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Volume 1 Issue 3 Manufacturing Branch

Fellow Members, I regret to inform you of Todd Ravazza's resignation as Manufacturing Branch Co-Chair. Todd has contributed much of his time over the past three years to help build the Manufacturing Branch. We all appreciate his efforts, and we will continue to pursue our goal of becoming a Practice Specialty.

Michael Coleman Manufacturing Branch Chair Safety Manager Rockline Industries P: (479) 927-4325 F: (479) 927-4348

Heather Earl is also leaving the Branch after assuming a new job at Walt Disney World, and she may now transfer her energies to her new chapter or to the Hospitality Branch. Either of these entities will benefit from Heather's work ethic and dedication. In addition, Joe Baldwin has resigned as Awards and Honors chair because of increased job responsibilities. Joe has been a valued member of our Branch Advisory Committee, and I look forward to him rejoining our leadership team sometime in the future. In light of these changes, the Manufacturing Branch continues to grow. We now have 523 members, compared to 498 in November (a 5% increase). Greater accomplishments are ahead of us, and they will be made as many of you choose to serve in various roles in our Branch. Currently, six of our 523 members (1%) serve the Manufacturing Branch. For us to reach the Practice Specialty level, up to 10% of members must actively serve on our committees. Please contact me if you are interested in a committee position. Finally, I would like to thank Dave Gelpke for his work on our newsletters and Heather Earl for helping to get our website up and running. If you have not yet visited it, please do so today at http://www.asse.org/practicespecialties/manufacturing/. Please feel free to send me your suggestions for how the website can be improved to meet your needs. Michael Coleman Manufacturing Branch Chair

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An Update on ANSI A1264.1-2007

By Larry Oldendorf, PE Vice Chair & ASSE Representative

associated with working or walking in unfamiliar or hazardous conditions, e.g. a normally guarded opening where the guardrails have been temporarily removed for access to equipment below a work area. Slips and trips are also common in areas that are wet or poorly maintained. A1264.2 sets forth provisions for protecting persons where there is potential for slips and falls as a result of surface characteristics or conditions. Environments requiring more physically intensive tasks generally require a higher level of traction for the safety of workers. Slip and fall accidents can be associated with conditions such as floor surface characteristics, footwear traction properties, environmental factors and/or human factors. Inadequate illumination in the work environment may also contribute to falls. The standard addresses the factors that management can more generally control. Foreseeable conditions in the walking/working environment must be considered in the footwear selection process. Floor mats or runners should be used when walking surfaces do not meet the guidelines specified in the standard, but precautions must be taken so that a greater trip hazard is not created with their use. A1264.1 does not cover: · · · · · · · Construction sites Floating roof tanks or dock facilities Floor openings occupied by containers, conveyors, dumbwaiters, elevators, machinery or manlifts Loading and unloading areas of marine, railroad and truck docks Moving ramps, stairs and walkways Pits, platforms, scaffolds and trenches used to provide work access to a product or facility Self-propelled, motorized mobile equipment stairs used for private residences

Safety Requirements for Workplace Walking/Working Surfaces and Their Access; Workplace Floor, Wall and Roof Openings; Stairs and Guardrails Systems (ANSI A1264.12007) since the A12.1 and A64.1 standards were consolidated into one standard in the 1970s.

ASSE has served as Secretariat of the standard

Keith Vidal, PE currently chairs the A1264 Standards Committee and the A1264.1 subgroup. Tim Fisher, CSP, ARM, CPEA, ASSE's Director of Practices and Standards, serves as Secretary. The standards committees and the A1264.1 subgroup consist of about 25 members representing government, manufacturers, national associations and labor organizations. NFPA and OSHA representatives provide input based on related standards and regulations that impact industry to assure consistency where feasible. In the early 1990s, the ANSI A1264.2 subcommittee was formed to address slip resistance on walking/working surfaces. Currently, Steve Di Pilla is Chair, and there are nine committee members. A1264.2, Standard published in 2006.

for the Provision of Slip Resistance on Walking/Working Surfaces, was revised and

A1264.1 has been updated and includes several new definitions and illustrations to clarify text in the standard. The standard defines minimum safety requirements for industrial and occupational walking/working areas in which persons or objects could fall through floor and wall openings, fixed stairs, platforms, ramps or runways in normal, temporary or emergency conditions. Requirements for guardrails, handrails and open-sided floors are also included. Falls remain a leading cause of occupational accidents, injuries and fatalities, most of which occur as a result of inadequate safeguards

