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ANG 6930/ANT 4930 Spring 2008 Steven A. Brandt |

CULTURAL HERITAGE MANAGEMENT IN AFRICA AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

Course Description This is a special one-of-a-kind seminar to be held in conjunction with a Workshop on Cultural Heritage Management in Africa and the Developing World that I have organized this semester. The management of Africa's cultural heritage has reached a critical stage. Political and social conflicts, massive development projects, governmental complacency, ignorance, corruption and lack of funding, substantial tourism growth, and other factors have all seriously impacted the continent's ability to maintain, conserve and protect the world's longest record of human cultural achievement. But Africa is not alone in dealing with these impacts, as most if not all of the "Developing World" (which includes indigenous and minority peoples living in "Developed Countries") is facing similar issues. The Workshop is designed to bring together on a regular basis UF faculty and students from a wide array of campus disciplines to discuss issues of common interest and concern related to this theme, and to explore the possibilities of developing research projects and publications involving UF faculty and students. Thanks to funding from UF's Center for African Studies and the International Center, all interested faculty and students will be invited to attend weekly forums where guest speakers from Africa, Europe and North America will give lectures on topical issues related to CHM in Africa and the Developing World. Except for the first three weeks of class, the seminar will revolve largely around the issues to be addressed by the guest speakers. Although essentially a graduate seminar, the few advanced undergraduates who have been admitted to the class will have the same responsibilities and requirements as graduate students. Student responsibilities will include: 1) preparing notes and discussion questions on the readings relevant to the weekly theme and speaker; 2) participating in weekly discussions; 3) writing a ~15-20 page research paper on a topic of her/his choice; and 4) presenting a ~ 5-10 min. overview of your research to the other students on the day the research paper is due (which will be the 2 hour "Final Exam" period officially designated for this class). Ms. Asmeret G. Mehari, a doctoral candidate in Anthropology, will play a critical role in the Seminar as Assistant Instructor, as well as assistant Workshop Coordinator. She will be the Seminar instructor during the first two weeks while I am in Ethiopia. Note: This seminar is in lieu of the usual CHM course I teach every spring. Although the course numbers are the same, the title and section numbers are different so that students who have previously taken my CHM course can still take this special seminar for credit. Office Hours, Communication Steven Brandt: · B368 Turlington Hall, T and Th 4:00-5:00 pm and W. 2-3 pm, or by appt. · Telephone: 392-2253 x234 (office) · E-mail: [email protected] Asmeret G. Mehari; · [email protected]; · Office and Telephone # TBA; W 3:00-5:00 pm, Th 8:30-9:20am, or by appoinment Required Textbooks and Readings (available at Orange and Blue Textbooks, 309 NW 13th St. 375-2707) · · · Howard, P. 200. Heritage: Management, Interpretation, Identity. New York: Continuum Press. Schmidt, P.1996. Plundering Africa's Past. Bloomington: Indiana University Press Additional Readings are to be provided by the guest lecturers. I have asked each guest speaker to provide in pdf format 2 or 3 articles/papers relevant to her/his topic, which I will post on the Seminar's E-Learning web site (lss.at.edu ­ If you are not familiar with E-Learning, please ask Asmeret for assistance) as soon as I receive them, but no later than one week in advance of the speaker's lecture. When necessary, I may also post one or two additional readings or web sites to supplement the guest lecturer's articles.

Recommended (we will be reading selected chapters from most of these books, but they are all worthy of your personal library if you can afford to buy them) · Brown, M.F. 2003. Who Owns Native Culture. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. · Neumann, T.W. and R.M. Sanford 2001. Cultural Resources Archaeology: An Introduction. Walnut Creek: Altamira · McKercher, B. and H. Du Cros 2002. Cultural Tourism: The Partnership Between Tourism and Cultural Heritage Management. Haworth Hospitality Press. · McManamon, F.P. and A. Hatton 2000. Cultural Resource Management in Contemporary Society. London: Routledge · Skeates, R. 2000. Debating the Archaeological Heritage. London: Duckworth · Renfrew, C. 2000. Loot, Legitimacy and Ownership. London: Duckworth Specific Course Requirements and Grading · Regular Attendance of guest lectures and seminars. I will subtract 20 points from your total points if you have more than 2 unexcused absences. · Each student is expected to prepare their own weekly notes and discussion questions , and to play an active role in weekly discussions (50 points). · Each student is to prepare a research paper of ~15- 20 pages in length on the topic of her/his choice after discussion and approval of the instructor. (50 points). · The final grade will be based on your total accumulation of points, as follows: o A 90-100 points o B+ 87-89 points o B 80-86 points o C+ 77-79 points o C 70-76 points o D+ 67-69 points o D 60-66 points o E <60 points

