Read military chaplain magazine jul 2008 text version














EDITORIAL STAFF Chief Editor Cpln (Rev) S. Vava Editorial Assistants Cpln B J van der Walt Cpln NP Ngcobo Cpln A J Treu Cpln N Nkosi Cpln S.K. Museri DIRECTOR Brig Gen(Rev) M. Cornelissen EDITORIAL BOARD Cpln (Rev) S. Vava (Chairperson) Capt (SAN) (Rev) L. Msengana Col (Dr) J. Dill Col (Past) M. Dladla Col (Rev) T.J. Molaba Col (Rev) M. Mohapi Col (Rev) B. Bosiki CORRESPONDENCE The Editor Department of Defence Chaplain General Division Private Bag X479 PRETORIA 0001 Tel: (012) 312 4843 Fax: (012) 312 4868/4973 E-mail: [email protected] website: DESIGN AND LAYOUT Bitmaps Studio E-mail: [email protected] REPRODUCTION & PRINTING GR8 printing

1. 2. Editorial Comment A special word from the Chief of the Navy: Vice-Amiral J.Mudimu 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Chaplains and Conferences 11. Combating HIV and AIDS Through Spiritual 12. and Ethical Conduct (CHATSEC) 13. Chaplains and External Visits 14. Book Review 15. Chaplains in Sport 16. Meditation 00 00 00 00 00 00 Chaplain General's Corner Letters to the Editor Focus on Unit: CMIS Division News from the Office of the Chaplain General News from Services, Divisions and Formations SANDF Chaplains and External Deployments In depth article: The Gospel of Judas 00 03 02 02

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NB: The views expressed in this issue do not necessarily represent the official viewpoint of the SANDF and or that of the Chaplains Service of the SANDF. The editor reserves the right to edit or shorten articles for space and layout purposes. Although great care has been taken, the Editorial Staff cannot be held responsible for errors, omissions or views expressed by individuals, as well as lost articles and photographs. Copyright: No articles or picture in this magazine my be reproduced without the written consent of the Editor.

Cover: SAAF annual memorial service - Bayshill Photo By: Sgt J. Thirion Design By DOD TV

The Military Chaplain - SANDF





Cpln S. Vava: Acting Editor

Brig Gen Marius Cornelissen Chaplain General of SANDF

Welcome to the Winter Edition of the Military Chaplain Magazine. We need to thank Col (Rev) Tobias Masuku for the excellent work he has done on the magazine, as it's first Editor. In this, our Winter edition, our guest contributor is the Chief of the Navy, Rear Admiral Mudimo and we invite our readers to go through this message and interrogate what he is saying about Positive Values. Rev Dr Alex Boriane will be introducing his book: "Life in Transition". Dr Boraine is the former Vice Chairperson of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and founder of Idasa, together with Dr van Zyl Slabbert. The SADC corner will host Lt Col D. Mapitse, Director of Chaplaincy in the Botswana Defence Force. In conclusion, let me echo the words of our Commander in Chief: "Business unusual: All hands on the deck to speed up change". I hope all Chaplains will follow and live out what the above statement means to our lives and the SANDF family, because it is not yet uhuru (you are not yet free).

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I extend my appreciation to the Chaplain General for affording me the opportunity to once again express my views in the Chaplains' magazine. By way of introduction, I wish to commend the Chaplain General and all his Chaplains for the dedicated service and the spiritual and ethical leadership and support provided to those men and women in the Department of Defence, be they uniformed members or civilian employees, both those deployed within our Country and beyond our borders. I have previously addressed you on the matter of caring for each other. I wish to re-iterate that acts of caring and compassion are fundamental to the cohesion of our society and to maintaining the integrity of our family bonds, and the relationships between ourselves and those around us, both at work and in other environments where we have influence.

Vice-Admiral J. Mudimo

I draw inspiration from the writings of St Paul who urges us as follows: "Christians let us love one another, because love comes from God. The one who loves is born of God and knows him, but the one who does not love does not know God. Love does not insist on its own way, it is not quick to take offence, it does not rejoice at wrong, but rejoices in right. Love is patient and kind, love is not jealous or boastful, it is not arrogant or rude. Love bears all things and believes all things; love hopes and endures all things". Through displaying love and compassion we build relationships forged on trust and mutual respect. It is only though giving and sharing such love, that we will come to truly know and understand those around us, and to build a society based on solid shared values and principles. These values and principles include love, responsibility, fairness, integrity, respect and professionalism. Such values are the glue which binds humanity, and the foundation which builds us all as a team. Within any military, such teamwork is pivotal to military professionalism and to mission success. As military professionals, we are duty bound to live these principles in all that we say and all that we do. More than this, we are required to teach these principles to our subordinates, and inculcate them in our organisational culture. It is of concern then, that within our own Department and within our broader society, incidents occur which suggest an absence of these values and a lack of self esteem and respect. This gives rise to many forms of anti-social, irrational and criminal behaviour that cause harm and hurt not only to ourselves, but to our families, loved ones, acquaintances, friends, and indeed to our society as a whole. Our media reflects a litany of violent crime, rape, abuse and atrocities perpetrated against innocent people, irrespective of race, gender or age. A far cry indeed from the characteristics of love depicted by St Paul, quoted above. The disciplinary statistics clearly indicate that our Department too, at times fall prey to the acts of a few individuals who fail to honour the values and principles which we ascribe to, and affirm in our Codes of Conduct. We continue to have acts of murder, rape theft, fraud, assault and the like. These behaviours reflect the fact that in our midst we have members for whom our group values hold little meaning. In this regard, I am confident that the Moral Regeneration Programme, directed by our Chaplains, will restore the centrality of morality and ethics to our military society, with a concomitant influence on our respective broader communities. Of course, results in this regard will not be immediate, but I wish to urge you to be steadfast in your efforts. Be assured of our full support, because it is through efforts such as yours that all our people will come to realise the Vision of living in harmony in our beloved Country, with no fear of violence, abuse or hatred. In conclusion, we thank you once again for the formidable contribution which you make. May God direct you who speak where many listen, you who write what many read, and you who influence what many see, that all may do their part in making the heart of our Department wise, its mind sound and its will righteous. May God bless you in all your endeavours.

The Military Chaplain - SANDF





I recently was privileged to attend a retreat with some of my fellow-chaplains at a place called Modderpoort near Ladybrand in the Free State. Father Don Harraway, our spiritual director, Dean of the Anglican Church in Bloemfontein, gave us a few sincere talks, sharing from his heart and experience, true spiritual food for thought. He constantly reminded us via Scripture, especially Mark 1:29-39, that we as spiritual leaders, taking the example from Jesus Himself, are called to take time out with God, to draw back from the daily rush and reflect on our own spiritual lives. Something very special to me was the Triangle of Ministry, where we were reminded how important it is to work on the inner angles of our spiritual lives, i.e. prayer, scripture and spiritual direction, so that the outward ministry we are busy with every day can be strong and steadfast. We also had ample time for personal reflection and quiet time and just enjoying the wonderful nature around us. The environment, wonderful nature, facilities and accommodation were absolutely conducive to the enjoyment of these few days. It was one of the most enriching experiences of my life and a wonderful time to revitalize my spiritual life. I want to extend a word of sincere appreciation to the office of Chaplain General for giving us as chaplains the opportunity to be part of such a special programme. Viva Retreat Viva! Desmond Ras Chaplain Air Force Base Durban


Who am I? I really don't know who I am For some have called me the Devil's fool and some still call me a punishment from God, but for those that know me they call me AIDS the killer disease. Yes, I am the disease that kills rapidly and takes no consideration to colour. For I am colour blind and punish all races. Together with me I hold close a friend called Death of whom hold a sickle in his hand and pays no attention to beauty for he kills all. If there be one thing that I like most is the fact that I am so inconsiderate and have no remorse over the broken homes and orphans left behind. But if there be one thing that I hate most, it is an object called condom of whom its purpose is to be an obstruction to me, but yet there is no success even though his presence be felt because people hate him and I hate him too. If there be one thing that I know not is where I come from and who my creator is, but if there be one thing that I know is the fact that as long as people are ignorant there shall be no end of me. Because!!!! I take along with me Statesmen, popes, kings, queens and fellow country men For I judge not the importance of a person, but take along with me the most important thing that man holds close and that is life... So I just simply conclude by saying... Yes indeed I am AIDS THE KILLER MACHINE Amn Nkululeko Jerry Ndhlovu (N.J.) Force nr: 04014551 MG

MOSD DURBAN GOES THE EXTRA MILE DOD MOSD Durban is not confining its support function to Log Support, but to other local institutions, which need support. Having put our heads together, we decided as a unit to lend a helping hand to St Vincent home for orphaned children. On special days, like children's day, these children do not have parents who can make them feel special by letting them experience parental love. They rely on people like us to make them feel part of the South African community. It is this kind of situation which touched the hearts of MOSD Durban members. They bought and collected presents in the form of chocolates, sweets and Easter Eggs and requested the Chaplain to present the gifts on behalf of the Unit.

Deeds like these make South Africans and the world at large realise that SANDF members have the heart of a good Samaritan. We are doing this so as to make ourselves known, as well as to demonstrate that we are defending our people not only against foreign attacks, but also against poverty, HIV/AIDS, etc. We are coming from an era during which people were running for their lives when soldiers made their appearance. The SANDF has transformed and that citizens feel safe when we are around. Extending a helping hand will help in instilling the spirit of patriotism to our youth, thus encouraging them to voluntarily join as SANDF Reserve Force members. Bravo to DOD MOSD DBN members. Cpln F.F. Mtolo DOD Main Ordnance Sub Depot Durban

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"I think the Chaplain's page on the home page is a sure move of faith in the right direction. I'm studying my Diploma in Theology through my church, and I'm very keen to join the Chaplain Service. It's an inspirational site to find good moral and spiritual upliftment." Henry Otto: Makhado "The page entails all the information I required especial the prayers, one do need that as guidance through everyday temptations." Pte T.A Ngcobo: Durban about ethics in the Military Chaplains interesting info about eg. Basis language Magazine. It really helped me a lot." (greetings) etc." Sgt Letsogile Lekwene: 2 Lt T.J. Phetle: Kimberley Lohatla "I want to thank you for the wonderful message you are disseminating to us through "food of the soul". However sometimes we don't often have intranet in our work environment. Is there another way in which you can make the food of the soul available to us?" Cpt M.E. Mahlase: Potchefstroom "Greetings in the name of Jesus our Lord and Saviour, I would like to suggest that you make available the Bible software as well on this service. It will help a lot to feed hungry souls and will also develop the Scripture reading. I hope and trust in God that you'll provide something for His flock. I thank you." Cpl Ntsiki Dingela: Cape Town "As chaplains we would like to see more publications coming through, especially about funerals we conduct, on a weekly basis and also memorial services we have conducted." Cpln R.D. Nkopodi: Tshwane "Soldiers are dying in numbers, due to various illnesses and causes of death. Ask God to intervene. A country without healthy soldiers is a weak country." Maj Isaac Mpele: Lohatla "I would like to send a big thanks to you, the Chaplains. I always visit the page. Reason being, It is the only thing that keeps me positive in coming to work. I want to thank Cpln Mothopeng for the story on that page. I am a man, but I was touched by that story." Amn B.D. Sileku: AFS PE "As we are all the children of God, I request all SANDF Chaplains to be more involved in HIV/AIDS. SANDF members die today, because of emptiness of Word. Some of the chaplains don't have power in the units, because Command structures do not support them. Let us stand up together for the sake of the lord not for the money." FSgt M.P. Madito: Bloemfontein "I found your article about Christmas and the Maltese Cross extremely interesting. I would therefore ask for your permission to use the article in our electronic newsletter, giving due recognition from where it was obtained." WO1 Andre Wessels: Cape Town

"I'm overwhelmed by the fact that someone out there thought about this site. We always make the mistake of putting religion last, forgetting that God is the Creator of everything and should always be given priority. Thanks for this site. Keep up the good work men/ladies of God. Some of us appreciate it!" Maj Solomon: "This morning I opened up, for the first time Tshwane in my career, the food for the soul caption and read it aloud to all the other learners. "Great to see the Word of God going out! All I can say is that it made the start of the Something to share! Use the WORD of day so much easier. I thank you from the God because that is our power to change bottom of my heart." Cpl M.J.V. Harmse: anything. Don't let the devil steal the word Cape Town from you. Thanks and God bless." Graham Collocott: Tshwane "The bible says what is impossible with man is not impossible with God. I would "I praise all the Chaplains in the DOD in like every believer to agree with me. Break the name of our Christ Jesus. May our this spirit of heredity with diabetes. That Lord Jesus Christ give them more power those who suffer from might be healed and and strength to preach the Word of God." it must stop spreading to other member of Linah Manda: Middelburg the family. This I ask in Jesus' name!" WO1 M. Runeyi: Tshwane "I suggest that Ethics should be presented to members in different units as it help not "I am an African Traditionalist. I am happy only during work related, but life as whole, to see other religions on your webpage members need to understand then they (Islam). Maybe you should include a short will apply ethics. Thanks for the articles history of Islam and other religions and


