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Scientific, English and vernacular names of tropical aromatic and medicinal plants

Scientific Name Abelmoschus moschatus (Linn.) Medicus Abrus precatorius Linn. Acacia catechu Willd. Acalypha indica Linn. Achyranthes aspera Linn. Acorus calamus Linn. Adhatoda beddomei C. B. Clarke Adhatoda zeylanica Medicus Aegle marmelos (Linn.) Corr. Aerva lanata (Linn.) Juss. Alangium salviifolium (Linn. f.) Wang. Albizia lebbeck (Linn.) Benth. Allium cepa Linn. Allium cepa var. aggregatum Allium sativum Linn. Allophyllus serratus Radlk. Aloe barbadensis Mill. Alpinia allughas Rosc. Alpinia calcarata Rosc. Alpinia galanga Sw. Lesser galangal Greater galangal Sugandhamul Rasna Saptaparnah Visaghni Tanduliya Agnigarva Ela Arsaghana Akara-karava Bhunimbah Katalichaulai Dadmari Bari elachi Zaminkand Akara-kara Kakamegh Punjiri-ka- pat Vaikuntah Mahadronah Sitaphalam Valakala Codhara Sitaphal Kulainjam Shaitan ka jat Indian aloe English Ladie's Finger, Okra Wild liquorice Cutch tree, Black catechu Indian acalypha Prickly chaff flower plant Sweet flag Sanskrit Lata kasturika Gunja Khadirah Haritamanjari Apamangah Ugra gandha , Vaca Vasa Vasaka Bilva Sriphal Bhadra Visamustih Ankolah Shirisha Palanduh Hindi Guj Guncai Khair, Khaira Kuppikhokhli Circita Malayalam Kasthurivenda Kunni Karingali Kuppameni Vankadaladi Vayampu Adusa Arusha Bel Chaya Visadodi Dhera Siris Pyaj Chittadalotakam Aadalotakam Koovalam Cherula Appa Ankolam Nenmenivaka Ull, Savalla Chuvannulli Lasunah Triputah Ghrta kumari Taraka Lahasun Tippani Ghikumari Taro Veluthulli Mukkannanpezhu Kattarvazha Malayinjikkuva Chittaratha, Kolinchi Aratha, Chittaratha Ezhilampala Analivegam Mullancheera Kalluruvi Perelam Chena Akkikaruka Kiryath Mathilkkoorka, Karppooravalli Karimthumba Aatha, Seethappazham Maravuri,

Malabar nut Bael tree Holy fruit tree

Ageratum conyzoides Linn. Goat weed Sage leaved alangium Siris tree Onion Small onion Garlic

Alstonia scholaris (Linn.) R. Devil tree Br. Alstonia venenata R. Br. Alstonia Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Prickly amaranthus Ammannia baccifera Linn. Amorphophalus companulatus (Roxb.) Bl. Anacyclus pyrethrum DC Blistering ammania Elephant foot yam Pellitory Amomum subulatum Roxb. Greater cardomom

Andrographis paniculata Green chiretta Nees Anisochilus carnosus Wall. Anisomeles malabarica R. Br. Annona squamosa Linn. Antiaris toxicaria (Pers.) Malabar catmint Custard apple Upas tree

Lesch. Areca catechu Linn. Argemone mexicana Linn. Argyreia speciosa Sweet Arecanut palm Betelnut palm Prickly poppy Mexican poppy Elephant creeper Woolly morning creeper Worm killer Bracteated birthwort Indian birthwort Davana Indian worm weed Fleabane Asparagus Cucumber tree Damanakah Satavari Brihaddala Karmarangha Davanah Satavari Kamaranga Kamaranga Pugah Bramhadandi Samudrapalaka Supari Bharband

Arayanalli Kamuku, Adackamaram Brahmadanthi

Samandar-ka-pat Samudrappacha

Aristolochia bracteolata Ham. Aristolochia indica Linn. Artemisia pallens Artemisia vulgaris Linn. Asparagus racemosus Willd. Averrhoa bilimbi Linn. Averrhoa carambola Linn.

