Read Microsoft Word - Field.docx text version

Hiroshima,Nagasaki,andBeyond NormaField Japan#27305 EastAsia#27605 HumanRights25400 T/Th1:302:50Judd111 TeachingAssistant:JustinJesty WeekOne:Earlyrepresentationsandreactions Tuesday,March30 Introduction MeetingwithJaySatterfield,SpecialCollections,RegensteinLibrary Thursday,April1 JohnHersey,Hiroshima 31August1946NewYorkerselections(Chalk) MaryMcCarthy,"The'Hiroshima'NewYorker,"NormanCousins,"TheLiteracyof Survival"(1946;BirdandLifschultz,303306)e* LaneFenrich,"MassDeathinMiniature:HowAmericansBecameVictimsofthe Bomb"(HeinandSelden,122133) WeekTwo:Earlyrepresentations,reactions,andhistoricalassessments Tuesday,April6 MahatmaGandhi,"TheAtomBomb&Ahimsa"(1946),AlbertCamus,"BetweenHell andReason"(1945),DwightMacdonald,"TheDeclinetoBarbarism"(1945),and ReinholdNiebuhr,"OurRelationstoJapan"(1945);(BirdandLifschultz,25868; 27577)e* SimonedeBeauvoir,TheMandarins(1956;23941) HenryL.Stimson,"TheDecisiontoUsetheAtomicBomb"(1947;Birdand Lifschultz,197210)e* WilliamLanouette,"ThreeAttemptstoStoptheBomb"(1992;BirdandLifschultz, 99118)e* GeorgeRoeder,"MakingThingsVisible:LearningfromtheCensors"(199[?],Hein andSelden,7399) PaulBoyer,"VictoryforWhat?TheVoiceoftheMinority"(1984;Birdand Lifschultz,23952)e* Thursday,April8 Citizens'Memoirs,PicturesbyAtomicBombSurvivors,Children'sVoices(Kyoko& MarkSelden,173242)

Photographs(1945[one1973]Kyoko&MarkSelden,11424);Chalkphotographs fromNagasaki(JoeO'Donnell,Torankunonakanonihon(Tokyo:Shogakukan, 1995) DomonKen,"TheBoyWhoWasaFetus:TheDeathofKajiyamaKenji"(1958;Kyoko &MarkSelden,15769) WeekThree:Beyondthenationstate:Thediversityofthetarget Tuesday,April13 **TalkbySteveLeeper(Transnet;USrepresentative,WorldConferenceofMayors forPeace) CaroleGallagher,AmericanGroundZero(1993;selections)Chalk SubcommitteeonEnergyConservationandPower,U.S.HouseofRepresentatives, AmericanNuclearGuineaPigs:ThreeDecadesofRadiationExperimentsonUS Citizens(1986;17)e* CHALKdocumentsonABCC(AtomicBombCasualtyCommission)andDU(depleted uranium) Thursday,April15 SodeiRinjirô,"WereWetheEnemy?AmericanHibakusha"(199[?];HeinandSelden, 23259) ToyonagaKeisaburô,"ColonialismandAtomBombs:AboutSurvivorsofHiroshima LivinginKorea"(1995;Fujitani,White,Yoneyama,37894)e* LeeGisang,"TheUnknownVictims"(1979;Hibakusha:SurvivorsofHiroshimaand Nagasaki,12035)e* WeekFour:Atomicbombliterature(1) Tuesday,April20 JohnTreat,"AtrocityintoWords,""GenreandPostHiroshimaRepresentation,""The ThreeDebates"(1995,WritingGroundZero,24120) Thursday,April22 HaraTamiki,"SummerFlower"(1947;Oe,TheCrazyIris,3754)e* AgawaHiroyuki,"August6"(1946;Kyoko&MarkSelden,323) **Sharing(Interview/dialogue) WeekFive:Atomicbombliterature(2) Tuesday,April27 JohnTreat,"HaraTamikiandtheDocumentaryFallacy,""PoetryAgainstItself" (12597);"NagasakiandtheHumanFuture"(30149) Thursday,April29 OtaYoko,"ResiduesofSqualor"(1947;Kyoko&MarkSelden,5585) HayashiKyoko,"TwoGraveMarkers"(1975;Kyoko&MarkSelden,2454)

