Read Road Map of Nicaragua text version

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87°

84°

San Antonio La Danta Geteras El Aguacate El Paraiso San Francisco de Yojoa La Zarza San Isidro

Laguna de Acahualinca El Mango Ferrocarril del Pacifico

Las Flores

La Trinidad Santa Marta

Yoro San Diego

Lago de Managua

(Lago Xolotlán)

+2062 +2283

Chameca

El Paso Real El Díctamo +2064 Comayagueia El Vallecito

Labtanzas Zacualpita La Guate La Laguita Estancia Jano La Peria La Boca

San Lorenzo Saguay Chindona San Buenaventura Gualaco Jicalapa

El Quebrachal

Mejía Mirajoco Los Blancos

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La Majatta Caonoda San Martín Dulce Nombre de Culmi La Dante Pueblo Viejo Las Flores Culuco Krautara

Llanos de Iltara

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Auaslupia Rankira Swabila Kuri

Bobel Cay

15°

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Avenida

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Santa Cruz de Yojoa

Represa Gral. Francisco Morazan

Terreritos

Yorito

Calle El Triunfo

Rubén Dario Theatre

Mangulile Silaca La Unión Yocón

Jiménez

La Pita

Train Station National Museum

El Zapote

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Llanos de Auka

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Living Creek

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Las Piedras

San Pedro Yarauca

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MOSQUITO COAST - "Nicaragua is two countries--the Pacific and the Atlantic", it is widely said, and the nation's eastern wilderness remains a world apart from politics and modern development of the Laguna Gracias a Dois western cities. These heavily-forested tropical lowlands, stretching well into eastern Honduras, were never colonized by Spain but were instead annexed by Britain in 1687 as the Miskito Kingdom at the request of Miskito Indian leaders; their `Kings' were crowned with due pomp in the Protestant `cathedral' at Bluefields. Legacies of this 200-year Protectorate endure still in the architecture, the wide spread use of English and the presence of many black Creoles originally brought over from the Caribbean islands. (During the Civil War, Lincoln offered the newly-emancipated blacks a homeland of their own in eastern Nicaragua: the proposal was rejected.) Although the Caribbean coast is a Laguna paradise of dazzling beaches and idyllic offshore cays, and the jungle teams with undisturbed wildlife, Bismuna only a few hardy travelers reach this part of Central America--indeed, outsiders are banned from many areas, such as mining settlements around Bonanza and Siuna. Only one road leads east into Barra de Tukru Mosquitía: the paved road to the small settlement of Rama, from where most visitors take the famous "Bluefields Express"--an overcrowded riverboat--96 km down the Río Escondido to the Caribbean Bismuna Tara port of Bluefields (named for 17th century Dutch pirate Abraham Blaauwveld). Both towns were severely damaged by Hurricane Joan in 1988 but are steadily being rebuilt. From here the offshore "Corn Islands" (Islas del Maiz) are accessible: two English-speaking islands of white sand and palms, fringed by white coral and crystal water...the perfect Caribbean retreat! K.H. Laguna Sikapakia Cabo Viejo

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Guaimaca

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Campamento El Rusio El Vijao

El Encinal LEGEND El Bijagual San Felipe

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Masaguara Santiago Poringla

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Pueblo Nuevo Las Botijas Eas Gotijas

Jalaca

La Esperanza Valle Arriba Corralitas Pacayas San Marcos

Ca rre ta

Talanga

La Paz

Villa de San Antonia

+1799

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Spain Russia Bulgaria

Government Embassy Education Transportation Azacualpa Las Mangas Hotels Terrero Sites of Interest Blanco La Cruz Railway

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Auas Tingni

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Cayos Miskitis (Nicaragua)

RURD

La Cebadilla

London Reef

Santa Maria San José El Ocotal San Pedro Tutule Los Planes

Sn. Franco Soroguara Cane Humuya San Sabastián Lamaní Protección Zambrano Rio Hondo El Revenlón Amaratea Tamara Soroguara La Cuesta Lepaterique Coa Abajo

