Read Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics, Number 347 (October 27, 2004) text version

Number 347 + October 27, 2004

Mean Body Weight, Height, and Body Mass Index, United States 1960­2002

by Cynthia L. Ogden, Ph.D.; Cheryl D. Fryar, M.S.P.H.; Margaret D. Carroll, M.S.P.H.; and Katherine M. Flegal, Ph.D., Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys

Abstract

This report presents trends in national estimates of mean weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) from the National Health Examination and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 1960 and 2002. The tables included in this report present data for adults by sex, race/ethnicity, and age group and for children by sex and year of age. Mean weight and BMI have increased for both sexes, all race/ethnic groups, and all ages. Among adults, mean weight increased more than 24 pounds. Although not as dramatically, mean height has also increased for most ages and for both males and females. Keywords: body weight c height c National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)

Introduction

During the last 2 decades the prevalence of obesity and overweight has increased in the United States (1­3). This is in part due to a shift in the distribution of BMI (BMI, weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) of the entire population (4). This report presents the changes in mean body weight, height, and BMI for the entire U.S. population from 1960 to 2002.

Methods

The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) program of the National Center for

Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, includes a series of cross-sectional nationally representative health examination surveys beginning in 1960. In each survey a nationally representative sample of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population was selected using a complex, stratified, multistage probability cluster sampling design. A home interview was followed by a physical examination in a mobile examination center. Beginning in 1999, NHANES became a continuous survey. The procedures followed to select the sample and conduct the interview and examination were similar to those for

previous surveys. Public-use data from the continuous NHANES are released in 2-year groupings; however, the most stable and reliable estimates are obtained from more than 2 years of data. Previous national surveys include the first, second, and third National Health Examination Surveys (NHES I, 1960­62; NHES II, 1963­65; NHES III, 1966­70) and the first, second, and third National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES I, 1971­74; NHANES II, 1976­80; NHANES III, 1988­94). A special study of Hispanic populations (the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES)) in three regions of the United States was conducted from 1982 to 1984. The Mexican-American subpopulation sampled in HHANES was located entirely in the southwestern United States (5). Population means and standard errors of the mean are weighted to produce national estimates. The sample weights adjust for oversampling of certain populations, noncoverage, and nonresponse. Standard errors were estimated using SUDAAN by Taylor Series Linearization (6). A relative standard error (RSE) greater than 30 percent has been recommended to

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics

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Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

height increased approximately 1 inch. In 1999­2002 mean weight of men 20 years and over was almost 190 pounds while among women the mean weight was approximately 163 pounds. Mean height for men in 1999­2002 was approximately 69 inches and for women was approximately 64 inches. Changes in mean BMI (table 10) have also occurred. Between the early 1960s and 1999­2002 mean BMI for men 20­74 years of age increased from just over 25 to almost 28. Similarly, for women mean BMI increased from almost 25 to just over 28. Changes in average weight by race/ethnicity are shown in tables 11 and 12. Between NHANES III and NHANES 1999­2002 mean weight of non-Hispanic white adults increased approximately 10 pounds. Among non-Hispanic black or African American men the increase was approximately 8 pounds, but among black or African American men 60 years and over the increase was over 13 pounds. The average weight of non-Hispanic black or African American women increased approximately 13 pounds with the largest increase in the 20­39 year age group (more than 16 pounds). Among Mexican Americans the increase was 4­5 pounds. However, the increase in average weight among Mexican American men 60­74 years of age between HHANES in the early 1980s and NHANES 1999­2002 was over 19 pounds. Between NHANES III and NHANES 1999­2002 average height increased less than one-half an inch for non-Hispanic white persons, nonHispanic black or African American persons, and Mexican American persons (tables 13 and 14). Table 15 shows mean BMIs by race/ethnicity. Among non-Hispanic white persons, nonHispanic black or African American, and Mexican Americans mean BMI has increased. Among Mexican Americans 20­74 years of age mean BMI increased approximately 2 units for both men and women between 1982­4 and 1999­ 2002. Non-Hispanic black or African American women 20 years and over have seen a similar increase between 1988­94 and 1999­2002.

define estimates that are not reliable. In these tables, all of the RSEs met this reliability criterion. Pregnant females were excluded from all the analyses. Statistical tests on trends were modeled using PROC REGRESS. All models included interaction terms for age and survey because mean age within an age group (e.g., 20­29 years) may have varied by survey. Significance was determined using the WALD F test (7). Tests for trends on the total groups of adults (20­74 years of age) were done on age-adjusted values; consequently, no interaction terms were included. When only two surveys were available (i.e., 20 years and over, etc.), differences were evaluated using t-tests. Significance was determined at the 0.05 level.

Conclusions

Average weight has increased dramatically in the last 40 years with the greatest increases seen in adults. Mean BMI has also increased. Although height has also increased this increase has been much more modest.

References

1. Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Johnson CL. Prevalence and trends in obesity among U.S. adults, 1999­2000. JAMA 288:1723­7. 2002. 2. Ogden CL, Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Johnson CL. Prevalence and trends in overweight among U.S. children and adolescents, 1999­2000. JAMA 288:1728­32. 2002. 3. Hedley AA, Ogden CL, Johnson CL, Carroll, MD, Curtin LR, Flegal KM. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among U.S. children, adolescents, and adults, 1999­2002. JAMA 291:2847­50. 2004. 4. Flegal KM, Troiano RP. Changes in the distribution of body mass index of adults and children in the U.S. population. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24(7):807­18. 2000. 5. More information on the NHANES survey design and data collection methods, as well as public-use microdata files, can be found at the NHANES Web site: http:// www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes.htm. 6. Wolter KM. Introduction to variance estimation, New York: SpringerVerlag. 1990. 7. Skinner CJ, Holt D, Smith TMF. Analysis of complex surveys, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. 1989.

