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DATA BASE OF ABSTRACTS PUBLISHED IN BMEBR/JDRAS

CONCEPT AND GUIDANCE

DR.G.S.LAVEKAR

DIRECTOR GENERAL CCRAS, NEW DELHI

Dr.M.M.PADHI

Deputy Director (Tech.) CCRAS, New Delhi

Dr.SUDESH.N.GAIDHANI

Assistant Director (Pharmacology) CCRAS, New Delhi

Compiled by:

SH.D.S.DAHIYA

Cataloguer CCRAS, New Delhi

Central Council for Research in Ayurveda & Siddha Department of Ayush, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India Jawaharlal Nehru Bhartiya Chikitasa Evam Homeopathy Anusandhan Bhawan 61-65 Institutional Area, Opp. "D" Block Janakpuri, New Delhi - 110058 1

PREFACE

The Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha (CCRAS) and other reputed Institutes across the country has done enormous research work on validating the efficacy of Ayurvedic Drugs. These studies have revealed the safety and efficacy of certain herbal, herbo-mineral, and herbo-metalic drugs. There is great need for e-format of comprehensive compendium of research abstracts published in various issues of BMEBR/JDRAS, which are scattered elsewhere for ready reference. Considering this, the Council made an effort to bring these publications published in BMEBR/JDRAS,Since 1980 - 2008 in abstract form for ready reference. I appreciate the efforts of Dr.M.M.Padhi, Dy.Director (Tech.) Dr.Sudesh N.Gaidhani, Asstt.Director(Pharmacology), and Sh.D.S.Dahiya, Cataloguer, in bringing out this abstract publications in the e-format. I hope that this compendium would serve as a ready reckoned document for students, academicians, research scholars, and scientists and certainly help in catering better health care services.

DR.G.S.LAVEKAR

DIRECTOR GENERAL

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CONTENTS

S.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7 8. 9 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Subjects: Agriculture Ayurveda Botany Chemistry Ethno-Botany Ethno-Medicine Ethno-Pharmacology Ethno-Veterinary Flok Medicine Forestry Medicinal Plnats Pharmacognosy Pharmacology Pharmacopoeia Phtyo-Chemistry Review Siddha Survey Unani Wild-Life Pages 04 - 11 12 - 13 13 - 25 25 - 42 42 - 51 51 51 51 52 - 58 59 - 61 61 - 81 81 - 113 113-120 120 120- 130 130 -132 132 133 133 133 - 134

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AGRICULTURE

0499 Gaur S K. ;Joseph. T G. and Audichya K C. A Successful Method of Seed Germination Technique of Guggul At Guggulu herbal Farm, Mangliawas, Ajmer. BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 31 - 41. ABSTRACT:-The Guggul plants yield Guggul gum after incision on its stem. Guggul is recognized as one of the most important drugs in Indian System of Medicine and is used in rheumatoid arthritis, neurological disorders, obesity etc. Though a large number of fruits are formed in Guggul very few number of seedlings are germinating and growing in farm in natural condition. Therefore new technique was felt necessary to achieve higher rate of seed germination. The fruits were subjected to floating test and sorted out as white floated, black floated and black dipped. Fruits were dipped in water for 12,24,48 and 72 hours and sown in beds. Fruits were sown in different soils like sandy, loamy and clay soil, 50 seeds of black dipped fruits were sown in each month for one year. It has been observed that white floated fruits have shown no germination while floated black fruits have developed into1-2 seedlings and have shown 60 percentage germination in the month of November and minimum 14 percentage in the month of May. Dipped fruits have developed 1-4 seedlings from a single fruit and have shown 100 percentage germination in few months. 88.91 percentage on an average and minimum 36 percentage in the month of May. The new technique can be applied for developed for developing a large number of plants within a short period whereas plantation by stem cuttings involves more labour and large area for plantation. 0224 Metha V R. Cultivation and Utilization of Medicinal Plants in Ayurveda and Siddha. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1987;Pp. 16 - 20. ABSTRACT:-An Integrated national policy on Cultivtion and Utilization of Medicinal plants is necessary. The researchers in the field of Ayurvweda and Siddha has to initiate new scientific methods in the field of cultivation and Utilization of medicinal plants. However, the agricultural universities need not function in isolation. More relevant applied research on medicinal plants which can usefully be cultivated in the region is indispensable. 0340 Sharma P C;Telne M B;Mehendale V V and Erande,C M. Cultivation of Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus Willd.). BMEBR: Vol.14:No.1 & 2: March, & June,; 1993;Pp. 70 - 77. ABSTRACT:-This communication presents an account of cultivation practices for growing of Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus Willd.) as cash crop of 40 month duration in Maharashtra. 0392 Rawat M S. ;Singh. V K. and Shankar Rama. Cultivation of some Pharmaceutically important medicinal plants in Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh). BMEBR:Vol.17:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1996;Pp. 37 - 51. ABSTRACT:-This paper deals with 56 species of pharmaceutically important medicinal plants with special reference to Ayurveda, cultivated in the agro-climatic conditions of Itanagar, either growing in different parts of Arunachal Pradesh or obtained from other parts of the Country. Some of the plants obtained form higher 4

elevation or very dry climatic conditions could not be acclamatised, have also been discussed in this paper. 0321 Yelne M B;Mehendale V V;Erande C M and Sharma,P C. Cultivation Trials of Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia Linn.). BMEBR:Vol.13:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1992;Pp. 85 - 90. ABSTRACT:-This communication presents results of studies on seed germination, and effect of manures and fertilizers on Bakuchi seeds at Pune, seed treatment with conc. Sulphuric acid for 60 minutes imporved germination significantly. 0123 Kabdal P B. and Joshi P. Effect of Auxins on Growth and Multiplication of corms and Flowering in Cocus Sativus Linn. (Keshar ). BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 191 - 196. ABSTRACT:-Effect of auxins I.A.A., I.B.A., N.A.A., A.M.C., and M H on the growth multiplication of corms and flowering in Crocus sativus Linn. has been stuidies in concentrations of 2,10 and 50 p.p.m. aqueous solutions. Marked accelerations in vegetative growth has been observed in 2,10 and 50 p.p.m. aquous solutions concentrations of I.A.A. and M.H. except A.M.C. all the auxins applied in 2,10 and 50 p.p.m. concentrations, showed accelerating effect on multiplication of corms. Maleic hydrazide ( M.H.). In 2 p.p.m. concentration proved most suited for increasing the percentage of flowering by 25 percent over control. 0525 Jain U. ;Soni. D K. and Ahrodi R P. Effect of Certain Growth Regulators on Seed Germination of Tecomella undulata G.Don (Marwar Teak). JDRAS formaly know as BMBER:Vol.27:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2006;Pp. 29 - 39. ABSTRACT:-The seeds of Tecomella undulate showed very poor germination rate due to seed dormancy. To break the dormancy, seeds were subjected to various growth regulators treatments. Lower concentrations of growth regulators promoted the germination, among them gibberellic acid proved to be the best chemical which showed 93.33 percentage germination at 10ppm concentration but 500 and 1000 ppm show considerable reduction in germination of seeds. This may be due to presence of endogenous auxins in the seeds and higher concentration than the optimum level proved to be inhibitory. 0353 Sandhya S. ;Mehendale. V V. and Sharma P C. Effect of Gibberellic acid on seed Germination of Rauvolfia Serpentina Benth. (Sarpagandha). BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 180 - 185. ABSTRACT:-Efforts were made to study the effect of Gibbrellic acid on seed germination of Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. Presowing soaking of seeds in 0.5 percent solution of GA 3 in water proved to be very effective in overcoming the dormancy and promoting germination. The germination rate was found to be as low as 0 to 3 precent in the control groups, whereas in seeds treated with GA 3 it varied from 75 to 85 precent. High rate of germination (80 percent)in 12 month old seeds abserved during these trials reveals that the seeds of Rauvolfia remain viable for a longer period compared to earlier reports.

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0486 Gurav A M. ;Yelne. M B. and Sharma P C. Effect of Gibberllic Acid Treatment on Seed Germination of Ashwagandha (Withania Somnifera Dunal). BMEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 12 - 19. ABSTRACT:-The seeds of Withania somnifera Dunal showed very poor germination with the soil and climate of Pune. To enhance the germination percentage, seeds were subjected to presowing treatment with different concentrations of G.A. The presowing treatment of GA, 1500 ppm for 24 hours was found to be very effective enhancing the germination upto 100 percent as compared to 28.33 percent in control. 0469 Vishwakarma U R;Math N A;Yelne M B and Sharma,P C. Effect of Various Treatments on Seed Germination of Uratia Picta Desv. (Prisniparni). BMEBR:Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2001;Pp. 60 - 68. ABSTRACT:-The seeds of Uraria picta Desv. showed very poor germination rate due to hard seed coat. To break the dormancy, seeds were subjected to various treatments. Pre-sowing tratment with conc. H2SO4 for 30 minutes was found to be most successful in breaking the seed dormancy and enhancing the germination rate from 13.33 percent to 95 percent in fresh seeds and 0 percent to 76.66 percent in twelve years; old seeds. Mechanical scarification was also helpful in increasing the germination percentage. 0445 Borse S G. ;Dhumal. K N. and Sharma P C. Effects of Growth Regulators on Growth and Metabolism of Solanum Khasianum Clarke. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;2000;Pp. 53 - 59. ABSTRACT:-Solanum khasianum Clarke is a very important medicinal plant, cultivated for its active principles like solasodine, solakhasin and solasonine. Among these salasodine is of commercial importance, which is used as a precursor for synthesis of steroidal drugs like corticosteroid, pregnane, androstances and 19 NOR - steroids. All these are used as sex hormones and oral contraceptives (Rastogi et al. 1991). Because of its commercial importance farmers are cultivating it on large scale. For improving the yield (biomass and alkaloids) along with other trials different growth regulating substances are used. Growth regulators like GA, and IAA at different concentrations (25 to 100 ppm) were used as a foliar sprays. Their influence on growth as well as photosynthetic pigments, proteins and some enzymes have been investigated. Similarly the influence of these growth regulators on fruit yield and solasodine content was also studied. This communication deals with the details of the same. 0380 Kabdal P B. ;Tiwari. K C. and Pandey G. Experimental Cultivation of Crocus Sativus Linn. (Saffron)at Ranikhet. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 123 - 128. ABSTRACT:-Various trials related to the cultivation of Saffron has been studied. The studies indicate that application of manure, fertilizers and boron in suitable dose is helpful for a better yield and corm multiplication. Increase in flowering percentage and regeneratation of new cormlets was recorded by applying some growth hormones like M.H.,I.A.A.,I.B.A.,N.A.A., etc. Successful propagation by corm divisions, not reported earlier will be helpful in reducing the heavy cost of palnting material, it has also been observed that the soils of the area being slightly 6

acidic can be easily managed to make them favourable for its cultivation by the application of suitable doses of calcium in the form of lime. 0244 Narayanappa D. and Veluchamy G. Extensive Cultivation of Wedelia calendulacea Less. (Manjal Karisalai)in CRISHerbal Garden, Madras. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1987;Pp. 176 - 182. ABSTRACT:-Wedelia calendulacea Less, is a reputed drug in Indian system of Medicine. It is commonly known as Manjal Karisalai in Tamil and Pithabhringi in Sanskrit. In the recent years, the drug has gained much importance over the drug Eclipta alba Hassk, both in quality and quantity and also economic point of view. It was found that for this plant, soil condition of madras is not suitable for normal cultivation as the soil is clayee. Water logging and total dryness in summer due to which the land cracks at places kills the plant completely. The paper discusses ways and methods to create congenial condition for the cultivation of this plant. 0509 Yasmeen Azra;Rao Gajendra;Bhat A V and Bikshapathi,T. Germination Studies on Gardenia turgida Roxb. BMBER:Vol.26:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2005;Pp. 10 - 20. ABSTRACT:-Trials have been made by following ISTA (International. Seeds Testing Association) rules to enhance rate of germination of seven months old seeds of Gardenia turgida Roxb. (Family-Rubiaceae) by treating them with various concentrations of gibberellic acid and mechanical scarification. Data obtained were statistically analyzed by using standard formulae. In the present investigation it has been observed that gibberellic acid at concentration of 250 pp and 300 ppm showed best results in respect of speed of germination, percentage of germination, shoot vigour, root vigour and vigour index. This it is concluded that Gardenia turgida Roxb. showed seed viability at least for seven months and conservation of this rare species can be achieved by its multiplication through enhancing seed vigour and percentage of germination by pre-sowing treatment so as to produce maximum number of seedlings even from old seeds within short period of time. 0448 Borkar G B. ;Yelne. M B. and Sharma P C. In Vitro Propagation of Paederia foetida Linn. (Prasarani)Through Stem and LEaf Culture. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;2000;Pp. 80 - 87. ABSTRACT:-Present paper deals with the experimental trial made on Prasarani (Paedeia foetida Linn.)for in vitro propagation through stem and leaf culture on MS and B-5 medium supplemented with varying concentrations of IAA, Kn and BAP. The results showed that out of all the growth regulators tried for multiple shooting, MS medium supplemented with BAP (2.5 mg/l)+IAA (5 mg/l)was found most suitable showing regeneration of 3-4 shoots from apical bud. In case of nodal sector MS medium supplemented 2.5 mg/l BAP + 5mg/l IAA was found most suitable for multiple shooting showing regeneration of 3-4 shoots after 28 days. The callus developed from leaf culture on MS medium supplemented with BAP (2 mg/l)+ IAA (2.5 mg/l)10-12 shoots from the marginal pats of the callus followed by additional 1012 shoots from the central part of the callus in 3 weeks after inoculation. //Full strength MS medium having 2 mg/l IAA was found better for rooting and rooted plantlets were subjected to gradual hardening process from vermiculite (Soilrite)to finally in the field, were 50 percentage survival rate was observed. 7

0262 Majumdar Vijay Laxmi. ;Agnihotri. J P. and Sharma M L. Mycoflora of gum of 'GUGGULU' Commiphora wightii (Arnott.)Bhandari - Affected by die-back. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 136 - 138. ABSTRACT:-The mycoflora of gum of Commiphora wightii showing dei-back symptoms yielded Alternaria alternata. Aspergillus niger; Bipolaris hawaitensis, Fusarium acuminatum, phoma jolyana, Phoma sorghina,a variant of Phoma sorghina and Rhizopus oryzae. 0243 Pathak N N. ;Purohit. G N. and Sharma R P. Newer Observations on the Cultivation of 'Satavari' (Asparagus racemosus ) in the sandy Soil of Bundelkhand Jhansi (UP). BMEBR:Vol.8:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1987;Pp. 171 - 175. ABSTRACT:-During recent years the demand for drugs has been immensely increased resulting in the introduction of various adulterant and substitute drugs, therefore, the cultivation of genuine drugs is necessary to stop this practise. Satavari is one of the important drugs of Ayurveda having varied therapeutic values. It is an easily cultivable drug and trials for its propagation in the sandy soil of Bundelkhand have been undertaken The result of the various studies done on the cultivation of Satavari in the sandy soil are presented in the paper. 0381 Sharma P C. and Yelne M B. Observation on in-Vitro Propagation of Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus R.Br.). BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 129 - 132. ABSTRACT:-Sariva (Hemidesmus indicus R.Br.) is an important Ayurvedic plant, facing much depletion in nature. Due to its scarcity atleast three other plants species, viz., Cryptolepis buchanani Roem & Schult, Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn and lchnocarpus fruttescens R.Br. are being exploited and generaly their stem pieces are being sold as substitute of Sariva moola (root). Trial were made to propagate Hemisdesmus indicus R.Br. though tissue culture, using nodal segment of the stem as explant. MS medium supplemented with various srowth regulators in different concentrations was used for the study. Callusing, shooting and multiple shooting were obsrved on MS medium, supplemented with NAA +IAA, BAP,BAP +IAA respectively. The shoots, when transferred to Wightt's medium developed roots forming complete plantlets. This communication deals with the details of the same. 0373 Mehendale V V. and Sharma P C. Preliminary Observations on cultivation of Trivrita (Operculina turpethum (Linn.)Silva Manso). BMEBR:Vol.16:No.1 & 2:Jan. to June,;1995;Pp. 66 - 69. ABSTRACT:-Trivrita (Operculina turpethum (Linn.)Silva Manso ) is an Ayurvedic Plant drug of commercial Importance. The drug i.e., root, is so for being procured from the wild sources. But due to depletion of natural resouces. It is facing scarcity in the markets. result being that the roots of another climber. viz. Marsdenia trnacissima W & A. are being sold widely under the name Shweta Trivrita and used as a substitute. Tribals were made to domesticate and cultivate Trivrita at Jawaharlal Nehru Ayrvedic Medicinal Plant Garden & Herbarium, Pune during the years 1987 - 1994 in order to develop cultivation practices. This communication presents an account of 8

the observations made during the preliminary studies on its cultivation including mode of propagation, harvesting period and yield. 0478 Gurav A M;Yelne M B;Dennis T J and Sharma,P C. Propagation of Guduchi [Tinospora cordifolia *Willd.) Miers.] by Stem Cuttings. BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 41 - 52. ABSTRACT:-The cuttungs of Tyinospora cordifolia (Willd.)Miers. were treated with different concentrations of IAA, IBA and NAA and Planted in two different media and conditions to assess the rooting and shooting response. The best response was observed in the cutting treated with IBA (1000 ppm)and planted in river sand, showing 100 percent rooting and shooting and development of considerably larger number of roots as compared to other treatment and control. 0231 Pushpangadan P. and Rajsekheran S. Scientific Approach and Methodology for Domestication and Commercial Cultivation of Medicinal Plants. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 85 - 90. ABSTRACT:-The systematic scientific cultivation of medicinal plants in India is relatively very recent. Most of the requirements for these plants were met through wild sources. The organised scientific cultivation can easily cope up with bulk production of Ayurvedic drugs on commercial scale. The plants scientists have to take up various challenges and evolve methodologies for cultivation of these plant. 0109 Chippa,R P ; Billore,K V; Yadav,B B L; Mishra,Ratan and Mishra,K P. Some Indigenous Methods for Tapping of Gum Guggulu - A Pilot Study. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 68 - 73. ABSTRACT:-Gum of Guggulu is one of the important drug of the Indigenous system of medicine, particularly of Ayurveda. This drug has claimed considerable importane in the recent year. It is highly effective in rheumatism, inflammation and obesity. In the present paper details of pilot study conducted at Guggulu Herbal farm. Mangliwas for the different methods used for tapping of gum by villagers and tribals have been presented. 0423 Yadav B B L;Joseph T G;Billore K V and Chaturvedi,D D. Some observation on the tapping trials on Commiphora wightii (Arn.)Bhand using Ethephon. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1998;Pp. 49 - 55. ABSTRACT:-Guggulu" the gum exudates of Commiphora wightii (Arn.)Bhand is one of the important drugs in Ayurveda. It is effective in rheumatism, inflammation, obesity etc. and has anti-cholesterolaemic activity. Compound preparations of Guggulu like Mahayograj guggulu , Kaishor Guggulu, Gokshuradi guggulu etc. are well known.//There are several traditional and other methods of tapping gum from Commiphora wightii, but so far there is no standardized method. The major constrain is the mortality of plant after tapping, as there is no safe technique of tapping Guggulu gum without casuality. With a view to evolve a safe technique of tapping, an experimental pilot study using an activator Ethephon has been conducted at Guggul Herbal Farm, Mangliawas. In the present paper details of experimental study and other observations are recorded. According to present observations, use of Ethephon has enhanced the exudation but there was 100 percent mortality of the tapped plants, which is contrary to the earlier studies. . 9

0280 Tewari K C;Joshi G C;Tewari R N and Gupta,O P. Some of the insect and Fungal Peats of stored Crude Drugs in U.P. Hills. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 170 - 175. ABSTRACT:-The study gives an account Insects and infestration of fungi and thereby deterioration of the stored crude drugs around Ranikhet (1700 MSL)covered with pine dominated forest. It was observed that more than 20 raw drugs were indested by 6 -7 insect species and the damage recorded was from 10 percent - 25 percent. Similarly 7 raw drugs were infected by 6 species of fungi and damage ranged from 10 -25 percent. 0122 Karnick C R. and Pathak N N. Trial Cultivation of Trivrit (Nisoth)IPomoea turpethum R. Br. in Soils of BundelkhandJhansi,(U P.). BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 186 - 190. ABSTRACT:-Seeds of Wild plants of Ipomoea turpethum R. Br. were collected from Lalitpur forests in U P. These were successfully grown in sandy soils at Regional Research Centre, Jhansi. Ipomoea turpethum R.Br. is one of the plants used as drug in the Ayurvedic System of Medicine. The Methods of its propogation and life-cycle are being investigated. Various experiments were designed and carried out to find out the conditions leading to its optimum growth. Effect of fertilities and different types of soils on the growth of plants. Observations show that the plants grow well in Bundelkhand soils and can be exploited commercially. 0494 Vishwakarma U R. ;Yelne. M B. and Sharma P C. Vegetative Propagation of Desmodium Gangeticum (L.)DC. (Shalaparni)by stem Cuttings. MEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 110 - 120. ABSTRACT:-The treatment of stem cuttings with 4000 ppm IAA and 10000 ppm IBA for 15 minutes for vegetative propagation of Desmodium gangeticum (L)DC. Resulted in higher percentage of rooting i.e. 100 percent with more number of roots per cutting, as compared to 30 percent in control, and found to be ideal for cultivation. 0322 Joshi G C;Kabdal P B;Tiwari K C and Issar,R K. Weeds Associated with Saffron Farming at Ranikhet Hills (UP). BMEBR: Vol.13:No.1 & 2: March, & June,; 1992;Pp. 91 - 101. ABSTRACT:-A systematic survey of weeds associated with saffron (Crocus sativus Linn.) Farming at Saffron Research Farm Ranikhet has been made. A total 164 species belonging to 39 families have been collected. The habit, distribution and phenology have also been recorded and described in the paper. 0424 Borkar,G B ; Gurav,A M; Erande,C M; Mehendale,V V and Sharma,P C. Cultivation of Gambhari (Gmelina arborea Linn)on Degraded Rocky Soil. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1998;Pp. 56 - 61. ABSTRACT:-Gmelina arborea Linn (Gambar)is a tree distributed throughout India and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. It is an important medicinal plant used in various Ayurvedic formulations especially Dasamularist. The present paper deals with its cultivation in the degraded rocky soil of Pune along with experimental data. 10

0226 Gupta Rajindra. Prospects of Introduction of Plants of Ayurvedic and Siddha Medicine in Agriculture. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 30 - 40. ABSTRACT:-The ancient Ayurvedic and Siddha medical systems have stood the test of time through centuries of continued use as medicinal. There is enormous variations in each plant species under their wild growth. The difference may range from agromorphological to chemical in properties. A study on genetics agronomy and biochemical parametres could reveal different yield and quality tracts in the genepool of a species and these could be utilized in introducing a specie for domestication into agriculture. In the seventh plan period, it is decided to extend research work on a few others medicinal plants used in native system of medicine for dual purpose. It is to meet their relatively large demand in pharmacies and to releive pressure of continuous expolitation of wild growing populations in the forests. 0529 Gurav A M. ;Hole. A D. and Chandra K. Studies on seed germination of Acacica sinuata (Lour.)Merril (Saptala). JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.27:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2006;Pp. 1 - 7. ABSTRACT:-Seed germination trials of Acacia sinuate were conducted to enhance the germination percentage by treating the seeds with Gomutra, Water and Sulphuric acid. Soaking of seeds in Gomutra for 24 hours or in concentrated Sulphuric acid for 10-15 minutes significantly increase the germination percentage as compared to the control. Of these treatments, the maximum germination percentage of 93.33% was recorded in acid scarified seeds. 0242 Chaturvedi D D. ;Yadava. B B L. and Mishra K P. Cultivations and Extraction of Gum-oleo resin of Commiphora wightii (Arn.)Bhand at Guggulu Herbal farm Mangliawas-Problems and Prospects. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1987;Pp. 166 - 170. ABSTRACT:-The Council has undetaken an extensive cultivation of commiphora wightii (Arn.)Bhand (Guggulu) in 142 acre of land at Magliawas in District, Ajmer of Rajasthan. So far 25,000 Guggulu plants are thriving well in the farm along with different other medicinal plant species. The present paper highlights the problem being faced in the propagation of guggulu and different methods of Tapping / Extraction of Gum-oleoresin along with the possible and feasible measures to be adopted for solving these problems. 0458 Kar Anukul chandra. ;Rao. M Mruthyumjaya. and Devidas K V. Relevance of Proper Collection Storage and Preservation of Ayuredic Drugs in Relation to GMP of ISM Drugs. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 66 - 70. ABSTRACT:-Therapeutic uses of plant products have gained considerable momentum in the world during the past decade and India is one of the major producer and supplier of Ayurvedic Drugs. Since the quantum of the production increased and export market opened up, strict manufacturing practices are to be enforced to keep up quality of these products. This paper explains the quality control of raw drugs at the stage of its collection, preservation and storage based on Ayruvedic classics and also the importance of its place of cultivation, agro-ecological and agro-climatic conditions etc. which will ultimately relevant to its therapeutic properties.

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AYURVEDA

0422 Uniyal M R. Identification of Traditional Ayurvedic Drugs and Inclusion of Medicinal Plants in the Science of Dravya Guna. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1998;Pp. 33 - 48. ABSTRACT:-In Ayurveda, thousands of drugs of plants, minerals and animal origin are used medicinally. Although, identity of most of these drugs have been established, there are still a large number of drugs which could not be identified so far. Some of the reasons behind these are scanty description of the drugs in classics, use of different synonyms and non-availability of the drugs etc. This has resulted in use of several drugs of doubtful identity and drugs of different species of plant in place of original drug. Substitutions and adulterations have also become rampant. In the present paper an attempt has been made to highlight the controversies and reasons behind the lack of identification of such drugs from classical texts along with remedial measures to be adopted to over come the problem. 0387 Jadhav Ankush. ;Dave. S K. and Kundley C S. Marketing of herbs used in the preparation of Ayurvedic medicines at present time.(Hindi). BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 159 - 158. ABSTRACT:-Paper deals with the information regarding the herbs used in preparation of Ayurvedic Medicines. Manifacturing data (year1991-93) for prepared Ayurvedic and Unani drugs patent drugs and raw drugs,drugs used as condiments and domestic use has been provided. Sufficient amount of foregin currency can be collected by exporting these drugs it is further emphasised that large scle cultivation of these drugs will be of immense value. 0501 Brindha P;Saraswathy A;Mageswari S and Vijayalakshmi,R. Powder Microsopy of Amukkarac Curanam. BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 47 - 59. ABSTRACT:-Siddha preparation 'Amukkarac Curanam' which is commonly used to boost the immune system, has been prepared using dried flower buds of Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry, Cinnamomum wightii Meissn, fruits of Elettaria cardamomum Maton and Piper nigrum L. roots of Piper longum L., Withania somnifera Dunal and rhizomes of Zingiber officinale Rosc., Powder microscopic feature of this preparation is studied and discussed from standardization point of view. Such investigations will help in improving and maintaining the standards of traditional drugs, which will promote global acceptance and reputation for the system. 0339 Anuradha S. and Kumbhojkar M S. Studies on the Ayurvedic drug Shankhapushpi from Western Maharashtra : MedicoBotanical Aspect. BMEBR: Vol.14:No.1 & 2: March, & June,; 1993;Pp. 64 - 69. ABSTRACT:-"Shankhapushpi' is a reputed drug of Ayurveda, extensively used as brain tonic. In the Pune and Bombay crude drug markets, the species Evolvulus alsinoides has been said as "Shankhapushpi' , During literature suvey it is found that other nine botanically different species are also named as 'Shankhapushpi' . Out of these, four species are described as 'Shankhapushpi' in the area of Western Maharashtra (15? 36' to 20 ?. N and 72 54' to 75 50'E) 12

Botanical details of all these plant species and their recorded medicinal virtues are narrated in the paper. An artificial key is given to separate all the above mentioned species exomorphically. 0075 Kumar Pramod. ;Despande. P J. and Singh L M. Studies on Urolithotrite Action of Indigenous Drugs. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 277 - 284. ABSTRACT:-The paper present effect of three dimobe drugs i.e, Varnua, Gokhree and Kulatha in urinary calculus. The observations reveal their useful role based on the dosha involved. 0337 Uniyal M R. Determination of unknown"Madhukpushpi" of Literature with "Chura" fond in Kumaon Division. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1993;Pp. 50 - 55. ABSTRACT:- A Critical review and analysis of details available in respect of ocurrence, description, references from Ayurvedic texts (Samhitas)indicating "Madhok" having two types (Madhukdwayuam)and other relevent, literature is made. It is determined that 'Madhukpushps; is different from the 'Madhuk' commony known as 'Mahua' Madhuca Indica J F. Gmel. 'Madhukpushpi' has been indicated to grow in moist climatric zones. Further description of the plant and its properties clarifies that Aesanra butyracea (Roxb.)Bachni which is a tree common in Pithoragarh and adjoining parts of Kumaon locally known as 'Chyura'is the real 'Madhukpuspi'. The plant is in traditional use in the area of its occurence and its large scale plantation in the area shall prove it is good source to raise the economic condition of the region. 0377 Pandey S N. ;Dixit. R S. and Sharam R P. Important Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants of Bundelkhand used Traditionnally BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 90 - 98. ABSTRACT:-The paper deals with important Ayurvedic medicinal plants used traditinally in Bundelkand area. These commonly available plants have been found described as useful for the treatment of general weakness, anaemia, dis-orders of gastrorntestinal tract and tendenecy of obortion. Some drugs have also been described which are found effective to promot actation as well as prevention are cure of common minor infantile disorders. The paper comprises description of 22 important Ayurvedic drugs along with their mode of administration.

BOTANY

0071 Srivastava G N. and Gulati B C. A Comparative Seed Morphology of some Ocimum species. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 242 - 249. ABSTRACT:-The important distinguishing characters of nulets of some Ocimum species and types have been summarized in Table. 1. The mature nutlets of various Ocimum species through look alike in their general appearance, can be distinguished from each other on close examination. In general, the nuliets of all the species types can be distinguished from each other by their shape, size, weight, colour and tacture. The external surface of the nutlets are finely pitted amd wrinkled. The I-shaped projections of the pericarp are found to vary among the species and some times among the forms. However, the variations among the forms and varieties are not very significant in the case of both O. americanum Linn. and O.canum Sims. The Nutties of O.basificum Linn. (Eugenot type)are more wrinklled 13

and mucilagenous than O Canum, O americanum (Linalool and citral type respectively ) and feast in the case of O gratissimum Linn. / Important distinguishing characters of all the species and types of Ocimum Linn. reported earlier and discussed in this paper are given in Table. 0160 Mishra K P. and Joseph T G. A Note on the study of the market sample of Swertia Chirata Buch. Ham. Ex. Wall. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 154 - 157. ABSTRACT:-Swertia Chirata Buch.-HAm.Ex.Wall. (Family : Gentianaceae)is erect herb. upto 1.5 meter in height with broadly lanceolate leaves and greenish yellow flower. 0290 Joshi G C;Pandey N K;Tewari K C and Tewari,R N. A Preliminary Sonecological Approach for the study of Herbal Wealth of High Altitude Himalaya and their Conservation Strategy. BMEBR:Vol.11:No.1 to 4:March., to Dec.,;1990;Pp. 96 - 102. ABSTRACT:-The Mighty Himalayas have long been known as one of the world's richest treasury of floral and medicinal wealth, but now a days due to nature's own process of evolutionary changes and so many other causes the herbal wealth of Himalaya is on the verge of extinction. The present study deals with a syneological approach for the study of timber line vegetation with special reference to the medicinal wealth of high altitude Himalaya ranging from 3500-4500 masl. The frequency density and abundance of 31 plants species occurred in 10 quadrata under study area of Kushkalyan "Bugyal" in Uttarkashi district of Garhwal Himalaya were calculated. It was observed the the frequency, density and abundance of medicinal herbs were found lowest among all species occurred in that area. It is due is a exploitation in trade. Thus, there is a need to evolve and standarize the plant culture practices particularly in the adverse environmental zone for saving them from their fast depletion. 0512 Metha R R;Shinde A T;Tyagi C S and Vatsa,D K. A Study on efficient drying of Liquorice (Glyeyrrhza glabra). BMBER:Vol.26:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2005;Pp. 46 - 54. ABSTRACT:-During the harvesting time, the moisture content in the Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)roots was observed to be varied between 60-80 percentage (d.b.)and need to dry these roots to a safe moisture content of 12 percentage (d.b)and need to dry these roots to a safe moisture content of 12 percentage (d.b.). Two different methods such as sun drying and shade drying were used, to know best-suited method between them to dry liquorice roots. Five different commonly used drying models such as Newton's model, Page model, Modified page model, Henderson and Pabis model Geometic model were tested for prediction of drying behavior of Liquorice empirically. Henderson and Pabis model represented the experimental data more closely over the entire experimental range of temperature and ambient conditions. It was observed that 76 h time required in shade drying followed by 64 h for sun drying method. Glycyrrhizin content of product dried under shade drying and sun drying was 9.81 and 8.00 percentage respectively. Shade dried Liquorice roots were most accepted by the traders of medicinal plants. Cost of drying was minimum in shade drying followed by sun drying, which is Rs. 265 and 427 per quintal, respectively.

14

0571 Shanker Rama. ;Rawat. M S. and Singh V K. A. Note on the Ethno-Botany of Angiopteris Evecta (Forst.)Hoffm. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 179- 182. ABSTRACT:-In our Indian culture, from worship to funeral of the dead bodies, plants have their own unavoidable significance of them. On one hand food, clothing and shelter are the fundamental needs of human and the medicine for the cure of various ailments on the other like other plants ferns also play same role in various ways, however, these informations and uses are little known. (see Kirtikar and Basu, 1718, Chopra et. al, 1956, 1969, Dixit 1966, Singh, 1969-70, Singh 1974 Kapur 1978, Sharma and Vyas 1985, Singh 1989, Rama Shankar and Khare 1993 and others). Although a large number of ferns are used in various ways by mankind with a good response in the remote areas of the country. 0269 Sharma P C. Additions to the flora of Rajgir (Bihar). BMEBR:Vol.10:No.1 & 2:March, & June;1989;Pp. 11 - 22. ABSTRACT:-Rajgir situated at about 104 kms. south-east of patna in Nalanda district (Bihar)is one of the ancient momuments of historcal importance. The area, covered with scrub, jungles, was not explored botanically till recent times, Paul (1981)reported 399 vascular plants from the locality. The present author during the course of medico-ethno-botanical explorations from 1971 to 1973 collected more than 400 species, out of which 94 are found to be not reported by Paul (loc. cit)This paper presents an enumeration of these species. 0562 Joshi M C. Additions to the flora of Gujarat state with special reference to plants of Medicinal interest. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 114 - 125. ABSTRACT:-This paper deals with 18 palnts of medicinal value which naturally occur in Gujarat but not given by Santapau (1962). Chavan and Oza (1966), Patel (1971), Shah (1978), and Bole and Pathak (1988). These works are in the from of floras of Gujarat region and contain detail infomation about the plants of Gujarat either collected by themselves or by other workers. In light of recent information some plants those who have been recorded after the publications of above works needs to be aded in the flora of Gujarat. Through, information of some additions made by present author or others is available, is in scattered form and without proper details. Therefore, in present work,the author has given all necessary information for each plant eg basionyms, synonyms (where they are)brief account of morphological and floristic characters, flowering and fruiting period, author's collection number, locality, distribution and abundance in the same pattern a s given in the floras of Gujarat state. Thus, it is an additional information in a consolidated from about the plants of Gujarat, Keeping in view their medicinal utility a brief account of medcinal properties / uses has also been given for each plants. 0374 Tiwari,K C ; Joshi,G C; Tewari,V P; Pandey,G and Kabdal,P B. Adulterants of Saffron (Crocus sativus Linn. ) and its Detection. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.1 & 2:Jan. to June,;1995;Pp. 70 - 73. ABSTRACT:-Saffron of commerce is the tripartite stigma with a little portion of style of Crocus sarivus Linn. flowers. It is highly prized item of Ayurvedic, Unani and many other indigenous systems of Medicine. Besides it is considered one of the bestflavouring & Colouring for food & Drink items through out the globe. High 15

demand and low production allways kept the Saffron among the constilliest items of the international market. As such since centuries till date it is sdulterated with a number of materials of plant, animal and mineral origin. Authors in the present paper summerised the ,ost common adulterants and their crude to modern sophisticated detection technices so that pure material may find place in preparation of medicines and in flovouring food & beverages etc. 0367 Chandra K. An Ethno botanical Study on some Medicinal Plants of district Palamau (Bihar). BMEBR: Vol.16:No.1 & 2:Jan. to June,; 1995;Pp. 11 - 16. ABSTRACT:-This paper presents the Ethnobotony of district Palamau (Bihar) based on the results of Medico-Ethno-botanical exporation undertaken during the last four years (1985-88). Folklore claims on 34 important medicinal plants on various diseases like Asthma, Leucorrhoea, Antifertility, Syphlis, Dismenorrhoea, Tonstlitis etc. are enumerated here with a view to provide a useful basic information's for further follow up studies, on the medicinal plants of the district. 0299 Pandey V N;Tiwari K C;Yadav B B L and Pant,S C. An Experiment in Acclimatization of Medicinal Plants. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1991;Pp. 51 - 72. ABSTRACT:-Medicinal plants are facing depletion at an alarming rate because of indiscriminate and haphazard collection by man for commercial explotation etc. in the Ranikhet farm / Garden of Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha(CCRAS)m.a.s.l. 1710, which is located in Kumaon Hills in a pine dominated temperate region, experiments have been carried-out to grow and acclimatize the plants from plains, sub-tropical, alpine and sub-alpine zones for two decades. The present paper summerises the results of successful as well as unsuccessful ones. While in the temperate climate of Ranikhet a numbers of plants from plains / subtropical areas have acclimatized them-selves, grew and developed at normal rate plants of alpine (High Himalayan) region normally did not survive here. 0541 Saraswathy A. and Vijayalakshmi R. Anatomical studies on the Tuber of Cyphostemma Setosum (Roxb.) Alston - A Siddha Drug. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR: Vol.28:No.3 to 4: July, to Dec.,; 2007;Pp. 1 - 6. ABSTRACT:-Pulinaralai' is a Siddha drug botanically equated to Cyphostemma setosum (Roxb.) Alston. (Vitaceae). The tuber of the plant is used as an ingredient in the Siddha compound preparation-Karunai ilakam. Since there is no report on the anatomy of the tuber, the morphological and microscopical standards of the tuber were studied and presented. Salient features are abundant starch grains, mucilage cells, raphides, cluster crystals of calcium oxalate, vascular bundle radially arranged, vessels spiral and scalariform. These data can be used for identification and authentification of the commercial sample used in the Indian system of medicine particulary in Siddha. 0235 Varadpande D G. and Thomas R. Autecology of Sida Spinosa Linn. - A Medicinal Herb. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 113 - 117. ABSTRACT:-The well known medicinal plant Sida Spinosa Linn. is studied. The whole plant is of medicinal use in various medicinal preparations. It grows abundantly throughout the tropics and in hotter belts of India. Autecological Investigations are undertaken to study the seed germination. The dormancy is 16

located in the seed coat and to break the dormancy and to induce germination, Mechanical scarification is fruitful and complete removal of seed coat also gives 100 percent of germination. 0015 Ali S Usman. and Chelladurai V. Botanical Identity of Madanakama Poo' Obtained in Tamil Nadu and Kerala Raws Drug Trade. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 196 - 202. ABSTRACT:-Madanakama Poo is reputed as an aphrodisiac in Siddha medical literature. The microsporphylls of cycas circinails Linn. constitute the drug according to earlier workers as evidenced in the literature on indigenous materia medica. / A survey of crude commerce in Tamil Nadu and Kerala States revealed that another material is being used by the practitaioners of Indigenous Medicine as Madanakama poo. This paper deals with the elucidation of the botanical Identity of the source taxon of the drug. Based on the morphology of the commercial samples. The Material is identified as the family Lecythidaceas. This is a new record of the botanical source of Madankama Poo. 0097 Chaudhari B G;Mehta H C;Vachharajani V R and Baxi,A J. Botanical Identity and Pharmacognostical Studies of Commercial Vidari of Gujarat. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.4:Dec.;1981;Pp. 47 - 61. ABSTRACT:-Vidari or Pueraria ruberosa DC (Fabaceae)has been used in ayurveda as demulcent, refrigerant in fevers, emetic tonic and lactaqgogue. The commercial Vidari as availbale in Gujar market under the name of Vidari do not confirm to the source plant, used as an official Vidari. The present paper deals with botanical identity and Pharmacognostical studies of the same. The Macroscopic and microscopic findings indicate that the commercial Vidari of Gujarat state is not derived from the angiosperm taxon but derived from the Gymnosperm taxon. It is amyliferous ground of the trunk of Cyeas circinlis, Linn (Cycadaceae). Microchemical rest, extrative values, phyto-chemical tests, fluoresecence analysis and quantitative analysis have also been presented in the present paper. Preliminary Phyto-chemical test show the presence of Phytosterol and fatty acid in Pet. ether and benzone only , phenolic compoud inchloroaform, solvent ether, acetone only, mucilage and carbohydrate in methanol, alcohol and water and absence of alkaloid as well as acidic compounds. 0148 Ahmed Javed. and Khan M S Y. Botanical Identity of Balanga. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 85 - 87. ABSTRACT:-Not available. 0284 Misra O P. and Sharma L K. Botanical Identity of the Drug Gilodhya. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 193 - 198. ABSTRACT:-The present communication deals with the study of controversial or little known Ayurvedic drugs. Gilodhya which first appeared in Susrut Samhita Sr. 43/11, but later could not find its place in Nighantus and comments. However, some authors have given aclue for Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb. In accordance to the comments of Acharua Dalhan on Susruta Samhita, the morphological charcters of Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb. do not tally with "Gilodhya' but another species Ceropegia vincaefolia HK.f.resemble with the morphalogically characters of the plants species Gilodhya collected by the author as Galekhua. Hence, it may be concluded that 17

Gilodhya of Susruta Samhita may be thwe corn of Ceropegia belonging to be family Asclepiadaceae. 0400 Bordoloi B. and Borthakur S K. Botanical Identity of 'Phuinum' a folk Remedy for Hypertension. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 18 - 29. ABSTRACT:-In the state of Mizoram in north eastern India, the tender leaves and shoots of Clerodendrum colebrookianum Walp., locally known as "Phuinum' is used as popular leafy vegetable in their regular diet by the "Mizos'" , which they claimed to control hypertension. The medicinal properties of 'Phuinum' is controlling hypertension was confirmed earlier. The plant is now widely used as a popular household remedy for hypertension in north-eastern India. However, the close external resemblance with Clerodendrum colebrookianum var. denticulata Cl. Has let to confusion and as such the tender leaves and shoots of C.colebrookianum var. denticulate Cl has also been wrongly used as true 'Phuinum' in many parts of northeastern India. The present paper deals with detail morphological features of both the taxa involved and since parts used are leaves and shoots of the leaf surface of both the taxa are also provided to facilitate identification of both the taxa on the basis of leaves alone. 0563 Joshi M C. Botanical identity of some substitutes of Ayurvedic Drugs. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 126 - 133. ABSTRACT:-In this article six plant species viz. phyllanthus amarus Schum. Thonn. Acacias chundra (Roxb. ex Rottl.)Willd. Cassia obtusifolia L., Sida oreintalis Cav., Canvolvulus desertiochst. ex Steud. and Tephrosia hamiltonil Drumm. have been suggested as the substitutes for Bhumyamalaki Khadira, Chakramarda, Mahabala, Shankhapushpi and Sharpunkha respectively. 0564 Tiwari K C;Uniyal M R;Pandey V N and Pandey,G. Botanical Identification of some Ayurvedic Herbal Medicines. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 134 - 140. ABSTRACT:-Botanical identification of medicinal plants used in Ayurvedic System of Medicine is faced with some fundamental problems because of the identification methodlogy used in relevent Ayurvedic texts and the modern botanical systems. The former took the clinical properties as the main aspect followed by externalvisible characters of the plants. The modern botany identifies a plant on the basis of its floral characters added by some of the marked vegetative ones. Thus the time and difference of purpose has created a gap which naturaly at times puts problems which needs careful solution. Ayurvedic names are in Sanskrit language some of which gives a little indication on their characters, area of occurrance and medicinal properties etc. Authors in the present article have tried to give a line which can help to sort out the difficulties. This is based on comparision of ancient and modern methodology and findings. Some examples in this context also given. 0305 Bhat A V. and Nesamany S. Botanical Source of Gajapippali in Kerala. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1991;Pp. 108 - 113. ABSTRACT:-In Ayurvedic Nighantus four types of Pippalis are mentioned. They are Pippali, Gajapippali, Souhali and Vanapippali, Gajapippali is a contraversial drug. Scindapsus Officinalis and Piper chaha are considered as the source plants of 18

