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III. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING A. OVERVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING

The Project site is located in Century City, a highly urbanized regional center on the westside of the City of Los Angeles. The following is a summary of the general environmental setting on and around the Project site. More complete and specific discussions are contained under each respective section, as presented in Section IV of this Draft EIR.

1.

LAND USE

The Century City high-rise center, which is primarily zoned C2-2-O and developed with high-rise office buildings, parking structures, and other commercial uses, including the Century Plaza Hotel and the 2000 Avenue of the Stars project, surrounds the Project site. The Century City commercial core is primarily located north of Olympic Boulevard and centered on the area bisected by both Avenue of the Stars and Constellation Boulevard. With regard to on-site development, low-rise commercial buildings, including a bank and drive-through bank facility and a restaurant/nightclub, occupy the southern and western edges of the Project site. The major portion of the Project site is a graded, vacant area formerly used for oil exploration and production. This area is fenced and screened from street view by the existing structures and vegetation. The Project site also contains public and private easements for utilities, future street dedication, and vehicular access to the adjacent lots to the north of the site. To the north and east, properties containing 29- and 23-story offices buildings and a multiple-story parking structure serving existing office high-rises, respectively, adjoin the Project site. Notable highrise buildings in the immediately surrounding area include the 39-story SunAmerica building, across Avenue of the Stars from the Project site, and the 44-story Century Plaza towers, across Constellation Boulevard from the Project site. The Westfield Century City shopping mall containing various department stores, a market, and retail uses is located to the west of the Project site at Santa Monica Boulevard and Century Park West. The Century City farmer's market takes place on Thursdays from 11:30 A.M. to 3:00 P.M. along Constellation Boulevard between Avenue of the Stars and Century Park East, adjacent to the southern portion of the Project site. It is assumed that operation of the farmer's market would continue with implementation of the proposed Project. Multiple-family residential uses are located in the Project vicinity, just north and south of Olympic Boulevard. Low-density single-family neighborhoods are located immediately west of Century City (i.e., west of Century Park West) and in the southern portion of the Westwood Community, north of Santa Monica Boulevard. The Los Angeles Country Club Golf Course and

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III. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING B. CUMULATIVE DEVELOPMENT

The California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) requires that the analysis of potential project impacts include cumulative impacts. CEQA defines cumulative impacts as "two or more individual effects which, when considered together are considerable or which compound or increase other environmental impacts."13 This analysis of cumulative impacts need not be as in-depth as what is performed relative to the proposed Project, but instead is to "be guided by the standards of practicality and reasonableness."14 Cumulative impacts are anticipated impacts of the proposed Project along with reasonably foreseeable growth. Reasonably foreseeable growth may be based on either:15 · · A list of past, present, and reasonably anticipated future projects producing related or cumulative impacts; or A summary of projections contained in an adopted general plan or related planning document designed to evaluate regional or area-wide conditions.

Build out of the Project is forecasted to occur in 2010. Accordingly, this Draft EIR considers the effects of other proposed development projects that may be constructed between 2005 and 2010. This analysis has utilized a listing of all anticipated related projects based on information on file at the City of Los Angeles Department of Planning, the City of Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT), and the City of Beverly Hills Department of Community Development. Table 2 on pages 89 through 92 presents a summary listing of the related projects in the Project study area. The study area generally incorporates the area in which the Project might substantially affect traffic conditions. The locations of the related projects are shown in Figure 12 on page 93. The analysis of cumulative development also assumes a 1.5-percent average annual growth factor in traffic levels between 2005 and 2010. The projected cumulative development is addressed in the analysis of all environmental issues.

13 14 15

State CEQA Guidelines, 14 California Code of Regulations, § 15355, et seq. Ibid., § 15355. Ibid., § 15130(b)(1).

