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TORLON® PAI Advanced Engineering Plastics

Alperton Engineering Ltd

Dublin Industrial Estate, Glasnevin, Dublin 11, Ireland. www.alperton.com [email protected] Phone +353 1 8306277 Fax +353 18306458

SIZES AND GRADES

EXTEND TORLON® PAI APPLICATION RANGE

NEW

Visit Quadrant's Website Designing with TORLON® PAI at www.designwithtorlon.com or visit www.quadrantplastics.com

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You inspire ... we materialize® www.designwithtorlon.com

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High Performance without the High Cost of Over-Engineering

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ADVANCED MATERIALS:

COMPLEX CHOICES. COSTLY WHEN OVER-ENGINEERED.

The right material choice can improve your competitiveness, quality and profit.

Selection of advanced materials is complex for applications under high load at high temperatures where factors like strength, creep resistance, dimensional stability and wear life are important. Materials are often chosen because of past practice, or because they cover a very wide range of operating conditions. This often leads to "over-specifying" far beyond application requirements, which can mean unnecessarily high material cost.

QUADRANT'S APPROACH:

TORLON® PAI SEMITRON® ESd 520HR

PERFORMANCE (THERMAL, CHEMICAL, STRENGTH)

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For applications from 150°C to 260°C, TORLON® PAI delivers the best combination of strength, stiffness, creep resistance, dimensional stability, wear resistance ­ and cost. Nothing more. Nothing Less.

5000 4500 4000 TORLON 4203 PAI VESPEL SP-1 PI KETRON PEEK-1000 DURATRON 7000 PI

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The Best Solution Doesn't Need to Cost the Most

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Dynamic modulus of elasticity (MPa)

3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 -50 0

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3500

50

100

150

200

250

Temperature (°C)

200 180 TORLON 4203 PAI VESPEL SP-1 PI 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 -50 0 50 KETRON PEEK-1000

Coefficient of linear thermal expansion [10-6 m/(m.K)]

Temperature (°C)

100

150

200

250

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Develop a family of materials for specific TORLON® 240°C RADEL PPSU TECHTRON PPS application temperature ranges. The result: PAI ULTEM PEI SYMALIT ECTFE SEMITRON ESd 410C SYMALIT PVDF a 60 year history of product evolution from PSU ERTALYTE PET PC ERTACETAL POM 140°C TIVAR® PE-UHMW to TORLON® PAI and SEMITRON ESd 225 ERTALON / NYLATRON PA CELAZOLE® PBI, for reliable performance TIVAR PE-UHMW PMMA SANALITE PE-HD ABS without the high cost of over-specification. SANALITE PP PS PE-LD 75°C PVC Quadrant's Advanced Materials range from KETRON® PEEK to imidized TORLON® PAI, DURATRON® polyimide (PI) and CELAZOLE® PBI for reliable performance options without costly over-engineering. We work with the leading suppliers of major high performance materials to offer a growing portfolio of products.

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CELAZOLE® PBI DURATRON® PI FLUOROSINT® ENHANCED PTFE SEMITRON® ESd 500HR KETRON® PEEK

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(465°F)

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(285°F)

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COMPARE STIFFNESS 150°C ­ 260°C.

TORLON® PAI takes over when KETRON® PEEK reaches its limit. While Quadrant offers polyimide (PI) products for higher temperature use, within this range we recommend TORLON® PAI for better cost and performance.

COMPARE DIMENSIONAL STABILITY OVER A WIDE TEMPERATURE RANGE.

Compared to more costly PI materials, TORLON® PAI shows little dimensional change over a wide temperature range.

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(165°F)

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Test conditions:

- "plastics pin on rotating steel disk"-tribo system - pressure: 3 MPa - sliding velocity: 0.33 m/s - surface roughness of the C35 steel mating surface: Ra = 0.70 - 0.90 µm - total distance run: 28 km - normal environment (air, 23°C/50% RH) - unlubricated operation

QuickTimeTM and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.

at 23°C at 150°C (*) (*) steel disk heated to 150°C

COMPARE BEARING AND WEAR PERFORMANCE.

Quadrant's expertise in bearing and wear additive technology led to TORLON® 4301, developed to outlast most advanced materials with its combination of high PV and low wear factor.

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Wear rate (µm/km)

25

20

17 14

15

10 5 5 1 5

7

7

3

0

TO 42 RLO 03 N PA ® I

TO 43 RLO 01 N PA ® I

COMPARE COST :

Typical Applications:

TORLON® PAI grades overview

TYPES

Wear Resistant Grades

PRODUCT NAMES

TORLON® 4301 & 4501 PAI TORLON® 4203 & 4503 PAI

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Industrial and defense electrical/electronics : · Dimensionally stable connectors, fixtures, structural and dynamic wear components.

Aircraft, transportation equipment : · Seals, electrical connectors, load-bearing mechanical and wear components.

