Read 28-AgeOfAnxietyEuroHW text version

AP European History Mr. Mercado (Rev. 09)

Name________________________

Chapter 28 The Age of Anxiety

A. True or False

Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below. ___ 1. Most modern (post-impressionist) artistic movements were not concerned with the visible world of fact. After 1914, people tended to strengthen their belief in progress. The works of modern physics tended to challenge the dependable laws of Newton. Paul Valéry summarized a view held by many intellectuals in the 1920s when he wrote that despite the tragedy of war, European civilization would continue to progress. Jean-Paul Sartre and Martin Heidegger promoted abandonment of the gold standard. After 1914, religion became less occupied with spiritual matters and more worldly. Surrealism in painting was inspired to a great extent by Freudian psychology. George Orwell imagined a futuristic totalitarian state. When first performed, Stravinsky's "Rite of Spring" nearly caused a riot because of its sexuality and dissonance. With the Dawes plan, France was allowed to occupy the Rhineland.

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B. Multiple Choice Select the best answer and write the proper letter in the space provided. ___ 1. The country most interested in strict implementation of the Treaty of Versailles was a. France. b. Britain. c. the United States. d. Italy. 2. Which of the following occurred during the early years of the Great Depression? a. Most countries went on the gold standard. b. Most countries raised tariffs. c. Americans issued massive loans to European states. d. Most governments increased their budgets and spending. 3. Which of the following countries was the most effective in dealing with the depression? a. France b. Britain c. Sweden d. The United States.

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4. Existentialists believed that a. the world was perfectible. c. human beings can conquer life's absurdity. 5.

b. only God was certain in this lost world. d. no human action can bring meaning to life.

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The trend in literature in the postwar period was a. toward a new faith in God and mankind. c. the new belief in a world of growing desolation.

b. the glorification of the state. d. utopian dreams of the future.

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6.

The German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche believed that Western civilization a. had lost its creativity by neglecting emotion b. should be rebuilt around Christian morality c. needed to increase political democracy d. should place more stress on social equality

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7. The modern, or international, style in architecture emphasized a. practical and functional construction. b. freedom from town planning. c. massive exterior ornamentation. d. separation of fine from applied arts. 8. the British economist J. M. Keynes argued that to ensure lasting peace and prosperity in Europe after World War I emphasis should be placed on a. a powerful France and Russia. b. the growth of the British Empire. c. the enforcement of the Treaty of Versailles. d. a prosperous and strong Germany.

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9. The postwar loss of confidence in reason led to a revival of a. existentialism. b. Christianity c. atheism and agnosticism

d. dadaism

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10. Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Great Depression? a. Financial panic in the United States b. The absence of world financial leadership c. Unemployment d. The reduction of national spending 11. The "spirit of Locarno" after 1924 was a general feeling in Europe that a. the communist overthrow of European governments was inevitable. b. Germany must be forced to pay her original reparation debts. c. European peace and security were possible. d. Hitler would bring about the recovery of Germany. 12. The decade following World War I was generally a period of a. uncertainty and dissatisfaction with established ideas. b. increasing belief in the goodness and perfectibility of humanity. c. emphasis on the idea that a new science and technology would build a more democratic and liberal world. d. religious revival based on the human nature of Christ and the basic goodness of human beings.

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13. The philosophy of logical empiricism held that a. great philosophical issues can never be decided. b. humanity is basically sinful c. humanity must accept all truths as being absolute. d. there is no God.

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14.

The writings of Virginia Woolf, Marcel Proust, James Joyce, and William Faulkner all reflect the postwar concern with a. the reconstruction of society. b. an attempt to discover the reasons for the loss of faith in God. c. the conflict between materialism and spiritualism. d. the complexity and irrationality of the human mind. Modern painting grew out of a revolt against a. classicism. b. capitalism c. French impressionism

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d. German romanticism

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The movement in painting that attacked all accepted standards of art and behavior and delighted in outrageous conduct was a. the Bauhaus movement. b. brutalism c. Dadaism d. cubism For the people of Britain, the greatest problem of the 1920s was a. increased class tension. b. the Irish problem c. the rise of socialist dictatorship. d. unemployment. Sigmund Freud believed a. human behavior is basically irrational. b. the "ID" is the key to understanding the mind. c. Neither A nor B. d. Both A and B.