Kitamari Isvari

Kitamar Isvarmul

Aaduthinnappala, Easwaramooli Garudakkodi, Karalakam Davana Makkippoovu Satavari Vilimbi Aarampuli

Carambola, Star fruit, Chinese gooseberry Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Margosa tree Indian lilac Azima tetracantha Lam. Mistletoe Berrythorn Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Thyme-leaved Pennell gratiola Baliospermum solanifolium Castor oil plant (J. Burm.) Suresh Bambusa bambos Druce Thorny bamboo Spiny bamboo Bauhinia purpurea Linn. Camel's foot tree Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Bauhinia tomentosa Bauhinia variegata Linn. Biophytum sensitivum (Linn.) DC. Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. Bombax ceiba Linn. Brassica campestris Linn. Brassica juncea (Linn.) Czern. & Coss. Breynia patens Benth. Bryonia sp. Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. Caesalpinia bonduc (Linn.) Roxb. Caesalpinia sappan Linn. Flame of the forest Fever nut Bonduc nut Brazil wood St.Thomas tree Mountain ebony

Nimbah Kundali Brahmi Danti Vamsah Vanaraja Sveta kanchan Aswamantaka Kancanarah Jhullapuspah

Nim Kantagarkimai Barami Jalnim Danti Kantabams Lalkachna Kachnal Kachnar Kancanar Lajjalu Gadahpurna Semal Kalisarson Rayi Kalamahomad Gargunaru Dhak Palas Kantikaranja Patamg Bestra

Aaryaveppu Essanku Brahmi Nagadandi Mula Velutha mandaram Mandaram, Malayathi Kanjanam, Kattathi Chuvanna mandaram Mukkutti, Nilamthengu Thazhuthama Mullilavu Velutha kaduku Kaduku Punarmuringa Kanjikkottam Plasu Kazhanchi Chappangam, Sappangam Kattuthekku Erikku Pullanni Pachachempakam

Hogweed Pigweed Red silk cotton tree

Punarnava Salmali

Swedish turnip, Katasarshapa White mustard Indian mustard, Red Sarsapah mustard Rajika Bahupraja Bahupatra Palasah Latakaranjah Patrangah

Callicarpa tomentosa (Linn.) Murray Calotropis gigantea (Linn.) Gigantic swallow R. Br. wort Calycopteris floribunda Lam. Cananga odorata Hook. f. & Ylang-ylang Thom. Capparis sepiaria Linn.

Arkah Susavi

Madar Kokkarai

Kakadoni

Jal kanthari

Kakkathondi

Capparis zeylanica Linn. Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn. Careya arborea Roxb. Carica papaya Linn. Carum bulbocastanum Koch Carum carvi Linn. Cassia fistula Linn. Cassia occidentalis Linn. Cassia sophera Linn. Casuarina equisetifolia Linn. Catharanthus roseus (Linn.) G. Don Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban Chukrasia tabularis A. Juss. Cicca acida (Linn.) Merr. Heart's pea Balloon vine Wild guava Slow match tree Papaya Bulbous caraway Caraway Indian laburnum Golden shower Negro coffee Stinking weed Senna sophera Beef wood Periwinkle Indian pennywort Chikrassy Nityakalyani Mandukaparni Chanana Karpurah Darusita Ambastha Aszthisanhara Kitamalah Kasamardah Kasamarda Indravalli Katabhi Erandakarkati

Gitoranj Kapalphoti Kumbi Pappita Kala-azim Jeera Amaltas Kasaumdi Kasunda Janglisaru Sudabahar

Karthotti Uzhinja, Valliuzhinja Pezhu Kappa/Kappalam Seema jeerakam Carum Kanikkonna Ponnaveeram Ponnanthakara Kattadi

