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Dr. John Andraos, http://www.careerchem.com/NAMED/Compounds-Unusual-Names(I).pdf

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COMPOUNDS WITH UNUSUAL OR TRIVIAL NAMES (INORGANIC)

© Dr. John Andraos, 2003-2011 Department of Chemistry, York University 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ONTARIO M3J 1P3, CANADA

For suggestions, corrections, additional information, and comments please send e-mails to [email protected]

http://www.chem.yorku.ca/NAMED/ Names Based on Characteristics or Properties NAME OF COMPOUND Borax CAS NUMBER 1303-96-4 Characteristic or Property Arabic: büraq Contains boron Gk: kakodes, Ill smelling Structure Na2B4O7 10 H2O

Cacodylic acid

75-60-5

O CH3 As CH3 OH

Caustic alcohol Caustic antimony (butter of antimony) Caustic potash Caustic soda Dry ice

141-52-6 10025-919 1310-58-3 1310-73-2 124-38-9

Strongly alkaline, corrosive corrosive

NaOEt SbCl3

Freezing salt Fulminating mercury

7647-14-5 92114-960

Strongly alkaline, Corrosive corrosive Cold; Evaporates without leaving any wetness Used as a preserva-tive Latin: fulminatus (thundebolt, lightning) explosive

KOH NaOH CO2

NaCl Hg(CNO)2

Glass liquor Heavy hydrogen

10484185-2 7782-39-0

Na2Si4O9 Heavier isotope of D2 hydrogen

2 Heavy water Hepar calcis Hepatic gas Ice stone Iron mordant Liquid arsenic, fuming Meat salt Mild alkali Mild lime Mordant salt (printer's acetate, printer's salt) Natron Paper maker's alum Phosgene 7789-20-0 12015-713 7783-06-4 15096-523 10028-225 7784-34-1 12125-018 497-19-8 14791-732 142-03-0 Heavier isotope of hydrogen Latin: Liver stone Related to liver Found in Greenland Used as a mordant for dyes fumes D2O CaS (oldhamite) H2S AlF3 3 NaF (cryolite) Na3AlF6 Fe2(SO4)3 AsCl3 NH4F Weakly basic Weakly basic Used as a mordant for dyes Contains sodium Na2CO3 CaCO3 (aragonite) Al(OH)(OAc)2

497-19-8 10043-013 75-44-5

Na2CO3 Al2(SO4)3 18 H2O

O

Generated by photolysis of CO and HCl

Cl

Cl

Phosphate rock Plumbo

7758-87-4 1314-41-6

Contains phosphate Contains lead (Latin for plumbum) Contains potassium Contains potassium, corrosive Contains potassium crystalline Soluble in aqueous solution

Ca3(PO4)2 Pb3O4 (minium)

Polishing powder Potash Potash caustic Potash lye Potash alum Putty powder Rock crystal Soluble tartar

1317-45-9 584-08-7 1310-58-3

SnO2 (cassiterite) K2CO3 KOH

10043-671 14808-607 868-14-4

Al2(SO4)3 K2SO4 24 H2O SnO2 (cassiterite) SiO2 (quartz)

COOH OH HO COOK COOK HO OH COOH

Dr. John Andraos, http://www.careerchem.com/NAMED/Compounds-Unusual-Names(I).pdf Stibiated tartar 28300-745 Contains antimony (Latin for stibium)

O O Sb+2 O O Sb+2 O O O O O O O O

3

2 K+ 3 H2O

Sugar of lead Sulfuret Sulfuretted hydrogen Table salt Tasteless salt Wool mordant

301-04-2 12015-713 7783-06-4 7647-14-5 7558-80-7 10101-538 10031-375

Tastes sweet (but poisonous) Contains sulfur Contains sulfur Served at the dining table Has no taste Used as a mordant to dye wool

Pb(OAc)2 CaS (oldhamite) H2S NaCl NaH2PO4 H2O Cr2(SO4)3, Cr2(SO4)3 15 H2O, Cr2(SO4)3 18 H2O