La Venta San Juan Fe Flores Cofradia San Juancita

Cerro Bonito

Montana El Chile

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Puerto Delón

Yamaguare Miravalle

El Chile

Las Animas

Iran

Teupasenti Palistine

Pataste

Dominican Republic

MANAGUA

Mulacagua

+1610

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Santa Rosa Villa de Sao Francisco Valle de Angeles El Llano

El Salvador

Villa Santa

Argentina Cuba

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Santa Maria El Chichicaste

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Birahuas

Skruwarban Aubeyerri Sangni Laya

Tuara Santa Marta Auya Pihni Sisin Laguna Pahara

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Goajiquiro Opatoro Valles de Angeles La Florida

Lamaní

Tablazón Culguaque La Estancie El Jicarito Santa Rosita

Azabache

TEGUCIGALPA

Mateo Lepaterique Monte Redondo

Santa Lucia Suyapa 36 Tatumbla Linada San Antonio de Orrente

Moroceli San Cristóbal 73 Porrerillos Las Crucitas Yuscarán La Ciénaga San Matais 37 Jacaleapa 48 Jamastran El Obrale Apala

Santa Ana

Cifuentes Totecacinte

Los Trojas Capire Paredes

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Klingna Kilingna Landing Lapan

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El Paraiso Azacualpa Lopez Estancia San Antonio Lajitas La Golondrina

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Laguna Karatá

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Los Planes Alauca El Jicaro Santa Cruz

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Pasaquina San José

San Lorenzo

Goascorán El Amatillo Alto de Jesus

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Plan de Grama

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Waspado Danlí

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Santa Lucia Aramecina

La Venta

Nueva Armenia San Lucas Ianacatal Mandasta Yauyupe San Antonio de Flores El Zapotal Texiguat Guinpoito

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San Marcos de Curarén

Los Quebrachos

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Sabana Grande

Las Manos

Manzaragua Santa Rosa

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NUEVA SEGOVIA

El Plantel Arenales 1326 +

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Haulover Creek

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Soledad Morolica Liure + 1561

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CA 1

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Alianza 34 Barrancones San Alejo +648

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Totogalpa Telpaneca Yalagüina Palacaguina San Juan de Rio Caco

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Los Rita Orocuina Apacclagua Tapaire San Rafael San Francisco

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Puerto Viejo Kuikuina Zinica

Río

Paso de Vejas El Caimito

La Ceiba Puerto Grande Puerto Soto

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Puerto Cutuco

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Conchagua +1250 +518 El Tamarindo Isla Conchagüita (El Salvador)

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THE REGIONAL GUIDE AND MAP OF

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Las Cabezas

Yusguare

Las Sabanas

Condega 58 Piedra Large

Santa Cruz La Tronconada Monjarás El Ojochat

Marcovia San José de la Landa

CHOLUTECA

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El Corpus Los Maicillales

San Pedro

El Zarzal San José de Cusmapa

1710+

San Rafael del Norte La Concordia Mancotal

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Waslala Las Dalias Lisawé

Río Prinzapolka

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Tungla Company Creek Makantaca

Namasigüe Monte Libano

Punta de Amapala Isla Meanguera (El Salvador)

El Obraje Los Mangos 48 Santa Cruz

Cinco Pinos San Francisco Conceppción \ del Norte de Maria San Benito Santo Tomás del Norte

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San Juan de Limay La Sirena

CA 1

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Nicaragua

Cayo Guerrero

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San Pedro de Buculmay +817

El Tanque La Chacara Puerto Arturo El Congo Estero Padre Ramos Jiquilillo 66 Petacaltepe

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El Caceo 499+

San Ramón

Las Delicias

San Nicolas El Sauce La Bacinica Santa Rosa del Perión 49 El Jicaral Palo Blanco

San Isadro

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Gulfo de Fonesca

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El Entumido Azacualpa El Fortin

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750+ Achuapa

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El Tuma

MATAGALPA

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San Pedro del Norte

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JINOTECA

L. de Apanas

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San Antonio de Kuskawas

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San Francisco El Gallo

Siawás

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Kwahyari Chicago La Cruz de Río Grande

Río Tuma

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Sandy Bay Sirpe Pauta Dimon Laguna Top Lock Karawala Barra de Rio Grande Kara