Ushamalari, Savakkottappacha Brahmamanduki Kudangal, Kudakan, Muthil Chuvanna akil Harfarauri Kapur Darucini Akanadi Hadjora Kagzi-nimbu Arinelli Karppooram Karuva Malathangi Changalamparanda Vadukappulinarakam Cherunarakam Bablumas Odaku Perumkurumba Aadunarivelam Kattukaduku, Ariyavila Peruvelum Cheruthekku Periyilam, Peruvelam Sankhupushpam Koval Pathalagarudakkodi Kakkappalunku Cherupulladi Panikkoorkka Iruveli

Country gooseberry Lavaliphala

Cinnamomum camphora Camphor tree Nees & Eberm. Cinnamomum verum Presl Cinnamon Cissampelos pareira Linn. Velvet leaf Cissus quadrangularis Linn. Adament creeper Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Country lime Swingle Citrus limon (Linn.) Burm. f. Rough lemon Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. Cleistanthus collinus (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook. f. Clematis triloba Heyne ex Roth Cleome gynandra Linn. Cleome viscosa Linn. Clerodendrum phlomidis Linn. f. Clerodendrum serratum (Linn.) Moon Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. Clitoria ternatea Linn. Coccinia grandis (Linn.) Voigt. Cocculus hirsutus (Linn.) Diels. Coix lacryma-jobi Linn. Coldenia procumbens Linn. Coleus amboinicus Lour. Coleus zeylanicus (Benth.) Cramer Colocasia esculenta (Linn.) Schott Commiphora mukul (Hook. ex Stocks) Stocks Coriandrum sativum Linn. Indian borage Country borage Forbidden fruit

Maha- nimbu Madhukarkati Indrayava

Bara-nimbu Chakotra Garari Murhari Hulhul Hurhur Urani Bharang Bhant Aparajit Kanturi Patalagarudi Gurusamkru Tripungki Pathurchur

Bowstring hemp

Laghuparnika Ajagandha

Wild mustard Clerodendrum Beetle killer Clerodendrum Clitoria Ivy gourd Broom creeper Ink berry Job's tears

Varada Vatagni Angaravalli Bhantaka Aparajita Bimbika P[atalugarudah Gavendhukah Tripakshee Karpuravalli

Taro Coco yam Indian bdellium Coriander

Alupam Gugulu Dhanyakam

Kaccalu Gugul Dhanigam

Chembu Gulgulu Malli

Coscinium fenestratum Tree turmeric (Gaertn.) Colebr. Costus speciosus (Koen.) Costus Sm. Crataeva religiosa Hook. f. Tree leaved caper & Thom. Cressa cretica Linn. Crotalaria juncea Linn. Croton tiglium Linn. Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. Curcuma amada Roxb. Sun hemp Purging croton

Daruharida Pushkara Varunah Rudanti Sanabu Jepulah Musali

Jhar-I-haldi Kust Barna Rudravanti Sanabu Jamalgota Kalimusali Amahaldi Tikhur Jangli haldi Haldi Lal circita Path Gandhatran

Maramanjal Channakuva Neermathalam Azhukanni Kilukki Neervalam Nilappana Mangainchi Vellakkuva, Kattumanjal Kasthurimanjal Manjal Cherukadaladi Padakkizhangu, Padathali Injippullu Injippullu

Mango ginger

Amradrakam Tavakshira Aranyaharidra Haridra Raktapamargah Patha

Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. Wild arrow root Curcuma aromatica Salisb. Wild turmeric Curcuma longa Linn. Cyathula prostrata (Linn.) Bl. Cyclea peltata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thom. Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf Cymbopogon flexuosus (Steud.) Wats. Cymbopogon martinii var. motia Roxb. Cymbopogon martinii var. sofia Cymbopogon nardus (Linn.) Rendle Cymbopogon pendulus Wats. Cymbopogon winterianus Cynodon dactylon (Linn.) Pers. Cyperus rotundus Linn Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. Datura metel Linn. Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees Desmodium gangeticum DC. Desmodium triflorum (Linn.) DC. Desmostachya bipinnata Stapf Dioscorea bulbifera Linn. Dioscorea floribunda Dregea volubilis (Linn. f.) Hook. f. Ecbolium viride (Forsk.) Merr. Eclipta prostrata (Linn.) Linn. Elephantopus scaber Linn. Elettaria cardamomum Maton Embelia ribes Burm. f. Emilia sonchifolia DC. Turmeric Small prickly chaff flower plant Pata root

