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BP REFINERy ROTTERDAM

>> BP Refinery Rotterdam is one of the largest refineries in Europe.

Our refinery processes 400,000 barrels of crude oil every day, which amounts to an annual production of 19 million tons. We produce an extensive package of end products and semi-manufactures from crude oil, such as LPG, Euro lead-free, Ultimate, super plus, diesel, kerosene (aviation fuel), domestic fuel oil, oil fuel and raw materials for the petrochemical industry. We supply our products to all BP service stations in the Netherlands. As a member of the BP group, we also supply other countries such as Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Italy, England and the United States. The BP Refinery is a round-the-clock company with two sites, in Europoort and Pernis. On the Europoort site there is a 390-hectare oil-processing and transhipment plant, situated at the 6th Petroleumhaven. On the Pernis-site there is a 90-hectare transhipment plant, situated at the 2nd Petroleumhaven. The Pernis site has four jetties available for both sea-going and inland navigation vessels. There is also a very modern tanker loading station, with which on average, around 125 tankers per day can be loaded with primarily petrol. In the tanker park on our Europoort site there are a hundred storage tanks with a total storage capacity of 4.3 million m3. On this site, the produced components are mixed into end products. Via road, water, rail and pipelines they find their way to depots and filling stations, industry and shipping. The Europoort site also has in total 11 jetties suitable for both sea-going and inland navigation vessels. Even supertankers of up to 285,000 tons can discharge crude oil at this site.

Pernis site

Europoort site

>> The BP Refinery Rotterdam organisation has over 730 permanent employees working in the following units:

> Operations > Maintenance > Commercial > Engineering & Construction (E&C) > Health, Safety, Security and Quality (HSSEQ) > Human Resources & Organisation (HR&O) > Business support

>> Operations is the unit mostly concerned with the

production, processing, storage and transhipment of our products and semi-manufactures. Operations is further divided into three operational sub-units or assets: > the Crude Distillation Unit (CDU) > the Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU) > Oil Movements (OM)

At the moment, we are working on the construction of a Hydrogen Purification Unit and a new steam boiler, the SG1004. In the coming years, various existing units will be further adapted under the banner of the Reconfiguration project. >> The FCCU comprises the FCCU unit. This plant was commissioned in 1981. In this unit the residue, the heaviest crude fraction of the CDUs, is processed into lighter products such as petrol, kerosene and LPG. In 1983, the MTBE unit (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) was added to the FCCU unit and commissioned. Here, a high-octane component for lead-free petrol is produced. They have also not been idle in the FCCU unit in recent years. Various projects have been implemented to further expand the processing capacity. In 2002, a desulphurisation plant for petrol components was added to the palette of plants within the FCCU unit. In 2005, the reactor of the cracking plant was replaced, due to which not only the reliability but also the profitability of the plants has drastically improved. In 2008, a new plant was commissioned by which the desulphurisation capacity for petrol components was further expanded.

>> The CDU asset comprises the "Foster Wheeler Unit"

and the "Badger Unit" The "Foster Wheeler Unit" is the oldest . production unit in the refinery and was commissioned in 1967 . The Badger Unit (CDU3 & CDU4) was commissioned in 1972. In 1998, the following plants were added to the Foster Wheeler complex:

> Sour Water Stripper Unit (SWS) > A hydrogen sulphide recovery plant, the H2S-Recovery Unit > A sulphur recovery plant, the Sulphur Recovery Unit (SRU-C) > A gas oil desulphurisation plant, the Hydrofiner-3 Unit. And we are of course not sitting idly by. Prompted by commercial insights and changes in the law, over time, ever more modifications have been implemented. Thus, in 1999, the Foster Wheeler unit was expanded with a Benzene Extraction Plant and a Hydrogen Recovery Unit was constructed in 2001.

And we are currently working hard on a large number of projects to be will be implemented in the coming years.

>> By Oil Movements (OM) we understand in general

the tanker park and the port with the piers for sea-going and inland vessels, where the crude oil (crude) is brought in. The purification of waste water also takes place in OM. For this there is a special purification plant, we call it the "Waste Treatment Area" in the tanker park. In this plant the waste water of the , refinery is biologically purified before it is discharged to the surface water, the Beerkanaal.