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La Calle Real de Tolape 68 Malpaisillo

1149 +

Valle El Orégano

Río D r a n

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El Viejo

Vol. Casita

Larreynaga

El Empalme Los Zarzales

Santa Rosa

Esquipulas

Tierra Azul

LEÓN: Nicaragua's capital for 300 years until 1858, the graceful, church-studded city of León is home to Central America's largest cathedral, a massive edifice said to have been built in error; according to local wisdom, plans for the cathedral in Lima and a more modest basilica in León were mixed up on the voyage out from Spain! Holy Week ceremonies here are particularly impressive. While in the slow process of recovering from damage caused during the 1978-79 Revolution, León received a further blow on 9 April 1992 when nearby Volcán Cerro Negro dumped a choking layer of ash and sand on the region; many buildings collapsed under the weight, leaving hundreds homeless. K.H.

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La Cruz de la India Ciudad Darío Terrabona

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Muy Muy Pineda 1210 +

Cayo King Pequeño

Santa Maria

El Trapichito Santa Fe El Portón

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Wawasang

Tasbapauni

Río de Janeiro

Chichigalpa Postoltega Ingenio San Antonio

Vol. San Jacinto

1060+

San Jacinto

Puertas Viejas El Cacao 55 San Francisco Libre PacoraCarsón San Antonio El Guanacaste

San José de las Remates

SE

RRA

Vol. de Rota

San Luis Telica 10

Quezalguaque

Vol. Negro

San José 1080+

El Paraiso

Santa Lucia

El Paraiso

BOACO

Las Lajas Villa Revolución

NÍA

HUAPI

El Desparho El Ayote

+553 Wawasang

ATLÁNTICO SUR

S

Vol. del Hoyo

1280+

Wawasang Orinoco

Marshall Point

Bahia de Perlas

Set Net

LEÓN

19 Poneloya Las Peñitas El Trapicnite

Santa Teresa

Las Mercedes

52 Ojo de Agua 25

Tepalón

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Río Ram a

PACIFIC OCEAN

Candelaria

10 San Gabriel El Tempate San Clemente

La Esperanza Nagarote

LAGO DE MANAGUA

55 Mateare Laguna de Jiloa San Luis El Tamagás

San Benito

Río Iquinis

26

La Paz Centro

El Cardón Puerto Momotombo El Socorro Vol. Momotombito MOMOTOMBITO

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34 San Ramón San Antonio

CA 1

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Teustepe

BOACO

27 Monte Grande El Zapote

La Fe Brown Bank

Punta Set Net

Cayo Little Tungawara Cayo Tungawara Cayo Seal Cayo Columbilla

R ío

Camoapa

Siq

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San Nicolás

Road Weller

Corn Islands

Siq

Agua Caliente

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Fruta de Pan Wapí

Kakabila Laguna de Perlas Haulover

San Agustin Las Banderas Comalapa El Alto Espiritu Santo Cuapa La Libertad 65 San Lorenzo Malacatoya Belén Asunción El Naranjal Santo Domingo

Río uia Siq

Río Ka ma

Laguna Grande Los Leiva Rama Los Solano

Salinas Grandes

MANAGUA

38 Tipitapa Las Mercedes Zambrano Sabana Grande Laguna Cofradía de Tisma Paso de Panaloya Veracruz Tisma Guanacastillo Esquipulas Los Altos de Masaya

14102

Muelle Real de Siquia

Puerto Sandino Miramar El Guayabal Santa Luisa

MANAGUA

CHONTALES

Los Morenos San Pedro de Lóvago

Kukra Hill Tierra Dorada Laguna Grande Falso Bluff Laguna Smokey Lane

La Esperanza Presillitas Cara de Mono El Recreo

Río

Río Pla ta

Acoyapa Puerto Díaz 20

La Gateada El Coral Colonia Rio Rama

Bahia d e Bluefi elds

MANAGUA: City with a ghostly centre, Nicaragua's capital sits on the shore of Lake Managua (Xolotlán) in a less-than-perfect location--hot, humid and at the mercy of a petulant geological fault line. Most recent in a long series of natural catastrophes affecting western Nicaragua was the earthquake of December 1972, which flattened Managua and killed at least 18,000 people; rebuilding has been retarded by the lack of funds and the urgent demands of the recent civil war. Within the city limits is one of Central America's most unusual `archaeological sites; the Huellas ("Footsteps") de Acahualinca. Beautifully preserved tufa are the 7000­9000-year-old footprints of at least 17 prehistoric humans, crisscrossed by those of animals (including extinct bison). Were they fleeing a volcanic eruption? The women's footprints sank deeper into the mud than those of the men; were they carrying children or worldly possessions? The questions thrown up by this poignant glimpse into the distant past remain unanswerable. K.H.

