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Choosing a Major or Occupation

Welcome!

Selecting an academic major is one of the most significant decisions you will make as a student at The Florida State University (FSU). As you start this journey, you may feel eager or overwhelmed by the many possibilities that await you. However you feel, advisors from the Career Center and Advising First recognize the importance of this decision and are here to offer assistance. This guide was developed for students who are ready to actively engage in the major selection and career decision-making process. It is a great resource for both Exploratory majors and other students who have declared a major, but may be experiencing doubt with their initial decision. Since choosing a major involves careful consideration and a serious time commitment, this guide is both informative and action-oriented. When you devote the attention and energy your decision deserves, you will be pleased by the results. Let's get started.

What's Inside

Step 1: Engage the Process

Knowing: What's involved in career choice..............2 Doing: How to make a better decision.......................3 Where am I now, where do I want to be?.................. 4 What does my major decision look like? ................... 5 What is my vision for the future? ............................... 6

Step 2: Understand Myself & My Options

Understand my values, interests, and skills .............6 Self-exploration questions ...........................................7 Ranking my values, interests, and skills.................... 8 The Holland party game ..............................................9 FSU majors by Holland code .....................................10 Action plan to understand myself & my options ...12

Step 3: Explore My Options

Expand my list of options .......................................... 13 The sixteen career clusters ......................................... 14 Narrow my list of options .......................................... 19 Action plan to explore my list of options ................ 20

Step 4: Evaluate My Options

Action plan to evaluate my options .........................21 A decision-making exercise .......................................21 Rank my alternatives ..................................................22

Step 5: Act on My Choice

Action plan to act on my choice ................................ 23 For additional support ............................................... 23

Step 6: Reflect on My Decision ....................24

STEP 1: Engage the Process

Decision making includes both knowing () and doing ( ). Reviewing the pyramid1 below contributes to knowing and helps you answer "What's Involved in a Career Choice?" On the next page, How to Make a Better Decision contributes to doing and helps you better understand the skills involved in making a career choice. In this guide, you will be introduced to knowing () and led through doing ( ) in order to make a more informed decision.

"Knowing": What's Involved in a Career Choice

Before making a career choice, evaluate what you know about yourself, your options, how you make decisions, and how you think about your decision making.

Knowing About Myself y y y Values Interests Skills Knowing About My Options y y y Programs of study/majors Occupations Jobs

Knowing How I Make Decisions: "Doing" (see Thinking about My Decision-Making y

on next page)

Be aware of your approach to decision making and listen to your self-talk for words like always, never, and should. Using these absolute terms can make it hard to move forward. Examples of negative selftalk include:

­ ­ "I'll never be able to choose a major that I like." "I did poorly in college algebra, so I can't major in psychology because I would have to take statistics." "If I find majors that match my interests and skills, I'll find an option I will enjoy." "Math is not my strength, but I can talk to the psychology advisor about the kind of math required for statistics before I exclude it as a major." Choosing a Major or Occupation

y

You can restate or reframe the negative self-talk above into more helpful phrases. For example,

­ ­

2

STEP 1: Engage the Process

"Doing": How to Make a Better Decision

FSU faculty2 have studied how to make career decisions and have found that using a step-by-step process usually leads to better results. These steps, shown below, can help you engage the decisionmaking process. It is intended to be action-oriented and tailored to your unique needs.

1. Engage

(Communication)

Knowing I need to make a choice

6. Reflect

(Communication)

Knowing I made a good choice

2. Understand

(Analysis)

Understanding myself and my options

5. Act

Implementing my choice

3. Explore

Expanding and narrowing my list of options

(Execution)

(Synthesis)

4. Evaluate

Choosing a major, occupation, or job

(Valuing)

1. ENGAGE, or knowing I need to make a choice, is a unique experience for everyone. Whether course registration deadlines are approaching or your friends and relatives are asking questions, now is your opportunity to identify some of the factors influencing your career decision. 2. UNDERSTAND or understanding myself and my options means learning more about yourself by identifying values, interests, and skills that are important to you. Becoming familiar with your options incorporates an understanding of majors and occupations in relation to the world of work. 3. EXPLORE, or expanding and narrowing my list of options, involves creating a list of several opportunities that fit your values, interests, and skills. Then, narrowing that list by picking 3-5 options using what you learned from the "Understand" step of the cycle. 4. EVALUATE, or choosing a major or career, includes weighing the costs and benefits of each option, ranking them, and then making a decision. At this point, an alternative or back-up choice can also be evaluated in case you encounter obstacles with your initial choice. 5. ACT, or implementing my choice, takes time and effort to specify unique action steps to execute your chosen plan for education or training and to further confirm your choice. 6. REFLECT, or knowing I made a good choice, means looking back at your initial goals and thinking about what you have accomplished, including noting the reactions of others and your own thoughts and feelings about your decisions. Notice that you have returned back to STEP 1, "Engage," to make your next career decision (e.g., finding an internship, searching for a job, or applying to graduate school).

