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Chushinkan Dojo Vocabulary List

Aiki Taiso

The aiki taiso is a series of frequently-used basic aikido movements. They may vary a little from one dojo to another. Use the aiki taiso as a centering exercise and an opportunity to perfect your movements.

Exercise Ikkyo undo Nikyo undo Sankyo undo Kotegaeshi undo Funakogi undo Shomenuchi ikkyo undo Zengo undo Happo undo Tekubi kosa undo Tekubi joho kosa undo Sayu undo Sayu choyaku undo Udefuri undo Udefuri choyaku undo Ushiro tori undo Ushiro tekubitori zenshin undo Ushiro tekubitori kotai undo Tenkan undo

Notes Compressing wrist upward Compressing wrist inward Twisting wrist outward Compressing wrist downward Rowing exercise Swing both hands forward hand blades extended Shomenuchi ikkyo undo with a 180 degree turn Shomenuchi ikkyo undo in eight directions Cross wrists in front of body (low) Cross hands in front of face Swing arms to side, drop weight Sayu undo with side step Swing arms from one side to the other Udefuri undo with 180 degree turn Spread arms forward, turn hip Raise hands to eye level, step forward and bow Raise hands to eye level, step to rear and bow Pivot around outstretched hand

Count 5 5 5 5 2 2 4 8 5 5 4 4 2 2 4 4 4 2


You will hear the same handful of Japanese words repeated over and over throughout your aikido training. These are not just Japanese words, they are a universal aikido language. You should start using the words to communicate with instructors and partners as soon as you know the meanings. The exact words used depend on the style of aikido, but most of the commonly used words are included in the lists that follow.


a e i o u


ah eh ee oh oo

as in

father get niece broken blue


kata mae ki jo tekubi


kah tah mah eh kee joh teh koo bee



The Japanese terms used by aikidoists to describe attacks and defenses are words that are chained together. For example, if you want to describe an attack from behind where your elbows are held, the term is ushiro hiji tori (behind elbow grab).

Body parts

ashi hiji kata katate or tekubi koshi men mune te foot elbow shoulder wrist hip head chest hand


jodan chudan gedan ai gyaku irimi tenkan omote ura uchi soto yoko mae ushiro high level mid level low level matching or same opposite or mirror entering pivoting front (usually in reference to front of uke) rear (usually in reference to behind uke) inside outside to the side front rear


keri/geri kubishime tori/dori tsuki uchi kick choke grab thrust, punch strike

Attacks - full names

ganmenuchi katatori katatekosadori katatetori katate ryotetori (ryotemochi or morotetori) maegeri munetsuki ryokatatori ryotetori shomenuchi punch to face shoulder or lapel grab (generally same side) cross wrist grab (ai te, e.g. right to right) wrist grab (gyaku te, e.g. right to left) attacker grabs one wrist with both hands front kick punch to body attacker grabs both shoulders from front attacker grabs both wrists strike to center of head


ushirotori ushirohijitori ushirokatatori ushirotekubitori ushirotekubitori kubishime yokomenuchi

attacker hugs from behind attacker grabs elbows from behind attacker grabs shoulders from behind attacker grabs wrists from behind attacker grabs one wrist and chokes with the other arm from behind strike to side of head


onegaishimasu domo arigato gozaimashita (o ne gai shi mas) (doh mo a ree ga toh go za ee mash-ta) Greeting used at the beginning of class or when approaching partners - a phrase used when asking for help thank you very much (to thank instructor and training partners and when bowing out of class)


ichi ni san shi (yon) go 1 2 3 4 5 roku Shichi (nana) hachi ku (kyu) ju 6 7 8 9 10 juichi niju nijuichi 11 20 21

Aikido organization

ai ki do Osensei doshu sensei shihan shihandai sempai kohai shidoin fukushidoin jyoshu harmony, love spirit, energy the way of founder of aikido, Morihei Ueshiba leader, currently Moriteru Ueshiba teacher master teacher assistant to shihan senior junior certified instructor certified assistant instructor certified assistant


agaranai karada agura no shisei ai hanmi atemi banzai no kamae budo bokken chudan dojo ganmenuchi gedan unliftable body (ki test) sitting cross-legged (ki test) same stance (e.g. partners both with left foot forward) strike stance with hands up (ki test) martial way wooden sword mid level training hall face punch low level


gi gokyo gokyu gyaku hanmi hachi kyu hajime hakama hanmi hanmi handachi hantai happogiri hara hasso henkawaza hombu iaido ikkyo ikkyu irimi jo jodan jyuwaza kaeshiwaza kamae kamiza kaiten katana kata kata ashiage katamewaza katate kiai kihonwaza koshi kyu keiko kirikaeshi koho tento undo kokyu kokyu dosa koshi kotai ma ai mae mae geri mae kagami mae ukemi mawashi geri mei soho men menuchi

training uniform fifth control fifth kyu rank opposite stance (e.g. partners with feet in mirror image) eighth kyu rank begin, start pleated pants half-stance (T-shaped foot position) standing uke and kneeling nage opposite bokken kata #1 (cutting 8 directions) abdomen stance with weapon upright by shoulder changing techniques aikido headquarters in Japan a sword art first wrist control first kyu rank entering wooden staff high level free techniques counter technique stance upper seat - area near shomen wall round or wheel-like motion Japanese sword shoulder, or a set of movements stance with one leg lifted (ki test) pinning techniques one wrist energy shout basic technique hip rank below dan level practice, workout exercise cutting to both sides roll back exercise breath paired kokyu exercise hips movement to rear distance between two people front front kick bending forward position (ki test) front roll roundhouse kick meditation head strike to head (yokomenuchi or shomenuchi)


misogi mochi morotedori mune munetsuki nage nikyo nikyu obi omote orenaite oyowaza randori rei renzoku kokyudosa renzokuwaza rokukyu ryotemochi ryotetori sankyo sankyu sayonara seiza shichi kyu shihonage shikko shimoza shizentai shomen shomenuchi sokumen iriminage soto suburi sudori sumiotoshi suwariwaza tachiwaza taisabaki tanden tanto te tekubi tekubikosa tegatana tesabaki tenchinage tori toshu tenkan tsuki uchi udefuri

breathing techniques, cleansing holding two hands holding one wrist (katate ryotetori) chest punch to chest throw, thrower second wrist control second kyu rank belt reference to in front of uke unbendable arm techniques from applied principles training with multiple attackers bow continuous kokyudosa continuous technique sixth kyu rank two hands holding one wrist (katate ryotetori) each wrists held from front third wrist control third kyu rank good bye, farewell kneeling position seventh kyu rank four direction throw walking in kneeling position lower seat - area opposite kamiza natural stance top of head strike to top of head side of head entering throw outside (opposite of uchi) practice cutting, literally empty cuts body drop leg sweep throw corner drop sitting technique standing technique body movement one-point (point located below the navel) knife hand wrist crossed wrist knife edge of hand hand movement heaven and earth throw to grab open hand turning thrust punch to strike ­ or - inside (opposite of soto) arm swinging


udekime uke ukemi ura ushiro ushiro sori ushiro ukemi wakigamae waza yame yoh-ii yoko geri yoko ukemi yonkyo yonkyu yokomenuchi yudansha zemponage zengo

arm locking attacker roll reference to behind uke back bending backwards (ki test) back fall stance with sword low and behind technique stop get ready side kick side breakfall fourth wrist control fourth kyu rank strike to side of head black belt forward drop throw forward and backward



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