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19. In January 1923 the German Ruhr was occupied by a. Russia b. France c. Britain d. Austria 20. The main entertainment of the masses until the Second World War was a. football. b. motion pictures c. the music hall 21. The lasting peace in the post-war period proved elusive because a. the Treaty of Versailles was so harsh. b. of American isolationism c. of international economic problems. d. all of the above 22. After 1923, Germany seemed a. on the verge of communist revolution. b. on the verge of Nazi revolution. c. unable to recover from inflation and incapable of democracy. d. none of the above 23. The British Labour party was strongly tied to the idea of a. competitive capitalism. b. limited government control. c. democracy and a gradual move toward socialism. d. revolution and the rejection of revisionist socialism. 24. With Russia no longer a possible ally, France turned to which of the following for diplomatic support in the 1920s? a. Italy b. The new eastern European states c. Germany d. Turkey

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d. the pub

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C. Identification Supply the correct identification for each numbered description. ___________ 1. The French poet and critic who wrote that "almost all the affairs of men remain in terrible uncertainty. We think of what has disappeared, and we are almost destroyed by what has been destroyed." The Dawes Plan provided that __________ would get loans from the United States to pay reparations to __________ and ____________ so that they could repay their loans to ____________. The British economist who criticized the Versailles treaty and advocated a "counter-cyclical policy" to deal with depressed economies. Scientist who proposed the "uncertainty principle." Antifascist movement in France in 1936-37, led by Leon Blum. Developed the Bauhaus movement in architecture. Main cause of the Great Depression (according to the textbook). Franklin D. Roosevelt's program to solve America's economic problems during the Great Depression. Nineteenth-century philosopher who wrote, "God is dead." French philosopher who influenced many young people to believe that experience and intuition were as important as rational and scientific thinking for understanding reality. French socialist who believed the masses of a new socialist society would have to be tightly controlled by a small revolutionary elite. Existentialist philosopher who claimed, "man is condemned to be free." German physicist whose sub-atomic studies implied that matter and energy might be different forms of the same thing. German-born Jewish scientist who argued that time and space are relative to the viewpoint of the observer and that only the speed of light is constant for all frames of reference in the universe. Scientist who demonstrated that the atom could be split.

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_________

16.

German-Jewish author who in his plays portrayed helpless individuals crushed by inexplicably hostile forces. T. S. Eliot's famous 1922 poem that depicted a world of growing desolation. Author of The Decline of the West that predicted that Western Civilization was now in old-age and would be eclipsed by Asians in the future.

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17. 18.

D. Matching People, Places, and Events Match the person, place, or event in the left column with the proper description in the right column by inserting the correct letter on the blank line. ___ 1. Henri Matisse ___ 2. Leni Riefenstahl ___ 3. Arnold Schönberg ___ 4. Paul Gauguin ___ 5. Charlie Chaplin ___ 6. Vincent van Gogh ___ 7. Cubism ___ 8. Impressionism ___ 9. Wasily Kandinsky ___ 10. Dadaism ___ 11. Igor Stravnisky ___ 12. Guernica ___ 13. Surrealism ___ 14. Guglielmo Marconi ___ 15. Pablo Picasso A. Dutch expressionist painter whose Starry Night painted the vision of his mind's eye B. Principle founder of cubism and perhaps the greatest painter of the 20th century. C. New style of painting that attacked all accepted standards of art and behavior and delighted in outrageous conduct. D. Masterpiece of a Spanish painter who portrayed the bombing of an ancient Spanish town E. Russian painter who moved away completely from representational art F. Leader of a group of painters known as les fauves for its unusual arrangement of color, line and form. G. Russian composer who nearly caused a riot with his ballet The Rite of Spring in 1913. H. Composer who abandoned traditional harmony and tonality with his twelve-tone technique, or "tone row" I. Style of modern art that portrayed a fantastic world of wild dreams and complex symbols J. Expressionist painter who painted in the South Pacific and saw form and design as important in of themselves. K. English comedian who became the king of the "silver screen" in the 1920s L. Style of painting that sought to capture the momentary overall feeling of light falling on a real-life scene. M. Style of painting that focused on a complex geometry of zigzagging lines and sharply angled, overlapping planes. N. The great maker of Nazi propaganda films such as Triumph of the Will. O. Inventor of "wireless communication" that eventually evolved into the radio

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