Name Based on Colour NAME OF COMPOUND Aurora orange (orange cadmium) Aurora yellow (jaune brilliant, Orient yellow) Azurite (Brunswick) Blue John (Derbyshire spar) Blue salts Blue stone Blue vitriol Buttercup yellow (Citron yellow) Chrome green Chrome red (Derby red Chinese red) Emerald green CAS NUMBER 1317-58-4 Colour Orange Structure CdS (greenockite)

1317-58-4

Yellow

CdS (greenockite)

1319-45-5 14542-235 7786-81-4 7758-98-7 13530-659 1308-38-9 1344-38-3

Blue Blue Blue Blue Yellow Green Red

2 CuCO3 Cu(OH)2 CaF2 NiSO4 6 H2O CuSO4 5 H2O ZnCrO4 Cr2O3 PbCrO4 PbO

12000-21-

Green

[CuO As2O3]3 Cu(OAc)2

4 (Paris green, Imperial green, Kaiser green, King's green, Meadow green, Mitis green, Moss green, new green, parrot green, Patgreen, Vert de Mitis, Vert de Vienne, Vienna green) Fusible white precipitate 4 12002-038

Green vitriol Indian red (jeweler's rouge, kidney ore) King's gold King's yellow King's yellow (lemon yellow) Lead white Lemon chrome Magnesia white

12903635-7 12125-018 7720-78-7 1317-60-8

White

Hg2NCl 3 NH4Cl

Green Red

FeSO4 7 H2O Fe2O3 (hematite)

Manganese black Manganese green Mineral green

12255-899 14654-058 1319-47-7 10294-408 13717-005 1317-74-4 12209-346 1344-43-0 1345-20-6 1319-45-5 1314-41-6 7727-43-7 1315-01-1 1319-45-5 1314-06-3 1308-38-9 7727-43-7 16960-535 7774-29-0 7722-64-8 1344-48-5 193095-

Yellow Yellow White Yellow White

As2S3 (orpiment) PbCrO4 (crocoite) 2 PbCO3 Pb(OH)2 (hydrocerussite) BaCrO4 MgCO3 (magnesite) or MgO (periclase) MnO2 (pyrulosite, polianite) MnO CuHAsO3 (Scheele's green) or 2CuCO3 Cu(OH)2 (azurite, Brunswick) Pb3O4 (minium) BaSO4 (barite) SnS2 2CuCO3 Cu(OH)2 (azurite) Ni2O3 Cr2O3 BaSO4 (barite) (NH4)2[SnCl6] HgI2 KMnO4 HgS (cinnabar) As2S2 (realgar)

Black Green Green

Mineral orange Mineral white Mosaic gold Mountain green (Brunswick) Nickel black Oil green Permanent white Pink salt Pure scarlet Purple salt Quicksilver vermilion Red arsenic glass

Orange White Gold Green Black Green White Pink Red Purple Red Red

Dr. John Andraos, http://www.careerchem.com/NAMED/Compounds-Unusual-Names(I).pdf Red copper oxide Red iron oxide Red oxide Red stone Red lead Red oxide of mercury Red precipitate Red prussiate of potash Rose vitriol Ruby arsenic Saturn red Spanish white Spanish whiting Tungsten white Ultramarine yellow Verdigris, blue or green Vermilion 24-8 1308-76-5 1317-60-8 Red Red Cu2O (cuprite) Fe2O3 (hematite)

5

1314-41-6 24401-750 21908-532 13746-662 24250-371 1314-41-6 13397-267 7787-42-0 10294-408 8007-61-2 19122-793 1344-48-5 497-19-8 1303-24-8 12505-678

Red Red

Pb3O4 (minium) HgO (montroydite)

Red Rose Red Red White White Yellow Blue Green Red

K3[Fe(CN)6] CoSO4 7 H2O (bieberite) As2S2 (realgar) Pb3O4 (minium) BiONO3 H2O or CaCO3 (calcite) BaWO4 BaCrO4 Cu(OAc)2 CuO 6 H2O HgS (cinnabar)

White alkali (soda ash) White arsenic

White White

Na2CO3 As2O3 (arsenolite)

As O O As O As O O As O

White caustic White copperas White lead White lead, sublimed White precipitate, fusible

1310-73-2 15491-153 1319-47-7 1314-57-4 12903635-7 12125-018 12903635-7 12125-018 15491-153

