00-08.00

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Number of Workers in Each Shift: 44 workers in each shift not included Administration, Finance, Accounting and Personal Department. (total 280 persons)

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A list of permits obtained from Local or State Authorities Permitting the Establishment and Operation of the Industry: (Please attach photocopies): see in Appendix B Name Date of Issue Date of Expiry EIA clearance 1 certificate * 2 Factory permit Aug 15, 2004 Aug 14, 2008 Machine installation 3 Aug 15, 2004 Aug 14, 2008 permit 4 Effluent control permit Aug 5, 2003 Aug 4, 2008 5 Construction permit Jan 15, 2007 Jan 14, 2010 Domestic waste 6 Jan 5, 2007 Jan 4, 2008 disposal permit Note: * This Factory was constructed before EIA regulation. 1.10 Land use of the area within five km radius ­ Residential/Commercial/Agricultural/Open Space/Public Area/Marshy Land/Salt Marshy Land/Mangrove/Natural Reserve/Other (specify): Hospital Thai Rayon factory Farm land Location of existing industries, institutions and others within 5 km are presented in Appendix A

1.11 List of existing Industries/Institutions/Agricultural land within two km radius:

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The Thai Rayon Factory located within 0.5 km, agricultural land within 2 km radius as presented in Appendix A

1.12 Land available for treatment plant: Location is presented in Appendix A

2. MANUFACTURING PROCESS 2.1 List of main manufactured products and capacities: Carbon black with capacity of 415 tons/day

2.2 List of by-products: Stream gas 5,000 m3/day

2.3 Process Details: 2.3.1 A brief description of the processes used (attach process flow diagram): The manufacturing process of Carbon Black is based on the process of continuous incomplete combustion of Carbon Black oil, using reactors. The oil is pumped up from oil storage tanks to the reactors through oil preheaters. At the same time, preheated combustion air is also supplied to the reactors. By preheating both the oil and air to a high sensible heat energy. The incomplete combustion reaction is stopped by the injection of quenching water at a quench zone in the reactors, whereby Carbon Black and by-product gas called tail gas are formed. This mixture of Carbon Black and tail gas exchange heat into combustion air in air preheaters and directed into bag filters where the Carbon Black is separated from the tail gas. The filtrated Carbon Black is then transferred to wet pelletizers which mix a constant amount of Carbon Black with molasses and water. The wet pellets are subsequently dried in dryer combustors, which are heated by combusting the tail gas. Finally, Carbon Black is conveyed into product storage silos and stored there until shipment to the customers. Schematic diagram for carbon black process is presented in Appendix C

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2.3.2 Raw materials used: (State item wise quantity/day at all stages of manufacture)

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- Carbon black feed stock oil 1,500 tons/day 2.3.3 Chemicals Used: Chemical Name Trade Name Quantity Day (in kg) 150,000 Purpose for which it is used Raw material

Petroleum hydrocarbon

Fuel oil Kerosene Hydrochloric acid

Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock Fuel oil Kerosene Hydrochloric acid

1,500 1,500 200

Sodium hydroxide

Sodium hydroxide

200

Mixed bed ion exchange resin

Ion Exchange Resin

500

Molasses -

Molasses

1,000

Fuel Fuel pH adjustment in water treatment plant pH adjustment in water treatment plant Ions removal in water treatment plant Pelletizer

Material safety data sheet (MSDS) are presented in Appendix D

2.3.4 Precautionary measures adopted in the transport and handling of any hazardous/toxic/flammable/explosive materials: See attached document in Appendix E

2.3.5 Storage facilities for hazardous/toxic/flammable/explosive materials: See attached document in Appendix D and E

2.3.6 Do you have adequate fire fighting equipment? Yes

2.3.7 If so, details of such equipment: Fire alarms Fire pumps Fire hydrant Nozzles Hose reel 25 5 15 15 50 points units heads heads hoses

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Dry powder portable fire extinguishers Carbon dioxide portable fire extinguishers 3. WATER 3.1 Water Requirement Processing: Cooling: Washing: Domestic: See water balance in Appendix F

45 20

units units

1,500 2,900 600 400

m3/day m3/day m3/day m3/day

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3.2 Source of water: 1 2 3 Public Supply: Ground Water (Wells, springs): Surface Water (Stream, river): 400 m3/day Not applicable 5,000 m3/day

3.3 Total daily discharge ­ m3/day: 1,760 m3/day

3.4 Method of discharge: Open Channel/Pipeline/Covered Drains/Other: Pipeline to treatment plant and collected in settling pond.

3.5 Final point of discharge of waste water: Agricultural land/Marshy land/Sewer/Lake/River/Ela/Estuary/Sea/Other: Overflow of water from settling pond which meets the effluent standard can be directly discharged into Chaopraya river.

3.6 What other specific toxic substances are discharged? (Specify nature and concentration ­ e.g. Inorganics and Organics including Pesticides, Organic Chlorine Compounds, Heavy Metals, etc.) Toxic Substances Carbon black Fuel oil Kerosene Nature of Substances Inorganic Organic Organic

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3.7 Method of treatment of Waste Water (Diagrams of the Treatment Process to be included): Water discharges containing carbon black must comply with applicable requirements for solids and oxygen demand. Carbon black is not soluble in water and has a specific gravity of 1.7 to 1.9 (water = 1). Gravity settling is effective and the most common technique employed to remove carbon black from wastewater. Under some circumstances, settling may be inhibited because of the small particle size and/or high surface areas that may resist wetting. Various metallic salts, such as ferric or aluminium sulfate, and/or synthetic polymers, are effective as flocculating agents to enhance settling. See diagram for wastewater treatment process in Appendix F

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3.5 Methods adopted for recording characteristics of waste water before and after treatment: Method pH Real time probe Temperature Real time probe TDS Grab sampling SS Grab sampling BOD Grab sampling Grease and oil Grab sampling Note: * Pollution Control Department, 2006 3.6 Give details of water re-cycling, if any: - None 4. SOLID WASTE 4.1 Type and Nature of Solid Wastes: Type of Waste General Waste - Paper - Plastics - Polypropylene Bags - Pallet - Garbage 2) Hazardous Waste - Carbon black 1) Total Waste Nature of Waste Office paper and packages Office and Product packages Product packages Product packages Canteen, Office and others Residue from the wastewater treatment plant Quantity 10 kg/d 15 kg/d 55 kg/d 70 kg/d 60 kg/d 210 kg/d 420 kg/d Parameter Standard Values* 5.5-9.0 Not exceed 40 oC Not exceed 3,000 mg/l Not exceed 50 mg/l Not exceed 20 mg/l Not exceed 5 mg/l

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4.2 Total Quantity of solid waste ­ kg/day: 420 kg/day

4.3 Methods of disposal of solid wastes ­ Municipal Collection System/Land Fill/Incineration/Composting/Sold/Re-cycle: 1. General Waste - Paper, Plastics, Polypropylene bags and Pallet: sell to re-cycle shop. - Garbage: collected by the Municipal Waste Collection System of Angthong Province. 2. Hazardous Waste: - Carbon black residue from the wastewater treatment plant will be appropriately disposed in landfill. 5 ATMOSPHERIC EMISSIONS

Is there emission to the Atmosphere: Yes/No ­ if `Yes' complete the following: 5.1 Possible emissions: a. Oxides of Nitrogen b. Oxides of Sulphur c. Dust and Soot Yes, (3 tons/year) from main process vent and incinerator Yes, (18 tons/year) from flare and incinerator Carbon black as particulate matter(1.5 tons/year) is mainly emitted from main process vent and also packing process Carbon Monoxide (700 tons/year) from main process vent

d. Any other -

5.2 Number of Stacks/Chimneys Height: 8 stacks, 30 m height each 6 Does your industry cause odour problems? If `Yes': YES Source: Exhaust gases and main process vent gas Method of abatement: - Well-ventilation to be provided - Appropriate stack height to be provided - Local hood and source of odour - Personal protective equipments to workers i.e. mask or respirator 7

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- See Appendix G NOISE POLLUTION

7.1 Does your industry cause noise pollution: Yes/No 7.2 If `Yes', source: noise from line process i.e. machine operating

Method of abatement: - Use personal protective equipment i.e. ear plug, ear muff - See Appendix G 8 ENERGY REQUIREMENT 3,387 kw/h 2,887 kw/h 500 kw/h

8.1 Total Energy Consumption: a. In-plant generation (in kw/h): b. Public supply (in kw/h):

8.2 Details of Machinery used in the Industry and their Horse Power Ratings: See Appendix H 8.3 Type of Fuel Used: Purpose: Daily consumption: see table below see table below Daily consumption 200 L/day 50 L/day 50 L/month

Machines Trucks Bus Generator 9

Fuel used Diesel Diesel Diesel

Purpose Transportation Employees transportation Standby power

RECYCLING/REUSE

9.1 Possible salvage of any waste material for reuse Specify: Not applicable 10 EXAPANSION OF INDUSTRY Describe your plans for future expansion of the industry, State whether proposed expansion will alter the manufacturing process, raw material usage and finished products.

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Production line expansion will be purposed in order to response to the demand of carbon black usage in tire, ink and many industries. The emission will be decreased by using new advance technology. Raw material usage and finished products will be the same. I hereby certify that the particulars furnished by me in this application are true and correct. I am aware that if any particulars herein are found to be false or incorrect my application will be refused and licence, if issued, will be cancelled.

Signature of applicant

(Mr. Pinit Sunthornchevavut) Chief Executive Officer Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited Date February 28, 2007

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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REQUIRED FROM UTILIZING CHEMICALS INDUSTRIES Detailed information on the following has to be provided: 1. A site map extending ¼ mile beyond the boundaries of the property depicting the facility, the discharge points for effluents, wells, springs and other surface water bodies and drinking water wells. - See Appendix A 2. A description of the procedures, structures and equipment used at the facility to: i. Prevent hazards in transport and unloading operations of chemicals: - See Appendix E ii. Prevent undue exposure of personnel to chemicals (protective clothing etc.). - See Appendix D and E 3. A description of i. Precautions to prevent accidental fires resulting from storage of chemicals - See Appendix E ii. Available fire fighting equipment - See Appendix E iii. Training of personnel in fire fighting. - See Appendix E 4. A description of storage system for bulk chemicals prior to use in the industrial process. - See Appendix E 5. A description of recovery methods of used chemicals if any. - Not applicable FOR OFFICAL USE ONLY Licence Application No................ Sector Category ( ( ) )

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Date of receipt of application: Reference Plans, Reports and other documents received: If any additional information was requested, details of such requests: If the observation of any other Agency was requested, details of such requests Whether a Licence is granted: Yes/No If a Licence is granted a. Number of the Licence: b. Date of Licence: c. Validity period: d. Date of expiry: e. Conditions attached (if any)

7. If Licence is refused, reasons for refusal:

Signature and Designation of Authorised Officer Date

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Appendix A

Plant Layout

Tank farm

Landfill

WWTP Production plant Workshop

Store Process office Power plant WTP Raw material and product only Gate II

Garden Washing unit Workshop

Admin. office

Canteen

Warehouse

Garden

Garden Parking area

Gate I

Thai carbonblack industry

Thai Rayon Chaopraya river

2 Km

Location map of Thai carbon black (TCB) industry

TCB industry

Location map of Thai carbon black (TCB) industry

Appendix B

Department of Industrial Works Ministry of Industry Thailand

Factory Permit

Factory Permit No. IR10/05/2004 According to the Notification copy 1, Factory of Act (B.E. 2522), Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited has been allowed to establish and operate on petroleum processing subject to the prevailing law relating to industrial establishments and operations of the kingdom of Thailand.

Issued to: Address: Date of Issued: Date of Expired:

Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited 44 Moo 1, Ayutthaya-Angthong Highway, Posa Subdistrict, Muang District, Angthong 14000, Thailand. August 15, 2004 August 14, 2008

This permit is not transferable and will be revoked for violation of any related rule, law or regulation.

................................... (...Mr. Rachada Singalavanija...) General Director Department of Industrial Works Ministry of Industry

The Ministry of Industry Notice

MACHINE REGISTRATION ACT (2nd Issue) B.E. 2530

Machine Installation Permit

MC Registration No. 10/05/2004

According to Machine Registration Act (2nd Issue) B.E. 2530, this permission is allowed for Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited where was located at Muang district, Angthong province to install machine in accordance with the format prescribed in the ministerial regulation, under this Act during the period from sunrise to sunset for the inspection regarding to the compliance with this Act. While performing duty, the authority must present the identification card upon requested by the owner of the machine, the owner of the building or the person involved.

Issued to: Address: Date of Issued: Date of Expired:

Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited 44 Moo 1, Ayutthaya-Angthong Highway, Posa subdistrict, Muang, Angthong 14000, Thailand August 15, 2004 August 14, 2008

This permit is not transferable and will be revoked for violation of any related rule, law or regulation.

.................................... ( Mr. Rachada Singalavanija.) General Director Department of Industrial Works Ministry of Industry

Pollution Control Department Ministry of Natural Resource

Effluent Control Permit

According to The National Environmental Promote and Protection Act, (B.E. 2535), Notification of pollution Control copy 2, Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited is allowed to install and operate wastewater treatment plant and its devices to meet the prevailing industrial effluent standard and subject to prevailing health laws of the kingdom of Thailand.

Issued to: Address: Date of Issued: Date of Expired:

Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited 44 Moo 1, Ayutthaya-Angthong Highway, Posa subdistrict, Muang, Angthong 14000, Thailand August 5, 2003 August 4, 2008

This permit is not transferable and will be revoked for violation of any related rule, law or regulation.

.............................. (...Mr. Supat Wangwongwatana.....) General Director Pollution Control Department Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment

Provincial Administration Organization

Construction Permit

Construction license no. 456/01/07 This permit indicate that Angthong Provincial Administration Organization approve to Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited construct the for petroleum industry include the building plant, factory facilities and wastewater treatment plant located in Muang district, Angthong province.

Issued to: Address: Date of Issued: Date of Expired:

Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited 44 Moo 1, Ayutthaya-Angthong Highway, Posa subdistrict, Muang, Angthong 14000, Thailand January 15, 2007 January 14, 2010

This permit is not transferable and will be revoked for violation of any related rule, law or regulation.

.............................. (Terawath Kullavanija.) General Director Division of public work Angthong Provincial Administration Organization

Provincial Administration Organization

Domestic waste disposal permit

This permit indicate that Angthong provincial Administration Organization accept to dispose the domestic waste from Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited where is located at 44 Moo 1, Ayutthaya-Angthong Highway, Posa subdistrict, Muang, Angthong province within amounts are not more than ...0.4.....tons per day. This allowance is effective on January 5, 2007 until January 4, 2008

Issued to: Address: Date of Issued: Date of Expired:

Thai Carbon Black Public Company Limited 44 Moo 1, Ayutthaya-Angthong Highway, Posa subdistrict, Muang, Angthong 14000, Thailand January 5, 2007 January 4, 2008

This permit is not transferable and will be revoked for violation of any related rule, law or regulation.