WeekSix:Newerrepresentationsandconnections Tuesday,May4 Dr.ShuntaroHida,"TheDayHiroshimaDisappeared"(1982;BirdandLifschultz, 41532)e* KeijiNakazawa,BarefootGen(197273) Thursday,May6 YukiTanaka,"NuclearPowerPlantGypsiesinHighTechSociety"(1985;JoeMoore, TheOtherJapan:Conflict,Compromise,andResistanceSince1945,25171)e* ChikahiroHiroiwa,"SeekingaNewLife"(NoMoreChernobyls,SuzukoandFusako, AntiwarandAntinuclearMovements;1998,HiroshimaWitnessforPeace: TestimonyofABombSurvivorSuzukoNumata,22653)e* ArundhatiRoy,"Preface"and"TheEndofImagination"(1999;TheCostofLiving, 93126) WeekSeven:Commemorationstruggles(1) Tuesday,May11 JohnDower,"UnconditionalSurrenderattheSmithsonian"(1995;Birdand Lifschultz,33842)e* BartonBernstein,"APostwarMyth:500,00U.S.LivesSaved"(1986;Birdand Lifschultz,13034)e* PaulFussell,"ThankGodfortheAtomicBomb"(1988;BirdandLifschultz,21122)e Goldstein,Dillon,andWenger,"Introduction"(1995;RainofRuin:APhotographic HistoryofHiroshimaandNagasaki,xixiii)e* Thursday,May13 Inclassfilm:Hiroshima:Whythebombwasdropped(1995) WeekEight:CommemorationStruggles(2) Tuesday,May18 MonicaBraw,"HiroshimaandNagasaki:TheVoluntarySilence"(199[?],Heinand Selden,15572) EllenHammond,"CommemorationControversies:TheWar,thePeace,and DemocracyinJapan"(199[?],HeinandSelden,10021) LisaYoneyama,"[199[?],MemoryMatters:Hiroshima'sKoreanAtomBomb MemorialandthePoliticsofIdentity"(HeinandSelden,202231)e* Thursday,May20 **Sharing(archivalresearch) WeekNine:TheBurdenofProofandHistory'sEthicalChallenges Tuesday,May25 AkiraTashiro,DiscountedCasualties:TheHumanCostofDepletedUranium Thursday,May27