Choosing a Major or Occupation

3

STEP 1: Engage the Process

Where am I now, where do I want to be?

List the thoughts, feelings, circumstances, people, or events that are impacting your decision or telling you that a decision is needed. List as few or as many as you would like. What's impacting my decision? · · · · · · · · · · Rank/Label

4

Choosing a Major or Occupation

STEP 1: Engage the Process

What does your major decision look like?

Within the large circle below, draw smaller circles that represent each item on your list from the previous page.3 Write the corresponding rank or label from the list in the smaller circles. Use the size of the circles you draw to represent the relative importance of each item.

Choosing a Major or Occupation

5

STEP 1: Engage the Process

What is my vision for the future?

Please draw or write any thoughts, feelings, or ideas you hold for your future in the space below.

STEP 2: Understand Myself and My Options

Understand My Values, Interests, and Skills

Understanding yourself and your options is the next step in your journey. Self-knowledge includes a clear understanding of your values, your interests, and your skills. · Values: Guiding principles that reflect what is most important to you in life. · Interests: Topics you enjoy reading about and activities that leave you energized. · Skills: Activities you do well, either learned (e.g., playing basketball) or innate (e.g., coordination). It is sometimes difficult to clearly state our values, interests and skills which is why we have provided several questions to help you gain more clarity. Be sure to show your academic and career advisors the results from this step. They can help you connect your results to the many major and occupational options available to you.

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Choosing a Major or Occupation

STEP 2: Understand Myself and My Options

Self-Exploration Questions

Review the questions below, reflect on each, and write your answers in the space provided.

· At a bookstore, what section do I visit first? · What level of achievement is important to me?

· What topics of conversation hold my attention?

· What do I want to accomplish professionally?

· If I had more free time, how would I spend it?

· Where have I received recognition or awards?

· Would I rather have more free time and less money, or more money and less free time?

· What extracurricular activities have I enjoyed in the past?

· What subjects/classes do I enjoy most?

· What kind of club/organization am I interested in joining?

· What type of assignments interest me?

· Who do I know that enjoys his/her work?

· What are my unique talents and abilities?

· What kind of people would I like to work with?

· What is easy for me but is difficult for others?

· What is my ideal work environment?

· I could spend hours learning about...

Choosing a Major or Occupation

7

STEP 2: Understand Myself and My Options

Ranking Values, Interests, and Skills

In the column below, rank your Values from 1 (most important) to 16 (least important). It may be helpful to identify the most important (#1) and least important (#16) values first; then rank the remaining values. Be sure to use a number only once (try to avoid ties). Repeat this ranking process for the Interests and Skills columns. If you wish, include other important values, interests, & skills in the list, but be sure to increase your number of items you rank (e.g., 17 or more).

Values _ Creativity _ Earning Potential _ Further Education _ Independence _ Job Location _ Job Security _ Leadership _ Level of Prestige _ Organizational Culture _ Personal/Professional

Balance

Interests _ Community Service _ Creative/Performing Arts _ Fashion _ Interpersonal

Relationships

Skills _ Analytical/ProblemSolving

_ Athletic _ Communication _ Counseling _ Creativity/Artistic _ Design _ Instructional/Mentoring _ Interpersonal _ Leadership _ Managerial _ Mechanical _ Organizational _ Research _ Scientific _ Technology _ Visionary

Other________

_ Literature/Reading _ Money/Investing/Finance _ Music _ Nature/Environment _ Organizing _ Planning _ Politics _ Salesmanship _ Science _ Sports _ Teaching _ Technology

Other________

_ Service to Others _ Travel Opportunities _ Vacation/Benefits _ Variety of Tasks _ Work Environment _ Work Schedule

Other________

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Choosing a Major or Occupation

STEP 2: Understand Myself and My Options

The Holland Party Game4

There are many ways to identify enjoyable majors and occupations. To complete this simple exercise: 1. Read about each of the six groups of people inside the hexagon below. Which three groups or types of people would you enjoy spending time with at a party? 2. Write the underlined letter of the group you would most like to spend time with in the first block below, the letter of the group you would spend time with next in the second block, and the letter of the third group in the last block. These three letters are called your Holland Code. 3. Continue to the next page to match your three letters to majors at Florida State.

Re

ali

c sti

People with mechanical and athletic abilities; like working outdoors with tools and objects; prefer dealing with things rather than people.

In

ve

sti

ga

tiv

People with math and science abilities; like working alone and solving complex problems; like dealing with ideas rather than people or things.

e

Conventional

People with clerical and math ability; prefer working indoors and organizing things; like dealing with words and numbers rather than people or ideas.

