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UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND URBAN STUDIES AND PLANNING SPRING 2006

URSP 688P (3 credits) S. BROWER

READINGS IN URBAN DESIGN

Description The course introduces students to some key books (and some not-so-key) that deal with seeing and shaping urban environments. We will look at urban form as a composition of physical elements and as a mental image. We will consider advocacy of medieval cities, garden suburbs, and new urbanism. We will consider urban design as an art form and as a science; used as a means of communication, as an instrument for behavioral change, and as an expression of a particular time and culture. We will consider the limits and boundaries of urban design, and at the design product as a blueprint and as a set of performance standards. Classes will be spent discussing the readings--their content and possible contradictions, their relevance for today, and their application by planners, architects, landscape architects, and preservationists.

Students are required to purchase the following books: Andres Duany, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, and Jeff Speck. Suburban Nation. New York: North Point Press, 2000. Kevin Lynch. Good City Form. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1981. Amos Rapoport. Human Aspects of Urban Form. New York: Pergamon, 1977. D. W. Meinig (ed.). The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979. Robert Fishman. Bourgeois Utopias. New York: Basic Books, 1987.

Course Outline Introduction to the Course 1. January 25 Topic 1: Design as End Product Major reading: Andres Duany, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, and Jeff Speck. Suburban Nation. New York: North Point Press, 2000. 2. February 1 Suburban Nation 3. February 8 Guest Speaker: George Kosmides 4. February 15 Supplemental readings: Camillo Sitte. City Planning According to Artistic Principles. New York: Reinhold, 1945. E. N. Bacon. Design of Cities. New York: Viking, 1967. Gordon Cullen. The Concise Townscape. New York: Reinhold, 1961. le Corbusier. Concerning Town Planning. New Haven, CT: Yale, 1948. Frank Lloyd Wright. The Living City. New York: Horizon Press, 1958. Rob Krier. Urban Space. New York: Rizzoli, 1979. Mumford, Lewis. The Story of Utopias. New York: Viking, 1962 (original publication 1922). Topic 2: Design as Process Major reading: Kevin Lynch. Good City Form. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1981. 5. February 22 Good City Form. Part I (pp. 1-110) and Part III (pp. 239-326). 6. March 1 Good City Form. Part II (pp. 111-238). 7. March 8 Supplemental readings: Sidney Brower. Design in Familiar Places. New York: Praeger, 1988. Donald M. Appleyard, with Sue Gerson and Mark Lintell. Livable Streets. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981. Christopher Alexander et al. A Pattern Language. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977. Christopher Alexander et al. A New Theory of Urban Design. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. Jan Gehl. Life Between Buildings. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1987 Besim Selim Hakim. Arabic-Islamic Cities: Building and Planning Principles. New York: KPI, 1986.

Emily Talen, New Urbanism and American Planning. New York: Routledge, 2005. Read especially Chapters 1, 2, and 3.

Topic 3: Design as Behavior Setting Major reading: Amos Rapoport. Human Aspects of Urban Form. New York: Pergamon, 1977. 8. March 15 Human Aspects of Urban Form, pp. 1-247. SPRING BREAK 9. March 29 Human Aspects of Urban Form, pp. 248-384. 10. April 5 Supplemental readings: Robert Sommer. Personal Space: The Behavioral Basis of Design. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1969 Irvin Altman. The Environment and Social Behavior. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole, 1975. Clare Cooper-Marcus and Wendy Sarkissian. Housing As If People Mattered. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. Oscar Newman. Defensible Space: Crime Prevention Through Urban Design. New York, Collier Books, 1973. Roger G. Barker and Associates. Habitats, Environments, and Human Behavior. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1978. William H. Whyte. The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces. Washington DC: Conservation Foundation, 1980. Kevin Lynch. The Image of the City. Cambridge. MA: M.I.T. 1960. Donald Appleyard. Planning a Pluralist City. Cambridge, MA: M.I.T., 1976. April 12 NO CLASS: PASSOVER April 18. LEFRAK LECTURE : DOLORES HAYDEN Topic 4: Design as Expression of Culture and Lifestyle Major reading: D. W. Meinig, (ed.). The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979. 11. April 19 The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes. 12. April 26 Supplemental readings: Ray Oldenburg (ed.). Celebrating The Third Place: Inspiring Stories About The "Great Good Places" At The Heart Of Our Communities. New York: Marlowe & Co., 2001. E. T. Hall. The Silent Language. Garden City, N.Y., Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1973. Sidney Brower. Good Neighborhoods. Westport, CN: Praeger, 2000.

Michael Sorkin (ed.). Variations on a Theme Park: The New American City And The End of Public Space. New York: Hill and Wang, 1992. Duncan. James S. and Nancy G. Duncan. Landscapes of Privilege: The Politics of the Aesthetic in an American Suburb. New York: Routledge, 2004. Amos Rapoport. House Form and Culture. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1969. John Dorst. TheWritten Suburb. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania, 1989. Topic 5: Design as Expression of History Major reading: Robert Fishman. Bourgeois Utopias. New York: Basic Books, 1987. 13. May 3 Bourgeois Utopias. 14. May 10 Supplemental readings: M. Girouard. Cities and People. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1985. S. Kostoff. The City Shaped. London: Thames and Hudson, 1991. Kenneth T. Jackson. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. John Reps. The Making of Urban America; a History of City Planning in the United States. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1965. Kevin Lynch. What Time Is This Place? Cambridge, MA: M.I.T., 1972. Steen Eilar Rasmussen. Towns and Buildings. Liverpool, England: University Press of Liverpool, 1951.

Assignments Assignment 1 Complete the major readings on each topic before the first class on that topic, and write down one question or issue raised by the reading that you are prepared to discuss in class. E-mail the question to all students the day before the class. Assignment 2 You will be assigned one supplemental reading on each topic, and you are expected to: a. present the material for discussion in class b. submit a written summary of the major ideas, with a copy for each student in the class. Please do not do a chapter-by-chapter description, but rather a summary of the author's main ideas, and where appropriate, an indication of how these relate to those of other authors that you have read for this class. Which of these ideas do you find particularly interesting? How do they contribute to our understanding of urban design? Please present the information in the form of a narrative rather than a listing of points. This assignment counts for 50% of the grade. Grading will be based on overall completion of the assignment, not on each individual summary, and will be based on your ability to demonstrate: a. a critical understanding of the major ideas in the readings, and their contribution to the field. b. an ability to write concise and clear summaries of these ideas. c. an ability to present and discuss these ideas in class. Assignment 3 Write a paper of about 3,000 words on a topic that builds on the readings and the discussions. The topic must be approved by the instructor before Spring break. This asignment will count for 50% of the grade. Up to 10% of the overall grade may be deducted for being unprepared to participate in class discussions. This includes unexcused absence.

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