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SEM.: I APPLIED MATHEMATICS I Periods Per week, each period of 1 hour, Lectures 5, Practicals - , Tutorials ­ Evaluation System: Theory Paper (3 Hours): 100, Term Work:- , Practical:- , Oral:- , Total: 100 Detailed Syllabus: 1. complex nos. 1.1. Idea of Argand diagram ( problems base on geometry are not expected ) Cartesian, polar and Exponential form of complex no. 1.2 De'Moivre's theorem (without proof) , Power and roots of exponential and trigonometric functions 1.3 Hyperbolic and logarithmic functions, inverse trigonometric functions 1.4 Separation of real and imaginary parts of all types of Functions 2. Vector algebra and vector calculus 2.1 Vector triple product (proof is not excepted), Product of 4 vectors. 2.2 Differentiation of vector function of single scalar variable. Proof of theorems on derivative of sum and product are not expected. 2.3 Curves in space, Serret Frenet formulae (without proof), curvature, torsion, osculating plane, normal plane, and rectifying plane. 3. Mean value theorems 3.1 Rolles theorem, Language's and Cauchy's mean value theorem (Proofs are not expected but geometrical interpretations are expected) 3.2 Taylor's and Maclaurin's theorem (without Proof), Taylor's and Maclaurin's series. 4. Differential Calculus 4.1 Successive differentiation of nth derivatives of function such as (ax + b)m, (ax + b)-1, eax, sin(ax + b), COS(ax + b), Log(ax + b), eax sin(bx + c), eax COS(bx + c). 4.2 Leibnitz theorem (without proof), expansions of power series, intermediate forms and L' Hospital rule. 5. Partial differentiation 5.1 Partial derivatives of first & higher order, total differentials, composite functions and implicit functions. 5.2 Euler's theorem on homogenous functions with two and three independent variables (with proof), deduction from Euler's theorem 5.3 Errors and approximations, Maxima and minima of a function of two variables.

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Recommended Books : 1. Dr. B.S. Grewal, "Higher Engineering Mathematics", Khanna Publications. 2. P.N. & J.N. Wartikar, "A text book of Applied Mathematics", Pune Vidyarthi Griha 3. Eruruin Kreyszing, "Advanced Engineering Mathematics", Wiley Eastern Limited 4. G.V. Kumbhojkar, "Engineering Mathematics I", C. Jamanadas & Co. 5. Dr. B.V. Jungam, K. P. Patil, Mrs. N.M. Kumthekar, "Applied Mathematics I", Nandu Publications.

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SEM.: I APPLIED SCIENCES I Periods Per week, each period of 1 hour, Lectures 4, Practicals - , Tutorials ­ 2. Evaluation System: Theory Paper (3 Hours): 100, Term Work:- 25, Practical:- , Oral:- , Total: 125 Detailed Syllabus: Section II: Applied Chemistry : 1. Water & its treatment 1.1 Introduction to hard & soft water. 1.2 Hardness: types, units, estimation of be EDTA method, numericals, understanding effect of hard water in various industries 1.3 Softening of water. 1.4 Lime-soda process, Zeolite ­ Permutit method, ion exchange method, comparison of methods, numerical problems based on lime-soda & Zeolite process. 2. High Polymers and elastomers 2.1 Introduction and definition of polymers and elastomers 2.2 Classification of polymers : homopolymer and copolymer, limear, branched and cross linked, organic & inorganic 2.3 Types of polymerization : addition (e.g. polyethylene, polypropelene), condensation 9e.g. phenol formaldehyde, urea formaldehyde) 2.4 Plastics : Classification (thermoplastic and thermosetting), compounding of plastics, fabrication of plastic- compression, extrusion, transfer and injection moulding, industrial applications. 2.5 Rubber structure ­ Cis and trans isomer, properties and drawbacks, vulcanization ­ mechanism, agents, advantages, effects on properties, synthetic rubber ­ manufacture, properties & uses of polyurethane, silicon rubber 3. Pollution and Pollution Control 3.1 Definition of pollution & pollutant 3.2 Introduction to atmospheric pollution : nature of atmospheric pollutants and their effect, methods of reducing atmospheric pollution in brief 3.3 Introduction to water pollution : nature of water pollutant and their effect, methods of reducing water pollution in brief. 4. Introduction to Lubricants 4.1 Definition of lubricants, lubrication, purpose of lubrication 4.2 Classification of lubricants with examples : Solid, semi-solid, liquid, liquid, blended, synthetic

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4.3 Mechanism of lubrication ­ thick film, thin film & extreme lubrication 4.4 Properties of ideal lubricant (definition and significance) ­ Viscocity, Viscocity index, flash & fire point, saponification value, acid value, numerical problems on saponification value and acid value Term Work : Each student has to appear for at least ONE written test during the term. Report on experiments Demonstrated (at least five each based on above syllabus of Section I & Section II) Assignments consisting of minimum ten numerical problems covering the syllabus along with the graded answer paper shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Report on experiments Demonstrated, assignments: 15 marks Written test : 10 marks Recommended Books: 1. Arthur Beiser, "Concept of modern Physics", Tata McGraw Hill 2. R.K. Gaur and S.L. Gupta, "Engineering Physics", Dhanpat Rai & Publishing Co. 3. J. B. Ranjam, "Modern Physics", S Chand & Co. 4. Jain & Jain, "Engineering Chemistry", Dhanpat Rai & Publishing Co. 5. M.M. Uppal, "A text book of Engineering Chemistry", Khanna Publishers 6. B.K. Sharma, "Environmental Chemistry", Goel Publishing House 7. S.S. Dara, "Engineering Chemistry", S Chand & Co.

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SEM.: I COMPUTER PROGRAMMING I Periods Per week, each period of 1 hour, Lectures 3, Practicals 2, Tutorials ­ Evaluation System: Theory Paper (3 Hours): 100, Term Work: 25, Practical:-, Oral:-, Total: 125 Detailed Syllabus: 1. Fundamentals of UNIX 1.1 Multi-user system : Logging in and passwords, Electrical mail, Time for UNIX 1.2 UNIX file system : Files and Directories, Subdirectories and Path names, searching the tree for files 1.3 File utilities : Ownership and access to files, Make simple text files, Basic editing techniques, print files. 1.4 File and Data processing utilities : Searching for patterns, Rearranging file, structures, Sorting a files 2. Structured Programming 2.1 C fundamentals 2.2 Character set, Identifiers and keywords, Data Types, Constants, Variables and Arrays, Declarations, Operators & Expressions, Library functions, Statements, symbolic Constants, Preprocessor directives 2.3 Data Input and Output Getchar (), putchar (), scanf (), printf (), gets (), puts (), functions 2.4 Control statements If-else, while, do-while, goto, for statements nested control structures, switch, break, continue statements comma operator 2.5 Functions Function prototypes, passing arguments to a function by value, recursion storage classes, automatic, External, static, register variables in single file environment 2.6 Arrays Defining ­ processing array, passing arrays to functions, Introduction to multidimensional arrays, arrays and strings. 2.7 Pointers Declarations, Referencing and de-referencing, passing pointers to functions, pointer to array. (No reference to dynamic memory allocation ) 2.8 Structures and Unions Defining and processing a structure

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Term work : Each student is to appear for at least one written test (preferably on-line) during the term. Term work shall consist of graded answer paper of the test and at least five assignments covering UNIX fundamentals, and ten programs developed under control structures using C, ten programs under arrays , functions and structures using C, Programs should be debugged (hand written / computer print-out) and should have suitable comments. Recommended compilers : UNIX / LINUX, Turbo C / Borland C The distribution of term work shall be as follows : Written test (at least one) : 10 marks Assignments : 05 marks Programs : 10 marks

Recommended Books : 1. Balagurusamy, "Programming in C", Tata McGraw Hill 2. Behorouz Forouzan, "A structured Programming approach using C", Thomas Learning 3 Clifford Mould, "UNIX training guide", Wheeler Publications. 4 "Programming in C", Schuam's out line series 5 Yashwant Kanitkar, "Let us C", BPB Publications 6 "Practical C programming", O' Reilly 7 "Algorithms with C", O' Reilly 8 A. Leon, "Internet for everyone", Leon Techworld

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SEM.: I ENGINEERING MECHANICS Periods Per week, each period of 1 hour, Lectures 6, Practicals 3, Tutorials ­ Evaluation System: Theory Paper (3 Hours): 100, Term Work: 25, Practical:-, Oral:-, Total: 125 Detailed Syllabus: Section ­ I : Statics 1. System of coplanar forces 1.1 Resultant of i) concurrent forces ii) Parallel forces & iii) Non-concurrent non parallel system of forces. Moment of force about any point, couple, Varignon's theorem, Distributed forces in plane. 2. Equilibrium of system of coplanar forces 2.1 Conditions of equilibrium for i) concurrent forces, ii) Parallel forces & iii) Nonconcurrent non parallel (general) system of forces and couples. 2.2 Types of supports, determination of reactions at support for various types of determinate structures (with / without internal hinge) 2.3 Centroids of plane areas. Center of gravity of wires bent into different shapes. 2.4 Analysis of determinate pin jointed plane frames by method of joint & method of sections. 3. Forces in space 3.1 Resultant of i) concurrent forces ii) Parallel forces & iii) general force system. Moment of force about any point, finding scalar & vector components of the force & the moment of the force about an axis. 4. Friction 4.1 Laws of friction, Cone of friction, Equilibrium of bodies on inclined plane, Applications to problems involving wedges and ladders, Screw and belt friction-only simple type involving tension on both side of pulley to be covered. 5. Principle of Virtual work 5.1 Equilibrium of an ideal system, Applications to link systems with single degree of freedom only. Section ­ II : Dynamics 6. Kinematics of particle 6.1 Rectilinear motion, acceleration time and velocity time graphs & their uses.

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6.2 Velocity and acceleration in terms of rectangular co-ordinate system. Motion along plane curved path, tangential & normal components of acceleration, projectile motion, simple harmonic motion. 7. Kinematics of rigid bodies 7.1 Relative velocity, translation, pure rotation & plane motion of rigid bodies, link mechanism, instantaneous center of rotation for the velocity & velocity diagrams for bodies in plane motion. 8. Kinetics of particles & kinetics of rigid bodies 8.1 D'Alembert principle, equation of dynamic equilibrium, linear motion, curvilinear motion. 8.2 Area moment of inertia, parallel axis theorem, perpendicular axis theorem. Mass moment of inertia about centroidal axis and about any other axis. D'Alembert principle for bodies under rotational motion about a fixed axis and plane motion. Application to motion of bars, cylinders, spheres only. 8.3 Linear momentum, impulse momentum, principle of conservation of momentum, impact of solid bodies, elastic impact, semi-elastic impact and plastic impact, work done by a force, potential & kinetic energy and power work-energy equation, principle of conservation of energy. Term Work : Each student has to appear for at least one written test during the term. At least 6 laboratory experiments from those mentioned below(minimum 2 on Dynamics) should be conducted. List of experiment (Statics & Dynamics) 1. Polygon law of coplanar (Concurrent) 2. Non-concurrent non-parallel (general) 3. Simple jib crane 4. Bell-Crank lever 5. Supports reactions for Beam 6. Link polygon 7. Inclined plane or wedge friction or ladder friction (to determine coefficient of friction) 8. Coil friction 9. Simple / compound Pendulum (Time period of vibration) 10. Fly Wheel (Mass moment of inertia) 11. Collision of elastic bodies (law of conservation of momentum) 12. Rolling Disc on inclined plane (to determine experimental mass moment of inertia of disc) Four problems should be solved graphically along with analytical solutions. Also assignments consisting of minimum 20 (almost equal numbers on statics & dynamics) numerical problems based on the above syllabus shall be solved during practical periods.Report on experiments performed, assignments as mentioned above, along with the graded answer paper shall be submitted as term work.

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The distribution of Term work marks will be as follows : Report on experiments performed, assignments : 10 marks Assignments and solutions to problems : 05 marks Written test : 10 marks. Recommended Books : 1. R.C. Hibbeler, "Engineering Mechanics", Mac Millan 2. B. N. Thadani, "Engineering Mechanics", Weinall Book Corporation 3. Beer & Johnson, "Engineering Mechanics", Tata McGraw Hill 4. Kumar, "Engineering Mechanics", Tata McGraw-Hilll 5. S. Junarkar, "Engineering Mechanics", Charotar Publishing House 6. Tayal, "Engineering Mechanics", Umesh Publication 7. Macklin & Nelson, "Engineering Mechanics", McGraw Hill 8. Mariam, "Engineering Mechanics", John Wiley 9. S. Rajasekaran & G. Sankarasubramanian, "Fundamentals of Engineering Mechanics", Vikas Publishing House 10. F.L. Singer, "Engineering Mechanics", Harper & Row Publishers

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SEM.: II APPLIED SCIENCES II Periods Per week, each period of 1 hour, Lectures 4, Practicals - , Tutorials ­ 1.5. Evaluation System: Theory Paper (3 Hours): 100, Term Work:- 25, Practical:- , Oral:- , Total: 125 Detailed Syllabus: Section II: Applied Chemistry : 1. Corrosion and its control 1.1 Introduction : definition, electrochemical theory of corrosion, factors influencing rate of corrosion 1.2 Types of corrosion : galvanic, atmospheric, water line, differential aeration, pitting, soil, microbiological 1.3 Corrosion Control : by proper selection of material & design, by cathodic protection (impressed current ­ sacrificial anode), by anodic protection, by preventive coating (metallic coatings ­ galvanizing, tinning, non-metallic / organic ­ plants, varnishes, enamels, lacuers) 2. Fuels 2.1 Introduction : Classification of fuels (based on physical state, origin), characteristics of fuels, Calorific value ­ high & low calorific value, units, Dulong's formula, numerical problems. 2.2 Solid fuels : types of coal, selection of coal, analysis of coal(proximate and ultimate), numerical problems. 2.3 Liquid fuels : Petroleum ­ composion, classification, mining & refining, cracking ­ thermal, catalytic, reactions, knocking ­ Octane number, Cetane number, antiknock agents. 2.4 Gaseous Fuels : composition and properties of natural gas, LPG, composition, manufacture and properties of coal gas. 3. Alloys 3.1 Introduction : definition, principle of alloying, purpose of making alloys, Classification based on principle constituent 3.2 Ferrous alloys : Plain carbon steel ­ composition, properties, classification based on carbon content, applications. Alloys steels ­ special effects of alloying elements on the properties, composition, properties and use of Nichrome, stainless steel 3.3 Non-ferrous : Alloys of aluminum - composition, properties and use of duralumin , magnatium, Alloys of copper ­ brass- general composition, composition, properties & uses of commercial brass and German silver, Bronze ­ general composition, composition,

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properties and use of gun-metal, aluminium bronze, nickel bronze, Alloys of lead and tin (solders). Composition, properties & use of soft solders, Tinman's solders 4. Biotechnology 4.1 Introduction : Scope & importance of biotechnology, application of biotechnology to energy development & environment 4.2 Manufacture of biogas from organic waste Term Work : Each student has to appear for at least ONE written test during the term. Report on experiments Demonstrated (at least five each based on above syllabus of Section I & Section II) Assignments consisting of minimum ten numerical problems covering the syllabus along with the graded answer paper shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Report on experiments Demonstrated, assignments: 15 marks Written test : 10 marks Recommended Books: 1. Arthur Beiser, "Concept of modern Physics", Tata McGraw Hill 2. R.K. Gaur and S.L. Gupta, "Engineering Physics", Dhanpat Rai & Publishing Co. 3. J. B. Ranjam, "Modern Physics", S Chand & Co. 4. Jain & Jain, "Engineering Chemistry", Dhanpat Rai & Publishing Co. 5. M.M. Uppal, "A text book of Engineering Chemistry", Khanna Publishers 6. B.K. Sharma, "Environmental Chemistry", Goel Publishing House 7. S.S. Dara, "Engineering Chemistry", S Chand & Co.

