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2009 Fall Edition Vol. 8, No. 3

Published by U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command / Army Forces Strategic Command

rmy Space Journal

The U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command/Armyt Forcecs Strategic Command publishes the Army Space Journal quarterly, with special editions as required. The publication consists of four sections, FROM THE TOP ­ Leadership Updates; JOURNAL FORUM ­ Space Topics; TIP OF THE SPHERE ­ Space Cadre News/Features; and FLIPSIDE ­ USASMDC Features. The Journal provides a forum through which Space operations professionals can disseminate professional knowledge and furnish information within the U.S. Army. The purpose is to increase the effectiveness of Space operations through a professional discussion of events and lessons learned. It is also intended to inform the Army warfighter on Army Space issues.

Communicating Space to the Warfighter

2009 Fall Edition

Contents

Journal Forum

Space Topics

From The Top

Leadership Updates

Tip of the Sphere

Space Cadre News/Features

LTG Kevin T. Campbell

Command Sergeant Major

Commanding General

CSM Ralph C. Borja

Lifelong Learning

Deputy to the Commander for Research, Development and Acquisition

Dr. Steven L. Messervy BG Kurt S. Story

Deputy Commanding General for Operations Director, FWC-DCD

LTG Campbell draws attention to various articles in this edition that address various issues affecting the core competencies of Space and Missile Defense. Campbell also notes the importance of reading books and other materials that will enhance critical thinking.

By LTG Kevin T. Campbell

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By Michael Connolly

Space Professional Personnel Update ..................... 58

Training Insights......................... 64 By Larry Mize.

COL Bruce Smith William Congo

Recognizing Enlisted Space Professionals

Enlisted personnel can now be awarded a related Additional Skill Identifier such as Enabler), 1C (Satellite Systems/Network Q4 JTAGs Operator or T3 (GMD System

A Historical Perspective

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Space3Y (Space Coordinator, Operator).

Director, Public Affairs

By CSM Ralph A. Borja

EDITORIAL STAFF

Editor in Chief Michael L. Howard Managing Editor Richard Burks Senior Editor/Technical Director Sharon L. Hartman Graphic Designer Michael Kahl Contributing Editors Donald Montoya

Recipient of 2002, 2003 and 2008 Department of the Army Keith L. Ware recognition for Excellence in Journalism. Comments, inquiries and manuscripts should be sent to the Director, Future Warfare Center, Directorate of Combat Development, ATTN: Richard Burks 1330 Inverness Dr., Suite 440 Colorado Springs CO 80910 Telephone: 719-622-2902 Fax: 719-622-2951 E-mail: [email protected] Worldwide Web site: www.SMDC-armyforces.army.mil/ASJ Distribution is made to the general public, Functional Area 40 officers and associated military officers, civilians and contractors. Changes to addresses and requests for this publication should be made to the Future Warfare Center, Directorate of Combat Development address listed above.

COL Ronan Ellis, the first Commandant of the Army Space Institute and the second Commander of U.S. Army Space Command, met with U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command/Army Forces Strategic Command's LaJeannia Lacey to provide his historical perspective of the Army in Space.

By MAJ Ed Anderson

Career Management ............... 70

Tactical Space

Value from Space Assets

By BG Kurt S. Story

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Lessons for the New FA40

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"How-To" in Army Doctrine

By Rich Burks and Ken Loudner

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By Capt. Andy R. Lee and LTC Guy M. Burrow

Space is a complex field, but it is the responsibility of the FA40 to make Space as simple as possible for the warfighters on the ground who need to use it. In his article, BG Story provides insight on how FA40s can bridge the gap between themselves and the warfighters, as well as the partnerships that are assisting in this endeavor.

Lee and Burrow offer Space Operations Officers five rules for success at the tactical and operational staff levels. The rules focus on the individual through organizational responsibilities rather than specific technologies or tasks.

It is integral to restructure doctrine to fall in line with constant changes. This article addresses what is being done to manage this process and get the information to the warfighters.

RDA Reorganization

With the Army changing in response to challenges within the strategic environment, USASMDC/ ARSTRAT is adjusting fire in how it develops the technologies required to support the Army.

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Network Operations Success!

Joint Friendly Force Tracking Mission

By Floyd Light, JFFT Division Chief

Fallen Soldier

By Dr. Steven Messervy

Photo story by Michael L. Howard

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A mother's simple request is honored in a photographic story of her son's return home.

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SMDC-ONE Technology Demonstration

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"Space: How-To ..."

By COL Bruce Smith

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As Space continues to grow, managing and using it becomes increasingly challenging. COL Smith asserts that training is key on how to stay tapped into Space.

The need for Friendly Force Tracking is greater than ever. In his article, Light addresses the organization, evolving mission and approach to this critical Space asset.

The nanosat looks to be the wave of the future in providing warfighter capabilities. This piece provides information on SMDC-ONE, the first nanosat launched earlier this year.

TACSAT-3

the Army Space Journal is an authorized publication of the U.S. Army Space and

Missile Defense Command/Army Forces Strategic Command in accordance with AR 25-30 and AR 360-1. The Commanding General, U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command, has directed that the publication of this periodical is necessary in the transaction of the public business as required by law. Use of funds for printing this publication were approved by the Commanding General in January 2001. The views and opinions expressed in the Army Space Journal are not necessarily those of the Department of the Army or U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command.

Joint Military Utility Assessment

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By Allen Kirkham, Erik Perez and Kenneth Kriner

An Idea Ahead of Its Time? The Challenges of Space Operations in the Fires Brigades

By MAJ Jason R. Kalainoff From personal experiences, MAJ Kalainoff gives his reasons on why Space Operations Officers at the brigade level may be an idea ahead of its time.

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Cover Photos: DJ Montoya Back Cover Photos: DJ Montoya Front and Cover Design and Layout : Michael Kahl

The authors promote the value of TACSAT-3, and how it will shape the future tactical satellite developments to meet critical joint land force operational requirements.

Editor

//// Orbit's Redline by Michael L. Howard

ranabovethefoldonpageoneof thepaperthenextmorning. LikealmosteveryAmerican,Ihavenopersonalknowledge of whathappenedthedayScusaandhisfellowSoldiersdied.I didn'tknowhimorthembut,honestly,Iwantedtoknowmore afewhourslaterwhenthesettingwasmoreintimateattheFort LoganNationalCemeteryinDenver.Hereonthisday,Oct. 16,Icouldnothideintheback.Istoodintheopendoorway of thepavilionafewfeetawayfromwheretheSoldier'syoung widowsat.AlyssaScusasatstoicallyand,whenthegunshotsof theArmysalutehonoringherhusbandrangoutandtapsplayed, hermothergentlyreachedforherhandtocomforther.Icould feelthefinalityof themoment.Thegeneralkneltdowntogive herthefoldedflagthathaddrapedherhusband'scoffinalong withtheshellcasingsfromthesalute.Itookalowresolution photographof thescenewithmyBlackberry.HersonConnor eagerlywantedattentionthatshecouldnotgive. AnOct.5AssociatedPressreportbyToddPitmanprovideda partialglimpseintowhathappenedthedayof thebattle.Plans hadbeeninplacetoclosetworemoteU.S.positions­Combat OutpostsKeatingandFritsche­nearthePakistanborderasthe U.S.militarybeganturningtoapopulation-centricstrategy.A TalibanleaderwhohadbeeninPakistancrossedtheborderinto Afghanistanfourdaysearlier.Wordspreadthenightbeforethat anattackwasimminent,causingmanyof thevillagerstodepart thearea.Thelocalpolicechief didnotleaveandhewasexecutedonOct.2whentheterroristsarrived.Intheearlymorning, approximately300Talibanandotherinsurgentsattackedthe twoArmypostsdefendedbythree4thBrigadeplatoons,along withAfghanistanArmycounterparts.Attheendof nearlysix hoursof fighting,U.S.helicopterscameintorepeltheenemy. InadditiontotheeightU.S.Soldiers,threeAfghansoldierswere killedinthebattlewith24U.S.Soldiersand10Afghansoldiers wounded.Approximately100insurgentswerekilled. Mediareportsimmediatelyafterwardconnectedthebattle withGENStanleyMcChrystal'sAug.30assessmentofthestrategic situationfacinghissecurityforcesinAfghanistan.Alongwith layingouthiscaseintheassessmentforfocusingactionsmore directlyonwaystohelpthepeopleof Afghanistanvicespecificallytargetingterrorists,McChrystalrequestedmoretroopsto dothesecuritymission.Theclassifiedassessmentwassubsequentlyleakedtothemediaand,priortotheOct.3fightforthe twooutposts,themediareportsontheunclassifiedcontent createdaperceptioninsomecirclesthatMcChrystaland othermilitaryleaderswereconductingsomesortof strategic communicationcampaigntoinfluencethePresident'sactions. Althoughthisperceptionof themilitary'sintentionsultimately seemedtochangeasPresidentObamaconsideredhisoptions inAfghanistan,itdidseemtocreateabackdropthatshaped informationaboutthe4IDfightinawaytobolstertheargumentformoretroops.

[email protected] Thepointof publishingMcChrystal'sassessmentwas to`informthedebate,"accordingtoinvestigativereporterBob Woodward.JaimeMcIntyreprovidedWoodward'saccountin hisLineof Departureblog(lineofdeparture.com)inDecember. Woodwardhadbeengiventhereportunderanembargofora futurebookheplannedtowrite.OnceWoodwardrealizedthe informationintheassessmentcontributedtothepublicdiscussion,hepushedthePentagonfortheeventualreleaseof unclassifiedportions.Thereportercontendedthattheintentionswere "pure"onthepartof thosewhoinitiallygavehimthereport andthatitwasnotapurposefulefforttoinfluencethepolitical process.Whathe­alongwithmanyjournalists­maynothave considered,however,wastheentireimpactof theassessment's releaseduringwarontheconductof war. Andthisbecomestheproblemof strategiccommunication: Informationshapesinformationandittakestimeforpeople tosortoutwhattheinformationtellsthem.Whetherornot whathappenedonthatdayattheseoutpostswasevidenceof theneedfornewdirectioninthewar,theassessmentformeda backdroptoatleasttheinitialreportsof whathappened.Early mediareportsexpressedfrustrationoveranyimpliedimplications thatthebattlewasanAmericanloss.ThisfrustrationfromU.S. Soldierswhohadfirst-handknowledgecameovertheinitial mediareportsof thebattle.Theirpointwasclear:TheseoutnumberedSoldiersfoughtheroicallytodefendanddefeatan enemyattackcomingfromvirtuallyallsides.Itstartedwith enemyrocketlaunchersfromavillagemosqueandtransitioned toacloserbattleof handguns.Therewastheburnedoutshell of theoutposts,buttheremainingSoldiersinthethreeArmy platoonsthathadfoughtalldaystillstoodtheirpostsduringand aftertheseveralhoursof sporadicgunfirethatfollowedthe closeairsupportthatkickedbacktheenemy. Withtime,theepicpictureturnsclear.TheArmygeneral whospokeattheserviceandpresentedtheflagquotedmen whowereclosetothebattle."Allof youfoughtvaliantlyunder heavyenemyfire­theSoldiersmannedtheirpositionswithgreat courage,"saidCPTStoneyPortis,whospokeatthememorial serviceheldOct.11inAfghanistan.LTCRobertBrownhad said,"Thesemenfacedtheirfearsandfoughtfortheirbrothers. Inadesperatefewhourstheydidtheirbestandgaveeverything theyhadtosavetheircomrades....(becauseof them)sitting amongusareSoldierswhowillonceagainseetheirfamilies, lovetheirchildren,andtelltheirgrandchildrenwhatitmeans toknowahero." Ithoughtaboutmuchof thisasIwatchedthefamilyand friendsabsorbthefinalmomentsintheceremonyatLogan.

BG Kurt S. Story presents the American flag to SGT Michael Scusa's wife, Alyssa during the interment ceremony at Fort Logan National Cemetery in Denver, Colo.

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TodayIwenttoafuneral. Itmademethinkaboutcommunication­thediscussion of ideasinsuchawaytoincreaseunderstandingandknowledge­andwar.ThecasketdrapedwiththeAmericanflagin thefrontof thechurchinColoradoSprings,Colo.,heldthe ashesof U.S.ArmySGTMichaelP.Scusa,22,whowaskilled inAfghanistan.Achaplainprayedandreadsomescripture. AnArmygeneralofficermadebrief specificcommentsabout theSoldier.Awomanstoodupandwalkedtothebackof the sanctuarycarryingababy­IlearnedlaterhewasScusa'sonly child,Connor­soasnottodisturbtheproceedings.Atthe endof theservice,Soldiersinthe4thInfantryDivisionhonor guardcarriedthecoffinoutof thechurch. Thiswasallverymuchreal.ThisservicetohonoraSoldier killedinwarwasnotcontrivedorchoreographedormanaged tosomehowcontroltheeffectof theinformation.Scusawas oneof eightU.S.Soldiersfromthe4thBrigadeCombatTeam, 4thInfantryDivisionkilledinabattlewiththeTalibanonOct. 3.Accountsof thebattledescribeditasamongthefiercestin theeightyearsof warthere.Isatinthebackpew,separated fromthegatheringof friends,familyandmilitaryleaders.A photographerfromthelocalnewspaperstoodonthebalcony aboveme­hisphotographof thecasketbeingcarriedaway

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Posts by ASJ Posts by Others Wall-to-Wall

Mike Howard wrote at 7:24 a.m. I finally came up with the title to my editor's blog for the Army Space Journal. Orbit's Redline. I'll post my first one tonight in the Facebook notes.

Yesterday

Mike Howard wrote at 6:04 p.m. Well, it's Friday and I hope to get our next edition of the Army Space Journal online today. This one has a few basics on Space in it plus a neat piece on our partnership school in Colorado Springs that is building cultural bridges with students in Afghanistan. I'll post the link this evening.

3 Days Ago

Mike Howard wrote 3 Days Ago I've been reading some stuff on critical thinking and strategic communication. Wonder why nobody really connects the two concepts? I mean, to hear the brains talk about it one is intellectual and the other a tricky wink. Well, it's snowing outside.

LTG Kevin T. Campbell

CommandingGeneral, U.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefenseCommand/ ArmyForcesStrategicCommand

Lifelong Learning

hefocusforthiseditionoftheArmySpaceJournal is,"TappingintoSpace:AHow-ToGuide."This isanexcellentfollowuptotheU.S.ArmySpaceand MissileDefenseCommand/ArmyForcesStrategicCommandTraining ConferenceheldinSeptemberwhereattendeeswereabletolistenanddiscusspresentationsaboutSpace,MissileDefense,andCyberOperations withmanyoftheleadingArmyexpertsinthoseareas.Thediscussions attheCommandTrainingConferenceprovidedampleopportunityto illuminatethemyriadofissuesthataffectourcorecompetenciesofSpace andMissileDefenseaswellasthenewemergingdomainofCyber.This "How-ToGuide"isanothervenueforexamininglessonslearnedandis anexcellentforumforaddingtothecollectivebodyofknowledge. "TheArmy,asalearningorganization,harnessestheexperienceof itspeopleandorganizationstoimprovethewayitoperates,"FM6-22, ArmyLeadership. TheChief of Staff of theArmyhasstatedthatfortheArmyto maintainitsagility,wemustremainalearningorganizationbyabsorbing lessonslearnedandapplyingthemtocurrentandfutureproblems.He furtherstatesthatversatilityisthecentralorganizingprincipleof abalancedArmyandbeginswithhowtheArmythinks. Wehaveaculturethatbuildsontheexperienceof othersandrelies onSoldierswithcriticalthinkingskillsabletoadaptquicklytounexpectedsituationsinunfamiliarsurroundings.Thismonth'sArmySpace Journalprovidessomeof thoseexperienceswrittenbythoseatthetip of thespear. ThearticlewrittenbyUnitedStatesMarineCorpsCapt.AndyLee andU.S.ArmyLTCGuyBurrow,TacticalSpace:Lessonsforthenew FA40,providesnewFA40sshort,succinctrulesthatwillhelpsetthe conditionsforsuccess.Their"FiveRulesforNewTacticalFA40s"is thekindof informationyoungFA40sshouldcopyandkeepintheircargo pockets.Probablythemostimportantlineinthearticlediscusseswhatit

T

We have a culture that builds on the experience of others and relies on Soldiers with critical thinking skills able to adapt quickly to unexpected situations in unfamiliar surroundings.

takestobeagoodSpaceOperationsofficer,"astrongdesire anddedicationtolearnandunderstandthesciencebehind Space-relatedassets."Thekeywordislearn. AnothergoodarticleinsidethiseditionisFloydLight's articleabouttheCommand'sJointFriendlyForceTrackingmission.ThearticleprovidesatutorialaboutJFFTthatincludesa historicalbackground,thefivebasicfunctionsthatsupportthe JFFT,andhowitalignswithcyberandnetworkoperations.This importantmissionof identifyingandtrackingfriendlyforces providesbettersituationalawarenessforunitsandcommanders therebyincreasingcommandandcontrol. Theseandotherarticlesinthiseditionof theArmySpace Journaloffergreatprofessionalreading.Asourdoctrineimplies, beingaprofessionalmeansacommitmenttolifelonglearning.ThreebooksIrecommendaddingtoyourprofessional readinglistfollow. TheStarfishandtheSpider,byOriBrafmanandRodA. Beckstrom.Thisisasuperbbookthatdiscussesthepowerof leaderlessorganizations.BrafmanandBeckstrompositthat decentralizedorganizationshaveapoweruntotheirownand aredifficulttoovercomeusingtraditionalmeans.Muchlikethe SpanishcouldnotovercometheApachenationbecauseof the decentralizednatureof theApachesociety;itappearswefind ourselvesinasimilarquandaryinfightingAlQaeda.Asweadapt tothechangingstrategicenvironment;understandingthedifferencebetweena"spider"organizationanda"starfish"organization,asdescribedbyBrafmanandBeckstrom,maybecritical. TheWorldisFlat,byThomasL.Friedman.Thisisanexcellentbookabouthowtechnologyhasliterallyflattenedthehierarchyof organizationsandelevatedindividualempowerment. Friedmandescribeslivingin"Global3.0"whereitis,"lessabout commandandcontrolandmoreaboutconnectingandcollaboratinghorizontally."AtourCommandwearetryingtoflattenour owncommunicationhierarchythroughtheuseof programs suchasSKIWeb.Removinglayersof bureaucracybetweenthe decision-makerandtheinformationisriskyandrequiresacertainamountof trust. "Business@theSpeedof Thought",byBillGatesis thethirdbookIrecommend.Friedmanandotherswriteabout howtechnologyhasflattenedtheusualhierarchy.Gateslooks atthevelocityof decisionsbecauseof technology.Thespeed atwhichtechnologycandrivedecisionshasaqualityof itsown separatefromtheautomationof processes,Gateswrites.Aswe begintounderstandCyberoperationswithintheArmy,wewill needtoalsounderstandtheramificationsof decisionsmadeat thespeedof thought Thesearethreebooksforyoursuggestedreading,butthere aremanyexcellentbooksavailablethatcanenhancecriticalthinking andexpandyourhorizons.Theimportant"take-away"isjust tomaketimetoread.Byreading,writingarticlesandengaging inmeaningfuldiscussionsaboutourprofessionweareableto growasindividualsandinturnincreasethecapabilitiesof our organizations. Iwanttothankthosewhocontributedarticlestothiseditionof theArmySpaceJournalandencourageyoutosubmit yourownarticlesabouttopicsthatmaybeof interesttothe community.Thisisyourjournal­useit.

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Army Space Journal

2009 Fall Edition

2009 Fall Edition

Army Space Journal

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CSM Ralph Borja

CommandSergeantMajor U.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefense/ ArmyForcesStrategicCommand

Recognizing Enlisted Space Professionals

SPACE I

2009 Fall Edition

This Additional Skill Identifier allows a method to identify and track Soldiers with Space-related training and experience

G1andismanagedbytheArmySpaceCadreOfficeinthe ArmySpacePersonnelDevelopmentOffice.ThisAdditional SkillIdentifierallowsamethodtoidentifyandtrackSoldiers withSpace-relatedtrainingandexperience.Thisalsoallowsa methodforU.S.ArmyHumanResourcesCommandtoidentify experiencedSpaceSoldiersforrepetitiveassignmentstoSpace cadrebillets. Inthefuture,aswecontinuetogrowourenlistedSpaceprofessionals,wemaywanttoconsiderthewaytheAirForcegrows itsenlistedSpaceprofessionalsfromthegroundup,assigning themthe1C6X1­SpaceSystemsOperationsAirForceSpecialty Code,andmanagestheircareerastheygrowinexperienceand rank.As1C6X1s,theAirForceenlistedSpaceprofessionalhas clearlydefineddutiesandresponsibilities,andspecialtyqualificationswhichfocusupon:

Experience

Thefollowingexperienceismandatoryforawardof the AirForceSpecialtyCodeindicated: · 1C651­Qualificationinandpossessionof AirForce SpaceCode1C631.Also,experienceinfunctionssuchas spaceliftcommandandcontrolsystems,telemetryprocessing,groundsystemsconfiguration,missionplanning, anomalyresolution,andlaunchoperations. · 1C671­Qualificationinandpossessionof AirForceSpace Code1C651.Also,experienceperformingorsupervising Spacesystemsoperationsfunctionsandactivities. · 1C691­Qualificationinandpossessionof AirForceSpace Code1C671.Also,experiencemanagingSpacesystemsoperationsactivities.

nmid-September,USASMDC/ARSTRAThosteda trainingconferenceinHuntsville,Ala.Thethemefor theconferencewas"GrowthinOurMissionAreas- Space,MissileDefense,andCyberspace;PosturingfortheFuture toBetterSupporttheWarfighter."Overthecourseoffourdays, weexaminedallthecommand'smissionareasandheardfrom Armyexpertsintheareasoftrainingandexercise. Wealsohadanopportunitytohearfrommembersof the FA40careerfield­frommemberscurrentlyembeddedwith ArmyDivisionsbothwithintheCentralCommandareaof responsibility,andthoseassignedtoDivisionswhohavereturned andareresetting.Onediscussionareawasthelackof andneed foranenlistedSpaceprofessionalidentifier. WithintheArmy,thereisno"careerpath"orMilitary OccupationalSpecialtyforenlistedSpaceprofessionals.We're oftenassignedSoldierswhomaynothaveaSpaceoperations background.Wetheninvestatremendousamountof timeand effortintotrainingandcertifyingthemforhighlyspecialized missionareas,onlytolosesomeof thembacktoassignmentsin theirbaseMilitaryOccupationalSpecialtyorcareerfieldatthe endof theirtourof duty. However,SoldierscannowbeawardedaSpace-related AdditionalSkillIdentifiersuchas3Y(SpaceEnabler),1C (SatelliteSystems/NetworkCoordinator),Q4(JTAGsOperator), orT3(GMDSystemOperator).Theadditionof the3YASI wasrecentlyapprovedbyHeadquartersDepartmentof Army

Knowledge

Thefocusof thisissueof theArmySpaceJournalis"Tapping intoSpace:AHow-ToGuide." WhileIamnotadvocatingtheArmymimictheAirForce systemfortraining,certifyingandmanagingitsenlistedSpace professionals,Iamsuggestingthatasthenumberof enlisted Spaceprofessionalscontinuestogrow,we'llneedtoreexamine ouruseof enlistedpersonnelwithintheSpaceoperationsarena andtodevelopamethodforgrowingandmanagingourenlisted Education Spaceprofessionals.EstablishinganAdditionalSkillIdentifier Forentryintothisspecialty,completionof highschoolwith isagreatstepintherightdirection. coursesinphysics,geometry,trigonometry,algebra,orcomputerscienceisdesirable. Itismandatorytopossessknowledgeof:Satellitecommand andcontrol,Spacewarningandcontrolsystems,andSpace launchprocesses;orbitalmechanics;dataanalysisprocedures; sensortheory;datatransmissiontheory;principlesof satellite andgroundsystems;receiving,recording,andrelayingoperationaldata;andadministrativepractices.

Training

Forawardof theAirForceSpecialtyCode1C631,completion of abasicSpacesystemsoperatorcourseismandatory.

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Army Space Journal

2009 Fall Edition

Army Space Journal

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Simplified photo illustration of ARSST Team 3

BG Kurt S. Story

DeputyCommandingGeneralforOperations U.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefenseCommand/ ArmyForcesStrategicCommand

Value W

Value from Space Assets

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Army Space Journal 2009 Fall Edition

Make things as simple as possible, but no simpler.

