Read Unknown text version

Teacher's Manual with Answers

MARINE SCIENCE

Marine Biology and Oceanography

SECOND EDITION

THOMAS F. GREENE

Assistant Principal, Science Teacher, Science Research and Marine Science Fort Hamilton High School Brooklyn, New York

AMSCO

A M S C O S C H O O L P U B L I C A T I O N S , 3 1 5 H u d s o n S t r e e t , N e w Y o r k , N . Y .

I N C . 1 0 0 1 3

Design by Artwork by Composition by Cover Photo by

Merrill Haber Eric Heiber / Tech Graphics Brad Walrod / High Text Graphics, Inc. Georgette Douwma /Getty Images

Please visit our Web site at: www.amscopub.com When ordering this book, please specify: either R 770 T or MARINE SCIENCE, SECOND EDITION, TEACHER'S MANUAL WITH ANSWERS ISBN 0-87720-941-3

Copyright © 2004 by Amsco School Publications, Inc.

No part of this book may be reproduced in any form without written permission from the publisher, except those teachers using the Amsco textbook Marine Science: Marine Biology and Oceanography, Second Edition, by Thomas F. Greene, who may reproduce or adapt portions of this manual in limited quantities for classroom use only.

Printed in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 08 07 06 05 04 03

Contents

To the Teacher

v

LESSON PLANS

UNIT 1 INTRODUCTION TO MARINE SCIENCE

3 9 11 1 Exploring the Oceans 2 Marine Scientists at Work 3 Marine Environments

UNIT 2

KINGDOMS OF LIFE IN THE SEA

17 19 22

4 Unicellular Marine Organisms 5 Marine Algae and Plants 6 Simple Marine Animals

UNIT 3

MARINE INVERTEBRATES

28 31 33 36 40

7 Cnidarians 8 Marine Worms 9 Mollusks 10 Crustaceans 11 Echinoderms

UNIT 4

MARINE VERTEBRATES

43 47 50

12 Marine Fishes 13 Marine Reptiles and Birds 14 Marine Mammals

UNIT 5

THE WATER PLANET

56 63 68

iii

15 World of Water 16 Geology of the Ocean 17 Climate and the Ocean

UNIT 6

ENERGY IN THE OCEAN

73 79 83

18 Temperature and Pressure 19 Light and Sound in the Sea 20 Tides, Waves, and Currents

UNIT 7

MARINE ECOLOGY

90 96 101

21 Interdependence in the Sea 22 Pollution in the Ocean 23 Conservation of Resources

RESOURCES

Laboratory Helpful Hints Laboratory Supplies List Science Supply Companies Careers in Marine Science Videos & DVDs/Research Vacations Marine Science Web Sites 109 113 114 115 116 117

LABORATORY INVESTIGATIONS

Chapters 1­23: Black-line Masters 121

iv

To the PLANS LESSONTeacher

This Teacher's Manual With Answers, Second Edition, is designed to provide assistance to both new and experienced Marine Science teachers. Included are the following features: a complete set of Lesson Plans to accompany Marine Science: Marine Biology and Oceanography, Second Edition; an Answer Key for all Chapter, Section, Boxed Feature, and Laboratory Review questions; a Suggested Readings list for each chapter; suggested Research Projects for each chapter; background information and perforated black-line masters for all Laboratory Investigations; a Resources section that includes lists of laboratory supplies, science supply companies, ocean-related Web sites and organizations, and an Answer Key for the Marine Science Tests Booklet (also available for purchase from Amsco). The Research Projects in this manual give students more opportunities to investigate science topics creatively or to connect marine science with other subject areas, such as literature, social studies, and art. Over time, you will be able to observe the growth in your students' understanding of marine science as their projects develop. Each laboratory investigation is carried out in class and should be completed in a 40-minute period. It is recommended that students work in groups of two to four to develop teamwork and cooperative learning skills. The investigations are found at the end of each chapter in the textbook. Students should read the laboratory investigation before they begin their work in the lab in order to be better prepared. You may want to ask students several simple questions to see if they are ready to do the work. The observations a student makes while doing a laboratory investigation should be recorded in the student's notebook. It is recommended that each student have a separate, spiral lab notebook. The lab notebook should be kept inside a folder, since you will provide students with additional handouts during the term. Students will prepare laboratory reports based on data recorded in their notebook and other information kept in the folder. The laboratory report should follow the format of the scientific method and contain the following sections: Problem, Introduction, Materials, Results, and answers to the Observations and Analyses questions. It is recommended that the laboratory report follow this standardized format to help your students attach importance to their laboratory work, while reinforcing report-writing and other communications skills. In addition, you will find it easier to read and grade the laboratory reports if all students follow a standardized format. You might want to develop a separate form that can be used in the laboratory, along with the black-line masters.

About the Lab Report

Laboratory investigations are an integral part of the marine science curriculum. They help students understand that science, besides being a body of knowledge, is also a process--a method by which scientists and students learn about the natural world. The laboratory investigations involve students in hands-on activities that are related to important topics covered in the chapters.

v

UNIT 1 INTRODUCTION TO MARINE SCIENCE UNIT 2 KINGDOMS OF LIFE IN THE SEA UNIT 3 MARINE INVERTEBRATES UNIT 4 MARINE VERTEBRATES UNIT 5 THE WATER PLANET UNIT 6 ENERGY IN THE OCEAN UNIT 7 MARINE ECOLOGY

Information

Unknown

6 pages

Find more like this

Report File (DMCA)

Our content is added by our users. We aim to remove reported files within 1 working day. Please use this link to notify us:

Report this file as copyright or inappropriate

224416


You might also be interested in

BETA
02-24-Pages8-9.p65
untitled
Layout 2 copy