White White White White White

NaOH ZnSO4 7 H2O (goslarite) 2 PbCO3 Pb(OH)2 (hydrocerussite) PbSO4 PbO (lanarkite) Hg2NCl 3 NH4Cl

White precipitate, infusible

White

Hg2NCl NH4Cl

White vitriol

White

ZnSO4 7 H2O (goslarite)

6 Yellow lead oxide Yellow precipitate Yellow prussiate of potash Zinc white Zinc yellow 1317-36-8 24401-750 13943-583 1314-13-2 13530-659 Yellow Yellow Yellow White Yellow PbO (litharge) (NH4)3[P(Mo3O10)4] 3 H2O or HgO (montroydite) K4[Fe(CN)6] 3 H2O ZnO ZnCrO4

Miscellaneous Names NAME OF COMPOUND Aqua fortis Aqua regia CAS NUMBER 7697-37-2 8007-56-5 Origin Latin: Strong water Latin: Queen of water Used as a leavening agent in baking Used in batteries Used as electrode in batteries French: White of pearl White of Spain French: Fixed white Middle English: brinston, birnen + ston (Burning stone) Structure HNO3 HNO3 : HCl (3 parts 70% HNO3 + 1 part 37% HCl by volume) NaHCO3

Baking soda

144-55-8

Battery acid Battery manganese Blanc de perle (Blanc d'Espagne) Blanc fixe (fixed white) Brimstone

7664-93-9 1313-13-9 7787-59-9

H2SO4 MnO2 BiOCl

7727-43-7 7704-34-9

BaSO4 S (amorphous)

Butter of antimony (mineral butter) Butter of arsenic Caput mortum Cat's eye (horn stone) Cinnabar

10025-919 7784-34-1 1309-37-1 24458-740 1344-48-5

SbCl3

Latin: Dead head

AsCl3 Fe2O3 SiO2 x H2O (opal)

Latin: cinnabaris Arabic: zinjafr Latin: cuprirosa, cuprum + rosa Used as

HgS

Common salt Copperas

7647-14-5 7720-78-7

NaCl FeSO4 7 H2O

Dental gas

10024-97-

N2O

Dr. John Andraos, http://www.careerchem.com/NAMED/Compounds-Unusual-Names(I).pdf (laughing gas) Essential salt of lemon 2 127-95-7

_

O O

7

anesthetic in dentistry

O OH

K+

Fixed niter Floris martis Flowers of antimony Flowers of bismuth Flowers of sulfur

584-08-7 7705-08-0 1317-98-2 1304-76-3 10544-508

Latin: Flowers of Mars

K2CO3 FeCl3 6 H2O Sb2O3 (valentinite) Bi2O3 S8 (monoclinic)

S S S S S S S S

Flowers of tin Flowers of zinc Fumarole acid

1317-45-9 1314-13-2 10043-353

Galena Glass maker's soap Hahnem auris mercury Hartshorn

1314-87-0 1313-13-9 7546-30-7

Latin: fumarium Smoke chamber for aging wine Latin: Lead ore

SnO2 (cassiterite) ZnO B(OH)3

PbS MnO2

1336-21-6

Hartshorn salt

540-69-2 1111-78-0

Latin: auris (ears) German: hirschhorn-salz Found in deer or stag horn German: hirschhorn-salz Found in deer or stag horn

HgCl (calomel)

NH4OH

O

O

H

O- NH4 + H2 N

O- NH4 +

Horn silver

57030-430

AgCl (cerargyrite)

8 HMX (cyclotetramethylene tetramintriamine) 2691-41-0 High melting explosive

O2N N N N O2N N NO2 NO2

HTH Hypo Iron vitriol Jeweler's borax Kontrastin Koronium bromide Krome flake Kupfernickel Land plaster Lapis caustic Lencogen Lime, burnt Lime, quick Lime, slaked Lime, sulfurated Lime, unslaked Lime saltpeter Litharge Lithia Liver ore Lodestone Lunar caustic

7778-54-3 7772-98-7 7720-78-7 1330-43-4 1314-23-4 10476-810 1333-82-0 1303-13-5 13397-245 7778-50-9 1310-58-3 7631-90-5 1305-78-8 1305-78-8 1305-62-0 12015-713 1305-78-8 10124-375 1317-36-8 12057-248 19122-793 1309-38-2 7761-88-8