People with artistic ability and imagination; enjoy creating original work; like dealing with ideas rather than things.

Artistic

Ent e

People with leadership and speaking abilities; like to be influential; interested in politics and economics; like dealing with people and ideas rather than things.

People with social skills; interested in social relationships and helping others solve problems; like dealing with people rather than things.

TM

rpr

isin

g

c So

ial

Choosing a Major or Occupation

9

STEP 2: Understand Myself and My Options

Understanding your options is critical to making a decision. With over 120 majors and thousands of occupations the choices can be overwhelming! Patterns will emerge as you gain a better understanding of yourself and your options. Each step you take brings your academic and career choices into sharper focus.

FSU Majors by Holland Code Realistic

Art, Studio Engineering, Computer * Engineering, Industrial Exploratory Graphic Design (Art, Studio)

Find your Holland Codes from page 9 and place a check next to majors which interest you. To learn more about a major, visit www.academic-guide.fsu.edu.

Geosciences, Applied--FSU Teach

Investigative

Actuarial Science Applied Mathematics Biochemistry Biological Science Biomathematics Chemical Science Chemistry (including Environmental Track) Communication Sciences & Disorders ­ Audiology ­ Speech Pathology Computational Biology (Biology & Computer Science) Computational Science Computer Criminology (Computer Science or Criminology) Computer Science (BA or BS) * Computer Science (Online, Panama City only) * Criminology/Criminal Justice Economics and Applied Economics Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Chemical-Biomedical Engineering, Civil * Engineering, Electrical (Panama City only) * Engineering, Electrical & Computer Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Mechanical Environmental Chemistry Environmental Science (BS) Environmental Science & Policy (BA) Environmental Studies Exploratory Geography

Information Technology International Affairs Management Information Systems Mathematics (Mathematics, Applied, Biomedical) Meteorology Physical Science Physics Physics and Astrophysics Psychology * Sociology Statistics

Artistic

Classics ­ Classical Archaeology ­ Civilization ­ Classics & Religion ­ Greek ­ Latin ­ Latin & Greek Communication, Media Production Creative Writing with Business (English) Dance English ­ Creative Writing ­ Creative Writing w/Business ­ Editing, Writing & Media w/Business ­ English Studies ­ Literature ­ Literature w/Business Exploratory Film (Motion Picture Arts) Interior Design Modern Languages and Linguistics ­ Chinese ­ Chinese & Japanese ­ French & Francophone Studies ­ German ­ Greek Choosing a Major or Occupation

10

STEP 2: Understand Myself and My Options

­ Italian ­ Japanese ­ Latin ­ Russian ­ Spanish Music, B.A. Program Music ­ Music Composition ­ Music Performance ­ Music Theatre ­ Music Theory Philosophy Theatre, B.A. Program

Social Science, Interdisciplinary * Social Sciences Education * Social Work * Special Education ­ Exceptional Student Education ­ Visual Disabilities (Teacher Preparation) Women's Studies

Enterprising

Social

African American Studies Asian Studies Athletic Training Dietetics (Nutrition, Food, & Exercise Sciences) Early Childhood Education Elementary Education * English Education Exercise Science (Nutrition, Food, & Exercise Sciences) Exploratory Family & Child Sciences FSU--Teach ­ Biology ­ Chemical Science ­ Geosciences, Applied ­ Mathematics ­ Physical Science ­ Physics, Interdisciplinary

Humanities Management, Human Resources Middle Eastern Studies Music Education Music Therapy Nursing Nursing, Accelerated B.S.N. Nutrition, Food, & Exercise Sciences ­ Athletic Training ­ Dietetics ­ Exercise Science ­ Nutrition Science Religion (and Religion-Classics) Russian & East European Studies

Choosing a Major or Occupation

Advertising (Communication) Art History Entrepreneurship (Business Administration) * Exploratory Finance Golf Management, Professional History Hospitality Management Information, Communication, & Technology Management, General Marketing Media/Communication Studies Political Science Professional Communication (Panama City only) * Professional Communication/Corporate and Public Communication (B.S./M.S. Combined) (Panama City only) * Professional Sales Public Relations (Communication) Real Estate Recreation & Leisure Services Administration (Panama City only) * Retail Merchandising & Product Development Risk Management & Insurance Sport Management Theatre, B.F.A Program, Acting

Conventional

Accounting * Exploratory

Students may declare their major as "Exploratory" for their first three terms, then must change into a departmental major by term four. These majors are also available at the FSU Panama City campus.

