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Guide to ASTM Test Methods for the Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

2nd Edition

R. A. Kishore Nadkarni

ASTM Stock No. MNL44­2nd

ASTM International 100 Barr Harbor Drive PO Box C700 West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959 e-mail: [email protected] website: http://www.astm.org

Printed in U.S.A.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Nadkarni, R. A. Guide to ASTM test methods for the analysis of petroleum products and lubricants / R. A. Kishore Nadkarni­2nd ed. p. cm. ASTM manual series; no. mnl44-2nd Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-8031-4274-9 1. Petroleum products­Testing­Standards. 2. Lubrication and lubricants­Testing­Standards. I. Title. TP691.N33 2007 665.5'380287-dc22 2007022845 Copyright © 2007 ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. All rights reserved. This material may not be reproduced or copied, in whole or in part, in any printed, mechanical, electronic, film, or other distribution and storage media, without the written consent of the publisher. Photocopy Rights Authorization to photocopy item for internal, personal, or educational classroom use, or the internal, personal, or educational classroom use of specific clients, is granted by ASTM International ,,ASTM... provided that the appropriate fee is paid to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923; Tel: 978-7508400; online: http://www.copyright.com/. Printed in City, State Month 2007

How To Use This Manual

Table I--lists the test methods with their equivalent IP, ISO, DIN, JIS, and AFNOR designations. The top of each page listing the test summary also refers to these equivalent standards. If you are considering using any standard that has equivalent standards you should refer to them to determine the full scope of each standard and any differences between. Although these standards are listed as equivalent they will not be exactly the same in many cases. Table II--lists the ASTM test methods alphanumerically by ASTM designation. If you know the ASTM designation, this is the easiest way to find what you need. The top of each page listing the test summary also refers to these equivalent standards.

Foreword

THE PUBLICATION, Guide to ASTM Test Methods for the Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants: 2nd Edition, was sponsored by ASTM Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants and edited by R. A. Kishore Nadkarni, Millennium Analytics, Inc., East Brunswick, NJ. This is Manual 44­2nd of ASTM's manual series. This manual originally published in 2000 has proved to be a useful reference book to technologists and others in the Petroleum Products and Lubricants industry. This enlarged second edition is updated to include ASTM D02 Committee test methods published through the end of 2006. The manual contains descriptions of a total of 585 test methods an increase of 222 test methods from 363 methods in the first edition describing a total of about 229 chemical and physical tests used to analyze petroleum products and lubricants an increase of about 69 properties from about 160 properties described in the first edition . The author and the publisher hope that this second edition will prove as useful as the first one to the oil industry researchers, analysts, and marketers.

vii

CONTENTS

Introduction Explanation of Terms Table I--Test Method Equivalence Table II--Alphanumeric Index of Standards 1 2 3 6

Analysis

Reference ASTM Standard

D D D D 974 664 3339 5770 17 17 19 19

ACID NUMBER by color indicator titration--see also Base number, p. 37 by potentiometric titration by semi-micro color indicator titration by semi-quantitative micro determination of acid number of lube oils during oxidation testing ACIDITY in aviation turbine fuel of hydrocarbon liquids and their distillation residues ACTIVE SULFUR in cutting oils in fuels and solvents doctor test ADHESION OF SOLID FILM LUBRICANTS AIR RELEASE PROPERTIES OF OILS ALKYL NITRATE IN DIESEL FUELS AMYL NITRATE IN DIESEL FUELS ANALYSIS OF LPG AND PROPANE CONCENTRATES BY GC ANILINE AND MIXED ANILINE POINT APPARENT VISCOSITY ­ GENERAL Borderline pumping temperature of engine oils--see p. 47 Apparent viscosity by capillary viscometer at high temperature high shear HTHs by tapered bearing simulator HTHs by tapered plug viscometer using cold cranking simulator at high temperature high shear by multicell capillary viscometer of lubricating greases yield stress and apparent viscosity at low temperature APPLIED COATING WAX IN CORRUGATED BOARD FACING AROMATICS and polynuclear aromatics in diesel and aviation turbine fuels by SFC in finished gasoline by gas chromatography in finished gasoline by GC in finished gasoline by GC-FTIR in gasolines by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry GC-MS in hydrocarbon oils by high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance HR-NMR ASH in coal tar and pitch in petroleum coke from petroleum products sulfated ash from lubricating oils and additives ASPHALTENES HEPTANE INSOLUBLES IN CRUDE PETROLEUM AND PRODUCTS BASE NUMBER