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III. B. General Description of the Environmental Setting--Cumulative Development Table 2 LIST OF RELATED PROJECTS Project No. 1 Amount of Development 2,000 du 296,700 s.f. 1,500 spaces 101,900 s.f. 95,000 s.f. 166,000 s.f. 1,710,000 s.f. 2 3 4 11000 Wilshire Boulevard 1001 Tiverton Avenue SEC Broxton./Le Conte Av. 937,000 s.f. 115,000 s.f. 350 du 15,000 s.f. 2,993 s.f. 74,000 s.f. 1,135 seats 106 seats 19 du 6,100 s.f. (16,100 s.f.) 19 du 93 du 119 du 122,200 s.f. 71,000 s.f.

Location UCLA Westwood Campus

5 6

10886 Le Conte Av 10852 Lindbrook Avenue

7 8 9 10 11

NEC Wilshire Bl./Devon Av. 10804 Wilshire Boulevard 10776 Wilshire Boulevard 700 N Faring Road 10250 Santa Monica Boulevard

Description University Expansion e Southwest Campus Housing beds Northwest Campus Phase II Intramural Field Parking Structure spaces Physics and Astronomy Building Luck Research Ctr., Thermal Energy Storage California NanoSystems Institute Academic Health Center Seismic Replacement Remaining 2002 LRDP Growth Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Office e Shopping Center d, e Apartment units Retail e, m High Turnover Restaurant Medical Office Theater seats Theater Expansion seats Apartment units Specialty Retail Less Existing Specialty Retail Apartment units e Condominium units e Condominium units (Replace Existing Hotel-- 66 Rooms) e, n Harvard-Westlake Middle School 12 Employees Net e, f Century City Shopping Center e

Jurisdiction City of Los Angeles /State of California

County of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles

City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles

City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles

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III. B. General Description of the Environmental Setting--Cumulative Development Table 2 (Continued) LIST OF RELATED PROJECTS Project No. 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Amount of Development 508,600 s.f. 360,000 s.f. 14,800 s.f. 42,000 s.f. 35 du 825,812 s.f. 147 d.u. 7,000 s.f. 27,000 s.f. 43,000 s.f. 5,000 s.f. 6,675 s.f. 16 du 228 rooms

Location Constellation Bl & Avenue of the Stars 10201 W Pico Boulevard 9760 W Pico Boulevard 9051 W Pico Boulevard Wilshire-Comstock Condominiums 2000 Avenue of the Stars St. Regis Redevelopment Project

Description General Office e, g Fox Studio Expansion (remainder est.) e, h High School addition e Private School Condominium units Mixed-Use Office, Restaurant, Retail & Cultural Center i Condominium units Restaurant Retail or Private membership facility Synagogue Private School Condominium units e Beverly Hills Gardens & Montage Hotel Rooms Plus Banquet, Retail, Dining, Spa, Condos & Park--Base Project c Alternative 13--Net Additional Trips Retail General Office General Office Restaurant Church Retail Expansion (Gagosian) Condominium units Beverly Hills Medical Plaza: Medical Office, Surgery Center, Retail j

Jurisdiction City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles City of Los Angeles

19 20 21

9261 Alden Drive 216­220 S. Arnaz Drive 202­240 N. Beverly Drive 203­241 N. Canon Drive

City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills

22 23 24 25 26 27

438 N. Beverly Drive/ 439 N. Canon Drive 265 N. Beverly Drive 432­436 S. Beverly Drive 456 N. Camden Drive 125 S. Camden Drive 245­257 N. Canon Drive

78,000 s.f. 12,000 s.f. 45,000 s.f. 932 s.f. 1,750 s.f. 40 du 44,896 s.f.

City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills

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III. B. General Description of the Environmental Setting--Cumulative Development Table 2 (Continued) LIST OF RELATED PROJECTS Project No. 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 Amount of Development 11,900 s.f. 88 du 40,000 s.f. 80 du 34,000 s.f. 9 du 42 rooms 75 units 11 du 9,000 s.f. 10,000 s.f. 13 du 66 students 23 du 95,000 s.f. 1 du 4 du 2,000 s.f. 85,000 s.f. 52 du 14,000 s.f. 20 du 12,000 s.f. 30,000 s.f.