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SEM.: II COMMUNICATION SKILLS Periods Per week, each period of 1 hour, Lectures 2, Practicals - , Tutorials ­ 1.5. Evaluation System: Theory Paper (3 Hours): 100, Term Work:- 25, Practical:- , Oral:- , Total: 125 Detailed Syllabus: 1. Communication Concept & meaning of communication, barriers to communication, methods of communication, techniques to improve communication 2. Summarization Techniques to summarize a given passage to test comprehension and ability to present written matter in a brief & concise manner. 3. Comprehension and Vocabulary Technical, specific or general text with multiple-choice question to test analytical skills, comprehension, expression, vocabulary and grammar (synonyms, antonyms, one-word substitution, word formation) 4. Basic official correspondence Principles of correspondence, language & style in official letters, formats of letters, (Complete-block, modified-block, semi-block) types of letters (enquiry, replies to enquiries, claims and adjustments, application letters with bio-data). 5. Technical writing Framing definitions, classification and description of objects, explanation of a process, writing instructions. Tutorials : Topics to be assigned for speech practice in the form of elocution and debates to test diction modulation, fluency and non-verbal communication Term Work: Each student has to appear for at least ONE written test during the term. Term work shall consist of graded answer paper of the test & at least eight hand-written assignments (2 on communication, 3 on correspondence, 1 on summarization, 1 on comprehension and vocabulary, 1 on technical writing). The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Written test (at least one) : 10 marks Assignments : 15 marks

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Recommended Books 1. R.C. Sharma & Krishna Mohan, "Business correspondence and report writing", Tata McGraw Hill. 2. Rai & Rai, "Business Communication (Revised Edition)", Himalaya Publishing House. Lesiker & Petit : "Business Communication", McGraw Hill Publications 3. McCommas & Satterwhite, Sixth Edition, "Modern Business Correspondence", McGraw Hill publications 4. English for Engineers & Technologists : A skill approach (Book 1 & 2) Course Authors (Humanities & Social Sciences Division, Anna University, Madras. Orient Longman) (Mainly for comprehension) 5. Eisenberg, Anne, "Technical writing", McGraw Hill Publications(Teacher reference only) 6. Huckins, Thomas, "Technical writing & Professional communication", McGraw Hill Publications. 7. Freeman, Sarah, "Written communication", Orient Longman.

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SEM.: II APPLIED MATHEMATICS II Periods Per week, each period of 1 hour, Lectures 5, Practicals - , Tutorials ­ Evaluation System: Theory Paper (3 Hours): 100, Term Work:- , Practical:- , Oral:- , Total: 100 Detailed Syllabus: 1. Beta and Gamma Functions. 1.1. Beta and Gamma Functions with properties (With proof) 1.2 Relation between Beta and Gamma Functions. Duplication formula (With proof) 2. Differentiation under integral sign with constant limits of integration 3. Integral Calculus 3.1 Rectification of plane curves 3.2 Double and triple integration. Idea of Jacobian for evaluating integrals with transformation (Theorem and problems on Jacobian are not expected) 3.3 Geometrical interpretation and evaluation by change of order and change to polar form 3.4 Application of double and triple integral to area, mass and volume 4. Differential eqautions 4.1 First order & first degree exact differential equations & those which can be reduced to exact by use of integrating factor (only four rules of I.F. and I.F. by inspection) 4.2 Linear differential equation and equations reducible to linear equation 4.3 Linear differential equation of higher order with constant coefficients. Complementary functions. Particular integrals for equations of the type f(D)y = X where X = eax, xm, Sin(ax + b), COS(ax + b), eaxV, x, V where V is a function of x (Derivation of P.I. are not expected) 4.4 Cauchy's linear homogenous equation and Leagendre differential equation 4.5 Variation of parameter methods & methods of undetermined coefficients 4.6 Standard Curves : Straight line, circle, parabola, ellipse, hyperbola, rectangular hyperbola, catenary, semicubical parabola, cissoid, lemniscate, asteroid, hypocloid, cycloid, cardioide and ay2 = x2 (a-x), 9ay2 = (x-2a) (x-5a)2 Recommended Books : 1. Dr. B.S. Grewal, "Higher Engineering Mathematics", Khanna Publications. 2. P.N. & J.N. Wartikar, "A text book of Applied Mathematics", Pune Vidyarthi Griha 3. Eruruin Kreyszing, "Advanced Engineering Mathematics", Wiley Eastern Limited 4. G.V. Kumbhojkar, "Engineering Mathematics I", C. Jamanadas & Co. 5. Dr. B.V. Jungam, K. P. Patil, Mrs. N.M. Kumthekar, "Applied Mathematics I", Nandu Publications.

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F.E. (ALL BRANCHES) SEM.: II COMPUTER PROGRAMMING II

Periods Per week, each period of one hour, Lectures 3, Practicals 2, Tutorials ­ Evaluation System: Theory Paper (3 Hours): 100, Term Work: 25, Practical:-, Oral:-, Total: 125 Detailed Syllabus: 1. C++ Fundamentals : (Moving from C to C++) 1.1 Data types Operators, Preprocessor directives, Declarations, Input and Output, Manipulators (endl, setw(), setprecision(),) control structures, functions and arrays. 2. Objects and Classes : 2.1 Data hiding and encapsulation, private and public members , Member functions, Accessing class members, Objects as function parameters, static data and member functions, friend functions and friend classes. 3. Object Initialization and Cleanup: 3.1 Constructors Parameterised constructors, Destructor , Constructor overloading, Constructors with default arguments, Constructors with dynamic operations 4. Function and Operator Overloading : 4.1 Function overloading , functions with default arguments Inline functions. Unary operator overloading, Operator returning value. Binary operator overloading. Overloading arithmetic relational and assignment operators. 5. Inheritance : 5.1 Derived and base class, protected members, Overriding functions, Private, Protected and public inheritance, Derived class constructors, Levels of inheritance and Multiple inheritance 6. Pointers : 6.1 Void pointers, Pointer to functions and objects, this pointer, pointers and memory management, new and delete operators, Dynamic memory allocation, creating one and two dimensional arrays with dynamic memory allocation. 7. Virtual functions and Polymorphism 7.1 Need for virtual functions, pointer to derived class object. Pure virtual functions, Abstract classes, Dynamic or late binding

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8. File Handling: 8.1 Files and streams, opening and closing a file, Input and Output, Classes and files 9. Templates : (Only for concepts) 9.1 Function templates and Class templates.

Term work : Each student is to appear for at least one written test (preferably on-line) during the term. Recommended compilers : UNIX / LINUX, Turbo C / Borland C Ten (10) programs should be developed under classes, objects and pointers, Ten (10) programs should be developed under inheritance, operator overloading, function overloading. At least five (5) assignments involving Classes should be developed for manipulation of data stored in single dimensional array, two-dimensional array, links I list and strings. Applications on data manipulation, matrix manipulation and statistics. Programs should be debugged (hand written / computer print-out) with suitable comments to be submitted along with one assessed test paper, together covering compete syllabus. The distribution of term work shall be as follows : Written test (at least one) : 10 marks Assignments : 05 marks Programs : 10 marks Recommended Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Balagurusamy, "Programming in C+ +", Tata McGraw Hill Publications Tony Gaddis, "Starting out with C++", PENRAM International Publishing(India) Herbert shield, "Complete reference", Tata McGraw Hill. Pobert Lafore, "Object Oriented Programming in turbo C+ +", Galgotia "Programming in C", Schuam's out line series Yashwant Kanitkar, "Let us C", BPB Publications "Practical C+ + programming", O' Reilly "Beginning C+ +", Ivor Horton "A first book of C+ +", Gary Bronson

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S.E. (CIVIL), SEM. ­ III

APPLIED MATHEMATICS III Period per week: Lectures : 4, Practicals: Evaluation System: Theory paper (3 hours) ­ 100, Term Work ­, Total ­ 100 Detailed Syllabus 1. Complex Variables: 1.1 Functions of complex variables, continuity(only statement), differentiability of a analytic function, Regular function. 1.2 Analytic function, Necessary and sufficient conditions for function f(z) to be analytic 1.3 Harmonic functions, Orthogonal trajectories 1.4 Milne Thomson's method to find analytic function from its real or imagining parts. 1.5 Cauchy Riemann's equation in polar-coordinates 1.6 Mapping Conformal mapping 1.7 Linear, bilinear mapping with geometrical interpretations 1.8 Civil Engineering Applications. 2. Fourier Series & Integrals 2.1 Orthogonal & Orthonormal functions, expression for a function in a series of orthogonal function. 2.2 Sine & Cosine functions, their orthogonally properties. 2.3 Fourier series, Dirichlet's theorem (only Statement) 2.4 Period functions with period 2 & T, Even & Odd functions 2.5 Half range sine & cosine series, parsevals relation 2.6 Complex form of Fourier series 2.7 Fourier Integral, Fourier integrals with of even and odd functions 2.8 Civil Engineering applications 3. Laplace Transforms 3.1 Function of bounded variation (Statement only) Laplace Transforms of 1, tn, ex, Sin(a), COS(at), Sinh(at), Cosh(at), crf(t), shifting properties. Expressions (with proofs) for 3.2 L{tn, F(t)}, L{F(t) / t}, L{f(u) du}, L{dn / dtn f(t)}, unit step functions, Heaviside, Dirac Delta functions & their Laplace transform. Laplace transform of periodic functions. 3.3 Evaluation Inverse Laplace Transforms, partial fraction methods, Heaviside development, Convolution theorem. 3.4 Application of Laplace Transform to solve initial & boundary value problems involving ordinary differential equation with one dependent variables

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4. Matrices 4.1 Types of matrices 4.2 Adjoint of a matrix, Inverse of a matrix 4.3 Elementary Transformation, rank of a matrix, normal form 4.4 Linear dependent & independent of rows & columns of a matrix over a real field. Reduction to a normal form. 4.5 Partitioning of a matrices 4.6 System of Homogeneous and non homogeneous equations, their consistency & Solution.

Recommended Books 1. Dr. B.S. Grewal, "Higher Engineering Mathematics", Khanna Publications 2. P.N. & J.N. Wartikar, "A text book of Applied Mathematics", Pune Vidyarthi Griha 3. Eruruin Kreyszing, "Advanced Engineering Mathematics", Wiley Eastern Limited 4. T. Veerrajan, "Engineering Mathematics for Semester-III", Tata McGraw Hill.

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S.E. (CIVIL), SEM. ­ III

SURVEYING I Period per week: Lectures : 3, Practicals: 3 Evaluation System: Theory paper (3 hours) ­ 100, Term Work ­ 25, Total ­ 125 Detailed Syllabus 1. Introduction Various types of surveying ­ based on methods and instruments, classifications, uses and necessity of geodetic surveying, photographic, astronomy and hydrographic surveying Diagonal scale, various types of verniers, micrometers on surveying instruments, principles of surveying Different types of ranging, tapes, chains, steel band Linear measurements, approximate, direct, optical and electronic methods Chain surveying, minor instruments for setting out right angle 2. Compass survey Bearings ­ different types, compass ­ prismatic, surveyor, whole circle, reduced bearings, declination, local attraction, plotting of compass survey by different methods 3. Levelling and controlling Definitions, technical terms, different types of levels such as dumpy, quickset, precise auto Temporary and permanent adjustments of dumpy and auto level Difficulties in leveling, reduction of levels, problems Difficulties in leveling work, corrections and precautions to be taken in leveling work Contour ­ definitions, contour interval, equivalent, uses and characteristics of contour lines, direct and indirect methods of contouring Running a level line, L section, cross section, methods of interpolation Grade contour ­ definition, use, setting out in field Computation of volume by trapezoidal and prismoidal formula, volume from spot levels, volume from contour plan 4. Areas Area of a irregular figure by Trapezoidal rule, average ordinate rule, Simposon's 1/3 rule, various coordinate methods Planimeter : types of planimeter including digital planimeter, area of zero circle, use of planimeter 5. Theodolite traverse various parts and axis of transit, technical terms, temporary and permanent adjustments of a transit, horizontal and vertical angles, methods of repetition and reiteration Different methods of running a theodolite traverse, Gales traverse table, balancing of traverse by Bow-Ditch's transit and modified transit rules

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Problems on one-plane and two-plane methods, omitted measurements Precautions in using theodolite, errors in theodolite survey Use of theodolite for various works such as prolongation of a straight line, setting out an angle 6. Plane table surveying Definitions, uses and advantages, temporary adjustments Different methods of plane table surveying Two point problem Errors in plane table survey, use of telescopic alidate Practicals: Use of planimeter for irregular figures To find internal angles of a polygon with a prismatic and a surveyor compass Level simple and compound leveling, booking methods Practice on levels Use of theodolite for horizontal and vertical angles Theodolite traverse, Gale's traverse table Use of plane table Term Work: Each student has to appear for at least ONE written test during the term. The term work shall comprise of: Report on experiments conducted, Report (inclusive of drawing sheets) of a two day project on theodolite traversing and plane table detailing, Assignments consisting of minimum five problems on each topic including at least three programs (de-bugged and with suitable comments and data with output for problems on above syllabus), Graded answer paper of written test. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Report on experiments conducted and project : 10 marks Assignments : 05 marks Written test : 10 marks Recommended Books: 1. Kanetkar and Kulkarni, "Surveying and Levelling", Vol I and II, Pune Vidyarthi Griha, Pune 2. N N Basak, "Surveying and Levelling", Tata McGraw Hill 3. R Agor, "Surveying", Khanna Publishers

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149

S.E. (CIVIL), SEM ­ III

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Period per week: Lectures : 3, Tutorials: 2 Evaluation System: Theory paper (3 hours) ­ 100, Term Work ­ 25, Total ­ 125 Detailed Syllabus 1. Introduction Types of structures ­ framed, load bearing and composite, suitability and economic aspects of each type 2. Masonry Construction Classification and bonding in stone masonry, brick masonry and concrete block masonry, manufacturing of concrete blocks Suitability and economic aspects of each type of masonry Manonry finishes ­ pointing: types, plastering: materials and types, painting 3. Doors and windows Types, materials used, manufacture of doors and windows, fixtures Grill work ­ materials used, manufacture 4. Floors and roofs Floors ­ types of floors, floor finishes, suitability Roofs ­ materials used, types, wooden and steel trusses, roof coverings, roof drainage 5. Staircase Types, size and location, layout, design considerations, materials for stair case construction 6. Excavation and foundations Excavation in soils and rocks, shoring and strutting, dewatering Simple foundations like isolated, strip, continuous, and raft 7. Concrete Construction Cast-in-situ concrete ­ types of mixes, batching and mixing, transportation and placing, curing, tests on concrete, placing concrete under water, placing concrete in hot and cold climate Precast concrete ­ advantages, suitability, manufacturing ­ storage ­ curing and erection methods for precast components Formwork ­ design of simple form work, materials for formwork, slipform shuttering, centering and staging, scaffolding