-- Albert Einstein

henthinkingaboutSpace-basedcapabilitiesand howtheycanhelpinthemilitaryeffort,aquote fromAlbertEinsteincomestomind:"Make thingsassimpleaspossible,butnosimpler."Byitsverynature,Space isarealmthatdoesnotlenditselftosimplicity.Itisaverycomplex, technicalenvironmentwithnumerousareastoknowandunderstandin ordertoputthemtoworkforWarfighters.Understandingandapplying thatcomplicatedtechnicalknowledge,takingthecomplexandmaking thesolutionassimpleaspossible,isthevalueofaSpace-savvywarrior. GlobalPositioningSystem(GPS)andsatellitecommunicationsare examplesof intricateSpacesystemsthathavebeensimplifiedforeverydayuse.ManyuserstakeGPSavailabilityforgrantedandoftengetcaught shortwheninterferenceissuesarise,orwhentheGPSconstellationisnot positionedproperly.ResolvingthesecomplexissuesrestswiththeSpace Soldier.Itistheirdutytounderstandthetechnicalcomplexitiesandresolve themallowingtheend-usertoeffortlesslyfulfillrequirementssuchas GPS-aidedprecisionguidedmunitions.TheSpacecommunityhasawide varietyof toolsandprocessestohelpidentify,characterize,geo-locate, predictandmitigateGPSelectromagneticinterference.Thesesamedevices canbeusedtoprotectsatellitecommunicationssignalsaswell.Wemust advocateandusethetoolsof ourtradetomakeSpacesystemsassimple anduserfriendlyaspossiblewithoutdilutingtheirintricacies. Anothercaseinpointisintelligencecollectedbysatellites.Some maythinkthatgatheringimageryfromasatellitewillprovideacomplete answertoaquestion,butweknowthaton-orbitassetshavelimitations.For example,whenthecommanderislookingforsomethingsmallinalarge area,hemayhavetomakeatrade-off inresolutiontoconductthesearch. If theimageisneededquickly,orbitandgroundarchitectureconstraints maypreventcollectionattherequiredresolutionandprocessingwithin thetimeconstraint.Weatheranddarknessmayalsoprecludecollection. Therearealwaysmorecollectionrequirementsthantherearecollection

capabilities,soprioritizationcanalsodelayorprecludetheuse ershavebetteraccesstoSpaceassetsandtheArmyhasgained of satellitestosupportaparticularrequirement.Itcouldbethat acceptanceasaviablepartnerinSpaceoperations. thebetter,simplersolutionmaybetogathertheintelligencefrom BecausetheArmyisthelargestuserof Spacesystems, anon-Spaceplatform. buthasarelativelysmallSpacebudgetandisstillbuildingits cadreof Spaceprofessionals,theArmyhasworked,teamedand Bridging partneredwiththoseoutsideandinsidetheServicetoestablish ThisisespeciallyimportantinconsideringSpaceprofessionals partnerships­educatedpartnerships­thathaveempowered asbridgesbetweenthecommanderwhoneedsSpaceassetsto membersof theArmyatalllevelstoadvocateforSpaceassets successfullyexecutemissionsandtheSpaceassetsthatenable. andcapabilitiesforcommandersandSoldiersinthefield.The MostcommandersunderstandthatSpacecapabilitiesarenotthe ArmyhasassignedFA40stoSpace-centricorganizations:the solutionstoeverystrategic,operational,andtacticalsituation, NationalReconnaissanceOffice,NationalSecuritySpaceOffice, thattheyaremerelycombatmultipliers.Tomakesoundrecom- AirForceSpaceCommand,NationalSecuritySpaceInstitute mendations,weneedtounderstandjointmilitaryoperationsas andOfficeof theSecretaryof DefenseforStrategicInitiatives. awholeandhowtheparticularunitfitsintothespecificmission. FA40sinsidetheServicehaveshownhowtheeffectiveapplicaUnderstandingandclearlyexplainingwhatSpacesystemortool tionof Spacecapabilitiesandeffectscanenablesuccessfulcomisbestsuitedforamission,whenitcanbeused,andhowtoapply batandlogisticaloperations.Thiswasaccomplishedbysenior it­thisisthevalueSpaceprofessionalsbringtotheirunits. Spaceleaderstalkingwithfellowseniorleaders;sharp,qualified Peopleworkinginthisfieldneedtobecreativeandflex- FA40sassignedtoMTOE(ModifiedTableof Organizationand ibleintheirapplicationof Spaceknowledgeandexperienceto Equipment)unitsworkingside-by-sidewiththeircombatarms bestservetheunit.FA40sassignedtoSpaceSupportElements brethren;SpaceprofessionalsontheDepartmentof theArmy (SSE)indicatethattheyarepulledawayfromtheirSSEplan- andtheU.S.ArmyTrainingandDoctrineCommand(TRADOC) ningdutiestoserveinSpecialTechnicalOperationscells.Since staffsadvocatingSpaceOperations;andothersincorporating STOaccessisaninherentrequirementforanFA40toaccom- Spacescenariosinwargames. plishhismission,ingenuitywillallowthatSpaceprofessional FromnowonourpartnershipswithacademiaandtheindustocombinetheSTOandFA40dutiestomaximizebothandto trialbasewilltakeonaddedimportance.Asinthefictionbook bringthefullspectrumof Spacecapabilitiestothemission.As SpaceWarbyScott,Coumatos,andBirnes,wheretheattacks anexampleof this,lookatthearticleaboutLTCScottParkson onsatellitesaresolvedonlythroughtheinvolvementof compage15.Parks'storyisanexampleof adiverseteamof profes- mercialcompanieswithcivilandmilitary"investigators,"there sionalsfrommultipledisciplinesthatwereenabledbySpace- seemstobeincreasedagreementingovernmentcirclesthat basedtechnologyintegratingSpace,airandgroundassetsto civilianfirmsaregoingtohavetobemoreinvolvedaspartaccomplishthemission. ners,notjustcontractors,tohelpDepartmentof Defenseand theU.S.governmentsolveproblemsrangingfromcybervulPartnering nerabilitiesandattackstobuildingnewrocketsandresponsive Oneof themostimportantpartnershipswithintheArmyhas Spacevehicles.TheDepartmentof Defense'sISR(intelligence, beenthatforgedbetweenmembersof theSpacecadreasthey soughtadvice,information,support,andmentoringfromeach other.Asaresultof alltheseactions,ground-basedcommand-

Space Assets >> page 14

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2009 Fall Edition

Army Space Journal

Dr. Steven L. Messervy

DeputyCommander Research,DevelopmentandAcquisition

New RDA Organization

Deputy RDA

Technology Center

Space & Cyber Technology Directorate Responsive Space Tech Div Space Superiority Tech Div High Altitude Tech Div Cyber Space Tech Div

RDA

We are building an agile, disciplined warrior team that is dominant across the spectrum of 21st Century conflict.

- GEN George W. Casey Jr. Chief of Staff of the Army

Chief Technology Officer

Directed Energy & Missile Defense Technology Directorate Advanced Tech Div Directed Energy Div Sensors & Electronics Div

Test & Warfighter Solutions Center

Deputy Dir Staff /Acquisition Quality Mgt Test Directorate HELSTF Flight Test SPT Div Lethality Survivability & Kill Assessment Div

CAMO

RDA-BMD

Management Analysis Cost Estimating & Analysis Program Analysis & Planning

Acquisition Management Ops-West Ops-South

Concepts Analysis Laboratory Operations Staff Acquisition Quality Management

RDA Reorganization

nOctober,GENCaseypublishedanarticleintheArmyGreen bookentitled,TheArmyof the21stCentury.Hedescribesthe trendsaffectingthestrategicenvironmentandtherequirement fortheArmytocontinuouslychangeinordertoremaindominantacross thefullspectrumof conflict.Hewritesabouttheneedtobuildversatility intoourArmy,notonlyintheoperationalforce,butalsointhegeneratingforceandtheinstitutions. Withversatilityinmind,itisveryfittingthatIannounceachangewithintheResearch,Development,andAcquisitionelementof U.S.ArmySpace andMissileDefenseCommand/ArmyForcesStrategicCommand. TheArmyischangingtorespondtochallengeswithinthestrategicenvironment.ItbecameclearthatUSASMDC/ARSTRATneeded toadjusthowitdevelopsthetechnologiesrequiredtoprovidethedominantcapabilitieswithinSpace,MissileDefense,andthenewemerging domainof Cyberspace.Theoldorganizationhadoutliveditsusefulness anditwastimetobetteralignwithnewandemergingArmymissions. Additionally,wewantedtomakesurethoseoutsidetheorganizationknew whotocontactinordertoengageusondifferenttechnologies. Thischangeposturesthecommandforthefuturebyorganizingthe directoratestomorecloselyalignwithfunctionsandcustomers,most importantly­theWarfighter.TheTechnicalInteroperabilityandMatrix Centerhasbeenrenamedandreorganizedintothe,TestandWarfighter SolutionsCenter,andhasconsolidatedthetestfunctionsunderone directorate,aswellaselevatedtheU.S.KwajaleinAtoll/ReaganTestSite (USAKA/RTS)higherinthecommandstructure­signalingitsimportancetothenation'steststructureandprocesses.

USAKARTS

Warfighter Solutions Directorate Global Strike Div Nuclear Arms Control Div Combatant Command Support Div

I

WebelievewewillalsogainsynergybyaligningSpaceand CyberfunctionsinonedivisionandDirectedEnergyandMissile DefenseinanotherdivisionallundertheTechnologyCenter. ThenewRDAorganization(above)balancestheleadershipand managementexecution;increasesfocusonWarfighter,Space,and CyberEfforts;betteralignsfunctionswithcustomers;provides bettersynergybetweentechnicalsolutionsandMissileDefense; combinesdirectedenergyactivities;andprovidesbalancedpersonnelandbudgetportfolios. Whilethisreorganizationistakingplacewearenotsittingonourhands.Weknowthereisanoverwhelmingneed forpersistentIntelligence,SurveillanceandReconnaissance, andCommunicationscapabilityforourWarfighters­nomatter wheretheyare,nomatterwhattheirmission.Wealsoknowthey needtobeabletocontrolandoperatethesesystems,reducing orevencuttingoutthemiddlemanthatourtraditionalSpace systemsbringtothefight. OurTechnologyCenteristakingtheUnmannedAerial Vehicleconceptandapplyingittosmalltacticalsatellites.Weare workingtodemonstratehowverysmallsatellitescanbeaforce multipliertohelpclosethosegapsforourWarfighters. Sofar,we'vebuilteightnanosatellites­wehavethefirst satellitemanifestedforlaunchthisfiscalyear,andwe'reseeking opportunitiestolaunchtheotherseven.Weareexcitedaboutthe possibilitiesthenanosatellitesmaybringtotheWarfighter. Thisisjustoneexampleof whatourdedicatedSoldiers, Civilians,andcontractorsaredoingtosupportourprimarycustomer­theWarfighter.

Inaninterviewpublishedin,NationalDefenseMagazine, ViceChief of Staff of theArmyGENPeterW.Chiarellidiscussestheimportanceforspeedinguptheprocurementprocess. "Wehavetobebetteratbeingabletoreachout,harness technologyandgetitintothehandsof ourSoldiersquickly... wehavetofindaway,withtechnologieschangingsoquickly,to speedupourprocurementprocess,tobemorenimble,"states GENChiarelli. USASMDC/ARSTRAT'sintentforreorganizingRDAwas todevelopastructurethatisresponsive,effective,improves theacquisitionprocess,andprovidesnewoptionsforour Warfighters. Reorganizationsof anysizearedifficultatbestandcannotbeaccomplishedwithoutthesupportof manypeopleand organizations.Thistrulyhasbeenateameffortbytheleadership,theunion,ouremployees,contractorsandthosewesupport.Myheartfeltthanksgoouttothosewhoprovidedthe reorganizationteamfeedbackandsupport.Ilookforwardto theinnovativesolutionsthatwillbedevelopedforthecurrent fightandthefuturefight.

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Director DirectorateofCombatDevelopment FutureWarfareCenter

COL Bruce Smith

SPACE I

Space: "HowTo ..."

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Both the Space and Missile Defense mission areas will continue to grow in size and importance to the Army in the future.

warningandimagery.Inadditiontotheclassroomworkstudents tookonefieldtriptotheNationalCapitalRegiontovisitvariousagenciesandorganizationsworkingintheSpacemission area.Thelastweekof thecoursewasspentparticipatingina CommandPostExercise­givingthestudentsanopportunity toplanSpaceoperationsaspartof astaff. IntheeightyearssinceU.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefense Command/ArmyForcesStrategicCommandstooduptheFA40 qualificationcourse,theArmy'suseof Spacehasexpandedand ouroperationalconstructshavechanged.The1stSpaceBrigade hasstoodupandSpaceSupportElementshavebeenassignedto andareintegratedintoeachDivision,CorpsandArmystaff.New Spaceequipmenthasbeenfieldedwhileothersystemshavebeen retired.Theseorganizationalandmaterielchangeshavedictated changestotheArmy'sSpaceTrainingprogramaswell. TodayUSASMDC/ARSTRATdevelopsandconducts numerousSpacetrainingcoursestoincludetheSpaceOperations OfficerQualificationCourse,theTacticalSpaceOperations Course,andtheJointTacticalGroundStationInitialQualification Course.USASMDC/ARSTRATisalsoresponsibleforconductingSpaceCadreEnablertrainingfortheCivilianmembersof theSpaceCadreacrosstheentireArmy,aswellas,SpacetrainingattheCommandandGeneralStaff College,PreCommand andCaptainsCareerCoursesattheIntelligenceCenterandFires Center.ThisisallinadditiontoconductingtrainingattheArmy WarCollege.USASMDC/ARSTRAT'sDirectorateof Combat Developmentisalsoinchargeof developingtrainingproducts andthedoctrinethatsupportsandguidesSoldiertraining.The DirectorateisnowresponsibleformorethanSpacetraining; todaytheDirectorate'sTrainingDivisionisalsodevelopingand conductingBallisticMissileDefenserelatedtraining.TwoBallistic MissileDefenserelatedcoursesarealreadybeingconducted; Ground-basedMidcourseDefense(GMD)OperatorsCourse, andtheGMDSensorManagersCourse.Thesetwocoursestrain SoldiershowtooperatetheGMDweaponssystemaswellas theradarsthatsupportit. BoththeSpaceandMissileDefensemissionareaswillcontinuetogrowinsizeandimportancetotheArmyinthefuture. ConsequentlytheArmy'sSpaceandMissileDefensetraining requirementswillcontinuetoevolveandexpandtomeetincreasingneeds.Withthatincreaseinmind,USASMDC/ARSTRAT hasbegunplanningtodevelopanewDirectorateof Training andDoctrine,similartootherproponentsandschools.The newDoctrinewillgiveUSASMDC/ARSTRATandtheArmy increasedabilitytodevelopanddeliverSpaceandMissileDefense training.TheneworganizationshouldbemoreefficientandeffectiveandbetterensurethatSpaceandMissileDefensetraining meetsand/orexceedsallArmytrainingrequirements.Itismy visionthatonedayUSASMDC/ARSTRATwilloperateaSpace andMissileDefenseschoolhouse­similartootherU.S.Training andDoctrineCommandschools­thatwillprovideworldclass training,trainingsupportanddoctrinetoourSoldiers. "HowdoestheArmyprovideSpacesupporttoitsforces?" Training,andthesupportingdoctrine,istheanswer.Trained SoldiersarethekeytoprovidingSpacecapabilitiesrequiredby today'sArmy.USASMDC/ARSTRAT'sSpacetrainingprogram hasmaturedandexpandedoverthepastdecadeinresponsetothe Army'sneeds.Spacecapabilitieswillgrowincreasinglyimportant fortheforeseeablefuture;consequentlyourtrainingprograms willcontinuetoevolve,expandinginscopeaswellasindepth. TheDirectorateof TrainingandDoctrinewillensurethatSpace trainingwillcontinuetomeetourSoldiers'increasingneeds.

nthisissueoftheArmySpaceJournalweareexploringthe issue,"How-To."ItisawellestablishedfactthattheArmy needsandreliesuponSpacecapabilities,foreverythingfrom synchronizingfires,maneuveringforcestoprovidinglogisticalsupport. ThefundamentalquestiontheArmymustansweris,"Howdoesthe Armyprovide,ordeliver,therequiredSpacecapabilitytotheSoldier atthetimeandplaceitisrequired?"Theanswermaybeprovided inavarietyofways,orcombinationofways­doctrine,Soldiers,units, systems,andsister­Servicesupport.Thereisnosingleanswertothis question.However,Ibelievethereisasingleunifyingelementunderlyingthemultipleanswers:training. ThebottomlineisthefactthattheArmyismadeupof Soldiersand itssuccessandabilitiesaredependentupontheSoldierswhofillitsranks. NewandadvancedtechnologiesarepivotaltotheU.S.Army'ssuccess, asarecommunicationssystemsandcommandandcontrolprocedures. Jointcapabilitiesdeliveredbyprecisemeansinasynchronizedmannerare alsokeytotheArmy'scurrentcombatcapabilities.Behindthe"tipof the spear"arecomplicatedlogisticsandsustainmentsystemsandprocedures. Yetnoneof theseworkwithouttheSoldier.If Soldiersarenottrained, equipped,orreadytheArmydoesnotfunction. SpaceisnodifferentfromInfantry,Artillery,AviationorArmor; trainedSoldiersarevitaltomissionaccomplishment.TheArmy'sSpace trainingprogramhasevolvedandmatureddramaticallysincethefirst SpaceOperationsOfficerQualificationCoursebeganin2001.Atthat timetheArmy'sSpacetrainingconsistedof thesinglecourse,conducted twiceayearfornewlydesignatedFA40personnel.Thecorecurriculum consistedof orbitalmechanics,satellitecommunications,theatermissile

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Space Assets >> from page 9

surveillanceandreconnaissance)TaskForcepartnershipwith industrywillbeaninterestingpartnershiptowatch.Thecollaborationisdesignedtospeedthedevelopmentof long-duration unmannedairshipsthatwillcarryISRpayloadsforcommanders inIraqandAfghanistan. offerawidevarietyof in-classandonlineprogramsthatsupport continuouslearningbothinSpaceaswellasmilitaryoperations. Assignmentsinavarietyof units,dealingwithavarietyof Space systems,andworkingonavarietyof Spaceprojectsareanother waytocomplementyourprofessionalgrowth. SpaceoperationsshouldbefocusedonhowtheSpaceprofessionalcanmosteffectivelybringthevalueof thehostof Spaceassetstobearonaunit'smilitaryoperations,howtomake thosesystemsworkforcommandersandtheirSoldiers.Space professionalscanbestharnessthevalueof Spacebyconcentratingoureffortsonunderstandingmilitaryoperations,howour unitfitsintooperationsandhowSpacecanenablethemission; partneringwiththoseinsideandoutsidetheArmywhocanbest helpprovideSpacecapabilitiestothewarfighters;andcontinuingtogrowprofessionally.

Space capabilities provide intelligence that would otherwise be lost, warning that would otherwise be undetected, and communications that would otherwise be impossible.

-- GEN C. Robert Keller Commander, U.S. Air Force Space Command

Formaleducationmixedwithmulti-facetedunitexperiences canbroadenyourbaseandmakeyouasaSpaceprofessional enormouslyvaluabletoyourorganization.Asnotedearlier,Space isahighlycomplex,technicalenvironmentandSpaceprofessionalsmustbeasconversantwiththeartof militaryoperationsaswearewithSpace.Thegreateryourknowledgeinthe field,thebetteryourunderstanding,andthemoreableyouare toadvocateSpaceassetsinanoperationsplan.UpongraduationfromtheSpaceOperationsOfficerQualificationCourseor fromaSpaceOperationsMaster'sDegreeprogram,education Does all this matter? andtraininghaveonlyjustbegun.Armyandcivilianinstitutions OurNationanditsdefendersneedSpace-savvyexpertstoensure missionsuccessandnationalsecurity.LetmequoteGENC. RobertKehler,Commander,U.S.AirForceSpaceCommand, "Spacecapabilitiesprovideintelligencethatwouldotherwisebe lost,warningthatwouldotherwisebeundetected,andcommunicationsthatwouldotherwisebeimpossible.Spaceisnolonger justthehighground;itisanintegralpartof thejointfight. Andtoday,ourSpacecapabilitiesareembeddedinacomplex of systemsthatservejointforcesandcommandersateverylevel andacrossthespectrumof diplomatic,informational,military, andeconomicactivitiesfrompeacethroughcrisisandwar. OperationalplansandadvancedweaponsdependonSpace, asneverbeforeandthisdependenceislikelytoincrease..." Itisthejobof theSpaceprofessionaltounderstandhowto maketheemploymentof thosesystemsassimpleaspossible, butnosimpler.

Education and Experience

Simplify

Simplified photo illustration of SGT Mark Bagwell, 1st Space Battalion

nOctober2007,LTCScottParkswastheChief,Space SupportElement,1stArmoredDivision(1AD),when theunitarrivedinNorthernIraqfora15-monthdeployment. Thedivisionhadfourmaneuverbrigades,onecombataviation brigade,onefiresbrigadeandanengineerbrigadetocovertheir operatingenvironmentof approximately200,000squarekilometers.That'sroughlythesizeof thestateof Georgia. Beyondthesheersize,NorthernIraqofferednumerous challenges:Anunsettled,diversereligiousandethnicenvironmentinwhicheachgroupwasjockeyingforpower;apopulace thatviewedgovernmentfromthelocalleveltothecentralgovernmentascorruptanduncaring;alackof essentialservices; andunemploymentthatwasrampant.Asaresultthe1ADhad thehighestattackrateof anyMulti-NationalDivisionwiththe IED(ImprovisedExplosiveDevice)theinsurgent'sweaponof choice.TheIEDtechnologywasgenerallylow-techbutinnovativeandreasonablywellthought-out. Thedivision'smissionwastopartnerwiththeU.S.State DepartmentandIraqiSecurityForcestoimprovethesecurity environment,supportandenabletheIraqiSecurityForces,and topromotegoodgovernanceandeconomicexpansion.Thedivisionusedallof itslethalandnon-lethaloperationstoachieve thoseobjectives. Parks,astheSpaceSupportElementchief,wasresponsible forcoordinationof SpaceforceenhancementsandSpacecontrolatthedivisionlevel.HeworkedcloselywiththeDivision G2,G3,G6,whichallhadSpace-trainedpersonnelwithintheir division.Healsoworkedwiththefiresbrigade,theengineer's topographicalsectionandthesupportingcorps,aswellasthe CombinedAirOperationsCenterDirectorof SpaceForces towhomhesentrequestsforsupportandnominatedtargets forengagement. InParks'ownwords,hewas"firstandforemostacombined armsstaff planner,withanexpertiseinSpaceoperations."As such,hewasassignedtofunctionastheChief of Information Operations,SpaceandSpecialTechnicalOperations.With

I

Report from the : Field

creativityandflexibility,ParksusedbothhisSpaceexpertise andhismoregeneraloperationalexpertisetoenableoneof the division'smostsuccessfulattacksonatargetof opportunity.His storyontheeventfollows: SpaceandintelligenceprofessionalsinTikrit,Iraq,were monitoringISR(intelligence,surveillanceandreconnaissance) assetsandidentifiedsuspectedinsurgentactivityinnearrealtime.Theactivitywastakingplaceover100kilometersaway.The Spaceoperatorsnotifiedthedivisionchopsandtheresponsible brigadeviasatellitecommunicationsof thesuspiciousactivity anditslocation.Thebrigadeintheareaflewanunmannedaerial vehicleoverthelocationto"puteyesontarget."Parksandthe G2staff wereabletofusemultipleintelligencesourcestoconfirmthatthesuspectactivitywasinsurgentandmettherules of engagement.AllthedatatoincludeGPScoordinateswas providedviasatellitecommunicationstothedecisionmakers. Theresponsiblecommandermadehisdecisionandrequested closeairsupporttoengagethetarget,againusingsatellitecommunications.Theaircraftreceivedthemissionandengagedthe targetusingGPS-guidedmunitions.Thetargetwasdestroyed andthebrigadeconfirmedseveninsurgentskilled. Thatprocesswasrepeatedthreemoretimesina10-hour periodusingGPS-guidedfieldartilleryfortwoof theengagements ratherthancloseairsupport,andalmost30insurgentswere confirmeddead.Thebestpartbeingthatthiswasaccomplished withoutplacingasingleU.S.Soldierinharm'sway.

LTC Scott Parks 1st Armored Division Space Support Element

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June 1961 June 1965 ­ July 1966 May 1968 ­ January 1969 January 1979 ­ January 1981 June 1983 ­ December 1984 January 1985 ­ January 1987

Field Artillery Commission through Hofstra University ROTC Battery Commander, 1/77 Field Artillery, 1st Cavalry Division, Korea. May 1968 ­ January 1969 Battery Commander, 3/18th Field Artillery, American Division, Vietnam. Battalion Commander, 1/30th Field Artillery, Augsburg Germany. Commander / Director, U.S. Army Atmospheric Sciences Laboratory, White Sands, N.M. Brigade Commander, 17th Field Artillery, Augsburg,Germany. First Commandant, U.S. Army Space Institute, Fort Leavenworth, Kan. Laid the groundwork for providing Space-borne communications, satellite imagery, weather data and positioning data foreground combat operations Second Commander, U.S. Army Space Command, Colorado Springs, Colo. · Deployed 800 Small Lightweight Global Positioning · System Receivers and up to 10,000 Global Positioning · System Receivers for units participating in Operations · Desert Shield and Desert Storm. Using Space-based · sensors established theater missile warning, which evolved · into the Joint Tactical Ground Station. Retired from the U.S. Army. Director, C4I, General Electric and Lockheed Martin Corporation

a HistoriCal PersPeCtive

C

OLRonanEllisisanROTCgraduateand enteredtheArmyin1961inthefield artillery.Hespentmostofhiscareer exceptforthelastfouryearsintheartilJanuary 1987 ­ April 1989

lerybusinesscommandingartillerybatteries,battalion,

andbrigade,inKorea,VietnamandGermany.Inthe firstCommandantoftheArmySpaceInstituteand eventuallythesecondcommanderof U.S.Army SpaceCommand. ThefollowingtextisaneditedversionofahistoricalinterviewbetweenCOLEllisandU.S.Army

May 1991 May 1991 ­ June 1996 May 1989 ­ April 1991

latterpartofhiscareerhewasselectedtobethe

SpaceandMissileDefenseCommand/ArmyForces StrategicCommandhistorian,LaJeanniaLacey.Youcan findthecompletetranscriptoftheinterviewonlineat http://www.smdc-armyforces.army.mil/ASJ/ COL (Ret) Ronan I. Ellis (1940 - )

June 1996 ­ January 2002

President, REC, Inc.

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Littlehasbeenpublishedon earlyArmySpaceefforts.Canyou provideussomebackground?

Ellis: Early efforts of the Army in Space were brought about by the Army Space Initiative Study. The study was directed by then Vice Chief of Staff of the Army, GEN Maxwell R. Thurman. He wanted the Army to be more involved in Space and to see what Space could provide the Army. Outgrowths of the study were the Army Space Institute at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., and the establishment of a small detachment that became Army Space Command at U.S. Space Command Headquarters in Colorado Springs, Colo.

Whatothernewmissionsdid ARSPACEreceiveduringthis periodofgrowth?

Ellis: ARSPACE didn't receive any new missions. We went out and assumed missions. These missions were established by the force of the command's personalities and knowledge, and by its organization as the Army Space Command, a component command of U.S. Space Command. We took it upon ourselves to be the procurer and trainer of GPS systems and weather systems. We bought things and we sent training teams out. We also established ourselves as the Army proponent for missile defense because of our close relationship with the Army Strategic Defense Command in Huntsville, Ala., and with the Strategic Defense Initiative's (Star Wars) group in Washington, D.C. We became involved in missile warning because that was a mission of U.S. Space Command, but it wasn't really getting to the tactical Army and that effort yielded JTAGS. We didn't receive a mission from anybody. In fact, I had a deputy who said, "You know, we haven't gotten any of these missions from the Department of the Army. Why are we doing them?" And I said, "It's our job to determine what our missions are and we will take those missions that are appropriate and execute them." And we did.