D 3242 D 1093 D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 1662 4952 2510 3427 4046 1839 2163 611 3829 4624 4683 4741 5293 5481 1092 4684 3522 5186 4420 5580 5986 5769 5292 2415 4422 482 874 6560

20 20 21 21 21 22 22 23 23 24 25 25 25 26 26 26 27 27 28 28 29 30 30 31 32 32 33 33 34 34 37

D 974

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Guide to ASTM Test Methods: 2nd Edition

in lubricants by color indicator titration potentiometric perchloric acid titration by potentiometric HCl titration BENZENE/TOLUENE in gasoline by gas chromatography in gasoline by infrared IR spectroscopy in finished gasoline by GC--see p. 30 in finished gasolines by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry GC-MS --see p. 31 in engine fuels using mid-IR spectroscopy AEROBIC, AQUATIC BIODEGRADABILITY OF LUBRICANTS IN A CLOSED RESPIROMETER BLOCKING AND PICKING POINTS OF PETROLEUM WAX BOILING RANGE DISTRIBUTION of crude petroleum by gas chromatography of gasoline by wide-bore capillary gas chromatography by gas chromatography of gasoline fractions by gas chromatography of petroleum distillates by gas chromatography of crude oils by high temperature gas chromatography BORDERLINE PUMPING TEMPERATURE of engine oils BROMINE NUMBER of distillates and aliphatic olefins by electrometric titration BURNING QUALITY OF KEROSENE BUTYLENE ANALYSIS BY GC CARBON, HYDROGEN, AND NITROGEN DETERMINATION--see p. 186 CARBON NUMBER DISTRIBUTION CARBON RESIDUE by micro method CARBONIZABLE SUBSTANCES in paraffin wax in white mineral oil CARBONYLS IN C4 HYDROCARBONS CARBONYL SULFIDE IN PROPYLENE by gas chromatography CETANE NUMBER DERIVED, OF DIESEL FUEL OILS CHLORINE bomb method field test kit method for chlorine in used petroleum products organic chloride in crude oil in lubricating oils and additives by wavelength dispersive x-ray fluorescence WD-XRF --see p. 176 CLOUD POINT of petroleum products, manual auto-optical detection stepped cooling method--see p. 55 auto-linear cooling rate method--see p. 55 auto-constant cooling rate method--see p. 55 COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION OF LUBRICANTS OF LUBRICATING GREASE COEFFICIENT OF KINETIC FRICTION FOR WAX COATINGS COKING VALUE OF TAR AND PITCH

D 5984 D 2896 D 4739 D D D D 3606 4053 5580 5769

37 38 38 39 39

D 6277 D 6731 D 1465 D D D D D D 5307 7096 7213 3710 6352 7169

40 40 41 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 48 48 49 49 51 51 51 52 52 53 54 54 55

D 3829 D D D D D D 1159 2710 187 4424 5291 2887

D 4530 D 612 D 565 D 4423 D 5303 D 7170 D D D D D D D D D D D D D 808 5384 4929 6443 5771/D 5772/D 5773 2500 5771 5772 5773 5183 5707 2534 4715

55 56

56 57 57 58

ix

COLD CRANKING SIMULATOR apparent viscosity using manual cold cranking simulator using cold cranking simulator--see p. 26 COLD FILTER PLUGGING POINT CFPP of diesel and heating fuels COLOR ASTM color of dyed aviation gasoline Gardner color platinum-cobalt color Saybolt color by automatic Tristimulus method CONE PENETRATION of lubricating greases of lubricating grease of petrolatum CONGEALING POINT of petroleum waxes and petrolatum CONRADSON CARBON RESIDUE of petroleum products of tar and pitch COOLING CHARACTERISTICS OF QUENCH OILS BY COOLING CURVE ANALYSIS COPPER IN JET FUELS BY GRAPHITE FURNACE ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROMETRY COPPER CORROSION by copper strip tarnish by liquefied petroleum gases from lubricating grease from petroleum products of solid film lubricants CORROSIVENESS OF DIESEL OILS AT 135°C CORROSION PREVENTIVE PROPERTIES corrosiveness and oxidation stability of oils CORROSIVENESS OF LUBRICATING FLUID of hydraulic oils of lubricating greases of lubricating greases of lubricating greases EMCOR test CRYSTALLINE SIZE OF CALCINED PETROLEUM COKE by x-ray diffraction DEMULSIBILITY CHARACTERISTICS OF LUBRICATING OILS DENSITY, RELATIVE DENSITY, AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY ­ GENERAL real density of calcined petroleum coke vibrated bulk density of calcined petroleum coke real density of calcined petroleum coke gravity, specific by digital meters of light hydrocarbons by pressure thermohydrometer of liquids by Bingham pycnometer gravity, specific of solid pitch by pycnometer of solid pitch by pycnometer

