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PROJECT TYPE: FULL SIZED PROJECT THE GEF TRUST FUND Submission Date: September 7, 2007 Re-submission Date: January 21st, 2008 February 11, 2008 PART I: PROJECT IDENTIFICATION GEFSEC PROJECT ID: 2505 INDICATIVE CALENDAR GEF AGENCY PROJECT ID: 4030 Milestones Expected Dates COUNTRY (IES): Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay April 2008 Work Program (for FSP) PROJECT TITLE: Sustainable Forest Management in the October 2008 CEO Endorsement/Approval Transboundary Gran Chaco Americano Ecosystem Nov. 2008 GEF Agency Approval GEF AGENCY (IES): UNEP, UNDP Dec. 2008 Implementation Start OTHER EXECUTING PARTNERS: Organization of American May. 2010 Mid-term Review (if planned) States (OAS) in collaboration with the Environment and Dec. 2013 Implementation Completion Sustainable Development Secretariat (Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers, Argentina; Vice-Ministry of River Basins and Hydraulic Resources (Ministry of Water, Bolivia); Environment Secretariat (Ministry of Environment, Paraguay). GEF FOCAL AREAS: Land Degradation, Biodiversity, Climate Change GEF-4 STRATEGIC PROGRAM(S): SFM-SO7;SO3 NAME OF PARENT PROGRAM/UMBRELLA PROJECT: SFM A. PROJECT FRAMEWORK (Expand table as necessary) Project Objective: To reverse land degradation trends in the Gran Chaco through supporting sustainable land management in the

productive landscape (Note: impact of project objective will be measured using SP-2 Tracking Tool1) Invst, TA, or Expected Outcomes STA TA and STA - Institutional capacity has been strengthened and local government institutions are in a position to apply the normative tools available for SFM and SLM in the Gran Chaco - Institutional capacity has been increased above the minimum required for ensuring a self sustaining growth in the application of SLM and SFM practices in the Gran Chaco

Project Componen ts

1. Institutional strengthening.

Expected Outputs

Indicative GEF Financing*

Indicative Cofinancing*

Total ($)


- Trinational Commission for 2,800,875 the Gran Chaco established and functioning - A comprehensive information and monitoring system that enables the implementation of the SRAP. - 620 government staff trained on normative framework and indicators for successful implementation of the SRAP. - Extension services trained to implement the SRAP at local level in the three countries - Institutional capacities in place to produce and implement land use planning in at least 5 provinces of






74 10,590,875

1 In order to monitor impact on SFM and SLM, the project will make full use of the SP2 tracking tool. In particular, the project will apply the following indicators, which are variations of those present in the SP2 TT: 1. Number of hectares in production landscapes under SFM and SLM practices but not yet formally certified as such by the project. 2. Number of hectares in production systems under SFM and SLM practices certified by the project. 3. The degree of elimination of gaps and inconsistencies in polices and regulations affecting the growth of SFM and SLM in the Gran Chaco. 4. The degree to which polices and regulations governing sectoral activities include measures to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity as measured through the GEF tracking tool The indicators will be measured three times in the project lifespan: at CEO endorsement, at mid-term evaluation and at final evaluation. Arrangements will also be made with national executing agencies to continue monitoring impact at least until 2020.


2. Field application of SFM and SLM protocols


3. Project exit strategy (extension and outreach after project termination date)


Argentina, one in Paraguay and 3 municipalities in Bolivia; - Capacity building programs on technical and financial instruments for SFM and SLM developed and implemented - Normative framework for SFM and SLM harmonized among the three countries A critical core of - SLM practices are applied 2,546,250 priority areas for across an area of 550,000 ha. biodiversity (as defined - Investment studies lead to by TNC) is additional 30 million USD strengthened through invested in SFM and SLM SFM and SLM mgt. practices activities2 - 40 % increase in the area managed for conservation At least 400 million ton purposes CO2 is captured and - 3,000 producers directly avoided emissions enrolled in activities and through SFM and SLM promoting SLM practices practices3 across the region (Argentina: Santiago del Estero, By the end of the Catamarca, Formosa, project, the number of Córdoba and Chaco; Bolivia: producers and the area Charagua, Monteagudo and in which SFM and SLM Yacuiba; and Paraguay: practices are being Chaco Central, Bajo Chaco, applied reached a Alto Chaco). critical threshold which, - Training and technology in the absence of major transfer programs institutional barriers, implemented allows the further - At least 30 projects adoption of SFM and ongoing for testing of new SLM practices to technologies in SFM and become self-sustaining SLM; (this threshold - Support programs to cover constitutes a minimum transition cost to SFM and required for SFM and SLM practices applied to SLM practices to be selected target areas; recognized as feasible alternatives by nonproject participants) - The end of the project - By the end of project, an 848,750 leaves in place a additional 100,000 producers mechanism to ensure and an additional 1,000,000 sustainability of project- ha targeted by support supported structures and programs for adoption of programs that result in SFM and SLM activities; large scale adoption of - Support programs for the SFM and SLM in the adoption of SLM and SFM