Location 338 N. Canon Drive 131­191 N. Crescent Drive 201 N. Crescent Drive 469 N. Crescent Drive 552­558 N. Hillgreen Drive 150 Lasky Drive 129 S. Linden Drive 140­144 S. Oakhurst Drive 9090 Olympic Boulevard 437­443 N. Palm Drive 150 El Camino Drive 261­283 S Reeves Dr 9844 Wilshire Boulevard 428­430 Smithwood Drive 133 Spalding Drive 9641 Sunset Boulevard 8747 Wilshire Boulevard 9200 Wilshire Boulevard 9590 Wilshire Boulevard 9601 Wilshire Boulevard

Description Mixed Use Commercial/Retail Residential units Office/Retail Senior Housing units e Cultural Center b, e Condominium units Hotel rooms Senior Congregate Care units l Condominium units Synagogue Private School Residential units Screening Room students Condominiums units General Office (Beverly Hills Gateway) a, e (9,633 sq.ft. Existing Retail) Apartment unit Condominium units Health Spa replaces existing Health Club General Office Condominiums Retail/Restaurant Condominiums Retail Health Club (Sports LA)

Jurisdiction City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills City of Beverly Hills

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III. B. General Description of the Environmental Setting--Cumulative Development Table 2 (Continued) LIST OF RELATED PROJECTS Project No. 48 Amount of Development 180,000 s.f. 20,000 s.f. 10,000 s.f. 10,000 s.f. 240 du 26 du (200,000 s.f.) 204 rooms

Location Wilshire Bl between Los Angeles Country Club and Mervin Griffin Way e, p

49

9730 Wilshire Boulevard

Description Department Store Specialty Retail Quality Restaurant Office Condominiums Luxury Condominium Department Store (Existing) Hotel

Jurisdiction City of Beverly Hills

City of Beverly Hills

du = dwelling unit s.f. = square feet

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n p

"Traffic Impact Study for Beverly Hills Gateway," Crain & Associates, September 2002. DEIR, Technical Appendices B-E, Triangle Gateway Project, December 2000. "Beverly Hills Gardens & Montage Hotel EIR--Revised Sections and Additional Alternatives," Alternative 13 Technical Analysis, Table 82, May 2004. "Traffic Analysis for Palazzo Westwood Mixed-Use Development," Crain & Associates, May 2001. Source: Table 8, Traffic Study Condominium Project--Wilshire Bl & Comstock Ave, Westwood Village, Crain & Associates, November 2004. "Traffic and Parking Analysis for Harvard-Westlake Middle School Project," Crain & Associates, September, 2003. Based on "replacement"; i.e., remaining Project site CCNSP daily trips. DEIR, Fox Studio Historic Preservation and Expansion Project, December 1991. "Traffic Impact Study for Office, Commercial and Cultural Use Project at 2000 Avenue of the Stars, Century City," Table 6, Crain & Associates, June 2002. "Traffic Study for Beverly Hills Medical Plaza," Table 5, Kaku Associates, October 2004. "Traffic Study for 150 Lasky Drive," Kaku Associates, November 2000. "Traffic Study for the Rocap Assisted Living Project at 129 South Linden Drive," Kaku Associates, February 2002. Draft Traffic and Parking Analysis of the Broxton­Le Conte Commercial Entertainment Center, Crain & Associates, April 2004. Century Landmark Project Memorandum of Understanding, Vince Giron at LADOT, May 27, 2003. Existing Robinson May department store trip generation based on actual trip measurements conducted by Crain & Associates, July 2004.

Source: Kaku Associates, September 2005.

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Source: KAKU Associates and PCR Services Corporation, 2005

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single-family neighborhoods in the City of Beverly Hills are located northeast of Century City, north of Santa Monica Boulevard. The gradient of this area rises toward the north, with residential neighborhoods extending into the Hollywood Hills. The Los Angeles Country Club Golf Course extends from the north side of Santa Monica Boulevard to near Sunset Boulevard at the base of the Hollywood Hills. The Hillcrest Country Club golf course is located south of Century City, south of Pico Boulevard. The jurisdictional boundary between the City of Los Angeles and Beverly Hills is located east of Century Park East and forms the eastern boundary of Century City. Beverly Hills High School is located adjacent to the jurisdictional boundary. A residential neighborhood in the City of Beverly Hills is located to the north and east of Beverly Hills High School, and low-rise commercial uses are located to the north of Beverly Hills High School along Santa Monica Boulevard. Multiple- and single-family residences and the Roxbury Recreation Center are located south of Beverly Hills High School and south of Olympic Boulevard.