Chemical and gas handling: · Wear resistance over specialty alloys improves Mean Time Between Replacement (MTBR) for seats, seals and rings.

TORLON® 5530 PAI High Strength Grades TORLON® 4XG PAI

TORLON® 4XCF PAI Specialty Grades SEMITRON® ESd 520HR

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ADDITIVES

12% graphite 3% PTFE TiO2 30% glass fibres 30% glass fibres 30% carbon fibres Static dissipative

Process and production equipment : · Extreme wear resistance and high pressure-velocity capability can eliminate lubrication and extend part life at temperatures over 150°C.

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APPLICATIONS

Semiconductor production equipment : · Test sockets, wafer retention rings, mechanical components · Electrically insulative and dissipative grades.

Sleeve and slide bearings (bushings, thrust washers, slideways, guides, ...) valve seats and seals Broad electrical, structural use such as connectors, insulators, bushings, sockets High strength use in semicon test sockets, aerospace and aircraft components, rigid insulators

Extreme strength use, replacing metals in seals, housings, impellers, valves Static dissipative test sockets, use in precision electronics manufacturing

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From 150°C to 260°C, TORLON® PAI delivers high strength, stability and wear resistance extremely cost-effectively. Comparable sizes of shapes for machining cost up to 4-5 times less for TORLON® PAI than for PI. For higher temperatures, consider Quadrant`s DURATRON® PI ­ where performance is in line with cost.

V SP ESP - 2 EL 1 PI

VE SP SP - 1 EL PI

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PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE TORLON® PAI GRADES ( INDICATIVE VALUES· )

PROPERTIES

Colour Density Water absorption: - after 24 h immersion in water of 23°C (1) - at saturation in air of 23 °C / 50% RH - at saturation in water of 23 °C Thermal Properties Glass transition temperature (DSC, 20°C/min) Coefficient of linear thermal expansion: - average value between 23 and 150 °C - average value between 150 and 250 °C Temperature of deflection under load: - method A: 1.8 MPa Max. allowable service temperature in air : - for short periods (2) - continuously : for about 20,000 h (3) Flammability (4): - "Oxygen Index" - according to UL 94 (1.5 / 3 mm thickness) Mechanical Properties at 23 °C Tension test (5): - tensile stress at yield/tensile stress at break (6) - tensile strength (6) - tensile strain at break (6) - tensile modulus of elasticity (7) Compression test (8): - compressive stress at 1 / 2% nominal strain (7) Charpy impact strength - unnotched (9) Charpy impact strength - notched Ball indentation hardness (10) Rockwell hardness (10) Electrical Properties at 23 °C Electric strength (11) Surface resistivity Relative permittivity r : - at 100 Hz - at 1 MHz Dielectric dissipation factor tan : - at 100 Hz - at 1 MHz

Test methods

ISO 1183-1 ISO 62 ISO 11357-1/-2 ISO 75-1/-2 ISO 4589-1/-2 -

Units

g/cm3 % % % °C m/(m.K) m/(m.K) °C °C °C % -

TORLON® TORLON® 4203 PAI (12) 4301 PAI (12)

EXTRUDED EXTRUDED

TORLON® 5530 PAI

COMPRESSION MOULDED

TORLON® 4XG

EXTRUDED

TORLON® 4XCF

EXTRUDED

SEMITRON ESd 520HR

COMPRESSION MOULDED

yellow-ochre 1.41 0.35 2.5 4.4 280 40 x 10-6 50 x 10-6 280 270 250 45 V-0 / V-0

black 1.45 0.30 1.9 3.8 280 35 x 10-6 40 x 10-6 280 270 250 44 V-0 / V-0

khaki grey 1.61 0.26 1.7 3.2 280 35 x 10-6 40 x 10-6 280 270 250 50 V-0 / V-0

khaki grey 1.60 0.26 1.7 3.2 280 25 x 10-6 30 x 10-6 280 270 250 51 V-0 / V-0

black 1.47 0.28 1.7 3.1 280 20 x 10-6 25 x 10-6 280 270 250 52 V-0 / V-0

khaki grey 1.58 0.60 2.6 4.6 280 35 x 10-6 40 x 10-6 280 270 250 48 V-0 / V-0

ISO 527-1/-2 ISO 527-1/-2 ISO 527-1/-2 ISO 527-1/-2 ISO 604 ISO 179-1/1eU ISO 179-1/1eA ISO 2039-1 ISO 2039-2 IEC 60243-1

ANSI/ESD STM 11.11

MPa MPa % MPa MPa kJ/m2 kJ/m2 N/mm2 -

150 / 150 20 4200 34 / 67 no break 15 200 E 80 (M 120) 24 > 1013 4.2 3.9 0.026 0.031