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

150

8. Building services Air-conditioning ­ systems of heating, air conditioning, ventilation, construction requirements Fire-fighting ­ fire hazards, resisting materials, fire alarms systems, fire extinguishers, fir loads, precautions for preventing fires Lifts ­ passenger handling capacity, accessories, layout Acoustics and sound insulation ­ characteristics of sound, reflection and absorption coefficients, acoustical defects, acoustical design, acoustical materials Plumbing, sanitary drainage ­ requirements and basics in design, water supply system, waste water and water system, traps, sanitary fittings, drainage system, hot water supply 9. Damp proofing and water proofing Materials and methods

Term Work: Each student has to appear for at least ONE written test during the term. At least 20 sketches covering entire syllabus, At least 10 assignments covering the syllabus, A report including sketches, on a visit to building construction site, Graded answer paper of written test. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Sketches : 05 marks Assignments : 10 marks Written test : 10 marks Recommended Books: 1. S P Bindra and S P Arora, "Building construction", Dhanpat Rai and Sons, Delhi 2. M.G. Shah, C.M. Kale, S.Y. Patki, "Building Drawing", Tata McGraw Hill, Delhi 3. V.K. Jain, "Services in Building Complex", Khanna Publishers

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

151

S.E. (CIVIL), SEM ­ III

CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL AND TESTING Period per week: Lectures : 3, Practicals: 2 Evaluation System: Theory paper (3 hours) ­ 100, Term Work ­ 25, Total ­ 125 Detailed Syllabus 1. Classification of materials, requirements of building materials and products: functional, aesthetical and economic. 2. Study of properties of materials: physical, mechanical, chemical, biological, aesthetical and other complex properties like durability, reliability, compatibility and economic characteristics. 3. Wood varieties and uses, defects in timber, preservative treatments, wood composites. 4. Stone types and properties, quarrying, milling and surface finishing, preservative treatments, stone aggregates. 5. Bitumen, tars and asphalts properties and uses. 6. Structural clay products, classification, raw materials and manufacturing processes, common clay bricks, face bricks and tiles, ceramic tiles, roofing tiles, paving bricks, sanitary ware. 7. Glass types and uses 8. Metals and metal alloys: products made of ferrous and nonferrous metals, aluminium alloys, types and uses, anti corrosive treatments 9. Materials and products based on mineral binders, gypsum, lime, plaster of paris, cement, hydraulic lime, mortars and concrete, asbestos cement and its products, gypsum concrete products. 10. Synthetic polymers resins and resin based materials, floor covering, wall facing, heat insulating and sound proofing and sealing resins, sanitary ware and pipes. 11. Paints and varnishes, types, constituents and uses 12. Composites, classification of composites matrix, laminate and sandwich, variety of composite materials and their uses

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

152

Practicals: Following tests to be performed as per relevant IS standards: Cement: consistency, compressive strength, initial and final setting time, soundness Bricks: water absorption, compressive strength Aggregates: sieve analysis, crushing value Wood: tension, compression, tension Tiles: traverse test, water absorption test Steel: tension test Term Work: Each student has to appear for at least ONE written test during the term. The term work shall comprise of: Report on experiments performed, At least five assignments covering the syllabus, Graded answer paper of written test. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Report on experiments conducted and assignments : 15 marks Written test : 10 marks Recommended Books: 1. D.N. Ghose, "Materials of Construction", Tata McGraw Hill 2. "Civil Engineering Materials", Macmillan 3. D. Anapetor, "Architectural Materials Science", Mir Publishers

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

153

S.E. (CIVIL), SEM. ­ III

FLUID MECHANICS Period per week: Lectures : 3, Practicals: 2 Evaluation System: Theory paper (3 hours) ­ 100, Term Work ­ 25, Total ­ 125 Detailed Syllabus 1. Properties of Fluids: Mass density, weight density, 2. Fluid Static: Pascal's law, pressure variation in fluids at rest, absolute, atmospheric, gauge pressure, measurement of pressures. Hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surface. Buoyance and flotation : Metacenter, metacentric height, equilibrium of floating and submerged bodies. 3. Liquid in Relative Equilibrium: Uniform linear acceleration, liquid containers subjected to constant horizontal and vertical acceleration, constant rotation with vertical axis. 4. Fluid Kinematics: Types of flow ­ one, two and three dimensional flows, steady, unsteady, uniform, non uniform, laminar, turbulent, compressible, incompressible, rotational, irrotational flows, continuity equation, vorticity. 5. Fluid Dynamics: Euler's equation, Bernoulli's equation. 6. Flow measuring Devices: Venturi meter, orifice meter, nozzle meter, pilot tube, rotameter. Orifice: hydraulic coefficient, small and large orifice, time of emptying a tank through orifice. Mouthpieces: External, convergent, Borda's mouthpieces Notches and wiers: rectangular, triangular, Cipolleti weirs, velocity of approach, end contractions. 7. Compressible Flow: Basic equations of flow (elementary study), Mach number, Mach cone, area-velocity relationship, stagnation properties. 8. Ideal fluid flow: Uniform flow, source and sink, doublet, free vortex.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

154

Practicals: List of experiments (At least 6 to be conducted) Determination of metacentric height. Verification of Bernoulli's theorem. Calibration of orifices. Calibration of mouthpieces. Calibration of notches. Calibration of weirs. Calibration of Venturi meter. Calibration of Orifice meter. Calibration of Nozzle meter.

Term Work: Each student has to appear for at least ONE written test during the term. The term work shall comprise of: Report of the experiments performed, At least five assignments covering the syllabus, Graded answer paper of written test. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Report on experiments conducted : 10 marks Assignments : 05 marks Written test : 10 marks

Recommended Books: 1. Dr. Modi P.M. and Dr. Seth S.M. (1991.), "Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics", Standard Book House. 2. K. Subramanya, (1993.), "Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics", Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd. 3. Dr. Jain A.K., (1993.)"Fluid Mechanics", Khanna Publishers. 4. D.S. Kumar, "Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Pressure Engineering", F.K. Kataria and Sons.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

155

S.E. (CIVIL/CONSTRUCTION)

SEM. IV

APPLIED STATISTICS AND NUMERICAL METHODS Periods per week: lectures 4, Practicals: -. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Term Work: - Oral: Detailed syllabus: 1. Statistical applied to Civil Engineering 1.1 Review of : tabular & graphical representation of sample data, measures of central tendency and measures of variation, probability. 1.2 Discrete random variables and their distributions : Binominal, Poisson & hyper geometric distributions 1.3 Continues random variables and their distribution : Normal distribution 1.4 Random sampling, sample designs, sampling distributions, standard error of mean, central limit theorem 1.5 Estimation of parameters : point estimation, interval estimation, confidence interval, test concerning means & standard deviations, testing of hypothesis ­t test & F test, acceptance sampling, chi-square test for goodness of fit 1.6 Non-parametric methods : one sample & two sample sign tests, rank-sum test : MannWhiteney test and Kruskal Wallis test 1.7 Correlation : coefficient of correlation, rank correlation. 1.8 Regression analysis : curve fitting, linear regression, method of least squares. 2. Numerical methods applied to civil engineering 2.1 Review of solutions of transcendent & algebraic equations : Newton ­ Raphson method, bisection method. 2.2 Solutions to systems of linear algebraic equations : Gauss elimination, Gauss ­ Jordan method, Gauss ­ Seidel iteration, Jacobi iteration 2.3 Finite differences of first & higher order, forward, backward, central and divided differences, difference tables Taylor's operator ­ D, shift operator ­ E, averaging operator, differences of polynomials 2.4 Interpolation : Linear & quadratic interpolation, Newton's forward & backward difference interpolation formulas, Langrangain interpolation, Sterling & Bessel's interpolation formulas 2.5 Numerical integration : rectangular & trapezoidal rule, Simpson's rule 2.6 Differential equations : Taylor's series method, Picard method, Runga Kutta method, Euler method Recommended Books : 1. Kapur & Saxena "Mathematical Statistics", 2. "Statistics", Schaum's Series 3. S. K. Gupta, "Numerical Methods for Engineering".

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

156

S.E. CIVIL SEM. IV

SURVEYING II Periods per week: lectures 3, Practicals: 3. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Term Work: 25 marks. Oral: 25 marks Detailed syllabus: 1. Curves Definitions of different terms, necessity of curves and types of curves Simple circular curves and compound curves, office and field work, linear methods of setting out of curves. Angular methods for setting out of curves, two theodolite and Rankine deflection angle methods. Reverse and transition curves, their properties and their advantages, design of transition curves, shift, spiral angle. Composite curves ­ office and field work, setting out of curve by angular method, composite curve problems. Vertical curves ­ definitions, geometry and types, tangent correction and chord gradient methods, sight distance on a vertical curve, difficulties in setting out curves and solutions for the same. 2. Modern Surveying instruments Electronics in surveying, general principles used in the instruments. Auto levels, self compensating instrument. Electronic distance measurements ­ types, principles, applications in surveying, corrections for field observations. Electronic digital theodolite ­ types, uses and application, concept of total station. Introduction to laser beam theory. Use of computer in survey work for level computation and plotting contour plan Introduction of GPS 3. Precision Leveling Precise level and leveling staff, field procedure for precise leveling, field notes. 4. Tacheometric surveying Principles and uses, advantages, stadia formula, different methods of tacheometer, subtense bar method, location details by tacheometer, stadia diagram and tables, error and accuracy in tacheometry survey work. Application in plane table and curve seting

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

157

5. Setting out works General horizontal and vertical control, setting out of foundation plan for load bearing and framed structure, batter board, slope and grade stakes, setting out with theodolite. Setting out of sewer line, culvert, use of laser for works Setting out centre line for tunnel, transfer of levels of underground work. Project / route survey for bridge, dam and canal. Checking vertically of high rise structures.

Practicals: To set out circular curves by linear and angular methods. Setting out a composite curve by angular method. To find the constants of a tacheometer and to verify field distances. Height and distance problems in tacheometric surveying. Use of theodolite for one plane and two plane methods. Study of modern surveying instruments. Setting out a simple foundation plan in the field. Term Work: Each student has to appear for at least ONE written test during the term. The term work shall comprise of: Three A1 size drawing sheets comprising practical work on: L section and cross section, block contouring, tacheometric survey. Assignments consisting of minimum five problems on each topic; Office and field work for minimum two types of curves by angular method, plotting of a contour plan on computer using suitable software, Graded answer paper of written test. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Drawing sheets : 10 marks Assignments and compute output : 05 marks Written test : 10 marks Recommended Books: 1. Kanetkar and Kulkarni, "Surveying and Leveling", Vol. I & II, Pune Vidyarthi Griha, Pune. 2. Basak N.N., "Surveying and Leveling", Tata McGraw Hill. 3. Agor R., "Surveying", Khanna Publishers. Note: The distribution of ORAL marks will be as follows * Practical ­ 10 Marks * Oral ­ 15 Marks.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

158

S.E. CIVIL SEM.- IV

ENGINEERING GEOLOGY Periods per week: lectures 3, Practicals: 2. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs : 100 marks. Term Work: 25 marks. Oral: 25 marks Detailed syllabus: 1. Introduction Branches of geology useful to civil engineering, importance of geological studies in various civil engineering projects. 2. General geology Internal structure of the earth and use of seismic waves in understanding the interior Agents modifying the earth surface, study of weathering and its significance in physical and engineering properties of rocks like strength and water tightness, durability etc. Geological action of river, wind and glaciers, erosion; transport and depositional landforms created by them. Volcanism ­ central type and fissure type, products of volcanoes. Earthquakes ­ earthquake waves, construction and working of seismographs, eqrthquake zones of India. Geological aspects earthquake resistance structures. 3. Mineralogy Methods of mineral identification, physical properties of minerals, rock forming minerals, megascopic identification of common primary and secondary minerals, study of common ore minerals as prescribed under Practicals. 4. Petrology Study of igneous, sedimentary rocks, distinguishing properties between igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks to identify them in field. Igneous petrology ­ mode of formation, textures, structures etc. Hatch's scheme of classification, study of common igneous rocks. Sedimentary petrology ­ mode of formation, textures, characteristics of shallow water types, residual like lamination, bedding, current bedding etc., classification of secondary rocks, types, residual deposits, true elastic deposits, chemically formed and organically formed deposits, commonly occurring sedimentary rocks. Metamorphic petrology ­ mode of formation, agents and types of metamorphism, metamorphic minerals, rock cleavage, structures and textures in metamorphic rocks, classification, commonly occurring metamorphic rocks.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

159

5. Structural geology Structural elements of rocks ­ dip, strike, outcrop patterns, unconformities, outliers and inliers, study of joints, faults and folds, importance of structural elements in engineering operations. 6. Stratigraphy Principle of stratigraphy and co-relation, geological time scale, physiographic divisions of India ­ study of formations occurring in penisular India. 7. Geological investigations. Preliminary geological investigations and their importance to achieve safety and economy of the projects, supporting case histories of dams and tunnel projects in Maharashtra State. Methods of surface and sub surface investigations ­ trial pits, trenches, drill holes, geological logging, inclined drill holes, Resistivity method and seismic methods. Use of aerial photographs and satellite imageries in civil engineering projects. 8. Ground water Sources and zones, water table, unconfined and perched, springs. Factors controlling water bearing capacity of rocks, pervious and impervious rocks, cone of depression and its use in civil engineering. Methods of artificial recharge of ground water, geology of percolation tank. 9. Geology of dam and reservoir site Importance of geological conditions while selecting the type of dam, ideal geological conditions for dam and reservoir site, favorable and unfavorable conditions in different types of rocks in presence of various structural features, precautions to be taken to counteract unsuitable conditions, significance of faults, folds, crushed zone, dykes and fractures on the dam site and treatment giving to such structures, tail channel erosion. 10. Tunneling Importance of geological considerations while choosing sites and alignment of the tunnel. Ideal site conditions for tunneling; geological conditions to be avoided. Tunneling to various types of rocks under various geological and structural condition, difficulties during tunneling and methods to overcome the difficulties. 11. Stability of hill slopes Land slides, their types, causes and preventive measures for landslides. 12. Building stones Requirements of good building stone, geological factors controlling properties of good building stones, consideration of common rocks as building stones, study of different building stone from various formation in Indian peninsula, geological factors controlling location of quarries, quarrying methods and quarrying operations.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

160

Practicals: Study of physical properties of the minerals Identification of minerals ­ crystalline, crypto-crystalline and amorphous silica and their varieties, Orthoclase, Microcline, Plagioclase, Muscovite, Biotite, Hornblende, Asbestos, Augite, Olivine, Tourmaline, Garnet, Natrolite, Actinolite, Calcite, Dolomite, Gypsum, Beryl, Bauxite, Graphite, Galena, Pyrie, Hematite, Magnetite, Chalcopyrite, Chromite, Corundum, Talc, Fluorite, Kyanite. Identification of rocks ­ Igneous: Granite and its varities, Synite, Dionite, Gabbro, Pegmatite, Porphyry, Dolerite, Rhyolite, Pumice, Trachyte, Basalt and its varities, Volcanic Breccia, Volcanic Tuffs. Sedimentary: Conglomerate, Breccia, Sandstone and its varities, Shales, Limestone, Melliolite, Laterite, Slate, Phyllite, Mica, Schists, Hornblende schists, Granite gneiss and its varities, Augen gneiss, Marbles and quartzite. Structural geological maps (at least eight). Study of core samples, percentage recovery, RQD, core logging. At least one engineering problem based on field data collected during site investigations. Term Work: Each student has to appear for at least ONE written test during the term. The term work shall comprise of: Report on experiments conducted, Assignments consisting of minimum ten numerical problems covering the syllabus, Graded answer paper of written test. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Report on experiments conducted and assignments : 05 marks Written test : 10 marks Recommended Books: 1. Dr. Gupte R.B., "A Text Book of Engineering Geology". 2. Singh Parbin, "A Text Book of Engineering and General Geology". 3. Dr. Kesavalu, "A Text Book of Engineering Geology".