West Indian lemon Bhustarah grass East Indian Lemongrass Palmarosa, Rosha Dhyamakah grass Palmarosa, Gingergrass Ceylon citronella Guchcha grass Jammu Lemongrass Java citronella Dhub grass Barmuda grass Nut grass East Indian rose wood Datura Male bamboo Desmodium Niladurva Musta Shishapa Dhustura Vansha Salaparni Tripadi Sacrificial grass Potato yam Medicinal yam Hemajivanti Blue fox tail Nail dye Trailing eclipta Prickly leaved elephant's foot Cardamom Embelia Darbah

Gandhabei

Palmarosa Palmarosa

Gaijini

Ceylon citronella Jammu inchippullu Java citronella

Durba Nagarmotha Shisham Kaladhutara Banskaban Salparni Kudaliga Davoli Ratalu

Karuka Muthanga Eetti, Veetti Neela ummam Kallanmula Orila Nilamparanda Balidarbha Kachil, Pannikizhangu Marunnukachil Velipparuthi Odiyamadantha Kayyonni, Kayyunni Aanachuvadi Elam Wizhal Muyalcheviyan

Nakchikkni Udajati

Tekarajuah Hastipadi Ela Vidangah Sasarutih

Bhamgra Gobhi Elaci Vagvidang Hirankhun

Eucalyptus citriodora Hook. Eucalyptus Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Blue gum tree Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl Ayapana tea Euphorbia hirta Linn. Euphorbia nivulia Buch.Ham. Euphorbia thymifolia Linn. Euphorbia tirucalli Linn. Euphorbia tirucalli Linn. Evolvulus alsinoides (Linn.) Linn. Excoecaria agallocha Linn. Blinding tree Ficus benghalensis Linn. Ficus heterophylla Linn. f. Ficus microcarpa Linn. f. Ficus racemosa Linn. Ficus religiosa Linn. Cluster fig Peepal tree Sacred fig Governor's plum Banyan tree Visnukrantha Agaru Nyagrodhah Trayamana Plaksah Udumbarah Pippalah Asvatam Aghori Vikankatha Vrksamlah Visalya Asvasakothah Liquorice Coomb teak Periploca of the woods Yastimadhu Gumbhari Madhunasini Parpatah Avarttani Vrscikali Sariba Anantamul Ondrapuspi Bala Kalinga Kamarup Gular umar Pippal Syamakrantha Gangwa Bargad Petroleum plant Milk bush Australian asthma weed Nilanirgasa Ayaparnah Nagarjun Patra-snuhi Dugdhika Trikantaka Yukeliptas Ayaparna Lal-dudhi Sij Dudhiya Sehund

Yukkali Yukkali Aiyappana, Mrithasanjeevani Nilappala Ilakkalli Nilappala Thirukkalli Thirukkalli Vishnukranthi Komatti Peral Vallitherakam Itthi Atthi Arayal

Flacourtia indica Merr.

Kancu Paniyala Bilatti-amli Kalihari Girgiti Jatimadh Gamari Merasimgi Daman pappar Marodphali Siriyari Anantamul Jasum Patwa Bopla Kurci kuda

Aghori Neernelli, Thaleesapathram Kudampuli, Kudappuli Menthonni Kuttippanal Irattimadhuram Kumizhu, Kumbil Chakkarakkolli Parpadakappullu Idampiri-valampiri Thekkada Naruneendi, Nannari Chemparathi Mathippuli Pooparuthi Kudakappala Cheru, Charu

Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Puneala plum Raeusch. Garcinia gummi-gutta Gamboge (Linn.) Robs. Gloriosa superba Linn. Glory lily Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn. Gmelina arborea Roxb. Gymnema sylvestre R. Br.