Ca(ClO)2 4 H2O Na2S2O3 5 H2O FeSO4 7 H2O (copperas) Na2B4O7 10 H2O ZrO2 SrBr2 6 H2O CrO3 (chromic acid) NiAs (nicollite) CaSO4 2 H2O (gypsum) Latin: Burning stone K2Cr2O7 or KOH NaHSO3 CaO CaO Ca(OH)2 CaS (oldhamite) CaO Ca(NO3)2 4 H2O PbO Li2O HgS (cinnabar) Middle English: lode (course) Latin: luna (silver, moon) burning silver Latin: luna (silver, moon) corneus (horny) Fe3O4 (magnetite) AgNO3

German: Copper nickel

Contains lithium

Lunar cornea

57030-430

AgCl (cerargyrite)

Lye Magister of bismuth Malachite

1310-73-2 10361-463 1319-53-5

NaOH BiONO3 H2O Latin, Greek: CuCO3 Cu(OH)2

Dr. John Andraos, http://www.careerchem.com/NAMED/Compounds-Unusual-Names(I).pdf (Bremen green) 1319-45-5 molochites molochitis moloche (mallow) Mn2(SO4)3 K2SO4 24 H2O Na2SiO3 Na[NH4]HPO4 4 H2O

9

Manganese alum Metso Microcosmic salt Mineral acid Mineral oil Muriatic acid

3834-92-0 13011-546

7647-01-0

French: muriatique Latin: muriaticus (pickled in brine)

HCl

Needle of antimony Nil alba Niter (saltpeter)

1317-86-8 1314-13-2 7757-79-1 Latin: White nothing Latin: nitrium Greek: nitron Natural soda used for washing Latin: nitere (to shine); former symbol: Nt (1910 ­ 1915)

Sb2S3 (stibnite) ZnO KNO3

Niter cake Niton

7681-38-1 10043-922

NaHSO4 Rn

Oil of tartar Oil of vitriol Oleum (pyrosulfuric acid) Ozogen Pearl ash Philosopher's wool

584-08-7 7664-93-9 7783-05-3 7722-84-1 584-08-7 1314-13-2

Latin: oil Usage: 1720 - 1730 Akin to philosopher's stone (alchemy): a substance sought by alchemists that was able to transmute baser metals to gold or silver

K2CO3 H2SO4 H2S2O7 H2O2 K2CO3 ZnO

Pickle alum Pickling acid Pitchblende

10043-013 7664-93-9 1344-59-8

Al2(SO4)3 H2SO4 U3O8

German

10 pechblende (black blend) Latin: Related to lead; used in making pencil leads First solid product obtained by calcining limestone Old English: cwicseolfor Middle English: qwyksilver Latin: Argentum vivum (living silver) Latin: hydragyrum = liquid silver Latin: vitreolum (glassy) Research Develop-ment Explosive

Plumbago

7782-42-5

C (graphite)

Quicklime

1305-78-8

CaO

Quicksilver

7439-97-6

Hg

Rock salt Roman vitriol (blue vitriol) RDX (cyclonite)

7647-14-5 13817-215 121-82-4

NaCl CuSO4 5 H2O (chalcanthite)

O2N N N

NO2

N NO2

Rutile

1317-80-2

Latin: rutilus (reddish)

TiO2

Sal acetosellae Salt of lemon Salt of sorrel

127-95-7

O

K+

_

O O

OH

Sal amarum Sal catharcticum Sal ammoniac Salimac Sal chalybdis Sal culinaris Sal de duobus Sal polychrestum Salt of lemery Salt of Venus

14457-557 12125-018 7720-78-7 14293-722

Latin: Bitter salt Laxative salt Latin: Salt of ammonia Latin: salt of steel Latin: cooking salt

MgSO4 7 H2O (epsomite)

NH4Cl FeSO4 7 H2O (copperas) NaCl K2SO4 (arcanite)

Dr. John Andraos, http://www.careerchem.com/NAMED/Compounds-Unusual-Names(I).pdf 11 Sal enixium Saleratus 7646-93-7 144-55-8 Latin: Strenuous salt Latin: Aerated salt (forms CO2) Latin: Salt French: prunelle (a heavy woolen fabric used for the uppers of shoes) Latin: Salt of barilla plant Latin: Vegetable or plant salt KHSO4 NaHCO3