............................................. ( Direk Kopolrat.) General Director Division of Environment Angthong Provincial Administration Organization

Appendix C

Schematic diagram for carbon black

Appendix D

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET No. 2 Fuel Oil

MSDS No. 0088

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW CAUTION! OSHA/NFPA COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID - SLIGHT TO MODERATE IRRITANT EFFECTS CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM - HARMFUL OR FATAL IF SWALLOWED Moderate fire hazard. Avoid breathing vapors or mists. May cause dizziness and drowsiness. May cause moderate eye irritation and skin irritation. Long-term, repeated exposure may cause skin cancer. If ingested, do NOT induce vomiting, as this may cause chemical pneumonia (fluid in the lungs). 1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT and COMPANY INFORMATION Hess Corporation 1 Hess Plaza Woodbridge, NJ 07095-0961 EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER (24 hrs): COMPANY CONTACT (business hours): MSDS Internet Website: SYNONYMS: 2.

NFPA 704 (Section 16)

CHEMTREC (800) 424-9300 Corporate EHS (732) 750-6000 www.hess.com

#2 Heating Oil; 2 Oil; Off-road Diesel Fuel

See Section 16 for abbreviations and acronyms. COMPOSITION and INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

INGREDIENT NAME (CAS No.) CONCENTRATION PERCENT BY WEIGHT 100 #2 Fuel Oil (68476-30-2) Naphthalene (91-20-3) Typically 0.1 A complex combination of hydrocarbons with carbon numbers in the range C9 and higher produced from the distillation of petroleum crude oil. 3. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

EYES Contact with eyes may cause mild irritation. SKIN Practically non-toxic if absorbed following acute (single) exposure. May cause skin irritation with prolonged or repeated contact. Liquid may be absorbed through the skin in toxic amounts if large areas of skin are repeatedly exposed. INGESTION The major health threat of ingestion occurs from the danger of aspiration (breathing) of liquid drops into the lungs, particularly from vomiting. Aspiration may result in chemical pneumonia (fluid in the lungs), severe lung damage, respiratory failure and even death.

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET No. 2 Fuel Oil

MSDS No. 0088 Ingestion may cause gastrointestinal disturbances, including irritation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, and central nervous system (brain) effects similar to alcohol intoxication. In severe cases, tremors, convulsions, loss of consciousness, coma, respiratory arrest, and death may occur. INHALATION Excessive exposure may cause irritations to the nose, throat, lungs and respiratory tract. Central nervous system (brain) effects may include headache, dizziness, loss of balance and coordination, unconsciousness, coma, respiratory failure, and death. WARNING: the burning of any hydrocarbon as a fuel in an area without adequate ventilation may result in hazardous levels of combustion products, including carbon monoxide, and inadequate oxygen levels, which may cause unconsciousness, suffocation, and death. CHRONIC EFFECTS and CARCINOGENICITY Similar products have produced skin cancer and systemic toxicity in laboratory animals following repeated applications. The significance of these results to human exposures has not been determined see Section 11 Toxicological Information. MEDICAL CONDITIONS AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE Irritation from skin exposure may aggravate existing open wounds, skin disorders, and dermatitis (rash). 4. FIRST AID MEASURES EYES In case of contact with eyes, immediately flush with clean, low-pressure water for at least 15 min. Hold eyelids open to ensure adequate flushing. Seek medical attention. SKIN Remove contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated areas thoroughly with soap and water or with waterless hand cleanser. Obtain medical attention if irritation or redness develops. INGESTION DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Do not give liquids. Obtain immediate medical attention. If spontaneous vomiting occurs, lean victim forward to reduce the risk of aspiration. Monitor for breathing difficulties. Small amounts of material which enter the mouth should be rinsed out until the taste is dissipated. INHALATION Remove person to fresh air. If person is not breathing, provide artificial respiration. If necessary, provide additional oxygen once breathing is restored if trained to do so. Seek medical attention immediately. 5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES FLAMMABLE PROPERTIES: FLASH POINT: AUTOIGNITION POINT: LOWER EXPLOSIVE LIMIT (%): UPPER EXPLOSIVE LIMIT (%):

100 oF (38 oC) minimum PMCC 494 oF (257 oC) 0.6 7.5

FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS OSHA and NFPA Class 2 COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID (see Section 14 for transportation classification). Vapors may be ignited rapidly when exposed to heat, spark, open flame or other source of ignition. When mixed with air and exposed to an ignition source, flammable vapors can burn in the open or explode in confined spaces. Being heavier than air, vapors may travel long distances to an ignition source and flash back. Runoff to sewer may cause fire or explosion hazard.

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET No. 2 Fuel Oil

MSDS No. 0088 EXTINGUISHING MEDIA SMALL FIRES: Any extinguisher suitable for Class B fires, dry chemical, CO2, water spray, fire fighting foam, or Halon. LARGE FIRES: Water spray, fog or fire fighting foam. Water may be ineffective for fighting the fire, but may be used to cool fire-exposed containers. FIRE FIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS Small fires in the incipient (beginning) stage may typically be extinguished using handheld portable fire extinguishers and other fire fighting equipment. Firefighting activities that may result in potential exposure to high heat, smoke or toxic by-products of combustion should require NIOSH/MSHA- approved pressure-demand self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece and full protective clothing. Isolate area around container involved in fire. Cool tanks, shells, and containers exposed to fire and excessive heat with water. For massive fires the use of unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles may be advantageous to further minimize personnel exposure. Major fires may require withdrawal, allowing the tank to burn. Large storage tank fires typically require specially trained personnel and equipment to extinguish the fire, often including the need for properly applied fire fighting foam. See Section 16 for the NFPA 704 Hazard Rating. 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES ACTIVATE FACILITY'S SPILL CONTINGENCY OR EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN. Evacuate nonessential personnel and remove or secure all ignition sources. Consider wind direction; stay upwind and uphill, if possible. Evaluate the direction of product travel, diking, sewers, etc. to confirm spill areas. Spills may infiltrate subsurface soil and groundwater; professional assistance may be necessary to determine the extent of subsurface impact. Carefully contain and stop the source of the spill, if safe to do so. Protect bodies of water by diking, absorbents, or absorbent boom, if possible. Do not flush down sewer or drainage systems, unless system is designed and permitted to handle such material. The use of fire fighting foam may be useful in certain situations to reduce vapors. The proper use of water spray may effectively disperse product vapors or the liquid itself, preventing contact with ignition sources or areas/equipment that require protection. Take up with sand or other oil absorbing materials. Carefully shovel, scoop or sweep up into a waste container for reclamation or disposal. Response and clean-up crews must be properly trained and must utilize proper protective equipment (see Section 8). 7. HANDLING and STORAGE HANDLING PRECAUTIONS Handle as a combustible liquid. Keep away from heat, sparks, excessive temperatures and open flame! No smoking or open flame in storage, use or handling areas. Bond and ground containers during product transfer to reduce the possibility of static-initiated fire or explosion. Special slow load procedures for "switch loading" must be followed to avoid the static ignition hazard that can exist when this product is loaded into tanks previously containing low flash point products (such as gasoline) - see API Publication 2003, "Protection Against Ignitions Arising Out Of Static, Lightning and Stray Currents."

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET No. 2 Fuel Oil

MSDS No. 0088

STORAGE PRECAUTIONS Keep containers closed and clearly labeled. Use approved vented storage containers. Empty product containers or vessels may contain explosive vapors. Do not pressurize, cut, heat, weld or expose such containers to sources of ignition. Store in a well-ventilated area. This storage area should comply with NFPA 30 "Flammable and Combustible Liquid Code". Avoid storage near incompatible materials. The cleaning of tanks previously containing this product should follow API Recommended Practice (RP) 2013 "Cleaning Mobile Tanks In Flammable and Combustible Liquid Service" and API RP 2015 "Cleaning Petroleum Storage Tanks." WORK/HYGIENIC PRACTICES Emergency eye wash capability should be available in the near proximity to operations presenting a potential splash exposure. Use good personal hygiene practices. Avoid repeated and/or prolonged skin exposure. Wash hands before eating, drinking, smoking, or using toilet facilities. Do not use as a cleaning solvent or harsh abrasive skin cleaners for washing this product from exposed skin areas. Waterless hand cleaners are effective. Promptly remove contaminated clothing and launder before reuse. Use care when laundering to prevent the formation of flammable vapors which could ignite via washer or dryer. Consider the need to discard contaminated leather shoes and gloves. 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS and PERSONAL PROTECTION EXPOSURE LIMITS

Components (CAS No.) Source OSHA ACGIH OSHA ACGIH Exposure Limits TWA/STEL 5 mg/m (as mineral oil mist) TWA 0.2 mg/m (as mineral oil) TWA 10 ppm TWA 10 ppm TWA / 15 ppm STEL A4, Skin

3 3

Note A2, skin

#2 Fuel Oil

(68476-30-2)

Naphthalene (91-20-3)

ENGINEERING CONTROLS Use adequate ventilation to keep vapor concentrations of this product below occupational exposure and flammability limits, particularly in confined spaces. EYE/FACE PROTECTION Safety glasses or goggles are recommended where there is a possibility of splashing or spraying. SKIN PROTECTION Gloves constructed of nitrile, neoprene, or PVC are recommended. Chemical protective clothing such as of E.I. DuPont TyChem®, Saranex® or equivalent recommended based on degree of exposure. Note: The resistance of specific material may vary from product to product as well as with degree of exposure. Consult manufacturer specifications for further information. RESPIRATORY PROTECTION A NIOSH/MSHA-approved air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridges or canister may be permissible under certain circumstances where airborne concentrations are or may be expected to exceed exposure limits or for odor or irritation. Protection provided by air-purifying respirators is limited. Refer to OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134, NIOSH Respirator Decision Logic, and the manufacturer for additional guidance on respiratory protection selection. Use a positive pressure, air-supplied respirator if there is a potential for uncontrolled release, exposure levels are not known, in oxygen-deficient atmospheres, or any other circumstance where an air-purifying respirator may not provide adequate protection.

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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET No. 2 Fuel Oil

MSDS No. 0088

9. PHYSICAL and CHEMICAL PROPERTIES APPEARANCE Red or reddish/orange colored (dyed) liquid ODOR Mild, petroleum distillate odor BASIC PHYSICAL PROPERTIES BOILING RANGE: 340 to 700 oF (171 to 371 oC) VAPOR PRESSURE: 0.009 psia @ 70 oF (21 oC) VAPOR DENSITY (air = 1): > 1.0 SPECIFIC GRAVITY (H2O = 1): AP 0.87 PERCENT VOLATILES: 100 % EVAPORATION RATE: Slow; varies with conditions Negligible SOLUBILITY (H2O): 10. STABILITY and REACTIVITY STABILITY: Stable. Hazardous polymerization will not occur CONDITIONS TO AVOID and INCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS Avoid high temperatures, open flames, sparks, welding, smoking and other ignition sources. Keep away from strong oxidizers; Viton ®; Fluorel ® HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and non-combusted hydrocarbons (smoke). 11. TOXICOLOGICAL PROPERTIES ACUTE TOXICITY Acute Oral LD50 (rat): 14.5 ml/kg Acute Dermal LD50 (rabbit): > 5 ml/kg Guinea Pig Sensitization: negative Primary dermal irritation: moderately irritating (Draize mean irritation score - 3.98 rabbits) Draize eye irritation: mildly irritating (Draize score, 48 hours, unwashed - 2.0 rabbits) CHRONIC EFFECTS AND CARCINOGENICITY Carcinogenic: IARC: NO NTP: NO OSHA: NO Dermal carcinogenicity: positive - mice ACGIH: A2

Studies have shown that similar products produce skin tumors in laboratory animals following repeated applications without washing or removal. The significance of this finding to human exposure has not been determined. Other studies with active skin carcinogens have shown that washing the animal's skin with soap and water between applications reduced tumor formation. This product is similar to Diesel Fuel. IARC classifies whole diesel fuel exhaust particulates as probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A) and NIOSH regards it as a potential cause of occupational lung cancer based on animal studies and limited evidence in humans. MUTAGENICITY (genetic effects) Material of similar composition has been positive in a mutagenicity study. 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION Keep out of sewers, drainage areas and waterways. Report spills and releases, as applicable, under Federal and State regulations.

Revision Date: 7/1/2006

Page 5 of 7

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET No. 2 Fuel Oil

MSDS No. 0088

13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS Consult federal, state and local waste regulations to determine appropriate disposal options. 14. TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION FUEL OIL, NO. 2 3, PG III NA 1993 FLAMMABLE LIQUID Placard:

PROPER SHIPPING NAME: HAZARD CLASS & PACKING GROUP: DOT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: DOT SHIPPING LABEL:

May be reclassified for transportation as a COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID under conditions of DOT 49 CFR 173.120(b)(2). 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION U.S. FEDERAL, STATE, and LOCAL REGULATORY INFORMATION This product and its constituents listed herein are on the EPA TSCA Inventory. Any spill or uncontrolled release of this product, including any substantial threat of release, may be subject to federal, state and/or local reporting requirements. This product and/or its constituents may also be subject to other regulations at the state and/or local level. Consult those regulations applicable to your facility/operation. CLEAN WATER ACT (OIL SPILLS) Any spill or release of this product to "navigable waters" (essentially any surface water, including certain wetlands) or adjoining shorelines sufficient to cause a visible sheen or deposit of a sludge or emulsion must be reported immediately to the National Response Center (1-800-424-8802) as required by U.S. Federal Law. Also contact appropriate state and local regulatory agencies as required. CERCLA SECTION 103 and SARA SECTION 304 (RELEASE TO THE ENVIRONMENT) The CERCLA definition of hazardous substances contains a "petroleum exclusion" clause which exempts crude oil, refined, and unrefined petroleum products and any indigenous components of such. However, other federal reporting requirements (e.g., SARA Section 304 as well as the Clean Water Act if the spill occurs on navigable waters) may still apply. SARA SECTION 311/312 - HAZARD CLASSES

ACUTE HEALTH CHRONIC HEALTH FIRE SUDDEN RELEASE OF PRESSURE REACTIVE

X

X

X

--

--

SARA SECTION 313 - SUPPLIER NOTIFICATION This product may contain listed chemicals below the de minimis levels which therefore are not subject to the supplier notification requirements of Section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community RightTo-Know Act (EPCRA) of 1986 and of 40 CFR 372. If you may be required to report releases of chemicals listed in 40 CFR 372.28, you may contact Hess Corporate Safety if you require additional information regarding this product. CALIFORNIA PROPOSITON 65 LIST OF CHEMICALS This product contains the following chemicals that are included on the Proposition 65 "List of Chemicals" required by the California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986:

