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Fong's Industries Company Limited

Technology Development in Processing

By Mr. Walter Leung ­ Director of Sales and Marketing (Fong's National Engineering Company Limited)

The 4th Asian Textile Conference 17th September 2009

Climate Change and China's Water Crisis

Fong's Industries

·By 2020 average temperatures in China are projected to be between 1.1 and 2 above 1961-1990 levels. ·National Climate Change Assessment predicts more droughts, spreading deserts and reduced water supplies. ·The hai, Huai and Huang(Yellow) River Basins (the 3-H river basins) supply just under half of China's population with water. With the growing demands of industry, urban centers and agriculture, water is being withdrawn from the basins at twice the rate of replenishment. The result: rivers that no longer reach the sea and sinking groundwater tables.

Climate Change and China's Water Crisis

Fong's Industries

·The Qinghai-Tibet plateau covers a landmass the size of western Europe and contains more than 45,000 glaciers. These glaciers are retreating at the dramatic rate of 131.4 square kilometers annually. On current trends, most will disappear altogether by the end of the century. ·In western China entire ecological systems are under threat. Projected temperature increases for this region are 1-2.5 by 2050.

·The city of Shanghai is particularly vulnerable to climate-related hazards. Located at the mouth of the Yangtze river, at an elevation of only 4 meters above sea level, the city faces acute flood risks. Summer typhoons, storm surges and excessive river runoff contribute to extreme flooding.

The Ganga

Fong's Industries

"For more than two millennia, the Ganges, which flows more than 2,400km from the Himalayas, across the plains of India, into Bangladesh and then the Bay of Bengal, has been revered as a symbol of spiritual purity. " "In Varanasi, say inhabitants, the river level has dropped by an easily observable two metres. " "Climate change is also taking its disastrous toll. The Himalayan Gangotri glacier, the source of most of the Ganges' water during India's long, hot summer, is shrinking by 40 metres a year, say scientists. By 2030, they warn, it could disappear altogether - making the Ganges seasonal, dependent upon erratic monsoon rains. "

News Report Mian Ridge, Jul 19, 2008 South China Morning Post

Melting Water Banks

Climate change will leave India with fewer rainy days

Fong's Industries

Governmental Policies

Fong's Industries

·The impacts of Climate Change and Water Stress are real! ·Governments (most) world wide are taking these issues very seriously: ·EU ­ Carbon Trading Scheme ­ Kyoto Protocol. ·The INTERGOVERNMENT PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE's Chairman (IPCC), Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, warned recently that only seven years remained for stabilizing emissions of global ­ warming gases at a level that could be considered safe. ·INDIA ­ National Action Plan for Climate Change ­ Issued June 2008. **National Water Mission: With water scarcity projected to worsen as a result of climate change, the plan sets a goal of a 20% improvement in water use efficiency through pricing and other measures.

Energy Consumption in Textile Process

kWh %

Fong's Industries

% w/o cotton & ginning

Basis : cotton shirt 100% cotton yarn Ne 45/Nm 74, 75 g/m2, 4 m2 Total material consumption: 300 g fabric Cotton Production on Irrigated Land Ginning : New Technology Spinning : Ring Yarn Combed Weaving : Air Jets

2.13 0.07 1.80 2.49 6.20

16.68 0.55 14.10 19.50 48.55 17.03 23.56 58.66

Finishing :: foulard : finishing Foulard Make up

Total energy consumption 1 shirt

0.08

12.77

0.63

100.00

0.76

100.00

(Source: Rieter, IVGT Tagung, Nov 2006 and Dr. Thomas Stegmaier, (IVT) Denkendorf, ITMF 2007 conference, Cairo)

Benchmark with specific numbers

Knitting Weaving finishing Finishing 1.2 kWh/kg 6.2 kWh/kg 17.9 kWh/kg 17.9 kWh/kg

(Source: Dr. Thomas Stegmaier, (ITV) Denkendorf, ITMF 2007 conference, Cairo)

Water Usage and Potential Savings in Textiles Dyeing and Finishing Process

World Annual Textile Production (kg) Estimated Average Water use per litres / kg of textiles 150 125 100 9,000,000,000,000 7,500,000,000,000 6,000,000,000,000 60,000,000,000 Estimated Annual Savings of: 50% litres litres litres 4,500,000,000,000 3,750,000,000,000 3,000,000,000,000