*

11

STEP 2: Understand Myself and My Options

Action Plan to Understand Myself and My Options Goal 1: Example: Identify my values, interests, and skills Goal 2: Example: Understand how majors and occupations are organized

Goal 3: Goal 4: My Action Steps Priority Completed (Y or N)

Recommended Action Steps to: Understand Myself

y Visit the Career Center to learn how assessments may help you understand your values, interests, and skills. Use Career Finder at www.flchoices.org Use SIGI3 career.fsu.edu/sigi using access code "seminoles" Talk to people who know you well and who you trust about your strengths, achievements, and interests which might suggest occupations that will fit you. Attend Pizza and a Major workshops and the Freshman Success Conference to enhance your self-knowledge. View a current schedule at advisingfirst.fsu.edu/ ExploratoryCenter.

Understand My Options

y Visit the Career Center Library, offering more than 3,000 information resources, to help you research majors and occupations. View majors at academic-guide.fsu.edu. Visit your academic advisor. Talk to faculty or academic advisors in the departments of majors that interest you. Sit in on classes for majors you are considering. Attend Pizza and a Major workshops and the Freshman Success Conference to enhance your options-knowledge. View a current schedule at advisingfirst.fsu.edu/ ExploratoryCenter.

y y y

y y y y y

y

12

Choosing a Major or Occupation

STEP 3: Explore My Options

Expand My List of Options

Now that you've identified your values, interests, and skills and possible majors and occupations, it is time to more closely connect what you know about yourself to your options. You will want to know the pros and cons of each choice. For majors, this includes understanding all prerequisite courses, academic milestones, and application procedures. For occupations, this comprises work descriptions, education/training requirements, growth outlook, average salaries, and representative employers. Following the example provided, list the options you are considering on the lines below. Then, review the resources on the right to learn more about each. Write the resources you will use on the dotted lines below each option. Academic and career advisors can help you access these resources. Majors/Occupations

Example: Nursing Major/Registered Nurse Undergraduate Program Guide Occupational Outlook Handbook

On-line Resources y Undergraduate Academic Program Guide provides descriptions of each major, along with mapping requirements, academic milestones, and advising contact information at academic-guide.fsu.edu. y Match Major Sheets allow you to find occupations, books, and professional organizations that match your major or broader fields of study at career.fsu.edu. y Career Key helps you search for books, files, and videos about your major and occupations at the Career Center and other libraries at career.fsu.edu/library/. y Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and the occupational outlook for hundreds of occupations at www.bls.gov/OCO/. y O*Net is a continually-updated online database with descriptions of occupations and matching personality descriptions at online.onetcenter.org. y Choices Planner contains information similar to the OOH and O*Net, but also contains additional assessment tools for values, interests, and skills at www.flchoices.org.

Choosing a Major or Occupation

13

14

Cluster

The production, processing, marketing, distribution, financing, and development of agricultural commodities and resources including food, fiber, wood products, natural resources, horticulture, and other plant and animal products/resources. Actuarial Science, Athletic Training, Biological Sciences, Business ( Accounting, Finance, Hospitality) Environmental Science, Environment Science & Policy, Management, Human Resource Management, Management (General), MIS (Management Information Systems), Nutrition Science, Food, Real Estate, Economics/Economics, Applied, Environmental Studies, Exercise Science/Dietetics Business (Accounting, Finance Hospitality Management, Human Resource Management, Management (General), MIS (Management Information Systems), Real Estate) Engineering (Chemical, Civil, Electrical, Industrial, Mechanical), English, LiteratureBusiness, Interior Design, Studio Art Architect, Carpenter, Civil Engineer, Construction Manager, Contractor, Computer Information System Manager/Designer, Education and Training Director, Electrician, Mechanical Engineer, Urban Planner/Designer, General Contractor/Builder, Interior Designer, Safety Director Actor/Actress, Art Director, Audio-Video Designer and Engineer, Audio-Visual Systems Technician, Broadcast Field Supervisor/Technician, Cartoonist/Animator, Chief Engineer, Commercial Artist, Computer Animator, Curator/ Gallery Manager, Director, Editor, Fashion Designer, Interior Designer, Journalist, Lighting Designer, Lithographer, Musician, Singer, News Analyst, Photographer/Painter/Sculptor, Playwright, Professor, Reporter, Telecommunication Technician/ Specialists, Videographer, Video Technician Agriscience Teacher, Environmental Engineer, Farmer/Rancher, Fish Hatchery Manager, Food Scientist, Landscape Designer, Mining Engineer, Nursery Manager, Park Naturalist, Soil & Water Conservationist, Wildlife Biologist, Zoologist

The Sixteen Career Clusters

Description

Sample Majors

Sample Occupations

STEP 3: Explore My Options

Occupations in designing, planning, managing, building, and maintaining the built environment.

Did you notice any themes in your previous exercises? Look for matching themes in the 16 career clusters on pages 14 through 18. Cross out any occupational cluster that does not connect to your values, interests, or skills. Write the three clusters most interesting to you at the bottom of page 18.

Designing, producing, exhibiting, performing, writing, and publishing multimedia content including visual and performing arts and design, journalism, and entertainment services.

