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2007-08

tothe

OfficialEducatorGuide

Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test

inside:

· MonthlyChecklistforPSAT/NMSQT® Coordinators · ResourcesforPreparingSchoolStaff, Students,andFamilies · ToolsforUnderstandingand UsingTestResults · NationalMeritScholarship CorporationPrograms

Contents

BEFORE THE TEST PSAT/NMSQT® 2007 Quick Facts ........................................................................................ 2 What's New for the PSAT/NMSQT in 2007? ...................................................................... 3 Monthly Activities Checklist for PSAT/NMSQT Coordinators .............................................. 4 Why the PSAT/NMSQT? Benefits for Students, Schools, and Districts.............................. 5 Critical Reading Questions .................................................................................................. 6 Mathematics Questions ...................................................................................................... 7 Writing Skills Questions ...................................................................................................... 8 Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD)...................................................................... 9 Preparing Students and Families ........................................................................................10 AdminiSTERing THE PSAT/nmSQT Before Test Day ..................................................................................................................12 During the Test ...................................................................................................................12 After the Test .....................................................................................................................13 Complete Your Remittance Report and Fee-Waiver Roster Online ....................................14 AFTER SCORE REPORTS ARRiVE Returning Score Reports and Test Books to Students .......................................................15 Score Report Plus Case Study ...........................................................................................16 Tools for Understanding PSAT/NMSQT Results .................................................................18 Critical Reading Skills Identified by PSAT/NMSQT .............................................................19 Mathematics Skills Identified by PSAT/NMSQT ................................................................ 20 Writing Skills Identified by PSAT/NMSQT ......................................................................... 21 Standard Reports (including AP PotentialTM and SOAS) ...................................................... 22 Optional Reports................................................................................................................ 24 PSAT/NMSQT Score Trend Data ........................................................................................ 25 My College QuickStartTM and MyRoadTM .............................................................................. 28 COnnECTing STudEnTS TO COLLEgE National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) Competitions ......................................... 26 Important Dates ......................................................................................................... 27 Preparing for the SAT® ....................................................................................................... 31 Student Search Service® .................................................................................................... 32

The College Board: Connecting Students to College Success

The College Board is a not-for-profit membership association whose mission is to connect students to college success and opportunity. Founded in 1900, the association is composed of more than 5,200 schools, colleges, universities, and other educational organizations. Each year, the College Board serves seven million students and their parents, 23,000 high schools, and 3,500 colleges through major programs and services in college admissions, guidance, assessment, financial aid, enrollment, and teaching and learning. Among its best-known programs are the SAT®, the PSAT/NMSQT®, and the Advanced Placement Program® (AP ®). The College Board is committed to the principles of excellence and equity, and that commitment is embodied in all of its programs, services, activities, and concerns. For further information, visit www.collegeboard.com.

© 2007 The College Board. All rights reserved. College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, SAT, SSS, Student Search Service, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Board. AP Potential, connect to college success, My College QuickStart, MyRoad, My SAT Study Plan, SAT Professional Development, SAT Readiness Program, SAT Reasoning Test, ScoreWrite, The Official SAT Online Course, The Official SAT Question of the Day, The Official SAT Study Guide, and The Official SAT Teacher's Guide are trademarks owned by the College Board. PSAT/NMSQT is a registered trademark of the College Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation. The names National Merit, National Achievement, Merit Scholarship, and Achievement Scholarship are federally registered service marks of National Merit Scholarship Corporation (www.nationalmerit.org). All other products and services may be trademarks of their respective owners. Visit the College Board on the Web: www.collegeboard.com. Any educator (or nonprofit institution) is encouraged to reproduce any page in its entirety from this booklet, in a quantity sufficient for educational purposes and not for sale, provided that the copyright notice be retained exactly as it appears here.