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Other standards have been developed, and specially engineered methods are used for these work areas. If there are conflicts in the interpretation of any standard, it is always wise to apply the most stringent requirement when possible and within reason. It always is a best practice to establish mandatory requirements for contractors doing installations of equipment or modifications to facilities that require working in areas where falls are possible. The standard sets forth safety requirements in industrial and workplace situations for protecting persons where danger exists of persons or objects falling through floor, roof or wall openings, from platforms, runways, ramps, and fixed stairs or from roof edges in normal, temporary and emergency conditions. The requirements of this standard apply to new and existing installations and workplace exposures to fall hazards. The standard describes protection of floor openings and floor holes, roof openings, skylights and roof holes. When floor opening covers are removed, the exposed perimeter shall be protected by a removable railing system. Pit safety nets complying with CFR 1926.502 are acceptable alternatives when other protective systems are not feasible for use. Every wall, stairway or floor opening where there is a drop of more than four feet shall be guarded by a railing system consisting of top rail, intermediate rail and posts and shall have a minimum vertical height of 42 inches. Toeboards with a minimum of 3½ inches in height shall also be provided at the base of the guardrails. The anchorage of posts and framing members for railing systems of all types must be designed using standard engineering practices and safety factors to preclude system failure. As a minimum, the railing system must withstand a concentrated load of 200 pounds applied in any direction except upward at the midpoint between posts without exceeding a maximum allowable deflection of three inches. Hoisting platforms, chute wall openings, window wall openings, runways, stairways, ramps and hazardous locations must also have guardrails, although the standard does allow removable railing systems constructed of flexible material, chain or rope properly attached and anchored to withstand the same forces required by rigid guardrails. Spiral stairs, ship ladders or alternating tread devices shall not be used in new construction, unless space limitations make it unfeasible to use conventional stair designs. Fixed stairs shall be designed and constructed to carry a load of five times the normal anticipated live load, but never less than a concentrated load of 1,000 lbs applied at any point. Risers and treads must be uniform throughout any flight of stairs. Vertical clearance above any stair shall be at least 80 inches. Every flight of stairs shall be equipped with a graspable handrail system that is not more than 42 inches or less than 34 inches from the upper surface of the top rail to the surface of the tread in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread. Stairways not exceeding 44 inches in width with both sides enclosed must have at least one handrail, preferably on the right side descending. Stairways with both sides open or more than 44 inches in width but not exceeding 88 inches in width must have one handrail on each side. The revised standard provides additional details and guidance to help design and maintain walking and working surfaces that will minimize slips, trips and falls and will comply with most state and federal safety requirements. Manufacturers will benefit from safety reviews of changes to processes and operations as well as from frequent inspections of walking and work area access to maintain safe working conditions throughout their facilities. This article was prepared as an introduction to the primary requirements of A1264.1, and it should not be used in lieu of the complete standard or in place of NFPA 101 Life Safety

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Code or OSHA regulations (CFR Parts 1910 and 1926). Lawrence (Larry) Oldendorf, ASSE Past President and Past Foundation Trustee, is currently an ASSE Fellow and a member of the Research Committee. After working in the insurance industry for six years and for the U.S. Department of Energy for 31 years, he retired in 1992. He has served as Chair and Vice Chair of several American Nuclear Society, National Safety Council and ASSE standard committees since 1970, and he has worked as an engineering consultant since 1980. He holds a bachelor of science degree in fire protection and safety engineering from the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago, IL. In addition to decreasing that risk, the task force recommended that NASA implement plans to maintain experienced managers and allocate an additional $1 billion annually to ensure a viable station during the transition period from the space shuttle program.

Panic Attacks in the Workplace

Are you able to recognize the signs of a panic attack? Clinical psychologist Dr. Nancy O'Reilly offering employers help in recognizing the signs of panic attacks in the workplace and provides advice on how to help employees who suffer from panic attacks. Many stressors exist in the workplace like looming deadlines, overbearing clients and micromanaging supervisors. These can all lead to a panic attack. Knowing and recognizing the signs, says O'Reilly, can help supervisors and managers be better prepared to handle the situation and to address it effectively. In her new article, "Panic Attacks in the Workplace: How to Recognize the Signs and Help Your Employees," O'Reilly notes that panic attacks affect the behavior, body and emotions and can paralyze the person. If left untreated, these attacks can lead to a more chronic medical condition such as substance abuse, depression or ulcers. Unfortunately, panic attacks can happen anywhere, at any time. In the workplace, the results of panic attacks may include poor job performance, possible termination and the loss of a once valuable employee. The symptoms include:

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Body of Knowledge Chair Wanted

The Manufacturing Branch's Body of Knowledge Committee will identify manufacturing safety, health and environmental (SH&E) subject matter websites, books and magazines to serve as references for our members. A leader dedicated to the advancement of member knowledge is needed to direct this team. All interested members should contact Michael Coleman at [email protected]

Space Station is a Safe Place to Work

The International Space Station is a "robust and sound program" with respect to the safety and health of its crew, a new report says. According to the congressionally mandated International Space Station Independent Safety Task Force's final report, any safety and health issues generally fell within "acceptable risk levels," and redundant systems on the station minimize the likelihood of catastrophic events. However, one high-safety risk was micrometeoroid and orbital debris penetrating the structure, which had a 55% chance of occurring over a 10-year period and a 9% chance of a catastrophic result.