Results

Tables 1 and 2 show the mean weights for children over time in English and Metric units. Among 6­11-year-old children, mean weight increased from approximately 65 pounds in 1963­5 to almost 74 pounds in 1999­2002. This represents almost a 9pound increase for both boys and girls 6­11 years of age. Among 12­17-yearold teens, the mean weight of boys increased more than 15 pounds from 125 to 141 pounds and the mean weight of girls increased approximately 12 pounds from 118 to 130 pounds between the 1960s and 2002. Mean heights for children are found in tables 3 and 4. Mean heights also increased between the 1960s and 2002 with the mean height of boys 6­11 years of age increasing 0.8 inches and the mean height of girls 6­11 years of age increasing 0.6 inches. Among 12­17-year-old teens, the mean height of boys increased 0.7 inches while that of girls increased 0.3 inches, although these findings were not statistically significant. Mean BMIs for children are found in table 5. Among both boys and girls 12­17 years of age mean BMI increased by more than 4 units between 1963­5 and 1999­2002. Changes in adult weight and height are shown in tables 6­9 in both English and Metric units. On average, both men and women gained more than 24 pounds between the early 1960s and 2002. During the same time period, mean

Table 1. Mean weight (pounds) by survey, sex, and age; children: United States

NHES II, 1963­65 Standard error of the mean NHES III, 1966­70 Standard error of the mean NHANES I, 1971­74 Standard error of the mean NHANES II, 1976­80 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

Sex and age Male 2 years . 3 years . . 4 years1 . 5 years1 . 6 years1 . 7 years1 . 8 years1 . 9 years1 . 10 years1 11 years1 . 12 years1 13 years1 14 years1 15 years1 16 years1 17 years1 18 years1 19 years1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

--------575 632 618 603 576 595 -----------------

--------48.4 54.3 61.1 68.5 74.2 84.1 -----------------

--------0.3 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.7 -----------------

--------------------643 626 618 613 556 458 -----

--------------------94.4 110.0 124.6 135.5 142.6 149.8 -----

--------------------0.8 1.0 1.4 0.8 1.2 1.0 -----

298 308 304 273 179 164 152 169 184 178 200 174 174 171 169 176 124 136

29.8 34.3 39.0 44.4 48.5 54.8 58.1 69.5 75.3 85.4 96.8 109.9 123.8 132.6 147.2 151.0 163.4 159.7

0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.7 1.7 1.2 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.8 2.8

370 421 405 393 146 150 145 141 165 153 147 165 188 180 180 183 156 150

29.5 34.2 38.8 43.4 50.2 54.8 61.6 67.6 79.7 87.4 96.9 108.9 124.0 134.7 146.3 146.6 156.4 158.0

0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.8 0.8 1.4 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.2 2.6 1.9 2.2 2.6 1.7 2.6 1.9

644 516 549 497 283 269 266 281 297 281 203 187 188 187 194 196 176 168

29.9 34.7 38.8 44.1 51.1 57.8 66.5 75.7 82.1 93.5 108.0 118.8 141.0 147.2 151.2 160.3 156.8 160.6

0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.2 1.0 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.4 2.2 7.9 4.2 3.6 2.9 3.7 4.7

262 216 179 147 182 185 214 174 187 182 299 298 266 283 306 313 284 270

30.2 35.0 40.8 46.9 51.7 59.8 72.0 79.2 84.9 96.2 110.9 118.6 140.5 150.3 163.7 166.3 166.4 172.1

0.2 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.9 1.0 2.1 1.5 1.8 2.4 2.8 4.1 3.6 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.8

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female 2 years1 . 3 years1 . 4 years1 . 5 years . . 6 years . . 7 years1 . 8 years1 . 9 years1 . 10 years1 11 years1 . 12 years1 13 years1 14 years1 15 years1 16 years1 17 years1 18 years1 19 years1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --------536 609 613 581 584 525 ------------------------47.4 53.2 60.6 69.1 77.4 87.6 ------------------------0.5 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.0 ------------------------------------547 582 586 503 536 442 ------------------------102.5 111.0 119.2 124.2 127.7 126.7 ------------------------0.8 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.4 ----272 292 281 314 176 169 152 171 197 166 177 198 184 167 171 150 141 130 28.5 33.1 37.0 43.3 47.5 53.4 60.5 70.3 74.4 90.7 102.8 113.9 120.2 124.6 124.9 130.8 128.1 131.0 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.8 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.3 3.6 2.4 3.2 330 367 388 369 150 154 125 154 128 143 146 155 181 144 167 134 156 158 28.2 32.5 37.0 42.7 48.1 54.2 60.6 69.7 78.6 91.1 101.3 112.0 119.5 121.1 126.9 131.1 129.9 131.5 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.6 1.4 1.9 2.0 2.6 2.3 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.1 624 587 537 554 272 274 248 280 258 275 236 220 218 191 208 201 175 177 29.0 33.9 39.3 44.3 49.7 58.1 65.7 75.6 83.4 97.1 107.8 122.8 128.6 127.8 134.9 137.3 134.6 138.9 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.5 1.3 1.7 1.4 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.6 3.5 3.0 2.3 3.0 2.6 4.1 4.2 248 178 191 186 171 196 184 183 164 194 316 321 324 266 273 256 243 225 29.2 33.4 39.5 45.3 49.2 56.9 70.1 78.0 87.9 105.4 114.3 127.0 131.7 134.4 138.5 135.8 143.5 149.3 0.3 0.5 0.7 1.3 1.1 1.0 2.6 1.6 2.3 2.9 2.3 3.0 2.2 3.7 2.6 2.7 3.3 2.7

­ ­ ­ Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: NHES II: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle II, ages 6­11 years; NHES III: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle III, ages 12­17 years; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

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Table 2. Mean weight (kilograms) by survey, sex, and age; children: United States

NHES II, 1963­65 Standard error of the mean NHES III, 1966­70 Standard error of the mean NHANES I, 1971­74 Standard error of the mean NHANES II, 1976­80 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

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Sex and age Male 2 years . . . . 3 years . . . . . 4 years1 . . . . 5 years1 . . . . 6 years1 . . . . 7 years1 . . . . 8 years1 . . . . 9 years1 . . . . 10 years1 . . . 11 years1 . . . . 12 years1 . . . 13 years1 . . . 14 years1 . . . 15 years1 . . . 16 years1 . . . 17 years1 . . . 18 years1 . . . 19 years1 . . . Female 2 years1 . 3 years1 . 4 years1 . 5 years . . 6 years . . 7 years1 . 8 years1 . 9 years1 . 10 years1 11 years1 . 12 years1 13 years1 14 years1 15 years1 16 years1 17 years1 18 years1 19 years1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