TheArmySpaceInitiative Studydevelopedthefirst ArmySpaceMasterPlan. HowsuccessfulhastheArmy beenataccomplishingthe goalsoutlinedinthisplan?

Ellis: The study and the master plan really didn't attract a lot of attention in the Army. The Army had basically established the Army Space Institute and Army Space Command, but the study and the plan were too far reaching in their initiatives and recommendations for that time. No one in the Army, certainly no one in the leadership of the Army at that time supported it, including GEN Maxwell R. Thurman and GEN Carl Vuono, who was soon to be the Chief of Staff of the Army. They weren't looking long-term, they only wanted to know what we could do now and how were we going to do it. Probably a good deal of what the master plan laid out did come through to fruition, but not so much because of the plan itself, but because of the initiatives of the people at the Army Space Institute and Army Space Command.

Shown above is a Small Lightweight GPS Receiver (SLGR) and Satellite Communication set up, circa 1993.

TheDSCSOperationsCenters transferredtoArmySpace CommandinOctober1990.Did thisnewmissionreflectyour programforthecommand?

Ellis: Not at all. The Defense Satellite Communications System operations centers were part of a larger command at that time. I think it was the Army Communications Command out of Fort Huachuca, Ariz.,

and they had a major mission. The Operation Centers were a small subset of that mission and were assigned to Army Space Command prior to my arrival - much to the concern of the Army's signal center. It certainly got us directly involved very quickly in Space operations, because that's what the OCs did, they controlled the satellites. It turned out to be very successful, and a good start for the command. The personnel came from the Operations Center side of the Defense Satellite Communication System. They were deployed worldwide and they were under the command of the Army Communications Command. The people transferred to us to run this mission, were all senior, noncommissioned officers. They were truly amazing non-commissioned officers and knew everything about DSCS OCs. They sounded like they knew what they were doing. So I let them do it and told them if they had any troubles come to keep me informed. Basically the noncommissioned officers and senior noncommissioned officers of these operation centers put this mission into place.

OperationDesertStormhas beendescribedasthefirstSpace war.Inyourview,howaccurate isthatassessment,andwhat wastheimpactoftheArmy SpaceeffortsonthefieldArmy?

Ellis: I think it was the first war that used the Space capabilities to support the Army, and to joint commands in the field. It was not a war in Space, but it did bring to bear Space capabilities to the Army in the field. You could not have had a better impact. These demonstration items and the capabilities that were in Space allowed the Army to realize there was something here and we could then move on from demonstrating commercial applications of existing Space capabilities to starting to state our requirement for future Space capabilities and how we could change the processing of those Space signals. It

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Inyourviewwhat weretheArmySpace Institute'ssuccesses andfailures,andwhy wasitterminated?

Ellis: The Army in Space was brought about by GEN Maxwell Thurman. He didn't know what the Army needed to do in Space but he knew the Army should be doing something. The rest of the Army did not openly embrace The Small Lightweight GPS Receiver (SLGR) was distributed Space. There wasn't room for anybody else during the Operation Desert Shield/ Desert Storm era to provide because all areas of Army capabilities were GPS capabilities to deploying ground forces and aircraft. already taken care of under the charter of each of the schools ­ artillery, infantry, tanks was clear the next step was to actually have a picture of and signal. The Army Space Institute stepped on every the battle field if the GPS and the radio were integrated. one of those schools' prerogatives in areas they felt we We could go from location to command and control. We should not be involved. have actually been doing that for some time now. T he success of the Institute was the demonstration program. The training programs and the initial attempt at developing materiel requirements for Space capabilities were successful although Army Materiel Command never really accepted those. Going forward in time for a moment, at the end of the first Gulf War when Space capabilities were first used by the Army, Ellis: The greatest challenge was to educate the Army Materiel Command didn't know quite what to do with and then execute the programs that would allow Space commercial GPS receivers that were in all Army units and capabilities to support an Army organization that was used extensively throughout the war. They had been sometimes not interested, many times downright negabought and delivered by Army Space Command, but tive, and did not want anything to do with these new since they didn't recognize the method in which they things. But the more I got into it the stronger I felt about were purchased, they basically zeroed out the budget it. I felt this was going to be, in the waning years of my for those items. Army career, the most significant thing I could do for my I retired at that time and I was asked what the Space Army. We took these growing Space capabilities and supCommand should do about the receivers. I said actuported the Army and then from that support the Army ally nothing. I knew when the troops came home from demanded more, so they got more. I think you can see Desert Storm they would want to know where those the kinds of things that are going on now kind of bear devices were. I knew they would be repurchased and that out. That was our biggest challenge and that was reacquired very, very quickly, and they were. The success our biggest accomplishment. of the Institute was to get Space capabilities out to the Soldiers, and it was very fortuitous that we did because of what happened in the first Gulf War. The failure of the Institute was not having an organization that was more accepted by other Training and Doctrine organizations, Ellis: I've been retired for eighteen years now so I'm full and not having ensured upon my departure that I was of history, but I don't know a lot about the future. I was replaced by stronger leadership. That is why the Army with them last year when they gave me an award as a Space Institute was terminated after I left. There was pioneer in Space and missile defense, so I got to see, no strong leadership put in place that could articulate so many years later what they're involved in now, and what we were trying to do and there was no lust within I see there's a tremendous future for the Army. Not so Training and Doctrine Command to continue an organimuch the Army in Space, but what the Army can receive zation that was chipping away at so many of the other from Space. schools' areas of responsibility.

Editor's Note

In the previous issue of the Army Space Journal, a question and answer article was printed based on an interview with retired Army GEN Ed Anderson. During this interview, Anderson was also asked to comment on the theme for the current Army Space Journal, "Tapping into Space: A How-To Manual." Here is what he had to say:

What specific message do you have for the Army Space Community that relates to the theme "Tapping into Space: A How-To Manual?"

Whatwasyourgreatestchallengeandwhatwasyourmost significantaccomplishment?

Whatdoyouseeasthe futureforArmySpace?

IwouldmakearecommendationtotheArmySpaceCommunity aboutenhancingtheabilityof ourownArmyfolksto betterdrawfromSpacecapabilities.Ihesitatetogointowar storiesbut,inVietnamwehadForwardAirControllers(FAC) ­itwasn'tjustduringVietnam,becausetheArmyhadthemfor alongtimebeforehand.TheywereAirForcepilotswhowere partof Armyorganizationsoutincombatzoneshopingtoget acallforfireorotheraide.Thepointwasitgavethatpilotan ideaofwhatthesituationwasonthegroundthathewasresponsible forsupporting. MythoughtisweshouldtrytoworkwiththeAirForceto bringtogetherSpaceFACsandputtheminourArmySpace SupportTeamsormaybeourSpaceSupportElementsandtake themdownrangeinIraqandAfghanistantoletthemseewhat itisthatourfolksneedtouseSpacefor.Atthesametime,our folkscanthenlearnfromthemastowhatfolkswhoareflyingthesesatellitesaredoingbackhereintermsof responding totheirneeds.ThecombinationIthinkleadstoamuchbetterunderstandingof what'sdoableintermsof requirements, futurerequirementsforcapabilities,etc.ThatwouldbesomethingthatIwouldrecommendasawayaheadfortheArmy... topartnerwiththeAirForceanddothisinatrulyJointwayon theground.Usuallywhenwethinkof Space,wethinkaboutup there,wedon'talwaysthinkdownhere.Weneedtostartthinkingaboutitinthatway.

Ed Anderson

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taCtiCal sPaCe lEssoNs foR thE

By cApt. ANdy R. lEE, usMc ltc Guy M. BuRRow

Editor's Note

The guidelines in this article are based on lessons learned by the authors, during their operational deployments in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) as well as numerous Joint and Combined exercises at the Marine Expeditionary Force through Combined Joint Task Force level.

orthoseintheFunctionalArea40careerfield,severalthoughtsmayhavecrossedtheirmindsbeforethey madethechoicetoleavetheirbasicbranchandjointhe ranksof therelativelyfewFA40sservingintheArmytoday.Theinitial thoughtscouldhavebeen"I'vegottochooseaCareerField?...FA40?I didn'tknowwehadSpaceOfficers.Soundsinteresting­I'llputitdown asmythirdchoice."Anotherthoughtmayhavebeen,"Thisismyticket tobecominganastronaut!" Oncethecareerfieldwasselected,theapprehensiveinvestigation beganintowhatArmy"SpaceOperations"isreallyallabout.During thefirstmajorstopinSpaceeducation,theSpaceOperationsOfficers QualificationCourse(SOOQC),officerslikelyexperiencedoneorbothof twodistinctreactions:thefirst,amazementatthenumerousSpace-based possibilitiesandtechnologies;thesecond,skepticisminwhetherornot theycouldmakethesecapabilitiesrelevant,particularlyatthetacticaland operationallevelsof militaryoperations.Restassuredthatbothof these reactionsstillresonatewithexperiencedSpaceofficerstoday. ItmaynothavebeendifficulttobecomeaSpaceOfficer,butit takeshardwork,dedication,andcontinuedprofessionaldevelopment tobecomeasignificantandrelevantmemberof thewarfightingstaff. Althoughtheastronautideamaynothavecometopass,SpaceOfficers arestilloneof aselectfew. Thisarticleisintendedtogivenewandperhapseventheexperienced SpaceOperationsOfficerfiverulesforsuccessasanFA40atthetacticalandoperationalstaff levels.Theserulesarenotfocusedonspecific technologiesortasks;rather,theyfocusontheindividualthroughorganizationalresponsibilities

F

NEw fA40

fivE RulEs foR thE NEw tActicAl fA40

InNovember2005,duringaLeader'sProfessionalDevelopment sessionintheAlFawPalaceinBaghdad,Iraq,theMNC-I Commander,LTGJohnR.Vines,toldtheofficersandsenior enlistedintheroom,"Today'swarriorsneedtounderstandtechnology.Today'sleadersneedtounderstandtheelectromagnetic spectrum."If thisistrueforthewideaudienceof theMNC-I staff,itiscertainlythecasefortheSpaceOperationsOfficers onthewarfightingstaff.WhiletheSpaceOperationsOfficer QualificationCourseprovidesthenewFA40withthebasicacademicfoundationforapplicableSpacetopicsandtechnologies, thisisonlythebeginningof theeducationprocess,focusing primarilyonthebasicSpaceForceEnhancementareasoutlined inJP3-14.TheFA40shouldalwaysbepreparedtoperformthe standardtasksassociatedwithSpaceForceEnhancement.An examplewouldbecompletingorobtainingaGPSnavigation accuracyreport.Ontoday'sbattlefieldthistypeof informationis requiredknowledgeandvaluablewhenneeded,butisrarelyasked of theFA40.KnowingthesebasicSpaceForceEnhancement taskswillcreateasuccessfulandfunctionalSpaceOperations Officer.Inordertobeeffective,anFA40shouldstrivetoknow thedetailsandsciencebehindthetoolstheywillply.Forthe navigationaccuracyexample,dotheyreallyunderstandwhat degradesGPCaccuracy,andmoreimportantlyhowitcanbe improved?Thisiswhatthecommander'sreallywanttoknow. TheseFA40saretheSpaceexpertonthestaff ­theyknowthe sciencebehindthecurrentandemergingtechnologies. Oneof thechartersof theFA40istoinvestigate,advocate andintegratenewandemergingtechnologies,whethertheyare purelySpace-basedorsimplySpace-enabled.Thisisanareawhere theFA40canhaveatrue,meaningfulimpact.TheSpaceOfficer needstoknowhowtofindandunderstandthecapabilitiesof newSpace-relatedassetsinordertointegratethemintocom-

Rule 1 -- sometimes it takes a Rocket scientist

batoperations,furtherfacilitatingthecommander'sintent.For starters,theyneedtousethemanySpace-relatedorganizations andpersonnelfirstintroducedtothemduringSpaceOperations OfficerQualificationCourse.AsFA40scontinuetheirresearch intonewcapabilities,theywillmakenewcontacts.Theymustuse thiseverexpendingnetworktofindnewproductsandcapabilities,andalsotofilterproblemsetsinsearchof newsolutions. Theywillsoonbuildadatabaseof knowledgeoncurrent,new andemergingcapabilities,andbewellontheirwaytobeingthe "rocketscientist"theirleadershipexpectsthemtobe. UnderstandinghowSpace-relatedcapabilitiesworkwillgoa longwaytohelpingFA40sunderstandhowtoemploythemin supportof conventionalmaneuveroperationsinnewandinnovativeways.Spaceandsomeof theassociatedtechnologiesby themselvesarenotsilverbullets­theywillnot"winthewar"on theirown.However,whencombinedwithotherconventional assetsandoperations,non-traditionaltechnologiescanhavea significantimpactonthesuccessof themission.Often,these capabilitiescanbeusedinwaysthattheywereneverintended. Forexample,theCounter-ImprovisedExplosiveDeviceeffortin IraqcurrentlyleveragesmultipleSpace-enabledcapabilities,some designedyearsagoforacompletelydifferentstrategicfight. Comingfromthevariouscombatarmsandsupportbranches priortoselectionasSpaceOperationsOfficers,FA40sareuniquelypoisedtocombinetheirpreviousconventionalbranchexperienceswiththeirknowledgeof specialtechnologiestodevelop supportingstrategiesforthegroundcommanderrequirements. Toooften,the"forty-pound"brainsdesignnewcapabilitiesthat havepotentiallybeneficialcapabilities,yettheylacktheability tointegratetheirtoolintoapracticalmilitaryapplication.Space OperationsOfficersarethebestqualifiedonthestaff toaccomplishthiscriticalgoal. Aftermanyyearsof experienceinEuropeandAsiaaswell asmorethaneightyearsof combatoperationsinnumerous theaterssinceSeptember2001,moststaff sectionsunderstand thebasicSpaceForceEnhancementcontributionstotheir specificareasof responsibility.Forexample,theIntelligence personnelareusuallywellversedonSpaced-basedIntelligence, SurveillanceandReconnaissance(ISR),oneof thetraditional SpaceForceEnhancementmissions.However,theFA40should alwaysbepreparedtoinformandeducateapplicablestaff sectionsonnewpossibilitiesandtechniques.Onrareoccasions,

Rule 2 -- innovate and Educate

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As always, information needs to continually be "pushed" to the other staff sections and they should be included in planning and staffing processes. the fA40s integration into the unit battle rhythm and staffing process will typically satisfy this requirement and help determine the balance of where fA40 assistance is needed.

theirexpertisemayberequiredtoassistthevariousstaff sections onexistingproducts,servicesandproceduresalreadyattheir disposal.TailoredSpaceeducationbriefsareexcellentseedsfor futureproductsandrequests.Theamountof supportandeducationrendereddependslargelyontheinclusiveSpaceknowledge of theunitbeingsupported. ComingupwithnewandinnovativeapplicationsforSpacerelatedtechnologiesisnottheendof dutiesasaSpaceOfficer. Themostimportantstepistranslatinginnovateideasand/or conceptsintoaction,ensuringtherightinformation,capabilitiesandeffectsgettotherightpeople.Likeeveryoneelseon thestaff,FA40sareonlyaseffectiveastheirabilitytoadhereto thetime-testedstaffingprocessandprocedures.AgoodSpace OperationsOfficerknowsthecommandersintent,currentintelligence,andtheplanningcycle,andiswellintegratedintothe battlerhythm.ItisgoodtorememberthatSpaceisnotdonefor Space'ssake;itisdrivenbythecommander'sintent.Inorderto ensurethatconceptsandcapabilitiesareputintoactionFA40s mustbewell-versedinstandardmilitarystaffingandordersproduction.ThisincludesknowingtheMilitaryDecision-Making Process;Decide,Deliver,Detect,Assesstargetingmethodology, FragmentaryOrders,ContingencyOperations,ExecutiveOrders, BattleDrills,andthelike.Nobodyelseisgoingtodeliverthese --if theyarenotdonecorrectlySpaceproductsorideaswill neversurvivethegruelingstaffingprocess.FA40smustbeable totranslateinnovativeideasintothestandardmilitarylanguage thatdrivesoperations.

Rule 3 -- Be a Good staff officer

Rule 4 -- Know who you work for and with

sibletotheOperationsOfficer.Inthisconstruct,itisimperativetoeducateanddemonstratetotheOperationsOfficerhow Space-relatedcapabilitiescancontributetoaccomplishingthe commander'sintent.Similarly,itmustbeensuredthatsubordinatecommandsunderstandwhatFA40scanofferaswell.As aresult,theappropriate"pull"forSpace-relatedproductsand supportfromtheOperationssection,if notsubordinateline unitsthemselves,willbegenerated. Thisisnottosuggestthatotherstaff sectionsgetbypassed onthewaytoengagetheOperationsOfficer,especiallywhen theSpace-relatedcapabilityfallsinaspecificstaff section'sarea of responsibility.Asalways,informationneedstocontinuallybe "pushed"totheotherstaff sectionsandtheyshouldbeincluded inplanningandstaffingprocesses.TheFA40sintegrationinto theunitbattlerhythmandstaffingprocesswilltypicallysatisfy thisrequirementandhelpdeterminethebalanceof whereFA40 assistanceisneeded.Ofteninformationtohelpwiththedecision makingprocessisneededfromothersections.Thismaybethe S2,theTargetingOfficer,theInformationOperationsOfficer, orevenaseparategovernmentalagency.Itisdifficult,if not impossible,toremainrelevantbysittinginasectionorsecure facility­FA40smustbewillingandabletogetoutandintegrate withthekeystaff andsupportagenciesinordertodevelopthe keyrelationshipsthatwillmaketheircapabilitiesmostrelevant. Similarly,SpaceisJoint.Whendeployed,theFA40willwork withawidevarietyof Spaceprofessional.Otherservicesown orparticipateinSpace-relatedoperations,servicesandcapabilities.FA40sshoulddevelopalliesandmutuallysupporting relationshipswithallof thekeySpaceplayersintheirareaof operations.Ultimately,allshouldbeworkingtowardthesame goalpushingSpacetorespectivestaffs.

informationisdeliveredtotheappropriatedecisionmakers. Beinggroundedwithafirmtechnicalfoundation,withproperly developedplansandproductsallowsforaggressiveengagement withthesekeypersonnel. Theneedforintegrationacrossthestaff hasbeendiscussed. ThisoftennecessitatesFA40stoattendotherstaff sections' planningorintelligencemeetings.FA40sshouldseekoutthese opportunitiesandensureaninvitationtotheseevents­sometimesjustbyshowingup,buttheymustcomepreparedtoprovide worthwhileinputanddeveloptheirreputationseverytimethey speakorwhensomeoneviewsSpaceproductsorpresentations. Whenpossible,FA40sshouldseekopportunitiestodeploy ­theywilllearnmoreduringamonthof deploymentthanan entireyearingarrison.Deployinggivescredibilityandinvaluable on-the-job-trainingwithbothcurrentandemergingtechnologies. Of course,FA40sshouldalwayscapitalizeontheirexperienceby developingandsharingafteractionassessments,lessonslearned, andprofessionaljournalpublications.ThesmartFA40learns fromothers;ensureexperiencesarenotforgottenandavailable forfuturegenerationsof Spacecadre.

Bios

cAPT. ANdy R. lEE, usMc

Capt. Andy R. Lee is a Marine Corps Space Staff Officer currently assigned to 1st Space Brigade. His 10 years military experience includes over 700 flight hours before transferring to USMC communication and the Space MOS. Capt. Lee's operations include three combat tours including two Space Staff Officer Billets, NATO & Ulchi Focus Lens (UFL) Space Team exercises, and serving on the only Joint Space Team in theater as the II Marine Expeditionary Force Space Staff Officer. Capt. Lee received his B.S. in Aeronautical Studies with a minor in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, and has recently completed his M.S. in Space Studies from American Military University.

ltc Guy M. BuRRow

LTC Guy M. Burrow became an FA40 in 2003 after 10 years of service as an Army fixed-wing Aviator. He is currently the Chief, G3 Technical Operations and senior Space Operations Officer at the XVIII Airborne Corps. His combat operational experience includes two tours in Iraq serving as the Deputy, Multi-National CorpsIraq C3 Space and Special Technical Operations during OIF 04-06, and later as the Chief, MNC-I C3 Technical Operations for Operation Iraqi Freedom 07-09. LTC Burrow received his M.S. in Electrical Engineering in 1992 at the United States Military Academy and later his M.S. in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 2002.

conclusion

ForSpaceOperationsOfficer,themajoremphasisisonthe Operationsportionof thetitle.TheSpaceOfficerisinaunique position,involvedwithcapabilitiesthatcrossnumerousstaff sectionsandareasof responsibility.WhileSpacecrossesmany functionalareasacrossthestaff,themaindriverforoperationsistheG3,C/J3,orS3ortheCommandersthemselves. Accordingly,mostSpaceOperationsOfficersattheCorpsand Divisionlevelsfindthemselvesworkingdirectlyfororrespon-

Rule 5 -- Be confident and Aggressive

Havingasolidtechnicalbackgroundshouldprovidetherequired confidenceindevelopingnewconceptsandeducatingothersonSpacederivedbenefitsorprocedures.Asamemberof theoperationsstaff itistheFA40sresponsibilitytoensurethe solutionstheybringaswellastheirconcernsarevettedwiththe G/J/S3.Whiletheymayfaceskepticismonoccasion,theymust bepassionate,confidant,and,ultimately,aggressiveinensuring

Developmentintoarelevantpartof thestaff asaSpaceOperations Officerrequiressignificantworkanddedication.Itstartswith astrongdesireanddedicationtolearnandunderstandthesciencebehindSpace-relatedassets.Bycombiningthisnewfound knowledgewithbackgroundbranchexperience,FA40swillbe abletoeducateothersanddevelopnewideasforintegratingthese technologiesintoplanssupportingthecommander'sobjectives. Proficiencyandintegrationintothemilitaryprocessesof thestaff willensurethattheseplansbecomeareality.Understandingwho toworkforandwithwilldevelopthenecessaryrelationshipsto successfullyintegratecontributions.Intotal,theseeffortswillgive FA40stheconfidenceintheirabilities,allowingthemtoaggressivelysupporttheircommand,makingtheSpaceOperations Officerakeymemberof thewarfightingteam.Theabovefive rulesaretheresultof extensiveanddiverseexperiencesgained duringoperationaldeploymentsandshouldserveFA40swellas theycontinueontheirjourneyasSpaceWarriors.

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Joint Friendly Force Tracking Task Organization

Joint, Interagency & Multinational J-FFT Users U.S. Strategic Command U.S. Army

Joint friendly force tracking Mission --

usAsMdc/ARstRAt's

Chief of Staff G3 G3 Operations Division

Commanding General USASMDC/ARSTRAT Deputy Commanding General for Operations Director Future Warfare Center Battle Lab

Network oPeratioNs suCCess!

.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefenseCommand/Army ForcesStrategicCommand'sJointFriendlyForceTracking(JFFT)missionprovidesanexampleof acomponentactivity thathasevolvedandchangedsignificantly,butstillachievedsubstantialsuccessbycloselyaligninganorganicdevelopmentcapabilitywithimplementing adataservicesapproachbasedonfivefunctionaltasks.Ourmessageinthis articleisthreefold:conveythenewJ-FFTorganizationalconstructwithin thecommand;explainthefiveelementsessentialtotheJ-FFTdataservices mission;andarticulatehowthisexpandingandsuccessfulJ-FFTsupport missionshouldbeconsideredNetworkOperationssuccess.U.S.Strategic Command'sNetworkOperationscriticaltaskof ContentManagement theavailabilityandtimelydeliveryof informationtosatisfymissionneeds istheessenceof ourJ-FFTmission. Thecommand'sJ-FFTDivisionandMissionManagementCenterleadthe successfulplanning,developmentandexecutionof U.S.StrategicCommand's directedtasktoprovide24-hour,7-dayperweekJ-FFTdataservicessupport tocombatantcommands,agencies,alliesandcoalitionpartners.Wetraceand attributeoursuccesstocarefullyestablishedstandardsandprocessesimplementedbyaworkforceof technicalandoperationalexpertsmotivatedto responsivelysatisfytheFFTneedsof organizationsandusers.Today,our commandisorganizedtodeliverthetimelyandassuredcapabilitydevelopmentandFFTdataservicesrequiredtosatisfytheoperationalneedsof joint,interagencyandcoalitionuserstoincreaseSituationalAwareness,thus

Joint Friendly Force Tracking Division Mission Management Center Testbed Information Assurance/ Security Branch Plans and Requirements Branch Joint Friendly Force Tracking Iridium

Mission Management Center

u

By floyd liGht, usAsMdc/ARstRAt BAttlE lAB; J-fft divisioN chiEf;

enablingbettercommandandcontrolof forcesandlendingto fratricidereductionviamorereadilyavailablepreciselocation of friendlyforces. Thisarticleprovidesbackgroundandimportantdetails regardingthecommand'sJ-FFTmission;revisedjointguidance regardingthemission;thefivebasicfunctionsthatillustratethe FFTdataservicesweprovideeverydaytojoint,interagencyand coalitionpartners;andfinallytheinherentalignmentof FFT dataservicestocyberandnetworkoperations.

U.S.StrategicCommandinheriteditsJ-FFTmissionaftermergingwithU.S.SpaceCommandin2002.Priortothismerger,inMarch2001,U.S.SpaceCommandhaddesignatedArmy SpaceCommandasitsleadservicecomponentforBlueForce TrackingtoprovidetheDepartmentof DefensewithBlueForce Trackingexercisesupportandtechnicaldevelopment(wediscussthechangefrom"BlueForceTracking"to"FriendlyForce Tracking"inthenextsection).U.S.SpaceCommandhaddemonstratedacapabilitytotrackforcesusingnationaltechnicalmeans (NTM)whichseemedidealforSpecialOperationsForces.This capabilitypromisedtoprovideabeyondline-of-sight,lowprobabilityof detectionandinterception,preciselocationof Special OperationsForceselementswiththeBlueForceTrackingdata beingreliably,securelyanddiscretelydisseminatedtocritical commandcentersviaadatacenter.