Hedyotis corymbosa (Linn.) Lam. Helicteres isora Linn. East Indian screw tree Heliotropium indicum Linn. Indian turnsole Hemidesmus indicus (Linn.) Indian sarasaparilla R. Br. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn. Shoe-flower plant Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn. Hibiscus tiliaceus Linn. Roselle Yellow mallow

Holarrhena pubescens Tellichery bark (Buch.-Ham.) Don Holigarna arnottiana Hook. f. Holoptelea integrifolia Indian elm (Roxb.) Planch. Holostemma ada-kodien Holostemma Schult. Homonoia riparia Lour. Hugonia mystax Linn. Hybanthus enneaspermus (Linn. f.) Muell. Hydnocarpus laurifolia (Dennst) Sleum. Ichnocarpus frutescens (Linn.) R. Br. Climbing flax

Cirabilvah Jivanti Jalavetasah Kamsamarah Amburuha

Cibil Chirvel Jalbent

Aavil, Njettavil Adapathian Aattuvanchi, Kallurvanchi Mothirakkanni Orilathamara Marotti Palvalli

Rattan-purus Calmogaru Kalidudhi

Maroti tree Black creeper

Tuvarakah Ulpalasariba

Indigofera tinctoria Linn. Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq. Ipomoea pes-tigridis Linn. Ixora coccinea Linn. Jasminum grandiflorum Linn. Jasminum sambac Ait. Jatropha curcas Linn. Jatropha glandulifera Roxb.

Indian indigo Giant potato Tiger's foot Flame of the woods Spanish jasmine Arabian jasmine Purging nut

Nilika Kairividari Paranti Jati Mallika Dravanti Nikumbu

Nil Bhilaykand Rangam Jati Moghra Jungli erand Undarbilyu

Neelamari, Neelichedi Palmuthukku Pulichuvadi Thechi, Chethi Pichakam, Pichi Kudamulla Kadalavanakku, Kattavanakku Kannatti Chuvannakadalavanakku Vathamkolli Kacholam, Kachooram Chengazhineerkizhangu Churakka Arippu Mylanchi Manippiranda Thumba Manganari Vilarmaram Neerthippali Litchi Kattupukayila Kochikuva, Kuva Malaveppu Pudina Nagakesaram, Churuli Chempakam, Champaka Thottavadi Elenji Anthimalari Kaippujeerakam Kudalchurukki Muriga, Moringa Kambilimaram, Yusham Naikurana Mukkapperam Kariveppu Vellila Jathi Nilanarakam

Jatropha gossypifolia Linn. Tua-tua Justicia gendarussa Linn. f. Kaempferia galanga Linn. Kaempferia rotunda Linn. Lagenaria siceraria Indian crocus Bottle gourd Vatagni Karcurah Bhucampakah Katutumbi Caturangi Medhini Chatri Dronapuspi Ambuja Elephant apple Kapitthah Vashira Nilanairgundi Candramula Abhuichampa Titalauki Caturang Mehanti Kurkurjihava Chota lalkusa Kuttra Katbel Bhuikora Leechi Devanala Tavaksri Mahanimbah Pudina Nagapuspam Champakah Lajjalu Bakulah Krishnakeli Phanija Pitadaru Drum-stick tree Sigruh Shalmali Cowhage Atmagupta Tirkoskai Curry leaf White lady Nutmeg tree Kalasakh Sriparnah Jati Triparnika Mungana Tut Gonca Agumaki Mithipam Bedina Jayphal Tinparni Nala Tikhor Mahanimb Pudina Nagakesar Champaka Lajjavanti Bakul Gulabbas Jima

