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Common Names

Of

Arachnids

2003

Fifth Edition

The bold jumper, Phidippus audax (Hentz). Scanning electron micrograph by R. G. Breene

The American Arachnological Society Committee on Common Names of Arachnids

R. G. Breene, Chairman

Common Names of Arachnids

2003

Fifth Edition

October 2003

The American Arachnological Society Committee on Common Names of Arachnids

R. G. Breene, (Chairman) College of the Southwest, Carlsbad, New Mexico D. Allen Dean, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas G. B. Edwards, Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, Florida Blaine Hebert, Pasadena, California Herbert W. Levi, Museum of Comparative Zoology Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1st. Ed.) Gail Manning, Dallas Museum of Natural History, Dallas, Texas Kari McWest, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, Texas Lou Sorkin, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York

ISBN 1-929427-11-5

2003 American Arachnological Society, published and available through the American Tarantula Society at:

ATSHQ.org

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Contents

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Common Name Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Common Name Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Review of Nomenclatorial Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

The Number of Words . . . . Systematics and Common Names . People's Names . . . . . . Incorporation of Scientific Names Hyphenation . . . . . . . Combining Non-Group Words. . Geographical Names . . . . . Common Name Case Designation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 7

Changes and Adoption of New Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Literature Cited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Section I. Arachnida Listed by Common Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Section II. Arachnida Listed by Scientific Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Section III. Arachnida Listed by Higher Taxonomic Category . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Section IV. Phylum, Class, Order, and Family Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

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Introduction

This publication is intended as a companion reference, for Arachnida, to the list of Common Names of Insects & Related Organisms published by the Entomological Society of America (ESA). The first edition was published in 1995. The second edition contained many additional common names. Other names were removed as not enough evidence could be found to justify their continuation under the common name criteria. Taxonomic changes in the placement of species within genera and spelling changes in specific names were updated. The third edition updated the latest scientific name changes and included additional common names for species, genera, and families. Perhaps the most significant change in the third edition was the inclusion of many new scorpion families recently erected. The fourth edition incorporates the most recent taxonomic changes with some species removed, and section III now has a more efficient design using the ESA's format. The fifth edition replaced the arachnid families without common names with contractions of the family names for consistency. Arthropod scientific names follow a strict set of rules adopted by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, and published in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. The intent of the code is to encourage stability, accuracy, and universality of an organism's scientific name (Bosik 1997). However, scientific names do change for reasons including priority, improper use of Latin, misidentification, and many other causes. Common names have been demostrated as more stable than scientific names. In a few cases, the scientific name for species has changed multiple times in a relatively short period of time, while the common name for the actual organism was never altered. The ESA has been involved with the common names of insects for some time. The first list of approved common names of insects contained 142 entries, and was first published in 1908 by the American Association of Economic Entomologists (AAEE), an organization which later merged with the ESA in 1953 (Stoetzel 1989). Fourteen common names lists were published after the original, with the latest appearing in 1997. The 1989 list contains 2,177 common names for arthropod species. Of this number, 2,018 are insects, 131 mites and ticks, 12 snails, 9 spiders, and 7 other non-insects. Of those 9 spider species listed, 8 were either taxonomically incorrect or use unrecognized common names. The latest list (Bosik 1997) also contained only nine spider species, however, only four were unrecognized common names and two were placed in the wrong family. They also listed only 37 of the 109 currently recognized spider families. One family didn't exist and 12 of the family common names were either unrecognized or were incorrectly spelled. This provides strong support for the necessity of an arachnid common name list created by arachnologists. All attempts over the last nine years to convince the ESA either to delete the arachnids from their list, or to adopt the list of names provided by the AAS, have failed. There have been few American arachnologists with an interest in common names. Kaston (1978) listed a number of common names, and Fitch (1963) applied common names to most of the spider species listed in his census of selected areas in northeastern Kansas. Both authors were influenced by Herbert W. Levi, of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University, who is probably responsible for the bulk of all common names of non-acarine arachnids in use today (Levi & Levi 1990). Concern for the matter of arachnid common names solidified in the latter part of the 1980's at an 3

annual meeting of the American Arachnological Society. G. B. Edwards was the first chairman appointed to the Committee on Common Names of Arachnids, followed by the current chairman in 1993. It should be mentioned that at that meeting, arachnologists approving of the creation of the Committee was about as large as those opposing the action. Many arachnologists believe that the scientific name itself is sufficient. This is suitable for trained scientists, however, arachnologists dealing with the public may rapidly discover the relative value of a common name. Should they attempt to encourage the use of, for example, Achaearanea tepidariorum (C. L. Koch), instead of using the term common house spider, perhaps the most frequently encountered spider in the United States, their opinions may quickly change. Most workers in public extension services, especially those dealing with agriculture, appreciate having standardized arthropod common names available. All arachnid orders and currently valid families within these orders (except families in the Acari) are listed here. The incomplete list of the Acari was taken with permission from Stoetzel (1989). The ESA publishes and sells its common name book for a price many believe discourages its universal use. Common Names of Arachnids was published and sold for a small price for many years. In order to further encourage its use to the general public, a PDF replica of Common Names of Arachnids is available free of charge to anyone with Internet access.

Common Name Guidelines

The rules followed when assigning scientific names to animals are profiled in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (Ride et al. 1985). Common names are less accurate and may be vernacular. Most of the rules and regulations applied to the common names of insects (Metcalf 1942; Gurney 1953; Chapin 1989; Stoetzel 1989, Bosik 1997) are also useful for arachnids, while others may not apply, or are ill fitting. A more detailed discussion of the guidelines for arachnid common names will follow, however, a concise version of these guidelines as they now stand is as follows. 1. The geographic area of primary concern is for species of arachnids inhabiting the United States, Canada, and their possessions or territories. Other species not inhabiting these areas, but of sufficiently well known status internationally, may be included. Species inhabiting the United States in museum displays, in zoos, or primarily as pets, qualify for a common name should the species meet the requirements. 2. Assigning a common name to an arachnid species must be justified. Qualified species should meet one or more of the following criteria: A. The species is abundant or conspicuous, at least periodically. B. The species is frequently encountered by segments of the general public, or is maintained in captivity in significant numbers. C. The species is economically significant, such as a pest of agricultural crops or gardens, or is a significant predator of arthropod pests. D. The species possesses potentially medically significant venom, or is a significant predator of medically important arthropod pests. E. They are threatened, endangered, or any other sufficient reason. 4

3. Common names should consist of three or fewer words. The use of four words is acceptable with sufficient and suitable reasons. 4. The family or group, and modifier words should be joined or separated according to whether or not they are systematically correct. Modifying words not associated with systematics should be joined where appropriate. Hyphens will not be used in common names unless the meaning cannot be successfully widely conveyed without them. 5. As with the ESA rules and regulations, past usage and probable future usage of common names should be given the fullest consideration when changes are proposed for existing common names, and for the adoption of new common names.

Review of Nomenclatorial Strategy

Common names use identifying characteristics of species to aid in distinguishing them from each other. Geography, morphology, habitat, color, and behavioral traits are the most frequently used characteristics, but a degree of flexibility should be reserved for common name choices. Unlike scientific names, components of common names may include the names of other species provided sufficient reason is given, including the scientific or common name.

The Number of Words

As Gurney (1953) noted, "It is clear that too long a name is awkward to use and would tend to defeat its own purposes." Three or fewer words are used for arachnid common names. Four words are allowed, provided justification is given for the additional word. The most common reason is the inclusion of a geographical proper name composed of more than one word. Costa Rican zebra tarantula is an example of an acceptable common name containing four words. A non-geographical case is the pineapple false spider mite. The name "false spider mite" represents the group; in this case, mites of the family Tenuipalpidae; and pineapple is apparently the major host for this particular species. Most arthropod common names contain two parts, one representing the taxonomic unit; the second composed of a modifier.

Systematics and Common Names

Spelling the group name with the modifier as one or two words depends upon whether or not the group or family name is systematically correct. If correct, it is spelled as two words; if not, it is joined and spelled as one word. Although more frequently encountered and more important for 5

insect names, this guideline is still applicable to arachnids. Some examples of systematically incorrect common names of insects are dragonfly, scorpionfly, mayfly, mealybug, and armyworm. All are combined into one word because the first three do not belong to the order of true flies; the fourth is homopteran, not a true bug; the last is a moth not a worm, a non-arthropod group name (see Stoetzel 1989 for insect group names). Some systematically incorrect arachnid group names on a higher level are whipscorpion, pseudoscorpion, windscorpion, and harvestmen. Some systematically correct insect names are honey bee, southern fire ant, fig wasp (Hymenoptera, the bees, wasps, ants, and others), codling moth, house fly, bed bug, and so forth, all two words.

People's Names

Non-geographic proper names will be in the nominative. Some common name examples using proper names are Hentz striped scorpion, Russell recluse, and Gertsch antmimic. Each species was described in honor of the person whose name appears in the scientific name, but the proper name is considered within the common name as being converted from the scientific name. Therefore, an uppercase letter is used at the beginning of each name. Using the possessive form of these proper names (Hentz's striped scorpion, Russell's recluse, and Gertsch's antmimic) is not permissible.

Incorporation of Scientific Names

Incorporating parts of the scientific name for the species into the common name is allowed by the ESA only when past usage justifies the inclusion. The rule was imposed because of the changing nature of insect scientific names. At this time, the use of parts of the scientific name in arachnid common names is allowed. The only guideline is to use scientific names that have remained stable and have been extensively used in the literature. The use of scientific names that are difficult to pronounce is, of course, discouraged. When used as a common name, the scientific name should not be in italics, and in contrast to the conventions when using people's names, the first letter should not be capitalized. Micrathena becomes micrathena, and so on.

Hyphenation

Hyphens are intentionally rare in arthropod common names, and there are none in use for arachnids at this time. They are used in the names of insects and potentially in those of arachnids only when the meaning may be lost without them. An example from insects is the w-marked cutworm, otherwise combining words without using hyphens is the preferred strategy. 6

Combining Non-Group Words

Combining words allows for more descriptive information that will aid in distinguishing one species from another, while helping to limit the number of words used. Most often involved in the joining of words are colors applied to the appearance of anatomical parts (whiteshouldered house moth, yellowfaced leafhopper, yellowmargined leaf beetle, redlegged grasshopper, blackjacket, greenlegged orbweaver, redspotted antmimic, silverspotted skipper), numbers applied to patterns or anatomical parts (twobanded fungus beetle, threelined leafroller, sixspotted mite, sixeyed sicariid spiders, twicestabbed lady beetle), appearance of anatomical parts (leaffooted bug, reticulatewinged trogiid, scalyleg mite, roundheaded pine beetle), and behavioral traits (redbanded leafroller, Texas leafcutting ant, sweetfern leaf casebearer, privet leafminer, palm leafskeletonizer). As may be noticed, the general trend for describing parts or regions of the arthropod anatomy is to use the adjectival form; winged, legged, kneed, footed, striped, lined, banded, faced, backed, headed, tailed, toed, and spotted, to name a few. The alternative method of spelling in this situation is the noun form; wing, leg, knee, foot, stripe, and so on. The first method of spelling is preferred, but significant numbers of common names using the latter are scattered and entrenched throughout the arthropods.

Geographical Names

Geographical proper names are frequently used in arthropod common names. The species must be strongly linked to the location. An imported species cannot be identified as Mexican, but in reality be found only in Peru. Otherwise, the only restriction is that the name must have meaning to as wide an audience as possible. For North American species, widely known areas of the United States or Canada (states or mountain ranges) are frequently used, however, naming species after cities or towns is discouraged. For imported species, the names of continents and most countries are acceptable, but naming species after states, cities, or localized areas or regions in other countries outside of the United States and Canada is not permissible. The inclusion of non-country / non-continent geographic proper names derived from outside of North America, north of Mexico, can be justified for reasons of priority given to broadly accepted past usage only.

Common Name Case Designation

The correct usage of capital and lowercase letters in common names is not widely known. The most recurrent mistake occurs when the first letter of each word in the common name is capitalized. The first letter of a common name should be in uppercase when beginning a sentence, otherwise, only the first letter in a proper name is uppercase. Proper names (or nouns) comprise a 7

class of words used as names for unique individuals, events, or places. Some examples of correct case in common names include McDaniel spider mite, bridge orbweaver, brown flour mite, Russell recluse, and Chilean rose tarantula.

Changes and Adoption of New Names

A form is provided in Bosik (1997) detailing the fairly complex procedure of proposing a new common name, or of changing an existing one. One reason for incorporating these elaborate steps is to discourage overwhelming numbers of submissions, and thereby make certain that only serious individuals will follow the necessary steps through to culmination. This is necessary, since entomologists worldwide number in the tens, perhaps hundreds of thousands. The total number of arachnologists worldwide, however, probably does not exceed three figures, using even the most liberal estimation parameters. Our problem is the apparent lack of interest in presenting suggestions for arachnid common names. Arachnologists familiar with arachnids at any level can submit their suggestions to the Committee. We ask only that they supply an explanation and reasoning behind the name chosen.

Acknowledgments

We thank Norman I. Platnick, of the American Museum of Natural History, for verifying the scientific names of Araneae, and W. David Sissom, of West Texas A&M University for verifying the scientific names of scorpions. James C. Cokendolpher was instrumental in supplying scientific and common names for the other arachnid orders. We also thank Miep J. O'Brien, Andrew M. Smith, the late Gary A. Polis, Rick C. West, Robert J. Raven, Robert A. Wharton, James Coffee, the late Darwin K. Vest, Samuel D. Marshall, Byron Wise, Barbara H. Reger, and Donald J. Buckle for their contributions. We thank the ESA for allowing the inclusion of their list of Acari from Stoetzel (1989).