JohnRawls,"FiftyYearsafterHiroshima"(1995;BirdandLifschultz,47479)e GarAlperovitz,"Afterword:Questions,Issues,andMajorTheoriesConcerningthe UseoftheAtomicBomb"(1995;TheDecisiontoUsetheAtomicBomb,64368)e LeoSzilardandColleagues,"TheJuly17thPetitionoftheManhattanScientists" (1945)andWilliamLanouette,"ANoteontheJuly17thPetition"(Birdand Lifschultz,55260)e CarolCohn,"SexandDeathintheRationalWorldofDefenseIntellectuals"(1987) TBA HughGusterson,"RememberingHiroshimaataNuclearWeaponsLaboratory" (1995;HeinandSelden,26076) WeekTen:WhereAreWeNow? Tuesday,June1 **Sharing(interview/dialogue) *=ereserve ***additionalfilmsTBA SomeoftheWhyofThisCourse TheEnolaGayisondisplayattheSmithsonianinrestoredsplendor.Inthe meanwhile,inJapan,acommitteeincludingsomewhohaveneverinvolved themselvesinthenuclearissuehasbeennamedtostudyapproachestothefast approachingsixtiethanniversaryoftheatomicbombingofHiroshimaandNagasaki. Thedecadessincethebombingshaveseennuclearpowerplantaccidents,nuclear wastestoragecrises,andmostrecently,theproliferationofdepleteduranium(DU) incombatandtrainingsites.Thefamiliarimageofthemushroomcloudcanno longercapturethemultifariousdimensionsofnuclearthreat. Inthiscourse,wewillconsiderthehistoryofHiroshimaandNagasakithrough literature,film,photoessays,andnonfictionwriting.Whilebeingmindfulofthe differenteffectsofthesegenresofrepresentation(e.g.,howdophotos,drawingsby adults,drawingsbychildren,poems,fiction,ordocumentaryrecordsdifferintheir desireandcapacitytoconveyhorror?)wewillgrapplewiththeshifting understandingofthebombbothwithinandwithoutJapanduringtheColdWarand beyond.TheSmithsoniancontroversyof1995constitutesamajorthresholdinthe U.S.There,theexhibitorganizerstriedbutfailedtointroduceartifactsandimages portrayingthebombingexperienceontheground.Thisconflictanditsoutcome suggestedtheextenttowhichAmericanshadfailedtosustaindebateonthe bombingsinthepostwardecades.Ifanything,levelsofunderstandingseemtohave declined.USveterans'claimsthatmakingroomfortheviewfromthegroundina nationalmuseumdishonoredthesacrificeofUSsoldiersinterestinglymirroredthe viewofJapaneseveteransandtheirrightistsponsorswhofoundthedemandfor acknowledgmentandapologyforJapanesewarcrimesoffensivetothespiritsof theirmartyredcomrades.Thelatterphenomenonisalsoareflectionofhow Japaneseexaminationofatomichistoryhas,withthegrowingdemandforthe

acknowledgmentofJapanesecolonialhistory,movedbeyondasingularfocusonthe UnitedStatestopainfulrecognitionoftheliberatorystatusaccordedthebombsin theformerAsianempire. Eventhough,andbecauseourfocusisonJapan,wewillbeconsideringthegrowing diversityofthepopulationtowhomtheterm"hibakusha"hasbeenextendedthe victimsofradiationexposure,fromnuclearbombingandothersources.Japanese haveoftenbeencriticizedfora"victimconsciousness"becauseofthebombings,but Japanesepeaceandantinuclearactivistshavealsoactedontheirknowledgeofthat historytoconcernthemselveswiththevictimsofChernobyl,theimpactofFrench nucleartestingintheSouthPacific,ofIndianandPakistanitesting,ofuranium miningonNativeAmericanpopulationsinthesouthwest,andnow,mostofall,the proliferationofdepleteduranium(DU)inthesitesofarmedconflictaswellas testing,especiallysincethePersianGulfWar. Thetoxicity(metallogicalbutespeciallyradiological)ofDUisahotlycontested issue.Longtermscientificinvestigationisobviouslynecessary,butmanycontend thatthedramatichealthproblemsexhibitedbyUSandNATOveteransaswellas civilianpopulationsinIraqortheformerYugoslaviawarrantbanningtheuseofDU now.TheUSgovernmentatpresentdeniestheharmfulhealtheffectsofDU.Aswe bringourstudyofthenuclearagetothismoment,wewillnecessarilybe confrontingethicalquestions.Wewillsurelyneedtoreexaminewhathasbeenthe commonlastwordinAmerica,ofthemillionsoflivessavedbytheBomb. Courseprojects (a)Howweprocessthisvariedandconflictualmaterialconstitutesthesubstanceof thecourse.Tothisend,eachofyouwillchooseaninterlocutoroutsidethecourse withwhomyouwillconductacombinedinterview/dialogue.Yourinterlocutormay beafamilymemberorafriendorawillingacquaintance.Thefirstcriterionof selectionmustbewillingnesstoengagewithyouthroughthequarter.The governingassumptionhereisthataninterviewercanalsobechangedbythe interviewee;inthatsense,thisisacombinationofinterviewanddialogue.Asyou read,watch,andlisten,youwillbethinkingofhowtodrawonyourownexperience oflearningandhorror,sorrow,orconfusioninformulatingthequestionsyoupose yourinterlocutors(withoutexpectingthemtoreadoursyllabus!).Ideally,atthe end,youwillhaveanaccountofajourneyundertakenbybothofyou. Ofcourse,youwillwanttobethinkingaboutwhatkindofinterlocutoryouwant. Someoneconsiderablyolder,withcombatexperienceinWWII?Orawomanonthe "homefront"?SomeonewithchildhoodmemoriesoftheBombanditsaftermath? Someonewithstrongconvictionswithwhichyouagree?disagree?Yourown contemporarywithasimilarorcontrastingbackground?Thinkabouthowyou wouldhandleintensedisagreement,ortheexpressionofviewsyoumightevenfind offensive.Ofcourse,wewillallneedtoexplorewaystodiscusscontroversialtopics inthiscourse.Keepinmindthatyourinterview/dialogueisn'taoneshot encounter.Youmaywant,forwhateverreason,tokeepyourinterlocutor anonymousandassignanickname.(Wewilldiscussthismoreinclass.)Alsobearin mindthatwearenotheretojudgeyourinterlocutors'knowledgeandclaims.