OCÉANO PACÍFICO

El Planetarium Isla Las Indgerio Santa Rita Monte Tabor Calabazas El Tránsito 26 La Pelona Soledad Las Nubes Villa Carlos Fonseca A. Ticuantepe MASAYA Las Flores Nindirí El Crucero Isla Grande Laguna San Blás Las Cochitas Isla Redonda El Carmen de Masaya CA Isla Muerto Laguna La Concepcion 1 Pacaya GRANADA de Nandasmo Apoyo Masatepe Catarina San Bartolo San Marcos San Juan de San Cayetano 33 22 Asese Oriente ohomo Diriá Santo Domingo San Luis Niquin Diriomo Diriamba Dolores San Rafael Santa Isabel del Sur JINOTEPE El Rosario Montelimar La Paz de Carazo Santa Teresa Masachapa 24 Pochomil Nandaime El Carmen Los Angeles ISLA ZAPATERA El Caimito

salá JUIGALPA

30 La Palma Lovago

Río

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El Banco

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Great Corn Island

WELLER CARTOGRAPHIC SERVICES LTD.'S

Santo Tomás 18 Villa Sandino El Chilamate Muhan 70 El Cacao La Batea

Río Ma ho

MASAYA

Muelle de los Bueyes

Krisimbila San Antonio

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Caño Negro

El Bluff

BLUEFIELDS

Nicaragua

90° 80° 30° New Orleans Jacksonville Tampa Miami

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San Ubaldo Sabano de Flores

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San José Kurinwas Talolinga San Martín San Miguel

Río K

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Isla del Venado Cayo Guano Cayo Pigeon 30°

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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Rama Cay

SERRAN

José Benito Escobar

ÍA

(Lago Cocibolca)

Los Cerritos Puerto Morrito

Fatima

0 0

10

20

30

40

50 30miles

60kilometres

La Boquita LAGO DE NICARAGUA: Largest in Central America (8157 km2), Lake Nicaragua contains about 400 islands of all sizes, abundant bird life and a number of unique aquatic species, including rarelysighted freshwater sharks, tarpon and sawfish; these and others are believed to have evolved when the lake was cut off from the Pacific by volcanic upheaval. The largest island, Ometepe, is a joining of two smaller ones by lava flows from still active Volcán Concepción; a wide variety of crops are raised in the exceptionally rich soil. In the southeastern corner of the lake is the scattered Solentiname Archipelago, home to many poets, craftsmen and an established school of primitive painting. Only the Río San Juan flows out of the lake, a thickly-forested and well-traveled route to the Caribbean which has long featured in plans for a new Trans-Isthmus Canal. Foreign pirates intent on attacking Granada and León used it extensively in colonial times, prompting the Spaniards to build the recently-restored Castillo de la Concepción in 1672; many stormy battles were fought here--perhaps the grimmest in 1762 when a 2000-strong force under Henry Morgan was repelled by the fortress' powerful guns-- culminating in British capture and five-month occupation in 1780 under the young Captain Horatio Nelson, who lost his eye during this engagement. K.H. Casares Huehuete Veracruz Paso Real de Ochomogo

El Almendro Nueva Guinea

Río Punta

DE

Nueve León Providencia

YO

Cayo French Man

Rio Grande

La Esperanzo Verdún Yolaina

LA

INA

Monkey Point

Monkey Point

gu s aa

te

10 20 1: 750,000 Lambert's Conformal Conic Projection ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATION VERWALTUNG ADMINISTRACIÓN

pa

La Letra El Serrano El Almacén La Fonseca

Río Chiquito

Gord a

lan

46

Laguna Ñocarime Los Viejitos Potosí Altagracia Moyogalpa

Esc a

R ío

MANAGUA

Settlements, Indian villages, Military posts, Ranches, etc · Etablissements, villages indiens, postes militaires, ranches, etc

LEÓN

La Ermita

Vol. Concepción

Esquipulos San Jorge 12 La Virgen

+1611

Islas San Bernardo

Palos Ralos

ISLA DE OMETEPE

Ansiedlungen, indianische Dörfer, militärische Standorte, Ranchen, usw · Poblados, aldeas indios, fortines, estancias, etc.