Since its establishment in 1923, the role of the South African Corps of Signals has been to provide professional, specialist signal services for the South African Defence Force. In the late 1990's as part of the Department of Defence transformation process the DOD decided to group various environments together, elements, which it felt belonged together such as the environments of telecommunication, information technology, documentation services and libraries, registries, and electronic warfare, in other words all forms of communication. This in turn led to the establishment of the Command and Management Information Systems Division, as it is known today, on 1 April 1999, its systems and services to the DOD. Apart from the 3600 task being to deliver the products and services required by a modern members who have returned to the SA Army, 250 members have returned to the SA Air Force and 140 to defence force. the SA Navy. The CMIS Div, which included personnel from all services (Army, Air Force, Navy and SAMHS) was set the challenge of providing products The return of the South African Corps of Signals to the and services to its clients within the DOD while keeping abreast of SA Army is nostalgic in the sense that the SA Army gave the entire Corps to form the backbone of the to be relevant changes in this, the information age. established CMIS Division. It was this Corps that As part of this new CMIS Div, the Corps of Signals left the command of the brought its traditions, symbols and culture with it, to SA Army and was totally incorporated (consisting of personnel, mould the new concept of centralised communications and information technology systems and services into equipment, infrastructure and financial resources) into the CMIS Div. the CMIS Division today. We should acknowledge the Today, certain elements of the CMIS Div will be migrating back to the role that the South African Corps of Signals played in the shaping of the concepts of transformation. At a various services and divisions from whence they came. parade held on 28 March 2008, Brig Gen M.S. Brazzoli The South African Corps of Signals will be returning to the command of Acting C CMIS handed back those symbols to the the SA Army as from 1 April 2008, to be known as the SA Army Signal newly formed Signal Formation to enable them to serve Formation with its aim to provide combat ready signal user system with pride in their role of providing integrated electronic warfare, command and control systems and general capabilities to the SA Army and specialist services to the DOD. telecommunication services to satisfy the many and As part of the migration, 190 members of the CMIS Div, from all services, diverse requirements of the SA Army and its designated will remain behind to continue providing governance and common clients. The Military Chaplain - SANDF 05

Ministry & Support


3-Day CHATSEC Courses are presented to all members of the DOD including newly appointed Military Skills development Students by the Chaplains from different SANDF Units. This course deals with HIV & AIDS through a value based behavioural change approach (see table below).


From 26 30 Nov 07, 13 Reserve Force Chaplains were t r a i n e d a s C H AT S E C Facilitators at ASB Bloemfontein. From 30 Jan 01 Feb 08, 6 Chaplains and 7 Social Work Officers presented the CHATSEC and Gender Equity Programme (GEP) to 110 learners in the Joint Senior Command and Staff Course at the South African National War College. From 7- 11 Apr 08 the CHATSEC Train the Trainer Course was presented to 10 Chaplains at the DOD School of Logistics Training in Cape Town.


15 -16 May 08: Chaplains were trained in ARV and HIV Monitoring and Evaluation. On the first day chaplains were given background on ARV Treatment by Maj Babst (Paediatrician: 3 Military Hospital), Maj Coangae (Professional Nurse: 3 Military Hospital Phidisa Site) and Lt Mohapi (HIV & AIDS Regional Programme Manager: 3 Military Hospital). On the second day chaplains were trained on the importance of Monitoring and Evaluation and the correct way of reporting on HIV & AIDS projects.


From 05 - 09 Nov 07: Different African Countries sent Chaplains from their Defence Forces to a t t e n d a 5 D a y C H AT S E C Facilitators Course at Military Health Training Formation, Thaba Tshwane. 17 Chaplains from Lesotho, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Seychelles and South Africa successfully completed the course. From 05 - 09 May 08, 3 SANDF Chaplains: N.C. Nkosi, L . M . M o k o b a k e a n d W. J . Rossouw attended the NATO Chaplains Conference at NATO School, Germany and presented an overview of the programme to Chaplains of the NATO countries.


The pandemic known as HIV/AIDS continues to attack most people in the world. The SANDF membership is no exception. It is however encouraging to know that the SANDF Chaplaincy has declared war and is leading the attack against the foe in question. The Biblical instruction, which goes: "Put on the armour of God" has been well understood. The SANDF Chaplaincy has undertaken a huge campaign in empowering our membership with skills in the form of Chatsec. Chatsec's programme is relevant armour, which we need to put on so as to successfully attach the enemy and thus defend our members. At DOD MOSD Durban, Chatsec has been presented to three groups. Each group took about two weeks to complete the course, due to the fact that I cannot be available to the unit as I want to be (Reserve Chaplain). For some of the members it was their first time exposure to this course, whereas "I suggest that Ethics should be presented to members in different units as it help not only during work related, but life as whole, that one of the solutions is to remain faithful to all my wives?" How would you respond to that one? As a facilitator, I then opened a discussion. May I conclude by reminding our members that we have to live according to the teaching of Chatsec and to spread the gospel within, as well as outside, the SANDF environment. My word of gratitude goes to my leader group and my unit members who make it possible for me to render Chaplain services, as well as my Formation Chaplain, Chaplain Dr R.S. Ngwanya and the entire Chaplaincy chain of command for support all the way. May I urge all other Reserve Force Chaplains to present this course to our members. Article By: Cpln F.F. Mtolo DOD Main Ordnance Sub Depot Durban

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Since 2002, the South African Air Force presents the "Combating HIV & AIDS Through Spiritual and Ethical Conduct" (CHATSEC) programme to all new recruits to the Air Force. After correspondence with Director Education, Training and Development (DETD) SAAF, this programme is presented as and integral part of the Curriculum, Programme and Budget of the Military Skills Development (MSD) Programme. Thousands of learners have already participated in the programme andsharpened their skills in our combined effort to fight the spread of HIV & AIDS. Recently authority was granted to allow members, who did their Basic Military Training (BMT) before the programme was instituted, to also equip them for the fight against HIV & AIDS. 11 dedicated Chaplains waited for them: Cplns van der Walt, Loate, Louw, Smit, Kritzinger, Ras, Modise, Sello, Myeni, Motloba and Dlamini. On 4 June the group had the opportunity to host their own concert, on short notice. The facilitators are so proud of them, for taking up the challenge and making a huge success of it. Without support staff like Maj Fourie, Capt Jones, Lt Davies, FSgt Cornelissen and Cpl Lourens, a camp of this nature is doomed to failure. The photographers of 5 ASU took photos throughout the camp and also made a video production of the concert and other note-worthy events. Area Military Health Department provided Emergency Health Care Assistants who stayed on the premises, to ensure the best of Medical Services. On 5 June 2008 we celebrated our renewed combined effort to fight the spread of HIV & AIDS. Together with their first certificate in the SANDF, all the learners received a book "What on Earth Am I Here For?", which was provided by Walk Thru the Bible, a partner of the Chaplaincy for many years. Every break we took, the learners enjoyed a variety of sport. On the last day we even had a tug-of-war contest. We extend a word of appreciation towards DETD: SA Air Force for availing funds to make this camp a reality . Woord in Aksie Youth Centre treated us like we were at home and their support empowered us to reach the outcomes fully.

Group work is the secret of the Participatory Learning Process. Nobody feels excluded and everybody can participate freely.


The Artillery Formation ran a three day CHATSEC course for it's new MSD troops at 4 Artillery Regiment over the period 14 to 16 January 2008. The chaplains involved were: Cpln S Vava, Cpln J A McKaig and Cpln V E Mtshayisa. There was good co-operation from the instructors and support staff of the unit.

Pictured here are the MSD troops of the Artillery Formation, with their certificates, the chaplains and the instructors who work with them.

The Military Chaplain - SANDF





In 1998 National Government initiated the "Moral Regeneration Movement" (MRM), directed by the Office of the Deputy President of South Africa. Because the Government gave such high national importance to this movement, it is imperative for the DOD, under the leadership of the SANDF Chaplains Service, to be actively involved in the MRM. In January 2007 the Chaplain General organised a national conference, where all Faiths and Religions were participated. The Deputy President was the keynote speaker. The churches in South Africa were requested: ­ ­ ­ ­ to give ethical guidance to all. to build positive relationships insteadof contributing to hate and divisions. to care for the affected and the vulnerable in society and to have a prophetic voice in all communities.

To test if the role of the church is fulfilled in South Africa the following focus areas should be analysed in depth: ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ Youth. Education. Families. Security Services and Media

The following tasks were identified to be implemented in the DOD:




To teach DOD members Ethical Decision Making life skills To teach DOD members the principles of how to lead a value based life To teach members and their families in the DOD to align ethical conduct and relationship- building (in order to build a forgiving-, healing- and accommodation society)


3,000 DOD members per year

Chaplains Ethical Value Based Lecture Programme Ethical relationship building programs (with families)

Same two ethical lectures presented by all chaplains at all units in the DOD per month To teach all families in military bases to become healthy and crime free communities

Ethical relationship building programme (with schools)

Where possible Chaplains to adopt schools to teach children relationship building (in order to build a forgiving-, healing- and accommodation society) To give extra care to those infected and affected by all types of crime To partner with faith groups to pay special attention, caring for those effected and affected by violence and criminal activities To provide a 24 hour Trauma Call Service in partnership with SAMHS and the Military Police Service to all DOD Members and their families

To reach children by the chaplains in the schools they adopted through their creative ethical relationship programme

Spiritual Safety nets to be developed and implemented at all units Ethical and value based crime prevention programme in partnership with faith groups

These programmes include prevention and care aspects to victims of crime To create faith communities that are resilient to crime and violence

24 Hour Trauma Call Centre

In close collaboration with SAMHS and the Mil Police, provide easy access to pastoral care assistance after all trauma related events

08 The Military Chaplain - SANDF

Annual Chaplain Service Division Conference

Chaplains during the opening of the event by Chaplain General.

The Chaplain General of the South African National Defence Force annually hosts a conference with all the Chaplains and some of the Reserve Chaplains. The conference for 2008 was held over the period 3-7 March, at the picturesque Pine Lodge Resort in Port Elizabeth. It is also an honour to host Chaplains General from around to globe. This year Chaplains General or representatives from the UK, USA (European Command), Canada, Nigeria, Rwanda, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, Kenya, Zimbabwe and Lesotho attended the conference. The theme for the conference was: "Reconciliation and Healing, as part of Post - Conflict Reconstruction". As Chaplains we take the lead in the Department of Defence to lead all our people in the Department and in the Republic of South Africa to a future, where we can co-exist in a reconciled manner. The Officer Commanding of the Army Support Base, Port Elizabeth, Col Mkula welcomed the Chaplains.

Guests of the Chaplain General with their respective candles.

The Military Chaplain - SANDF


Father Michael Lapsley

Bishop Malusi Mpulwana.

Mrs Ela Ghandi.

Col (Bishop) Simiyu.

Annual Chaplain Service Division Conference (continued)

Col Jamangile acted as Programme Director to ensure that we kept to time and that all the outcomes and imperatives of the conference were reached. The Chaplaincy has been the bearer of hope and light for many years. The Chaplain General proceeded with a Candle-lighting ceremony. This event illustrated the current and the future commitment from Chaplains to bring hope to members of the Defence Force and also to the communities where our bases are situated and where we deploy in Peace Keeping in Africa. Our distinguished guests thought it wise to request time to pray for the Chaplain General. They asked God to grant him the health, energy and wisdom to lead the Chaplaincy to reach the objectives of leading our people to reconcile and get healed. The healers need to ask for good health, for them to assist others to stay in good health. The Chaplaincy strive not to be and become "wounded" healers. Col Jamangile introduced Father Michael Lapsley to the Audience. He lead the audience to an understanding of the term: "forgiveness", when he shared with us his life story: He received a letter bomb, whilst he was in Zimbabwe, which left him partially blind and loosing his right hand in the tragic act of destruction. Our next speaker was Bishop M. Mpulwana. He is one of the founders of the Black Theology and he contributed to the "Road to Damascus"- and Kairos document. He guided us how to forgive, as he had experience of detention prior to 1994. Then it was the turn for Mrs E. Ghandi, the granddaughter of Mahadma Ghandi, who reflected on the role of her family in the Reconciliation process in South Africa. Col Simiyu from Kenya took us on a journey and appreciated our prayers when their country was burning. One evening we had a Formal Dinner where Chaplain General gave recognition to Chaplains and other role-players.. The Deputy Mayor of the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality, Mr B. Ndoni accompanied by the Speaker of the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality.

Chaplain General leading a panel discussion with Father Lapsley, Mrs Ghandi and Bishop Mpulwana.

Bishop Mpumlwana, Col Jamangile (Chief of Staff), Mrs Ghandi, Father Lapsley and others in a group discussion.

Chaplain General welcomes Cpln (Vipra) Satoor.

Chaplain T. Mpetsheni and Cpln (Imam) Abrahams.

