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saqarTveloSi energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebis gamoyenebisa da ganviTarebis politika da evrointegracia

saqarTvelos energetikuli politikis zogadi analizi aRmosavleTis partniorobis WrilSi.

winamdebare statia momzadebulia vaxtang zarquas mier asociacia "kavkasiis garemosdacviTi organizaciebis qselis" (CENN) dakveTiT fond "Ria sazogadoeba ­ saqarTvelos" mier dafinansebuli proeqtis "aRmosavleTis partniorobis samoqalaqo sazogadoebis forumis saqarTvelos erovnuli platformis mesame Tematuri jgufis instituciuri ganviTarebis programa" farglebSi.

energiis miwodeba-moxmarebis struqtura saqarTveloSi dasawyisSi, mokled mimovixiloT, struqtura saqarTveloSi. Tu rogoria energiis miwodeba-moxmarebis

saqarTveloSi pirveladi energiis sruli miwodeba daaxloebiT 3.3 milion tona navTobis eqvivalents (mtne) Seadgens. energiis moxmareba erT sulze Seadgens daaxloebiT 0.74 tne weliwadSi. saqarTveloSi energiis miwodebis da moxmarebis maCveneblebia: moxmarebuli energoresursebis daaxloebiT 70% - mde importirebulia, romelSic daaxloebiT 45% - mde aris importirebuli bunebrivi gazi, xolo daaxloebiT 25% - mde importuli navTobproduqtebi; gamoyenebuli adgilobrivi energoresursebidan yvelaze mniSvnelovania hidroenergia (18% - mde) da SeSa (12-20%); bunebrivi gazis importi xorcieldeba mTeli wlis ganmavlobaSi, amasTan, importis moculoba zamTris periodSi 3-4-jer izrdeba zafxulTan SedarebiT; ganaxlebad energoresursebs (didi hidroeleqtrosadgurebis saqarTvelos mTlian energomoxmarebaSi 1%-ze naklebi wili SeaqvT. garda)

adgilobrivi hidroeleqtrosadgurebis mier warmoebuli eleqtroenergia Seadgens eleqtroenergiis adgilobrivi saerTo warmoebis daaxloebiT 93%-s. mcire, 13 mgvt-mde simZlavris eleqtrosadgurebis mier gamomuSavebuli eleqtroenergiis wili ki eleqtroenergiis jamur generaciaSi daaxloebiT 3.15%-s Seadgens.

energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebis potenciali da misi gamoyenebis done saqarTveloSi zemoT mocemuli monacemidan kargad Cans, rom saqarTvelo ZiriTadad damokidebulia wiaRiseuli energoresursebis importze. energiaze fasebis zrda, wiaRiseuli energoresursebis gamoyenebis garemoze negatiuri zemoqmedeba da

