Read A Third World Submarine Prespective text version

Professional Development Short Course On: A Third World Submarine Perspective Instructor: B.S. Uppal, Commodore, Indian Navy (Ret.)

ATI Course Schedule: ATI's Advanced Undersea Warfare:

http://www.ATIcourses.com/schedule.htm http://www.aticourses.com/advanced_undersea_warfare.htm

349 Berkshire Drive · Riva, Maryland 21140 888-501-2100 · 410-956-8805 Website: www.ATIcourses.com · Email: [email protected]

Advanced Undersea Warfare

Submarines in Shallow Water and Regional Conflicts

March 16-19, 2009

Summary

Advanced Undersea Warfare (USW) covers the latest information about submarine employment in future conflicts. The course is taught by a leading innovator in submarine tactics. The roles, capabilities and future developments of submarines in littoral warfare are emphasized. The technology and tactics of modern nuclear and diesel submarines are discussed. The importance of stealth, mobility, and firepower for submarine missions are illustrated by historical and projected roles of submarines. Differences between nuclear and diesel submarines are reviewed. Submarine sensors (sonar, ELINT, visual) and weapons (torpedoes, missiles, mines, special forces) are presented. Advanced USW gives you a wealth of practical knowledge about the latest issues and tactics in submarine warfare. The course provides the necessary background to understand the employment of submarines in the current world environment. Advanced USW is valuable to engineers and scientists who are working in R&D, or in testing of submarine systems. It provides the knowledge and perspective to understand advanced USW in shallow water and regional conflicts.

Beltsville, Maryland

$1690

(8:30am - 4:00pm)

"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."

Course Outline

1. Mechanics and Physics of Submarines. Stealth, mobility, firepower, and endurance. The hull - tradeoffs between speed, depth, and payload. The "Operating Envelope". The "Guts" - energy, electricity, air, and hydraulics. 2. Submarine Sensors. Passive sonar. Active sonar. Radio frequency sensors. Visual sensors. Communications and connectivity considerations. Tactical considerations of employment. 3. Submarine Weapons and Off-Board Devices. Torpedoes. Missiles. Mines. Countermeasures. Tactical considerations of employment. Special Forces. 4. Historical Employment of Submarines. Coastal defense. Fleet scouts. Commerce raiders. Intelligence and warning. Reconnaissance and surveillance. Tactical considerations of employment. 5. Cold War Employment of Submarines. The maritime strategy. Forward offense. Strategic antisubmarine warfare. Tactical considerations of employment. 6. Submarine Employment in Littoral Warfare. Overt and covert "presence". Battle group and joint operations support. Covert mine detection, localization and neutralization. Injection and recovery of Special Forces. Targeting and bomb damage assessment. Tactical considerations of employment. Results of recent out-year wargaming. 7. Littoral Warfare "Threats". Types and fuzing options of mines. Vulnerability of submarines compared to surface ships. The diesel-electric or airindependent propulsion submarine "threat". The "Brown-water" acoustic environment. Sensor and weapon performance. Non-acoustic anti-submarine warfare. Tactical considerations of employment. 8. Advanced Sensor, Weapon & Operational Concepts. Strike, anti-air, and anti-theater Ballistic Missile weapons. Autonomous underwater vehicles and deployed off-board systems. Improved C-cubed. The blue-green laser and other enabling technology. Some unsolved issues of jointness.

Instructors

Capt. James Patton (USN ret.) is President of Submarine Tactics and Technology, Inc. and is considered a leading innovator of pro- and anti-submarine warfare and naval tactical doctrine. His 30 years of experience includes actively consulting on submarine weapons, advanced combat systems, and other stealth warfare related issues to over 30 industrial and government entities. While at OPNAV, Capt. Patton actively participated in submarine weapon and sensor research and development, and was instrumental in the development of the towed array. As Chief Staff Officer at Submarine Development Squadron Twelve (SUB-DEVRON 12), and as Head of the Advanced Tactics Department at the Naval Submarine School, he was instrumental in the development of much of the current tactical doctrine. Commodore Bhim Uppal, former Director of Submarines for the Indian Navy, is now a consultant with American Systems Corporation. He will discuss the performance and tactics of diesel submarines in littoral waters. He has direct experience onboard FOXTROT, KILO, and Type 1500 diesel electric submarines. He has over 25 years of experience in diesel submarines with the Indian Navy and can provide a unique insight into the thinking, strategies, and tactics of foreign submarines. He helped purchase and evaluate Type 1500 and KILO diesel submarines.

What You Will Learn

· · · · · Changing doctrinal "truths" of Undersea Warfare in Littoral Warfare. Traditional and emergent tactical concepts of Undersea Warfare. The forcing functions for required developments in platforms, sensors, weapons, and C-cubed capabilities. The roles, missions, and counters to "Rest of the World" (ROW) mines and non-nuclear submarines. Current thinking in support of optimizing the U.S. submarine for coordinated and joint operations under tactical control of the Joint Task Force Commander or CINC.N

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6 ­ Vol. 97

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349 Berkshire Drive Riva, Maryland 21140 Telephone 1-888-501-2100 / (410) 965-8805 Fax (410) 956-5785 Email: [email protected]

The Applied Technology Institute specializes in training programs for technical professionals. Our courses keep you current in the state-of-the-art technology that is essential to keep your company on the cutting edge in today's highly competitive marketplace. Since 1984, ATI has earned the trust of training departments nationwide, and has presented on-site training at the major Navy, Air Force and NASA centers, and for a large number of contractors. Our training increases effectiveness and productivity. Learn from the proven best.