Sal prunella

7757-79-1

KNO3 (saltpeter)

Sal soda

497-19-8

Na2CO3 10 H2O

Sal vegetal

921-53-9

COOK OH HO COOK HO

COOK

OH COOK

Sal volatile

Salt cake Salt of hartshorn

12125-018 506-87-6 13759-074 506-87-6

Latin: Volatile salt

1/2 H2 O NH4Cl or (NH4)2CO3 H2O

Na2SO4 (thenardite) German: hirschhorn-salz (salt from deer horn) (NH4)2CO3 H2O

Salt of phosphorus Salt of Saturn Salt of soda Salt of tin Salt of vitriol Saltpeter Saltpeter, Bengal Saltpeter, Chile Saltpeter, lime Saltpeter, Norwegian Saltpeter, rot Saltpeter, wall Saltpeter, Norway

13011-546 301-04-2 12125-018 7772-99-8 15491-153 7757-79-1

Na(NH4)HPO4 4 H2O Pb(OAc)2 3 H2O Na2CO3 or Na2CO3 H2O or Na2CO3 7 H2O or Na2CO3 10 H2O SnCl2 2 H2O ZnSO4 7 H2O (goslarite) Latin: Sal petrae (salt of the rock) KNO3

7631-99-4 10124-375

NaNO3 Ca(NO3)2 4 H2O

6484-52-2

NH4NO3

12 Salufer Sand acid Single nickel salt Soap dust Zinc stearate 16893-859 16961-834 7786-81-4 557-05-1 Na2SiF6 Found in sand H2SiF6 NiSO4 6 H2O French: stearique Greek: stear (tallow) NaHCO3 NaOH Na2CO3 10 H2O Al2(SO4)3 Na2SO4 24 H2O Na2CO3 NaNO3

O

Zn+2 16

O-

Soda, baking Soda, caustic Soda lye Soda, washing Soda crystals Soda alum Soda ash (natron) Soda niter Soda niter saliter Soda saltpetet Sodamide Spinel

144-55-8 1310-73-2 12125-018 10102-713 12125-018 7631-99-4

7782-92-5 1302-67-6

Italian: spinella (thorn) Middle Latin: talcum Arabic: talq

NaNH2 MgO Al2O3

Spirit of salt Talcum powder

7647-01-0 12027-995

HCl Mg3Si4O11 H2O

Tarcanum sal de duobus Terra alba Tiff Tin ash Tin crystals Tin salt Trona TSP TSPP

14293-722 13397-245 7727-43-7 7772-99-8 15243-875 10101-890 7722-88-5

K2SO4 (arcanite) Latin: White earth CaSO4 2 H2O (gypsum) BaSO4 (barite) SnO2 (casserite) SnCl2 2 H2O Swedish Trisodium phosphate Tetra-sodium PyroPhosphate Middle Latin: turpethum Sanskrit: triputa Na3H(CO3)2 2 H2O Na3PO4 12 H2O Na4P2O7

Turpeth

1312-03-4

HgSO4 2 HgO

Dr. John Andraos, http://www.careerchem.com/NAMED/Compounds-Unusual-Names(I).pdf 13 Arabic: turbid Tutia Venus crystals 3486-35-9 142-71-2 Venus is related to the colour green Latin: vitreolum (glassy) ZnCO3 Cu(OAc)2 H2O

Vitriol

7664-93-9

H2SO4

Zinc blende Zinc chrome Zinc powder Zinc vitriol

1314-98-3 13530-659 1314-13-2 15491-153 7733-02-0

ZnS ZnCrO4 ZnO ZnSO4 7 H2O (goslarite)

References:

Lange, Norbert A. Handbook of Chemistry, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc.: New York, 1961 Flexner, Stuart B. (ed.) The Random House Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd ed., Random House: NY, 1987 Woolf, Henry B. (ed.) Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, Thomas Allen & Son, Ltd.: Toronto, 1976 Simpson, D.P. (ed.) Cassell's New Latin Dictionary, Funk & Wagnalls: NY, 1968

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