D 2602 D 5293 D 6371 D D D D D D 1500 2392 1544 1209 156 6045

58

59 60 62 62 62 63 63 64 64 65 65 66 68 69 69 70 70 71 71 71 72 72 73 74 74 74 75 75 76 76 76 77 77 78 78 79 79 80 80 81

D 217 D 1403 D 937 D 938 D 189 D 2416 D 6200 D 6732 D D D D D D D 130 849 1838 4048 7095 2649 6594

D 4636 D D D D 6547 1743 5969 6138

D 5187 D 2711 D D D D D D D D D D 2638 4292 5004 5002 4052 1657 1217 1298 2320 4892

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Guide to ASTM Test Methods: 2nd Edition

of solid pitch and asphalt by Stabinger viscometer by thermohydrometer method of viscous materials by Bingham pycnometer of viscous materials by Lipkin pycnometer DEPENTANIZATION of gasoline and napthas DIESEL FUEL DILUENT in used diesel engine oils by gas chromatography DISTILLATION ­ GENERAL of crude petroleum of heavy hydrocarbon mixtures of petroleum products at reduced pressure of pitch DIMETHYLFORMAMIDE OF TAR AND PITCH DOCTOR TEST--see p. 21 DROPPING POINT ­ GENERAL of lubricating grease of lubricating grease DUST CONTROL MATERIAL on calcined petroleum coke ELASTOMER COMPATIBILITY of lubricating greases and fluids ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY of Aviation and Distillate fuels of liquid hydrocarbons by precision meter ENGINE OIL VOLATILITY by capillary gas chromatography by Noack evaporation--see p. 96 by TGA--see p. 97 ETHANOL CONTENT in denatured fuel ethanol by GC ETHYL MERCAPTAN IN LPG VAPOR ETHYLENE GLYCOL IN USED ENGINE OIL EVAPORATION LOSSES BY VOLATILITY ­ GENERAL by GC of lubricating greases of lubricating greases and oils Noack evaporation loss by thermogravimetric analysis TGA noack method EXPLOSIVE REACTIVITY OF LUBRICANTS EXTREME PRESSURE PROPERTIES of fluid lubricants of lubricating fluids of lubricating fluids of lubricating grease of lubricating greases of solid bonded films EXTRACTABLES solvent extractables in petroleum waxes FILTER PLUGGING TENDENCY of distillate fuel oils

D D D D D

71 7042 6822 1480 1481

81 81 82 83 83 84 84 84 85 85 86 87 88 89 89 89 90 90 90 91 92 93

D 2001 D 3524 D D D D D D D 2892 5236 86 1160 2569 2764 4952

D 566 D 2265 D 4930 D 4289 D 2624 D 4308 D 6417 D 5800 D 6375 D 5501 D 5305 D 4291 D D D D D D D D D D D D 5480 2595 972 5800 6375 3115 3233 2782 2783 2596 5706 7217

94 94 95 95 95 96 96 96 97 98 98 99 99 100 100 101 101 102

D 3235 D 2068

xi

FILTERABILITY OF AVIATION TURBINE FUEL FILTERABILITY OF DIESEL FUELS FILTERABILITY OF DISTILLATE FUEL OILS FILTERABILITY OF ENGINE OILS AFTER TREATMENT WITH WATER FILTERABILITY OF ENGINE OILS AFTER TREATMENT WITH WATER AND DRY ICE DISCRIMINATION BETWEEN FLAMMABILITY RATINGS FUEL INJECTOR SHEAR STABILITY TEST FISST FLASH POINT ­ GENERAL by continuously closed cup tester CCFP by cleveland open cup COC by MCCFP tester by small scale closed cup tester ramp method by Pensky-Martens closed tester PMCC small scale closed tester Tag closed tester FLOCCULATION RATIO AND PEPTIZING POWER IN RESIDUAL AND HEAVY FUEL OILS FOAMING TENDENCY in aqueous media in aqueous media of lubricating oils high temperature foaming tendency FREEZING POINT of aviation fuels of aviation fuels automatic fiber optical method by automatic laser method by automatic optical method by automatic phase titration method of high purity hydrocarbons FRETTING WEAR PROTECTION by lubricating greases FRICTION AND WEAR PROPERTIES of extreme pressure lubricating oils FUEL SYSTEM ICING INHIBITORS IN AVIATION FUELS GAGE VAPOR PRESSURE OF LPG GASOLINE DILUENT IN USED ENGINE OILS distillation method gas chromatography method GLYCERIN IN BIODIESEL METHYL ESTERS BY GC GLYCOL ANTIFREEZE IN USED LUBRICATING OILS GRAIN STABILITY OF CALCINED PETROLEUM COKE GRAVITY, API BY HYDROMETER METHOD EXISTENT GUM IN FUELS BY JET EVAPORATION HARDGROVE GRINDABILITY INDEX OF PETROLEUM COKE HEAT OF COMBUSTION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS net heat of combustion of aviation fuels of aviation fuels of aviation fuels of aviation fuels net and gross heat of combustion of burner and diesel fuels heating values of liquids and solids by differential mackey test of liquid hydrocarbon fuels by bomb calorimeter

