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Central Otago Wine Map

Central Otago Wine Map

A Gu i d e To Winerie s & Vineyards

45º South

Central Otago is the most southerly grape-growing

region in the world. Located at 45º south, it shares unique geographical and climactic conditions with some of the world's most prestigious wine-producing regions. Burgundy and the northern Rhone in France, and Oregon's Willamette Valley in the USA, are all at latitudes between 45º and 47º north. Although small in size, Central Otago is a rapidly developing wine region with a well-established international reputation for Pinot Noir. The variety accounts for more than 85% of vineyard plantings, with Chardonnay, Pinot Gris and Riesling making up the majority of the rest. Production of sparkling wine, made from Pinot Noir and Chardonnay grapes, has also been well-received internationally.

The Soils

Central Otago's vineyards benefit from a wide variety of soils, ranging from fine sand and heavy silt loam to rocky schist. Each of these soil types has a pronounced influence on the growth of the vine and flavours of the grapes and resulting wine. In most areas, the soil is derived from loess ­ formed over successive ice ages as glaciers ground rocks to a fine flour ­ or alluvial deposits, often with underlying gravel allowing free drainage. To the west, some of the soils are developed on glacial outwash or moraine. There are even small pockets of soil formed by the hydraulic sluicing carried out by gold miners in the 19th century.

History

Climate

The first wine-making grapes were planted in Central Otago in 1864, by Frenchman John Desire Feraud. Coming from a winemaking family, he made his fortune in the Dunstan gold rush of 1862 and quickly recognised the region's outstanding potential for grape-growing. Feraud's stone-built winery ­ Monte Christo in Clyde ­ still survives today and his wines, sold in blue bottles that can be seen at Clyde Museum, won prizes in Sydney and Melbourne competitions. The first modern commercial wines of the region were produced in 1987, made with experimental grape plantings from around Queenstown, Wanaka and Alexandra.

The Sub Regions

Central Otago is comprised of four distinct sub-regions, separated by mountains and deep gorges. The Cromwell Basin accounts for 70% of the region's vineyards and includes Bannockburn in the south, Lowburn, Pisa and Bendigo to the north. A further 20% of plantings are found around Gibbston, where most vines occupy north-facing slopes and terraces above the dramatic Kawarau Gorge. In the south-west of the region are Clyde and Alexandra (7%), while the remainder (3%) are located around Wanaka, where vineyards run down to the lakeshore against a backdrop of snowclad mountains and glaciers.

Central Otago is the only area in New Zealand with a semicontinental climate - nowhere else in the country experiences greater daily and seasonal extremes of temperature. Summers are hot and dry, with autumns cool, generally dry and with cold nights. Relatively low rainfall and humidity means a low incidence of disease and rot, greatly reducing the need for spraying. The large diurnal temperature variation (the difference between daytime and night-time temperatures) during ripening contributes to flavour intensity, gives depth of colour and stability to the wines. Heavy frosts are common throughout the winter, and can also occur during spring and autumn. As a result, most vineyards are on warmer, north-facing slopes. Frost protection measures such as wind machines, water sprinklers and helicopters are also used. Visitors to the region in April and May will witness harvest time, when vineyards and wineries are busy picking, sorting and crushing the fruit for the new vintage.

Seasons' Activities

Spring Summer Autumn Winter Bud burst/frost fighting Vine tending Harvest and ferment Pruning

Information

Queenstown i-SITE Clocktower Building, Corner Camp & Shotover Streets Queenstown Tel +64 3 4424100 Freephone 0800 668 888 Fax +64 3 4428907 Email [email protected] www.queenstowninformation.co.nz Wanaka i-SITE 100 Ardmore Street, PO Box 147 Lake Front Wanaka Tel +64 3 443 1233 Fax +64 3 443 1290 Email [email protected] www.lakewanaka.co.nz Alexandra i-SITE 21 Centennial Ave, PO Box 56 Alexandra Tel +64 3 448 9515 Fax +64 3 448 9511 Email [email protected] www.centralotagonz.com Cromwell i-SITE 47 The Mall, PO Box 2 Cromwell Tel +64 3 445 0212 Fax +64 3 445 1319 Email [email protected] www.centralotagonz.com

Central Otago Pinot Noir Celebration

Gibbston Harvest Festival

A not to be missed date on the international Pinot Noir Calendar. The programme includes commentary from international speakers, seminars, tastings and fine cuisine. Held for two days, usually on the last weekend of January. For more information please visit the official Pinot Celebration website at www.pinotcelebration.co.nz

The Harvest Festival is held on the third Saturday of March each year. This is a great family event celebrating Gibbston vineyards and wineries as well as food from local restaurants. For the location of the festival and further information, please refer to the Gibbston Harvest Festival website www.gibbstonharvestfestival.co.nz

Vino And Victuals Wine And Food Festival

Clyde Wine And Food Harvest Festival

Easter Sunday

Enjoy Central Otago's stunning autumn colours, wines from more than 20 local wineries, food, music, market and food produce stalls in Clyde's historic precinct at this annual celebration. From 11am to 5pm, entry $5 or $10 with a festival glass.