Lantana camara Linn. var. Wild sage aculeata Moldenke Lawsonia inermis Linn. Henna Leea indica Merr. Leucas aspera (Willd.) Spr. Thumbe Limnophila indica (Linn.) Druce Limonia acidissima Linn. Lippia nodiflora Mich. Litchi chinensis Sonner. Lobelia nicotianifolia Roth Wild tobacco ex Roem. & Schult. Maranta arundinacea Linn. Arrow root Melia azedarach Linn. Mentha arvensis Linn. Pride of India Mint

Mesua nagassarium (Burm. Mesua f.) Kosterm. Michelia champaca Linn. Golden champa Mimosa pudica Linn. Mimusops elengi Linn. Mirabilis jalapa Linn. Mollugo oppositifolia Linn. Morinda umbellata Linn. Moringa oleifera Lam. Morus acedosa Griff. Mucuna pruriens (Linn.) DC. Mukia maderaspatana (Linn.) M. Roemer Murraya koenigii (Linn.) Spreng. Mussaenda frondosa Linn. Myristica fragrans Houtt. Sensitive plant West Indian Medlar Four O' clock plant Bitter cumin

Naregamia alata Wt. & Arn. Goanese ipecacuanh

Nerium oleander Linn. Nervilia aragoana Gaud. Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. Nymphaea rubra Roxb. Ochrocarpus longifolius Ocimum basilicum Linn.

Indian oleander Night jasmine Indian red water lily Indian laurel Sweet basil

Karavirah Padmacarini Parijatah Aruna kamala Punnag Aranyatulasi Barbari Vridha tulasi Surasah Trivirt Vidara Syonakah Tinisah

Karavira Sthalapadma Harsinghar Chhota kamal Nagkesar Vantulasi Babauitulasi Ram tulasi Poojatulasi Tarbut Nagphana Sonapatha Tinnas

Arali Orilathamara Pavizhamulla Velutha ambal Punna Katturamathulasi Ramathulasi Karpoorathulasi, Kattuthrithavu Krishnathulasi Thrikolpakkonna Palakakkalli, Nagathali Palakappayyani Thodukara Puliyaral

Ocimum americanum Linn. Hoary basil Ocimum gratissimum Linn. Shrubby basil Ocimum tenuiflorum Linn. Operculina turpethum (Linn.) S. Manso Opuntia dillenii (KerGawler) Haworth Oroxylum indicum (Linn.) Vent. Ougeinia dalbergioides Benth. Oxalis corniculata Linn. Pavetta indica Linn. Phoenix dactylifera Linn. Phoenix pusilla Gaertn. Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thonn. Phyllanthus emblica Linn. Physalis minima Linn. Pimenta racemosa J. W. Moore Pinus roxburghii Sargent Piper betle Linn. Piper chaba Hunter Piper longum Linn. Piper nigrum Linn. Pistia stratiotes Linn. Plumbago indica Linn. Plumbago zeylanica Linn. Plumeria rubra Linn. Pogostemon patchouli Hook. f. Polyalthia longifolia Benth. & Hook. f. Pongamia pinnata (Linn.) Pierre Portulaca oleracea Linn. Premna integrifolia Linn. Prunus amygdalus Batsch Prunus cerasoides D. Don Sacred basil Indian jalap Prickly pear Indian trumphrt tree Chariot tree Inda Indian sorrel Date palm Small wind date palm

Cangeri Kharjurah Parusakah Tamalaki

Amrulsak Khajur Palavat Jaramala Amla Bandhapariya

Pavatta Eenthappana Chitteenthal Keezharnelli Nelli Njottanjodiyan Cheenamulaku

Indian gooseberry Sunberry Bayberry Chirpine Betel pepper Bengal pepper Long pepper Black pepper Water letuce Red flowered leadwort White flowered leadwort Pogodo tree Patchouli Mast tree Indian beech Indian parselane Headache tree Almond tree Bird cherry