El Astrillero Las Salinas de Nagualapa Las Delicias Tola

Belén

DE NICARAGUA

rice fields

R í o Tepe

na

LAGO

R

nta ío Pu

MAR CARIBE

GULF OF MEXICO

Habana

Tropic of Cancer

CUBA

Camagüey 20° Mérida Chichén Itzá Uxmal

JAMAICA CAYMAN ISLANDS

Kingston

20° Puebla Palenque

Altun Ha Belmopan Tikal BELIZE

Río

a G o rda

Pijibaye

Punta Gorda

Barra de Punta Gorda Punta Gorda

MEXICO

CARIBBEAN SEA

R ío

t Pun

GUATEMALA

Guatemala San Salvador

HONDURAS

Copan Tegucigalpa

aZ Agu

State and provincial capitals are labelled in UPPER CASE type · Les capitales des états et des provinces sont marquées en LETTRES MAJUSCULES · Landes und provinzielle Hauptstäde sind in GROSSBUCHSTABEN angegeben · Capitales estatales y provincales están identificados en LETRAS MAYÚSCULAS International boundaries Frontieres internationales State and provincial boundaries Limites des états et des provinces TRANSPORT NETWORK RÉSEAU DE TRANSPORT Inter-American Highway system Réseau de Route Inter-Amérique Main highways (paved) Routes principales (pavées) Other roads Autres routes HYDROGRAPHIC HYDROGRAPHIE Non-perennial streams Cours d'eau saisonniers Swamps, seasonally inundated land Marécages, terre innondée selon saison SYMBOLS SYMBOLES 11° International airports Aéroportes internationales Domestic aerodromes with scheduled services Aerodromes domestiques avec service a horaires Height in metres Côtes d'altitude en metres Active volcanoes Volcans actifs Reefs Récifs

CA 1

El Corozal

n Ca

RIVAS

Vol. Madera

+1345

El Pedernal San Miguelito

a s tr o

arc

a

Camaguey

+468

El Danto

Punta Grindstone

Internationales Grenzen Fronteras internacionales Staats und Provinzgrenzen Limites estatales y provinciales TRANSPORTNETZ RED DE TRANSPORTES Inter Amerikanischer Strassensystem Sistema Carretera Interamericana Hauptstrassen (bepflastert) Carreteras principales (pavimentadas) Sonstige Strassen Otras carreteras HYDROGRAPHIE HIDROGRAFÍA Unbeständige Ströme Rios intermitentes Sümpfe (wetterbedingt) Ciénagas, pantanos; sujeto de inundacíon SYMBOLE SIGNOS Internationaler Flughäfen Aeropuertos internacionales Inländische Flugplätze (Flugdaten erháltlich) Aeródromos domésticos con servicios de horario Höhen In Metern Alturas en metros Aktive Vulkane Volcanes en actividad Riffe Arrecifes

+525 1080+ Vol. del Hoyo

Road distances are in kilometres Highest point in Nicaragua is Pico Megotón 2,106 metres Printed in Canada

55

Although every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained in this map is up to date and accurate, the author and publisher can accept no liability for the consequence of any mistake or error in content or representation. We would gratefully receive information concerning errors or omissions. Please contact the publisher with changes.