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mimwodebeli (eqsportiori) qveynebis mier energomatareblebis politikuri miznebiT gamoyenebis SesaZlebloba, rogorc evrokavSiris, ise saqrTvelosTvis dRis wesrigSi mwvaved ayenebs adgilobrivi, upiratesad, ganaxlebadi energoresursebis gamoyenebis yovelmxriv xelSewyobis sakiTxs. cnobilia, rom saqarTvelo mdidaria iseTi ganaxlebadi energetikuli resursebiT, rogoricaa, hidroenergetikuli, qaris, mzis, biomasis, geoTermuli wylebis bunebrivi resursebi. sainteresoa, konkretulad rogoria ganaxlebadi energoresursebis potenciali da misi gamoyenebis SesaZleblobebi saqarTveloSi? bunebriv energetikul resursebs Soris gamorCeuli adgili uWiravs mdinaareebs. hidroenergetikuli resursebis xvedriTi maCveneblebiT saqarTvelo erT-erTi mowinavea evropaSi da msoflioSic ki. energetikis saministros monacemebiT saqarTvelos 26 aTasze meti raodenobis mdinaridan energetikuli mniSvnelobiT gamoirCeva 300-mde mdinare, romelTa wliuri jamuri potenciuri simZlavre 15 aTasi megavatis, xolo saSualo wliuri energia ki - 50 mlrd kvt saaTis eqvivalenturia. SedarebisTvis, 2010 wlis monacemebiT, Tburi da hidroeleqtosadgurebis jamuri saproeqto simZlavre Seadgens 3 274 mgvt-s, xolo jamurma wliurma gamomuSavebam aRniSnuli wlisaTvis 10 mlrd kvt sT-s gadaaWarba. miuxedavad saqarTvelos didi hidroenergetikuli potencialisa, ganaxlebad wyaroebSi moiazreba mxolod mcire hidroenergetikuli resursebi, romelTa aTvisebac SesaZlebelia 13 mgvt-mde simZlavris hesebiT. specialistebis daTvliT mcire hidroenergetikuli resursebis ekonomikurad mizanSewonili potenciali Seadgens 4-5 mlrd. kvt. saaTs. am potencialis mxolod (8-6) %-ia aTvisebuli. qaris energiis ekonomikuri potenciali saqarTveloSi Seadgens 1.5 mlrd. kvt. sT-s, romelic saerTod auTvisebelia. mzis energiis ekonomikuri potenciali ki Seadgens 60 ­ 120 kvt.sT/kv.m dReSi. sxva monacemebiT, saqarTveloSi mzis energiis gamoyenebis miRwevadi potenciali Seadgens 6.5-13 aTasi tne-s weliwadSi. gasuli saukunis bolo aTwleulebidan mzis energias saqarTveloSi iyeneben sayofacxovrebo daniSnulebiT wylis gacxelebisTvis da sasaTbure meurneobebSi gaTbobisTvis. saqarTveloSi praqtikulad ar gamoiyeneba mzis gardamqmnelebi eleqtroenergiis warmoebisTvis, mcire gamonaklisebis garda. mzis gardamqmnelebis gamoyeneba, maRali xvedriTi Rirebulebis gamo mizanSewonilia mxolod Znelad misasvlel maRalMmTian da mcired dasaxlebul adgilebSi, sadac ar aris eleqtroenergiiT momaragebis momsaxureba. unda aRiniSnos, rom ar arsebobs monacemebi mzis energiis saqarTveloSi gamoyenebis donis Taobaze, rac ar iZleva srulfasovani Sefasebisa da dagegmvis saSualebas. xe-tyis garda, Bbiomasis (marcvlovani da parkosani kulturebis, mecxoveleobis da mefrinveleobis narCenebis, Tbilissa da quTaisSi sayofacxovrebo narCenebis) ekonomikurad mizanSewonili potenciali Seadgens 2.5 mlrd. kvt. sT-s, romelic CvenTan aseve saerTod ar gamoiyeneba, Tu mxedvelobaSi ar miviRebT calkeuli