INGREDIENT NAME (CAS NUMBER) Residual Fuel Oil (no CAS Number listed) Date Listed 10/01/1990

CANADIAN REGULATORY INFORMATION (WHMIS)

Revision Date: 7/1/2006

Page 6 of 7

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET No. 2 Fuel Oil

MSDS No. 0088 Class B, Division 3(Combustible Liquid); Class D, Division 2, Subdivision B (Toxic by other means) HEALTH: 0 FIRE: 2 REACTIVITY: 0 Refer to NFPA 704 "Identification of the Fire Hazards of Materials" for further information NFPA® HAZARD RATING HMIS® HAZARD RATING HEALTH: FIRE: PHYSICAL: 05/24/02 1* 2 0 Slight Moderate Negligible * Chronic

SUPERSEDES MSDS DATED: ABBREVIATIONS: AP = Approximately N/A = Not Applicable

< = Less than > = Greater than N/D = Not Determined ppm = parts per million NTP OPA OSHA PEL RCRA REL SARA SCBA SPCC STEL TLV TSCA TWA WEEL WHMIS National Toxicology Program Oil Pollution Act of 1990 U.S. Occupational Safety & Health Administration Permissible Exposure Limit (OSHA) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Recommended Exposure Limit (NIOSH) Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 Title III Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasures Short-Term Exposure Limit (generally 15 minutes) Threshold Limit Value (ACGIH) Toxic Substances Control Act Time Weighted Average (8 hr.) Workplace Environmental Exposure Level (AIHA) Canadian Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System

ACRONYMS: ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists AIHA American Industrial Hygiene Association ANSI American National Standards Institute (212) 642-4900 API American Petroleum Institute (202) 682-8000 CERCLA Comprehensive Emergency Response, Compensation, and Liability Act DOT U.S. Department of Transportation [General info: (800) 467-4922] EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency HMIS Hazardous Materials Information System IARC International Agency For Research On Cancer MSHA Mine Safety and Health Administration NFPA National Fire Protection Association (617) 770-3000 NIOSH National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health NOIC Notice of Intended Change (proposed change to ACGIH TLV)

DISCLAIMER OF EXPRESSED AND IMPLIED WARRANTIES Information presented herein has been compiled from sources considered to be dependable, and is accurate and reliable to the best of our knowledge and belief, but is not guaranteed to be so. Since conditions of use are beyond our control, we make no warranties, expressed or implied, except those that may be contained in our written contract of sale or acknowledgment. Vendor assumes no responsibility for injury to vendee or third persons proximately caused by the material if reasonable safety procedures are not adhered to as stipulated in the data sheet. Additionally, vendor assumes no responsibility for injury to vendee or third persons proximately caused by abnormal use of the material, even if reasonable safety procedures are followed. Furthermore, vendee assumes the risk in their use of the material.

Revision Date: 7/1/2006

Page 7 of 7

Material Safety Data Sheet

MSDS ID NO.: Revision date: 0161MAR019 09/12/2005

1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY INFORMATION

Product name: Synonyms: Chemical Family: Formula: Manufacturer: Marathon Petroleum Company LLC 539 South Main Street Findlay OH 45840 Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock Catalytic Cracked Clarified Oil; Catalytic Cracked Slurry Oil; Slurry Oil Petroleum Hydrocarbon Mixture

Other information: Emergency telephone number:

419-421-3070 877-627-5463

2. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Carbonblack Feedstock is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons produced as the residual fraction of distillation products from a catalytic cracking process. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly >C20 and boiling above 662 F. The CAS description of this stream states that it is likely to contain >5% 4 to 6-membered condensed ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. This product was analyzed by MAP and found to contain 1.2-2.3% of the 22 3-7 ring polycyclic aromatic compounds identified as Persistent Bioaccumulative Toxic (PBT) Chemicals subject to reporting under EPA EPCRA Section 313 regulations. Product information

Name CAS Number Weight % ACGIH Exposure Limits: OSHA - Vacated PELs - Time Weighted Ave Other:

Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock

64741-62-4

100

Component Information

Name CAS Number Weight % ACGIH Exposure Limits: OSHA - Vacated PELs - Time Weighted Ave Other:

Catalytic Cracked Clarified Oil 5-methylchrysene Benzo(a)pyrene

64741-62-4 3697-24-3 50-32-8

100 0.1-0.6 0.05-0.1

= 0.2 mg/m³ TWA as benzene soluble aerosol = 0.2 mg/m³ TWA as benzene soluble aerosol = 10 ppm TWA = 15 ppm STEL

= 0.2 mg/m³ TWA benzene soluble fraction = 0.2 mg/m³ TWA benzene soluble fraction = 10 ppm TWA = 14 mg/m³ TWA = 15 ppm STEL = 21 mg/m³ STEL

Benzo(j)fluoranthene Benzo(a)phenanthrene

205-82-3 218-01-9

0.09-0.5 0.1-0.3

Sulfur Compounds Hydrogen Sulfide

Mixture 7783-06-4

0.5-4 0-0.01

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock

Page 1 of 12

Notes:

The manufacturer has voluntarily elected to reflect exposure limits contained in OSHA's 1989 air contaminants standard in its MSDS's, even though certain of those exposure limits were vacated in 1992.

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock

Page 2 of 12

3. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION EMERGENCY OVERVIEW

THIS PRODUCT IS A BROWN TO BLACK COLORED VISCOUS LIQUID. THIS PRODUCT IS CONSIDERED TO BE A COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID PER THE OSHA HAZARD COMMUNICATION STANDARD AND SHOULD BE KEPT AWAY FROM HEAT, FLAME AND SOURCES OF IGNITION. LONG-TERM SKIN EXPOSURE TO COMPONENTS OF THIS PRODUCT HAS CAUSED CANCER IN LABORATORY ANIMALS AND HUMANS. REPEATED SKIN CONTACT TO SOME COMPONENTS OF THIS PRODUCT HAVE PRODUCED SYSTEMIC TOXICITY (INCLUDING LIVER DAMAGE) IN LABORATORY ANIMALS. WHEN HEATED THIS MATERIAL MAY VENT TOXIC LEVELS OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE (H2S) VAPORS THAT ACCUMULATE IN THE VAPOR SPACES OF STORAGE AND TRANSPORT COMPARTMENTS. H2S VAPORS CAN CAUSE EYE, SKIN, AND RESPIRATORY TRACT IRRITATION AND ASPHYXIATION.

OSHA WARNING LABEL:

DANGER! COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID. LONG-TERM SKIN EXPOSURE TO COMPONENTS OF THIS PRODUCT HAS CAUSED CANCER IN LABORATORY ANIMALS. REPEATED SKIN CONTACT TO SOME COMPONENTS IN THIS PRODUCT HAS PRODUCED SYSTEMIC TOXICITY (INCLUDING LIVER DAMAGE) IN LABORATORY ANIMALS. MAY VENT HARMFUL CONCENTRATIONS OF HYDROGEN SULFIDE (H2S) GAS WHICH CAN CAUSE RESPIRATORY IRRITATION AND ASPHYXIATION.

CONSUMER WARNING LABEL:

A CONSUMER WARNING LABEL IS NOT APPLICABLE FOR THIS PRODUCT.

Inhalation:

Exposure to vapor or mist may cause pulmonary irritation, dizziness, nausea and loss of consciousness. Significant concentrations of hydrogen sulfide gas can be present in the vapor space of storage tanks and bulk transport compartments (See Sections 7, 8 & 11). Product is presumed to be slightly toxic (single dose). Significant ingestion could result in liver damage. Prolonged and repeated liquid contact can cause defatting and drying of the skin and can lead to irritation and/or dermatitis. Components of this product can cause liver damage if absorbed through the skin. Liquid or vapor contact may result in slight eye irritation.

Ingestion: Skin contact:

Eye contact: Carcinogenic Evaluation: Product information

Name Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock 64741-62-4

IARC Carcinogens: NE

NTP Carcinogens:

ACGIH Carcinogens:

OSHA - Select Carcinogens:

Notes:

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined there is sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of catalytically cracked clarified oils (carbonblack feedstock) in experimental animals.

Component Information

Name 5-methylchrysene 3697-24-3 IARC Carcinogens: Supplement 7, 1987; Monograph 32, 1983 NTP ACGIH Carcinogens: Carcinogens: Reasonably Anticipated To Be A Carcinogen (Listed under ``Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons``) Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock OSHA - Select Carcinogens:

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Page 3 of 12

Benzo(a)pyrene 50-32-8

Benzo(j)fluoranthene 205-82-3

Supplement 7, 1987; Monograph 32, 1983; (Overall evaluation upgraded from 2B to 2A with supporting evidence from other data relevant to the evaluation of carcinogenicity and its mechanisms) Supplement 7, 1987; Monograph 35, 1985 Supplement 7, 1987; Monograph 32, 1983

Known Carcinogen A1 - Confirmed Human Reasonably Anticipated To Carcinogen (as benzene Be A Carcinogen soluble aerosol) Reasonably Anticipated To A2 - Suspected Human Be A Carcinogen (Listed Carcinogen under ``Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons``)

Present

Benzo(a)phenanthrene 218-01-9

Supplement 7, 1987; Monograph 35, 1985

Reasonably Anticipated To Be A Carcinogen Reasonably Anticipated To Be A Carcinogen (Listed under ``Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons``) Known Carcinogen A1 - Confirmed Human Reasonably Anticipated To Carcinogen (as benzene Be A Carcinogen soluble aerosol) A3 - Animal Carcinogen

Present

Notes:

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the National Toxicology Program (NTP) have concluded that certain polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, i.e. (benzo(a)pyrene, benz(a)anthracene, benzo(a)phenanthrene, indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene, benzo(j)fluoranthene, benzo(j,k,fluorine, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, and 5-methylchrysene are probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A and B).

4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Inhalation: If affected, move person to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If not breathing or if no heartbeat, give artificial respiration or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Immediately call a physician. If symptoms or irritation occur with any exposure, call a physician. Wash with soap and large amounts of water. Remove contaminated clothing. If symptoms or irritation occur, call a physician. Ingestion not likely. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting and do not give liquids. Immediately call a physician. Flush eyes with large amounts of tepid water for at least 15 minutes. If symptoms or irritation occur, call a physician.

Skin contact: Ingestion: Eye contact:

Medical conditions aggravated by Preexisting skin conditions, respiratory disorders, and impaired liver function may be exposure: aggravated by exposure to components of this product.

5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

Suitable extinguishing media: For small fires, Class B fire extinguishing media such as CO2, dry chemical, foam (AFFF/ATC) or water spray can be used. For large fires, water spray, fog or foam (AFFT/ATC) can be used. Fire fighting should be attempted only by those who are adequately trained and equipped with proper protective equipment. This product has been determined to be a combustible liquid per the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard and should be handled accordingly. For additional fire related information, see NFPA 30 or the North American Emergency Response Guide 128.

Specific hazards:

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock

Page 4 of 12

Special protective equipment for firefighters:

Avoid using straight water streams. Water spray and foam (AFFF/ATC) must be applied carefully to avoid frothing and from as far a distance as possible. Avoid excessive water spray application. Keep surrounding area cool with water spray from a distance and prevent further ignition of combustible material. Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources. 140 (Min) F 775-870 F No data available. No data available. HMIS classification: Health: 2 Flammability: 2 Reactivity: 1 Special: *See Section 8 for guidance in selection of personal protective equipment.

Flash point: Autoignition temperature: Flammable limits in air - lower (%): Flammable limits in air - upper (%): NFPA rating: Health: 2 Flammability: 2 Reactivity: 1 Other: -

6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions: Keep public away. Isolate and evacuate area. Shut off source if safe to do so. Advise authorities and National Response Center (800-424-8802) if substance has entered a watercourse or sewer. Notify local health and pollution control agencies, if appropriate. Contain liquid with sand or soil. Recover and return product to source.

7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling: Comply with all applicable EPA, OSHA, NFPA and consistent state and local requirements. Use appropriate grounding and bonding practices. Store in properly closed containers that are appropriately labeled and in a cool well-ventilated area. Do not expose to heat, open flames, strong oxidizers or other sources of ignition. Do not cut, drill, grind or weld on empty containers since they may contain explosive residues. This product may flash if product temperature is >140 F. Avoid skin contact. Harmful concentrations of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas can accumulate in excavations and low-lying areas as well as the vapor space of storage and bulk transport compartments. Stay upwind and vent open hatches before unloading. Exercise good personal hygiene including removal of soiled clothing and prompt washing with soap and water.

8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Engineering measures: Respiratory protection: Local or general exhaust required in an enclosed area or when there is inadequate ventilation. Not required under normal conditions and adequate ventilation. Use atmosphere supplying respirators in confined spaces or when vapors exceed permissible limits; otherwise, an organic vapor respirator with pre-filter for fumes can be used. Selfcontained breathing apparatus should be used for fire fighting. Impermeable gloves (e.g., nitrile, viton, tyvek/saranex 23) to prevent skin contact. Goggles and faceshield when handling hot material. Use mechanical ventilation equipment that is explosion-proof. Chemical resistant apron or other protective clothing may be needed to avoid skin contact.

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock Page 5 of 12

Skin and body protection: Eye protection: Hygiene measures:

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES:

Appearance: Physical state (Solid/Liquid/Gas): Substance type (Pure/Mixture): Color: Odor: Molecular weight: pH: Boiling point/range (5-95%): Melting point/range: Decomposition temperature: Specific gravity: Density: Bulk density: Vapor density: Vapor pressure: Evaporation rate: Solubility: Solubility in other solvents: Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): VOC content(%): Viscosity: Light to Dark Brown Liquid Liquid Mixture Light to dark brown. Aromatic Sweet Not determined. Neutral 300-1300 F Not determined. Not applicable. 1.02-1.12 8.5-9.3 lbs/gal No data available. C.A. 7-8 <15 mm Hg No data available. Not determined No data available. No data available. No data available. No data available.

10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Stability: Polymerization: Hazardous decomposition products: Materials to avoid: Conditions to avoid: The material is stable at 70 F, 760 mm pressure. Will not occur. Combustion produces carbon monoxide, aldehydes, aromatic and other hydrocarbons. Strong oxidizers such as nitrates, chlorates, peroxides. Sources of heat or ignition.