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Literature Cited

Bosik, J. J. 1997. Common names of insects and related organisms. Entomol. Soc. of America, College Park, MD, 232 pp. Chapin, J. B. 1989. Common names of insects. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Am. 35: 177-180. Fitch, H. S. 1963. Spiders of the University of Kansas Natural History Reservation and Rockefeller experimental tract. Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Misc. Publ. 33, 202 pp. Gurney, A. B. 1953. An appeal for a clearer understanding of the principles concerning the use of common names. J. Econ. Entomol. 46: 207-211. Kaston, B. J. 1978. How to know the spiders. William C. Brown Co., Dubuque, Iowa. 272 pp. Levi, H. W. & L. R. Levi. 1990. Spiders and their kin. New York, Golden Press. 160 pp. Metcalf, R. L. 1942. Common names of insects. J. Econ. Entomol. 35: 795-797. Ride, W. D., C. W. Sabrosky, G. Bernard & R. V. Melville. [Eds.] 1985 (3rd ed.). International code of zoological nomenclature. Univ. California Press, Berkeley, CA, 338 pp. Stoetzel, M. B. 1989. Common names of insects and related organisms. Entomol. Soc. of America, College Park, MD, 199 pp.

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Section I. Arachnida Listed by Common Name

A

African emperor scorpions African redrump tarantula agrarian sac spider aloe mite American dog tick American house dust mite angulate & roundshouldered orbweavers Antilles pinktoe tarantula antmimic jumper Apache recluse apex mesh weaver apple rust mite arabesque orbweaver Argentinean rose tarantula Arizona bark scorpion Arizona recluse Arizona stripedtail scorpion arrowshaped micrathena Asian mahogany tarantula Asian forest scorpion Asian mustard tarantula Asian chevron tarantula asparagus spider mite avocado brown mite avocado red mite azalea white mite Pandinus spp. Eucratoscelus longiceps Pocock Cheiracanthium inclusum (Hentz) Eriophyes aloinis Keifer Dermacentor variabilis (Say) Dermatophagoides farinae Hughes Araneus spp. Avicularia versicolor (Walckenaer) Peckhamia picata (Hentz) Loxosceles apachea Gertsch & Ennik Phantyna segregata (Gertsch & Mulaik) Aculus schlechtendali (Nalepa) Neoscona arabesca (Walckenaer) Grammostola burzaquensis Ibarra Centruroides exilicauda (Wood) Loxosceles arizonica Gertsch & Mulaik Vaejovis spinigerus (Wood) Micrathena sagittata (Walckenaer) Ornithoctonus andersoni Pocock Heterometrus longimanus (Herbst) Chilobrachys sericeus (Thorell) Cyriopagopus paganus Simon Schizotetranychus asparagi (Oudemans) Oligonychus punicae (Hirst) Oligonychus yothersi (McGregor) Eotetranychus clitus Pritchard & Baker SCORPIONES: Scorpionidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Miturgidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Epidermoptidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Scorpionidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae

B

Baja recluse bamboo spider mite banded garden spider Banks grass mite bark crab spiders bark scorpions barn funnel weaver barn orbweaver basilica orbweaver Beck desert scorpion bermudagrass mite Big Bend recluse bird tick black hairy scorpion blacklegged tick blueberry bud mite bolas spiders bold jumper Loxosceles palma Gertsch & Ennik Schizotetranychus celarius (Banks) Argiope trifasciata (Forskål) Oligonychus pratensis (Banks) Bassaniana spp. Centruroides spp. Tegenaria domestica (Clerck) Araneus cavaticus (Keyserling) Mecynogea lemniscata (Walckenaer) Paruroctonus becki (Gertsch & Allred) Eriophyes cynodoniensis Sayed Loxosceles blanda Gertsch & Ennik Haemaphysalis chordeilis (Packard) Hadrurus spadix Stahnke Ixodes scapularis Say Acalitus vaccinii (Keifer) Mastophora spp. Phidippus audax (Hentz) ARANEAE: Sicariidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ARANEAE: Agelenidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ACARI: Ixodidae SCORPIONES: Iuridae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Salticidae

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Bolivian blueleg tarantula Bone Cave harvestmen bowl and doily weaver Braken Bat Cave meshweaver Brazilian black tarantula Brazilian graysmoke tarantula Brazilian purple tarantula Brazilian salmon tarantula bridge orbweaver broad mite bronze jumper brown dog tick brown flour mite brown mite brown recluse brown wheat mite brown widow brownlegged grain mite bulb mite bulb scale mite Burmese mustard tarantula burrowing wolf spiders

Pamphobeteus antinous Pocock Texella reyesi Ubick & Briggs Frontinella communis (Hentz) Cicurina venii Gertsch Grammostola pulchra (Mello-Leitão) Grammostola alticeps (Pocock) Iridopelma zorodes (Mello-Leitão) Lasiodora parahybana Mello-Leitão Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerk) Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) Eris militaris (Hentz) Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) Gohiera fusca (Oudemans) Bryobia rubrioculus (Scheuten) Loxosceles reclusa Gertsch & Mulaik Petrobia latens (Müller) Latrodectus geometricus C. L. Koch Aleuroglyphus ovatus (Troupeau) Rhizoglyphus echinopus (Fumouze & Robin) Steneotarsonemus laticeps (Halbert) Chilobrachys andersoni (Pocock) Geolycosa spp.

ARANEAE: Theraphosidae OPILIONES: Phalangodidae ARANEAE: Linyphiidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Glycyphagidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ACARI: Acaridae ACARI: Acaridae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Lycosidae

C

California common scorpion California ebony tarantula California trapdoor spider Cameroon brown tarantula Cameroon red tarantula cardinal jumper carmine spider mite cat follicle mite cattle follicle mite cattle itch mite cattle tick Cayenne tick celer crab spider cheese mite chicken mite Chihuahuan slendertailed scorpion Chilean rose tarantula Chilean recluse cinnamon taratula citrus bud mite citrus flat mite citrus red mite citrus rust mite clover mite cobalt blue tarantula Cokendolpher cave harvestmen Colombian brown tarantula Colombian giant tarantula Colombian lesserblack tarantula Paruroctonus silvestrii (Borelli) Aphonopelma eutylenum Chamberlin Bothriocyrtum californicum (O. P.-Cambridge) Hysterocrates crassipes Pocock Hysterocrates gigas Pocock Phidippus cardinalis (Hentz) Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval) Demodex cati (Mégnin) Demodex bovis Stiles Sarcoptes bovis Robin Boophilus annulatus (Say) Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius) Misumenops celer (Hentz) Tyrolichus casei Oudemans Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer) Paruroctonus gracilior (Hoffmann) Grammostola rosea (Walckenaer) Loxosceles laeta (Nicolet) Crassicrus lamanai Reichling & West Eriophyes sheldoni Ewing Brevipalpus lewisi McGregor Panonychus citri (McGregor) Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Ashmead) Bryobia praetiosa Koch Haplopelma lividum Smith Texella cokendolpheri Ubick & Briggs Pamphobeteus fortis (Ausserer) Megaphobema robustum (Ausserer) Xenesthis immanis (Ausserer) SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Ctenizidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Sarcoptidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ACARI: Acaridae ACARI: Dermanyssidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Tenuipalpidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae OPILIONES: Phalangodidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

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Colombian pinkbloom tarantula Colombian purplebloom tarantula common bluebloom tarantula common emperor scorpion common house spider common yellow scorpion conifer spider mite corner funnel weaver Costa Rican chestnutzebra tarantula Costa Rican orangemouth tarantula Costa Rican red tarantula Costa Rican redleg tarantula Costa Rican suntiger tarantula Costa Rican tigerrump tarantula Costa Rican zebra tarantula cotton blister mite creosotebush spider mite cross orbweaver curlyhair tarantula currant bud mite curvedhorn tarantula cyclamen mite

Pamphobeteus ornatus Pocock Pamphobeteus insignis Pocock Pamphobeteus nigricolor (Ausserer) Pandinus imperator (C. L. Koch) Achaearanea tepidariorum (C. L. Koch) Buthus occitanus (Amoreux) Oligonychus coniferarum (McGregor) Hololena curta (McCook) Aphonopelma burica Valerio Psalmopoeus reduncus (Karsch) Brachypelma angustum Valerio Megaphobema mesomelas (O. P.-Cambridge) Metriopelma zebratum Banks Cyclosternum fasciatum (O. P.-Cambridge) Aphonopelma seemanni (F. O. P.-Cambridge) Acalitus gossypii (Banks) Pseudobryobia drummondi (Ewing) Araneus diadematus Clerck Brachypelma albopilosum Valerio Cecidophyopsis ribis (Westwood) Ceratogyrus bechuanicus Purcell Phytonemus pallidus (Banks)

ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Scorpionidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Agelenidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae

D

depluming mite desert hairy scorpion desert recluse desert spider mite dewdrop spiders dimorphic jumper dog follicle mite driedfruit mite dryberry mite Knemidokoptes gallinae (Railliet) Hadrurus arizonensis Ewing Loxosceles deserta Gertsch Tetranychus desertorum Banks Argyrodes spp. Maevia inclemens (Walckenaer) Demodex canis Leydig Carpoglyphus lactis (Linnaeus) Phyllocoptes gracilis (Nalepa) ACARI: Sarcoptidae SCORPIONES: Iuridae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Carpoglyphidae ACARI: Eriophyidae

E

ear tick eastern sand scorpion Ecuadorian brownvelvet tarantula Ecuadorian purple tarantula elegant crab spider European house dust mite European red mite European water spider Entre Rios tarantula Otobius megnini (Dugès) Paruroctonus utahensis (Williams) Megaphobema velvetosoma Schmidt Avicularia purpurea Kirk Xysticus elegans Keyserling Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Trouessart) Panonychus ulmi (Koch) Argyroneta aquatica (Clerck) Grammostola iheringi (Keyserling) ACARI: Argasidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ACARI: Epidermoptidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Cybaeidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

F

false black widow fattailed scorpion feather mite featherleg tarantula Steatoda grossa (C. L. Koch) Androctonus australis (Linnaeus) Megninia cubitalis (Mégnin) Stromatopelma calceatum griseipes (Pocock) ARANEAE: Theridiidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ACARI: Analgidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

12

featherlegged orbweaver fig mite filbert bud mite filmy dome spider fishing spiders fivekeeled gold scorpion Florida garden spider Florida false wolf spider flower crab spiders follicle mite forest scorpions fourspotted spider mite fowl tick fringed ornamental tarantula furrow orbweaver

Uloborus glomosus (Walckenaer) Eriophyes ficus Cotte Phytocoptella avellanae (Nalepa) Neriene radiata (Walckenaer) Dolomedes spp. Leiurus quinquestriatus (Hemprich & Ehrenberg) Argiope florida Chamberlin & Ivie Ctenus captiosus Gertsch Misumena spp. Demodex folliculorum (Simon) Uroctonus spp. Tetranychus canadensis (McGregor) Argas persicus (Oken) Poecilotheria ornata Pocock Larinioides cornutus (Clerk)

ARANEAE: Uloboridae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Nalepellidae ARANEAE: Linyphiidae ARANEAE: Pisauridae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Ctenidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ACARI: Demodicidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Argasidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Araneidae

G

garden ghost spider garden orbweavers gardenia bud mite Gertsch antmimic giant hairy scorpions giant house spider giant sand scorpion giant vinegaroon global tentweb weaver goat follicle mite golden huntsman spider golden silk orbweaver goldendwarf sand scorpion goldenrod crab spider goliath birdeater tarantula goliath pinkfoot tarantula gophertortoise tick Government Canyon Bat Cave meshweaver Government Canyon Bat Cave spider grain mite grain rust mite Grand Canyon recluse grape erineum mite grass mite grass spiders gray wall jumper greaterhorned tarantula green lynx spider greenbottle blue tarantula greenlegged orbweaver ground crab spiders Gulf Coast tick Hibana gracilis (Hentz) Argiope spp. Colomerus gardeniella (Keifer) Castianeira gertschi Kaston Hadrurus spp. Tegenaria duellica Simon Paruroctonus mesaensis Stahnke Mastigoproctus giganteus (Lucas) Cyrtophora citricola (Forskål) Demodex caprae Railliet Olios fasciculatus Simon Nephila clavipes (Linnaeus) Paruroctonus luteolus (Gertsch & Soleglad) Misumena vatia (Clerck) Theraphosa blondi (Latreille) Theraphosa apophysis Tinter Amblyomma tuberculatum Marx Cicurina vespera Gertsch Neoleptoneta microps (Gertsch) Acarus siro Linnaeus Abacarus hytrix (Nalepa) Loxosceles kaiba Gertsch & Ennik Colomerus vitis (Pagenstecher) Siteroptes graminum (Reuter) Agelenopsis spp. Menemerus bivittatus (Dufour) Ceratogyrus brachycephalus Hewitt Peucetia viridans (Hentz) Chromatopelma cyaneopubescens (Strand) Mangora maculata (Keyserling) Xysticus spp. Amblyomma maculatum Koch ARANEAE: Anyphaenidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Corinnidae SCORPIONES: Iuridae ARANEAE: Agelenidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae UROPYGI: Thelyphonidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Demodicidae ARANEAE: Sparassidae ARANEAE: Tetragnathidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Ixodidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ARANEAE: Leptonetidae ACARI: Acaridae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Siterotidae ARANEAE: Agelenidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Oxyopidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ACARI: Ixodidae