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specialistebis

enTuziazmisa

da

saerTaSoriso

donori

organizaciebis

mxardaWeris safuZvelze 1994-2007 . Seqmnil mcire simZlavris 400-ze met biodanadgars, romelic mecxoveleobis narCenebidan awarmoebs biogazs. Tumca, isic unda iTqvas, rom maTgan bevris funqcionireba Sewyvetilia Sesabamisi mastimulirebeli faqtorebis qveyanaSi ararsebobis gamo. rac Seexeba xe-tyes, mosaxleoba ZiriTadad am resurss iyenebs da gadaWarbebiTac. xe-tyis Wris wliuri normis Sesabamisi potenciali mxolod 1.3 mlrd. kvt sT-is Sesabamisia. saqarTveloSi ki, ramodenime wlis winandeli monacemebiT, gamoyenebaSi iyo aRniSnuli resursis TiTqmis 9-jer meti odenoba, 12 mlrd. kvt sT-is eqvivaleti xe-tye. xe-tyis aseTi gamoyenebis SenarCuneba katastrofis momaswavebelia. marTalia, satyeo meurneobaSi ganxorcielebulma reformam, agreTve, qveyanaSi ganxorcielebulma gazifikaciam sagrZnoblad Seamsubuqa viTareba, magram imdenad didia mosaxleobis xe-tyeze damokidebuleba, rom aRniSnuli RonisZiebebi ar aris sakmarisi xe-tyis racionaluri moxmarebisTvis. aucilebelia, rom sxva RonisZiebebTan erTad ganxorcieldes ganaxlebadi energoresursebis sxvadasxa saxis ekonomikurad mizanSewonili nawilis maqsimalurad gamoyeneba. geoTermuli wylebis ekonomikuri potencialia 0.5 mlrd. kvt.sT, saidanac gamoyenebulia 0.03 mlr.kvt.sT-is Sesabamisi resursi, rac ekonomikuri potencialis mxolod 6%-s Seadgens. TbilisSi geoTermuli wylebiT maragdeba ramdenime ubnis sacxovrebeli saxlebi, dawesebulebebi da abanoebi. saqarTvelos Termuli wylis resursebis 80%-ze meti Tavmoyrilia dasavleT saqarTveloSi. maTgan mxolod mcire nawili gamoiyeneba, isic, ZiriTadad, samkurnalo daniSnulebiT. geoTermuli wylebi momavalSi SeiZleba farTod iqnas gamoyenebuli gaTbobisa da cxelwyalmomaragebisTvis. eqspertebis azriT, jamSi saqarTveloSi energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebis (egw-ebis) miRwevadi potenciali Seadgens daaxloebiT 10-15 tvtsT-is (mlrd.kvt.sT-is) an 0.9-1.3 milioni tona navTobis eqvivalents (mtne) weliwadSi, rac mTliani pirveladi energiis miwodebis mxolod 25-30%-s Seadgens. egw-ebis ekonomikuri potencialis siswore eWvs badebs qvemoT mocemuli garemoebebis gamo. evrokavSiri 2020 wlisTvis apirebs energiaze mTliani moTxovnilebis 20 % daikmayofilos egw-ebidan. evrokavSirisTvis es maCvenebeli ar warmoadgens saboloo niSnuls. evrokavSiris politika mimarTulia mTlian energomomxmarebaSi energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebis wilis Semdgomi zrdisken da wiaRiseuli resursebis ganaxlebadi energoresursebiT maqsimalurad Canacvlebisken. bunebrivia, SeiZleba daibados kiTxva: Tu saqarTvelo mdidaria ganaxlebadi, gansakuTrebiT, hidroenergetikuli resursebiT, da misi politika mimarTulia egwebis gamoyenebis upiratesi xelSewyobisa da saboloo jamSi, energiaze mTliani moTxovnilebis maqsimalurad ganaxlebadi energoresursebiT dakmayofilebisken,

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maSin is rogor apirebs momavalSi daikmayofilos energiaze mzardi moTxovna upiratesad ganaxlebadi wyaroebidan, roca egw-ebis ekonomikurad mizanSewonili mTliani potenciali pirvelad energiaze dRevandeli moTxovnilebis dakmayofilebisTvisac ki ar aris sakmarisi? egw-is potencialis Sesaxeb eqspertebis mier Sefasebuli zemoxsenebuli maCveneblebi saeWvoa im TvalsazrisiTac, rom arsebobs erTmaneTisgan sagrZnoblad gansxvavebuli monacemebi. ra unda miviCnioT energiis ganaxlebad wyarod? ra Tqma unda, saqarTvelos gaaCnia egw-ebis deklarirebulze gacilebiT didi ekonomikuri potenciali. ubralod, ganaxlebadi energoresursebis ekonomikuri potencialis realurze dabali maCvenebeli egw-ebis arasworad damkvidrebuli ganmartebisa da garemoze zemoqmedebis moqmedi, arasrulfasovani sistemis gaTvaliswinebiTaa miRebuli. unda aRiniSnos, rom saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobiT mocemuli ar aris energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebis cnebis ganmarteba. es sakmaod uxerxul viTarebas qmnis da xels ar uwyobs egw gamoyenebis ganviTarebas. saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobiT egw-ebSi SeiZleba vigulisxmoT: hidroeleqtrosadgurebi 13 mgvt-mde simZlavriT; qaris, mzisa da geoTermuli energoresursebi Sesabamasi sadgurebis yovelgvari, maT Soris, simZlavris mixedviT SezRudvis gareSe; biomasis mxolod is moculoba, romelic SeiZleba bunebrivad aRdges (magaliTad, gaCexili an damwvari xe-tyis is raodenoba, romelic sanitarul normebs aRemateba ganaxlebad energoresursad veRar CaiTvleba). saqarTveloSi dRes damkvidrebuli Sexedulebis Sesabamisad, ganaxlebadia energiis wyaro, Tu is aris bunebaSi mudmivad arsebul an periodulad Sevsebad energiis nakadebze dafuZnebuli, adamianis mier misi gamoyeneba ar amcirebs gansaxilveli wyaros potencials da garemoze ar axdens mniSvnelovan negatiur zemoqmedebas. amJamindeli mdgomareobiT, didi hidroeleqtrosadgurebi energiis ganaxlebad wyaroebSi ar moiazreba, radganac isini mniSvnelovan zemoqmedebas axdenen garemoze. yovelTvis marTebulia Tu ara es mosazreba? 13 megavatze gacilebiT meti simZlavris hidroeleqtrosadguris proeqti SeiZleba ganxorcieldes naklebad mgrZnobiare garemoSi da Sesabamisad, garemoze negatiuri zemoqmedeba umniSvnelo iyos. am SemTxvevaSi, ratom ar unda miviCnioT aRniSnuli hesi energiis ganaxlebad wyarod? aseve, Tu 13 mgvt-ze gacilebiT meti simZlavris qaris an mzis eleqtrosadgurebis ferma metad mgrZnobiare garemoze axdens seriozul negatiur zemoqmedebas, ratom unda miviCnioT is energiis ganaxlebad wyarod? maSasadame, ama Tu im energetikuli obieqtis energiis ganaxlebad wyarod aRiareba realurad damokidebulia ara mis simZlavreze, aramed imaze, Tu ramdenad negatiur zemoqmedebas axdens is garemoze. Tu ganaxlebad energoresursze