Amlaka Mrdukuncika

Saralah Tambulavalli Chavika Pippali Maricam Kumbhika

Sarala Pan Chab Piplamul Kalimirc Jalkumbhi

Charalam Vettila Benglathippali Thippali Kurumulaku Kodappayal Chethikkoduveli

Chitraka Ksiracampaka

Chitarak Golenci Pacholi

Vellakkoduveli Poomaram Pachila Aranamaram Ungu/ Pongu Cheriyagolicheera Munja Badham Pathimukham Moovila

Ulkatah Karanj Brihalloni Agnimanthah Badama Padmakah Salaparni Perukah Vakucai

Debdari Karanja Baralunia Arni Badam Patmakath

Pseudarthria viscida (Linn.) Wt. & Arn. Psidium guajava Linn. Guava tree Psoralea corylifolia Linn. Babchi

Amrud Bakuci

Pera Karkolari

Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. Pterocarpus santalinus Linn. Punica granatum Linn. Raphanus sativus Linn.

Indian kino tree Red sandal wood Pomegranate Radish

Asanah Raktachandanah Dadimah Mulika Sarpagandha Sphotyabhujangam Yuthikaparni Erundah Pasanabhedah

Bijasal Raktachandana Dhalim Muli Chandrabhaga

Venga Rakthachandanam Mathalam Mullanki Sarpagandhi, Amalpori Elithandan Nagamulla Aavanakku Kallurvanchi

Rauvolfia serpentina (Linn.) Serpent wood Benth. ex Kurz. Rhaphidophora pertusa Schott Rhinacanthus nastus Snake jasmine (Linn.) Kurz. Ricinus communis Linn. Castor Rotula aqautica Lour. Rubia cordifolia Linn. Ruta graveolens Linn. Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. Saccharum spontaneum Linn. Salacia reticulata Wt. Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. Santalum album Linn. Saraca asoca (Roxb.) De Wilde Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Voigt. Saussurea lappa C. B. Clarke Scaevola taccada Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken Sesbania grandiflora (Linn.) Poiret Sida acuta Burm. f. Sida cordifolia Linn. Sida rhombifolia Linn. ssp. retusa (Linn.) Borss. Solanum americanum Mill. Solanum khasianum C. B. Clarke Solanum melongena Linn. var. incanum (Linn.) Prain Solanum surattense Burm. Yellow berried F. nightshade Solanum torvum Swartz West Indian Turkey berry Solanum violaceum Ortega Sphaeranthus indicus Linn. East Indian globe thistle Spilanthes calva DC. Paracress Spondias pinnata (Linn. f.) Hog plum Kurz. Stereospermum suaveolens DC. Strychnos nux-vomica Linn. Strychinine tree Indian madder Garden rue Devil sugarcane Thatch grass

Palakjuhi Erand

Manjistha Gucchapatra Munjah Kasah Vairi

Mamjith Pismaram Sudab Ramsar Kas

Manchatti Arootha Amadarbha Kusadarbha Ekanayakam

Indian bow string hemp Sandal tree Ashoka Moon plant Costus Fan flower Lac tree, Ceylon oak Swamp pea Horn bean leaved sida Bala

Murva

Murva

Muramachi

Chandanah Asoka Somavalli Kustah

Santal Asoka Somlata Kuth

Chandanam Asokam Somalatha Kottam Bhadraksham

Mukulakah Agastayah Bala Brela Bala

Kasum Hathya Bariara Bariar Jamglimethi

Poovam Agathi Kurunthotti Kattooram Aanakkurunthotti Manithakkali Chunda

Brihati Kantakari

Baigan Remgani Tit-baigan

Cheruvazhuthina Kantakarichunda Kattuchunda Putharichunda

Mundi

Mundi Pipulka

Adakkamanian Akkikaruka Ambazham Pathiri Kanjiram

Amratakah Patala Karaskara

Amra Paral Kajra

Strychnos potatorum Linn. f. Symplocos cochinchinensis (Lour.) S. Moore Syzygium aromaticum (Linn.) Merr. Syzygium cumini (Linn.) Skeels Syzygium jambos (Linn.) Alst. Syzygium zeylanicum DC. Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linn.) Roem. & Schult. Tamarindus indica Linn. Tectona grandis Linn. f. Tephrosia purpurea Pers. Terminalia arjuna Wt. & Arn. Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Terminalia catappa Linn. Terminalia chebula Retz.