Central Otago Winegrowers Association P.O. Box 271 Cromwell 9342, Central Otago, New Zealand Telephone +64 3 445 4499 · Email [email protected] www.cowa.org.nz

An enjoyable end to a summer's afternoon, sampling great wines from the Cromwell Basin, nibbling on tasty food and listening to great music in one of `godzone's' fantastic places! Held at the Old Cromwell Historic Precinct, at the beginning of January.

Central Otago, New Zealand: Wine Map - A Guide To Wineries & Vineyards · www.cowa.org.nz

Central Otago Wine Map

Central Otago

N

To Haast

Ma u Va ngaw lley er Rd a

2

LAKE HAWEA

LAKE WANAKA

ALBERT TOWN

Aubrey Rd

M

WANAKA

1

L

LUGGATE

3

W an aka

St re mo d Ar

Mt A spiring Rd

K

To Christchurch

e tyn lan Bal Rd

QUEENSBERRY TARRAS

O J

CARDRONA

I

PISA BENDIGO

A C

ARROWTOWN

B

LAKE HAYES

G E

LOWBURN GIBBSTON

H

FRANKTON

D

QUEENSTOWN

F

CROMWELL

BANNOCKBURN

LAKE WAKATIPU

4

Auckland

N

Wellington

CLYDE EARNSCLUEGH

North Island W E South Island

Queenstown

ALEXANDRA

Christchurch Dunedin

S

Scale: km

0 5 10

New Zealand

To Dunedin

For detailed maps see 1. Cromwell Basin; 2. Cromwell; 3. Bannockburn; 4. Alexandra; 5. Gibbston

Central Otago, New Zealand: Wine Map - A Guide To Wineries & Vineyards · www.cowa.org.nz

Central Otago Wine Map

Central Otago

1

Tasting Room

Not Open To The Public

3 Domaine Jaquiery www.domainejaquiery.co.nz 4 Three Fires Vineyard & Winery www.threefires.co.nz

Driving Times Key Tasting Room & Distances

1

Cromwell to Queenstown 50 minutes / 61km Cromwell to Wanaka 45 minutes / 55km

2 3

Tasting Room & Restaurant

Rippon Vineyard and Winery 246 Mt Aspiring Road, Wanaka Tel (03) 443 8084 · Fax (03) 443 8034 www.rippon.co.nz Email [email protected] 1:30pm - 5.30pm Jul - Nov. 11am - 5pm Dec - Apr. Appointment only May and Jun. Group tours strictly appointment only. Family owned and operated vineyard and winery on the shores of Lake Wanaka

2

Attractions

A B C D E F G

Open By Appointment Only Please call first to arrange a tasting and get directions.

4 A

Not Open To The Public Attraction State Highway Number

Coronet Peak Skifield Shotover Jet Millbrook Golf Course Remarkables Skifield Queenstown Airport Kelvin Heights Golf Course Kawarau Bungy Kawarau Mining & Jet Cardrona Hotel Cardrona Skifield Wanaka Golf Course Warbirds Museum Puzzling World Treble Cone Skifield Snow Park NZ

Cromwell to Alexandra 30 minutes / 35km

While on your travels keep an eye out for the Central Otago Winegrowers Association road signs - an easy reference to the vineyards and wineries of the area.

Open By Appointment Only

Maude Wines Tel (03) 443 2959 · Fax (03) 443 2960 www.maudewines.com Email [email protected] Maude Wines produce premium Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris & Sauvignon Blanc from their winery in Wanaka, Central Otago. Mount Maude Small quantities of single vineyard wines produced exclusively from the Family Vineyard in Wanaka are the pinnacle of the Maude label. Tastings are by Appointment Only.

H I J K L M N O

Central Otago, New Zealand: Wine Map - A Guide To Wineries & Vineyards · www.cowa.org.nz

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