Racing heartbeat Difficulty breathing, feeling as though you cannot get enough air Terror that may be paralyzing Dizziness, lightheadedness or nausea Trembling, sweating, shaking Choking, chest pains Hot flashes or sudden chills Tingling in fingers or toes Fear that you are going crazy or are about to die

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These symptoms can mimic a heart attack or stroke, which can make it difficult for first responders to offer help. "The attacks can occur without warning," says O'Reilly. "The workplace can be impacted when an employee has panic attacks. Talented and successful workers may leave jobs that are perceived as possible triggers for future attacks. A staff member may be passed over for a position because travel is required, and they are fearful of flying or driving a car because of past panic attacks. It is not unusual for a person with panic attacks to be embarrassed of their condition, and therefore, to keep it from co-workers and supervisors. Often, the condition is hidden until a situation arises when the attacks can longer be ignored." If a panic attack occurs in the workplace: 1. Deal with the situation quickly. If an employee is having what looks to be a panic attack, remain calm and do not overact. If the panic attacks persist, you may want to call 911 for professional help. During the attack, some helpful coping strategies include breathing exercises, visualization techniques, muscle relaxation exercises and appropriate labeling of emotions. 2. Be supportive and empathetic. Do not jump to conclusions. Remember that the person who experiences panic attacks cannot make them go away. These attacks are not a sign of weakness or poor character. They are very real to the person experiencing them, and their bodies react to these fears as if they are real. 3. If you are a supervisor, encourage the employee to talk about the situation with you in private. This may be a firsttime panic attack, or the employee may have them frequently. Stressors at work may be causing the attacks, or the attack may have been triggered by something that happened in their personal lives. 4. Many companies have an Employee Assistance Program onsite or contract with a mental health organization, which provides help for employees and their families. These programs are in place so that co-workers and supervisors do not take on job responsibilities they are not qualified nor licensed to do. Supervisors should make appropriate referrals to insure the employee receives needed help and that his or her job performance is not compromised. 5. The very best assistance for any person with panic attacks is to understand they are not going crazy nor will they die. Panic attacks should be taken seriously, and the person should be seen by a qualified medical or mental health professional as soon as possible. Proper diagnosis and treatment are the keys to recovery.

Website Liaison Wanted

This person will work with ASSE staff to post items and to maintain our website. The website is designed to be a service to our members. The value of this role to the Manufacturing Branch cannot be overstated. Please consider helping us continue to advance the Branch by serving in this position. All interested members should contact Michael Coleman at [email protected]

Public Health Group Releases Pandemic Blueprint

On February 22, 2007, the American Public Health Association released its blueprint for strengthening the nation's pandemic preparedness. In its policy summary, the Washington-based association recommended key changes to the nation's pandemic flu strategy, including additional resources for the public health workforce and clear federal guidance on school closures, quarantine and occupational health in the event of a pandemic. For more information on pandemic preparedness, visit: http://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3327pa ndemic.pdf

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Fundamentals of a Workplace First-Aid Program

A workplace first-aid program is a necessary part of your organization's safety and health management system. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Best Practices Guide: explains how to create a workplace first-aid program and outlines the basic elements needed for an office program, including:

· · · ·

Free Emergency & Evacuation Planning Guide

When an emergency arises, many organizations find themselves unprepared for the personal and business side effects. OSHA officials have developed the guide How to Plan for Workplace Emergencies and Evacuations to help employers and managers plan for such events.

Fundamentals of a Workplace First-Aid Program

NIOSH to Sponsor Symposium

As part of its WorkLife Initiative, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), in conjunction with over 25 supporting organizations, will sponsor the symposium "WorkLife 2007: Protecting and Promoting Worker Health" from September 1011, 2007 at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Bethesda, MD. This two-day symposium will explore strategies and tools for enhancing and sustaining healthy workplaces and workers. For more information, visit http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/worklife/.