Gajapippali. In Kerala market another drug from a non-allied Botanical source was found traded and used by the Vaidyas and Pharmacies. The botanical identification of this drug and a discussion on Gajapippali are dealt in this paper. 0301 Tewari K C. ;Pandey. V N. and Uniyal M R. Commercially neglected Gebus Daphne of Himalayas. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1991;Pp. 78 - 82. ABSTRACT:-Daphne is a genus belonging to the family Thymelaeaceae a genus of deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small tree with many species having handsome foliage and sweet scented flowers reflecting their oranamental nature. The plants of this genus have alternate leaves. Flower born in terminal or lateral, sessile or penduncled heads or clusters. Perianth is tubular with 4 lobes, flowers have 8 stamens, over y one called with every short style in some vertually absent. Fruits are coriaceous or flashy Hooker J D. In India the medicinally and commercially important species Daphne oleoides, schreb; Daphne incannabia Wall, Syn. Daphne papyracea Wall; Daphne bholua. Don.; Daphne involucrata Wall.; Daphne Sureil. w.w. Smith & cave; of the plant are found growin in temperate zone of Himalayan hills between 3000' - 12000'. While the first two species are common to Western Himalayas other are the plants of central to Eastern ones Callet, H., 1971, C S I R., Besides the species which are the natural habitat reference indicates that another very important species Daphne mezereum Linn. can be successfully cultivated in Western Himalayas. In India in all eight species are reported to be growing as natural habitat or otherwise. 0236 Billore K V. ;Audichya. K C. and Dhar Bishnupriya. Conservation of Medicinal Plants in Rasasthan with special Reference to conservation Propagation of 'Guggulu'. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 118 - 127. ABSTRACT:-The Present day changing trend and fast development in the society has brought about substantial depletion of natural resources particularly the forests, which infact are the main source of vegetable drugs. The forests of Rajasthan are also in the state of denudation. A need for conservation of medicinal plant has been realised in the recent past. In the present paper the problem in gerenal and conservation and propagation of "Guggulu" [(Commiphora wightii)(Aru.)Bhand. in particular have been presented. 0055 Ali s Usman;PIllai N Gopalakrishna;Nair K Vasudevan and Chelladurai,V. Contribution to the Exact Botanical Identity of Brahmi and Mandookaparni. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 23 - 36. ABSTRACT:-To clear the controversy presently preveiling about the exact identity of Brahmi and Mandookaparni, an analytical study of Ayurvedic literature was undertaken to get at the internal evidence for or against the current views./ From this study it emerged that Brahmi and Mandookararni are undependent drug entities, with unique therapeutic properties. / It is concluded that Brahmi is Bacopamonnieri Pennel of the Scrophuiariaceae and Mandookaparni is Centella asiatica Urban of the Hydrocotylaceae. / Available literature on the phytochemistry and pharmacology of these two drugs was found to be corroborative of what has already been told in the treatises of Ayurveda. / It is pointed out that it is perilous to entertain any further thought that Brahmi and Mandookaparni are synonymous or that these (Bacopa and Centeila could be reciprocally substitted in formulations. / Where Garbhasthapana is requires, Bacopa (Brahmi)is the drug and Centella (Mandookaparni)as its substitute is bound to produce abortion. / Where Apasmara is 19

to be treated. Bacopa (Brahmi)is the drug. Centella ( Mandookaparni)in its place would precipitate grave consequences. 0237 Chelladurai K. and Ali S Usman. Contribution to the Botanical Identity of Kurasani Omam in South Indian Crude Drug Trade. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1987;Pp. 129 - 133. ABSTRACT:-Kurasani omam or Paraseeka yavani or Kurasani Ajwian is well known to the siddha, Ayurveda and Unani practitioners. According to the available literature, the drug is derived from Hyoscyamus niger Linn. of the family Solanaceae. However the market samples from peninsular India did not conform to the above identification. This material has been identified to be a species of the Capparaceae. The morphology of the drug and the steps leading to its botanical identification are dealt with. 0253 Pandey Gyanendra. Contribution to the Botanical Identity of Ayurveda Drug Tinduka with Special Reference to Visatinduka. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1988;Pp. 40 - 57. ABSTRACT:-The Study of Ayurvedic drug Tinduka with special referencce to Visatinduka was undertaken. The detailed review of literature and field datra has been made. Mainly Diospyrus melanoxylon and D. pegerina have been confirmed as a common botnical sources for tinduka. 0554 Vishwakarma U R. ;Yelne. M B. and Sharma P C. Effect of Variopus Treatment on seed Germination of Desmodium gangeticum (L.)DC. (Shalaparni). BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 85 - 91. ABSTRACT:-The seeds of Desmodium gangeticum (L)DC.showed very poor germination rate due to hard seed coat. To break the dormancy, seeds were subjected to various treatments. Presowing treatment with Conc.H So, for 15 minutes was found most successful in breaking the seed dormancy, enhancing the germination rate from 6. 0233 Rose and Varadoande D G. Germination Behaviour in Cassia absus Linn. (Chimad)- A Medicinal Herb. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 99 - 107. ABSTRACT:-The seeds of Cassia absus exhibit great dormancy due to hard seed coat. There were no water soluble growth inhibitors present in the seed and even longer storage marked no effect in breaking the dormancy. Mechanical scarification causes damage to the seed coat in various ways and gives a considerable effet on germination. The result of this method showed that Cassia absus is unphotosensitive and different wavelengths of light did not affect the mechanism of germination in Cassia absus seeds. 0323 Muni Shrichand. and Bangani Jhomalmal. Identification of Aagmiya Plants(Hindi). BMEBR:Vol.13:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1992;Pp. 102 - 110. ABSTRACT:-In Jain Agasmiyas the description of Birds - Animals and meet eaters in found at places. Identification of plants described in Aagmiyas has been done and described in the present paper. 20

0360 Kulkarni Sandhya S. ;Yelne. M B. and Sharma P C. In Vitro Propagation of Asparagus racemosus Willd. (Sharavari)Through Shoot Tip Culture. BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 68 - 74. ABSTRACT:-Shoot tips of Asparagus racemosus Willd. (Shatavari)were cultured on Murashige and skoog's (MS)basal medium supplemented with different concentrations of Kinetin (Kn)and 6 - benzyl aminopurrine (BAP). Regeneration of a large number of advaetitious shoot buds was observed on medium containing BAP (O.5 mg/liter). Onsubculturing the shoot buds at 40 days intervals, identical results, i.e., differentiation of additional buds, were observed upto 16 months. These buds developed into shoots when miantained on the same medium for a longer time i.e.more than 60 days. The shoots when transferred to half strength MS medium supplemented with NAA (1.0 mg/liter)showed rooting, leading to formation of complete plantlets in 80-90 days. Thus a large number of plantlets were produced from a single shoot tip in about 4 month. 0539 Saraswathy A. ;Vijayalakshmi. R. and Gajarajan M. Micromorphological studies on the rhizome of Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2007;Pp. 48 - 52. ABSTRACT:-Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult. (Liliaceae)Stout, Usually fleshy herbs, root stock, often stolonofoerous or creeping rhizome; leaves narrow, cartilaginous or fleshy, flat or terete nerves immersed; flowers spike-like racemed, white or palwe green on a stout scape; perianth tube; fruit membranaous, seeds globose. Rhizome are used in purgative, febrifuge, gonorrhoea, heart-disease, itch, leprosy, fever,cough, piles, asthma, ruberculosis and dysuria, Rhizome content sanservirine. There is no anatomial work reported on the rhizome of the plant, the present work was aimed to study its anatomical characters on record. The data evolved can be used for pharmacognostic identification of the drug. 0538 Saraswathy A. ;Vijayalakshmi. R. and Gajarajan M. Microscopic studies on the root of Aloe Barbadwnsis Mill - A Siddha drug. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2007;Pp. 43 - 47. ABSTRACT:-Aloe barbadensis Mill. (Liliaceae)is a coarse perennial with short stem and shallow rot system; leaves fleshy, in rosettes, sessile, often crowded with horny prickles on the margins, convex below, tapering to a blunt point, surface pale green with irregular white blotches, flowers yellow or orange in racemes, fruits loculicidal capsule. Root is used in leprosy, piles, mental disorderrs, colic, cough and asthma. It can be characterized by the presence of abundant starch grains, raphide bundles, radially arranged exect vascular bundle, sclerenbchyma ring inside xylem rings. 0218 Brindha,P ; Sasikala,B; Sankara,R; Ammal,Avudal and Purushothaman,K K. Microscopical study of Koohaineer from Madras drug market. BMEBR: Vol.7:No.3 & 4: June & Dec,; 1986;Pp. 138 - 150. ABSTRACT:-In this investigation the microscopic characteristics of Koohaineer obtained from Madras raw drug maket were studies. Five samples were procurred from five different suppliers. All these five samples are analysed and studies microseopically. It concludes that there are identified sources of Koohaineer. These may be many more. But Maranta arundinacea Roxb. is the only athentic source in India. This alone should be sed whenever koohaineer is prescribed esults of the study to arrive at this conclusion are recorded in details. 21

0536 Kaur,R ; Majeed,Sadiq; Kumar,Pawan; Kashyap,Aditi;Gupta,Monica and Sharma D R. Need for conservation of medicinal plants-review. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2007;Pp. 19 - 30. ABSTRACT:-Herbal medicne have been used by man from the pre-historic times. The interest in the use of medicinal and aromatice plants as pharmaceuticals,home remedies,cosmetics & perfumes has magnificently increased in the modern times. Recently the prople have started opting herbal medicines for the cure of cold common to cancer. Therefore, the conservation will help in resources on susitainable basis for posterty. 0443 Borkar G B;Vishwakakarma U R;Yelne M B and Sharma,P C. Observations on Leaf Culture of Brahmi-Bacopa monnieri (L.)Lennell. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;2000;Pp. 46 - 52 ABSTRACT:-Leaf culture of Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri (L.)Pennell)was initiated by inoculation leaf explant on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of auxins and cytokinins. IAA, IBA and BAP were used singly or in combinations. It has been observed that multiple shoot (more then 100)regeneration takes place from callus obtained from leaf explant on MS medium supplemented with IAA and BAP (2.5 mg/1 each)after three successive subcultures and subsequent transfer to ½ strength MS+IAA (1 mg/1)resulted in rooting forming complete plantlets. 90 percentage survival rate was recoded on transfer to field after hardening. 0141 Brindha P. ;Sasikala. B. and Purushothaman K K. On the Microscopic studies of Aglaia roxburghiana Miq-Fruits. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 41 - 50. ABSTRACT:-A brief pharmacognodtic study of fruits of aglaia roxburghiana Miq, is carried out and its features discussed. This is the first report on the fruits of Aglaia roxburghiana. Its medicinal values are also discussed. It is recorded as a drug to cure leprosy. 0397 Issar R K. ;Pant. P. and Dhar B. Preliminary comparative studies of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. and alvaviscus spp. used as Japa. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1996;Pp. 93 - 95. ABSTRACT:-Japa (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn.)the common shoe flower is cultivated as a garden plant throughout India. It is an evergreen woody glabrous showy shrub 1.5 to 2.4 m. high. The drug has been described as cardial and give strength to the brain and heart. Flowers are demulcent, emollient, refrigerant, aphrodisiac and ammenagogue. 0479 Dhar Bishnupriya;Johri R M;Sharma R K and Pant,S C. Quality of Dhatura Leaves : A Comparative study on Plants Growing in Polluted and Non-Polluted Area. BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 53 - 76. ABSTRACT:-Quality of raw drugs used in Ayurvedic formulation is of Prime importance. In India collection of commercial raw materials is mostly being made from wild sources. However, the plant growing in polluted area will not be suitable for thereapeutic uses because of the presence of pollutants which are generaly toxic in nature. Terefore an atempt ha been made in present paper to identify structural 22

chemical change in the leaf of Datura metel Linn. (Family-Solanaceae)growing in pollued area so that the drugs collected from polluted area may be identified and discarded. Effect of air pollution on leaf epidermis along with anatomy, and preliminary phyto-chemistry has been studies in Datura metel Linn. Besides changes in percentage of the chemical consituents, frequency of stomata, stomatal abnormalities such as degeneration of guard cells, arrested development are more frequent in the leaves collected from polluted environment. Major venation pattern and marinalultimate venation remain unchanged. However there is a significant difference in thickness of veins, vein ending termination, density and length of trichome as compared to the corresponding values in the leaves and length of trichome as compared to the corresponding value in the leaves and length of trichome as compared to the corresponding values in the leaves from apprently nonpolluted areas of the National Capital territory of Delhi city. 0330 Pandey V N. ;Tiwari. K C. and Uniyal M R. Shinsgapa with a Brief Observation on Yellow Rust Attack. BMEBR:Vol.13:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1992;Pp. 166 - 171. ABSTRACT:-Yellow Rust attack on the different parts of the tree Shinshapa (Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. ) Has been observed. It is suggested to control the diseases in the natural forest and during new planation so that potential loss to the health of this medicinally economically important tree may be checked. 0544 Jain Usha. ;Ahrodi. R P. and Ahuja K. Studies on the Micro-anatomical Character of Two Phenotypes of Tinospora cordiflolia (Willd.)ex. Hook. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2007;Pp. 41 - 46. ABSTRACT:-Both the variants have epidermal cells polygonal with straight anticlinal walls on upper surface and with slightly undulated on lower surface in both the variants. Leaves hypostomatous with anomocytic stomata in both the variants. Twin stomata and uniseriate 1-4 celled trichomes with acute end occur only on the veins of female plants of non-bitter variant. 0106 Singh V K. The Cyperaceae of Gwalior Forest Division, Madhya Pradesh - I. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 43 - 56. ABSTRACT:-The paper embodies an enumeration of the sedges of Gwalior Forest Division, Madhya Pradesh which is not yet explored in regard to occurrence of Cyperaceae. A total number of 26 species belonging to the genera Carex L., Cyperus L., Fimbristylis Bahi ( Nam cons.)and Sirpus L., are described. 0415 Yelne M B. ;Borkar. G B. and Sharma P C. In vitro Propagation of Brahmi-Bacopa monnier (L.)Pennell. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1997;Pp. 145 - 150. ABSTRACT:-Apical bud and nodal segment of Bacopa monnieri (L)Pennel, were cultured on MS medium supplemented with IAA, BAP & Kn singly or in combination with varying concentrations. The medium containing IAA+ BAP (2.5 mg/l . each)was found to be most favourable for regeneration of multiple shoots. Full strength MS medium was found most suitable for rooting of the newly developed shoots leading to formation of complete plantlets. Stepwise transfer of the plantlets from the medium to vermiculite and then to soil was found necessary for proper hardening. On being transferred to the field, 90. 23

0384 Nair A R. ;Nair. K V. and Nair C P R. Biodiversity in Medicinal Plants Based on Ayurveda. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 143 - 147. ABSTRACT:-Plants are the main sources of Ayurvedic medicines. The drug requirement in vedic perod was very less becauses the number of diseases and population were also small. The treatment in Ayurveda is mainly on the basis of tridisha and panchabhootha theory. Present day study points to the need of such classified drug /plants groups for the treatment of each dosha. In this context we require to think about the biodiversity of sdrug / plants according to Ayurvedic principles. Modern science also consider th eimportance of the biodiversity in fauna and flora. An attempt is made to point out description on the basis of desabheda; classification of land, people, birds and animals which is now considered by the modern scientists as biodiversity. Ayurveda has described biodiversity with much details in the early days itself which is of great relevance in this modern age and an attemt is also made to discuss the matter in details. 0276 Uniyal M R. Classification of poisonous tubers in literature and pharmacological study of vatsnab-Shringi (Hindi). BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 100 - 118. ABSTRACT:-Aconite is one of the oldest medicine known to Indian Physicians. Two different knids of Aconite i.e. Poisonous and non-Poisonous were recognised by Sushruta and Charaka. Poisonous Aconite includes Vatsanabha or Visha as mentioned in samhitas. Vatsanabha is one of the 13 tubers poisonous species and sushruta has also described (Kalpasthan chapter 2 sloka No. 6)four kinds of vatsanabha, a root called Halahala ( A. ferox), Mithavisha ( A.falconerii), Krishnavisha (A.Laciniaitum), Raktavisha (A.Spocatum or A. Batfourii. Another poisonous plant A Chasmanthum in Punjab. VArious species of 'Ferox' group occuring in the Alpine Himalayas are used as Vatsanabha. The four kind of Vatsanabha are described in this paper. They are freely used in the name of Vatsanabha. Morphological Characters of these species are also described for their identity. It has been found that detailed screening of only non-purified samples of aconites has been till this period. The author suggests that detailed studies of purified samples of aconites and their comparison with non-purified samples should be carried out because in Ayirveda only samples purified with cow urine, malk or Triphala decoction are used. 0264 Kabdal P B. and Joshi P. Effect of Boron through Boric Acid on Growth and flowering of 'KUM-KUM' Crocus sativus Linn. in Kumaon Himalayas. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 143 - 147. ABSTRACT:-Effect of boron through boric acid on growth and flowering in Crocus satvus Linn. at the rate of 100 mg., 200 mg., 400 mg., and 500 mg., per square meter as a dressing to the soil has been studies. Marked acceleration in vegetative growth has been observed with 200 mg., dose. Boric acid in doses 100 mg., and 200 mg., increases the percentage of flowering by 6 and 134 percent respectively over control.

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0263 Rai M K. and Upadhyay Susheel. Hitherto Unreported leaf-spot disease of an Ayurvedic Medicinal Plant 'KASMARD' Cassia tora, Caused by Phoma Sarghina. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 139 - 142. ABSTRACT:-Cassia tora L. (Leguminosae ) is an Ayurvedic Medicinal Plant, and is known as 'pawar'. It is found abunlantly everywhere during the rainy season in India. In Ayurvedic system 'Dadrughnivati' is prepared by the plant which is one of the successful antifungal agents. During the survey of fungal disease of medicinal plants, the author came across a severe leaf spot diseases of Cassia tora on 9,8,86 in south civil lines, Chhindwara. The causal organism was found to be phoma sorghina (Sacc.)Boerema,Dorenbosch and Van Kesteren.

CHEMISTRY

0471 Kumar Satish. ;Jha. C B. and Narang K K. A Preparative and Analytical study of Ayurvedic Bhasmas with regards to Naga Bhasma - Part - I. BMEBR:Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2001;Pp. 76 - 93. ABSTRACT:-The analytical study of Naga Bhasmas was taken up to study the Pharmaceutical standardization of Naga Bhasma and evaluation of Physicochemical nature of final products with the help of qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis and the physico-chemical techniques as infra-red spectroscopy, metallography and X-ray diffractions. For the Pharmaceutical standardization, the traditional puta as wll as electrically heated muffle furnace were used. For the analysis of basmas conventional qualitative and quantitative chemical analytical methods were applied and found that bhasma of Naga contain 55 percent - 56 percent or 69 percent -70 percent Pb. Infrared spectroscopy. metallography and X-ray diffraction techniques have been used. The findings suggest polymeric phases in bhasmas. 0483 Kumar Satish. ;Jha. C B. and Narang K K. A Preparative and Analytical Study of Ayurvedic Bhasmas with Regards to Tamra Bhasma - Part- II. BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 110 - 117. ABSTRACT:-The use of Tamra as therapeutic was possible after development of purificatory measures. Marana and Amritikaran etc. Shodhan and MAran procedures are necessary to convert raw tamra into tamra bhasma. Through the present article and attempt through experienced procedures and its physiochemical properties have been identified. Many vegetable and minee tamra (Copper)into specific compound. The chemical analysis may confirm the decay in percentage of tamra due to combination with other materials. Various techniques like X-ray diffraction, metallography and infra-red spectrscopy were applied and it was found that Tamra Bhasma is a phase of polymers of Copper Sulphide and Copper Arsenic Sulphide. 0147 Natarajan R K. ;Natarajan. Meenakshi. and Purushothaman K K. Alkaloids from Agaru. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 81 - 84. ABSTRACT:-Agaru is an aromatic drug used in Indian Systems of medicine. It has been described as stimulant, cardiac tonic and carminative and finds place in 25

several compound preparations (Chopra et. al.1956). Agaru is also used as cosmetic and liniment in various skin diseases. Alkaloids isolated from Agaru are reported in the paper. 0113 Sahoo S L. ;Jain. S C. and Kanna P. Amino Acids profile in Solanum jasminoides Paxt. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 103 - 106. ABSTRACT:-Soluble and protein-bound amino acids have been investigated in the leaves, stem and callus culture established from the stemcuttings on Revised tobacco medium, Distribution of various aminoacids in quality and quantity has been studied. 0468 Saraswathy A;Pappa M;Rukmani S and Brindha,P. Analysis of Bal Rasayan - An Ayurvedic Drug. BMEBR:Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2001;Pp. 53 - 59. ABSTRACT:-Bal rasayan, on important Rasayana herbo-mineral formulated drug, is prescribed for the imporvement of general immune system of Childern. The drug has been prepared and investigated with a view to lay down pharmacopoeial standards. The data evolved can be considered for fixing standards. 0447 Saraswathy A. ;Joy. S. and Rani M Girija. Analysis of some Siddha Medicines Used for Kamala. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;2000;Pp. 73 - 79. ABSTRACT:-Thirteen compound drugs are mentioned in the Siddha formulary of India for the treatment of Mancal Kamalai (jaundice)of which, Talicatic curanam and Venpucani lekiyam, were prepared on a laboratory scale and subjected to quality control analysis chemical data and HPTLC profile of these hepatoprotective medicines presented will be useful in assessing the quality of these drugs. 0162 Nigam S S. ;Sahai. Alok. and Basis Seema. Analysis of the Fat from the Root of Heterophragma Quadriloculare (Roxb.)Schum. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 162 - 164. ABSTRACT:-Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.)schum. is abundant in Madhya Pradesh and frequently used to treat sanke-bite cases. The fat obtained from the petroleum ether extract of the root yielded palmitic acid 25.6 percent stearic acid 2.7 percent. Unsaponifiable matter was found to be a mixture of B-sitosterol and B-amyrin. 0129 Alam,Muzaffer ; Sathavasan,K; Ali,S Usman; Ramadas,V N K and Chelladurai, Analytical Values of Sarcostemma acidum and Ceropegia juncea the Soma Plants in Ayurveda. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 238 - 243. ABSTRACT:-Ceropegia juncea Roxb. has recently been claimed to be the 'Soma'. Sarcostemma acidum Voigt, is in se as 'Soma', currently. A comparative analysis was carried out to find out the difference between these two Asclepiadaceous taxa from the chemical and chromatographical view points. Though there are similarites, there are distinctive features too between them as show by the T L C Concomittant Pharmacological work elsewhere records diferences between these taxa, indicating the validity of Ceroperia juncea to the claim.

26

0498 Saraswathy A. and Joy S. Chemical Analysis of Kasturi. BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 21 - 30. ABSTRACT:-Kasturi Mrgamada is the secretion from the follicles of the musk deer-Moschus moschiferos Linn. (Fam: Cervidae). It is a drug of animal origin widely used in Ayurveda and Siddha systems of medicine. Two samples of Kasturi supplied by CCRAS have been chemically analyzed and tested for their genuineness. Physico-chemical and HPTLC analysis have been done and the data obtained can be considered for laying down standards. 0025 Dixit B S. and Srivastava S N. Chemical Constituents of Mussaenda Luteola Del. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 287 - 288. 0157 Purushothaman K K. ;Mathuram. S. and Rao R Bhima. Chemical Constituents of Scoparia dulcis Linn. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 138 - 143. ABSTRACT:-Structural Identities of dulciol and dulcilone previously Isolated from Scoparia dulcis have been established a glutionl and friedelin, respectively. Betulinic acid and a nitrogenous compound coixol have also been isolated from this plant. The structural identities of all the compounds have been unequivocally established by chemical and spectroscopic methods. 0532 Kotiyal J P. Chemical constituents of Flowers of Clerodendron Splendens G Don. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.27:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2006;Pp. 27 - 32. ABSTRACT:-Clerodendron Splendens G. Don. Is an ornamental plant (Climber)with dark red flowers, it is native of tropical Africa grown in India. It belongs to the family f verbenaceae, with about four hundered species known throughout the world, only 18 grow in India. Many species like C. inerme (Kundali), C. multiflorum (Agnimantha), C. serratum (Bharangi), C. indicum (Bhargi), C. infortunatum (Barhichuda)etc. are well known in Ayurveda for their medicinal importance as febrifuge, anthelmintic, antiseptic, hypoglycemic, anti-inflammatory etc. (Anonymous, 1986, Chopra, R.N. et al, 1969, Hartwell, J.L; 1971, lyengar, M.A., 1976, Rastogi, R.P. et.al, 1994, Chatterjee, A. et.al. 2003, Seth, A. et.al., 2005). Some species have medicinal importance against malaria, pneumonia, carcinoma etc. (Watt, J.M. et.al, 1962.). CNS depressant effect of ethanolic extract of the aerial parts of Clerodendron splendens (Dhawan, B.N. et.al. 1980)and in continuation of chemical investigations of Clerodendron species (Kotiyal, J.P. et. al, 1985 & 1989)led to detailed chemical investigation of flowers of C. splendens (Kotiyal, J.P. 1994). More pharmacological studies are required to be undertaken further, to establish its medicinal importance. In our earlier work on C. Splendens, a new flavone glycoside, hispidulin 4'-0 galactoside was isolated from the leaves (Kotiyal, J.P., 1982, Kotiyal, J.P. et.al, 1989)in addition to hispidulin and a sterol (24-s)ethylcholesta-5, 22, 25-trien 3?-0l, which is significantly present in Clerodendron species. As there was no report of chemical investigations of flowers of C. splendens, the present study was undertaken and some findings were recorded earlier (Kotiyal, J.P. 1994.

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0018 Purushothaman K K. and Sarada A. Chemical Examination of the Aril of Myristica fragrans (Jathipathri). BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 223 - 233. ABSTRACT:-The aril of Myristica fragrans has been subjected to chemical examination by solvent extraction, and chromatographic separation of the extracts. The extracts yielded five neolignana. Their structural identities have been established by chemical degradation and spectroscopic methods. 0046 Alam,Muzaffer ; Rukmani,B; Chelladurai,V; Ali,S Usman and Purushothaman,K K. Chemical Examination of Commercial Gomuthra Silajit. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 525 - 529. ABSTRACT:-Commercial samples of gomuthra silajit were obtained from the market and analysed and compared with the authentic gomithra siljit samples. The paper provides anaytical values of both authentic and commercial sample. one of the commercial sample was nearer to authentic sample in TLC as both had ninlydrin positive spots in addition to glycine. 0047 Yadava R N. and NIgam S S. Chemical Examination of the plant Lepidagathis Hyalina. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 530 - 533. ABSTRACT:-A Crystalline glycoside (Phloridzin)has been isolated from the methanolic extract of the plant lepidagathis hyalina and has been found on investigation to be 2 phl cretin-B-glucoside. 0072 Vakula,T Radha ; Pattanasetty,J K; Venkatram,B S; Shankar,M R and Abraham,Koshy. Chemical examination of certain Ayurvedic Ghritas and Tailas. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 250 - 265. ABSTRACT:-The studies were carried out using Brahmi ghrita, Kshirabala taila, Panchatikta ghrita and pinda talla with a view to lay down the chemical standards, relating to the genuinness and also to characterise the fatty acid constituents of Kshirabala Talla, Pinda Tella, Brahmi ghrita and Panchatikta ghrita. 0090 Purushothaman K K. ;Rao. R Bhima. and Mathuram (Miss)S. Chemical Examination of Ocimum gratissmum Linn.( Elumicham Tulasi). BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 423 - 426. ABSTRACT:-Chemical examination of the plant 'Elumicham Tulasi' (Ocimum Gratissimum Linn.)has yielded four compounds (i) B-sitosterol (ii) Olreanolic acid, (iii) Pectollnarrigenin 7-methyl ether and (iv)Nevadensin. 0145 Purushothaman K K. ;Sarada. A. and Saraswathy A. Chemical examination of Jatropha glandulifera. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 66 - 69. ABSTRACT:-Solvent extraction and column chromatography of the extract of Jatropha glandulifera resulted in the isolation of four compounds. They have been Identified as octacosanol, B-sitosterol, naringenin and frazetin. 0156 Purushothaman K K. ;Sarada. A. and Varghese Joseph. Chemical Examination Dendraphthoe elastica Danser. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 133 - 137. 28

ABSTRACT:-The leaves of the plant Desdrophthoe elastica Danser (Syn. Loranthus elasticus Desr.)are claimed to check the abortion and remove the some from bladder and kidney. The results on its chemcial examination are reported for the first time . Seven compounds are yielded through its column chromatography and solvent extraction. 0164 Balakrishna A. ;Natarajan. R K. and Purushothaman K K. Chemical Examination of Olax Scandens Roxb. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 167 - 169. ABSTRACT:-Chemical investigation of aerial parts of Olax scandens Roxb. have otacosanol, B-sitosterol, aleanolic acid and the gluosides of B-sitosterol and oleanolic acid. 0292 Natarajan R K;Ragothaman P;Veluchamy G and Balakrishna,K. Chemical Examination of Pisonia grandis (Lechai Kottai Keerai). BMEBR:Vol.11:No.1 to 4:March., to Dec.,;1990;Pp. 110 - 111. ABSTRACT:-Chemical examination of Pisonia grandis (Leehai Kottai, Keerai)afforded actacosanol, B-sitossterol, a-spinosterol, B-sitosterol glucoside, dulcitol and quercetin. 0149 Prasad N B R. ;Oommen. P K. and Ramiah N. Chemical investigation of the petals of Nelumbo mucifera (Lotus). BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 88 - 90. ABSTRACT:-The petals of Nelumbo nucifera flowes contain x-amyrin,Lupeol, B-sitosterol, n-triaontanol; Lysine, Hydroxpyoline, Proline, B-Phenyl alanine, Argenine and D-glucose. 0273 Ramesh N. and Nair G Arvinakshan. Chemical Investigation of the Flowers of Vitex pubescens Vahl BMEBR:Vol.10:No.1 & 2:March, & Jun;1989;Pp. 83 - 85. ABSTRACT:-All the three flavones have been isolated for the first time from the flowers of Vitex pubescens. However, these flavones have been earlier isolated from one or the other Vitex species and the result shows close interrelationship among the species of this fenus 4'6. Three flavonoids 5, 7, 3', 4' tetraphydroxy flavone (luteolin), luteolin - 6 - c- B -D -glucopyranoside ( is o-orientin)and apigenin - 8 - C - B - D - glucopyranoside (Vitexin ) have been isolated from the flowers of V. Pubescens. Vites pubescens1'2 is a medium size tree commonly found in Deccan Peninsula, East Bangal and Malay Islands. In Malaya its resin is burnt with Dhattura seeds to produce lethargy. In view to our interest is to the study of chemical constituents of Indian Medicinal plants and as there is no record of any chemical work on V.pubescens a detailed study was cerriedout on the flowers of BV.pubescens and the results leading to the isolation of liteolin, vitexin and is o-orientin are presented in this paper. 0462 Saraswathy A. and Sukumar S. Chemical Investigations of Naka Parpam. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 90 - 92. ABSTRACT:-Naka parpam in siddha system consisting of nakam (Zinc)and Karicalai camulac caru (Eclipta alba)is prescribed for piles, fistula, diarrhea, cough; asthma, dysphonic, and dysentery (Anonymous, 1992, 1993). In order to lay down pharmacopoeial standards, the drug was chemically analysed in our laboratory 29

under the standardisation programme of the institute. The present note deals with the chemical investigation of naka parpam. 0502 Agarwal Alka. ;Ammal. M J Indira. and Nair G A. Chemical Investigation of Angelica archangelica Linn. BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 60 - 63. ABSTRACT:-Angelica archangelica Linn. (Canda (Coraka)-Sanskrit)is perennial herb belonging to the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae). It is used as a flavouring agent in wines, liquors and confectionary. The dry roots and root stock (Angelica Radix)and fruits posses stimulant, expectorant and diaphoretic properties. Another species Angelica glauva Edgew having a good cardial and stimulant activity and used in flatulence and dyspepsia. Angelica archangelica has been physico chemically standardized according to the parameters set by the CCRAS and WHO for Ayurvedic formulation and single drugs. 0172 Ahamd M;Afaq S H;Tariq M and Asif,M. Chemical Standardization of Ude Saleeb (Paeonia emodi Linn.). BMEBR:Vol.5:No.1 & 2:March & Jun;1984;Pp. 95 - 98. ABSTRACT:-The studies for chemical standardizatin of Ude Saleeb (Paeonia emodi Linn.) has been carried out. The qualitative anaysis include the chemical tests for various organic compounds, florescence analysis and thin layer chromotography, whereas, the quantitative analysis include the determination of extrative values in various organic solvents, ash values, estimation of reducing sugers, nitrogen and moisture content in the air-dried drug. 0035 Agarwal I. ;Kharkwal. H B. and Methala C S. Chemical study and Anti-microbial properties of essential oil of Cymbopogon itratus Linn. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 401 - 407. ABSTRACT:-The essential oil of cymbopogon citratus (Linn.)was extracted by watersteam distillation (yield 0.3 percent). Its composition was analysed by gaschromatographic study and the presence of following terpenoids was established. / oc-pinene, Camphene, B-pinene, Myrcene, Limonene,p-Cympphene, Methy1 heptnone Citronellal, Linalool, Citral a & b, Citronelly1, acetate, Citronellol, Gerany1 aetate Geraniol./ The antimicrobial properties of the oil and its oxygenated consitituents were determined against fifteen fungi and ten bacteria and it was found that the oil and its terpenoids (mainly citral)possess and high degree of inhibitory. 0150 Purushothaman K K. and Vasanth Saradha. Chemical study of strobilanthes callosus. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 91 -93. ABSTRACT:-The leaves of strobilanthes callosus Nees on solvent extraction and subsequent column chromatographic separation yielded (i) lupeol (ii) alnetin and (iii) B-sitosterol. 0417 Pandey N N. ;Shukla. S S. and Sharma Usha. Chemistry of Rasamanikya - A Preliminary Study. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1997;Pp. 157 - 163. ABSTRACT:-Rasamanikya is an Ayurvedic preparation obtained through Shodhan & Incineration of Patratal(Hartal). The term "Vibhavyet Dadhnachaamlen vatatha" of text Rasa Tarangini (11/90-91)used in the Shodhana process, must be used for dipping the crude Patratal in successive mentioned juices advocated in the 30

text, because the drug obtained after standard method of processing of Shodhit Paratal has a characteristic 'Ruby' colour where as if the aforesaid verse lines are used for trituration , then the drug obtained through the same method of preparation does not show the characteristic colour. The percentage yield of Shodhit Patratal through dipping & triturating successively comes 95.0 & 88.75. A separate method of shodhana of Hartal which is basically prescribed in the preparation of Hartal Bhasma was also applied in this particular research work to acknowledge the significancy of the method in the preparation of Rasamanikya. The percentage yield of Shodhit Patratal was 92.5 with characteristic Ruby colour after passing it through the same method of preparation of Rasamanikya. The results prefer the use of this method to be used in the preparation of Rasamanikya where as the term 'Vibhavyet' must be used only for dipping. The standard method of preparation of drug Rasamanikya as given in Ayurvedic Formulary of India part-I (Edition First) is strictly followed in making the samples of Rasamanikya. The chemistry of Rasamanikya is still not known,. To know bit of this elemental study of drug 'Rasamanikya' was done through Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. The character and geometrical structure of the compound formed after the incineration process was studied through X-Ray Differaction. The method had confirmed that Rasamanikya is a mixture of Arsenictric-sulphide (As S)and Arsenic pentaoxide (As O). It showed no characteristic separately for As S O As O etc.). 0477 Pandey N N. ;Agarwal. V D. and Agarwal Pragya. Chemistry of Ayurvedic Formulation Kajjali & Ras-Parpati - A Preliminary Study. BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 35 - 40. ABSTRACT:-The Present work illustrates the chemical characteristics of the Ayurvedic drug Kajjali and Ras-Parpati basically obtained by the well-defined process in the Ayurvedic text, with the help of Shodhit Parada and Gandhak. The term 'Shodhit' in Ayurvedic classics is used for metal non-metal for such a processing which upgrade the therapeutics and removes the unwanted blemishes, which are hazardous and not fruitful in curing the diseases. Shodhit parada is obtained by the sublimation process through classical method from Hingul (Cinnabar) and shodhit Gandhak from crude sulphur known as A,lasar gandhak. The classical process of Shodhana of Parada & Gandhak and the preparation of Kajjali & Ras-Parpati of the present work is same in all the classical texts. This work is a bit to know the chemical characteristics of shodhit Parada, Gandhak and the respective drugs Kajjali & Ras-Parpati. The X-ray diffraction methods for Kajjali & Ras-Parpati is worked out and respective intensities with respect to interplane distances (d) were calculated and matched with the value of known compounds of mercury and sulphur mentioned in the Fink Index. Kajjali was found to be of hexagonal characteristics of HgS, whereas the Ras-Parpati showed the presence of mixture of HgS aqbd HgO and did not shown the presence of HgO. 0193 Kotiyal J P. and Nair A G R. Cholesterol derivative and 6-oxyensted flavones from Clerodendron heterophyllum and Clerodendron splendents. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 102 - 105. ABSTRACT:-The leaves of Clerodendron heterophyllum ere found to contain (24-S)-ethylcholests -5, 22, 25-trien-3-B-ol, scutellarein and 6-hydroxy luteolin while C. Splendens contained in addition to the sterol, a flavone hspidulin end its glycoside. The occurence of this steroid is significant in chemotaxnomic view point.

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0146 Shrivastava Rajendra. and Patel B D. Chromatographic studies on Essential oil of Cyathocline lyrata Cass. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 70 -80. ABSTRACT:-Cyathcline lyrata Cass is well known drug in Indigenous system of medicine for its various used as a bitter tonic, a germicide, and an appetizer. The essential oil of aerial parts of the plant had shown fairly good pharmacological activity when tested on laboratory animals. The present study was undertaken`to identify the constituents present in essential oil responsible for the antimicrobial and pharmacological actions. The E. oil has fourteen consituents, out of which the constituents like p-cymene, camphar, citral, limonene, cresol, anethole and thymol were identified by Co - T.L.C. 0505 Agarwal Alka. ;Ammal. M J Indira. and Prabhakaran C V. Comparatve Analytical study of Sringyari Curna Prepared with two Different Ingredients. BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 86 - 92. ABSTRACT:-Srngyadi Curna, an Ayurvedic formulation was prepared using different ingredients according to the Ayurvedic formulary. It is chemically analyzed in detail. Extractive values in organic solvents and solubility in alcohol and water, thin layer chromatography of the volatile matter were carried out to identify the ingredients. The samples were analyzed and the data were compared. 0234 Joshi Sunita. and Dhar Durga Nath. Drug Standardisation, Problems, Perspective and strategy BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 108 - 112. ABSTRACT:-Standardisation may be defined as the elimination of unnecessary variety. It is a dynamic process because todays standard becomes obsolete item of tomorrow. These are various problems of variation to standardise the Ayurvedic drugs. Scientists will have to develop new or modified versions of the old methods and also develop standards at their own. A computerised data base about significant botanical, chemical, pharmacological and clinical reports on all common Ayurvedic Medicines will be helpful to a large extent. 0103 Dutta S K. ;Sharma. B N. and Sharma P V. Duleitol from the flowers of Malkanguni (Celastrus Paniculatus Willd). BMEBR:Vol.2:No.4:Dec.;1981;Pp. 114 - 115. ABSTRACT:-Dulcitol was isolated from the flowers of Malkanguni and structure was determined by physical and chemical methods. 0428 Pant Pramila. and Jain C L. Effect of Shodhan on Nareotic content of Vijaya ( Cannabis sativa L.). BMEBR:Vol.19:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1998;Pp. 86 - 90. ABSTRACT:-In Ayurveda, toxic drugs are used for therapeutic purposes only after their Shodhan. To find out a scientific basis of these Shodhan processes, leaves of Vijaya (Cannabis sativa L.)were taken for study. Narcotic content, specially tetrahydrocannabinol was determined before and after the Shodhan processes with the help of GLC . Significant reduction in narcotic content was observed after subjecting the drug to Shodhan techniques.

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0467 Pant Pramila. and Jain C L. Effect of Shodhan on Alkaloidal Content of Kuchala (Strychions nuxvomica Linn.). BMEBR:Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2001;Pp. 47 - 52. ABSTRACT:-Kuchala (Srychnos nuxvomica Linn)is one of poisonous drugs of Ayurveda used as nervine tonic, stomachic, tonic, febrifuge and spinal, respiratory and cardiac stimulant. In Ayrvedic texts it is categorised under upavisha and its different preparations like Navajeevan Rasa, Agniundi vati, Kuchala rasa and Shudha Kuchala etc. are prescribed for treatment of nervous disorders and reheumatism. In these preparations only shodhit (detoxified)Kuchala is used. Strychine and brucine are the important constituents of Kuchala and are said to be very poisonous in comparatively large doses. Therefore it was proposed to find out the effect of Shodhan on these two constituents of Kuchala. The different Shodhan processes as described in Ayurvedic texts are :1. Dried and ripe seeds are dippen in Kanji (a preparation). After three days the seeds are removed from Kanji. Outer cover is removed and dried in sun and powered in iron pan. 2. Mature seeds are digested in cow's milk for three hour in a dolayantra over a mild fire and skin is removed immediately and seeds are powered immediately. Experimental : Identified sample of seeds of Kuchala were peocured from "Survey of Medicinal Plants Unit of CCRAS". Standard markers of strychnine and brucine were procured from M/s S.D.Fine Chem. Ltd; TLC plates of Merck silica gel 604.254 (Layer thickness 0.2mm)were used. 0115 Agarwal V K. Examination of sugars in the Mucilage of Seeds of Lepidium Sativum Linn. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 112 - 113. ABSTRACT:-No abstract are avaialbe. 0032 Purushothaman K K ;Sarada. A. and Govindarajan S. Flavones of Pogostemon Heynianus. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 379 - 383. ABSTRACT:-Chemical examination of pagostemon heynianus has yielded three flavones besides, n-0ctacosanol, B-sitosterol and B-sitosterol-3 glucoside. The structural indentities of the three flavonoide have been established. 0053 Thongpoon Anong. ;Jain. S C. and Mahna S K. Glycoalkaloids drom Solanm verbascifolium Linn. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 561 - 562. ABSTRACT:-Solanum verbascifolium Linn., leaves have been extracted for glycoalkaloids, and solasonine, solanine and solamargine, have been identified by TLC, mp, mmp, optical rotation, IR and hydrolytic studies. 0427 Saraswathy A. ;Suganthan. Joy. and Thomas Sushan. High Performance Thin Layer Chromatographic Finger Print Parameters of Trikatukuc Curanam. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1998;Pp. 76 - 85. ABSTRACT:-Trikatukuc curanam was prepared in laboratory scale for developing HPTLC finger print parameters. The physico-chemical data and HPTLC finger printing profile may be utilized for laying down pharmacopoeial standards for the drug Trikatukuc curanam.