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momuSave eleqtrosadguri dasaSvebze met negatiur zegavlenas axdens garemoze, maSin aseTi sadguri ar unda aSendes. aqedan gamomdinare, umTavresi amocanaa, SevqmnaT garemoze zemoqmedebis Sefasebis srulfasovani sistema, romelic gamoricxavs garemoze dauSvebeli negatiuri zemoqmedebis mqone eleqtrosadgurebis aSenebas, da ara is, rom naklebad mgrZnobiare garemoSi asaSenebeli mZlavri hesebi gavmijnoT energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebisgan. energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebisagan mZlavri hesebis, nebismier SemTxvevaSi, uapelacio gamijvna, nebiT Tu uneblied, malavs, CrdilSi ayenebs garemoze zemoqmedebis Sefasebis arsebuli arasrulfasovani sistemis problemas. is xels uwyobs Semdegi araswori mosazrebis damkvidrebas: "marTalia, mcire hidroenergoresursebis, rogorc energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebis ganviTareba garemos dacvis kuTxiT sayuradReboa, magram mcire hidroenergetikis dabali potencialisa da rentabelobis gamo iZulebuli varT didi potencialis mqone, ufro rentabeluri, mZlavri, maregulerebel wyalsacavebiani hesebi, rogorc energiis tradiciuli, araganaxlebadi wyaroebi avaSenoT, raTa uzrunvelvyoT bazris Sida da gare moTxovnebi".

yovelive zemoxsenebulidan gamomdinare, aucilebelia, xelaxla da safuZvlianad iqnas Seswavlili egw-ebis potenciali TiToeuli saxeobisTvis imis gaTvaliswinebiT, rom energiis wyaros "ganaxlebadoba" ukve damokidebuli iyos ara wyaros simZlavreze, aramed garemoze negatiuri zemoqmedebis doneze, romelic dadgindeba garemoze zemoqmedebis Tanamedrove moTxovnebis gaTvaliswinebiTa da Sefasebis srulyofili sistemis gamoyenebiT.