PSAT/NMSQT 2007 Quick Facts

®

Test Dates:

Either: · Wednesday, October 17, or · Saturday, October 20

Content:

Two 25-minute critical reading sections contain a total of 48 questions: · 13 Sentence completions · 35 Passage-based reading questions Two 25-minute mathematics sections contain a total of 38 questions: · 28 Multiple choice · 10 Student-produced responses, or grid-ins One 30-minute writing skills section contains 39 questions: · 20 Improving sentences · 14 Identifying sentence errors · 5 Improving paragraphs

Test Fees:

· $13 · $1 per book for a portion of unused tests. Schools will not be charged for unused tests if they use at least 80 percent of the test books ordered. · Fee waivers are available for eligible eleventh-graders only. · Schools outside the United States (except in U.S. territories and Canada) will be charged a $1 surcharge for each test book ordered.

Testing Time:

· Two hours and 10 minutes (plus approximately 35 minutes for administrative duties)

The PSAT/NMSQT Measures:

· Critical reading, math reasoning, and writing skills that are important for successful academic performance in college. · Knowledge and skills developed through years of study in a wide range of courses as well as through experiences outside the classroom. Although the PSAT/NMSQT® and SAT Reasoning TestTM are not directly related to a specific high school curriculum, they are developed to reflect the kinds of academic experiences that teachers consider important. · Ability to reason with facts and concepts rather than the ability to recall and recite them. The PSAT/NMSQT focuses on the critical thinking skills that educators emphasize.

Testing with Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD):

· The College Board must approve all accommodations prior to testing. · Submit SSD Student Eligibility Forms by August 29 for students whose documentation must be reviewed by the College Board or by September 12 for students who do not need to be reviewed by the College Board. · In September the College Board will send schools an SSD roster of students eligible for testing accommodations on College Board tests, including the PSAT/NMSQT. · Extended time for students with disabilities is applied to each section of the test, as opposed to being applied to the entire test with students deciding how much time they spend on each section. · See page 9 for more information.

Scoring:

· Scores on a 20- to 80-point scale for critical reading, mathematics, and writing skills · Correct answer = 1 point · Omitted question = no points · Wrong answers to multiple-choice questions = minus 1/4 of a point · Wrong answers to math student-produced response questions = no points lost

Looking Ahead: Test Dates for 2008 and 2009:

2008 Wednesday, October 15 Saturday, October 18 2009 Wednesday, October 14 Saturday, October 17

What's New for the PSAT/NMSQT in 007?

My College QuickStartTM: PSAT/NMSQT Personalized College Planning Kit

Students who take the PSAT/NMSQT will receive a free personalized PSAT/NMSQT college planning kit online at www.collegeboard.com/quickstart. Using a unique access code that will be printed on the score report, students will be able to access: · An online PSAT/NMSQT Score Report, including state percentiles and projected SAT score ranges (for high school students), the power to sort questions by difficulty and question type, and complete answer explanations. · A customized SAT® study plan with practice test and more (for high school students). · Personalized lists of majors and careers. · A personalized list of colleges, based on the student's location and preferred major, that can be expanded according to his or her interests. · Access to MyRoadTM--an interactive majors, college, and career exploration program. the ranges, rather than specific percentiles, is that the freshmen's distribution of scores is not as representative as that of the sophomores and juniors. The decile range will give them a good perspective on where they stand within their group and, when they move into the sophomore and junior grades, it will be refined to the specific percentile. This comparison will be presented to students online in their My College QuickStartTM, while the paper score report will continue to use the sophomore comparisons for all younger students.

Associate Supervisor/Proctor Checklist

New in 2006, the 2007-08 Associate Supervisor/Proctor Checklist is included in the front pocket of this guide. Copy and distribute this checklist immediately to all school staff who will be assigned to a test room on the day that the PSAT/NMSQT is administered at your school. This checklist gives school staff an introduction to the test proctor duties relating to the PSAT/NMSQT test administration. This should be used as a supplement to, not a replacement for, the 2007 Supervisor's Manual.

State and National Deciles for Ninth-Grade Test-Takers

For the first time, students in ninth grade will be able to compare their performance with other freshmen in their state and in the nation. This comparison will be presented in decile ranges, meaning the students will be told their performance places them, for example, between the 21st and 30th percentile. The reason for

2007 PSAT/NMSQT Test Questions and Answer Explanations Online

Educators will be able to view all test questions and complete answer explanations online in December at www.collegeboard.com/reports. Use the access code for the Summary of Answers and Skills report that will be printed on the PSAT/NMSQT Roster of Student Scores and Plans (included in score report shipments) to access this information.