Background: Evolving, Expanding Mission

ImmediatelyfollowingtheSeptember2001attacks,the J3,U.S.SpaceCommandorderedtheNTMtrackingcapabilityintooperationaluseandactivatedtheMissionManagement CenteratSchrieverAirForceBase,Colo.ByJanuary2002,U.S. SpaceCommandtransitionedoperationalcontrolof thecentertoU.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefenseCommand/Army ForcesStrategicCommand;thecentermovedtoitscurrentlocationinBuilding3inOctober2002.Bytheendof 2002,there wasasignificantexpansionof thisNTMBlueForceTracking capabilityaspartof OperationIraqiFreedomtoover2,500 NTMBlueForceTrackingdevices,eachsupportedbytheMission ManagementCenter. SoonafterOperationIraqiFreedomPhaseI,theArmyput significanteffortincapturinglessonslearnedandprioritizing problemstoresolveforcontinuingOperationIraqiFreedom operations.In2003,theU.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefense BattleLabassumedoperationalmanagementof OSD'sJoint BlueForceSituationalAwarenessAdvancedConceptTechnology Demonstrationaimedatdevelopingacapabilitytomergethe datafromdiverseBlueForceTrackingsystemsinOperationIraqi FreedomintoaCommonOperationalPicture.OSDassessedthis capabilityasacriticalmissiongapandafterasolutionwasdevelopedbytheMissionManagementCenter-Testbed,ittransitioned tooperationalstatusinthecenterin2005. AscommandandcontrolevolvesandmoreFFTsystems aredeployedglobally,thecriticalneedforFFTdatainteroperabilityacrosssecuritydomainsandacrossFFTsystemsfor

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joint,interagency,andmultinationalusersincreases.Inorderto addressthecommand'smissionexpansion,theCommander, USASMDChasdesignatedtheBattleLabascommandlead forBlueForceTrackingandtheBattleLabhasestablishedthe MissionManagementCenter-Testbedtosupportcapability developmentsfortheMMCandmissionpartners.Consequently, USASMDC/ARSTRAT'sJ-FFTresponsibilitieshavematuredto includeexecuting:FFTtranslationandWeb-baseddataservices foranexpandingsetof dataconsumers;U.S.andNATOdata exchangeinAfghanistan;anddeliberateplanningtoOperations andConceptPlansforJ-FFTactivities.Todaythecommandprovidesdataservicesassociatedwithtensof thousandsof Blue ForceTrackingdevicesacrossDepartmentof Defense,other Departments,othergovernmentagencies,andallies.

ToaccomplishitsassignedJ-FFTmission,USASMDC/ ARSTRATemploysaMissionManagementCenter(underthe G3)andaJ-FFTDivisionwithitfoursupportingbranches(under theFutureWarfareCenter).UnderanapprovedU.S.Strategic CommandOperationalOrderandConceptof Operationsthese elementsexecutethespecifiedtasks,butalsothemyriadof impliedtasksnecessarytoprovidedaytodaysupport.Close coordination,integration,andunityof effortacrosscommand linesandengagementwithmissionpartnersarecriticaltosuccessfulmissionexecution.

Approach: concentration on five Basic fft data functions

Inordertosuccessfullyexecuteboththedevelopmentand operationalsupportaspectsof theassignedmission,theJ-FFT Division'sMissionManagementCenter-Testbedmustclosely alignitscombatdevelopmentcapabilities(basedonanexpert understandingof themission'sfivefunctionaltasks)withthe eventualimplementationof thedataservicesintheoperational MissionManagementCenter.Theobjectiveof thedataservices supportistoassuredataexchange,integration,anddisseminationforJ-FFTusers.TheguidingprincipleistomakeJ-FFT datavisible,accessible,andunderstandableandthedesiredend stateisthetimelydeliveryof therightdatatotherightuserin therightformat. Whilemanyusersandoperatorsoftenfocusontheirspecific systeminexplaininganFFTcapability,readersshouldunderstand thatfortheFFTmissiontoworkthereismuchmorethanjusta devicetransmittingapositionreport.AsreflectedinFigure2and describedbelow,ourcommandhasachievedsuccessbyunderstandingthatFFTsystemsarebrokenintofivebasicfunctions: generate,collect,process,disseminate,anddisplay. Generate TypicalFFTdevicesreceivepositionandtimeinformationfrom theGlobalPositioningSystemandgenerateaFFTmessagethat includes,ataminimum,auniquedeviceidentificationalphanumericandGlobalPositioningSystemdata(time,latitude,longitude,altitude).TheFFTcommunitytypicallyreferstothisdata asPreciseLocationandIdentificationdata.Withproperconnectivityandaccreditation,thisdataisdeliveredtotheMission ManagementCenterviatheNon-secureInternetProtocolNetwork (NIPRNET)orSecureInternetProtocolNetwork(SIPRNET) intheFFTsystem'snativeformats1. Collect ThePreciseLocationandIdentificationdataiscollected,processed andrelayedviaadatatransportsystem(e.g.Iridium,EPLRS, aircraftline-of-sightreceiver). Process OncereceivedataJ-FFTInformationManagementNode(in ourcase,weusetheMissionManagementCenter,thoughsome

Mission (Bft is now fft): Joint Responsibilities and command task organization

The Joint FFT Mission

systemsmaintainindependent"stovepipe"processes),additionaldata,known asassociationdata,canbeaddedtothePreciseLocationandIdentificationto createaknownentity/object/track.Associationdataaddsclaritytothedevice positionreportbyfurtheridentifyingthefriendlyentity.Addingthisdatacan turna"bluedot"forafriendlypositionreportintomoremeaningfulinformation likeunitorplatformidentity.UsersinterfacedirectlywithMissionManagement Centerstaff toprovidetheappropriatedatatobeassociatedwiththetransmissionsfromtheirdevices.OncetheFFTdataarrivesattheMissionManagement Center,theinformationmanagementprocesstogetthe"rightdata,totheright user,intherightformat"begins.Inmanyinstances,thisrequiresatranslation of theFFTdataintoanExtensibleMarkupLanguageformatandmovingthe databetweenclassificationdomains.TheMissionManagementCenteraccomplishesthistaskviaanapprovedCrossDomainSolutionspecificallydesigned forJ-FFTdata.WithproperDataOwnerGuidancetheMissionManagement CentercanmoveunclassifiedFFTPreciseLocationandIdentificationdata fromtheNIPRNETtoSIPRNETandviceversa. Disseminate OncetheJ-FFTdataisinitsproper/directedsecuritydomainandhasitsassociationdataattached,theMissionManagementCenterwilldisseminatethecorrelatedPreciseLocationandIdentificationandassociationdata (J-FFTdata)totherightuserintheformatspecifiedintheuser'sData OwnerGuidance.

the guiding principle is to make J-fft data visible, accessible, and understandable and the desired end state is the timely delivery of the right data to the right user in the right format.

InDecember2008,theDirectorof theJointStaff approveda revisedJointStaff Instruction(CJCSI3910.01),FriendlyForce TrackingOperationsGuidance,toprovidemoredetailedand updatedguidanceforJ-FFToperationsandsupport.Whilemost allunderstandwhat"Blue"inBlueForceTrackingmeans,the term"Friendly"inFFTismoreconsistentwithjointdoctrine andcoalitionlexicon.Additionally,manysystemsareusing BlueForceTrackingassystems'namesviceaccuratecapability descriptions.Hence,wehaveadoptedandencourageusingthis newlydirectedjoint/coalitionlexicon.ThenewCJCSI3910.01 tasksU.S.StrategicCommandwitheightcriticalresponsibilities.ThroughOperationsOrdersandStrategicInstructions, Commander,U.S.StrategicCommandhasdelegatedtheexecutionof theseresponsibilitiesandtaskstoU.S.ArmySpaceand MissileDefenseCommand/ArmyForcesStrategicCommand asitsArmyServiceComponentCommand. WhileresponsiblefortheeightU.S.StrategicCommand tasks,USASMDC/ARSTRAT'stwofundamentaltasksareto:

· provideFFTdataservicesonacontinuousbasistocom-

Security Domains

Unclassified US SECRET Coalition SECRET

Terms Defined

FFT: Friendly Force Tracking COP/CTP: Common Operational Picture/Common Tactical Picture Integrated Broadcast System XML: Extensible Markup Language TAB 37 NFFI: NATO Friendly Force Information NIPR: Non-secure Internet Protocol Router SIPR: Secret Internet Protocol Router GCCS-J: Global Command and Control System - Joint C2PC: Command and Control Personal Computer

batantcommands.Theywillalsoprovidetheseservicesto agency,allied,andcoalitionuserswhendirected,assupportfor homelanddefense,combat,civilandcontingencyoperations. dataintocurrentandplannedarchitecturesforuseonthe appropriateCommonOperationalPicture.Theywillalso respondtosatisfyrequirementsfromcombatantcommands, agenciesandmultinationalpartners.

· provideacombatdevelopmentcapabilityintegratingFFT

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UCP Cyber (NetOps) Crosswalk

Terms Defined

National Strategy

National Military Strategy for Cyber

UCP GIG

Effects are achieved through the integrated execution of five "fundamental" ways. The fundamental ways are Information Operations, Network Operations, Kinetic Actions,Law Enforcement and Counterintelligence, and Themes and Messages.

Unified Command Plan Global Information Grid Network Operations Concept of Operations Global Network Operations Joint Friendly Force Tracking Mission Management Center Global Command and Control System Forward Operating Site Precise Location and Identification

The National strategy for cyber describes Netops as a fundamental way to achieve cyber effects. the Joint coNops for Global information Grid Network operations (approved by commander, u.s. strategic command) provides clear descriptions of the commands Network operations mission which include the processes and personnel for collecting, processing, storing, disseminating and managing information on demand to warfighters.

NetOps

UCP 08 (Cyber Language)

STRATCOM

CONOPS GNO

USSTRATCOM is responsible for planning and coordinating cyberspace operations to include: executing cyberspace operations, directing GIG operations, and defense and advocating for cyberspace capabilities.

J-FFT MMC

NetOps CONOPS

JTF-GNO

NetOps consists of GIG Enterprise Management, GIG Network Defense and GIG Content Management, SA and C2. Joint-FFT Network Operations Community

GCCS FOS PLI

Joint-FFT USASMDC/ARSTRAT, Core Functions

J-FFT Devices & Service Providers

Mission Management Center

Discrete Users and GCCS FOS

PLI Generation and Transmission

Processing and Dissemination

Dissemination and Display

TheJ-FFTDivisionisengagedinseveraldevelopmentefforts toprovideU.S.FFTdatatoCombatIdentificationcapabilities withintheairdomainandtomakeU.S.andcoalitionFFTdata availabletoeachother.

Alignment to the ucp cyber and Network operations Missions

Display Usersatthetactical,operational,orstrategiclevelsusecommand andcontroldisplaysystemssuchasGlobalCommandandControl System-Joint,CommandandControlPersonalComputer,orother tacticalsystems,e.g.ForceXXIBattleCommandBrigadeand BelowterminalsandFalconViewtopresentthedata.These detailsarecoordinatedintheplanningphase. Whilethecoreof theMissionManagementCenter'smissioninvolvesthePreciseLocationandIdentificationportionof theFFTtransmission,manyFFTsystemsalsoincludea3-digit brevitycodeforstatus.Forthesesystems,gettingthatdatato therightuserisequallyimportant.Of criticalsignificanceisthe MissionManagementCenter'sresponsibilitiesrelatedtothose NTMsystemsandcertainIridiumFFTsystemsthatcantransmita"911"oremergencymessage.Forthiscriticalmessage, theMissionManagementCenterhasanenduringresponsibility totheWarfightertomaintainastateof constantvigilanceand toexecuteprescribedemergencynotificationproceduresprecoordinatedwiththetacticaluser. It'salsoimportanttounderstandthatFFTdataispartof, andexchangedwith,alargerbodyof operationalinformation. ItisacriticalDepartmentof DefenseobjectivethatFFTsystemsmustbeintegratedwithCombatIdentificationsystems, asmutually-supportingcapabilities,whosecommongoalisthe unambiguouscharacterizationof forceswithintheoperational environment.WhileFFTandCombatIdentificationisnotthe samething,theirsupporttomilitaryoperationsisinextricably linked;eachemploysuserassociationdatadevicesordisplays toexchangeentitydisposition,characterization,andidentity information.Theattendantcapabilities,systems,andprocessesmustbedevelopedtoprovideinteroperableandintegrated entitydatathatareexchangedwithintheoverallSAenterprise.

consistentwiththeGlobalInformationGridcharacterizationand theNetworkOperationsframeworkthatU.S.StrategicCommand employs(SpaceSituationalAwareness,CommandandControl, andGlobalInformationGridEnterprise/Network/Content Management).

OurJ-FFTDivisionmissionanalysisconcludedtheFFT mission,whileinmanycasesenabledbycapabilities,ismost accuratelyalignedwithU.S.StrategicCommand'scyberoperations andGlobalInformationGrid/NetworkOperationsUnified CommandPlanmissions,specifically,planning,coordinating andexecutingcyberspaceoperationsanddirectingGlobal InformationGridoperations. TheNationalStrategyforCyberdescribesNetOpsasa fundamentalwaytoachievecybereffects.TheJointCONOPS forGlobalInformationGridNetworkOperations(approvedby Commander,U.S.StrategicCommand)providescleardescriptionsof thecommandsNetworkOperationsmissionwhich includetheprocessesandpersonnelforcollecting,processing, storing,disseminatingandmanaginginformationondemand towarfighters.TheGlobalInformationGridincludesanysystem, equipment,softwareorservicethatmeetsthecriteriaof transmittinginformationto,receivinginformationfrom,routing informationamong,orinterchanginginformationamongother equipment,softwareandservices.Theimplicationisthatthe MissionManagementCenteranditsFFTdataservicestaskare

summary: integrated teamwork Key to Mission success

TheCommand'sJ-FFTcapabilitiesprovidesubstantial,andin somecasesirreplaceable,Warfightersupport.Nonetheless,our capabilitiesareonlypartof thelargerenterpriseof Situational Awareness,CommandandControlandfratricideprevention. WewillcontinuetoexecuteU.S.StrategicCommandassigned tasksday-to-day,representU.S.StrategicCommandinavariety of FFT-CombatIdentificationforums,workcloselywithU.S. JointForcesCommandandOSDtodefineanddevelopnew capabilitiesmeetingcriticalgaps,andtransitiontheseintothe MissionManagementCenter'sJ-FFTdataservicecapabilityset. Keepingourfocusonthosethingsthatareoperationalneeds andnotjust"goodideas"willkeepourcommandinarespectedpositionof supportprovider.Maintainingourapproachof closelyintegratedteamsacrossthecommandstructurefordevelopmentandoperationalimplementationwillremainourkeyto responsive,functional,andmeaningfulWarfightersupport.

Footnotes 1 Connectivity to commercial networks is possible, but difficult to accredit and requires approved VPN processes.

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taCsat-3

By AllEN KiRKhAM, ERiK pEREz ANd KENNEth KRiNER

TacSat-3 Minotaur Launch from Wallops Island Space Flight Facility, May 19th, 2009 Photo courtesy of NASA

Joint Military utility Assessment

Tuesday morning, 9 a.m., SOUTHCOM/ARSOUTH/ Honduras Army Counter Drug Mission Planning Cell: CPTErikPerezandhisCounter-DrugandCounter-Insurgency Teamhasintelligenceinformationthatalocaldrugcartelis suspectedof conductingillegalnarcoticsproductioninanewly operationaldruglabintheHondurasjungleinCPTPerez'sarea of interest.Thislabissuspectedof producingillegaldrugsfor shipmenttotheUnitedStatestohelpfinanceaninsurgentforce operatingoutof theHondurasjungleinhisareaof interest. Commander's Critical Information Requirement: Locateandidentifyalloperationalandactivedrugproduction laboratoriesintheHondurasareaof interest,andprovideimagery productstotheHondurasArmytoperformcounter-drugand counter-insurgencyoperationsintheareaof interest. Request For Information: TasktheTacSat-3ARTEMIShyperspectralsensortoimagethe areaof interesttodeterminematerialsassociatedwithanactive druglabvs.baselinerainforestvegetationpresentintheareaof interest.Identifyandlocatecamouflage,manmadebluetarps andplastics.Identifyandlocatelivevegetationtoincludecoca plantsandmarijuana.Identifyandlocatenewareasof cutvegetationanddisturbedearth. TheU.S.ArmySpaceOperationsandMilitaryIntelligence Communitiesareveryexcitedtoparticipateintheexperimentationof theTacSat-3satelliteanditsAdvancedResponsive TacticallyEffectiveMilitaryImagingSpectrometer(ARTEMIS) hyperspectralsensor.Thissatelliteandsensorwillbethefirstof itskindonorbit.WhatisuniqueaboutTacSat-3isthatitssensorisdedicateddirectlytoaTheaterJointForceCommander, tosolvecriticalinformationrequirementssuchasthefictional exampleabove.TheARTEMISsensorisdesignedtodetectand

combat situation

locatematerialsthatareobservedwhenthesunlightisreflected orrefractedoff thematerial.Itwillfindmaterialsasopposedto militarytargets.Itlooksformaterialvicevegetation.Itlooksfor morethantheshapeof thegunbarrelpointingoff thetankturret.TheUSmilitaryneedsthiscapabilitytoprevailintheillegal drugwarandtheGlobalWaronTerror.

tacsat-3 Mission and Background

Artist's rendering of TacSat-3 collecting hyperspectral imagery

Theoverallmissionof TacSat-3istolaunch,deploy,andemploy asmallsatellite,withanARTEMIShyperspectralimagingsen- · Routine Mode DuringtimeswhenTacSat-3isnotcomsor.TacSat-3isascienceandtechnologyandmilitaryutility mittedtotacticalcollectionsorparticipationinexercises,it demonstrationprogramconductedundertheumbrellaof the willoperateinthe"RoutineMode."Thisgivestheexperiment OperationalResponsiveSpaceprogram.TheArmyisworkmissionpartnerstheopportunitytotaskthesensortohelp ingwiththeOperationallyResponsiveSpaceofficetoleadthe satisfytheirinternalrequirementsorrequestsfromothers multi-serviceJointMilitaryUtilityAssessmentof TacSat-3and inthecommunityincludingtheCombatantCommanders. itsARTEMISsensor. Thehypercubeiscollectedandstoredonthesatellite.After severalhypercubesarecollected,theywillbedownloadedat two Mission Modes alatertimetotheCommonDataLinkgroundstation.After TacSat-3hastwoprimarymissionmodes:TacticalandRoutine. calibration,thehypercubewillbeexploitedbyintelligence agencies;NationalAirandSpaceIntelligenceCenter,National · Tactical Mode Theprimarypurposeof TacSat-3istodemGroundIntelligenceCenter,NationalGeospatialIntelligence onstrateatacticallyresponsiveSpace-bornehyperspectral Agency,ArmyGeospatialIntelligenceNational-To-Theater sensor.TacSat-3scanstheselectedareaof interest.Thedata NodesandMilitaryIntelligenceBrigades.Intelligenceprodcollectediscalledahypercube.Foratacticalcollect,thehypeructswillbeprovidedtothecustomer.Otherproductswill cubeisprocessedonboardthesatelliteandthelocationand alsobegenerated,especiallyScienceandTechnologyprodidentificationof material(viaaspectralmatchfilter)willbe uctstoprovidetechnicalassessments. providedtothetacticaluserinnearrealtimeviaoneof two communicationlinks;Space-GroundLinkSystemorUHF. what the Army means by "tactical" UHFproductswillincludetextmessages(commonlyreferred Tacticaloperationsarethelowestlevelof combatoperations toasaTargetCueReport),andatacticalsummarymessage. whencomparedtooperationalorstrategicoperations.Joint TargetCueReportswillincludethetypeof materialdetected, Publication3.0JointOperationsdefinetacticalleveloperations, itslocation,andascoretoindicatethelikelihoodthatitisthe "...focusesonplanningandexecutingbattles,engagements materialinquestion.If S-BandSpace-GroundLinkSystem andactivitiestoachievemilitaryobjectivesassignedtotactical isused,ageo-referencedhigh-resolution(approximately1 units...ashort-durationactionbetweenopposingforces."For mgroundsampledistance)image"chip"centeredoneach aclearhistorical,yetcurrent,definitionwecanthinkof strate-

individualcueanda3-band(selectable)hyperspectralimagery "context"imagewillbeprovidedalongwiththetextreports. BothimageswillbeJPEGcompressed.If TacticalUHF downlink,viatheNavy'sSatelliteCommunicationsPayload isselected,onlyatextTargetCueReportmessagewillbe received.Thehypercube,cuereportsandtacticalsummaries willbestoredonboardfordownlinktotheCommonData Linkhighbandwidthgroundstation.

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Tactical Ground Station (TGS) at the US Army Space and Missile Defense Battle Lab in Colorado Springs, Colorado includes the trailer-mounted 10' S-Band auto-tracking antenna, the 1-meter Ku-Band SATCOM antenna, TGS Shelter, and Generator.

TacSat-3 Minotaur Launch from Wallops Island Space Flight Facility, May 19th, 2009 (Official NASA Photo)

Antenna Control Unit (ACU) Display, TGS Equipment Racks, and Telemetry Tracking and Control (TT&C) Light Display

gicoperationsasbeingGENDavidPetraeus'overallplanfor counter-insurgencyoperationswithinU.S.CentralCommand. TheOperationalplanwouldbeGENStanleyA.McChrystal planforoperationswithinAfghanistan.AndtheTacticalplan wouldbethatexecutedbythecommandingofficerof the24th MarineExpeditionaryUnitfightinginHelmandprovincewithinAfghanistan.Thekeyconceptof theword"tactical"islow levelplanningandexecutionof combatoperationsbyhighly mobileunits.

Joint Military utility Assessment objective

Hypercube Illustration

TheJMUAteamwillassessthefeasibilityof responsivesatellites providingresponsiveintelligence,surveillanceandreconnaissance informationtosupportaccomplishmentof TheaterJointForce Commandermissions.TheestablishedJMUAcriteria,basedon operationalconsiderations,willbeusedtoevaluatetheability of thesatellitetosatisfystatedobjectives.Asmentionedabove, theprimarymissionof TacSat-3istheTacticalModeof allow aJointForceCommanderdirecttaskingaccesstothesatellite sensorfromthetheater,onboardprocessingof thehyperspectral collection,anddirectdownlinktotheJointForceCommander beforethesatellitepassesoverthehorizon.

AppendixDof theTacSatManagementPlandetailstheArmy requirementsfortheTacSat-3satellite.AirForceResearch Laboratorydesignedthesatellitetomeettheneedsof appendix TheU.S.ArmyBrigadeCombatTeamisthebasicdeployable D.SMDBLderivedfourCriticalOperationalIssuesandnumermaneuverunitintheU.S.Army.Abrigadecombatteamconsists ousmeasuresof effectivenessandmeasuresof performance of onecombatarmsmaneuverbrigade,anditsattachedlogisti- fromthisappendix: calsupportandartillerysupportunits.Theseteamsaregenerally · COI1 CantheJointForceCommandereffectivelyutilize commandedbyaColonel(O-6),andhavearound3700Soldiers. in-theatertacticaltaskingcapability? ABrigadeCombatTeamcarrieswithitsupportunitsnecessary tosustainitsoperationsseparatefromitsparentdivision.This · COI2 CantheJointForceCommanderreceivetactical messagesfromTacSat-3? meansaBrigadeCombatTeamcanprosecuteanappropriatesize targetallbyitself withoutsupportfromothercombatformations. · COI3 DothedownloadedtacticalmessagesmeettheJoint Thereareseveralflavorsof BrigadeCombatTeams,someare ForceCommander'sneedforhyperspectralimagheavilyfocusedarmorsuchastheM1-A1tank,somearebuilt ery(textfile)andhigh-resolutionimagery(chip) aroundreconnaissancelightarmorsuchastheSTRIKERand information? stillothersarebuiltaroundmechanizedinfantry(currentlyused · COI4 DidJointexploitationof ARTEMIShypercubeyield inIraqandAfghanistan).TheonetrueconstantwithaBrigade Servicespecificutility? CombatTeamisthatitscapableof sustainedtraditionalcombat how will we actually do the Joint operationswithminimalexternalsupport. TheabovedescriptionDOESNOTmarginalizetheoften Military utility Assessment? sitedindividualSpecialOpsorothernon-traditionalcombat Datawillbecollectedduringselecteddemonstrations,experiunits.Weareonlytryingtoclarifythe"Warfighter"baseline ments,exercises,andday-to-dayoperationsafterlaunch. terminology.TheSpacegapgenerallyliesinthefactmostSpace- FollowingtheU.S.AirForceResearchLab'sLaunchandEarly basedNationalTechnicalMeansassetsareveryhardtosecureat Orbittestingandcalibration;wewillbeginU.S.ArmySpaceand theO-6andbelowlevels,thustheadventof theOperationally MissileDefenseCommand/ArmyForcesStrategicCommand's ResponsiveSpaceconceptanddisplayedbytheTacSatfamily TestPlanfortacticaloperationsof theARTEMISsensor.Each of systems.Rarely,if ever,willaSpace-basedsystemsupporta testingeventiscomposedof theendstategoalandprecursor singletroopinthefieldyetmanyof ourcurrentbriefingsand eventsthatmusthappeninorderfortheendstategoaltobe graphicsdisplayjustthatidea.The"Warfighter"hyperspectral accomplished.Eachandeverytimeatacticalcollectionismade imageryrequestsforinformationfortheTacSat-3experiment insupportof USASMDC/ARSTRATtesting,theresulting JointMilitaryUtilityAssessmentwillcomefromtheMilitary hypercubewillbefullyprocessedbytheUSASMDC/ARSTRAT IntelligenceBrigadecollectionmanagerassignedtotheTheaterto hyperspectralimageryprocessingexperts.Thetacticalproduct supporttheBrigadeCombatTeamthatrequirestheinformation. willbecomparedwithcollectedgroundtruthof knowntargets.Testingfocuseson1)Defeatingtheenemy'seffortsto Joint force commander hideactionsorassets,2)Detectman-madeobjectsforseeking critical operational issues outtacticallyrelevantmanmadeobjectsthatarenotreadily TheArmyTacSatManagementplanassignsSpaceandMissile apparenttootherintelligence,surveillanceandreconnaissance DefenseCommandBattleLabinColoradoSpringsasthelead methods.Othertestingeventswillbeplannedandexecutedas agentfortheTacticalmissionmodeMilitaryUtilityAssessment. operationalconstraintsallow.

the Brigade combat team is the focus of tactical Mode ("the warfighter")

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TACSAT-3

SO WHAT?