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0048 Baxi A J. and Parikh A R. Isolation of some non-saponifiable principles from the leave of Abutilio indicum G. Don. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 534 - 538. ABSTRACT:-Leaves of Abutilon indicum G Don have been chemically investigated. Some non-saponifiable principles have been isolated from the leaves by using a direct saponification methods. The concentrated petroleum ether extract of the saponified materials of the leaves was treated with methanol which on further concentration yielded B sitosterol and an orange coloured oily layer containing a mixture of tocopherols. This was confirmed by further chromatographic purification, recrystallisation, melting point, CO. T. L.C. and identical I R spectra. It has become evident the direct 'saponification methods for the separation of non-saponifiable principles from the phytosterogenoid plants is more economical, and is simple and less time consuming. 0163 Purushothaman K K. ;Sarada. A. and Saraswathy A. Occurrence of Licrin - B in the Aril of Myristica malabarica Lam (Myristicaceac). BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 165 - 166. ABSTRACT:-A neolignan isolated from the aril of Myristica malabarica Lam. has been identified as Licarin-B. 0168 Saxena R B. ;Mehta. H C. and Shah K L. Physico-Chemical Study of Seeds of Cassia fistula Linn. (Amaltas). BMEBR:Vol.5:No.1 & 2:March & Jun;1984;Pp. 65 - 70. ABSTRACT:-The Genus Cassia beongs to family Leguminosae, which is on of the biggest, and most wide spread family in vegetable kingdom. More than thirty species of Cassia have been chemically investigated and various types of compounds have been isolated; e.g. sterols, terpenoides, flavones etc. The seeds of Cassia fistula L. are rich in protein and possess medicinal values. It contains Iron,calcium, phosphate, sodium and potassium. The seeds also contain crude fibre, resin, sugars, tannin, sapanin, gum, alkaloid, glucoside, fat, mucilage, free amino acids, anthrquinone etc. Fluorescence and extraction methods have been also used for identification. 0200 Dhyani P L. and Baxi A J. Physico-Chemical and Chromatographic study of Yavanyarka. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 165 - 168. ABSTRACT:-Yavanyarka has been prepared as per the standard ayurvedic formulary and its physico-chemical characteristics have been astablished. Thymol along with pinene, P-cymene. dipentene, and terpinene have been identified chromatographic findings could be useful as standards for control of quality and identification of Yavanyarka. 0506 Ammal M J Indira. and Agarwal Alka. Physico-Chemical Standardisation of Lippia modiflora, Mich. BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 93 - 98. ABSTRACT:-Lippia nodiflora Mich known as 'Podutala'Syn-Phyla nodiflora (L)greene (Sanskrit-Vashira; H-Bhuiokra; Tam-Podutalai; Tel-Bokkena; Mal Kattutippali, Jalathippali)belonging to the family verbenaceae. Then plant is acrid, astringent, cooling, appetizing, stomachic and constipating. The leaves of plant are given to children in diarrhea, dysuria and indigestion in the form of infusion or 34

decoction in doses of 1 to 2 ounces twice daily, also given in lithiases. The drug is useful in vitiated condition of pitta, buring sensation anorexia, flatulence, colic, dyspepsia and helminthisis. It gives relief in inflamed and bleeding piles on fumigation. A paste of poultice of the plant is applied to promote suppuration in boils, to swollen cervical glands and erysipelas and chronic indolent ulcers. An alcoholic extract of leaves shows anti-bacterial activity against Escherichia coli. The diuretic action of the plant is due to the presence of potassium nitrate. 0507 Girija P V. ;Agarwal. Alka. and Nair G A. Physico-Chemical Standardization of Gymnema sylvestre R Br. An Ayurvedic Drug. BMEBR:Vol.26:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2005;Pp. 1 - 5. ABSTRACT:-Gymnema Sylvestre R.Br. (Sanskrit-Meshastringi, Hindi and Bengali:- Gurmar)is used as a destroyer of Madhumeha (glycosuria)and other urinary disorders as described in Sushrutha. It is a very popular remedy for diabetes. However, the engyme isolated form the plant are ineffective on blood sugar of animals. This is in support of the holistic effect of crude drug compared to active principle. The whole plant is used as an anti periodic, stomachic, diuretic and cardio vascular. Seeds of plants are emetic and a remedy for cold. The roots of the plant has been used as a remedy for snakebite from a long time. Wide use of plant in different diseases of human beings and ineffectiveness of the enzyme isolated makes its standardization a needful one. The present paper deals with the efficiency and efficacy of the Gymnema Sylvestre through the standardization parameters according to Ayurvedic requirement. Physical parameters such as moisture content, ash content, extractable material in water and alcohol, foaming and swelling Index and Chemical parameters like tannin and sugar have been determined. Test for organic compounds showed the presence of amino acid, sugar, phenolic and flavonoids in the drug. T.L.C. study also indicated the presence of various organic compounds in the drug. 0520 Agarwal Alka. and Girija P V. Physico-Chemicals standardization of Narcha Churna an Ayurvedic Formulation. BMBER:Vol.26:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2005;Pp. 47 - 53. ABSTRACT:-The Ayurvedic formulation, Narcha Churna is very effective in bilious disorder, loss of appetite, Flatulency and rheumatism in different anupans. It was prepared from two single drugs viz Ipomea turpethum Br. (root, stem, root bark)and piper longum (Fruit)and sugar candy. All the ingredients and churna were analysed in order to assess the authenticity of the drug based on Ayurvedic requirement. Physical parameters such as moisture content, ash content, extractable material in water and alcohol foaming and swelling index and chemical parameters like tannin and sugar have been determined. Analysis of ash was also carried out which confirmed the presence of materials (viz, C1, SO, K, Mg, Na, CA, Fe)in churna. Successive exraction of all ingredients and churna was carried out using soxhlet apparatus with different solvent systems in order to their polarity. Tests for the identification of organic components have been carried out with these extracts and confirmed the presence of alkaloids, terpenoids, amino acids and sugar. Thin layer chromatographic studies of all the ingredients and the churna were carried out simultaneously using different solvent systems. Identical Rf values of the different extracts of the ingredients and those of the churna indicate the contribution of each ingredients to the churna. Flourescence property of alcohol an water extract of all ingredients and churna was noticed. 35

0050 Gupta S. and Dixit V K. Phytochemical studies on Sida rhombifolia Linn. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 538 - 541. ABSTRACT:-The paper presents the phytochemical profile of Sida rhombifolia Linn. Successive extraction of serial parts of the plants with Petroleum ether (6080c), benzene, chlrofrom, ethanol and water was done. Qualitative tests were carried out to identify the presence of different componernal fractions. 0524 Singh S P. ;Chaudhari. B G. and Sathe M V. Power Microscopy and TLC Profile of some Crude drugs used in Ayurveda. JDRAS formaly know as BMBER:Vol.27:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2006;Pp. 11 - 28. ABSTRACT:-Power microscopic and Thin Layer Chromatographic (TLC)study of Amalki-fruit (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.), Arka leaf and root (Calotropic procera R.Br.), Atibala-root (Abutilon indicum (Linn.)Sweet, Babbula-stem barks (Acacia nilotica (Linn.)Willd. Ex. Del. Sp. Indica Syn. A. Arabica Willd.)and Gambhari-root (Gmelina arborea Linn.)have been carried out as these parameters help in the identification of authentic plant material used in various Ayurvedic formulations. The observed results may be used as a reference in the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia. 0026 Issar R K. Preliminary Comparative Chemico-Morphological Studies of the Imported Unani drug 'Zufah-Yabis' and Indigenous Drug 'Dyanku'. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 289 - 296. ABSTRACT:-The Imported Unani drug Zufa is also found to be mentioned in the Ayurvedic literature (Uniyal et al. 1977), and it has been indentified(Issar,1976)as Nepeta brateata Benth. The Ladakh drug Dyanku, has been indentified as Nepeta lognibracteata Benth. Comparative studies of both the drugs have been carried out which will be helpful to distinguish Zufa from Dyanku. 0033 Puri H S. Preliminary phyto-chemical screening of the plants of silent valley - ! BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 384 - 392. ABSTRACT:-About one hundrerd plant parts mainly consisting of twigs with flowers and leaaves, collected from silent Valley in Kerala, were studied for the presence of flavonoid, steroid, tannin, saponin alkaloid contents. Flavonoid was present only one sample , steroidal sapogenin in three, saponins in twenty two, oleo resin in seven, appraciable amount of tannin present in forty three sample, and thirty six sample gave positive test for alkaloids. 0454 Masilamani,G ; Gopal,V; Sivaprakasam,K; Ganapathiraman,K;Annathai,J and Meenakshinathan E. Preparation and Standardization of Chooranamas. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 38 - 42. ABSTRACT:-Formulations in Siddha System of medicine can be broadly classified into two groups viz., Aga marundhu (internal medicine)and Pura Marundhu (external medicine). Each group consists of 32 types of medicines in which Chooranam is under the category of Aga Marundhu (Internal medicine).

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0482 Mathuram V. and Saraswathy A. Role of HPTLC in Standardisation of Raw Drugs. BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 100 - 109. ABSTRACT:-The Quality of raw drugs play a vital role in the efficacy of indigenous medicine. The active principles present in a plant drug depend upon various factors like lace of collection, period of collection, age of the plant etc. High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography can be successfully utilised for detecting these variations. In the case of market drug, adulteration is quite common. The genuineness of the plant drug can also be assessed using plant drugs will be discussed with respect to the ISM drugs Mavilngam (bark), Karpuravalli (Leaves). The volatile oils obtained from different samples of Hingu &were also compared using HPTLC. 0078 Dutta S K. ;Sharma. B N. and Sharma P V. Stachydrine from the stem-bark of varuna (Crataeve nurvala Buch Ham.). BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 294 - 295. 0161 Alam Muzaffer;Dasan K K S;Sathiavasan K and Purushothaman,K K. Standardisation of Dhanvantara Ghrta. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 158 - 161. ABSTRACT:-Dhanvantara ghrta was prepared according to the National Ayurvedic formulary and analysed to fix the standards. The reduced Kashayam showed sp. gravity 1.004, pH 5.2 and solid contents 6.78 percent. The finished drug had sp. gravity 0.92, loss on drying 0.48 percent volatile matter 0.05 percent ash 0.04 percent , refractive index 1.46 and fat 99.5 percent. Thin-layer chromatography showed the presence of Kashayam and ghee spots. 0289 Saxena R B. and Dholokia M V. Standardisation of Dasmula Taila used in Panchakarma. BMEBR:Vol.11:No.1 to 4:March., to Dec.,;1990;Pp. 84 - 95. ABSTRACT:-Dasmula taila was prepared in the Ayurveda section and analysed to laydown the standards. Determination of refractive index, iodine value, acid value, saponification value etc. is primary standard method for identification of a particular taila. These parameters indicate the hanges of physico-chemical characteristic of the sneha dravya used in the preparation of tiala. The sapontification, unsaponification matter, murchhita tila taila and Dasmula taila have been identified by TLC and PC suitable solvents, spray reagents have been determined or developer. Separation of taila and resin from Dasmula taila, comparative study of tila taila, murchhita tila taila and Dasmulataila, and effect of packing for Dasmula taila have also been studied. 0416 Nair K V. ;Nair. A R. and Nair C P R Standardisation of Ayurvedic Drugs. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1997;Pp. 151 - 156. ABSTRACT:-The Ayuredic material medica mainly depends on medicinal plants numbered 600 to 700 (Baced on Brihtrayee). For the present day, standard drugs are needed because the Gurukula Parampara of teaching has vanished. For standard drugs the following are to be considered i.e. the controversy of raw drugs , usage of certain drugs based on the original texts, formulation for the various clinical applications etc. In this paper identification of drug according to Ayurvedic methods i.e the synonyms, uses and actions, the place of growth, shape and type of leaves 37

and flowers, parts used with examples, proper usage of drugs like Draksha, Bilwa, Hareetaki etc. Some formulations in relation to the actual clinical usage like Nasya, Snehapana and Abhyanga are discussed. 0436 Saraswathy A. ;Girijarani. M. and Suganthan Joy. Standardisation studies of Civanar Vembuk Kulit Tailam. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1998;Pp. 165 - 175. ABSTRACT:-Civanar Vembuk Kulit Tailam, a popular Siddha remedy for chronic eczema was prepared in laboratory for standardization and chemically analyzed to lay down standards for identity and purity, HPTLC finger printing profile was evolved which may be considered for fixing standards. 0455 Pushpalatha H. ;Pattanasetty. J K. and Bikshapathi T. Standardisation of Manufacturing Process of Ayurvedic Medicine. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 43 - 46. ABSTRACT:-A science is said to be progressed only when it is developed to suit or satisfy the demands and necessities of changing times and living conditions. So also "Ayurveda" i.e. "Science of Life" is not exception to this. The standardisation of Ayurvedic drugs is one of the important in view of various practical problems encountered from time to time. Certain principles in this regard were laid down from time of Charaka to Sharangadhara. However, it needs a thorough revision in the wake of the development of modern science. 0461 Srikanth N. ;Anand. R M. and Sharma K D. Standardisation and Development of New Ayurvedic Ophthalmic Drugs (With Special Reference to Ocular Pharmacology)- An Urgent Need. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 81 - 89. ABSTRACT:-The Ophthalmology branch of Ayurveda was practised with great splendour from ancient times. In this era, newer syndromes have become a threat to mankind and it is hear the significance of Ayurvedic Ophthalmology becomes highlighted. With tremendous expansion in use of traditional medicine, safety, and efficacy as well as quality control of ophthalmic agents, traditional procedure based therapies (Kriyakalpas)have become important concerns for both Health authorities and public. 0476 Saraswathy A. ;Brindha. P. and Rukman S. Standardisation Studies on Ayush Ghutti. BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 20 - 34. ABSTRACT:-Ayush Ghutti a formulated Ayurvedic preparation has been prepared using six plants and one mineral drug. The medicine has been evaluated for extractive values, ash values and phyto constituents and HPTLC. In the HPTLC of the extracts of the ingredients and the medicine, spots with same Rf has been chosen as chemical marker and the UV spectrum were found to be super imposible. The results obtained have been compared with similar formulations procured from Patiala and IMPCOPS, Chennai to established tests for identification and purity determination.

38

0481 Saraswathy A. Standardisation Studies on Two Ayurvedic Drugs. BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 86 - 99. ABSTRACT:-Brahmi Ghrta and Vallarai which are prescribed for mental disorders have been analysed for laying down pharmacopoeial strandards. Two samples of Vallarai tables procured from IMCOPS and Vhennai drug market respectively were subjected to similar studies and data compared. HPTLC finger print of the drugs were also evolved. The effect of packing materials on the stability and quality of brahmi ghrta when stored under different conditions was also studies. The data presented can be considered for fixing standards to these drugs. 0531 John Anitha. ;Gayathri Devi. V. and Nair R B. Standardisation of Hingvastaka Curna Using Chemical methods. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.27:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2006;Pp. 19 - 26. ABSTRACT:-Hingvastaka curna is an Ayruvedic preparation commonly used for Agnimandya, vataroga etc. it is prepared with authentic ingredients and analysed from the standardisation point of view. The standards evolved are the resultant of the broad tests carries out on the formulation prepared on the basis of the composition indicated in the text referred. The present work provides working standards of therapeutic usefulness for the formulation Hingvastaka curna. The methodology envisages physical and chemical examinations. Physical examination includes organoleptic characters such as colour, touch, taste and odour. Chemical examination includes determination of total ash, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash, extractable matter in cold and hot water and alcohol, loss on drying at 1100 c, moisture content, volatile oil, swelling index, foaming index and fiber content. Further more thin layer chromatographic studies of the pet-ether and alcohol extracts of the curna and its seven ingredients were carried out in different solvent systems. TLC studies were carried out to compare the Rf values of the chemical constituents of the curna and the ingredients. UV spectral characteristics of the curna and its major ingredients were studied. Also the IR spectra of the curna was taken which is specific for a particular compound/extract. The overall results, the physico-chemical parameters, Rf values, UV spectra and the IR finger printing profile may be utilized for laying down pharmacopoeial standards for the Ayurvedic formulation Hingvastaka curna. 0542 Saraswathy A;Pappa V;Vijayalakshmi R and Brindha,P. Standardisation of Hingvastaka Curna. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2007;Pp. 7 - 24. ABSTRACT:-Hingvastaka Curna, an ayurvedic herbo-mineral formulation, was prepared in laboratory scale and analysed to lay down standards. Microscopic and physico-chemical data, TLC and HPTLC profiles had been worked out in detail. Samples of curna were also collected from Patiala, Almora, Jaipur and Jamnagar subjected to similar studies and results compared. The data evolved can be considered as standards of the drug Hingvastaka Curna. 0487 Vijayalakshmi B. ;Bikshapathi. T. and Pattanasetty J K. Standardization of Medhyarasayana used in the Management of Manodvega. BMEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 20 - 26. ABSTRACT:-Medhyarasayana a compound herbal preparation of two medicinal plants is prepared from water extracts of Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri (L)Pennell), and Vacha (Acorus calamus Linn). It has a great role in reducing anxiety. In the classics 39

there is a mention of Brahmi and Vacha in the improvement of Medha. The drugs have also been mentioned as Rasayana (rejuvenating and restorative). The beneficial effects of these drugs for the treatment of psychological and psychosomatic disorders suggest that they might be having sedative and tranquilizing properties. In the present paper chemical analysis of Mehyarasayana is provided highlighting the important constituents and the phytochemical parameters. These studies help in laying down the pharmacopoeial standards. 0492 Vasanthakumar K G;Pattanasetty J R;Bikshapathi T and Vijayalakshmi,B. Standardization studies on Arjunarishta. BMEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 97 - 102. ABSTRACT:-Arjunarishta was prepared in the laboratory scale and was analyzed chemically to lay down Pharmacopoeial standards. This layer chromatographic pattern has been evolved for detecting the presence of the herbal ingredients in Arjunarishta. The physico-chemical parameters evolved along with the TLC pattern can be considered for laying down Pharmacopoeial standards of Arjunarisha. 0143 Alam Muzaffer;Rukmani B;Ali S Usman and Purushothaman,K K. Studies on Authentic Silajat Sample. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 54 - 61 ABSTRACT:-Three samples of silajat collected from Ladakh were chemically analysed for comparision their chemical constitiuents. The presence of urea was noted in all the sample of raw salajat, indicative of pretreatment with Urine. Further the presence of glycine in all the three sample showed that the sample are not totally inorganic in origin. The comment of Chopra(1958)the the presence of Hippuric acid in silajat suggests that same animal matter is also present and the analyses strengthened the observation. The view that the latex of Euphorbia royleana Boiss could be one of the source materials of silajat could not be substantiated from studies. 0570 Dixit Rajesh. and Shivahare G C. Studies on Chemistry of Svarnamakshika (Iron Pyrite)Bhasma. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 175 - 178. ABSTRACT:-Svarnamakshika is the mineral ore of containing mainly sulphides of iron and copper. In Ayurvedic System of Medicine Svarnamakshika bhasma is prescribed for the treatment of anaemic diseases. Presence of calcium, copper, Iron, Sodium, Potassium,silica, Sulphate and phosphate in the bhasma has been reported. 0112 Alam,Muzaffer ; Shanmughadasan,K K ; Sathiavasan,K; Paranthaman,M and Purushothaman,K K. Studies on the Standardisation of Avalehas Part - I Narikela Khanda and Khantakaryavaleha. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 97 - 102. ABSTRACT:-Narikela khanda and Kantakaryavaleha were prepared and analysed to fix the standards. Narikela Khanda specific gravity was1.113, loss on drying 8.7 percent, ash 1.802 percent, acid insoluble ash 0.212 percent. fat 45.2 percent, reducing sugar 5.62 percent and nonreducing sugar 34.9 percent respectively. The total alkaloid contents were 0.134 percent which on silica gel thin 40

layer chromatogaphy gave two spots with Rf values 0.41 and 0.04 calcium and phosphated were 0.036 percent and 0.39 percent respectively. Kantakaryavaleha specific gravity was 1.32 loss on drying 28.5 percent, ash 4.6 percent, acid insoluble ash 1.1 percent,fat 15.4 percent, reducing sugar 12.3, and non-reducing sugar 20.7 percent. The total alkaloid contents were 0.19 percent which on silica gel thin-layer chromatography gave three spots of Rf value 0.04, 0.62 and 0.83 respectively. Calcium was 0.11 percent. 0446 Saraswathy A;Joy S;Rani M. Girija and Brindha,P. Studies on the Standardisation of some Siddha Medicines Used in Leucoderma. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;2000;Pp. 60 - 72. ABSTRACT:-Parankippataic curanam and Ayac centuram are used in the treatment of leucoderma. In order to lay down standards, Parankippataic curanam was prepared in lab scale (authentic)and was compared with 4 samples procured from the local market. The parameters compared were physico-chemical data, microscopic studies, and HPTLC. Ayac centuram was also prepared and chemically analysed. 0155 Jain Manju. and Saxena V K. Study of non-saponifiable Principles from the leaves of Brunella Vulgaris Linn. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 130 - 132. ABSTRACT:-On chemical investigation the leaves of Brunella Vulgaris Linn have yielded some non-saponifiable, obtained as a deposit and as a saponifiable part from the petroleum ether soluble part of the leaves. The petroleum ether extract of the leave on concentration yielded a deposit identified as lupeol. The filtrate on removal of the solvent yielded a green coloured fat which was saponified by the way and unsaponifiable matter recovered. The unsoponifiable matter when subjected to column chromatography yielded two compounds which were Identified as Bsitosterol, and stigmasterol by characteristic colour reactions, spectral , studies m.p., mixed m.p. and Co-TLC with authentic sample. 0266 Dixit Rajesh. and Shivahare G C. Synthetic and Analytical Studies on 'PRAVAL' (Coral: Tubipora musica ) Bhasma. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 159 - 165. ABSTRACT:-Bhasmas of praval (Coral; Tubipora musica)used in Indian Ayurvedic System of Medicine has been synthesised according to classical Ayurvedic and modern methods and analysed. Qualitative analysis the presence of Na, K, Ca, Mg, Sr, Fe, Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb, Mn,Co,Sn, Mo, and (CO2)2 which have been estimated. IR and FT-IR studies confirm the presence od corbonate even after the heat treatment. X-ray studies indicates calcite pattern in the raw material and bhasmas prepared by both methods. 0144 Barlk B R. ;Dey. A K. and Das P C. Terpenoids of Streblus asper Lour. (Moraceae). BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 62 - 65. ABSTRACT:-Chemical examination of stem and root of Streblus asper lour, resulted in the isolation and characterisation of three iriterpeaoids while some other iriterpenoids have already been reported. An Improved method which was developed at the Department of Pure Chemistry, University College of Science, Calcutta, was applied fo such study.

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0073 Nataraja Sarma P S;Rao R Bhima;Natarjan Meenakshi and Purushothaman,K K. The Analysis of Rajamrganka Rasa. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 260 - 265. ABSTRACT:-Rajamrganka rasa was prepared for the determination of gold, calcium, copper and sulphur by digestion with aqua Regia. This was possible on account of the low content of organic matter in the sample. Gold was determined by precipitation of the metalwith hydroquinone. The filtrate from the gold determination was used for the determination of copper, calcium and sulphur, interference from other metals was avoided in the determination of copper by the use of ammonium bifluoride. For the determination of arsenic, preparation of the sampe by oxidation with bromine and nitric acid was found to be satisfactory. For mercury wet oxidation with sulphuric acid and nitric acid was preferred in view of the colatillity of mercuric chloride. 0484 Bahulikar Anagha S. ;Kashalkar. R V. and Pundlik M D. Visible Spectrophotometry in Standardization of Herbal Drugs - Triphal Churna. BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 118 - 127. ABSTRACT:-Standardization of the herbal drugs is necessary in view of its increasing worldwide acceptability. A Standardization ensures consistenly good quality product. Chromotographic and infrared spectrophotometric methods for stanardizatrion are reported in literature for Triphala Churna. Visible spectrophtometry is a simple and useful analytical technique. It has been used for standardization of herbal drugs. Tannin, which are major constituents of Haritaki. Beheda and Amalaki, used for preparing Triphala Churna, have also been estimated using visible spectrophotometry. In the present communication, a visible spectrophotometric method for the estimation of hydrolysable tannins in Triphala reported. The method can be adopted for standardization of Triphala. 0060 Verma R R. and Nair R Bhaskaran. Biocemical and Pharmacological studies on Kandivenna (Karigoodha). BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 116 - 126. ABSTRACT:-Kandivenna or Kankushta is a disputed ayurveduc drug which is believed to have several sources of origin. The drug has been used as an essential component of many ayurvedic prepations. An attempt has been made in the present paper to study the biochemical components of Kandivenna and also the pharmacological effects of the drug. Kandivenna (Sample I)contains a lesser amount of carbohydrate when compared to sample if, while the protein content was more in Sample I than Sample II. Electrophoretic studies made with Kandivenna ( Sample I)reveal a protein band which is not so distinet when Sample II was used. This throws some light on the role of the typical protein in Sample I in imperting the medicinal value to Sample I of Kandivenna. Pharmacological studies conducted with the drug show that the drug does not exert significant pharmacological actions on administration.

ETHNO-BOTANY

0117 Ahmed Javed. and Chaghtai S A. A Study of Tree flora of Bhopal with Special Reference of their Medicinal Values. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 114 - 152. ABSTRACT:-The paper presents eco-taxonomical study of tree flora of Bhopal (M P) with special reference to their medicinal values and local names. Dominant 42

families, genera and common species are given. The total tree species growing in Bhopal are 182 belonging to 137 genera and 48 families. 0152 Gaur R D. ;Semwal. J K. and Tiwari J K. A Survey of High Altitude Medicinal Plants of Garhwal Himalaya. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 102 - 116. ABSTRACT:-Himilaya repesnts the reservoir of many natural resources but even the primary nature of its components is still unexplored, particularly from tahe central Himalaya. The vegetational aspect too has receieved littel attention as far as the high altitudes are concerned. Only a few workers have listed the scattered information of plants from different plants of this area. The present communication is a part of botanical exploration by the authors and only medicinal plants recorded from the alpine region have been enumerated in this list. It represents the potentiality of germplasm stock for cultivation of these valuable drug yielding plants from this region. Some of the most important are the species of Achillea, Aconitum, Anemone, Berberis, Calamintha, Circium, Delphinium, Geranium, Hyoscymus, iris, Meconopsis, Origanum, Pedicularis, Plantago, Podophyllum, Potentilla, Rohdodendron, Saussurea, Swerita and Viola. 0239 Sand B N. and Badola D P. An Ethno-Botanical study of J K State of North-West Himalaya. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1987;Pp. 147 - 154. ABSTRACT:-Jammu and Kashmir occupies the top most position of North-west Himalaya and has got the area of about 138992sq.km. out of which forest occupies the area of 21037.44sq.km. It has varied a wide range of climatic conditions and altitude and gives scope for germination of a number of medicinal plants. Through no tribes has been indicated by census of India but there are several backward classes recognised by State Govt. and other communities living in far flung interior areas not exposed to civilization. They are depending upon their own way of treatment and using several local medicinal plants for cure of various ailments. They hardly go to doctor but prefer to using their traditional way of treatment. During the course of exploration of various forest areas, it is noted that various folklore plants are being commonly used by the backward communities. The paper refers to a few therapeutic approaches of the area. 0549 Prusti A B. and Murty K S. Anti-Fertility Plants Used by Kondh Tribals of Nayagarh District, Orissa. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 36 - 39. ABSTRACT:-During the Ethno-biological investigations of the newly formed Nayagarh district carved out of the erstwhile Puri district of Orissa state, seven species employed by the tribals recorded by the authors are described here. Safety and efficacy of these claims employed by the tribals could not be ascertained. The species with alleged ecbolic properties are Abrus precatorius. Hibiscus rosasinensis. Calotropis procera, Elephantopus scaber, Michelia champaca, Pergularia daemia and Ricinus communis. 0118 Bhat A V;Nair K V;Nair C A A and Puri,H S. Ethno-Botanical studies in the Silent Valley and the adjoining areas. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 153 - 161. ABSTRACT:-Ethno-botanical surveys of silent Valley and adjoining areas in the palghat district of Kerala State. were undertaken twice and the folklore claims about 43

the local plants with help of local tribal chiefs were recorded These relate to the effectiveness of the plants against rheumatic pains, filariasis, stomach disorders, jaundice, worm infestation, skin diseases, head-ache and for permanent sterility. 0260 Das P K. and Kant Rama. Ethno-botanical studies of the TribalBelt of Koraput (Orissa). BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 123 - 128. ABSTRACT:-The paper deals with the ethno-botanical observations of the tribal belt of Koraput district of Orissa, mentioning about 40 species used by them in everyday life. The mode of usage of the plant-parts in various ailments has also been given briefly. 0268 Dagar H S. and Dagar J C. Ethno-botanical Observations Among the Onge Tribe of Little Andaman. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.1 & 2:March, & Jun;1989;Pp. 1 - 10. ABSTRACT:-The Onge aborigines belong to the Negrito race and are confined to the little Andaman with a population of only 1996. In the present paper the ethnobotanical observations among this eidangered tribe are dealt. Uses of 80 species of flowering plants in routine life of Onge are described out of which I belongs to gymnosperms, 57 to dicotyledons and remaining 22 belongs to monocotyuledons. Total 27 species are of medicinal value. 0366 Pant S C. and Pandey Gyanendra Ethno-botanical studies on Medicinal flora in Tharu Tribal Pockets in Kumaon Region in Uttar Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.1 & 2:Jan. to June,;1995;Pp. 1 - 10. ABSTRACT:-Ethnobotanical studies coupled with incidental medicare programme was carried out in the tribal belt inhabited by Tharu community in The Nainital district in Kumaon region of Uttar Pradesh Information regarding the flora of the area. People and their medicinal practices through herbal region 12 villages were surveyed and collected 179 plants out of which 42 have been recorded to be of importance in Ayurveda System of medicine Details of the studies are presented in this proper. 0259 Chauhan Vidya. and Chauhan N S. Ethno-botany of Trans-Giri Area of Sirmour District of Himachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 106 - 122. ABSTRACT:-The ethnobotancal study is a step towards undertaking the interactions between plant wealth and local inhabitants of rural area. The present communication deals with the importance of ethnobotany of 'Pahar' inhabiting the Trans-Giri area of Sirmour District in Himachal Pradesh.. The emphasis is on the relationship between the usage of indigenous wild medicinal and aromatic plants growing in this area by the natives. The mode of the usage is however restricted to the 'Pahari' community only. 0493 Anuradha S. Upadhya. and Mrs. Kumbhojkar Ethno-Botany of Genus Sesbania from India. BMEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 103 - 109. ABSTRACT:-Genus Sesbania Scop. Is distributed throughout the tropics with about 40 species. They are herbs, shrubs or soft-wooded trees. They bear pinnate leaves, showy flowers in axillary racemes and long, cylindric pods. In India this genus is represented by S.bispinosa (Jacq.)W.F. Wight. S.cannabina Pers., 44

S.grandiflora ( L ) Poir., S.procumbens W. & A., S. roxburghii Merrill, S.sesban (L)Merr and S. speciosa Taub. Ex Engl. All the species have value in one way or other as medicinal, edible, fodder, fuel, fiber, insect repellent, shelter & support, for making toys, colouring, green manure etc. In this communication ethnobotanical information on seven species of Sesbania are given. 0368 Mishra O P. and Naqvi S M A. Ethno-Medico Botany from Tribe of Madhya Pradesh BMEBR:Vol.16:No.1 & 2:Jan. to June,;1995;Pp. 17 - 26. ABSTRACT:-All the existing systems of treatment are the product of continued research and improved scientific version of many of the traditional and ethnic mediclaims. The tribal and the rural prople, still continue to practice some of these age old remedies i.e.use of herbs for treating their ailments The collection folk medicinal claims adds useful information to the already available knowledge of traditional and indigenous systems of medicine. Their study in details may result in finding cure or relief from some dreaded diseases. With these objectives folk claims werecollected from various tribes inhibiting the in state of Madhya Pradesh. This presentation is based on such 25 claims collected from these tribals and cover a wide range of diseases. 0376 Rawat M S. ;Singh. V K. and Shankar Rama. Ethno-Medico-Botanial aspects of some Plants of Arunachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 83 - 89. ABSTRACT:-Arunachal Presdesh, the largest state in North East Indian is inhabited by several tribes giving total tribal population. During course of exploration in different parts of state authors observed that local people have deep faith in traditional methods of herbal trreatment and they are still using some plants in treatment of serveral human ailments. In which some are not known to any system of medicine and hitherto unrecorded in Ayurvedic and other litrature. // Present paper deals with such important plants and their uses with highlighting the needs to be analysed for their efficacy and further pharmacognostic studies for confirmation of the local claims. There by, it may prove out to the life saving durgs of future. 0401 Joshi G C;Tiwari K C;Pande V N and Pandey,G. Ethno-Medico-Botanial studies on the Fungi of Kumaun Himalaya (U.P.). BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 30 - 34. ABSTRACT:-From the immemorial several fungi were in use as diet and as well as medicare by the hill tribes of Kumaun Himalaya. Some of them have also been mentioned in Ayurvedic Samhita as "Bhusavedajshakam" and indicated as tonic bearing properties. The medicinal value of fungi is not yet properly known. In the present communication the studies on traditionally used fungi for medicine and their food value from Kumaun Himalaya, U.P. have been discussed. 0336 Bhat A V. ;RAjasekharam. S. and Pushpangadan P. Ethnobiological Investigation of Lakshadweep Island. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1993;Pp. 36 - 49. ABSTRACT:-Lakshadweep is a tiny group of islands in the Arabian sea. The Lakshadweep archipelago consists of 12 atolls, 3 reefs and 6 submerged banks. There are 33 islands out of which only 10 are inhabited. Medicobotanical survey tours were conducted in 1977 and 1972. The paper deals with the histroy of the islands, the people,their culture and folklore medical practice and other medicinal plants growing in the islands. 45

0326 Sikarwar R L C. and Painuli R M. Ethnobotanical Importance of family Cucurbitaceae among the Sahariyas of Madhya Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.13:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1992;Pp. 125 - 129. ABSTRACT:-The Present paper deals with fifteen ethnobotanically important plant species belonging to the family cucurbitaceae. These are used by sahariya tribe of Madhya Pradesh for food, medicine and musical instruments etc. Some note worthy plant species are Citrullus colocynthis (L.)Dchrad, Coccinia grandis (L.)Voght, Corallocarpus conocarpus C.B. Clarke, Luffa echinata Roxb., Momordica Roxb. ex Willd., Solena amplexicaulis (Lamk.)Gandhi and Trichosanthes cucumerina L. etc. 0528 Gaykar B M. ;Kulkarni. A A. and Borkar G B. Ethnobotanical Plants of Tribal area of Ahmednagar District (Maharashtra). JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.27:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2006;Pp. 73 - 81. ABSTRACT:-This communication deals with 25 plant species used by the tribals of western part of Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra for treatment of various ailments like cold, skin diseases, leucorrhoea, jaundice, dysentery, fever. A few important claims like use of Carica papaya L. seeds for termination of early pregnancy and Dendropthoe falcata (L.f.)Etting. to prevent abortion are worth mentioning. 0238 Chandra V. ;Pandey. P. and Pandey B N. Ethnobotany of Santhal Pargana District Dumka (Bihar). BMEBR:Vol.8:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1987;Pp. 134 - 146. ABSTRACT:-The paper presents medico ethnobotanical role related to 66 plant species found in Santhal Pargana of Distt. Dumka (Bihar). These include anti-fertility drugs and useful drug for malaria, filariasis, snake bite etc. There is now an urgent need for documentation and conservation of ethnobotanical lores of the world. The present information was gathered from the tribals, local physicians and inhibitors of the forest. Latin name, local sanskrit name and place of collection along with its uses and preparation mode of administration are described. 0560 Mishra O P. Etrhno-Medico-Botany on Contraceptive and Conceptive Drugs in Central Indian Tribes. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 97 - 106. ABSTRACT:-During course of Ethno-medico-Botanical exploration author came across very interesting claims made by tribes. Some very vital claims related to the family planning i.e contraceptive and conceptives are worth mentioning and seems effective. Hence are presented in its original forms as claimed. In present article 31 claims are presented in three subheads (i) Contraceptives agents. (ii) Conceptive agents and (iii) Miscelleneous related to abortion painless delivery etc. 0414 Chandra K;Sinha G N;Ruhil S D and Tiwari,D N. Medicinal Plants of Giridih Forest Division, Bihar State. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1997;Pp. 129 - 144. ABSTRACT:-In the paper, 112 medicinal plants of Ayurvedic and other systems of medicine collected during the Medico-Ethno-botanical explorations carried out in 46

and around Parasnath hills and other ranges of Giridih Forest Division, Bihar State, are enumerated. 0503 Shankar Rama. and Rawat M S. Medico Ethno Botanical Observation of Changlang and Lohit Districts of Arunachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 64 - 78. ABSTRACT:-The paper deals with details of medico ethno botanical studies of Changlang and Lohit districts of Arunachal Pradesh. The two adjoining districts are locate extremity of the state bounded by China in the north and eastern part, Myanmar in the south eastern part; state of Assam in the west and Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh in the north western part of the districts. The two districts are broadly inhabited by the tribes of Mishmis and Khamtis in Lohit and Nocte and Tanges in the Changland district. The brief account of the above tribes and their mode of living and food habits along with detailed account of medicinal plants used in various systems of medicine viz. Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Homoeopathy and modern system have been described in the paper followed by various folk-lore medicinal aids used by the inhabitants of the two districts. 0341 Yoganarasimha S N. Medico-Botanical Survey studies in Karnataqka. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1993;Pp. 78 - 84. ABSTRACT:-The various medico-botanical survey studies carried out in Karnataka are discussed. The importance of such studies in the identification of raw or crude drugs, establishing new or alternate sources, identification of hitherto unkown Ayurvedic and Siddha drugs and techno-economic data are highlighted. Its role in cultivation and conservation of medicinal plants, socio-economic programmes, education and industry are also discussed. 0438 Gurmet Padam;Chaurasia O P;Singh Brahma and Attery,D P. Medico-Botanical Survey of Sapi Valley of Kargil (Ladak Himalayas). BMEBR:Vol.21:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;2000;Pp. 1 - 10. ABSTRACT:-The present study deals with 22 medicinal plants of Sapi Valley of Kargil district of Ladakh Himalayas traditionally used for treatment of various ailments in Amchi System of medicine. All the plants were collected above 3810 m (MSL)and were enumerated in the present paper along with brief botanical notes, period of collection and their therapeutic uses. 0404 Upadhya A S. ;Kumbhojkar. M S. and KUlkarni D K. Medico-Botany of Genus Mucuna from Western Maharashtra. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 51 - 54. ABSTRACT:-The genus Mucuna, with its thirty species, is distributed throughout the tropics. Out of the , eleven Indian species, eight have got ethnobotanical significance . Some of the species are found cultivated on boundaries of fields. These eight species have value either in medicinal, edible, fodder and/or manure preparations. Ethnic groups from western Maharashtra viz. Mahadeo koli. Thakar, Katkari and Kokana utilize it in traditional ways. It is also noticed that this taxon has been utilized traditionally by many ethnic groups from other states of India. The paper records ethnobotanical information on the genus Mucuna. It assumes significance from the economic view point of tribals. 47

0398 Rawat M S. ;Shankar. Rama. and Singh V K. Notes on the Ethnobotany of the Monpa Tribe of Tawang District (Arunachal Pradesh). BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 1 - 11. ABSTRACT:-The paper deals with notes on the Monpa tribe and plants used by them in medicine, egetables, incense and edible fruits etc. Brief description on the habit and natural habitat of the inhabitants along with topography and climate of the district have been provided. 0390 Rawat M S. ;Singh. V K. and Shankar Rama. Observations on Medico-ethno-botany of Idu-Mishmis in Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1996;Pp. 18 - 23. ABSTRACT:-The paper deals with medico-ethno-botanical observations of the tribal race Idu-Mishmis of Roing, Tiwari gaon, Dambuk Mayodia Top, Hunli, Desali and adjoining areas of the district Dibang Valley. In course of exploration 24 plants were found to tbe used by above mentioned tribe of different localities for various ailments like fever, malaria, skin diseases, cough, headache, constipation, healing of wounds, teeth and chest pain, backche, and as an appetizer etc. 0174 Maheshwari J K. and Singh J P. Plants used in Ethno-medicine by the Kols of Allahabad District Uttar Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec.,;1984;Pp. 105 - 121. ABSTRACT:-An ethno-botanical survey was carried out amongst the Kol tribe of Allahabad district, U P. The present paper deals with sixty medicinal plants used by them in the preparation of herbal remedies and recipes. 0410 Billore K V;Audichya K C;Mishra R and Joseph,T G. Prospects of Ethno-Botanical Lores in Birth Control. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1997;Pp. 97 - 103. ABSTRACT:-The fast increase in world population has become a global problem particularly for the South-Asian countries. The State of World Population Report (1990)also sounds warning on the seriousness of the problem. The increase in birth rate is faster than the pace of the enormous birth control measures being sincerely adopted by the respective Governments of these countries. Recent biological studies , particularly in the field of Ethno-medicine have brought to light some interesting medicinal lores on birth control practiced traditionally by the tribals of Rajasthan in Western India. In the present paper, an account of ten such interesting hitherto unrecorded or less known medicinal flores for birth control have been presented, besides other data. Some of the herbs used in birth control includes species of Mangifera, Alangium, Musa, Citrullus, Zizyphus, Abrus ec either singly or in combination. The use of Jaggery (Sugar candy)is also there. Since these methods are simple, effectively used and already in practice, it provides interesting material for the study of birth control measures. They can play a vital role in the prospective National Birth Control Programme of the country. 0294 Srivastava T N. and Kapahi B K. Resource Survey of Plants of Potential Economic value of Sikkim Himalayas. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1991;Pp. 1 - 11. ABSTRACT:-Sikkim Himalayas were exploited intensively. About 400 plant species of medicinal and aromatic values were found wild / cultivated. Out of them, 48

120 species which are avaiable in considerable quantities and have good potential as raw materials for essential oils, steroids, alkaloids, tannins, pharmaceutical industry and exports have been listed. The details covering botanical names, local names whereever possible, parts used, approximate quantity available and important constituents have also been given. 0421. Rawat M S. ;Shankar. Rama. and Singh V K. Wild Edible plants of Arunachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1998;Pp. 23 - 32. ABSTRACT:-Arunachal Pradesh is well known for its ethnic and floristic diversity. During the course of Medico-Botanical Survey of different parts of the State and study of local vegetable market, a good number of wild plants have been found to be consumed by locals as nourishing food for substitutes for normal diets. The present paper deals with all such wild edible plants gathered by the authors together local names, parts used and mode of consumption by the inhabitants etc. Some of the plant presented are neither recorded in the earlier works from the state nor from other parts of the country. Hence a suggestion is made to undertake an analysis of nutritive values of such plants and in case of promising ones to start insitu conservation followed by domestication. Suggestion is also made to explore their usefulness as alternative source for the commonly available vegetables, fruits, spices etc. for general consumption. A separate list of wild food plants sold in the local vegetable markets , together with commercial statistics is also given.. 002 Gupta O P;Srivastava T N;Gupta S C and Badola,D P. An Ethno-botanical and Phyto-chemical Screening of High Altitude Plants of Ladakh Part - I. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 301 - 317. ABSTRACT:-The district Ladakh was extensively explored from ethnobotanical and phyto-chemical point of view. During the exploration, more than 800 plant species were collected from the different forest ranges and properly identified. This includes about 250 folk medicinal plants used by the tribals, local inhabitants and Amchies. The present paper,which is first of the series, deals only with the preliminary chemical studies of 56 folk medicinal plants for the presence of alkaliods, quatemary alkaloids, coumarins, steroids and terpenoids, phenols and flavonoids. The botanical names of the samples analysed together with their families, habit, habitat, place of collection altitude, local names, wherever possible, along with folklore claims, have been presented. 0166 Srivastava T N;Badola D P;Shah D C and Gupta,O P. Ethno-Medico-Botanical Exploration of Gurez Valley Kashmir. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.1 & 2:March & Jun;1984;Pp. 15 - 54. ABSTRACT:-Gurez valley, Kashimir, was intensively explored from ethnobotanical point view. During the exploration 258 species of the Plants, belonging to 181 genera and 65 families were collected, out of which 105 species are being commonly used in Indian system of Medicine. Latest botanical Nomenclature with proper identity of the plants, field numbers local names, place of collection, altitudes and traditional uses wherever possible, have been provided. This paper also presents geographical positio, climate, rainfall, people and population, life and habits, disease prevalence, vegetation aspects, forests, trade prospects, economy, medicinal plants etc. of the valley. 49

0192 Sharma,P C ; Murthy,K S; Bhat,A V; Narayanappa,D and Kishore,Prem. Medicinal-lores of Orissa-I Skin Diseases. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 93 -101. ABSTRACT:-Importance of ethnobotanical studies has been emphasized by several workers of repute. Such studies help in search of new sources for the articles needed by the mankind in relation to his food, shelter, clothing and medicine. The present communication, first of the series is related to the usage of 42 taxa of plant kingdom, for the treatment of various skin disorders by the village folk of Orissa. The informations presented in the paper were recorded during the medicoethnobotanical expolration of the various localities during 1976 to March, 1983. After consulation of available literature the authors abserved that out of the 42 taxa enumated, only 13 are known to us for having such properties, while others are not known in this regard. Thus the remaining 29 taxa., if orked out, may provide new sources for medicines in connection with the treatment of skin diseases. 0439 Singh S K. and Das M N. Some Supplementary Vegetables Used by the Tribals of South Bihar. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;2000;Pp. 11 - 14. ABSTRACT:-During the ethnobotanical exploration in the tribal and semi-tribal areas of south Bihar, a number of first hand information about some new and less known uses of plants were recorded. The present communication will give about 40 plant species belonging to 24 families used as supplementary vegetables by the natives of South Bihar. 0057 Gupta O P;Srivastava T N;Gupta S C and Badola,D P. Ethno-Botanical and Phytochemical Screening of High Altitude Plants of Ladakh-II. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 67 - 88. ABSTRACT:-The present paper, second in the series covers ethno-botanical and phytochemical studies of about 70 medicinal plants gathered from Ladakh. The previous paper (Gupta et al)presented reports relating to prelminary chemical examination (semi-quantitative in nature)of about 55 folk medicinal plants. It was seen that the plants contained alkaoids,quarternary alkaoids, coumarins, steroids and terpenoids. phenois and flavonoids. The paper in addition highlighted toxinomical profile together with habitate, local names and the claimed potentialities by the local folks. This present report contains another 67 folk medicinal plants and the studied were carried out more or less on the same patttern. 25 samples have given positive test fo alklaoids 2 for quarternary alkaloids , 36 for coumarins, 44 for steroids and terpenoids, 51 for phenois and 33 for fla onoids (Table-1). The methods followed in this investigation were as in the earlier instance (Gupta et al). 0222 Jain S K. Medico-Botanical Surveys in Indian. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 1 - 9. ABSTRACT:-The Survey undertaken so far were to build up herbaria only. Their are recounted regional surveys comprising various states undertaken in the past. It is necessary to known the differences in Ethno-Botanical Survey, MedicoBotanical Surveys and Ethno-medical Surveys. These survey works have closed link with various types of plant collection which have different purpose. The intensive studies on the various plants gives a skeletal model for authentic survey. Planned intensive medico-botanical survey backed up by critical laboratory and clinical 50

research consequently provide new knowledge, authentic drugs, discovery of new resources and above all to ensure continued survival of rich natural heritage.

ETHNO-MEDICINE

0249 Kalakoti B S. and Pangtey Y P S. Ethno-Medicine of Bhotia Tribes of Kumanu Himalaya, U P. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.1 & 2:March,& June,;1988;Pp. 11 - 20. ABSTRACT:-The present paper deals with the ethno-medico-botanical study of the Bhotia tribes of KumounHimalaya. Bhotia are the nomadic and seminomadic tribes of Kumaun and Garhwal Himalaya. They use a large number of the herbs growing wild as well as cultivated. Ethno-medico-botanical survey was conducted during last three years in the Kumaun Himalaya and information on fourty five rare and endangered plants and the mode of therapeutic uses, local names were gathered from the Bhotia medicineman "Vaidha" and other experienced tribals. This study has brought to light some interesting data on rare medicinal plant and the hidden knowledge of Bhotia tribes for the utilization in indigenous system of medicine. 0333 Gaur R D. and Singh P B. Ethno-Medicinal Plants of Mandi-District, Himachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1993;Pp. 1 - 11. ABSTRACT:-The Present communication pertains to the ethnomedicinal plants of Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh in North-West Himalaya. An extensive field study in the remote localities of the disirict was carried out and information on the flok utilization of medicinal plants was gathered from the rural inhabitants. In the present study as many as 60 plants species are reported as important ethnomedicines from Himachal Pradesh.

ETHNO-PHARMACOLOGY

0119 Badhe P D. and Shrma B N. Entho Medical methods of Korku Tribes of West Melghat. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 162 - 172. ABSTRACT:-The ethno medial treatments of Korku Tribes of West Melghat are discussed. The paper presents some of the important folklores, Mantras and Tantras collected from Korku. Gavalis and other villagers of West Meighat by survey team under the special tribal project. About sixteen folklores and three mantras have been discussed and the methods of se of the medicinal plants has also been given.

