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Ballistic Missile Defense Overview

To: 13th Annual AUSA Missiles Conference

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for Public Release: distribution is unlimited.

By: LTG Patrick J. O'Reilly, USA Director Missile Defense Agency April 26, 2011

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Missile Defense Threat

Threat - Real - Growing - Unpredictable - Anti-ship ballistic missiles threaten flow of commerce - Threatens regional stability

Belarus Ukraine Syria Scud Scud Scud SS-21 SS-21 SS-21 Turkmenistan Kazakhstan Scud Scud SS-21

Libya Scud Egypt Scud SS-1

Missile Defense Attributes - Provides extended deterrence - Devalues missile proliferation - Dissuades ballistic missile investment - Enables international North Korea cooperation for Toksa, Scud regional defense ER Scud

No Dong New IRBM Taepo Dong-2 Vietnam Scud

Iranian SRBM, 20 August 2010

Iran Fateh-110, CSS-8 Shahab 1 & 2 Shahab 3 Shahab 3 Variant Ashura/Sejil Yemen Scud SS-21

India Prithvi 1 & 2 Pakistan Dhanush, Agni 1 Ghaznavi, Agni 2, Agni 3 Shaheen 1 Sagarika Ghauri, Shaheen 2

2010 Ballistic Missile Force Levels Not Including U.S., China, Russia or NATO SRBM MRBM IRBM Iranian Salvo Launch

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5,000-5,500 500-700 <40 IRBM 0-10 ICBM

Taepo Dong-2 Launch April 2009

ICBM

Totals

5,550-6,250

Sources: NASIC, Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat, 2009; DIA, Iran's Military Power, Statement before the Senate Armed Services Committee, 14 APR 10; DIA, Annual Threat Assessment 2008; MSIC, e-mail, RE: Unclassified Force Level Numbers, 7 February 2011; DNI, Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions, Covering 1 JAN to 31 DEC 29, FARS News Agency

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Maturity Of Missile Defense

­ Flight Tests 2006-2011 ­

Terminal High Altitude Area Defense 7 of 7 (SRBMs/MRBMs separating & unitary) Aegis BMD 11 of 12 (SRBMs/MRBMs separating & unitary) Ground-based Midcourse Defense 3 of 5 (IRBMs, ICBMs)

Patriot 5 of 6 SRBMs

Satellite Engagement (special mission)

46 Of 58 Hit-To-Kill Intercepts Since 2001

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Phased Adaptive Approach To Developing And Deploying Missile Defense

Phase I: Deploying Today's Capability (By Dec 2011) Phase II: Enhancing Medium Range Missile Defense (By 2015) Phase III: Enhancing Intermediate Range Missile Defense (By 2018) Phase IV: Early Intercept of MRBMs, IRBMs, ICBMs (By 2020)

Aegis Ashore 5.0 with SM-3 IB (one site) Aegis BMD 3.6.1 with SM-3 IA

Aegis BMD 5.1 with SM-3 IIA

Aegis BMD 5.1 with SM-3 IIA Aegis Ashore 5.1 with SM-3 IB/IIA (two sites) AN/TPY-2 (FBM)

Aegis Ashore 5.1 with SM-3 IIB (two sites)

AN/TPY-2 (FBM)

AN/TPY-2 (FBM) C2BMC Updates

ALTBMD Upper Tier

Aegis BMD 4.0.1/5.0 with SM-3 IB

AN/TPY-2 (FBM)

Enhanced C2BMC

Potential EPAA Enhancements

Potential EPAA Enhancements

C2BMC Updates THAAD

ALTBMD Lower Tier

THAAD

C2BMC AOC Ramstein

ALTBMD Interim Capability

Potential EPAA Enhancements

PTSS THAAD ABIR

PTSS

ABIR

Ground-based Midcourse Defense

East Coast IDT Approved for Public Release 11-MDA-6171 (21 APR 11)

Clear, AK UEWR

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Phased Adaptive Approach

­ Phase I: Deploying Today's Capability (by Dec 2011) ­

Phase I: Deploying Today's Capability (By Dec 2011)

Aegis BMD 3.6.1 with SM-3 IA

Aegis BMD 3.6.1 with SM-3 Block IA

SM-3 Block IA

AN/TPY-2 (FBM)

Fort Greely, Alaska Missile Field 2 Construction

European Deployment

C2BMC AOC Ramstein

ALTBMD Interim Capability

Ground-based Midcourse Defense

Notional Coverage

AN/TPY-2 Site Layout

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2 Ships + 1 AN/TPY-2

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Phased Adaptive Approach

­ Phase II: Enhancing Medium Range Missile Defense (By 2015) ­

Phase II: Enhancing Medium Range Missile Defense (By 2015)

Aegis Ashore

Aegis BMD 4.0.1/5.0 with SM-3 IB

Aegis Ashore 5.0 with SM-3 IB (Romania)

AN/TPY-2 (FBM)