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

161

S.E. CIVIL SEM. IV

BUILDING DESIGN AND DRAWING I Periods per week: Lectures: 1, Practicals: 3. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Term Work: 25 marks. Oral & Sketching: 25 marks Detailed syllabus: 1. Planning and preparing of working drawings of residential structures of all types such as bungalows, row houses, duplex, apartment houses etc., principles of planning, relevant knowledge of building bylaws, code of practice for architectural drawings as per IS 962 and related causes of local D.C. rules. 2. Preparation of constructional details and drawings of foundations, floors, roofs ­ flat and pitched, doors and windows, staircases, plumbing items, columns, beams and slabs as per current practice. Term Work: Each student has to appear for at least ONE written test during the term. The term work shall comprise of: Report on planning and design of two residential buildings (one designed as load bearing structure having ground plus one floor with pitched roof, other shall be designed as RCC framed structure having ground plus one floor) Two A1 size drawing sheets, drawn independently for the two structures designed as mentioned above, showing following details drawn to scale as per standard practice : site plan, ground floor plan, first floor plan, elevation, section, door and window schedule One A1 size drawing sheet, drawn for one of the two structures designed as mentioned above, showing following details drawn to scale as per standard practice : roof plan and its section, foundation plan and its section, stair and its section, typical door and window details including section, and any other specific detail Graded answer paper of written test. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Report on planning and design of buildings : Drawings : Written Test : Recommended Books: 1. Shah M.G., Kale C.M., Patki S.Y., "Building Drawing", Tata McGraw Hill, Delhi. 2. Chakraborty M., "Civil Engineering Drawing". 05 marks 10 marks 10 marks

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

162

S.E. CIVIL SEM. IV CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY

Class : S.E. (Civil) Periods per week : Lectures Practicals Semester : IV : 3 hrs. : 2 hrs.

Evaluation System : Theory Examination Oral Examination Term Work Detailed Syllabus : 1. Properties of aggregates : Properties of coarse and fine aggregates and their influence on concrete, types of cement and their use, physical properties of 33 Grade, 43 Grade, 53 Grade ordinary Portland cement, Portland pozzolana cement, rapid hardening Portland cement, hydrophobic cement, low heat Portland cement and sulphate resisting Portland cement as per relevant I.S. codes 2. Grades of concrete : concrete for ordinary work, light weight concrete, high density concrete, workability, durability and strength requirements, effect of w/c ratio, acceptability criteria, laboratory testing of fresh and hardened concrete, concreting under special conditions, work in extreme weather conditions, under-water concreting. 3. Concrete mix design : mix design for compressive strength by I.S. methods, road note method and British method, mix design for flexural strength. 4. High performance concrete : constituents of high grade concrete, various tests and application of high performance concrete, 5. Admixtures : plasticizers, retarders, accelerators and other admixtures, test on admixtures, chemistry and compatibility with concrete. 6. Ready mix concrete : requirements of ready mix concrete, transit mixer details, mix design of RMC. 7. Concrete for repairs and rehabilitation of structures : polymer concrete, fiber reinforced concrete, polymer impregnated concrete, polymer modified cement concrete/mortar and ferro cement, different tests. 8. Non-Destructive testing of concrete : hammer test, ultrasonic pulse velocity test, load test, carbonation test, ½ cell potentiometer test, corrosion of steel test, core test and relevant provision of I.S. codes. : : : 100 Marks, 3 Hours 25 Marks 25 Marks

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

163

Practicals : List of experiments (At least eight to be performed) 1. Study of properties of fine and coarse aggregates. 2. Physical properties of cement. 3. Effect of w/c ratio on workability (slump cone, compaction factor, V-B test, flow table) 4. Effect of w/c ratio on strength of concrete, 5. Mix design in laboratory 6. Non destructive testing of concrete ­ some applications (hammer, ultrasonic) 7. Secant modulus of elasticity of concrete & indirect tensile test on concrete. 8. Study of admixtures & their effect on workability and strength of concrete. 9. Modulus of rupture of concrete. 10. Permeability test on concrete. 11. Tests on polymer modified concrete/mortar. 12. Tests on fiber-reinforced concrete. Term Work : Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. Report on experiments performed as detailed above, assignments and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work.

The distribution of term work marks will be as follows : Report of the experiments performed Assignments Written Test : : : 10 Marks 05 Marks 10 Marks

Recommended Books : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Jain O.P. & Jaikrishna, "Plain & reinforced concrete", Vol. I. Shetty M.S., "Concrete technology", theory and practice. "Properties of concrete", Neville, El, Society & Pub. Relevant I.S. codes. Special Publication of ACI on Polymer concrete and FRC. Proceedings of International Conferences on Polymer Concrete and FRC.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

166

T.E. CIVIL, SEM.- V

PRESENTATION & COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES Periods per week: Lectures 2, Tutorials: 2., Oral 25 marks. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Term Work: 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1 Communication in a business organization Internal (upward, Downward, Horizontal, Grapevine, Problems, Solutions), External Communication, strategies for conductive successful business meetings, documentation (notice, agenda, minutes) of meetings. Introduction to modern communication techniques (email, internet, video-conferencing, etc.) Legal and ethical issues in communication (Intellectual and property rights, patents) 2. Advance Technical Writing :2.1 Report writing & Presentation :- Definition & Importance of reports, Qualities of reports, language & style of reports, Types of reports, formats (Letter, memo, project report), Methods of compiling data. A computer aided presentation of a project report based on a survey based or reference based topics to be assigned to group of 8-10 students. The written report should not exceed 20 printed pages. 2.2 Technical paper writing :2.3 Writing Proposals :3. Interpersonal Skills :- Introduction to emotional intelligence, motivation, negotiating and conflict resolution. Assertiveness leadership, teambuilding, decision making, time management, 4. Interview Techniques :- Preparing for job interviews verbal & non-verbal, communication during interviews, observation sessions & roll play techniques to be used to demonstrate interview strategies. 5. Group Discussion :- Dynamics of group behavior techniques for effective participation. Term works :Assignments :2 Assignments, on communication topics. 3 Assignments each on report writing & interpersonal skills. 1 Class test. Distribution of term work marks will be as follows : Assignments ­ 15 marks, written test 10 marks. Distribution of oral marks will be as follows : Project Report presentation 15 marks. Group discussion 10 marks.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

167

Books Recommended :1) Fred Luthans, "Organizational behaviour", McGraw Hill 2) Lesikar and Petit, "Report writing for business", McGraw Hill 3) Huckim & Olsen, "Technical writing & professional Communication", McGraw Hill 4) Wallance & Masters, "Personal development for life & work", Thomson Learning. 5) Heta Murphy, "Effective Business Communication", McGraw Hill Additional Readings :1. Levicki Saunders & Minton, "Essential of Negotiation", McGraw Hill 2. Hartman Lemay, "Presentation success", Thomson Learning. 3. Kitty O. Locker, Stephen Kyo Kaczmarek, "Business Communication : Building Critical Skills", McGraw Hill 4. Vikas Gupta, "COMDEX Computer Course kit", IDG Books Pvt. Ltd. 5. Heller & Handle, "The essential Manager's Manual", Dorling Kindersley. 6. The Sunday Times `Creating Success Series' : 1. Develop Your Assertiveness. 2. Make every minute Count, 3. Successful Presentation Skills 4. How To Motivate people. 5. Team Building.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

168

T.E. CIVIL, SEM.- V

TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING - I Periods per week: lectures 3, Tutorials: Evaluation system: Theory Papers: 3 hrs 100 marks. Term Work: 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1. Introduction Roll of transportation in Society, Objectives of transportation System, Different types of modes, planning & Coordination of different modes for Indian Conditions. 2. Railway Engineering 2.1 Merits of rail transportation, railway gauges and gauge problem 2.2 Cross section of permanent way and track components, sleeper ­ functions and types, sleeper density, ballast functions and different ballast materials. 2.3 Rails: coning of wheels and tilting of rails, rail cross sections, wear and creep of rails, rail fastenings 2.4 Geometrics: gradients, transition curves, widening of gauge on curves, cant and cant deficiency 2.5 Points and crossing: design of turnouts, description of track junctions 2.6 yards : Details of different types of railway yards and their functions. 2.7 Signalling and interlocking: classification of signals, interlocking of signals and points, control of train movement 2.8 Construction and maintenance of railway track, methods of construction, material requirements, special measures for high speed track, maintenance of tracks and traffic operations 3. Airport Engineering 3.1 Aircraft characteristics and their influence on airport planning. 3.2 Airport planning: topographical and geographical features, existing airport in vicinity, air traffic characteristics, development of new airports, factors affecting airport site selection 3.3 Airport obstruction: zoning laws, classification of obstructions, imaginary surfaces, approach zones, turning zones 3.4 Airport layout: runway orientation, wind rose diagrams, basic runway length, corrections for runway length, airport classification, geometric design, airport capacity, runway configuration, taxiway design, geometric standards, exit taxiways, holding aprons, location of terminal buildings, aircraft hangers and parking 3.5 Airport marking and lighting marking and lighting of runways, taxiway and approach area. 3.6 Terminal area & Airport Layout :- Terminal Area, planning of terminal buildings, apron :- size of gate position, number of gate position, aircraft parking system, hanger, general planning considerations and blast considerations. 3.7 Air traffic control :- Air traffic control aids, en-route aids, landing aids.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

169

3.8 Airport drainage :- Requirement of airport drainage, Design data surface drainage design. 4. Water transportation 4.1 Harbours: selection of site, entrance and channel requirement, ship characteritstics and their influences on ports management and operations, harbour maintenance 4.2 Harbour layout: harbour works, break waters, jetties, wharfs, piers and berthing facilities, types and construction, dolphin 4.3 Navigational aids: buoys, light houses 4.4 Port facilities: docks, transit sheds and warehouses, general layout, containers and container yard, layout and handling equipment 4.5 Inland waterways: characteristics of inland waterway, ships and containers, port geometrics, inland waterway operations, river and channel hyadraulics, maintenance

Term Work: Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. At least 10 assignments (including numerical problems and layout sketches) and graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work The distribution of the term work will be as follows: Assignments Site Visit Report Written test : 10 marks : 5 marks : 10 marks.

Recommended Text Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Saxena S C and Arora S P, "A course of railway engineering", Dhanpat Rai and Sons, New Delhi. Khanna & Arora, "Airport planning and design", Nemchand Bros, Roorkee Agarwal M. M., "Indian Railway track.", Suchdeva press N.D. Bindra S P, "Docks and harbour engineering", Dhanpat Rai and Sons R Shrinivas, "Harbour, dock and tunnel engineering" Sehgal S E, Bhanot K L, "A text book on highway engineering and airports", S Chand & Co

References: 1. 2. 3. Horonjeff and Mckelrey, "Planning and design of airport". Quinn A D, "Design & construction of ports and marine structures" Rao G V, "Airport engineering", Tata McGraw Hill

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

170

T.E. CIVIL SEM. V

APPLIED HYDRAULICS I Periods per week: lectures 3, Tutorials: -., Practicals : 2. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Term Work: 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1. Dynamics of fluid flow: Momentum principle, applications: force on plates, pipe blends, jet propulsion, moment of momentum equation. 2. Dimensional analysis: Dimensional homogeneity, Buckingham's theorem, Rayleigh's method and other methods, dimensionless groups, similitude, model studies, distorted and undistorted models 3. Laminar flow through pipes: Reynold experiment, critical velocity, steady laminar flow through parallel plates, moving plates, flow through circular pipes and annulus 4. Flow through pipes: Loss of head through pipes, Darcy ­ Weisbach equation, minor losses, total energy equation, hydraulic gradient line, pipes in series equivalent pipes pipes in parallel flow through lateral flow in dead end pipes, siphon, power transmission through pipes nozzles. 5 Impact of jets Jet striking stationary, moving, inclined & perpendicular flat plates, impact on stationery , moving , curved vane ­ series of curved vanes 6 Turbines : classification, details of construction, performance characteristics, model studies, unit quantities of pelton wheel, Francis & Kaplan turbines, examples illustrating fixing size of different components, calculations of efficiencies, output etc. 7. Centrifugal Pumps: Classification , velocity diagram, series & parallel operation, characteristics curves, efficiencies, model studies, simple examples. 8 Hydraulic Machinery: Hydraulic Ram . Press, intensifier, crane & lift, examples

Department of Civil Engineering.

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Practicals : List of experiments (At least six to be performed) 1. Reynold's experiment 2. Friction loss through pipes 3. Laminar flow through pipes 4. Minor losses 5. Impact of Jet 6. Performance of centrifugal pump 7. performance of Francis turbine 8. performance of Pelton wheel 9. Hydraulic ram Term Work: Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. Reports on experiments performed as detailed above, assignments on each topics (including at least 2-3 programs written in C, C+ + on any topic) and graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work The distribution of the term work will be as follows: Assignments : 5 marks Report on the experiments performed : 15 marks Written test : 10 marks.

Recommended Text Books: 1. Modi P. M. & Seth S. M., "Hydraulics & fluid Mechanics", Standard Book House 2. Suramanaya K., "Theory and Applications of fluid mechanics", Tata McGraw Hill 3. Dr. Jain A. K., "Fluid Mechanics", Khanna Publishers 4. D.S. Kumar,"Fluid Mechanics and fluid pressure Engineering", F. K. Kataria and sons. 5. Mehta P. R., Ukrande S. K., Mate U. W., "Fluid Mechanics & Applied Hydraulics", Vipul Prakation.

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172

T. E. CIVIL, SEM.: V

SOIL MECHANICS Periods per week: Lectures : 4, Tutorials : - Practicals : 2

Evaluation system: Theory Examination :- 3 hrs, 100 marks, Practical Examination : Oral Examination : - Term Work : 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1. 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.0 2.1 2.2 Introduction Definitions: soils, soil mechanics, soil engineering, rock mechanics, geotechnical engg. Scope of soil engineering Comparison between soil & rock.

Basic definitions & relationship Soil as three phase system in terms of weight, volume, void ratio, porosity Definitions: moisture content, unit weights, degree of saturation, void ratio, porosity specific gravity, mass specific gravity etc. 2.3 Relationship between volume-weight, void ratio-moisture content, unit weightpercent air voids, saturation-moisture content, moisture content-specific gravity etc. 2.4 Determination of various parameters such as: 2.4.1 Moisture content by oven dry method, pycnometer, sand bath method torsional balance method, radio activity method, alcohol method 2.4.2 Specific gravity by density bottle method, pycnometer method, measuring flask method 2.4.3 Unit weight by water displacement method, submerged weight method, core cutter method, sand replacement method, water balloon method, radiation method. 3.0 Plasticity characteristics of soil 3.1 Introduction to definitions of: plasticity of soil, consistency limits, liquid limit, plastic limit, shrinkage limit, plasticity, liquidity and consistency indices, flow & toughness indices 3.2 Determination of: liquid limit, plastic limit, shrinkage limit 3.3 Use of consistency limits. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Classification of soils Introduction of soil classification: particle size classification, textural classification, unified soil classification, Indian standard soil classification system Identification: field identification of soils, general characteristics of soil in different groups.