--------575 632 618 603 576 595 -----------------

--------22.0 24.7 27.8 31.2 33.7 38.2 -----------------

--------0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 -----------------

--------------------643 626 618 613 556 458 -----

--------------------42.9 50.0 56.7 61.6 64.8 68.1 -----

--------------------0.4 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 -----

298 308 304 273 179 164 152 169 184 178 200 174 174 171 169 176 124 136

13.6 15.6 17.7 20.2 22.0 24.9 26.4 31.6 34.2 38.8 44.0 49.9 56.3 60.3 66.9 68.6 74.3 72.6

0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.3

370 421 405 393 146 150 145 141 165 153 147 165 188 180 180 183 156 150

13.4 15.5 17.6 19.7 22.8 24.9 28.0 30.7 36.2 39.7 44.1 49.5 56.4 61.2 66.5 66.7 71.1 71.8

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.2 0.8 1.2 0.8

644 516 549 497 283 269 266 281 297 281 203 187 188 187 194 196 176 168

13.6 15.8 17.6 20.1 23.2 26.3 30.2 34.4 37.3 42.5 49.1 54.0 64.1 66.9 68.7 72.9 71.3 73.0

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.0 3.6 1.9 1.6 1.3 1.7 2.2

262 216 179 147 182 185 214 174 187 182 299 298 266 283 306 313 284 270

13.7 15.9 18.5 21.3 23.5 27.2 32.7 36.0 38.6 43.7 50.4 53.9 63.9 68.3 74.4 75.6 75.6 78.2

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.4 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.9 1.6 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.3

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

--------536 609 613 581 584 525 -----------------

--------21.5 24.2 27.5 31.4 35.2 39.8 -----------------

--------0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 -----------------

--------------------547 582 586 503 536 442 -----

--------------------46.6 50.5 54.2 56.5 58.1 57.6 -----

--------------------0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.6 -----

272 292 281 314 176 169 152 171 197 166 177 198 184 167 171 150 141 130

13.0 15.0 16.8 19.7 21.6 24.3 27.5 32.0 33.8 41.2 46.7 51.8 54.6 56.6 56.8 59.5 58.2 59.5

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.4

330 367 388 369 150 154 125 154 128 143 146 155 181 144 167 134 156 158

12.8 14.8 16.8 19.4 21.9 24.6 27.5 31.7 35.7 41.4 46.1 50.9 54.3 55.0 57.7 59.6 59.0 59.8

0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0

624 587 537 554 272 274 248 280 258 275 236 220 218 191 208 201 175 177

13.2 15.4 17.9 20.2 22.6 26.4 29.9 34.4 37.9 44.1 49.0 55.8 58.5 58.1 61.3 62.4 61.2 63.2

0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.9 1.9

248 178 191 186 171 196 184 183 164 194 316 321 324 266 273 256 243 225

13.3 15.2 17.9 20.6 22.4 25.9 31.9 35.4 40.0 47.9 52.0 57.7 59.9 61.1 63.0 61.7 65.2 67.9

0.1 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.7 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.2

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: NHES II: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle II, ages 6­11 years; NHES III: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle III, ages 12­17 years; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Table 3. Mean height (inches) by survey, sex, and age; children: United States

NHES II, 1963­65 Standard error of the mean NHES III, 1966­70 Standard error of the mean NHANES I, 1971­74 Standard error of the mean NHANES II, 1976­80 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

Sex and age Male 2 years . . . . 3 years1 . . . . 4 years1 . . . . 5 years . . . . . 6 years . . . . . 7 years . . . . . 8 years1 . . . . 9 years1 . . . . 10 years1 . . . 11 years1 . . . . 12 years . . . . 13 years . . . . 14 years . . . . 15 years . . . . 16 years . . . . 17 years . . . . 18 years1 . . . 19 years . . . . Female 2 years . 3 years1 . 4 years1 . 5 years . . 6 years . . 7 years . . 8 years1 . 9 years1 . 10 years1 11 years1 . 12 years . 13 years . 14 years . 15 years . 16 years . 17 years . 18 years1 19 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

--------575 632 618 603 576 595 -----------------

--------46.7 49.0 51.2 53.3 55.2 57.3 -----------------

--------0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 -----------------

--------------------643 626 618 613 556 458 -----

--------------------60.0 62.9 65.6 67.5 68.6 69.1 -----

--------------------0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 -----

298 308 304 273 179 164 152 169 184 178 200 174 174 171 169 176 124 136

35.9 38.8 41.8 44.4 46.5 49.2 50.8 53.2 55.1 57.6 60.2 62.7 65.6 67.2 68.9 69.6 69.5 69.5

0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

350 421 405 393 146 150 145 141 165 153 147 165 188 180 180 183 156 150

35.8 38.9 41.5 44.2 46.9 49.0 51.0 53.1 55.6 57.3 60.0 62.3 65.7 67.4 68.3 68.8 69.8 69.3

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

589 513 551 497 283 270 269 280 297 285 207 190 191 188 197 196 176 169

35.8 38.9 41.4 44.2 46.8 49.6 51.7 54.2 55.9 58.0 61.2 63.6 66.5 68.0 68.9 69.5 69.8 69.1

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2

254 222 183 156 188 187 217 177 188 187 301 298 267 287 310 317 289 275

35.9 38.8 41.9 44.5 46.9 49.7 52.2 54.4 55.7 58.5 60.9 63.1 66.3 68.4 69.0 69.0 69.5 69.6

0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

--------536 609 613 581 584 525 -----------------

--------46.39 48.63 50.93 53.34 55.48 57.99 -----------------

--------0.11 0.07 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.11 -----------------

--------------------547 582 586 503 536 442 -----

--------------------61.1 62.5 63.5 63.9 64.0 64.1 -----

--------------------0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 -----

272 292 281 314 176 169 152 171 197 166 177 198 184 167 171 150 141 130

35.5 38.4 41.0 44.2 46.5 49.0 50.9 53.5 55.2 58.3 60.8 62.6 63.3 64.4 63.7 63.8 64.8 64.2