2.

TRAFFIC AND CIRCULATION

Century City and the Project site are served by a network of freeways and major arterial streets, including the San Diego Freeway (I-405), the Santa Monica Freeway (I-10), Santa Monica Boulevard, Olympic Boulevard, Pico Boulevard, Wilshire Boulevard, Avenue of the Stars, Beverly Glen Boulevard, and others. Major intersections in the Project area are signalized and, with the exception of the intersections of Wilshire Boulevard/Santa Monica Boulevard and Spalding Drive/Olympic Boulevard, are operated under the City of Los Angeles' Adaptive Traffic Control System (ATCS) traffic control system. The region is characterized by heavy traffic, and 14 of the 32 analyzed intersections in Century City and the surrounding area are operating at LOS E or greater during either or both the A.M. and P.M. peak hours. Century City is bounded on the north by Santa Monica Boulevard, which consists of Little Santa Monica and Santa Monica Boulevard. These streets are currently in the process of being reconstructed and merged into the Santa Monica Transit Parkway, a single street with a landscape median. The Santa Monica Boulevard Transit Parkway is designed to provide improved access from neighborhood streets, provide new lighting and signal systems, as well as bicycle lanes and bus priority features. The easterly and northerly portions of the Project site contain private driveway easements and a private alley intersecting Constellation Boulevard to allow access to and from the parking lot serving the existing on-site restaurant, access to and from the Watt Tower garages to the north of the Project site, and access to and from the truck tunnel exit and the parking garage serving 10100 Santa Monica Boulevard and other properties to the north. Several bus lines serve Century City and include the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Los Angeles Department of Transportation, the Santa Monica Big

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Blue Bus, Culver City Bus, Santa Clarita Transit, and the Antelope Valley Transit Authority. Bus stops for all of these lines are located adjacent to the Project site.

3.

VISUAL RESOURCES a. Visual Quality

Century City is developed according to a master plan which envisioned broad, landscaped boulevards, high-quality architecture, and distinctive buildings set within large city blocks connected by a network of pedestrian paths. Since the high-rise buildings of Century City are taller and higher in ground elevation than the built environment of the surrounding area, the Century City skyline creates a distinctive component of the west Los Angeles urban skyline. Prominent high-rise buildings surrounding the Project site include the 28-story 1900 Avenue of the Stars building; the twin-tower, 23-story Watt Plaza; the 39-story SunAmerica building; the 19-story Century Plaza Hotel, and the 44-story Century Plaza towers, which are the highest buildings in Century City. Farther from the Project site are the 36-story MGM building, the 30-story St. Regis Hotel, and the 39-story Fox Plaza building. Due to the distinctive architecture and layout of Century City, Avenue of the Stars, which traverses Century City between major arterials, is a designated City of Los Angeles Scenic Highway. The vacant area of the Project site is generally screened from view from Avenue of the Stars by existing landscaping and buildings. The vacant interior of the Project site is, however, visible from surrounding high-rise structures that overlook the Project site. b. Views Century City, depending on weather conditions, is visible from many areas throughout the western portion of the Los Angeles Basin that are located south of the Santa Monica Mountains. Valued views associated with Century City include public views within Century City itself, private views from surrounding residential and commercial areas, and views from more distant locations such as the Santa Monica and San Diego Freeways, downtown Los Angeles and beyond. Near-views of Century City are available from Avenue of the Stars, Santa Monica Boulevard, Wilshire Boulevard, City of Beverly Hills, and residential neighborhoods located south of Olympic Boulevard, west of Century Park West, and north of Santa Monica Boulevard. Other view resources from Century City include north-facing views toward the Hollywood Hills and Westwood skyline.