13

H

Haitian brown tarantula hammerjawed jumper hammock spider Hentz striped scorpion hobo spider hog follicle mite honey bee mite honeylocust spider mite horse follicle mite house mite house mouse mite house pseudoscorpion humpbacked orbweaver huntsman spider Phormictopus cancerides (Latreille) Zygoballus rufipes Peckham & Peckham Pityohyphantes costatus (Hentz) Centruroides hentzi (Banks) Tegenaria agrestis (Walckenaer) Demodex phylloides Csokor Acarapis woodi (Rennie) Platytetranychus multidigitalis (Ewing) Demodex equi Railliet Glycyphagus domesticus (De Geer) Liponyssoides sanguineus (Hirst) Chelifer cancroides (Linnaeus) Eustala anastera (Walckenaer) Heteropoda venatoria (Linnaeus) ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Linyphiidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ARANEAE: Agelenidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Glycyphagidae ACARI: Macronyssidae PSEUDOSCORPIONES: Cheliferidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Sparassidae

I

Indian ornamental tarantula Israeli black scorpion itch mite ivory ornamental tarantula Poecilotheria regalis Pocock Hottentotta judaica (Simon) Sarcoptes scabiei (De Geer) Poecilotheria subfusca Pocock ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ACARI: Sarcoptidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

J

Javan yellowknee tarantula Johnson jumper Selenocosmia javanensis (Walckenaer) Phidippus johnsoni (Peckham & Peckham) ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Salticidae

K

Kaston sac spider king baboon tarantula Clubiona kastoni Gertsch Citharischius crawshayi Pocock ARANEAE: Clubionidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

L

labyrinth orbweaver largeclawed scorpion lattice orbweaver leafcurling sac spiders leaflitter crab spiders lesser follicle mite lesser stripetail scorpion lined orbweaver litchi mite lone star tick longbodied cellar spider longjawed orbweavers longlegged sac spiders Metepeira labyrinthea (Hentz) Scorpio maurus Linnaeus Araneus thaddeus (Hentz) Clubiona spp. Ozyptila spp. Demodex brevis Bulanova Vaejovis coahuilae Williams Mangora gibberosa (Hentz) Aceria litchii (Keifer) Amblyomma americanum (Linnaeus) Pholcus phalangioides (Fuesslin) Tetragnatha spp. Cheiracanthium spp. ARANEAE: Araneidae SCORPIONES: Scorpionidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Clubionidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ACARI: Demodicidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Ixodidae ARANEAE: Pholcidae ARANEAE: Tetragnathidae ARANEAE: Miturgidae

14

M

Madla Cave meshweaver magnolia green jumper Malaysian tinybrown scorpion mango bud mite mango spider mite maple bladdergall mite marbled cellar spider marbled cobweb spider marbled orbweaver Martha recluse McDaniel spider mite Mediterranean recluse desert blond tarantula Mexican bloodleg tarantula Mexican flameknee tarantula Mexican orangebeauty tarantula Mexican pink tarantula Mexican redknee tarantula Mexican redleg tarantula Mexican redrump tarantula Mexican fireleg tarantula mold mite Mombasa golden starburst tarantula Monterey dune scorpion Cicurina madla Gertsch Lyssomanes viridis (Walckenaer) Liocheles australasiae (Fabricius) Eriophyes mangiferae (Sayed) Oligonychus mangiferus (Rahman & Punjab) Vasates quadripedes Shimer Holocnemus pluchei (Scopoli) Enoplognatha marmorata (Hentz) Araneus marmoreus Clerk Loxosceles martha Gertsch & Ennik Tetranychus mcdanieli McGregor Loxosceles rufescens (Dufour) Aphonopelma chalcodes Chamberlin Aphonopelma bicoloratum Struchen et al. Brachypelma auratum Schmidt Brachypelma baumgarteni Smith Brachypelma klaasi (Schmidt & Krause) Brachypelma smithi (F. O. P.-Cambridge) Brachypelma emilia (White) Brachypelma vagans (Ausserer) Brachypelma boehmei Schmidt & Klaas Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) Pterinochilus murinus Pocock Paruroctonus maritimus Williams ARANEAE: Dictynidae ARANEAE: Salticidae SCORPIONES: Liochelidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Pholcidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Acaridae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae

N

New Guinea brown tarantula Nigerian rustred tarantula northern black widow northern crab spider northern fowl mite northern scorpion nursery web spider Selenocosmia lanipes Ausserer Hysterocrates laticeps Pocock Latrodectus variolus Walckenaer Misumenops asperatus (Hentz) Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Canestrini & Fanzago) Paruroctonus boreus (Girard) Pisaurina mira (Walckenaer) ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ACARI: Macronyssidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Pisauridae

O

orange chevron tarantula orchard orbweaver oxalis spider mite Tapinauchenius gigas Caporiacco Leucauge venusta (Walckenaer) Tetranychina harti (Ewing) ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Tetragnathidae ACARI: Tetranychidae

P

Pacific Coast tick Pacific spider mite Pampas tawnyred tarantula pantropical jumper parson spider Dermacentor occidentalis Marx Tetranychus pacificus McGregor Grammostola grossa (Ausserer) Plexippus paykulli (Audouin) Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Hentz ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Gnaphosidae

15

peach silver mite pear rust mite pearleaf blister mite pecan leaf scorch mite pecan leafroll mite peppered jumper Peruvian pinktoe tarantula Pike slender jumper pine bud mite pine rosette mite pineapple false spider mite pineapple broad mite pinktoe tarantula pirate wolf spiders plum rust mite privet mite

Aculus cornutus (Banks) Epitrimerus pyri (Nalepa) Phytotus pyri Pagenstecher Eotetranychus hicoriae (McGregor) Eriophyes caryae Keifer Pelegrina galathea (Walckenaer) Avicularia urticans Schmidt Marpissa pikei (Peckham & Peckham) Trisetacus pini (Nalepa) Trisetacus gemmavitians Styer Dolichotetranychus floridanus (Banks) Steneotarsonemus ananas (Tryron) Avicularia avicularia (Linnaeus) Pirata spp. Aculus fockeui (Nalepa & Trouessart) Brevipalpus obovatus Donnadieu

ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ACARI: Nalepellidae ACARI: Nalepellidae ACARI: Tenuipalpidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Lycosidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Tenuipalpidae

R

rabbit tick recluse spiders red and black flat mite red grasshopper mite red widow redberry mite redbloom tarantula redclawed emperor scorpion Reddell harvestmen redslate ornamental tarantula redspotted antmimic regal jumper relapsing fever tick reticulate mite Rio Grande gold tarantula Robber Baron Cave meshweaver Rocky Mountain wood tick rotund tick Russell recluse Haemaphysalis leporispalustris (Packard) Loxosceles spp. Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) Eutrombidium trigonum (Hermann) Latrodectus bishopi Kaston Acalitus essigi (Hassan) Pamphobeteus vespertinus (Simon) Pandinus cavimanus (C. L. Koch) Texella reddelli Goodnight & Goodnight Poecilotheria rufilata Pocock Castianeira descripta (Hentz) Phidippus regius C. L. Koch Ornithodoros turicata (Dugès) Lorryia reticulata (Oudemans) Aphonopelma moderatum (Chamberlin & Ivie) Cicurina baronia Gertsch Dermacentor andersoni Stiles Ixodes kingi Bishopp Loxosceles russelli Gertsch & Ennik ACARI: Ixodidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ACARI: Tenuipalpidae ACARI: Trombiculidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Scorpionidae OPLILIONES: Phalangodidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Corinnidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ACARI: Argasidae ACARI: Tydeidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae

S

Salem ornamental tarantula sand recluse spiders sawfinger scorpions scab mite scaly grain mite scalyleg mite Schoene spider mite shamrock orbweaver sheep follicle mite sheep scab mite shortbodied cellar spider silver garden spider Poecilotheria formosa Pocock Sicarius spp. Serradigitus spp. Psoroptes equi (Raspail) Suidasia nesbitti Hughes Knemidokoptes mutans (Robin & Lanquetin) Tetranychus schoenei McGregor Araneus trifolium (Hentz) Demodex ovis Railliet Psoroptes ovis (Hering) Spermophora senoculata (Dugès) Argiope argentata (Fabricius) ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ACARI: Psoroptidae ACARI: Acaridae ACARI: Sarcoptidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Psoroptidae ARANEAE: Pholcidae ARANEAE: Araneidae

16

silver longjawed orbweaver sixspotted fishing spider sixspotted mite sixspotted orbweaver skeleton tarantula slender crab spiders slenderbrown scorpion South African rock scorpions southern black widow southern cattle tick southern house spider southern red mite southern unstriped scorpion spined micrathena spinybacked orbweaver spotted orbweavers spotted scorpion spruce spider mite Sri Lankan ornamental tarantula starbellied orbweaver straighthorned tarantula straw itch mite strawberry spider mite striped bark scorpion striped lynx spider striped orbweavers stripeleg tarantula sugarcane leaf mite sugarcane stalk mite suntiger tarantula swollenstinger scorpion Sydney funnelweb spider

Tetragnatha laboriosa Hentz Dolomedes triton (Walckenaer) Eotetranychus sexmaculatus (Riley) Araniella displicata (Hentz) Ephebopus murinus (Walckenaer) Tibellus spp. Centruroides gracilis (Latreille) Hadogenes spp. Latrodectus mactans (Fabricius) Boophilus microplus (Canestrini) Kukulcania hibernalis (Hentz) Oligonychus ilicis (McGregor) Vaejovis carolinianus (Beauvois) Micrathena gracilis (Walckenaer) Gasteracantha cancriformis (Linnaeus) Neoscona spp. Isometrus maculatus (De Geer) Oligonychus ununguis (Jacobi) Poecilotheria fasciata (Latreille) Acanthepeira stellata (Walckenaer) Ceratogyrus marshalli Pocock Pyemotes tritici (Lagrèze-Fossat & Montané) Tetranychus turkestani Ugarov & Nikolski Centruroides vittatus (Say) Oxyopes salticus Hentz Singa spp. Lasiodorides striatus (Schmidt & Antonelli) Oligonychus indicus (Hirst) Steneotarsonemus bancrofti (Michael) Psalmopoeus irminia Saager Anuroctonus phaiodactylus (Wood) Atrax robustus O. P. Cambridge

ARANEAE: Tetragnathidae ARANEAE: Pisauridae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Philodromidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae SCORPIONES: Liochelidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ACARI: Ixodidae ARANEAE: Filistatidae ACARI: Tetranychidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Pyemotidae ACARI: Tetranychidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ARANEAE: Oxyopidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Iuridae ARANEAE: Hexathelidae

T

tentweb weavers Texas brown tarantula Texas citrus mite Texas recluse Texas tan tarantula Thailand black tarantula thickjawed orbweavers thinlegged wolf spiders threebanded crab spider tipdwarf mite Togo starburst tarantula tomato russet mite Tooth Cave pseudoscorpion Tooth Cave spider toothed scorpions translucent green jumpers trashline orbweavers triangle weaver Trinidad chevron tarantula Cyrtophora spp. Aphonopelma hentzi (Girard) Eutetranychus banksi (McGregor) Loxosceles devia Gertsch & Mulaik Aphonopelma anax (Chamberlin) Haplopelma minax (Thorell) Pachygnatha spp. Pardosa spp. Xysticus triguttatus Keyserling Calepiterimerus thujae (Garman) Heteroscodra maculata Pocock Aculops lycopersici (Massee) Tartarocreagris texana (Muchmore) Neoleptoneta myopica (Gertsch) Diplocentrus spp. Lyssomanes spp. Cyclosa spp. Hyptiotes cavatus (Hentz) Psalmopoeus cambridgei Pocock ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Tetragnathidae ARANEAE: Lycosidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Eriophyidae PSEUDOSCORPIONES: Neobisiidae ARANEAE: Leptonetidae SCORPIONES: Diplocentridae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Uloboridae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

17

Trinidad mahogany tarantula Trinidad olive tarantula tropical fowl mite tropical horse tick tropical rat mite Tucson recluse tuftlegged orbweaver tumid spider mite turkey chigger turret spider twobanded antmimic twospotted cobweb spider twospotted spider mite

Tapinauchenius plumipes (C. L. Koch) Holothele incei (F. O. P.-Cambridge) Ornithonyssus bursa (Berlese) Anocenter nitens (Neumann) Ornithonyssus bacoti (Hirst) Loxosceles sabina Gertsch & Ennik Mangora placida (Hentz) Tetranychus tumidus Banks Neoschoengastia americana (Hirst) Atypoides riversi O. P.-Cambridge Castianeira cingulata (C. L. Koch) Steatoda americana (Emerton) Tetranychus urticae Koch

ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Macronyssidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Macronyssidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Trombiculidae ARANEAE: Antrodiaetidae ARANEAE: Corinnidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ACARI: Tetranychidae