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

314 367 388 369 150 154 125 154 128 143 146 155 181 144 167 134 156 158

35.2 38.2 41.0 43.8 46.4 48.6 51.0 52.8 55.8 58.0 60.6 62.5 63.3 64.3 64.1 64.4 64.1 64.3

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

564 590 535 557 274 275 247 282 262 275 239 225 224 195 214 201 175 178

35.3 38.7 41.4 44.2 46.4 49.0 51.6 53.8 56.2 59.1 61.2 63.0 63.5 64.1 64.2 64.4 64.2 64.3

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

233 187 195 190 172 200 184 189 164 194 318 324 326 271 275 258 249 231

35.5 38.4 41.7 44.3 46.1 49.0 51.5 53.9 56.4 59.6 61.4 62.6 63.7 63.8 63.8 64.2 64.2 64.2

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: NHES II: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle II, ages 6­11 years; NHES III: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle III, ages 12­17 years; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

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Table 4. Mean height (centimeters) by survey, sex, and age; children: United States

NHES II, 1963­65 Standard error of the mean NHES III, 1966­70 Standard error of the mean NHANES I, 1971­74 Standard error of the mean NHANES II, 1976­80 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

6

Sex and age Male 2 years . . . . . 3 years1 . . . . 4 years1 . . . . 5 years . . . . . 6 years . . . . . 7 years . . . . . 8 years1 . . . . 9 years1 . . . . 10 years1 . . . 11 years1 . . . . 12 years . . . . 13 years . . . . 14 years . . . . 15 years . . . . 16 years . . . . 17 years . . . . 18 years1 . . . 19 years . . . . Female 2 years . 3 years1 . 4 years1 . 5 years . . 6 years . . 7 years . . 8 years1 . 9 years1 . 10 years1 11 years1 . 12 years . 13 years . 14 years . 15 years . 16 years . 17 years . 18 years1 19 years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

--------575 632 618 603 576 595 -----------------

--------118.6 124.5 130.0 135.5 140.2 145.5 -----------------

--------0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 -----------------

--------------------643 626 618 613 556 458 -----

--------------------152.3 159.8 166.7 171.4 174.3 175.6 -----

--------------------0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4 -----

298 308 304 273 179 164 152 169 184 178 200 174 174 171 169 176 124 136

91.1 98.5 106.0 112.8 118.1 125.0 129.0 135.2 140.0 146.3 152.8 159.3 166.7 170.8 175.0 176.9 176.6 176.5

0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.9

350 421 405 393 146 150 145 141 165 153 147 165 188 180 180 183 156 150

91.1 98.7 105.5 112.3 119.1 124.5 129.6 135.0 141.3 145.5 152.5 158.3 166.8 171.2 173.4 174.8 177.3 176.1

0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

589 513 551 497 283 270 269 280 297 285 207 190 191 188 197 196 176 169

90.9 98.8 105.2 112.3 118.9 125.9 131.3 137.7 142.0 147.4 155.5 161.6 169.0 172.8 175.0 176.5 177.3 175.5

0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.7 1.1 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.6

254 222 183 156 188 187 217 177 188 187 301 298 267 287 310 317 289 275

91.2 98.6 106.5 113.0 119.2 126.2 132.5 138.1 141.4 148.7 154.8 160.1 168.5 173.8 175.3 175.3 176.4 176.7

0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

--------536 609 613 581 584 525 -----------------

--------117.8 123.5 129.4 135.5 140.9 147.3 -----------------

--------0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 -----------------

--------------------547 582 586 503 536 442 -----

--------------------155.2 158.8 161.4 162.2 162.7 162.9 -----

--------------------0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 -----

272 292 281 314 176 169 152 171 197 166 177 198 184 167 171 150 141 130

90.1 97.7 104.2 112.2 118.2 124.6 129.2 135.9 140.1 148.2 154.6 158.9 160.8 163.6 161.7 162.1 164.7 163.1

0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5

314 367 388 369 150 154 125 154 128 143 146 155 181 144 167 134 156 158

89.4 97.1 104.2 111.2 117.9 123.4 129.5 134.1 141.7 147.4 153.8 158.7 160.7 163.3 162.8 163.5 162.8 163.2

0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4

564 590 535 557 274 275 247 282 262 275 239 225 224 195 214 201 175 178

89.7 98.2 105.1 112.2 117.9 124.3 131.1 136.6 142.7 150.2 155.5 159.9 161.2 162.8 163.0 163.6 163.2 163.4

0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7

233 187 195 190 172 200 184 189 164 194 318 324 326 271 275 258 249 231

90.1 97.6 105.9 112.4 117.1 124.4 130.9 136.9 143.3 151.4 156.0 159.1 161.8 162.0 161.9 163.2 163.0 163.1

0.4 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: NHES II: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle II, ages 6­11 years; NHES III: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle III, ages 12­17 years; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Table 5. Mean body mass index (BMI) by survey, sex, and age; children: United States

NHES II, 1963­65 Standard error of the mean NHES III, 1966­70 Standard error of the mean NHANES I, 1971­74 Standard error of the mean NHANES II, 1976­80 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

Sex and age Male 2 years1 . . . . 3 years . . . . . 4 years1 . . . . 5 years1 . . . . 6 years1 . . . . 7 years1 . . . . 8 years1 . . . . 9 years1 . . . . 10 years1 . . . 11 years1 . . . . 12 years1 . . . 13 years1 . . . 14 years1 . . . 15 years1 . . . 16 years1 . . . 17 years1 . . . 18 years1 . . . 19 years1 . . . Female 2 years1 . 3 years . . 4 years1 . 5 years . . 6 years1 . 7 years1 . 8 years1 . 9 years1 . 10 years1 11 years1 . 12 years1 13 years1 14 years1 15 years1 16 years1 17 years1 18 years1 19 years1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

--------575 632 618 603 576 595 -----------------

--------15.6 15.9 16.3 16.9 17.1 17.9 -----------------

--------0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 -----------------

--------------------643 626 618 613 556 458 -----

--------------------18.4 19.4 20.2 20.9 21.3 22.1 -----

--------------------0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 -----

298 308 304 273 179 164 152 169 184 178 200 174 174 171 169 176 124 136

16.3 16.0 15.7 15.8 15.7 15.8 15.8 17.1 17.3 18.0 18.7 19.6 20.2 20.5 21.8 21.9 23.7 23.3