...the ability to task and download a product from the field with no human processing in the loop.

TGS 10' auto-track S-Band antenna trailer-mounted. Allen Kirkham, Government Civilian SMDBL TacSat-3 JMUA Technical Lead and John Andrews, SMDBL TacSat-3 Tactical Ground Station (TGS) Operator and Technician

what potential services could tacsat-3 provide to the Brigade combat team and how would those services help him win the fight?

TacSat-3hasthepotentialtoprovidethecombatcommander textbasedreportsthattellhimwhereparticularmaterialtypes arelocatedwithinhisbattlespace.Thesetextbasedreports couldbesupportedbyimagesof thetargetinquestion.These reportscouldbedeliveredinamatterof hoursfromthetimeof request.If accurate,thesetextbasedreportsandimagescould allowthecommandertofindenemyassetspreviouslyunseen duetocamouflage.

Joint Military utility Assessment Baseline scenarios:

TheSpaceandMissileDefenseBattleLabhasdeveloped scenariosthatwillassesstheCriticalOperationalIssues.The BattleLabwillcollectdatatodeterminemilitaryutilityof TacSat-3. Inthefirststepaftersatellitefunctionalcheckoutandsensorcalibration,theSpaceandMissileDefenseBattleLabwillperform

TacticalModeinitialcheckouttestingwiththeArmy'sTactical GroundStationatFortCarsonRangessouthof Colorado Springs,Colo.DatacollectedfromTacSat-3willbecompared togroundtruthandprocessingof thefullhypercubebywhen available.Subjectivequestionnairesandsurveys(qualitativedata) willbeusedtogatherOperatorandWarfighter(user)feedback duringandatthecompletionof eachdemonstrationevent.The SpaceandMissileDefenseBattleLabwillemployabuildingblockapproach,testingeachvariableindividuallyandwith success,progresstomorestressingevents,wheremultiple variableswillbeexercisedinasinglescenario.Completionof alltheproposedtestscenarioswillgivetheBattleLabandthe JointOperationallyResponsiveSpacecommunityanaccurate pictureof TacSat-3'scapabilities,whichcanthenbeassessedin selectmilitaryexercises.Aspartof testplanning,theSpaceand MissileDefenseBattleLabwilluseamatrixthattiesmeasures toeacheventorscenario.Thismatrixwillbeusedtodetermine whichCriticalOperationalIssues,arebeingassessedineach testevent.ItwillalsobeusefulindeterminingwhichCritical OperationalIssues,arenotbeingassessedsotheycanbebuilt intofuturetestingevents.

ThereisonlyoneTacSat-3forliveexperimentation.So,during theJointMilitaryUtilityAssessment,theperformanceof the singleTacSat-3satellitewillalsobeextrapolatedinsimulation scenariostoestimatethecapabilitiesof anoperationalconstellationof small,responsivesatellitesinvariousorbits.

Modeling & simulation:

caloperationscenterfurtherimprovesthecommander'sability toreacttoenemyactions.TraditionalNTMassetsareveryill suitedtothismissionsetandhigherlevelsof commandtypically outweightheBrigadeCombatTeamcommandersintelligence, surveillanceandreconnaissancesupportrequest. ArmyparticipationintheTacSat-3ARTEMIShyperspectral imageryprojectprovidestheopportunitytoshapefuturetactical satellitedevelopmenttomeetcriticaljointlandforceoperational requirements.Thisopportunityincludestheabilitytoinfluence theselectionof missionpayloads,supportandrefineconcept, combat,andmaterieldevelopmentactivities,andexploit"leavebehind"capabilitiesdevelopedthroughtheexperiments.Critical totheArmyistheabilitytoinfluencesystemdesigntoensure compatibilityandintegrationwithgroundsystemarchitectures andinfrastructure.Suchcompatibilityandintegrationwillbean essentialelementof theJointForceCommander'scapabilityto employcombatforceseffectively.

concepts of operations and tactics, techniques and procedures

looking to the future

TheJointMilitaryUtilityAssessmentwillalsobeusedtoidentify Conceptsof Operation,Tactics,TechniquesandProcedures, andtechnicalcapabilitiesthatwouldallowTacSat-3andaSpacebasedhyperspectralsensortomorefullymeettheneededcapabilityof thefuture. Spaceintelligence,surveillanceandreconnaissancehasbeen aroundforsometime;thenew"sowhat"of TacSat-3isthe abilitytotaskanddownloadaproductfromthefieldwithno humanprocessingintheloop.Thebeneficialevolutionof the Space-basedintelligence,surveillanceandreconnaissanceasset totheBrigadeCombatTeamwouldbetheabilitytotaskthe assetfromthesupportedcommander'sareaof operations.Since tacticaloperationsareusuallythoughtintermsof hours,the TacSatfamilyof systemsiswellsuitedtosupportthisoperational tempo.Thefacttherequestedproductscouldbedeliveredwithin hoursof requestanddelivereddirectlytothecommander'stacti-

tacsat so what?

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10/21/2009 12:05:30 P.M. Return Top Home Administrative Technical and Equipment Doctrine and Training ePubs By Series

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PubTitle

THE ARMY HUMAN RESOURCES SUPPORT GENERATING FORCE SUPPORT FOR OPERATIONS OPERATIONAL TERMS AND GRAPHICS MULTI-SERVICE BREVITY CODES LEGAL SUPPORT TO THE OPERATIONAL ARMY RELIGIOUS SUPPORT

a

By Rich BuRKs & KEN loudNER

Armydoctrineisgoingthroughamuchneededrestructuring atthedirectionof GENMartinE.Dempsey,Commanding General,U.S.TrainingandDoctrineCommand.Theobjective of thiseffortistocleanupthecurrentbodyof fieldmanuals (FM),makedoctrinedevelopmentmoretimely,andthedoctrine materialmoreaccessibletotheuser.Theultimategoalistomanagedoctrinemoreeffectivelywiththeneedsof thewarfighter inmind. Thereisavastbodyof knowledgethatcurrentlyexistson howtheArmyconductsoperations.Therestructuringeffort redefinesdoctrinalboundariesandcleansuppracticesthathave beguntodilute"doctrine"therebyenablingdeveloperstomove inamoreresponsiveandpositivedirection.The"house-cleaning"thatisongoingincludestheeliminationof thosemanuals thatarenolongerneeded,thosethatarenotaboutoperations,as wellastheconsolidationof manymanuals,andtheconversion of manyFMstoTrainingCirculars(TCs),TechnicalManuals (TMs)andanewproductcalledtheArmyTactics,Techniques andProceduresmanuals(ATTP).Keepingthewarfighterin mind,thiseffortwillalsoplaceelectronicmanualsinthehands of theuserandenabletheusertomakeonthespotcorrections (edits)basedonrealtimeoperations.

Inachievingthisgoal,valuableinformationthatfacilitates combatoperationswillnotbeeliminated.Itjustneedsmoreeffectivemanagementtomakeitmoreaccessibleandunderstandable tousers,whileatthesametimemoreconsistentandcoherent. Eachproponentschoolandbranchdiscussedtheimplications of changingFMstootherpublicationssuchasTrainingCirculars (TC),TechnicalManuals(TM),orthenewlyproposedArmyTTP (ATTP)manuals.Allcomponentsschoolsthenconductedan initialmissionanalysisanddoctrinalscrubtosupportTRADOC's goals.Theresultsof doctrineliteraturescrubandreclassificationwerethenpresentedandapprovedbytheTRADOC Commander.Theyare: · RetainasFieldManuals-94 · RescindoutdatedFMs-91 · TransferFMscontainingtechnical procedurestoTMs-112 · TransferFMscontainingtrainingmaterialtoTCs-46 · TransferFMsthatdealwithTTPand lowerechelonstoATTP-215 · Consolidatedwithothermanuals-65 · Proposednewstartseliminatedasunnecessary-27

onlywhenthatconsistencyisnecessarytofacilitateoperations, andnotasagoalinitself. Unfortunately,thecurrentdefinition(inAR25-30)isinadequate. Itistoobroad,anddoesnotclearlydistinguishwhatshouldbe infieldmanualsandwhatshouldgoinotherpublications.With theongoingefforttolimitthenumberof FMs,thereneeds tobenotonlyacleardefinitionof whatanFMis,butalsoan explanationof whatitisnot.TRADOChasproposedthefollowingdefinition: A Field Manual isaDApublicationthatcontainsdoctrine principles,withsupportingcommontactics,techniques, andproceduresthatapplyacrosstheforceanddescribes howtheArmyanditsorganizationsoperatewhileconductingoperationsandtrainingforthoseoperations.FMs pertaintotheoperatingforce,andthosepartsof thegeneratingforcesthatdeploywith,ordirectlysupport,the operatingforceintheconductof operations. Tobeconsistentwiththisnewdefinition,doctrinetherefore containsof thefollowingfourcategoriesof information: A. Fundamentals Fundamentalprinciplesbywhichthemilitaryforcesorelementsthereof guidetheiractionsinsupportof nationalobjectives.Itisauthoritativebutrequires judgmentinapplication. B. Tactics Theemploymentof unitsinoperations.Itincludes theorderedarrangementandmaneuverof unitsinrelationtoeachother,theterrain,theenemy,andthecivilian population,inordertotranslatepotentialcombatpower intosuccessfuloperations.Tacticsarealwaysdescriptive, notprescriptive.

what is a field Manual ?

GEN Martin E. Dempsey, Commanding General, U.S. Training and Doctrine Command Photo by Pat Buffet

TomanageFMsmoreeffectivelythenumberof doctrinemanualsthatcontainthebasicfundamentalsisbeingreducedtoa moreconvenientleveltoenablekeepingthemcurrentwithin theavailabledoctrineresources.Therearetwokeyelementsto thistask­reductioninthenumberof manualsandreductionin thesizeof themanuals(goal200pagesorless)..Bothwillmake iteasiertowriteandkeepdoctrineuptodate.But,toachieve this,bothelementsneedtoberuthlesslyenforced.TRADOC's goalistoreducethenumberof FMsinordertofocusoncriticalcombinedarmspublicationsandtoreducethesizeof FMs tofacilitateeaseof use,easeof maintenanceandclarity

where doctrine is headed

some considerations

Proponentschoolsalsoneedtocleanuppracticesthathavebegun todilute"doctrine."This,of course,necessitatesare-evaluation of whatwewantdoctrinetodoandwhatconstitutesdoctrine. Doctrineshouldprovidefourthings.1)Acommonapproachto theconductof operationsthatfacilitatesunderstanding,creates effectiveuseof resources,andestablishesthefundamentals.2) Acommonlanguageandsymbolsthatfacilitatemutualunderstandingandallowpreciseorderswithminimumcommunications andmaximumclarity.3)ItmustprovidesTTPthathaveproven effectiveinthepastandwehaveareasonableexpectationwill workinthefuture.4)Anddoctrineshouldfosteradaptability andencouragecreativeness.Consistencyindoctrineisdesirable

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C. Techniques and Procedures Techniquesandprocedures arestandardmethodsordetailedcoursesof actionusedby troopsand/orcommanderstoperformassignedmissions, tasks,andfunctions,specifically,themethodof employingequipmentandpersonnel.Techniquesandprocedures maybedescriptive,inthat,theycanbemodifiedtosuitthe circumstances,andtheiremploymentrequiresjudgment. However,drillsoftenincludeTTPs. D. Terms and Symbols Thespecificlanguageandgraphics usedtoissueordersandcontroloperations.Terms,inthis context,arethosewordsdefinedspecificallyforArmyuse andcodifiedinFM1-02.Additionally,symbolsarethose graphicsdefinedspecificallyformilitaryuseareinFM102.Theyprovideacommonlanguagethatprofessionals usetocommunicatewithoneanother.Termswithcommonlyunderstooddefinitionsareamajorcomponentof thatlanguage.Symbolsareitsgraphicalrepresentation. Establishingandusingwordsandsymbolsof common militarymeaningenhancescommunicationamongmilitary professionals,inallenvironments,andmakesacommon understandingof doctrinepossible.Termsandgraphics areprescriptiveasdefinedinFM1-02. Toassistthedoctrinedevelopers,TRADOCwillcompletely reviseTRADOCRegulation25-36,andportionsof 25-30,2540and350-70.TRADOCalsoproposesrewritestoportionsof AR25-30whichisaDApublicationthatcontainsdoctrineand trainingprincipleswithsupportingtactics,techniques,and/or proceduresanddescribeshowtheArmyanditsorganizations functionintermsof missions,organizations,personnel,and equipment.Moreover,TRADOChasalsoprovidedalitanyof informationalguidancenotonlyonwhatdoesanddoesn'tgo intoanFM,butalsoonreducingmanualsize,eliminatingredundancy,whatandhowtoconvert,andmuchelse.Somuchfor thedoctrinedevelopers....Andnowarealsuccessstoryforthe restof theArmy! YouallknowhowsuccessfulWikipedia(ontheInternet) hasbecome.It'stheEncyclopediaabouteverythingthatanybody canaddtooredit.Well,TRADOChasembracedthisconcept andextendedittodoctrine(orquasi-doctrine)andhastakenthe lion'sshareof converteddoctrine(theATTPmanuals)andplans toputthemoutontheArmy'snewMIL-WIKIwebsite.Since therealnatureof thesemanualsisdesignedtosupportlower echelonassetstheyprimarilyaddresstheenduser(thewarfighter) inthefield.Andtheendusercanedittheminrealtimekeeping thecontentcurrentandonthecuttingedge.TheMIL-WIKI DoctrinePilotProgramhasalreadybegun.It'sat:https://wiki. kc.us.army.mil/wiki/Portal:Army_Doctrine.Personnelmusthave anexistingAKOaccounttoaccesstheMIL-WIKIsite.The accountcategorymustbeof thetypeauthorizedtoaccessFOUO levelinformation.AllyouneedtodoislogontotheMIL-WIKI siteandtypeinyourcommentsandchanges.

HowdoesthisaffectSpaceandMissileDefensedoctrine?A successfulagreementbetweenTRADOCandSMDCDoctrine Chief,MrRichBurkswasreachedwithaplantorestructureSpace andMissiledefenseFMs.SinceTRADOChasrestrictedeach proponentschoolaverylimitednumberof FMs,SMDCwas permittedonlytwo,oneforSpaceandoneforMissileDefense. WhilethissuccessfullyprotectedSMDCproponenciesitalso generatedsomenewchallenges.TheSMDCDoctrineDivision's strategyforaddressingthedoctrineimpactsassociatedwithonly twofieldmanualswastodeveloparestructuringplanforSpace andMissileDefensedoctrinethatincludedFMconsolidation andFMconversiontoATTPs. OntheSpaceside,theplancallsforcombiningFM3-14, SpaceinSupportof ArmyOperationsandFM3-14.10,Space BrigadeOperationsintoonemanual.AnditrequirestheJTAGS manualFM3-14.5,JTAGSOperations,tobeconvertedtoone of thenewATTPmanuals.Futurelow-echelonmanualswill alsobeATTPs. TheMissileDefenseplanpermitscontinuationof thedevelopmentof FM3-27,ArmyGlobalBallisticMissileDefense.But, inFY10,itmustbecombinedwithFM3-27.10asaChange1 toFM3-27.Additionally,thenewlyproposedFM3-27.5,AN/ TPY-2(FBM)OperationshasbeenredesignatedasanATTP manual.Futurelow-echelonmanualswillalsobeATTPs.

Bottom line

Because Wikipedia, the editable encyclopedia , has been widely successful on the internet, TRADOC has chosen to extend this to doctrine with the new milWiki Web site located at https://wiki.kc.us.army.mil/wiki/Portal:Army_Doctrine.

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elcome to the Army Doctrine Web Doctrine Web is a place for milwikians to help contribute to various wiki proj-

(Mouseover for full ATTP name) related to ects ATTP 6-01.1 ATTP 3-90.15 ATTP 5-19 (100-14) ATTP 3-04.155 site in support ATTP 3-97.11 nel who have is a Knowledge ATTP 3-21.9 fielding this pilot ATTP 3-07.20 civilian and DA documents. editing any ATTP

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Army Doctrine. The mission of this Wiki portal is to act as a secure collaborative publishing of U.S. Army doctrine efforts. This site is available 24x7 worldwide to all U.S. military personan active AKO/DKO account* authorized to access FOUO level information. This Wiki portal Management project of the Combined Arms Center (CAC) at Fort Leavenworth. TRADOC is program to incorporate insights from the field to ensure ATTP remain relevant through Soldier input. Publications on this Wiki are drafts and are not to be disseminated or used as official Proponents will review and consider all input in the future official revisions of doctrine. Before please review our Army Doctrine Portal Rules of Conduct. * See Restricted Account Types.

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Knowledge Management

TheFutureWarfareCenter(FWC)Directorateof Combat Development(DCD)recentlyreleasedthefinaldraftFM3-14, "SpaceinSupportof ArmyOperations"forworldwidestaffing andiscurrentlyadjudicatingcomments.ItistheArmy'sprimarydoctrinalauthoritydescribinghowSpaceoperationsserve asacriticalforcemultipliertocombatantcommanders,theater planners,andtotheleadership&staff elementsusingproducts derivedfromSpaceoperations.Asanupdatetotheprevious editionpublishedMay05,itnowincorporateslessonslearned fromtheSpaceCadreFORMALandSSE/ARSSTdeployments inOIF/OEF,andincludesdoctrinalrevisionsthatsynchronize theArmy'sSpaceeffortwithUSSTRATCOMandtheJoint Staff 'srecentrevisionof JointPublication(JP)3-14,"Space Operations",whileprotectingtheArmy'svestedoperational interests.AndasdirectedbyTRADOC,FM3-14.10ithasbeen consolidatedintoFM3-14.Weanticipatefinalpublicationand postingof FM3-14ontheAKOdoctrinesitebyChristmas09. Asoneof thefirstintheTRADOCMIL-WIKIPilotProgram, ATTP3-14.5JTAGShasbeenpostedtotheArmy'sMIL-WIKI site,butwillalsoremainontheAKOdoctrinesiteasanFMuntil theendof thePilotProgram. Checkitoutat: https://wiki.kc.us.army.mil/wiki/ATTP_ 3-14.5_JTAGS_Operations.

ATTP 6-01.1 Knowledge Management Section This document provides tactics, techniques and procedures for the organization and operations of the knowledge

TheFutureWarfareCenter(FWC)Directorateof Combat Development(DCD)beganworldwidestaffingtheinitial draftof FM3-27.FM3-27istheArmy'sGlobalBallistic MissileDefense(GBMD)Operationsproponent-levelmanualforSMDC/ARSTRAT.Itistheprinciplepublicationfor describingtheArmy'smissioninStrategicmissiledefense of theHomeland,deployedforces,friends,andalliesfrom ballisticmissileattack.InaccordancewithTRADOC'snew doctrinerestructure,thisfieldmanualwillrepresentthe Army'sconsolidateddoctrineforstrategicmissiledefense. ArmyGBMDfunctionsundertheStrategicCommand (STRATCOM)GBMDconcept.FollowingGENDempsey's directiontoreducethenumberof fieldmanuals,FM3-27.10 willbeconsolidatedasaChange1toFM3-27inFiscalYear 2010.Change1willalsocaptureallupdatesinthedevelopmentof GMDsoftwareandmanningwhileprotectingthe Army'svestedinterestsinGlobalBallisticMissileDefense. Also,theATTP3-27.5AN/TPY-2(FBM)Operationsmanual postedontheMIL-WIKIsiteisavailableforstaffingandcomments.ThisATTPmanualwillremainpostedtotheMILWIKIsiteaftercompletionof thedevelopmentprocessfor updatesbythewarfighters.Checkitout.

· Bios

Rich Burks

Rich is a retired Infantry Officer, Pilot and Foreign Area Officer. He has been the Doctrine Chief for US Army Space and Missile Defense Command and the Managing Editor of the Army Space Journal since 2003.

Ken loudner

Ken is a military analyst and doctrine developer for U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command. He is a retired ADA officer that has been writing doctrine for over 15 years.

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Photographs taken Nov. 13 and 16 at Peterson Air Force Base, Colo., and Fort Logan National Cemetery in Denver, Colo., in tribute to SPC Jonathon M. Sylvestre. Sylvestre was assigned to the 1st Battalion, 10th Field Artillery Regiment, 3rd Heavy Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division. He was killed Nov. 2 in Kut, Iraq.

Fallen Soldier

His mother's request is simple: Treat the fallen Soldier's return home to Colorado from Iraq with dignity; honor him in the photographs. The plane lands at Peterson Air Force Base in Colorado on an otherwise quiet Friday morning. The engines quit and the whine of the hydraulics become the only sound as the door slowly raises. A gentle cry breaks the silence as senior military leaders, service members and the family get the first glimpse of the flag-draped coffin in the doorway. The coffin lowers. The Army's 4th Infantry Division honor guard sharply marches into position. The members carry the casket to the hearse and carefully position it inside. The honor guard sergeant slowly salutes. The door closes as the family sobs and the leaders pay respect. The color guard marches out of the way. The hearse slowly departs, leading the entourage of family off the base. Service members and civilians along the route slowly salute in tribute. On Monday, the respectful silence returns as the same honor guard marches to the rear of the hearse parked near the pavilion at Fort Logan National Cemetery in Denver. The sounds of the honor guard movements echo in the crisp air as the members carry the coffin to its place. Final taps sound and three shots ring out as the gun salute joins the emotional sobs. The honor guard returns to surround the coffin. The members carefully lift and fold the flag. One member gives the flag to the Army general and the general gives it to the mother. She clings to it. The family cries. The grandmother approaches the coffin. She places her hand on the center of the wooden top. After a long tearful moment, she walks away. The family and friends get into the black car that brought them to the cemetery. The Army general salutes as the car rolls slowly past the pavilion where the fallen Soldier remains. -- Michael L. Howard

Photos by:

Michael L. Howard

Edition \ Mon, Apr. 27, 2009 today's Focus \

sMDC-oNe

Beyond line-of-sight communication

what is it?

TheU.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefenseCommand/Army ForcesStrategicCommand'sSMDC-ONEtechnologydemonstrationisdesigningandtestingnanosatellitesweighingaslittle asfour-kilograms.Thesenanosatellitescanbeplacedintoalow Earthorbittoreceivedatafilesfromagroundcommandand controlcenter.ThegroundstationforthefirstSMDC-ONE demonstrationwillbeatUSASMDC/ARSTRATonRedstone Arsenal,Ala.Theprimaryobjectivewillbetoreceivedatafrom multiplegroundtransmittersandrelaythatdatatoaground station.Theintentof thistechnologydemonstrationistobuild anumberof identicalsatellitesanddeploythemtogetherinto lowEarthorbittosimulateenhancedtacticalcommunications capabilityandevaluatethenanosatperformance. ToachieveenhancedcapabilitiesforthewarfighterfromSpace, anapproachthatholdsgreatpromiseisthedeploymentof constellationsof nanosat-classsatellitesintolowEarthorbit.Because theunitcostforananosatislower(lessthan$1million),large numbersforeachspecificmissioncouldbebuiltanddeployed. Whatananosatmaylackinperformanceandreliabilitywhen comparedonaper-unitbasistoalargetraditionalmilitarysatellite,itmakesupbyitslowcostandpotentialforpersistent presenceovergiventheatersof operationsthroughconstellationproliferation. AnanosatconstellationpopulatedbyinexpensiveSpacecraft couldbeusefulinhumanitariansupport,stabilityandsupport operationsandnationbuilding.If asatelliteceasestofunction, itcouldberapidlyreconstituted.Nanosatscanprovidecoverage what has the Army done? acrossspecificregions,aswellasglobally.Theuseof nanosats OnApr.28,2009,eightSMDC-ONEnanosatelliteswillbedeliv- insuchafashionwillenableUnmannedAerialVehicle-likepereredtoUSASMDC/ARSTRATafteraone-yearcontracteffort. formanceforcommunicationfromSpaceborneassetsthatcan ThefirstSMDC-ONEnanosatellitewillbeplacedintoorbitin providedatadirectlyintotheatersof operation 2009andtheremainingsevenwillbeplacedatalaterdate.

why is this important to the Army?

what continued efforts does the Army have planned for the future?

Tobettermeetwarfighterneeds,USASMDC/ARSTRAT isconsideringmissionenablingupgradefeaturesforfuture nanosatellitestoincludeonboardGlobalPositioningSystemcapabilityforgreateronboardautonomy,additionof anS-bandcommunicationslinkforincreaseddatatransmission,inclusionof asoftwaredefinedradioforgreatertransceiverfrequencyflexibility,andmodificationof thecommunicationselement(radio) toincreaseavailablevolumeforpayloads.