11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Acute toxicity: Product information

Name Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock CAS Number 64741-62-4 Inhalation: No data available Dermal: LD50 >2 gm/kg [Rabbit] Oral: LD50 >4 gm/kg [Rat]

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock

Page 6 of 12

Lifetime skin painting studies in animals with catalytically cracked clarified oil (CCCO) have produced tumors in animals following prolonged and repeated skin contact. Repeated dermal application of CCCO (30 mg/kg/day for 13 weeks) in rats resulted in anemia, liver degeneration and injury to bone marrow and lymphoid tissues. 100% mortality was observed at 2000 mg/kg/day within three weeks. Repeated dermal application (30 mg/kg/day) of CCCO to pregnant rats during gestation produced maternal and fetal toxicity. Female rats experienced decreased food consumption and body weight, some deaths and systemic toxicity (liver, thymus and blood). The number of fetal resorptions/deaths was increased and the number of viable offspring decreased at doses of 30 mg/kg/day and above. Many of the developmental effects (anomalies, resorptions and growth inhibition) were observed at doses which produced maternal toxicity. In a separate developmental study, CCCO produced decreases in body weights and food consumption at doses from 10-250 mg/kg/day. Although fertility and reproductive function were not affected, the no observable adverse effect level for CCCO administered dermally was 1 mg/kg/day. Some components of this product were found to be positive in some mutagenicity tests while negative in others. The exact relationship between these results and human health is not known. Summary of health effect data on CCCO components: This product contains >0.1% 3-7 ring polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAC's). Some PACs that have been identified in this product such as benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(a)phenanthrene, benzo(j)fluoranthene and 5-methylchrysene have been shown to be carcinogenic in experimental animals. An increased risk of cancer has been observed in workers employed in the aluminum production, coal gasification, coal-tar pitch, coke production and iron and steel industries that had been occupationally exposed to polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAC). Since these kinds of PACs have been measured at high levels in air samples taken in these idustries, IARC has concluded that these PACs are probably carcinogenic to humans. Hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S) is toxic by inhalation. Prolonged breathing of 50-100 ppm H2S vapors can produce eye and respiratory tract irritation. Higher concentrations (250-600 ppm) for 15-30 minutes can produce headache, dizziness, nervousness, nausea and pulmonary edema or bronchial pneumonia. Concentrations of >1000 ppm will cause immediate unconsciousness and death through respiratory paralysis. Rats and mice exposed to 80 ppm H2S, 6 hrs/day, 5 days/week for 10 weeks, did not produce any toxicity except for irritation of nasal passages. H2S did not affect reproduction and development (birth defects or neurotoxicity) in rats exposed to concentrations of 75-80 ppm or 150 ppm H2S, respectively. Over the years a number of acute cases of H2S poisonings have been reported. Complete and rapid recovery is the general rule. However, if the exposure was sufficiently intense and sustained causing cerebral hypoxia (lack of oxygen to the brain), neurologic effects such as amnesia, intention tremors or brain damage are possible.

12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Ecotoxicity effects: If spilled, hot product and/or the coating action of the oil components could harm plant life. Product can foul shoreline and damage plant life.

13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Cleanup Considerations: This material as supplied and by itself, when discarded or disposed of, is not an EPA RCRA hazardous waste according to federal regulations. This material could become a hazardous waste if mixed or contaminated with a hazardous waste or other substance(s). It is the responsibility of the user to determine if disposal material is hazardous according to federal, state and local regulations.

14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION

49 CFR 172.101: DOT: Transport Information: This material when transported via US commerce would be regulated by DOT Regulations. Hydrocarbons, Liquid, N.O.S. UN 3295

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock Page 7 of 12

Proper shipping name: UN/Identification No:

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Hazard Class: Packing group: DOT reportable quantity (lbs): TDG (Canada): Proper shipping name: UN/Identification No: Hazard Class: Packing group: Regulated substances:

3 III Not applicable.

Hydrocarbons, Liquid, N.O.S. UN 3295 3 III Not applicable.

15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Federal Regulatory Information: US TSCA Chemical Inventory Section 8(b): OSHA Hazard Communication Standard: This product and/or its components are listed on the TSCA Chemical Inventory. This product has been evaluated and determined to be hazardous as defined in OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard.

EPA Superfund Amendment & Reauthorization Act (SARA): SARA Section 302:

Name Catalytic Cracked Clarified Oil 5-methylchrysene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(j)fluoranthene Benzo(a)phenanthrene Sulfur Compounds Hydrogen Sulfide

This product contains the following component(s) that have been listed on EPA's Extremely Hazardous Substance (EHS) List:

CERCLA/SARA - Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances and TPQs NA NA NA NA NA NA hydrogen sulfide

SARA Section 304:

This product contains the following component(s) identified either as an EHS or a CERCLA Hazardous substance which in case of a spill or release may be subject to SARA reporting requirements:

CERCLA/SARA - Hazardous Substances and their Reportable Quantities NA NA = 0.454 kg final RQ = 0.454 kg statutory RQ = 1 lb final RQ = 1 lb statutory RQ = 0.454 kg final RQ = 1 lb final RQ = 0.454 kg final RQ = 0.454 kg statutory RQ = 1 lb final RQ = 1 lb statutory RQ = 100 lb final RQ = 45.4 kg final RQ NA = 100 lb final RQ = 45.4 kg final RQ

Name Catalytic Cracked Clarified Oil 5-methylchrysene Benzo(a)pyrene

Benzo(j)fluoranthene Benzo(a)phenanthrene

Sulfur Compounds Hydrogen Sulfide

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock

Page 8 of 12

SARA Section 311/312:

The following EPA hazard categories apply to this product: Acute Health Hazard Chronic Health Hazard Fire Hazard

SARA Section 313:

Name Catalytic Cracked Clarified Oil 5-methylchrysene

This product contains the following component(s) that may be subject to reporting on the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) From R:

CERCLA/SARA 313 Emission reporting: None = 100 lb Reporting Threshold Chemical Category N590, PBT Chemicals = 100 lb Reporting Threshold Listed under ``Polycyclic aromatic compounds``, Chemical Category N590, PBT Chemicals = 100 lb Reporting Threshold Chemical Category N590, PBT Chemicals = 100 lb Reporting Threshold Listed under ``Polycyclic aromatic compounds``, Chemical Category N590, PBT Chemicals = 100 lb Reporting Threshold Chemical Category N590, PBT Chemicals = 100 lb Reporting Threshold Listed under ``Polycyclic aromatic compounds``, Chemical Category N590, PBT Chemicals = 100 lb Reporting Threshold Chemical Category N590, PBT Chemicals = 100 lb Reporting Threshold Listed under ``Polycyclic aromatic compounds``, Chemical Category N590, PBT Chemicals None None

Benzo(a)pyrene

Benzo(j)fluoranthene

Benzo(a)phenanthrene

Sulfur Compounds Hydrogen Sulfide

State and Community Right-To-Know Regulations: The following component(s) of this material are identified on the regulatory lists below: Catalytic Cracked Clarified Oil Louisiana Right-To-Know: California Proposition 65: New Jersey Right-To-Know: Pennsylvania Right-To-Know: Massachusetts Right-To Know: Florida substance List: Rhode Island Right-To-Know: Michigan critical materials register list: Massachusetts Extraordinarily Hazardous Substances: California - Regulated Carcinogens: Pennsylvania RTK - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Environmental Hazardous Substances List: Illinois - Toxic Air Contaminants New York - Reporting of Releases Part 597 List of Hazardous Substances: 5-methylchrysene Louisiana Right-To-Know: California Proposition 65: New Jersey Right-To-Know: Pennsylvania Right-To-Know: Massachusetts Right-To Know: Florida substance List: Rhode Island Right-To-Know: Michigan critical materials register list: Massachusetts Extraordinarily Hazardous Substances: California - Regulated Carcinogens:

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed. Not Listed. Not Listed. Not Listed. Not Listed Not Listed. Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed

Not Listed carcinogen; initial date 4/1/88 Not Listed. special hazardous substance Carcinogen; Extraordinarily hazardous Not Listed. Not Listed Not Listed. carcinogen; extraordinarily hazardous Not Listed

Page 9 of 12

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock

Pennsylvania RTK - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Environmental Hazardous Substances List:

[present] Not Listed SN 3758 (Polycyclic aromatic compounds category); Category Code N590; report 500 lbs. in combination of any listed chemicals SN 3758; Category Code N590 Present Not Listed

Illinois - Toxic Air Contaminants New York - Reporting of Releases Part 597 List of Hazardous Substances: Benzo(a)pyrene Louisiana Right-To-Know: California Proposition 65: New Jersey Right-To-Know: Pennsylvania Right-To-Know: Massachusetts Right-To Know: Florida substance List: Rhode Island Right-To-Know: Michigan critical materials register list: Massachusetts Extraordinarily Hazardous Substances: California - Regulated Carcinogens: Pennsylvania RTK - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Environmental Hazardous Substances List:

Not Listed carcinogen; initial date 7/1/87 sn 0207 environmental hazard; special hazardous substance special hazardous substance Carcinogen; Extraordinarily hazardous Not Listed. Toxic Annual usage threshold = 10 pounds carcinogen; extraordinarily hazardous Not Listed [present] carcinogen; mutagen SN 3758 (Polycyclic aromatic compounds category); Category Code N590; report 500 lbs. in combination of any listed chemicals SN 3758; Category Code N590 Present = 1 lb Air RQ = 1 lb Land/Water RQ Not Listed carcinogen; initial date 7/1/87 sn 0210 environmental hazard; special hazardous substance Carcinogen; Extraordinarily hazardous Not Listed. Not Listed Not Listed. carcinogen; extraordinarily hazardous Not Listed [present] carcinogen SN 3758 (Polycyclic aromatic compounds category); Category Code N590; report 500 lbs. in combination of any listed chemicals SN 3758; Category Code N590 Present Not Listed

Illinois - Toxic Air Contaminants New York - Reporting of Releases Part 597 List of Hazardous Substances: Benzo(j)fluoranthene Louisiana Right-To-Know: California Proposition 65: New Jersey Right-To-Know: Pennsylvania Right-To-Know: Massachusetts Right-To Know: Florida substance List: Rhode Island Right-To-Know: Michigan critical materials register list: Massachusetts Extraordinarily Hazardous Substances: California - Regulated Carcinogens: Pennsylvania RTK - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Environmental Hazardous Substances List:

Illinois - Toxic Air Contaminants New York - Reporting of Releases Part 597 List of Hazardous Substances: Benzo(a)phenanthrene Louisiana Right-To-Know: California Proposition 65:

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Not Listed carcinogen; initial date 1/1/90

Page 10 of 12

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock

New Jersey Right-To-Know: Pennsylvania Right-To-Know: Massachusetts Right-To Know: Florida substance List: Rhode Island Right-To-Know: Michigan critical materials register list: Massachusetts Extraordinarily Hazardous Substances: California - Regulated Carcinogens: Pennsylvania RTK - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Environmental Hazardous Substances List:

sn 0441 environmental hazard special hazardous substance Carcinogen; Extraordinarily hazardous Not Listed. Toxic Not Listed. carcinogen; extraordinarily hazardous Not Listed [present] carcinogen SN 3758 (Polycyclic aromatic compounds category); Category Code N590; report 500 lbs. in combination of any listed chemicals SN 3758; Category Code N590 Present = 1 lb Land/Water RQ = 100 lbs Air RQ Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed. Not Listed. Not Listed. Not Listed. Not Listed Not Listed. Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed Not Listed

Illinois - Toxic Air Contaminants New York - Reporting of Releases Part 597 List of Hazardous Substances: Sulfur Compounds Louisiana Right-To-Know: California Proposition 65: New Jersey Right-To-Know: Pennsylvania Right-To-Know: Massachusetts Right-To Know: Florida substance List: Rhode Island Right-To-Know: Michigan critical materials register list: Massachusetts Extraordinarily Hazardous Substances: California - Regulated Carcinogens: Pennsylvania RTK - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Environmental Hazardous Substances List: Illinois - Toxic Air Contaminants New York - Reporting of Releases Part 597 List of Hazardous Substances: Hydrogen Sulfide Louisiana Right-To-Know: California Proposition 65: New Jersey Right-To-Know: Pennsylvania Right-To-Know: Massachusetts Right-To Know: Florida substance List: Rhode Island Right-To-Know: Michigan critical materials register list: Massachusetts Extraordinarily Hazardous Substances: California - Regulated Carcinogens: Pennsylvania RTK - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Special Hazardous Substances: New Jersey - Environmental Hazardous Substances List:

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Not Listed Not Listed sn 1017 environmental hazard Extraordinarily hazardous Not Listed. Toxic, Flammable Not Listed. extraordinarily hazardous Not Listed Not Listed flammable - fourth degree SN 1017

Page 11 of 12

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock

Illinois - Toxic Air Contaminants New York - Reporting of Releases Part 597 List of Hazardous Substances: Canadian Regulatory Information: Canada DSL/NDSL Inventory:

Not Listed = 100 lbs Air RQ = 100 lbs Land/Water RQ

This product and/or its components are listed either on the Domestic Substances List (DSL) or the Non Domestic Substance List (NDSL).

Canada - WHMIS: Classifications of Substances: D2A D2A D2A Uncontrolled product according to WHMIS classification criteria. A; B1; D1A; D2B Canada - WHMIS: Ingredient Disclosure: 1% (English Item 1032, French Item 1124) 0.1% (English Item 163, French Item 287) 0.1% (English Item 411, French Item 1721) 0.1% (English Item 405, French Item 562) 0.1% (English Item 411, French Item 1721) 1% (English Item 851, French Item 1550)

Name 5-methylchrysene Benzo(a)pyrene Benzo(j)fluoranthene Benzo(a)phenanthrene

Hydrogen Sulfide

16. OTHER INFORMATION

Additional Information: The pronounced and easily-recognized rotten egg odor of hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S) can be detected at concentrations as low as 0.003-0.13 ppm. Since higher H2S concentrations (100-200 ppm) cause olfactory fatigue and other hydrocarbon odors can "mask" H2S, the sense of smell cannot be used as a reliable indicator of H2S exposure. Craig M. Parker Manager, Toxicology and Product Safety

Prepared by:

The information and recommendations contained herein are based upon tests believed to be reliable. However, Marathon Petroleum Company LLC (MPC) does not guarantee their accuracy or completeness nor shall any of this information constitute a warranty, whether expressed or implied, as to the safety of the goods, the merchantability of the goods, or the fitness of the goods for a particular purpose. Adjustment to conform to actual conditions of usage maybe required. MPC assumes no responsibility for results obtained or for incidental or consequential damages, including lost profits arising from the use of these data. No warranty against infringement of any patent, copyright or trademark is made or implied. End of Safety Data Sheet

MSDS ID NO.: 0161MAR019

Product name: Marathon Carbonblack Feedstock

Page 12 of 12

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS)

NOT OSHA HAZARDOUS NOT WHMIS CONTROLLED

BS242 -- LIST 7 8811 Prospect Avenue, K.C., MO 64132 (816) 333-8811, Fax (816) 363-0130, (800) 821-5525 PRODUCT NAME: Ion Exchange Resin Date Issued: 11/08/88 Formula: Not applicable Code: 69855 Key: 891090-3

DOT Hazard Class NON-REGULATED

Chemical Name or Synonyms: Mixed bed ion exchange resin (hydrogen and hydroxide forms) SECTION 1 -- COMPOSITIONAL INFORMATION Anion/Cation exchange resin Water CAS Reg. No. R&H OSHA ACGIH NONHAZ 35-50 NE NE NE NONHAZ 50-65 NE NE NE NE=None established SECTION 2 -- PHYSICAL PROPERTY INFORMATION

APPEARANCE -- ODOR -- Ph Viscosity

Beads; pH (aqueous slurry) = 5 to 9

MELTING OR FREEZING POINT BOILING POINT VAPOR PRESSURE mmHg

NA

VAPOR DENSITY (AIR=1)

OC/32F (WATER)

SOLUBILITY IN WATER

100C/212F (water)

PERCENT VOLATILE &BY WEIGHT)

17 @20C (water)

SPECIFIC GRAVITY (WATER-1)

Less than 1 (water)

EVAPORATION RATE (BUTYL ACETATE-1)

Negligible

50-65 (water) 1.1.-1.3 Less than 1 (water) SECTION 3 FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD INFORMATION

FLASH POINT AUTO IGNITION TEMPERATURE LOWER EXPLOSION LIMIT (%) UPPER EXPLOSION LIMIT (%)

NA

EXTINGUISHING MEDIA

500C/932F (EST.) Alcohol Foam X CO2 X

NA Dry Chemical X Water Spray

NA Other

Foam

SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus (pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH-approved or equivalent) and full protective gear.

UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS

Toxic combustion products may include alkylamines and oxides of sulfur and nitrogen.

SECTION 4 -- HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

ROHM AND HAAS RECOMMENDED WORK PLACE EXPOSURE LIMITS

STEL = Non established.

EFFECTS OF OVEREXPOSURE

Eye Contact: Product can cause eye irritation.

EMERGENCY AND FIRST AIR PROCEDURES

Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with large amounts of water and continue for at least 15 minutes. Get prompt medical attention. SECTION 5 REACTIVITY INFORMATION

STABILITY CONDITIONS TO AVOID

X

Stable

Unstable

Temperatures over 200C/392F

HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: Thermal decomposition may yield styrene and divinylbenzene monomers, alkylamines and oxides of nitrogen. HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION

MAY OCCUR

CONDITIONS TO AVOID

X

WILL NOT OCCUR

None known

Labconco MSDS Sheet 10273

1 of 2

INCOMPATIBILITY (MATERIALS TO AVOID)

WATER

X

OTHER

Avoid contact with concentrated nitric acid or any other strong oxidizing agent at all times.

SECTION 6 -- SPILL OR LEAK PROCEDURE INFORMATION

STEPS TO BE TAKEN IN CASE MATERIAL IS RELEASED OR SPILLED

Floor may be slippery. Use care to avoid falls. Sweep up and transfer to containers for recovery or disposal.

WASTE DISPOSAL METHODS

Unused resin may be incinerated or landfilled in facilities meeting local, state and federal regulations. For contaminated resin, the user must determine the hazard and use an appropriate disposal method.

SECTION 7 -- SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION

VENTILATION TYPE

Normal room ventilation.

RESPIRATORY PROTECTION

None required for normal operations.

PROTECTIVE GLOVES EYE PROTECTION

None required Eyewash facility

Safety glasses (ANSI Z-87.1 or approved equivalent)

OTHER PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

SECTION 8 -- STORAGE AND HANDLING INFORMATION

STORAGE TEMPERATURE INDOOR HEATED REFRIGERATED OUTDOOR

max. 49C/120F min. OC/32F

YES

YES

NOTE: Store at ambient temperatures. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. NOTE: Ground ion exchange resins should be treated as potential eye irritants. A finely ground form of a structurally related strong acid cation exchange resin produced severe rabbit eye irritation. NOTE: The maximum operating temperature recommended for this product is 60C/140F. Functional group destruction and loss of capacity will occur above this temperature.

SECTION 9 -- TOXICITY INFORMATION

No toxicity data available for this product.

SECTION 10 -- MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION

Caution: Do not pack column with dry ion exchange resins. Dry beads expand when wetted; this expansion can cause a glass column to shatter. Caution: Nitric acid and other strong oxidizing agents can cause explosive-type reactions when mixed with ion exchange resins. Proper design of equipment to prevent rapid build-up of pressure is necessary if use of an oxidizing agent such as nitric acid is contemplated. Before using strong oxidizing agents in contact with ion exchange beads, consult sources knowledgeable in handling these materials.

NA -- Not Applicable C -- Ceiling value Key 906545-0 Date of Issue 11/07/88 Supersedes 8/31/87

The information contained herein is based on data considered accurate. However, no warranty is expressed or implied regarding the accuracy of these data or the results to be obtained from the use thereof. Labconco Corporation assumes no responsibility for personal injury or property damage to vendees. Users or third parties caused by the material. Such vendees or users assume all risks associated with the use of the material.

HAZARD RATING 4 - EXTREME 3 -- HIGH 2 -- MODERATE 1 -- SLIGHT 0 -- INSIGNIFICANT

**SEE SECTION 4

fire 1 toxicity

1 0

reactivity

special 2 of 2

Labconco MSDS Sheet 10273

Material Safety Data Sheet

Hydrochloric acid MSDS

Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification

Product Name: Hydrochloric acid Catalog Codes: SLH1462, SLH3154 CAS#: Mixture. RTECS: MW4025000 TSCA: TSCA 8(b) inventory: Hydrochloric acid CI#: Not applicable. Synonym: Hydrochloric Acid; Muriatic Acid Chemical Name: Not applicable. Chemical Formula: Not applicable. Contact Information: Sciencelab.com, Inc. 14025 Smith Rd. Houston, Texas 77396 US Sales: 1-800-901-7247 International Sales: 1-281-441-4400 Order Online: ScienceLab.com CHEMTREC (24HR Emergency Telephone), call: 1-800-424-9300 International CHEMTREC, call: 1-703-527-3887 For non-emergency assistance, call: 1-281-441-4400

Section 2: Composition and Information on Ingredients

Composition: Name Hydrogen chloride Water CAS # 7647-01-0 7732-18-5 % by Weight 20-38 62-80

Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Hydrogen chloride: GAS (LC50): Acute: 4701 ppm 0.5 hours [Rat].

Section 3: Hazards Identification

Potential Acute Health Effects: Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of eye contact (irritant, corrosive), of ingestion, . Slightly hazardous in case of inhalation (lung sensitizer). Non-corrosive for lungs. Liquid or spray mist may produce tissue damage particularly on mucous membranes of eyes, mouth and respiratory tract. Skin contact may produce burns. Inhalation of the spray mist may produce severe irritation of respiratory tract, characterized by coughing, choking, or shortness of breath. Severe over-exposure can result in death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering. Potential Chronic Health Effects: Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (sensitizer). CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Classified 3 (Not classifiable for human.) by IARC [Hydrochloric acid]. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.

p. 1

TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. The substance may be toxic to kidneys, liver, mucous membranes, upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes, Circulatory System, teeth. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated or prolonged contact with spray mist may produce chronic eye irritation and severe skin irritation. Repeated or prolonged exposure to spray mist may produce respiratory tract irritation leading to frequent attacks of bronchial infection. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.

Section 4: First Aid Measures

Eye Contact: Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention immediately. Skin Contact: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Cold water may be used.Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention immediately. Serious Skin Contact: Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek immediate medical attention. Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention immediately. Serious Inhalation: Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek immediate medical attention. Ingestion: If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical attention immediately. Serious Ingestion: Not available.

Section 5: Fire and Explosion Data

Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable. Auto-Ignition Temperature: Not applicable. Flash Points: Not applicable. Flammable Limits: Not applicable. Products of Combustion: Not available. Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: of metals Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Non-explosive in presence of open flames and sparks, of shocks. Fire Fighting Media and Instructions: Not applicable.

p. 2

Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: Non combustible. Calcium carbide reacts with hydrogen chloride gas with incandescence. Uranium phosphide reacts with hydrochloric acid to release spontaneously flammable phosphine. Rubidium acetylene carbides burns with slightly warm hydrochloric acid. Lithium silicide in contact with hydrogen chloride becomes incandescent. When dilute hydrochloric acid is used, gas spontaneously flammable in air is evolved. Magnesium boride treated with concentrated hydrochloric acid produces spontaneously flammble gas. Cesium acetylene carbide burns hydrogen chloride gas. Cesium carbide ignites in contact with hydrochloric acid unless acid is dilute. Reacts with most metals to produce flammable Hydrodgen gas. Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: Hydrogen chloride in contact with the following can cause an explosion, ignition on contact, or other violent/vigorous reaction: Acetic anhydride AgClO + CCl4 Alcohols + hydrogen cyanide, Aluminum Aluminum-titanium alloys (with HCl vapor), 2-Amino ethanol, Ammonium hydroxide, Calcium carbide Ca3P2 Chlorine + dinitroanilines (evolves gas), Chlorosulfonic acid Cesium carbide Cesium acetylene carbide, 1,1-Difluoroethylene Ethylene diamine Ethylene imine, Fluorine, HClO4 Hexalithium disilicide H2SO4 Metal acetylides or carbides, Magnesium boride, Mercuric sulfate, Oleum, Potassium permanganate, beta-Propiolactone Propylene oxide Rubidium carbide, Rubidium, acetylene carbide Sodium (with aqueous HCl), Sodium hydroxide Sodium tetraselenium, Sulfonic acid, Tetraselenium tetranitride, U3P4 , Vinyl acetate. Silver perchlorate with carbon tetrachloride in the presence of hydrochloric acid produces trichloromethyl perchlorate which detonates at 40 deg. C.

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

Small Spill: Dilute with water and mop up, or absorb with an inert dry material and place in an appropriate waste disposal container. If necessary: Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of sodium carbonate. Large Spill: Corrosive liquid. Poisonous liquid. Stop leak if without risk. Absorb with DRY earth, sand or other non-combustible material. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray curtain to divert vapor drift. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Call for assistance on disposal. Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of sodium carbonate. Be careful that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.

Section 7: Handling and Storage

Precautions: Keep locked up.. Keep container dry. Do not ingest. Do not breathe gas/fumes/ vapor/spray. Never add water to this product. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, organic materials, metals, alkalis, moisture. May corrode metallic surfaces. Store in a metallic or coated fiberboard drum using a strong polyethylene inner package. Storage: Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area.

Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Engineering Controls: Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne concentrations of vapors below their respective threshold limit value. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are proximal to the work-station location. Personal Protection:

p. 3

Face shield. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Gloves. Boots. Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill: Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product. Exposure Limits: CEIL: 5 (ppm) from OSHA (PEL) [United States] CEIL: 7 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United States] CEIL: 5 from NIOSH CEIL: 7 (mg/m3) from NIOSH TWA: 1 STEL: 5 (ppm) [United Kingdom (UK)] TWA: 2 STEL: 8 (mg/m3) [United Kingdom (UK)]Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.

Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical state and appearance: Liquid. Odor: Pungent. Irritating (Strong.) Taste: Not available. Molecular Weight: Not applicable. Color: Colorless to light yellow. pH (1% soln/water): Acidic. Boiling Point: 108.58 C @ 760 mm Hg (for 20.22% HCl in water) 83 C @ 760 mm Hg (for 31% HCl in water) 50.5 C (for 37% HCl in water) Melting Point: -62.25°C (-80°F) (20.69% HCl in water) -46.2 C (31.24% HCl in water) -25.4 C (39.17% HCl in water) Critical Temperature: Not available. Specific Gravity: 1.1- 1.19 (Water = 1) 1.10 (20%and 22% HCl solutions) 1.12 (24% HCl solution) 1.15 (29.57% HCl solution) 1.16 (32% HCl solution) 1.19 (37% and 38%HCl solutions) Vapor Pressure: 16 kPa (@ 20°C) average Vapor Density: 1.267 (Air = 1) Volatility: Not available. Odor Threshold: 0.25 to 10 ppm Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available. Ionicity (in Water): Not available. p. 4

Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water, diethyl ether. Solubility: Soluble in cold water, hot water, diethyl ether.

Section 10: Stability and Reactivity Data

Stability: The product is stable. Instability Temperature: Not available. Conditions of Instability: Incompatible materials, water Incompatibility with various substances: Highly reactive with metals. Reactive with oxidizing agents, organic materials, alkalis, water. Corrosivity: Extremely corrosive in presence of aluminum, of copper, of stainless steel(304), of stainless steel(316). Non-corrosive in presence of glass. Special Remarks on Reactivity: Reacts with water especially when water is added to the product. Absorption of gaseous hydrogen chloride on mercuric sulfate becomes violent @ 125 deg. C. Sodium reacts very violently with gaseous hydrogen chloride. Calcium phosphide and hydrochloric acid undergo very energetic reaction. It reacts with oxidizers releasing chlorine gas. Incompatible with, alkali metals, carbides, borides, metal oxides, vinyl acetate, acetylides, sulphides, phosphides, cyanides, carbonates. Reacts with most metals to produce flammable Hydrogen gas. Reacts violently (moderate reaction with heat of evolution) with water especially when water is added to the product. Isolate hydrogen chloride from heat, direct sunlight, alkalies (reacts vigorously), organic materials, and oxidizers (especially nitric acid and chlorates), amines, metals, copper and alloys (e.g. brass), hydroxides, zinc (galvanized materials), lithium silicide (incandescence), sulfuric acid(increase in temperature and pressure) Hydrogen chloride gas is emitted when this product is in contact with sulfuric acid. Adsorption of Hydrochloric Acid onto silicon dioxide results in exothmeric reaction. Hydrogen chloride causes aldehydes and epoxides to violently polymerize. Hydrogen chloride or Hydrochloric Acid in contact with the folloiwng can cause explosion or ignition on contact or Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Highly corrosive. Incompatible with copper and copper alloys. It attacks nearly all metals (mercury, gold, platinium, tantalum, silver, and certain alloys are exceptions). It is one of the most corrosive of the nonoxidizing acids in contact with copper alloys. No corrosivity data on zinc, steel. Severe Corrosive effect on brass and bronze Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11: Toxicological Information

Routes of Entry: Absorbed through skin. Dermal contact. Eye contact. Inhalation. Toxicity to Animals: Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 900 mg/kg [Rabbit]. Acute toxicity of the vapor (LC50): 1108 ppm, 1 hours [Mouse]. Acute toxicity of the vapor (LC50): 3124 ppm, 1 hours [Rat]. Chronic Effects on Humans: CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Classified 3 (Not classifiable for human.) by IARC [Hydrochloric acid]. May cause damage to the following organs: kidneys, liver, mucous membranes, upper respiratory tract, skin,

p. 5

eyes, Circulatory System, teeth. Other Toxic Effects on Humans: Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of ingestion, . Hazardous in case of eye contact (corrosive), of inhalation (lung corrosive). Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Lowest Published Lethal Doses (LDL/LCL) LDL [Man] -Route: Oral; 2857 ug/kg LCL [Human] - Route: Inhalation; Dose: 1300 ppm/30M LCL [Rabbit] - Route: Inhalation; Dose: 4413 ppm/30M Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans: May cause adverse reproductive effects (fetoxicity). May affect genetic material. Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans: Acute Potential Health Effects: Skin: Corrosive. Causes severe skin irritation and burns. Eyes: Corrosive. Causes severe eye irritation/conjuntivitis, burns, corneal necrosis. Inhalation: May be fatal if inhaled. Material is extremely destructive to tissue of the mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract. Inhalation of hydrochloric acid fumes produces nose, throat, and larryngeal burning, and irritation, pain and inflammation, coughing, sneezing, choking sensation, hoarseness, laryngeal spasms, upper respiratory tract edema, chest pains, as well has headache, and palpitations. Inhalation of high concentrations can result in corrosive burns, necrosis of bronchial epithelium, constriction of the larynx and bronchi, nasospetal perforation, glottal closure, occur, particularly if exposure is prolonged. May affect the liver. Ingestion: May be fatal if swallowed. Causes irritation and burning, ulceration, or perforation of the gastrointestinal tract and resultant peritonitis, gastric hemorrhage and infection. Can also cause nausea, vomitting (with "coffee ground" emesis), diarrhea, thirst, difficulty swallowing, salivation, chills, fever, uneasiness, shock, strictures and stenosis (esophogeal, gastric, pyloric). May affect behavior (excitement), the cardiovascular system (weak rapid pulse, tachycardia), respiration (shallow respiration), and urinary system (kidneys- renal failure, nephritis). Acute exposure via inhalation or ingestion can also cause erosion of tooth enamel. Chronic Potential Health Effects: dyspnea, bronchitis. Chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema can also

Section 12: Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity: Not available. BOD5 and COD: Not available. Products of Biodegradation: Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may arise. Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The products of degradation are less toxic than the product itself. Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available.