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c. Light and Glare Nighttime lighting, consisting of street lights, illuminated signage on restaurants, hotels, and other commercial buildings, vehicle headlights, building façade and interior lighting associated with adjacent high-rise structures, and landscaping and security lighting, is present throughout the Century City Regional Center and adjacent streets. In the vicinity of the Project site, sensitive uses relative to nighttime light and glare are the Century Plaza Hotel and residential neighborhoods located north of Santa Monica Boulevard, west of Century Park West, north of Olympic Boulevard, east of Century Park West, and south of Olympic Boulevard. Existing high-rise office buildings in Century City are not considered light sensitive since they are generally not in use during the evening hours. The existing on-site restaurant/nightclub generates a moderate level of light, due primarily to illuminated signage, late hours, and vehicle headlamps in the surface parking lots. Although visible from the Century Plaza Hotel, the existing surface parking lots are not in close enough proximity to, or visible from, the nearby residential uses. There are no buildings or facilities on the Project site that presently generate substantial glare since these structures are low-rise and are constructed of low-reflective materials. However, the on-site surface parking lots have a limited potential to generate glare reflected off vehicle windows and surfaces in some locations during daytime hours. d. Shade/Shadow The concentration of high-rise buildings in the Century City center creates a unique shade/shadow environment, which extends into the surrounding areas during the early morning and late afternoon hours throughout the year. Shading increases with proximity to the commercial core, which centers approximately on the Project site. However, no substantive shading is currently generated by the existing low-rise structures on the Project site. Due to the number of high-rise buildings, a varying pattern of shadows rotates in a sweeping arc around the Century City commercial core, toward the west, north, and east, according to the movement of the sun so that almost all sections of Century City's commercial core experience a variable pattern of shading during any sunny day and during any season. Shade sensitive uses in the area include the residential neighborhood north of Santa Monica Boulevard; the residential neighborhood west of Century Park West; the Century Woods residential neighborhood north of Olympic Boulevard, east of Century Park West; and the residential neighborhoods south of Olympic Boulevard. Residential neighborhoods in the City of Beverly Hills and Beverly Hills High School, east of the Project site, are also considered shade-sensitive uses. Shade-sensitive recreational uses in the area include the Los Angeles Country Club Golf Course, Century Plaza Hotel outdoor swimming pool, and the Roxbury Recreation Center in the City of Beverly Hills.

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4.

AIR QUALITY

The Project site is located within the South Coast Air Basin (Basin), an approximately 6,745-square-mile area encompassing all of Orange County and the non-desert portions of Los Angeles, San Bernardino, and Riverside Counties. The Basin is an area of high air pollution potential, particularly from June through September, and is currently an area of non-attainment for ozone (O3) and fine particulate matter (PM10) based on federal and state air quality standards. Although pollutant concentrations in the Basin vary with location, season, and time of day, over the past 30 years substantial progress has been made in reducing air pollution levels in southern California. Ozone concentrations, which tend to be lower along the coast, higher in the near inland valleys, and lower in the far inland areas of the Basin and adjacent desert, are an example of the geographic influence on pollutant levels. Land uses in the Project vicinity that are sensitive to air pollution include the Century City Hospital, residential condominiums in Century City, Beverly Hills High School, Beverly Hills residential areas (north and south of Beverly Hills High School), the Westwood residential area (north of Santa Monica Boulevard, and residential uses in Tract 7260 (southwest of the Project site). The monitoring station closest to the Project site is the West Los Angeles/Veterans Administration Hospital Monitoring Station, located at Wilshire Boulevard and Sawtelle Boulevard, approximately 3 miles northwest of the Project site.

5.