D D D D D

6824 4539 6426 6794 6795

102 103 103 104 104 105 105 106 107 107 108 108 109 109 110 110

D 6668 D 5275 D D D D D D D D 6450 92 7094 7236 93 3828 56 7060

D D D D D D D D D D

3519 3601 892 6082 2386 7154 7153 5901 5972 1015

111 111 112 113 113 114 114 115 115 116 116 116 117 117 118 118 119 119 120 120 121 121 122 122 122 123 123 123 124

D 4170 D 6425 D 5006 D 1267 D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 322 3525 6584 2982 6791 287 381 5003 1405 3338 4529 6446 4868 3523 240

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Guide to ASTM Test Methods: 2nd Edition

of liquid hydrocarbon fuels by bomb calorimeter liquid heat capacity of petroleum distillate fuels specific heat of aircraft turbine fuels by thermal analysis SEPARABILITY NUMBER OF HEAVY FUEL OILS by optical scanning device HIGH TEMPERATURE DEPOSITS BY TEOST HIGH TEMPERATURE STABILITY of distillate fuels HIGH TEMPERATURE UNIVERSAL OXIDATION TEST FOR TURBINE OILS HINDERED PHENOLIC AND AROMATIC AMINE ANTIOXIDANT CONTENT IN NON-ZINC TURBINE OILS by linear sweep voltammetry HINDERED PHENOLIC ANTIOXIDANT IN HL TURBINE OILS by linear sweep voltammetry HOMOGENITY AND MISCIBILITY of engine oils HYDROCARBON TYPES ­ GENERAL characteristic groups in oils by clay-gel absorption chromatography aromatics and nonaromatics fractions of high boiling oils by emulsion chromatography by fluorescent indicator adsorption in gasoline by gas chromatography in ethylene by gas chromatography HYDROCARBON TYPES IN ENGINE FUELS by gas chromatography by mass spectrometry aromatics types by mass spectrometry aromatic hydrocarbon types in aviation fuels and petroleum distillates AROMATIC HYDROCARBON TYPES IN MIDDLE DISTILLATES by HPLC with RI detection by mass spectrometry in gasoline by mass spectrometry by multidimensional GC HYDROGEN CONTENT OF FUELS ­ GENERAL of aviation fuels of aviation turbine fuels by low resolution nuclear magnetic resonance NMR of petroleum products by low resolution NMR by NMR of petroleum fractions of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen--see p. 186 HYDROLYTIC STABILITY HYDROGEN SULFIDE in liquefied petroleum gas LPG by lead acetate method in residual fuels in residual fuel oils HYDROPEROXIDE NUMBER of aviation turbine fuels HYDROXYL NUMBER INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS IN ENGINE FUELS by high resolution gas chromatography by high resolution gas chromatography by high resolution gas chromatography

D 4809 D 2890 D 4816 D 7061 D 6335 D 6468 D 6514

124 125 125 126 126 127 127

D 6971 D 6810 D 6922 D 2007 D 2549 D 1319 D 2427 D 2505 D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 6839 2786 3239 6379 6591 2425 2789 5443 3343 3701 4808 7171 1018 5291 2619

128 129 129 130 130 131 131 132 133 134 134 135 136 137 138 139 139 140 140 141 141 141 142 142 143 143 144 144 145 145 146 148