Section 13: Disposal Considerations

Waste Disposal: Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations.

Section 14: Transport Information

p. 6

DOT Classification: Class 8: Corrosive material Identification: : Hydrochloric acid, solution UNNA: 1789 PG: II Special Provisions for Transport: Not available.

Section 15: Other Regulatory Information

Federal and State Regulations: Connecticut hazardous material survey.: Hydrochloric acid Illinois toxic substances disclosure to employee act: Hydrochloric acid Illinois chemical safety act: Hydrochloric acid New York release reporting list: Hydrochloric acid Rhode Island RTK hazardous substances: Hydrochloric acid Pennsylvania RTK: Hydrochloric acid Minnesota: Hydrochloric acid Massachusetts RTK: Hydrochloric acid Massachusetts spill list: Hydrochloric acid New Jersey: Hydrochloric acid New Jersey spill list: Hydrochloric acid Louisiana RTK reporting list: Hydrochloric acid Louisiana spill reporting: Hydrochloric acid California Director's List of Hazardous Substances: Hydrochloric acid TSCA 8(b) inventory: Hydrochloric acid TSCA 4(a) proposed test rules: Hydrochloric acid SARA 302/304/311/312 extremely hazardous substances: Hydrochloric acid SARA 313 toxic chemical notification and release reporting: Hydrochloric acid CERCLA: Hazardous substances.: Hydrochloric acid: 5000 lbs. (2268 kg) Other Regulations: OSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). EINECS: This product is on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances. Other Classifications: WHMIS (Canada): CLASS D-2A: Material causing other toxic effects (VERY TOXIC). CLASS E: Corrosive liquid. DSCL (EEC): R34- Causes burns. R37- Irritating to respiratory system. S26- In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S45- In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). HMIS (U.S.A.): Health Hazard: 3 Fire Hazard: 0 Reactivity: 1 Personal Protection: National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.):

p. 7

Health: 3 Flammability: 0 Reactivity: 1 Specific hazard: Protective Equipment: Gloves. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Face shield.

Section 16: Other Information

References: -Hawley, G.G.. The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11e ed., New York N.Y., Van Nostrand Reinold, 1987. -SAX, N.I. Dangerous Properties of Indutrial Materials. Toronto, Van Nostrand Reinold, 6e ed. 1984. -The Sigma-Aldrich Library of Chemical Safety Data, Edition II. -Guide de la loi et du règlement sur le transport des marchandises dangeureuses au canada. Centre de conformité internatinal Ltée. 1986. Other Special Considerations: Not available. Created: 10/09/2005 05:45 PM Last Updated: 10/09/2005 05:45 PM The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall ScienceLab.com be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if ScienceLab.com has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

p. 8

Material Safety Data Sheet

Kerosene MSDS

Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification

Product Name: Kerosene Catalog Codes: SLK1048 CAS#: 8008-20-6 or 64742-81-0 RTECS: OA5500000 TSCA: TSCA 8(b) inventory: Kerosene CI#: Not available. Synonym: Astral Oil; Coal Oil, Fuel Oil No. 5, Deobase, Astral Oil, Jet A Fuel; Jet Fuel JP-1; JP-5 Navy Fuel; Kerosine, petroleum; Range Oil; K1 Kerosene; Kerosene, hydrodesulfurized; Kerosine Chemical Name: Kerosene Chemical Formula: Not available. Contact Information: Sciencelab.com, Inc. 14025 Smith Rd. Houston, Texas 77396 US Sales: 1-800-901-7247 International Sales: 1-281-441-4400 Order Online: ScienceLab.com CHEMTREC (24HR Emergency Telephone), call: 1-800-424-9300 International CHEMTREC, call: 1-703-527-3887 For non-emergency assistance, call: 1-281-441-4400

Section 2: Composition and Information on Ingredients

Composition: Name Kerosene CAS # 8008-20-6 or 64742-81-0 Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Kerosene: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 15000 mg/kg [Rat]. 20000 mg/kg [Guinea pig]. 2835 mg/kg [Rabbit]. % by Weight 100

Section 3: Hazards Identification

Potential Acute Health Effects: Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of eye contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator). Severe over-exposure can result in death. Potential Chronic Health Effects: Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (sensitizer). CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast. TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available.

p. 1

DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available. The substance is toxic to the nervous system. The substance may be toxic to blood, kidneys, liver, central nervous system (CNS). Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure to a highly toxic material may produce general deterioration of health by an accumulation in one or many human organs.

Section 4: First Aid Measures

Eye Contact: Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Get medical attention. Skin Contact: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention. Serious Skin Contact: Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek immediate medical attention. Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention immediately. Serious Inhalation: Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek immediate medical attention. Ingestion: If swallowed, do NOT induce vomiting. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical attention immediately. Serious Ingestion: Not available.

Section 5: Fire and Explosion Data

Flammability of the Product: Flammable. Auto-Ignition Temperature: 210°C (410°F) Flash Points: CLOSED CUP: 38°C (100.4°F). (Tagliabue.) Flammable Limits: LOWER: 0.7% UPPER: 5% - 7% Products of Combustion: Not available. Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Flammable in presence of open flames and sparks, of heat. Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available. Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available. Fire Fighting Media and Instructions: Flammable liquid, insoluble in water.

p. 2

SMALL FIRE: Use DRY chemical powder. LARGE FIRE: Use water spray or fog. Cool containing vessels with water jet in order to prevent pressure build-up, autoignition or explosion. Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: Not available. Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: Not available.

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

Small Spill: Absorb with an inert material and put the spilled material in an appropriate waste disposal. Large Spill: Toxic flammable liquid, insoluble or very slightly soluble in water. Poisonous liquid. Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Stop leak if without risk. Absorb with DRY earth, sand or other non-combustible material. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Call for assistance on disposal.

Section 7: Handling and Storage

Precautions: Keep locked up.. Keep away from heat. Keep away from sources of ignition. Ground all equipment containing material. Do not ingest. Do not breathe gas/fumes/ vapor/spray. Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents. Storage: Store in a segregated and approved area. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. Avoid all possible sources of ignition (spark or flame).

Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Engineering Controls: Provide exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep the airborne concentrations of vapors below their respective threshold limit value. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are proximal to the work-station location. Personal Protection: Splash goggles. Lab coat. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Gloves. Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill: Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product. Exposure Limits: Not available.

Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical state and appearance: Liquid. (Oily liquid.) Odor: Not available. Taste: Not available.

p. 3

Molecular Weight: Not available. Color: Yellow. Clear (Light.) pH (1% soln/water): Not applicable. Boiling Point: 149°C (300.2°F) - 325 C Melting Point: Not available. Critical Temperature: Not available. Specific Gravity: 0.775 - .840(Water = 1) Vapor Pressure: 0.1 kPa (@ 20°C) Vapor Density: 4.5 (Air = 1) Volatility: Not available. Odor Threshold: Not available. Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available. Ionicity (in Water): Not available. Dispersion Properties: Not available. Solubility: Insoluble in cold water, hot water. Miscible with other petroleum solvents

Section 10: Stability and Reactivity Data

Stability: The product is stable. Instability Temperature: Not available. Conditions of Instability: Heat, ignition sources (sparks, flames), incompatible materials Incompatibility with various substances: Reactive with oxidizing agents. Corrosivity: Not considered to be corrosive for metals and glass. Special Remarks on Reactivity: Not available. Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Not available. Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11: Toxicological Information

Routes of Entry: Absorbed through skin. Eye contact. Toxicity to Animals: Acute oral toxicity (LD50): 2835 mg/kg [Rabbit]. Chronic Effects on Humans: MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast. Causes damage to the following organs: the nervous system.

p. 4

May cause damage to the following organs: blood, kidneys, liver, central nervous system (CNS). Other Toxic Effects on Humans: Hazardous in case of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation (lung irritant). Slightly hazardous in case of skin contact (permeator). Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Not available. Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans: May affect genetic material (mutagenic) Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans: Acute Potential Health Effects: Skin: Causes moderate to severe skin irritation. It can cause defatting dermatitis. Eyes: May cause eye irritation. Inhalation: May cause respiratory tract and mucous membrane irritation and a burning sensation in the chest. Because of its relatively low volatility, overexposure by inhalation is uncommon, but it can occur in poorly ventilated areas or by inhalation of mists or aerosols. Symptoms of inhalation overexposure include central nevous system (CNS) depression (transient euphora, headache, irritability, excitement, ringing in the ears, weakness, incoordination, confusion, disorientation, drowsiness, tremor, somnolence, hallucinations, seizures, coma, death). May affect the heart (cardiac arrythmias), liver, kidneys, and respiration( asphyxia, apnea, acute pulmonary edema, dyspnea, fibrosis, or cyanosis) Ingestion: Causes gastrointestinal tract irritation with burning sensation in mouth, esophagus, and stomach, abdominalpain,nausea,vomiting,hypermotility,diarrhea,headache,malaise.Mayaf fect respiration/trachea/bronchi through accidental pulmonary aspiration which can cause hypoxia, chemical pneumonitis, and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemmorrhage, coughing, breathing difficulty, acute or chronic pulmonary edema, emphysema, respiratory stimulation. It may also affect the heart (dysrrhythmias, myocardial depression, tachycardia), liver, endocrine system (pancreas - hypoglycemia), behavior/central nervous system (symptoms similar to that of inhalation). Chronic Potential Health Effects: Inhalation: Repeated or prolonged inhalation may cause respiratory tract irritation and affect behavior/central nervous system with symptoms similar to that of acute inhalation. It may also affect the blood (changes in white blood cell count, changes in serum compositon, pigmented or nucleated red blood cells, leukopenia, normocytic anemia) , cardiovascular system, respiratory system (trachea, bronchi), and may cause kidney damage. Ingestion: Repeated or prolonged ingestion may affect the liver, endocrine system (adrenal gland, pancreas, spleen), and metabolism (weight loss), and blood. Skin: Repeated or prolonged skin contact may cause defatting dermatitis, erythema, and eczema-like skin lesions, drying and cracking of the skin, and possible burns.

Section 12: Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity: Not available. BOD5 and COD: Not available. Products of Biodegradation: Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may arise. Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: Not available. Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available.

Section 13: Disposal Considerations

Waste Disposal: Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations.

p. 5

Section 14: Transport Information

DOT Classification: CLASS 3: Flammable liquid. Identification: : Kerosene UNNA: 1223 PG: III Special Provisions for Transport: Not available.

Section 15: Other Regulatory Information

Federal and State Regulations: Connecticut hazardous material survey.: Kerosene Rhode Island RTK hazardous substances: Kerosene Pennsylvania RTK: Kerosene Massachusetts RTK: Kerosene Massachusetts spill list: Kerosene New Jersey: Kerosene TSCA 8(b) inventory: Kerosene Other Regulations: OSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). EINECS: This product is on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances. Other Classifications: WHMIS (Canada): CLASS B-3: Combustible liquid with a flash point between 37.8°C (100°F) and 93.3°C (200°F). CLASS D-2B: Material causing other toxic effects (TOXIC). DSCL (EEC): R10- Flammable. R65- Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed. S23- Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray S24- Avoid contact with skin. S62- If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label. HMIS (U.S.A.): Health Hazard: 2 Fire Hazard: 2 Reactivity: 0 Personal Protection: h National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.): Health: 0 Flammability: 2 Reactivity: 0 Specific hazard: Protective Equipment:

p. 6

Gloves. Lab coat. Vapor respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Splash goggles.

Section 16: Other Information

References: Not available. Other Special Considerations: Not available. Created: 10/09/2005 05:54 PM Last Updated: 10/09/2005 05:54 PM The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall ScienceLab.com be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if ScienceLab.com has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

p. 7

Material Safety Data Sheet

Sodium hydroxide MSDS

Section 1: Chemical Product and Company Identification

Product Name: Sodium hydroxide Catalog Codes: SLS3298, SLS1081, SLS2503, SLS3925, SLS1705 CAS#: 1310-73-2 RTECS: WB4900000 TSCA: TSCA 8(b) inventory: Sodium hydroxide CI#: Not available. Synonym: Caustic Soda Chemical Name: Sodium Hydroxide Chemical Formula: NaOH Contact Information: Sciencelab.com, Inc. 14025 Smith Rd. Houston, Texas 77396 US Sales: 1-800-901-7247 International Sales: 1-281-441-4400 Order Online: ScienceLab.com CHEMTREC (24HR Emergency Telephone), call: 1-800-424-9300 International CHEMTREC, call: 1-703-527-3887 For non-emergency assistance, call: 1-281-441-4400

Section 2: Composition and Information on Ingredients

Composition: Name Sodium hydroxide CAS # 1310-73-2 % by Weight 100

Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Sodium hydroxide LD50: Not available. LC50: Not available.