NOISE

The predominant noise source within the Project vicinity is roadway noise from local roadways, such as Avenue of the Stars, Constellation Boulevard, Santa Monica Boulevard, and Olympic Boulevard. Other community noise sources include incidental noise from existing commercial, residential, and high school uses; ambulance sirens; distant aircraft over-flights; and landscaping maintenance activities at nearby residential and commercial uses. Based on the City of Los Angeles community noise/land use compatibility criteria, local ambient noise levels, ranging from approximately 63 dBA to approximately 69 dBA, are considered "conditionally acceptable" for multi-family residential uses. Some land uses are considered more sensitive to noise than others due to the amount of noise exposure and the nature of the use. In the Project vicinity, noise-sensitive land uses include residential condominiums in Century City, Beverly Hills High School, Beverly Hills residential areas (north and south of Beverly Hills High School), the Westwood residential area (north of Santa Monica Boulevard), residential uses in Tract 7260 (west of the Project site), Century City Hospital, Century Plaza Hotel, the St. Regis Hotel, and the Los Angeles Country Club. The only source of ground-borne vibration in the Project vicinity is vehicular travel (e.g., refuse trucks, delivery trucks, and transit buses) on local roadways and automobile circulation within underground parking facilities. These sources of existing ground-borne vibration levels within the Project vicinity are negligible. There are no residential uses that are located within the area of potential effect for perceptible vibration due to short-term construction or long-term operation.

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6.

HAZARDS AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

The Project site is located within the West Area of the Beverly Hills Oil Field and portions of the site were used for oil exploration and production from the 1950s to 1991 by the Chevron/Texaco Company. The Project site has 28 abandoned wells that were closed per current California Department of Conservation, Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources (DOGGR) standards. Although there are no known hazards, underground storage tanks, or sources that produce or transport substantial amounts of hazardous materials and/or wastes associated with the Project site or the office, residential, retail, and hotel uses surrounding the Project site, the potential to encounter residual soil contamination exists at the site. The buildings and parking lots located on the south and east portions of the Project site were constructed in 1966 and 1974 and may contain asbestos containing materials, and traces of contaminants associated with prior oil exploration may occur in the previously graded and remediated area of the site. Due to historic oil wells and oil fields in the area, large parts of Century City and surrounding areas, including the Project site, are also classified as a methane zone by the City of Los Angeles. Small amounts of hazardous materials, such as over-the counter cleaners, chemicals for office equipment, fluorescent lighting, and landscaping chemicals may be used by existing commercial uses in the area. However, these materials are not substantial or a mobile source of hazardous waste.

7.

WATER QUALITY

The Project site and surrounding area are located within the Santa Monica Bay Watershed Management Area. The Project site overlies the Santa Monica Hydrologic Subbasin of the Coastal Plain Groundwater Basin, which annually provides the City with 1,503 acre-feet of water from percolated rainwater and surface water runoff from the Santa Monica Mountains. The groundwater table beneath the site ranges from approximately 60 to 75 feet below ground surface (bgs). The developed and undeveloped portions of the Project site produce a number of typical urban pollutants, particularly automobile pollutants and dust. The Project site contains two storm drain inlets and a storm water pipe running parallel to Constellation Boulevard. The storm drain system located in Avenue of the Stars, Constellation Boulevard, and Century Park East drains into the Ballona Creek Flood Control Channel and eventually into the Pacific Ocean.

8.

PUBLIC SERVICES a. Police

The Project site is located in the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) West Bureau service area, West Los Angeles Division. The West Los Angeles Division is further divided into