SM-3 Block IB

C2BMC Updates

ALTBMD Upper Tier

European Deployment

Aegis Ashore Contribution

Potential EPAA Enhancements

THAAD

East Coast IDT

Notional Coverage

Aegis Ashore

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2 Ships + 1 Aegis Ashore Site + 1 AN/TPY-2

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Ballistic Missile Defense System ­ 2018 Phased Adaptive Approach

­ Phase III: Enhancing Intermediate Range Missile Defense (By 2018) ­ ­ Robust IRBM Defense ­

Phase III: Enhancing Intermediate Range Missile Defense (By 2018)

European Deployment

Aegis Ashore Contribution

Aegis BMD 5.1 with SM-3 IIA Aegis Ashore 5.1 with SM-3 IB/IIA (Poland and Romania)

AN/TPY-2 (FBM)

SM-3 Block IIA

Notional Coverage

C2BMC Updates

ALTBMD Upper Tier

2 Ships + 2 Aegis Ashore Sites + 1 AN/TPY-2

Potential EPAA Enhancements

THAAD

Organic

PTSS ABIR

SM-3 Blk IIA

SBT

Launch on Remote

Engage on Remote

Clear, AK UEWR

Cape Cod UEWR

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Ballistic Missile Defense System ­ 2018 Phased Adaptive Approach

­ Phase IV: Early Intercept Of MRBMs, IRBMs, ICBMs (By 2020) ­ ­ Robust IRBM Defense ­

Phase IV: Early Intercept of MRBMs, IRBMs, ICBMs (By 2020)

Early Intercept

Aegis BMD 5.1 with SM-3 IIA Aegis Ashore 5.1 with SM-3 IIB (Poland) and SM-3 IB/IIA (Romania)

AN/TPY-2 (FBM)

SM-3 Block IIB

Enhanced C2BMC

European Deployment

Aegis Ashore Contribution

Additional Homeland Defense

Potential EPAA Enhancements

THAAD

Additional Coverage Provided by SM-3IIB*

PTSS ABIR

*

Located in Poland

Notional Coverage

SM-3 IIB Contribution to Homeland Defense

2 Ships + 2 Aegis Ashore Sites + 1 AN/TPY-2

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Homeland Defense System Status (2020)

ONIR ONIR EWR Thule, Greenland EWR Clear, AK GBI (26) C2BMC Ft. Greely, AK ONIR

ONIR

East Coast IDT

EWR Shemya, AK SBX

EWR Beale, CA

EWR Fylingdales, UK C2BMC EWR Cape Cod

SM-3 IIB Poland

AN/TPY-2

ABIR

AN/TPY-2

Aegis LRS&T

GBI (4) VAFB

PTSS Notional PTSS PTSS PTSS

PTSS

Aegis Ships SM-3 IA Interceptors SM-3 IB Interceptors SM-3 IIA Interceptors SM-3 IIB Interceptors SM-2 Interceptors

21 / 44 107 / 21 1 / 373 0 / >25 0 / 25 70 / 70

THAAD Fire Units 2 / >9 THAAD Interceptors 26 / >503 New since 2011 Quantities 2011 / 2020

Patriot Fire Units 52 / 60 PAC-3 Interceptors >800 / >1,198

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International Activities

Europe

NATO: Working with NATO committees on planning and execution for territorial BMD. Working with ALTBMD to refine interoperability between U.S. C2BMC and NATO ALTBMD Czech Republic: BMD Framework Partner; RDT&E Cooperative Projects Denmark: BMD Framework Partner; Thule Upgraded Early Warning Radar France: Missile defense discussions

Middle East

Bahrain: Missile defense discussions Israel: Arrow Deployed, Arrow System Improvement Program; development of short-range BMD, Upper Tier program Kuwait: Missile defense discussions Qatar: Missile defense discussions Saudi Arabia: Missile defense discussions United Arab Emirates: Request Foreign Military Sales of THAAD, PAC-3

Germany: Laser cross-link technology

Italy: BMD Framework Partner Netherlands: PAC-3, Maritime BMD studies Poland: Agreed to host Aegis Ashore Romania: Agreed to host Aegis Ashore Russia: Missile defense discussions

Asia / Pacific

Australia: BMD Framework Partner; Joint Project Arrangement for Cooperative Project Japan: BMD Framework Partner; Forward-based X-Band radar siting, 21" Missile Development ROK: Missile defense discussions Singapore: Missile defense discussions

UK: BMD Framework Partner; Fylingdales Upgraded Early Warning Radar, Joint Project Arrangements for Cooperative Projects

Engagement / Outreach

Missile Defense Analysis

Cooperative Missile Defense Projects

Co-development

Deployment 10

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Summary

· Defend the homeland against limited ballistic missile attack · Defend against regional missile threats · Test new capabilities under realistic operational conditions · New capabilities must be fiscally sustainable · Missile defense must be flexible to adapt as threats change · Expanded international efforts for missile defense

Approved for Public Release 11-MDA-6171 (21 APR 11)

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Approved for Public Release 11-MDA-6171 (21 APR 11)

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