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The chaplains in the central region of South Africa attended a retreat over the periods 5-7 May 2008 at St Augustine Guest House and Conference Centre, Modderpoort. Modderpoort is situated between Clocolan and Ladybrand in the Eastern Free State. Canon Henry Beckett and brothers from the society of St Augustine's established a mission at Modderpoort in 1860. A cave church was their home before the Priory was built. Also at Modderpoort is the grave of Anna Mantsopa. She was banished for the kingdom of King Moshoeshoe when he suspected that her wizardly powers were greater than his. Over the years the legend grew that the spring of fresh water that she discovered in the valley of Modderpoort was sacred. Some believe that the ancestors told her that the water of this sacred spring held healing qualities. To this day, pilgrims from all over Southern Africa, travel many miles to Modderpoort Mission to pay respects to the memory of their prophetess and to collect water from the sacred spring. Father Don Narraway, Dean of the Anglican diocese of the Free State, facilitated the retreat. "The retreat emphasized three things that form the core of my calling as a chaplain, as well as an individual within this calling: Scripture, Prayer and Spiritual direction." Cpln Molefe said. He further reflected that "sitting back and allowing the feeling of an encounter with the Most High God was very rewarding". The closing function took place in the Chapel. It took the form of Holy Communion. All the chaplains stood round the altar, sharing bread and wine, experiencing oneness in Christ 'while our spirits were uplifted' (Cpln. Stuurman). The Chaplains felt the accommodation and meals was "perfect and conducive to a good retreat". Some enjoyed the retreat so much that they would like to have all future retreats at Modderpoort and have them extended to two weeks, and not just two days long! The aim of the retreat was met. Chaplains had quiet time with God. There was time for spiritual introspection, meditation and quiet worship. They could relax and have contact with nature and they were spiritually renewed and focused to go back to work. The overall feeling of the group can be summed up in the words of Chaplains Phokontsi: "Thanks to God for the Captaincy to open this area of Ministry", and Koliti: "I thank God for permitting me to come closer to Him in this retreat. From now on I will make time with God every day. I will read my Bible every day. I will make sure that I appoint a spiritual director. I will pass this valuable information to my fellowship". Article By: Cpln (Ds) C. de Kock

The Military Chaplain - SANDF


Operational Deployments

This Division mainly specialize in deploying soldiers internally as well as externally to various parts of our continent, where Peace Missions are exercised in those countries torn apart by violence and all sorts of conflicts and atrocities. The division is also responsible for all internal operations that include border-control in South Africa, to curb the influx of illegal immigrants and all other unlawful actions. DEPLOYMENTS We deploy several Chaplains to various Peace Mission areas to provide spiritual support to all our deployed soldiers. In areas such as Sudan, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Mozambique. The chaplains who are provided by the services and divisions must be combat ready and able to withstand any unfavourable circumstances in the deployment areas. Most of the chaplains provided are combat ready and function within the framework of the guidelines received from my office as an SSO Chaplain, Joint Operational Division.

Col T.J. Molaba SSO J Ops

These chaplains, just like any other chaplains in the SANDF, are also expected to provide their monthly feedback to the SSO Chaplain through the correct channels of command. It is still my responsibility to see to it that all members, including the chaplains deployed and their families are regularly supported and visited by the rear HQ chaplains. As we know, the role of the chaplain is very important for the success of the mission. Their participation in the form of pastoral care and personal support, like the Resilience programme, ensure a positive contribution in mission readiness of our members. It is a pleasure for me to reveal that most of the chaplains deployed, made us proud with their positive efforts and contributions in support of our members at various mission areas. WAY FORWARD All chaplains that are serving in their respective services and divisions are encouraged to remain combat ready for any ad hoc deployments that might come up in the future. A list of all deployable chaplains coupled with allocated posts in various existing operations will be in place for all rotations that are expected to take place throughout the year. Article By: Col (Rev) T.J. Molaba SSO J Ops

EXERSICE YOUNG EAGLE 2007 (Padré's Perspective)

I don't think I ever realised the impact of the words I said to my two adopted sons when I started preparing for Exercise Young Eagle. When an eight year old and a nine year old ask you why you have to go away for a training exercise with the army, and then the terrible question, "Are you going to die?" How do you answer this? My answer was obviously "No" to dying, but the answer as to why we train was, "There are good people in this world, and there are bad people in this world. We need to go and train so that we can stop the bad people from hurting the good people." I left home leaving behind two satisfied young boys believing that I was off on a cause to save the world from the evils of tyrants and dictators bent on massacres. The full meaning of these words only became a reality once I was on the ground in the bush. My main role on the exercise was to serve as the BAA Chaplain under Chaplain Sybrand van Niekerk, the Brigade Chaplain. I was determined to be a part of the training by applying the Chaplain's doctrine of the Ministry of Presence. Amongst the troops I became exposed to the true importance of the role of the Chaplain. A few years ago I was at a Chaplain's conference where the point on Chaplains being "operationally ready" was stressed. I passed a comment that the only way we could get to this level is through actively getting onto training exercises. So based on this I decided that I would spend my time in service to the troops and use the opportunity to train myself to deal with situations both in the base camp and also in the field. Through this "ministry of presence" I learnt many valuable lessons and believe that my ministry impacted many lives. Having come from an operative background in my younger years in the Police I was exposed to the horrors of conflict and killing, and found two truths about Chaplains that are of vital importance, both of which were reinforced for me during this exercise. The first truth was that the average soldier has little respect for those Chaplains who are not on the level of the soldier. Most Chaplains are seen only with the leaders of the unit, or behind his/her desk, and is regarded as someone who is "over there," a "Sky Pilot" (as we are often referred to) that is out of touch with the reality every soldier faces Death. The second truth that I found is that there is no such thing as an atheist on a battle field. This is the place where we as ministers can be truly effective for the Lord. When people are faced with their morality, the question of the afterlife becomes a frightening reality. So this exercise showed me ways to help the soldiers face their fears and become a fighting force worthy of that commanded by King David.

12 The Military Chaplain - SANDF

When I arrived at the training ground and was introduced, I could feel the animosity toward me as an outsider Chaplain. But thanks to many years of listening to mentors that have dealt with soldiers and situations that I was entering into, I was able to break down the barriers that were facing me. I felt I needed to make myself approachable to those I was called to serve and I found the best way was to place myself at places where the soldier could see that I was genuinely interested in them as individuals. People do not care how much you know until they know how much you care. The best way to do this was to look for work and not to wait for the work to come to you. The places I regularly hanged out at were: ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ the bar or canteen the unit lines (after hours) the training fields (battle) the training with troops (physical) the officers (very important) sick bay

The Canteen Soldiers drink, that is a fact. Many ministers feel that this is a disgusting and ungodly habit, and tend to stay away from places like this. I found that at the Chaplain Periods I was missing the officers as these were continually in meeting or at briefings. The canteen was where these officers and NCO's could be approached in a relaxed atmosphere. This was the best place to start the work of the Chaplain as this is the one place where we as Chaplains can show that we accept the person for who he/she is. From here the soldiers and officers start building a trust relationship, and they start asking questions that only we as Chaplains can answer. Troops are easy to reach as they listen to you out of respect, but officers, I found, are a bit distant from Chaplains. The best place this bridge can be crossed is in the canteen over a drink of whatever the Chaplain is willing to have. Unit Lines Visiting the unit lines, especially after hours, helps soldiers to trust the Chaplain. They come to realize the Chaplain is prepared to come out of his place of rest and see those he serves at times he is not required to. This is especially important when in operations as troops are afraid and are confronted with the truth of morality. There were many occasions I asked troops during my line visits how do they feel about the prospect of killing another soldier. Many of these young soldiers were worried by this idea as they felt that soldiers, as all other people, are forbidden to kill. These are kids no older than twenty, most of whom have just come from school and have only just realised the truth of the armed forces. That death and killing is the trade of the soldier. This gave me the opportunity to explain the difference between killing in murder and killing in war. Many minds were set at ease after these visits. Training Fields (Battle Fields) There is no such thing as an atheist on a battlefield and the best place to start preparing for this as a Chaplain is during the physical training and execution of an exercise of this nature. We had soldiers wounded by bomb shrapnel and some experienced injuries from parachute jumps. The exercise placed the soldiers in situations as close to real battle as can be experienced in times of peace. I found that by just being there for the injured and wounded was enough to ease the tension the soldier was feeling. A Chaplain's place is not in the rear area or near the Officer Commanding. His place is right in the front, supporting the troops. Article By: Chaplain Peter Hoogervorst 3 Para Battalion

The Military Chaplain - SANDF



Drivers on Bouvetoya island (the most remote island on the planet) assisting with the retrieval of 5 scientists and their cargo.

How does a chaplain of the South African National Defence Force get on a ship and travel to Antarctica? That is one of the most frequently asked questions. The Chaplain Services of the SANDF works together with the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT) in providing a chaplain not only for the voyage to Antarctica, but also for the Marion and Gough Island voyages. I had the privilege to be the chaplain on Voyage 140 of the marine vessel (mv) SA Agulhas that took the members of the take-over and the next over-wintering team (SANAE 47) to Antarctica. The members of the take-over expedition consisted of diverse groups of people; there was the Director Combined Operations (DCO), Mr Jeremy Pietersen who led the expedition, members from DEAT,

SANDF Drivers for the SANAE take over period 2007/08; from left to right: SSgt E. Stadler; SSgt S. Bezuidenhout (Dozer); SSgt A. Kietzman; SSgt C. Mushet; Sgt L. Douman; WO2 A. Roos; SSgt R. Mostert.

scientists from various fields of study, Department of Public Works, Titan Aviation, Drivers and Chefs, and the new over-wintering team SANAE 47. Altogether we were 86 people on the voyage. We left Cape Town harbour on the 4th of December 2007 and arrived back on the 19th of February 2008. The main task of the chaplain was to take responsibility for the well-being of the overwintering team SANAE 47. These 10 people are staying at SANAE IV base right through the winter until the next take-over expedition arrives and then they will return home. To prepare the team for this daunting task, they received training 4 week prior to the start of the voyage. I joined them for this period and experienced the training they received for cold weather situations, fire fighting, cooking classes and first aid.

The chef, SSgt P.P. Mhlongo preparing lunch at SANAE base for 86 people.

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They also had a self-development day that was presented by Cpln Kobus de Lange from AFB Ysterplaat. During this session we explored group dynamics as well as interpersonal relationships. The team also had the opportunity to pose for a picture in front of the Oryx that was used in previous years for flying in Antarctica. During the voyage I was also responsible for the well-being of all the other expedition members. We had church services on a Sunday evening just after supper and during the week we had a discussion and prayer group. On the SANAE IV base I continued the services and we concluded our stay on the base with a special service. The Bible Society of South Africa donated Bibles that were exhibited on the ship and the base. Some of the products included the Bible in MP3 format. As with any expedition there are many day-to-day tasks that must be attended to. We were divided into groups that were responsible for cleaning the base and filling the snow smelter with enough snow to provide the base with adequate water. SANAE IV, the new and current base, is located on a nunatak (mountain) at Vesleskarvet (Norwegian for "little barren mountain") on the Ahlmann Ridge 170km from the coast, in Eastern Antarctica. Built between 1993 and 1997 at a cost of R64 million, SANAE IV is one of Antarctica's most modern stations. Consisting of three linked double-story units totalling 176m in length, the entire station is built on stilts 4m above the bed-rock surface. Occupied by the first over wintering team in 1997, the station accommodates 10 people in winter and 80 people during the summer take over period. Since 1994 the SANDF has always had specialist members as part of the summer take-over team. These members are responsible for building a ramp where the cargo can be downloaded from the ship to the ice-shelf. SSgt Bez Bezuidenhout is the specialist in this area and he has been doing this for the last 10 consecutive years. The drivers were responsible for the tractor trains (better known as CAT trains). The cargo that was unloaded from the ship is taken by tractor trains to the base. These members spent 224 hours on the ice-roads to supply SANAE IV base with logistics. The drivers were SSgt E. Stadler; SSgt S. Bezuidenhout (Dozer); SSgt A. Kietzman; SSgt C. Mushet; Sgt L. Douman; WO2 A. Roos; SSgt R. Mostert. It was the task of SSgt Philemon Mhlongo and a DEAT chef to provide 96 people with three meals per day at SANAE base. He worked diligently and with great enthusiasm. Their work started as early as 3am and finished at 22h00 at night. Although he worked gruelling hours, his presentation of the food was very creative and the food was always a culinary delight. His excellent conduct contributed to a general impression of the professionalism of the members of the SANDF. It was a marvellous experience. I experienced God's presence in the beauty of the landscape as well as His greatness in the variety of people on the voyage. May every person that has the privilege to go to Antarctica experience God's blessing in abundance.

Article By: Cpln (Ds) Melanie Smit ­ AFB Waterkloof

The Military Chaplain - SANDF




PRE-DEPLOYMENT The Chaplain and Social workers presented the Resilience course to the whole battalion. The training given to chaplains in the Infantry Formation proved very helpful. As many aspects regarding the Resilience program of the Social workers and those of the Chaplains overlap it was decided prior that the presentations should be combined. An event was organised just before mobilisation where the couples were addressed by the OC, Chaplain and the Social Worker. A function was held afterwards. The aim was to show members that the unit cared and to help prepare them for deployment. MOBILISATION A church service was held every Sunday at the Mob-area in Bloemfontein in a hall where excellent multi-media facilities were available. These services helped to create cohesion, focus and morale. Members enjoyed it and singing was electrifying. A concert was organised where all the sub units participated. It was enjoyed by all and helped to build unity. It became very difficult at a stage to uphold the morale when the movement to the Sudan was postponed with the possibility of even cancelling the deployment. During those times members were kept busy with sport, movies and concerts. Chaplain Mqamkana presented an excellent lecture and he portrayed a good image of the chaplaincy. DEPLOYMENT The chaplain was situated at Kutum where the headquarters of the sector was. Services were held on Fridays to fall in with the routine in the Sudan.Members from numerous countries like Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda etc who were part of te AU attended services and other events like prayer meetings. Special Christmas and Easter programs were conducted during the services. The other bases at Mala, Mellitt and Zam-Zam where the other companies were, were visited often. During those visits the chaplain went on patrols and convoys with them. Chaplain periods were held and people counselled whenever a need has arisen. Soccer games between members and locals were organised by the members to help build morale. POST DEPLOYMENT For the majority of members it was a wonderful experience. They have grown in wisdom and experience . They have learnt more about themselves, other people and conflict situations. They have been tested, individually, as well as the group. They are better soldiers and more valuable to the organisation. They are enriched by been exposed to a different culture and religion. REFLECTION

The Chaplain eventually adopted a donkey.