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5

350 421 405 393 146 150 145 141 165 153 147 165 188 180 180 183 156 150

16.2 15.9 15.8 15.6 16.0 16.0 16.5 16.8 18.0 18.6 18.8 19.5 20.2 20.8 22.0 21.8 22.6 23.1

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3

588 512 547 495 282 269 266 279 297 280 203 187 188 187 194 196 176 168

16.5 16.1 15.9 15.9 16.3 16.5 17.3 18.0 18.4 19.4 20.1 20.5 22.3 22.3 22.3 23.4 22.6 23.7

0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6

225 209 178 147 182 185 214 174 187 182 299 298 266 283 306 313 284 269

16.6 16.2 16.3 16.5 16.4 17.0 18.4 18.7 19.1 19.6 20.7 20.7 22.3 22.5 24.1 24.5 24.2 24.9

0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

--------536 609 613 581 584 525 -----------------

--------15.4 15.8 16.4 17.0 17.6 18.2 -----------------

--------0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 -----------------

--------------------547 582 586 503 536 442 -----

--------------------19.2 19.9 20.8 21.4 21.9 21.7 -----

--------------------0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 -----

272 292 281 314 176 169 152 171 197 166 177 198 184 167 171 150 141 130

15.9 15.7 15.5 15.5 15.4 15.6 16.4 17.2 17.1 18.6 19.5 20.4 21.1 21.1 21.7 22.6 21.5 22.5

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.6

314 367 388 369 150 154 125 154 128 143 146 155 181 144 167 134 156 158

16.1 15.6 15.5 15.6 15.6 16.1 16.3 17.5 17.7 18.9 19.3 20.1 21.0 20.6 21.8 22.3 22.3 22.4

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

562 582 533 554 272 274 247 280 258 275 236 220 218 191 208 201 175 177

16.5 15.9 16.0 15.9 16.1 16.9 17.3 18.2 18.4 19.4 20.2 21.8 22.4 21.9 23.0 23.3 22.9 23.7

0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8

214 173 190 186 170 196 184 183 163 194 315 321 324 266 273 255 243 225

16.4 16.0 15.9 16.1 16.2 16.6 18.3 18.7 19.3 20.7 21.2 22.6 22.9 23.2 24.0 23.1 24.4 25.5

0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTES: BMI is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by square of height in meters. NHES II: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle II, ages 6­11 years; NHES III: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle III, ages 12­17 years; NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

7

Table 6. Mean weight (pounds) by survey, sex, and age group; adults: United States

NHES I, 1960­62 Standard error of the mean NHANES I, 1971­74 Standard error of the mean NHANES II, 1976­80 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

8

Sex and age Male1 20 years and over 20­74 years . . . . 20­29 years . . 30­39 years . . 40­49 years . . 50­59 years . . 60­74 years . . 75 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

--2,895 585 714 649 487 460 ---

--166.3 163.9 169.9 169.1 167.7 158.9 ---

--0.7 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5 ---

--4,992 986 654 715 717 1,920 ---

--173.4 169.6 178.1 177.6 173.2 165.4 ---

--0.6 1.3 1.7 1.2 1.1 1.0 ---

--5,604 1,261 871 695 691 2,086 ---

--173.8 167.9 175.5 179.7 176.0 167.5 ---

--0.4 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.0 ---

7,755 6,860 1,638 1,468 1,220 851 1,683 895

181.3 182.4 172.5 182.3 187.3 189.2 180.8 166.0

0.8 0.8 1.4 2.0 1.7 1.2 1.1 1.5

4,314 3,791 712 704 776 598 1,001 523

189.8 191.0 183.4 189.1 196.0 195.4 191.5 172.7

0.9 1.0 1.5 2.0 1.6 2.1 1.4 1.4

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female1 20 years and over 20­74 years . . . . 20­29 years . . 30­39 years . . 40­49 years . . 50­59 years . . 60­74 years . . 75 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --3,231 672 749 759 554 497 ----140.2 127.7 138.8 142.8 146.5 147.3 ----0.5 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.2 ----7,919 2,122 1,654 1,232 780 2,131 ----144.2 133.9 144.4 148.7 148.2 146.3 ----0.6 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.0 ----6,161 1,290 964 765 793 2,349 ----145.4 135.7 145.5 148.8 150.4 146.9 ----0.6 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.3 0.8 --8,483 7,461 1,663 1,773 1,355 996 1,674 1,022 153.0 154.1 141.7 154.4 157.5 163.4 154.2 139.4 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.0 1.3 4,299 3,745 656 699 787 593 1,010 554 162.9 164.3 156.5 163.0 168.2 169.2 164.7 146.6 1.0 1.1 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.5 1.2 2.1

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: NHES I: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle I, ages 20­74 years; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Table 7. Mean weight (kilograms) by survey, sex, and age group; adults: United States

NHES I, 1960­62 Standard error of the mean NHANES I, 1971­74 Standard error of the mean NHANES II, 1976­80 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

Sex and age Male1 20 years and over 20­74 years . . . . 20­29 years . . 30­39 years . . 40­49 years . . 50­59 years . . 60­74 years . . 75 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

--2,895 585 714 649 487 460 ---

--75.6 74.5 77.2 76.9 76.2 72.2 ---

--0.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 ---

--4,992 986 654 715 717 1,920 ---

--78.8 77.1 81.0 80.7 78.7 75.2 ---

--0.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.4 ---

--5,604 1,261 871 695 691 2,086 ---

--79.0 76.3 79.8 81.7 80.0 76.1 ---

--0.2 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 ---

7,755 6,860 1,638 1,468 1,220 851 1,683 895

82.3 82.9 78.4 82.9 85.1 86.0 82.2 75.4

0.3 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7

4,314 3,791 712 704 776 598 1,001 523

86.1 86.8 83.4 86.0 89.1 88.8 87.1 78.5

0.4 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.6

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female1 20 years and over 20­74 years . . . . 20­29 years . . 30­39 years . . 40­49 years . . 50­59 years . . 60­74 years . . 75 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --3,231 672 749 759 554 497 ----63.7 58.0 63.1 64.9 66.6 67.0 ----0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 ----7,919 2,122 1,654 1,232 780 2,131 ----65.6 60.9 65.6 67.6 67.4 66.5 ----0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 ----6,161 1,290 964 765 793 2,349 ----66.1 61.7 66.1 67.6 68.4 66.8 ----0.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 --8,483 7,461 1,663 1,773 1,355 996 1,674 1,022 69.5 70.0 64.4 70.2 71.6 74.3 70.1 63.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6 4,299 3,745 656 699 787 593 1,010 554 74.0 74.7 71.1 74.1 76.5 76.9 74.9 66.6 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.9