VOLCANOES: Along the Pacific fault line of the Central American land bridge one is rarely out of site of a volcano. More than 350 brood above fertile slopes or petrified lava fields, most no more than dark extinct mounds or overgrown cones no longer a threat to the lives of surrounding populations. Some have reared up and returned to slumber in relatively recent times, perhaps emitting a waft of steam occasionally to reinforce their uncertain status. But at least twenty of the Isthmus' volcanoes are presently classified as `active', and many hot sulphur springs and geothermal fields along Highway CA-1, combined with the daily earth tremors to which Central America is prone, leave no doubt about the continuous seismic activity going on beneath the green valleys, dramatic lava rock formations, lofty caldera lakes and teeming cities of the region. One of the best recorded life histories of a volcano is that of Izalco, one of a clutch south of Santa Ana, El Salvador. On 23 February 1770, the earth began rumbling and shaking; terrified villagers watched the ground spew out ash and molten lava which in time grew into a 6000-foot mountain. For 187 years Izalco erupted almost continuously, its displays so regular and visible far out to sea that it became known as the "Lighthouse of the Pacific". Construction of a hotel at neighbouring Cerro Verde, designed to allow the jet set to view the awesome spectacle in comfort, was almost complete in 1957 when Izalco abruptly ceased activity. Apart from a minor eruption in 1961, the volcano has shown no further life. Only a ragged wisp of smoke now curls from the crater at irregular intervals, proof that the volcanoes of the Pacific Rim come with no guarantee of good behaviour! The most accessible active volcanoes are: COSTA RICA -- Poás, with its sides wreathed in an enchanted cloud forest and Arenal, the most spectacular of them all, especially at night when glowing lava bounces down the slopes accompanied by crashes and deep rumblings ("like someone moving furniture upstairs"); NICARAGUA -- Santiago or Masaya, whose crater collapsed in 1986 poisoning the soil as far as the coast; activity now is intermittent; GUATEMALA -- Pacaya, which can be viewed from the dormant crater adjacent to it and Fuego, a stiff day's climb but with the reward of some colourful fireworks. Great care and common sense should be exercised when climbing active volcanoes; Arenal in particular has an impressive number of lives to its score! K.H.

El Ostional El Naranjo Bahia de Salinas

La Cruz

El Cairo Santa Cecelia San Cristóbal

San Francisco Correa

Bahia de Santa Elena

Bahia Planta Blanca

Puerto Soley Burro Soley Mesas Brasilito Guacalito Santa Rita Cuajiniquil

Peninsula de Santa Elena

Gulfo de Papagayo

Tabillas San Renato Boca de Sábalo Los Chiles Punta Cortés Isla Chica Brasilia Trocha El Castillo Hda. Inocentes San Jerónimo El Carmen El Castillo Santa Elena México de la Concepción Medio Queso Birmania Santa Fé +688 Parque Primavera Diablo Vol. Orosi San Emilio Tiricias Santa Lastenia San José Pocosol Playuelas Arco Iris San Pablo Cabanga Pénjamo Jocote Santa Clara San Isidro +1689 Coquital San Isidro Sabogal Cerro Cacao Porvenir Caño Negro Escalera Crucitas Laguana Caõ San Macario 4 Bocas Montecristo Llano Verde Negro Upala Chimurria Abajo Virgen Azucena Amparo Rosario Trinidad Cristo Rey Banderas Los Angeles Montealegre Vol. Rincón de la Vieja Canalete San Antonio Quebrada Grande 4 Esquinas Concho Finca Delicias Pavón Carmen Hacienda Pelón de la Altura Corrales +1916 Rubi Letras Jardin Vol. Santa Maria Caño Ciego Boca San Carlos Vol. Carrizal Miravalles Flor Finca Chorra Ceiba +2028 Gallo Pinto Recreo Curubandé Paso Real San Jorge Santa Elena