Section 3: Hazards Identification

Potential Acute Health Effects: Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of eye contact (irritant, corrosive), of ingestion, of inhalation. The amount of tissue damage depends on length of contact. Eye contact can result in corneal damage or blindness. Skin contact can produce inflammation and blistering. Inhalation of dust will produce irritation to gastro-intestinal or respiratory tract, characterized by burning, sneezing and coughing. Severe over-exposure can produce lung damage, choking, unconsciousness or death. Inflammation of the eye is characterized by redness, watering, and itching. Skin inflammation is characterized by itching, scaling, reddening, or, occasionally, blistering. Potential Chronic Health Effects: CARCINOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. TERATOGENIC EFFECTS: Not available. DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: Not available.

p. 1

The substance may be toxic to mucous membranes, upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes. Repeated or prolonged exposure to the substance can produce target organs damage. Repeated exposure of the eyes to a low level of dust can produce eye irritation. Repeated skin exposure can produce local skin destruction, or dermatitis. Repeated inhalation of dust can produce varying degree of respiratory irritation or lung damage.

Section 4: First Aid Measures

Eye Contact: Check for and remove any contact lenses. In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Cold water may be used. Get medical attention immediately. Skin Contact: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Cover the irritated skin with an emollient. Cold water may be used.Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse. Get medical attention immediately. Serious Skin Contact: Wash with a disinfectant soap and cover the contaminated skin with an anti-bacterial cream. Seek medical attention. Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention immediately. Serious Inhalation: Evacuate the victim to a safe area as soon as possible. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. If breathing is difficult, administer oxygen. If the victim is not breathing, perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. WARNING: It may be hazardous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation when the inhaled material is toxic, infectious or corrosive. Seek immediate medical attention. Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If large quantities of this material are swallowed, call a physician immediately. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Serious Ingestion: Not available.

Section 5: Fire and Explosion Data

Flammability of the Product: Non-flammable. Auto-Ignition Temperature: Not applicable. Flash Points: Not applicable. Flammable Limits: Not applicable. Products of Combustion: Not available. Fire Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: metals Explosion Hazards in Presence of Various Substances: Risks of explosion of the product in presence of mechanical impact: Not available. Risks of explosion of the product in presence of static discharge: Not available. Slightly explosive in presence of heat. Fire Fighting Media and Instructions: Not available Special Remarks on Fire Hazards: sodium hydroxide + zinc metal dust causes ignition of the latter. p. 2

Under proper conditions of temperature, pressure and state of division, it can ignite or react violently with acetaldehyde, ally alcohol, allyl chloride, benzene-1,4-diol, chlorine trifluoride, 1,2 dichlorethylene, nitroethane, nitromethane, nitroparaffins, nitropropane, cinnamaldehyde, 2,2-dichloro-3,3-dimethylbutane. Sodium hydroxide in contact with water may generate enough heat to ignite adjacent combustible materials. Phosphorous boiled with NaOH yields mixed phosphines which may ignite spontanously in air. sodium hydroxide and cinnamaldehyde + heat may cause ignition. Reaction with certain metals releases flammable and explosive hydrogen gas. Special Remarks on Explosion Hazards: Sodium hydroxide reacts to form explosive products with ammonia + silver nitrate. Benzene extract of allyl benzenesulfonate prepared from allyl alcohol, and benzene sulfonyl chloride in presence of aquesous sodium hydroxide, under vacuum distillation, residue darkened and exploded. Sodium Hydroxde + impure tetrahydrofuran, which can contain peroxides, can cause serious explosions. Dry mixtures of sodium hydroxide and sodium tetrahydroborate liberate hydrogen explosively at 230-270 deg. C. Sodium Hydroxide reacts with sodium salt of trichlorophenol + methyl alcohol + trichlorobenzene + heat to cause an explosion.

Section 6: Accidental Release Measures

Small Spill: Use appropriate tools to put the spilled solid in a convenient waste disposal container. If necessary: Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of acetic acid. Large Spill: Corrosive solid. Stop leak if without risk. Do not get water inside container. Do not touch spilled material. Use water spray to reduce vapors. Prevent entry into sewers, basements or confined areas; dike if needed. Call for assistance on disposal. Neutralize the residue with a dilute solution of acetic acid. Be careful that the product is not present at a concentration level above TLV. Check TLV on the MSDS and with local authorities.

Section 7: Handling and Storage

Precautions: Keep container dry. Do not breathe dust. Never add water to this product. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. If you feel unwell, seek medical attention and show the label when possible. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Keep away from incompatibles such as oxidizing agents, reducing agents, metals, acids, alkalis, moisture. Storage: Keep container tightly closed. Keep container in a cool, well-ventilated area. Hygroscopic. Deliquescent.

Section 8: Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Engineering Controls: Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to keep airborne levels below recommended exposure limits. If user operations generate dust, fume or mist, use ventilation to keep exposure to airborne contaminants below the exposure limit. Personal Protection: Splash goggles. Synthetic apron. Vapor and dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Gloves. Personal Protection in Case of a Large Spill: Splash goggles. Full suit. Vapor and dust respirator. Boots. Gloves. A self contained breathing apparatus should be used to avoid inhalation of the product. Suggested protective clothing might not be sufficient; consult a specialist BEFORE handling this product. Exposure Limits: STEL: 2 (mg/m3) from ACGIH (TLV) [United States]

p. 3

TWA: 2 CEIL: 2 (mg/m3) from OSHA (PEL) [United States] CEIL: 2 (mg/m3) from NIOSHConsult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.

Section 9: Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical state and appearance: Solid. (Deliquescent solid.) Odor: Odorless. Taste: Not available. Molecular Weight: 40 g/mole Color: White. pH (1% soln/water): 13.5 [Basic.] Boiling Point: 1388°C (2530.4°F) Melting Point: 323°C (613.4°F) Critical Temperature: Not available. Specific Gravity: 2.13 (Water = 1) Vapor Pressure: Not applicable. Vapor Density: Not available. Volatility: Not available. Odor Threshold: Not available. Water/Oil Dist. Coeff.: Not available. Ionicity (in Water): Not available. Dispersion Properties: See solubility in water. Solubility: Easily soluble in cold water.

Section 10: Stability and Reactivity Data

Stability: The product is stable. Instability Temperature: Not available. Conditions of Instability: Incompatible materials, moisture, moist air Incompatibility with various substances: Highly reactive with metals. Reactive with oxidizing agents, reducing agents, acids, alkalis, moisture. Corrosivity: Not available. Special Remarks on Reactivity: Hygroscopic. Much heat is evolved when solid material is dissolved in water. Therefore cold water and caution must be used for this process. Sodium hydroxide solution and octanol + diborane during a work-up of a reaction mixture of oxime and diborane in tetrahyrofuran is very exothermic, a mild explosion being noted on one occassion. p. 4

Reactive with water, acids (mineral, non-oxidizing, e.g. hydrochloric, hydrofluoric acid, muriatic acid, phosphoric), acids (mineral, oxidizing e.g. chromic acid, hypochlorous acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid), acids (organic e.g. acetic acid, benzoic acid, formic acid, methanoic acid, oxalic acid), aldehydes (e.g. acetaldehyde, acrolein, chloral hydrate, foraldehyde), carbamates (e.g. carbanolate, carbofuran), esters (e.g. butyl acetate, ethyl acetate, propyl formate), halogenated organics (dibromoethane, hexachlorobenzene, methyl chloride, trichloroethylene), isocyanates (e.g. methyl isocyanate), ketones (acetone, acetophenone, MEK, MIBK), acid chlorides, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, flammable liquids, powdered metals and metals (i.e aluminum, tin, zinc, hafnium, raney nickel), metals (alkali and alkaline e.g. cesium, potassium, sodium), metal compounds (toxic e.g. berylium, lead acetate, nickel carbonyl, tetraethyl lead), mitrides (e.g. potassium nitride, sodium nitride), nitriles (e.g. acetonitrile, methyl cyanide), nitro compounds (organic e.g. nitrobenzene, nitromethane), acetic anhydride, chlorohydrin, chlorosulfonic acid, ethylene cyanohydrin, glyoxal, hydrosulfuric acid, oleum, propiolactone, acylonitrile, phorosous pentoxide, chloroethanol, chloroform-methanol, tetrahydroborate, cyanogen azide, 1,2,4,5 tetrachlorobenzene, cinnamaldehyde. Reacts with formaldehyde hydroxide to yield formic acid, and hydrogen. Special Remarks on Corrosivity: Very caustic to aluminum and other metals in presence of moisture. Polymerization: Will not occur.

Section 11: Toxicological Information

Routes of Entry: Absorbed through skin. Dermal contact. Eye contact. Inhalation. Ingestion. Toxicity to Animals: LD50: Not available. LC50: Not available. Chronic Effects on Humans: MUTAGENIC EFFECTS: Mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells. May cause damage to the following organs: mucous membranes, upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes. Other Toxic Effects on Humans: Extremely hazardous in case of inhalation (lung corrosive). Very hazardous in case of skin contact (corrosive, irritant, permeator), of eye contact (corrosive), of ingestion, . Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Lowest Published Lethal Dose: LDL [Rabbit] - Route: Oral; Dose: 500 mg/kg Special Remarks on Chronic Effects on Humans: May affect genetic material. Investigation as a mutagen (cytogenetic analysis) Special Remarks on other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Section 12: Ecological Information

Ecotoxicity: Not available. BOD5 and COD: Not available. Products of Biodegradation: Possibly hazardous short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation products may arise. Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: The product itself and its products of degradation are not toxic. Special Remarks on the Products of Biodegradation: Not available.

p. 5

Section 13: Disposal Considerations

Waste Disposal: Waste must be disposed of in accordance with federal, state and local environmental control regulations.

Section 14: Transport Information

DOT Classification: Class 8: Corrosive material Identification: : Sodium hydroxide, solid UNNA: 1823 PG: II Special Provisions for Transport: Not available.

Section 15: Other Regulatory Information

Federal and State Regulations: Illinois toxic substances disclosure to employee act: Sodium hydroxide Illinois chemical safety act: Sodium hydroxide New York release reporting list: Sodium hydroxide Rhode Island RTK hazardous substances: Sodium hydroxide Pennsylvania RTK: Sodium hydroxide Minnesota: Sodium hydroxide Massachusetts RTK: Sodium hydroxide New Jersey: Sodium hydroxide Louisiana spill reporting: Sodium hydroxide California Director's List of Hazardous Substances: Sodium hydroxide TSCA 8(b) inventory: Sodium hydroxide CERCLA: Hazardous substances.: Sodium hydroxide: 1000 lbs. (453.6 kg) Other Regulations: OSHA: Hazardous by definition of Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). EINECS: This product is on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances. Other Classifications: WHMIS (Canada): CLASS E: Corrosive solid. DSCL (EEC): R35- Causes severe burns. S26- In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S37/39- Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection. S45- In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). HMIS (U.S.A.): Health Hazard: 3 Fire Hazard: 0 Reactivity: 2 Personal Protection: j National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.): p. 6

Health: 3 Flammability: 0 Reactivity: 1 Specific hazard: Protective Equipment: Gloves. Synthetic apron. Vapor and dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Splash goggles.

Section 16: Other Information

References: Not available. Other Special Considerations: Not available. Created: 10/09/2005 06:32 PM Last Updated: 10/09/2005 06:32 PM The information above is believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty, express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine the suitability of the information for their particular purposes. In no event shall ScienceLab.com be liable for any claims, losses, or damages of any third party or for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if ScienceLab.com has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

p. 7

Material Safety Data Sheet

SECTION I - PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

Product name: All Molasses Manufacturer's Name: Crosby Molasses Company Limited 327 Rothesay Ave., P.O. Box 2240 Saint John, N.B. Canada E2L 3V4 (506) 634-7515 Inverted syrup from the juice of sugar cane. Sugars

Emergency phone number:

Chemical Name & Synonyms: Chemical family:

SECTION II - HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS None WHMIS RATING

Rating: 0 = None - - - 4 = Extreme

Health 0 Flammability 1 Reactivity 0 Product is generally considered safe for human consumption. (GRAS) SECTION III - PHYSICAL DATA Physical state Vapour pressure pH Evaporation rate Freezing point Viscous liquid Not determined 5.1 Not determined Less than minus 18 C Odours & Appearance: Fruity sweet, brown, clear viscous liquid. Vapour density Not applicable Specific gravity 1.4 Boiling point 107 C Solubility in water Highly soluble

SECTION IV - FIRE & EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA Flammability Means of extinction Flashpoint Flammable limits Will burn only under conditions of extreme heat. Water Not determined Auto-ignition temperature Not determined

60 C

Special fire fighting procedures Unusual fire 7 explosion hazards

Use NIOH approved self-contained breathing apparatus Material may spontaneously decompose at temperatures over 60 C.

7/16/2004 MSDS Molasses July 2004

SECTION 5 - REACTIVITY DATA Product is stable Incompatibility with other substances Conditions to avoid

None Heat over 60 C. Keep container vented, too allow release of co2 produced by natural yeast in product.

SECTION 6 - TOXICOLOGICAL PROPERTIES None SECTION 7 - PREVENTIVE MEASURES Storage Keep container vented, to allow release of co2 produced by natural yeast in product. Personal protective equipment Not required Product is generally considered as safe for human consumption. (GRAS) SECTION 8 - SPILL OR LEAK PROCEDURES Wash with hot water. If large quantities are to be flushed into drains follow local regulations. SECTION 9 - PREPARATION DATE OF MSDS Prepared by Phone # Date Susan Ans WHMIS coordinator 1 - 506 - 634 - 7515 July 14, 2004

molmsds.xls disc safety 1

7/16/2004 MSDS Molasses July 2004

Appendix E

Occupational Health & Safety System Mission: Protecting health & physical condition of everyone who is affected by TCB activities

TCB Company holds on the principle of safety, occupational health & environment in accordance with the guideline of NIOSH and Thai government. This mission has been considered as the major procedure of the company. The employees perform their duty according to the company regulation in order to reduce risk and accidental. We also monitoring the performance of the mission and looking for the new strategies to develop our mission and policy in safety, occupational health and environment.

Operation control

Monitoring safety and environmental

TCB has set the operation control guideline which according to the risk aspect of the all operation activities. We has set up the monitoring procedure which are as follow; 1. The randomly check on Work permit Work permit is the tool for regulation of the safety of maintenances and restoration which all employees must perform strictly. This procedure has been set for randomly checked for 4 times a month which covers the detail of; 1) Cold work permit 2) Hot work permit 3) Confined space permit 4) Excavation permit 5) Scaffold permit 2. The randomly check on Lock-out / Tag-out Guide Employees who service or maintain machines or equipment may be at risk due to sudden start-up or release of stored energy from this equipment. The Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) has issued a lockout/tag-out standard known as the Control of Hazardous Energy Sources Standard, to protect workers. The basis of this standard is a systemized approach to servicing or maintaining certain equipment. It includes development of a written program, detailing procedures for disabling energy sources, obtaining lockout/tag-out devices and training of workers. Summary of Requirements The Lock-out/ Tag-out is the written policy and guidelines for this standard. All affected employees must follow the procedures in this plan. Environmental Health and Safety provides training for the implementation of this program to all company employees authorized to do maintenance work on hazardous machinery.