W

walnut blister mite Warton meshweaver warty grain mite western black widow western forest scorpion western lynx spider western predatory mite western spotted orbweaver wheat curl mite whitebanded crab spider whitebanded tarantula whitecollared tarantula white micrathena whitetoe tarantula widow spiders winter grain mite winter tick Eriophyes erinea (Nalepa) Cicurina wartoni Gertsch Aeroglyphus robustus (Banks) Latrodectus hesperus Chamberlin & Ivie Uroctonus mordax mordax Thorell Oxyopes scalaris Hentz Galendromus occidentalis (Nesbitt) Neoscona oaxacensis (Keyserling) Eriophyes tulipae Keifer Misumenoides formosipes (Walckenaer) Acanthoscurria geniculata (C. L. Koch) Eupalaestrus weijenberghi (Thorell) Micrathena mitrata (Hentz) Avicularia metallica Ausserer Latrodectus spp. Penthaleus major (Dugès) Dermacentor albipictus (Packard) ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ACARI: Glycyphagidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Oxyopidae ACARI: Phytoseiidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ACARI: Eupodidae ACARI: Ixodidae

Y

yellowbanded tarantula yellow bark scorpion yellow garden spider yellow ground scorpion yellowlegged creeping scorpion yellow spider mite Yucatan rustrump tarantula Yuma spider mite Avicularia juruensis Mello-Leitão Centruroides testaceus (De Geer) Argiope aurantia Lucas Vaejovis confusus Stahnke Opisthacanthus asper (Peters) Eotetranychus carpini borealis (Ewing) Brachypelma epicureanum (Chamberlin) Eotetranychus yumensis (McGregor) ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ARANEAE: Araneidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Liochelidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Tetranychidae

Z

zebra jumper Salticus scenicus (Clerck) ARANEAE: Salticidae

18

Section II. Arachnida Listed by Scientific Name

A

Abacarus hytrix (Nalepa) Acalitus essigi (Hassan) Acalitus gossypii (Banks) Acalitus vaccinii (Keifer) Acanthepeira stellata (Walckenaer) Acanthoscurria geniculata (C. L. Koch) Acarapis woodi (Rennie) Acarus siro Linnaeus Aceria litchii (Keifer) Achaearanea tepidariorum (C. L. Koch) Aculops lycopersici (Massee) Aculus cornutus (Banks) Aculus fockeui (Nalepa & Trouessart) Aculus schlechtendali (Nalepa) Aeroglyphus robustus (Banks) Agelenopsis spp. Aleuroglyphus ovatus (Troupeau) Amblyomma americanum (Linnaeus) Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius) Amblyomma maculatum Koch Amblyomma tuberculatum Marx Androctonus australis (Linnaeus) Anocenter nitens (Neumann) Anuroctonus phaiodactylus (Wood) Aphonopelma anax (Chamberlin) Aphonopelma bicoloratum Struchen et al. Aphonopelma burica Valerio Aphonopelma chalcodes Chamberlin Aphonopelma eutylenum Chamberlin Aphonopelma hentzi (Girard) Aphonopelma moderatum (Chamberlin & Ivie) Aphonopelma seemanni (F. O. P.-Cambridge) Araneus spp. Araneus cavaticus (Keyserling) Araneus diadematus Clerck Araneus marmoreus Clerk Araneus thaddeus (Hentz) Araneus trifolium (Hentz) Araniella displicata (Hentz) Argas persicus (Oken) Argiope spp. Argiope argentata (Fabricius) Argiope aurantia Lucas Argiope florida Chamberlin & Ivie Argiope trifasciata (Forskål) Argyrodes spp. Argyroneta aquatica (Clerck) Atrax robustus O. P. Cambridge grain rust mite redberry mite cotton blister mite blueberry bud mite starbellied orbweaver whitebanded tarantula honey bee mite grain mite litchi mite common house spider tomato russet mite peach silver mite plum rust mite apple rust mite warty grain mite grass spiders brownlegged grain mite lone star tick Cayenne tick Gulf Coast tick gophertortoise tick fattailed scorpion tropical horse tick swollenstinger scorpion Texas tan tarantula Mexican bloodleg tarantula Costa Rican chestnutzebra tarantula desert blond tarantula California ebony tarantula Texas brown tarantula Rio Grande gold tarantula Costa Rican zebra tarantula angulate & roundshouldered orbweavers barn orbweaver cross orbweaver marbled orbweaver lattice orbweaver shamrock orbweaver sixspotted orbweaver fowl tick garden orbweavers silver garden spider yellow garden spider Florida garden spider banded garden spider dewdrop spiders European water spider Sydney funnelweb spider ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ACARI: Acaridae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Glycyphagidae ARANEAE: Agelenidae ACARI: Acaridae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ACARI: Ixodidae SCORPIONES: Iuridae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Argasidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ARANEAE: Cybaeidae ARANEAE: Hexathelidae

19

Atypoides riversi O. P.-Cambridge Avicularia avicularia (Linnaeus) Avicularia juruensis Mello-Leitão Avicularia metallica Ausserer Avicularia purpurea Kirk Avicularia urticans Schmidt Avicularia versicolor (Walckenaer)

turret spider pinktoe tarantula yellowbanded tarantula whitetoe tarantula Ecuadorian purple tarantula Peruvian pinktoe tarantula Antilles pinktoe tarantula

ARANEAE: Antrodiaetidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

B

Bassaniana spp. Boophilus annulatus (Say) Boophilus microplus (Canestrini) Bothriocyrtum californicum (O. P.-Cambridge) Brachypelma albopilosum Valerio Brachypelma angustum Valerio Brachypelma auratum Schmidt Brachypelma baumgarteni Smith Brachypelma boehmei Schmidt & Klaas Brachypelma emilia (White) Brachypelma epicureanum (Chamberlin) Brachypelma klaasi (Schmidt & Krause) Brachypelma smithi (F. O. P.-Cambridge) Brachypelma vagans (Ausserer) Brevipalpus lewisi McGregor Brevipalpus obovatus Donnadieu Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) Bryobia praetiosa Koch Bryobia rubrioculus (Scheuten) Buthus occitanus (Amoreux) bark crab spiders cattle tick southern cattle tick California trapdoor spider curlyhair tarantula Costa Rican red tarantula Mexican flameknee tarantula Mexican orangebeauty tarantula Mexican fireleg tarantula Mexican redleg tarantula Yucatan rustrump tarantula Mexican pink tarantula Mexican redknee tarantula Mexican redrump tarantula citrus flat mite privet mite red and black flat mite clover mite brown mite common yellow scorpion ARANEAE: Thomisidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae ARANEAE: Ctenizidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Tenuipalpidae ACARI: Tenuipalpidae ACARI: Tenuipalpidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae

C

Calepiterimerus thujae (Garman) Carpoglyphus lactis (Linnaeus) Castianeira cingulata (C. L. Koch) Castianeira descripta (Hentz) Castianeira gertschi Kaston Cecidophyopsis ribis (Westwood) Centruroides spp. Centruroides exilicauda (Wood) Centruroides gracilis (Latreille) Centruroides hentzi (Banks) Centruroides testaceus (De Geer) Centruroides vittatus (Say) Ceratogyrus bechuanicus Purcell Ceratogyrus brachycephalus Hewitt Ceratogyrus marshalli Pocock Cheiracanthium spp. Cheiracanthium inclusum (Hentz) Chelifer cancroides (Linnaeus) Chilobrachys andersoni (Pocock) Chilobrachys sericeus (Thorell) tipdwarf mite driedfruit mite twobanded antmimic redspotted antmimic Gertsch antmimic currant bud mite bark scorpions Arizona bark scorpion slenderbrown scorpion Hentz striped scorpion yellow bark scorpion striped bark scorpion curvedhorn tarantula greaterhorned tarantula straighthorned tarantula longlegged sac spiders agrarian sac spider house pseudoscorpion Burmese mustard tarantula Asian mustard tarantula ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Carpoglyphidae ARANEAE: Corinnidae ARANEAE: Corinnidae ARANEAE: Corinnidae ACARI: Eriophyidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Miturgidae ARANEAE: Miturgidae PSEUDOSCORPIONES: Cheliferidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

20

Chromatopelma cyaneopubescens (Strand) Cicurina baronia Gertsch Cicurina madla Gertsch Cicurina venii Gertsch Cicurina vespera Gertsch Cicurina wartoni Gertsch Citharischius crawshayi Pocock Clubiona spp. Clubiona kastoni Gertsch Colomerus gardeniella (Keifer) Colomerus vitis (Pagenstecher) Crassicrus lamanai Reichling & West Ctenus captiosus Gertsch Cyclosa spp. Cyclosternum fasciatum (O. P.-Cambridge) Cyriopagopus paganus Simon Cyrtophora spp. Cyrtophora citricola (Forskål)

greenbottle blue tarantula Robber Baron Cave meshweaver Madla Cave meshweaver Braken Bat Cave meshweaver Government Canyon Bat Cave meshweaver Warton meshweaver king baboon tarantula leafcurling sac spiders Kaston sac spider gardenia bud mite grape erineum mite cinnamon taratula Florida false wolf spider trashline orbweavers Costa Rican tigerrump tarantula Asian chevron tarantula tentweb weavers global tentweb weaver

ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Clubionidae ARANEAE: Clubionidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Ctenidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae

D

Demodex bovis Stiles Demodex brevis Bulanova Demodex canis Leydig Demodex caprae Railliet Demodex cati (Mégnin) Demodex equi Railliet Demodex folliculorum (Simon) Demodex ovis Railliet Demodex phylloides Csokor Dermacentor albipictus (Packard) Dermacentor andersoni Stiles Dermacentor occidentalis Marx Dermacentor variabilis (Say) Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer) Dermatophagoides farinae Hughes Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Trouessart) Diplocentrus spp. Dolichotetranychus floridanus (Banks) Dolomedes spp. Dolomedes triton (Walckenaer) cattle follicle mite lesser follicle mite dog follicle mite goat follicle mite cat follicle mite horse follicle mite follicle mite sheep follicle mite hog follicle mite winter tick Rocky Mountain wood tick Pacific Coast tick American dog tick chicken mite American house dust mite European house dust mite toothed scorpions pineapple false spider mite fishing spiders sixspotted fishing spider ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Demodicidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Dermanyssidae ACARI: Epidermoptidae ACARI: Epidermoptidae SCORPIONES: Diplocentridae ACARI: Tenuipalpidae ARANEAE: Pisauridae ARANEAE: Pisauridae

E

Enoplognatha marmorata (Hentz) Eotetranychus carpini borealis (Ewing) Eotetranychus clitus Pritchard & Baker Eotetranychus hicoriae (McGregor) Eotetranychus sexmaculatus (Riley) Eotetranychus yumensis (McGregor) Ephebopus murinus (Walckenaer) Epitrimerus pyri (Nalepa) Eriophyes aloinis Keifer marbled cobweb spider yellow spider mite azalea white mite pecan leaf scorch mite sixspotted mite Yuma spider mite skeleton tarantula pear rust mite aloe mite ARANEAE: Theridiidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae

21

Eriophyes caryae Keifer Eriophyes cynodoniensis Sayed Eriophyes erinea (Nalepa) Eriophyes ficus Cotte Eriophyes mangiferae (Sayed) Eriophyes sheldoni Ewing Eriophyes tulipae Keifer Eris militaris (Hentz) Eucratoscelus longiceps Pocock Eupalaestrus weijenberghi (Thorell) Eustala anastera (Walckenaer) Eutetranychus banksi (McGregor) Eutrombidium trigonum (Hermann)

pecan leafroll mite bermudagrass mite walnut blister mite fig mite mango bud mite citrus bud mite wheat curl mite bronze jumper African redrump tarantula whitecollared tarantula humpbacked orbweaver Texas citrus mite red grasshopper mite

ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Trombiculidae

F

Frontinella communis (Hentz) bowl and doily weaver ARANEAE: Linyphiidae

G

Galendromus occidentalis (Nesbitt) Gasteracantha cancriformis (Linnaeus) Geolycosa spp. Glycyphagus domesticus (De Geer) Gohiera fusca (Oudemans) Grammostola alticeps (Pocock) Grammostola burzaquensis Ibarra Grammostola grossa (Ausserer) Grammostola iheringi (Keyserling) Grammostola pulchra (Mello-Leitão) Grammostola rosea (Walckenaer) western predatory mite spinybacked orbweaver burrowing wolf spiders house mite brown flour mite Brazilian graysmoke tarantula Argentinean rose tarantula Pampas tawnyred tarantula Entre Rios tarantula Brazilian black tarantula Chilean rose tarantula ACARI: Phytoseiidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Lycosidae ACARI: Glycyphagidae ACARI: Glycyphagidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

H

Hadogenes spp. Hadrurus spp. Hadrurus arizonensis Ewing Hadrurus spadix Stahnke Haemaphysalis chordeilis (Packard) Haemaphysalis leporispalustris (Packard) Haplopelma lividum Smith Haplopelma minax (Thorell) Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Hentz Heterometrus longimanus (Herbst) Heteropoda venatoria (Linnaeus) Heteroscodra maculata Pocock Hibana gracilis (Hentz) Holocnemus pluchei (Scopoli) Hololena curta (McCook) Holothele incei (F. O. P.-Cambridge) Hottentotta judaica (Simon) Hyptiotes cavatus (Hentz) South African rock scorpions giant hairy scorpions Arizona hairy scorpion black hairy scorpion bird tick rabbit tick cobalt blue tarantula Thailand black tarantula parson spider Asian forest scorpion huntsman spider Togo starburst tarantula garden ghost spider marbled cellar spider corner funnel weaver Trinidad olive tarantula Israeli black scorpion triangle weaver SCORPIONES: Liochelidae SCORPIONES: Iuridae SCORPIONES: Iuridae SCORPIONES: Iuridae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Gnaphosidae SCORPIONES: Scorpionidae ARANEAE: Sparassidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Anyphaenidae ARANEAE: Pholcidae ARANEAE: Agelenidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ARANEAE: Uloboridae