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5.0 Permeability of soils 5.1 Introduction to hydraulic head, Darcy's law , validity of Darcy's law 5.2 Determination of coefficient of permeability 5.2.1 Laboratory method: constant head method; falling head method 5.2.2 Field method: pumping-in test, pumping-out test 5.3 Permeability aspects; permeability of stratified soils, factors affecting permeability of soil. 6.0 Seepage analysis Introduction, stream and potential functions, characteristics of flow nets, graphical method to plot flow nets, use of flow nets. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Effective stress principle Introduction, effective stress principle, nature of effective stress, effect of water table Fluctuation of effective stress, effective stress in soils saturated by capillary action, seepage pressure, quick sand condition, seepage pressure approach to quick sand condition. Compaction of soils Introduction, theory of compaction, laboratory determination of optimum moisture content and maximum dry density Compaction in the field, compaction specification and field control.

8.0 8.1 8.2 9.0

Consolidation of soils Introduction , comparison between compaction & consolidation , initial , primary & secondary consolidation , spring analogy for primary consolidation , consolidation test consolidation test results basic definitions , Terzaghis's theory of consolidation final settlement of soil deposits secondary consolidation. 10.0 Shear strength Principle planes parallel to the coordinate axes, Mohr's circle, important characteristics of Mohr's circle, Mohr-Coulomb theory, direct shear test, merits of direct shear test , Triaxial compression tests, types of shear tests, relation between major and minor principal stresses, unconfined compression test , vane shear test. 11.0 Stability of slopes Introduction, different factors of safety, types of slope failures, wedge failure Swedish circle method friction circle method stability number s and charts. 12.0 Soil exploration: Introduction, methods of investigation, methods of boring, soil samplers and sampling, number and disposition of trial pits and borings, penetrometer tests, borehole logs, geophysical methods.

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Practicals:

List of tests ( at least ten to be performed)

1 Field density using core cutter method 2 Field density using sand replacement method 3 Natural moisture content using oven drying method 4 Field identification of the soils 5 Specific gravity of soil grains 6 Grain size distribution by sieve analysis 7 Grain size distribution by hydrometer analysis 8 Consistency limits by liquid limit 9 Consistency limits by plastic limit 10 Consistency limits by shrinkage limit 11 Permeability tests using constant test method 12 Permeability tests using falling head method 13 Compaction test: standard proctor test. 14 Compaction test: modified proctor test 15 Relative density Term work: Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term Report on experiments performed as detailed above, assignments including 10 problems based on the above syllabus ( preferably 2 problems on each topic, at least 2-3 problems using computer software / programs written in C, C+ + ) and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of the term work marks will be as follows: Report of the experiments performed - 10 marks Assignments - 05 marks Written test - 10 marks Text books: 1. Punmia B. C., "Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering", Laxmi Publications, New Delhi 2. Arora K. R., "Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering", Standard Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi 3. V. N S Murthy, "Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering", Saitech Publications 4. Venkatramaiah C., "Geotechnical Engineering", New Age International 5. Singh Alam, "Soil Engineering in Theory and Practice", Standard Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi References: 1. Taylor, D. W., "Fundamentals of Soil Engineering", John Wiley & Sons 2. Holtz, R. D., "An Introduction to Geotechnical Engineering", Printice Hall, New Jersey 3. R.F. Craig, "Soil Mechanics", Chapman & Hall 4. Lambe T.W. & Whitman R. V., "Soil Mechanics", John Wiley & Sons 5. K Terzaghi "Theoretical Soil Mechanics".

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

175

T.E. CIVIL, SEM -V

BUILDING DESIGN AND DRAWING II Periods per week: lectures 1, Practicals: 3. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 4 hrs 100 marks. Term Work: 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1. Planning & design of public buildings such as; i. buildings for education: schools, colleges, institutions, libraries ii. buildings for health: hospitals, health centers, dispensaries, maternity homes, sanitoriums iii. industrial structures iv. buildings for entertainment: theatres, cinema halls, club houses, sports clubs v. offices vi. hostels, hotels, boarding houses, rest houses 2. Architectural planning, massing and composition, concept of built environment and its application in planning 3. Perspective drawing: one point and two point perspective 4. Principles of modular planning, planning as recommended by National Building Organization 5. Town planning: objectives and principles, master plan, road systems, zoning, green belt, slums 6. Use of computers in building planning and designing Term Work: Term work shall consist of at least three A1 (Imperial) size drawing sheets giving details of minimum two different types of public buildings. One building planned shall be RCC framed structure and shall have ground plus at least one upper floor. Other building planned shall be a load bearing single storied structure situated in rural area and is to be constructed with locally available materials. Buildings so planned shall be detailed out with following drawings: Ground floor plan Typical floor plan Elevation Typical section Roof plan, foundation plan and basement (if proposed) plan Site plan Layout plan with drainage lines Any other typical details, if necessary.

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Report on planning and designing of the above buildings shall cover the following: Description of site Plot area FSI consumed and calculation of planned area Finer points of architectural planning Brief description of all items of construction suggested in drawings Recommended books: 1. Shah, Kale & Patki, "Building drawing and design", Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi. 2. Sane Y.S., "Planning and designing". 3. Chakraborti M., "Building drawing".

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

177

T.E. CIVIL, SEM -V STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS II

Class : T.E. (Civil) Semester : V

Periods per week : Lectures : 6, Practicals : - Tutorials : 2 Evaluation System :Theory Examination : 100 Marks, 3 Hours Oral Examination : -, Term Work : 25 Marks Detailed Syllabus : 1. General : Types of structures occurring in practice and their classification, stable and unstable structures, statical and kinematical determinacy and indeterminacy of structures, symmetric structures, symmetrical and antisymmetrical loads, distinction between linear and non-linear behaviour, material and geometric nonlinearities. 2. Deflection of statically determinate structures : Review of general theorems based on virtual work and energy methods, introduction to the concept of complimentary energy, absolute and relative deflections caused by loads, temperature changes and settlement of supports, application to determinate beams, pin jointed frames and rigid jointed frames. 3. Analysis of indeterminate structures by flexibility method : flexibility coefficients and their use in formulation of compatibility equations, Castigliano's theorem of least work, application of above methods to propped cantilevers, fixed beams, continuous beams, simple pin jointed frames including effect of lack of fit of members, simple rigid jointed frames and two-hinged arches. 4. Analysis of indeterminate structures by stiffness method : Stiffness

coefficients for prismatic members and their use for formulation of equilibrium equation, direct stiffness method, slope deflection method, moment distribution method, applications of above methods to indeterminate beams and simple rigid jointed frames, rigid jointed frames with inclined member but having only one translational DOF in addition to rotational DOFs., including the effect of settlement of supports.

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Term Work : Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. At least 20 (twenty) solved problems based on the above syllabus and the graded answer paper of the term test shall be submitted as term work. Exposure to Computer application for stiffness method of analysis for plane structures. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows : Assignments Written Test Text Books : 1. Reddy C. S., "Basic structural analysis", Tata McGraw Hill. 2. Pandit & gupta, "Matrix methods in structural analysis", Tata McGraw Hil. 3. Junnarkar S. B., "Structural mechanics", Vol II, Charotar Publishers. Recommended Books : 1. Dr. Thadani B.N. & Dr. Desai J.P., "Modern methods in Structural Analysis", Weinall Book Corporation. 2. Wang C. K., "Intermediate Structural Analysis", Tata McGraw Hill. 3. "Analysis of framed structures", Gare & Weaver. 4. Gupta & Pandit, "Structural Analysis", Vol. I & II, Tata McGraw Hill. 5. Sarwar A. Raz, "Analytical methods in structural engineering", New Age International Publishers. 6. Negi L. S. & Jangid R. S., "Structural Analysis", Tata McGraw Hill. 7. Prakash Rao D.S., "Structural Analysis-a unified approach", Universities Press. 8. Yuan Yu Hsieh, "Elementary theory of structures", Prentice Hall. 9. Chajes A., "Structural Analysis", Prentice Hall. : : 15 marks 10 marks

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

179

T.E. CIVIL SEM. V

ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND MANAGEMENT 1.Definition Entrepreneurship concepts of Entrepreneur characteristics of Entrepreneurship And ideal Entrepreneur and Entrepreneurship

2. The Entrepreneurship culture Aspects Entrepreneurship environment for Entrepreneurship, culture: elements of culture business culture and culture of society Entrepreneurial culture, culture change, socioeconomic origins of Entrepreneurship barriers to Entrepreneurship factors effecting Entrepreneurship 3. Classification and types of Entrepreneurship Classification depending on : type of business ,technology , motivation, growth, stages of development.

4. Environmental traits and motivation Creation of a dream, Entrepreneurial inanities , characteristic of an Entrepreneur, Qualities of Entrepreneur , skill , Entrepreneurship success of supply motivation growth of Entrepreneur , Entrepreneur functions. 5. Project development: Project, stage of project, Project development cycle search for a n idea preliminary screening Project identification project formulation SWOT analysis , project report. Project appraisal market, technical, financial, economic, social, ecological, organizational. Tools of analysis time-value of money , compounding and discounting , break ­ even analysis sources and types of finance. 6. Present Scenario of Indian industry and Entrepreneur government policies promoting Entrepreneur in aid of Entrepreneurs finance for Entrepreneur sources and types of finance industries related to civil Engg. Steps for starting a small scale industry selection of types of organization . ownership types sole property ship partnership private co. public Ltd. Co . 7. Project accounting generally accepted accounting principles book keeping , double entry system, and ledger Preparation of income statement and balance sheet. 8. Management concepts of management , objectives, basic functions of management emergence of management though brief description of contributions by Fredrick Taylor Henry Fayol Elton Mayo and Gilbert. Principles of organization forms of organisation : Line, Line & staff , functional and matrix.

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Term Work :Each student to prepare for at least one written test during the term. At least 10 assignments and 10 problems base on above syllabus and the graded answer paper of term test shall be submitted as term work Assignments 10 marks Problems 5 marks Written test 10 m arks Recommended Books. 1. Prasanna Chandra : "Projects : preparation appraisal, budgeting & Implementation", Tata Mc grow Hill 2. Vasant Desai : "Dynamics of Entrepreneurial development & management", Himalaya Publishing House. 3. Koontz, O'Donell & Weirich, "Management", McGraw Hill. 4. R. Hiisrich & M. P. Peters, "Entrepreneurship", Tata Mc Graw Hill. 5. Entrepreneurship Development Colombo plan staff college for tech. Edu. Tata Mcgrow Hill

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

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T.E. CIVIL SEM. V

SITE VISITS I Periods per week: lectures -, Tutorials: -., Practicals 3. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: -. Oral Examination: . Term Work: Detailed Syllabus : The students should visit at least 6 projects sites in all during sem. V and VI taken together The sites should selected in such a way that during various visits they should be able to observed / study. Most of the activities related to bldg construction like concreting of footing and columns. bar bending , concreting of slab, flooring , plastering , plumbing, painting , cladding false ceiling, Air conditioning, and at least 4 of the following: i) Structural steel and fabrication and erection ii) Ground improvement methods (grouting / geosynthetics / reinforcement) iii) Tunneling by conventional method or by TBM iv) Cassion foundation and piling v) Asphalt laying and concreting of roads. vi) Ready mix concrete plant and ready mix asphalts plant vii) Earth work for dam oar transport project viii) Fabrication and erection of pre-cast concrete elements ix) Mass concreting (roller compacted concrete hot weather concrete cold weather concrete / under water concrete x) Machanized canal construction (excavation leveling and lining) xi) Repairs rehabilitation works xii) pre-stressing The students are expected to observe method of work operations, involved tools used. Quality checks, site layout productivity, of work men gang size equipment used etc.

The students shall prepare and submit detail report for every site visited during semester V and VI at the time of oral exam to be conducted at the end of sem VI the reports should clearly indicate observation s made during such visits supplemented with ample sketches/drawings.

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

182

T. E. CIVIL, SEM. -VI

FOUNDATION ENGINEERING

Periods per week: Evaluation system:

Lectures: 3, Tutorials : - Practicals: 2 Theory Examination : 3 hrs, 100 marks, Practical Examination : Oral Examination : 25, Term Work : 25 marks.

Detailed syllabus: 1.0 Lateral earth pressure theories 1.1 Introduction: applications of earth pressure theories, different types of earth pressures: at rest, active and passive pressures 1.2 Rankine's earth pressure theory: Rankine's earth pressure theory, active earth pressure and passive earth pressure for horizontal and inclined backfill including the direction of failure planes for cohesionless and cohesive soils. 1.3 Coulomb's wedge theory: coulomb's active pressure in cohesionless soils, expression for active pressure, Rebhann's construction for active pressure, Culmann's graphical solutions for active wedge method, coulomb's passive earth pressure for cohesive soils passive pressure by fraction circle method for cohesionless and cohesive soils. 2.0 Earth retaining structures: Rigid and flexible retaining structures, stability analysis of retaining walls, cantilever retaining walls, construction details, drainage and wall joints. 3.0 Bearing capacity of shallow foundations: 3.1 Definitions of ultimate bearing capacity net safe settlement pressure, net allowable bearing pressure, gross and net footing pressure for foundation backfilled. 3.2 Bearing capacity theories: Rankine's approach, Prandtl's approach and Terzaghi's approach, Terzaghi's approach concept behind derivation of equation, General baring capacity equation bearing capacity equations for square and circular footings, factors influencing bearing capacity performance of footings in different soils, types of shear failure, general shear failure, local shear failure, punching shear failure including Vesic's chart, ultimate bearing capacity in case of local shear failure. 3.3 Plate load test in detail with reference to IS 1888 and its applications and estimation of settlements. 4.0 Axially loaded pile foundations 4.1 Introduction to pile foundations, necessity of pile foundation, classification of piles, construction methods of bored piles, concrete bored piles , driven cast in-situ piles 4.2 Pile capacity based on static analysis, piles in sand, piles in clay, dynamic methods and heir limitations, in-situ penetration tests and pile load test as per IS 2911 specifications, negative skin friction

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4.3 Pile groups ultimate capacity of groups, settlement of pile groups in sand and in clays as per IS 2911 and critical depth method. 5.0 Underground conduits. 6.0 Open cuts: Difference in open cuts and retaining walls apparent pressure diagrams for sand, soft and stiff clay,. Estimation of loads on struts.