How to identify and assess potential injury or illness risks Program design tips How to instruct workers in your program How to schedule evaluations and keep the program current

Awards & Honors Chair Wanted

The person in this role will help provide recognition to Manufacturing Branch members who go above and beyond in their service to the Manufacturing Branch. Please consider helping us continue to advance the Branch by serving in this position. All interested members should contact Michael Coleman at [email protected]

NEMA Publishes ANSI Z535.1-2006 Standard

The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) recently published Standard for Safety Colors (ANSI Z535.1-2006). This standard sets forth the technical definitions, color standards and color tolerances for safety colors. It intends to establish a standard for safety colors that will alert and inform persons to take precautionary action or other appropriate action in the presence of hazards. The standard is not a substitute for engineering or administrative controls, including training, to eliminate identifiable hazards. It is also not meant to replace existing standards or regulations, which uniquely apply to a specific industry or use. The intent is to encourage adoption of this standard in

Guide to Manual Materials Handling & Back Safety

"Am I ready for this lift?" Millions of workers ask themselves this question daily. Whether they manually lift, handle loads all day or only once in while, the same worries exist. "Will I hurt my back? Will it be too heavy? Can I carry that valuable equipment without dropping it?" North Carolina's Guide to Manual Materials Handling and Back Safety explains the many risk factors involved in lifting and handling materials. It discusses ways to move materials more safely and examines hazard control from a workplace-design viewpoint. Finally, the guide discusses ways to keep workers' backs and muscle groups healthy and safe while on the job.

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subsequent revisions of other standards and regulations. For more information or to purchase the ANSI Z535.1-2006 standard, visit: http://www.nema.org/stds/z535-1.cfm. The IOM review committee found the results to be an advancement over data and criteria that have been used since the 1970s but offers recommendations for changes to address what the committee characterized as weaknesses in the study. To view the entire report, visit: http://www.iom.edu/CMS/3740/28457/39829.a spx

ANSI/AIHA Revises Two Ventilation Standards

Two industry consensus standards on ventilation have been revised. 1. Fundamentals Governing the Design and Operation of Local Exhaust Ventilation Systems

Prepare for Tornadoes

Spring has officially started, and with warmer weather comes the potential for tornadoes. In some parts of the United States, tornado season has already begun. Severe weather in some southern states should remind us of the importance of having a tornado preparedness plan at work and at home. In addition to knowing where to go for protection and how to get there, a tornado preparedness plan should designate a tornado shelter. The shelter should have a safety and survival kit that includes at least:

· · · · · ·

(ANSI/AIHA Z9.2) establishes minimum requirements for the commissioning, design, specification, construction and installation of fixed industrial local exhaust ventilation (LEV) systems used for the reduction and prevention of employee exposure to harmful airborne substances in the industrial environment.

2. Recirculation of Air from Industrial Process Exhaust Systems (ANSI/AIHA Z9.7) establishes minimum criteria for the design and operation of a recirculating industrial process exhaust ventilation system used for contaminant control. The standard also identifies management's responsibility to provide physicians or other healthcare professionals with supplemental information before they make a recommendation concerning an employee's ability to use a respirator.

One or more flashlights Pairs of sturdy shoes Emergency cash A battery-operated radio and extra batteries Emergency food First-aid kit

IOM Report on NIOSH Anathropometric Research

The Institute of Medicine (IOM) released an assessment report on a NIOSH head-and-face anthropometric study of U.S. respirator users. This is the result of a NIOSH effort to update data on facial shapes and sizes of a representative U.S. population so that information used to set criteria for fit-testing of respirator face masks accurately reflects the characteristics of today's increasingly diverse workforce.

For more information, refer to the Federal Emergency Management Agency's tips for tornado preparation: http://www.fema.gov/news/newsrelease.fema?i d=34795

Revised Packaging Machinery Standard Now Available

The Packaging Machinery Manufacturers Institute (PMMI) has published the newly revised Safety Requirements for Packaging

version, approved as an American National Standard, is harmonized with international

Machinery and Packaging-Related Converting Machinery (ANSI/PMMI B155.1-2006). This