22

Hysterocrates crassipes Pocock Hysterocrates gigas Pocock Hysterocrates laticeps Pocock

Cameroon brown tarantula Cameroon red tarantula Nigerian rustred tarantula

ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

I

Iridopelma zorodes (Mello-Leitão) Isometrus maculatus (De Geer) Ixodes kingi Bishopp Ixodes scapularis Say Brazilian purple tarantula spotted scorpion rotund tick blacklegged tick ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Ixodidae

K

Knemidokoptes gallinae (Railliet) Knemidokoptes mutans (Robin & Lanquetin) Kukulcania hibernalis (Hentz) depluming mite scalyleg mite southern house spider ACARI: Sarcoptidae ACARI: Sarcoptidae ARANEAE: Filistatidae

L

Larinioides cornutus (Clerk) Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerk) Lasiodora parahybana Mello-Leitão Lasiodorides striatus (Schmidt & Antonelli) Latrodectus spp. Latrodectus bishopi Kaston Latrodectus geometricus C. L. Koch Latrodectus hesperus Chamberlin & Ivie Latrodectus mactans (Fabricius) Latrodectus variolus Walckenaer Leiurus quinquestriatus (Hemprich & Ehrenberg) Leucauge venusta (Walckenaer) Liocheles australasiae (Fabricius) Liponyssoides sanguineus (Hirst) Lorryia reticulata (Oudemans) Loxosceles spp. Loxosceles apachea Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles arizonica Gertsch & Mulaik Loxosceles blanda Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles deserta Gertsch Loxosceles devia Gertsch & Mulaik Loxosceles kaiba Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles laeta (Nicolet) Loxosceles martha Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles palma Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles reclusa Gertsch & Mulaik Loxosceles rufescens (Dufour) Loxosceles russelli Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles sabina Gertsch & Ennik Lyssomanes spp. Lyssomanes viridis (Walckenaer) furrow orbweaver bridge orbweaver Brazilian salmon tarantula stripeleg tarantula widow spiders red widow brown widow western black widow southern black widow northern black widow fivekeeled gold scorpion orchard orbweaver Malaysian tinybrown scorpion house mouse mite reticulate mite recluse spiders Apache recluse Arizona recluse Big Bend recluse desert recluse Texas recluse Grand Canyon recluse Chilean recluse Martha recluse Baja recluse brown recluse Mediterranean recluse Russell recluse Tucson recluse translucent green jumpers magnolia green jumper ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae SCORPIONES: Buthidae ARANEAE: Tetragnathidae SCORPIONES: Liochelidae ACARI: Macronyssidae ACARI: Tydeidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Salticidae

23

M

Maevia inclemens (Walckenaer) Mangora gibberosa (Hentz) Mangora maculata (Keyserling) Mangora placida (Hentz) Marpissa pikei (Peckham & Peckham) Mastigoproctus giganteus (Lucas) Mastophora spp. Mecynogea lemniscata (Walckenaer) Megaphobema mesomelas (O. P.-Cambridge) Megaphobema robustum (Ausserer) Megaphobema velvetosoma Schmidt Megninia cubitalis (Mégnin) Menemerus bivittatus (Dufour) Metepeira labyrinthea (Hentz) Metriopelma zebratum Banks + Micrathena gracilis (Walckenaer) Micrathena mitrata (Hentz) Micrathena sagittata (Walckenaer) Misumena spp. Misumena vatia (Clerck) Misumenoides formosipes (Walckenaer) Misumenops asperatus (Hentz) Misumenops celer (Hentz) dimorphic jumper lined orbweaver greenlegged orbweaver tuftlegged orbweaver Pike slender jumper giant vinegaroon bolas spiders basilica orbweaver Costa Rican redleg tarantula Colombian giant tarantula Ecuadorian brownvelvet tarantula feather mite gray wall jumper labyrinth orbweaver Costa Rican suntiger tarantula spined micrathena white micrathena arrowshaped micrathena flower crab spiders goldenrod crab spider whitebanded crab spider northern crab spider celer crab spider ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Salticidae UROPYGI: Thelyphonidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Analgidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae

N

Neoleptoneta microps (Gertsch) Neoleptoneta myopica (Gertsch) Neoschoengastia americana (Hirst) Neoscona spp. Neoscona arabesca (Walckenaer) Neoscona oaxacensis (Keyserling) Nephila clavipes (Linnaeus) Neriene radiata (Walckenaer) Government Canyon Bat Cave spider Tooth Cave spider turkey chigger spotted orbweavers arabesque orbweaver western spotted orbweaver golden silk orbweaver filmy dome spider ARANEAE: Leptonetidae ARANEAE: Leptonetidae ACARI: Trombiculidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ARANEAE: Tetragnathidae ARANEAE: Linyphiidae

O

Oligonychus coniferarum (McGregor) Oligonychus ilicis (McGregor) Oligonychus indicus (Hirst) Oligonychus mangiferus (Rahman & Punjab) Oligonychus pratensis (Banks) Oligonychus punicae (Hirst) Oligonychus ununguis (Jacobi) Oligonychus yothersi (McGregor) Olios fasciculatus Simon Opisthacanthus asper (Peters) Ornithoctonus andersoni Pocock Ornithodoros turicata (Dugès) Ornithonyssus bacoti (Hirst) conifer spider mite southern red mite sugarcane leaf mite mango spider mite Banks grass mite avocado brown mite spruce spider mite avocado red mite golden huntsman spider yellowlegged creeping scorpion Asian mahogany tarantula relapsing fever tick tropical rat mite ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Sparassidae SCORPIONES: Liochelidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Argasidae ACARI: Macronyssidae

24

Ornithonyssus bursa (Berlese) Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Canestrini & Fanzago) Otobius megnini (Dugès) Oxyopes salticus Hentz Oxyopes scalaris Hentz Ozyptila spp.

tropical fowl mite northern fowl mite ear tick striped lynx spider western lynx spider leaflitter crab spiders

ACARI: Macronyssidae ACARI: Macronyssidae ACARI: Argasidae ARANEAE: Oxyopidae ARANEAE: Oxyopidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae

P

Pachygnatha spp. Pamphobeteus antinous Pocock Pamphobeteus fortis (Ausserer) Pamphobeteus insignis Pocock Pamphobeteus nigricolor (Ausserer) Pamphobeteus ornatus Pocock Pamphobeteus vespertinus (Simon) Pandinus spp. Pandinus cavimanus (C. L. Koch) Pandinus imperator (C. L. Koch) Panonychus citri (McGregor) Panonychus ulmi (Koch) Pardosa spp. Paruroctonus becki (Gertsch & Allred) Paruroctonus boreus (Girard) Paruroctonus gracilior (Hoffmann) Paruroctonus luteolus (Gertsch & Soleglad) Paruroctonus maritimus Williams Paruroctonus mesaensis Stahnke Paruroctonus silvestrii (Borelli) Paruroctonus utahensis (Williams) Peckhamia picata (Hentz) Pelegrina galathea (Walckenaer) Penthaleus major (Dugès) Petrobia latens (Müller) Peucetia viridans (Hentz) Phantyna segregata (Gertsch & Mulaik) Phidippus audax (Hentz) Phidippus cardinalis (Hentz) Phidippus johnsoni (Peckham & Peckham) Phidippus regius C. L. Koch Pholcus phalangioides (Fuesslin) Phormictopus cancerides (Latreille) Phyllocoptes gracilis (Nalepa) Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Ashmead) Phytocoptella avellanae (Nalepa) Phytonemus pallidus (Banks) Phytotus pyri Pagenstecher Pirata spp. Pisaurina mira (Walckenaer) Pityohyphantes costatus (Hentz) Platytetranychus multidigitalis (Ewing) Plexippus paykulli (Audouin) Poecilotheria fasciata (Latreille) Poecilotheria formosa Pocock Poecilotheria ornata Pocock thickjawed orbweavers Bolivian blueleg tarantula Colombian brown tarantula Colombian purplebloom tarantula common bluebloom tarantula Colombian pinkbloom tarantula redbloom tarantula African emperor scorpions redclawed emperor scorpion common emperor scorpion citrus red mite European red mite thinlegged wolf spiders Beck desert scorpion northern scorpion Chihuahuan slendertailed scorpion goldendwarf sand scorpion Monterey dune scorpion giant sand scorpion California common scorpion eastern sand scorpion antmimic jumper peppered jumper winter grain mite brown wheat mite green lynx spider apex mesh weaver bold jumper cardinal jumper Johnson jumper regal jumper longbodied cellar spider Haitian brown tarantula dryberry mite citrus rust mite filbert bud mite cyclamen mite pearleaf blister mite pirate wolf spiders nursery web spider hammock spider honeylocust spider mite pantropical jumper Sri Lankan ornamental tarantula Salem ornamental tarantula fringed ornamental tarantula ARANEAE: Tetragnathidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Scorpionidae SCORPIONES: Scorpionidae SCORPIONES: Scorpionidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Lycosidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ACARI: Eupodidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Oxyopidae ARANEAE: Dictynidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Pholcidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ACARI: Nalepellidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ACARI: Eriophyidae ARANEAE: Lycosidae ARANEAE: Pisauridae ARANEAE: Linyphiidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Salticidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae

25

Poecilotheria regalis Pocock Poecilotheria rufilata Pocock Poecilotheria subfusca Pocock Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) Psalmopoeus cambridgei Pocock Psalmopoeus irminia Saager Psalmopoeus reduncus (Karsch) Pseudobryobia drummondi (Ewing) Theraphosa apophysis Tinter Psoroptes equi (Raspail) Psoroptes ovis (Hering) Pterinochilus murinus Pocock Pyemotes tritici (Lagrèze-Fossat & Montané)

Indian ornamental tarantula redslate ornamental tarantula ivory ornamental tarantula broad mite Trinidad chevron tarantula suntiger tarantula Costa Rican orangemouth tarantula creosotebush spider mite goliath pinkfoot tarantula scab mite sheep scab mite Mombasa golden starburst tarantula straw itch mite

ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Psoroptidae ACARI: Psoroptidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Pyemotidae

R

Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) brown dog tick Rhizoglyphus echinopus (Fumouze & Robin) bulb mite ACARI: Ixodidae ACARI: Acaridae

S

Salticus scenicus (Clerck) Sarcoptes bovis Robin Sarcoptes scabiei (De Geer) Schizotetranychus asparagi (Oudemans) Schizotetranychus celarius (Banks) Scorpio maurus Linnaeus Selenocosmia javanensis (Walckenaer) Selenocosmia lanipes Ausserer Serradigitus spp. Sicarius spp. Singa spp. Siteroptes graminum (Reuter) Spermophora senoculata (Dugès) Steatoda americana (Emerton) Steatoda grossa (C. L. Koch) Steneotarsonemus ananas (Tryron) Steneotarsonemus bancrofti (Michael) Steneotarsonemus laticeps (Halbert) Stromatopelma calceatum griseipes (Pocock) Suidasia nesbitti Hughes zebra jumper cattle itch mite itch mite asparagus spider mite bamboo spider mite largeclawed scorpion Javan yellowknee tarantula New Guinea brown tarantula sawfinger scorpions sand recluse spiders striped orbweavers grass mite shortbodied cellar spider twospotted cobweb spider false black widow pineapple broad mite sugarcane stalk mite bulb scale mite featherleg tarantula scaly grain mite ARANEAE: Salticidae ACARI: Sarcoptidae ACARI: Sarcoptidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae SCORPIONES: Scorpionidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ARANEAE: Sicariidae ARANEAE: Araneidae ACARI: Siterotidae ARANEAE: Pholcidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ARANEAE: Theridiidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ACARI: Tarsonemidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ACARI: Acaridae

T

Tapinauchenius gigas Caporiacco Tapinauchenius plumipes (C. L. Koch) Tartarocreagris texana (Muchmore) Tegenaria agrestis (Walckenaer) Tegenaria domestica (Clerck) Tegenaria duellica Simon Tetragnatha spp. Tetragnatha laboriosa Hentz orange chevron tarantula Trinidad mahogany tarantula Tooth Cave pseudoscorpion hobo spider barn funnel weaver giant house spider longjawed orbweavers silver longjawed orbweaver ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae PSEUDOSCORPIONES: Neobisiidae ARANEAE: Agelenidae ARANEAE: Agelenidae ARANEAE: Agelenidae ARANEAE: Tetragnathidae ARANEAE: Tetragnathidae

26

Tetranychina harti (Ewing) Tetranychus canadensis (McGregor) Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval) Tetranychus desertorum Banks Tetranychus mcdanieli McGregor Tetranychus pacificus McGregor Tetranychus schoenei McGregor Tetranychus tumidus Banks Tetranychus turkestani Ugarov & Nikolski Tetranychus urticae Koch Texella cokendolpheri Ubick & Briggs Texella reddelli Goodnight & Goodnight Texella reyesi Ubick & Briggs Theraphosa blondi (Latreille) Tibellus spp. Trisetacus gemmavitians Styer Trisetacus pini (Nalepa) Tyrolichus casei Oudemans Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank)

oxalis spider mite fourspotted spider mite carmine spider mite desert spider mite McDaniel spider mite Pacific spider mite Schoene spider mite tumid spider mite strawberry spider mite twospotted spider mite Cokendolpher cave harvestmen Reddell harvestmen Bone Cave harvestmen goliath birdeater tarantula slender crab spiders pine rosette mite pine bud mite cheese mite mold mite

ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae ACARI: Tetranychidae OPILIONES: Phalangodidae OPLILIONES: Phalangodidae OPILIONES: Phalangodidae ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Philodromidae ACARI: Nalepellidae ACARI: Nalepellidae ACARI: Acaridae ACARI: Acaridae

U

Uloborus glomosus (Walckenaer) Uroctonus spp. Uroctonus mordax mordax Thorell featherlegged orbweaver forest scorpions western forest scorpion ARANEAE: Uloboridae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae

V

Vaejovis carolinianus (Beauvois) Vaejovis coahuilae Williams Vaejovis confusus Stahnke Vaejovis spinigerus (Wood) Vasates quadripedes Shimer southern unstriped scorpion lesser stripetail scorpion yellow ground scorpion Arizona stripedtail scorpion maple bladdergall mite SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae SCORPIONES: Vaejovidae ACARI: Eriophyidae

X

Xenesthis immanis (Ausserer) Xysticus spp. Xysticus elegans Keyserling Xysticus triguttatus Keyserling Colombian lesserblack tarantula ground crab spiders elegant crab spider threebanded crab spider ARANEAE: Theraphosidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae ARANEAE: Thomisidae

Z

Zygoballus rufipes Peckham & Peckham hammerjawed jumper ARANEAE: Salticidae

27

Section III. Arachnida Listed by Higher Taxonomic Category

Phylum Class Acari Acaridae Acarus siro Linnaeus Aleuroglyphus ovatus (Troupeau) Rhizoglyphus echinopus (Fumouze & Robin) Suidasia nesbitti Hughes Tyrolichus casei Oudemans Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) Analgidae Megninia cubitalis (Mégnin) Argasidae Argas persicus (Oken) Ornithodoros turicata (Dugès) Otobius megnini (Dugès) Carpoglyphidae Carpoglyphus lactis (Linnaeus) Demodicidae Demodex bovis Stiles Demodex brevis Bulanova Demodex canis Leydig Demodex caprae Railliet Demodex cati (Mégnin) Demodex equi Railliet Demodex folliculorum (Simon) Demodex ovis Railliet Demodex phylloides Csokor Dermanyssidae Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer) Epidermoptidae Dermatophagoides farinae Hughes Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Trouessart) Eriophyidae Abacarus hytrix (Nalepa) Acalitus essigi (Hassan) Acalitus gossypii (Banks) Acalitus vaccinii (Keifer) Aceria litchii (Keifer) Aculops lycopersici (Massee) Aculus cornutus (Banks) Aculus fockeui (Nalepa & Trouessart) Aculus schlechtendali (Nalepa) Calepiterimerus thujae (Garman) Cecidophyopsis ribis (Westwood) Colomerus gardeniella (Keifer) Colomerus vitis (Pagenstecher) Epitrimerus pyri (Nalepa) Eriophyes aloinis Keifer Eriophyes caryae Keifer Eriophyes cynodoniensis Sayed Arthropoda Arachnida mites & ticks acarid mites grain mite brownlegged grain mite bulb mite scaly grain mite cheese mite mold mite feather mites feather mite softbacked ticks fowl tick relapsing fever tick ear tick driedfruit mites driedfruit mite follicle mites cattle follicle mite lesser follicle mite dog follicle mite goat follicle mite cat follicle mite horse follicle mite follicle mite sheep follicle mite hog follicle mite dermanyssid mites chicken mite epidermoptid mites American house dust mite European house dust mite eriophyid mites grain rust mite redberry mite cotton blister mite blueberry bud mite litchi mite tomato russet mite peach silver mite plum rust mite apple rust mite tipdwarf mite currant bud mite gardenia bud mite grape erineum mite pear rust mite aloe mite pecan leafroll mite bermudagrass mite

28

Eupodidae Glycyphagidae

Ixodidae

Macronyssidae

Nalepellidae

Phytoseiidae Psoroptidae Pyemotidae Sarcoptidae

Siteroptidae Tarsonemidae

walnut blister mite fig mite mango bud mite citrus bud mite wheat curl mite dryberry mite citrus rust mite pearleaf blister mite maple bladdergall mite eupodid mites Penthaleus major (Dugès) winter grain mite glycyphagid mites Aeroglyphus robustus (Banks) warty grain mite Glycyphagus domesticus (De Geer) house mite Gohiera fusca (Oudemans) brown flour mite hardbacked ticks Amblyomma americanum (Linnaeus) lone star tick Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius) Cayenne tick Amblyomma maculatum Koch Gulf Coast tick Amblyomma tuberculatum Marx gophertortoise tick Anocenter nitens (Neumann) tropical horse tick Boophilus annulatus (Say) cattle tick Boophilus microplus (Canestrini) southern cattle tick Dermacentor albipictus (Packard) winter tick Dermacentor andersoni Stiles Rocky Mountain wood tick Dermacentor occidentalis Marx Pacific Coast tick Dermacentor variabilis (Say) American dog tick Haemaphysalis chordeilis (Packard) bird tick Haemaphysalis leporispalustris (Packard) rabbit tick Ixodes kingi Bishopp rotund tick Ixodes scapularis Say blacklegged tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) brown dog tick macronyssid mites Liponyssoides sanguineus (Hirst) house mouse mite Ornithonyssus bacoti (Hirst) tropical rat mite Ornithonyssus bursa (Berlese) tropical fowl mite Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Canestrini & Fanzago) northern fowl mite nalepellid mites Phytocoptella avellanae (Nalepa) filbert bud mite Trisetacus gemmavitians Styer pine rosette mite Trisetacus pini (Nalepa) pine bud mite phytoseiid mites Galendromus occidentalis (Nesbitt) western predatory mite scab mites Psoroptes equi (Raspail) scab mite Psoroptes ovis (Hering) sheep scab mite pyemotid mites Pyemotes tritici (Lagrèze-Fossat & Montané) straw itch mite itch mites Knemidokoptes gallinae (Railliet) depluming mite Knemidokoptes mutans (Robin & Lanquetin) scalyleg mite Sarcoptes bovis Robin cattle itch mite Sarcoptes scabiei (De Geer) itch mite siteroptid mites Siteroptes graminum (Reuter) grass mite tarsonemid mites

Eriophyes erinea (Nalepa) Eriophyes ficus Cotte Eriophyes mangiferae (Sayed) Eriophyes sheldoni Ewing Eriophyes tulipae Keifer Phyllocoptes gracilis (Nalepa) Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Ashmead) Phytotus pyri Pagenstecher Vasates quadripedes Shimer

29

Acarapis woodi (Rennie) Phytonemus pallidus (Banks) Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks) Steneotarsonemus ananas (Tryron) Steneotarsonemus bancrofti (Michael) Steneotarsonemus laticeps (Halbert) Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus lewisi McGregor Brevipalpus obovatus Donnadieu Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes) Dolichotetranychus floridanus (Banks) Tetranychidae Bryobia praetiosa Koch Bryobia rubrioculus (Scheuten) Eotetranychus carpini borealis (Ewing) Eotetranychus clitus Pritchard & Baker Eotetranychus hicoriae (McGregor) Eotetranychus sexmaculatus (Riley) Eotetranychus yumensis (McGregor) Eutetranychus banksi (McGregor) Oligonychus coniferarum (McGregor) Oligonychus ilicis (McGregor) Oligonychus indicus (Hirst) Oligonychus mangiferus (Rahman & Punjab) Oligonychus pratensis (Banks) Oligonychus punicae (Hirst) Oligonychus ununguis (Jacobi) Oligonychus yothersi (McGregor) Panonychus citri (McGregor) Panonychus ulmi (Koch) Petrobia latens (Müller) Platytetranychus multidigitalis (Ewing) Pseudobryobia drummondi (Ewing) Schizotetranychus asparagi (Oudemans) Schizotetranychus celarius (Banks) Tetranychina harti (Ewing) Tetranychus canadensis (McGregor) Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval) Tetranychus desertorum Banks Tetranychus mcdanieli McGregor Tetranychus pacificus McGregor Tetranychus schoenei McGregor Tetranychus tumidus Banks Tetranychus turkestani Ugarov & Nikolski Tetranychus urticae Koch Trombiculidae Eutrombidium trigonum (Hermann) Neoschoengastia americana (Hirst) Tydeidae Lorryia reticulata (Oudemans) Amblypygi Araneae Agelenidae

honey bee mite cyclamen mite broad mite pineapple broad mite sugarcane stalk mite bulb scale mite false spider mites citrus flat mite privet mite red and black flat mite pineapple false spider mite spider mites clover mite brown mite yellow spider mite azalea white mite pecan leaf scorch mite sixspotted mite Yuma spider mite Texas citrus mite conifer spider mite southern red mite sugarcane leaf mite mango spider mite Banks grass mite avocado brown mite spruce spider mite avocado red mite citrus red mite European red mite brown wheat mite honeylocust spider mite creosotebush spider mite asparagus spider mite bamboo spider mite oxalis spider mite fourspotted spider mite carmine spider mite desert spider mite McDaniel spider mite Pacific spider mite Schoene spider mite tumid spider mite strawberry spider mite twospotted spider mite chigger mites red grasshopper mite turkey chigger tydeid mites reticulate mite tailless whipscorpions spiders funnel weavers

30

Agelenopsis spp. Hololena curta (McCook) Tegenaria agrestis (Walckenaer) Tegenaria domestica (Clerck) Tegenaria duellica Simon Antrodiaetidae Atypoides riversi O. P.-Cambridge Anyphaenidae Hibana gracilis (Hentz) Araneidae Gasteracanthinae Acanthepeira stellata (Walckenaer) Araneus spp. Araneus cavaticus (Keyserling) Araneus diadematus Clerck Araneus marmoreus Clerk Araneus thaddeus (Hentz) Araneus trifolium (Hentz) Araniella displicata (Hentz) Argiope spp. Argiope argentata (Fabricius) Argiope aurantia Lucas Argiope florida Chamberlin & Ivie Argiope trifasciata (Forskål) Cyclosa spp. Cyrtophora spp. Cyrtophora citricola (Forskål) Eustala anastera (Walckenaer) Gasteracantha cancriformis (Linnaeus) Larinioides cornutus (Clerk) Larinioides sclopetarius (Clerk) Mangora gibberosa (Hentz) Mangora maculata (Keyserling) Mangora placida (Hentz) Mastophora spp. Mecynogea lemniscata (Walckenaer) Metepeira labyrinthea (Hentz) Micrathena gracilis (Walckenaer) Micrathena mitrata (Hentz) Micrathena sagittata (Walckenaer) Neoscona spp. Neoscona arabesca (Walckenaer) Neoscona oaxacensis (Keyserling) Singa spp. Clubionidae Clubiona spp. Clubiona kastoni Gertsch Corinnidae Castianeira cingulata (C. L. Koch) Castianeira descripta (Hentz) Castianeira gertschi Kaston Ctenidae Ctenus captiosus Gertsch Ctenizidae Bothriocyrtum californicum (O. P.-Cambridge)

grass spiders corner funnel weaver hobo spider barn funnel weaver giant house spider foldingdoor spiders turret spider ghost spiders garden ghost spider orbweavers spiny orbweavers starbellied orbweaver

angulate & roundshouldered orbweavers

barn orbweaver cross orbweaver marbled orbweaver lattice orbweaver shamrock orbweaver sixspotted orbweaver garden orbweavers silver garden spider yellow garden spider Florida garden spider banded garden spider trashline orbweavers tentweb weavers global tentweb weaver humpbacked orbweaver spinybacked orbweaver furrow orbweaver bridge orbweaver lined orbweaver greenlegged orbweaver tuftlegged orbweaver bolas spiders basilica orbweaver labyrinth orbweaver spined micrathena white micrathena arrowshaped micrathena spotted orbweavers arabesque orbweaver western spotted orbweaver striped orbweavers sac spiders leafcurling sac spiders Kaston sac spider antmimic spiders twobanded antmimic redspotted antmimic Gertsch antmimic wandering spiders Florida false wolf spider trapdoor spiders California trapdoor spider

31

Cybaeidae Argyroneta aquatica (Clerck) Dictynidae Cicurina baronia Gertsch Cicurina madla Gertsch Cicurina venii Gertsch Cicurina vespera Gertsch Cicurina wartoni Gertsch Phantyna segregata (Gertsch & Mulaik) Filistatidae Kukulcania hibernalis (Hentz) Gnaphosidae Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Hentz Hexathelidae Atrax robustus O. P. Cambridge Leptonetidae Neoleptoneta microps (Gertsch) Neoleptoneta myopica (Gertsch) Linyphiidae Linyphiinae Erigoninae Frontinella communis (Hentz) Neriene radiata (Walckenaer) Pityohyphantes costatus (Hentz) Lycosidae Geolycosa spp. Pardosa spp. Pirata spp. Miturgidae Cheiracanthium spp. Cheiracanthium inclusum (Hentz) Oxyopidae Oxyopes salticus Hentz Oxyopes scalaris Hentz Peucetia viridans (Hentz) Philodromidae Tibellus spp. Pholcidae Holocnemus pluchei (Scopoli) Pholcus phalangioides (Fuesslin) Spermophora senoculata (Dugès) Pisauridae Dolomedes spp. Dolomedes triton (Walckenaer) Pisaurina mira (Walckenaer) Salticidae Eris militaris (Hentz) Lyssomanes spp. Lyssomanes viridis (Walckenaer) Maevia inclemens (Walckenaer) Marpissa pikei (Peckham & Peckham) Menemerus bivittatus (Dufour) Peckhamia picata (Hentz) Pelegrina galathea (Walckenaer) Phidippus audax (Hentz) Phidippus cardinalis (Hentz)

water spiders European water spider meshweavers Robber Baron Cave meshweaver Madla Cave meshweaver Braken Bat Cave meshweaver