Yourinterviewscanbebyemail,telephone,orinperson.Givethequestionofformat somethoughtinchoosingyourinterlocutor.Emailleavesawrittenrecord,and somepeoplearefreerinwritingthaninspeech.Ontheotherhand,youdon'tgetthe informationthatvoicecanofferhesitation,excitement,agitation.Youmustholda minimumofthreedistinctsessions,spacedthroughthequarterasmuchaspossible. Youdonotneedverbatimtranscripts,butyoumustkeeparecordofthequestions youformulateinadvance.YouwillundoubtedlyNOTbeusingallofthesequestions, andyouwillassuredlybeposingsomeunanticipatedquestions,dependingon whereconversationtakesyou.Eachweek,bymidnightMondayandmidnight Wednesday,youwillposttoChalktwoorthreequestionsderivedfromreadings anddiscussion.Youmayalsopostquestionsreflectingsecondthoughtsabouta previoustopic.Thisgivesusnotonlyastartingpointforclassdiscussionbutapool ofquestionsforyoutoconsiderusing.Writeuptheconversationassoonaspossible (evenifyou'reusingemail,writeupaquickanalysis)afterittakesplace.Youwillbe givinginterimreportstotheclass,sharingsuccesses,failures,andimpasses. Fortheendofthequarter,youwillbewritingupa25004000wordaccountofyour interview/dialogue.Again,thisisasmuchachancetotakestockofyourown learningprocessastounderstandyourinterlocutor'sstance,theknowledgeand experiencesinformingit.HowdothequestionsyoudeemedimportantinearlyApril lookbytheendofMay?Didyourstyleofengagementchange?Yourinterlocutor's? Doyouthinkyourinterlocutor'sviewschanged?Asyoucansee,throughthis interview/dialogue,youarealsoproducinganinformal,minioralhistoryofthe present,ofwaysofthinkingaboutnuclearhistory.Let'shopethatyourdifferences andthediversityofyourinterlocutorswillstretchallourminds. (b)Finally,asifallthereadings,weblinks,andfilmsweren'tenough,Iproposethat wetakeadvantageofourpeculiargoodfortune,namely,thatweareataninstitution intimatelytiedtothehistorywearestudying.AstheinscriptiontoHenryMoore's sculptureNuclearEnergyputsit,"OnDecember2,1942,manachievedherethefirst selfsustainingchainreactionandtherebyinitiatedthecontrolledreleaseofnuclear energy."SpecialCollectionsinRegensteinisatreasuretroveofdocumentsrelating tothe"atomicscientists"wholivedandworkedhere.Wewillgetanintroductionto partsofthecollectiononthefirstdayofclass.Youwillworkinpairstoproducea shortreportonaparticularaspectofthenucleareraasitdevelopedhereatthe UniversityofChicago,suchashowHenryMoore'ssculpturecametoresidenextto RegensteinLibrary,orwhatPresidentRobertMaynardHutchinsthoughtofthe ManhattanProject,before,during,andafter,orhowtheDoomsdayClockgotstarted andwhateffectit'shad. Thismaterial,too,canbepartofyourconversationwithyourinterviewee. Readings TitlesforpurchaseatSeminarCoop: Hersey,John.Hiroshima.VintageBooks,1989.