Practicals : List of tests: 1. Consolidation test 2. Triaxial test (UU) 3. Direct shear test 4. Unconfined compression strength test 5. California bearing ratio test Application of the test performed to foundation problems should be demonstrated by solving at least two problems using data from the tests. Term work : Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. Report on experiments performed as detailed above, assignments including 10 problems and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work The distribution of the term work marks will be as follows Report of the experiments performed Written test Text books : 1. Punmia B. C., "Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering", Laxmi Publications, New Delhi 2. Arora K. R., "Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering", Standard Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi 3. Murthy V. N. S., "Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering", Saitech Publications References: 1. Terzaghi K. and Peck R. B., "Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice", II Edn. 2. "Foundation Engineering", Peck R. B. & Hansen 3. Kaniraj S. R., "Design aids in Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering", Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi 4. Relevant Indian Standard specifications & codes. 15 marks 10 marks

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

184

T.E. CIVIL, SEM.-VI

TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING II Periods per week: lectures 4, Tutorials: 2. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Oral Examination: 25 marks. Term Work: 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1. Highway Engineering 1.1 Principles of highway planning: Classification of roads, brief history of road development in India, present status of roads in India. 2. Highway location, geometric design and alignment. 2.1 Basic requirements for an ideal alignment and factors controlling the same, map study, reconnaissance, topographic surveys, soils and materials, obligatory and control points, typical cross section in urban and rural roads, definitions of various cross sections. 2.2 Vehicular characteristics, salient dimensions, clearances, width of carriage way, shoulders, medians, width of road way, right of way, camber and its profile. 2.3 Design speed, sight distance-reaction time, stopping sight distance, passing sight distance, sight distance at intersections, passing zones. 2.4 Horizontal curves: design of superelevation and its provisions, minimum radius of horizontal curves, widening of pavement, transition curves. 2.5 Gradients: different types, maximum, minimum, ruling and exceptional, grade compensation in curves, vertical curves: design factors, comfort and sight distance. 2.6 Integration of horizontal and vertical curves, final location survey. 3. Elements of traffic engineering 3.1 Traffic engineering functions and administration, road user and vehicle. 3.2 Traffic surveys: speed, volume, parking, origin ­ destination traffic signs, markings, traffic signals, miscellaneous traffic control aids, traffic regulations, traffic management, traffic safety. 3.3 Intersection types: at grade and grade separation, factors influencing design. 4. Pavement materials, aggregates and bitumen soils, and their characterization. 5. Pavement design 5.1 Principles and concepts of failure serviceability, different types of pavements. 5.2 Equivalent single wheel load, behaviour of road materials under repeated loading. 5.3 Flexible pavements for roads and runways, spectrum of design approaches, evaluation of subgrade, CBR method of design (IRC 1984 approach) 5.4 Flexible pavement evaluation and strengthening, pavement overlays based on deflection

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185

5.5 Rigid pavements: calculation of wheel load stresses and temperature stresses, thickness design as per IRC. 5.6 Joints in rigid highway pavements: design of dowel bars and tie bars. 5.7 Rigid pavement evaluation and overlays. 6. Construction of roads 6.1 Requirement of materials, construction procedure, quality control and finishing tolerances. 6.2 Flexible pavements: preparation of subgrade, construction of subbase ­ granular, stabilized soil, WBM construction, bituminous macadam, bituminous concrete, construction of surfacings: single and double layer bituminous surface dressing, premix carpet, 6.3 Rigid pavement : preparation of base, construction of concrete slab. 7. Road maintenance and drainage: surface and subsurface. 7.1 Various types of failures in bituminous and concrete roads, their causes and remedies 7.2 Types of damage caused by water in pavements, methods of controlling water in pavements. 8. Hill roads and low cost roads II. Bridge Engineering 1. Bridge engineering: importance and history, investigations, site selection, collection of data, determination of flood discharge, waterway, afflux, economic span, scour depth, considerations of loads and stresses in load bridges. 2. Substructure 2.1 Shallow or open foundations: types, construction 2.2 Deep foundations a. Piles foundations: types, relative merits, choice, constructional aspects. b. Caissons: definition, classification, size and shape, precautions during sinking, sealing, use of compress air. c. Pier, abutment 3. Superstructures: classification based on materials, structural design and construction techniques. 4. Bearings and joints: types, requirement 5. Culverts: classification, design of simple culverts, causes of failure.

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186

Practicals List of Tests: a. Tests on aggregates 1. Shape test 2. Impact test 3. Abrasion test 4. Crushing test b. Tests on bitumen 5. Penetration test 6. Ductility test 7. Softening point test 8. Viscosity test Term Work: Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. A report on traffic volume and speed studies, report on tests performed as detailed above and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of the term work will be as follows: Report on the tests/study performed : Written test : 15 marks 10 marks.

Text Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Khanna S.K. and Justo C.E.G., "Highway engineering", Nemchand Bros., Kadiyali L.R., "Principles and practice of highway engineering", Khann Tech. Publications. Sehgal S.E. and Bhanot K.L., "A text book on highway engineering and airports", S. Chand & Co. Khanna and Justo, "Highway material testing", Nemchand Bros. Phatak D.R., "Bridge engineering", Satya Prakashan. Victor D J "Text book of bridge engineering".

References: 1. 2. Oglesby and Hicks, "Highway engineering", John Wiley Ponnuswamy, "Bridge engineering", Tata McGraw Hill.

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

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T.E. CIVIL SEM. VI

APPLIED HYDRAULICS II Periods per week: lectures 4, Practicals: 2. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Oral Examination: 25 marks. Term Work: 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1. Turbulent flow through pipes: Causes of turbulence, instability, mechanism of turbulence, Reynold stresses, semiempirical theories of turbulences, Prandtl's mixing length theory, universal velocity distribution equation, resistance equations, applications. 2. Boundary layer theory: Development of boundary over flat and curved surfaces, laminar and turbulent boundary layer, boundary layer thickness, Karman's momentum integral equation, boundary layer separation and control, examples. 3. Flow around submerged bodies: Drag and lift, streamlined and bluff bodies application, circulation lift and magnus effect, lift characteristics of airfoils. 4. Analysis of pipe network: Hardy Cross method, water hammer in pipes and control measures 5. Flow through open channel: 5.1 Steady uniform flow: Chezy's / Manning's equation, most economical section 5.2 Gradually varied flow: governing differential equation, flow profiles with examples, estimation of length of backwater and drawdown curves 5.3 Rapidly varied flow: specific energy, specific force, hydraulic jump in rectangular channels, applications 5.4 Flow measurement: venturiflume, standing wave flume

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Practicals: List of experiments (At least six to be performed) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Chezy's roughness factor Study of gradually varied flow Hydraulic jump Venturiflume, standing wave flume Velocity distribution in circular pipe Establishment of flow Boundary layer Studies in wind tunnel

Term work Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. Report on experiments performed as detailed above and graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work The distribution of the term work will be as follows: Report of the experiments performed Written test : : 15 marks 10 marks.

Recommended Text Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Modi P.M. and Seth S.M., "Hydraulics and fluid mechanics", Standard Book House Subramanaya K., "Theory and applications of fluid mechanics", Tata McGraw Hill. Dr. Jain A.K., "Fluid mechanics", Khanna Publishers. Nagarathnam S., "Fluid mechanics", Khanna Publishers. Subramanya K., "Flow in open channels", Tata McGraw Hill.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

189

T.E. CIVIL, SEM.-VI Environmental Engineering -I

Periods per week: lectures 4, Tutorials: 2. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Oral Examination: 25 marks. Term Work: 25 marks. Detailed Syllabus : 1. Environmental Pollution :Different Types of pollutions such as water pollution air pollution noise pollution thermal pollution 1.1 Air pollution :- Definition of air pollutions, major episodes, classification of air pollutants units of quantification, sources of air pollution, natural & manmade effects of air pollution on human health, animals, plants, properties. Global atmospheric change, green house effect, ozone depletion carbon sulfur, effects of carbandioxide, chlorofluorocarbans, green house gasses effects of temperature increases, emission control. 1.2 Noise pollution :Basic concepts measurement, standards effects on human health & various controls method 1.3 Water Pollution :Water resources :- water pollutants oxygen demanding waste, pathogens, nutrients, Salts thermal Pollution heavy metals, Pesticides, volatile organic compounds. Surface water quality :- Water quality in lakes, rivers & ground water. 1.4 Hazardous waste :- Definition identification mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, toxicity testing, human's studies, lot of evidence categories for potential carcinogenesis 2. Ecology :Basic principles food chain, tropic structure gross production to total community, respiration ratio (P/R), Bio-chemical Cycles, limiting factors, Ligbig's Law extended ecological regulation important eco system such as the seas estuaries & sea shores streams & rivers, lakes & ponds 3. Plumbing 3.1 Building Water supply: Introduction per capita supply Services conditions from main, Storage of water , water supply systems in building, sizing of pipes, water meters 3.2 Sanitary fixtures and fittings Introduction , classification of fixture, ablution fixtures soil fixtures bathroom accessories, special accessories, fittings. 3.3 Building drainages : Introduction, general principles governing building drainage, nature of drainage phenomena, system of plumbing design of pipes, primary and secondary branches, antisypon and vent piping, installation of pipes, testing of drains and pipes 3.4 Rain /storm water drainage: Introduction, collection of runoff, piping system, storm water drainage, design consideration, Hydraulic design, disposal of rain water.

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4. Sewage: 4.1 Convenience of sewage sewers shapes and materials of sewers, sanitary, storm and combined sewers, capacitance & designs appurtenance, maintenance of sewers. 4.2 Sewage pumping, Consideration of the selection of pump and location of pumping stations 5. Municipal solid waste Management 5.1 Solid waste Sources, types compositions physical and biological properties of solid waste sources and types of hazardous and infectious waste in municipal solid waste 5.2 solid waste generation and collection , handling transportation processing 5.3 Treatment of disposal methods material separation and recycle, Physico ­ chemical and biological stabilization and solidification , thermal methods, line disposal, site remediation, leachate and its control practicals 1 Ambient air sampling 2 measurement of noicae level 3 solid waste, determination of pH 4. solid waste : determination of moisture, content 5. solid waste : determination of organic matters 6. Plumbing , demonstration of accessories, fittings and fixture Term Work :Each student to prepare for at least one written test during the term. Report on experiments performed as detailed above and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work . A brief report on the visit to water treatment plant should also be included in the journal. The distribution of the term work marks will be as follows:Reports on experiment 5 marks Reports on Visits 10 marks Written test 10 marks Reference Books :1. Hussain S.K., "Water Supply and sanitary Engineering". 2. "Manual on water supply and treatment", (latest Ed., ) Ministry of works and housing N.D., 3 "Introduction to Environmental Engg", Vesilind PWS Pub. 4 E. W. Steel "Water supply and sewerage". 5 "Water supply and sewerage" T. J Mc.Ghee 6. Cleark J.W., "Water supply and pollution Control". 7 Relevant Indian standard specifications 8 CPHEEEEO Manual on water supply and treatment 9. "Ecology", Eugene P. Odum 10 "Integrated solid waste management", Mc. Graw Hill

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

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T.E. CIVIL, SEM.-VI

DESIGN & DRAWING OF STEEL STRUCTURES Class : T.E. (Civil) Semester : VI :4

Periods per week : Lectures : 6, Practicals : - Tutorials Evaluation System : Theory Examination : 100 Marks, 4 Hours Oral & Sketching Examination : 25 Marks Term Work : 25 Marks Detailed Syllabus :

1. Rivetted, bolted and welded connections, axially and eccentrically loaded joints, simple connection of bracket plates to columns, beam to beam and beam to column connections, design of framed, unstiffened and stiffened seat connections. 2. Roofing System : Imposed loads on flat and sloping roofs and floors, wind loads on sloping roofs and vertical cladding including effect of degree of permeability and wind drag, analysis of pin-jointed trusses under various loading cases, computation of design forces in members, design of purlins, design of tension and compression members, design and detailing of connections and supports, wind bracing for roof system, supported on columns. 3. Flooring System : Concept of floor system with secondary beams, main beams and columns, design of simply supported beams using rolled steel sections, design of built-up sections. 4. Welded plate girder : Proportioning and design of section and connections, curtailment of flange plates, design of web splices and flange splices, design of stiffners. 5. Columns and bases : Design of columns under axial loads using single or multiple rolled steel sections, design of lacings and battens, columns subjected to axial load and bending, design of slab base and gussetted base. Note : Relevant provision of I.S. shall be referred in all above topics.

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Term Work : The term work shall consist of a design report and detailed drawings on two projects as indicated below : i. ii. Roofing system including details of supports. Flooring system or plate girder including columns.

The drawings should be drawn in pencil only on a minimum of two A-1 (Imperial) size drawing sheets. Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. The graded answer paper for the term test shall also be submitted as term work. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows : Report of the design & drawings Assignments Written Test : : : 10 Marks 05 Marks 10 Marks

Recommended Books : 1. Negi L.S., "Design of steel structures", Tata McGraw Hill. 2. Kazimi S.M. A. & Jindal R.S., "Design of steel structures", Prentice Hall of India. 3. Krishnamachar B.S., & Ajitha Sinha D., "Design of steel structures". 4. Arya and Ajmani, "Design of steel structures", New Chand & Bros. 5. Ramchandran "Design of steel structures", Vol I & II. 6. Dayaratnam, "Design of steel structures". 7. "Design of steel structures", Breslar, Lin and Scalzi. 8. "Design of steel structures", Mac. Ginely T. 9. "Structural steel work", Reynolds T.J., Kent L.E. & Lazenby, D.W. 10. Relevant I.S. codes. 11. Punma, A.K. Jain & Arun Kumar Jain, "Comprehensive design of steel structures", Laxmi Publications Pvt. Ltd. 12. Sayal I.C. & Singh Satinder, "Design of steel structures", Standard Publishers & Distributors.

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

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T.E. CIVIL, SEM.-VI

SITES VISITS II Periods per week: lectures -, Tutorials: -., Practicals 3. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: -. Oral Examination:50 . Term Work: 50 Detailed Syllabus : The students should visit at least 6 projects sites in all during sem. V and VI taken together The sites should selected in such a way that during various visits they should be able to observed / study. Most of the activities related to bldg construction like concreting of footing and columns. bar bending , concreting of slab, flooring , plastering , plumbing, painting , cladding false ceiling, Air conditioning, and at least 4 of the following: i) Structural steel and fabrication and erection ii) Ground improvement methods (grouting / geosynthetics / reinforcement) iii) Tunneling by conventional method or by TBM iv) Cassion foundation and piling v) Asphalt laying and concreting of roads. vi) Ready mix concrete plant and ready mix asphalts plant vii) Earth work for dam oar transport project viii) Fabrication and erection of pre-cast concrete elements ix) Mass concreting (roller compacted concrete hot weather concrete cold weather concrete / under water concrete) x) Machanized canal construction (excavation. leveling and lining) xi) Repairs rehabilitation works xii) pre-stressing The students are expected to observe method of work operations, involved tools used. Quality checks, site layout productivity of work men gang size equipment used etc. The students shall prepare and submit detail report for every site visited during semester V and VI at the time of oral exam to be conducted at the end of sem. VI the reports should clearly indicate observation s made during such visits supplemented with ample sketches/drawings.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

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B.E. CIVIL SEM. VII ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Periods per week: lectures 5, Tutorials: 2. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Term work: 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1. Water: 1.1 Man's environment Importance of environmental sanitation 1.2 Water supply systems: Need for planned water supply schemes components of water supply system and determination of their design capacities. 1.3 Quality of water : Wholesomeness and palatability physical chemical bacteriological standards 1.4 Treatment of water: impurities in water ­processes for their removal ­ typical flowsheets 1.5 Sedimentation: factors affecting efficiency design values of various parameters., tube settlers 1.6 Coagulation and flocculation : mechanisms, common coagulants, rapid mixing and flocculating devices G and GT values Jar Test, coagulant aids- polyelectrolytes etc. 1.7 Filtration classification , slow and rapid sand filters, sand , gravel and under ­ drainage system mode of action cleaning limitations operational difficulties, performance, basic design consideration, pressure filters construction and operation 1.8 Water siftings lime soda and base exchange methods principle reactions design considerations sludge disposal. 1.9 Miscellaneous treatments : removal of iron and manganese, test odour and colour principles and methods de- flu-fluoridation 1.10 Disinfection: chlorination, chlorine demand free and combined chlorine break point chlorination super chlorination, de-chlorination chlorine residual use of iodine ozone ultraviolet rays and chlorine dioxide as disinfectants well water disinfection 1.11 Introduction to advanced treatment methods reverse osmosis electro-dialysis flotation . 2. SEWAGE: 2.1 Conveyance of sewage sewers-shapes and materials of sewers sanitary storm and combined sewers capacities and designs appurtenances maintenance of sewers 2.2 Sewage pumping consideration in the selection of pumps and location of pumping stations 2.3 Characteristics of sewage composition chemistry of sanitary sewage BOD, COD aerobic and anaerobic decomposition 2.4 Sewage Disposal discharge of raw and treated sewage on land and water standards for disposal of raw and treated sewage on land water limits of dilution 2.5 Self purification of streams oxygen economy sewage farming.