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: NHES I: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle I, ages 20­74 years; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

9

Table 8. Mean height (inches) by survey, sex, and age group adults: United States

NHES I, 1960­62 Standard error of the mean NHANES I, 1971­74 Standard error of the mean NHANES II, 1976­80 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

10

Sex and age Male 20 years and over1 20­74 years1 . . . . 20­29 years1 . . . 30­39 years1 . . . 40­49 years1 . . . 50­59 years1 . . . 60­74 years1 . . . 75 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

--2,895 585 714 649 487 460 ---

--68.3 68.9 68.9 68.3 67.8 67.0 ---

--0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 ---

--4,992 986 654 715 717 1,920 ---

--68.9 69.7 69.3 69.1 68.5 67.6 ---

--0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 ---

--5,604 1,261 871 695 691 2,086 ---

--69.1 69.7 69.4 69.3 68.8 67.8 ---

--0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 ---

7,757 6,862 1,639 1,468 1,220 851 1,684 895

69.0 69.2 69.3 69.5 69.4 69.2 68.3 67.2

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

4,341 3,836 724 717 784 601 1,010 505

69.2 69.4 69.6 69.5 69.7 69.2 68.6 67.4

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female 20 years and over . 20­74 years1 . . . . 20­29 years1 . . . 30­39 years1 . . . 40­49 years1 . . . 50­59 years1 . . . 60­74 years1 . . . 75 years and over1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --3,231 672 749 759 554 497 ----63.1 63.7 63.7 63.2 62.6 61.8 ----0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 ----7,919 2,122 1,654 1,232 780 2,131 ----63.6 64.1 64.1 63.9 63.2 62.4 ----0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 ----6,161 1,290 964 765 793 2,349 ----63.7 64.3 64.2 63.9 63.2 62.5 ----0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 --8,498 7,473 1,665 1,776 1,354 998 1,680 1,025 63.7 63.9 64.1 64.3 64.1 63.7 62.9 61.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 4,308 3,770 663 708 794 601 1,004 538 63.8 64.0 64.1 64.2 64.3 63.9 63.0 62.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: NHES I: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle I, ages 20­74 years; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Table 9. Mean height (centimeters) by survey, sex, and age group; adults: United States

NHES I, 1960­62 Standard error of the mean NHANES I, 1971­74 Standard error of the mean NHANES II, 1976­80 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

Sex and age Male 20 years and over1 20­74 years1 . . . . 20­29 years1 . . . 30­39 years1 . . . 40­49 years1 . . . 50­59 years1 . . . 60­74 years1 . . . 75 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

--2,895 585 714 649 487 460 ---

--173.4 175.0 174.9 173.4 172.3 170.2 ---

--0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 ---

--4,992 986 654 715 717 1,920 ---

--175.1 177.1 176.1 175.5 174.0 171.8 ---

--0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 ---

--5,604 1,261 871 695 691 2,086 ---

--175.4 177.1 176.3 175.9 174.7 172.1 ---

--0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 ---

7,757 6,862 1,639 1,468 1,220 851 1,684 895

175.4 175.8 176.1 176.6 176.3 175.8 173.6 170.7

0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

4,341 3,836 724 717 784 601 1,010 505

175.8 176.2 176.7 176.4 177.2 175.8 174.4 171.3

0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female 20 years and over . 20­74 years1 . . . . 20­29 years1 . . . 30­39 years1 . . . 40­49 years1 . . . 50­59 years1 . . . 60­74 years1 . . . 75 years and over1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --3,231 672 749 759 554 497 ----160.2 161.8 161.8 160.5 158.9 157.1 ----0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 ----7,919 2,122 1,654 1,232 780 2,131 ----161.6 162.8 162.9 162.3 160.4 158.6 ----0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 ----6,161 1,290 964 765 793 2,349 ----161.8 163.3 163.1 162.3 160.5 158.8 ----0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 --8,498 7,473 1,665 1,776 1,354 998 1,680 1,025 161.8 162.3 162.8 163.4 162.8 161.8 159.8 156.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 4,308 3,770 663 708 794 601 1,004 538 162.0 162.5 162.8 163.0 163.4 162.3 160.0 157.4 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: NHES I: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle I, ages 20­74 years; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

11

Table 10. Mean body mass index (BMI) by survey, sex, and age group; adults: United States

NHES I, 1960­62 Standard error of the mean NHANES I, 1971­74 Standard error of the mean NHANES II, 1976­80 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

12

Sex and age Male1 20 years and over 20­74 years . . . . 20­29 years . . 30­39 years . . 40­49 years . . 50­59 years . . 60­74 years . . 75 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

--2,895 585 714 649 487 460 ---

--25.1 24.3 25.2 25.6 25.6 24.9 ---

--0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 ---

--4,992 986 654 715 717 1,920 ---

--25.7 24.5 26.1 26.2 26.0 25.4 ---

--0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 ---

--5,604 1,261 871 695 691 2,086 ---

--25.6 24.3 25.6 26.4 26.2 25.7 ---

--0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 ---

7,755 6,860 1,638 1,468 1,220 851 1,683 895

26.7 26.8 25.2 26.5 27.3 27.8 27.2 25.9

0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

4,262 3,775 712 704 774 594 991 487

27.8 27.9 26.6 27.5 28.4 28.7 28.6 26.8

0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female1 20 years and over 20­74 years . . . . 20­29 years . . 30­39 years . . 40­49 years . . 50­59 years . . 60­74 years . . 75 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --3,231 672 749 759 554 497 ----24.9 22.2 24.1 25.2 26.4 27.2 ----0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 ----7,919 2,122 1,654 1,232 780 2,131 ----25.1 23.0 24.7 25.7 26.2 26.5 ----0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 ----6,161 1,290 964 765 793 2,349 ----25.3 23.1 24.9 25.7 26.5 26.5 ----0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 --8,480.0 7,459.0 1,663.0 1,773.0 1,354.0 996.0 1,673.0 1,021.0 26.5 26.6 24.3 26.3 27.1 28.4 27.4 25.9 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 4,243 3,719 654 698 783 591 993 524 28.1 28.2 26.8 27.9 28.6 29.2 29.2 26.8 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTES: BMI is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by square of height in meters. NHES I: National Health Examination Survey, Cycle I, ages 20­74 years; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Table 11. Mean weight (pounds) by survey, sex, race/ethnicity, and age group; adults: United States