rogoria saqarTvelos mimdinare energetikuli politika egw-ebis gamoyenebis sferoSi? pozitiurad SeiZleba miviCnioT is garemoeba, rom saxelmwifos mier aRiarebulia egw-ebis ganviTarebis xelSewyobis kursi. magaliTad, kanonSi "eleqtroenergetikisa da bunebrivi gazis Sesaxeb" da "saqarTvelos energetikul seqtorSi saxelmwifo politikis ZiriTad mimarTulebebSi", aris egw-ebis ganviTarebis xelSemwyobi samarTlebrivi garemos Camoyalibebis mcdeloba, rac misasalmebelia. Tumca, arsebuli kanonmdebloba Zalze Sorsaa energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebis realuri xelSewyobis politikisgan. am statiaze muSaobisas, evrokavSiris energetikuli politikis ZiriTadi principebisa da instrumentebis gaTvaliswinebiT, gamovlinda 30-mde mTavari, TvalSisacemi da saqarTvelos energetikuli politikis ganmsazRvreli problema. SegviZlia, maT Soris gamovyoT msxvili sakiTxebi, romlebic ganapirobeben mimdinare energetikuli politikis danarCen problemebs. esenia: energiis ganaxlebadi wyaros cnebis mkafio samarTlebrivi ganmartebisa da garemoze zemoqmedebis Sefasebis srulyofili sistemis ararseboba; egw-ebis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb kanonis ararseboba; egw-ebis ganviTarebis strategiis ararseboba;

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egw-ebis gamoyenebis ararseboba;

ganviTarebisTvis

samTavrobo

struqturuli

erTeulis

konkurenciis ganviTarebis xelSemwyobi efeqturi sakanonmdeblo da institucionaluri instrumentebis ararseboba, monopoliuri fasebisa da sxva pirobebisagan momxmareblis dacvis ukiduresad dabali done; garemoze zemoqmedebis Sefasebis moqmedi, dauxvewavi sistemis da egw-ebis ganviTarebis xelSemwyobi Tanamedrove, efeqturi politikis ararsebobis pirobebSi "deregulirebis" da "tradiciuli da energiis alternatiuli wyaroebis gamoyenebis Tanabar pirobebSi moqcevis" politikis aragonivruloba; energetikuli obieqtebis dagegmareba-mSeneblobisTvis saqarTveloSi moqmedi teqnikuri standartebis evrokavSiris qveynebis teqnikur standartebTan Seusabamoba; egw-ebis mier gamomuSavebul energiaze rentabelurobisa da normaluri ganviTarebis uzrunvelmyofi stabiluri satarifo sistemis ararseboba; mcire eleqtrosadgurebis qselze dadgenis meTodologiis ararseboba; mierTebis procedurebisa da fasebis

mcire sadgurebisTvis Sida da gare bazrebze pirdapiri momxmareblebis xelmiuwvdomloba, aseve, ZiriTadad, zafxulis Warbi eleqtroenergiis xelsayreli pirobebiT gayidvis an gacvlis stabiluri sabazro meqanizmebis ararseboba; egw-ebis proeqtebis sqemebis ararseboba; dafinansebis (dakreditebis) xelSemwyobi specialuri

sagadasaxado kanonmdeblobis, rogorc politikis instrumentis gamouyenebloba egw-ebis ganviTarebis xelSewyobis mizniT; mmarTvelobis adgilobrivi organoebis arasakmarisi uflobamosilebebi da maTi dainteresebis efeqturi meqanizmebis ararseboba egw-ebis xelSewyobis mimarTulebiT; erTi samarTlebrivi urTierTobiT gansazRvruli valdebulebis, magaliTad, wylis an dasufTavebis gadasaxadis gadaxdis valdebulebis, sxva, magaliTad, eleqtoenergiiT momaragebis momsaxurebis samarTlebrivi urTierTobiT daregulireba (valdebulebiTi samarTlis fuZemdebluri principebis uxeSi darRveva). am wesiT, dasufTavebisa da wylis gadasaxadebis gadauxdelobis SemTxvevaSi, momxmarebels uwydeba eleqtroenergiiT momaragebis momsaxureba (!); mosaxleobis socialuri motivaciiT eleqtroenergiis samomxmareblo, e.w. "bijuri" tarifebis dadgena (biznesisTvis socialuri tvirTis akideba da/an ukanono garigeba bizneskompaniebsa da xelisuflebis organoebs Soris), rac miuRebelia liberaluri sabazro ekonomikisTvis; energiis tarifebis diferencirebis daSveba ara mxolod danaxarjebis, aramed momxmarebelTa kategoriis mixedviTac (sxvadasxva kategoriis momxmareblebisTvis sxvadasxva tarifebis dawesebis daSveba energokompaniis