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2.6 Sewage treatment aims methods of treatment and various flow-sheets for preliminary, primary secondary and tertiary treatment screens grit chambers primary and secondary clarifiers disposal of screenings and grit. 2.7 Biological treatment methods principles trickling filter operation re-circulation activated sludge process and its modifications hydraulic design of trickling filter and activated sludge process sludge volume index sludge bulking 2.8 Low cost treatment methods oxidation ponds and aerated lagoons principles suitability and operation 2.9 Sludge digestion: principles of anaerobic digestion, quality and characterization of sludge design of sludge digestion tanks disposal of digested sludge drying beds 2.10 Low cost sanitation septic tanks and Inhofe tanks principles operation and suitability design values disposal of treated effluent. 2.11 Tertiary treatment methods general description. 3. AIR: 3.1 Composition and properties of air 3.2 Air Pollution : definition history episodes sources of air pollution 3.3 Effect of air pollution on human beings animals plants and materials Practicals List of experiments on water and sewage samples: 1, Alkalinity 2 Hardness3 pH 4 Turbidity 5 Jar test 6 Residual chlorine 7 Chlorides 8 Solids: suspended solids dissolved solids total solids volatlile solids 9 Dissolved oxygen, 10 chemical oxygen demand COD 12 Biochemical oxygen demand BOD Sludge volume index SVI Term Work: Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term Reports on experiments performed as detailed above and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work. A brief report on the visit s to water and sewage treatment plants should The distribution of the term work will be as follows: Assignments : 5 marks Report : 10 marks Written test : 10 marks. Text books: 1. S K Hussain, "Water supply and sanitary engineering". 2. "Manual on sewage and sewage treatment and manual on water supply and treatment" Ministry of works and Housing N.Delhi Reference book: 1. Steel E.W."Water supply and sewerage". 2. "Water supply and sewerage", T.J Mc Ghee 3. Clerk J.W., "Water supply and pollution control". 4. Relevant Indian Standard Specifications

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B.E. CIVIL SEM. VII IRRIGATION ENGINEERING Periods per week: lectures 5, Tutorials: 2. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Term work: 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1. Introduction: irrigation, water resources in India, need of irrigation in India, development of irrigation in India, impact of irrigation on human environment, irrigation systems: minor and major, command area development. 2. Hydrology: hydrologic cycle, rainfall ­ runoff process, factors affecting runoff, runoff hydrograph, runoff computations, unit hydrograph method. 3. Water requirement 3.1 Crops and crop seasons in India, cropping pattern, duty and delta. 3.2 Quality of irrigation water 3.3 Soil-water relationships: soil characteristics significant from irrigation considerations, root zone soil water, infiltration, consumptive use, irrigation requirement, frequency of irrigation. 3.4 Methods of applying water to the fields: surface, sub-surface, sprinkler and trickle irrigation. 4. Ground water and well hydrology 4.1 Ground water resources, occurrence of ground water, methods of groundwater exploration, well irrigation. 4.2 Well hydraulics: steady state flow in cavity wells, equilibrium equations for confined and unconfined aquifers, aquifer tests, design of water wells, well construction, completion and development. 5. Distribution system: 5.1 Canal systems, alignment of canals, canal losses, estimation of design discharge. 5.2 Design of channels: rigid boundary channels carrying clear and sediment laden water, alluvial channels carrying clear and sediment laden water, Kennedy's and Lacey's theory of regime channels. 5.3 Canal outlets: non-modular, semi-modular and modular outlets, parameters for studying behaviour of outlets. 5.4 Canal regulation, flow measuring devices, assessment of charges for irrigation water. 5.5 Waterlogging: causes, effects and remedial measures. 5.6 Lining of canals: economics of lining, types of lining. 5.7 Drainage of irrigated lands: necessity, methods.

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6. Canal Structures: 6.1 Surface and sub-surface flow considerations for design of canal structures: hydraulic jump, seepage forces, uplift forces. 6.2 Canal falls, cross regulator, distributary head regulator, canal escapes: types, components and design considerations. 6.3 Cross drainage works: need, types, design considerations.

7. Canal headwork: 7.1 Weir and barrage, different units of headworks, types of weirs, sediment control in canals, river training for canal headworks. 7.2 Theories of seepage for design of wiers: Bligh's creep theory, Lane's weighted creep theory, Khosala's method of independent variables. 8. Dams and spillways: 8.1 Embankment dams: design considerations, estimation and control of seepage, slope protection, embankment construction. 8.2 Gravity dams: forces on gravity dams, causes of failure, stress analysis, elementary and particle profile, foundation treatment, temperature control of concrete during construction, structural joints, keys and water seals, galleries, outlets. 8.3 Arch and buttress dams: types, design considerations 8.4 Spillways: estimation of flood discharge, flood routing, components of spillways, types, terminal structures, types of gates for spillway crests, cavitation, erosion of spillway surface. 9. Reservoirs: types, capacity of reservoirs, yield of reservoir, reservoir regulation, sedimentation, economic height of dam, selection of suitable site. Planning of water resource projects: reconnaissance and feasibility investigations, economic considerations, environmental and ecological aspects, selection of project plan, choice of dam.

10.

Term Work: Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. At least 10 numerical problems, 10 descriptive assignments and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of the term work will be as follows: Assignments : 5 marks Report : 10 marks Written test : 10 marks.

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Text Books: 1. Asawa G.L., "Irrigation Engineering", Wiley eastern. 2. Garg S.K., "Irrigation Engineering & Hydraulic Structures", Khanna Publishers. 3. Modi P.N., "Irrigation Engineering & Hydraulic Structures". Reference Book: 1. Varshney, Gupta & Gupta,"Theory and Design of Irrigation Structures", Nem Chand & Bros.

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

201

B.E. CIVIL, SEM. VII QUANTITY SURVEYING, ESTIMATION AND VALUATION Periods per week: lectures 5, Tutorials: 4. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 4 hrs 100 marks. Term work: 25 marks. Detail syllabus : 1.1 Estimation various types their relative importance factors to be considered compete set of estimate 1.2 Approximate estimates importance purpose different methods Use of CBRI Equation for the same 1.3 Methods of preparation of estimates for projects such as Road, Irrigation, Water supply and sewerage etc. 1.4 measurements for various items use of relevant Indian standard specifications for the same taking out quantities from the given requirements of the work comparison of different alternatives 1.5 material survey thumb rules for computation of materials requirement for different materials for buildings percentage breakup of the cost coast sensitivity index market survey of different materials 1.6 Specifications: types requirements and importance detailed specifications for the buildings roads minor bridges and industrial structures. 1.7 Rate analysis : purpose importance and necessity of the same factors affecting task work daily turn out from different equipment 1.8 Tender : preparation of tender documents importance of inviting tenders contract types relative merits general and special conditions termination of contracts extra work and items penalty and liquidated charges 1.9 Introduction to acts pertaining to minimum wages ii workman's compensation iii contract iv arbitration 1.10 Valuation : different terms use the role of valuer purpose and necessity of the same. 1.11 Different methods of valuation of I open plots ii open plots with structures iii lease hold properties 1.12 Easement rights use of valuation tables and formulae 1.13 Valuation as required by the Government 1.14 Use of computers in quantity surveying. Term work Term work shall consist of the following: I To find out the approximate estimate of a multistoried building by approximate method. II Detailed estimate of any three of the following with the required material survey for the same

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202

A a ground plus one storied bldg b) a bridge with minimum 2 spans c) a factory bldg .d) a road work e) a cross drainage work. iii) Preparation of valuation report in standard Govt. form iv ) assignment on rate analylsis, specifications and simple estimates. Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. At least 10 numerical problems, 10 descriptive assignments and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of the term work marks will be as follows: Assignments : 15 marks Written test : 10 marks. Text Books: 1. Charaborty, "Estimating and costing specifications & valuation". 2. Macmillan, "Hand book of Construction Management". Reference: 1. Relevant Indian Standard Specifications 2. World Bank approved contract documents 3. FIDIC contract donditions

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

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ELECTIVE I: B.E. CIVIL SEM. VII TRAFFIC ENGINEERING AND CONTROL Periods per week: lectures 5, Tutorials: 4. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Term work: 25 marks Oral 25 marks Detailed Syllabus : 1. Traffic engineering definitions functions organization and importance necessity of understanding the behavior of the road user and the vehicle characteristics human factors governing the road user behavior power performance and other vehicular characteristics 2. Traffic Surveys 2.1 Speed, journey time and delay studies: types, uses and various methods involved, relative merits and demerits, presentation of data 2.2 Vehicle volume counts: types various available methods, relative merits and demerits, planning of traffic counts, vehicle occupancy surveys. 2.3 Origin: destination surveys: need and uses various available methods, checks for accuracy presentation of data. 2.4 parking surveys: needs and types 2.5 Study of various photographic techniques available for traffic studies. 3 Review of various statically methods for traffic engineering and their applications 4. Review of geometric design highways: use of canalization design of rotary intersection and mini roundabouts and grade separators. 5 . Traffic signs and markings: types locations, height etc. miscellaneous traffic control aids like roadway delineators hazard markers object markers speed breakers rumble strips guard rears etc. 6. Traffic signals: type of traffic signals advantages determination of optimal cycle time and signal setting for an intersection with fixed time signals warrants for signals cocoordinated control of signals types area traffic control delay at signalized intersections 7. Accidents and road safety: accident causes. Recording systems analysis and preventives measures accident costs- alternative methodologies for calculation 8. Street lighting : needs, definitions, laws of illumination, methods of discernment, glare problem vertical distribution of light, mounting height, spacing lantern arrangement, types of lamps, planning and designing of installation 9. Traffic management: various measures and their scope relative merits and demerits

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10. Highway capacity : passenger car units, levels of service, factors affecting capacity and level of service influence of mixed traffic. 11.Traffic forecasting need, limitations, types of traffic forecasts based on past trends and extrapolation forecasts base on mathematical models 12. Theory of traffic flow: scope definitions, fundamental diagram, relationship between speed and concentration, light hill and whitham's theory , car following theory, queuing theory and its application to traffic engineering, vehicles arrivals headways and gaps delay to traffic at uncontrolled traffic intersections simulations studies. 13. Transport planning transport planning process, transportation surveys , types and methods 13.1 Trip generation : factors governing category analysis 13.2 Trip distribution : various growth factor and synthetic methods. 13.3 Mode slight methods : factors affecting mode split modal split in transport process planning 14 Mass transit system: bus and rail transit, characteristic capacities, route planning . Term work Term work shall consist of the following Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. At least six assignments and two live traffic engg. problems by carrying out traffic surveys on some working days and the and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of the term work marks will be as follows: Assignments : 15 marks Written test : 10 marks.

Text Books: 1. Kadiyali L.R., "Traffic engineering and transport planning", Khanna Pub. 2. Papacostas C.S., "Fundamentals of transportataion engg.", Prentice Hall 3. Whol and Martin, "Refe. Traffic system analysis for engineers and planners", Mc GrawHill Pub.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

205

ELECTIVE I: B.E. CIVIL SEM VII AIR POLLUTION Periods per week: lectures 5, Tutorials: 4. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Term work: 25 marks Oral 25 marks Detailed Syllabus : 1. Composition of dry ambient air, properties of air, definition of air , definition of air pollution , classification of air pollutants, units for quantification of air pollution,history of air pollution, global and national , scope of the problemgeneral, urban, rural and specific. Sources of air pollution, natural and man made , major pollutants from different sources in greater Bombay area or any metropolis of Maharashtra ,Emission factors. Effects of air and noise pollution on human on human health , plants animals, properties and visibility , simple numerical problems based on COH, CoHb. Meteorological aspects of air pollution: Large scale wind circulation: geotropic wind, gradient wind cyclone anticyclone, planetary boundary layer. Lapse rates, stability conditions, wind velocity profile, maximum mixing depth, Topographic effects. Plume patterns, Plume dispersion, Gaussian model for predicting concentration, downwind from a single source, diffusion coefficients, Turner's stability categories and graphs for dispersion estimates. Maximum ground level concentration, inversion effects, distance touching ground, Modification of Gaussian model to predict particulate dispersion. Plume rise, Modified Holland equation for small source. ASME equation for large source, Brigg's equations for buoyant plume rise, Brigg's equation for momentum plume rise. Methods and instruments for sampling and analysis of air for stack and ambient air monitoring. Government of India's air pollution laws. Indian standards ­ emission and air quality standards. Control Devices: Principles, operations and types, Simple hoods and ducts. Settling chambers, cyclones, electrostatic precipitators (ESP), filters, scrubbers, absorption towers and incinerators.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

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Collection efficiencies for laminar and turbulent flows for settling chambers, cyclones and ESPs. Concept of fractional and overall efficiencies. Design criteria for filters, scrubbers, absorption towers and incinerators. Basic concept of noise measurement and control. Term Work: The students shall prepare at least one of the following: i. a stack monitoring report of at least one stack describing the methods of sampling and analysis used ii. a report on ambient air quality survey of a particular location. Each student has to appear for at least one written test during the term. At least ten assignments, above mentioned report and the graded test paper shall be submitted as the term work. The distribution of term work marks shall be as follows: Assignments : 15 marks Written test : 10 marks

Recommended Books: 1. Henry C. Perkins, "Air Pollution", McGraw Hill Publication. 2. "Air Pollution", Wark and Warner. 3. Crawford Martin, "Air Pollution Control Theory", McGraw Hill Publication. 4. Rao M.N. and Rao H.V.N., "Air Pollution", Tata McGraw Hill Pub., New Delhi.

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

207

ELECTIVE I: B.E. CIVIL, SEM. VII

ADVANCED FOUNDATION ENGINEERING Periods per week: Lectures : 4, Tutorials : 3 3 hrs, 100 marks, Term work : 25 marks

Evaluation system: Theory Examination : Oral : 25 marks Detailed Syllabus :

1. Planning of subsurface investigation :- Purpose and scope, influence of soil conditions and type of foundation on exploratory programme, subsurface soundings ­ static and dynamic methods, planning of subsurface investigations, type and sequence of operations, lateral extent and depth of exploration, interpretation of field and laboratory data. 2. Consolidation :- Terzaghi's theory of one-d consolidation ­ derivation of equation (solution in detail need not be covered), estimation of Cc and Cv from laboratory tests, estimation of Pc by various methods, field consolidation curves, Quasipreconsolidation and secondary consolidation, practical applications. 3. Stress and strain behaviour of soils : - Triaxial test - drained and undrained behaviour of sands and clays, failure criteria in soils - only Mohr - Coulomb's criteria, ideal, plastic and real soil behaviour, shear strength of sands and clays. 4. Estimation of stresses :- Boussinesq's theory, Westergard's theory, Newmark's charts. 5. Bearing capacity and settlement analysis of shallow foundations :- modes of failure, failure criteria, Prandtl Reissner solutions, Buisman ­ Terzaghi solutions, assumptions in estimates of ultimate loads, effect of shape, embedment of footing, eccentricity in loading, compressibility (including critical rigidity index), choice of factor safety, settlement of foundations on sand ­ Schmertmann method, R. C. C. design of isolated and combined footings. 6. Pile Foundations :- Use of load tests, Estimation of single pile capacity by static and dynamic methods, Group capacity, Separation of skin friction and end-bearing capacity. Settlement of single and group of piles. 7. Ground improvement :­ Improvement of deep cohesionless soils and cohesive soils (including stone columns), instrumentation ­ mainly pore pressure gauges and settlement gauges and their applications. TERM WORK:

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The term work shall consist of the following: - A project report covering the selection of soil parameters and design of shallow/pile foundations and ground improvements, using stone columns and sand drains. - At least one test based on the above syllabus. The graded test paper shall be attached with the report.