HHANES, 1982­84 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

Sex, race/ethnicity, and age Male Non-Hispanic white:1 20 years and over . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over . Non-Hispanic black: 20 years and over1 . . 20­39 years1 . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over1 . Mexican American:1 20 years and over . . . 20­74 years . . . . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60­74 years . . . . . 60 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

------------------2,273 1,133 856 284 ---

------------------166.9 165.4 170.8 161.2 ---

------------------0.8 1.7 0.7 1.3 ---

3,152 846 842 1,464 2,091 985 583 523 2,229 2,127 1,143 558 426 528

183.7 180.2 190.3 179.0 181.2 182.0 185.4 173.1 172.3 173.3 166.9 181.6 170.0 166.6

0.9 1.5 1.4 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.7 1.8 0.9 0.9 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.9

2,149 607 676 866 824 279 289 256 1,027 961 399 310 252 318

193.1 189.7 199.5 188.8 189.2 189.1 191.1 186.5 177.3 178.3 172.5 183.6 180.3 175.7

1.0 1.8 1.5 1.0 1.3 2.7 2.6 2.3 1.1 1.2 2.2 2.0 2.6 2.4

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female Non-Hispanic white:1 20 years and over . . 20­39 years . . . . 40­59 years . . . . 60 years and over Non-Hispanic black:1 20 years and over . . 20­39 years . . . . 40­59 years . . . . 60 years and over Mexican American: 20 years and over1 . 20­74 years1 . . . . . 20­39 years1 . . . 40­59 years1 . . . 60­74 years1 . . . 60 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ------------------3,039 1,482 1,159 398 --------------------145.8 140.5 151.1 146.8 --------------------0.8 0.8 1.2 1.9 --3,554 1,030 950 1,574 2,452 1,191 721 540 2,108 2,014 1,063 558 393 487 151.4 146.4 158.5 148.5 169.7 162.8 179.3 166.2 152.6 153.8 148.1 160.4 152.5 147.9 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.7 2.3 2.3 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.5 2.4 2.0 2,063 569 632 862 870 298 297 275 1,019 964 358 332 274 329 161.7 158.4 167.6 158.0 182.4 179.2 189.3 176.6 157.1 158.4 152.9 165.5 155.0 150.7 1.2 2.0 2.2 1.2 1.5 3.0 2.7 3.3 1.6 1.5 2.2 2.6 2.2 2.6

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: HHANES: Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

13

Table 12. Mean weight (kilograms) by survey, sex, race/ethnicity, and age group; adults: United States

HHANES, 1982­84 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

14

Sex, race/ethnicity, and age Male Non-Hispanic white:1 20 years and over . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over . Non-Hispanic black: 20 years and over1 . . 20­39 years1 . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over1 . Mexican American:1 20 years and over . . . 20­74 years . . . . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60­74 years . . . . . 60 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

------------------2,273 1,133 856 284 ---

------------------75.9 75.2 77.6 73.3 ---

------------------0.4 0.8 0.3 0.6 ---

3,152 846 842 1,464 2,091 985 583 523 2,229 2,127 1,143 558 426 528

83.5 81.9 86.5 81.4 82.4 82.7 84.3 78.7 78.3 78.8 75.9 82.5 77.3 75.7

0.4 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9

2,149 607 676 866 824 279 289 256 1,027 961 399 310 252 318

87.8 86.2 90.7 85.8 86.0 85.9 86.8 84.8 80.6 81.0 78.4 83.4 82.0 79.8

0.5 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.6 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.5 0.5 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.1

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female Non-Hispanic white:1 20 years and over . . 20­39 years . . . . 40­59 years . . . . 60 years and over Non-Hispanic black:1 20 years and over . . 20­39 years . . . . 40­59 years . . . . 60 years and over Mexican American: 20 years and over1 . 20­74 years1 . . . . . 20­39 years1 . . . 40­59 years1 . . . 60­74 years1 . . . 60 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ------------------3,039 1,482 1,159 398 --------------------66.3 63.9 68.7 66.7 --------------------0.4 0.4 0.6 0.9 --3,554 1,030 950 1,574 2,452 1,191 721 540 2,108 2,014 1,063 558 393 487 68.8 66.6 72.1 67.5 77.2 74.0 81.5 75.5 69.4 69.9 67.3 72.9 69.3 67.2 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.9 2,063 569 632 862 870 298 297 275 1,019 964 358 332 274 329 73.5 72.0 76.2 71.8 82.9 81.5 86.0 80.3 71.4 72.0 69.5 75.2 70.5 68.5 0.6 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.7 1.4 1.2 1.5 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.2

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: HHANES: Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Table 13. Mean height (inches) by survey, sex, race/ethnicity, and age group; adults: United States

HHANES, 1982­84 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

Sex, race/ethnicity, and age Male Non-Hispanic white: 20 years and over1 . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over1 . Non-Hispanic black: 20 years and over1 . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over1 . Mexican American: 20 years and over . . . 20­74 years . . . . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60­74 years1 . . . . 60 years and over1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