D 2420 D 6021 D 5705 D 6447 D 1957 D 6729 D 6730 D 6733

xiii

INSOLUBLES IN HYDRAULIC FLUIDS PENTANE INSOLUBLES by membrane filtration INSOLUBLES IN HYDRAULIC FLUIDS in used lubricating oils in used oils IODINE NUMBER IRON CHIP CORROSION for water dilutable metal working fluids LEAD DETERMINATION IN GASOLINE ­ GENERAL by atomic absorption spectrometry AAS in gasoline by iodine chloride ici method in gasoline by x-ray fluorescence XRS for trace lead in gasoline LEAKAGE TENDENCIES of automotive greases LEAKAGE TENDENCIES OF GREASES LIFE PERFORMANCE OF GREASES LINEAR FLAME PROPAGATION RATE of lube oils and hydraulic fluids LITHIUM AND SODIUM in greases by flame photometer LOAD-CARRYING CAPACITY OF GREASES LOW TEMPERATURE FLUIDITY AND APPEARANCE of hydraulic fluids LUBRICATING GREASES ANALYSIS LUBRICITY OF AVIATION TURBINE FUELS LUBRICITY OF DIESEL FUELS by high-frequency reciprocating rig HFRR LUMINOMETER NUMBERS of aviation turbine fuels MANGANESE IN GASOLINE BY AAS MELTING POINT OF PETROLEUM WAX DROP MELTING POINT OF PETROLEUM WAX MERCAPTAN SULFUR in petroleum products MISTING PROPERTIES OF LUBRICATING FLUIDS METAL ANALYSIS BY SPECTROSCOPY ­ GENERAL TRACE METALS IN GAS TURBINE FUELS BY AA/FES in lubricating oils by AAS aluminum and silicon in fuel oils by inductively coupled plasma ICPAES and AAS TRACE ELEMENTS IN MIDDLE DISTILLATE FUELS by ICP-AES in oils and fuels by flame AAS ICP-AES, standard practice for operation CONTAMINANTS IN GAS TURBINE AND DIESEL ENGINE FUELS BY ROTRODE INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA ATOMIC EMISSION SPECTROMETRY inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry metals in grease in crude oils and fuels by ICP-AES

D 4898 D 4055 D 893 D 7317 D 2078 D 4627 D D D D 3237 3341 5059 3348

148 149 149 150 150 151 151 151 152 152 153 153 153 154 154 155 155 156 156 156 157 157 158 158 159 159 160 160 160 161 162

D 1263 D 4290 D 3527 D 5306 D 3340 D 2509 D 6351 D 128 D 5001 D 6079 D D D D 1740 3831 87 127

D 3227 D 3705 D 3605 D 4628 D 5184

D D D D D D D D

7111 5863 7260 6728 4951 5185 7303 5708

163 165 165 165 167 168 169 170

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Guide to ASTM Test Methods: 2nd Edition

PHOSPHORUS IN ILSAC GF4 ENGINE OILS by ICP-AES in petroleum coke by AAS in petroleum coke by ICPAES in petroleum coke by wavelength dispersive x-ray spectroscopy WEAR METALS AND CONTAMINANTS in used oils/hydraulic fluids using rotrode emission spectrometry x-ray fluorescence spectrometry in lubricating oils and additives by wavelength dispersive x-ray fluorescence WD-XRF METALS IN LUBRICATING OILS by energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy METHANOL IN CRUDE OILS by multi-dimensional gas chromatography TRACE METHANOL IN PROPYLENE CONCENTRATES by gas chromatography MOLECULAR WEIGHT of lubricating oils of hydrocarbons of petroleum oils MOISTURE CORROSION RESISTANCE of automotive gear lubricants MOISTURE OF GREEN PETROLEUM COKE METHYL TERT-BUTYL ETHER by gas chromatography in gasoline by GC OXYGENATES in gasoline by gas chromatography--see p. 198 in finished gasoline by GC-FTIR--see p. 30 in gasoline by infrared spectroscopy NAPTHALENE HYDROCARBONS in aviation turbine fuels by ultraviolet UV spectrophotometry NEEDLE PENETRATION OF PETROLEUM WAXES trace nitrogen by oxidative combustion and chemiluminescence detection by boat-inlet chemiluminescence of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen Kjeldahl method ODOR OF PETROLEUM WAX AUTOMOTIVE ENGINE OIL COMPATABILITY with typical seal elastomers OIL CONTENT OF PETROLEUM WAXES OIL SEPARATION FROM GREASE by centrifuging Koppers method OIL SEPARATION FROM GREASE CONICAL SIEVE METHOD o-PONA hydrocarbons in fuels by GC--see p. 199 OLEFINS IN ENGINE FUELS by GC OLEFINS IN GASOLINES by supercritical fluid chromatography by fluorescent indicator adsorption--see p. 131 OXIDATION INDUCTION TIME OF GREASES OXIDATION INDUCTION TIME OF LUBE OILS by pressure differential scanning calorimetry PDSC