Resources

usAsMdc/ARstRAt web site

· SMDC-ONEFactSheet · www.smdc-armyforces.army.mil\ASJ

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aN iDea aHeaD oF its tiMe ? the challenges of

f themanyassignmentsthatanArmySpace OperationsOfficercanfill,apositionon thestaff of aFiresBrigadeisunique.Aside fromthe1stSpaceBrigade,FiresBrigadesaretheonlybrigadesauthorizedanofficerfromFunctionalArea40(FA40)on theirModifiedTableof OrganizationandEquipment;allother positionsforFA40soccuronthestaffsof division-levelunits orhigher.Operatingaspartof abrigade-levelstaff presents specialchallengesforwhataretypicallyamongthemost-junior SpaceOperationsOfficers.Althoughthesepositionscertainly offeruniqueopportunities,maintainingthesepositionsmaynot beinthebestinterestof theArmy,thefunctionalarea,andthe FA40sassignedtotheFiresBrigades. FromAugust2007untilMay2009,IservedastheBrigade SpaceOperationsOfficerforthe41stFiresBrigadebasedatFort Hood,Texas.Duringmytwenty-twomonthsthere,theBrigade conductedhome-stationoperations,pre-deploymenttraining,and adeploymentinsupportof OperationIraqiFreedom.Unlike someof myfellowFA40s,Ihadtheadvantageof animmediate supervisorandBrigadeCommanderwhoweresupportiveof my effortstofocuspredominatelyonSpaceoperations.Despitethis supportandthegreateropportunitiesforSpace-relatedworkthat ispresentduringadeployment,Ispentverylittletimeworking onSpace-relatedtasks.Basedonmyconversationswithother FA40sassignedtoFiresBrigades,itappearsthatfieldingSpace OperationsOfficersatthebrigadelevelmaybeanideathatis aheadof itstime. Perhapsthegreatestchallengeof beingaSpaceOperations OfficerinaFiresBrigadeisthatthesmallnumberof fieldgrade officersandthelargenumberof fieldgradeduties--reportsof

o

space operations in the fires Brigades

By MAJ JAsoN R. KAlAiNoff

survey,AR15-6investigations,specialeventsplanning--createsasituationthatisripeforreassigningtheFA40tonon-Space tasks.Mostof themajorsonabrigadestaff fillprimarystaff positionssuchastheS1,S2orS3.Throughoutrecenthistory, thesepositionshavebeenthebackboneof thebrigadestaff and mostcommandersarehesitanttopulloneof theseprimarystaff officersawayfromhisassigneddutiestofocusonothertasks. Thepositionof BrigadeSpaceOperationsOfficerdoesnotbenefitfromthesamehistoricalsignificance.Whenshort-termor intermediate-termrequirementsarisethatrequireafield-grade officerfromthebrigadestaff,theSpaceOperationsOfficeris anobviouschoice.UsingtheFA40tofillthispositionmeetsthe immediaterequirementwhileleavingtheprimarystaff tofocus ontheirduties.Inanon-scientificsampleof fourFA40swho havedeployedtoIraqwithaFiresBrigadeinthelasttwoyears, eachwasreassignedtoanon-SpacedutysuchasVisitorBureau OfficerinCharge,NightBattleCaptainorNon-LethalPlanner. AlthoughitisnotuncommonfortheSpaceOperationsOfficers atthedivisionleveltobeassignedpart-timeadditionalduties thatarenotrelatedtoSpace,thelargernumberof fieldgrade officersonadivisionstaff allowsfortheexistenceof specialists, asopposedtothegreaterneedformulti-functionofficersatthe brigadelevel.Inaddition,havingmorefieldgradeofficersona divisionstaff allowsadditionaldutiestobespreadmorethinly andmoreevenlyacrossthestaff Evenwiththemostsupportivecommander,anFA40 assignedtoaFiresBrigademayfindthatthereislittleSpacerelatedworkforhimtodo.DuringtheirSpaceOperationsOfficer QualificationCourse,newly-inductedFA40slearnthattheyare expectedtobesubjectmatterexpertsinSpaceforceenhance-

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Beyond the impact on the individuals, assigning fA40s to fires Brigades would only tie up a limited resource that might better be used elsewhere.

mentareassuchas:intelligence,surveillance,andreconnaissance; position,navigation,andtiming;satellitecommunications;blue forcesituationalawareness;andSpacecontrol.AlthoughBrigade Commandersgenerallyrecognizetheimportanceof mostof theseareas,mechanismsalreadyexisttoensurethatbrigadelevelunitshaveaccesstothisinformation.Ideally,criticalSpace informationflowsfromtheDivisionSpaceSupportElement tothedivisionprimarystaff officersandfromtheretothebrigadeprimarystaff officers.Thisisthemethodthroughwhich BrigadeCombatTeamstypicallygainaccesstoSpaceproducts orinformation,althoughtheactualefficiencyof themethodvariesfromunittounit.ASpaceOperationsOfficeratthebrigade levelcouldattempttointerjecthimself intothissystem,butit isdifficulttoseethebenefitsof doingso. HavinganFA40onthebrigadestaff shouldallowhimorher tofocusontheSpace-basedcapabilitiesorproductsof specific interesttothatbrigade.Doctrinally,theprimarytaskof aFires Brigadeistoconductstrikeoperations.Tofulfillthistask,the MultipleLaunchRocketSystembattalionsintheFiresBrigades havethecapabilitytouseprecision-guidedmunitionsthatare dependentontheGlobalPositioningSystem(GPS).Onecan certainlyenvisionsituationsinwhichthehealthof theGPSconstellationwasatquestionorthepositiondatacollectedbythe receiverswasof less-than-optimalaccuracy.Incaseslikethese, itispossiblethattheBrigadeCommandermightwanthisFA40 byhisside,givingafinal"thumbsup"beforelaunch.Inrecent years,however,theGPSconstellationhasbeenmaximizedtothe pointof providingconsistent,albeitfarfromperfect,support fortheemploymentof PrecisionGuidedMunitions.Inaddition,asthenatureof theconflictsinIraqandAfghanistanhas changed,theroleof theFiresBrigadeshaschangedaswell.Inrecent deploymentsithasnotbeenuncommonforFiresBrigadesto assumenon-traditionalmissions,servingasbattlespaceowners orprovidingsecurityalongMainSupplyRoutes.If FiresBrigades arenotbeingemployedintheirtraditionalroles,itshouldnot besurprisingthattheFA40sassignedtothosebrigadesexperienceasimilaridentitycrisis.Althoughtheneedforbrigade-level FA40stosupportprecision-guidedmunitionsmayincreasein thefuture,atthispointtheDivisionSpaceSupportElements canadequatelyprovidefortheneedsallof theirsubordinate brigades,includingtheFiresBrigades. GiventhelimitedneedforFA40sintheFiresBrigades, assigningofficerstofilltheseslotshasnotableimpactson boththeindividualsinvolvedandtheSpacecommunityasa whole.FortheindividualFA40s,spendingthreeyearsassigned toaFiresBrigadecanpotentiallybetheequivalentof spendingthreeyearsworkingoutof yourMilitaryOccupational Specialty.Sinceassignmentsatthebrigadelevelaretypicallygiven tothemostjuniorFA40s,thiscanresultintheatrophyof muchof whattheindividualslearnedduringtheSpaceOperations OfficerQualificationCourse.TheirnextSpaceassignmentthen becomestheirfirstSpaceassignment,potentiallyleavingonlyone additionalassignmentbeforetheofficermustmakeadecision onretirement.Fortunately,mostseniorofficersinthefunctional areaareveryawareof thesechallenges.JuniorFA40sfrequently receivetheadvicethattheyshoulddotheirbesttoshowtheir commanderwhatSpace-basedassetscanofferhim,butinthe endtheyshouldfocusondoingtheirbestonwhatevertaskthey areassigned,whetheritisrelatedtoSpaceornot.Althoughthis typeof advicedoeshelprelievesomeof theanxietyajunior SpaceOperationsOfficermightfeelwhentaskedtoworkoutsidehisfunctionalarea,itwouldbebettertonotputofficersin thesepositionsinthefirstplace. Beyondtheimpactontheindividuals,assigningFA40sto FiresBrigadeswouldonlytieupalimitedresourcethatmight betterbeusedelsewhere.Withonly235FA40sthroughoutthe entireArmyActiveComponent,usingsixof themtofillwhatare essentiallybranchimmaterialpositionsintheActiveComponent FiresBrigadesdoesnotappeartobethebestuseof ourSpace cadre.Therehavebeenanumberof proposalsforadditional FA40billetsduringthelastseveralyears.Shiftingthepersonnel authorizationsfromtheFiresBrigadestothemostpromisingof theseproposedpositionshasthepotentialtobenefittheArmy asawholeatlittleornocost. Theremaybeatimeinthefuturewheretheincreased dependenceonSpace-basedassetsortheinstabilityof the SpaceenvironmentmayrequireFA40stobeassignedtonotjust theFiresBrigadesbuttotheBrigadeCombatTeamsaswell. Fornow,however,brigade-levelrequirementscanbehandled adequatelybytheDivisionandCorpsSpaceSupportElements. ReassigningpersonnelauthorizationfromtheFiresBrigadesto elsewhereintheSpacecommunityoffersapotentialbenefitto theArmyatnocostandpresentsgreaterlevelsof professional developmentfortheassignedofficers.

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Mike Connolly //// A How-To_Manual

Army Space Cadre News

Mike Connolly //// Bio

InitiallycommissionedasanAirDefenseOfficer,MikeConnolly servedthemajorityof his26yearcareerasanArmyAviatorpriorto beingselectedasaFunctionalArea40duringthefirstCareer FieldDesignationBoard.HisassignmentsasanFA40included Chief of Staff,CheyenneMountainOperationsCenter;Director CommandandControlSystems(J6)CheyenneMountainOperations Center;CommandDirector,CheyenneMountainOperationsCenter; ExecutiveAssistanttotheCommander,U.S.StrategicCommand; Deputy,J36(CurrentOperations),U.S.SpaceCommand;Chief, JointSpaceSupportTeam,U.S.SpaceCommand;Chief,Standards andEvaluationsCheyenneMountainOperationsCenter;and MissionDirector,CheyenneMountainOperationsCenter.Heisa graduateof theU.S.ArmyWarCollegeaswellasEastTennessee StateUniversity.

A " How-To " Manual

for Army Space Personnel Development

Earlierthisyear,thetwoArmyRegulationsthatprovidethe "How-To"forfunctionalareaproponentsreceivedmajorrevisions.AR5-22,TheArmyForceModernizationSystemandAR 600-3,TheArmyPersonnelDevelopmentSystem,wererevised. Theseregulationsprovidetheframeworkandauthoritiesthat allowforthesuccessfulcompletionof ourmission. AR5-22identifiestheCommandingGeneral,UnitedStates ArmySpaceandMissileDefenseCommandastheArmy's ForceModernizationProponentforSpaceandHighAltitude Capabilitiesandassignstheassociatedforcemanagement responsibilitiesof requirementdefinition,forcedevelopment, combatdevelopments,doctrinedevelopments,trainingdevelopments,materialdevelopments,leadershipdevelopmentand educational,personneldevelopments,andfacilitiesdevelopmentsrelativetoDOTMLPF.AR600-3establishestheArmy PersonnelDevelopmentSystemasprescribedinAR5-22.Itis theresponsibilitiesassignedinAR600-3thatserveasthefoundationfortheactivitieswithintheorganizationnowcalledthe PersonnelDevelopmentOffice. TheArmySpacePersonnelDevelopmentOffice(formally theFA40PersonnelProponentOffice)isdirectlyresponsible formanagingtheeightpersonneldevelopmentsystemlifecycle managementfunctionsastheyrelatetoFA40SpaceOperations Officers.Theeightfunctions;structure,acquisition,distribution,development,deployment,compensation,sustainment, andtransitionarederivedfromtheArmy'slifecyclemodeland followtheprocessfromcreatingforcestructurerequirements throughaSoldier'sseparationfromactiveduty.Althoughour officehasspecifiedresponsibilitiesassociatedwitheachfunction,themajorityof FA40Officerswillonlybeaffectedbythe developmentandsustainmentfunctions. AsdefinedinAR600-3,developmentistheprocessof developingpeoplementally,morally,andphysically.Thisincludes characterandleadershipdevelopment,aswellaseducationand training.Amajorfocusof thefunctionisonshapingvalues,

By Mike Connolly

attributes,skillsandminimizingdysfunctionalbehavior. Assuch,developmentmakesasignificantcontributiontothe promotionof theArmy'sculture.Insupportof thisfunction, someof therequirementsassignedtothePersonnelDevelopment Officeinclude: · Ensuringjobanalysiswithinthefunctionalareais conductedtoidentifyrequiredknowledge,skills,abilities andbehaviorbygrade; · ReviewingandprovidingrecommendationsforArmy EducationRequirementsSystemandTrainingWith Industrypositions; · Identifyingcivilianeducationandtraining opportunities; · Ensuringthattrainingforcareerdevelopmentisin concertwithallaspectsof professionaldevelopment; · Conductinganalysisof trainingandeducational requirementsagainstassignedpriorities; · Linkingprofessionaldevelopmenttoleader developmentacrossallthreelevelsof leadership(direct, seniorandstrategic). AR600-3describessustainmentasthemannerinwhichthe Armyattendstothewell-beingof itspeople.Itincludesprograms directedspecificallyatthequalityof lifeandthewell-beingof Soldiers,Civilians,RetireesandtheirFamilies.ItpreparesSoldiers fortherigorof militaryoperationsandFamilyseparation,and encouragesthemtoremainintheArmyasameansof sustaining theforce.Afewof therequirementsassignedtothePersonnel DevelopmentOfficeinsupportof thisfunctionare:

·

(719) 554-0452; [email protected]

Establishingandmaintainingcommunications withmembers; · Representingtheprofessionalinterestof members; · Fosteringpositiveattitudestowardpersonnelsystems andprograms. UnderstandingandexecutingthetasksassignedtotheArmy SpacePersonnelDevelopmentOfficeinAR600-3provides uswiththe"How-To"of supportingtheArmy'sSpacecommunity.AllArmySpaceprofessionalsandenablers,haveour commitmenttomeetallof theserequirementsandtocontinue tomaturetheArmySpacecommunity.Manyof theprograms weareusingtoaccomplishthiscommitmentareoutlinedinthe remainderof thissection.

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Mike Connolly //// Tapping into Space: A How-To_Manual

Tapping into Space

AsIcontemplatedthethemeforthiseditionof theArmySpace Journal,TappingintoSpace:AHow-ToManualandhowto relateittothedevelopmentof ArmySpaceProfessionalsand Enablers,Iinitiallycameupempty.But,byconsideringwhowillbe doingthe"Tapping,"andmorethanlikelyexplainingthe"HowTo,"itquicklybecameclearthatitistheSpaceProfessionaland Enablers,andourchallengeistoappropriatelypreparethem. Inpreviouseditionsof thiscolumn,IhavehighlightedinitiativesthattheArmySpacePersonnelDevelopmentOfficeis takingtomatureFunctionalArea40s(FA40)andSpaceEnablers. Iwouldliketotakethisopportunitytoletyouknowof some successes.

willfillModifiedTableof OrganizationandElementbillets withinthe1stSpaceBrigade,gainingvaluableoperational experiencewhilebuildingasolidfoundationfromwhichto expandtheirSpacerelatedcareer.

·

A How-To Manual

·

·

FA40 4-Year Career Field Designation:Currently,anofficer canonlyrequesttobedesignatedasanFA40attheseven yearpointof theircareer.Althoughthispracticehasprovided sufficientnumbersof officerstomeetArmyrequirements, ithasleadtosomeCaptainbilletsremainingemptyorbeing filledwithMajors.Wetooktheinitiativetorequestthrough theDepartmentof theArmyauthorizationforofficerstobe consideredduringthe4-YearCareerFieldDesignationprocess. OnSept.2,2009,theDepartmentof Army/G1approved ourrequesteffectivewiththe2010CareerFieldDesignation boards.TheofficerswhonowchoosetoselectFA40astheir CareerFieldDesignationatthe4-yearpointof theircareer

FA40 PhD Program:InconjunctionwithHumanResources Command,theArmySpacePersonnelDevelopmentOffice conductedaboardtoselectofficerstopursuetheirPhD throughtheArmy'sAdvancedCivilSchoolingProgram.Three FA40swereselectedandwillbegintheeducationwiththe2010 fallterm.TheyareLTCMikeMcKay,MAJCoryGervingand MAJStephenMurphy.Theseofficerswillcompletetheir3yearcourseof studytoincludeadissertationapprovedbythe U.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefenseCommand/ArmyForces StrategicCommandSeniorLeadership,followedbyclosely managedutilizationtours.ThiseducationoptionforFA40s willensurethattheArmySpaceCommunityiswellsituated tomeetthegrowingdemandsof capabilitydevelopment andSpace-basedmissionsupportrequirements.Althoughthe threeofficersselectedthisyearchosetopursuemostlyhard scienceprogramsthatisnotarequirementforconsideration. Additional Skill Identifier/Skill Identifier 3Y:EffectiveJuly 1,2009enlistedSoldiersandWarrantOfficerscanbeawarded theAdditionalSkillIdentifier/SkillIdentifier3Y.Additionally, theidentifierwasrenamedtoSpaceEnablerandtheArmy SpacePersonnelDevelopmentOfficewasdesignatedasthe proponent.If youareaSoldierorWarrantofficerinterestedin obtaininga3Ydesignation,informationontherequirements andwhotocontactislocatedontheFA40ArmyKnowledge OnlineWebsite.

Civilian Space Enabler coding:Wewereabletosupportthedevelopmentof aSpaceCadreModernization MemothatdirectedU.S.ArmyForceManagement SupportAgencytocodeappropriatecivilianbilletsas SpaceEnablerpositionseffectiveFiscalYear2011. Thisactionwillcontributetothetrackingof Space enablers. Space Fundamentals/Space 200/300 Management: TheFA40PersonnelDevelopmentOfficerecently assumedtheresponsibilityof managingtheArmy'sallocationsfortheSpaceFundamentalsCourseandSpace 200.WehadpreviouslymanagedonlytheSpace300 slots.TheSpace200slotsareforindividualswhoare notattendingSpace200inconjunctionwiththeSpace OperationsOfficerQualificationCourseandareopento militaryandciviliansalike.Additionally,theArmy'sallocationof Space300slotshasincreasedfrom12annually to18.Thesecoursesareopentomembersof theArmy SpaceCadre,bothcivilianandmilitary,notonlyFA40s. AlthoughwenowincludecivilianSpacecadremembers onthestandingSpace300Orderof MeritList,successful completionof Space200isaprerequisite.If youneed oneof thecourses,giveusacall.

·

·

FA40s 4-year | FA40 PhD | New Skill Identifier | CSE Coding

| Space Fundamentals/ Space 200 / 300 Management

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We need your Help!

FA40s,if yourorganizationistalkingabout wantingtoaddFA40authorizations,oryou heartalkaboutFA40authorizationsbeing recodedtoanotherspecialty,pleasecallor e-mailAlHughesintheFA40ArmySpace PersonnelDevelopmentOfficesowecan getinvolvedtoeitherassisttheunitingaining FA40billets,ortrytokeepthebilletswehave.

Al can be reached at (719) 554-0453 or [email protected]

Revisions made to Army Regulations

Earlierthisyear,thetwoArmyRegulationsthatprovidethe "How-To"forfunctionalareaproponentswererevised.These regulations(AR5-22,TheArmyForceModernizationSystem andAR600-3,TheArmyPersonnelDevelopmentSystem)providetheframeworkandauthoritiesthatallowforthesuccessful completionof ourmission. AR5-22identifiestheCommandingGeneral,U.S.Army SpaceandMissileDefenseCommand,astheArmy'sForce ModernizationProponentforSpaceandHighAltitude Capabilities,andassignstheassociatedforcemanagement responsibilitiesof requirementdefinition,forcedevelopment, combatdevelopments,anddevelopmentsrelativetoDoctrine, Organization,Training,Materiel,LeadershipandEducation, PersonnelandFacilities.AR600-3establishestheArmyPersonnel DevelopmentSystemasprescribedinAR5-22.ItistheresponsibilitiesassignedinAR600-3thatserveasthefoundationfor theactivitieswithintheorganizationthatisnowcalledtheArmy SpacePersonnelDevelopmentOffice. TheArmySpacePersonnelDevelopmentOffice(formally theFA40PersonnelProponentOffice)isdirectlyresponsibleformanagingtheeightpersonneldevelopmentsystem lifecyclemanagementfunctionsastheyrelatetoFA40Space OperationsOfficers.Theeightfunctions­Structure,Acquisition, Distribution,Development,Deployment,Compensation, Sustainment,andTransition­arederivedfromtheArmy'slife cyclemodelandfollowtheprocessfromcreatingforcestructure requirementsthroughtoaSoldier'sseparationfromActiveDuty. Althoughourofficehasspecifiedresponsibilitiesassociatedwith eachfunction,themajorityof FA40Officerswillonlybeaffected bytheDevelopmentandSustainmentfunctions. AsdefinedinAR600-3,developmentistheprocessof developingpeoplementally,morallyandphysically.Thisincludes characterandleadershipdevelopment,educationandtraining. Amajorfocusof thefunctionisonshapingvalues,attributes, skillsandminimizingdysfunctionalbehavior.Assuch,devel-

AR 5-22 and AR 600-3

Special Recognition

Congratulationstoeachof theOfficerslistedbelow:

Selected as Astronaut Candidate

opmentmakesasignificantcontributiontothepromotionof theArmy'sculture.Insupportof thisfunction,someof the requirementsassignedtotheArmySpacePersonnelDevelopment Officeinclude: · Ensuringjobanalysiswithinthefunctionalareaisconducted torequireknowledge,skills,abilities,andbehaviorbygrade · ReviewingandprovidingrecommendationsforArmy EducationRequirementsSystemandTrainingWithIndustry positions · Identifyingcivilianeducationandtrainingopportunities · Ensuringthattrainingforcareerdevelopmentisinconcert withallaspectsof professionaldevelopment · Conductinganalysisof trainingandeducationalrequirements againstassignedpriorities · Linkingprofessionaldevelopmenttoleaderdevelopment acrossallthreelevelsofleadership(direct,seniorandstrategic) AR600-3describessustainmentasthemannerinwhichthe Armyattendstothewell-beingof itspeople.Itincludesprogramsdirectedspecificallyatthequalityof lifeandthewell-being of Soldiers,Civilians,RetireesandtheirFamilies.Itprepares Soldiersfortherigorof militaryoperationsandFamilyseparation,andencouragesthemtoremainintheArmyasameans of sustainingtheforce.Afewof therequirementsassignedto theArmySpacePersonnelDevelopmentOfficeinsupportof thisfunctionare: · Establishingandmaintainingcommunicationswithmembers · Representingtheprofessionalinterestof members · Fosteringpositiveattitudestowardpersonnelsystems andprograms UnderstandingandexecutingthetasksassignedtotheArmy SpacePersonnelDevelopmentOfficeinAR600-3providesus withthe"How-To"of supportingtheArmy'sSpacecommunity.Itisourdutyandcommitmenttomeetallof theserequirementsinordertocontinuematuringtheFA40careerfieldand theofficers,enlistedSoldiersandCiviliansidentifiedasSpace ProfessionalsandEnablers.

Accessions

Congratulationsandwelcometo thenewFA40slistedbelow:

MAJ Ronald Hinkle CPT Anthony Gelormine CPT Todd Letellier CPT Kenneth Rich CPT Derek Bothern MAJ Stephen Parrish MAJ Diana Loucks CPT Matthew Kasky CPT Rob Gleghorn

Promotions

CongratulationstotheFA40s listedbelowontheirpromotions:

2009

LTC Mark Vande Hei LTC Bob Guerriero LTC Tori Miralda

Jun.

2009

COL Jim Meisinger

Senior Service College Selection

Jul.

LTC Chris Crawford LTC Ken Klock

Selected as 1st Space Brigade Commander

COL Eric Henderson

2009 LTC Brian Soldon Aug. LTC Michael York

Selected For Advanced Civil Schooling for their PhD Degree

LTC Mike McKay MAJ Corey Gerving MAJ Stephen Murphy

Selected For Advanced Civil Schooling for their PhD Degree

2009 LTC Paul Fritz Sep. MAJ Thomas Amodeo MAJ Ken Nickerson 2009

Oct.

LTC Timothy Tubergen MAJ Kaysteine Briggs MAJ Jason Needler MAJ Ian Sein

LTC Pete Wirth

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"Institution of Excellence"

USASMDC FWC DCD an

Training Insights

Larry Mize //// Bio

By Larry Mize

LTGKevinCampbell,commandinggeneral,U.S.ArmySpaceandMissile DefenseCommand/ArmyForcesStrategicCommandpresentedtheofficial Certificateof AccreditationsignedbyGENMartinDempsey,commandinggeneral,U.S.TrainingandDoctrineCommand,toCOLBruceSmith,FutureWarfare Center,Directorateof CombatDevelopmentonOct.22.Theceremonywas conductedinthesameDCDclassroomwhereFA40SpaceOperationsOfficer QualificationCoursesareconducted.Duringtheceremony,LTGCampbell acknowledgedthemonumentalachievementandthankedalltheDCDtraining professionalsrecognizingthatittookalotof personalandprofessionalpride toearnthisdistinction.The2009SummerEdition,Vol.8,No.2,of theArmy SpaceJournaldetailedtheU.S.TrainingandDoctrineCommandaccreditation process,qualityassurancestandardsandDCDpreparationsthatculminatedin theInstitutionof Excellencedesignation.

LarryMizegraduatedfromXavierUniversitywithaBachelorof ScienceinMathematicsin1973.Heenteredactiveserviceinthe UnitedStatesNavyservingacareerspecializinginNavalIntelligence, AircraftCarrierOperations,NavalSpecialWarfare(SEALs),andSpace Operations.HeattendedFrenchlanguagetrainingattheDefense LanguageInstituteandSubsequentlyservedastheU.S.NavyLiaison OfficertotheCommanderFrenchForcesIndianOcean/French ForeignLegion/CommandosMarineinDjibouti.HeattendedNaval PostgraduateSchoolandwasawardedaMasterof ScienceinSpace Systemsin1986,subsequentlyservingatU.S.SpaceCommand andU.S.StrategicCommand.MizeiscurrentlyChief of Spaceand Ground-basedMidcourseDefenseEducationTraining.

A Successful Partnership

FutureWarfareCenter,Directorateof CombatDevelopment isequallyproudwhenitscontractorteamreceivesdue recognitionfortheircontributionstomissionsuccessand strengthinourpartnership.Recently,RandyCash,from theComputerSciencesCorporationheadquartersofficein Huntsville,Ala.,visitedColoradoSprings,Colo.Alongwith FWCDCD,LarryMize,Chief of Training,Cashrecognized threeComputerSciencesCorporationemployees. DebHarveyandJimTraversereceivedLettersof Appreciationfortheirdedicationandprofessionalismthat contributedtoFWCDCDsuccessfullypassingU.S.Training andDoctrineCommand'saccreditationinspectionand receivingdesignationasanInstitutionof Excellence. ClemMorriswasrecognizedwithComputerSciences Corporation'sNewEmployeeof theQuarterAwardforoutstandingcustomerserviceforhissupporttoFWCDCDtraining.ChrisBerisford,AN/TPY-2(FBM)coursemanager presentedtheaward.

