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THE UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES CAVE HILL CAMPUS

FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

FOUN 1301 ­ LAW, GOVERNANCE, SOCIETY AND ECONOMY IN THE CARIBBEAN COURSE OUTLINE AND READING LIST

LECTURER: MR. ORLANDO MARVILLE COURSE DESCRIPTION This course is one of the foundations courses of the University and seeks to instill in all students of the University some knowledge of their systems of government and governance, their laws, constitutions and how they evolved. Students should be able to specify the difference between the Westminster and Whitehall modes of Government. It also deals with the origin and structure of Caribbean society. Initially conceived as a commonwealth Caribbean course, it is now extended to cover the two "new" CARICOM member states of Haiti and Suriname. Wherever Caribbean appears, it should be understood to mean member states of CARICOM. It covers areas like poverty and development and looks at some of the challenges facing the region in terms of CARICOM's own efforts at integration, the coming challenge of globalisation and the need for the development of our own internal institutions as represented by the Caribbean Court of Justice. The course is divided into three sections for the purpose of grading. 10% of the total marks will be allocated for work done by students during tutorials; another 5% can be gained by an attendance of 80% at tutorials, and 15% for an essay on the coursework. The essay will be written in a tutorial session. The remaining 70% is for the final examination. There are two lectures a week and one tutorial. "It is in your best interest to attend all lecturers and tutorials, always making notes both from what the lecturer and your colleagues present". READING LIST Compulsory Reading Hilary Beckles ­ Black Rebellion in Barbados Elsa Goveia ­ W.I. Slave Laws of the 18th Century Dellimore, Jeffrey ­ An Approach to the Challenge of Poverty Mark Harding ­ Slave, Slavery and Insurrection Rod Hague ­ Comparative Government

Manual by Dr. Hamid Ghany. (It should be recognized that this book is dated and that it contains no material on Haiti and Suriname. The course lectures will attempt to fill in the gaps and bring the students up to scratch.) o Early Caribbean Watson, Karl: The Pre-Columbian Caribbean (Caribbean Civilisation Reader) Stepherd, Verene: Slavery, Marronage and Rebellion (Caribbean Civilisation Reader) Flick, Carolyn: The Making of Haiti (Caribbean Civilisation Reader) Dew, Edward: The Trouble in Suriname Price, Richard: The Guiana Maroons Plummer, Brenda Gayle: Haiti and the Great Powers o Sociology and Political & Legal Systems of the Caribbean Antoine, Rose-Marie Belle: Commonwealth Caribbean Law and Legal Systems. Haitian website entitled The Republic of Haiti: The Constitution and Parliament of Haiti. Barrow, Christine and Reddock, Rhoda: Caribbean Sociology: Introductory Reading CARICOM website, CARICOM.Org: The Caribbean Court of Justice DeLa Bastide, M.A: The Case for the Caribbean Court of Appeal (1995) 5 Carib LR 401 Williams, Geraint: Political Theory in Retrospect. Emmanuel, Patrick: Governance and Democracy in the Commonwealth Caribbean: An Introduction (Monograph Series No.3, Institute of Economic and Social Research La Guerre, John (Ed.) Issues in Government and Politics in the West Indies (School of Continuing Studies, UWI, St. Augustine) o Industry and Poverty Lewis, Sir Arthur: The Industrialisation of the British West Indies Beckford, George: Persistent Poverty Craig, Susan: Contemporary Caribbean (Sociological Reader, Vol.1) Lewis, Oscar: Children of Sanchez World Bank: (Latest possible update) Poverty Reduction and Human Resource Development in the Caribbean. Recommended Reading: Orlando Patterson ­ The Sociology of Slavery Ralph Henry ­ Poverty Revisited Highman ­ Slave Populations in the British Caribbean Williams, Eric: Capitalism and Slavery James, CLR: The Black Jacobins Birch, Anthony H: The British System of Government Dolbeare, Kenneth et al: American Politics (DC Health & Co 1985) Chapters 9 & 10 Price, Richard and Sally: Stedman's Suriname Sunshine, Catherine: The Caribbean: Survival, Struggle and Sovereignty (Washington DC 1985) Thompson, David: Political Ideas (Penguin 1990) Paul Barton-The African Olmecs: Kim Johnson www.race and history.com/Taino. Pantin, Reader in Caribbean Economies

COURSE CONTENT The course will roughly follow the direction suggested by the manual with the essential difference that less attention will be paid to the details of the parliamentary systems of the member states. Greater focus will be concentrated on the following wider issues, related to the Reading Lists above: General Political Theory The origin and structure of CARICOM societies The structure and nature of Government in CARICOM Caribbean Legal Systems Governance The Models of Caribbean Society The Development of women's rights The Caribbean Court of Justice Contemporary Caribbean Social and Economic Problems Poverty and Poverty alleviation Challenges facing the CARICOM region, including the CSME, globalization and the coordination of their external policies.

Mr. Orlando Marville Course Coordinator January 2012

ESSAY QUESTIONS Students are required to choose one essay for submission from the questions below. This will account for 15 per cent of your course work allocation. Requirements: Word Limit ­ 1,500 Essay will be written in class 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. The Maya were more advanced than their Southern Caribbean counterparts, the Kalina and the Lokono. Discuss. The Caribbean Court of Justice still languishes. Why is this so? How far is the glass ceiling a reality for Caribbean women? To what extent can one describe the Commonwealth Caribbean's electoral system as a representative democracy? How does it compare with the system of Suriname? What we have under the Whitehall system of government is a fusion of powers and not a real separation of powers. How far is this true? `The Marxist theory of stratification is to be found in most of the Caribbean". How accurate is this claim? What are some of the poverty alleviation or eradication strategies and programmes that have been implemented in your country? In your opinion, have these policies/programmes been effective in assisting the targeted groups? What changes would you make in order to further improve these programmes? Plantation, Creole or Plural? Which model fits your country or any other CARICOM country of your choice? To what extent are CARICOM countries prepared or preparing for globalisation? What strategies would you employ to improve the economy of your country?

8. 9. 10.

TUTORIAL QUESTIONS Students are required to present one (1) tutorial question and this is for 10% of your total grade. Additionally students will be assigned 5 per cent for 80 per cent attendance at Tutorial sessions. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Compare the Lokono and the Kalina. What did they leave us? When do you think those countries which have not yet joined the appellate jurisdiction of the CCJ do so? Will they ever join? If not, why not? Women continue to be part of the vulnerable segment of society. Critically discuss. Does the Second Chamber make a valuable contribution to the Parliamentary system in the Commonwealth Caribbean? Haiti and Suriname represent different forms of the electoral process as well as being two different types of society. Discuss. Critically examine the theories of either Marx or Montesquieu. The plurality system of voting has several defects which would make it questionable as a truly representative system of voting. Discuss. Is democracy improved by capitalism? Crime is a problem of social organization. Discuss How far is it true to say that the plantation is still with us? What would be the advantages of a fully integrated CARICOM? What do you understand poverty to mean? How would you handle poverty as it exists in your country?

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