The project will have as priority conservation targets the protection of endemic species of global importance, as requested by the GEF Secretariat. Their inclusion in the selection of priority areas for conservation will be considered in the plans by CEO endorsement. Some species face hunting pressure and measures to control unsustainable hunting will be considered as part of SFM/SLM practices and be described by CEO endorsement. 3 By CEO endorsement, the project will include a plan for measuring CO2 benefits from project activities. Tentatively, it is envisaged to utilize the biodiversity tracking tool with its hectare targets for type of land (e.g. productively used; protected; degraded) and to estimate the standing stock of carbon on each of these categories. As the project advance and land-use changes occur, the carbon balance of the study area could be estimated using remote sensing. In that way, the shifts of land from one category to another will have known carbon transfers to or from the atmosphere. The project will assess the need for ground measurements so as to establish categories and standing stocks and if possible it will assess the possibilities of developing data for Tier 1 level methods. A meaningful monitoring budget will be set aside and will be described in the PRODOC. The project will also link up with the WB/UNEP "Carbon Benefits Project (CBP): Modeling, Measurement, and Monitoring".



Gran Chaco.

practices mainstreamed into regular work programs of government units - Integration and adoption of best practices into the SRAP and public policies for the development of the Gran Chaco area 594,125 6,790,000 27 27 1,610,000 18,400,000 73 73 2,204,125 25,190,000

4. Project management Total project costs


GEF Grant Co-financing Total Project Preparation 500,000 (from PDF-B; GEF III) 485,700 985,700 Project 6,790,000 18,400,000 25,190,000 810,000 Agency Fee* 810,000 Total 7,600,000 18,885,700 26,485,700

* Includes the corresponding fee for PDF-B resources (500,000 US$)

C. INDICATIVE CO-FINANCING FOR THE PROJECT (including project preparation amount) BY SOURCE and BY NAME (in parenthesis) if available, ($)

Sources of Co-financing Project Government Contribution Project Government Contribution Multilateral Agency(ies) Multilateral Agency(ies) NGO NGO Others Total co-financing Type of Co-financing Grant In Kind Grant In Kind Grant In Kind Grant Amount 2,531,000 6,664,000 6,230,000 75,000 500,000 1,400,000 1,200,000 18,600,000


Agency Fee Total UNEP BD Argentina 0,00 402,039 47,961 450,000 UNEP CC Argentina 0,00 402,039 47,961 450,000 UNEP CC Bolivia 0,00 446,711 53,289 500,000 UNEP BD Paraguay 0,00 89,342 10,658 100,000 UNEP CC Paraguay 0,00 357,368 42,632 400,000 UNEP LD Regional 0,00 1,697,500 202,500 1,900,000 UNDP BD Argentina 0,00 402,039 47,961 450,000 UNDP CC Argentina 0,00 402,039 47,961 450,000 UNDP CC Bolivia 0,00 446,711 53,289 500,000 UNDP BD Paraguay 0,00 89,342 10,658 100,000 UNDP CC Paraguay 0,00 357,368 42,632 400,000 UNDP LD Regional 0,00 1,697,500 202,500 1,900,000 Total GEF Resources 0,00 6,790,000 810,000 7,600,000 *Final distribution between agencies to be confirmed. By CEO endorsement, the project will show a single budget with resources distributed in it according to the respective agency's comparative advantages. Global PPG Project GEF Agency Country Name/ Focal Area (in $)