Cpln (past) Pieter Bezuidenhout on camelback

It was an enormous experience for the chaplain. It would be great if all chaplains could gain that experience. The difference between a civilian pastor and a chaplain is especially highlighted during external deployment. In a normal unit members can visit own churches to a large extent. Deploying on the other hand to a hostile, conflict ridden country is another challenge. It was a huge challenge, but also enormously satisfying. The chaplain wants to thank the chaplaincy for giving him the opportunity for ministering there. It was indeed a life remembering and life changing event which will be cherished for ever. Article By: Cpln (Past) P.H.S. Bezuidenhout Chaplain 8 SAI Bn

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The Assumption of Command Parade of the SAS QUEEN MODJADJI

28 FEB ­ 26 MAY 2008

Cdr Souma assuming command

The SAS QUEEN MODJADJI is the SA Navy's latest acquisition. She is the third and last submarine built in Germany for the SA Navy. The SAS PROTEA (the SA Navy's Hydrographic Survey Ship) sailed with pomp and ceremony on the 28th of February to Germany to meet the submarine and to escort her back to South Africa. Cpln Treu was appointed to the SAS PROTEA for the duration of the deployment. This article will give an overview of the voyage and will give an insight into the ministry exercised on board. The article will highlight some of the unique aspects of ministry in a naval context. It is hoped the article will stimulate further discussion and thought with the view to developing a comprehensive ministry model for naval operations. THE VOYAGE The first few days at sea were spent getting into the sea routine and finding one's sea legs. Internal drills were held every day to hone the skills of the Ship's Company in the event of an emergency situation at sea. Crossing the Line Excitement and tension began to build as the ship approached the equator. There is an age old maritime tradition where those who have not "crossed the line" by sea previously have to appear before the Royal Court of King Neptune to answer to the charges that would be put to them. The line was duly crossed on the 8th of March and the traditional ceremony was held on the Flight Deck. Neofides (those who had not previously crossed the line are known by this title) are detained by the King's jailers (in the hangar), are washed of the remnants of the southern hemisphere (by fire-hose) and then must appear before the King and his Queen. Once the King has pronounced his new subject guilty as charged, the neofide reports to the King's Barber (played by Cpln Treu) for a "haircut" and "shave." The next stop is a short detention in the stocks (where flour is thrown and an egg broken on the head). The last appointment is with the King's surgeons where a delicate operation is performed (using the last week's leftover food!). After the ceremony, the ship hove to and the Ship's Company was given the opportunity to swim in the warm ocean. Germany

Cpln Treu on tour in Las Palmas


SAS PROTEA in the Kiel Canal

Ship's Company Operation Siphelele

The temperature started to fall as the ship proceeded northwards through the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel. The ship entered Emden Harbour on the 24th of March in the middle of a snowstorm. Cargo from the Navy's Project Office there was loaded and the Ship sailed to Kiel on the 26th of March. The voyage to Kiel was via the historical Kiel Canal, which was built in 1895 by Kaiser Wilhelm and is 98,6km long. The Ship arrived in Kiel on the evening of the 27th and tied up next to the SAS QUEEN MODJADJI. The next few days were spent loading spares and parts for the submarine. The submarine held their Assumption of Command Parade on board the SAS PROTEA on the 31st where Cdr Andrew Souma assumed command of the SAS QUEEN MODJADJI. History was made on the 2nd of April when the Navy's newest vessel sailed, escorted by the Navy's oldest vessel. Spain The next stop was Rota in Spain on the 14th of April. Rota is a Naval Base operated jointly by the Spanish Royal Navy and the United States Navy. The stop here was to refuel and to strengthen ties with the Spanish Royal Navy. A function was held on board the SAS PROTEA to thank the Spanish for their hospitality over the years ­ each new frigate and submarine has stopped in Rota to refuel. The Ship's Company was afforded the opportunity to explore the local countryside and to acquaint themselves with the local people and customs. The submarine sailed on the 21st of April. The ship at that time began to experience a mechanical problem and delayed sailing until the 23rd while the Engineering Department attended to the problem. Las Palmas The mechanical problem that had begun in Spain reared its head again as the ship made its way southwards. The Engineering Department worked frenetically to resolve the problem but it was eventually decided that the safest option was to put into a port for repair. At that point the nearest and best equipped port was Las Palmas in the Canary Islands, and so on the 29th of April the SAS PROTEA made an unscheduled stop there. The intention was to stop for a day or two and then to sail to catch up with the submarine, which had sailed on ahead of the ship. That was not to be as the problem could not immediately be isolated. Over the next few days those who were not busy working on resolving the mechanical problem were afforded the opportunity to explore the bustling city. The local Tourism Board laid on two buses to show the Ship's Company the rest of the island. The mechanical problem was successfully isolated and resolved on the 13th of May.

Formed up on the Flight Deck on departure from Las Palmas

Cpln Treu on tour in Las Palmas

Easter Communion

The Military Chaplain - SANDF


Home The ship sailed on the 14th of May and made her way home. The SAS PROTEA entered Simon's Town harbour on the 26th of May to an emotional welcome. Many friends and family were waiting on the quay to reunite with their loved ones. MINISTRY A comprehensive ministry program was followed by the chaplain on board. Devotions Each morning after the "wakey-wakey" (at 06:30 when the day officially starts) the chaplain conducted a short devotion over the main broadcast. While at sea, in the evenings after rounds, the chaplain conducted a Bible Study and devotion for those who could attend. This particular ministry was especially well supported and appreciated during Holy Week (the week preceding Easter). Services Every Sunday the chaplain held a Church Service on board. These services were conducted in such a way as to accommodate as many of the languages and traditions as possible. A poignant moment was on Easter Sunday morning when an ecumenical Communion Service was conducted. Those present had the opportunity to serve the sacrament to one another. Communion was celebrated again on Pentecost Sunday while the ship was alongside in Las Palmas. Other services that were held were a service on Good Friday morning and a Revival Service on Easter Saturday. Newsletters & Email While at sea, Cpln Treu wrote a weekly newsletter, which was emailed out to families and loved ones. These newsletters were published on the Defence Intranet and on the internet. For those who had no access to the internet, a hard copy of the newsletters was posted by the Family Support Centre in Simon's Town. Many families started corresponding with the chaplain, which afforded some form of pastoral care to those families. Messages Members on board were allowed only limited email access. Some members had families who had no access to email. The chaplain offered members the facility (while at sea) to send messages that would be relayed telephonically to family and friends back home via the Family Support Centre in Simon's Town. Members would give the message in writing to the chaplain who would then type up those messages and email them to Mrs Carstens at the Family Support Centre. On average, five messages a day were relayed in this way. Similarly, family members could telephone a message through to the Family Support Centre. Those messages were relayed to the chaplain who would pass them on to the appropriate person. Counselling Being far away from home for an extended period is difficult for the person deployed and for the loved one left behind at home. Sometimes disturbing messages were received from home. The chaplain on board was accessible and provided a confidential and safe place for members to discuss personal issues and problems. Some of these counselling sessions took place in a formal manner in the chaplain's cabin, but many of the sessions occurred informally as the chaplain moved about the ship. Sometimes a brief word of encouragement was all that was needed! When there was a crisis, either on board or at home, the chaplain was available to assist and to advise the Commanding Officer on an appropriate action. Liaison Cpln Treu during the deployment liaised on a daily basis with the Family Support Centre. Similar liaison was maintained with the chaplains in Simon's Town. Matters of a pastoral nature concerning family members were referred to them for follow-up and feedback. Knowing that family members back home were being cared for was a great source of encouragement for members on board. While in Las Palmas, Cpln Treu met the local chaplain, Cpln Ely Naranjo, and arranged the Eucharist for the Roman Catholic members on board. Visibility & Accessibility During the deployment, the chaplain tried to build a relationship with the Ship's Company. This happened as the chaplain moved around the Ship on a daily basis and as he participated in the formal and informal activities that took place on board. This made the chaplain accessible and available to members. It also helped to build relationships so that members could learn to trust the chaplain who was on board for the duration of the deployment. All in all this was an eventful deployment. It was exciting but it also had its challenges. Importantly, it provided an opportunity to exercise ministry. It is sincerely hoped that this ministry was able to inspire and empower those on board and those at home. On a broader scale, it is hoped that the ministry offered on board will help to form the basis of a ministry model for naval operations that will help the SA Navy to move a step closer to fulfilling its vision to "Win at Sea". Article by Cpln (Rev) Andrew Treu Photos by Cpln (Rev) Andrew Treu, Maj (Dr) Mari Engelbrecht, CPO André Kleinsmit, AB Bianca du Plessis

Ship's Company Operation Siphelele Cpln Treu with delegated at the function in Rota PO Shezi, Teniente Vicario de 1a Naranjo, Alferez de Navio Feito & Cpln Treu in the Navy Base Chapel, Las Palmas Members at the Evening Devotions Swimming at the Equator

Swimming Stations at the equator

Easter Sunday Morning Service

Naval Base Rota

Santa Ana Cathedral in Las Palmas

18 The Military Chaplain - SANDF

Andrew uniform


Phase Pre-Deployment Any combination of these feelings... Parents

· · · · · Resentment Anger Frustration Anxiousness Sadness

Deployment Any combination of these feelings...

· · · · Overwhelmed Depressed Anxiety More independent and assertive · Anger · Fear of infidelity · Resentment of children taking anger out on parent

Post-Deployment Any combination of these feelings...

· Fear of infidelity · Let down · Anger at absence · Jealously for children's preference of one parent · Both feel "I've had it worse"

... could lead to these behaviours ...

· Arguing to distance/ to express anger · Member withholds notice of deployment until last minute · Lack of adequate preparation due to denial · Emotional and physical withdrawal · Clinging · Irritability · Increased attention seeking behaviour

... could lead to these behaviours ...

· May ease up on routines · Overprotective · Children may sleep with parent · Complaints ­ everything that goes wrong is the member's fault · Withdrawal from children

... could lead to these behaviours ...

· Questioning, suspicious, spousal abuse · Withdrawal · Difficulty compromising · Want other to "take care of me"

Preschool Children

· · · ·

Confusion Surprise Guilt Sadness

· Sadness · Feeling of abandonment · Separation anxiety · Confusion at routine changes · Feeling of guilt

· Change in appetite or sleep · Behaviour problems ­ may at out parent's anger or anxiety · Evidence of lowered selfesteem · Attempt to care for parent at home · School problems · Swing from responsible to irresponsible · May act out anger · Increased aggressiveness

· Joy, excite ment · Want reassurance · Anger causes desire to punish parent · Fear of returning parent

· Want recognition · Clingy · Avoidant behaviour · Attention seeking behaviour · Competing with other family members

School Age Children

· Sadness · Anger · Separation anxiety · Guilt · May feel cause of parent leaving · Feel lonely before parent leaves · Sadness · Fear of parental rejection · Denial of feeling · Anger

· Behaviour problems · Regressive behaviours · Angry outbursts mixed with clinging

· Feel like an adult · Loneliness · Feeling of abandonment · Fear that separation may be permanent · Confusion

· Joy, excitement · Remaining angry · Anxiety over changing family roles · Competition with parent

· Want recognition · Attention seeking behaviour · May act out anger · May attempt to split parents

Teens and Youth

· Aloofness · Friends take on increased value

· Sadness · Independence (as a defence) · Anger

· School problems · Behaviour problems · Control problems

· Anger · Resentment · Relief

· Defiance · School problems · Behaviour problems

The Military Chaplain - SANDF


Training of Chaplains


The first Trauma Counselling Course for Chaplains started on 26 May 2008 at the UNISA Sunnyside Campus. 18 Chaplains arrived to be trained in this very crucial skill. The course will run for 6 months with a number of assignments to be completed and a second contact session after 6 months. Successful learners will receive a certificate from UNISA. Although chaplains will not be able to register as trauma counsellors afterwards, valuable skills will be added to the toolbox, chaplains need for their everyday work. During the first week learners are introduced to the basics of trauma and trauma counselling. Dr Japie Coetzee and dr Kallie Hugo shared their vast experience with the chaplains. A second part of the contact session was focussed on practical experience. Chaplains spent time in the trauma sections of local hospitals in Pretoria, where they were brought into contact with people who have recently (in the previous few hours) suffered trauma. Under the auspices of Hospivision the chaplains talked to patients who had been admitted for a variety of traumas, such as vehicle accidents, injuries to limbs, assault etc. Discipline was very high on the agenda As impact players they brought in 2 additional lecturers, dr Lizette Mouton and John Otto to further enhance the chaplain's abilities to counsel trauma stricken people. The learners on the course all agree that this course is a very important step towards empowering chaplains for their work. Article By: Col (Ds) Piet Oberholzer SSO ETD


A conference for all the chaplains involved in training was held from 14 to 16 April 2008 at the Air Force Base Overberg. For those who don't know where this Base is, should you miss the Base with 15 kilometres you end up in Waenhuiskrans or Struisbaai or L'Agulhas, all very nice places to end up in. Once you are there, you can truly claim that you have been to the very southernmost point of Africa. This point was indeed visited by the chaplains where a discussion ensued on where exactly the division is between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Visiting a nearby harbour, the chaplains were amazed at seeing gigantic manta rays swimming lazily in the shallow water, waiting to be fed by visitors and their caretaker.