The Entrepot and the pumping stations for pumping the product also belong to OM. Moreover, there are also the blending stations, where semi-products are mixed into end products. The refinery in Europoort is connected to the Rhein-MainRuhrleitung (RMR) pipeline. Via this pipeline end products are pumped to Germany. Furthermore, there are two separate

>> The Tank Truck Loading Rack (TTLR) on the Pernis

site was built in 1992 and contains seven modern loading bays. Products that can be loaded are gas oil and petrol. The loading system is fully automated and contains a so-called vapour-return system. This environmentally-friendly plant ensures that fumes and gases released during the loading process cannot escape to the outside atmosphere. They are recovered via the vapourreturn line. In this way, the environment and cost awareness go hand-in-hand. Besides the pumping stations, which are used for mixing and for loading ships, tankers and rail wagons, there are also pumping stations with which intermediate and end products, such as kerosene, naphtha and gas oil, are pumped from the refinery to Germany. This takes place via an approximately 600 km long pipeline to the Ruhr and Main area. Naphtha is a raw material for the petrochemical industry.

pipelines to the Maasvlakte Transfer Terminal (MTT). A kerosene pipeline runs to Schiphol airport (ATK) and a gas pipeline runs from the Europoort site to Pernis. Finally, we also make use of the storage capacity of TEAM (a joint venture of BP , Exxon Mobile and Saudi Aramco).

>> The Laboratory

Monitoring the production process occurs not only at the times when the many and sometimes complicated reactions take place, but also thereafter, in the laboratory. In this way, BP as the producer has an overview of the whole route from raw material via semi-manufacture to end product and even the waste water. The laboratory has all the equipment with which to analyse crude oil products, chemicals and additives. In practice, every batch is tested before it is delivered to the client. Quality deviations can have very far-reaching consequences and are thus undesirable. Think about kerosene for the airline industry, which must have course have a consistently high quality.

On this photo, the octane content of petrol is tested with an engine.

>> The waste water purification plant

Water containing traces of oil is released during the different refining processes. The average amount of waste water that must be purified amounts to 450 m3/hour. First of all, the waste water is collected in large concrete tanks. Because oil floats on water, it can be separated from the waste water. After filtration over sand filters, the waste water is pumped to the biological filters. These are two large metal tanks, each filled with 2000 m3 of plastic rings on which the biological mass (bacteria) live. The water is sprayed over the rings and the bacteria remove the contamination from the waste water. After the biological filters, the water comes into a post-treatment pool (the lagoon), after which it is discharged into the Beerkanaal.

>> Maintenance

The nature of the materials, the temperatures and the different pressure levels that occur in the refining process are often a challenge to the plants. Periodic maintenance and rapid repairs are therefore required. BP has a well-equipped maintenance team, supplemented by specialist contractors, for this.

>> Purification of waste water with a bio filter

Bacteria are pathogenic organisms but they can also be very useful. BP makes use of them for the purification of waste water. Water, which naturally contains traces of oil, is released during the various refining processes. Furthermore, tankers coming to our refinery to load semi-manufactures or end products are filled with water as ballast. All this waste water, in flows that can amount to quantities of a million litres per hour, is collected in tanks. Oil and water are separated here by skimming off the oil. After being routed over sand filters, the water then comes into the biological filter. On small plastic rings there are bacteria that live on oil and thus break down the pollution. The water with the oil traces is sprayed over the rings. The finally purified water is discharged into the Beerkanaal. It is then cleaner than the water in that canal. Several examples of the activities carried out under the responsibility of Maintenance are welding activities, scaffold erection, steam cleaning, painting and plant inspection. Maintenance can be very comprehensive. Much equipment is then renewed. Kilometres of pipe are replaced, painted or newly insulated, which is important both to resist rusting and for protection from the sun's rays. Large motors are tested. And, during extensive maintenance projects such as a Turn-Around, complete units are disassembled for a thorough inspection and countless components are cleaned, adjusted and/or replaced.

The BP Refinery Rotterdam is naturally working on its future and takes advantage of the wishes of and opportunities on the market. There are also regularly changes in the law and the regulations that affect our refinery. This is why new developments are constantly taking place.

>> Working at the BP Refinery Rotterdam

Our employees constitute a very important factor within the refinery. Over 730 colleagues are working together every day to allow the plant produce as optimally as possible in a safe and professional manner. They also work closely with, among others, their colleagues in London, where the commercial activities of BP take place, with their colleagues at the European BP refineries, such as in Gelsenkirchen and Lingen and also with the many employees of the contractors working on our two sites, Europoort and Pernis. Working at our refinery means receiving and taking opportunities. From a personal development plan, professional training and additional courses are launched to shape a fine career. Furthermore, working for a large international company naturally gives you the chance to further explore your boundaries.

>> Facts and Figures

Capacity Primairy units Employees Contractors Vessels Tankers at TTLR Storage tanks > 400.000 barrels/day > 3 (2 x CDU - 1 x FCCU) > 730 > 500 > 7 .000 per year > 25.000 per year > 125

BP Refinery Rotterdam

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>> BP Refinery Rotterdam B.V. d' Arcyweg 76 3198 NA Europoort-Rotterdam Havennummer 6425 Phone +31 (0)181 259 000 Fax +31 (0)181 259 657 www.bp.nl [email protected]

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