Art History, Business Management (General), Communication (Advertising, Media Studies, Media Production, Public Relations), Dance, English (Creative Writing), Film (Motion Picture Arts), Information Communication amd Technology, Music, (BA, Sacred, Commercial, Jazz), Music Composition, Music Education, Music Performance, Music Theory, Music Therapy, Studio Art, Retail Merchandising & Product Development, Theatre (B.A. program; B.F.A. Acting; B.F.A. Music Theatre)

Choosing a Major or Occupation

Choosing a Major or Occupation

Cluster

Business Management and Administration occupations encompass planning, organizing, directing and evaluating business functions essential to efficient and productive business operations. Business Management and Administration occupation opportunities are available in every sector of the economy. Planning, managing, and providing education and training services and related learning support services. Audiology and Speech Pathology (Communication Disorders), Classical Civilization, Communication Disorders, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, English Education, English Literature, Child Development (Family and Child Sciences), Foreign Languages (Chinese, French, French and Francophone Studies, German, Greek, Greek and Latin, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Russian, and/or Spanish), FSU Teach (Biology, Chemistry, Geoscience, Mathematics, & Physical Science), History, Humanities, Music Education, Psychology, Social Science Education, Social Work, Sociology, Special Education: Visual Disabilities Administrator, Assessment Specialist, OccupationTech Administrator, Child Care Worker, College/University Faculty, Counselor, Curriculum Developer, Education Researcher, Elementary Teacher, High School Teacher, Middle School Teacher, Principal, Psychologists (Clinical, Developmental, Social), Social Worker, Speech-Language Pathologist/Audiologist Business (Accounting, Finance Hospitality Management, Human Resources Management, Management (General), MIS (Management Information Systems, Professional Sales, Real Estate), Graphic Design, International Affairs, English (Creative Writing for Business), English (Literature), English (Literature for Business), Entrepreneurship, Foreign Languages (Chinese, French, French and Francophone Studies, German, Greek, Greek and Latin, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Russian, and/or Spanish), Retail Merchandising & Product Development, Statistics Accountant, Advertising Sales, Analyst, Auditor, Business Consultant, Certified Public Accountant, Chief Executive Officer, Corporate Trainer, Entrepreneur, Facilities Manager, Financial Analyst, Finance Director, General Manager, Human Resources Manager, Investment Executive, Legal Secretary, Marketing Analyst, Meeting and Convention Planner, Office Manager, Paralegal, Personnel Recruiter, Public Relations Manager, Sales Representative, Wholesale and Retail Buyer

STEP 3: Explore My Options

Description

Sample Majors

Sample Occupations

Planning, services for financial and investment planning, banking, insurance, and business financial management.

Actuarial Science, Business (Accounting, Finance, Hospitality, Management, Human Resources Management, Management (General), MIS (Management Information Systems), Real Estate), Engineering (Civil, Environmental, Industrial), English (Creative Writing for Business), English (Literature), English (Literature for Business), Risk Management and Insurance

Accountant, Actuary, Auditor, Commodities Representative, Controller, Credit Analyst, Debt Counselor, Economist, Financial Planner/Analyst, Foreign Exchange Manager, Fund Raiser, Insurance Broker, Internal Auditor, Investment Advisor, Loan Officer, Non-Profit Manager, Personal Financial Advisor, Tax Examiner/Preparer, Title Researcher and Examiner, Treasurer,

15

16

Cluster

Executing governmental functions, including governance, national security, foreign service, planning, revenue and taxation, regulation, and management, and administration at the local, state, and federal levels. Planning, managing and providing therapeutic services, diagnostic services, health informatics, support services, and biotechnology research and development. Athletic Training, Biological Science, Biomathematics, Chemical Science, Chemistry, Communication Disorders, Computational Biology (Biology, Computer Science), Exercise Science/Dietetics, Nursing/Nursing Accelerated, Sport Management Acupuncturist, Athletic Trainer, Audiologist, Biomedical/Clinical Engineer, Chiropractor, Dietary Technician, Doctor, Dental Hygienist, Dentist, Medical Lab Technologist, Microbiologist, Paramedic, Pathologist, Pharmacist, Physical Therapist, Physician, Registered Nurse Cruise Ship Management, Executive Chef, Food Service Manager, Golf Management, Manager, Resort Manager, Restaurant Owner, Sales Professional, Event Planner, Interpreter, Travel Agent, Club Manager Business (Accounting, Finance, Hospitality, Management, Human Resources Management, Management (General), MIS (Management Information Systems), Real Estate), Classical Civilization, Criminology/Criminal Justice, International Affairs, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Social Science (Interdisciplinary), Social Work Foreign Services Officer, Cryptographer, Intelligence Analyst, Lobbyist, Policy Analyst, Government Auditor, President, Mayor, Senator, Congressional Aide, Tax Examiner, Auditor/Assessor, Investigator/Examiner, Court Administrator

STEP 3: Explore My Options

Description

Sample Majors

Sample Occupations

Hospitality & Tourism encompasses the management, marketing, and operations of restaurants and other food services, lodging, attractions, recreation events, and travel related services.