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erTi da igive danaxarjebis arsebobis SemTxvevaSi), rac liberalur sabazro ekonomikis principebTan naklebad Tavsebadia; egw-ebis ganviTarebis mxardamWeri saerTaSoriso instituciebia da programebis SesaZleblobebis, sxva saerTaSoriso resursebis arasakmarisad gamoyeneba; arasakmarisi sainformacio, sakonsultacio da saganmanaTleblo uzrunvelyofa; narCenebis energetikuli mizniT gamoyenebisTvis daxarisxeba­gadamuSavebis sistemis ararseboba.

bunebrivia, rom egw-ebis swori politikis SemuSavebisa da evrokavSirTan integraciisTvis aucilebelia zemoxsenebuli problemebis gadawyveta. aRniSnuli problemebis gadawyvetisas ki sasurvelia, gaTvaliswinebul iqnas Semdegi rekomendaciebi: egw-ebis ganviTarebis sakanonmdeblo iniciativebs esaWiroeba ganxorcielebis meqanizmebis damuSaveba, imisaTvis, rom konkretuli dadebiTi Sedegebi dadges. egw-ebis ganviTarebisaTvis aucilebeli normatiuli da qvenormatiuli aqtebis sistemis da meTodikebis Camoyalibeba (magaliTad, eleqtroenergiis gatarebisa da generaciis grZelvadiani Sesasyidi tarifebis, qselze mierTebis procedurebisa da gadasaxadebis, miwaTsargeblobis wesebis da sxvaTa gansazRvra-dadgena) gamWvirvale da stabilur garemos Seqmnis da kanonis zogadi principebis ganxorcielebis meqanizmebs gansazRvravs; saxelmwifos aRebuli aqvs ekonomikis liberalizaciis kursi. aqedan gamomdinare, upriania, rom egw-ebis gamoyenebis ganviTarebisTvis xelSewyobis iseTi instrumentebi iqnas gamoyenebuli, romlebic gaiTvaliwineben liberaluri sabazro ekonomikis principebs. magaliTad, egw-ebisTvis sagadasaxado SeRavaTebis SemoReba an grZelvadiani, fiqsirebuli tarifebiT egw-ebidan energiis savaldebulo Sesyidvis daweseba bazarze moTamaSeebisTvis araTanabar sabazro pirobebs qmnis da maTi gamoyeneba mizanSewonilia mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tu sabazro ekonomikis principebTan Tavsebadi politikis sxva instrumentebi sakmarisi ar aRmoCnda egw-is stimulirebisTvis. dasabuTebuli egw-ebis politikis Camosayalibeblad aucilebelia damatebiTi kvleviTi samuSaoebis Catareba im sferoebSi, romlebSic ar gvaqvs sakmarisi da damajerebeli informacia srulfasovani Sefasebebisa da saboloo, konkretuli rekomendaciebisTvis.

daskvna evrokavSiri Tavis politikas energetikasa da garemos dacvaSi gansazRvravs daaxloebiT 160 direqtiviTa da regulaciiT. evrokavSiris TiToeul qveyanas calke gaaCnia sakuTari kanonmdebloba, romelic erovnuli mTavrobebis mier mudmivad wesrigdeba evrokavSiris normatiul aqtebTan SesabamisobaSi moyvanis mizniT. saqarTveloSi ki energetikis sferosa da garemos dacvaSi moqmedebs xelis

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TiTebze CamosaTvleli ramdenime, Tanac dauxvewavi kanoni. saqarTvelos mkveTr CamorCenaze sakanonmdeblo mimarTulebiT.