The Pyramid of Leadership


At this conference the focus was on training and the different challenges chaplains face in their units. Common issues of training at different units of the SANDF were discussed. Chaplains shared ideas and methods to help one another. The when and where of chaplain periods as well as the content during basic training were analysed to ensure proper spiritual care for young members of the Defence Force. Chaplains were also introduced to a number of thought-provoking new directions of thinking. Article By: Cpln Ben van der Walt

Chaplains Mothopeng,(Col) Oberholzer, Gwazilitye, van der Walt, Xhallie, van Rooyen, Mence, Holder and Modise at the Southern most point of Africa.

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From 13-16 May 2008 a group of 17 Chaplains, including 6 Reserve Chaplains, gathered in Potchefstroom for a life Maps and Memory Boxes course. After the four days the learners left tired, but enthusiastic knowing that they were empowered to bring more light in people's darkest moments. Article By: Cpln (Ds) Hannes Steemkamp


Cpln Patrick Diniso


Life stories of older people in the congregation


Maintaining the art of story telling in African culture ­ the grandparents had to tell their life stories to their grand children. This lead to very emotional conversations and offered opportunity for sharing and selfdisclosure. From the participants' feedback it was clear that they experienced personal and spiritual growth. One person had the opportunity to work through a marital crisis and a person with disabilities did some personal stock taking and wrote the following words: "Design your life met vir my weer moed en guts gegee, Om die talente en gawes wat God vir my gee, Die wêreld daar buite anders te betree En dit ook vir ander te gaan gee!" It was particularly interesting to see how soldiers enjoy the experience of sharing their life stories. It emphasized that combat readiness it not only a physical and mental goal, but also a spiritual and emotional process.

Cpln Diana Willemse

Design your life - A mother's day memorabilia workshop for staff in the 1 Military Hospital

Cpln Marius van Rooyen

Integrating the life maps questions in existing leadership courses: The LCAMPS Course and the Master the Art of Living Well Workshop.


Since March 2006 a total of 66 chaplains attended a short course on memory work presented by the North West University, Potchefstroom Campus. Memory work is about remembering and telling yesterday's life stories in a way that makes life meaningful today and offers hope and direction for the future. Memory work is based on the narrative paradigm and work towards the following goals: ? To explore, document, encourage and celebrate legacies, traditions, values and heritages ? To encourage closer relationships over generations ? To celebrate individuals, organizations and corporations ? To facilitate reminiscence and succession planning ? To explore and document life and faith stories The training programme consist of a week of contact sessions, a number of short assignments and a portfolio of evidence regarding the planning, implementation and evaluation of a memory work project. A number of chaplains have submitted their portfolios and the following table offers a summary of their work. From this it is clear that memory work is quite versatile and can be useful in existing programmes of the Chaplaincy, as well as in the ministry in general. More portfolios are expected that will focus on deployment situations and the use of memory work in reconciliation and healing. Article by: Dr A.G. (Alida) Herbst Subject Group ­ Social Work School of Psycho-Social Behavioural Sciences North West University (Potchefstroom Campus) South Africa.

The Military Chaplain - SANDF


Reserve Chaplains

TRAUMA COUNSELING The Chaplains Service is to train our Reserve Chaplains in Trauma counseling in preparation for the 2010 World Cup and all forms of crises that may occur in their units. MAKING A DIFFERENCE The ministry by presence that is offered by our Reserve Chaplains in all our units has made a great impact on improving the morale of our members. Feedback from different services has shown that we are moving on a right direction. A lot has been done by our Reserves in their units. Included in this magazine, are a few remarkable articles, from our Reserves Chaplains, about contributions that made a difference in the units where they serve. We intend to include one or two contributions in each publication. XENOPHOBIC ATTACKS We cannot act as if we are not in this world and not mention the plague we have at the moment, xenophobia, an act that has left a very bad taste in our mouths. We are praying for our Reserve Chaplains as they are directly affected by this plague in the communities where they are working. This desk wishes that God may give them wisdom to discern what to say and do during this trying period in the history of our country. CONCLUSION May the good Lord bless all the work done by our dedicated chaplains in all the units in the Department of Defence. We are proud to say that the Lord is giving us strength to grow every day. We hope to recruit more men and women from all the diverse communities and different faiths that make South Africa to be different. God Bless you all!! RESERVE CHAPLAINS REGIONAL ORGANISERS The Chaplain General gave guidelines and functions to the Reserve Chaplains who were selected to be Regional Organisers for the smooth running of the Office of the Chaplain General. The Regional Organisers were inducted in a special work session held in the Office of the Chaplain General in Pretoria on 18 April 2008. These men and women will also help in the identifying of civilian Ministers in different religious and faith groups in their different regions who are eager to be recruited as Reserves in the SANDF. The names of the Regional Organisers are as follows: Eastern Cape: Chaplain M. Otto Free State: Chaplain M. Kalake Gauteng : Chaplain H. Lottering Gauteng: Chaplain M. Ndukula Kwa Zulu Natal: Chaplain D. Davids Limpopo: Chaplain M.H. Mogashoa Nothern Cape: Chaplain M. Motlaudi North West: Chaplain C.J. Calitz Western Cape: Chaplain A. Bethke We hope that this will assist in the smooth running of the Chaplains Services and will also improve the process of communication information to all our members in the regions.

Cpln (Rev) Rweqana SSO Reserve Forces

The year is almost half way and the Lord is still giving us strength to do His work with diligence and vigour. The Chaplain Generals Reserve annual conference was held at 3 SAI BN in Kimberley. It was a wonderful time of giving our Reserve Chaplains more knowledge about the Organization and how it operates. All Senior Staff Officers from our different arms of service presented their programmes. The highlight was the presence of the Chief Director Reserves: Maj. Gen. R Andersen who explained the concept of One-Force within the DOD. This was followed by a Gala Evening for the Captains of Industries in and around Kimberley. The attendance was good in-spite of the bad weather that we experienced that night. Business people, Lawyers, Cabinet Ministers, Local Government structures, MECs from the Provincial Government, decision makers from Banking Institutions, Telkom, Church Leaders, Community Leaders, MPs and other decision makers in the structures that are found in Kimberly and surrounding areas attended the Gala Event. This was the first time that the Chaplain General's Office has arranged for such a gallant event. Members of the community had a chance of mixing with the Military personnel and ask questions about the recruitments into Chaplaincy, Military, Reserves and MSD (Military Skills Development) programme etc. We used this Gala Evening as a marketing strategy for giving awareness to the community to encourage the young people to make an impact in their societies by joining the Defense Force and make a difference. It was also an opportunity to encourage the business people in how they can help in supporting the Reserves when they are called up for duty. They can support them with bursaries to continue their studies in different fields that are offered by the business sectors in and around Kimberley. Project Shield, which is the marketing wing of the Reserves, sponsored the meals for the Gala Evening. EMPOWERING RESERVE CHAPLAINS HIV AND AIDS COURSES The department is offering courses to empower our reserve Chaplains on how to handle and counsel their congregants that are plagued by this pandemic of HIV and Aids. Since our members are coming from the communities around us, equipping the Reserve Chaplains will be a way of ploughing back to the South African community.

22 The Military Chaplain - SANDF


We believe that their task is not only confined to gunners and religious activities. In addition to the provision of spiritual care and welfare, our chaplains motivate gunners to be committed to the principles of Batho Pele and to the values of the Artillery Formation, which call for unity of purpose among all members of the gunner family. Although it is our collective responsibility to combat poor performance, indiscipline, criminality and low morale in our formation, we believe that the chaplain is better placed to move among our Batteries and within our unit lines to meet individual soldiers in order to convey their concerns and suggestions on how to improve regarding the challenges facing the organisation and its individual members. CONCLUDING REMARKS We in the Artillery, through our experience as we continue towards improving our performance and strengthening the cohesion among our gunners, have come to the conclusion that Chaplains, in addition to their normal duties as spiritual and religious functionaries, can be given the additional tasks of enhancing discipline and qualitative production. Perhaps the entire system of the old commissariat, as used by the so-called East Block countries and former liberation armies, such as the former Umkhonto We Sizwe should be revisited and its surviving members consulted to learn how discipline was managed and maintained. We propose that the Chaplaincy take the responsibility on this matter. Article By: Brig Gen M.R. Notshweleka GOC Artillery Formation

Brig Gen M.R. Notshweleka: GOC Artillery Formation, responsible for 3 regular units: The School of Artillery, 4 Artillery Regiment and the Artillery Mobilisation Regiment and seven Reserve units.

INTRODUCTIONOn June 22, 1942, Nazi German Armed Forces treacherously launched a Blitzkrieg attack on the Soviet Union. Thus began a war which took the German Armed Forces to the gates of Moscow. The Soviet government and people were caught completely unprepared for such a challenge as Joseph Stalin had earlier signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler. Therefore, faced with this challenge, the Soviet Union, overnight, transformed its entire industry for the war effort, and the nation was mobilised for the front, in defence of the Motherland. The road to Berlin was long and bitter, with acts of valour and the willingness to die for the Motherland being displayed in every trench and on every route in every combat engagement with the enemy. As they marched to Berlin, Soviet Soldiers liberated all the countries in the German Eastern front that were under Nazi occupation, and, after more than three hundred days and thousands of Kilometers of fighting, the Soviet flag was raised over the Reichstag, the seat of Nazi Power. Marshall of the Soviet Union, Georgi Zhukov accepted the act of unconditional surrender from the German High Command. Of the 50 million killed in the Second World War, the Soviet people accounted for 20 million. The war was over and Hitler was no more, mankind was free, except for some minor resistance on the Pacific Theatre. INSPIRATION AND MOTIVATION What inspires a soldier to give his or her life for others? Within the Soviet Armed Forces there was a structure known as the Commissariat, composed of commissars. These were highly trained party political activists who were inspiring and motivating soldiers to give more for the good of the country and people. A commissar was found at all levels of command, from section to the highest. During the march to Berlin they moved from trench to trench urging their subordinates to fight on. We in the SA Army Artillery Formation liken our chaplains to the commissars, whose task it is to motivate and inspire our gunners and officers to sacrifice themselves for the good of gunnery and guns, country and people.

Cpln John McKaig Acting Chaplain: Artillery Formation

The Military Chaplain - SANDF


Chaplain Highlights within Artillery Formation

The SA Army Artillery Formation has a Formation HQ, three regular units, ie, the School of Artillery, 4 Artillery Regiment and the Artillery Mobilisation Regiment. There are also seven reserve units, some of which have their own chaplains. At present there are only two regular chaplains, Cpln John McKaig at the Artillery Mobilisation Regiment who is also the acting Formation Chaplain, and Cpln Elliot Mtshayisa at the School of Artillery. Both chaplains share the load trying to look after 4 Artillery Regiment which does not have a chaplain at present.Although we spent most of our time, working out our strategies for making the Chief of the Air Force's turn-around plan and the Commanders Intent of Chaplain General a reality, we also made time to visit Cape Augulas, the most southern tip of Africa. We were very glad for our jackets, to guard as against the windy conditions we encountered. After we had refreshing coffee at the Augulas lighthouse, we returned to Air Force Base Overberg.

Cpln J A McKaig

At Waenhuiskrans we climbed over sharp rocks to visit the cave and rush to safety, not to be caught off-guard by the incoming tide. In the harbor of Arniston there was more tranquility, but we know: "No new discoveries was ever made in a harbor!".

The GOC, Brig Gen M R Notsweleka is very positive towards the work of the chaplains and so the chaplains readily get support in the Formation. CHATSEC The Artillery Formation ran a three day CHATSEC course for it's new MSD troops at 4 Artillery Regiment over the period 14 to 16 January 2008. The chaplains involved were: Cpln S Vava, Cpln J A McKaig and Cpln V E Mtshayisa.

Cpln V E Mtshayisa

There was good co-operation from the instructors and the coarse ran

Pictured here are the MSD troops with their certificates, the chaplains and the instructors who work with the troops.

24 The Military Chaplain - SANDF


On 25 April 2008 the mutual relationship between the Atlas Manning Group (AMG) and the Chaplains of the South African Air Force was further strengthened at an event where 500 Bibles of different languages were handed to Col (Rev) Z.A. Makalima (SSO Chaplaincy SAAF), by AMG. We gladly accept these 500 Bibles to distribute free of charge throughout the Air Force. We believe that this contribution from AMG will be instrumental in making a positive change in the lives of many members of the Air Force.

Col Makalima took a closer look at the variety of Bibles provided.

AMG-SA is a Platinum member of the Chief of the Air Force' Benevolent Funds since the birth of the fund. This donation by AMG was greatly appreciated and highlighted the committed relationship between the base and its very important stakeholder. May God bless AMG in all their endeavours.