Fong's Industries

40%

30% 2,700,000,000,000 2,250,000,000,000 1,800,000,000,000

3,600,000,000,000 3,000,000,000,000 2,400,000,000,000

150 125 100

9,000,000,000 7,500,000,000 6,000,000,000

m3 m3 m3

4,500,000,000

3,750,000,000 3,000,000,000

3,600,000,000 3,000,000,000 2,400,000,000

2,700,000,000 2,250,000,000 1,800,000,000

Volume of Water for a Olympic Size Swimming Pool (m3) 2500 Olympic pool equivalent 150 125 100 3,600,000 3,000,000 2,400,000 1,800,000 1,500,000 1,200,000 1,440,000 1,200,000 960,000 1,080,000 900,000 720,000

Processing

Fong's Industries

Dyeing Process

Batch Process

Continuous Process

Yarn Dyeing

Fabric Dyeing

Hydraulic

Aerodynamic

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Yarn Dyeing

Fong's National

ALLWIN

COS

CAS CCS CS

M.L.R. 1 : 10 M.L.R. 1:7

M.L.R. 1:4

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Yarn Dyeing

Allwin

Fong's National

Conventional Technology M.L.R. - 1 : 6

Contemporary Technology M.L.R. - 1 : 4

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Conventional Technology vs. Contemporary Technology

Fong's National

Application of rapid dyeing process (Cotton)

Temp. x Time x Min Water (L/kg) Air (kg/kg) Electricity (kW/k)

Time Min.

M.L.R.

Contemporary Technology Conventional Technology

105 x 15'

85

13

0.764

0.215

1:4

100 x 45'

188

27.5

1.45

0.246

1:8

Savings

54.8%

52.7%

47.3%

12.7%

50%

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Fabric Dyeing (Hydraulic)

Fong's National

JUMBOFLOW

M.L.R. 1:5

ECO-6

M.L.R. 1:6

GN6

M.L.R. 1:8

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Conventional Technology vs. Contemporary Technology

Fong's National

Application of rapid dyeing process

Capacity (kg)

M.L.R.

Water (L/kg)

Steam (kg/kg)

Electricity (kW/k)

Total Time* (minutes)

Contemporary Technology Conventional Technology

280

1:5

46.89

3.920

0.136

310

200

1:8

77.55

6.272

0.287

467

Savings

39.54%

37.50%

52.70%

33.62%

*Total Time includes Scouring & Bleaching, Dyeing and Rinsing process

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Fabric Dyeing (Aerodynamic)

SYN A G1

Atmospheric Airflow Dyeing Machine

SYN G2

High Temperature Airflow Dyeing Machine

M.L.R. 1 : 3.5

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Fabric Dyeing (Aerodynamic)

Total water saving of THEN-Airflow Synergy® compared to conventional batch process

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Fabric Dyeing (Aerodynamic)

Total power saving of THEN-Airflow Synergy® compared to conventional batch process

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Fabric Dyeing (Aerodynamic)

Total steam saving of THEN-Airflow Synergy® compared to conventional batch process

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Fabric Dyeing (Aerodynamic)

Total salt saving of THEN-Airflow Synergy® compared to conventional batch process

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Continuous Process

Fong's Industries

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Continuous Process

Advantages of Continuous Process

· · · · · · · · Low water consumption Low energy consumption Low production costs Better dimension stability Low hairiness on fabric surface High reproducibility High flexibility High productivity

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Continuous Process ­ Pretreatment

Cost Comparison for Daily Production of 10 tons

Process Utility Water (m3) Batch Processing 800 Continuous Processing 250

Bleaching & Dyeing

Steam (tons) Water (m3)

105

33

Washing after Reactive Printing

1000

240

Steam (tons)

135

32

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Continuous Process ­ Pretreatment

SINTENSA Washing Compartment

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Continuous Process ­ Washing after Printing

Washing after Printing

Your First Choice in Dyeing and Finishing

Information

Package and Beam Dyeing Solution

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