Government Canyon Bat Cave meshweaver

Warton meshweaver apex mesh weaver crevice weavers southern house spider stealthy ground spiders parson spider Australian funnelweb spiders Sydney funnelweb spider cave spiders Government Canyon Bat Cave spider Tooth Cave spider dwarf & sheetweb weavers sheetweb weavers dwarf weavers bowl and doily weaver filmy dome spider hammock spider wolf spiders burrowing wolf spiders thinlegged wolf spiders pirate wolf spiders prowling spiders longlegged sac spiders agrarian sac spider lynx spiders striped lynx spider western lynx spider green lynx spider running crab spiders slender crab spiders cellar or daddylongleg spiders marbled cellar spider longbodied cellar spider shortbodied cellar spider nursery web spiders fishing spiders sixspotted fishing spider nursery web spider jumping spiders bronze jumper translucent green jumpers magnolia green jumper dimorphic jumper Pike slender jumper gray wall jumper antmimic jumper peppered jumper bold jumper cardinal jumper

32

Phidippus johnsoni (Peckham & Peckham) Phidippus regius C. L. Koch Plexippus paykulli (Audouin) Salticus scenicus (Clerck) Zygoballus rufipes Peckham & Peckham Sicariidae Loxosceles spp. Loxosceles apachea Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles arizonica Gertsch & Mulaik Loxosceles blanda Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles deserta Gertsch Loxosceles devia Gertsch & Mulaik Loxosceles kaiba Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles laeta (Nicolet) Loxosceles martha Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles palma Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles reclusa Gertsch & Mulaik Loxosceles rufescens (Dufour) Loxosceles russelli Gertsch & Ennik Loxosceles sabina Gertsch & Ennik Sicarius spp. Sparassidae Heteropoda venatoria (Linnaeus) Olios fasciculatus Simon Tetragnathidae Leucauge venusta (Walckenaer) Nephila clavipes (Linnaeus) Pachygnatha spp. Tetragnatha spp. Tetragnatha laboriosa Hentz Theraphosidae Acanthoscurria geniculata (C. L. Koch) Aphonopelma anax (Chamberlin) Aphonopelma bicoloratum Struchen et al. Aphonopelma burica Valerio Aphonopelma chalcodes Chamberlin Aphonopelma eutylenum Chamberlin Aphonopelma hentzi (Girard) Aphonopelma moderatum (Chamberlin & Ivie) Aphonopelma seemanni (F. O. P.-Cambridge) Avicularia avicularia (Linnaeus) Avicularia juruensis Mello-Leitão Avicularia metallica Ausserer Avicularia purpurea Kirk Avicularia urticans Schmidt Avicularia versicolor (Walckenaer) Brachypelma albopilosum Valerio Brachypelma angustum Valerio Brachypelma auratum Schmidt Brachypelma baumgarteni Smith Brachypelma boehmei Schmidt & Klaas Brachypelma emilia (White) Brachypelma epicureanum (Chamberlin) Brachypelma klaasi (Schmidt & Krause) Brachypelma smithi (F. O. P.-Cambridge) Brachypelma vagans (Ausserer)

Johnson jumper regal jumper pantropical jumper zebra jumper hammerjawed jumper sixeyed sicariid spiders recluse spiders Apache recluse Arizona recluse Big Bend recluse desert recluse Texas recluse Grand Canyon recluse Chilean recluse Martha recluse Baja recluse brown recluse Mediterranean recluse Russell recluse Tucson recluse sand recluse spiders giant crab spiders huntsman spider golden huntsman spider longjawed orbweavers orchard orbweaver golden silk orbweaver thickjawed orbweavers longjawed orbweavers silver longjawed orbweaver tarantulas whitebanded tarantula Texas tan tarantula Mexican bloodleg tarantula

Costa Rican chestnutzebra tarantula

desert blond tarantula California ebony tarantula Texas brown tarantula Rio Grande gold tarantula Costa Rican zebra tarantula pinktoe tarantula yellowbanded tarantula whitetoe tarantula Ecuadorian purple tarantula Peruvian pinktoe tarantula Antilles pinktoe tarantula curlyhair tarantula Costa Rican red tarantula Mexican flameknee tarantula Mexican orangebeauty tarantula Mexican fireleg tarantula Mexican redleg tarantula Yucatan rustrump tarantula Mexican pink tarantula Mexican redknee tarantula Mexican redrump tarantula

33

Ceratogyrus bechuanicus Purcell curvedhorn tarantula Ceratogyrus brachycephalus Hewitt greaterhorned tarantula Ceratogyrus marshalli Pocock straighthorned tarantula Chilobrachys andersoni (Pocock) Burmese mustard tarantula Chilobrachys sericeus (Thorell) Asian mustard tarantula Chromatopelma cyaneopubescens (Strand) greenbottle blue tarantula Citharischius crawshayi Pocock king baboon tarantula Crassicrus lamanai Reichling & West cinnamon taratula Cyclosternum fasciatum (O. P.-Cambridge) Costa Rican tigerrump tarantula Cyriopagopus paganus Simon Asian chevron tarantula Ephebopus murinus (Walckenaer) skeleton tarantula Eucratoscelus longiceps Pocock African redrump tarantula Eupalaestrus weijenberghi (Thorell) whitecollared tarantula Grammostola alticeps (Pocock) Brazilian graysmoke tarantula Grammostola burzaquensis Ibarra Argentinean rose tarantula Grammostola grossa (Ausserer) Pampas tawnyred tarantula Grammostola iheringi (Keyserling) Entre Rios tarantula Grammostola pulchra (Mello-Leitão) Brazilian black tarantula Grammostola rosea (Walckenaer) Chilean rose tarantula Holothele incei (F. O. P.-Cambridge) Trinidad olive tarantula Haplopelma lividum Smith cobalt blue tarantula Haplopelma minax (Thorell) Thailand black tarantula Heteroscodra maculata Pocock Togo starburst tarantula Hysterocrates crassipes Pocock Cameroon brown tarantula Hysterocrates gigas Pocock Cameroon red tarantula Hysterocrates laticeps Pocock Nigerian rustred tarantula Iridopelma zorodes (Mello-Leitão) Brazilian purple tarantula Lasiodora parahybana Mello-Leitão Brazilian salmon tarantula Lasiodorides striatus (Schmidt & Antonelli) stripeleg tarantula Megaphobema mesomelas (O. P.-Cambridge) Costa Rican redleg tarantula Megaphobema robustum (Ausserer) Colombian giant tarantula Megaphobema velvetosoma Schmidt Ecuadorian brownvelvet tarantula Metriopelma zebratum Banks Costa Rican suntiger tarantula Ornithoctonus andersoni Pocock Asian mahogany tarantula Pamphobeteus antinous Pocock Bolivian blueleg tarantula Pamphobeteus fortis (Ausserer) Colombian brown tarantula Pamphobeteus insignis Pocock Colombian purplebloom tarantula Pamphobeteus nigricolor (Ausserer) common bluebloom tarantula Pamphobeteus ornatus Pocock Colombian pinkbloom tarantula Pamphobeteus vespertinus (Simon) redbloom tarantula Phormictopus cancerides (Latreille) Haitian brown tarantula Poecilotheria fasciata (Latreille) Sri Lankan ornamental tarantula Poecilotheria formosa Pocock Salem ornamental tarantula Poecilotheria ornata Pocock fringed ornamental tarantula Poecilotheria regalis Pocock Indian ornamental tarantula Poecilotheria rufilata Pocock redslate ornamental tarantula Poecilotheria subfusca Pocock ivory ornamental tarantula Psalmopoeus cambridgei Pocock Trinidad chevron tarantula Psalmopoeus irminia Saager suntiger tarantula Psalmopoeus reduncus (Karsch) Costa Rican orangemouth tarantula Mombasa golden starburst tarantula Pterinochilus murinus Pocock Selenocosmia javanensis (Walckenaer) Javan yellowknee tarantula Selenocosmia lanipes Ausserer New Guinea brown tarantula Stromatopelma calceatum griseipes (Pocock) featherleg tarantula Tapinauchenius gigas (Caporiacco) orange chevron tarantula Tapinauchenius plumipes (C. L. Koch) Trinidad mahogany tarantula

34

Theraphosa apophysis Tinter Theraphosa blondi (Latreille) Xenesthis immanis (Ausserer) Theridiidae Achaearanea tepidariorum (C. L. Koch) Argyrodes spp. Enoplognatha marmorata (Hentz) Latrodectus spp. Latrodectus bishopi Kaston Latrodectus geometricus C. L. Koch Latrodectus hesperus Chamberlin & Ivie Latrodectus mactans (Fabricius) Latrodectus variolus Walckenaer Steatoda americana (Emerton) Steatoda grossa (C. L. Koch) Thomisidae Bassaniana spp. Misumena spp. Misumena vatia (Clerck) Misumenoides formosipes (Walckenaer) Misumenops asperatus (Hentz) Misumenops celer (Hentz) Ozyptila spp. Xysticus spp. Xysticus elegans Keyserling Xysticus triguttatus Keyserling Uloboridae Hyptiotes cavatus (Hentz) Uloborus glomosus (Walckenaer) Opiliones Phalangodidae Texella cokendolpheri Ubick & Briggs Texella reddelli Goodnight & Goodnight Texella reyesi Ubick & Briggs Palpigradi Pseudoscorpiones Cheliferidae Chelifer cancroides (Linnaeus) Neobisiidae Tartarocreagris texana (Muchmore) Ricinulei Schizomida Scorpiones Buthidae Androctonus australis (Linnaeus) Buthus occitanus (Amoreux) Centruroides spp. Centruroides exilicauda (Wood) Centruroides gracilis (Latreille) Centruroides hentzi (Banks)

goliath pinkfoot tarantula goliath birdeater tarantula

Colombian lesserblack tarantula

cobweb weavers common house spider dewdrop spiders marbled cobweb spider widow spiders red widow brown widow western black widow southern black widow northern black widow twospotted cobweb spider false black widow crab spiders bark crab spiders flower crab spiders goldenrod crab spider whitebanded crab spider northern crab spider celer crab spider leaflitter crab spiders ground crab spiders elegant crab spider threebanded crab spider hackled orbweavers triangle weaver featherlegged orbweaver harvestmen Cokendolpher cave harvestmen Reddell harvestmen Bone Cave harvestmen micro whipscorpions pseudoscorpions house pseudoscorpion Tooth Cave pseudoscorpion hooded tickspiders shorttailed whipscorpions scorpions fattailed scorpion common yellow scorpion bark scorpions Arizona bark scorpion slenderbrown scorpion Hentz striped scorpion

35

Centruroides testaceus (De Geer) Centruroides vittatus (Say) Hottentotta judaica (Simon) Isometrus maculatus (De Geer) Leiurus quinquestriatus (Hemprich & Ehrenberg) Diplocentridae Diplocentrus spp. Iuridae Anuroctonus phaiodactylus (Wood) Hadrurus spp. Hadrurus arizonensis Ewing Hadrurus spadix Stahnke Liochelidae Hadogenes spp. Liocheles australasiae (Fabricius) Opisthacanthus asper (Peters) Scorpionidae Heterometrus longimanus (Herbst) Pandinus spp. Pandinus cavimanus (C. L. Koch) Pandinus imperator (C. L. Koch) Scorpio maurus Linnaeus Vaejovidae Paruroctonus becki (Gertsch & Allred) Paruroctonus boreus (Girard) Paruroctonus gracilior (Hoffmann) Paruroctonus luteolus (Gertsch & Soleglad) Paruroctonus maritimus Williams Paruroctonus mesaensis Stahnke Paruroctonus silvestrii (Borelli) Paruroctonus utahensis (Williams) Serradigitus spp. Vaejovis carolinianus (Beauvois) Vaejovis coahuilae Williams Vaejovis confusus Stahnke Vaejovis spinigerus (Wood) Uroctonus spp. Uroctonus mordax mordax Thorell Solifugae Uropygi Thelyphonidae Mastigoproctus giganteus (Lucas)

yellow bark scorpion striped bark scorpion Israeli black scorpion spotted scorpion fivekeeled gold scorpion toothed scorpions swollenstinger scorpion giant hairy scorpions desert hairy scorpion black hairy scorpion South African rock scorpions Malaysian tinybrown scorpion yellowlegged creeping scorpion Asian forest scorpion African emperor scorpions redclawed emperor scorpion common emperor scorpion largeclawed scorpion Beck desert scorpion northern scorpion

Chiluahuan slendertailed scorpion

goldendwarf sand scorpion Monterey dune scorpion giant sand scorpion California common scorpion eastern sand scorpion sawfinger scorpions southern unstriped scorpion lesser stripetail scorpion yellow ground scorpion Arizona stripedtail scorpion forest scorpions western forest scorpion windscorpions

giant vinegaroon

36

Section IV. Phylum, Class, Order, Suborder, Infraorder, and Family Names Phylum ARTHROPODA Class ARACHNIDA

Acari . . . . . . 1. Acaridae . . . 2. Analgidae . . 3. Argasidae . . 4. Carpoglyphidae. 5. Demodicidae . 6. Dermanyssidae . 7. Epidermoptidae. 8. Eriophyidae . . 9. Eupodidae . . 10. Glycyphagidae 11. Ixodidae . . 12. Macronyssidae 13. Nalepellidae . 14. Nuttalliellidae . 15. Phytoseiidae . 16. Psoroptidae . 17. Pyemotidae . 18. Sarcoptidae . 19. Siteroptidae . 20. Tarsonemidae . 21. Tenuipalpidae . 22. Tetranychidae . 23. Trombiculidae. 24. Trombidiidae . 25. Tydeidae . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mites & ticks acarid mites feather mites softbacked ticks driedfruit mites follicle mites dermanyssid mites epidermoptid mites eriophyid mites eupodid mites glycyphagid mites hardbacked ticks macronyssid mites nalepellid mites nuttalliellid mites phytoseiid mites scab mites pyemotid mites itch mites siteroptid mites tarsonemid mites false spider mites spider mites chigger mites trombidiid mites tydeid mites

37

Amblypygi . . . 1. Charinidae . 2. Charontidae . 3. Damonidae . 4. Phrynichidae 5. Phyrnidae .