Business (Accounting, Finance, Hospitality, Management, Human Resources Management, Management (General), MIS (Management Information Systems), Real Estate ), Entrepreneurship, Foreign Languages (Chinese, French, French, and Francophone Studies, German, Greek, Greek and Latin, Italian, Japanese, Russian, and/or Spanish), Golf Management (Professional), International Affairs, Marketing, Political Science, Sociology

Preparing individuals for employment in career pathways that relate to families and human needs.

Audiology and Speech Pathology (Communication Disorders), Communication Disorders, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, Child Development (Family and Child Sciences), Human Studies (African American Studies, Asian Studies, Middle Eastern Studies, Russian and East European Studies), Philosophy, Psychology, Religion, Classics & Religion, Social Work, Sociology, Special Education: Visual Disabilities

Occupation Counselor, Child Care Workers, Clergy, Director/ Assistant Directors (Child Care Facilities), Marriage or Family Counselor, Massage Therapist, Mental Health Counselor, Personal Trainer, Preschool Teachers, Psychologist, Rehabilitation Counselor, School Counselors, Sociologists

Choosing a Major or Occupation

Cluster

Building linkages in IT occupations framework: for entry level, technical, and professional occupations related to the design, development, support, and management of hardware, software, multimedia, and systems integration services. Planning, managing, and providing legal, public safety, protective services and homeland security, including professional and technical support services. Planning, managing, and performing the processing of materials into intermediate or final products and related professional and technical support activities such as production planning and control, maintenance, and manufacturing/process engineering. Planning, managing, and performing marketing activities to reach organizational objectives. Biochemistry, Business Management (General), Engineering (Chemical, Chemical-Biomedical, Civil, Computer, Electrical, Industrial, Mechanical), Information Technology Computer Criminology, Criminology/Criminal Justice, Foreign Languages (Chinese, French, French and Francophone Studies, German, Greek, Greek and Latin, Italian, Japanese, Russian, and/ or Spanish), History, Humanities, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Religion, Women's Studies Computer Security, Computer Forensics Examiner, Corrections Educators/ Officers, Criminal Investigator/Special Agent, EMT, Emergency Management and Response Coordinator, Judge, Lawyer, Paralegal, Rescue Worker Biomedical Equipment Technician, Computer Installer/Repairers, Engineer, Inspectors, Labor Relations Manager, Manager/Supervisor, Medical Appliance Maker, Production Managers, Safety Coordinators, Welder Business (Management (General), MIS (Management Information Systems)), Computational Biology (Computer Science), Computer Criminology, Computer Science, Engineering (Computer; Electrical), Information Communication Technology, Information Technology, Statistics Computer Programmer, Data Communications Analyst, Database Administrator, Instructional Designer, Multimedia Developer/Specialist, Network Analyst/Architect/ Engineer/Manager, Online Publisher, Senior Database Administrator, Systems Engineer, Technical Writer, Web Developer/Administrator, Webmaster

Choosing a Major or Occupation

STEP 3: Explore My Options

Description

Sample Majors

Sample Occupations

Business (Accounting, Finance, Hospitality Management, Human Resources Management, Management (General), MIS (Management Information Systems), Professional Sales, Real Estate), Communication (Advertising, Media/ Communication Studies, Media Production, Public Relations), Computer Science, Foreign Languages (Chinese, French, French and Francophone Studies, German, Greek, Greek and Latin, Italian, Japanese, Russian, and/or Spanish), Graphic Design, Interior Design, Marketing, Risk Management and Insurance, Studio Art, Retail Merchandising & Product Development

Account Executive, Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Entrepreneur, Interior Designers, Marketing Managers, Market Researchers, Public Relations Specialists, Sales Representative/Executive, Webmaster

17

18

Cluster

Planning, managing, and providing scientific research and professional and technical services (e.g., physical science, social science, engineering) including laboratory and testing services, and research and development services. Applied Mathematics, Biochemistry, Biological Anthropologist, Archeologist, Civil Science, Biomathematics, Chemistry, Chemistry Engineering, Chemical Engineering, (Environmental), Chemical Science, Classical Chemist, Geologist, Statistician Archaeology, Engineering (Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering), Environmental Science, FSU Teach-(Biology, Chemistry, Geoscience, Mathematics, & Physical Science), Geography, History, Mathematics, Meteorology, Physics, Physics and Astrophysics Business (Accounting, Finance, Hospitality Management, Human Resources Management, Management (General), MIS (Management Information Systems), Real Estate), Engineering (Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering), Marketing Air Traffic Controller, Consultants, Electrician, Engineer, Marketing Manager, Pilot, Sales Manager, Shipping and Receiving Supervisor, Technician, Urban and Regional Planner

STEP 3: Explore My Options

Description

Sample Majors

Sample Occupations

Planning, management, and movement of people, materials, and goods by road, pipeline, air, rail, and water and related professional and technical support services such as transportation infrastructure planning and management, logistics services, mobile equipment, and facility maintenance.