From left to right: Mr Hennie Coetzee (AMG District Manager Gauteng and Limpopo), Col (Rev) Z.A. Makalima (SSO Cpln SAAF) and Mr Johan Janse van Vuuren (Business Development and Contract Manager AMG-SA).

(Photo by Cpln Ben van der Walt) Article By: Cpln Hlengiwe Myeni: (Reserve Chaplain: Air Force Gymnasium).


Over the period 18 to 20 March 2008 a Life Empowerment Programme was presented by Cpln J.C.J. de Lange (Chaplain Air Force Base Ysterplaat) and Cpln L. Hough (Chaplain Air Force Base Overberg) at the Wortelgat Adventure Camp which is situated approximately 130km from AFB YPLT, near Stanford.

The programme was aimed at enhancing and enriching Life and Management Skills of all members who attended. Attendance was voluntary but also had a limit coupled to how many may attend due to the intensive programme presented to each individual member. It was extremely important that each member received personal attention and granted the opportunity to grow - not just emotionally but spiritually as well. Members were exposed to "Learning through Experience" exercises and an analysis was done on their Preferred Thinking Processes as stipulated by the Kobus Neethling Brain Profile Test. Each member completed an in-depth questionnaire before departing which was analysed and processed. Members received individual feedback based on the Brain Profile Test and were given time to familiarise themselves with the aspects associated with their thinking process. This programme is presented twice a year and aims at targeting as many members as possible. It is essential to enrich the lives of members within the Air Force and programmes such as these are essential to maintaining a healthy personal and professional culture within the Defence Force. Written by: Lt J. van Schalkwyk (Corporate Communication Officer AFB YPLT)

The Military Chaplain - SANDF




Once again on 18 May 2008, the South African Air Force commemorated their annual memorial service. A special day celebrated annually to remember the Air Force members who paid the ultimate price in service for their country since World War 1. Invited guests, veterans, military attaches, current serving members, all gathered at Bays Hill under the shadow of the SAAF memorial. This service was made very special by the contributions of the Air Force Band, who always add the correct atmosphere to this solemn occasion. This year we were honoured to have as guest artist, the , who with their lilac and black outfits, and beautiful pure children's voices, added reverence to this very special occasion. The Air Force always ensures that the memorial service is performed with the necessary solemnity and military discipline by all participants, thereby adding and acknowledging, with reverence, our fallen heroes from the past. Chaplain Burt from the Air Command and Chaplain Mothopeng from the SAAF College, officiated at the service. Their contribution also added dignity and meaning to the memorial service. The sermon encouraged us to seek peace and follow our leaders' examples. "Remembrance is so closely connected to peace. How can we keep the peace when we do not hold fast to the examples of our predecessors? Heb 13:7 "Remember your former leaders, who spoke God's message to you. Think back on how they lived and died, and imitate their faith." We evaluate the circumstances and if the cause is just enough, something within us rises up causing us to stand and be counted....." During the wreath laying ceremony, the Director Human Resources, Lt Gen Mgwebi, Chief of SAAF, Lt Gen Carlo Gagiano, Chairman of the SAAF Association, Air Force Veterans, Military organisations, families and loved ones of the deceased members laid wreaths. This is an emotional moment where families are emotionally touched by the memories of their loved ones. Written by: Cpln (Past) A. Burt (Chaplain of the Air Command)


Every year, the Gunners Association holds a Memorial Service at the Gunners Memorial in Potchefstroom. The Memorial is situated at the site of the old gate to the Potchefstroom Military Base. The SA Artillery Formation and the SA Air Defence Formation both participate in this Memorial Service. This year the service was held on Sunday 18 May 2008. The Chief of the Army laid a wreath on behalf of the Chief of the SANDF. The Chaplain General of the SANDF laid a wreath too. Written by: Cpln (Rev) John McKaig 26 The Military Chaplain - SANDF


Photo by: Sgt J.P. van der Merwe

On Friday, 14 March 2008 Air Force Base Ysterplaat once again hosted its annual Beach Walk and Clean-up. This initiative was a combined effort by the Chaplain and Environmental Officer of the base and started in 2007. Various members of the base participated including approximately 50 children and teachers from the Alt du Toit School for Physically and Mentally Disadvantaged Children. This was a major event in these special children's' lives considering the fact that the teachers had an exhausting pace to maintain in order to keep up with them. The route identified was approximately 6,5km and commenced at the Milnerton Woodbridge Island and came to a sweaty end at the Dolphin Beach Hotel. All who participated were given a "boerewors roll" upon completion and this was greatly appreciated considering the fact that most who participated

were exhausted, not just from the walk but all the fun along the way. Members were asked to make a voluntary donation of R20-00 which entitled them to a medal as proof of their commitment and dedication to the cause of this project. All funds generated were donated to the Bible Society of South Africa to assist them with the printing of Bibles which are distributed across the country in all official languages. Projects such as these are vital to ensure that the Air Force is seen as a committed partner in the everyday lives of the community. Written by: Lt J. van Schalkwyk (Corporate Communication Officer AFB Ysterplaat)


One of the highlights for members working at the Air Force Mobile Deployment Wing at Snakevalley is the annual Bible walk. The walk is scheduled on the year program and fitted in between the daily work and deployments. It is voluntary and every year I am excited and grateful for the enthusiasm member's display to support the Bible Society. Maybe one of the reasons for their enthusiasm is that members are given permission to dress in civilian clothes a nice change in scenery for people always working in uniform. The event started off with a word of welcome and a short message before the five kilometres were tackled. Maybe due to the fact that the soldiers are used to walking during their fitness tests it went very quickly. We left the base and walked next to the fence in the direction of the Clay Pigeon club through beautiful countryside full of wild flowers, almost forgetting that one is in still in Pretoria. To slow the soldiers down we made them wait halfway and an invited guest from the Military Christian Fellowship was given an opportunity to address the participants. Before the muscles got cold, the return journey was commenced. The walk ended at the combined club where all the medals were awarded. The bar was open for soft drinks! At ten a clock everybody was back at work full of positive energy, happy to be given an opportunity to assist a good cause and to enjoy an outing in the process. Just over three hundred people accompanied the Bible walk and an amount of R 1780-00 was paid over to the Bible Society. The next Bible walk is already scheduled for December 2008. Annually we also host a Bible Walk at Ellisras. Written by: Cpln (Ds) W.G.F. NEETHLING (unit Chaplain Air Force Mobile Deployment Wing)

The Military Chaplain - SANDF





1 2 3 4 5


Cpln Cpln Cpln Capt Cpln


N.A. Matube J.W. van Niekerk M.D. Mokotjo L.W. Msengana T.E. Kefile


30/11/2007 30/04/2008 31/01/2008 30/06/2008 30/08/2007


Pension Severance Package Resignation Pension Discharge


ASB KroonstadSA Army Trg Fmn 3 Mil Hosp Navy Office Inf School



1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9


Cpln Cpln Cpln Cpln Cpln Cpln Cpln Cpln Cpln


S. P. Bonani E.B. Mhlongo L.E. Nkosi B.A. Mandleleni M.J. Majova P. Rapetswa M.J. Sibeko M. Mashinini N.W. Nkosi


1 SAI BN 121 SAI BN 9 SAI BN 4 Art Regt 1SSB 15 SAI BN 2 Mil Hosp 1 Mil Hosp SAMHS Trg Fmn


ASB Dequar Rd SA Army CTC 1 Para Bn 1 SSB SA Army Int School SA Army CTC School of Eng 1 Mil Hosp MPI


01 Dec 07 01 Dec 07 01 Dec 07 01 Jan 08 01 Jan 08 10 Jan 08 01 Feb 08 01 Feb 08 11 Feb 08

New apointments


1 2


Cpln Cpl


Nomtoto J.Mohoeleng


4 Spec Forces Cpln Gen Div


Male Male


01 May 08 01 Jun 08

Detached duty


1 2 3 4


Cpln Cpln Sgt Cpl


S.G. van Niekerk S. Vava X. Yanta I. Tlhabane


43 SA BDE SA Army Art Fmn Cpln Gen Div CMIS


Cpln Gen Div for

Cpln Gen Div for Resignation Comms & Liaison


01 April 08 01 April 08 01 April 08 01 April 08

PS School

Cpln Gen Div fir Registry


The Chaplain General Human Resource environment is responsible for the wellbeing of the human capital within the Chaplain General Division. In order to perform this responsibility in a professional and optimized manner, a comprehensive and integrated human resources management strategy for the Chaplain Services needs to be developed. As part of this process, a HR strategic work-session was held at Fort Schanskop over the period 2-4 June 2008.

Form LtR: Col Bosiki, Col Oberholzer, Col Makalima, Col Masuku, Cpln van Niekerk, Col Klein, Cpln Mpisana and Cdr Moleko.

28 The Military Chaplain - SANDF


About six years ago, I wrote a book entitled, "A Country Unmasked" which dealt with the life and work of South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission. I wrote this from an insider's position as the former Vice Chairman of that Commission. One of the reasons I wrote my current book entitled, "A Life in Transition" was to update my own thinking and the work which reflected the impact of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. To that end, I have devoted a couple of chapters to reviewing the work of the Commission - considering its flaws, but also its strengths. Frederik van Zyl Slabbert, we started the Institute for aDemocratic Alternative for South Africa (IDASA) which is still going strong today. Our chief goal was to encourage dialogue and debate and work towards a negotiated settlement. This meant that we wanted to talk to everyone - black and white, underground, working in civil society - but also to talk with people in exile. This led to the Dakar Meeting with the ANC delegation led by the current president of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, and a large number of his senior colleagues together with about 65 mainly Afrikaners from inside South Africa. This led to many more such meetings, even though it was against the law and we were strongly and viciously criticised by the then government. I tried to write about this in the book as well, because I think we can draw lessons from that experience. In 1994, after the first ever democratic election in South Africa, I was approached by then President Nelson Mandela to serve as Deputy Chairman of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. This was a very, very traumatic period in my life and in the lives of all of us who were involved When the Commission concluded its work, I was invited to teach at the School of Law at the New York University and thoroughly enjoyed that opportunity to talk about peace and justice, not only in South Africa but in so many other countries who were interested in the South African model. Whilst there, I started a new organization called the International Center for Transitional Justice. It started with just three of us in one office in New York. We began to visit a number of countries in Eastern Europe and Northern Ireland. We have now have more than 120 full time staff members plus consultants and interns. We work in about 25 different countries which are in transition either from dictatorship or violent confrontation or failed state status. We have also opened offices in Cape Town, Kinshasa, Monrovia, Columbia in Latin America, in Geneva and Brussels. The work is essentially assisting countries in their own transition - obviously learning quite a lot from South Africa's experience but not trying to impose that particular model on other countries because their cultures, their politics, their experiences are different. But certainly I have discovered that there are good practices emerging from South Africa's experience which can assist countries which are very different from our own. I returned to South Africa and opened the Cape Town office of ICTJ which I headed as Director until the beginning of this year. As I looked back on my life in the Church, in politics, in IDASA, the Truth Commission, teaching and then the International Center for Transitional Justice, it seemed that there was one major theme throughout the years, that is an attempt to bring about justice and peace in societies, including economic justice. I wrote the book in the hope that my own experiences would be a modest contribution to the constant fight for justice in my own country and in so many others around the world.

The second reason I wrote this book is that I had been fortunate enough to be involved in a number of major institutions in South Africa during my life. Very early on, I joined the Methodist Church of Southern Africa, as it was then called, and studied for the ministry at Rhodes University in Grahamstown, South Africa, after serving in Klerksdorp, Pondoland East before my Reflection By: Dr Alex Boraine formal studies. After my ordination I was sent to Pietermaritzburg and then to Durban North. I was very fortunate to attend Mansfield College at Oxford University in England where I attained my Masters degree in the early '60s. From there I went to Drew University in Madison, New Jersey where I earned my doctorate. On my return to South Africa, I was posted to the Methodist Youth Department where I was the General Secretary. This involved traveling widely all over the country, which gave me a far better sense of just how bad apartheid was and how it impacted on the lives of millions of people. We changed the name of the Department a little later to the Christian Education Department, which meant that I worked a great deal with schools and universities. This also gave me an opportunity to debate with young people the impact of apartheid on their own lives, the stark divisions that were present, and their hopes for the future. At the age of 39 I was elected President of the Methodist Church of Southern Africa. This enabled me yet again to visit areas of acute poverty and also neighbouring countries in southern Africa. I learnt a great deal from this experience and realised that the awful sin of racism was prevalent not only in society but also in the Church itself. I felt strongly then, and I feel strongly today, that the Church is forever to be reformed. As a direct result of my experience, I requested permission from the Church to go directly into opposition politics and was elected as the Member of Parliament in Pinelands in the Western Cape. I served in Parliament for 12 years and tried as hard as I could to challenge the government on its racist policies and tried to propose alternatives, in particular the whole shift towards a negotiated settlement leading to a country which would be democratic, with a genuine commitment to human rights. What I tried to do was reflect some of my thinking about my life and work in the Church and in politics, and where the two met. After 12 years I walked out of Parliament because it didn't seem that I was making any difference at all, except lending respectability to an all-white institution. Together with

A Life In Transition

The Military Chaplain - SANDF


Spouses of Chaplains News From Spouses of Chaplains


The occasion was the quarterly meeting of the SANDF Spouse Forum. This Forum is for the wives of generals and different Arms of Service or Division hosts each meeting. The Chaplains Service, through the wives of senior chaplains, was privileged to host the first meeting of 2008. The function was held at the Waterkloof Ladies' Mess. All enjoyed the theme of "A Hatter Tea Party" and the ladies attending played their part by each arriving with a very unique headdress. Prizes for the most catching headdress were donated by the Army Foundation and, as can be seen on the photos, the ladies looked stunning.