ETHNO-VETERINARY

0275 Manandhar N P. Ethno Veterinary Medicinal Drugs of Central Development Region of Nepal. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 93 - 99. ABSTRACT:-Information about 35 plants used as veterinary medicine in the rural areas of the central region of Nepal is presented here along with their vernacular names and medicinal uses. These plants are represented by 35 families of monocotyledons (5) and dicotydons (30),

51

FLOK MEDICINE

0315 Badhe P D. ;Sharma. B N. and Pande V K. Important Tribal folk Medicine of East and West Melghat. BMEBR:Vol.13:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1992;Pp. 1 - 23. ABSTRACT:-The important Korku tribals folk medicines and Mantra-tantra of East and West Melghat have been described. These folk medicines have been collected from the korku tribes of East and West Malghat during the Survey tours of survey of Medicinal Plants Unit, Regional Research Centre, Nagar, from 29.9.1988 to 13.10.1988 and 5.11.1990 to 17.11.1990. 30 important Folklores and 2 Mantras have been discussed and the methods of use of the medicinal plants has also been given in this paper. 0325 Joshi M C. Some Folk Medicines of the Tribals of Gujarat BMEBR:Vol.13:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1992;Pp. 115 - 124. ABSTRACT:-The paper deals with 25 plants used by the tribals of Gujarat for some 20 diseases. These are Alangium salvifolium Bacopa monnieri, Biophytum sensitium, Boswellia serrata, Cayratia auriculata, C.carnosa, Cissus aetosa, Commelina benghalensis, Curculigo orchioides, Dioscorea hisida, Dregia volubilis, Dyreophytum indicum, Ehretia aspera, E. Laevis, Elytrtratia acaulis, Euphiorbia nivulia, Lawsonia inermis, Lepidagathus trinervis, Milliusa tomentosa, Neuracanthus sphaerostachyas, Pentatropis spiralis, Pergularia daemia, Rhynchosia minima, Sterculia urens and Trianthema portulacastrum. The following diseases are said to be cured: Cough and cold, Loose motion, eye diseasesw, hydrocele, wounds / abscess, intestinal worms, mumps, jaundice, stomach ulcer, Menstrual complaints piles, rheumatism, snake-bite, swellins / inflammation, toothache importency, tuberculosis, urinary troubles, skin diseases and one claim is to check the pregnancy. 0108 Kishore Prem. ;Bhat. A V. and Murty K S. Oral Contracptive Folk-claims from Puri, District. Orissa. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 65 - 67. ABSTRACT:-The State of Orissa has a high percentage of tribal population. These people practice their own methods for relief of various ailments affecting them. In this paper a few medicinal plants used as oral contraceptive said to be in vogue are recorded from the tribals in Puri District, Orissa. The herbs are Achyranthes aspera. Cissampelos pareira, Datura metal and Plumbago rosea. 0490 Shankar Rama;Rawat Mrs M S;Borah T and Brahma,K K. Skin Diseases in Arunachal Pradesh and its Tribals Cure. BMEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 57 - 63. ABSTRACT:-This paper deals with the studies on the occurrence and folklore cure of various skin diseases caused by heavy and continuous rain full in the various localities of Arunachal Pradesh. As a result of discussion and observations of cure of skin diseases by local inhabitants of Arunachal Pradesh, eight number of herbs were recorded with their botanical identity and methods of use in detail. Studies on clinical trial of kwath prepared from the plants of chakramarda (cassia tora)on pama (scabies)and vicharchika (eczema)ha also been described in the paper.

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0285 Murty K S. ;Narayanappa. D. and Sharma P C. Some Unknown Narcotic Folk Claims from Orissa. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 199 - 200. ABSTRACT:-Not available. 0151 Singh V K. and Krishna Anand. Some folklore Medicines from District Subansiri of Arunachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 95 - 101. ABSTRACT:-Arunachal Pradesh, the land of the dowalit mountain, is the first Indian soil to great the risig sun, situated on the North Eastern border of India sominated by critically dense forests with a sizable number of medicinal plants. There is immense scope to discover more and more valuable medicinal plants which the tribes men of this region have been using to treat their diseases for the last thousands of years, without seeking the moden system of medicine. In this paper is presented information collected from District Subansiri of Arunachal Pradesh. The claims are on remedies for diarrhora, toothache,fever, cuts and wounds, burn etc. 0433 Karuppusamy S. and Kumuthakalavalli R. Some folklore Medicinal Claims on Rare Plants of Sirumalai Hills. Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu,India. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1998;Pp. 145 - 159. ABSTRACT:-Ethnobotanical survey of the forest people of Sirumalai hills was carried out during the year 1996-1997. Sixteen rare species of plants belonging to 12 families used by these people to cure different ailments were collected and reported. The rare folklore medicinal plants are Alstonia venenata. Ardisia solanaceae, Canavalia virosa. Chomelia asiatica, Cayratia roxburghii, Erythroxylon obtusifolium, Evodia Lunu-ankenta, Grewia abutilifolia, Gymnema elegans, Habenaria rarifolia, Knoxia smatrensis, Memexylonumbellatum, Ochnaobtusata, Sarcostemma intermedium, Tylophora zeylanica and Wendlandia tinctoria. 0101 Uniyal Maya Ram. Bundelkhan vart Ka Lalaitpur Ban. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.4:Dec.;1981;Pp. 91 - 108. ABSTRACT:-The present paper on folklore is an outcome of our field study in the tribel areas of Lallitput sub-forest division U P. In this article 28 folklore claims deal with their Sanskrit and local names description, distributaion, part used and their uses. These plants are effective for the cure of chest pain, bronchitis, Malaria fever, Bone fracture, dislocation, gastric ulcer and rheumatic pain or useful as tonic aphrodisiac, contraceptive . The the scarity time rural people are also eating so many species of poisonous and non-poisonous Dioscoreas in this place. 0251 Murty K S. ;Sharma. P C. and Kishore Prem. Certain Oral Contraceptive folk Claims from Forests. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1988;Pp. 28 - 30. ABSTRACT:-Recent ethno-botanical studies in different States of India by the Counicl (CCRAS)have unfolded hidden treasures of folk-lores for various physical ailments that human beings come across. Hitherto unrecorded curious claims for various ailments necessitate a continuous in-depth probe into this traditional sience governed by nature's laws. Orissa State with high percentage of tribals populatin and dense forests possess curious remedies practiced by the tribals living in remote 53

regions. In this paper four plant species used as oral contraceptives /abortifacients by tribals of Orissa are recorded. 0250 Dagar H S. Euphorbiaceae in folk of the Nicobarese Tribals. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1988;Pp. 21 - 27. ABSTRACT:-The paper gives interesting information about the use of 30 plants species belonging to 22 genera of Family Euphorbiaceae having ethno-medicobotanical virtues commonly used by the aboriginal Nicobarses tribals of the Nicobar group of islands. Uses of the 14 other plant species in combination of as ingredients in flok medicine have also been incorporated. Oil from Cocos nucifera Linn. is one of the extensively used ingredients. 0215 Anand T. and Veluchamy G. Folk-Medical Claims From Tamil Nadu North Arcot District. BMEBR:Vol.7:No.3 & 4:June & Dec,;1986;Pp. 99- 109. ABSTRACT:-In this paper ten folk lore claims collected from North Arcot District, Tamil Nadu are presented with Illustrations from the Mobile Clinical Research Unit at Central Research Institute for Siddha, Madras. These are the individuals claims based on the species used by them. Treatment for the skin disease, snake bites, fractures, infective hepatitis, conjuntivitis, anaemia and corneal ulcer by locally available plant preparations are included in these folk claims. These records would trigger off research wotk on physiochemistry, pharmacology and ethno-botony of these taxa. 0187 Atraue A. ;Iqbal. M. and Ghouse A K M. Folk-medicinal uses of Ficus bengalebsis Linn. and Punica granatum Linn in northern Uttar Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 42 - 46. ABSTRACT:-Ficus bengalensis Linn. and Punica granatum Linn. are used to cure several ailments. During an exploration in the foot hill areas in northern Uttar Pradesh, it was observed that the rural population used the prop roots of F.Bengalensis and flora; nuds of punica granatum Linn. to check external as well as internal bleeding in cases of heamoptysis, menorrhagia and ulcers. 0013 Tiwari K C. ;Majumdar. R. and Bhattacharjee S. Folklore Claims on Medicines and Treatment from Assam. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 166 - 178. ABSTRACT:-District Kamrup of Assam which lies in the North-Eastern region of the countary was visited during the year 1978 - 79. with the aim of collection of folklore claims on medicines and treatments which are usually found to be preserved with the persons residing in the far remote areas and specially in the tribal pockets. Such folklore claims if evaluated / tested on the scientific lines may provide some measures for control and cure of several incurable diseases and may also bring to light cheap and effective medicine of natural resources. In this area Kaviraj and Baz. (Traditional practitioners), Gaobharas (Village heads)and Ojhas(Medicine main)provide treatment of the physical diseases of local people with their own methods drugs. Serval folklore claims collected from this area include information on diseases like insanity, asthma, malaria, piles, jaundice and cancer etc. and some other claims for temporary sterilization and abortion have also been recorded and preseted in the paper. 54

0092 Shankara M R. and Nayar R C. Folklore Claims of Kadukottambari (Ruta Chalepensis Linn.). BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 430 - 435. ABSTRACT:-Medico Ethanobotanical study of a local drug called "Kadukottambari" (Ruta chalepensis)used by some villagers of Bangalore, Mysore and Tumkar districts and the folklore claims regarding the usefulness of this drug on Indralupta (Alopecia), Vandhya Karana (Contraception ), Vicharchike (Eczema), Vyoshonmade (Hysteria), Sdhwasa vikaras (Respiratory disorders), Pakshaghata (Paralysis), Bala pakshaghata (Poliomylitis), Teevra jwara (High fever), Gridhrasi (Sciatica)in hunman beings and stabdhata and pakshaghata (Stiffness & Paralysis)in animals have been explored. 0040 Bhattacharjee S;Tiwari K C;Majumdar R and Misra,A K. Folklore medicine from district Kamrup(Assam). BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 447 - 460. ABSTRACT:-The Paper presents a list of folk medical claims gathered from different areas of Assam. The claims, as the name suggests, may not be taken as it is on their face value but need to be investigated. 0291 Pataskar R D;Yelne M B;Sharma P C and Mehendale,V V. Jitasaya (Hamiltonla suaveolens Roxb.)- A Tribal Remedy for Diabetes. BMEBR:Vol.11:No.1 to 4:March., to Dec.,;1990;Pp. 103 - 109. ABSTRACT:-Diabetes is a world wide problem. It is considered as an incurable disease and its management requires continuous supervision of a physician. The author have come across a plant drug i.e.'Jitasaya mooli' (Hamiltonia suaveolens Roxb.)being used by the tribal (Katakaris)people of Panvel (KonkanMaharashtra)for the treatment of diabetes. The present communiction deals with the same. 0550 Beghel Meenakshi. ;Kshetrapal. S. and Singhvi C P. Magico Religious Beliefs About Plants in Meena Tribe of Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 40 - 44. ABSTRACT:-Tribals have deep faith in supernatural beings like ghosts, demons and evil spirits. They promptly attribute their mishappening to these forests. In their daily routine superstitions based on plants have a great deal of impact, which may appear irrational scientifically. However, they have developed this thinking generation after generation and appeasement of these supernatural forces is done for the betterment of their society. In the investigation, the authors have surveyed six village of the tehsil Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan and collected the information of about forty three plants in which the Meena tribe has strong magico religious beliefs. 0206 Sharma,P C ; Murti,K S; Bhat,A v; Narayanappa,D and Kishore,Prem. Medicinal folk lore of Orissa-II Gastrointestinal Disorders. BMEBR:Vol.7:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1986;Pp. 26 - 40. ABSTRACT:-The present communication second of the series, deals with 72 plants used for the treatment o various gastro-intestinal disorders by the village folk of Orissa. The information presented in the paper was rocorded during the years 1976 to 1983, in course of medico-ethnobotabnical exploration of the various localities of the state. After consultation of the available important literature, the 55

authors noted that out of 72 taxa enumerated here 45 are such of which (Plant / Plant part)are not indicated earlier for these ailments. 0190 Joshi Mohan Chandra. Plants Popular in Kumaon Folk Songs BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 67 - 71. ABSTRACT:-The study of folk lores of a country reveals many interesting things. Sometimes we find that the names of certain plants or their parts are also refered to in these songs. In such cases, the songs indicate the quality, property or utility of a plants. Thus, folk songs, also serve as a source of information about plants of an area. Kumaon which is situated in the hilly ranges of Utter Pradesh, is a very Interesting for its histroy,old culture and civilizaation. In this article the author has given a few folk songs of this area which makes reference to plants. 0399 Badhe P B;Sharma B N;Sharma L K and Pande,V K. Rare folk Medicine Practical by Gond Tribes of Eadsa Forest Division, Gadchiroli District (Maharastra State). BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 12 - 17. ABSTRACT:-The rare folk medicines practiced by Gond Tribes of Wadsa Forest Division of North-Chandrapur Forest Circle (Gadchiroli district)have been collected during the survey of medicinal plants. Out of the 35 folk-medical claims collected only rare one have been discussed and the method of use of the medicinal plants have been presented in the article. 0389 Dagar H S. and Dagar J C. Some flok lore medicinal claims on plants of Car Nicobar island. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1996;Pp. 8 - 17 ABSTRACT:-During the ethnobotanical studies on Nicobar group of Islands it is found that some plants occur on both mainland India and Andaman-Nikobar Island but their folk-lore claims in medicines or their methods of use are different among the Nicobarese aboringinals and donot seem to be recorded so far in the literature. Folk-lore claims of 44 such plant species (under 41 genera of 29. families)found in Car Nicobar are described here. 0002 Joshi M C. ;Patel. M B. and Mehta P J. Some Folk Medicines of Dangs, Gujarat State. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.1:March;1980;Pp. 8 - 24. ABSTRACT:-Medicinal uses of certain plants used by the tribals of Dangs in Gujarat State are indicated in the parts. The source of Information is from the villagers, local physicians "Bhagat" and tribals residing at different places of the Dangs District. 0257 Sharma P C. Some Interesting medicinal Folk-lores from Bihar. `BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 88 - 95. ABSTRACT:-A considerable percentage of the total population of our country living in Villages, particularly the tribal people, still depend on natural resources, especially the plant kingdom, for the treatment of their ailments. Bhiar is one of the leading states in respect of tribal population and a large portion of its total area is covered with forests. The author while conducting Medico-ethno-Botanical exploration from 1971 to 1980 visited several forest localities and tribal pockets and 56

gathered more than 350 folk-lore Medicinal claims. The present communication deals with 33 interesting claims related to the treatment of a few troublesome disease like rheumatoid arthritis, gout, asthma, malaria, venereal diseases, epilepsy and pulmonary tuberculosis etc. 0185 Singh K K. and Singh S C. Some Medicinal Plants in the Folk-lore of Varanasi District, U P. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 28 - 34. ABSTRACT:-Information on fifty-two medicinal plants used by the rural population of varansi district, comprising their local name, locality, flowering and fruiting period collection number, frequancy of occurrence and the way the plant parts are employed in the treatment of various diseases is provided in the paper. Some of the medicinal plants like Achyranthes aspera L., Adhatoda zeylanica Medic., Aloe barbadensis Mill., Blumea lacera DC, Boerhaavia diffusa L., Capparis sepiaria L., Sida rhombifolia L., Solanum surattense Burm. f. etc. are frequently used by the rural population of the district to treat various ailments. 0217 Tiwari K C;Majumder R;Sharma B N and Bhattacharjee,S. Some Medicinal Plants and folk Tribal Medicinal Claims from Garo Hills of Meghalaya. BMEBR:Vol.7:No.3 & 4:June & Dec,;1986;Pp. 120 - 137. ABSTRACT:-During the survey of Garo Hills of Meghalayas the authors observed that a number of medicinal plants are growing there in natural state. More than 100 plants specimens of classical Ayurvedic and folk medicinal importance were collected mainly in the spring season and the same are being recorded in this paper. This indicates the multitude of rich wealth of medicinal plants. Exploration in this area through further survey well be rewarding. Folk and tribal medicinal claims collected by the party during their tours of this area are presented in this paper. 0120 Apparanantham T. ;Chelladurai. V. and Subramanian V. Some Tribal folk Medicines of Point Calimere (Kodikkarai)in Tamil Nadu. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 173 - 177. ABSTRACT:-Medicinal uses of certain wild plants namely cissus vitiginea Linn., Dodobeae viscosa Linn., Gmelina asiatica Linn., Salvadora persica linn., and Walsura piscidia Roxb. etc. as practiced by the tribal people called seenthil Kodi Valatryar of point Calimere, a forest village situated near the Coramandal coast in Tamil Nadu State, ae studies and reported with their local names and botanical equivalants. 0344 Kumar Anil;Kumar Naresh;Sannd B N and Hakim,Ashok. The folklore Medicines used by Gujjar and Bakarwal Communities of Jammu Region. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 98 - 104. ABSTRACT:-Collection of 15 folklores on medicinal uses of medicinal plants by the Gujjar and Bakarwal communities of Jammu area have been collected. Short timebound studies conducted have found these to be useful. Their Rasa, Guna, Virya, Vipak and Prabhava studies have been conducted on the Ayurvedic parameters. The medicines were tried in the OPD and found useful.

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0216 Sharma B N. Traditional useful Medicinal Plants of Totladoha (Hindi). BMEBR:Vol.7:No.3 & 4:June & Dec,;1986;Pp. 110 - 119. ABSTRACT:-Traditional useful medicinal plants of Tatladoha is an outcome of our field study in the tribal areas of Tatladoha and Dewalapar range of Vidarbha (Maharashtra. In this article 18 folklore claims have been mentioned. The Sanskrit and local names of the plants with their description and distribution, parts used and their uses have also been elaborated. These plants are effective for the cure of Shirahshool,(Ardhavabhedak). Tumour (Granthi), Udarashoola, Induced abortion, Aphrodisiac, Sun-stroke (Anshughata), Skin diseases (Charmaroga), Sweta pradara, Malarial fever, Rheumatic pain etc. 0411 Kumar Anil. and Kumar Naresh. Tribal Folk Medicines of the Hilly Regions of Jammu and Kashmir. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1997;Pp. 104 - 116. ABSTRACT:-The tribes of Jammu & Kashmir in majority are the inhabitants of the hilly tops of the state because their life style compels them to move from one place to another in search of the green fodder for their cattle. The medical facilities are inaccessible to them in these circumstances. As a result they have evolved a health care system of their own depending upon the availability of products of animal & plant origin in their vicinity. The authors have made an attempt enlist some of these recipes used by these tribes for the cure of their day to day health problems. An extensive work is required to be done for further establishment of their efficacy on scientific parameters. 0039 Tiwari K C. ;Majumder. R. and Bhattacharjee S. Tribal Medicine and Treatments from District Siang of Arunachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 440 - 446. ABSTRACT:-North Eastern Region of Inida was Known as mysterious land till a few decaes back. It is dominated by critically dense forests with a number of medicinal plants. Population specially in hill states is composed of a number of tribes and sub-tribes which practicise a number of medicines and treatments of their own from natural sources, commonly known as tribal or folk medicines. The earlier experience of the authors indicate the potential richness of the area in this sphere. In the present paper, information collected from District Siang of Arunachal Pradesh is presented. The claims are on remedies for snake-bite, bone facture, rabies ring worm, jaundice, gonorrhea, malaria, diarrhea, cuts and wounds, abortion etc. 0304 Billore K V;Audichya K C;Mishra Ratan and Joseph,T G. Folk Remedies of Rajasthan Practised today. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1991;Pp. 91 - 107. ABSTRACT:-Rajasthan is rich in traditional heritage, the local people including the tribals (mainly Meenas, Bhils, Girasias, Sahariyas)and others have faith in folk remedies by local practioners. In the present paper, out of forty folk remedies enumerated, 37 species are of plants origin and two claims are of animal products, and none of the claims enumerated find reference in classical Ayurvedic texts. Some of these claims such as on Janudice. Fever, Birth control, Piles etc. besides others claimed to be quite efficacious and may pave way in the discovery of safe, cheap and efficacious drugs.

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FORESTRY

0500 Mudaiya R K. and Majumdar R. Medicinal wealth of North-East Region and their Exploitation BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 42 - 46. ABSTRACT:-North-east is the land of forests, having beautiful land scape and scenic beauty. A great number of medicinal plants and several unique varieties have disappeared from this region. In the present paper the authors have mentioned 72 (seventy two)medicinal plants are exploited from this region. These species collected and exploited from this area in huge amount without having any conservation strategy. These medicinal plants are conserved through Biospheric Reserve, National Parks & wild life sanctuary / Systematic forestry practice and conservation strategy with in-situ and ex-situ method will help to restore these exploited species. 0352 Tiwari K C;Tiwari R N;Pant S C and Joshi,G C. On the Introduction of Valuable Medicinal Plants from North-Eastern to Western Himalaan Region of India. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 168 - 179. ABSTRACT:-Present paper deals with a plan of introduction through aforestation and cultivation some by valuable medicinal plants to Western Himalaya from North Eastern region of India. This is based on medico-ethno-botanical survey work conducted in both of these areas. In the first instance about 10 plant have been suggested. In due course about 30-40 plants can be included in the programme. 0252 Joshi M C. Rare and Endangered Plants of Gujarat State Forests. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1988;Pp. 31 - 39. ABSTRACT:-In present times due to increase of various disturbances in our forests, quite a good number of plants are depleting with a fast rate from these areas and many of them are at the verge of extinction. Although, wefforts are being made to conserve such plantsn in their respective areas, however, sometimes, due to lack of proper information certain species are not being included under such programmes. Therefore it is necessary that all plant species which have become rare or are depleting due to various biotic interferences should be identified and located in different areas of the Country. With this aspect here the autor has dealt with 35 rare and endangered important plants of Gujarat State forests. 0350 Chandra K. and Pandey P. Social Forestry - A Afforestation visa-vis mMedicinal Plants with Special Reference to Bihar. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 150 - 157. ABSTRACT:-The forest in the country is fast depleting. This is no exception in Bihar. Hence it is unwise to further exploit the forest wealth even for medicinal purpose. In the present paper importance of the introduction of more indigenous species of medicinal plants in afforestation and social forestry programme of the state has been highlighted. Use of Arboreal Medicinal Plant in Afforestation Programmes from Pune and Neighbouring Duistricts Maharashta State.

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0553 Joshi G C. ;Tewari. K C. and Pandey N K. Studies on Distributional Pattern of Threatened Herbal Resources of High Altitude Himalaya of Uttar Pradesh - Their Status and conservations Strategy. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 66 - 84. ABSTRACT:-The present study is the outcome of the two decade survey (1980-1999)in all the virgin alpine areas of U.P. Himalaya. During the study it was observed that 29 species of highly valuable medicinal plants are endangered. Their distribution is restricted and population is very low and presently being exploited from the wild on a commercial scale. Owing to the narrow ecological range of these species in situ conservation is the best option. Identification of preferred habitats, altitudinal range and the elite populations with respect to below ground biomass will pave the way for reintroduction of these species to obtain maximum returns and minimize the destruction of less productive population. 0357 Hakim Ashok. and Badola D P. The forest Types of Udhampur Forest Division ( J & K). BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 41 - 49. ABSTRACT:-Udhampur forest division of Jammu & Kashmir strate comprises of varied types of the forests including Sub-tropical pine forests; lower, middle and upper ak coniferous forests: mixed coniferous forests; moist temperate deciduous forests; older forest; alpine forests; high level blue pine forests and moist alpine scrub forests etc. The altitudinal variations in this divisions are ranging from 1,982 ft. to 14, 241 ft thus effecting the growth of different types of forest which have been described in this paper along with some important medicinal plants associates. 0300 Hemadri Koppula. Tree Plantations of Medicinal Iportance through Social Forestry Schemes in Anhra Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1991;Pp. 73 - 77. ABSTRACT:-:-Not available. 0430 Sharma P C. Present status and future Prospects of Some Medicinal Plants in Social ForestryAfforestation Programmes. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1998;Pp. 102 - 118. ABSTRACT:-During the course of exploration in different parts of the country, it was observed that some of the medicinally important tree species have been considerably depleted from their natural habitat. In the present communication, 30 species of such trees have been suggested to be grown in different agro-climatic regions of the country under social forestry and afforestation programme. 0559 Shankar Rama. ;Singh. V K. and Rawat M S. Some Rare Medicinal Plants in Arunachal Pradesh : Need for Their Conservatin. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 128 - 131. ABSTRACT:-The State of Arunachal Pradesh is a hilly tract, occupied by biomes of tropical grass-land and moist evergreen forests to alpine scrub and permanent ice-fields. As per richness and variability of the forest flora, the medicinal plants inhabited in the variable altitudinal climate are also distributed in the forests. However, unplanned cutting of forests, land sliding during heavy rains, developing urbanization shifting cultivation (Jhum kheti)affects the flora to which the medicinal plants belong. Due to various developmental and traditional practices the medicinal 60

wealth as well as the entire vegetation is gradually decreasing (Joshi, 1988; Nayar and Shastri 1988; Majumder 1991; Billore, 1992 and others). As a result of the aforestation activities medicinal wealth in Arunachal Pradesh is under threat and there is an urgent need for their conservation.

MEDICINAL PLNATS

0324 Mehendale V V;Yelne M B;Erande C M and Sharma,P C. Exploratory Studies on Propagation Material of Trivrita [ Opperculina turpethum (Linn.)Silva Manso ]. BMEBR:Vol.13:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1992;Pp. 111 - 114. ABSTRACT:-Root of Trivrita [ Operculina tuum (Linn)Silva Manso Family ; Convolvulaceae]is a reputed purgative used for the treatment of constipation piles, ascites, oedema and some abdominal disorders etc.(Sharma, 1981;Chunekar, 1982). Though the twining undershrub (photo I ) is reported widenly distributed throughout India upto an altitude of about 900m. 0287 Garg (Mrs)Sunita. and Sastry Tenjarla C.S. Some Unexploited Medicinal Plants in India. BMEBR:Vol.11:No.1 to 4:March., to Dec.,;1990;Pp. 40 - 69. ABSTRACT:-This paper deals wit 107 unexploited medicinal plants ocurring in India. They are mainly exotics but found wild or cultivated in many part of India. In native places these are well reputed for their therapeutic value but there is no record of their utilization in Indian Medicine. Alphabetically arranged botanical names, distribution in India and medicinal uses in other countries are given in tabular form. 0081 Uniyal M R. A Preliinary study of Medicinal Plants from Suru Valley in Ladakh. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 316 - 326. ABSTRACT:-The result an extensive medico-botanical exploration conducted in the Suru Vally of Leh-Ladakh are summarized in the present paper. Based on the exploration carried out by the author only 76 Texa of vascular plants of medicinal importance under 55 genera and 31 families are enumerated with vernacular names, Sanskrit name, short description of plant, locality, time of dryg collection with use in the traditional syastem of medicine, Ephedra gerardians, physochlaine procalta, Picrorhiza Kurroa, Artenasia mattima. Podophyllum hexandrum, carumcarivl, Aconitum,heterophyllum, Hyoscyamus niger are important medicinal plants of this valley. Most of dealt medicinal plants are not included in the familiar literature of medicinal plants and are used in Tibetan syastem of medicine since long time. 0286 Badhe P D. and Pandey V K. A study of Medicinal and Economic Plants of Amravati Division Amravati Circle , Maharashtra. BMEBR:Vol.11:No.1 to 4:March., to Dec.,;1990;Pp. 1 - 39. ABSTRACT:-The Survey of Medcinal Plants Unit, Regional Research Centre, Nagpur, makes the qualitative and quantitative assessment of the Medico Botanical potentials of the forests of Maharashtra State in general and of the Vidarbha in particular. Under this programme the unit assesses the distribution and availability of Medicinal plants used in indigenous system of medicine and assessment of economically useful plants of Vidarbha. A Special emphasis is being given on the collection of medicinal plants and data on medicinal claims from villages and tribes. 61

The Vidarbha forest of Maharashtra State have been classified into five major forest circles viz., (1)Nagpur circle (2)Amravati Circle (3)South Chandrapur circle (4)North Chandrapur circle and (5)Yavatmal circule. Amravati division of Amravati circle was intensively explored for medicinal and economic plants during the year 1985 by the survey unit. The authors have collected medicinal and economically important plants and from literature their potentiality. This study enumerates the medicinal and economic value of 123 species from Amravati division, Amravati circle in Maharashtra State. 0082 Joshi M C. Additions to the flora of Rajpipla Forest Dvision, Gujarat State. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 327 - 335. ABSTRACT:-This papers deals with enumeration of 43 species which are so far not recorded from Rajpipla Forest Division. This is based on survey and collections made from several localities between 1970-76, some of them hitherto unexpiored. Clssus Setosa Roxb. is recorded for the first time from Gjarat. 0491 Thomas G. and Abraham G. An Evaluation of Some Common Plants of Medicinal Importance from Kerala. BMEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 64 - 96. ABSTRACT:-A field survey was conducted to evaluate the medicinal potential of some common plants of Tiruvalla Taluk in Pathanamthitta District, Kerala. The information generated has been used to catalogue the various medicinal plants on the basis of their systematic position. This data could be exploited by botanists, pharmacologists and chemo-taxonomists to propagate, conserve and to characterize the potential bio-molecules/novel medicinally active principles from plants. 0054 Srivastava T N;Pathak N N;Gupta O P and Bodola,D P. An exploration of Medicinal plants of Udhampur (J &K)Forest Division - I. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 1 - 22. ABSTRACT:-The Present communication enumerates 218 species belonging to 57 families of phanerogams of Ramnagar range of Udhampur Forest Division of Jammu and Kashmir State. Habit, flower colour, place of collection, altitude and folk claims wherever possible etc. have also been indicated. 0463 Gaykar B M. ;Kulkarni. A A. and Borkar G B. Available of Medicinal Plants in Rehekurri Sanctuary (Karjat Taluka ) of Ahmafnagar District, Maharastra. BMEBR:Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2001;Pp. 1 - 25. ABSTRACT:-Botanical collection toures the 100 kilmeters road track (to Rehekuri)via Ghogargoan of Shrigonde Taluka were undertaken during October, December and March , 1995-1996. The paper presents climate and vegetation together with a composition and its comparison with Ahmafnagar town, map showing area surveyed, enumeration of the species collected and medicinal or local uses. Availability of rre and important Ayurvedic medicinal plants like Abutilon indicum, Ailanthus excelsa, Aristolochia brarolata, Biophytum sensitivum, Bombax ceiba, Capparis zeylanica, Cissus quadrangularis, Clitoria ternatea, Cocculus hirsutus, Corallocarpus epigaeus, Cordia dichotoma, Hemidesmus indicus, 62

Hygrophila auriculata, Lavandula bipimmata, Phyllanthus amarus, Salvadora persica. Thespepsia populneoides etc. have been reported. 0245 Joshi M C. Conservation and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants in Gujarat. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1987;Pp. 183 - 187. ABSTRACT:-Th Paper enumerated and discussess the utilisation of medicinal plants grown in certain areas of Gujarat. Due to our limited forest areas, land and knowledge, the only solution seems to be that our attention must be given in conservatioon and cultivation of the medicinal plants at least for those which are less available and are often used in indigenous pharmacies. 0297 Upadhya Anuradha S. ;Kambhojkar. M S. and Vartak V D. Cultivation of Medicinal Plants along Sea-coasts in Maharashtra. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1991;Pp. 32 - 39. ABSTRACT:-The long strectches of barren sea-coasts in Maharashtra offer promising natural habitats for growing indigenous medicinal plants. With the typical climatic and edaphic conditions prevailing over the coasts, they become ideal places for raising medicinal herbs useful in hralth cae system of rural inhabitants. An enumeration of 26 species worth for cultivation along sea-coast is presented in the paper with their botanical information. 0568 Rawat M S. ;Singh. V K. and Shankar Rama. Cultivation of Medicinal Plants in Social Forestry Programme in Arunachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 169 - 174. ABSTRACT:-Cultivation of medicinal plants can play a vital role in social forestry programme or supply of genniue crude drugs, conservation of rare and endangered species, afforestation in waste land also of shifting cultivation for unlifiment of the local people. The authors made on efforts for cultivations of several medicinal plants in agro-climatic conditions of Itanagar to study their adaptability, mode of preparation, suitable their adaptability, mode of preparation, suitable location for cultivation, part used and observed encouraging and fruitful results. In present paper fortyfive species of medicinal plants were suggested for cultivation in social forestry programme and also highlighting the necessity of crude drug co-operative in the state. 0569 Rawat M S. ;Singh. V K. and Shankar Rama. Cultivation of Medicinal Plants in Social Forestry Programme in Arunchal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 169 - 174. ABSTRACT:-Cultivation of medicinal plants can play a vital role in social forestry programme or supply of genniue crude drugs, conservation og rare and endangered species, afforestation in waste land also of shifting cultivation for unlifiment of the local people. The authers made onefforts for cultivations of several medicinal plants inagro-climatic conditions of Itanagar to study their adaptability, mode of preparation, suitable their adaptability, mode of preparation, suitable location for cultivation, part used and observed encourqaging and fruitful results.// In present paper fortyfive species of medicinal plants were suggested for cultivation in social forestry programme and also highlighting the necessity of crude drug cooperative in the state.

63

0485 Rawat M S. and Shankar Rama. Distribution Status of Medicinal Plants - Conservation and Commercial Cultivation in Arunachal Pradesh with Special reference to National Medicinal Plants Board. BMEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 1 - 11. ABSTRACT:-Present paper deals with the medicial plants recommended by National Medicinal Plants Board for conservation and commercial cultivation. Attempts were made to find out the present distribution status of these plants in context of Arunachal Pradesh with strategies for their conservation and commercial cultivation, from lower to higher elevation of the state. It may act as a rich resource for socio-economic development of the state. 0385 Dennis T J. Drug Analysis and its Role in Herbal Medicine. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 148 - 152. ABSTRACT:-The curative properties of plants from which many biological active chemicals are derived have been recognised for centuries. Despite modern development in synthetic chemistry higher plants are still an important source of medicinal and chemical compunds. About 30 persent of therapeutically active compounds are of plant origin and presently extracted from plants. Effectivess, easy availability, low cost and comparatively deviod of serious toxic effect (time tested)are the responsible factors to popularize herbal remedies. Effectiveness is a very important factor, and effective drugs are always sought after. This effectiveness of drugs towards particular disease is directly related to the active constituents that are present in the herbal drugs and are responsible for cure of disease. Drugs assay and analysis is the only way to ascertain the effectiveness of drug. The importane of drug analysis and its role to ensure adequate standards of quality, efficacy and safety will be discussed in light of herbal drugs used as amoebicidal, antiinflammatory, hepatoprotective etc. 0419 Billore K V. Dwindiling state of Medicial Plants in Rajasthan (India)and their Conservation. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1998;Pp. 1 - 11 ABSTRACT:-The present paper is an outcome of the field studies of the author carried out in several districts of Rajasthan for over past two decades (1973-1993). It presents an account of twenty five (25)medicinal species which are fast depleting in the area and need immediate attention for their conservation and protection. The information is based on first hand field observation of the author. Some of the medicinal plants besides many others, facing threat are Guggulu, Shatawari, Ashwagandha, Gorakh-mundi, Bhringaraj, Shallaki, widely used in Ayurvedic system of medicine. 0345 Mishra O P. Evaluation of Therapetic status of Madhya Pradesh flora. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 105 - 117. ABSTRACT:-Importance of flora of a certain area lies basically in its economic and therapeutic value. With this view point Himalaya is taken to be treasure of herbal wealth on account of availability of miraculous and some very valuable drug species. The state of Madhya Pradesh by virtue of its geographical situation attains a distinct status in acquiring considerable number of therapeutic species. The numerical status of therapeutic species of Madhya Pradesh for exceeds , the other 64

areas and even the Himalayas. The present article deal with the evaluation of therapeutic species from different pathies such as Ayurveda, Allopathy, Unani and Homoeopathy. The Ayurvedic evaluation has been done in detail. With the help of number of therapeutic species it ha been tried to establish the therapeutic status of Madhya Pradesh flora. 0552. Ranjan Vinay. Exotic Medicinal Plants of District Lalitpur, Uttar Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp.54 - 65. ABSTRACT:-A large number of allien plant species adapted themselves and got naturalized so well that these now constitute an integral part of the Indian flora distinguishable only as exotics by their known previous history. An extensive survey of the flora of Lalitpur, U.P. was conducted and the study revealed the occurrence of seventy medicinally useful exotic species which have been enumerated providing their family name, origin, medicinal uses, biological activity of various plant parts as a drug local habital and field book number. It has been observed that out of 70 plant species, about 43. 0246 Dhar Bishnupriya. ;Gupta. O P. and Ramadas V N K. Export Potential of Certain Selected Indigenous Medicinal Plants, with special Reference to Ayurveda and Siddha Systems of Medicine. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1987;Pp. 188 - 199. ABSTRACT:-More then 75 precent of the plants mentioned in diffierent recognised Pharmacopoeia of the world and almost all the important medicinal plants used in Ayurveda and Siddha are found accurring in their natural state in different parts of the country. Owing to its lagre potential in its botanical resources, India has been a traditional exporter of Medicinal plants and herbs for the past several decades. Today. it occupies a substantial position amongst the developing countries in the exports of the medicinal plants, but it stands nowhere near the developed countries. The exports have shown upward trend during the last couple of the years. The paper in general deals with the export potential of a few selected important medicinal plants used in Ayurveda and Siddha and also identifies, the major destinations of export. 0139 Rajwar G S. Few Altitiude Medicinal Plants of south Garwal (Garhwal Himalaya). BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 14 - 28. ABSTRACT:-The ancient Indian system of medicine practised by Aryans is based on Ayurveda. Various parts of many species of plants are used in the treatment of diseases by the native of Garhwal Himalaya in the North-West of India. The Medicinal Plants in the lower parts of south Garhwal are enumerated. Their medicinal uses, habit, distribution in the area, vernacular names (Garwhali)and author's collection number are presented. 0006 Puri H S. and Pandey Gyanendra. Glimpses into the crude drugs of Sikkim. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.1:March;1980;Pp. 55 -71. ABSTRACT:-During th special survey of Sikkim, it was observed that there is no organised crude drug trade there. The Local people during their spare time, collect the crude drugs and sell them to the trads centres , which are later sent to the plains of India. Local people collect about 40 crude drugs, and the medicinal 65

importance of these 40 Plants is not known to them. Fifteen sample of crude drugs could not be identified botanically. 0225 Vashist V N. Herbs and Humanity. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 21 - 29. ABSTRACT:-"Plants heal our bodies they aslo heal our hearts and mind" by David Hoffmann With the advent of sulpha drugs and antibiotics plant drugs lost ground. The after and The after and side effects of these modern drugs are responsible for many new diseases and loss of immunity of the human system to less dangerous drugs. Now the cycle is reversing towards plants as harmless sources for over all well being of humanity. Modern sience is leaning towards use of plants and use to support to its growth. Plants are sources of very potent and powerfull drugs which have stood the test of time and the modern chemistry could not replace most of them. A sound body and mind are sine qua non to our total well being. 0100 Kumar ;Murty. K L N. and Nisteswar K. Hydrophytic Medicinal Plants of Rajahmundry East Godavari District( A.P.). BMEBR:Vol.2:No.4:Dec.;1981;Pp. 85 - 90. ABSTRACT:-Various ponds and takes present in and around Rajamundry have been surveyed for hydrophytic medicinal plants. About 16 genera have been indentified. The indigenous name of the taxon, morphology of the plantsand their part used in curing important diseases along with their flowering seasons have been mentioned. 0247 Uniyal M R. and Issar R K. Importance of Medicinal Plant Collection and Storage in Treatment. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1987;Pp. 200 - 204. ABSTRACT:-In the present paper it has been emphasized that medicinal play an important role in a system of treatment. For a genuine sample, the place of origin, time of growth, collection and drug collected during the particular season are considered to be useful and the for the treatment of various diseases. The above have been studies and more over, the effect of stars during the collection of mediinal plants have been dealt with. 0548 Dixit R S. and Mishra O P. Important Herbal Wealth of Lalitpur Forest Division of Bundelkhand Circle U P Part-I. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 20 - 35. ABSTRACT:-Lalit pur forest division is one of the richest source of medicinal herbs in Uttar Pradesh. In the present paper an account of Bundel-Khand Circle U.P. survey have been presented covering different seasons. The present work enumerates 66 medicinal plants which are commonly used in Ayurvedic pharmacies/drug industries and are also used by the local inhabitants. The plants are arranged in alphabetic order of Botanical names followed by botanical description, parts used and their action etc. 0319 Chaudhari B G. and Yachharajani Y R. Important Medicinal Weed Plants of Gujarat - A Source of Raw Material for Pharmaceutical Industries. BMEBR:Vol.13:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1992;Pp. 65 - 73. 66

ABSTRACT:-There are about twenty well organised manufactures of herbal drugs and one hundred fourty medium scale manufactures. About one thousand two hundred licensed small manufactures in India are on record. For preparation of various types of formlations tonnes of crude drugs are being utilized by these pharmacies. Hujarat has rich natural resources of medicinal plants. Proper collection of such weed plants can make a sizable contribution to the economy od the country. In the present paper twenty six such important medicinal weed plants have been highlighted with their latin name, family, local / sanskrit name parts used medicinal uses, frequency of occurance and, remarks of special interest. These weeds, if collected during their season can provided a good source of raw materials for pharmaceutical industires. 0320 Billore K V. and Mishra Ratan. Important Medicinal Plants of Mount Abu and Need for their Conservation. BMEBR:Vol.13:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1992;Pp. 74 - 84. ABSTRACT:-Mount Abu is a famous hill station of Western India. It's dense vegetation harbours a number of plants of medicinal importance particularly in Ayurveda. In the present paper an account of pharmaceutically important medicinal plants of Mt. Abu have bween given alongwith observations on the problem and ned for their conservation have been recorded. 0232 Joshi Sunita. and Dhar Durga Nath. Indian Medicinal Plants and overview. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 91 - 98. ABSTRACT:-The favourable climate of India endowes her with a rich and varied from the very beginning. Our ancestors were curious to recognise the curative effects of the tropical medicinal plants. The herbal drugs are readily available, cheap and cirtually free from undesirable side effects. The factors such as soil, rainfall, mthod of cultivation, time of the collection of the harvest, drying, storage etc. play a vital role in the production of crude drugs and for their quality. 0431 Santhosh,V ; Rajkumar,G; Anilkumar,E S; Rajasekharan,S and Pushpangadan,P. Market Value of Medicinal Plant Wealth : A Case study of Collection and Marketing in Southern Districts of kerala. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1998;Pp. 119 - 134. ABSTRACT:-Medicinal plants play an important role in the health care of the people of Kerala. Both the urban and rural people of Kerala use many medicinal plants either directly as home remedies or indirectly as processed drugs manufactured by traditional Ayurvedic/Siddha pharmaceuticals applying both traditional and modern techniques. Over 80 percent of the medicinal plants required in the above sectors are collected from forests. Tribals are the traditional plant collectors from the forest. Generally they collect medicinal plants along with other non timber forest produce in specific seasons and sell them to tribal cooperative societies or to middlemen or even to the raw drug dealers. Due to the current revival of interest in herbal drugs and pharmaceuticals, there has been increasing demand for medicinal plants from the forest leading to over exploitation causing depletion or even extinction of many rare medicinal plant species. The present communication highlights the collection and marketing of 151 important medicinal plants which are most commonly used in traditional system of medicine like Ayurveda, Siddha as well as in other local health traditions. The study also makes an attempt to fix on the market value of these species based on the market price and opportunity cost of labour. 67

0091 Saxena A P. and Vyas K M. Martynia Annue, Linn : A Traditional Drug for Asthma, Itch and Ecema. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 472 - 429. ABSTRACT:-Martynia annua Linn. (Martynia-ceae)an exotic plant species now natura;ized in India is well known among the villager of Bundelkhand region by its local names suh as 'Kaua', 'Baghnakha', and 'Hathajoru'. The local inhabitants were found using its seeds and fruits for the treatment of asthma, itch and aczema, respectively. 0011 Kapoor S L. and Kapoor L D. Medcininal Plants Wealth of the Karimnagar District of Andhra Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 120 - 144. ABSTRACT:-The Present communication deals with the medicinal plant wealth of Karimnagar District (Andhra Pradesh), which has been chosen as a "Backward one" with the idea of bringing about its industrial development. One hundred and eihty nine (199)drug Plants alongwith ttheir avaiable Sanskrit, Hindi, Telugu and Unani names and important uses are enumerated. 0067 Srivastava T N. ;Badola. D P. and Gupta O P. Medicinal Herbs used by Amchies of Ladakh. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 193 - 202. ABSTRACT:-Ladkh id the narthern-most district of Jammu - Kashmir, lies between north latitude 32ons 15' to 36ons 0', and the east longitude 75ons15' and 80ons15' and occupies an area of about 1,00,000 sq kms. The climate of the area is extremely dry and cold. During the summer temp. goes upto 30ons C while in winters it goes down upto even - 45ons C / The popular system for treatment of various ailments is Tibetan system of medicine and physicins treating by this system are known as 'Amchies'. The local inhabitantsof the area have got much faith and prefer to be treated by Amchies than a allopath doctor. The therapy under Amchies may be divided into the following modes of treatment. 1. by herbs 2. by minerals 3. by animal organs 4. by spring water and mineral water 5. by moxibustion 6. by vein puncturing and 7. by mysticism & spirltual powers. The present paper presents the treatment by herbs only, besides geographical position, climate, local names used by Amchies, equivalent botanical names and uses of the plants are also discussed. A few of the important herbs used by Amchies are : Sampharu, Prongos, Saijun, Tikta, Titri, Tanumoo-Kussoo, Boil, Rugosiks, Zearakarpo, Sheeti, Patan, Karache, Panksa Chhukrtin, Kangan Chhoo, Pangyamkarpo, Pashka, Spangyan-karpo, Trikand, Skial-dalpe, Sunak, Salo-nakpo, Golokarpo, Lungro-morpo, Chak-chhoo etc. 0012 Srivastava T N. ;Pathak. N N. and Husain S M S. Medicinal Plants of Kailash ( J & K ). BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 145 - 165. ABSTRACT:-A Systemtic survey of medicinal plants of Kailash has been made and total 180 species belonging to 54 families have been collected. /The Plants have been enumerated ino two groups. I first group. plants have been considered which are of medicinal value and are commonly used in Indian system of medicine or otherewise, and in the second group those plant have been enumerated which are not of medicinal value at present. The habit, place of collection, frequency altitudeand important medicinl local uses and flok-lores have been provided. 68