The distribution of the term work will be as follows: Report : Written Test : 15 Marks 10 Marks

RECOMMENDED TEXT / REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Murthy V. N. S., "Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering", Volume I and II, Saitech Publication. Terzaghi K. and Peck R. B., "Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice", Second Edition, Wiley International Edition. Winterkorn and Fang, "Foundation Engineering.", Handbook, Galgotia Publications.

2.

3.

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209

B.E. (CIVIL/CONSTRUCTION) PROJECT - PART A

Periods per week: Practicals : 2 Evaluation System: Oral Examination : 50 Marks Detailed Syllabus: The students are expected to take up a project on one of the Civil Engineering problems to be completed in Semester VII and Semester VIII. This may include, - experimental analysis / verification, - development of design methods and verification, - design and fabrication of a model of a civil engineering project, - design of civil engineering structures and preparation of working drawings, - developing a software for analysis and / or design or decision making in civil engineering and management practice - technical and / or economic feasibility study The students may be asked to work individually or in groups with not more than five students in each group. Basic study through review of literature on the topic selected shall be completed. The scope of the project, identification of necessary data, sources of such data etc. shall be identified. The student / group of students has to prepare a brief report of the work done and is to be presented at the time of oral examination. The report should include objective of the project, methodology and the review of literature. An oral examination shall be conducted at the end of semester VII. Due weightage will be given to the preliminary report presented.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

210

B.E. CIVIL SEM. VIII CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT Periods per week: lectures 5, Tutorials: 2. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Oral Examination: 25 marks Term work: 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1. Construction: unique features of construction, construction project, types and features, phases of a project, agencies involved and their methods of execution. Management: concept of management, objectives, basic functions of management, emergence of management thought, brief description of contributions by Fredrick Taylor, Henry Fayol, Elton Mayo and Galbraith. Construction project planning: Stages of project planning: pre-tender planning, pre-construction planning, detailed construction planning, role of client and contractor, level of detail. Development of plan and schedules, work break-down structure, activity lists, assessment of work content, estimating durations. Preparation of bar chart and milestone chart. Networks: Basic terminology, evolution of CPM and PERT concepts, preparation of CPM networks, activity on link and activity on node representation for finish to start relationships, analysis of network, computation of float values, critical and semi- critical paths, calendaring networks PERT: assumptions underlying PERT analysis, determining three time estimates, analysis, slack computations, calculation of probability of completion Time cost trade-off in construction projects, compression and decompression. Resource constraints and conflicts, resource aggregation, allocation and leveling. Updating of plans: purpose, frequency and methods of updating. Organizing: principles of organization, structure of organization, line, line & staff, functional and matrix forms of organization, selecting the project manager, site organization, mobilization and winding up, site layout, planning and organizing for materials and equipment. Project control Monitoring and control: supervision, work diary, periodic progress reports, common causes of time and cost overrums and corrective measures. Quality control: elements of quality, quality in various stages of project, use of manuals and checklists for quality control, role of inspection.

2.

3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4

3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.

5. 5.1 5.3

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6.

Safety and health on project sites: accidents; their causes and effects, costs of accidents, occupational health problems in construction, organizing for safety and health.

Term Work: Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. At least 10 numerical problems, 10 descriptive assignments and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of the term work will be as follows: Assignments : 5 marks Report : 10 marks Written test : 10 marks.

Text Books: 1. Dhir & Gahlot, "Construction Planning & Management", Wiley. 2. P.K. Joy, "Handbook of Construction Management". 3. Banga & Sharma, "Industrial Organization and Engineering Economics", Khanna Publishers.

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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

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B.E. CIVIL SEM. VIII CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING II Class: B.E. (Civil) Semester: VIII Periods Per week, each period of one hour Lectures 5, Practicals -, Tutorials 2, Evaluation System: Theory Paper (3 Hours): 100, Term Work: 25, Practical:--, Oral:-25, Total: 150 Detailed Syllabus: 1. Construction equipment : Standard types of equipment, special equipment, cost of owning & operating equipment, depreciation cost, investment & operating cost, economic life, sources of construction equipment, factors affecting selection of construction equipment, Study of equipments, with reference to available types & their capacities, factors affecting their performance Earthmoving equipment : tractors & attachments, dozers & rippers, scrapers, shovels, draglines, trenching machines, clamshell, hoes, trucks and wagons, dumpers, dozers, trenching machines, rollers and compactors. Drilling & blasting equipment : bits, jackhammers, drifters, drills, blasting material, firing charge, safety fuse, electric blasting caps, drilling patterns, transporting & handling of explosives Pile driving equipment : types, pile driving hammers : single acting & double acting, differential acting hammers, hydraulic & diesel hammers, vibratory pile drivers Pumping equipment : reciprocating, diaphragm & centrifugal pumps, wellpoint system Stone crushing equipment : jaw, gyratory & cone crushers, hammer mills, roll crushers, Rod & ball crushers, aggregate screens & screening plants, portable plants Concrete manufacture, transport, placing & compacting equipment : mixers, central batching & mixing plants, paving mixers, transit mixers, concrete pumps, shotcrete Air compressor Equipment for moving materials : builder's hoists, forklifts, cranes, belt-conveyors, cableways, ropeways,

2. Tunneling : geotechnical investigations, selection of alignment, methods of tunneling in soft soils and in hard rock, sequence of operations for drilling & blasting method, mechanical moles / tunnel boring machines, mucking, ventilation of tunnels, dust control types of tunnel supports, sequence of lining operation, lining with pneumatic placers & by pumpcrete mrthod 3. concrete construction : concreting under water, concreting in different weather conditions, mass concreting, forms for concrete construction slip firms, collapsible forms, cantilever forms.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

213

4. Miscellaneous sand drains, stone columns, diaphragm wall, rock anchors, cofferdams , foundation grouting

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

214

B.E. CIVIL, SEM -VIII SOIL DYNAMICS (ELECTIVE) Period per week : Lectures : 5, Tutorials : 4 Evaluation system : Theory examination : 3 hrs, 100 marks, Oral examination : 25 marks Term work : 25 marks Detail Syllabus: 1. Vibration of elementary system, Degrees of freedom, Analysis of system with one degree of freedom, spring - mass system, Harmonic vibration, uniform circular motion, natural frequency, free and forced vibrations with and without damping, Types of damping. 2. Wave propagation in elastic rods, in an elastic infinite medium, and in semi-elastic half space, wave generated by surface footing. 3. Liquefaction of soils, criterion and factors affecting liquefaction of soil, laboratory and field studies on liquefaction, liquefaction studies in oscillatory simple shear, evaluation of liquefaction potentials, liquefaction of clay. 4. Principles of machine foundation, design criteria for satisfactory machine foundation, degrees of freedom of a block foundation analysis of vertical and sliding vibration of a machine foundation, mass of soil participating in vibration. 5. Vibration isolation and screening methods, improvement of distressed machine foundation. 6. Field and laboratory tests for evaluation of dynamic properties of soil under vertical vibration, coefficient of elastic uniform compression, coefficient of elastic uniform shear, spring constant damping modulus of elasticity typical values of soils Term Work: Student shall prepare a project report covering the selection of design parameters, design analysis including drawing if any aspect of soil dynamics included in the theoretical course above. Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. The project report referred above, at least five examples and the graded answer paper of the term test shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of term work marks will be as follows: Examples - 5 marks Project report - 10 marks Written test - 10 marks.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

215

References: 1. Shamsher Prakash "Soil Dynamics". 2. Das B.M., "Fundamentals of Soil Mechanics", Elsevier 3. Barkan D.D., "Dynamics of Bases and Foundations", McGraw-Hill Book Co. 4. Rao N. S. V., "Vibration Analysis and Foundation Dynamics", Wheeler Publishing

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

216

B.E. CIVIL, SEM.-VIII ELECTIVE II - INDUSTRIAL WASTE TREATMENT Periods per week : lectures 5, tut. 4. Evaluation system: Theory Examination : 3 hrs 100 marks. Oral Exam. 25 marks Term work 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1.1 General: Liquid wastes from industries ­ their volumes and characteristics, effect of disposal into natural water courses, municipal sewers and on land, river standards and effluent standards. 1.2 Sampling and analysis of industrial wastes, treatability study 1.3 Stream sanitation: effects of industrial wastes on self-purification of streams and fish life, statement and significance of the parameters of Streeter and Phelp's equation and BOD equations, deoxygenation and reaeration, oxygen sag 1.4 General treatment of industrial wastes: neutralization, equalization, segregation. Modification of conventional aerobic and anaerobic biological treatment methods. Dewatering and disposal of sludges ­ flotation, vacuum filtration, centrifugation, filer press. 1.5 Detailed considerations of wastes produced from following industries: processes normally followed, volume and effects of raw and treated effluents on streams, sewers and land, treatment methods, reuserecovery. i. Textiles: cotton, wool, rayons ii. Pulp & paper ­ sulphate process iii. Electroplating iv. Dairy v. Sugar ­ sugarcane vi. Distilleries vii. Tanneries 1.6 Brief introduction to water pollution control act, environmental impact assessment and environmental audit Term Work: Each student shall prepare a report comprising design criteria and flow sheet of the proposed treatment scheme including laboratory analysis for any industrial waste. Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. The report mentioned above, at least 5 assignments and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of the term work will be as follows: Assignments : 5 marks Report : 10 marks Written test : 10 marks. Recommended Books: 1. Rao & Datta, "Waster Water Treatment", Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

217

B.E. CIVIL SEM,.VIII ELECTIVE II - PAVEMENT DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION Periods per week: lectures 5, Practicals: 4. Evaluation system: Theory Examination: 3 hrs 100 marks. Oral Examination: 25 marks Term work: 25 marks. Detailed syllabus: 1. Pavement structure and functional attributes, factors affecting pavement design, types of wheel loads for highways and airports, development of design method for Highway and airport pavements. 2. Stresses in flexible pavements 1-layer, 2-layers, 3-layer theories, EWF, FSWL load coverage. 3. Stresses in rigid pavement: load and temperature stresses, combined stresses. 4.1 Evaluation of subgrade and pavement materials: group index, FAA classification, CBR, Triaxial compression, Dynamix/Resilient modulus, embankment design and construction. Grading requirements for aggregates, selection of bases and subbase materials (including stabilized materials), selection of different grades of bitumen, types of bituminous surfaces, skid qualities, bituminous mix design, design aspects of paving concrete. Flexible Pavement Design Airport pavement: Corps of Engineers (CBR) method, FAA Method, CDOT method, Asphat Institute method. Highway pavement: Empirical methods using no soil strength criteria, Empirical method based on soil strength-CBR, Design procedure in Road Note 29 (U.K.), IRC(1984) guidelines, AASHO method, Asphalt Institute method. Rigid pavement Design Airport pavement: PCA methods, corps of engineers method, FAA method. Joints and reinforcement requirement Highway pavement: current British procedure, IRC method. Drainage: importance, principles of good drainage, surface drainage, sub-surface drainage, role of shoulders, Use of geotextiles. Culverts, Causeways, Importance, types, site selection. Evaluation and strengthening: Flexible and rigid pavement distresses, condition and evaluation surveys, present serviceability index, Roughness measurement, Benkalman Beam deflections, design of overlays, skid-resistance and its measurement

4.2

5. 5.1 5.2

6. 6.1 6.2 6.3 7.1 7.2 8.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

218

9.

Economics of pavement types, basis for comparison, period of analysis, cost of initial construction, cost of maintenance, cost of vehicle operation, equivalencies in thickness. Economic evaluation of highway scheme basic principles of economic evaluation, Net present value method, Benefit/cost ratio method, internal rate of return method. Concrete Road construction: Mix design, concrete strength, size of aggregates, and gradation, workability, preparation of base, form work, placing of reinforcement, compacting, and finishing, curing, joints Road making machinery role of labour versus machinery in road construction, earth work machinery, rock excavation machinery, crushers producing aggregate, transporting and watering equipment, compacting equipments, bituminous equipments ­ storage, heating and spraying equipment, hot mix plants, cold mix plants, paver finsher, Concrete road making machinery, Equipment usage rates, factors affecting usage rate. Special problems of pavement construction in marshy and hilly areas Quality control in highway engineering: importance ­ process control and end product control, statistical methods in quality control, control charts, frequency of testing. Introduction to pavement management systems

10.

11.

12.

13. 14.

15.

Term Work: Each student is to appear for at least one written test during the term. At least 10 numerical problems, six descriptive assignments and the graded answer paper for the term test shall be submitted as term work. The distribution of the term work will be as follows: Assignments : 5 marks Report : 10 marks Written test : 10 marks. Text Books: 1. L.R. Kadiyali, "Principles and Practice of Highway Engineering", Khanna Publications. 2. Khanna S.K. and Justo C.E.G., "Highway engineering", Nem Chand.

Department of Civil Engineering.

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan's Sardar Patel College of Engineering.

219

B.E. CIVIL, SEM.-VIII PROJECT ­ PART Periods /week Practical 8

Evaluation system : Oral Examination 50 marks, Term work 50 marks. Detail Further to semester VII work, the student / group of students shall collect all necessary information and analyse it . The student/ group of students shall prepare and submit report on the project. The report shall be typewritten on A4 size paper and hard bound and prepared in an academic style , Broadly the report shall have four parts Introduction, literature review, data collection and analysis . and conclusion Acquaintance with survey and research methods and their use in conducting a systematic investigation and style of report preparation and presentation shall form basis of evaluation An oral examination shall be conducted at the end of semester VIII

Department of Civil Engineering.

Class -BE(Civil/Construction) Subject:- Advanced Computational Techniques Periods/week- each Lecture period of 60 minutes Practical duration Tutorial Hours Theory Examination Practical Evaluation System Oral Term Work Total Detailed Syllabus Module Topics 1

Semester VII 4 2 Marks 03 100 25 25 150

No of lectures 7

2

Review of basic statistics and probability Probability Distributions Theoretical : binomial, poisson, normal, exponential, hypergeometric, uniform Sampling and Sampling Distributions Probability and non-probability samples, sampling and non-sampling errors Sample size, sampling distributions : t, F and 2 distributions Hypothesis Testing Type I and II error, testing of mean, proportion, tests for equality of mean and variances of two populations, confidence interval, 2 test for goodness of fit, ANOVA (one way classification ), Non parametric tests : sign test, U test Correlation and Regression Karl Pearson's and Rank Correlation coefficient, simple linear regression : least squares method Management Decision Making System approach, decision making under uncertainty and risk: decision tables and decision tree. Linear Programming Graphical solution, simplex method, dual, sensitivity analysis, transportation and assignment problems Introduction to Genetic Algorithms

5

3

8

4

5

5

7

6

10 6

7

References:

1. 2. 3. 4. Shrivastava, Shenoy & Sharma, Quantitative Techniques for Managerial Decisions, Wiley Kothari C R, Research Methodology, Wiley Eastern Goode W J & Hatt P K, Methods in social research, McGraw Hill Handbook of Genetic Algorithms (1991) L. D. Davis, Melanie Mitchell. Van Nostrand Reinham 5. An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms (1998) by Melanie Mitchell, Van Nostrand Reinham

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