The "Gran Chaco Americano", covers 1,000,000 Km² in the central part of South America. It encompasses the central-north region of Argentina, the west part of Paraguay, and the southeast region of Bolivia. The ecosystem is divided into three sub-areas following a Northeast-Southwest axis: (i) the Humid to Sub-humid Chaco including a highland area with rainfall that ranges from 1,200 to 700 mm near the Pilcomayo River; (ii) the semiarid Chaco with 750 to 500-mm precipitations; and (iii) the arid Chaco where it rains between 500 and 300 mm per annum on the western side. The Gran Chaco represents the largest dry forest ecosystem in South America. Its identified biodiversity includes 186 amphibious species, 297 reptiles, 150 mammals, more than 500 birds and 550 fish species. More than 60 species of endangered fauna and some 2000 species of native and exotic flora have been identified in the region. However, this globally significant ecosystem is being threatened and the area faces important socioeconomic and environmental challenges. The major threats identified are: (i) Degradation of pastures from inadequate grazing management practices; (ii) deforestation for timber, charcoal production and agricultural conversion; (iii) expansion of plantation of exotic species; and (iv) pollution of water courses. The degradation of the forest ecosystems, particularly through deforestation and land conversion, has led to an increased pressure on biodiversity and to a rapid and alarming degradation of the soil resources in the region. This is taking place despite the existence of a set of laws and regulations to promote conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in the three countries involved. One of the most important is the recently approved "Law on Forests" in Argentina, which has established a moratorium on any further forest cutting until land zoning plans are in place for each province. However, due to institutional weaknesses, like diminished state presence in the field and absence of land use planning frameworks, these legal tools remain of limited use. Another aspect further exacerbating this situation is that the Gran Chaco ecosystem is vast and encompasses three countries with different policy frameworks as well as an important cultural diversity. Until now, the three Governments have had difficulties to harmonize their interventions at national level while at the same time addressing the challenges of better coordinated actions to respond to the development problems on the ground. There are important barriers to reaching the goal of sustainable land and forest management in the Gran Chaco, a situation that would be characterized by a sufficiently large number of local resource users adopting SLM-SFM practices and in which governments would be able to provide effective support and supervision on the use of land resources. The main barriers identified include: (i) poor or no land use planning at the provincial/departmental levels; (ii) gaps in regulatory and administrative frameworks at the provincial/departmental level; (iii) limited capacity in key government units to apply existing regulatory frameworks in a coordinated manner; (iv) land tenure insecurity (v) information gaps on the status and value of the ecosystem functions of the Gran Chaco; (vi) limited capacity of local populations to undertake the transition to a range of economically viable SLM and SFM practices; (vii) limited participation of local inhabitants in the decision making at local and provincial level. The barriers identified constitute obstacles for the efficient control over the conversion of vast areas of forest and grasslands into agriculture. They also increase the vulnerability of the region to macroeconomic fluctuations that affect the patterns of agricultural expansion. For example, one of the most important external drivers is the current price of soybean in the international market. Both small and big investors have been able to rapidly push the agricultural frontier deep into the Gran Chaco because the barriers identified above do not allow government agencies as well as the local stakeholders to undertake safeguard measures. While it is not possible to exercise control over the price of agricultural commodities, it is nevertheless possible to provide the institutional, financial and technical means to ensure that land conversion and deforestation in a transboundary ecosystem such as the Gran Chaco will be first slowed down and then finally controlled. In this regards, the "Law on Forests" in Argentina is providing a temporary window of opportunity to ensure that resource use activities in a vast area of the Chaco takes place according to principles of SFM and SLM. The project strategy has been designed to overcome the most important barriers by building upon the collective commitment of the three Governments to work together around the existing framework of the Sub-regional Program of Action for the Integrated Management and Sustainable Development of the Gran Chaco (UNCCD SRAP). The