A few plants of high medicinal value are : Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. (Atees). Delphinium vestitum Wall.(Jadwar). Paeoniaa emodi Wall. (Ud-e-saleeb), Thalictrum foliosum DC. (Piyaranga), Berbers vulgaris linn,(Zarishk), Zyzyphus sativa Geeri,(Unnab)Viola serpens Wall. (Banafsha), Bergenia figulata (Wall.)Endl. (Pashanbhad), Selinum vaginatum Clerke (Bhootkeshi), Achillea millifolium Linn. (Brinjasif)MAcrotomia benthai DC. ex-Meissn, (Kashmiri gaozaban), Cenvolvulus arvensis Linn (Hirankhuri), Hyoscymus niger Linn. (Khurasaniajwain), Origanum vulgara Linn, (Marzanjosh), Jurinea macrcephala Benth. & Hook. f. (Dhoop), Plantage major Linn. (Bartang). 0066 Joshi M C. and Audichya K C. Medicinal Plants of the Rajpipla forests Gujrat State. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 150 - 192. ABSTRACT:-The paper enumerates a list of 288 plants collected/ observed in Rajpipla forest area. They spread over Nandod, Jhagadia, Sagbara, Ankleshwar and Valia Talukas of Braoch district and Mangrol takul of surat District. The present survey provides a broad floral picture of Rajpipla division. The account has been on providing a picture of medicinally useful plants that are seen in these area. Through information of others is provided on general lines. / The data gathered has been recorded systematically for convenience in referene. 0138 Puri H S. Medicinal Plants of Tezpur (Assam). BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 1 - 13. ABSTRACT:-Very little is known about the medicinal wealth and importance of the rich vegetation of Assam. Keeping this in view, a list of the important plants of the area, in alphabetical order, with botanical name, local name, family name family frequency of accurance, Ayurvedic name, etc. is given in this article. 0175 Sebastian M K. and Bhandari M M. Medicinal Plantlore of Udaipur Diastrict, Rajasthan. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec.,;1984;Pp. 122 - 134. ABSTRACT:-An Ethnobotanical survey has been carried out among the aboriginal tribes of Udaipur district which revealed medicinal uses of 73 species of plants belonging to 65 genera of 38 families. 0248 Alok S K. Medicinal Plants in Indian: Approaches to Exploitation and conservation. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1988;Pp. 1 - 10. ABSTRACT:-Not available. 0278 Chandra K;Pandey B N;Sonha G N and Pandey,P. Medicinal Plants Wealth of Rajgir Bihar. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 124 - 161. ABSTRACT:-Not available. 0327 Joshi M C. Medicinal Plants for Afforestation in Gujarat State BMEBR:Vol.13:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1992;Pp. 130 - 143. ABSTRACT:-In afforestation, the selection of plants as per need, suitability etc. is also one of the main crlteria. Keeping it in view, in this article the author has tried to call attention to the inclusion of medicinal plants in afforestation programme for 69

different areas of Gujarat State. At fiew places some rare, depleting or other economic species have also been suggested just to maintain the natural flora, plant association etc. Considering the various factors topography, soil, climate, existing flora, possibility of cultivation, biotic interferenes and need, the state land has been categorised into seven types of areas. And as per suitablity, some plants have been suggested for eacheach aea. In general more emphasis has been given on evergreen species and to raise mixed forests / plantation rather than to monoculture. Existing endemic species have been preferred rather then exotic. The usefulness etc. of such plants and plantations have been narrated briefly. 0331 Singh P B. and Aswal B S. Medicinal Plants of Himachal used in Indian Pharmaceutical Industry. BMEBR:Vol.13:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1992;Pp. 172 - 208. ABSTRACT:-Himachal Pradesh is considered the natural abode of many important mediinal herbs. it's flora is very rich and varied due ti tis wide ranging grographical and climatic conditions. The present communication deals with 175 medicinal plants of Himachal Pradesh, which are used by Indian Pharmaceutical industries for the preparation of various drug formulations. Each plant speies is provided with its correct botanical name, followed by important synonym, family name in parenthesis, sanskrit name, local name(s), trrade name(s), parts used, period of collection, uses name of some important preparations, distribution and abundance in the Strate. The aforesaid data are based on author's personal experiences, analysis of the collections made by the Regional Research Centre Drug Research Institute Lucknow in last 20 years as well as surutiny of literature on the flora of this region. 0347 Singh P B. Medicinal Plants of Ayurvedic Importane from Mandi District of Himachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 126 - 136. ABSTRACT:-Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh shows a great deal diversity in floristic pattern extending from submontane to montane and few a alpine zones, covering the elevation range from 500-4000 n.a.s I. The present paper is based on the estensive survey and collection of medicinal plants of Mandi district, carried out by the author during the year 1986-1992. Studies resulted in collection and identification of over 400 species of various medicinal utilisation, however, in the present proper only those plants are enumerated which are available in fairly good quantity and constituted reputed drug of Ayurveda. Suggestion for cultivation of some more commonly used and threatened medicinal plants have also been made to avoid their excessive exploitation for their in situ conservation. 0349 Shankar Rama. ;Singh. V K. and Rawat M S. Medicinal Plants from Dibang Valley (A.P.)- Social Forestry and Afforestration. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 144 - 149. ABSTRACT:-The dirtrict Dibang Vally is situated in the north eastern part of the Arunachal Pradesh, arching China in its north east. the western and southern part of the district in suprrounded by East Stang and Tirap districts of Arunachal Pradesh respectively with a littel part of Assam (Sadia)in the south. The district lies between 95 - 15 and 56 92 E (Longitude)and 28 - 11 and 29-15' M (latitutde). The district occupies the mountains of snow clade in the north eastern part followed by the rugged areas and steep slopes. The terrain in the southern part of the district is plain. The district is inhabited by the tribes Idu Mishmis, Digoru mishmis and Padfam. The land of the district varies from plain in high altitude hills and the shifting 70

cultivation plays major role in the destiruction of the natural vegatation.To utilise waste lands after shifting cultivation the Social Forestry should be encourage to cultivate the herbal medicines alongwith trees of high timber vaslues with the joint efforts of the medicinal botonists and agriculture Scientist. 0388 Rawat M S;Singh V K;Shankar Rama and Pandey,H C. Medicinal Plants and some folklores from East and west Stang districts (Arunachal Pradesh)- Their Utilization. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1996;Pp. 1 - 7. ABSTRACT:-The paper deals with the medicinal plants collected during medico-botanical exploration of the districts East and West Siang alongwith medicinal folk claims on some plants by the "Adi" tribe. Topography, climate, inhabitants and vegetation have also been described followed by some suggestions on proper utilization of medicinal plants. 0402 Majumdar R. and Bharali B K. Medicinal Plants from Chandel, Churachanpur, Ukhrul Forest Areas of Manipur State, Part - I. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 32 - 42. ABSTRACT:-The paper deals with 85 medicinal plants available in the Chandel, Churachanpur, Ukhrul forest areas of Manipur state with their Botanical name, Sanskrit name, Manipuri name and uses in the Ayurvedic formulary of India/Folk medicine/Edible, etc. 0378 Tewari R N. and Pandey G. Medicinal Pteridophytes of Kumaon and Garhwal ( U.P.Hills). BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 99 - 113. ABSTRACT:-The Graceful appearence of ferns and fern allies (Lower pteridophtes ) catches eyes of plant exploreses specially in the Himalayan region where the pteridophutic flora is much richer as compared to the rest of the country by virtue of varied topography, climate, soil and vegetation, kumaon ana Garhwal hills jointly constitute the U P Himalaya due to similar geographical, geophyical and climatic conditions. There has been very litttle systematic work on pteriodphytes of U.P. Himalaya, as a whole after Duthie (1906). During the course of survey of medicinal plants of the eight hills districts of U P., since 1969. attempts were made to collect and study the pteridophytic specimen along with the constitutents of angiospermen and gymnospermic flora from different localities between 500 m to 4000m a.s.l. Present work is an enumeration of ferns and fern allies collected from the area along with the other records/ information which is found scattered in the literature with a view to attract the attention of researchers to look deep in to this group of plants for findling out solution of health problems of mainkind vis-avis controversial drugs, drugs with lost botanical identity and selecting new drug resources by phytochemical, pharmacological and clinical investigation, Localities, ecological notes and medicinal properties of these plants have been described in this paper 0159 Chelladurai V. Minnikizhangu-an Unique Folk Medicinal Plant from the Adivasis (Tribals)of Point Calimere, Tamil Nadu. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 148 - 153. ABSTRACT:-The Adivasis (Tribals)of Kadikkaraj forest, Tamil Nadu are using a number of less known plants for their medicine and food. Most of the plants they 71

used are peculiar and new to the existing records. One such medicinal plant Minnikizhangu a fabaceous twiner Dolichos falcatus Klein, prescribed for some skin diseases is dealt with this paper alongwith four other medicinal plants. 0093 Das S R. Note on the Distribution of some Medicinal Plants in the Southern Circle of West Bengal Forests. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 436- 440. 0343 Badhe P D. and Pande V K. Novel Medicinal uses of a few Plants used by Korku Tribe of Melghat in Amravati Distt. Maharshtra State. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 87 - 97. ABSTRACT:-A few medicinal plants of Melghat have been reported with their traditional used by Korku tribe and supplemented with Phytochemical data where ever available. A systematic screening together with phytochemical and pharmacological trials of these crude drugs (administered by Korku tribe)may prove their rationality, usefulness and importance to the modern world. 0135 Dhar Bishnupriya. and Gupta O P. Nutritional value ofShigru (Moringa Oleifera Lam.). BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 280 - 288. ABSTRACT:-Shigru (Moringa oleifera Lam.)has been studied for its nutritional value and it is observed that among all the edible parts, the leaves of the plant constitute a rich-source of essential nutrients. Because of the high contents of Vitamin A & C in the leaves, it can be supplemented in the diet for prevention and cure of diseases caused due to the deficiencies of vitamin A in children. 0095 Karnik C R. On Comparative Values of Indian and Chinese Medicinal Plants. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.4:Dec.;1981;Pp. 17 - 32. ABSTRACT:-Fifty-eight plant species, commonly used as crude drugs in the Indian and Chinese systems of medicineare listed in this papers. Distintive use of each species is recorded. These crude drug plants are commonly found in the drug stores, the Chinese crude drugs in Malaya and Indian crude drugs in all Indian bazars. The geographical distribution of each species, as found in India, is also given. 0077 Das S R. On the Medicinal Properties of Ochna Pumila Buch.-HAm-Ex-D.Don. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 291 - 293. 0205 Joshi M C. Pharmaceutcally Important Medicinal Plants of Gujarat Forests. BMEBR:Vol.7:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1986;Pp. 1 - 25. ABSTRACT:-This paper deals with the 139 medicinal plants of Gujarat forests which are well reputed for their therapeutic value and often used in Ayurvedic pharmacies for various preprations, viz Churna (Powder), Kwath (Decoctions), Tel & Ghrit (Medicated oil & Ghee), Asava & Arishta (Fermentative products), Lep. (External ointment), Vati (Pila), Bhasma (Ashed products), Avleh (Confections)etc. The useful parts suitable period for their collection, name of some important preparations, locations and abundance are also discussed. 72

0041 Agarwal V K. Pharmacognostical study on the Rhizome and the root of the Phragmites karka Trin. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 461 - 470. ABSTRACT:-The present communication deals with the macro and microscopical studies of phragmites karka trin. along with the fluorescence characteristics, ash values and extractive values. 0104 Uniyal M R. ;Bhat. A V. and Vhaturvedi P N. Preliminary Observations on medicinal Plants of Lahaul Spiti Frest Division in Himachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 1 - 26. ABSTRACT:-The Present work deals with the medicinal plants collected from Lahaul Spiti forest division during the survey toures in the month of July and September, 1972. In all, sixty nine medicinal plants belonging to twenty seven families, alongwith their local and Sanskrit names, short description, folklore claims and their extent of trade for commercially omportant plants are enumerated here. 0354 Das S R. and Naskar D. Preliminary Recording of Medicinal Plants of Birbhum District, West Bengal. BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 1 - 21. ABSTRACT:-Birbhum district of West Bengal was surveyed and 289 medicinal plants collected from forest areas, village shrubberies and orchards include 137 medicinal plants which are commonly used in Ayurveda system of medicine and are presented in this communication. 0382 Singh V K. ;Shankar. Rama. and Rawat M S. Prospects of Medicinal Plant cultivation in Arunachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 133 - 137. ABSTRACT:-Arunachal Pradesh the erstwhile NEFA (North East Frontier Agency ) Popularly known as Indian lands of rising sun is cituated as the north east extremity of the Country. The land is highly with deep valleys and steep slopes, where land sliding during rainy seasons is very common. Shifting cultivation (Jhumkheti)is another practice by local inhabitants which chearfy has influence on the destruction of medicinal wealth of the state and the state is said to be rich source of medicinal plants wealth. Therefore, it is urgently needed to take cultivation of medicinal plants through social forestry programme, medicinal plants garden and to encurage the local inhabitants for their conservation and cultivation in different of the state. Accordingly some plants of high medicinal value are suggested to undertake for large scale scale cultivation through social forestry programme during cultivation of timber and the plants of other uses. Some of the very important medicinal plants for undertaking in this prograqmme are Cinnamomum tamala (Tejapatra)C.zeylanica (Tvak). Taxus baccata (Talisa), VAlerina wallichii (Tagara), Coptis teeta (Mamira). 0335 Koppula. and Rao S Sasibhushana. Quantiative Assessment of Medicinal Plants found in Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1993;Pp. 26 - 35. ABSTRACT:-The Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha is mainly responsible for the state-wise Survey of Medicinal plants-Wealth of the Country. The Council through its Survey units all over the Country has been gathering information thus on the 'Abundance & Distribution' of almost all the 73

important drugs of Ayurveda and other Oriental Systems of Medicine for last two decades. The Survey of Medicinal Plants unit established in Andhra Pradesh, after conucting preliminary survey of hte entrie state, is now engaged in quantitative assessment of important raw drugs found in Andhra Pradesh. To begin with, an attempt has been made to quantify the raw drugs of all Forest Divisions of the district of Visakhapatnam on the Easternghat belt possesing rich flora and vegeattion. The data on 85 plant species such as Jyothishmati, Dhataki. Mandukaparni,Bhallataka, Brihati, Aragwadha, Bhunimba, Vriddadaru, Guduchi, Triphala etc. is presented in this paper. 0158 Govindiah Role of Weeds in Ayurvedic Medicine. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 144 - 147. ABSTRACT:-Many plants considered as weeds in modern science have played a significant role in Ayurveda. In this paper, botanical name, sanskrit name, local Name, short discription, flowering and fruitung period as well as medicinal uses and chemical constituents are provided for twenty one weeds used in Ayurveda prparations 0230 Vartak Y D. ;Kumbhojkar. M S. and Nipunage D S. Sacred Groves of Tribal Area Along the Western Ghats : Treasure Trove of Medicinal Plants. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 77 - 84. ABSTRACT:-The villagers and tribals of the Western Ghats have religions beliefs and respect for sacred groves. Indians are accustomed to dedicate forest pockets to various deities and various components of vegetation are supposed to be uder the protection of the local deity of that forest frove. Such dedicated practices have led to preservation and conservation of forest and forest products. Thesee sacred groves are living museums of plants and resources to carry our relevant research. These groves supply fresh medicinal plants to villagers. 0306 Nesamany S. and Joshi M C. Samanga, A Less Known controversial Medicinal Plant. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1991;Pp. 114 - 121. ABSTRACT:-The drug Samanga is a very less known controversial drug in Ayurveda. Some authors have treated as a synonym of Lajjqlu (M.pudica L.)while others treated it as a separate drug. Regarding its botanical identity as a separate drug, different authors have been different views and seven different plants have been treated as Samanga. Looking to its various properties, characters etc. mentioned in classical treaties and texts, authors feel that Samanga may be Biophytium sensivitum (L.)DC which belongs to the family Oxalidaceae. 0293 Mishra Ratan. ;Billore. K V. and Chaturvedi D D. Some Anti-Venom Medicinal Lore from Tribal Areas of Banswara. BMEBR:Vol.11:No.1 to 4:March., to Dec.,;1990;Pp. 112 - 115. ABSTRACT:-:-Not availabl

74

0375 Das S R. Some Beneficial weeds od Cultivation from Nadia District, West Bengal. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.1 & 2:Jan. to June,;1995;Pp. 74 - 81. ABSTRACT:-While consucting the survey of medicinal plants of Nadia districts in West Bengal sme plants which commonly grow as weeds in the cultivated field have been observed. Although as weeds they are harmful yet with their medicinal properties they are much beneficial and are widely ised in indigenous system of medicine. In this paper the 70 medicinally important weeds from district Nadia of West Bengal have been described. For each species Sanskrit and Bengali names, distribution and uses are referred to. 0355 Dixit R S. ;Pandey. S N. and Jain J P. Some Important Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants of Bundelkhand (Jhansi Division). BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 22 - 35. ABSTRACT:-The different forest ranges of Bundelkhand tract falling under Jhansi and Lahtpur forest divisions have been surveyed during the different periods in various seasons. Innumerable medicinal plants have been reported from the Bundelkhand area but 59 most commonly used in Ayurveda system of medicine have been described in this paper giving their local names, botanical description, parts used,action and their uses. 0369 Shankar Rama. ;Singh. V K. and Rawat M S. Some Important Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants of Arunachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.1 & 2:Jan. to June,;1995;Pp. 27 - 32. ABSTRACT:-The state of Arunachal Pradesh cocvering a geographic area of about 83,000 sq.km bordering with the palaeoarctic, chinese, Malayan & Indian biogeographic regions. The state is occupied by biomes of tropical grass lands and moist evergreen forest to alpine scrub, the permanent ice fields. Some of them are Ascorus calamus (Vacha). Alstonia scholaris (Saptaparna). Berberis aristanta (Darubaridra). Centella asiattica (Mandukparni), Cinnamomum camphora (Kapoor), C tamala (Tejpatra), Coptis teeta (Mamiri), Embelia ribes (Vidang)Rubia cordifolia (Manjistha)Taxus Baccata (Taliasa), Valeriana wallichii (Tagar)etc. 0383 Tiwari K C;Tewari R N;Pandey N K and Pandey,G. Some Important Medicinal Plants of Jageshwar forest and Conservation Cultivation aspects of Himalayan Yew Tree-Taxus baccata Linn. (Talis). BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 138 - 142. ABSTRACT:-Jageshwar is among the richest temperate forest range in Kumoan Himalaya. The range is dominated by Devadaru, Oak, Rodhodendron and Pine trees with a few patches of Taxus baccata Linn. In the present paper the authors enumerated some important medicinal plants collected from this area with a out line of observation made on Taxus forests and conservation-cultivation plan of this highly important species of the globe which offers enormous prospect to provide Taxol, a latest chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of the Cancer. 0105 Joshi D N. ;Sah. B C L. and Suri R K. Some Medicinal Plants of Rudranath Bugyal (Distt. Chamoli). U P. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 27 - 42. ABSTRACT:-The present communication deals with medicinal species of Rudranath bugyal (alpine zone of GArhwal Himalayas)based on the exploration. In 75

all 45 species with their local names and medicinal properties are enumerated in this article. 0121 Lal Nand. ;Singh. S P. and Roy S K. Some Medicinal Ferns from South Andaman Island. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 177 - 185. ABSTRACT:-In the present paper ten species of ferns from the Southern part of Andaman Island have been described with notes on their medicinal properties, uses, places of collection and season. The medicinal properties mainly related to the ailments like fever, ulcer, skin disease, diarrhoea, wounds leprosy etc. 0165 Tiwari K C. ;Majumder. R. and Bhattacharjee S. Some Medicinal Plants from District Siang and Subansiri of Arunachal Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.1 & 2:March & Jun;1984;Pp. 1 - 14. ABSTRACT:-Survey of Medicinal plants Unit of C C R A S.,at Govt. Ayurvedic College, Gauhati (Assam)Suveryed some forests of district Siang and Subansiri of Arunachal Pradesh between elevation of 600m to 1600m to find out the medicinal plants growing in the region. The tour was undertaken in the month of Marh-April, 1979. The party could locate about forty three plants of medicinal importance. 0220 Singh S P. and Roy S K. Some Medicinal Ferns from Mrizapur (Hathinala) Forest. BMEBR:Vol.7:No.3 & 4:June & Dec,;1986;Pp. 185 - 187. ABSTRACT:-In the present study three species of Adiantace and one of Schizeaceae have been described with their medicinal and other uses. Along with this their local names, family, medicinal uses and other uses have been given. It is suggested that scientisis of plant medicine will care for the fern group also and further research work will be directed to this group in line with the flowering plants. 0356 Shankar Rama. ;Rawat. M S. and Singh V K. Some Medicinal Pteridophytes from the District Lowe Subansiri and Papumpare (Arunachal Pradesh). BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 36 - 40. ABSTRACT:-Like angiosperms, pteridophytes are also used in different ways as medicinal plants by local inhabitants in different parts of the country. The paper deals with the medicinal uses of pteridophytes growing in the Districts of Lowwer Subansiri and Papumpare, their distinguishing features, and uses from folklores of the above areas as well as the records avaiable. 0420 Shankar Rama. ;Singh. V K. and Rawat M S. Some Medicinal Plants from District Triap (Arunachal Pradesh ) with a note on the Ethnobotany of NocteTribe. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1998;Pp. 12 - 22. ABSTRACT:-The paper deals with the occurrence of medicinal plants in the District Tirap with an scope of conservation and their abundance in the different parts of the District as well as behavior, livings and uses of various plants in the daily life of Note tribe area taken under the study. During the course study 74 species of medicine plants used in various system of medicine belonging to 66 genera and 44 families were recorded from Khorsa Forest Division of the District Tirap. 10 plants were also identified, which were used by local inhabitants for the cure of various prevalent diseases in the area of study viz. worm infestation, diarrhea, dysentery, body ache, joint pain and toothache etc. 76

0418 Murty K AS. ;Padhi. M M. and Chopra K K. Some Plants Used as Anti-Fertility Agents by Khonds of Orissa. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1997;Pp. 164 - 166. ABSTRACT:-In pursuance of the question in Parliament in 1982 by one Hon'ble Member, a special tour was conducted by the Institute in Koraput and Phulbani districts of Orissa to identify the herb used by 'Khond' women as an anti-fertility agent. It was observed that Plumbago indica L, the herb being extensively used by the tribal women in Phulbani district for termination of early pregnancy resulting in sterility thereafter. Further inquiry on the subject in hand revealed that a few more plants hitherto unknown as anti-fertility agents are being used by the tribals. 0363 Asolkar L V. and Kotiyal J P. Some Research Possibilities in Indian Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Health and Cure - I. BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 86 - 100. ABSTRACT:-Present article reports info-gaps in botany chemistry and pharmacology in about 137 species belonging to 78 genera (Plants belonging to alphabet "A")Of these eleven species belonging to seven genera have been discussed in some detail. 0561 Badhe P D;Sharma L K;Sharma B N and Pandey,V K. Some Significant Medicinal uses of Palash and Lata Palash. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 107 - 113. ABSTRACT:-Butea monosperma (Lam.)Taub. Palash and Butea superba Roxb. Valli Palash have multifacets medicinal uses in curing many diseases. At the same time apart from bark, gum, roots, flowers and seeds, medicinal uses the internal constituents of stem and roots are very useful as tonic and to cure night blindness and weakness of eyes. During the course of survey tour of Gadchirili forest division Chatgaon range - Mendhatola village the survey team observed the collection of Palash water in the field. This is being used by villagers as tonic and to cure eyes problem. 0295 Majumder Rajendra. Some Threatened Medicinal plants from the North-Eastern Region of India. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1991;Pp. 12 - 16. ABSTRACT:-North-Eastern Regin of India which constitutes seven states is potentially rich area for exploration of plants used in indigenous system of medicine in general and Ayurveda and Particular. It represents 50 percent of total flora of India. Such a flora of North-EAstern Region of India is gradually facing danger for its existense, many of which are already in the verge of extentific glance. The author has surveyed the medicinal flora of North-Eastern Region of India and is presenting here the 40 of such threatened medicinal plants in this paper. 0429 Gurmet Padma;Chaurasia O P;Singh Brahma and Singh,D V. Some Traditional Medicinal Plants of Khardungla and Changla (Ladak)used in Amchi Medicine. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1998;Pp. 93 - 101. ABSTRACT:-The present paper is an outcome of the observations made during the Amchi-medico-botanical survey of Khardungla and Changla areas of Ladakh dealing with 21 traditionally used medicinal plants for various diseases and conditions like fever, cold and cough, stomach complaints, septic wound, lung 77

problems, jaundice, rheumatism etc with a view to provide useful basic information to popularize them among the locals and for their follow up scientific evaluations and conservation. 0107 Chaghtai S A. ;Garf. Miss Aruna. and Ahmed Javed. Studies of the Ocurrence of Medicinal Plants of Euphorbiaceae from Bhopal and its Neighbourhood. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 57 - 64. ABSTRACT:-18 genera and 41 species belonging to family Euphorbiaceae of Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh ) and surroundings with medicinal efficacy of 15 species are dealt in this communication. 0495 Joshi G C. and Tewari K C. Studies on "Gambasu" - a Celestial Drug from Kumaon Himalaya. BMEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 121 - 126. ABSTRACT:-Cordyceps sinensis an insect pathogen occurs in alpine meadows of Kumaon Himalaya(Uttaranchal). It is an energy booster-drug and it is said, has got the healing properties of all ailments. It has great economic value. Its character and properties match with a celestial drug 'Gonasi' as described in Sushruta Samhita, which is scientifically unidentified and controversial till date. It also needs conservation efforts. In the present communication all the available data's gathered on an celestial drug 'Gonasi' is presented. 0298 Chaudhari B G. ;Netha. H C. and Vacharajani V D. Studies on Identification aspect of Vidhara beeja and its adulterants in Gujarat state. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1991;Pp. 40 - 50. ABSTRACT:-Vidhara or Bidhara is the colloquial name of sanskrit Vridhasaraka. It has been used in the indigenous system of medicine as an ingredient of many formulations, especially used as vajikarma. The root, stem and leaf are the official parts of use. The correct identity of the drug has been posing a problem due to different writers of Indian Materia Medica and medicinal Plants indicating different botanical sources for this drug. Four different Plants viz. Argyrela speciosa Sweet; Ipomoea turpethum R. Br.; I. petaloidea Chois and I. pescarpae Sweet have been mentioned yielding trhe drug. The seeds sold and used under this name in Gujarat crude drug market have been attempted to get them identified botanically along with the adulterants. The source plant was indentified as Argyreia speciosa Sweet. (A nervosa Boj .)and the adulterants the seeds of thespeasia populnea Soland. ex Corr. The macrosopic, powder study, preliminary chemical standards, fluoresence analysis of the drug have also been presented in this article. 0508 Balakrishnan V;Venkatesan K;Ravindran K C and Jaruppusamy,S. Studies on Medicinal Plants used for Abortion by Irulars of Coimbatore District, Tamil Nadu, India. BMEBR:Vol.26:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2005;Pp. 6 - 9. ABSTRACT:-Ethnobotanical survey of the forest people of Coimbatore district was carried out and the data gathered on nine species of plants used by Irulars for birth control purposes, namely, Adhatoda vascia Nees., Aristolochia indica L. Calamus rotang L. Catharanthus roseus (L)G.Don, Celastrus paniculatus Willd. Grewia asiatica Mast, Solanum nigrum Linn, Tephrosia purpurea Pers. And Trianthema portulacastrum L. is enumerated.

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0089 Hussain S J. ;Japan. M. and Srivastava T N. Studies on some Avicenna's Cardiac Drugs Series IV. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 415 - 422. ABSTRACT:-The medicinal uses of some Avicenna's cardiac drugs have been compared scientifically against ancient literature. 0496 Gurmet Padma. ;Chauraqsiya. O P. and Ballabh Basant. Studies on Some Amchi-Medicinal Plants Growing along Indus River of Ladakh Himalaya. BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 1 - 11. ABSTRACT:-The present paper deals with 21 medicinal species used in Tibetan system of medicine by Amchis, growing along Indus river of Ladakh Himalaya. It has been observed that these medicinal plants have extensively been used in Tibetan system of medicine more popularly known as Amchi system in Ladakh for treating various diseases and conditions like fever, bronchial asthma, stomach complaints, septic wounds, kidney problems etc. Therefore, there is a need for detailed phytochemical, pharmacological and clinical studies on these important medicinal plants of Ladakhi Trans-Himalaya in the context of their report medical efficacy. Such studies might help in deserving new drugs of plant origin to combat specific diseases. 0094 Ahmed Javed. and Ahmed R U. Studies on the Medicinal Plants of Tughlaqabad in South Delhi. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.4:Dec.;1981;Pp. 1 - 16. ABSTRACT:-The paper present eco-taxonomical details of the mediinal plants of Tughlaqabad. The dominant and commonest species are given, Ninete-six species mostly of commercial importance, belonging to sevent-one general and forty-one femilies have been included with their local names, Some of the controversial drus have also been discussed. 0348 Nand Sachchida. Survey of Medicinal Plants in Assam. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 137 - 143. ABSTRACT:-Survey of Medicinal plants in Assam state embodies a list of medicinal plants available in Assam with its Botanical name, Sanskrit name part used in the medicine, time of flowering and fruiting, the prospect of cuiltivation and preservation of extincting medicinal plants. The total medicinal plants are more than 200 but most of them also grow in other part of India. Therefore only 53 important plants whioch abundonely grow in Assam have been studied. About 25 medicnal plants which are very important and useful to mankind are facing danger of their existence are also enlisted in this paper. 0261 Anuradha Upadhya ;Kumbhojkar. M S. and Vartak V D. Taxonomy of the Controversial Ayurvedic Drug 'PITTAPAPADA'. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 129- 135. ABSTRACT:-Pittapapada is an Ayurvedic drug used as febrifuge by local people from pune and neighbouring districts. The drug is controversial as six different species, viz Glossocardia bosvallea (L.f.)DC., Justicia procumbens L., Haplanthus verticillaris Nee, Oldenlandia Nees and Rungia repens L.,)Nees are in use as 'Pittapapada'. Present study covers taxonomical status of these six taxa, their verbacular names and precise uses. For easy identification of the market drug 79

sample, an artifical key is devised on the basis and exomorphic characters of leaves. 0346 Das S R. and Naskar D. The Evaluation of Medicinal Plants in South Western, West Bengal. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 118 - 125. ABSTRACT:-The area of South Western, West Bengal includes 7 districts and 6 forest divisions. The area is the eastward extension of Chhotanagpur plateau gradually rolling to the plains in the east. The forest is dry deciduous type merging to the mesophytic vegetation of the east. The medicinal plants occur mostly in the forest areas as they are subjected to less biotic interference. Besides forest areas such plants are also met within village shrubberies and orchards. Plants occurring only in forest areas and used in Ayurvedic formulations, are presented in the article. The pattern of distribution of the plants reported is analysed critically. 0308 Raman S. and Dave K K. The Nutritive and Medicinal Value of Ariksira Marishaphed, Apamarg and Manjirika (Amaranthus Sps. Alternanthera Sps. Achyranthes Sps. and Digera Sps.). BMEBR:Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1991;Pp. 127 - 140. ABSTRACT:-The Nutritive and medicinal values of the plants like Amaranthus, Alternanthera Digera and Achyranthes would be of great help and informative to those who are using these plants in food, and also to these who do not know the value of these plant which are commonly found growing around us. 0240 Maaiya R K. ;Sharma. B N. and Singh D N. Threatened and Rare Medicinal Plants of Sikkim. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1987;Pp. 155 - 159. ABSTRACT:-Sikkim is the land of flowers, having beautiful landsscape and scenic beauty is often referred by scientisis as "Botanist's paradise". The variations of altitude and climate have ifted the area with approximately 450 species of different plant groups. A great number of plant species and several unique varieties have disappeared from this region in nature's own process of evolutionary charges. Some of these extinctions have been caused by man himself due to ignorance about their economic potent and now very little is known about their appearane and location in the region. This paper aims at presenting the threatened species of plants in Sikkim state with particular emphasis on such species which have medicinal values. 0042 Shah N C. Traditional cultivation of 'Babunah' Chamomilla recutita(L.) Raushert Syn. Matricacria-chamomilla L. in Lucknow. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 471 - 477. ABSTRACT:-Chamomilla recutitr( L.)Raushert Syn. introduction of Matricacria chamomille L. (German Chamomilla)in India is through to be very recent. But the paper reports that it is being cultivated under the name 'Babunah', a unani drug at Sahadat Ganj, Lucknow for last two hundred years. The drug was introduced during Mughal period and was cultivated in punjab and Upper Gangetic plains. The present cultivation at lucknow is actually the reminisence of the past cultivation.

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0228 Ghate V S. and Vartak V D. Use of Arboreal Medicinal Plants in Afforestation Programmes from Pune and Neighbouring Districts of Maharashtra State. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 48 - 58. ABSTRACT:-Plantation Programme is very important to make se of multipurpose arboreal plants. It will solve the problem in every day life of natural communities and also will help in preservation of rich natural flora for the furture. The extinguishing forest treasure. will affect socio-economic life of people. The man made forests have to be created as substitute to meet the problems like acclimatiztion and regeneration. 0258 Uniyal M R. and Issar R K. Utility of Hitherto Unknown Drugs Traditionally used in Ladakh and Possible Alternative Medicine. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 96 - 105. ABSTRACT:-Medico-Botanical exploration done in 'Ladakh' areas has revealed the occurrence of some hitherto unknown herbal drugs which are being used traditionally there and can form a possible alternative medicine for diseases like Malaria, cancer and Gastrointestinal disorders etc. A detailed research work is needed to be done to prove their efficacy and utility as an alternative medicine, therefor, informationon such 20 herbs e.g. Dyanku (Nepeta Longibracteata), Demok (Microula tibetica), Kapichu (Tulipa Stellata), Pashak (Centaurea depressa), Taskya (Caragana cnneata)and Parpata (Arbabis tibetica ) etc. giving their Ladakhi/Local names, Botanical names, general distribution in the area, parts use and methods of Medication etc. has been collected and incorporated in the present paper. 0440 Saraswathy A. and Brindha P. Veterinary Uses of Plants. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;2000;Pp. 15 - 26. ABSTRACT:-Some plant resources that are used in the treatment of several animal diseases are reviewed and discussed. This is the result of a literature survey and Interviews with traditional herbal medicine practisioners and local tribes. 0080 Pandey Gyanendra. ;Singh. V K. and Bhatnagar L S. New records to the Medical efficacy Claims of Certain Plants Recorded from Gwalior Forest Circle, Madhya Pradesh - A Preliminary Contribution. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 303 - 315. ABSTRACT:-The paper attributes to the medical effcacy claims of Tridaxprocumbens Linn; Elytraria acaulis Lindau; Eriolaena hook-eriana W & A: Orthosiphon pallidus Royal ex Benth. and Rivea hypocrateriformis Choisy. As far as authors are aware these are new to the medical science. The source, utility, useful parts, formula and their mode of administration, scope of collection and supply along future of action are given.

PHARMACOGNOSY

0052 Shukla S P. A Comparative study on the Barbiturate Hypnosis Potentiation Effect of Medhya Rasayana Drugs Sankhapuspi (Convolvulus pluricaulis)and Mandukkaparni (Hydrocotyle asiatica). BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 554 - 560. 81

ABSTRACT:-The Meshya Rasayana drugs-Sankhapuspi and Mandukaparnishowed barbiturate hypnosis potentiation effect which is more pronounced in Sankhapuspi treated groups as compared to the Mandukaparni treated groups. 0176 Prakash Deepak. A Comparative Pharmacognostic study of the four species of Genus Desmodiu. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec.,;1984;Pp. 135 - 147. ABSTRACT:-Comparative pharmacognostic study of the roots of four species of Desmodium viz, D. floribundum G Don, D. Gyrans DC., D.pulchellum Benth ex Baker and D.iriflorum DC. have been done. Their salient macro-and microscpical characters, measurements of individual cells and isolated elements, cell contents of importance and flrorescence characteristics of root powders have been given in tabulated from. The article concludes with the discussion on comparative study in which the distinguising characters of the species under discussion have been pointed out. 0189 Prakas Deepak. A Comparative Pharmacognostic study of Cassia tora Linn. and Cassia Occidentalis Linn. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 58 - 66. ABSTRACT:-The paper presents a comparative, distinguishing macro-and microscopical studies of the roots, the stems and the feaves od Cassia tora Linn. and Cassia occidentalis Linn. including the fluoresence charactarisation of their powders under ultra-violet radiation. 0209 Sinha Mrs P. ;Kumar. A. and Wahi S P. A Comparative Pharmacognostic study on Shankhapushpi - Canscora decussataq Schult., Convolvulus pluriaulis Chois. & Evolvulus alsinodes Linn. BMEBR:Vol.7:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1986;Pp.62 - 73. ABSTRACT:-The present paper present a comparative pharmacognostical features of stem and leaf of canscora decussata schult, along with thoseof Convolvulus pluricaulis Chois and Evolvulus alsinoldes Linn., all being known as 'Shankhapushpi'. an important drug of indigenous system of medicine. 0537 ThamizhSelvam,N ; Praseedha,B; Nair,P K S; Sanjaya Kumar,Y R ;Saraswathy,V N;Venugopalan T N;Nair. R B. and Jaya N. A Comparative study on antimicrobial activity of various fractions of Chandraprabha Gutika and Triphala Churnuam on Urinary Tract Pathogens. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2007;Pp. 31 - 42. ABSTRACT:-A Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)is an inflammanation usually caused by bacteria or germs attacking kidneys, Bladder or urethra UTI is the most common bacterial infection in all age group and sex. The present study deals the antimicrobial potency of decoction and fractions with Methanol, Petroleum ether, Chloroform and acetone of two basic ayurvedic drugs chandraprabha and Triphala Churnam against urinary trat pathogens such as Escherichia coli. Psudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris. Streptococcus faecalis and staphylococcus aureus by Disc Diffusion methods. In overall, these fractions found to have good antibacterial activity at the concentration of 100 mg. The zone of inhibition was compared between extracts of Chandraprabha and Triphala Churnam and with standard antibiotics-Penicillin and Ciproflaxacin. Through there may be a lot of therapeutic actaivities being suspected and proved for these basic Ayurvedic drugs regarding their principle action, the one among the possible way of action has been 82

established and proved, clearly by this present study. The molecules present in the extract may have more potential activity in the real in vivo system since they are undergoing a lot of chemical changes due to various metabolic processes and the possibility of synergistic effect. 0021 Singh,N ; Dass,M; Mrs Misra,N; Singh,S P and Kohli,R P. A Pharmacological Evaluation of Abnti-Stress (Adfaptogenic)Effects of Altingia Excelsa (Silaras). BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 250 - 261. ABSTRACT:-Altingia excelsa (Silaras), was found to increase survival time of albino mice during swimming endurance test. Therefore its anti-stress (Adaptogenic) properties were studies against battery of tsts, designed for evaluation of anti-stress properties of drugs in animals models. It prevented gastric ulcers induced by differet stressors viz. restraint ulcers and aspirin-induced ulcers in rats. It protectd liver damage induced by Carbon tetrachloride in mice and rats. Milk ( a foreign protein)induced leucocytosis was also prevented in mice. The increase in adrenal weight, depletion which occur as a result of stress in the living organism were prevented by prior treatment of the drug. The drug appears to produce a state of non-specifically increased resistance (SNIR)in the animals . Thus can be usefully employed in stress induced human diseases. 0130 Gopal Hamsaveni. ;Brindha. P. and Murthy J R Krishna. A study of Unusual Neem Exudate. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 244 - 249. ABSTRACT:-Some studies on pharmacognostica, bio-chemical and microbiological features of Neem exudate were carried out on a sample collected from a neem tree at kuntrathur. The percentage of water present in the exudate was found to be 92 which is significantly higher tan the usual water content of the plant sap. Such a phenomenon is possible in the event of lenticular tranpiration. This is an unusual physiological phenomenon accuring in ever-green trees during winter. The sugars present in the cell sap under study swasa sewer than the usual today or cell sap. 0277 Shukla S P. A Study on Barbiturate Hypnosis Potentiation Effect of Different Fraction of Indigenous Plant Drug Mandukaparni (Hydrocotyle asiatica Linn.). BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 119 - 123. ABSTRACT:-The Medhya Rasayana drug, Mandukaparni ( Hydrocotyle asiatica, Linn.) shows barbiturate hypnosis potentiation effect, in its different fractions. The activity in ether fraction is statistically insignificant. 0167 Pandey H C. ;Dixit. R S. and Sharma H P. Addition to the Pharmacognosy of Kalimusli (Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.)Rhizome. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.1 & 2:March & Jun;1984;Pp. 55 - 64. ABSTRACT:-Kalimusli is an important drug of the Ayurvedic and Unani System of Medicine. Due to its efficacy in a number of ailments and its varied uses, it has drawn the attention of many scholars engaged in various fields of research. However, behaviour of the drug with different chemicals, its fluorescence characters anf Rf values are reported here for the first time, besides physical constant values and preliminary phyto-chemical investigations.