Isla El Zapote

Río S

Cacao Rosario

Isla La Venada Colón Isla Chichicaste

SAN CARLOS

ábo J

INTER-AMERICAN HIGHWAY: The decision to build a great Pan-American Highway system tying together far-flung ends of the Americas was ratified by the 21 affected nations at the International Conference of American States in Buenos Aires in 1936, and construction began soon after. Today the mostly paved network extends for 24,000 km from Fairbanks, Alaska to Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego--one of the world's greatest road systems running through an unequaled cross-section of geography, climate and humanity. The backbone of Central America's share of the Inter-American Highway--CA-1--stretches 2460 km (1530 miles) from the Mexican border at La Mesilla to Panama City, directly connecting all the region's capital cities except Belmopan and Tegucigalpa; it is fully paved but some sectors are in a sadly deteriorated condition. The highway continues a further 60 paved kilometres to Chepo, then as 224 km of marginal gravel to its present end at Yaviza, the goal of linking with Columbia having so far been thwarted by the rugged terrain of the Darién `Gap' and international environmental pressure. CA-1 reaches its highest altitude (3670m) as it passes over the bleak ridge (shining white with early-morning frosts) between Nahualá and San Cristóbal Totonicapán, Guatemala, a section aptly known as `Alaska'. It again lifts fog-shrouded heights near Villa Mills, Costa Rica, as it crosses the Continental Divide at 3490m between Cartago and San Isidro de El General--a far cry from the sweltering coastal plains of El Salvador and Panamá. K.H.

La Boca de Brito

18 La Boca de La Montaña San Juan del Sur

RIVAS

24 Cañas Gordas

CA 1

RIO SAN JUAN

44 Morrillo Los Chiles Cárdenas ARCHIPIÉLAGO DE SOLENTINAME Isla Mancarrón Isla Mancarroncito El Tigré La Virgen

R

ut ío T

e

+468

Chiripa Río Maíz

Barra del Río Maíz

Sapoá Peñas Blacas

San Antonio

ose

Escamequita

Copalchi Vueltas

+257

Laurel Galán Isla San Fernando La Azucena La Esperanza

Buena Vista

S Río

anta

Cruz

Bahia Punta Gorda

Las Colinas

Ríô Indio

In 1994, Kevin Healey, an Austrailian cartographer, came to Vancouver to observe how we were trying to create maps entirely on desktop computers. I had received some incredulous correspondence about my first map of Tokyo. Kevin was doubtful, as well as intrigued, by the possibilities that my map presented. Anyway, Kevin decided to visit and see for himself. While waiting for him to arrive, I completed Rio de Janeiro and Mongolia, both of which provided opportunities to handle problems common to cartographers. The Rio map became a test case for complex typesetting and the Mongolia map tested contouring and hydrography. I asked Kevin to proofread the Rio map but he was reluctant as it would have taken several weeks to do so using traditional methods. He was amazed that we edited about 1,800 streets in two hours. Kevin then began to prepare to do this map. Unfortunately, Kevin fell critically ill and died before he could try this new technology. In my short time with Kevin, I was impressed with his knowledge and in reading his correspondence realized he was admired by those who used his products and expertise. I dedicate this map to Kevin Healey. A.W.

EL SALVADOR

Managua PACIFIC OCEAN 10°

NICARAGUA

10° San Jose Panama

COSTA RICA

PANAMA

90°

Mountain High MapsTMCopyright © 1993 Digital Wisdom, Inc. additional painting by Weller Cartographic Services Ltd., 1998

80°

Fr

Caño

N e gro

io

Barra de Morris Creek

11°

Bahia de San Juan del Norte

Punta Castilla

San Juan del Norte This map was created on an Apple Macintosh Centris 650. 70 megabytes of RAM was added along with a Radius PrecisionColor Pro 24x and a Math Chip. Adobe Illustrator 7.0.1 was used as the drawing software. An Abaton 300/colour scanner using Adobe Photoshop 2.5 was used to create the map templates from the manuscripts additional work has been done in Adobe Photoshop 4.0.

COSTA RICA

R ÍO S A

Trindad

84°

Laguna Agua Duice

J UA

N

Tigra

Barra del Colorado

©Weller Cartographic Services Ltd. 2960 Cosgrove Crescent,Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada, V9S 3P8

Other titles created by Weller Cartographic Services Ltd. are Tokyo, Shanghai, Mongolia, Beijing, Rio de Janeiro, Honduras, El Salvador, Prince Edward Island and others for more information on Weller Cartographic Services Ltd. and our products visit our store on the World Wide Web at www.mapmatrix.com e-mail us at [email protected] or write or call us at 2960 Cosgrove Crescent, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada, V9S 3P8 Publisher's enquires accepted.

o

N

87°

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Road Map of Nicaragua

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