Back L to R: Me Busi Ngwenya, Me N. Bosiki, Me L. Cornelissen, Me L. Dill and Me P. Jamamgile. Front L to R: Me L. Klein, Me N. Msengana and Me N. Masuku.

The guest speaker for the morning was Prof Rosalie Finlayson, a linguist from UNISA. She fascinated and enlightened us with the theme of "Supporting one another by understanding each other". The audience was not only fascinated by her quaint feathery headgear, but was also intrigued by her linguistic abilities. She was able to communicate in the various languages of South Africa. Her explanation of how the understanding and ability to speak different languages opens up cultural bridges was fascinating. She opened the world of language communication and what inroads we can have by just learning a few phrases in a different language from our own.

Diversity in Culture! (Me J. Forest)

Me Tammy Rweqana and Me Yvonne Mudimo.

A few words can make a huge difference in attitude towards one another. The guests also became aware of the meaning of body language and hand signs in different cultures and the importance of that so that we, as women, can understand and be able to support one another. She really enriched our world with new insights. Article By: Mrs Lizette Cornelissen Wife of the Chaplain General


As Chaplains' wives, we shall always play a part in the life of our spouses. We are ordinary women who have been graced with opportunities to support, help and turn stumbling blocks into opportunities. Therefore, I want to encourage all the spouses of chaplains (and other spouses) to live a life by:

Being a Life Long Learner. Use the opportunities that come your way to develop new skills. It is your choice to enrich yourself by either formal studies or by informal reading on important topics. Finding a Mentor. Find someone that you admire and respect. A person of wisdom that you can listen to and with whom you can share. A person that can clarify and inspire you in your lifelong journey. Being Present. You can only influence someone with God's love if you are there. Becoming Involved. By giving yourself to others, you can change attitudes. Being the Difference. You are so unique ­ thus only you can make the difference.


Being Passionate. Rekindle the passion for what you stand for. If you struggle to ignite your passion, maybe it is time to move on to something new. Being Different, You are Unique. Out of your exposure and opportunities, make sure that what you give to others is unique and inspiring.


May God bless you all. Lizette Cornelissen (With acknowledgement to: "Inspirerende vroue aan die werk: Liezl Erasmus Kritzinger.)

30 The Military Chaplain - SANDF


The Spiritual and Moral Support Services Work Group was established by authority of Defence Chiefs in 1995. The inaugural meeting was in Lusaka where most SADC Member States were present. The initial name was Southern African Military Regional Chaplains Association. In 2000, the ISDSC mandated the change of name to embrace more than just Spiritual concerns, Spiritual and Moral Support Services. The membership is open to all SADC Member States and representation is through Chief Chaplains. Those with no chaplaincy or moral support services attend as observers. The aims of the work group, amongst others, are: The Spiritual and Moral Support Services · Work Group was established by authority of Defence Chiefs in 1995. The inaugural meeting was in Lusaka where most SADC Member States were present. The initial · name was Southern African Military Regional Chaplains Association. · In 2000, the ISDSC mandated the change · of name to embrace more than just Spiritual concerns, Spiritual and Moral Support Services. The membership is open to all SADC Member States and representation is through Chief Chaplains. Those with no chaplaincy or moral support services attend as observers. The aims of the work group, amongst others, are: · To work towards a common strategy of spiritual and moral ministry in the event of joint exercises and deployment Develop and facilitate spiritual and moral support services within the military forces of Member States


Chaplains who attended the CHATSEC Training for SADC Chaplains from 6-9 Nov 07.

To facilitate regular and meaningful interaction amongst spiritual and moral practitioners within the Defence Forces of Member States Exchange of ideas on the administration & application of religion Ethics and morals Promote cooperation between the work group and other regional and international military organizations.

The organisation is run through the executive and currently South Africa is the chairperson, deputised by Zimbabwe, Botswana is the secretary, all member states chief chaplains are members of the executive, and elections are held biannually. The executive meets once a year unless specific tasks are delegated to it and they have to respond appropriately. In the past few years they have met in February each year just before the South African Chaplains Conference to which they normally are invited. It is important to realize that chaplaincy is relatively new to many armed forces in our region. There with few chaplains who face various challenges such as strength, resources and training, hence the work group has enabled networking, support, joint training where possible and learning from one another. Training for chaplains has been conducted to include CHATSEC, Chaplains operational course, peace support operation etc.


By Lt Col D.T.Mapitse (Director Chaplain Services Botswana).

A delegation of SADC Chaplains, accompanied by Cpln B.J. Moncho visited Brig Gen Cornelissen on 27 November 2007, during his recovery, after a back operation

The Military Chaplain - SANDF





If you told people that you were going to the NATO School for a visit, most people in South Africa will not know where it is. If you said it was in Germany, many will have some idea where that might be, but if you said Oberammergau, most probably the vast majority of South Africans will know where that is. This is because every ten years a passion play is presented by the people living in Oberammergau that is known all over the world and that is seen by millions across the world. This passion play was presented the first time in 1436! However, I digress. It was my privilege to be sent to Oberammergau to attend a conference on chaplains in operations at the NATO School in this small town in Germany. We were three chaplains, Lazarus Mokobake, Nomsa Nkosi, and myself, Plasie Rossouw. Oberammergau is situated right up against the Alps and the scenery is breathtaking. It was spring in Europe so everything is green, sometimes unbelievably and impossibly green. It was really beautiful. The mountain peaks were still covered in snow and in some places skiing was still possible according to the local people. It was quite an experience to see scenery that previously I had only seen in paintings or the odd photograph, never really believing that such places existed. At the conference were representatives of all the NATO countries as well as the Partners for Peace (PfP) countries. Therefore, with the exception of one or two, all the countries in Europe were represented including the USA and Canada and even the Ukraine. We were the only representatives from Africa and for that matter, from outside the NATO alliance if we include the PFP countries in this alliance. So it seems that we were extremely privileged to be invited to attend this conference. As far as the conference itself is concerned, the lectures in general were extremely well presented and professionally prepared. Themes presented were: "Child Soldiers", "a Just War?", "Chaplains in Disaster Management" and Chaplains in Afghanistan. We made two presentations ourselves, the one about our CHATSEC course and one about the deployment of chaplains in peace support operations in Africa. In both cases the presentations were very well received. There was even talk of us going back and presenting CHATSEC itself to chaplains of NATO. I also think that they learnt some things about Africa that they never knew before. The whole experience was very enriching, including the special visit that was arranged for us to Dachau on the Wednesday afternoon. It was quite disturbing to see firsthand one of the infamous places where Jews (and other so-called inferior races) were murdered and cremated. It just emphasised once again to what extremes people can go to when war escalates to genocide, not that war itself is more acceptable or even in whatever way a little better. One of the walls built afterwards in Dachau, has an inscription in five languages on it with these two English words on it: NEVER AGAIN! Let us pray that these words will be given reality every day in the history of our world. Article By: Cpln Plasie Rossouw

On invitation of the Commander of the United States European Command (USEUCOM), the acting Chaplain General, Col M.A. Jamangile, attended the XIX International Military Chief of Chaplains Conference in Denmark. Cpln J.M.P. Cornelius also attended to benchmark on "lessons learnt" in preparation for the 2009 International Military Chief of Chaplains Conference, which will be hosted by the SANDF. The aim of the conference is to provide a forum for dialogue and discussion to enhance interoperability and foster cooperation and communication among national element chaplains. For the duration of the conference, the members were accommodated at the Copenhagen Strand Hotel, Denmark. The conference venue was at the Eigtved's Pakhus (The Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs Meeting Facility), within 10 minutes walk from the hotel. The outcome of this conference was very enriching, rewarding and informative. The highlight of the conference was the lectures and discussions with regard to the theme. Another highlight was at the end of the conference when an official DVD, inviting all members to South Africa for the next conference in 2009, was shown to the members. This received a standing ovation. Part of the visit programme also included a courtesy call to the South African Embassy in Germany in order to provide moral and spiritual support to members and family at the mission. Col Jamangile delivered an inspiring message and this visit was greatly appreciated by all the members of the Embassy. Article By: Cpln Kaiser Cornelius

Chaplains Nomsa Nkosi, Plasie Rossouw and Lazarus Mokobake in Oberammergau


The Military Chaplain - SANDF



On 28 May 2008, Brig Gen Marius Cornelissen visited the camp for displaced persons at the Army Support Base Western Cape at Youngsfield. The accommodation of a camp on the premises of a military base with 1500 displaced persons after the xenophobic attacks is a first for the SANDF and Chaplain General wished to see the situation for himself. After a briefing by the Officer Commanding ASB Western Cape, Col J.P.M. Kobbie, he visited the camp and met some of the officials of the Cape Town Disaster and Risk Management Team who are in charge of the operation. He also had a few words with some of the civilian volunteers helping with the care of the babies and those serving food. Apart from some guidelines for the chaplains, he emphasised that the lessons learned from this operation must be recorded to serve as guidelines for other bases if they have to manage a similar situation. Article By: Cpln(Ds) Hannes Steenkamp: ASB Western Cape

Chaplain General in Displaced Camp.

Chaplain General Visit The New Bishop of Cape Town: Rev T. Makgoba

On 30 April 2008, Chaplain General visited the new Archbishop of the Anglican Church: Rev Thabo Makgoba. The goal of the visit meet the new Archbishop and to further good relationships.

The MOST Reverend was accompanied by the following Bishops: Rt Revd Garth Counsell (Bishop of Table Bay), Rt Revd Raphael Hess(Bishop of Saldanah Bay) and Rt Revd Edwin Castle(Bishop of False Bay)

Chaplain General did a presentation on the SANDF Chaplaincy. Out of the briefing, the Chaplain General made it clear that we are not a Church within a Church. The Archbishop T. Makgoba was invited to accompany Chaplain General on a goodwill visit to our deployed forces during December 2008. The visit is already bearing fruits because the liaison Bishop for the CPSA on Chaplaincy, Bishop M. Tisani's, visited the offices of Chaplain General on 28 May 2008, where future mutual cooperation was discussed. Article By: Cpln (Rev) S. Vava (Acting SSO Communication & Liaison)

The Military Chaplain - SANDF


In Depth Article ......


The definitive challenge for the issues of conflict resolution and its consequential results, be they negotiated political settlement or some format of reconciliation, need to be located within a specific frame of reference. In this regard a spirituality frame of reference. We need to acknowledge that political intervention within Africa tends to be premised and informed by Eurocentric perspectives, which ultimately serve narrow capital interests. It is therefore imperative to locate and facilitate the modalities of conflict within a distinctly African Spirituality perspective. THE LOGIC OF THE SPIRITUALITY OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION It is beyond doubt that our communities in Africa and sovereign states are prone to experience conflict. Thus spiritual restorative interventions must yield definitive and holistic critic of the underlying causes of conflicts within national boarders, and State to State conflict. Often conflicts in Africa, for whatever reasons, manifest themselves either in sectarian tribal forms or in broad economic class divisions. An argument is advanced which purports that spirituality "is concerned with the personal, the affective, and the experiential". Therefore the application of spiritual systems as a point of entry and in particular as " a category of analysis" and a premise for healing and restoration for communities in conflict, needs to be considered and applied appropriately. The use of spiritual analytical tools in resolving conflicts ought to firstly contend with the reality and influence of both the Colonial and materialistic centred spirituality which is premised on creating spaces for the dominance of Eurocentric spirituality. The constant prevalence of Eurocentric spirituality creates opportunities that perpetuates the marginalisation and the conquest of the indigenous epistemological space" of African moral and spiritual systems. Western spirituality with its emphasis on individualism and a selfconceptualisation process that culminates in self-actualisation, totally disregard African value systems that place worth and significance on human dignity and the importance of being and belonging to the collective. [Freedom Trust:5]. CONTEXTUALITY OF THE SPIRITUALITY OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION Spirituality is a multi-faceted phenomenon. Hence we could not refer to a spiritual trajectory that is explicitly indigenous in form, content and expression without locating "it" within a particular situation in life. Therefore when we engage in a spiritual discourse that seeks to relate to socio-political realities, we need to factor in the phenomenological dimensions that inform and shape a spiritual consciousness in a given geo-political environment. It is this phenomenological dimension that creates a texture of a spiritual consciousness that ought to be identified and used as a common ground for constructive engagement between warring factions. The phenomenological aspects of the spirituality of conflict resolution will necessitate that peace brokers must be conscious of their biases and their preferred socio-political outcomes that could not necessary be shared by parties in conflict. Peace mediators must avoid the temptation of reading in and projecting their fears, self-interests and the perspectives of the countries they represent in the negotiating table that is premised on a totally different template of spiritual consciousness. The dynamism of the phenomenology of the spirituality of conflict resolution becomes an interconnected net-work and a frame of reference between both the warring factions and the mediators. but most importantly grassroots community organisations must take the lead in both the processes of defining, articulating and actualising the modalities of the spirituality of conflict resolution. THE PARADIGMATIC DIALECTIC OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION The writer advances the argument that the theoretical logic of conflict resolution needs to be placed within a distinctly articulated conceptual frame of reference. However such conceptual referencing needs to take into cognisance the fact that the operationalisation and the reality check of the spirituality of conflict resolution will ultimately be shaped by the paradigmatic strength, its logic of application and the ideal of stringent contextually defined peaceful outcomes. One foresees the application of the issue at hand as challenging, hence conflict resolution which will be counterbalanced by the ideal peaceful outcomes, will become the defining feature of the paradigmatic dialectic of conflict resolution. It is therefore important that in the formation/ conceptualisation phase of the theory of the spirituality of conflict resolution, clear attempts are made in acknowledging the existence of possible tensions that could arise as the process and the pursuance of conflict resolution is advanced. THE SYNTHESIS OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION The synthesis between the logic of application and the contextual exigencies in the advancement of conflict resolution measures will forge a new dimension that will have far reaching implications in both the conceptualisation and actualisation of the theory and praxis of the spirituality of conflict resolution. The challenging aspect of this newly emerging reality and mediated synthesis will facilitate collaboration between contending factions. The writer would argue that the challenge therefore will be the need to humanise the "other" who was perceived t o b e a n e n e m y. H e n c e t h i s humanisation drive is likely to be meet with suspicion and possible resistance from both spectrums of the opposing factions.