interventions will focus on three components. The first is to strengthen institutional capacity so that this is no longer a barrier to the adoption of SLM and SFM practices. This will put emphasis on providing governments with the tools and technical capacities to complete land zoning plans, which in turn, as required by law, would define the areas off limits for agricultural purposes, and by establishing the Trinational Commission as required for the implementation of the SRAP. In parallel, capacity building and institutional strengthening will also aim to ensure that the process of adoption of SFM and SLM practices can take-off and be sustained in time after project termination date. Towards this purpose, the project will mainstream support programs into regular work programs of government and research/extension agencies, and ensure that domestic resources finance the bulk of long-term efforts. The second component is to apply a range of SFM and SLM practices involving a number of producer and an area large enough so that these can be perceived as feasible alternatives to clear-cutting for agricultural purposes by nonproject participants. It should be noted that the project cannot put in place land use alternatives that are substantially more profitable and attractive (the later in terms of risk and familiarity with the market chain) than clear-cutting for soybean agriculture. Rather, it can put in place SLM and SFM practices that are feasible and attractive for those areas (to be defined in land zoning plans) as not allowed to be clear cut for agricultural practices. This component will enroll in its first batch at least 3000 producers and half million hectares. The areas selected by this project overlap with priority areas set for conservation in the Gran Chaco so that synergies are obtained in terms of land conservation, protection of globally significant biodiversity, and CO2 fixation and avoided emissions. Finally, the third component is to establish an exit strategy by which the adoption of SLM and SFM practices is sustained over time with a target of 100,000 additional producers and 1,000,000 ha in a second batch of project participants. For that, the project will have internalized its support programs into the regular work of provincial and departmental governments. In implementing these components, the project will build upon other related government, donor and NGO initiatives in the field in order to maximize its impacts on the ecosystem conservation. DESCRIBE THE CONSISTENCY OF THE PROJECT WITH NATIONAL PRIORITIES/PLANS This project is fully consistent with the national action programs to combat desertification of the three countries as well with the regional priorities to promote sustainable management of natural resources in the Gran Chaco area while at the same time creating the conditions for the sustainable development of the local population living in the area. Since 1996, several agreements have been signed by the three stated countries involved including the formulation of the Action Program on Sustainable Development of the Gran Chaco (SAP). In 2001, the national Focal points of the UNCCD and the Global Mechanism signed a Declaration establishing the framework for the regional cooperation for the sustainable development of the Gran Chaco The declaration focused on three main aspects (i) the improvement of the socioeconomic conditions of the local populations; (ii) the establishment of concrete actions on the ground to mitigate the degradation of the Chaco ecosystems and (iii) the promotion of concrete actions to preserve both the biological diversity as well as the cultural diversity. This declaration was further confirmed and reinforced when the three countries signed in March 2007 the Framework for the Cooperation Agreement for the Sub-Regional Action Program for the Sustainable Development of the Gran Chaco Americano (SRAP). To follow up on this agreement a tri-national council and commission was established. Its main task is to ensure synergies between the national action programs and the regional framework while at the same time facilitating the implementation of the SRAP putting the priority on a more focused coordination with national and international programs operating in the area and creating the conditions for a better involvement of the local stakeholders and the civil society on the decision making process as well as promoting actions to reduce poverty.


C. DESCRIBE THE CONSISTENCY OF THE PROJECT WITH GEF STRATEGIES AND STRATEGIC PROGRAMS: The project fits with the SFM area strategy specifically SO7 and SO3. As such, the project draws resources from countries´ RAF allocations in biodiversity and climate change plus additional resources from the LD focal area. The project contributes to the outcomes of SO7 "Supporting Sustainable Forest Management in Production Landscapes" through the strengthening of policies, legislation and institutions so that forests and their associated biodiversity are integrated into land management at the landscape level (e.g. strengthening land-use planning and monitoring of forest and tree resources); developing and implementing strategies to avoid the degradation of forest margins and forest fragments; and projects that replicate successful SLM and SFM practices in the wider landscape to restore the integrity of forest ecosystems. The project also fits with SO3 "Management of land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) as a means to protect carbon stocks and reduce GHG emissions (crosscutting BD7LD)" by means of technical assistance for policy formulation, support for institutional and technical capacity to implement strategies and policies, development and implementation of policy frameworks to slow the drivers of undesirable land-use changes, and working with local communities to support land use practices that avoid and reduce emissions and sequester carbon. The project will concentrate work at the boundaries between forest with global biodiversity