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(ISO) and European (EN) standards by the introduction of hazard identification and risk assessment as the principal method for analyzing hazards to personnel and achieving acceptable risk. The requirements of this standard apply to new, modified or rebuilt industrial and commercial machinery that performs packaging functions for primary, secondary and tertiary packaging. It describes procedures for identifying hazards, assessing risks and reducing risks to an acceptable level over the life cycle of the packaging machinery. "Both suppliers and users of packaging machinery have responsibilities for defining and achieving acceptable risk for operating specific equipment," states Fred Hayes, Director of Technical Services, PMMI. "Although the responsibilities of the supplier and the user differ over the lifecycle of the packaging machinery, under the revised standard, each uses the same risk assessment process. The supplier and the user either separately or jointly identify hazards, then assess and reduce risks to an acceptable level within the scope of their respective work activities." This edition of the standard integrates the requirements of ISO 12100 Parts 1 and 2 and ISO 14121 as well as of U.S. standards. Suppliers meeting the requirements of ANSI/PMMI B155.1-2006 should conform to the requirements of these three ISO standards. This will facilitate meeting the requirements for CE certification. "The driver for harmonizing the international (ISO), European and ANSI/PMMI standards is to achieve a `one standard, one conformity assessment, ship anywhere' status for manufacturers," adds Hayes. "The revised B155.1 standard gives real-world guidance on how to conduct the recommended risk assessment, ultimately helping manufacturers build safer and more productive machinery that can be shipped all over the world." The first version of the PMMI B155.1 standard was approved as an American National Standard in 1973. The 2006 edition of the standard, also the fifth revision approved by the ANSI Board of Standards Review, underwent the most substantial revisions since its inception. The final version includes comments from 28 industry professionals from the entire packaging machinery supply chain. "We were extremely pleased with the incredible level of industry discussion that took place for this year's revision," notes Hayes. "The result of this record-setting industry effort is a voluntary safety standard that supports the truly global packaging machinery industry." The B155.1 standards committee included representatives from machinery builders, safety experts and users of packaging machinery. Organizations participating on the standard committee include Raque Food Systems, MGS Machine Corporation, Krones, Packaging Technologies, FKI Logistex, Luciano Packaging Technologies, Rockwell Automation, Chubb Insurance, Keller and Heckman LLC, Design Safety Engineering, Association for Manufacturing Technology, Institute of Packaging Professionals, Robotic Industries Association, National Fluid Power Association, Kraft Foods, Kellogg Company, Johnson & Johnson, Pactiv Corporation, Procter & Gamble and Sara Lee. For more information, visit http://www.pmmi.org or contact Fred Hayes at [email protected] or at (888) ASK-PMMI (2757664).

Clothes Dryers Cause 15,000 Fires Annually

More than 15,600 fires occurred in American homes and businesses each year between 2002 and 2004 as a result of clothes dryers, according to a recent U.S. Fire Administration report. Those fires caused 15 civilian fire

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deaths, 300 civilian fire injuries and $88 million in property loss. The report found that in residential buildings, operational deficiency, including "failure to clean," is the leading factor contributing to clothes dryer fires, followed by mechanical malfunction and electrical failure.

Manufacturing Branch Officers & Committee Chairs

Branch Chair Michael Coleman Rockline Industries P: (479) 927-4325 Vice Chair Open Executive Secretary Nicole LaHaye INVISTA P: (409) 882-3717 Branch Liaison/SME Representative Todd Macumber Hub International Midwest Limited P: (312) 279-4735 Membership Chair Rebecca Ginsburg Shell Lubricants P: (713) 241-8317 Awards & Honors Chair Open e-Newsletter Chair Dave Gelpke Canberra Industries Inc. P: (203) 639-2440 Conference/Seminar Chair Dave Evans United Taconite P: (218) 744-7608 Website Liaison Open Body of Knowledge Chair Open Mission-Vision Development Michael Coleman Dave Evans Mentor Christopher Gates

Manufacturing Branch Welcomes New Executive Secretary

The Manufacturing Branch welcomes Nicole LaHaye, MPH, CSP as its new Executive Secretary. LaHaye has served ASSE in many roles and will be an asset to the Branch as it moves forward to become a Practice Specialty.

Disclaimer

The ASSE Manufacturing Branch is not responsible for the accuracy of information posted in the newsletter or in e-mail postings if that information has been received from outside sources nor do we, as the Branch, endorse or sponsor the activities/events that are posted via this medium, except where noted. We attempt to provide information relevant to the safety profession for our members as a Branch activity and service. Additionally, the Manufacturing Branch e-mail address list and printed roster are considered protected information for national ASSE or Branch use only.

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What: Arkansas Governor's Safety & Health Management Conference When: April 25-26, 2007 Where: John Q. Hammons Center, Embassy Suites, Rogers, AR This two-day event will feature cutting-edge keynote speakers, breakouts and vendor shows. A preconference golf tournament and a post-conference ASP preparatory class will also be included. (ASSE, ABIH, Nurse and EMT CEUs applied/pending) To register, visit http://arkansas.asse.org.

The Manufacturing Branch looks forward to seeing you at ASSE's Professional Development Conference in Orlando, FL this June! For more information or to register, visit: http://www.asse.org/education/pdc/

Corporate Sponsors

Co-Sponsors

Arkansas Chapter

April 2007

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