Larry Mize and Deb Harvey

(719) 554-4545; [email protected]

Chris Berisford and Clem Morris

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2009 Army Space Operations Officer Qualification Course (SOOQC) Graduates

Congratulationstothefifty-twoU.S.ArmySpace ProfessionalsandEnablersandoneU.S.MarineCorps SpaceOfficerwhosuccessfullycompletedtheir10weeksof indepthSpaceeducationandtraining. Coursesfor2010arescheduled · SOOQC10-01:June7­Aug.13,2010 · SOOQC10-02:Sept.8­Nov.10,2010

JTAGS Class 09-06 Graduates

By Greg Hatfield, JTAGS IQT Course Manager

Space Operations Officer Qualification Course //// 09-01

FRONT TO BACK: Row 1 - CPT Ian P. Sein, CPT Rodney H. Gomez, BG Kurt S. Story, MAJ William E. Symolon, CPT James T. Edwards Jr., MAJ Brian C. Bolio, CPT Thomas M. Amodeo, and LTC Charles G. Simpson; Row 2 - LTC Joseph E. Touchet, MAJ Yaqui M. Oselen, 1LT Kent B. Gneiting, MAJ Linda K. Lewis, CPT Adam L. Brink, CPT Randolph W. Leach, CPT James Adams, CPT Brian D. Slosman and MAJ David M. Briggs; Row 3 - LTC Elizabeth L. Yarbrough, MAJ Siegfried J. Ullrich, MAJ Bryan G. Juntunen, CPT Gregory E. Hotaling, MAJ Gregory K. Sharpe, CPT Kaysteine J. Briggs, MAJ Brian D. Casburn, CPT Christopher R. Dziados and CPT Zachary J. Conly.

ThefirsthurdleanySoldierbeingassignedtoaJoint TacticalGroundStationDetachmentmustovercomeistheJTAGS-InitialQualificationTraining. TheJTAGS-IQTisdesignedtoprovideSoldiers withthetoolstheywillneedtoperformtheircriticalmissileearlywarningmission.Aftercompleting sevenweeksof intensetraining,class09-06demonstratedtheywereuptothechallengebyearningan impressiveclassaverageof 95.47percent.Academic excellencecannotbeachievedbythestudent'sefforts alone,italsorequiresateamof dedicatedprofessionals

tocoach,teach,andmentorthem.TheCadrefor theJTAGS-IQTworkcontinuallytoensurethe studentsarewelltrainedandthecoursetraining materialsarecurrent.Theinstructorsarehandpicked bythecommandandhavecurrentoperationalexperience,whichensuresthetrainingisrelevant,realistic, andmeetstheneedsof thewarfighter.Thenumber onepriorityof theteamistoensureSoldiersare trainedandsenttotheforwardsiteswiththeknowledgeandskillsrequiredtoperformtheirmissionas JTAGSoperators.

JTAGS Class Graduates //// Class 09-06

FROM LEFT TO RIGHT SPC Seamus Lynch (JTAGS-Germany); SGT Chad Raudebaugh (JTAGS-Japan); SSG Jason Pitre (JTAGSKorea); SGT Robert Hixenbaugh (JTAGSJapan); SGT Sean Carrier (JTAGS-Germany); CPT Brad Townsend (JTAGS-CENTCOM); SGT Matthew Bernat (JTAGS-Germany)

Space Operations Officer Qualification Course //// 09-02

Row 1 (left to right): CPT Kai J. Thompson, 1LT Steven B. Dunlap, BG Kurt S. Story, CPT Luis A. Quintana, CPT Lara J. Suarez, CPT Stephen J. Cameron, CPT Leah G. Roberts. Row 2: CPT David F. Keithan, MAJ Christopher J. Ortiona, MAJ Stephen M. Parrish, CPT Amy K. Sitze, MAJ Noel B. Barber, CPT Bret H. Bellizio, CPT Terry L. Davis. Row 3: SSG Kevin J. Hardy, MAJ David R. Sonnek, CPT David M. Sturgis, 1LT Ryan A. Berry, MAJ Scott J. Hartman, MAJ Ronald T. Hinkle. Row 4: CPT Matthew J. Cannon, 1LT Rebecca L. Durbin, 2LT Yolanda T. Rife, CPT Michael B. Palmgreen. Row 5: MAJ Glen D. Blackburn, MAJ Jason I. Needler, MAJ Anthony J. Newman, MAJ Craig W. Cox, MAJ Jeffrey L. Meeker.

JTAGS Training Staff

SGT Clayton Ratliff; Gregory Hatfield; SFC Todd Avery; CW3 Jeffrey Sprague; David Futty; Keese Pond; SGT Jesse Jacka

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MAJ Anderson //// Preping_Your_Files

Career Management

MAJ Anderson //// Bio

CommissionedasaFieldArtilleryOfficer,MAJEdAndersonis currentlyservingastheFA40CareerManager.Hisassignmentshave includedDeputyCommander,MissileWarningCenter,Cheyenne MountainOperationsCenter;Chief,MissileDefenseIntegration, CMOC;andSpaceControlPlanner,1stSpaceBrigade.Heisa graduateof theInterserviceSpaceIntelligenceOperationsCourse, Ground-basedMissileDefenseOperatorsCourse,SpaceOperations OfficerQualificationCourse,andSpace300.

Anumberof boardsarecominguponusquickly.Recommendyou startpreparingyourfilefortheboardnow.TheHumanResources CommandFA40Websitehastoolstoassistyou.Reoccurring problemareasinclude: · Currentphysical(i.e.PULHES) · eMILPOTourData · DAPhoto

Getting Ready for Boards

By MAJ Ed Anderson

Attention: Upcoming Changes

· ORBs FA40swillbegintoseechangestotheirOfficerRecordBriefs overthenextfewmonths.DuetorecentchangesinhowtheArmy tracksitsSpaceCadre,I'llberemovingthe3YSkillIdentifierfromthe OfficerRecordBriefsof FA40s.TheArmySpaceCadreconsistsof SpaceProfessionals(FA40s)andSpaceEnablers(personnelwiththe 3YSkillIdentifier).TheArmyG1approvedtheexpansionof the3Y SkillIdentifiertoWarrantOfficersandEnlistedSoldiersandrenamed itSpaceEnablers.Assuch,anFA40withthe3YSkillIdentifieris redundantandthedecisionhasbeenmadetoremoveit. · OSMPP OnNov.2,2009,HumanResourcesCommandestablishedanOfficerServiceManagementPilotProgram.Thefourand sevenyearFunctionalDesignationboardswillremaintheprimary routeforaccessingofficersintofunctionalareas.TheOfficerService ManagementPilotProgramchangesthefunctionaltransferprocess. BeginningFebruary2010,HumanResourcesCommandwillconvene quarterlypanelstobalanceCPTsandMAJsacrossallbranches/functionalareas.Thegoalistoallowofficerstoadjusttheirservicepaths basedonArmyrequirements.Detailsof thisprogramaredescribed inMILPERMessage09-243andontheHumanResourcesCommand FA40Website.SinceeveryFA40isapotentialrecruiterforthecareer field,it'simportantthatyouarefamiliarwiththesechangessothat youcanbetteradviseofficersinterestedinbecominganFA40.

Important Dates :

WED.

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Fiscal Year 2010 LTC Board (Year Group 94/95) ConvenesFeb.17,2010.AnticipatetheMILPER MessagereleaseNovember2009andMy BoardFiletoopenmidDecember2009. Fiscal Year 2010 SSC Board (LTC) ConvenesMarch30,2010.Anticipatethe MILPERMessagereleaseJanuary2010and MyBoardFiletoopenFebruary2010. Fiscal Year 2010 COL Board (Year Group 89/90) ConvenesJune8,2010(onemonth earlierthanpastboards).Anticipatethe MILPERMessagereleaseFebruary2010 andMyBoardFiletoopenApril2010.

TUE.

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(703) 325-0748 DSN 221-0748; [email protected]

TUE.

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www.smdc-armyforces.army.mil/ASJ

opportunitytolearnfromoneanother.Newridersareencouragedtolearnfromriderswithmoreexperienceandviceversa. Everymotorcycleriderlearnsfromeachotherregardlessthe levelof experience. "WediscusshandandarmsignalsprovidedbytheMotorcycle SafetyFoundation,basicmotorcycleetiquette,andthenlaunch agroupmotorcycleridetoadesignatedlocation." OncetheyarriveattheirdestinationManalosaysthegroup conductsafteractionreviews,discussobservationsfromtheride, re-emphasizemotorcycleetiquetteandfinisheswithasaferide backtotheunit. Anativeof thePhilippines,Manalohasbeenridingsince hewas14andcurrentlyhas23yearsunderhisbelt. Asforoneof theArmySpaceSoldierswhohasjoinedthe programSGTBrandonK.LaForce,says,"Ithinktheselastfew rideshavebeengreat." "Ifeelthatithelpsbuildcamaraderieintheunitandithelpsnew riderstofeelmorecomfortablewiththeirlimitedexperience." "SometimesasaveteranriderIthinkyoutendtogetcomplacentwith yoursurroundings,andthesafetyclassesthatweconductbefore theseridesareareminderforyoutocontinuetoridedefensively." Acurrentownerof aYamahaYZF600sportbike,LaForce hasbeenridingforabouteightyears. "Inmyopinion,youlearnsomethingneweverytimeyou ride.UntilthisprogramstartedIhadn'tdonemuchridinginlarge groupsandIthinkthatIhavelearnedtodoitsafely."

e-mail: [email protected] twitter: http://twitter.com/theASJeditor blog: http://armyspacejournal.blogspot.com

Peterson, left, and Levy, center, pull out on their sport bikes while Hartwig brings up the rear with something more classic

... I like smoke and lightning Heavy metal thunder Racin' with the wind ... Born to be wild

Words and music by Mars Bonfire Manalo, the brigade's HHC `Top', assumes the position as he races in the wind

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ARMy SPACE ANGELS

Practice Safe Riding Skills

" ... The brigade motorcycle mentorship program allows the command to place focus on motorcycle safety."

CSM Cody Baker, 1st Space Battalion

Story and Photos By DJ Montoya, 1st Space Brigade

SMDC/ARSTRAT Angels with their bikes (left to right): Jeffrey Major, civilian guest rider; SGT Brandon LaForce, HHC, SMDC/ ARSTRAT; SS Kristina Levy, HHC, 1st Space Brigade; 1SG Benjamin Hartwig, HHC, 1st Space Battalion; SFC Jamey Peterson, 4th Space Company, 1st Space Battalion; 1SG Anthony Manalo, HHC, 1st Space Brigade; and CSM William Baker, 1st Space Battalion.

"Get your motor runnin', Head out on the highway, Lookin' for adventure, And whatever comes our way..."

PETERSONAIRFORCEBASE,Colo.­Thesearethelyricsto classicrocksong"BorntoBeWild"performedby"Steppenwolf " backin1968.Theycometomindwhenoneenvisionsthemself onthebackof amotorcyclecruisingdowntheopenhighwayin oneof those`biker'moviesbeitMarlonBrandoin"TheWild One"from1953,DennisHopper's1969classic"EasyRider,"or TimAllenandJohnTravoltainthe2007"WildHogs." ThesamecanbesaidforU.S.ArmySpaceandMissile DefenseCommand/ArmyForcesStrategicCommandSoldiers, howeverthissenseof freedominthewindcancomewith aheavyprice. Accordingto1SGBenjaminJ.Hartwig,firstsergeant, HeadquartersandHeadquartersCompany,1stSpaceBattalion, "Thenumberof Soldiersridingmotorcyclesbegantorise drasticallyin2004whentheybegantoreturnfrom12and15 monthdeployments." "Therewere22motorcyclerelatedfatalitiesthatyearand continuedtoriseuntilfiscalyear2008whenwehad51fatalities. Lastyearinfiscalyear2009therewere31motorcyclesrelated fatalities."

Ownerof botha2007YamahaRoadStarcruiseranda2002 YamahaR1sportbike,Hartwigemphasized,"WehavebeenfortunatetoonlyhavehadminoraccidentsinvolvingArmySpace SoldiersintheColoradoSpringsarea.Idon'twantittobejust dumbluckthatiskeepingusaliveandinthefight.Motorcycling isadangerous,butextremelyfunlifestyleandshouldreceivespecificattentioninordertoensurethesafetyof ourSoldiers." TothisendtheSMDCColoradoSpringsMotorcycle MentorshipProgramwascreated.Aspartof theprogram,which includesmonthlymeetingsandtrainingsessions,several`rides' areslatedduringtheyeartoletArmySpaceSoldierswatch,learn, andgainexperience. ThemostrecenteventookplacebackonSeptember25when afewArmySpaceSoldiersandacivilianguesttookabikeride entitledappropriately`InTheWind.' ThejourneywassupposetotakearoutefromPetersonAir ForceBasetoSedalia,Colo.,withalunchstopinCastleRock, Colo.,andthenreturnbacktobase.UnfortunatelyweatherconditionswerechancyandtheroutewasswitchedtoLimon,Colo., ashorterjourney. Priortothesojournparticipantsviewedamotorcyclesafety video,hadtheirrespectivecyclesinspected,andwerepairedup withappropriatementorsbeforetakingtothehighway. Thiswasthethirdinaseriesfortheyear.Twopreviousrides tookplaceallonFridays­thefirstwasbackonMay8whichjourneyedtoCanonCity,Colo.,andreturnedtoPeterson,thesecond tookplaceonJune12viaCrippleCreekandendingatTurkey CreekRanchjustoutsideof FortCarson,Colo.,fortheannual USASMDC/ARSTRATOperationsorganizationalpicnic.

"IstartedthisprogramthisyearwhenIidentifiedhow manyriderswehadinSMDCandnoprogramwaspresent," saidCSMWilliamC.Baker,1stSpaceBattalion,andownerof twoBigdogchoppers. Baker,whohasover35yearsof ridingexperience,began theprogramatthebattalionlevel,butrecognizedtheneedto moveittothebrigade. "Normallywehaveapproximately65participantsshowup. Italldependsonmissionrequirements.Wehavealsoworked withtheFortCarsonMotorcycleMentorshipprogramandfeed off eachotherforsupport­twoseparateprograms,butwehelp eachother.Thebrigademotorcyclementorshipprogramallows thecommandtoplacefocusonmotorcyclesafety." Buttheprogramisnotjustaboutgettingtogetherandjumpingonabikeheadingfortheopenspaces.Thereisalotmoretoit withleadersinthebattalionandthebrigadetakingresponsibility. "Atthecompanylevelleaderskeeptrackof whothemotorcycleridersare,"says1SGAnthonyH.Manalo,firstsergeant, HHC,1stSpaceBrigade. "Leadersalsoconductsafetyinspectionsof themotorcyclesateachsafetyeventandverifyendorsementsrequiredby law.Theseincludethepoliciesandregulationsgovernbythe Army.Inaddition,theyemphasizeandstrictlyenforcetheuse of properprotectiveequipment/clothingandDepartmentof Transportationapprovedequipment.Allmotorcycleridersare requiredtoattendaMotorcycleSafetyCoursewhetheritisthe basicortheexperiencedriderskillstrainingcourse." Manalo,whoridesaHarleyHeritageSoftailClassic,states, "Weconductgroupridestogiveyoungandnewridersthe

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SGT Sarah Haskins

A member of the Fort Lee team (center) directs competitors to a laptop for instructions on their next event. Photos by Dottie White, USASMDC/ARSTRAT Competitors march to their next event during the 2009 Department of the Army Best Warrior Competition at Fort Lee, Va.

SGT Travis Parsons

SGT HASkINS

Unit: 4th Space Company, Peterson Air Force Base, Colo. Job: 35S ­ Signals Analyst Education: Associate's Degree in Liberal Arts ­ Community College Allegheny County; pursuing Bachelor's Degree in Criminology ­ Colorado State University. Hometown: Howards Grove, Wis.

U S A S M D C / A R S T R AT NCOS

BRING THEIR BEST TO DA

By Dottie White, USASMDC/ARSTRAT

FORTLEE,Va.­Twoof U.S.ArmySpaceandMissile DefenseCommand/ArmyForcesStrategicCommand's Warriorswereamong24whocompetedintheDepartment of theArmy'sBestWarriorCompetitionhereSept.28 throughOct.3. Theevent,initseighthyear,pittedtopnoncommissionedofficersandSoldiersfrom12commandsagainst eachotherinthequestforthetitlesof Departmentof the ArmyNoncommissionedOfficerandSoldierof theYear. SGTSarahHaskins,aSignalsAnalystwith4thSpace Company,1stSpaceBattalionoutof PetersonAirForce Base,Colo.,representedUSASMDC/ARSTRATas NoncommissionedOfficerof theYear. SGTTravisParsons,aSatelliteNetworkController fromEchoCompany,53rdSignalBattalioninOkinawa, Japan,competedasthecommand'sSoldierof theYear.

SGT PARSONS

Unit: Echo Company, 53rd Signal Battalion, Okinawa, Japan Job: 25S ­ Satellite Network Controller Education: 32 semester hours ­ University of Maryland University College ­ Asia. Hometown: Columbia, S.C.

Haskins,theonlyfemaleNoncommissionedOfficercompeting,said,"Idecidedtoparticipatebecause[USA]SMDChas neverwonthecompetitionbefore,andIthoughtIwouldgive itmybesttrytobethefirst. "IenjoyedshowingthatIknewhowtodoalltheskillsand tasksrequiredof meandprovingthatIcandoanythingany otherSoldiercando,"shesaid. TheweekbeganwiththeCommandSergeantsMajorBoard appearance.TheWarriorswereexpectedtohavecommandof theirappearanceandknowledgeof theArmy.Eachcompetitor facedtheboardindividuallyandwasrequiredtoansweravariety of questionsrelatedtotheArmy. Thefollowingdayincludeddistributionof equipmentand safetybriefings.Warriorshadanopportunitytocheckovertheir equipmentandmakesuretheyhadeverythingtheyneededfor theweek.Haskinsfoundtheissuedequipmenttobeoneof the mostchallengingpartsof thecompetition. "ThegearthatIwasgivenwastoolargeformeandthereforeveryheavy,"shesaid."Mychallengewassupportingallthat weightfor14-hourdaysif notlonger.Itwasverychallenging, butIwasabletodoit." Earlythenextmorning,thecompetitionkickedoff withan ArmyPhysicalFitnessTestconsistingof sit-ups,pushupsanda two-milerun.BothHaskinsandParsonsdidexceptionallywell onthisportionof thecompetition. TheAPFTwasfollowedbyawrittenexam.Later,thecompetitorsgatheredforthedaytimeurbanorienteeringcourse.The Soldierswererequiredtonavigateonfoottovariouspointsof FortLeeandwerefacedwithresolvingscenariossuchashostage situations.Thatevening,theycompletedthenighttimeurban orienteeringcourse. Dayfourconsistedof Warriortasks,battledrillsandrange qualifications.Thecompetitorswererequiredtoworkthrough battlefieldscenariosincluding:IndividualConductandtheLaws of War;CombatFirstAidandUnexplodedOrdnance.

CompetitorswerealsorequiredtofiretheM4rifle,thebasic weaponof today'sWarrior,atasetnumberof targetsunder timedconditionsduringdayandnightoperations. Afteranexhaustingweekforthecompetitors,thefinalday arrived.Anotherearlymorningafterlittlesleepbeganwiththe mysteryevent.Thiseventwasdesignedtoseehowwellthe Warriorscouldthinkontheirfeetwhileunderphysicalandmentalstress. Soldiersdealtwithemergencytrauma,hostagerescue,uniforminspection,ahumveerolloverandacombativestournamenttofinishthecompetition. Today'sSoldiersmustbeversedinavarietyof Warriortasks outsideof theirprimarymilitaryoccupationalskill."Outof the 24competitors,therewere19differentoccupationalspecialtiesthatwererepresented,"saidSergeantMajorof theArmy KennethO.Preston.HaskinsandParsonsbothrepresented USASMDC/ARSTRATwithtrueclass,courageandintegrity throughouttheweek. HaskinsgavecredittohersponsorSSGDerrickGibson. "Icouldn'thavedoneitaswellwithoutmysponsorandmentorStaff SergeantGibson.MostthingsIlearnedaboutbeinga goodnoncommissionedofficer,Ilearnedfromhim.Hereally helpedmeoutwhenIneededitandpreparedmeverywellfor thecompetition." Attheendof theweeklongcompetition,SFCAaron Beckman,U.S.ArmyEurope,wasnamedthe2009Department of theArmyNoncommissionedOfficerof theYear,andSPC ClancyHendersonfromU.S.ArmyForcesCommandwonthe 2009ArmySoldierof theYear. "WhatIwanttosayaboutalltheWarriorsisthatIamvery, veryproudof allof them,"saidPreston."Theyareallwinners. Nowwhentheygoback,Iwantthemtobethesubjectmatter expertsintheirunitsandorganizationsandpassallthethings thattheyhavelearnedontotheSoldierswhoworkforthem."

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ARSST 4

in the field

Members of U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command/Army Forces Strategic Command's Army Space Support Team 4 are providing Space Support to the Warfighters on the ground.

A Marine member of VMF/VMA-124/155 shares a story with MAJ Stephen Parrish of the 1st Space Brigade. The visiting members of the WWII squadrons spent part of their annual reunion at U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command/Army Forces Strategic Command's Building Three where they had lunch with Soldiers from the command and were given a command brief and short tour of the building. Photo By Sharon L. Hartman, USASMDC/ARSTRAT

PAST TO PRESENT

WWII Marine Vets meet with Command Soldiers

By Sharon L. Hartman, USASMDC/ARSTRAT

PETERSONAIRFORCEBASE,Colo.--WorldWarIImembersof MarineFixedWingSquadronsVMF/VMA-124and VMF-155enjoyedthecompanyof U.S.ArmySpaceandMissile DefenseCommand/ArmyForcesStrategicCommandSoldiers duringaluncheononFriday.Theluncheon,followedbycommandbriefingsandashorttourof PetersonAirForceBase's BuildingThree,servedaspartof theVMF/VMA-124andVMF155annualreunion,conductedthisyearinColoradoSprings, Colo.TheMarinesinattendancewerepartof thesquadrons whichfoughtinthePacificduringWWII--bothamongthe firsttobebasedoff aircraftcarriers.VMA124hassincebecome aMarineReserveSquadronbasedoutof theNavalAirStation inMemphis,Tenn.VMF-155wasdeactivatedonOct.15,1945, shortlyaftertheendof hostilitieswithJapan.

kOPRA

U.S. Army Astronaut, COL Timothy Kopra speaks via videoteleconference to Chief of Staff of the Army, GEN George W. Casey.

in Space

MG (ret) Bob Hollingsworth (front), USMC, facilitated the visit from the WWII Marine Squadron veterans. Hollingsworth directs attention to an unseen piece of art during a brief tour given by Peter Stauffer (far right) of the G6. Photo By Michael Kahl , USASMDC/ARSTRAT

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RECEIVES NEW DEFENDERS

List of Graduates:

100th Missile Defense Brigade

By SGT Michael Cost 100th Missile Defense Brigade (GMD)

1LTMarianoBarajas(DistinguishedHonorGraduate),2LTRhettKelly(Honor Graduate),1LTJavierBarrera,SGTWilliamCarey,LTCMarkEmmer,MAJJohn Ferko,SSGDerrickHolmes,1LTMichaelLong,Mr.DonaldMessmerJr.,SSG DuaneOstrowski,SGTNormandD.PerkinsIII,SSGAmyRodriguez,CPTWilliam ShanahanJr.,SFCRussellSmartIII,CPLScottStone,1LTMichaelTatz.

SSG Duane Ostrowski, 49th Missile Defense Battalion, receives his diploma after graduating from the Ground-based Midcourse Defense Operating Training Program August 28. To graduate from this course students must achieve a 90 percent or higher overall score.

2LT Rhett T. Kelly, 49th Missile Defense Battalion, receives the Army Achievement Medal from LTC Mark Krzeczowski, 100th Missile Defense Brigade Executive Officer, for accomplishing Honor Graduate status from the Ground-based Midcourse Defense Operators Course August 28. Kelly achieved a 99 percent overall score throughout the course.

Sixteen Ground-based Midcourse Defense system operators stand together before their graduation ceremony August 28. They are the newest 16 out of only 209 total graduates.

