Read New GCSE Citizenship Studies (short course) (1048): specimen question paper and markscheme text version

Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations General Certificate of Secondary Education

CITIZENSHIP STUDIES (SHORT COURSE)

Specimen Paper 2003

Additional materials: Source Book Candidates answer on the question paper.

1048

TIME 1 hour 30 minutes

Candidate Name

Centre Number

Candidate Number

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

· · · · · Write your name in the space above. Write your Centre number and Candidate number in the boxes above. Answer all the questions. Write your answers, in blue or black ink, in the spaces provided on the question paper. Read each question carefully and make sure you know what you have to do before starting your answer.

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

· · · The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question. The total number of marks for this paper is 60. To help you with the questions in Sections B and C, you should use the following items in your Source Book: - Source 1. Definition of refugee status. - Sources 5, 6 and 7. Extracts from the Human Rights Act, The United Nations Declaration on Human Rights and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights. - Source 9. Processing a claim for asylum in the United Kingdom. - Sources 13, 14 and 15. The role of pressure groups. Four marks are available for the quality of written communication where an answer requires a piece of extended writing. These are linked to question 21 in Section C.

Question number

For examiner's use only

Section A

Section B

Section C

Total

·

QAN: 100/1466/4

OCR 2001 Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations

SECTION A

For Questions 1 - 5, Put a ring around the number of the definition (i, ii, iii, or iv) that matches the term. 1 What is meant by the term Government ? (i) (ii) Decisions made by Parliament. A group of people who deal with legal complaints from members of the public.

(iii) The laws of a country in one single volume for easy reference. (iv) A group of people responsible for running a country. 2 What is meant by the term Democracy ? (i) (ii) A political system where the most powerful people always get their way. A decision made as a result of consulting everybody involved and following the best argument. [1]

(iii) A political system in which all citizens can have a say in decisions or in choosing their representatives. (iv) Appealing to the House of Lords as the highest court in the land. 3 What is meant by the term Trade Union ? (i) (ii) A small political party linked to the Labour Party. Trades people who seek to protect their businesses from unfair competition. [1]

(iii) An organisation formed to improve workers' pay and conditions. (iv) A trading system in which people swap their skills. 4 What is meant by the term Discrimination ? (i) (ii) An unreasonable fear of another group of people leading to racism. Treating someone differently because of factors such as age and disability. [1]

(iii) The decision of an industrial tribunal. (iv) Making sure that everyone has an equal chance to prove their innocence in a court. 5 What is meant by the term Globalisation ? (i) (ii) A global agreement to encourage sustainable development. The move towards a single currency for members of the European Union. [1]

(iii) A declaration of the United Nations to encourage greater international security. (iv) The trend for large businesses and the media to operate across the world.

Citizenship Specimen Question Paper

[1]

2

© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

6

(a) State what is meant by the term parliamentary bill.

[1] (b) State one way in which an Act of Parliament is different from a bill.

[1] 7 (a) State what is meant by the term civil law.

[1] (b) State one way in which criminal law is different from civil law.

[1] 8 (a) State what is meant by the term political party.

[1] (b) State one way in which a pressure group is different from a political party.

[1] 9 (a) State what is meant by the term The Commonwealth.

[1] (b) State one way in which the United Nations is different from The Commonwealth.

[1]

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

10 Study Document 1 and answer the question that follows. Document 1

Sam buys a meat pie from a shop. When she bites into it, a 5p coin falls out. She is horrified. Sam might have swallowed the coin and choked. She is very angry and wants to do something about it. She asks for your advice.

Study each of the statements below. State the one (i, ii or iii) that gives the best advice and give one reason to explain why you have chosen it. (i) (ii) Call the police and report the matter to them. Seek legal advice at once and sue for damages.

(iii) Take the pie back to the shop. Statement Number Reason

[2]

Citizenship Specimen Question Paper

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

11 Study Document 2 and answer the question that follows. Document 2

Joe has been working part-time at Max's boatyard for 18 months. He is the only black worker in the yard. Everything is fine until Max has an argument with Joe about football. Max gets very angry and sacks Joe. Later Max tells Joe that he fired him for being rude to a customer. This is not true. Joe tries to apologise but Max won't listen. Joe feels unfairly treated. He asks for your advice.