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NYP / 110 110 5 5500 NYP / 125 125 3 6400 39 / 72 45 4 200 M 106 (E 70) > 1013 6.0 5.4 0.037 0.042 55 / 104 30 3.5 275 E 85 (M 125) 28 > 1013 4.4 4.2 0.022 0.050

NYP: there is no yield point

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28 > 1013 4.4 4.2 0.022 0.050

NYP / 140 140 4 7000 58 / 110 60 5 300 E 87

NYP / 135 135 2.5 8400 65 / 124 35 4 350 E 91 < 105 -

NYP / 83 83 3 5500 42 / 80 20 4 250 M 110 (E 73) 1010 - 1012 -

Legend: (1) According to method 1 of ISO 62 and done on discs 50 x 3 mm. (2) Only for short time exposure (a few hours) in applications where no or only a very low load is applied to the material. (3) Temperature resistance over a period of about 20,000 hours. After this period of time, there is a decrease in tensile strength ­ measured at 23°C ­ of about 50% as compared with the original value. The temperature values given here are therefore based on the thermal-oxidative degradation which takes place and causes a reduction in properties. Note, however, that the maximum allowable service temperature depends in many cases essentially on the duration and the magnitude of the mechanical stresses to which the material is subjected. (4) These estimated ratings, derived from raw material supplier data, are not intended to reflect hazards presented by the materials under actual fire conditions. There are no `UL File Numbers' available for the TORLON® PAI stock shapes. (5) Test specimens: Type 1 B (6) Test speed: 5 or 50 mm/min [chosen acc. to ISO 10350-1 as a function of the ductile behaviour of the material (tough or brittle) ; only TORLON® 4203 PAI was tested at 50 mm/min]. (7) Test speed: 1 mm/min (8) Test specimens: cylinders 8 x 16 mm (9) Pendulum used: 4 J (10) Measured on 10 mm thick test specimens. (11) Electrode configuration: 25 / 75 mm coaxial cylinders ; in transformer oil according to IEC 60296 ; 1 mm thick test specimens. (12) It has to be noted that the property values of compression moulded TORLON® 4503 PAI, resp. TORLON® 4501 PAI stock shapes can significantly differ from those given in this table for extruded TORLON® 4203 PAI, resp. TORLON® 4301 PAI stock shapes. They have to be considered on an individual shape and dimension related basis. Please consult us. · This table, mainly to be used for comparison purposes, is a valuable help in the choice of a material. The data listed here fall within the normal range of product properties of dry material. However, they are not guaranteed and they should not be used to establish material specification limits nor used alone as the basis of design. It has to be noted that several of the products listed in this table are fibre reinforced and/or filled, and hence show an anisotropic behaviour (properties differ when measured parallel and perpendicular to the extrusion or compression direction). All information supplied by or on behalf of Quadrant Engineering Plastic Products in relation to its products, in any form, is supported by research and believed to be reliable, but Quadrant Engineering Plastic Products assumes no liability whatsoever in respect of application, processing or use made of the aforementioned information or products, or any consequence thereof. The buyer undertakes all liability in respect of the application, processing or use of the aforementioned information or product, whose quality and other properties he shall verify, or any consequence thereof. No liability whatsoever shall attach to Quadrant Engineering Plastic Products for any infringement of the rights owned or controlled by a third party in intellectual, industrial or other property by reason of the application, processing or use of the aforementioned information or products by the buyer.

AVAILABILITY Our new wider range of shapes and sizes extend the application range for TORLON® PAI. We now offer TORLON® 4203 PAI rod up to 5.00" (127 mm) diameter and TORLON® 4301 PAI rod up to 3.00" (76.2 mm). Contact www.quadrantplastics.com for more information.

DURATRON®, ERTACETAL®, ERTALON®, ERTALYTE®, FLUOROSINT®, KETRON®, NYLATRON®, SANALITE®, SEMITRON®, SYMALIT®, TECHTRON® and TIVAR® are registered trademarks of the Quadrant Group. CELAZOLE® is a registered trademark of PBI Performance Products Inc. RADEL® and TORLON® are registered trademarks of Solvay Advanced Polymers. ULTEM* is a trademark of SABIC Innovative Plastics IP B.V. VESPEL® is a registered trademark of DuPont.

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Note: 1 g/cm3 = 1,000 kg/m2 ; 1 MPa = 1 N/mm2 ; 1 kV/mm = 1 MV/m.

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IEC 60250 IEC 60250 IEC 60250 IEC 60250

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kV/mm Ohm/sq. -

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Distributed by

Alperton Engineering Ltd

Dublin Industrial Estate, Glasnevin, Dublin 11, Ireland. www.alperton.com [email protected] Phone +353 1 8306277 Fax +353 18306458

This guide was created by Quadrant Engineering Plastic Products. Design and content are protected by copyright law. Copyright© 2008 The Quadrant group of companies. All rights reserved.

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