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MAJ Tad Hervas

Coon Rapids, Minn. Deputy Space Support Element Chief 34th ("Red Bull") Infantry Division Minnesota Army National Guard

FROM BLUE,

TO GREEN,

TO GOD

An Army Space Operations Officer's Service and Ultimate Sacrifice

By Larry Mize and Bill Coffey, FWC DCD Training

ThemilitarySpacecommunitywasdeeplysaddenedbythe untimelynewsthatoneof theirown,anArmySpaceProfessional, paidtheultimatepricedefendingthenation. MAJTadT.Hervas,48,anArmySpaceOperationsOfficer, fromCoonRapids,Minn.,diedOct.6,2009,of injuriessustained fromanon-combatrelatedincidentatContingencyOperating BaseinBasra,Iraq,whileonhisthirdwartimetourof duty. Duringhismostrecentcombattour,Hervaswasassignedasthe DeputySpaceSupportElementChief withadditionaldutyin directsupportof G2of the34th("RedBull")InfantryDivision (MinnesotaArmyNationalGuard).The34thInfantryDivision iscurrentlyservingastheUnitedStatesDivision­Southwhich providescommandandcontrolof a16,000membermultinational andIraqisecurityforceinnineof Iraq'seighteenprovinces(an arearoughlythesizeof hishomestate). HervasisthefirstArmySpaceOperationsOfficerkilledin theater.HebeganhisSpaceOperationscareerwhenheattended theSpaceOperationsOfficerQualificationCourseinlate2007. In2008,HervasbeganworkingasafulltimeGuardsmanwiththe

34thInfantryDivision'sheadquartersinRosemont,Minn.,helpingthemprepareandtrainfortheirupcomingcombatdeployment.Heservedasoneof twoArmySpaceOperationsOfficers intheArmy'sfirstNationalGuardSpaceSupportElement. HervasisfondlyrememberedbyhisSpaceOperations OfficerQualificationCourseclassmates."[Hewas]theweekly footballpool`guru'thatmadesureeveryonewhoparticipated onaweeklybasishadtheirpicksturnedin.Averyoutgoing, vibrantandenergeticpersonwhoabsolutelylovedbeingaSpace Officer,"saidMAJToddLeitschuh,ArmySpaceOperations Officerandclassmate. "IrememberTad.Hewasquietandagoodman.Icannot believehe'sgone.[It's]reallysadandahugeloss.Hewassonice," recallsMAJJenniferAdams-Buckhouse,anotherArmySpace OperationsOfficerandclassmate. HervaswasbornJan.16,1961,inWisconsinandgrewupin asmallsuburbof Minneapolisinafamilyof sixchildren.During highschool,asaseniorandquarterbackof theCoonRapidsHigh SchoolCardinalsfootballteam,heledhisteamtostatefinalsin 1979.AfterhighschoolheattendedtheUniversityof Minnesota inDuluthduringwhichtimeheearnedhiscommissionthrough theAirForceReserveOfficerTrainingCorpsprogram. HeenteredtheAirForcerightaftercollegegraduation.As anAirForceofficer,then,LieutenantHervasservedasanavigatorforKC-135air-refueling"tanker"planes.Onhisthirtieth birthday,Jan.16,1991,asOperationDesertStormstarted,hewas navigatingoneof histankershighabovetheskiesnearBaghdad refuelingAirForcefightersasthefirstdayof theaircampaign againstIraqimilitaryforcesbegan.AfterDesertStormandafter hisinitialserviceobligationwascompleted,hereturnedtocivilianlifeworkingforahomerenovationbusiness. AfterSept.11,Hervasreturnedtothemilitary,thistime withtheArmy.AsanArmycaptain,hedeployedtoIraqforthe secondtimeastheBatteryCommanderof EchoBattery,216th AirDefenseArtillery;aunitof the"RedBull"Division.During thisdeployment,thenCPTHervasandhisSoldierspatrolleda volatile12-square-milesectionsouthof Baghdadwhichincludedacriticaloilrefinery,earninghimaBronzeStar.Duringthis deploymenthisbatterycapturedakeymemberof oneof Saddam

Hussein'ssecretpolice.AccordingtoTad'sfatherNed,"Itwasan extremelydangeroussituationalmostdailyandyethereturned toMinnesotawithallthemeninhisunitstillalive." HedeployedtoBasraIraqinApril2009.Inadditiontohis Spaceoperationsduties,Hervas,alsoaMilitaryIntelligenceofficer,servedastheG2CurrentOperationsChief fortheDivision OperationsCenterthroughouthismostrecentdeployment.This timehesawprogressinIraq,andwasproudthattheSoldiers of theRedBullDivisionwerehelpingrebuildthecountry.Just daysbeforehisdeath,HervasreturnedtoIraqfromhistwoweekmidtourleave,wherehespenttimeinMinnesotavisiting familyandfriendsandtimeintheriver,troutfishingwithone of hisbrothers. Hervaswasknownforhissmile,senseof humor,andthe abilitytomakeanyonelaugh.Accordingtohisdad,Tadwould "offertheshirtoff hisbackandexpectnothinginreturn."He waswellrespectedasanofficerbyhisSoldiersforhisabilityto puthisrankasideandrelatetoallSoldiersatalllevels.Itwas hishonortoserveintheArmedForcestoprotecthiscountry andsecureourfreedoms.Tad'spassionswerefamily,friends, cooking,makingothershappy,sports,hisdogsandstanding inariverflyfishing.Healwayssaid"it'sneverabaddaywhen you'reontheriver." Onhisfinaljourneyhome,HervasarrivedinMinneapolis onOct.14,toahero'swelcomeaccompaniedbythePatriot Guards.Hewaslaidtorest,inhisdressblues,onOct.17,atthe FortSnellingNationalCemetery,perchedabovethetranquil banksof theMississippiRiver,notfarfromthehomehegrew upin,inMinneapolis,Minn. Awelldecoratedofficer,HervasreceivedtheBronzeStar medal,aswellastheAirMedal,AirForceCommendationMedal, AirForceAchievementMedal,NationalDefenseServiceMedal, SouthwestAsiaServiceMedal,GlobalWaronTerrorismService Medal,ArmedForcesReserveMedalwith"M"Device,the CombatActionBadgeandtheIraqCampaignMedal. HervasissurvivedbyhisgrandmothersBerthaMelbyand ClaraHervas,hislovingparentsNedandBarbHervas,fivesiblings,niecesandnephewsandhisbeloveddog.Hervaswillbe missed,butneverforgotten.

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SMA VISITS 49TH MISSILE DEFENSE BATTALION

Photos by SGT Jack W. Carlson III, 49th Missile Defense Battalion

SMA Kenneth Preston speaks with SGT Murray Harrison, Communications Operator Echo Crew, 49th Missile Defense Battalion, about his responsibilities in the defense of the nation from limited intercontinental ballistic missile threats. SMA Preston made his first visit to the Missile Defense Complex on July 7th during his tour of Army installations in Alaska.

SMA Kenneth Preston watches as SGT Michael Freeman, Military Police Officer, 49th Missile Defense Battalion, illustrates the complexities of the security systems used by military police officers in securing and defending the Missile Defense Complex at Fort Greely, Alaska.

FROM LEFT TO RIGHT SFC Richard DeBilzan, Systems Integrator, 49th Missile Defense Battalion, SMA Kenneth Preston, and CSM Bradford Quigley, 49th Missile Defense Battalion Command Sergeant Major, watch as Missile Defenders from the 49th Missile Defense Battalion conduct training on the Ground-based Midcourse Defense Systems Trainer (GST). The simulation runs on the GST are designed to challenge the operators with a plethora of scenarios they may encounter during an engagement of an incoming threat missile.

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STRONG BONDS

LEFT TO RIGHT, SFC Wilfredo Cabili, SFC Charles L. Robinson III and SPC Kenneth Kamrowski of Alpha Detachment, 1st Space Company (JTAGS-Europe) laid a wreath at the Normandy National Military Cemetery.

1st Space Company Builds

By Chaplain (MAJ) Kevin Pies and MAJ Eric Little, Former Commander, 1st Space Company (JTAGS)

Alpha Detachment, 1st Space Company (JTAGS-Europe) stands in front of the Belleau Wood memorial near Paris, France. The memorial commemorates a WWI Battle between U.S., British and French allied forces against Germany.

CSM (ret.) Dwight Anderson provides a history lesson to the Soldiers of Alpha Detachment, 1st Space Company (JTAGSEurope) at the Normandy American Cemetery.

Photos courtesy MAJ Eric Little and Chaplain (MAJ) Kevin Pies

PETERSONAIRFORCEBASE,Colo.--SoldiersandFamily membersknowwhatitmeanstosacrifice.Withthefrequent movesandmissionsintheArmy,theyknowwhatitmeansto packupandleave.Theyknowwhatitmeansforaspouseto"go tothefield"ordeployforanextendedperiodof time.They knowfullwellwhatitmeanstoseparateandsacrifice. Undoubtedly,Soldiersandtheirrelationshipsaretakinga beating.SotheArmyisnowputtingbackintofamilieswhatthe demandsaretakingoutof them. TheStrongBondsprogramisaCongresssupportedprogramandprovidesfundstotheArmytohelpSoldiersbuild strongerrelationships.TherearespecializedprogramsformarriedandsingleSoldiers.Therearealsoprogramstohelpthose Soldierswhowillsoondeploy,aredeployedorwillredeploy. AccordingtotheStrongBondsWebsiteatwww.strongbonds.org,theprogram"empowersSoldiersandtheirloved oneswithrelationship-buildingskillsandconnectsthemtocommunityhealthandsupportresources.Itisaholistic,preventativeprogramcommittedtotherestorationandpreservationof Armyfamilies,eventhosenearcrisis.Theprogramisinitiated andledbytheArmyChaplains.Morethan90percentof those whohaveattendedtheprogramrateitpositively."

Theprogramtypicallyinvolvesanovernightoff siteretreat atafourorfive-starfacilitywithanexcursionbuiltin.Thereare alsoseminar-basedclassinstructionwithchildcareoftenprovidedforcouplessothattheycanfocustheirattentiononthe curriculumoffered.Thecurriculumisselectedfromjustsome of thefollowingtopics:LaughYourWaytoaBetterMarriage, HowtoAvoidMarryingaJERK,Marriage:LastingIntimacy ThroughNurturing,KnowledgeandSkill(LINKS),Survival SkillsforHealthyFamiliesbyFamilyWellness,SevenHabitsof HighlyEffectiveArmyFamilies,CouplesCommunicationand EightHabitsof HighlySuccessfulMarriages Anotherbenefitof theStrongBondsprogramisthatunits havestatisticallyreportedthattheynotonlybondwiththeirloved onesbuttheybegintobondwithotherArmyfamilies,chaplains andtheArmycommunityasawhole.Thisinturnbuildsastrong unitcohesionandespritde'corpsandthesupportsystembuilds. Andtheenjoymentof servinginthisdemandingmilitarycan actuallybeajoyratherthanachore. Overthelastyear,eventshaveoccurredinColorado,Alaska, Germany,KoreaandJapan.Moreeventsareplannedforthecomingyearatvariousgloballocations.Contactyourunitchaplainor chaplainassistantforinformationaboutfutureevents.

CAEN,France--CommandChaplain(MAJ)KevinPies ledStrongBondstrainingfor20Officers,WarrantOfficers, NoncommissionedOfficersandSoldierswithAlphaDetachment, 1stSpaceCompany(JTAGS-Europe)inlateAugust.ThetrainingwasconductedAug.20-24attheHolidayInnConference CenterinCaen,France.Thelocationof thetrainingeventgave theattendeessomememorableplacestovisitaswell.Highlights includedNormandyBeach,NormandyNationalMilitary Cemetery,theNormandyAmericanCemetery,theBelleau WoodMemorialandthe1stInfantryDivisionMemorial. SFCCharlesL.RobinsonIII,whopreviouslydeployed toIraqwiththe1stInfantryDivisionbeforebeingassigned toAlphaDetachment,1stSpaceCompany,waspromotedon NormandyBeachinfrontof the1stInfantryDivisionMemorial. Robinson,alongwithSFCWilfredoCabiliandSPCKenneth Kamrowski,reverentlylaidawreathattheNormandyNational MilitaryCemetery.

ALPHA Detachment Experience

SFC Charles L. Robinson III gives his promotion speech on Normandy Beach in front of the 1st Infantry Division memorial. Robinson deployed to Iraq with the 1st Infantry Division before being assigned to Alpha Detachment, 1st Space Company (JTAGS-Europe).

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Army Space Journal

2009 Fall Edition

2009 Fall Edition

Army Space Journal

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Soldiers from the 100th Missile Defense Brigade (Ground-based Midcourse Defense) utilize the Engagement Skills Trainer 2000 for weapons familiarization on Fort Carson, Colo. The EST 2000 works by connecting air hoses driven by a compressor and laser beams to simulate bullet trajectory and can simulate dozens of different scenarios in virtual combat. Photo by SGT Joseph Ten Eyck

in Team Building, Leadership and Training

SHARPENS ARMy WARRIOR SkILLS

By SGT Michael Cost 100th Missile Defense Brigade (GMD)

FORTCARSON,Colo.--Althoughnotentswerepitchedor showerpointsconstructed,the100thMissileDefenseBrigade (Ground-basedMidcourseDefense)wenttominimummanningontheircity-savingconsolestoconductanArmyWarrior TrainingexercisehereAugust22. Tentaskswerecompleted,givingthesemissiledefendersandstaff membersachancetore-familiarizethemselves withSoldiertasksnotfrequentlypracticedinsuchaunit.The EngagementSkillsTrainer2000providedafocalpoint,enabling trainingonweaponsseldomseenbycrewmembersorstaff. TheEngagementSkillsTrainer(EST)2000providesinitial andsustainmentmarksmanshiptraining,staticunitcollective gunneryandtacticaltraining,andshoot/don'tshoottraining.It supportsthefollowingthreemodesof training:marksmanship, squad/fireteamcollectiveandjudgmentaluseof force.Thesystemmodels11smallarmsandisdeployablewithitsownsystem shelter.AllEST2000trainingscenariosareU.S.ArmyTraining andDoctrineCommand(TRADOC)validated. "ItwasanexcellentopportunityfortheSoldierstoworkas acohesiveteamratherthanbeingsegregatedtotheirperspective sections,"saidSSGAndrewKnight,IntelligenceAnalyst,100th MissileDefenseBrigade(GMD). "ItisarareopportunitythatNationalGuardsmencantrain onexpensiveanddangerouscrewservedweapons...theEST 2000allowedustofamiliarizeourselvesaswellasworkthrough scenariosweotherwisewouldnotbeabletoexperiencewithout substantialcostandresourcestotheunit,"saidKnight. "Thisexercise,althoughnotallencompassing,pavedtheway formoretacticaltrainingdownrange.Inthefuture,wehopeto

100th Missile Defense Brigade

Soldiers from the 100th Missile Defense Brigade (Ground-based Midcourse Defense) take cover behind inflatable obstacles during react to contact training using paintballs on Fort Carson, Colo. Photo by CW2 Anita Thompson

Soldiers from the 100th Missile Defense Brigade (Ground-based Midcourse Defense) lay down suppressive fire in the distance as a fire team member bounds backwards during a training event on Fort Carson, Colo. Photo by CW2 Anita Thompson

seethesebasicSoldierskillsincorporatedintrainingasthiswas verybeneficialforSoldiersandleadersalike,"Knightsaid. Afterlunch,theSoldiersof the100thmovedtotheir nextstationwhichwasapaintballcourseintendedtotrain themonbattledrills.TheColoradoArmyNationalGuard RecruitingCommandsuppliedthemobilepaintballcourseforthe Soldiers,whichincludedinflatablebarriers,paintballguns,CO2 cartridges,aseeminglyendlessamountof paintballs,andsafety equipment. Althoughitsoundslikefunandgames,puttingsuchequipmentinthehandsof trainedSoldiersledtodisplayingaplethora of differenttactics,techniquesandproceduresthatmadethisa beyondthe"runof themill"gameof paintball. "Itallowedustoreacttocontact,do3to5secondbuddy rushes,laydownsuppressivefire...butmostof allwegot toshooteachotherinthefaceandlaughaboutitattheend of theday,"saidSGTJosephTenEyck,LocalAreaNetwork Manager. "Therewerecomplaintsof weltsandbruisesthefollowing Mondaymorning,butwhenyoucanrealisticallytrainlikethat andeveryonegoeshomesafelyattheend,thatmakesthetrainingallthemoreworthwhile,"saidTenEyck. Allkiddingaside,thiswasthefirsttimethe100thMDBgot togetherasawholeinthistypeof forumandtheseniorleadershipstressedtheneedforsuchtraining. "Thereisalotof importancetothistraining,"saidCSM JosephRhodes,100thMissileDefenseBrigade(GMD)."Iwant

everySoldierinthisbrigadetorealizethattheyarestillSoldiers ...whetheryourbattleisfoughtwithapen,keyboardoramissile, youstillhavetorealizethatthereisafightgoingonoutthereso it'simportanttokeepuponyourtasksanddrills." Normally,AWTisheldateachplatoon'sperspectivetrainingareawithanoccasionaltrainingdayoutsideof theclassroom throughouttheyearforthe100th.Thisischangingtoamore hands-onapproachforthebrigadeasmoreof thesetraining exercisesarebeingplannedforthefuture. "We'llgraduallyincreasethefocusmoreonactuallybeingin thefieldandgettingourbootsdirty,"saidRhodes."We'lldoland navigationamongothersituationaltraininginafieldenvironment throughouttheyearwhichwillleadtoacrowningeventinthe fourthquarter--arigorousSituationalTrainingExercise." "Overall,thiswasaverypositivefirststepinbringingthis unittoaverybattlefocusedmind-set,"Rhodessaid. The100thMissileDefenseBrigadeisanever-changingunit thatisconstantlyundergoingthestressesof spiraldevelopment. Theyareontheforefrontof someof themostadvancedtechnologyanyArmyunithasseentodate,whichmakesiteasyto losefocusonbasicSoldierskills.Trainingeventslikethisandthe prospectof expandingtraininginthefuturewillensurethese Soldierswon'thaveblindersontheireyesif thetimeevercomes thattheyneedtogodownrangeandutilizeitinacombatzone.

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Army Space Journal

2009 Fall Edition

2009 Fall Edition

Army Space Journal

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BELOW: PFC Dayna M. Croft, from the USASMDC/ ARSTRAT's Legal Office, takes her place in formation preparing to carry the brigade's Headquarters and Headquarters Company guidon during Saturday's parade.

Red, White and Brave

COLORADOSPRINGS,Colo.--Soldiersfromthe1stSpace Brigade,U.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefenseCommand/Army ForcesStrategicCommand,marchedintheRedWhiteandBrave WelcomeHomeParadeindowntownColoradoSprings,Colo., onAug.29. Thebrigadewasoneof 68unitsrangingfromlocalhigh schoolbandstohistoricmilitaryvehicles,fromMilitaryVehicle Collectorsof Coloradotomembersof themilitaryrecently returningfromactivedutyinIraq.Theseunitswereseenalong TejonStreetbeginningfromSt.VrainStreetallthewaysouth toVermijoAvenue. SFCNicholasJ.Farrand,withUSASMDC'sLegalOffice, wasinchargeof makingsurethoseindividualsfromthebrigade whowerescheduledtomarchwereinplacepriortotheirjourneydownTejonStreet. "Icheckedthemoff therosterandmadesurethateverythingwasinplaceontheiruniforms--noloosethreads,"said Farrand. "IwouldhavelikedtohavejoinedthembutIwasonprofile,"hesaiddisappointedly. HoweverFarrandsupportedhisfellowSpaceSoldiersby watchingthemintheparadeandcapturingafewdigitalsnaps duringthishistoricoccasion.

Story and Photos By DJ Montoya, 1st Space Brigade

ABOVE: From left to right, CSM Timothy Czuba, 53rd Signal Battalion, along with SGM Marcus Campbell, from 1st Space Brigade's S3, discuss the route of the parade and where the brigade will fall in with Brigade Commander, COL Jeffrey Farnsworth.

SGTBerthaM.Bell,supplyNoncommissionedOfficer InCharge,1stSpaceBrigade,remarked,"Iwasoneof several individualsleadingcadence." "Istartedwiththebrigademovingforwardanddidtwosongs hopingthatotherswouldhaveanopportunitytotaketheirturn." Shewasexcitedaboutmarchingbutsortof disappointed thatitwasoveralltoosoon. Acrowdestimatedat40,000cameoutandsalutedAmerica's warriors.Morethan150Soldiersfromthebrigade'sthreebattalions--1stSpaceBattalion,53rdSignalBattalion,and117th SpaceBattalion(ColoradoArmyNationalGuard)--proudly marchedalongwithtroopsfromFortCarson,PetersonAirForce Base,SchrieverAirForceBaseandtheAirForceAcademy. Asmembersof thebrigademarchedpastthereviewing standonPike'sPeakAvenueandTejon,anannouncerforthe paradetoldthecrowd,"TheArmy'sonlySpacebrigadehasover 1,000active,ArmyReserve,andColoradoGuardsmenstationat ninelocationsintheU.S.,Europe,KoreaandJapan."

COL Jeffrey Farnsworth, commander of the 1st Space Brigade, leads his troops past crowds shouting "Thank You for your service," as they make their way through the intersection of Tejon Street and Colorado Avenue.

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"I believe we must interact more closely with the population and focus on operations that bring stability, while shielding them from insurgent violence, corruption and coercion."

GEN Stanley A. McChrystal,

Commander, U.S. Forces ­ Afghanistan/International Security Assistance Force ­ Afghanistan Photo by Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Chad J. McNeeley

Galileo School of Math and Science 6th Grade scholar Kaylee (center) blogs her counterpart in Afghanistan through Ning.com. Photo by Stacy Brisben

Ning.com is a social networking site much like Facebook. This site is helping the Galileo school build relationships with students in Afghanistan.

TheBulldogsweretaskedaspartof their Scienceclasstoerectminiaturebridges,each oneoutof 20clearplasticdrinkingstraws,one meterof maskingtape,twostacksof books(or woodblocks),andayardstick.Hereiswhere ArmySpaceSoldiersenteredintothepicture. Ontheafternoonof Oct.15,Soldiersfromthe commandofferedtheirexpertisetoassistinthe bridgebuildingeffort. "Thewaywefitintothebridgebuildingis [thestudents]arecorrespondingwithchildren inAfghanistan,"said1stSpaceBrigade'sCapt. GaryKelly. "TheArmyisbuildingbridgesinAfghan villages.Soasthekidsbuildthesebridgeshere withus,theyareblogging[with]theAfghanchildren[about]bridgesbeingbuiltintheircommunity.Sotheycallitbridgingthegap." Hamiltonexplainedthestudentsloggedon asaclasstowww.ning.com. "Thisisasocialnetworkingsitesimilarto Facebook.However,itishighlymonitoredand membershipmustbeapprovedbytheowners. StudentsfromJalalabadhadagroupalready setup.Ijoined,spokewiththedirectorof the school,andwedecidedtogetourstudents toconnect.Isetupasub-groupcalledCultural Bridges.Wehavekeptitfriendlyandmainlydiscusswhatstudentsdowithfreetime,whattheir schoolslooklike,howtheyperceivetheelders ...topicsthataresafeandfriendly." Muchof thisfallsinlinewithrecentcommentsfromGen.StanleyA.McChrystal,commander,U.S.Forces­Afghanistan/International SecurityAssistanceForce­Afghanistan.Inhis

Commander'sInitialAssessmenttoSecretaryof DefenseRobertM.Gates,McChrystalrecommendeda"changeintheoperationalcultureto connectwiththepeople[of Afghanistan]." "Ibelievewemustinteractmoreclosely withthepopulationandfocusonoperationsthat bringstability,whileshieldingthemfrominsurgentviolence,corruptionandcoercion." Theeffortsof theBulldogsonlyprovethat wecanallassistinbridgingthegapbetweenthe twoverydifferentcultures. Col.JeffreyFarnsworth,commanderof the 1stSpaceBrigadewentalongwithKellytoaid some60studentsinthebridgebuildingproject. QuestionsfromFarnsworthcameprecise andorderly:"So,howdoyoubuildasuspension bridge?CanIusethisdrawingpaperandyou showmehowyouaregoingtomakeit?Where isthebuttress?Whereisitgoingtosit?Howwill thatwork?Isitholdingupthebase?"

Kelly,avolunteerwiththeschoolsince March,waseasilysoughtoutbytheBulldogs astheyfollowedtheirobjectivesof categorizing thevarioustypesof bridges:suspension,beam andarch. Wisetothesubjectmatterhewouldcome backwith,"Thatwouldbeanarchbridge wouldn'tit?"to"Okayyouguys.I'llcomeback andcheckonyoulater." Afteroveranhourof hands-onwiththe BulldogstheArmySpaceSoldiershadtoreturn totheirrealworldmission­providingSpacebasedcapabilitiestothewarfighter. Inaminiafteractionreportwalkingdown theschool'shallwaysKellyremarked,"Thelast teamyouwereworkingwithsir,areaprettysharp group." Farnsworthagreed.Kellywentontosaythat onegirlinparticularseemedtostandoutduring theexerciseutilizingthestrawsandtape.

"Shemadesomesamplesandshesaidtoher fellowsstudentsinhergroup`watchthis.'She madeitlikeIhadshownher.Iwantyou(referringtoherfellowclassmates)tomakethreemore andthatisgoingtobeourbridgedeck.I'mgoing tomakesomethingelse." "Sheisabornleader,"saidFarnsworth. AsfortheBulldogstheirassignmentcontinuedwithaconsensusbeingreachedineachgroup onwhichfinalbridgedesignwouldbeutilizedin anoverallcompetitionduringCommunityNight attheschoolonOct.19. Withthecommandstillinvolvedinthe project,100thMissileDefenseBrigade(GMD) Commander,Col.GregBowenandExecutive Officer,Maj.KyleZablockiservedasjudgesfor thecompetition. "Beingaguestjudgeforthebridgecompetitionwasheartwarming;thekidsreallyput alotof effortintotheirwork.Itwasavaluablelearningexperienceforthemalso,bothin termsof theimportanceof mathandscience, aswellasthesymbolismof buildingbridges betweenpeople.Itwasaveryenjoyableevening forme,andthekidshadagreattime,"saidCol. GregBowen,commander100thMissileDefense Brigade(GMD). Thisexperienceisdefinitiveproof the partnershipbetweentheGalileoSchoolof Math andScienceandthecommandisasuccessstory. Notonlyhasabridgebeenbuiltbetweenthe militaryandthecommunity,butthisparticular experiencehasproducedabridgethathasfar reachingeffectsaroundtheglobe.

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Army Space Journal

2009 Fall Edition

2009 Fall Edition

Army Space Journal

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BUILDING BRIDGES

Red,White and Brave

USASMDC/ARSTRAT

By Sharon L. Hartman USASMDC/ARSTRAT and DJ Montoya, 1st Space Brigade

By DJ Montoya, 1st Space Brigade

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Sharpening Army Warrior Skills

in Team Building, Leadership, and Training By SGT Michael Cost, 100th Missile Defense Brigade (GMD)

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COL Jef frey Farnswor th (center), commander of the 1st Space Brigade, works on a project with 6 th Grade sc holars Everardo (lef t) and Rober to (right) from the Galileo School of Math and Science. Photo by DJ Montoya

COLORADOSPRINGS,Colo.­Overthepasteightmonths, Soldiersfromboththe100thMissileDefenseBrigade(GMD) andthe1stSpaceBrigadehavevolunteeredtheirtime,skills, andknowledgetothefuturescientistsandmathematiciansof GalileoSchoolof MathandScience.Theassociationispartof ajointventurebetweenColoradoSpringsSchoolDistrict11and U.S.ArmySpaceandMissileDefenseCommand/ArmyForces StrategicCommand'sOperationalhubhere.Thepartnershiphas beenineffectsinceMarchof thisyear,andhasbeenaneffort tobuildabridgebetweenthelocalmilitaryandthecommunity. Littledidthestudentsrealizethisyeartheywouldalsobebridgingagapthatspansanoceanandcontinentfartherthanthey couldimagine.

Thestudent'smissionbeganbackonAug.27,according toEricHamilton,theschool'scurriculumcoordinator.The firstquartercurriculumfortheGalileoSixthGraders,more affectionatelyknownastheBulldogs,centeredonthetheme "Change."Withincoreclasses,variousactivitieswereundertakentoencouragestudentstoexplorewaystomakepositive "changes"intheworld. "Weintroducedthethemeandtheactivities...thestudents thenbloggedintheirlanguageartsclasses,researchedvarious typesof bridgesandstructuresinscience,andlearnedthegeographyof Afghanistaninsocialstudies,"saidHamilton.

Alpha Detachment Builds Strong Bonds

By MAJ Eric Little, 1st Space Brigade

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From Blue, to Green, to God

By Larry Mize and Bill Coffey, FWC DCD Training

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Brings Their Best To DA

USASMDC/ ARSTRAT

By Dottie White, USASMDC/ARSTRAT

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2009 Fall Edition

Army Space Journal

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