This table was adapted from www.careerclusters.org/ iconpolicy.cfm, States' Career Clusters Initiative, adapted in 2008, www.careerclusters.org5 .

My Top Three Career Clusters

Choose the career cluster from pages 14 to 18 that best reflect your values, interests, and skills. Be sure to include these in the Majors/Occupations list on page 19.

1.

2.

Choosing a Major or Occupation

3.

STEP 3: Explore My List of Options

Narrow My List of Options

Once you have gathered information on your options, it should be easier to narrow your selection to 3-5 choices or less. The best way to assemble your final list is to compare your new possibilities to your most important values, interests, and skills checklist. 1. List your top 3 values, interests, and skills in the left-hand column. 2. List all the majors or occupations that you are considering at this time in the right hand column. 3. Draw lines connecting your values, interests, and skills to the options on the right. Do you notice any patterns? Are some options more connected to your values, interests, and skills than others? Values Majors/Occupations

Interests

Skills

Choose 3 to 5 majors or occupations from above that best reflect your values, interests, and skills. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Choosing a Major or Occupation

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STEP 3: Explore My Options

Action Plan to Explore My List of Options

Goal 1: Example: Expand my list of majors and occupations that match my values, interests, and skills. Goal 2: Example: Choose the 3 to 5 majors or occupations that best reflect my values, interests, and skills Goal 3: My Action Steps Priority Completed (Y or N)

Recommended Action Steps to: First expand my list of options...

y Visit the Career Center to learn how assessments may help you to better understand yourself and your options. Visit the Career Center Library, which offers 3,000 information resources to help you research majors and occupations. View match major sheets career.fsu.edu/ occupations/matchmajor/index.html. Research sample occupations from the 16 Occupation Clusters at the O*NET Web site, online.onetcenter.org. Review the academic program guide at academic-guide.fsu.edu. Attend Advising First's Meet Your Advisor event, held every October and March, to connect with several advisors in one location. To learn more, call 644-3430.

...then narrow down my list of options

y Access the General Bulletin to read course descriptions for every major at registrar.fsu. edu/bulletin/undergrad/depts/. Locate Academic Advisors using advisingfirst.fsu.edu/FindAdvisor.html or undergrad.fsu.edu/advisors. Schedule a meeting to learn the specifics about your major options. Visit a campus bookstore to browse the textbooks for courses offered in the majors that interest you. What grabs your attention? Check out ebooks related to the major selection process such as College Majors Handbook and Trends for Graduates of 60 College Majors by accessing lib.fsu.edu. Attend Major and Occupation Cluster Sessions hosted by an expert panel of faculty, staff, and students ready to answer your questions! View a current schedule at advisingfirst.fsu.edu/ExploratoryCenter .

Choosing a Major or Occupation

y

y

y y

y

y y

y

y

20

STEP 4: Evaluate My Options

Making a final decision often comes about through experience. With the help of an academic advisor, you might enroll in specific classes to have a better understanding of your top choices for a major. Or you might work with a career advisor to connect with internships, co-ops, part-time work, volunteer opportunities, and other programs that provide "hands on" learning. Write below a plan to immerse yourself in your options.

Action Plan to Evaluate My Options

Goal 1: Goal 2: My Action Step Priority Completed (Y or N)

Example: Experience my options for a major or occupation

Recommended Action Steps

y y y Interview experienced professionals in fields of interest via ProfessioNOLE. Visit academic departments and their Web sites to learn about available resources. Visit the Center for Leadership and Civic Education (thecenter.fsu.edu) to learn about volunteer opportunities that can help you explore your options.

A Decision­Making Exercise

Based on your exploration, it is now time to narrow your major/occupational options.

1. List three majors/occupations across the top of the table on page 22. 2. List three to five factors from Steps 1, 2, and 3 (pp. 4-20) that are important to you in selecting a major or occupation down the first column of the table on page 22. 3. Consider how well or poorly each option satisfies each factor, then: a. Write a value for how well the alternative fared (0-5) in the small shaded box. 0 = Poorly ­ Won't do at all ­ No. 2 = Acceptable ­ Not great ­ Ok, maybe. 5 = Very well ­ Great ­ Yes! b. Comment on each in the space provided. c. On the summary row, total the points assigned to each and write your overall impression of the alternatives.