34 The Military Chaplain - SANDF

The fundamental premise of the theory formation of the spirituality of conflict resolution depends on the symbiotic synthesis of perceptual transformation and radical re-alignment of relationships in the catalysis process of mediated reality in conflict resolution discourse. SPIRITUALITY & GLOBAL STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS The empirical nature of the logic of conflict resolution demands that conflict resolution measures must be placed at both the conceptual and operational level of the global structural systems. The repositioning of the spirituality of conflict resolution and its alignment with the global structural systems will have a variety of implications. On the conceptual level it would demand an appreciation of both the challenges and opportunities as well as the unintended consequences of internal corrections, ushered by the operational frame of reference imposed by global structural systems on countries characterised by internal conflicts (Snyder&Diesing2.22). Present global structural systems represented by the Washington Consensus prescripts, articulated by the World Bank, World Trade Organisation, IMF, G8 plus Russia, and the European Union, continue to dictate the terms of engagement with the Third World countries. This is an engagement that has no regard for spiritual identity of countries outside of the Western belt. MULTI-POLAR AND BI-POLAR DYNAMISM Snyder and Diesing accentuate the fact that international structural systems operate within the duality of a "multipolar" system, diametrically juxtaposed with "bipolar" system. In the former position, political systems are characterised by a tripartite or more military power blocks of sovereign States with smaller States contending for privileges from the major blocks. On the other hand the "bipolar" system refers to the existence of a duality of military power block with all other States choosing to align with either of the two power blocks (Snyder& Diesing 2.28) The implication is that the pursuance of conflict resolution is most likely to operate under the influence of a particular power block, its spirituality and as such advance the interest of the

powers that be. It is at this stage that the empirical nature of global structural systems needs to be verifiable in the light of the given reality to be addressed by the stated logic of the spirituality of the conflict resolution (Snyder& Diesing 2. 28). SPIRITUAL ASPECTS OF PROBLEM SOLVING MECHANISM One holds the view that the Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) approach has credence in advancing problem solving solutions that have a room for spirituality. This approach address any given problem by systematically unpacking all the complexities characteristic of the problem at hand. The facilitators in this instance will be encouraged to engage the conflicting parties by means of the "the identification of a problem or issue, through problem structuring model building and using the model to inform and challenge thinking and ultimately to determine an action plan"(Belton& Steward 3.5). The relevance of the MCDA in the actualisation of the logic of conflict resolution has to do with the fact that it empowers the facilitators with thinking skills to process structure and articulates the fundamental concerns and interests of disputing parties. It is at that stage that the facilitation process will persuade the disputants to reach a settlement either by implementing specific decisions, relevant recommendations or by establishing "a procedure for monitoring performance, or simply to maintain a watching brief on a situation"(Belton& Steward 3.6). The model of African spirituality must represent a model that has transformational tenants. Thus indigenous governance systems such as Legotla/Imbizo (communal gatherings) needs to be in place in par with MCDA models of problem solving. Since Africans suffered under Colonialism and continue to be dominated in the global structural formations, they have a moral responsibility to advocate for global justice informed by a spirituality of reconciliation that represents their distinct national identities. However the new emerging Afrocentric spirituality category must be "open to questions as any other product of human mind"(Pidd1:25).

CONCLUSION The paper focused on the empirical aspects of the spirituality of conflict resolution within the global structural systems and their influence in the theory and praxis of conflict resolution. The writer deliberated in great details on the verification measures that ascertain the validity of the pressuppositional premise of the global structural systems and their radical influence in shaping the actualisation of conflict outcomes settlement. Spirituality categories must be placed on two levels. One level must be the conflict resolution model formation process. The other level will be the broader context of the global structural power alignments, within the frame of reference of an African Spirituality informed Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) approach. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Pidd Michael 2003. Tools for Thinking. Chichester. John Wiley & Sons Ltd 2. Snyder Glenn and Diesing Paul. 1977. Conflict Among Nations: Bargaining, Decision Making, and Systems Structure in International Crisis. Princeton. Princeton University Press. 3. Belton Valerie and Steward J. Theodore. 2002. Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis. Massachusetts. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 4. Freedom Park Trust. Spirituality and the Secular State. Article By: Cpln (rev) M.m.mashinini 1 Military Hospital Unit Chaplain

Cpln Mashinini

The Military Chaplain - SANDF




Did you know that Ruth is the great grandmother of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ? I can see that you are not sure of what I am saying to you just now. Let me grab you by the hand, let us go to Matthew chapter one. (Matt 1:1-16) Look at verse 5 now, it reads as follows, "Salmon the father of Boaz, whose mother was Rahab, Boaz the father of Obed, whose mother was Ruth" This is Gods providence. A poor Moabite widow, who was looked down upon, made a drastic turn around, leaving a place of doom for an unknown future. This indeed was a legend of faith. I therefore dare say that, for Ruth "once a believer always a believer". Does Ruth's faith remind you of any other incident that took place in the Bible? Come with me to the book of Hebrews chapter 11:27: "It was faith that made Moses leave Egypt without being afraid of the kings anger, as though he saw the invisible God, he refused to turn back". It was faith that prompted Ruth to leave Moab. Ruth was not afraid of the challenges that lay ahead of her in Judah. It was as if Ruth saw the invisible God and refused to go back to Moab even at Naomi's request. Did you know that Ruth was the mother of Jesse and Jesse gave birth to King David? You must know this. Jesus came from the house of King David, hence he is called 'the lion of Judah'. Please read (Revelation 5:1-5) Let us remind ourselves of Ruth's words when she was asked by Naomi to go back to Moab. "But Ruth answered," Don't ask me to leave you let me go with you. Where ever you go, I will go, Where ever you live, I will live. Your people will be my people, and your God will be my God, wherever you die, I will die, and that is where I will be buried. May the Lord's worst punishment come upon me if I let anything but death separate me from you" "Your God will be my God" Ruth was once saturated in idolatory, she worshipped an idol called CHEMOSH. When Ruth says, "Your God will be my God" she is not referring to CHEMOSH, but to Naomi's God, the Almighty Shaddai, and the God of Israel. There was now no room whatsoever for idols in Ruth's life. There was a time when Joshua challenged the children of Israel to choose between serving God and idols, but by the same token Joshua made it clear that as for him and his house (family) will serve the Lord, (Joshua 24: 14-15) Ruth made a right choice. Ruth vowed and assured Naomi that her portion was the living God and not idols. When Paul addressed the Corinthians Church along the same lines, he emphasised the same point, "How can God's temple come to terms, with pagan idols? For we are the temple of the living God". (2Cor 6:16) When Ruth chose God, it meant that she broke away from the worship of idols (idolatory). The reality of Ruth's commitment to God, is seen in her vow and statement, "Your God will be my God " I now come to deal with second statement. "Your people will be my people" Wow, Ruth did not only choose Naomi's God, but Devotions By: Cpln (Rev) P.M. Diniso Chaplain: 6 SAI Bn Cpln (Rev) P.M. Diniso her people as well. This was a theological choice. Ruth wanted to be with the people of her new faith, the people of God. This legend of faith did not only brake away from idols, but also broke away from pagans. Ruth saw herself as a new person in terms of spirituality. 2 Cor 6:14-17, we read: "Do not try to work together with unbelievers, for it cannot be done. How can right and wrong be partners? How can light and darkness live together? How can Christ and the Devil agree? What does a believer have in common with unbeliever? And the Lord says, you must leave them, and separate yourselves from them." The Corinthians needed to be reminded of their own status as believers and the danger of being absorbed by unbelievers. Ruth saw herself as light and could not live together with darkness. "Your people will be my people" I now come to deal with a third statement, "Where you die, I will also die, and that is where I will be buried" This particular statement is more about the land of Moab than anything else. Ruth was saying that, Moab was no longer her home. Let us look at this with theological eyes. In Philippians 3:20, we read: "We, however are citizens of heaven, and we eagerly wait for wait for our saviour..." When a person becomes a believer, he/she is a citizen of heaven even though he is still in this world. Believers must not conform to ungodly standards of this world, but must be transformed in terms of spirituality. Gods purpose for believers is to live exemplary lives in front of unbelievers, so that those unbelievers will see their life style and glorify God (Matt 5:14-16). "May the Lords worst punishment, come upon me if I let anything but death separates me from you." Ruth's use of the title 'LORD' in her vow, shows her deep commitment to God and determination to go with Naomi. In biblical times, vows made in the name of God were only made by those who knew and were committed to him. In (Genesis 50:25) we read that Joseph asked his brothers and people to make a vow that they will not bury him in Egypt, this vow was made in the name of the LORD. Vows were made in the name of God and were made by people who knew God. When Ruth made her vow to Naomi, she was actually calling God as a witness, secondly she was showing determination and commitment to do what she promised to do. This indeed was a legend of faith. Ruth went all the way and stood the test of time because of her deep faith and commitment to God the Almighty, 'WOW'.

36 The Military Chaplain - SANDF

Farewell Mess Dinner for Capt (NAV) L.W Msengana .

On Wednesday 18 June 2008 a Farewell Mess Dinner for Capt L.W. Msengana was held at Wardroom Job Masego in Simon's Town. In the tradition of the Naval Mess Dinner, Chaplain Gwazilitye was the vice president and Flag Officer Fleet, R Adm R.W. Higgs the president. Once all the guests arrived Chaplain Gwazilitye gathered all the guests together in order for R Adm Higgs to officially welcomed them to the function. Chaplain Gwazilitye then proceeded to introducing all the guests to each other. In his speech R Adm Higgs reiterated that the purpose for the Mess Dinner was to bid farewell to Capt Msengana before his retirement at the end of this month. He said that it had been a pleasure to work with Capt Msengana for the last 10 years and that his contributions and the impact he made on the Navy and its members will live on even after his retirement. R Adm Higgs said that by Capt Msengana serving in the SA Navy he had written a chapter in our history. In his days of retirement he can proudly look back and relate to his contribution in the SA Navy. Flag Officer Fleet lastly thanked Capt Msengana's wife, son and daughter for supporting Capt Msengana and thanked them for sacrificing during the periods when he was on detached duties. The Flag Officer Fleet then handed over a gift to him. Chaplain Mpesana concluded by saying that Capt Msengana has had to adapt to the change of environment of the different arms of services and that made him the diverse man that he is today.

Uniformed colleagues bidding Cpln Msengana farewell.

Cpln Msengana being handed gifts by Flag Officer Fleet and Cpln Coetzee.

Chaplain Mpesana thanked all the Commanders for their support as without their support it would be even harder for the Chaplains to overcome challenges they face. He said he met Capt Msengana during the Chaplain's course that was held at the Army Gymnasium and had worked with him since he was appointed in the 90's. He said that the manner in which Capt Msengana does things and manages to come up with solutions is what drew his attention.

Mrs Linda Msengana­Ndlela a Director General of Local Provincial Department and the youngest sister of Capt Msengana gave a speech on behalf of the Msengana's family. She said that by attending the Mess Dinner she has experienced the wonderful tradition that makes the SA Navy stand out above other organisations. Mrs Linda Msengana­Ndlela said that their family would also miss the SA Navy, as they have become accustomed to attending the SA Navy Functions and felt like they were part of the SA Navy's Family. She said that Mosa Msengana, the son of Capt Msengana, has the biggest challenge as his father has set a good example for him to follow. Chaplain Marianne Coetzee handed over a gift to Capt Msengana on behalf of all the Chaplains. In his speech Capt Msengana said that most people never believed him when he told them that he was 60yrs old. He said that looking young and fresh is determined by the way we deal with pain and difficult situations. He thanked them for welcoming him with open arms when he arrived, as that was the start of the good relationship they shared. Padre Msengana thanked all the guests present for the wonderful farewell they held in his honour, saying that it is one of the highlights of his life.

Cpln Msengana with his family at his farewell function. Guests attending the farewell function for Capt (NAV) (Rev) L. Msengana.

Article and photos by: AB A.T Tshabalala




Chaplain General Department of Defence Private Bag X479 PRETORIA 0001 Tel: (012) 312 4843 Fax: (012) 312 4868 e-mail: [email protected] website:




military chaplain magazine jul 2008

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