Study each of the statements below. State the one (i, ii or iii) that gives the best advice and give one reason to explain why you have chosen it. (i) (ii) Seek legal advice and consider taking the complaint to an employment tribunal. Look for another job because Joe has no employment rights as a part time worker.

(iii) Report the matter to the Commission for Racial Equality. Statement Number Reason

[2]

Citizenship Specimen Question Paper

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

Study Document 3 and answer questions 12 and 13 that follow. Document 3

Asylum applications made and refugee status granted. United Kingdom 1997 2000

80000

Number of People

60000 40000 20000 0

1997 1998 1999 2000

Asylum applications Refugee status granted

(Source: Home Office, 2000 )

12 Study each of the figures below. Put a ring around the number of the definition (i, ii, iii or iv) that gives the correct number of asylum applications to the United Kingdom in 1998. (i) (ii) 4,000 70,000

(iii) 45,000 (iv) 50,000 13 Study each of the sentences below. Put a ring around the number of the definition (i, ii, iii or iv) that gives the best description of the changes in asylum applications and the granting in refugee status between 1997 and 2000. (i) (ii) There was a rapid increase in asylum applications. Few were granted refugee status. Asylum applications increased most after 1998. The number of people granted refugee status stayed the same. [1] ]

(iii) Most applicants for asylum were granted refugee status. (iv) The United Kingdom was being swamped with refugees. [1] ]

Citizenship Specimen Question Paper

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

14 Study each of the sentences below. Put a ring around the number of the definition (i, ii, iii or iv) that gives the most accurate reason for the changes in the number of asylum applications to the United Kingdom between 1997 and 2000. (i) (ii) A recent shortage of workers in the United Kingdom has meant that people have had to be brought in. Refugees feel more at home in the United Kingdom because there are likely to be other people from their country living and working here.

(iii) The United Kingdom has no restrictions on immigration. People know that they can come here freely. (iv) Most refugees speak English so they come to the United Kingdom. [1] ]

[Total: 20 marks] ]

END OF SECTION A PLEASE TURN OVER FOR SECTION B

Citizenship Specimen Question Paper

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

SECTION B

15 People who claim asylum need to show that their human rights are under threat. Explain which human rights would need to be under threat for someone to have a good chance of being given asylum. Use Sources 5, 6 and 7 from pages 4 and 5 of the Source Book to help you.

[4]

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

16 Study Document 4 and answer the question that follows. Document 4

How I paid £350 to be smuggled into Britain Ali said, "I have friends in England. They are in Kent, and I hope to find them. After a few months, perhaps I will go to London ­ there must be plenty of jobs there. I have relatives and friends over here ­ they make good money. I hope to make the same. I just want to be able to live and work in peace. In Pakistan everything became too expensive, The cost of living was unbearable." (Source: The Observer, 24th April 2000) Thousands ready to escape to Britain From Michael Dynes in Zimbabwe `If the violence in the Zimbabwean countryside spreads to the towns, large numbers of people are likely to flee to Britain. George and his wife Anne said, "We want to stay but violence in the towns would give us no choice but to leave. You just hope there would be enough time to get out." Tim a local white farmers' leader, said: "It's heartbreaking but none of us wants to be the next to die."' (Source: The Times, 20th April 2000)

Using Source 1 from page 2 of your Source Book to help you, explain whether or not Ali and Tim would be likely to qualify for refugee status in the United Kingdom.

[6]

Citizenship Specimen Question Paper

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

17 Using Source 9 from pages 6 and 7 of your Source Book to help you, explain why it takes a long time to decide whether to grant asylum to an individual. In your answer you could mention: · · · Individual rights. Social justice and the importance of evidence. The law and justice system.

[6] 18 Explain why Government ministers are keen to keep the media and public opinion on their side when dealing with issues such as asylum.

[4] [Total: 20 marks] ]

END OF SECTION B

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

SECTION C

To help you with the questions in this section, you should use examples from any school or community action that you have taken part in. (You will gain marks for the quality of your written communication in your answer to question 21.) 19 Using Sources 13, 14 and 15 on page 11 of your Source Book, state two examples of responsible action that pressure group members are taking to support refugees.

[2] 20 Using examples from your studies and from any school or community action that you have taken part in, state three things you could do in a democracy to influence decisionmakers.