value and other uses such as agriculture. The project area also fits with the previously mentioned regional priorities in the strategic program in terms of "margins and buffer zones of the South American Chaco" humid forests. D. OUTLINE THE COORDINATION WITH OTHER RELATED INITIATIVES The project proposal works with UNEP's assistance to the development and implementation of Sub-Regional Action Programs (SAP) of the UNCCD to facilitate the management of shared territories, native forests and hydrological resources in dry lands. The project will coordinate actions with the following GEF projects: (i) the WB/UNEP project on "Carbon Benefits Project (CBP): Modeling, Measurement, and Monitoring"; (ii) the UNEP/GEF Strategic Action Program for the Bermejo Bi-national Basin, which includes Argentina and Bolivia; (iii) the UNEP/GEF Sustainable Management of the Water Resources of the La Plata Basin with respect to the effects of climate variability and change; (iv) the WB/GEF Biodiversity Conservation in Productive Forestry Landscapes, the main objective of which is the incorporation of biodiversity in the management of forest plantations in ecosystems of regional and global importance in Argentina, and (v) the forthcoming UNDP/UNEP project "Argentina: Establishment of incentives for the conservation of ecosystem services of global significance" (hereafter "PES project"), which will support this initiative in the development of land zoning plans through incorporation of ecosystem services values. This project will outsource the incorporation of a layer of information about ecosystem services to the UNDP/UNEP PES project thus allowing for efficiency gains through specialization of their respective project units. The UNDP/UNEP PES project will also closely coordinate with the Chaco project in the establishment of schemes for payments on ecosystem services. Such a close cooperation and coordination between two distinct GEF projects jointly managed by two different GEF IAs sets a new level of agency cooperation in the region. The project will also make use of the information collected during the implementation of UNEP/GEF project (iii) "Catalyzing Conservation Action Program for Latin America", which worked in the Chaco areas of Bolivia and Paraguay, and coordinated with the (iv) UNEP/FAO Land Degradation Assessment in Dry lands (LADA). Finally, it will cement efficient linkages with the UNDP/GEF project (v) The Paraguayan Wildlands Protection Initiative which seeks to operational conservation management within four Protected Area sites with two of them being located in the Chaco ecosystem. The project will also make use of a body of knowledge in sustainable practices that are already taking place in the region by non-GEF projects. Among the latter, this initiative will be closely integrated with the Rio Pilcomayo Project (EC), the Project for the Sustainable Management of the Natural Resources in the American Chaco (GTZ) and the Project for the Integrated Management and Sustainable Development to Mitigate the Social, Economical and Environmental Degradation in the Gran Chaco Americano (OAS). E. DISCUSS THE VALUE ADDED OF GEF INVOLVEMENT IN THE PROJECT DEMOSTRATED THROUGH INCREMENTAL REASONING: The threats to the Gran Chaco region result mainly from the combined effects of (i) development pressure aimed at satisfying basic and urgent needs of poor local populations, (ii) administrative and regulatory gaps that impede control over the conversion of forests into agricultural land, and (iii) macroeconomic forces triggering responses of the agricultural sector that put pressure on the ecosystems. Without the GEF intervention, it is probable that the forest ecosystems of the Gran Chaco will continue to experience significant loss of biological value and ecological functions as they are converted to permanent agriculture or degraded through poor management practices. The hypothesis of the project is that this can be avoided by supporting policy changes as well as by building the capacities both of central and local actors through targeted barrier removal activities. The intention will be to create the enabling conditions for a coordinated regional implementation of the SRAP by strengthening the institutional capacities of the three countries involved to better conserve, manage and plan the use of the resources while at the same time providing the local actors with the planning tools as well as with the adequate technical and market based solutions that will allow to create economic alternatives to unsustainable use of the resources. The end result is expected to be a reduced rate of forest loss or a stabilization of the standing forest area, a reduced loss or stabilization of grassland areas, a better use of agricultural soil resources and an overall reduced loss of the ecological service production (including loss of BD value, water resources and carbon). The GEF investment will thus generate significant global benefits in large forest and grassland ecosystems while at the same time contributing to the paradigm shift between unsustainable and sustainable use of these globally significant forest ecosystems. The systemic capacities to replicate the good practices promoted by the project will be developed in the process. F.