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several reporting districts. The West Los Angeles Community Police Station provides service to a residential population of approximately 226,002 people. According to the LAPD, the business and residential population of the West Los Angeles Division increases to approximately a half million people daily, due to students and staff at educational and professional institutions, including the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) and those who work in or visit the commercial neighborhoods of West Los Angeles. The West Los Angeles Police Division service area is approximately 64.59 square miles and is comprised of approximately 748 street miles. The Century City area also borders the cities of Beverly Hills, Culver City, and Santa Monica; Los Angeles County; and the Pacific Ocean. LAPD statistical data for major crimes and arrests indicate crime rates Citywide higher than in the community served by the West Los Angeles Community Police Station. b. Fire In the City of Los Angeles, fire prevention and suppression services are provided by the Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD), a full-spectrum life safety agency which provides fire prevention, firefighting, emergency medical care, technical rescue, hazardous materials mitigation, disaster response, public education and community service to a population of approximately 4 million throughout the City of Los Angeles. The LAFD operates three fire stations in the vicinity of the Project site. Neighborhood Fire Station (FS) No. 92, located 1.5 street miles from the Project site is nearest to the Project site and would provide the shortest response time to the Project site in the event of an emergency. The "first in" district served by FS No. 92 is generally bounded by the Santa Monica Freeway on the west, Santa Monica Boulevard and a portion of the Los Angeles Country Club Golf Course on the north, the City of Beverly Hills boundary on the east, and National Boulevard on the south. The average response time for the three nearest fire stations to the Project site ranges from 5.8 to 6.0 minutes. The Citywide average response time is 5.4 minutes based on approximately 1,000 calls per day. Though demand for fire services in the Project area is less than Citywide demand, response times are slightly greater due mainly to greater driving distances from the fire stations to the locations of the calls. c. Schools The Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD), one of the largest public school districts in the nation, encompasses 703.8 square miles and provides kindergarten through high school (K­12) education via 434 elementary schools, 78 middle schools, 56 senior high schools, and 14 multilevel schools. The LAUSD has experienced an increase in enrollment over the last decade, from 636,000 students during the 1994­1995 school year to over 746,000 students during the 2003­2004 school year. The LAUSD projects that, between 2002 and 2020, an additional 50,182 students would be residing in 124,710 future residential units in the district. The LAUSD has recently implemented a class size reduction program and, as part of an effort to

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create needed space, the LAUSD has implemented multi-track, year-round schools at many school sites. Currently, at least 30 percent of LAUSD schools are on multi-track year-round schedules to accommodate the heavy enrollment at these facilities. The proposed Project site is within the boundaries of LAUSD District 3. The schools in District 3 are currently operating below capacity and are on a single-track schedule; whereby, instruction generally begins in early September and continues through late June. Schools serving the Project site include Westwood Charter Elementary School, Ralph Waldo Emerson Middle School, Webster Middle School, and University Senior High School. d. Parks and Recreation The Project site, which is located in the City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks, Pacific Region, is located within a 2-mile radius of several park and recreational facilities, totaling approximately 226 acres. These facilities include the Cheviot Hills Park and Recreation Center, Holmby Park, Palms Park, Rancho Park and Golf Course, Robertson Recreational Center, Schachter (Irving) Park, Westwood Recreational Center, and Reynier Park. Two private country clubs, Hillcrest Country Club and the Los Angeles Country Club are also located in the immediate vicinity of the Project site. Park and recreational space Citywide is provided at an estimated rate of 0.76 acre per 1,000 residents and does not meet the City's stated goals for the provision of 4 acres per 1,000 persons of combined neighborhood and community parkland. Parkland in the West Los Angeles community is estimated to be 0.77 acre per 1,000 residents, which is consistent with the Citywide rate, although falling below the City's target ratio. With the incorporation of public and private golf courses, the ratio of available park and recreational facilities increases to an estimated 4.6 acres per 1,000 residents, thereby exceeding the City's goals for the provision of park space. Due to the Project's proximity to the City of Beverly Hills park facilities, Project residents may also utilize City of Beverly Hills facilities, in addition to the facilities managed by the City of Los Angeles. e. Libraries The Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL) system provides library services to all areas of the City of Los Angeles. While no public libraries are located within Century City, the LAPL has identified the Westwood Branch Library and the Palms­Rancho Park Branch Library as libraries that would serve the Project site. The Westwood Branch Library, which is the closest to the Project site, is a new library constructed under the City's Proposition 1, 1998 Library Bond Program. The Westwood Branch has 12 staff positions and a collection of 49,500 volumes and a target service population of 69,154. The Palms­Rancho Park Branch Library was also constructed under the Library Bond Program and opened to the public in November 2002. The Palms­Rancho Park Branch Library has a target population of 46,300 people. Other libraries within a 2-mile radius of the Project site, but not within the LAPL network, include the City of Beverly Hills Public Library and the UCLA campus libraries. The City of Beverly Hills Public

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Library is a participant in the Metropolitan Cooperative Library System (MCLS), which allows use by other jurisdictions and, under the MCLS program, accepts library cards from any resident of the City of Los Angeles. Borrowing privileges at the UCLA campus libraries are available to all residents of the State of California.

City of Los Angeles State Clearinghouse No. 2005051145

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