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0522 Srikanth N. ;Mangal. A K. and Lavekar G S. An Insight on Indigenous Opthalmic Medicinal Flora: An Ayurvedic Pharmacological Basis. BMBER:Vol.26:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2005;Pp. 65 - 74. ABSTRACT:-This contribution highlights hidden knowledge about various ophthalmic plant drugs scattered elsewhere in various corners of ancient literatures of Ayuveda and provides the basic knowledge concerning ophthalmic drugs found in medical classics of ancient and medieval period, which form a base for further research and validation. An attempt has also made to classify the Ayurvedic ophthalmic plants drugs based on their mode of action with Ayurvedic pharmacological basis. 0074 Prakash Anand. and Verma R K. Anabolic Activity of Steroidal Compound from Sida Rhombifolia Linn. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 266 - 276. ABSTRACT:-Sida rhombifolia Linn. named as 'Mahabala' and 'Atibala' in Sanskrit text is included in 'Panchbala'. Bala literally means the drug having tonic activity. In the present study a mixure of two dextro rotatory polyhydroxy unsaturated keto sterois was isolated from the root and serial portions of this plant and screened for its anabolic activity on albino rats. The Treated gruop of albino rats showed inrease in body weight and retention of nitrogen which was statistically significant. The tonic activity of this plant may be ascribed to the presence of these steroidal compounds. Incidntally this is the first report where the tonic ativity of any Sida species has been recorded. 0034 Pillai N R. ;Suganthan. D. and Santhakumari G. Analgesic and antipyetic actions of Nimbidin. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 393 - 400. ABSTRACT:-Nimbidin, a bitter principle isolated from neem oil has been screened to detect its potential usefulness as an analgesic and antipyretic agent in rtheumatic conditions. Analgasic activity was studied, using chemical, machanical and thermal pain stimulii, in albino mice and rats. Nimbidin, in 100 mg/kg dose level showed significant analgesic effect in all the three test models and this activity was also found to be comparable to that of the standard drugs, acetylsalicylic acid ( 100 mg/kg)and pethidine hydrochloride (50 mg/kg). Test drug 100)mg /kg)also showed significant antipyretic activity in TAB Vaccine-induced febrile rats. 0517 Shradha B S;Joshi V K;Maurya S and Singh,U P. Analysis of Phenolie Acids in different parts of Mollotus philippinensis Muell. Arg. and their correlation with therapeutic uses in Ayurveda. BMBER:Vol.26:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2005;Pp. 23 - 32. ABSTRACT:-Mallotus philippinensis is a promising drug used commonly as an anthelmintic. Also it is claimed to be effective in skin diseases. Commonly, glands and hairs of the fruit is the useful part. A literary survey of Ayurvedic classics revealed that the use of other parts-fruit, fruit oil, bark, root and flowers are also used in other diseases. As collection of glands and hairs of fruit is laborious, the other parts were screened with respective to the phenolic acid having therapeutic properties, to know if they could be any alternative. It was found that glands and hairs of fruits have higher phenolic content than others. This is the first report of phenolic acids i.e. tannic, gallic, caffeic, vanillic, ferulic, chlorogenic, cinnamic, oxalic and salicylic acids in Mallotus philippinensis. 84

0076 Pillai N R. ;Alam. Muzaffer. and Purushothaman K K. Anti Implantation Studies with Gangetin in Albino Rats. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 285 - 290. ABSTRACT:-Gangetin, a pterocarpanoid isolated from Desmodium gangeticum D.C. was screened for the antimplantation activity in albino rats by the method of khanna and Chaudhary and Bodhankar et al. (1974). The drug at the dose level of 20, 40, 80 and 160 mg/kg body showed 40 percent, 66,6 percent, 50 percent and 62.5 percent antimplantation activity respectely by the methods of Khanna and Chaudhary In the Bodhankar et. al methods the drug at the dose level of 25,50, 100 and 200 mg/kg body weight showed zero ercent, 69.3 percent, 53.8 percent and 50 percent respectively antiImplantation activity. The drug did not showe antioestrogenic action/. 0183 Ghosh D;Anantharaman M;Uma R and Shetty,B M V. Anti-fertility Activity of an Indigenous Medicine - Ayush AC - I. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 1 - 16. ABSTRACT:-Ayush AC-1 as screened for its anti-implantation activity in rats in the doses of 25, 50, 100 and 200mg/kg. None of the doses employed showed significant anti-implantation activity. However, In the doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg, resorption of implants was observed The drug showed significant toxicity in the dose of 100 mg/kg, and onwards. The drug did not show any obortifacient activity when it was administered in different stages of pregnancy. 0519 Gaidhani Sudesh. ;Anantharaman. M. and Veluchamy G. Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Indigofera Tinctoria L. on Carrageenin Induced Paw Oedema in Rats. BMBER:Vol.26:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2005;Pp. 41 - 46. ABSTRACT:-In the present study, extracts and choornam form of Indigofera tinctoria were screened for their anti-inflammatory activity on carrageenin induced paw oedema in rats. The alcoholic extracts of Indigofera tinctoria in the doses of 100 and 500 mg/kg showed 44.06 and 64.40 percent inhibition of paw oedema respectively, at the end of three hours. The chloroform extract of Indigofera tinctoria in the doses of 100,500 and 1000 mg/kg showed 21.07, 52.54 and 41.65 percent inhibition of paw oedema, respectively. The present inhibition of paw oedema with Indigofera tinctoria in choornam form was 42.68, 54.87 and 51.87 percent in the doses of 100,500 and 1000 mg/kg, respectively. The observatios revealed that Indigofera tinctoria possess anti-inflammatory activity on carrageenin induced rat paw oedema. 0533 Gaidhani S N. ;Krishnakuamri. E. and Veluchamy G. Anti-nociceptive and Anti-inflammatory activity of VSI - A Siddha coded preparation in Rats. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.27:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2006;Pp. 33 - 40. ABSTRACT:-VSI was screened for anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities in different suitable pharmacological experimental models. The analgesic effects of VSI powder was studied using acetic acid-induced writhing test, hot plate and formalin test; while anti-inflammatory effect was evaluated suing carrageenin induced hind paw oedema in rats. The VSI exhibited antinociceptive activity against the acetic acid writhing test, hot plate test and formalin induced nociception. VSI also produced significant anti-inflammatory activity against carrageenin induced acute inflammatory 85

model. The observations revealed that the VSI possesses anti-inflammatory and Anti-nociceptive activities. 0154 Kapil V B. ;Sinha. A K. and Suiha G K. Antibacterial and Antifungal Study of some Essential Oils & their Constituents from the plants of Kumaon and its Taral Tract. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 124 - 129. ABSTRACT:-The present paper deals with the antibacterial and antifungal study of certain plants of genus Mentha, Acorus, Cymbopgon,Limmophila and Hyptis. Essential oil and some of their constituents of these plants were studies by "filter paper disc diffusion technique". These plants belong to kumaon region and its Tarai tract in the State Uttar Pradesh. Results were quite encouraging. 0186 Goswami P. and Dutta A M. Bio-Chemical and Behavioural changes in Albino rats after Treatment with Thevetia neriifolia Juss. (Yellow Oleander). BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 35 - 41. ABSTRACT:-2 mgm./ml. of fine crystalized extract of Thevetia neriifolia Juss. (Yellow Oleander)was administered intramuscularly into the gluteal region of albino ratas. The consequent behaviour of animals and bio-chemical parameters, like blood glucose, total serum protein, total serum cholesterol and alkaline phosphatase were noted. the animals showed paralytic gait and there was significntly reduced respiratory rate after fifteen minutes. Significantly reduced levels of blood glucose, total serum protein, total serum cholesterol and elevated alkaline phosphates were noted one hour after administration of the extract. 0523 Siva G Vijaiyan. ;Revathy. S Sudha. and Rabee U Md.Kaiser. Bioeffcacy of the roots of Delphinium denudatum (Dd)Wall, against Curvularia Iunata. JDRAS formaly know as BMBER:Vol.27:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2006;Pp. 1 - 10. ABSTRACT:-The present work was aimed to determine the bioefficacy of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of the roots of Delphinium denudatum against a pathogenic fungus, Curvularia lunata. Aqueous and ethanolic extracts were obtained by standard methods and various concentrations were tested against the pathogenic fungi by disc diffusion method. The crude samples were further screened using thin layer chromatographic method and confirmed by Spectroscopic analysis. //Both aqueous and ethanolic extracts significantly inhibited the growth of Curvularia lunata. 0365 Joshi G C;Tiwari K C;Pande N K and Pandey,G. Bryophytes the Source of the Origin of Shilajatu - A New Hypothesis. BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 106 - 111. ABSTRACT:-In the past researches it has been proved that the Shilajit, exuding from the rocks of mountains basically derived from vegetative sources. But an absolutely right source of the origin of Shilajit is still under controvery. In the present study a new hypothesis has been given and suggested that bryophytes are the basic source of the origin of Shilajit. This hypothesis provide a valuable clues towards this mystery and also stengthen the vegetative origin of Shilajit. 0127 Khosa R L. ;Lal. V K. and Wahi A K. Comparative Pharmacognostical studies on Polygonatum verticillatum Allioni and Polygonatum Cirrifolium Royle. 86

BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 221 - 230. ABSTRACT:-The histological and fluorescence charaters of the roots and rhizomes of P.verticillatum Allioni and P.cirrifolium Royle along with their ash and extractive values are presented with an aim to identify and differentiate them from each other. 0526 Gurav A M;Chaudhari B G;Sathe M V and Singh,S P. Comparative Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical study of Root Tubers of Chlorophytum Tubeosum (Roxb.)Baker, C Borivilliamum Sant & Fernand and C. Laxum R. Br. JDRAS formaly know as BMBER:Vol.27:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2006;Pp. 40 - 62. ABSTRACT:-Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.)Baker, C. borivillianum Sant. & Fernand. and C. laxum R.Br. are generally considered as the safe musli yielding main species of Chlorophytum. The tuberous roots are being used as a well-known tonic and an aphrodisiac. C. borivillianum is being cultivated on large scale especially in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra etc. the present paper deals with the comparative pharmacognostic and physico-chemical study of these three species, which & will be useful for checking adulteration and substitution in the market. 0023 Seshadri,C ; Sitaraman,R; Revathi,R; Radhakrishna Pillai,S and Venkataaraghavan,S. Effect of Aqueous and Alcoholic Extact of the Berries of Embelia Ribes on Biochemical changes in Liver, Bloodplasma and Male Reprodctive Organs in Adult Rats - A Preliminary study. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 272 - 280. ABSTRACT:-The aqueous and alcoholic extracts of tahe berries of Embelia ribes have been assessed for their effect on the blood plasma, liver tissue and male reproductive orgnain adult male rats using ponderal,biochemical and histological parametaer. The study indicated thata these extracts at the dose level and duration of time tested did not possess any toxicity at the cellular level and did not alter the functional integrity of the male reproductive organs. 0210 Gopal R Hamsaveni;Sarada A;Rani Girija and Purushothaman,K K. Effect of Myristica fragrans Houtt. oil on Fungi. BMEBR:Vol.7:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1986;Pp.74 - 77 ABSTRACT:-The volatile oil arils of Myristica fragrans Houtt. was tested for its antifungal activity against fungi involved in food spoilage and found to be effective at 1.3 percent level and above. 0062 Verma O P;Kumar Santosh;Jain H C and Srivastava,Surabhi. Effects of Portulaca quadrifida (Purslane)Seed Extract on the Reproductive Organs of Male Albino Mice - A Histlogical study. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 126 - 134. ABSTRACT:-The Histological changes appeared in the testis, epididymes and seminal vesicles after the subcutaneous adminitration of 15 and 20 doses (50mg/mouse/alternate day)of P.guadrifida seed extract have been studied. The administration of extract resulted in the mass atrophy of the spermatogenic elements and the testicular stages were left with only 1 - 2 cell layers. Epididymal epithelium was regresses and the lumine were either devoid of spermatozoa or contained debris. The treatment caused involution of seminal vasicle. In conclusion, the 87

administration of alcoholic extract of P. Quadrifida seed induced an inferlity state in male albino mice. 0211 Gopal R Hamsaveni. and Purushothaman K K. Effecty of few plant Isolates and Extracts on Bacteria. BMEBR:Vol.7:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1986;Pp. 78 - 83. ABSTRACT:-Twenty plant isolateslextrats have been tried for their activity as growth promotor or inhibitor on bacteria. Of these four showed inhibitory activity, one growth promoting activity and other fiften seemed to be ineffective at the tried dose levels. 0024 Bhardwaj Santosh. ;Mathur. R. and Agarwal O P. Estrogenicity of Fruit of Cassia fistula Linn. and its effect on implantation in female albino rats. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 281 - 286. ABSTRACT:-The ethanolic extract of the fruit of Cassia fistula Linn showed a significant estrogenic activity in ammature female albino rats. Administration of this extract at different doses revealed anti-implantation activity was observed at the dose of 600 mg/kg of body weight. The anti-fertility activity of this extract may be due to its asrtrogenic nature. 0527 Raut Subhash Y. and Ray Arnab. Evaluation of Haemocoagulation Property of Mesua nagassarium. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.27:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2006;Pp. 63 - 72. ABSTRACT:-Aqueous, alcoholic, and acetone extracts of nagakeshara (Mesua nagassarium) were prepared for the present study as per the references. Aqueous extract failed to show any coagulation effect when prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time were preformed with it. These tests could not be performed with it. These tests could not be performed with alcoholic and acetone drug extracts as these solvents instantaneously caused precipitation of plasma proteins. Nephelometry was tired alternatively. It showed positive result; it also excluded the effect of solvents in the drug extract. Clotting time (by capillary method)showed encouraging results. The results were statistically evaluated for their significance. 0005 Lal J. Foliar Pharmacognosy of Portulaca quadrifida Linn. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.1:March;1980;Pp. 46 - 54. ABSTRACT:-The leaf of P.quadrifida Linn. has been pharmacognostically investigated and the plant is reported to be useful as remedy in many ailments like dysuria, erysipelas, burns, scalds and various forms of skin diseases. The details macro & microscopic studies,fluorescence anaysis of the powdered drug, quantitatvie microscopic examinations and mircochemical tests were performed to help Identify the drug when adulterated or substituted. 0449 Gopal V. Good Manufacturing Practices in the Indian System of Medicine - A Pharmacognosist Perspective. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 1 - 9. ABSTRACT:-Interest in the Indian System of Medicine (ISM)has increased enormously over the last quarter century. World wide the general public has become increasingly interested in ISM medicine and has been acquiring the same for a 88

plethora of various retail outlets. Parallel with this, considerable legislation has been introduced to control the sale, quality and efficacy of such products. One among these recent legislations is the introduction of Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)in ISM. GMP has a background of ever increasing specialization and hence the terminology current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP)is more appropriate. Modern pharmaceutical science, due to its global acceptance especially after the post industrial era has taken the position that all indigenous systems of medicine evolved from different cultural roots have to be reviewed systematically by modern scientific parameters. Integrating modern pharmacy and Indian system of Medicine will accelerate our steps towards achieving "health for all". In this direction a small step has been taken through this guest lecture "Good manufacturing Practices in the Indian System of Medicine - a Pharmacognosist perspective." The 22nd World Health Assembly adopted in July 1969 a statement on "Good Practices in the manufacture and quality control of drugs". It has taken approximately thirty one years for GMP to percolate from modern medicine to ISM in its present form. As per the June 23, 2000, Gazette of India all the existing herbal industries should follow the GMP pattern for production and a grace period of two years is given for existing units. However, registered/qualified Vaidyas /Siddhas / Hakims who dispense medicines to their patients by preparing themselves and not selling drugs in the market are exempted from the purview of the GMP. 0199 Singh A K. ;Tripathi. S N. and Prasad G C. Hormonal Response of Thyroid Gland to Commiphora Mukul and LATS in Tissue Culture. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 155 - 164 ABSTRACT:-Prelablled mice thyroid gland in vivo was cultivated in organotype of culture for eight days. The histological structure of the cultivated explants and its function was measured in terms of radio-actaivity released by tahe gland into the media. When similar thyroid axplants were grown in media containing petroleum ether extract of Commiphora mukul or LATS. there was a significant increase in the turn over of radio-activity into the media. Beside hypertrophy and hyperplasia of thyroid cell were also observed. This indicates that C. mukul directly stimulates thyroid gland and the process of stimulation is comparable to that of LATS. 0019 Pillai N R;Ghosh D;Uma R and Anansakumar,A. Hypoglycaemic Activity of Coccinia Indica W & A. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 234 - 242. ABSTRACT:-In the present study, both the juice and aqeuous extract of various parts of Coccina indica W & A and fruits of Coccinia Indica Var. palmate W & A were studied systematically for thier hypoglycaemic activity in rabbits. / The Juice and decoction of leaves and stem of Coccinia indica W & A and decoction of the fruit of 20 mg/kg dose level showed significant hypoglycaemic response in fasting rabbits. But the fruits of Coccinia Indica Var. palmata found to be more potent than that of Coccinia indica W & A. The root of the plant did not show any activity.

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0208 Agarwal R G. ;Singh. J. and Tiwary D N. Identification of Danti Beej. BMEBR:Vol.7:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1986;Pp. 49 - 61. ABSTRACT:-The source of plant drug "Danti" has been well established as Baliospermum montanum Muell. Arg.,but due to similarity in nomenclature synonyms and therapeutic alliedness in the classical texts, the seeds of another plant species commonly known as "Jaipal" or "Jamalgota" and botanically required with Croton riglium Linn. are also being used as "Danti-beej". In the present investigation a simple method of identification of seeds and oil of B.montanum Muell-Arg. from C. tiglium linn. based on T L C pattern have been reported, along with salient moarphological characters of the seeds of two plant species. These two plant drugs have also been studied on certain selected paramerters for establishig their standards of identify and purity. 0338 Chaudhari R G;Dave Miss K K;Vachharajani Y R and De,Subrata. Identity of Commercial Parasika Yavani in Gujarat. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1993;Pp. 56 - 63. ABSTRACT:-Parasika yavani, the drug of vegetable origin has been use in Ayurveda, Siddha asa well as Unani system of medicine in many popular formulations. The leaves, seeds as well as flowering. Tops are the official part of use. As per the available literature - Hyosyamus Niger Linn. and H.Mutius Linn. Belonging to the family Solanaceae are the official source plants of Parasika yavani. But the crude drug sold and used under the name in the crude drug market in Gujarat is totally different from the soure of plants in the present paperan attempt has been made to survey and establish the correct botanical identity of the commercial material available in the Gujarat. The preliminary photochemical aspect such as ash value, ash analysis, phytochemical test for different constituents, flourescene analysis, T.L.C. study of the identified drug has also been dealt with. Hence, the identity of the drug is also confirmed chemically by performing comparative study of commercial parasika yavani and Cleome viscosa L Seeds. 0551 Majumder R. and Bhattacharya R C. Identity of some Doubtful Drugs Used in Assam. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 45 - 53. ABSTRACT:-In the present paper, authors have been the identity of some doubtful medicinal plants in Assam along with their botanical descriptions, local name, Sanskrit name, Dravyaguniya description based on Brihattrayi, Bhavaprakash Raja Nighantu and Anandakanda. 0514 Mangal Manisha;Singh A K;Raina Vishal and Sharma,Dheera. In Vitfro Corm Formation in Crocus Sativus L. BMBER:Vol.26:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2005;Pp. 68 - 73. ABSTRACT:-Saffron, a highly valued crop. Which flowers in autumn, is of medicinal importance as well economically important because of its red stigmatic lobes. It is a sterile genotype, which reproduces only vegetatively by corms. In vitro corm formation has been achieved at the base of shoots differentiated from corm sections on MS medium fortified with 0.5 mg/1 BAP and 0.5 mg/1 IIA. The resultant corms have been found to be globular, well-developed and about 1-2 cm in diameter.

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0059 Kakrani H K. In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oils of Commiphora mukul and Commiphora roxburghii. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 100 - 107. ABSTRACT:-In the present invesigation the essential oils obtained bysteam distillation of the oleo-gum-resins from Commiphora mukul and Commiphora roxhburghil were tested for their antibacterial and antifungal activity against representative pathogenic microbes. Both the oils were found to be moderately active against these bacteria and fungi, as compared to standard penicillin (100 units/ml)and griscofulvin (1000 ppm)/ The maximum activity of both oils and their respective dilution was againstS. Citrious and least against S. Typl with C. Mukul oil and S. paratyphi with C. roxburghii. / The essential oil of C. mukul was found to be more fugitoxic than that of C.roxburghii. The maximum activity of these oils was against R.oryzae. P.liliacinum. A niger and S. caribergensis. 0329 Kulkarani Sandhya S. ;Yelne. M B. and Sharma P C. In Vitro Propagation of Kutaja (Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall.). BMEBR:Vol.13:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1992;Pp. 154 - 165. ABSTRACT:-Leaf, root and stem explants taken from seedings of Holarrhena antidtsenterica Wall. were cultured on M S medium supplemented with IAA, NAA, 2,4-D,Kn of BAP alone or in combination of IAA+ Kn or 2,4-D+Kn.IAA )2.0 mg/liter was found to be most favourable for callusing in root and stem and 2,4-D (o.5 mg/ liter)in leaf explants. Explantrs taken from leaf, root and inter-nodal part of stem did not show regeneration of shoots, but the explants consisting of nodal segments of stem regenerated two shoots on medium supplemented with IAA (1.0 mg/liter ). On transfer to medium containing 3.0 mg.liter of IAA the shoots developed roots, leading to formation of complete plantlets. Stepwise transfer of the plantlets from the medium to vermiculite and then to soil was found necessary for proper jardening and survival. 0407 Shantha T R. ;Pattanasetty. J K. and Sudha R. Microscopic and Physico Analysis of Kazharchchi Chooynam - A Sisha preparation. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 75 - 81. ABSTRACT:-Kazharchchi choornam is one of the important preparations used in Siddha system of medicine. The ingredients entering into this preparation were microscopically examined separately and Kazharchchi choornam as a whole was also subjected to microscopic and chemical analysis and by comparing the characters with the individual drugs. This type of studies will help in identification and also establishing the authenticity of the compound preparations by laying down the pharmacopoeial standards. 0303 Billore K V. Note on the confused Identity and Nomenclature of Commiphora Species. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1991;Pp. 87 - 90. ABSTRACT:-In the present note an attempt has been made to clarify the confusion on the nomenclature and identity of Commiphora agallocaha Engl. it is also indicated that V. berryii (Arn.)Engl. is a distinct species from C. agallocha Engl. restrited to South India.

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0136 Dennis T J. Occurrence of Hither to Unrecorded Manganese in Momordica Charantia Linn (Karavella). BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 289 - 291. ABSTRACT:-Momordica charantia Linn. (Sanskrit-Karavella ) is an important plant in the India Systems of Medicine. Fruits are also widely used as vegetables and are a rich source of nutrition. The present study is aimed at the detection of the presene of Manganese in the fruit of Momordica charantia Linn. 0342 Upadhya Anuradha S. ;Vartak. V D. and Kumbhojkar M S. On the Identity of Market Samples of the Drug Kakadshingi. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1993;Pp. 85 - 88. ABSTRACT:-'Kakadshingi' is a reputed Ayurvedic drug. It is used in compound Ayurvedic preparations, as also by local medico-practitioners and sold in crude drug market. Literature survey reveals that galls harbouring species Pistacia integrrema and Terminalia chebula are known as ' Kakadshing'. One more source viz. Garuga pinnata (Kakad) has been pointed out by local practitioner as source of Kakadshing'. The drug samples of this drug were also collected from Pune crude drug market. Comparative macroscopic and microcopic study of all species is presented in this short communication. 0371 Sasikala E. ;Ali. S Usman. and Kundu A B. On the Pharmacognosy of Clerodendrum inerme (L.)Gaertner-Leaves. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.1 & 2:Jan. to June,;1995;Pp. 44 - 53. ABSTRACT:-Thye Plant Clerodendrum inerme (L.)Gaertner family Verbwenaceae is used in Siddha medicine and in folk medicial practice under the names 'Chankankuppi' and 'Pechangn'. In Sanskrit it is 'Kshudraagnimantha'. The leaves are used for their antipyretic, antibiotic, antiinflammatory, sedative, anthelminitic and diuretic properties. In Siddha medicine, the drug enters into the composition of 'Meganatha thaila' prescribed for leucorrhoea, colic, chancres, skin diseases, leprosy and rheumatic iffections. Despite such extensive use in indigenous medicine, it is found that no pharmacognostic work has been carried out on this drug and hence the present contribution. The present communication discusses the pharmacognostic anatomy of the leaf, quantitative microscopic constants, preliminary phytochemical screening. histochemical and fluorescence analysis of the drug. 0406 Sasikala Ethirajulu. and Rao R Bhima. On the Pharmaognosy of Azima tetracantha Lam. Leaves. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 66 - 74. ABSTRACT:-Azima tetracantha Lam. Of the Salvadoraceae is the 'Kundali' of Ayurveda and 'Ichangan' or 'Mutchagan' of Siddha system of medicine. It is recorded as a powerful diuretic, given in rheumatism, dropsy, dyspepsia and chronic diarrhoea and as a stimulant tonic, after confinement. It is used as single drug or as an ingredient in formulations indicated mainly in the diseases of uriogenital system. The present communication discusses the pharmacognostic anatomy of the leaf, quantitative microscopy, preliminary phytochemical screening, physical constants and fluorescence analysis of the drug.

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0409 Malik Waid U. and Ahmad Shakil. pH-Metric Studies on the Interaction of Tahashir Sol with Proteins. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 89 - 96. ABSTRACT:-Studied pH-metric titration results of Tabashir Sol with haemoglobin, soyabean protein, casein and a-casein, and the order of binding, of tabashir sol with per gram of various above proteins are reported in the present article. 0083 Datta S K. and Datta P C. Pharacognostic study of Jatropha stem Bark. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 336 - 345. ABSTRACT:-Present communication deals with the diagnostic characters of bark drugs of Jatropha gossypifolia L. with Pharmacognostic evaluation (confirmation of active principles present therein)and compares with J curcas L. with the view of check the probable adulterants. This study includes macro and micromorphology, powder microscopy, U.V. fluorescence nature, histo-chemical colour reactions, determination of physical constants to characterise the authentic sample, so that the probable adulterants can be checked. 0466 Chaudhari,B G ; Yelne,M B; Dennis,T J; Borse,S G;Nathekar,J S;Pawar R Y and Sharma. P C. Pharacognostic study of medasaka - Litsea glutinosa (Lour.)C.B. Ribins - stem Bark. BMEBR:Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2001;Pp. 39 - 46. ABSTRACT:-Macrosopically the drug consists of the dried variable sized stembark pieces upto 0.5cm. in thickness, flat to slightly curved or recurved, outer surface more or less scaly with few lenticels, inner surface faintly longitudinally striated, taste astringent and distinctly mucilagenous. Microscopically it present outermost multilayered cork followed by wide phelloderm, with scattered patches of lignified scclerids, many mucilage cells and tannin cells, secondary phloem wide with phloem fibres groups as well as isolated single cells, and phloem traversed by phloem rays. Physico-chemical study particularly ash value acid insoluble ash and alcohol soluble extract in respect of the sample reveals not much marked values; phytochemically the drug shows the presence of starch, tannin, saponen,proteins, sugars, mucilage and alkaloids; thin layer chromatographic findings gave most satisfactory result in the solvent system chloroform: methanol (50:50); which gave five Rf value of 0.10,0.30,0.46, 0.64 and 0.74 with iodine vapour and eight spots of Rf values 0.06; 0.20; 0.31; 0.54; 0.59;0.74; 0.85; 0.91 with 10 percent sulphuric acid as a spray reagents. These datra will be helpful in the identification and standarsdisation of this drug. 0003 Brindha P;Sasikala B;Rao R Bhima and Purushothaman,K K. Pharmacognostic studies on Solanum trilobatum L. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.1:March;1980;Pp. 25 - 36. ABSTRACT:-The Papderpresents a brief pharmacognosticreport on study of Solonum rilobotum L(Fam: Solanaxeae)as used in the Indigenous System of Medicine for deadly diseases like cancer and tuberculosis. 0004 Sharma A R. and Nayar R C. Pharmacognostical studies on the Root and Rhizome of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.)Solms. - The Water-Hyacinth+. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.1:March;1980;Pp. 37 - 45. 93

ABSTRACT:-Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.)Solms.(Fam: Pontaderiaceae), commonly known as the water-hyacinth is reported as a good source for phytosterols like B-sitosterol, stigmasterol, and compestaerol, Flavonoods and quercetain have also been reported from this Plant. The fresh leaves of the plants contain as high as 52.1-58 percent mg of carotaene per kilogram. This plant is used as a substitute for Jala Kumbha (Pistia stratoides Linn). The preasent study deals with the pharmacognostical details of the root and rhizome viz. macro and microscopical studies alongwith preliminary phytochemical tests and fluorescence analysis. 0007 Dennis T J;Yadava B B L;Joseph T G and Mishra,K P. Pharmacognostic Study of the Gum Oleo-Resin of Commiphora wightii (Arn.)Bhand. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.1:March;1980;Pp. 72 - 79. ABSTRACT:-In the present study an attempt has been made to study the pharmacognosic features of the gum aleo-resin. A brief account of the crude drug and the physico-chemical characteretics alongwith the T L C and G L C pattern of essential all have been conducted and hitherto unknow presence of copyophyllene as one of the constituents of the essential oil has been identified. 0014 Mitra R. and Mehrotra S. Pharmacognostical study of Plaksha - 1 Stem Bark of Ficus virens Ait. (Moraceae). BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 179 - 195. ABSTRACT:-Plaksha of Ayurvda is represented by different species of ficus viz F. amplissima Sm., Ficus virens Ait. F.talbotatai King in different parts of the countary. Ficus amplissima Sm. is considered to be plaksha mostly in South India and also in Sri Lanka but in greater part of India. Plaksha is supposed to be ficus virens Ait. Bark occurs in slightaly curved pleces, outer surface being darkish grey in colour and rough and inner surface brown and smooth. Microscopically mature bark shows an alkaloid and saponin. 0016 Singh Pratap. and Srivastava G N. Pharmacognostic study of Leaf and Stem of Costus speciosus (Koen)Sm. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 203 - 212. ABSTRACT:-The spiral disposition of leaves on the stem may be clock-wise as well as anti-clock-wise. The lamina is glabrous ventraly and pubescent dorsaly. The highly deveopead hypodermisis conspicuous by the presence of polyedral crystals of calcuim oxalate in its calls while the calls of the bundle sheath are characterised by the presence of druse of stellate siliceous stegmata. Some of the calls of the mesophyll contain brown oleoreesinous or microsphenoidal granules. Presence of sapogenins has also been detected. The variations in micrometricconstants arae non-significant and suggest the size of the leaves depend more on the climate and soil of geograaphic location of the plant other than the degree of its polyploidy as opens by subrahmanyam (1978)/ he stem is characterised by the presence of a prosenchymatous ring demarcating the hypodermis from the ground issue and a ring of vascular bundles along this ring Sapogenins also occur in the stem. 0017 Lal J. Pharmacognostical study on the market Sample of the Leaf of Ustukhudus. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 213 - 222. ABSTRACT:-Two Plants viz Lavabdula stochas Linn and Prunella vulgaris Linn. are mentioned in the literature under the name of Ustukhudus. One more plant viz. Lavandula dentata Linn. is used as a Ustukhudus in some part of India. The present 94

paper deals with the Pharmacognostical studies on the market sample f Ustukhudus procured from Dawakhana. A K Tibbiya College , Aligarh, the possible botonical source of which is Lavandula stoechas. 0029 Mehrotra Shanta. and Mitra R. Pharmacognostical Studies on Priyal-(Buchanawnia Lanzan Spreng) Leaf. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 338 - 352. ABSTRACT:-The Paper deals with detailed pharmacognosy of the leaf of Priyal which is unanimously attributed to the plant species Buchanania Lanzan Spring belonging to the family Anacardiaceae. The drug is valued for its tonic and cardiotonic properties and the powdered leaves are a common medicine for wounds among the hill tribes of M P Leaves are long, thick with prominent lateral veins, microscopically showing thick cuticle, coverng trichomes rosette erystals of calcium oxalate, secretory canals and abundant broenish contents. Preliminary phytochemical tests show the prsence of alkaloids, tannins, saponirs, reducing sugars, triterponoids and flavonoids. 0030 Dennis T J. ;Billore. K V. and Mishra K P. Pharmacognostic study on Gum Oleo-Resin of Boswellia serrata Roxb. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 353 - 360. ABSTRACT:-The fragrant gum oleo-resin of Boswellia serrata Roxb, is a well known Ayurvedic drug used in fevers, uterine disorders, respiratory diseases, syphilis,gonorrhoea, etc. The present paper presents pharmacognostic details of the crude drug gum oleo-resin. hither to unreported. A brief account of the crde drug and its physicochemical characteristaaics along with two dimensional thin layer chromatography and gas liquid chromatography pattern of the gum rleo-resin has also been included. 0038 Mukharjee A K. ;Khosa. R L. and Wahi A K. Pharmacognostical studies on Adiantum caudatum Linn. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 428 - 433. ABSTRACT:-In the Ayurvedic Literature Adiantum caudatum Linn. (Mayurshikha)is mentioned to be used extensivedly for cough, faver, diabetes and skin diseases. In the present article pharmacognostical studies of its rachis and pinnae have been presented. 0043 Issar R K. Pharmacognostic study of three Parasitic Herbs (Cassytha filiformis Linn., Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. and Cuscuta Chinensis Lamk.)used differently in traditional systems of medicine. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 478 - 493. ABSTRACT:-Three different parasitic herbs viz Cassytha filiformis LInn. (Family Lauraceae), Cusscta reflaxa Roxb. and Cuscuta chinensls Lamk. (Family : Cusecutaceae)are found to be used as AAKASHEBEL and AFTIMOON in different traditional systems of Medicine. Comparative pharmacognostical studies of the authentic samples of these plant parasites and their market / pharmacy drug samples was undertaken. Tis included macroscopical and microscopical characters of different available samples and estimation of their chemical constituents and ash values etc. This being first work of its kind will help in the identification of the drug samples in natural state and as well as in the powdered form.

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0044 Nayar R C. ;Siddiqual. S H. and Vohora S B. Pharmacognostical studies on Unani Drug Poast-E-Sam, bhalu (Vitex negundo Linn.-bark). BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 494 - 505. ABSTRACT:-The present study is an attempt to lay down the pharmacognostical and phytochemical stadards of the bark of Vltex negundo Linn. A drug uswed in Unani System of Medicine./ Macro and microscopic characters along with the phytochemical parameters provided help in identifying the crude drug. 0045 Wahi A K. ;Khosa. R L. and Mukherjee A K. Pharmacognostical studies on Vallaris solanacea O. Ktze. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 506- 524. ABSTRACT:-The Paper reports the pharmacognostic details relating to Vallaris soianacea O. Ktze. ( Fam: Apocynaceae): fluorescence charaterstics as well as chemical tests carried out are also mentioned. 0068 Joseph T G;Dennis T J;Billore K V and MIshra,K P. Pharmacognostic study of Fagonia Cretica Linn. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 203 - 218. ABSTRACT:-The macro and microscopic structure of fagenia cretica Linn. are studies and the details of the distribution of the barious tissues of the root. stem and leaf have been described in this paper. Fluorescence analysis and physical constants like ash value, acid insoluble ash, alcohol and water souble extractive and crude fibre content are also studies. 0070 Agarwal V K. ;Wahi. S P. and Wahi A K. Pharmacognostical Studies on Bark of Millingtonia hortenis Linn. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 229 - 241. ABSTRACT:-The present paper presents the macro and microscopical studies of bark of millngtonia hortensis Linn. ash and extractive values determination. 0084 Murty Y S. and Varma S K. Pharmacognostic study of JAtropha Stem BArk. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 346 - 363. ABSTRACT:-The Present paper includes the pharmacognostic or detective microscopic studies on leaves stems and roots of three species of Barleria Linn. Barleria prionitis Linn. Barieria cristata Linn. and Barleria lupulina Lindl. Slam. are extensively used in indigenous system of medicine. Specially for treatmen to cough and fever. Although these three species resemble in some anatomical characters of leaves. stems and roots they differ from each other in certain charaters of leaf ( shape and size of epidermal cells, the stematal index, size and distribtion of nonglandular hairs, size of cyctoliths and areoles and presence of absence of idioblasts)stem (vesel length and diameter, arrangement of pits on vessel walls and proportion of solitary vessels to vessel aggregates)and root Vessel diameter or absence of brownish deposition in fibres and many vessels). These differences are sufficient to distinguish the three species from one another. 0096 Agarwal V K. and Wahi S P. Pharmacognostical Studies on the stem and Leaf Ageratum conyzoides Linn. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.4:Dec.;1981;Pp. 33 - 46. 96

ABSTRACT:-The present paper deals with the macro-and microscipocal studies of ageratum conyzoides Linn. alnog with their fluorescence, quantitative values determination. 0098 Afaq S H;Masoodi A R;Tariq M and Ahmed,M. Pharmacognostical and Phyto-chemical Standardisation of berries of Myrtus communis Linn. (Habul Aas). BMEBR:Vol.2:No.4:Dec.;1981;Pp. 62 - 73. ABSTRACT:-The present work was conducted to establish the Pharmacognostical an phyto-chemical standard of the drug, "Habul-Aas". The market sample of the drug has been identified as the berries of Myrtus communis Linn. (Myrtaceae)after cultivation. The macroscopy and microscopy and the measurements of the different cells have been reported. The alcoholic and water extracts of the drug obtained separately contain carbohydrate, glycoside, oil, resin, reducing and non-reducing sugars, sterols and tannins. The extractive values were estimated as 2.16 percent in per ether, 1.18 percent in ether. 0.40 percent in chloroform, 0.06 percent in benzene, 22.68 percent in alcohol, and 8.10 percent in water. The TLC studies of these extracts have been made and the RF value have been reported. The berries also contain ash 1.70 percent acid insoluble ash 0.29 percent, water soluble ash 0.88 percent reducing sugars 1.32 percent nitrogen 3.66 percent resin along with seeds 1.67 perent resin with out seeds 0.81 percent, moisture 17.33 percent and fixed oil 15.4 percent, Sp.gr. of the oil was 0.864, acid value 2.30 percent,saponification value 286.4, iodine value 124.6 and R I D 1,4749. The flourescence analysis of the drug has also been recorded. 0099 Brindha P. ;Rukmani. B. and Purushothaman K K. Pharmacognostic studies on Anisomeles malabarica R.Br. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.4:Dec.;1981;Pp. 74 - 84. ABSTRACT:-Present article deals with the study of Pharmacognostical characters of Anisomeles malabarica R.Br. belonging to family Labiatae. It is a potent drug of Ayurveda and Siddha system. In Sanskrit it is called Vaikunta, Almool and Bhutankusha, while in Siddha as peymiratti. Every part of this species is medicinal. The plant contain Essential oil, diterpenoid, which possess anti-cancer properties. 0111 Brindha P. ;Sasikala. B. and Purushothaman K K. Pharmacognostic Studies on "Merugan Kizhangu". BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 84 - 96. ABSTRACT:-A brief pharmaognostic study of "Merugan Kizhangu" a reputed Siddha drug is discussed. Botanical name of the drug is Alocasia Indica Schort. Its leaves are large and attractive. The drug is very useful in Anasarca and is also diuretic. 0124 Agarwal V K. Pharmacognostical studies on the leaf of Clerodendrum infortunatum Linn. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 197 - 204. ABSTRACT:-Clderodendrum infortunatum Linn. ("Bhaut" or "Bhantaka") found throughout the country has been in use for same medicinal purpose. It has been subjected for chemical and Pharmacological investigations by several research workers therefore it will be useful to have the pharmacognostical data for the proper Identification of the medicinal part which is reported here. 97

0125 Wahi A K. ;Khosa. R L. and Mohan Yogesh. Pharmacognostical Studies on the Root of Viburnum nervosum Hook. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 205 - 211. ABSTRACT:-In the present investigaion. Pharmacogonostical studies on the root of Viburnum nervosum Hook, has been carried out along with Fluorescence Characteristics, Chemical tests, Ash and Extractaive values. 0126 Datta S K. ;Datta. Karabi. and Datta P C. Pharmacognostic Evaluation of Root Bark of Emblica Officinalis Gaertn. (Euphorbiaceae). BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 212 - 220. ABSTRACT:-Emblica officinalis Caertin tree occurs throughout india. In Hindi, it is known as "Amla" and "Aeoneila". Root brak of this tree is being used in diarrhoea. bronchitis and allied pharmaceutical uses. This paper describe Macro-and Micromorphology, Histo-chemistry, Physical constant. UV, fluorescence of the root bark. This study will help in ascertaining Identity and evaluation of the genuine "Amla" bark drugs. 0140 Akhtar,Parwaiz ; Zaid,A H; Rao,K N; Nyar,S Ramachandran;Ahmed,Shamshad and Vohora S B. Pharmacognostic studies on Unani drug "Gul-E-Mundi" (Sphaeranthus indicus Linn. - Inflorescence). BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 29 - 40. ABSTRACT:-Gul-E-Mundi (Sphaeranthus indicus, Linn. - the capitulm.)a reputed Unani drug is claimed to possess altrerative, refrigerant, tonic and emmenagogue properties. The drug forms an ingredient of various Unani preparations like. Tiryaq-I-Faruq used in nervous disorders; Sharbat Ushbas Khas used in gout and skin diseases: Arq Murakhab Musaffikhum used in syphilis, gonorrhoea and other infection diseases; Arq Mndi used a a tonic and Majun Mundi used in purulent infections. Pharmacognostic and phytochemical standards of the of the drug are presented to help in the identification of genuine sample. The occurance of flavonoid is reported probably far the first time. 0153 Krishnamurthy K H. and Kannabiran B. Pharmacognostic Studies on the Leaves of Caesalpinia crista Linn. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec;1983;Pp. 117- 123. ABSTRACT:-The leaves of Caesalpnia crista known as Kazharchi Kodi in Siddha Literature has gained importance recently in view of its reported anti fertility properties. They are grown as hedge plants becase of thei areong and recurved prickles. The leaves are large and bipinnate, bearing the prickles in primary and secondary rachi. Some of the significant microsopic characterstics are ; 1. Rachis :deposition of heavy cuticle, sparsely distributed non-glandular jairs, continuous ring of inner sclerenchymatous ground tissues; 2. Leaflet : - larger epidermal cells of abaxial surfacewith few non-glandular hairs and frequent anomocytic and less anisocytic stomata and smaller cells of the adaxial side devoid of any hair and stoma. 0177 Eahi S P. ;Tantipokin. Miss A. and Sinha P. Pharmacognostical Studies on Leaf of Aganosma (Roth) K Schhum. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec.,;1984;Pp. 148 - 158. 98

ABSTRACT:-The macro and the microscopcal characters of the aganosma dichtoma (Roth) K. Sehum. along with the numerical values. fluorescence characristics and physical constants have been studies with a view to bringing out its pharmacognostical charactaeristics. Preliminary physto-chemical studies have also been presented. 0178 Sinha Mrs P. ;Wahi. S P. and Prasad R R. Pharmacognostical studies on Euphorbia thymifolia Linn. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec.,;1984;Pp. 159 -170. ABSTRACT:-Euphorbia thymifalia Linn., an important drug of indigenous system of medicine has been used traditionally in skin diseases, intestinal worns and asthma. Present investigation deals with macro and microscopical charaters of stem and leaf of Euphorbia thymifolia Linn. alongwith quantitative values of the leaf and fluorescence characteristics of the whole plant. Total, water soluble and acidinsoluble ash and water and alcohol soluble extractive of the whole plant have also been determined. 0188 Palanichamy S. and Nagarajan S. Pharmacognostic studies on Leucaena glauca Benth. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 47 - 57. ABSTRACT:-The macro-and microscopical characters of the various parts of Leucaena glauca Benth. have been investigated. 0219 Gupta R C. Pharmacognostical Studies on Shvet Sharpunkha Tephrosia Villosa Pers. BMEBR:Vol.7:No.3 & 4:June & Dec,;1986;Pp. 151 - 184. ABSTRACT:-Tephorsia villosa (Linn.)Pers. (Leguminosae), a diffused under shrub, is known to present-day Ayurvedic physicians as 'Shvet Sharpunkha' for its silky white parts. Besides various uses of the plant in the Ayurvedic system of medicine, its root is considered curative in diabetes and its leaves in dropsy. The present communication deals with detailed pharmacognosy of the above species and includes morphoogical, histological, as well ascertain physicochemical characters of all vegetative parts. Some salient microsopical characters are the presence of a di-to-triarch stele in the primary root and phellogen formation in the pericycle, accurrence of phloemfibres and ceratenchyma in the phloem and paratracheal xylem parenchyma in the xylem, characteristic angular outline of the young stem with Interal winged expansion, vasculature variation in the rachis and mixed anomocytic and anisocytic astomata with a stomatal index of 17.8 on the adaxial surface and 20.06 on its abaxial. Aqueous extracts of the root, stem and leaf, treated separately with a mixture of acetic acid and sulphuric acid, show dirty violet colour in the former and brown in the later two. fluorescence analysis, TLC pattern of extractives; and ash values along with percentage extractives also help in distinguishing this species. 0254 Afaq S H. ;Husain. W. and Latif A. Pharmacognostic Studies on Anagallis aevensis LInn. BMEBR: Vol.9:No.1 & 2: March, & June,; 1988;Pp. 58 - 67. ABSTRACT:-Anagallis arvensis Linn. Commonly known as Jonkmari is an important drug used in Indian System of medicine for various ailments. The detailed macroscopy of the root, stem and leaves of this plant have been discussed in this paper. The extractive values in different solvents, ash values and flourescence analysis of the drug have also been given. 99

0265 Palanichamy S. and Nagarajan S. Pharmacognostic studies on 'BHARDWAJI' Hibiscus vitifolius Linn. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 148 - 158. ABSTRACT:-The Macro and Microscopical characters of the various parts of Hibiscus vitifolius Linn. have been investigated. 0270 Gupta R C and Khanna R K. Pharmacognostic Studies on Nilotpala (Nymphaea stellata Willd.)floral Parts. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.1 & 2:March, & Jun;1989;Pp. 23 - 45. ABSTRACT:-Nilotpada an Ayuredic drug, is unanimously attributed to Nympaea stellata Willd. (Nymphaeaceae), and has all its parts credited with some medicinal properties. However, the market samples of its flowers comprise of different floral parts including peduncles of Indiscriminately collected various species of Nymphaea. In view of this, detailed study in Pharmacognosy of Nymphaea stellata flowers and comparative physico-chemical study of market samples are carried out in the present work. Some of the salient characters are : the presence of hydropotens in epidermis, large air cavities and tricho-sclereids in parenchymatous tissues of different floral parts, 5 - symmetrically arranged large air canals of almost equal size in peduncle, cuticular striations at the base of trichomes (hydropotens)and anomocytic stomata on sepals and petals laminar or superficial placentation in carpels having anatropous ovules with funicular aril, occurrence of two vascular traces resembling those in petals at the base of filaments, I-colpate (Iaperturateoperculate, trichotomocolpate) pollen grains with surface rugulate and granulate. All these, alongwith certain physico-chemical constanta, fluorescene tests an T.L.C. patterns of various extractives provide useful parameters for help detect the substitution and adulteration. 0271 Pataaskar R D. ;Yelne. M B. and Sharma P C. Pharmacognostic study of Lovendula bipinnata O Ktze. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.1 & 2:March, & Jun;1989;Pp. 46 - 60. ABSTRACT:-Shankhapuspi is a controversial drug. Nine plant species belonging to our natural orders are mentioned under the name 'Shankhapushpi' in the literature, being used in different regions of India. The drug 'Shankhapushpi' collected from W. India gas been identified as Lavendula bipinnata O.Ktze. (amiaceae). The macro / microscopic structure of the same were studied and details of Prevailing controversy, vasculature tissues of leaf, stem and root have been described in this paper. Fluorescence analysis physical constants like ash values,acid insoluble ash, alcohol, water, ether, soluble extractives phytohistochemical reactions and quantitative values are also studies. 0279 Lal V K. ;Srivastava. U C. and Mohan Yogesh. Pharmacognostical Studies on the roots of Stephania elegans Hk.f. & T. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 162 - 169. ABSTRACT:-Stephania elegans Hk.f. & T. roots used by the people of North Himalayan region in the treatment of general anasarca were studied pharmacognostically and description of the macro and microscopic characters are presented in the paper. 0288 Yelne M B. and Sharma P C. Pharmacognostic study of Brahati (Solnum violaceum Ort. ) I. Root & Fruit. BMEBR:Vol.11:No.1 to 4:March., to Dec.,;1990;Pp. 70 - 83. 100

ABSTRACT:-Brahati (Solanum violaceum Ort.), an important Ayurvedic drug, it is one of the constituents of 'Dashmula', which is a reputed Medicine for "Vatavyadhis". It is considered quite effective in asthma and disorders of digestive, urinary tracts and skin diseases. The present communication deals with detailed pharmacognosy of root and fruit. The study includes morphological, histological and physicochemical observations including physical constant values, behaviour of powder drug with different chemical reagents, fluorescence characteristics etc. The character found to be useful in proper identification of the drug are discussed. 0296 Brindha,P ; Sasikala,E; Pappa,M; Rao,R Bhima and Kundu,A B. Pharmacognostic Studies on Coleus aromaticus Benth. (Indian Borage). BMEBR:Vol.12:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1991;Pp. 17 - 31. ABSTRACT:-The paper presents the pharmacognostic features of Coleus aromaticus Benth. (Family - nLamiaceae). These include the exomorpholoy, histomorphology and physico chemical evaluation of the leaf and stem of this speices used medicinally in the treatment of cough, cold, fever, tonsilitis and urinary diseases. 0317 Yelne M B. ;Pataskar. R D. and Sharma P C. Pharmacognostic studies of Jalapippali (Phyla nodiflora (Linn.)Green.). BMEBR:Vol.13:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1992;Pp. 35 - 51. ABSTRACT:-Jalapippali (Phyla nodiflora (Linn.)Green), a plant drug of Ayurveda, is considered quite effective in treatment of ischurry, stoppage of bowel movements and pain in knee joints etc. The leaves and fruits are recommended in gonorrhoea and piles along with some other drugs. The present communicatin deals with the detailed pharmacognosy of its root, stem and leaf. The study including morphological, microscopical and phytochemical obsevations including physical constant values, behaviour of powder drug on treatment with different chemical reagents, fluorescence analysis etc. Diagnostic characters are given which will help in proper identifation of the drug. 0318 Yelne M B. and Sharma P C. Pharmacognostic study of KApikacchu (Mucnua pruriens (L.)DC.). BMEBR:Vol.13:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1992;Pp. 52 - 64. ABSTRACT:-The roots and seeds of 'Kapikacchu' an important Ayurvedic Plant drug, are used in a number of Ayurvedic preparations. The roots are effective in kidney disorders, dropsy and disorders of nervous system, whereas seed is well known for its aphrodisiac property and also used to cure leucorrhoea, menstrual disorders and paralysis. The present communication deals with detailed pharmacognosy of its root & seed. This study includes physico-chemical observations on root and morphological,macro-microscopical and physico-chemical investigations of the seed. 0334 Yelne M B. ;Pataskar. R D. and Sharma P C. Pharmacognostis study of Bhumyamalaki-I Phyllanthus fraternus Webst. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1993;Pp. 12 - 25. ABSTRACT:-Bhumyamalaki (Phyllanthus fraternus Webst.)is an important plant drug of Ayurveda. The drug consisting of whole plant is considered to be quite effective in chronic diseases of liver and infective hepatitis. The present communication deals with detailed pharmacognosy of root, stem and leaf with qualitative and quantitative values. 0351 101

Shantha T R. ;Pattanasetty. J K and Gopakumar K. PHarmacognostical Studies on the Leaver of Tarenna asiatica (L)Kuntze Ex. Schum. BMEBR:Vol.14:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1993;Pp. 158 - 167. ABSTRACT:-The Pharmacognostical studies on the leaves of Tarenna asiatica is presented in this paper. The leaves are used in Skin diseases. The diagnostic characters of the drug are provided. 0370 Yelne M B. ;Dennis. T J. and Sharma P C. Pharmacognostic Investigations on Stem, Stem Bark and Fruits of Tinduka (Diospyros peregrina (Gaertn.)Gurke). BMEBR:Vol.16:No.1 & 2:Jan. to June,;1995;Pp. 33 - 43. ABSTRACT:-Tinduka (Diospyros peregrina (Gaertn)Gurke)is a plant drug of Ayurvedic and economical importance. Its stem bark and fruits consititute the drug, considered useful in Prameha, Raktavata Vikara and skin disorders, Stem bark is astringent and used in dysentery, diarrhoea and intermittent fever. The fruit is acrid, bitter, oleaginous and in form of infusion used as gargle; whereas its juice is used in wounds and ulcers. Oils extracted from seeds is considered useful for dysentery and diarrhoea. The unripe fruits are rich in tannins and employed for tanning hides and dyeing cloth. This communication presents detailed pharmacognostic account of stem, stem bark and fruit dealing with morphological, macro and miorcosopical characters along with physical constants, behaviour of powdered drug with different reagents, fluorescence analysis, T L C and Preliminary phytochemical investigation. 0372 Dey Dipali. and Das M N. Pharmacognostical Studies of Root and Fruit of Gokshura (Pedalium murex Linn.). BMEBR:Vol.16:No.1 & 2:Jan. to June,;1995;Pp. 54- 65. ABSTRACT:-Different parts of Gokdhura (pedalium murex Linn.)are highly prized remedy amongst the people of India. Since ancient period the root is used as antibilious and the fruit is considered as demulcent, diuretic, antispasmodic and ophrodisiac. Roots and fruits have been identified by their macroscopic and microsopic characters, cell contents, powdered drugs and their behaviour with different reagents and preliminary phytochemical tests and presented in this paper. 0405 Shantha T R. ;Pasupathy. Saraswathy. and Pattanasetty J K. Pharmacognostial study of Adenanthera pavanina L. - Seeds. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 55 - 65. ABSTRACT:-In the Siddha system medicine the seeds of Adenanthera pavonina are known as Anaikundrumani. Anakunduman. These seeds are used in the treatment of disease like cholera(Visoochi)and general paralysis (Vatham). Decoction of the seeds are used in pulmonary affections (Nuraiyeeral Noigal)and externally applied in chronic ophthalmia (Kannoi). The present communication deals with macro, microscopic maceration studies, powder study, diagnostic characters, UV analysis of the powder, histochemical tests, physical constants, extractive values, solubility and qualitative analysis of the seeds. 0425 Shankar Rama. and Khare Prem Kumar. Pharmacognostic Studies of Atiniopteris radiata (Sw.)Link. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1998;Pp. 62 - 70. 102

ABSTRACT:-Plant of Aciniopteris radiata is used as an anthelmintic and styptic. The plant is also sold in the crude drug market as "Mayur Sikha". In Rajasthan the plant is called 'Jahrila Podha' and is used for the treatment of bronchitis and the leaf ash with honey in gynaecological disorders by the local tribes. The Pharmacognostic features of the plants collected from their natural habitat and the drug market of Bombay are being described. Attempts were also made to cultivate in the garden of the Bombay Department, Allahabad University, where it is growing successfully. 0441 Joseph G V R. ;Pawar. Abhijit. and Deokule S S. Pharmacognostic studies on the Leaves Sarkkarai (Guduchi Satva). BMEBR:Vol.21:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;2000;Pp. 27 - 36. ABSTRACT:-Present paper deals with the macroscopic, microscopic and physiochemical analysis of the leaves of Aegle marmmelos. Lamina shows semicraspedodromous venation pattern. Veinlets adjacent to the margin are free ending. Areolation is polygonal in shape. The hypostomatic leaf lamina shows anomocytic type of stomata. Pith portion of the petiole and mid rib possess prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate and oil droplets. There is much variation in the values of the total ash (11.29 percentage)and acid insoluble ash (0.38 percentage). A phytochemical study reveals the occurrence of umbelliferone (Rf. 0.3)in the leaf powder. 0450 Mary Z. ;Kumar. Vasent. and Bikshapathi T. Pharmacognostical studies on Vana Haridra Curcuma Saliba, (Zingiberaceae)and Comparison with Coscinium Fenestratum Gaertn (Menispermaceae). BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 10 - 18. ABSTRACT:-Vana haridra- curcuma aromatica Salisb and Daru haridraCoscinium fenestratum Gaertn are well known for medicinal uses. The comparative pharmacognositical study on Vana haridra & Daru haridra has been carried out along with preliminary phyto chemical studies. 0451 Brindha P. ;Saraswathy. A. and Ashokan J. Pharmacognostic Standardization of "Drawanti'. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 19 - 27. ABSTRACT:-'Dravanthi' is an Ayurvedic drug used in worm infestations, ascites, constipation, oedema and leprosy. Also used in snakebite poisoning. Books on Materia Medica equates Drawanti as 'Jatropa glandulifera'. But in the South Indian raw Drug trade J. gossypifolia is sold as Drawanti belonging to the same family Euphorbiaceae. 0459 Brindha P. and Saraswathy A. Pharmacognostic standars of Bal Rasayan. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 71 - 77. ABSTRACT:-Bal Rasayana a formulated compound Ayurvedic drug is used as a nutritional support and as Paediatirc tonic. The drug is a rasayana for children. This compound preparation consisting of seven ingredients was taken up for power drug analysis and to lay down the macroscopic and microscopic standards for the preparation which will help in improving and maintaining the standard of this traditional Ayurvedic medicine and will promote global acceptance of the same.