There are several risks associated with this project. First, the diverse, heterogeneous and different jurisdictions involved in the three countries, as pertains to forest and land management and land tenure, constitute a risk in terms of coordination and high transaction costs. The project incorporates actions designed to minimize these risk and


include the harmonization of legislation, and introduction of mechanisms to coordinate actions, and a strengthened Sub regional Action Program for the Sustainable Development of the Gran Chaco Americano (PAS Chaco). Second, the extent of the Gran Chaco Region and the complexity of the project components are risks for project implementation. The project includes actions to make use of best available practices with reasonably high chances of success and the selection of strategic demonstration sites with high catalytic potential. Third, local capacities can vary significantly among actors and this poses a risk in terms of project execution. In response to this risk, the project will include institutional strengthening and capacity building elements to ensure that the three countries have at least a basic ability to implement the strategies identified as an output of this program. In terms of climate change risks, the hydrology of the la Plata Basin and the Gran Chaco Region can be affected significantly by the El Nino/La Nina fluctuations, which are expected to increase in the medium term. Climate change models predicts that increased temperatures will result in increased precipitation but that these will likely be offset by increased evaporation with the result of a greater likelihood of increased regular droughts in the Chaco. The project will support strategies and protocols of land use that take into account the likelihood of increased fluctuations in rainfall patterns in the region as well as the likelihood of decreased average rainfall. G. DESCRIBE, IF POSSIBLE, THE EXPECTED COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROJECT: (e.g. $/ton of CO2 abated). Improved regional collaboration based on a set of agreed upon criteria and functioning institutional mechanisms combined with the creation of alternative livelihoods at local level is one of the most appropriate and cost effective tools for achieving substantial improvements in the management of ecological functions of complex ecosystems such as the Gran Chaco. This project will be cost effective because it will build upon an already existing strategic framework, the SRAP, and on the political commitment of the three Governments involved to collectively address the challenges and the pressure in the Gran Chaco region. It will also use improved planning tools, public­private partnerships and investments to provide with the alternative solutions for sustainable use of resources that can be consolidated and replicated beyond the life span of the project. Through the collaboration with a broad base of international and national organizations it will also have access to cost effective field based expertise and to the private sector involved in these activities. GEF funds will be used primarily for interventions at the institutional level of the three countries involved, for targeted technical assistance, for training, for dissemination of information and for leveraging governmental investments in the region. A full analysis of the cost-effectiveness of the proposal will be presented at time of CEO endorsement and may include an evaluation of the carbon and BD value of preserving the forest and grassland ecosystems and reduce the rate of deforestation.


JUSTIFY THE GEF AGENCY COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE The project will be jointly implemented by UNEP and UNDP and will benefit from their areas of expertise and comparative advantages. UNEP has a comparative advantage in being the co-lead on the SFM in view of the significant expertise gained through its support to multilateral environmental conventions on this topic as well as its global and local assessments of soil degradation and ecosystem health, which have been taken as important references in land use planning by countries. UNDP brings to the project a comparative advantage in the implementation of SFM and SLM practices through the work of its offices in the participating countries. The Full Size Project Document to be presented to GEFSEC will include a specific distribution of roles and responsibilities as well as coordination arrangements between the agencies. PART III: APPROVAL/ENDORSEMENT BY GEF OPERATIONAL FOCAL POINT(S) AND GEF AGENCY(IES) A. RECORD OF ENDORSEMENT OF GEF OPERATIONAL FOCAL POINT (S) ON BEHALF OF THE GOVERNMENT(S): (Please attach the country endorsement letter(s) or regional endorsement letter(s) with this template).

Ing. Isidro Callizaya Deputy Minister of Territorial Planning and Environment Ministry of Territorial Planning and Environment La Paz, Bolivia Luis Molinas Belen GEF Operational Focal Point, Secretariat of Environment Asuncion, Paraguay Miguel Enrique Pellerano GEF Operational Focal Point Sub-Secretary of Planning and Environmental Policy

Date: December 27th, 2007

Date: December 27th, 2007

Date: December 27th, 2007


Secretariat for Environment and Sustainable Development


This request has been prepared in accordance with GEF policies and procedures and meets the GEF criteria for project identification and preparation. Project Contact Persons GEF Agency Coordinator Dr. Maryam Niamir-Fuller Director, Division of Global Environment Facility (GEF) Coordination UNEP Gabriel Labbate email: [email protected] Regional Coordinator LAC tel: (254 20) 762-4166 UNEP/DGEF

Date: February 11, 2008 GEF Agency Coordinator

Tel. and Email: (507) 305-3168 [email protected] Project Contact Person

John Hough UNDP-GEF Deputy Executive Coordinator, a.i. 212 906-5143 [email protected] Date: January 18, 2008

Lyes Ferroukhi Regional Technical Advisor, LD/BD UNDP/GEF

Tel. and Email: 507 302-4576 [email protected]



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