Clearing nut tree

Tiktaphala Lodhrah

Nirmali Bholiya

Kadakam, Thettamparal Pachhotti Grambu

Clove Black plum Rose apple Jambuh Campeyah Jamun Gulab jamun

Njaval Chamba, Jamba Njara

East Indian rosebay Nandivrksah

Chandni

Nanthiarvattam

Tamarind tree Teak Wild indigo White murdah Belleric myrobalan Indian almond

Tintrini Sakah Sarapunkah Arjunah Aksha Grahadruma Marutu Dharaphala Haripuccah

Ampli Sagaun Sarphomka Arjun Bulla Budam Harara Ain Paraspipal Bagamushada

Valanpuli Thekku Kozhinjil Neermaruthu Thanni Nattubadham Kadukka Poomaruthu Karimaruthu Poovarasu Vallikkanjiram

Chebulic myrobalan Haritaki

Terminalia paniculata Roth Flowering murdah Terminalia tomentosa Wt. & Black murdah Arn. Thespesia populnea (Linn.) Portia tree Sol. ex Corr. Tiliacora acuminata (Lam.) Miers Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Tinospora Hook. f. & Thom. Tinospora malabarica (Lam.) Miers Trachyspermum Ajowan roxburghianum (DC.) Sprague Tragia involucrata Linn. Indian stinging nettle Tribulus terrestris Linn. Trichopus zeylanicus Trichosanthes cucumerina Linn. Tridax procumbens Linn. Snake gourd Puncture vine

Amrita Sudarsana Ajamoda

Giloe Gurch Ajmud

Chittamrithu Kattamrithu Ayamodakam

Dusparsa Goksurah Varahi Cicindah

Barhantia Gokharu

Kodithoova Njerinjil Aarogyappcha

Paraval

Kattupadavalam Thelkuthi

Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek Linn. Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Indian ipoecacuanh Merr. Typha elephantina Roxb. Elephant grass Uraria lagopoides (Linn.) Desv. Urginea indica Kunth Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G. Don Vanilla planifolia Vernonia anthelmintica Willd. Vernonia cinerea (Linn.) Less. Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn.) Nash

Methi Lataksiri Eraka Prishniparni

Methi Antamul Mohitrina Pithavana Janglipyaz Rasna

Uluva Vallippala Aattudarbha Cheria Orila Kattulli Maravazha Vanilla

Indian squill Vanda Vanilla Purple fleabane Ash-coloured fleabane Vetiver

Kolakanda Rasna

Somraji Aranyajiraka Sahadevi Usirah

Baksi Sahadeyi Khas

Kattujeerakam Poovankurunthal Ramacham

Vitex negundo Linn. Vitex trifolia Vitis vinifera Linn. Wedelia chinensis (Osbeck) Merr. Withania somnifera (Linn.) Dunal Woodfordia floribunda Salisb. Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R. Br. Zingiber officinale Rosc. Scientific Name

Five leaved chaste Nirgundi tree Three leaved chaste Sinduvarah tree Common grapevine Draksa Pitabhringarajah Indian ginseng Fire-flame bush Pala indigo Ginger English Ashwagandha Dhataki Svetakutajah Ardrakam Sanskrit

Samhalu

Karinochi

Saphed samhalu Vellanochi Drakh Pitabhamgara Asgandah Davi Dudhi Adarak Hindi Munthiri Manjakkayyunni Amukkiram Thathiri Danthappala Inji Malayalam

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