Nakazawa,Keiji.BarefootGen,Vol.2LastGaspEcofunnies,Inc.(backordered;new 2004edition) Hein,LauraandMarkSelden,eds.LivingwiththeBomb:AmericanandJpanese CulturalConflictsintheNuclearAge. Roy,Arundhati.TheCostofLiving.ModernLibrary.1999. Selden,KyokoandMarkSelden,eds.TheAtomicBomb:VoicesfromHiroshimaand Nagasaki.M.E.Sharpe,1991. Treat,John.WritingGroundZero:JapaneseLiteratureandtheAtomicBomb.U.of ChicagoPress,1996. *(optional)Ibuse,Masuji.BlackRain.KodanshaAmerica.1988. Titleforpurchasefrominstructor: AkiraTashiro.DiscountedCasualties:TheHumanCostofDepletedUranium. ChugokuShimbun,2001.($12+$2shipping) Titleswithexcerptsonereserve GarAlperovitz,TheDecisiontoUsetheAtomicBombandtheArchitectureofan AmericanMyth(N.Y.:Knopf,1995) KaiBirdandLawrenceLifschultz,eds.Hiroshima'sShadow:WritingsontheDenial ofHistoryandtheSmithsonianControversy(StonyCreek,Ct.:Pamphleteer'sPress, 1998) CarolCohn,"SexandDeathintheRationalWorldofDefenseIntellectuals,"Signs: JournalofwomeninCultureandSociety,1987,Vol.12,No.4 SimonedeBeauvoir,TheMandarins(Cleveland:TheWorldPublishingCompany, 1956) T.Fujitani,GeoffreyM.White,andLisaYoneyama,eds.PerilousMemories:TheAsia PacificWar(s).(Durham,N.C.,DukeUniversityPress,2001) DonaldM.Goldstein,KatherineV.Dillon,andJ.MichaelWenger,RainofRuin:A PhotographicHistoryofHiroshima&Nagasaki(Dulles,Va.:PrangeEnterprises,Inc., 1995) Hibakusha:SurvivorsofHiroshimaandNagasaki(Tokyo:KoseiPublishingCo., 1986)

ChikahiroHiroiwa.HiroshimaWitnessforPeace:TestimonyofAbombSurvivor SuzukoNumata(Tokyo:Soeisha,1998) JoeMoore,ed.TheOtherJapan:Conflict,Compromise,andResistancesince1945 (N.Y.:M.E.Sharpe,1997) OeKenzaburo,ed.TheCrazyIrisandOtherStoriesoftheAtomicAftermath(N.Y.: GrovePress,1985 SubcommitteeonEnergyConservationandPower,U.S.HouseofRepresentatives, AmericanNuclearGuineaPigs:ThreeDecadesofRadiationExperimentsonUS Citizens(U.S.GovernmentPrintingOffice,1986) TitleswithexcerptsonChalk(fornow) CarolGallagher.AmericanGroundZero:TheSecretNuclearWar(N.Y.:Random House,1993) JoeO'Donnell.TorankunonakanoNihon:Beijûgunkameramannohikôshikikiroku (Japan1945,ImagesfromtheTrunk).(Tokyo:Shogakukan,1995)8888

Information

Microsoft Word - Field.docx

8 pages

Find more like this

Report File (DMCA)

Our content is added by our users. We aim to remove reported files within 1 working day. Please use this link to notify us:

Report this file as copyright or inappropriate

496966


You might also be interested in

BETA
Microsoft Word - Field.docx