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A Third World Submarine Perspective

· Why developing nations desire submarine forces · Background on starting a Submarine Force ­ Missions ­ Selection ­ Specifications ­ OP Areas · Assessment of worldwide submarines on the market · Indian Submarine Force Infrastructure Concepts · Training and patrol work-ups · Platform comparisons · Sonar Detection ranges Tyrula, Inc Slide 2 · Tactics

Why Developing Nations Desire Subs

· Developing nations desire submarine forces because they: ­ Are the most effective weapons platform for expenditure ("cheapest platform for the military mission") ­ Provide greater flexibility ­ Counter surface ASW forces effectively ­ Are multi-mission platforms (ASUW, Special Forces, I&W, ASW) ­ Are covert (and deployable without political ramifications) ­ Do not require supporting escorts

Slide 3 Tyrula, Inc

Submarine Forces

Importers Algeria Chile Columbia Cuba Ecuador Egypt Greece Indonesia Iran Israel Libya Malaysia Peru Philippines Saudi Arabia Singapore south Africa Syria Taiwan Thailand Venezuela Have 2 4 2 3 2 8 10 2 3 5 6 0 9 0 0 2 3 3 4 0 2 Plan 0 0 0 0 0 2-6 0 0 0 0 0 ? 0 ? ? 1 0 0 4 ? 0 Co-Producer Argentina Brazil China India North Korea Pakistan South Korea Turkey Exporters Australia China France Germany Netherlands Russia South Korea Sweden U.K. Have 4 4 45 18 25 6 4 15 Plan 4 3 0 6 0 3 6 7

Slide 4

Tyrula, Inc

"Typical" Sonar Detection Ranges

Platform Detected Foxtrot Kilo 1500

15 kt merchant 6-8 20 kt warship 30kt warship Snorkeling SS 8-10 10-12 4-5

Slide 5

12-15* 10-12 18* 14 25-30* 20 8-10* 8

Tyrula, Inc

* Best detection in category Range is in nautical miles

Tactical Procedures

· · · · · · · · In preparation for "war Patrol" the shipyard will change the screws The ship will depart during the night Outside of harbor the submarine will submerge and commence patrol On patrol, the boat will stay deep all day and snorkel at night While on patrol all officers keep watch Patrol philosophy is EMCOM Battery in not allowed to go below 80% The normal sonar tactic is to place the sonar above the layer ­ Going to PD is an instant detection · Choice of attack lies with the submarines · The threat to the submarine in by an ASW helo with dipping sonar

Slide 6 Tyrula, Inc

Tactics: Approach and Attack

· Screen penetration ­ Get ahead of BG ­ Below layer ­ Acquire sonar picture ­ Go slow ­ Let screen escorts ­ Select weapon and fire · Minelaying ­ Time speed for two knots ­ Keep a good navigation plot

Slide 7 Tyrula, Inc

Assessment of third world Submarine Threat

· Modern subs & weapons will continue to proliferate in the third world · Modern SS of today is a capable adversary ­ Quiet: Battery/Snorkeling ­ Torpedoes are lethal ­ Submerged endurance ­ Training & readiness are key · Future more capable third world submarines ­ Additional quieting ­ Advanced Torp/ASCMS ­ Increased submerged endurance using AIP ­ Crew proficiency / infrastructure projection forces

Slide 8 Tyrula, Inc

Assessment of third world Submarine Threat (Cont.)

· Various factors complicate ASW OPs in third world ­ Difficult environment ­ Restricted OP area/zero PIM ­ Combat damage sensitivity ­ "Home field" advantage · A few third world Subs can pose a serious threat to power projection forces ­ Consequences of a successful third world sub attack can be catastrophic

Slide 9

Tyrula, Inc

Boost Your Skills with On-Site Courses Tailored to Your Needs

The Applied Technology Institute specializes in training programs for technical professionals. Our courses keep you current in the state-of-the-art technology that is essential to keep your company on the cutting edge in today's highly competitive marketplace. For 20 years, we have earned the trust of training departments nationwide, and have presented on-site training at the major Navy, Air Force and NASA centers, and for a large number of contractors. Our training increases effectiveness and productivity. Learn from the proven best. ATI's on-site courses offer these cost-effective advantages: · You design, control, and schedule the course. · Since the program involves only your personnel, confidentiality is maintained. You can freely discuss company issues and programs. Classified programs can also be arranged. · Your employees may attend all or only the most relevant part of the course. · Our instructors are the best in the business, averaging 25 to 35 years of practical, realworld experience. Carefully selected for both technical expertise and teaching ability, they provide information that is practical and ready to use immediately. · Our on-site programs can save your facility 30% to 50%, plus additional savings by eliminating employee travel time and expenses. · The ATI Satisfaction Guarantee: You must be completely satisfied with our program.

We suggest you look at ATI course descriptions in this catalog and on the ATI website. Visit and bookmark ATI's website at http://www.ATIcourses.com for descriptions of all of our courses in these areas:

· Communications & Computer Programming · Radar/EW/Combat Systems · Signal Processing & Information Technology · Sonar & Acoustic Engineering · Spacecraft & Satellite Engineering I suggest that you read through these course descriptions and then call me personally, Jim Jenkins, at (410) 531-6034, and I'll explain what we can do for you, what it will cost, and what you can expect in results and future capabilities.

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A Third World Submarine Prespective

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