Each authorized individual will be issued his/her own padlock and key. Some individuals who work on equipment with multiple sources of energy may require several locks. Multiple lock devices are used when more than one worker is involved in a lockout procedure. The following procedures will be followed when working in lockout/tag-out situations: 1. Determine the types of stored energy of the equipment to be serviced. 2. Shut down machine. 3. Shut off all energy supplies. 4. Apply locks and tags. 5. Release stored energy. 6. Verify that machine cannot be turned on. 7. Perform the service. 8. Inspect the work area for hazards 9. Return machine to service. Training The standard requires that each affected and authorized employee be trained in the purpose and function of the lockout/tag-out program. Training includes recognition of hazardous energy sources and knowledge required for proper usage of energy controls. The company provides this training for all departments. Retraining is required whenever there is a change in job assignments, machinery or procedures. Reporting All incidents (electrical shocks, etc.) involving electrical energy must be reported to Occupational health & Safety department (OHS) immediately. 3. The promotion of using the personal protective equipment Under NIOSH general requirements for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), the company performs a hazard assessment of the work site. This hazard assessment is to determine if PPE is necessary; select the appropriate protective equipment; train employees to use it properly; and ensure that they wear it. Summary of Requirements Protective equipment, including personal protective equipment for eyes, face, head and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices, and protective shields and barriers, shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition wherever it is necessary by reason of hazards of processes or environment, chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical irritants

encountered in a manner capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact. Employee-owned equipment. Where employees provide their own protective equipment, the employer shall be responsible to assure its adequacy, including proper maintenance, and sanitation of such equipment. Design. All personal protective equipment shall be of safe design and construction for the work to be performed. Hazard assessment. The employer shall assess the workplace to determine if hazards are present, or likely to be present, which necessitate the use of personal protective equipment. Training The employer shall provide training to each employee who is required by this section to use PPE. Each such employee shall be trained to know at least the following: When PPE is necessary. What PPE is necessary. How to properly put on, take off, adjust, and wear PPE. The limitations of the PPE. The proper care, maintenance, useful life and disposal of PPE. Reporting The employer shall verify: 1. That the required workplace hazard assessment has been performed through a written certification that identifies the workplace evaluated. 2. That a person has certified that the evaluation has been performed. 3. That the hazard assessment has been signed and dated identifies the document as a certification of hazard assessment. Inspections PPE should be inspected, cleaned, and maintained at regular intervals so that the PPE provides the requisite protection. Recordkeeping The Hazard Assessment forms must be signed by the supervisor to certify that this process has been performed as required by the regulation. The forms must be maintained with the departmental records.

4. The randomly check the emergency showers We have installed the safety showers around the plant in order to reduce the risk of employee when accidental has occurred. The showers can be applied to affected employee for first aid before send them to the medical care further. Therefore, the safety showers should be available for such emergency. The showers will be checked once a month which checked the turbidity of water, thermal and the quantity of water. If there are some shortcomings, the amendment will be applied further. 5. The randomly check the chemical prevention equipment The chemical prevention equipments have been procured and install around the plant. The equipments comprise of chemical prevention dresses, gloves and boots. The examination will be held by authorities once a week. If the authority find that the chemical prevention equipments has been used and has been taken from the shelves, they have to find another set of equipment substitute the used one in order to prepare the equipment for promptly using.

Figure 1 Personal protective equipments used in TCB industry

The guideline of Handling and storing material

Due to numerous injuries can result from improperly handling and storing materials, workers should also be aware of accidents that may result from the unsafe or improper handling of equipment as well as from improper work practices. In addition, workers should be able to recognize the methods for eliminating--or at least minimizing--the occurrence of such accidents. The employees should follow the guideline strictly and often examine their workplaces to detect any unsafe or unhealthful conditions, practices, or equipment and take corrective action.

Basic requirement

Training in chemical handling and storing The employees who involve in industry activities should be trained and educated of general safety principles--such as proper work practices, equipment, and controls-- can help reduce workplace accidents involving the moving, handling, and storing of materials. Whether moving materials manually or mechanically, the employees should know and understand the potential hazards associated with the task at hand and how to control their workplaces to minimize the danger. In addition, they shoul know the characteristic of hazard activity that will occur with them while handling and storing chemical.

The general guideline for all employees

1..For moving material procedure; 1.1 When moving materials manually, worker should always wear appropriate personal protective equipment(PPE) and use proper lifting technique. The guideline for using PPE are as follow: Hand and forearm protection, such as gloves, for loads with sharp or rough edges. Eye protection. Steel-toed safety shoes or boots. Metal, fiber, or plastic metatarsal guards to protect the instep area from impact or compression In addition, employees should use blocking materials to manage loads safely. Workers should also be cautious when placing blocks under a raised load to ensure that the load is not released before removing their hands from under the load. Blocking materials and timbers should be large and strong enough to support the load safely. In addition to materials with cracks, workers should not use materials with rounded corners, splintered pieces, or dry rot for blocking. 1.2 When moving materials mechanically, worker must be aware of both manual handling safety concerns and safe equipment operating techniques. Employees should avoid overloading equipment when moving materials mechanically by letting the weight, size, and shape of the material being moved dictate the type of equipment

used. All materials-handling equipment has rated capacities that determine the maximum weight the equipment can safely handle and the conditions under which it can handle that weight Although workers may be knowledgeable about powered equipment, they should take precautions when stacking and storing material. When picking up items with a powered industrial truck, workers must do the following: Center the load on the forks as close to the mast as possible to minimize the potential for the truck tipping or the load falling, Avoid overloading a lift truck because it impairs control and causes tipping over, Do not place extra weight on the rear of a counterbalanced forklift to allow an overload, Adjust the load to the lowest position when traveling, Follow the truck company's operational requirements, and Pile and cross-tier all stacked loads correctly when possible. 2. For storage material All the workers should aware of such factors as the materials' height and weight, how accessible the stored materials are to the user, and the condition of the containers where the materials are being stored when stacking and piling materials. To prevent creating hazards when storing materials, workers must do the following: Keep storage areas free from accumulated materials that cause tripping, fires, or explosions, or that may contribute to the harboring of rats and other pests; Place stored materials inside buildings that are under construction and at least 6 feet from hoist ways, or inside floor openings and at least 10 feet away from exterior walls; Separate non-compatible material; and Equip workers who work on stored grain in silos, hoppers, or tanks, with lifelines and safety belts. In addition, workers should consider placing bound material on racks, and secure it by stacking, blocking, or interlocking to prevent it from sliding, falling, or collapsing. For stacking activities, the employee should follow safety guideline because falling materials and collapsing loads can crush or pin workers, causing injuries or death. To help prevent injuries when stacking materials, workers must do the following: Stack lumber no more than 16 feet high if it is handled manually, and no more than 20 feet if using a forklift; Remove all nails from used lumber before stacking; Stack and level lumber on solidly supported bracing; Ensure that stacks are stable and self-supporting; Do not store pipes and bars in racks that face main aisles to avoid creating a hazard to passersby when removing supplies; Stack bags and bundles in interlocking rows to keep them secure; and

Stack bagged material by stepping back the layers and cross-keying the bags at least every ten layers (to remove bags from the stack, start from the top row first). During materials stacking activities, workers must also do the following: Store baled paper and rags inside a building no closer than 18 inches to the walls, partitions, or sprinkler heads; Band boxed materials or secure them with cross-ties or shrink plastic fiber; Stack drums, barrels, and kegs symmetrically; Block the bottom tiers of drums, barrels, and kegs to keep them from rolling if stored on their sides; Place planks, sheets of plywood dunnage, or pallets between each tier of drums, barrels, and kegs to make a firm, flat, stacking surface when stacking on end; Chock the bottom tier of drums, barrels, and kegs on each side to prevent shifting in either direction when stacking two or more tiers high; and Stack and block poles as well as structural steel, bar stock, and other cylindrical materials to prevent spreading or tilting unless they are in racks.

Training of personnel in fire fighting

TCB has set the regulation and program for fire fighting training for all employees in accordance with OSHA guideline. The program comprise of; 1. the program for total evacuation of employees from the workplace upon the sounding of fire alarm and rehearsal of the using of personal protective equipment ; 2. TCB has provide portable fire extinguishers and designate certain employees as authorized to use them to fight fires. This includes the routine inspection of the equipments, maintenances and testing; 3. first aid training in case of emergency; 4. preparation of emergency accident such as spill, leak or blasting.

The guideline for prevent hazard in transport and unloading operation of chemical

The NIOSH specify requirements for the safe transportation of hazardous materials in commerce by rail car, aircraft, vessel, and motor vehicle. These comprehensive regulations govern transportation-related activities by offerors (e.g., shippers, brokers, forwarding agents, freight forwarders, and warehousers); carriers (i.e., common, contract, and private); packaging manufacturers, reconditioners, testers, and retesters; and independent inspection agencies. This regulation should be apply to each person who performs, or causes to be performed, functions related to the transportation of hazardous materials such as determination of, and compliance with, basic conditions for offering; filling packages; marking and labeling packages; preparing shipping papers; handling, loading, securing and segregating packages within a transport vehicle, freight container or cargo hold; and transporting hazardous materials.

Loading Operations

The loading of any road tanker, tank container, rail tank car or barge / vessel with a dangerous substance is a potential hazard. It is therefore important that loading facilities and transport equipment are correctly designed and constructed, and properly used and maintained. 1. The design and construction of transport equipment is construct under the NIOSH guideline and it will be tested by the competent authorities. 2. Written operating instructions should be available for all filling points covering the loading of carbon black into bulk road tankers, tank containers, rail tank cars, barges or vessels, and personnel involved should be fully trained in their use. The instructions should recognize the specific hazards of carbon black, and ensure the correct operation of filling equipment in both normal and emergency situations. 3. All necessary protective clothing and emergency equipment should be available for loading operations. Personnel should be trained in the correct use of this clothing and equipment which the regulation of using are; 1) Do not wear rings or watches because they can entrap material and cause irritation, even a burn 2) Eye protection: use chemical goggles 3) Normal protective equipment should be worn during routine handling 4) Clothing for spill and fire: - wear full protective clothing, resistant gloves under gauntlet type nitrile rubber gloves, rubber safety boots and approved positive pressure breathing apparatus - remove contaminated clothing immediately, preferably under safety shower / fire hose spray, and wash before re-use - destroy contaminated shoes and leather items 4. Routine inspection of road tankers and tank containers at loading terminals

Transport operation

1. The motor vehicle or conveyances transporting chemical shall only be driven by a licensed driver who is physically fit. 2. No person shall smoke, or carry match or any other flame-productive device, nor shall firearms or loaded cartridges be carried while in or near a motor vehicle. 3. When transport some explosive agent, it shall not be transported with other materials or cargoes. 4. All vehicles used for the transportation of chemicals that use in the company have the characteristic according to the OSHA's standard which shall have tight floor and cover with wood (prevent sparkling). 5. Motor vehicles or conveyances carrying chemicals shall not be taken inside a garage or shop for repairs or servicing.

Unloading Operations

1. Criteria for Discharge Facilities The operation of discharging chemicals that potentially hazardous., it is important that discharge facilities are: - suitably located, - correctly designed and constructed, - properly used and maintained and 2. Protective Equipment for Operators AII necessary protective clothing and emergency equipment should be available for discharging operations. Persons should be trained in the correct use of this clothing and equipment. Whenever the driver leaves his vehicle, he should wear the minimum required personal protective equipment to ensure his personal safety in the event of an emergency.

http://www.isopa.org/htdocs/isopa_site/documents_ns/guidelines-English.pdf

Appendix F

Schematic diagram for wastewater treatment process

NaOH

HCl

Process

Grit & Grease Separator Unit

Neutralization Tank

Sedimentation tank

Neutralization Tank

Sedimentation tank

Land Fill

Canteen

Grease Trap

Office Dome

Septic Tank

Settling Pond

Discharge To River

Water Balance

1500 m3/day

Process -Reactor, Mixer, Reactor Quench Boiler

1850 m3/day

Boiler - Demin Water

400 m3/day

2900 m3/day Raw water 7250 m3/day

Turbo Generator - Cooling Tower

510 m3/day Setting Pond 7250 m3/day

400 m3/day

Drinking Water - Bath House - Office

250 m3/day

Discharge

600 m /day

3

-

General Cleaning Gardening Equipment Cooler

600 m3/day

Appendix G

Air Quality Monitoring, Sampling and Analysis Method Parameter PM10 CO SO2 NO2 TSP Sampling Point Around factory Around factory Around factory Around factory Around factory Sampling Method High Volume sampler Bag sample, Grab Sampling Impinger absorbent, Grab Sampling Impinger absorbent, Grab Sampling High Volume sampler Analysis method Gravitymetric-High volume Non-Dispersive infrared detection Ultraviolet Fluorescence Chemiluminescenes Gravitymetric-High volume Sampling Frequency Yearly Yearly Yearly Yearly Yearly

Ambient Air Quality (in Thailand) Parameter Concentration at Period of Time 1 hour 8 hour 24 hour 1 month 1 year 3 3 CO 34.2 mg/m 10.26 mg/m 3 NO2 0.32 mg/m SO2 0.30 mg/m3 0.10 mg/m3 TSP 0.33 mg/m3 0.10 mg/m3 PM10 0.12 mg/m3 0.05 mg/m3 Source: Pollution Control Department, 2006 or website access at http://www.pcd.go.th/info_serv/reg_std_airsnd01.html Noise Monitoring , Sampling and Analysis method Parameter Noise Sampling Point In ­line process (working area) Sampling Method Continuously 8 hour Analysis Method Sound level meter Sampling Frequency Yearly

Noise Level Standard (in Thailand) Parameter Sampling Method Noise Continuously 8 hour Source: Pollution Control Department, 2006 Sound level < 75 dB(A)

Appendix H

Details of Machinery used in the Industry and their Horse Power Ratings: Machines 1. Reactor 2. Boiler 3. Heater 4. Bag filter 5. Pulverizer 6. Blower 7. Mixer 8. Rotary dryer 9. Bucket elevator 10. Separator 11. Product conveyor 12. Generator 13. Feed water pump 14. Condenser 15. Transformer Units* 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Horse Power Rating 1000 500 400 100 75 500 50 100 100 25 20 250 50 500 200 Purpose Create gas and carbon black particulates Generate stream gas Heat feed stock oil Separate carbon black particulates from gas stream Increase bulk density of carbon black particulates Send carbon black particulates to a mixer Making carbon black pellet Dry carbon black Move products to the next process Separate carbon black Transfer carbon black Generate electricity in emergency situation Pump raw water into the process Stream gas condensation Transfer energy from stream gas sending to other parts

* The number of units of machines is only per one production line.

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