D D D D

7040 5056 5600 6376

171 172 173 173 174 175 176

D 6595 D 4927 D 6443

D 6481 D 7059 D 4864 D 2878 D 2503 D 2502 D 7038 D 4931 D 5441 D 4815 D 5599 D 5986 D 5845 D D D D D D D 1840 1321 4629 5762 5291 3228 1833

177 178 178 179 179 180 180 181 181 182

183 183 184 184 185 186 186 187 187 188 188 189

D 7216 D 721 D 4425 D 6184 D 6293 D 6296 D 6550 D 1319 D 5483 D 6186

189 190 191 191

xv

OXIDATION OF USED LUBRICANTS by FT-IR using peak area increase calculation OXIDATION STABILITY of aviation fuels of distillate fuels of oils by thin film oxygen uptake TFOUT of extreme pressure lubricating oils of gasoline of gear oils of inhibited mineral oils of lubricating greases of oils by universal oxidation test OXIDATION STABILITY OF STEAM TURBINE OILS by rotating pressure vessel OXYGEN IN GASOLINE AND FUELS by reductive pyrolysis in gasoline by GC--see p. 182 in gasoline by gas chromatography in finished gasoline by GC-FTIR--see p. 30 o-PONA hydrocarbons in fuels by GC PARTICULATE CONTAMINATION in aviation fuels in aviation fuel in middle distillate fuels PEROXIDES IN BUTADIENE POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS PCBs IN WASTES by gas chromatography PEROXIDE NUMBER of aviation turbine fuels of petroleum wax PETROLEUM WAX ANALYSIS by GC PHOSPHORUS DETERMINATION IN PETROLEUM PRODUCTS PHOSPHORUS DETERMINATION in gasoline by ICP-AES in GF4 oils--see p. 171 in lubricating oils in lubricating oils PISTON DEPOSITS by TEOST MHT POUR POINT OF CRUIDE OILS POUR POINT, MANUAL POUR POINT by using automatic air pressure method auto pour point phase technology auto pour point ISL auto robotic tilt method auto pour point Herzog PRECIPITATION NUMBER OF LUBRICATING OILS PUMPABILITY OF INDUSTRIAL FUEL OILS QUENCHING TIME OF HEAT TREATING FLUIDS QUINOLINE INSOLUBLE CONTENT of tar and pitch

D 7214 D D D D D D D D D 873 2274 4742 2893 525 5763 943 942 5846

192 192 193 193 194 195 195 196 196 197 197 198 198 199 200 200 201 201 202 202 203 203

D 2272 D D D D D D D D D 5622 4815 5599 5986 6293 5452 2276 6217 5799

D 6160 D 3703 D 1832 D 5442

D D D D

3231 7040 1091 4047

204 205 207 207 208 210 210 211 211 212 212 213 213 213 214

D 7097 D 5853 D 97 D D D D D D D D 6749 5949 5950 6892 5985 91 3245 3520

D 2318

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Guide to ASTM Test Methods: 2nd Edition

QUINOLINE INSOLUBLE IN TAR AND PITCH by pressure filtration RAMSBOTTOM CARBON RESIDUE RED DYE CONCENTRATION AND ESTIMATION OF ASTM COLOR RED DYE CONCENTRATION AND ESTIMATION OF SAYBOLT COLOR REFRACTIVE INDEX of hydrocarbon liquids of viscous materials RESIDUES IN LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES ROLL STABILITY OF LUBRICATING GREASES RUST PREVENTIVE CHARACTERISTICS of engine oils of mineral oils of steam turbine oil SALTS IN CRUDE OIL SALT IN CRUDE OILS SAPONIFICATION NUMBER SEDIMENT TESTS sediment in crude and fuel oils in crude oil in trace sediment in lubricating oils in crude oil water and sediment in crude oil water and sediment in middle distillate fuels LUBRICITY OF DIESEL FUELS BY SLBOCLE SONIC SHEAR STABILITY shear stability index of polymer-containing fluids of hydraulic fluid of polymer-containing oils SHEAR STABILITY OF POLYMER CONTAINING FLUIDS USING A EUROPEAN DIESEL INJECTOR APPARATUS SLUDGING AND CORROSION TENDENCIES of inhibited mineral oils SMOKE POINT of kerosene and aviation turbine fuel SOFTENING POINT OF ASPHALT AND PITCH ­ GENERAL mettler cup-and-ball method cube-in-water method cube-in-air method mettler softening point method SOLIDIFICATION POINT OF PETROLEUM WAX SOLVENT RED DYE 164 IN DIESEL FUELS STABILITY AND COMPATIBILITY OF HEAVY FUEL OILS AND CRUDE OILS BY OIL STABILITY ANALYZER OPTICAL DETECTION STABILITY, STORAGE distillate fuel storage stability at 43°c distillate fuel storage stability INTRINSIC STABILITY OF ASPHALTENE CONTAINING OILS stability of residual fuels by spot test storage stability of water-in-oil emulsions stability of water-in-oil emulsions sulfate, inorganic in ethanol by potentiometric titration