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tailless whipscorpions charinid tailless whipscorpions charontid tailless whipscorpions damonid tailless whipscorpions phrynichid tailless whipscorpions phrynid tailless whipscorpions

Araneae . . . . . . . Suborder Mesothelae 1. Liphistiidae . . . . Suborder Opisthothelae Infraorder Mygalomorphae 2. Actinopodidae . . . 3. Antrodiaetidae . . . 4. Atypidae . . . . 5. Barychelidae . . . 6. Ctenizidae . . . 7. Cyrtaucheniidae . 8. Dipluridae . . . 9. Hexathelidae . . . 10. Idiopidae . . . 11. Mecicobothriidae . 12. Microstigmatidae . 13. Migidae . . . . 14. Nemesiidae . . . 15. Paratropididae . . . 16. Theraphosidae. . . Infraorder Araneomorphae 17. Agelenidae . . . . 18. Amaurobiidae . . . 19. Ammoxenidae . . 20. Amphinectidae . 21. Anapidae . . . 22. Anyphaenidae . . . 23. Araneidae . . . . Gasteracanthinae . 24. Archaeidae . . . 25. Austrochilidae . . 26. Caponiidae . . . 27. Chummidae . . 28. Cithaeronidae . . 29. Clubionidae . . . 30. Corinnidae . . . . 31. Cryptothelidae . 32. Ctenidae . . . . 33. Cyatholipidae . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . spiders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . segmented trapdoor spiders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mouse spiders foldingdoor spiders purseweb spiders brushfooted trapdoor spiders trapdoor spiders cyrtaucheiid spiders funnelweb spiders Australian funnelweb spiders armored trapdoor spiders mecicobothriid spiders microstigmatid spiders tree trapdoor spiders tubetrapdoor, wishbone spiders baldlegged spiders tarantulas funnel weavers hackledmesh weavers ammoxenid spiders amphinectid spiders anapid spiders ghost spiders orbweavers spiny orbweavers archaeid spiders austrochilid spiders caponiid spiders chummid spiders cithaeronid spiders sac spiders antmimic spiders cryptothelid spiders wandering spiders cyatholipid spiders

34. Cybaeidae . . . . 35. Cycloctenidae . . . 36. Deinopidae . . . . 37. Desidae . . . . 38. Dictynidae . . . . 39. Diguetidae . . . . 40. Drymusidae . . 41. Dysderidae . . . 42. Eresidae . . . . 43. Filistatidae . . . . 44. Gallieniellidae . . 45. Gnaphosidae . . . 46. Gradungulidae . 47. Hahniidae . . . 48. Halidae . . . . 49. Hersiliidae . . . . 50. Holarchaeidae . . 51. Homalonychidae . . 52. Huttoniidae . . 53. Hypochilidae . . . 54. Lamponidae . . . 55. Leptonetidae . . . 56. Linyphiidae . . . Linyphiinae . . Erigoninae . . . 57. Liocranidae . . 58. Lycosidae . . . . 59. Malkaridae . . . 60. Mecysmaucheniidae 61. Micropholcommatidae 62. Mimetidae . . . . 63. Miturgidae . . . 64. Mysmenidae . . . 65. Neolanidae . . . 66. Nesticidae . . . . 67. Nicodamidae . . 68. Ochyroceratidae . 69. Oecobiidae . . . . 70. Oonopidae . . . . 71. Orsolobidae . . 72. Oxyopidae . . . . 73. Palpimanidae . . 74. Pararchaeidae . . 75. Periegopidae . . 76. Philodromidae. . . 77. Pholcidae . . . .

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water spiders scuttling spiders ogrefaced spiders desid spiders meshweavers desertshrub spiders drymusid spiders dysderid spiders eresid spiders crevice weavers gallieniellid spiders stealthy ground spiders gradungulid spiders hahniid spiders halid spiders longspinneret spiders holarchaeid spiders dusty desert spiders huttoniid spiders lampshade weavers whitetailed spiders cave spiders sheetweb and dwarf weavers sheetweb weavers dwarf weavers liocranid spiders wolf spiders shield spiders mecysmaucheniid spiders micropholcommatid spiders pirate spiders prowling spiders dwarf cobweb weavers neolanid spiders cave cobweb spiders nicodamid spiders ochyroceratid spiders flatmesh weavers dwarf sixeyed spiders orsolobid spiders lynx spiders palpimanid spiders pararchaeid spiders periegopid spiders running crab spiders cellar or daddylongleg spiders

78. Phyxelididae . 79. Pimoidae . . 80. Pisauridae . . . 81. Plectreuridae . 82. Prodidomidae . 83. Psechridae . . 84. Salticidae . . . 85. Scytodidae . . . 86. Segestriidae . . 87. Selenopidae . . 88. Senoculidae . 89. Sicariidae . . . 90. Sparassidae . . 91. Stenochilidae . 92. Stiphidiidae . 93. Symphytognathidae 94. Synotaxidae . 95. Telemidae . . 96. Tengellidae . 97. Tetrablemmidae 98. Tetragnathidae . 99. Theridiidae . . . 100. Theridiosomatidae 101. Thomisidae . . 102. Titanoecidae . 103. Trechaleidae . 104. Trochanteriidae 105. Uloboridae . . 106. Zodariidae . 107. Zoridae . . 108. Zorocratidae . 109. Zoropsidae . Opiliones . . . . . 1. Agoristenidae . . 2. Assamiidae . . . 3. Biantidae . . . . 4. Caddidae . . . . 5. Ceratolasmatidae . 6. Cladonychiidae . . 7. Cosmetidae . . . 8. Dicranolasmatidae . 9. Fissiphalliidae . . 10. Gagrellidae. . . 11. Gonyleptidae . . 12. Ischyropsalididae . 13. Monoscutidae . .

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phyxelidid spiders pimoid spiders nursery web spiders plectreurid spiders prodidomid spiders psechrid spiders jumping spiders spitting spiders tunnel spiders selenopid crab spiders senoculid spiders sixeyed sicariid spiders giant crab spiders stenochilid spiders stiphidiid spiders dwarf orbweavers synotaxid spiders telemid spiders tengellid spiders tetrablemmid spiders longjawed orbweavers cobweb weavers ray orbweavers crab spiders titanoecid spiders trechaleid spiders trochanteriid spiders hackled orbweavers zodariid spiders zorid spiders zorocratid spiders zoropsid spiders harvestmen agoristenid harvestmen assamiid harvestmen biantid harvestmen caddid harvestmen ceratolasmatid harvestmen cladonychiid harvestmen cosmetid harvestmen dicranolasmatid harvestmen fissiphalliid harvestmen gagrellid harvestmen gonyleptid harvestmen ischyropsalidid harvestmen monoscutid harvestmen

14. Nemastomatidae . 15. Neogovidae . . 16. Neoplionidae . . 17. Nipponopsalididae 18. Ogoveidae . . . 19. Oncopodidae . . 20. Paranonychidae . 21. Pentanychidae . . 22. Pettalidae . . . 23. Phalangiidae . . 24. Phalangodidae. . 25. Podoctidae . . . 26. Protolophidae . . 27. Sabaconidae . . 28. Sclerosomatidae . 29. Sironidae . . . 30. Stygnidae . . . 31. Stylocellidae . . 32. Synthetonychidae 33. Travuniidae . . 34. Triaenonychidae . 35. Tricommatidae . 36. Troglosironidae . 37. Troglositonidae . 38. Trogulidae . . . Palpigradi . . . . . 1. Eukoeneniidae . . Pseudoscorpiones . . . 1. Atemnidae . . 2. Bochicidae . . 3. Cheiridiidae . . . 4. Cheliferidae . . . 5. Chernetidae . . . 6. Chthoniidae . . . 7. Feaellidae . . . 8. Garypidae . . . 9. Geogarypidae . . 10. Gymnobisiidae . 11. Hyidae . . . . 12. Ideoroncidae . . 13. Menthidae . . . 14. Neobisiidae . . 15. Olpiidae. . . . 16. Pseudochiridiidae 17. Pseudogarypidae . 18. Sternophoridae .

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nemastomatid harvestmen neogovid harvestmen neoplionid harvestmen nipponopsalidid harvestmen ogoveid harvestmen oncopodid harvestmen paranonychid harvestmen pentanychid harvestmen pettalid harvestmen daddylonglegs phalangodid harvestmen podoctid harvestmen protolophid harvestmen sabaconid harvestmen sclerosomatid harvestmen sironid harvestmen stygnid harvestmen stylocellid harvestmen synthetonychid harvestmen travuniid harvestmen triaenonychid harvestmen tricommatid harvestmen troglosironid harvestmen troglositonid harvestmen trogulid harvestmen micro whipscorpions eukoeneniid micro whipscorpions pseudoscorpions atemnid pseudoscorpions bochicid pseudoscorpions cheiridiid pseudoscorpions cheliferid pseudoscorpions chernetid pseudoscorpions chthoniid pseudoscorpions feaellid pseudoscorpions garypid pseudoscorpions geogarypid pseudoscorpions gymnobisiid pseudoscorpions hyid pseudoscorpions ideoroncid pseudoscorpions menthid pseudoscorpions neobisiid pseudoscorpions olpiid pseudoscorpions pseudochiridiid pseudoscorpions pseudogarypid pseudoscorpions sternophorid pseudoscorpions

19. Syarinidae . . . . 20. Tridenchthoniidae . 21. Vachoniidae . . . 22. Withiidae . . . . Ricinulei . . . . . . . 1. Ricinoididae Schizomida . . . . . . 1. Hubbardiidae . . . 2. Protoschizomidae . . Scorpiones . . . . . . 1.Bothriuridae . . . . 2. Buthidae . . . . . 3. Chactidae . . . . . 4. Chaerilidae . . . . 5. Diplocentridae . . . 6. Euscorpiidae . . . . 7. Hemiscorpiidae . . . 8. Heteroscorpionidae . . 9. Iuridae . . . . . . 10. Liochelidae . . . . 11. Microcharmidae . . 12. Pseudochactidae . . 13. Scorpionidae . . . . 14. Scorpiopidae . . . 15. Superstitioniidae . . 16. Troglotaysicidae . . 17. Urodacidae . . . . 18. Vaejovidae . . . . Solifugae . . . . . . 1. Amacataidae . . . 2. Ammotrechidae . . 3. Ceromidae . . . . 4. Daesiidae. . . . . 5. Eremobatidae . . . 6. Gylippidae . . . . 7. Hexisopodidae . . . 8. Karschiidae . . . . 9. Melanoblossidae . . 10. Rhagodidae . . . 11. Solpugidae . . . Uropygi . . . . . . . 1. Hypoctonidae . . . 2. Thelyphonidae . . .

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syarinid pseudoscorpions tridenchthoniid pseudoscorpions vachoniid pseudoscorpions withiid pseudoscorpions hooded tickspiders shorttailed whipscorpions

hubbardiid shorttailed whipscorpions protoschizomid shorttailed whipscorpions

scorpions shortclaw scorpions arrowbreasted scorpions fatclaw scorpions chaerilid scorpions spinysting scorpions shorttail scorpions longtail rock scorpions Madagascar fatclaw scorpions largetooth scorpions rockloving scorpions microcharmid scorpions pseudochatid scorpions largeclaw scorpions scorpiopid scorpions superstitioniid scorpions troglotaysicid scorpions Australian burrowing scorpions vaejovid scorpions windscorpions amacataid windscorpions ammotrechid windscorpions ceromid windscorpions daesiid windscorpions eremobatid windscorpions gylippid windscorpions hexisopodid windscorpions karschiid windscorpions melanoblossid windscorpions rhagodid windscorpions solpugid windscorpions whipscorpions hypoctonid whipscorpions vinegaroons

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