103

0465 Joseph G V R. Pharmacognostic Studies on the Fruits of Bhumyamalaki (Phyllanthus Fraternus Web.). BMEBR:Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2001;Pp. 31 - 38. ABSTRACT:-P.fraternus Web. (Bhumyamalaki)is a very important herbal drug of indigenous system of medicine. Whole plant especially aerial parts are considered to constitute the hepatoprotective drug. Fruits are used in the treatment of tubercular ulcers, wounds, scabies etc. Except the fruits all the other parts of the P.fraternus have been worked out. There is a lot of confusion over the authentication of Phyllanthus species. Proper authenticaation of crude drugs is the basic aspect for GMP. This communication deals with the detalied macroscopic, microscopic and preliminary phytochemical studies of the P.fraternus Web. Fruits and their morphological comparison with other species. The capsular fruits are measuring 22,5 cm in diamater, depressed, globose, smooth and scarcely lobed. Perianth lobes cover 1/3rd of the fruit. Septum is made with a strip of two layers of parenchyma tissue forming septal space. Vascular bundles are sic in number and situated at the ventral side. Fruits are trilocular and each locule possesses two seeds. Prelimin ary phytochemical screening of the fruits has revealed the occurrence of phyllanthin and hypophyllanthin besides the other minor constituents. 0475 Mangal A K. and Das M N. Pharmacognostic Studies of Melaleuca Leucodendron Linn. BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 11 - 19. ABSTRACT:-Cajuput (Melaleuca Leucodendron Linn.)is an important plant drug of Ayurveda. The drug consists of leaves and seeds. The Present communication deals with morphological. microscopical characters and their quantitative data, cell contents, powdered drug analysis of authentic samples of M. leucodendron Linn. (Leaf and seed)for identification and authentication of the commercial sample used in the Indian system of medicine. 0480 Sathe M V. and Joseph G V R. Pharmacognostic Studies on the Leaves of "Ankol" (A Salvifoium Linn.). BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 77 - 85. ABSTRACT:-Ankol (Alangium salvifolium Linn.)is one of the important drugs of indigenous system of medicine. Almost all part of plant are known for their therapeutic efficacy. Especially the leaves are being used as poultice to relieve rheumatic pains. Few handful workers have isolated some of the active constituents from the leaves. However there are no reports on the histrological studies. For standardization of any raw material, macrosopic and microscopic characters play a greater role in authentication. Present paper deals with the detailed macroscopic and microscopic characters of the leaves. Leaves are doriventral showing reticulodromous venation pattern. Aereolation is polygonal in shope. Veinlets are simple and branched while at tthe margin they are looped. Cuticular striations, nonglandular uniserrate tfrichomes and anomocytic type of stomata is observed on lweaf tamina. Histochemical tests have revealed the occurrence of calcium oxalate crystals, starch and tannins in the ground tissue. 0488 Gurav A M. ;Yelne. M B. and Sharma P C. Pharmacognostic study of Nagakeshara (Mesua ferrea L.)- Stam-bark and Leaf. BMEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 27 - 41. 104

ABSTRACT:-Nagkeshara-Mesua ferrea L(fam.Clusiaceae)is an evergreen tree. It is a reputed drug of Ayurveda. Its leaves are used in the form of poultice which is applied to head in severe colds. Flower and stamen are used in bleeding piles (Rakatarsha)and burning feet(Paddah). Stem bark and unripe fruits are used for their sudorific effect, oleo-resin from bark is demulcent. Decoction or tincture of stem bark is bittertonic and are useful in gastritis and bronchitis. The present communication deals with detailed pharmacognosy of Stem bark and leaf. Which include mainly macroscopic, microscopic study along with important physicochemical investigation. This helps in the standardization of this drug. 0497 Ethirajulu Sasikala. and Ali S Usman. Pharmacognostic Studies on Premna Tomentosa Willd. BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 12 - 20. ABSTRACT:-Premna tomentosa Willd .of the Verbenaceae is recorded a 'Pidangunari' or 'Krishnapalai' or 'Malai Thekku' in Siddha system of medicine. It is considered as Agnimanthabheda by some Ayurvedists in the southern states. Leaves are recommended for indigestion, hypoacidity, stomachache, oedema, joint pains, liver and spleen enlargement, diarrhea, painful menstruation and used a brain tonic also. The leaves possess diuretic properties and are used in dropsical affections. In the present contribution, anatomy of the leaf, quantitative microscopy, preliminary phytochemical screening and fluorescence analysis are studied. 0504 Brindha P. ;Saraswathy. A. and Vijayalakshmi R. Pharmacognostic Stidues on 'Sivanarvembu' a Siddha Drug. BMEBR:Vol.25:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2004;Pp. 79 - 85. ABSTRACT:-'Sivanarvembu' is a Kayakalpa drug of Siddha system of medicine and is botanically equated as Indigofera aspalathoies vah, belonging to family fabaceae. It is also one of the important ingredient of a medicated oil for syphilitic and other skin diseases. In the present paper pharmacognostic anagomy of the aspalathoides is carried out by which this medicinally important species could be distinguished from other weeds which resemble morphologically to this taxon. The present work is taken up scientifically in order to identify the genuine drug. 0510 Singh S P. ;Chaudhari. B G. and Sathe M V. Pharmacognostic study of Tamarindus Indica Linn. Leaf. BMBER:Vol.26:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2005;Pp. 21 - 33. ABSTRACT:-Tamarindus indica Linn. (Family-Fabaceae, SubCaesalpiniaceae)leaf is a useful Ayurvedic drug. It is astringent, cooling, antibilious, and anti-inflammatory, decoction of fresh leaf is used as a gargle in throat afecition. The present study deals with physico-chemical and pharmacognostical evaluation of leaf according to WHO guidelines and can be used to fix the standards of this drug. 0511 Singh S P. ;Chaudhari. B G. and Sathe M V. Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical study of Tamarindus indica Linn. - Stem BArk. BMBER:Vol.26:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2005;Pp. 34 - 45. ABSTRACT:-Stem-bark of Tamarindus indica Linn (Family-Caesalpiniaceae)is a useful Ayurvedic crude drug. The stem-bark is astringent and tonic and useful in diarrhea, asthma, aphthous sores and amenorrhoea. The present study deals with Pharmacognostic and Phyto-chemical investigation of stem-bark for the first time as per WHO guide lines. 105

0513 Tripathi Yamini B. ;Aprajita. and Singh Ved Prakash. Pharmacognostic Characterization of Smilex china. BMBER:Vol.26:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2005;Pp. 55 - 67. ABSTRACT:-Smilax china (Smilacaceae Syn Liliaceae)Syn Liliaceae)has characteristic phamacognostic features as its root is multiseriate, with sclerenchymatic pericycle. The vascular bundle consists of alternate xylem and phloem. The aerial stem shows the presence of definite cortex, well-defined endodermis & pericycle, which is an anomaly for a monocotyledon. The cortex cells of rhizome is thin walled, parenchymatic cells, filled with starch. The ash value of root of S.china is more than the rhizome. Similarly the alcohol extractive was also higher in the case of root as compared to rhizome. TLC profile gives significant spots in different solvent systems. 0516 Chaudhari B G. ;Singh. SP. and Sathe M V. Pharmacognostical study of Tamarindus indica Linn. Root. BMBER:Vol.26:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2005;Pp. 15 - 22. ABSTRACT:-Tamarindus indica Linn. (Family-Caesalpiniaceae)root is a useful Ayurvedic drug. It is astringent, constipating, emmenagogue, tonic and useful in diarrhea, asthma, amenorrhoea etc. The present study for the first time reports the pharmacognostical study of root according to WHO guidelines. The observed analytical results may be helpful to fix the standards of this drug. 0535 Joseph G V R. and Sathe M V. Pharmacognostic studies on the Leaves of "Tintidika" - Rhus parviflora Roxb. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2007;Pp. 1 - 8. ABSTRACT:-Present paper deals with the macrosopic microsocpic and physicochemical analysis of the leaves of Rhus parviflora Roxb. Leaflets are tomentose and the amphistomatic leaf lamina shows anomocytic type of stomata, non-glandular uniserae trichomes with pointed ends. Simple srarch grains and prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate are found in the ground tissue. Both petiole and midrib consist of large number of secretary canals located in phloem region. Thin layer chromatography reveals the presence of medicinally important compounds "Rutin" and its aglycone "Quercetin". 0540 Joseph G V R. and Sathe M V. Pharmacognostic studies on the Rhizome and Root of "Gundra" - Typha australis Schhum & Thonn. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.1 to 2:Jan., to June,;2007;Pp. 9 - 18. ABSTRACT:-Present paper deals with the macroscopic, Microscopic and Physico-chemistry analysis of the rhizomes and roots of Typha australis Schum & Thonn. Large air spaces are noticed in the inner cortex of the rhizome and root. Cell of the ground tissue filled with sim[ple to compound starch grains. Fibro-sclerids are noticed in rhizomes while they are absent in roots. According to classical Ayurvedic Literature both rhizomes and roots are used in intrisic haemorrhage (Raktapitta)and dysuria (Mutrakrichha). Phytochemical studies reveal that the active constituent "Quercetin" is present only in rhizomes. 0545 Sathe M V;Chaudhari B G;Singh S P and Hole,A D. Pharmacognostic studies of Annona squamosa Linn. - Leaf. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2007;Pp. 47 - 58. 106

ABSTRACT:-Sitaphala - Annona squamosa Linn. (family - Annonceae)is a tree about 6 meter high. It is a very useful medicinal plant. The leaves are suppurative and insecticidal and are useful in destroying lice, proctoptosis in children and as a poultice to produce suppuration. The present paper deals with pharmacognostic study of leaf which mainly include macroscopic, microscopic study along with important phsico-chemical investigation. 0546 Shantha T R;Venkateshwarlu G;Ammal Indira and Gopakumar,M J K. Pharmacognostial studies on the fruits of Agathi-Sesbania grandiflora(L.)Poir. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2007;Pp. 59 - 74. ABSTRACT:-Agathi, Sesbania grandiflora (L.). Poir is an important medicinal plant used in various Ayurvedic formulations, which is described in the treatment of Gulma (Tumours & glandular swellings), Pandu (Aneamia), Smritiprada (Promote memory power)etc. young pods are bitter, light and laxative, alexiteric and sweet on digestion. No study reports are available on microscopical & phytochemical studies, hence an attempt has been made to investigation Pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical study on the fruits of Agathi. The presence of abundant oil globules, simple starch grains, brown tannin content, different types of stone cells with heavily lignified cell walls & pits etc. are some of the important diagnostic characters observed and dealt in this paper. 0565 Rao P Padam. ;Acharya. B M. and Dinnis T J. Pharmacognostic study on stembark of Moringa Oleifera Lam. (Sigru). BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 141 - 151. ABSTRACT:-The anatiomical and histochemical studies including microscopic and preliminary chemical charaeters of stemback of Moringa oleifera Lam. is presented Data on qualitative and fluorescent tests of various extracts along with TLC studies are given. Phellemis is extensive. Stone cells occur in groups in phelloderm and phloem besides idioblasts containing ceystals, gums and tanins. Microsopically the power is characterised with stone cells, sphaeraphides and prisms. Microchemical tests for various cellular substances is also detailed. 0567 Agarwal V K. ;Deshpande. S S. and Gambhir S S. Pharmacognostical studies on the Leaves of Salvadora persica Linn. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 159 - 168. ABSTRACT:-The present paper presents the micro and microscopical studies of leaves of Salvadora persica Linn. alongwith fluorescece characteristics and quantitatrive values palisade ratio. Stomatral index, vein-islet number, total and acid insoluble ash. 0056 Gupta SAguna Datta. and Datta P C. Pharmacognosy of DAtura metel var. Fastuosa Leaf. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 37 - 66. ABSTRACT:-The two types of Datura metel var. fastuosa are separable in : (1) submarginal veins. (2) Vein islet number per area. (3)Tracheary elements of the vein-ends. (4) Number of vessel rows in the vascular arch. (5)The leaf surface fiuorescence. (6) Aqueous extract. (7) Fluorescence of powder moistened with pH 5. / Of the adulterants, Datura mentel or white datura can be separated by : (1)Large irregular masses of crystals in the mesophyll. (2) Longer trichomes. (3) High frequency of collapsed stomata on both the surfaces. D stramonium can be distinguished by (1) forger basal cell (2) farger convering trichomes,(3)marginal teeth 107

dividing the sinuses, (4)higher palisaderatio. and (5)lateral veins running into the marginal teeth, chenopodium hybridum (Chenopodiaceae)can be distigguished by cluster crystals (rosette tye of blunt crystals). Low stomatal index, higher palisade ratio and even anticlinal walls of epidermal cells on both the surfaces. Xanthium orientale can be distinguished by coarse texture. irragularly serrate margin, 3 - 6 separate bundles in the midrib, even anticlinal wall of epidermal cellsabsence of calcium oxalate crystals. Carthemus heienoide can be distinguished by three separate bundles in the midrib, large espidermal cells with straight anticlinal wall and long trichomes of 15 - 16 cells. 0128 Krishnamurthy K H. and Kanabiran B. Pharmacognosy of the Siddhar Moolam - A reputed Antiferlity Plant from plani Hills Identified as the Leaces of Plumbago zeylanica L. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 231 - 237. ABSTRACT:-lumbago zaylanica L. is a rembling subscandent perennial herb growing wildly throughout the plains. The root and root bark of this plant are well known crude drug materials and are also empirically proved to prevent implantation in rats. It was informed by a Siddha Practitiner that the tender leaves, cooked along with 'Tuar dal' is given to tribal women for preveting future pregnancy after a few child births, in palni Hills areas. However, there is no publication on the pharmacology or pharmacognosy of the leaves and hence the present work on pharmacognosy is undertaken. Both the dried leaf samples supplied by the informant and thefresh specimens collected locally show similar macroscopic and microscopic features. 0207 Atique Abdul. ;Hashmi. Shamima. and Ghouse A K M. Pharmacognosy of Moulsary Bark (Mimusops elengi Linn.). BMEBR:Vol.7:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1986;Pp. 41 - 48. ABSTRACT:-Moulsary is the indigenous name of Mimusops elengi Linn. Sapotaceae. It is an ancient bark remedy of dental troubles. The bark is deeply fissured dark gery outside and reddish inside, 13 mm thick when fresh. The pattern of sclerenchyma distribution, the strctural peculiaris of phloic rays and occurence of cytalliferous and tanniferous cells give a characteristic look to the bark in transection. The total ash value f the bark has been worked outto be 11.0 percent acid insoluble and water sluble fraction 4.9 percent each, alcohol extractive 21.7 percent and water extractive fraction to be 15.08 percent. 0358 Yelne M B. and Sharma P C. Pharmacognosy of Bala - I Sida cordifolia L. BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 50 - 64. ABSTRACT:-Bala (Sida cordifolia L.)is a common Ayurvedic drug. In Ayyurvedic texts four types of Bala are described viz Bala. Nagbala Mahabala and Atibala. More than one species are being used as Bala in different parts of the country as well as also available in the markets. However according to Ayurvedic formulary part I. the official accepted sources of Bala is Sida cordifolia Linn. 0464 Das M N. ;Roy Choudhary. A. and Devidas K V. Pharmacognosy of some Crude Drugs and its Implication on good Manufacturing Practices in Indian System of Medicine. BMEBR:Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2001;Pp. 26 - 30. ABSTRACT:-The obsrvations on the crude drugs would help in the identification of genuine samples whih is of much importance in the preparation of 108

medicines, beacuse authentication of ingredients (e.g. crude either organic or inorganic sources)is absolutely necessary for the maintenance of good manufactuing practices of Ayurveda , Siddha and Unani medicine. Many crude drugs of herbal sources are adulterated and admixtured with unwanted substances. There are many controversial drugs in Ayurveda. viz,'Shankhapuspi' Convolvulus pluricaulis, cancora decussata and Clitotria ternatea are often considered as Shankhpuspi and used alongwith Evolvulus alsinoides Vishnukranta)Nirabrahmi Bacopa monnieri)and Brahmi ( Centella asiatica)are often confused with each other. The bark of Arjuna (Teyminlia Arjuna)is often adulterated with that of I. Tomentosa. So proper identification, authentication and eveluation of crude drugs are the major criteria in connection with GMP for ISM drugs as it was mentioned earlier by Naharshi Vagbhatt. 0489 Padmaja B;Pillai G V;Bhat A V and Nair,C C A. Pharmacognosy of Sushavi (Calycopteris Floribunda Lam.). BMEBR:Vol.24:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2003;Pp. 42 - 56. ABSTRACT:-Sushavi (Calycopteris floribunda Lam)belonging to the family Combretaceae is an Ayurvedic drug which is used as a remedy for colic, and as a tonic and depurative. The present study deals with detailed pharmacognosy of the above plant which includes morphological, histological as well as preliminary phytochemical and pharmacological observations including physical constant values, behavior of powder drug on treatment with different chemical reagents, fluorescence analysis. Diagnostic characters are given which will help in the proper identification of the drug. //Calycopteris is a scandent shrub with slender, rusty puberulous branches. It is available in deciduous forests of South India, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Assam, Chittagong and Burma along water courses up to 750 meters elevation. 0031 Mitra R. and Mehrotra S. Pharmacognstical stud of Paksha - IV Leaf of Ficus virens Ait. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 361 - 378. ABSTRACT:-Ficus virens Ait. (Moraceae)commonly known as Plaksha Northern Indian is used fora curing skin diseases and the leaves mixed with oil are used as a dessing for Ulcers and in urinary troubles. The present study deals with the pharmacognostic study of the leaf of Ficus virens Ait. The leaves are alternate, shortly acuminate, base rounded or cordate, petiole jointedto the blade. Microscopically leaf shows a doralventral structure with epidermis on each side, surrounded by thick cuticle, followed by 3 - 4 levers of palisade cells towards the upper epider, mis. Cystoliths are present on the lower surface. Stomata of rubiaceous type and glands are present on the lower surface. Stomatal index is 15.79. palisde ratio 20 and the vein islet number 7. Yellowish brown contents and prismatic crystals of calcium oxelate are present. The powder when treated with ferric chloride turns black. Sterol, reducing suga,r tannin and saponin are presented. 0515 Chaudhari B G. and Sathe M V. Pharmaognostical study of Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.)Dubard - Leaf and Root. BMBER:Vol.26:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2005;Pp. 1 - 14. ABSTRACT:-Rajadani-Manilkara hexandra (Roxb)Dubard (familySapotaceae)is a large evergreen tree. It's leaves and roots are being in the Indian System of Medicine. The present paper deals with pharmacognostic study of leaf and root which mainly include macroscopic, microscopic study along with important physico-chemical investigation. 109

0391 Yelne M B. and Sharma P C. Pharmaognosy of root and seed of Mulaka (Raphanus Sativus L.). BMEBR:Vol.17:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1996;Pp. 24 - 36. ABSTRACT:-Mulaka (Raphanus sativus L.) a well known Ayurvedic drug of vegetable origin. The whole plant constitutes the drug. The leaves and roots are found to be useful in jaundice, liver & spleen disorders and seed in gonorrhoea. The present research paper deals with the detailed pharmacognosy of root and seed with its macroscopic & microscopic characters and quantitative & qualitative values. 0058 Afaq S H;Tariq M;Asif M and Rafatullah,S. Pharmocognostical and Phytochemical Standardization of the market Sample of "Ushba" (Sarsaparilla). BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 89 - 99. ABSTRACT:-The present work was conducted toestablish the pharmacognostical and phytochemical standards for Ushba (Sarsaparilla). This drug is extensively used in Indigenous systyem of medicine and has grant controvery regarding its authenticity and that is why it was deleted from B.P.C.and USP in 1864 and 1942 respectively. The market sample of the Ushba( Sarsaparilla)has been Identified as Smilax regetil, on the basis of macro and mcroscopical studies, Extractive values and fluorescence analysis has also been used to distinguish the market sample of drug from other plants which are mentioned as Indian and country sarsaparilla in the literture. The water and alcoholic extract of the drug gives positive tests for reducing sugar, tannin, resin, protein,saponin and sterol. Two crystalline fraction has also been isolatesd and TLC studies conducted. 0064 Verma O P;Kumar Santosh;Chatterjee S N and Lal,F. Pregnancy Interceptory Efficacy of Common "Kulfa"(Portulaca)Seeds in Laboratory Rodents. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 144 - 147. ABSTRACT:-The common kulfa, Portulaca, oleracea, has earlier been reported to possess uterotrophic activity. In the present studies oral or subcutaneous administration of P. oleracea seed extract resuited in partial inhibition of nidation in albino mice, while total inhibition of nidation occurred in white rats at the same dose level. Thus, preliminary investigations on postcoital antifertility effects of P. oleraces seed extract indicate the presence of pregnancy interceptary activity in laboratory rodents. 0061 Seshadri C. ;Pillai. N R. and Santhakumari G. Preliminary studies on the Biological Effects of Short Term Urine Therapy in Male Albino Rats. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 108 - 115. ABSTRACT:-Anabelc effect of autourine cow's urine and human urine treatment for 15 days was studied in young castrated male albino rats. Urine therapy showed involvment of adrenal cortical hormones as evinced from the histological and biochemical studies. However urine therapy did not exhibit any toxicity in rats during this nvestigation.

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0008 Mitra R. Salient Pharmacognostical characters of Varuna - An Important drug of Ayurveda. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.1:March;1980;Pp. 80 - 98. ABSTRACT:-Varuna one of the oldest drugs of the Indigenous system of medicine is recommended for the cure of urinary calculi and internal abcesses, The present communication deals with the salient pharmacognostical characters of the authentic bark and leaf of Crateva murvala Buch-Ham. (Family: Capperceae ) along with the commercial samples of bark and leafprocured from different parts of the country, which will be helpful to distiguish the authentic sample from the its adulterant. 0022 Sharma A K. and Singh R H. Screening of Anti-inflammatory Activity of Certain Indigenous Drugs on Carrageenin Induced Hind Paw Oedema in Rats. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 262 - 271. ABSTRACT:-The paper reports effect of certain indigenous drugs on carrageenin Induced hind paw Oedema in rats. The study was carried out using decoction/ suspension of Rasna, Guggulu, Bhallatak, Nirgundi, Prasarini, Varuna, Mahbala, Aswagandha, Haritaki. Amrta, Sunti and Pippali. / Prednisolone has been used for comparison of results. 0412 Masilamani G. Some of the useful Herbs for Snake-Bite Practiced by Gounda Tribals of Tamilnadu. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1997;Pp. 117 - 122. ABSTRACT:-Under the Tribal Health Care Programme at Tirupattur one of the duties is to record fold medical practice among the population. The Gounda tribals in this area are often victims of poisonous snake bite as a professional hazard, as they work in fields and forests. The area has many species of Snakes, out of which the Naagam (Cobra), Knnadiviriyan (Russells Viper), Suruttai (Saw scaled Viper)and Anali (Krait)are the poisonous ones. The tribal's use the readily available local plants to annal the poison. The species most often used and relied upon are Eswaramooli (Aristolochia indica)Sirukurinjan (Gymnema sylvestris)Karisalai (Eclipta alba)Kazarchi (Caesalpinia bonducella) Avuri (Indigofera tinctoria)Kallankovai (Corallocarpus epigaeus) Kuppaimani (Acalypha indica) Chinni (Acalypha fruticosa) Thumbai (Leucas aspera)Nilavembu (Andrographis paniculata Nees) embu (Azadirachta indica), Nanjaruppaan (Tylophora indica) Adutheena paalai (Aristolochia bracteata). The botanical identity, mode of treatment and the relevance with reference to recent biological studies to the extent available are correlated with Siddha Literature. 0069 Brindha,P ; SAsikala,B; Dasan,K K Shanmuga; Rao,R Bhima and Purushothaman,K K. The Pharmacognosy of two Pharmaceutically Similar Drugs. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.2:June,;1981;Pp. 219 - 228. ABSTRACT:-The pharmacognosy of two pharmaceutically similar drugs namely 'Takkoia' and 'KAnkola' were discussed. The Present knowledge of the phytochemistry of the two drugs is inadaquate to chemically differentiate them without detailed pharmacognosy studies.

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0065 Krishnaswamy Mohana. and Purushothaman K K. Uterine Response of Embelin in Immature Rats. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 148 - 149. ABSTRACT:-Embelin (2.5 dihydroxy -3 undecy 1:4 benzoquinone)isolated from the seeds of ERmbelia ribes (Myrsinaceae)showed antifertility activity at 100 mg/kg body weight. / At 100mg/ kg body weight embelin does not increase or decrease any of the oestrogen sensitive parameters like uterine weight, uterine protein, uterine glycogen or uterine alkaline phosphatase. 0212 Jain S C. and Purohit M. Effect of Dimethyl Sulphate on Steroidal Sapongenins Production in Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn. (Fenugreek). BMEBR:Vol.7:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1986;Pp. 84 - 88. ABSTRACT:-Effect of dimethyl sulphate on the production of steroida sapogenins in Trigonella foenum graeacum Linn., has been investigated. A regulatory role on the yield of steroidal sapagening by this chemiucal mutagen has been observed. 0328 Dey Dipali. and Das M N. Identification of the Leaf and Pericarp of the Fruit of Punica granatum Linn. used in the Indian System of Medicine. BMEBR:Vol.13:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1992;Pp. 144 - 153. ABSTRACT:-Morphology, microscopical characters and their quantitative data, cell contents, powdered drugs, physical content values including dry matter, ash and extractive values and fluorescence characters of authentic samples of punica granatum leaf and pericarp have been studied for identification of the commercial samples used in the Indian system of medicine. 0432 Singh H B. Indentification of the Market Sample of Flowers of Gurhal (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn.). BMEBR:Vol.19:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1998;Pp. 135 - 144. ABSTRACT:-Two crude drug samples were received as flowers of the Guhal (Bibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn) for identification under consultancy service of the Institute. Both the samples were identified as the flowers of Buroons or Burans (Rhododendron arboreum Smith)of the family Ericaceae. In the present study a comparative study of the flower of H .rosa-sinenses Linn. And Rhododendron arboreum Smith has been made for establishing correct identity of the market samples. 0470 Hamsaveni Gopal R;Ramkumar R;Krishnareddy Radha and Saraswathy,A. A Microbiological View of Raw Drugs Safety BMEBR:Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2001;Pp. 69 - 75. ABSTRACT:-:-Not available. 0102 Alam Muzaffer;Sathiavasan K;Chelladurai V and Ali,S Usman. Observations on the Siddha Drug Karunkoduveri. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.4:Dec.;1981;Pp. 109 - 113. ABSTRACT:-Through Venkoduveri and Chenkoduveri are known all over India to Practitioners of Ayurveda and Siddha system of Medicine, karunkoduveri is unknown except in the districts of Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari and Trivandrum where 112

the Siddha practitioner are using it. The plant is very much like Venkoduveri ( Setachitraka in Sanskrit ) but the roots are much more potent than chenkoduveri (Raktachitraka in Sanskrit). The present preliminary chemical examination confirms this. 0534 Garg Vipin Kr;Verma Nitin;Khosa R L and Taranalli,A D. Toxicological studies on some Ayurvedic Preparations (Bhasmas). JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.27:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2006;Pp. 41 - 46. ABSTRACT:-Samples of Naga bhasma, Ras Sindur and Harbal bhasma procured from the market were tested for their toxicity on healthy albino rats. They were fed to animals via oral route for 90 days and their hematological and biochemical profiles were recorded.

PHARMACOLOGY

0198 Ghosh D. ;Thejomoorthy. P. and Veluchamy G. Anti-Inflamatroy, Analgesic and Antipyretic Activities of 777 Oil - A Siddha Medicine. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 141 - 154. ABSTRACT:-777 oil, is prepaed out of leaves of Wrightia tinctoria in coconut oil by subjecting it to Surya putam (exposure to sunlight). The drug showed significant anti-inflammatory activity in the exudative and proliferative phases of inflammation in the doses of 1.5 ml., 3 ml., and 6ml. /kg. orally. Graded significant analgesic was observed in chemical writhing test as well as on thermal stimulus (Hot Plate). No. antiPyretic effect was observed in any of the doses employed against Brewer's yeasr induced pyrexia in rats. The approximate oral LD 50 were found to be 45 ml.kg and 30 ml.kg. in mice and rats resectively. 0204 Nair,R Bhaskaran ; Ravishankar,B; Vijayan,N P; Saraswathy,V N and Sasikala,C K. Anti-nflammatory effect of SDtrobilanthes heyneanus (Sadachara)- A Biochemical study. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 196 - 206. ABSTRACT:-Ninety percent ethanol extract (ETE)and aqueous extract (AQE)of stem of strobilanthes heyneanus (Sahachara)were found to possess marked antiinflammatory effect (Ravishanker at. al 1984 ). Hence it was thought worthwhile to study their effects on bio-chemical parameters involved in inflammatory process.// AQE and Phenylbutazone (PBZ) showed significant decrease in adrenal ascorbic acid while ETE showed no significant effect. AQE, ETE and PBZ significantly decreased serum GPT and liver GOT activities. ETE and PBZ produced redution in serum GOT activities while AQE had no effect. The extracts and PBZ did not effect liver GPT and liver alkaline phosphatase activities. ETE showed reduction in serm alkaline and acid phosphatase activities where as AQE and PBZ did not modify it. Both the extracts did not affect liver alkaline and acid phosphatase activities and serum and liver protein levels. The results of the study show that AQE and ETE have marked influence on various biochemical parameter involved in inflammation. 0010 Ghosh D. ;Anantharaman. M. and Shetty B M V. Antifertility Activity of an Indigenous Medicine 'LAKSHA'(Laccardia Lacca). BMEBR:Vol.1:No.1:March;1980;Pp. 107 - 116. ABSTRACT:-Laksha,in a does of 100mg / Kg orally could prevent implantation in almost all the animals. The drug did not interfere with pregnancy. No acute toxicity 113

observed upto a dose of 2000 mg/Kg per body weight orally unill 72 hours of observation. The uterotrophic action of Oestrogen was not inhibitd by the drug whereas, it prevented significantly the uterine development of immature rat uterus. The drug showed a significant gain in body weight in sub-acute toxicity trial in the dose of 100 mg/Kg, whereas, it reached 100 mg/kg whereas it reached 100 percent martalit rate in a doseof 1000 mg/kg. There were not effects on feed and water intake. Histop athlogic lesions showed marked effect in liver and lung and the severity increased with rising dosage. No effects were noticed on haemotology. 0063 Krishnaswamy Mohana. and Purushothaman K K. Antifertility Properties of Physalis minima. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.1:March,;1981;Pp. 135 - 143. ABSTRACT:-Crude Physlis minima plants extract at 100 mg/kg body weight shows 75 percent and 62.5 percent antifertility activity in wister rats; when fed from D8-D14 and D1-D5 respectively. Physaline-B shows in 70 percent of animals antifertility activity when fed from D8-D14 at 100mg/kg body weight. 0196 Mohana K. ;Purushothaman. K K. and Susan T. Drug Potential of Echitamine Chloride in Cancer Chemo-therapy. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 124 - 132. ABSTRACT:-Echitamine chiorlde isolated from Alstonia scholaris when given subcutaneously at 7.5 mg. and 5mg/kg body weight showed 80 and 53 percent regression of tumour in methyl cholanthrene induced fibrosarcoma in istar strain of rats. Its ED was found to be 2.2 mg/kg. body weight. It is also reported to be active against P 388 Lymphocytic Leukaemia at 16 mg/kg body weight. Echitamine chloride showed no severe toxicity symptoms even at 4 mg.kg body weight dose level after six weeks of feeding. Liver alone showed non-specific changes. All other organs were normal. 0547 Sharma Poonam. and Sharma Jayashri Devi. Ethnomedicin in India and An Approach Towards Medicinal Ecology. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 1 - 19. ABSTRACT:-There is an undeniable inter relationship between the understanding of ethnomedicine that is a heritage from the long standing understanding of ecosystems and the older descriptive terms of medical practice. Oriental forms of traditional and folklore uses of medicinal plan have been recorded since time immemorial in ancient texts like Rigveda and followed by historical texts in the Indian Subcontinent. The historical linkages between ethnomedicine, which depends on the natural environment and its plant resources, to the research, teaching and practice of modern medicine has taken newer holistic forms, with emerging information linkages and market forces. It is essential for the medical practitioner to enrich his understanding of the use of plant-based phytopharmaceuticals and their origins, for better, cost-effective cure. Medicinal ecology is devoted to a better understanding of the genesis of all forms of healing arts and their possible contribution to, and with, a strong bias incorporating the ecological perspectives of conservation of plant resources, into the teaching and practice of modern medicine.

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0203 Santhakumari G;Pillai R Gopakumara;Pillai N R and Nair,R B. Hypoglycaemic Potential of Murraya koenigii, Spreng (Karaypak). BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 189 - 195. ABSTRACT:-Crushed leaves of Murraya koenlgii, the common Indian curry leaf plant, was investigated for potential hypoglycaemic effect in animals as well as apparently healthy human volunteers. Finely ground leave were mixed with distiled water or butter milk and administered orall in different doses. At the doses. At the dose level of 10g/kg it exhibited significant hypoglycaemic effect (33 percent)in fasting normal rabbits during the first hour itself. The same response was seen in GTT studied in rabbits. In normal human volnters of 50g dose level (total dose)there was a peak fall in blood sugar (24 Percent)at the end of the thrid hour of the mediation. However in alloxan rats through there was a fall in blood sugar (17 percent)at the fifth hour in the dose level of 10g/kg it was found to be statistically not significant. 0530 Galib ;Behera. B S. and Kar A C. Lithotriptic activity of Swadamstradi Kwatha Seadamstradi Chan Vati - An Experimental Evaluation. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.27:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2006;Pp. 8 - 18. ABSTRACT:-Urolithiasis is still a mysterious disease even after extensive research in Urology. Sophisticated instruments, investigations etc. have failed to trace out the exact cause and mechanism of urolithiasis. But, few researches conducted in recent times revealed various factors, which are responsible in manifesting this condition. The treatment for this condition in modern medicine is not only expensive but also not easily affordable to the needy poor. Actually, there are no satisfactory drugs in modern medicine, which can dissolve the stone and the physicians depend on alternative systems of medicine for better relief. Mentionings of this desease can be traced back to the dawn of the history. In Ayurveda, this condition is described as Ashmari and is considered as most dreadful disease. Fortunately, this system holds a number of herbal, herbo mineral compounds, which are effective, safe and economical too. One of such compounds, Swdamstradi Kwatha mentioned by Chakradatta, Ashmari Chikits 32/27, was selected for the present study to scrutinize its actual therapeutic values in case of Urolithiasis. The study conducted in experimental animals has given encouraging results. 0020. Gatonde B B;Kulkarni H J;Joglekar S N and Nabar,S D. Pharmacological Actions of Tephrosia Purpurea Linn. (Sharpunkh)on the Central Nervous System. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.2:June;1980;Pp. 243 - 249. ABSTRACT:-Tephrosia purpurea Linn. Identified in vernacular as 'Sharpunkh' is one of the important drugs used in indignous medicine. Benzene extract of this plant was studied for its action on central nervous system of experimental animals. The extract in a dose of 100mg. per kg i.p. potentiated pentobarbitone sleep. ing time mice. Sleep could be reinduced if the extract is administered during awakening. Chlorpromazine and diazepam enduced narcosis was also potentiated significantly The extract did not modify the aggregate amphetamine toxicity in mice and was devoid of anticonvulsions. It also did not modify morphine range in cats. 115

The drug acts on specific areas in the brain and modifies effects of some of the C.N.S depressants. 0088 Ghosh D. ;Thejomoorthy. P. and Veluchamy G. Pharmacological Evaluation of Nilavambu Kudineer for Antipyretic, Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Activities. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 404 - 414. ABSTRACT:-Nilavembu kudineer, which is a combination of nine herbal materials in equal parts have long since been used as febrifuge in indigenous medicine. The drug was screened for antipyretic, antiinflammatory and analgesic activities in different suitable phamacological experimental models. The decoction of the drug did not show any antipyretic effect in any of the doses employed. The drug showed significant antiinflammatory effect in the doses of 20 and 30 ml/kg orally. it showed 53.36 and 37.31 percent of protection (anelgesic activity)in the doses of 30 and 50ml/kg respectively against acetic acid induced writhing in mice. On therma stimulus (Hot Plate), the drug showed Identical effects in the doses of 10 and 30mg/kg whereas, maiximum analgesia was observed with respect to intensity and duration in the doses of 20 and 30mg/kg. Possession of considerable amount of antiinflammatory and analgesic activities has been suggested to be responsible to bring about improvement clinically. 0191 Ravishankar B. ;Nair. R Bhaskaran. and Sasikala C K. Pharmacological Evaluation vitex negundo (Nirgundi)Leaves. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 72 - 92. ABSTRACT:-Vitex negundo leaf extracts were evaluated for various pharmacological properties. Approximate LD50 ( i.p.)of the tracts is - PE, CHE, 500 mg kg-1, TLE & BE1500 mg kg-1. ETE 1000 mg kg-1 and CAI 3200 mg kg-1. CHE produced marked CNS depression at higher dose level, other extracts has no marked effect PE depressed SMA in mice. other,other extracts did not affect SMA. PE, BE and ETE prolonged pentobarbiton sleep in mice CHE and CAI had no effect. ETE prolonged Diazepam narcosis other extracts did not affect it. None of the extracts affected forced locomotor activity (rotarod test)in mice. PE and BE protected mice against electroconvulslonsi, other extracts did not afford protection. None of the extracts protected mice against strychine and pentylenetetrazol induced conculsions. They also fack antidepressant (behavioural despair and antireserpine tests ) and antipsychotic (damphetamine stereotypy and CAR in rats)properties TLE, PE,CHE and BE showed marked decrease in the number of acetic acid induced writhing in mice. ETE and CAI showed only week effect. CHE and TLE increased the threshold of tail-flick response in mice-other extracts did not modify it TLE, PE,BE and CAI produced marked suppression of carrageenin paw oedema in rats. CHE and ETE showed moderate suppression. 0194 Pandey V N. Pharmacological Study of some of the Cardiovascular efffect of Kutaki, Rohitaka, Kakamaci and Kasani used in the Management of Liver Disorder - A Preliminary Report. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 107 - 114. ABSTRACT:-Four medicinal plants namely Kutaki (Picrorhiza kurroa Royle Ex Benth), Rohitaka (Tecomella undulata G Don Seam), Kakamaci (Solanum nigrum)and Kasani (Vichorium intybus)are commonly used in hepatic disorders in 116