[3]

Citizenship Specimen Question Paper

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

Study Documents 5, 6 and 7 and answer the question that follows.

Document 5

I can't understand why anyone should waste time helping anybody else or trying to change things. People should learn to accept what they have got and get on with living their own lives.

Document 7 Martin Luther King Jr. displays his 1964 Nobel Peace Prize medal, awarded for promoting the principle of nonviolence in the civil rights movement. (AP Photo)

Document 6

Healthy democracies need well-informed citizens who take an active interest in their community. They need people who value themselves and others and are aware of the contribution they can make to society. From the web site of The Citizenship Foundation April 2001.

" Life's most urgent question is: what are you doing for others? " ­ Dr Martin Luther King Junior

21 Document 5 states that active citizenship is a "waste of time". Write an essay to show how far you agree with this statement. You should: · · · · State your views about the statement in Document 5. Describe the problems of being an active citizen and explain why some people may see it as "a waste of time". Describe the benefits of active citizenship in a democracy. Use Documents 6 and 7 as well as your own experiences to help you. Sum up your case. To what extent is active citizenship a "waste of time"?

In your essay use examples from your studies and from any school or community action that you have taken part in.

Citizenship Specimen Question Paper

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

Citizenship Specimen Question Paper

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

[15] [Total: 20 marks]

Citizenship Specimen Question Paper

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© OCR 2001 Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations

Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations General Certificate of Secondary Education

CITIZENSHIP STUDIES (SHORT COURSE) MARK SCHEME

Specimen Paper 2003

1048

Marks for the quality of written communication The quality of written communication covers quality of expression, structure of arguments, presentation of ideas, grammar, punctuation and spelling. Examiners should focus on Candidates' response to the question 21 in Section C. Once Candidates' responses have been placed within a level indicated by the mark scheme, the quality of written communication should be taken into account to determine the number of marks awarded within that level.

Citizenship Specimen Mark Scheme

2

© OCR 2001 Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations

Question number SECTION A (Assessment Objective 1, 15 marks, Assessment Objective 2, 5 Marks) (1) AO1 (2)AO1 (3) AO1 (4) AO1 (5) AO1 (6) AO1 iv iii iii ii iv a. A proposed piece of legislation introduced and debated in the Houses of Parliament. (or similar) b. The bill becomes an act having passed through these stages and having being agreed. (or similar) (7) AO1 a. Civil Law regulates relationships between individuals, groups or organisations. (or similar) b. Criminal Law regulates relationships between the state / citizenry and individuals, groups or organisations. (Also give credit for relevant and meaningful examples that seek to differentiate criminal law from civil law.)

Mark

1 1 1 1 1 1

1

1

1

(8) AO1

a. Political parties stand for a set of broad social and economic policies. (or similar) b. Pressure groups concentrate on specific issues. (or similar)

1

1 1

(9) AO1

a. The Commonwealth is a loosely knit "family" of nations that have the Queen as Head of State. The nations share cultural, social and some economic resources. (or similar) b. The United Nations is an organisation to which most nations belong. The UN draws up formal agreements between nations and has a global role in peacekeeping, emergency relief, promoting human rights, etc. (or similar) NB. Award full marks for a comparison involving either scale or function.

1

Citizenship Specimen Mark Scheme

3

© OCR 2001 Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations

Question number (10) AO2 Selection of correct alternative (iii) One relevant justification of choice such as: · · · (11) AO2 This is a civil rather than criminal matter, so police would not be able to act. Damages are only appropriate when damage has actually being done. The trader or shop has the responsibility of ensuring that products and services are of acceptable quality.

Mark

1

1

Selection of correct alternative (i) One relevant justification of choice such as: · · · · As a part-time worker with over a year's service, Joe does have employment rights. Although Joe is black, it seems that race / ethnicity is irrelevant to the case. Employment Tribunals decide matters connected with unfair dismissal. Legal advice is worth seeking because the employer's action is unfair.