D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D

4746 524 6756 7058 1218 1747 2158 1831 6557 665 3603 3230 6470 94 473 4807 2273 4870 96 2709 6078 3945 6278 5621 2603 7109

214 215 216 216 217 218 218 219 219 220 220 221 221 222 223 223 224 224 225 225 225 226 227 227 228 228

D 4310 D 1322 D D D D D D D 3461 61 2319 3104 3944 6258 7112

229 229 230 230 230 231 231 231 232 232

D D D D D D D

4625 5304 7157 4740 3707 3709 7318

233 234 234 235 235 236 236

xvii

sulfate & chloride, inorganic in ethanol by DIIC sulfate & chloride in ethanol by AIIC SULFATED ASH FROM LUBRICATING OILS AND ADDITIVES--see p. 34 SULFONATES BY LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY SULFUR DETERMINATION IN PETROLEUM PRODUCTS ­ GENERAL in cutting oils--see p. 21 in fuels and solvents Doctor test --see p. 21 sulfur determination by bomb method by high temperature method by hydrogenolysis and rateometric colorimetry by lamp method in liquid petroleum gases LPG in petroleum products--see p. 159 by monochromatic WDXRF by on-line GC with FPD by oxidative combustion and electrochemical detection by oxidative combustion with electrochemical detection by EDXRF using a low background proportional counter in fuels by polarization XRF by oxidative microcoulometry by oxidative microcoulometry by GC-sulfur detector by ultraviolet fluorescence method TOTAL VOLATILE SULFUR in gaseous hydrocarbons and LPG using combustion UV fluorescence detection sulfur by wavelength dispersive x-ray fluorescence WD-XRF by energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence ED-XRF in gasoline by energy-dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectrometry in gasoline by WD-XRF by TFOUT catalyst B SURFACE WAX COATING ON CORRUGATED BOARD SURFACE WAX ON WAXED PAPER OR PAPERBOARD THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF LIQUIDS THERMAL STABILITY of aviation turbine fuels by JFTOT procedure of aviation turbine fuels by HIRETS method THERMAL STABILITY of organic heat transfer fluids of hydraulic oils INSTABILITY of middle distillate fuels by portable spectrophotometer of solid film lubricants of way lubricants TOLUENE INSOLUBLES IN TAR AND PITCH TOLUENE INSOLUBLES IN TAR AND PITCH TORQUE, LOW TEMPERATURE of ball bearing grease of grease lubricated wheel bearings TOTAL INHIBITOR CONTENT of light hydrocarbons TRANSITION TEMPERATURES OF PETROLEUM WAXES BY DSC ULTRAVIOLET UV ABSORBANCE OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D

7319 7328 874 3712 1662 4952 129 1552 4045 1266 2784 3227 7039 7041 6428 6920 7212 7220 3120 3246 5623 5453

237 238 238 239

239 242 243 243 244 244 245 245 246 246 247 247 248 248 249 250 250 251 252 252 253 253 254 254 255 255 256 257 257 258 258 259 259 259 259 260 260 261