Choosing a Major or Occupation

4. Rank your choice by Total Points and Overall Impressions. Do they match? If not, do you see a reason why? 5. Are you ready to make a decision? · If yes, what is your decision? · If no, what is keeping you from moving forward to make a decision? · Write your answers to these questions. 6. Take action, whether you have made a decision or not. Turn to page 23 and: y y if you have made a decision, complete the listed activities. if you have not made a decision, contact one of the listed offices for assistance.

21

STEP 4: Evaluate My Options

Fill in your options then write values, interests, skills, and other factors to consider.

Factors

a.

Major / Occupational Options

1. 2. 3.

b.

c.

d.

e.

Summary/Totals & Overall Impressions

Rank My Alternatives

By Total Points 1. 2. 3. By Overall Impressions

Am I ready to make a decision? Yes No

What? Why not?

22

Choosing a Major or Occupation

STEP 5: Act On My Choice

The final step is acting on your choice. You may meet with an academic advisor to officially declare your major. Or, you may build experience in your new profession. Below, write your goal and three actions you can take to pursue it. For ideas of what to do next, review this list of short- and long-term actions. Short-Term Actions

y y y y y y Identify your new advisor by visiting undergrad. fsu.edu/advisors/index.html. Choose classes to stay on track for graduation at academic-guide.fsu.edu. Visit the advisor in your new department. Research internships at the Career Center. Review Honors in the Major at honors.fsu.edu. Join professional/student organizations in your specific academic department, or find state and national organizations at the Career Center.

For Additional Support

After completing this workbook, some students may require more in-depth assistance when choosing a major or occupation. Fortunately, FSU offers services to help with these decisions. Get started by visiting us today! The Career Center 100 S. Woodward Avenue 1200 Dunlap Success Center Provides major/career exploration, self-assessment activities, occupational information, job outlook information, etc. Call 644-6431 or visit career.fsu.edu for information. Drop-in and see a Career advisor Monday-Friday from 9:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Call about evening hours during Fall and Spring. Advising First Center for Exploratory Students 143 Honors Way G002 Johnston Building Provides special assistance to first-year students who are undecided about their major Monday-Friday from 8:30 a.m. 4:30 p.m. Call 645-2847 to schedule an appointment fsu.edu/AdvisingFirst. Advising First - UCA 3200 Provides help to upper division students experiencing indecision or concerns with academic mapping. Call 644-3430 for more information.

Long-Term Actions

y y y y y y Discuss your future career goals with a career or academic advisor. Write a resume aimed at your career goals. See career.fsu.edu/advising/guides.html Apply for part-time work, internship, and fulltime job opportunities at the Career Center. Research organizations where you might work. Learn about graduate school options at the Career Center or specific academic departments. Visit registrar.fsu.edu/services/graduation/ or fsu.edu/students/current/undergraduate/ beyondgrad.html to plan ahead for graduation.

Action Plan to Act on My Choice

Goal: My Action Step Priority Completed (Y or N)

Choosing a Major or Occupation

23

STEP 6: Reflect on My Decision

Reflect on where you were at the beginning of this process and consider how comfortable you are with the choice you have made. How do you feel? How have friends and family reacted to your decision? Are you procrastinating or moving forward? Do you need to take a step back by revisiting an earlier step in the decision-making process? What is the next career decision you will need to make (e.g. graduate school, work location, academic minor, etc.)? How can you apply the skills you have learned for choosing a major to this new decision? Reflect on these questions and your decision.

My Referrals & Contacts

Contact Name 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Department Contact (Phone/Email) Date of Meeting

Credits

The following sources were adapted for inclusion in this guide.

1. Sampson, J. P., Jr., Peterson, G. W., Lenz, J. G., & Reardon, R. C. (1992). A cognitive approach to career services: Translating concepts into practice. Career Development Quarterly, 41, 61-67. 2. America's Career Resource Network. (2006). Career Decision-Making Tool. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from www.acrnetwork.org/decision.htm. 3. Peterson, G.W., Leasure, K. K., Carr, D.L., & Lenz, J.G. (2009-2010, Winter). The decision space worksheet: an assessment of context in career decision making. Career Planning and Adult Development Journal, 25 (4), 87-97. 4. Reproduced by special permission of the Publisher, Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc., 16204 North Florida Avenue, Lutz, Florida 33549, from the Self-Directed Search Technical Manual by John L. Holland, Ph.D., Copyright 1985, 1987, 1994. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission from PAR, Inc. 5. States' Career Cluster Initiative. (2008). Retrieved December 9, 2008, from www.careerclusters.org.

Advising First · Division of Undergraduate Studies

143 Honors Way G002 Johnston Building 850.645.2847·advisingfirst.fsu.edu

100 S. Woodward Ave (1200 DSC) 850.644.6431·career.fsu.edu

Available in an alternate format. Revised 09/11. Pub ID: 35.

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