es

mianiSnebs

saqarTvelos energetikuli politika ar efuZneba garemos dacvis sferoSi Tanamedrove moTxovnebs, arasakmarisad iTvaliswinebs qveynis ekonomikuri da socialuri ganviTarebis interesebs: saqarTvelos mTavrobis dRevandeli politika ZiriTadad mimarTulia hidroenergoresursebidan eleqtroenergiis saeqsportod warmoebis ganviTarebisken, garemos dacvis Tanamedrove, evropuli standartebis Sesabamisi moTxovnebis ararsebobis pirobebSi. nedleulis eqsportze orientacia da ara sakuTari warmoebebis gansaviTareblad misi gamoyeneba dabali ganviTarebis (ganviTarebadi) qveynebisTvis damaxasiaTebeli niSan-Tvisebaa da aseT politikas araferi aqvs saerTo evrokavSiris Tanamedrove politikasTan. saqarTvelos ekonomikuri, energetikuli, socialuri, kulturuli ganviTarebisTvis gacilebiT momgebiani da mniSvnelovania ara eleqtroenergiis, rogorc nedleulis, ZiriTadad eqsportze orientacia, aramed, upirvelesad, mcire da saSualo energotevadi sawarmoebis ganviTarebisTvis xelSewyoba, romlebic ganapirobeben egw-ebze moTxovnilebis gazrdas, Sesabamisad, egw-ebis gamoyenebis ganviTrebas, mosaxleobis dasaqmebasa da met socialur keTildReobas, agreTve, kulturuli ganviTarebisTvisac xelSewyobas. sabolood SeiZleba davaskvnaT, rom saqarTveloSi energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebis normaluri ganviTarebisaTvis aucilebelia safuZvliani sakanonmdeblo cvlilebebis gatareba da Sesabamisi struqturuli erTeulis, magaliTad, egw-ebis gamoyenebis ganviTarebis saxelmwifo saagentos Seqmna, romelsac eqneba egw-ebis ganviTarebis valdebuleba, konkretuli orientirebi da maTi miRwevisaTvis sakmarisi berketebi. egw-ebis ganviTarebis konkretuli iniciativebi gaazrebuli unda iyos am dargSi saxelmwifo strategiis da energetikuli seqtoris ganviTarebis erTiani gegmis farglebSi, romelic, Tavis mxriv, aucileblad unda efuZnebodes evropul sabazro ekonomikisa da gamWvirvalobis aRiarebul principebs, pasuxobdes qveynis optimaluri da mdgradi ganviTarebis interesebs. vaxtang zarqua dekemberi, 2011

gamoyenebuli literatura: saqarTvelos energetikis saministro: www.minenergy.gov.ge; eleqtroenergetikuli sistemis komerciuli operatori (esko), www.esco.ge ; saqarTvelos energetikisa da wyalmomaragebis maregulirebeli erovnuli komisia: http://www.gnerc.org/ karine miqelaZe, "msoflio gamocdileba ganaxlebadi energoresursebis aTvisebis politikaSi", ianvari, 2008, organizacia "msoflio gamocdileba saqarTvelosTvis", www.weg.ge "energiis ganaxlebadi wyaroebis potenciali saqarTveloSi da misi aTvisebis RonisZiebebi", Tebervali, 2008 "vinrok jorjia" da "msoflio gamocdileba saqarTvelosTvis", www.weg.ge

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liana jervaliZe, "saqarTvelos gawevrianeba energetikul gaerTianebaSi, perspeqtivebi", 2011, levan miqelaZis saxelobis fondi, www.mikeladzefoundation.org T. marsagiSvili, ,,sainovacio procesebi energousafrTxoebasa da

problemebi

da

garemos marTvaSi:

xedva

dasavleTidan da aRmosavleTidan", asociacia "evropuli gamokvlevebi saqarTvelos inovaciuri ganviTarebisTvis", www.inovdev.ge m. margvelaSvili, g. muxiguliSvili, "energetikuli usafrTxoeba ­ xedva saqarTvelodan", www.weg.ge evrokavSiris energetikuli portali: www.inogate.org evrokomisiis vebsaiti: www.ec.europa.eu/policies/energy_natural_resources_en.htm vaxtang zarqua, "xelisuflebis xarvezebi eleqtroenergetikul seqtorSi" energoefeqturobis fondi, Jurnali "energetikis regulirebis macne ", me-7 nomeri, 2005w, www.ern.org.ge energoefeqturobis centri: www.eecgeo.org/ energetikuli gaerTianeba /Tanamegobroba www.energy-community.org vinrok jorjia interneiSenali: http://winrock.ge/

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