Indian Medicine. The alcoholic extract of the different parts of these plants were studied on cardio-vascular syatems. 047 Venugopal Rao S. Research Methodology in Indigenous DRugs. BMEBR:Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2001;Pp. 94 - 98. ABSTRACT:-Working hard at staying young, looking good and living for ever, chances are that one is already on herbal high. This green wave will not only continue gain momentum, it will have in all probability reach the shore where it will have powerful impact. Hence the methodology of research and evaluation of Traditional medicine should guarantee the safety and efficacy of herbal medicine and traditional procedure based therapies. On the other hand, they should not become the obsatacles to the application and development. There are six aspects which one has to deal with when taking into accunt of a drug which is of indigenous source. 0307 Champawat R S. and Gemawat P D. Role of Enzymes of Cumin, Jeerak (Cuminum cyminum Linn.)Wilt pathogenesis by Fusarium oxysporum df.sp. cumini. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1991;Pp. 122 - 126. ABSTRACT:-The wild pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f.sp cumini (Patel et. al. 1957)inducing wilting in Cuminum cyminum secreted pectinolytic and cellulolytic enzymes. These enzymes were found to be responsiable for plant pathogenesis. 0460 Upadhyay S N. Role of GMP in Manufacturing of ISM Drug. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 78 - 80. ABSTRACT:-A drug is defined as any substance used for the purpose of diagnosis, prevention, relief or care of disease in man or animals. Hence proper care has to be taken while manufacturing such materials as drugs. Good manufacturing practice in Indian System of Medicine as to ensure that the raw material used for drugs, are to be authentic viz. botanical identification, of good quality and free from dampness, microbial contamination or rodent and insect infestation. Apart from this, care has to be taken for proper storage, maintenance of batch records, adequate supply of water, equipments, sanitation and hygiene of workers with healthy clothing. However all the aforesaid efforts will compliment by proper screening with due importance for pharmacological activities and toxicological studies. 0543 Srikanth N. ;Mangal. A K. and Lavekar G S. Scientific exposition on Medicinal palnts indicated in painful ophthalmic conditions : An Ayurvedic Pharmacological Perspective. JDRAS formaly know as BMEBR:Vol.28:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2007;Pp. 25 - 40. ABSTRACT:-Antiquity of ophthalmic use of medicinal plants goes back to the period of (1000 B.C.). A mention of different analgesic ophthalmic drugs is found in Garudapurana. The present work aims at exposition of hidden knowledge about single ophthalmic plant drugs indicated in "ocular pain" scattered elsewhere in ancient and medieval Ayurvedic literature and to impart the basic knowledge concerning these drugs which forms a base for further research and revalidation. A special attention has also been made to analyse these drugs based on Pharmacodynamic /kinetic principles mentioned in Ayurvedic pharmacology, to arrive rational conclusions concerning the probable mode of action of these agents and creating possible basis for formulation of strategy for developing appropriate 117

topical drops and oral dosage forms to achieve ocular analgesia with out adverse effects. 0456 Choudhary A K. and Nawkar Shailesh. Standadrisation of Kupipakwa Rasa - A Pharmaceutical Approach. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 47 - 60. ABSTRACT:-Kupipakwa Rasa is a specific preparation of Rasasastra prepared by applying Kramagni Tapa (Mrdu; Mdahya; Tivra Agni/mild; moderate; High-heating schedule)in a specially designed kupi (glass bottle)with the help of Valukayantra or electric muffle furnace. Sequence of mixing of ingredients in a particular proportion is very important for preparing Kajjali of Kupipakwa Rasa. Pharmaceutical approaches has confined for process validation of Rasasindura; Makaradhwaja; Rasapuspa; Swarnavanga and hinguliya Manikyarasa. We found results Rasapuspa better by changing the proportion of ingredients, in pharmaceutical and experimental studies. 0184 Patel Miss S M. and Vasavada S A. Studies on Ficus racemosa Linn. Part I. Anti-Ulcer Activity. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.1:March,;1985;Pp. 17 - 27. ABSTRACT:-The dried aqueous extract of the Ficus racemosa Linn. bark ( Udumbar twak)has been sacreened for its anti-ulcer activity against acute gastric ulcers induced in the laboratory animals with aspirin, pyloric-ligation, stress and histamine. The drug has been found to possess a remarkable anti-ulceer activity and an appreciable anti-secretory activity. It also inhibits the acid secretion and stimulates the mucopolysaccharid secretion of the gastric juice. 0195 Singh L B;Singh R S;Bose R and Sen,S P. Studies on the Pharmacological Action of Aconite in the form Used in Indian Medicine BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 115 - 123. ABSTRACT:-Acnite available in Indian market is a mixture of Aconitum ferox. A lycoctonum, A napellus and A palmatum. On treatment with cow's urine or cow's milk; it has been said to lose much of its toxicity, but to still retain the antipyretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of the crude drug. 0001 Singh K K. ;Pelvi. S K. and Singh Harbhajan. Survey of some Medicinal Plants Dharchula Block in Pithoragarh District of Uttar Pradesh. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.1:March;1980;Pp. 1 - 7. ABSTRACT:-The present paper reports medicinal properties of Thirty plants of Dharchula Block of Pithoragarh District, U P described is by the local people. Five of these plants have shown biological activity in animal test models in the screening programme carried out at CDRI. 0316 Shantha (Mrs)T R;Yogabarasimhan S N;Pattanasetty J K and Sudha,(Miss)R. Pharmaco-Botanical Studies on the South Indian Market Sample of Gajapipali (Balanophora fungosa Forest. f. ssp. Indica (Arn.)Hansen). BMEBR:Vol.13:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1992;Pp. 24 - 34. ABSTRACT:-The South Indian market samples of Gaja pippali sold under the trade name Attithippali has been identified as B. Fungosa ssp. indica which is a root parasite. The pharmaco-botanical studies of this drug has been carried out. 118

0457 Ganapathiraman,K ; Gopal,V; Sivaprakasam,K; Masilamani,G;Annathai,J and Meenakshinathan E. Manufacturing , Quality control and Safty Aspects of "Thamira Chendooram". BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 61 - 65. ABSTRACT:-Chendooram is a time tested, easy to carry and effective Siddha drug. The manufacturing and quality control aspects of this formulation has been discussed here. To lay a control on the manufacturing of this formulation its standardization in the light of modern analytical techniques is the need of the hour. A small step in this direction is taken through this research paper. 0227 Baxi A J. Perspective in Pharmaceutical Aspects of Indian Medicinal Plants. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 41 - 47. ABSTRACT:-The Phenomenon of drug interaction has to be studied and explained in to the scientific world. When to drugs are administered simultaniously they may have some inter-action and form a third compound. It may be either having a desired action adverse effect or no effect. if the interaction of the drug is known it can be manipulated to our advantage. 0087 Pharmacology and Medicine. Tiwari C M. and Tripathi S N. Repurcussion of experimental Krimija Grahani (Giardiasis)on Thyroid in Albino Rates. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 393 - 403. ABSTRACT:-Thyroid disorders are very common in India. A General belief prevails about its cause. Its cause is accredited to a deficlency of iodine in water. However, some concrete sources or causes of Giardiasis are yet to tbe establised and they need intensive research, especially in terms of clinical and medicinal experiments on an even vaster scale. The present paper attempts to study only these sensitive aspects of the disease. This article is a humble but authentic effort in clinical research and experimentation. 0201 Saxena R B. ;Mehta. H C. and Dashwani M T. Kinetic Measurements of Disintegration of Eladi GUtika. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 169 - 176. ABSTRACT:-The paper deals to propose the kinetic expression for the release rate of eladi gutika (a tablet)from slow rate release tablet, and to relate the rate of release with the shape of the tablet. 0009 Gupta O P;Nath Amar;Gupta S C and Srivastava,T N. Preparation of semi-synthetic analogues of Piper amides and their Antitubercular Activity. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.1:March;1980;Pp. 99 - 106. ABSTRACT:-Twentythree semi-synthetic analogues of piper amides and three naturally occuring amides have been evaluated for their antitubercular activity. pently amides of piperic acid showed in vitro asntitubercular activity two and half times less than streptomycin. 0179 Gopal R Hamsaveni. and Purushothaman K K. Effect of Plant Isolates on Coagulation of Blood an in Vitro Study. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec.,;1984;Pp. 171 - 178. 119

ABSTRACT:-Seven plant isolates from Indian medicinal Plants heve been tried for their action on blood coagulation. Of these four drugs viz., chrysophanic acid from Rheum emodi Eall., emodin from pulivasi (botanical identity nt certain), pectolinarin from Ocimum americanum Linn. and a flavone from Chukrasia tabularis A. Juss., showed prolognation of prothrombin time which is a measure coagulating activity. A flavanoid from Premn integrifolia Linn and nevadensin from Ocimum gratissimum Linn. showed decease in prothrombin time. Erchitamine chloride from Alstonia scholar is R.Br. did not show any activity at the concentrations tried. 0202 Purushothaman K K. ;Mohana. K. and Susan T. Biological Profile of Plumbagin. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 177 - 188. ABSTRACT:-Pliumbago zeylanica and plumbago rosea (Fam : Plumbaginaceae)used in traditional system of medicine in india has been subjected to chemical examination by earlier workers (Fieser 1936, Sidhu and Sankaran, 1971). Plumbagin (5 hydroxy-2-methyl-1:4- naphthoquinine)is crystalline substance present in Plubago roses and plumbago zeylanica of the family plumbaginacease. Plumbagin showed regression of experimental tumour. Antimitotic, antifungal and antibacterial activities of plumbagin were reported by earlier ionvestigators Subacute toxicity studies of plumbagin were conducted in wistar rats for two weeks and six weeks at 4 g/kg. body weight orally it showed no histopathological changes in any vital organs. There was no toxic effect in any vital organs. The biochemical picture to the drug also showed no adverse effect on any vital organ.

PHARMACOPOEIA

0223 Namjoshi A N. Role of Pharmacopoeial Standards in Ayurveda. BMEBR:Vol.8:No.1 & 2:March & Jun,;1987;Pp. 10 - 15. ABSTRACT:-Ayurveda has presribed drug majority of which has been availabe indigenously excepting a few drugs traditionally inmported from abroad through established routes. During the course if the time due to several social and economic changes practitioners of this system faced anxiety about the identity and authentivity of the drug collected and marketed by various agencies which were totally of commercial valueand not carying for the various norms laid down for such collection, their identity,genuaness, inspite of various handicaps. It is to the credit of Indian scientists and Ayurvedic scholars that they dedicated, themselves to the work of standardization of Ayurvedic drugs. In compiling the monograph of single Ayurvedic drug now systematic scientific method adopted. The importance of the role of pharmacopoeial standards according to the modern scientific parameters would be evident from the foregoing discussions.

PHTYO-CHEMISTRY

0142 Purushothaman K K. and Balakrishnan M. Flavone constituents of Linaria ramosissma Wall. BMEBR:Vol.4:No.1 & 2:March & June;1983;Pp. 51- 53. ABSTRACT:-The flavone pectolinarigenin and its 7-rtinoside, pectolinarin have been isolated from the plant Linaria ramosissima Wall.

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0114 Prasad N B R. and Kamaih N. New Deribatives of Embelin and a new Mthods of preparing Embelin Diacetate. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 107 - 111. ABSTRACT:-Lodo and bromo embelins and their acetyl, benzoyl and methyl derivatives were prepared. A simple and quick methods for the preparation of embelin diacetate was developed. 0131 Purushothaman K K. ;Sarada. A. and Loganathan D. Phytochemical study of Argyreia speciosa Sweet Vridhadaru. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 250 - 253. ABSTRACT:-Solvent extraction and column chromatography of the extract of A. Speciosa sweet fruit resulted in the isolation of four compounds. They have been identified as n-triacontanol, p-sitosterol, p-hydroxy cinnamoul ocra decaniolate and caffeic acid. 0282 Kotiyal J P. and Nair A G R. A New Flavone Glycoside from Clerodendron splendens L. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 187 - 189. ABSTRACT:-On the chem8cal analysis of the aerial parts, Clerodendron splendens L., furnished hispidulin-4-O-galactoside : a new flavone glycoside. 0272 Joshi M C. and Sabnis S D. A Phytochemial study of south Gujarat Forests Plants with Special Reference of Medicinal and ethnobotanical interest. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.1 & 2:March, & Jun;1989;Pp. 61 - 82. ABSTRACT:-This paper deals with phytochemical screening for alkaloids saponins and tannins of 182 samples consisting of 14 species which are used as medicine either indigenous system or by aboriginal tribes of south Gujarat forests. 0221 Shukla S P. A Short Note on Chemical Examination of Convolvulus pleuricaulis choisy (Sanskrit: Sankhapuspi). BMEBR:Vol.7:No.3 & 4:June & Dec,;1986;Pp. 188 - 193. ABSTRACT:-Convolvulus Pleuricaulis Choisy (Sankhapuspi)used indigenous system of medicine has been studies in this enquiry. The drug has been analysed with the help of various chemical reagents. This Phyto chemical analysis revealed that that the drug contains alkoloid, steroid, protein, carbohydrate and amino acid. Its detailed description and behaviour during the analysis have been given. The findings have been recorded in detail in the tables. 0309 De Subrata. and Dave K K. Analytical study of Ajmoda Arka. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1991;Pp. 141 - 144. ABSTRACT:-The comparative physiso-chemical parameters and thin layer chromatographic patterns of three different arka samples, prepared by using the druits of Trachyspermum roxburghianum. Trachyspermum ammi and apium graveolens have been reported. The data presented show that it is possible to distinguish the arks samples from one another. 0182 Dixit B S;Srivastava S N;Laxmi V and Gupta,M N. Chemical Analysis of Induced Mutants of Feungreek oil and Diosgenin Content. 121

BMEBR:Vol.5:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec.,;1984;Pp. 187 - 190. ABSTRACT:-Results were obtained after analysis of oils and diosgenin content in seeds of different mutants and control plants of fenugreek with a view to isolate desirable mutants having either higher oil and or diosgenin content. The oil and diosgenin content varied from 5.3 to 7.9 and 0.28 to 0.74 percent respectively in different mutants as compared to control. 0556 Mandal,Mrs Surva ; Das,Ashes; Das,P C; Majumdar,C and Joshi,P C. Chemical Analysis of Antifertility Drug Pippaliyadi Yoga. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 102 - 107. ABSTRACT:-Pippaliyadi Yoga in capsule form was supplied by the Head Quarter of CCRAS, New Delhi, for chemical analysis and standardization . The three constituents of Pippaliyadi Yoga were collected from the Regional Research Institute(Ay), Calcutta at present Central Research Institute(Ay), Calcutta, CCRAS)for chemical analysis and standardization purpose. 0137 Saxena U K. ;Jain. Manju. and Yadava R N. Chemical Compounts of the flowers of Inula Cappra DC. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 292 - 294. ABSTRACT:-The flowers of Inula coppa were extracted in the cold methanolic hydrchloric acid (1percent)and thereafter with cold acetone. Both the extracts were concentrated under reduced pressure and the residues on subjecting to column, chromatography gave two comppounds identified as deiphinidin 3.5 - diglucoside and Isoquercetin (quercetin 3-glucoside). 0133 Purushothaman K K. and Vasanth Saradha. Chemical Constituents from Agyneia bacciformis A.Juss. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 258 - 263. ABSTRACT:-The chemical examination of Agtyneia baceiformis A.Juss has yielded (1) compound aA, m .p.267-70ons (2) ComoundB,m.p.92ons,(3) B-stisterol (4) glochidone and (5) glochidonol. 0557 Saraswathy,A ; Meenakshi,N; Rukamni,S; Pappa,V and Alam,M M. Chemical Evaluation of Triphala Guggulu. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 108 - 120. ABSTRACT:-Triphala guggulu an important Ayurvedic formulation was prepared on laboratory scale with authentic ingredients and was chemically analysed to lay down standards. The ingredients, the crude and purified guggulu were also analysed. The analytical data and HPTLC finger printing parameters evolved can be used to lay down standards. 0132 Chandra Subhash. ;Pachauri. P C. and Saxena HEmant. Chemical Examination of Adenanthera pavonina Linn Roots. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 254 - 257. ABSTRACT:-The alcoholic extract of the roots of Adenanthera pavonina after separation of hexane and ether soluble fractions yielded a saponin the genins which were identified as oleanolic and eachinocystic acids. The non-polar fraction had yielded aleanolic acid, echinocystic acid besides stigmasterol. 0171 Natarajan R K. ;Selvaraj. S. and Purushothaman K K. Chemical Examination of Geniosporum prostratum Benth. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.1 & 2:March & Jun;1984;Pp. 91 - 94. 122

ABSTRACT:-Gentosporum prostratum ( aerial parts on solvent extraction and subsequent column chromatographic separation yielded compounds : (i) B-sitosterol (ii) ursolic acid (iii)5-0-desmethyl nobiletin. The structure of the last compound was derived by the application of nmr, uv and mass spectral data. 0180 Gupta H M. and Saxena V K. Chemical Examination of the Glyceride contents of the Roots of Barleria preonitis Linn. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec.,;1984;Pp. 178 - 183. ABSTRACT:-The Leaves and roots of the plant Narleria prionitis Linn. are used medicinally in various ailments in the present proper, the results of the Chemical examination of the roots of the plant have been presented. Eight compounds hae been identified in the glyceride contents. 0267 Purushothaman K K. ;Saraswathy. A. and Rajendiran A. Chemical Examination of 'BAKUL' - Mimusops elengi Linn (Sapotaceae). BMEBR:Vol.9:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1988;Pp. 166 - 168. ABSTRACT:-Phytochemical investigation of the flowers of Mimusops elengi Linn. afforded P-hydroxy benzaldehyde, which has not been isolated from the plant so far. 0313 Ahmad Saghir. ;Ahmad. Shamshad. and Jain P C. Chemical Examination of Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus ). BMEBR:Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1991;Pp. 157 - 160. ABSTRACT:-Sarasapogenin and Kaempferol have been isolated from trhe woody portion of tuberous root of Asparagus racemosus. The compounds were identified on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic evidences. 0362 Mandal Suvra;Joshi P C;Das A and Das,P C. Chemical Examination of Anantamul Hemidesmus Indicus R.Br. BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 82 - 85. ABSTRACT:-Two phenolic constituents, 3-hydroxy-6-methoxy benzaldehyde (HI -I) and 4-hydroxy - 2methoxy benzaldehyde (HI-2) have been isolated from Anantamul (Hemidesmus indicus R. Br.)The compounds were indentified by detailed spectral studies. HI-1 and HI-2 are the important pseudo-precursors of coumarino-lignoids and their occurrence in this plant is being reported for the first time. 0395 Saraswathy A;Susan T;Sukumar S S and Kundu,A B. Chemical examination of Ficus retusa L. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1996;Pp. 72 - 75. ABSTRACT:-Phytochemical analysis of the leaves of Ficus retusa L. (Moraceae)yielded alfa-amryin, n-octacoanol, beta-sitosterol. its glycoside, ursolic acid friedelin 3beta- ol. Analytical parameters are also presented. 0283 Bhanumik T;Joshi P C;Dey A K and Kundu,A B. Chemical Investigation of Terminalia chebula Retz. BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 190 - 192. ABSTRACT:-Two phenolic compounds, gallic acid and syringic acid have been indentified in the fruit of Tyerminalia chebula. The latter compound is being reported for the first tie from this partiular species.

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0437 Saraswathy,A ; Susan,T; Ravi,R Gnana; Govindarajan,S and Kundu,A B. Chemical Investigation of Sida acuta Burm f. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1998;Pp. 176 - 180. ABSTRACT:-Sida acuta Burm f. is an ingredient in Siddha formulation indicate in rheumatism,facial paralysis, pulmonary tuberculosis, sciatica, haemorrhage, spermatorrhoea, leucorrhoea and gonorrhoea. In Ayurveda also, the drug is used as one of the varieties of Bala. The name Arivalmookuppachilai in Siddha system applies exactly to S. acuta only because of its glucoside, n-octacosanol, dimethyl terephthalate and four alkaloids, Dimethyl terephthalate is recorded here for the first time from the genus Sida. 0426 Alam,Muzaffer ; Saraswathy,V N; Venugopalan,T N; Jaya,N and Namboodiri,P K N. Comparative Analytical studies on Brhat Mosa Taila. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1998;Pp. 71 - 75. ABSTRACT:-Brhat Masa Taila was prepared as per the textual method and by modified method in which Chaga mamsa was deleted from the formulation. Both type of preparations were compared for Pharmacopoeial parameters, visible light spectrum andthin-layer chromatography. The acid value and saponification value were 6.43, 219.68 and 6.9, 203 in the textual and modified methods respectively. The visible light spectrum showed difference in the shape at the wave length 460 nm to 550nm. The thin layer chromatography did not show any difference in either type of preparation. 0473 Mangal A k. and Das M N. Comparative powdered drug analysis of aerial and undergorund roots of Ficus Rumphii Blume (ASMANTAKA). BMEBR: Vol.22:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec., 2001; Pp. 99 - 106. ABSTRACT:-Ficus ruphii Vlume. (Ashmantaka), a moderate size tree occurs throughout India. Root of this tree is considered as emetic and antahelmintic and used in asthma and snake-bite. This paper describes microscopic and fluorescence characters of aerial and underground roots of ficus rumhii, along with their ash and extractive values. This study will help to identify and differentiates both type op the roots (Aerial and Underground) from each other. 0518 Vishwakarma U R. ;Gurav. A M. and Shama P C. Comparative Phytochemical studies of Naturally Growing and Tissue Cultured Plants of Viola Serpens Wall. BMBER:Vol.26:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2005;Pp. 33 - 40. ABSTRACT:-Comparative phyto-chemical studies of naturally growing plants and tissue cultured plants of Viola serpens Wall. have shown that the tissue cultured plants raised from petiole callus were better than naturally growing plants in synthesizing primary and secondary metabolites. 0555 Saraswathy A;Joy S;Susan T and Krishnamurty,J K. Comparative study of 777 Oil High Performane ThinLayer Chromatoraphy. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 92 - 101. ABSTRACT:-777 oil procured from four different sources was compared using High Performance. Thin Layer Chromatography (HPTLC)finger print pattern. Except one, other three were found to be similar.

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0393 Joshi P C. ;Mandal. Surva. and Das P C. Coumarins and Alkaloids of Genus Boenninghausenia - A reiew. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1996;Pp. 52 - 61. ABSTRACT:-Rutaceous plants are rich source of coumarins and alkaloids. A list of coumarins andacridone alkaloids occuring in Boenninghausenia albiflora Reichb. Ex Meissner, a plant of this family is presented. 0521 Singh H B. and Kumar Sandeep. Crude drug Identification - An essential need. BMBER:Vol.26:No.3 to 4:July, to Dec.,;2005;Pp. 54 - 64. ABSTRACT:-Under the consultancy service programme of the Institute for the identification of crude drugs, 1371 crude samples have been received for identification from various pharmaceutical companies, traders of medicinal plants, crude drug dealers, research students and teachers from various Universities, colleges of pharmacy, and scientists from various institutions during April 2000 to March 2005. Out of these 130 samples (9.48 percentage)have been found spurious. It is also observed that some of these spurious species are reported to be toxic to human being. Therefore, the present study suggests that before using crude drug material for preparation of medicine, authenticity and correct identity of the sample must be ensured. 0408 Mandal Svra. ;Joshi. P C. and Das P C. Drug Value of Swertia and its phytoconstituents. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 82 - 88. ABSTRACT:-Swertia chirata Buch Ham (Gentianaceae) is a reputed Ayurvedic drug having multifarious therapeutic values. Drug values and chemical constituents are reviewed in this article. 0213 Gupta Rajiv. Eclipta alba Hassk, - An Important Medicinal Plant (Uses and Phytochemistry). BMEBR:Vol.7:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1986;Pp. 89 - 94. ABSTRACT:-Eclipta alba Hassk, (Bhringaraj)is anerect, much branched herb with white flowers and belongs to family Asteraceoe. It is an important medicinal plant used as tonic and deobstruent in hepatic and spleen a largement. Several Ayurvedic drugs have been prepared from the herb. The plant is manly used in viral hepataitis. Wedelolactone, desmethylwedelolactone and its 7-0- glucoside and several other compounds have been Isolated from the plant. Plant also contains a mixture of polypeptides which has hypotensive action in dog. 0403 Yoganarasimhan,S N ; Nair,K V; Shantha,T R; Sudha,R and Holla,B V. Evaluation of South Indian Market Samples of Pippali. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1997;Pp. 43 - 50. ABSTRACT:-Pippali is an important drug in Ayurveda and Siddha. Two types of Pippali are mentioned in the Ayurvedic classics whereas in the Nighantu 5 types are mentioned. In the Siddha system, 2 types are mentioned. In the South Indian crude drug markets 6 types are sold and used as Pippali. These samples are botanically identified. Markata Pippali is equated with Balanophora fungosa ssp. Indica which is a root parasite. The ayurvedic botanical and techno-economic evaluation of these samples of Pippali along with some important uses, preparations and diseases are presented. A key to differentiate the genera and species is also provided. 125

0453 Meenakshinathan,E ; Gopal,V; Sivaprakashan,K; Ganapathiraman,K;Masilamai,G and Annathai J. Evaluation of Herbs Containing Copper "Chembu Mooligaigal" Used in Siddha Systems of Medicine and Their Formulations. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 33 - 37. ABSTRACT:-Traditional concept of Siddha system of medicine preponderates more on the use of Copper recipies for internal administration and Copper containing recipies for external tropical application. The classical writings of Siddha recommended the use of inorganic copper for leucoderma. Other metals like Gold, Iron and Arsenic are also emphasised (Ref. C. Kannusamy Pillai 1939). 0386 Nair G A. Flavonoids of Cynodon dactylon (Linn.)Pers. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 153 - 158. ABSTRACT:-Two flavone aglycones, apigenin and luteolin and their Cglucosides, orientin vitexin, iso-orientin nad iso-vitexin were isolated from the aerial of Cynodon dactylon (Linn.)Pers. 0181 Khan,M S Y ; Khan,S U; Khan,Shamshad Ahmed; Khan,Saghir Ahmad and Khan,Ch. I Z. Isolation and Identifiction of Ursolic acid from Leea Khan Merrill ( N.O.Vitaceae). BMEBR:Vol.5:No.3 & 4:Sept. & Dec.,;1984;Pp. 184 - 186. ABSTRACT:-Even being medicinally potent, Leea Indica Merrill is not chemically investigated. Preliminary investigations on the drug showed the presence of compound identical to the ursolic acid. 0364 Joshi P C. and Mandal J P. Isolation and Identification of Komalin from Boenninghausenia albiflora Reichb. ex. Meissm. BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 101 - 105. ABSTRACT:-The isolation of the linear furanocoumarin, komalin (1)from genus Boenninghausenia and its spectral properties have been recorded for the first. 0173 Jain S C. Isolation of an Anti-microbial aubstance from the stemgall callus of Emblica officinalis Gaertn. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.1 & 2:March & Jun;1984;Pp. 99 - 101. ABSTRACT:-Isoation of an anti-microbial substance from the stem-gall callus of Emblica officinalis Gaertn. is reported. Phylemblin has been reported to occur in the stem-gall callus of Emblica officinalis obtained from the stem-galls caused by Betousa stylophora. 0314 Saraswathy A. and Ammal R Sankara Avudai Isolation of Chrysophanol from Bhutalpata (Cassia obovata (L.) Collad ). BMEBR: Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,; 1991;Pp. 161 - 162 ABSTRACT:-Detailed spectroscopic data on chrysophanol, isolated from Cassia obovata are presented B-sitosterol and a-amyrin were also isolated.

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0566 Brindha,P ; Vasanth,Saradha; Sasikala,E; Pappa,M;Kundu,A B and Rao R Bhima. Microsopy and Preliminary Phytochemical analysis of Sariva (Cryptolepis Buchanani Roem. and Schult). BMEBR: Vol.17:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1996;Pp. 152 - 158. ABSTRACT:-Cryptolepis buchanani Roem & Schult belonging to family Asclepiadaceaeis a twiner and is used as 'Kishna Sariva' Salient Pharmacognostic features of the powers of root, stem and leaf of this taxon is studied and presented. 0302 Mehta (Mrs)S P. ;Viswanathan. M V. and Singh H B. On the Identity of Market Sample of Brahmi in Delhi. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.1 & 2:March & June,;1991;Pp. 83 - 86. ABSTRACT:-This paper deals with the identity of the drug 'Brahmi', sold in Delhi Market. Morphological and taxonomical studies of the drug proved that it contanied mostly of 'Khubasi' (Malva rotundifolia)either in pure form or intermixed with 'MAndukparni' (Centella asiatica). Characeristics of 'Khubasi', 'Mandukparni', and the actual 'Brahmi' viz. Bacopa monnieri are provided here for the benefit of the consumers. 0442 Ethirajulu Sasikala. ;Ali. S Usman. and Jayakaran D S. On the Standardization of Seenthil Sarkkarai (Guduchi Satva). BMEBR:Vol.21:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;2000;Pp. 37 - 45. ABSTRACT:-Seenthil Sarkkarai a Siddha Medicine is the amyliferous extract of the nature stems of Tinospora cordifolia Miers. Of the family Menispermaceae. In Ayurveda, it is known as 'Guduchi Satva'. The present contribution deals with the micromorphology of authentic Seenthil Sarkkarai, its microchemical test response, TLC profile, gelatinization point and starch index. 0085 Karnick C R. Phytochemical Screening of some Medicinal plants used in Ayurvedic System of Medicine. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 364 - 383. ABSTRACT:-136 plants were screened for presence of active principles like alkaloids, flavonoids tannins, saponins, steroids and Glycosides./ Most of these plants are in use as crude-drugs in Ayurvedic System of Medicine. Percentage of active principle bary with season and climatic condition. Experiments carried out on selected plants show that there is some correlation between the sowing period of seeds on different lunar phase days and the presence of active constituents within the plants. 0086 Prakash Anand;Belsare D P;Srivastava R S and Verma,R K. Phytochemical investigations on Rivina Humilis Linn. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 384 - 392. ABSTRACT:-Rivina humilis Linn (Phytolaccaceae) is the only species of this genus which is found in india. The plant has medicinal importance and has not been investigated chemically so far. In the present investigation, n-alkanes, alkanols, phytosterols, triter penoids, aminoacids and reducing sugars have been isolated from the serial portion. The aqueous extract were found to possess hypotensive activity.

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0170 Purushothaman K K. ;Sarada. A. and Vimala R. Phytochemical study of white Agaru. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.1 & 2:March & Jun;1984;Pp. 82 - 90. ABSTRACT:-From the heart-wood of white agaru, apart from B-sitisterol five neutral compounds (subsituted coumarins) A,B,C,D, and E Have been isolated and they have been identified respectivey as xanthoxyletin, alloxanthoxyletin xanthyletin, luvangetin and desmethyl suberosin. Careful column chromatography of the basic portion of the chloroforn extract over basic alimina yielded two compounds F and G They have been ientified as skimmianine and findersiamine by application of chemical spectrosopic methods. 0255 Singh Ashok Kumar. Phytochemical Scxreening of some Indian Plants. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1988;Pp. 68 - 77. ABSTRACT:-In the present study some Indian Plants of the flora of Gorakhpur region have been screened phytochemically for the eveluation of their economically important constituents viz. alkaloids, saponin, essential oilds and mucilage. Result are given in the tables. 0332 Kotiyal J P. and Sharma D P. Phytochemical Studies of Psoralea Species - A Review. BMEBR:Vol.13:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec,;1992;Pp. 209 - 223. ABSTRACT:-The present communication is a review, giving an information about the chemical constituents, medicinal importance including some biological activities of plants of genus Psorqlea Linn. Te structures of some important compounds are also given. 0361 Kotiyal J P. and Asolkar L V. Phytochemical Investigations of Chorophytum Ker-Gawl. BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 75 - 81. ABSTRACT:-Phytochemistry has been reviewed for the genus Chlorophytum (Anthericaceae, Litiaceae.)of the 215 or so species about 17 occur in India; in this review, 11 species have been reviewed with their uses and chemistry. More phytochemical investigations are however, necessary. 0169 Tiwari L C;Sanwal Miss P;Singh J and Joshi,P. Preliinary Phyto-Chemical Screening of Medicinal lants of Hilly Districts (Kumaon and GArhwal Divisions ) of U P. BMEBR:Vol.5:No.1 & 2:March & Jun;1984;Pp. 71 - 81. ABSTRACT:-The present paper deals with phyto-chemical screening of fortyseven medicinal plants collected from hilly districts of Uttar Pradesh (Kumaon and Garhwal divisions)which are used in indigenous systes of medicine as well as by local ingabitants either as single drugs or in combinations, for the cure of various ailments. The study carried out so far revealed the presence of some important group of chemical constituents such as alkaloids in, twenty-eight, flavonoids in thirtyfour, glycosides in thirty-five saponins in thirty-four and terpenoids in twenty-three plants.

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0281 Agarwal,R G ; Pant(nee Sanwal),P; Tewari,L C; Singh,J;Pandey,M J and Tiwary D N. Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Medicinal Plants of Hilly Districts (Kumaon and Garhwal Divisions ) of U P (Pt. II). BMEBR:Vol.10:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1989;Pp. 176 - 186. ABSTRACT:-The Present Paper which is secod in the series,Pt.I Published in BMEBR Vol.1 No.2(1980). It deals with Phytochemical screening of fifty-one medicinal plants collected from hilly districts of Uttar-Pradesh (Kumaon and Garhwal divisions)which are used in indigenous Systems of medicine as well as by local inhabitants either as single drugs or in combinations, for the cure of various alments. The study carried out so far, revealed the presence of alkaloids in thirtyone plants, of flavonoids in twenty eight, glycosides in thirty four, saponins in thrity four, sterols in thrity seven and terpenoids in thirty three plants. 0310 De Subrata. ;Dave. K K. and Bhavasar J C. Preliminary phytochemical Investigations of the Leaves of Vikartaka (Gymnosporia montana ) and Prosarani (Paederia foetida). BMEBR:Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1991;Pp. 145 - 149. ABSTRACT:-Th findings of chemical analysis of Gymnosporia montana and Pdederia foetida have been presented. In paper chromatography G. montana has showed the presence of galactose and P. foetida has show the presence of glucose and frutose. G. montana and P.foetida showed the presence of seven and six amino-acids respectively. The data of the ash analysis of the leaf p[owder of the two plants has also been presented. G.montana has shown the presence of flavonoid and P. foetida has showned the presence of glycoside. 0452 Devi V Gayathri. ;John. Anitha. and Abraham Koshy. Standardization of Raw Drugs Used in ISM. BMEBR:Vol.21:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;2000;Pp. 28 - 32. ABSTRACT:-Standardization of raw materials used in I.S.M. is a very difficult task due to the different problems given above. Pharmacognostical identification helps to a great extent. But standardisation will be completed only by doing chemical analysis. First of all the physico-chemical characters are to be studies. Then the major constituents, both organic and inorganic, are identified and estimated. All the results of these experiments were considered together for fixing standards. The above experiments are to be carried out for different samples collected from different places during different climatic conditions from matured plants. For a particular drug, the values obtained for different samples are taken and the standards are fixed at a particular range. To test genuinity and quality of a given drug, the tests fixed for that particular drug is carried out and the values compared. If the genuine sample is available, co-chromatographic methods will be of much useful. In this way the quality of raw materials of much useful. In this way the quality of raw materials used for drug manufacturing can be assured and thus helps in the development of ISM drugs. 0558 Saraswathy A. and Sasikala E. Structural Identities of the Coumarins of Heraeleum spp. BMEBR:Vol.20:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;1999;Pp. 121 - 127. ABSTRACT:-In South Indian markets the drugs Kattu malli or Chitrelam is being sold under the name Sookshma ela. Although fruits of Elettaria Cardamomum Maton are officially recognized as Sookshma ela therefore determination of 129

botanical identity of Kattumalli and its plytochemical consptituents have been isolated and reported in the present communication. 0197 Alam Muzaffer;Dasan K K S;Rukmani B and Purushothaman,K K. Studies on the standardisation of Drakshadi Vati. BMEBR:Vol.6:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.,;1985;Pp. 133 - 140. ABSTRACT:-Drakshadi Vati is a compound drug containing three ingredients. The drug was prepared and analysed to lay down the standards. The compound drug was analysed for moisture, volatile matter. sh, acid insoluble ash, and total sugar. Individual Ingredients and finished drug water extract were chromatographed over silica gel in different solvents. The anaytical valuse along with the chromatographic pattern can be considered to fix the standards for this drug. 0311 Yadava R N. and Saini V K. Volatile Constituents from the L:eaves of Ayapana (Eupatorium triplinerve Vahi ). BMEBR:Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1991;Pp. 150 - 152. ABSTRACT:-:-Not available. 0312 Bharadwaj Kusum. and Murty A S. An Investigation of Edible Plants for Soluble Oxalates and Calcium Oxalate Crystals. BMEBR:Vol.12:No.3 & 4:Sept., & Dec.,;1991;Pp. 153 - 156. ABSTRACT:-The soluble oxalate and calcium oxalate content of ten plant species / varieties / cultivars has been reocrded, viz Amaranthus viridis L., Beta vulgaris L. (red beet). Beta vulgaris var. cicla (cvs having green and purplish leaf stalks), Chenopodium album L., Partulaca oleracea L. (cvs. having green and reddish leaves), Spinacea aleracea L., Lycopersicum esculentum Mill and Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Soluble axalates and oxalate crystals have been found to be absent in fruits of Lycopersicum esculentum, leaves and stems of Trigonella foenum-raecum and roots of Bta vulgaris (red beet).

REVIEW

0394 Das Ruchira;Pathak N K R;Biswas M and Pandey,V B. Flavonois of Clerodendrum species - A Review. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1996;Pp. 62 - 71. ABSTRACT:-The present communications is a review, giving an information about the chemical constituents isolated from Clerodendrum species (Verbenaceae). The structures of the compounds are also given. The review in an table form. 0413 Uniyal M R. Medicinal Plants of Mauritius Islands. BMEBR:Vol.18:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1997;Pp. 123 - 128. ABSTRACT:-The present study was conducted with aim to know about the medicinal plant and their utility through traditional systems in Mauritius Islands. The Islands are geographically situated in the lap of Hind Maha Sagar. These Islands are basically tropical in nature and covered with natural beauty and good climatic conditions . Mauritius is famous for its medicinal plant and thickly forest areas. The land area is plateu and covered with 2000 sq.kms. and high altitude area is 800 meters. Thee plateus are surrounded by hill ranges and sea water. 130

In these Islands about 150 medicinal plants species are identified and some of them ar; Kutaja, Ashoka, Palasha, Gambhari, Bilwa, Amalaki, Jambu, Syonaka, Aswatha, Nimba, Vata, Udumbara, Chandana, Narikela and Arjuna etc. Regarding the herbaceous -Brahami, Ashwagandha, Punarnava, Satavari, Kantakari, Gokshura, Chitraka, Jayapala, Kamal, Bhringaraja, Prushanaparni etc. are commonly available in the island. 0049 Chaudhury R R. ;Haq. M. and Gupta U. Review of plants screened for Antifertility Activity- III. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 542 - 545. ABSTRACT:-Research work carried on plants for antifertility activity has been reviewed. 261 extracts obtained from the different parts of 89 plants were testedin female rats and ony 7 plants demonstrated inhibition of Implantation in less th 60 percent of the animals. 0051 Chaudhury R R. and Haq M. Review of plants screened for Antiferlity Activity - IV. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.4:Dec.,;1980;Pp. 546 - 553. ABSTRACT:-This review presents the research work carried on 89 plants for antiferlity activity in female rats. 261 extracts from different part of the plants were tested and 61 plans demonstrated no antifertility activity. 0134 Trivedi V P. and Nesamany S. A Review of Vegetable Vardio-Vascular Tonic Drugs as Practised since Ancient time in India. BMEBR:Vol.3:No.2 to 4:June to Dec.;1982;Pp. 264 - 279. ABSTRACT:-Due to increasing industrialdsation, urbanisation, breaking social and personal norms and overall environmental degradation, the heart diseases are posing greater threat to man today only in this in this context of recurring threat of heart diseases, the concept of heart, its anatomy and physiology and also pathological conditions as well as the treatment of cardiac ailments are dealt with in details especially as given in Ayurvedic texts. Aist of forty three herbs is given( herbs which are in use since ancient time) to treat pathological conditions of the heart. So far available chemical constitiuents alongwith their threpeutically reputed values of the cardiac ailents are also tabulaied. 0379 Joshi G C. ;Tewari. K C. and Tewari V P. AlpineEnvitons around Kumaon and Garhwal in Cenral Himalaya, Indian with Special reference to herbal resources. BMEBR:Vol.16:No.3 & 4:July to Dec.,;1995;Pp. 114 - 122. ABSTRACT:-The alpine region of Kumaun and Garhwal in Central Himalaya has long been known as one of the world richest treasury of bioresources endowed with unique biodiversity with its diverse and extreme cold climatic conditions. The present study is the outcome of a decade survey (1980 - 1990) in alpine region above 3000m covering all virgin alpine area of Utter Pradesh Hills dealing with vegetation Characteristic, interesting life forms adapted to the extreme cold climate, curious habitat, floristic patterns, vegetation types and the herbal resources and general environs around this region. It was observed that the biotic stress has affected the high mountains too. The serious afforts at national level are needed to conserve this bioresources with rich economic potential and needs to be protected from degradation. Further the vegetation of alpine region of this zone is imperfectly 131

known at present and thus there is an urgent need not only for intensive botanical ecploration but also for careful taxonomic revision of the alpine plants. 0079 Sharma P C. Folk-Lore Antifertility Plant Drugs of Bihar. BMEBR:Vol.2:No.3:Sept.;1981;Pp. 298 - 302. ABSTRACT:-Population control gas become a challenge to the whole world. Despite of several contraceptive measures being available, the medical sciences is still in search of an effective antifertility drug having no drawbacks. Folk-lore claims provide base for research and discovery of the remedies for various ailments. Te author, while making medco-enthno-bnotanical exploration of various forest lacalities of Bihar druring 1971 - 80 have come aross about one and a half dozen such plant drugs which are claimed to be successfuly being used for antifertility purpose by the tribal people of Bihar. The present communication deals with these claims with a view to place the Information at the disposal of the scientific workers engaged in solving the problem of birth control. 0036 Chaudhury R R. and Haq M. Review of plants Screened for Antifertility Activity-I. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 408 - 419. ABSTRACT:-Research work carried on 261 extracts obtained from the different parts of 89 plants for antifertility activity has been reviewed. All extracts have been tested in fality rats. Out of 89 plants only 11 plant demonstrated unhibition on implantstion 0f 100 percent animals. 0037 Chaudhury R R. ;Haq. M. and Gupta U. Review of plants screened for anti-fertility activity II. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 420 - 427. ABSTRACT:-Research work carried on 261 extracts obtained from different parts of 89 plants for antifertility activity has been reviewed. Out of 89 plants only 9 plants, extracts of which were tested in famale rats, demonstrated inhibition of implanttion in 60 - 90 percent of animals.

SIDDHA

0474 Narayana R Jeyaprakash. Siddha Medicne and their Quality Control. BMEBR:Vol.23:No.1 to 4:Jan., to Dec.,;2002;Pp. 1 - 10. ABSTRACT:-The System of medicine which had been in pratice from time immemorial in Tamil Nadu as part of Dravidian Culture and civilization is known as Siddha Medicine. Siddhas the spiritual Scientists explored the nature and evolved Siddha Science for the findings of their experiments. They educated their disciples who preserved and propagated Siddha concept. Traditionally the Physicians were preparing themselves the medicine required for their patients. At time they modified the formula according to the availability of the raw drugs. But when the problem of large scale production arises the need for quality control also becomes imperative.

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SURVEY

0028 Maheshwari J K. ;Singh. K K and Saha S. Ethnomedicinal uses of plants by the Tharus of Kheri district. U P. BMEBR:Vol.1:No.3:Sept;1980;Pp. 318 - 337. ABSTRACT:-Th paper reports the ethnomedicinal uses of sixty two species used by the Tharus of Kheri District, U P. The data has been gathered from the Tharu tribal medicine men 'Bharra' in different villages of the if the district. The specis are arranged alphabetically along with their family, local name (Tharu name)anf Hindi name along with uses, locality and voucher specimens with Ethnobotanical Herbarium Museumnu'm'betr (EBH). The medicinal plants used in the treatment of diseases are also presented in a tabubar form. 0359 Joshi M C. Merremia rajasthanensis Bhandari, A New Record for Gujarat State. BMEBR:Vol.15:No.1 to 4:Jan., & Dec.,;1994;Pp. 65 - 67. ABSTRACT:-This paper deals with the occurrence of Merremia rajasthanensis Bhandari in Gujarat State, for this region it is a new record, a species closely allied to Merremia turpethum (L,)Shah & Bhatt-an important Ayurvedic plant, Trivrita.

UNANI

0110 Hussain S J. ;Srivastava. T N. and Pathak N N. Study on Unani Medicinal Plants - III (Zarna). BMEBR:Vol.3:No.1:March;1982;Pp. 74 - 83. ABSTRACT:-In the present study investigation the authors have established the identity of Zarnab which is extensively used in Unani system of medicinefor the number of ailments causing human suffering. The various plants which are referred in the literature under under the name of Zarnab have been Compared morphologically, chemically, pharmacologically and medicinally with the ancient literature of Unani System of medicine and botanical source of actual and genuine Zarnab is proposed as Rhododendron anthopgon D. Don.

WILD-LIFE

0396 Ram Ini. ;Pandey. G. and Tewari K C. Availability of musk Deer in Kumaon Himalaya an endangered species and studies on its behaviour in captivity. BMEBR:Vol.17:No.1 & 2:Jan., to June,;1996;Pp. 76 - 92. ABSTRACT:-Musk is a valuable and life saving drug mentioned in various Ayurvedic texts and is collected from the sac of male musk deer (Moschus moschiferus Linn.). Musk deer has been categorised as highly endangered species under the A category of wild life. CCRAS has established a Musk deer breeding farm at mahroori of district Almora. The present paper deals with the observations made in stockade on the behavioural adaptability of the animal, inake of kilk feed, fodder, grains, water and also their posture growth and development. Their behaviour during heat and pregnancy, diseases, injury and wounds and their remedial measures have also been studied.

133

0435 Rao S Venugopal;Singh N;Uniyal M R and Ghosh,D. Some Experiences Extraction of Musk from Live Musk Deer. BMEBR:Vol.19:No.3 & 4:July, to Dec.,;1998;Pp. 160 - 164. ABSTRACT:-The musk deers are killed in large numbers to meet the demand of musk in indigenous system of medicine and perfume industry. So their population in their natural habitat has gone down to a great extent. Therefore, attempts were in progress in India and elsewhere for breeding of animals in captivity and to develop method to extract the musk from adult male musk deer without sacrificing the animal. The paper describes briefly about some of the experiences in extraction of musk without killing the animal at Mehroori Musk Deer farm as recorded in November 1987 and March, 1992. Quantitative data of musk extracted is also incorporated. 0256 Tiwari R N. and Joshi P. Study of Preferences Exhibited by Musk Deer in Captivity to fodder Through Buffet Selection. BMEBR:Vol.9:No.1 & 2:March, & June,;1988;Pp. 78 - 87. ABSTRACT:-There is no systematic list so far of plants on which musk deer can be fed although some fragmentory and scattered information based mostly on hearsays is found. Authors in this paper attempted to study 73 plants apecies on which preferences of musk deer were studies. Out of these 32 species from 17 families were selected by the musk deer repeatedly, these are enumerated in the paper.

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