Lecture and Readings Schedule (subject to change) 1/9: Introductory Remarks (Asmeret) 1/16: What is Cultural Heritage (CH)? What is Cultural Heritage Management (CHM)? · Heritage: Read the whole book, or as much as you can. Do not get caught up in details, but try to note what is important for you to comment upon or question in class, and to be able ot answer the following Questions: o Before reading this book, how would you have defined what "Cultural Heritage" and CHM are? How have your definitions changed after reading the chapters? o Prepare a list of who you think are the stakeholders in CH and CHM (i.e. those individuals, groups, administrations, organizations, etc that have some kind of an interest in CH and CHM). o The Heritage book focuses largely, but not exclusively upon United Kingdom CH and CHM. How do you think CH and CHM may differ in Developing Countries? Obviously, if you are from such a country or group, please provide the class with some specific examples from your homeland. 1/23: Who "Owns" Cultural Heritage? The Human Right to A Cultural Heritage. · Readings TBA by 1/16 1/30: The Illicit and "Legal" African Antiquities Market; The Ethics of Museum Collections · Guest Speaker: Dr. Monica Udvardy, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Kentucky 2/6: Armed Conflicts, Looting, and Reconstruction · Guest Speaker: Dr. Donny George Youkhanna, former President of the Iraq State Board of Antiquities and Heritage, and Director General of the National Museum in Baghdad during the U.S. invasion and occupation ­currently visiting professor of art history at Stony Brook University. Note: Dr. Donny's public lecture will be on Tuesday, February 5th from 3- 4:00 pm at the Harn Museum of Art Auditorium ­ please plan accordingly. · 2/13 TBA (Dr. Brandt is in Germany)

2/20: Natural Resource Management, Cultural Heritage Management and Tourism: Balancing on a Tightrope · Guest Speakers: Dr. Robert Hitchcock, Dept. of Anthropology, Michigan State University: Dr. Daniel Stiles, Independent Consultant to UNEP, IUCN, TRAFFIC and other international organizations

2/27: The Role of Multi-Lateral Institutions and Multi-National Corporations: The World Bank and Exxon/Mobil as Case Studies · Guest Speakers: Ms. Arlene Fleming, World Bank, Washington, D.C.; Dr. Scott McEachern, Dept. of Anthropology, Bowdoin College, Maine

3/5: World Heritage Sites and Historic Preservation · Guest Speaker: Dr. George Abungu, Former Director of the National Museums of Kenya; Currently Kenya Representative to the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, and Director of Okello Abungu Heritage Consultants, Nairobi,

3/12: Spring Break 3/19: Intellectual Property Rights, Indigenous Knowledge and the Role of Communities · Guest Speakers: Dr. Belle Asante, Centre for African Studies, Kyoto University; Dr. Rebecca Gearhart, Illinois Wesleyan University 3/26: TBA (Dr. Brandt is in Vancouver, Canada) 4/2: CHM in Francophone Africa Guest Speaker: Dr. Pierre de Maret, Free University, Brussels 4/9: Sustainable Development and the Economics of CHM · Guest Speaker: Dr. Lynne Meskell, Dept. of Anthropology, Stanford University

4/16: Intangible Heritage · Guest Speaker: Dr. Susan Keitumetse, University of Botswana 4/23: The Politics of CHM in Governmental Institutions · Guest Speaker: Dr. Audax Mabulla, Dept. of History, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania ****All papers are due on the scheduled 2 hour final exam period. Students will also present at this time short synopses of their papers to their fellow students.

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