1

1

(12) AO2 (13) AO2 (14) AO2

iii i ii

1 1 1

Citizenship Specimen Mark Scheme

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© OCR 2001 Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations

Question number SECTION B (Assessment Objective 1, 10 marks; Assessment Objective 2, 10 Marks) (15) AO2 Level 1 Candidate states right(s) that might be used to support the claim of an asylum-seeker. Valid examples include: Right to life, liberty and security; Freedom from torture; Freedom from interference with privacy; Freedom of thought, opinion and expression. Level 2 Candidate selects at least two relevant rights. They demonstrate their understanding of the terms "asylum" and "human rights" by linking infringement of rights with the conditions for asylum. (16) AO2 Level 1 Candidate shows an understanding of Tim and Ali's different circumstances. They make a judgement about their qualification for asylum based upon an understanding of the concept of asylum. Level 2 Candidate shows a clear understanding of Tim and Ali's different circumstances and make a valid judgement about their chances of qualification. based upon a clear understanding of the concept of asylum. Level 3 Candidate shows a clear understanding of Tim and Ali's different circumstances. They correctly relate these circumstances to the criteria for asylum and make a valid judgement about their chances of qualification. (17) AO1 Level 1 Candidate offers some ideas in outline with reference to the need to consider cases properly in order for the process to be fair. Level 2 Candidate explains the process of decision-making in outline with appropriate reference to concepts such as evidence and social justice. Level 3 Candidate explains the process of decision-making clearly with reference to the need to respect individual rights and the need for evidence as well as to follow the due process of law. A clear link is made between the process and the time required to reach a just outcome. (18) AO1 / AO2 Level 1 Candidate states relevant reasons such as: asylum is a controversial issue that arouses strong feelings, the media can easily influence public opinion against the Government on such controversial issues. Level 2 Candidate states relevant reasons and links this to the operation of a representative democracy in which the Government has to remain popular if it is to be re-elected and / or has to retain the consent of the people if it is to govern.

Citizenship Specimen Mark Scheme

Mark

1-2

3-4

1-2

3-4

5-6

1-2

3-4

5-6

1-2

3-4

5

© OCR 2001 Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations

Question number SECTION C (Assessment Objective 3, 20 Marks) (19) AO3 (This question is designed to test Candidates' understanding of the term "responsible action" within the context of active citizenship. The linkage to previous questions on asylum and to the Source Book aims to assist less able Candidates and to connect the different sections of the paper.) Any two examples of responsible action from the sources. Examples must be actions to "support refugees". These could include: · · · · · (20) AO3 Providing assistance / advice. Making representations / advocacy. Medical / social / psychological care. Raising public awareness. Raising money.

Mark

2

Any three democratic actions (one mark each). Valid examples include: writing to MP; raising the matter through membership of a political party; action through a pressure group; petitioning; media campaigning and peaceful protest. Level 1 Candidate offers a simple reaction to the statement with some limited but relevant evidence / examples. Level 2 Candidate offers a reaction to the statement and demonstrates some understanding of the different dimensions of the issue. For example, the Candidate might show an appreciation of the difficulties of active citizenship balanced by an understanding of its advantages for individuals and the community. Relevant examples are given, at least some of which are drawn from personal experience. Level 3 Candidate offers a limited evaluation of the statement with reference to personal experience and the stimulus material. Relevant and detailed examples are given that demonstrate the Candidate's ability to reflect on their own experience as well as the experiences of others.

3

(21) AO3

1-3

4-6

7-9

Citizenship Specimen Mark Scheme

6

© OCR 2001 Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations

Question number Level 4 Candidate offers a detailed evaluation of the statement with a well-argued conclusion and with reference to personal experience and the stimulus material. Several different points are made within the evaluation that provide a strong case for active citizenship while recognising some of the difficulties / objections raised in Document 6. Relevant and detailed examples are given that demonstrate the Candidate's ability to reflect on their own experience as well as the experiences of others. Level 5 Candidate offers a convincing evaluation of the statement with a well-argued conclusion and with reference to personal experience and the stimulus material. Candidate makes particular reference to Documents 7 and 8 including references to active citizenship for a healthy democracy. Candidate understands the benefits of active citizenship for personal and community development. A strong case is made for active citizenship with recognition given to some of the difficulties / objections raised in Document 6. Relevant and detailed examples are given that demonstrate the Candidate's ability to reflect on their own experience as well as the experiences of others. Total for Paper

Mark

10-12

13-15

60

Citizenship Specimen Mark Scheme

7

© OCR 2001 Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations

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