D 6667 D D D D D D D D 2622 4294 6445 6334 7098 3521 2423 2717

D 3241 D 6811 D 6743 D 2070 D D D D D 6748 2511 6203 4072 4312

D 1478 D 4693 D 1157 D 4419 D 2008

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UNSULFONATED RESIDUE of oils VANADIUM IN HEAVY FUEL OIL VAPOR LIQUID RATIO of fuels temperature of fuels VAPOR PRESSURE of crude oil of gasoline and blends of LPG expansion method of lubricating oils--see p. 179 of petroleum products by automatic method of petroleum products by mini-automatic method of petroleum products by mini-atmospheric method REID vapor pressure of petroleum products of petroleum products by triple expansion method VISCOSITY, APPARENT apparent viscosity by capillary viscometer at high temperature high shear--see p. 25 using cold cranking simulator--see p. 26 of hot melt adhesives at high temperature high shear by multicell capillary viscometer--see p. 26 of lubricating greases--see p. 27 of petroleum waxes YIELD STRESS AND APPARENT VISCOSITY of used engine oils at low temperature yield stress and apparent viscosity at low temperature--see p. 27 LOW TEMPERATURE VISCOSITY OF drive line lubricants in a constant sheer stress viscometer--see p. 275 VISCOSITY Brookfield viscosity scanning Brookfield viscosity Houillon at high temperature high shear--see p. 25 at high shear rate by tapered bearing simulator viscometer at 100°c at high shear rate by tapered plug-simulator--see p. 26 VISCOSITY INDEX, CALCULATIONS VISCOSITY, KINEMATIC of aircraft turbine lubricants of transparent and opaque liquids VISCOSITY, MINI-ROTARY of volatile and reactive liquids of engine oils--see p. 47 VISCOSITY, SAYBOLT of drive line lubricants in a constant sheer stress viscometer ROTATIONAL VISCOSITY OF HEAVY DUTY diesel drain oils at 100°c VISCOSITY, SAYBOLT universal viscosity VISCOSITY, SHEAR of coal-tar and petroleum pitches DYNAMIC VISCOSITY AND DENSITY BY STABINGER VISCOMETER --see p. 81

D 483 D 1548 D 2533 D 5188 D D D D D D D D D 6377 4953 6897 2878 5190 5191 5482 323 6378

262 262 262 263 263 264 264 265 265 266 266 267

D 4624 D D D D D 5293 3236 5481 1092 2669

267

268 269

D 6896 D 4684 D 6821 D D D D D D D 2983 5133 7279 4683 6616 4741 2270

269 270 271 271 272 273 273 274 275 275 276 276 277

D 2532 D 445 D D D D 4486 3829 88 6821

D 6895 D 2161 D 5018 D 7042

xix

VISCOSITY-TEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIP OF USED AND SOOT CONTAINING ENGINE OILS VOLATILES contaminants in used engine oils in gaseous hydrocarbons and lpg using combustion UV fluorescence detection--see p. 250 matter in green petroleum coke matter in petroleum coke pitch volatility VOLATILITY of LPG WATER ­ GENERAL in crude oils by coulometric KF titration in crude oil by distillation in crude oils by potentiometric KF titration FREE WATER, PARTICULATES, AND CONTAMINANTS in aviation fuels in distillate fuels in mid-distillate fuels in petroleum products and lubricants by coulometric Karl Fischer titration in petroleum products by distillation method by Karl Fischer reagent reaction of aviation fuels resistance of lubricating grease and sediment in crude oil--see p. 225 and sediment in fuel oils and sediment in crude oil water separation of diesel fuels and sediment in middle distillate fuels--see p. 225 separation characteristics of aviation turbine fuels separability of petroleum oils water spearation characteristics of kerosene-type by portable separometer solubility in hydrocarbons and aliphatic ester lubricants in solvents by Karl Fischer titration tolerance of gasoline-alcohol blends undissolved in aviation turbine fuels washout characteristics of lubricating greases WAX APPEARANCE POINT of distillate fuels WAX APPLIED DURING curtain coating operation WAX CONTENT OF CORRUGATED PAPERBOARD WEAR CHARACTERISTICS OF PETROLEUM hydraulic fluids WEAR CHARACTERISTICS of non-petroleum and petroleum hydraulic fluids of lubricating fluid four ball method preventing properties of lubricating greases of lubricating grease four ball method of hydraulic fluids WEAR LIFE of solid film lubricants of tractor hydraulic fluids

D 7110

277

D 3607 D 6667 D 6374 D 4421 D 4893 D 1837 D 4928 D 4006 D 4377 D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 6986 4176 4860 6304 95 1744 1094 4049 96 1796 4007 7261 2709 3948 1401 7224 4056 1364 6422 3240 1264

278 278 279 279 279 280 282 282 283 283 284 285 285 286 286 286 287 287 288 288 289 290 291 292 292 293 293 294 294 294 295 295 296 296 297 297 298 298 299

D 3117 D 3708 D 3344 D 6973 D D D D D 7043 4172 3704 2266 2882

D 2981 D 4998

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