------------------2,273 1,133 856 284 ---

------------------66.9 67.4 66.8 65.7 ---

------------------0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 ---

3,152 846 842 1,464 2,091 985 583 523 2,231 2,129 1,144 558 427 529

69.5 69.9 69.7 68.3 69.2 69.7 69.4 68.0 66.6 66.8 67.0 66.8 66.1 65.8

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

2,149 613 681 855 837 284 294 259 1,039 980 409 313 258 317

69.7 70.2 70.0 68.6 69.5 70.0 69.6 68.5 66.7 66.8 66.8 66.9 66.5 66.3

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female Non-Hispanic white: 20 years and over1 . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years1 . . . . 60 years and over1 . Non-Hispanic black: 20 years and over . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over . Mexican American: 20 years and over1 . . 20­74 years . . . . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years1 . . . . 60­74 years . . . . . 60 years and over1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ------------------3,039 1,482 1,159 398 --------------------61.6 62.1 61.5 60.6 --------------------0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 --3,557 1,030 950 1,577 2,453 1,191 721 541 2,119 2,025 1,068 559 398 492 64.0 64.6 64.2 62.6 64.1 64.4 64.4 63.0 61.5 61.6 61.9 61.7 60.6 60.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 2,056 573 638 845 881 304 299 278 1,020 967 361 335 271 324 64.2 64.6 64.6 62.8 64.2 64.6 64.3 63.2 61.8 61.9 62.3 61.9 60.9 60.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1

- - -Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: HHANES: Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

15

Table 14. Mean height (centimeters) by survey, sex, race/ethnicity, and age group; adults: United States

HHANES, 1982­84 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

16

Sex, race/ethnicity, and age Male Non-Hispanic white: 20 years and over1 . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over1 . Non-Hispanic black: 20 years and over1 . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over1 . Mexican American: 20 years and over . . . 20­74 years . . . . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60­74 years1 . . . . 60 years and over1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

------------------2,273 1,133 856 284 ---

------------------169.9 171.1 169.8 166.8 ---

------------------0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 ---

3,152 846 842 1,464 2,091 985 583 523 2,231 2,129 1,144 558 427 529

176.4 177.7 177.0 173.5 175.8 177.1 176.2 172.7 169.2 169.6 170.1 169.6 167.8 167.0

0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4

2,149 613 681 855 837 284 294 259 1,039 980 409 313 258 317

177.2 178.2 177.8 174.3 176.6 177.8 176.8 174.1 169.4 169.6 169.7 169.8 169.0 168.5

0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female Non-Hispanic white: 20 years and over1 . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years1 . . . . 60 years and over1 . Non-Hispanic black: 20 years and over . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over . Mexican American: 20 years and over1 . . 20­74 years . . . . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years1 . . . . 60­74 years . . . . . 60 years and over1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ------------------3,039 1,482 1,159 398 --------------------156.5 157.8 156.1 154.0 --------------------0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 --3,557 1,030 950 1,577 2,453 1,191 721 541 2,119 2,025 1,068 559 398 492 162.5 164.1 163.0 159.0 162.8 163.7 163.6 160.1 156.1 156.6 157.3 156.8 153.9 153.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 2,056 573 638 845 881 304 299 278 1,020 967 361 335 271 324 163.0 164.1 164.0 159.6 163.0 164.0 163.4 160.6 156.9 157.3 158.1 157.3 154.8 154.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTE: HHANES: Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Table 15. Mean body mass index (BMI) by survey, sex, race/ethnicity, and age group; adults: United States

HHANES, 1982­84 Standard error of the mean NHANES III, 1988­94 Standard error of the mean NHANES 1999­2002 Standard error of the mean

Sex, race/ethnicity, and age Male Non-Hispanic white:1 20 years and over . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over . Non-Hispanic black: 20 years and over1 . . 20­39 years1 . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60 years and over1 . Mexican American:1 20 years and over . . . 20­74 years . . . . . . 20­39 years . . . . . 40­59 years . . . . . 60­74 years . . . . . 60 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

Sample size

Mean

------------------2,273 1,133 856 284 ---

------------------26.2 25.6 26.9 26.3 ---

------------------0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 ---

3,152 846 842 1,464 2,091 985 583 523 2,229 2,127 1,143 558 426 528

26.8 25.9 27.6 27.0 26.6 26.3 27.1 26.4 27.3 27.3 26.1 28.6 27.4 27.1

0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

2,116 607 673 836 820 279 289 252 1,018 959 399 309 251 310

27.9 27.1 28.7 28.3 27.5 27.1 27.7 28.0 28.0 28.1 27.1 28.9 28.6 28.1

0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Female Non-Hispanic white:1 20 years and over . . 20­39 years . . . . 40­59 years . . . . 60 years and over Non-Hispanic black:1 20 years and over . . 20­39 years . . . . 40­59 years . . . . 60 years and over Mexican American: 20 years and over . . 20­74 years1 . . . . . 20­39 years1 . . . 40­59 years1 . . . 60­74 years1 . . . 60 years and over . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ------------------3,039 1,482 1,159 398 --------------------27.1 25.6 28.2 28.1 --------------------0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 --3,554 1,030 950 1,574 2,451 1,191 721 539 2,106 2,013 1,063 557 393 486 26.1 24.7 27.2 26.7 29.1 27.6 30.4 29.4 28.4 28.5 27.2 29.7 29.2 28.7 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 2,026 567 629 830 863 298 294 271 1,012 960 358 332 270 322 27.6 26.7 28.3 28.2 31.1 30.2 32.1 31.1 29.0 29.1 27.8 30.4 29.5 28.9 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4

- - - Data not available. 1 Statistically significant trend or difference p<0.05 for all years available. NOTES: BMI is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by square of height in meters. HHANES: Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; and NHANES: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

17

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Advance Data No. 347 + October 27, 2004

Suggested citation Ogden CL, Fryar CD, Carroll MD, Flegal KM. Mean body weight, height, and body mass index, United States 1960­2002. Advance data from vital and health statistics; no 347. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 2004.

Copyright information All material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

National Center for Health Statistics Director Edward J. Sondik, Ph.D. Deputy Director Jack R. Anderson

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics 3311 Toledo Road Hyattsville, Maryland 20782 OFFICIAL BUSINESS PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300 To receive this publication regularly, contact the National Center for Health Statistics by calling 301- 458-4636 E-mail: [email protected] Internet: www.cdc.gov/nchs DHHS Publication No. (PHS) 2005-1250 04-0467 (10/04)

FIRST CLASS POSTAGE & FEES PAID CDC/NCHS PERMIT NO. G-284

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