Monthly Activities Checklist for PSAT/NMSQT Coordinators

Late August

August 29: Deadline to submit SSD Eligibility Forms for students whose documentation must be reviewed by the College Board. (p. 9) Look for SSD Confirmation and Order Roster and return immediately to confirm which students are testing so that nonstandard test formats (and practice materials) can be sent to schools and an updated PSAT/NMSQT SSD roster is prepared prior to testing. (p. 9) If necessary, U.S. schools should log on to www.collegeboard.com/school by August 31 to reduce the number of test books ordered to avoid the unused test fee, and by September 26 to increase test book orders. October 31: First due date for ordering optional reports. (p. 24)

November

Remind English department about using ScoreWriteTM : A Guide to Preparing for the SAT Essay to administer and score an SAT practice essay, so that students will have an essay score to use in conjunction with their PSAT/NMSQT Score Reports in December. (p. 31) Create/use your educator account for MyRoad and My College QuickStart to help determine a process to encourage student use of these tools in December. (p. 28) November 19: Deadline to submit Remittance Report and Fee-Waiver Roster with the list of students who used fee waivers.

September

September 1: Final date to request fee waivers online (if additional fee waivers are still available at this time). Official Student Guides arrive at schools that ordered by June 15. Log on to the PSAT/NMSQT Coordinator site at www.collegeboard.com/school to track shipments. Use the Guides and the resources in the front pocket of this publication and online at www.collegeboard.com/ counselors/psat to prepare students, parents, and staff for the test. (p. 10) September 12: Final deadline to submit SSD Eligibility Forms for students whose documentation does not need review. (p. 9) September 19: If necessary, schools outside the United States should log on to www.collegeboard.com/school to increase test book orders.

December

PSAT/NMSQT Score Reports arrive at schools. Log on to www.collegeboard.com/school to track shipments. Review the Score Report Case Study inside this guide to understand the different sections of the score report. (p. 16) Distribute score reports and test books to students; distribute extra test books to English and math teachers. (p. 15) Use the Destination College: Planning with the PSAT/NMSQT video and the resources in the back pocket of this publication and online at www.collegeboard.com/counselors/psat to help students and parents understand PSAT/NMSQT results. (p. 18) Notify your students about My College QuickStart at www.collegeboard.com/quickstart. (p. 28) Provide teachers and administrators with information on test results. (p. 22)

October

Review Nonstandard Administration Report (NAR), which lists all students with their SSD codes and approved accommodations, to determine test room needs. (p. 9) Log on to www.collegeboard.com/school to track test book shipments. Distribute the Associate Supervisor/Proctor Checklist and Supervisor's Manual to staff before test day. (p. 12) Administer the test on Wednesday, October 17, or Saturday, October 20. Return answer sheets immediately, but no later than the next school day after the test administration. (p. 13) Log on to www.collegeboard.com/school after the test administration to complete and print your Remittance Report and Fee-Waiver Roster. Print and sign the report, attach a check or purchase order and Fee-Waiver Roster with student names (if applicable), and mail it in the provided Remittance Envelope. Note: Mail student answer sheets separately. (p. 14)

January

Use AP PotentialTM (www.collegeboard.com/reports) to identify additional students for honors and Advanced Placement Program® (AP ®) courses. (p. 22) January 31: Extended due date for ordering optional reports. (p. 24)

February

Compare your school's performance with the nation's and your state's using the 2007 PSAT/NMSQT College-Bound Junior and College-Bound Sophomore Reports available at www.collegeboard.com/reports. Help teachers evaluate the details behind their students' performances with the Summary of Answers and Skills (SOAS) report (www.collegeboard.com/reports). (pp. 22­23)

Why the PSAT/NMSQT?

Benefits for Students

· To open the door to college. The PSAT/NMSQT is a student's first official step on the road to college. It encourages students to start planning for life after high school by either jump-starting their college search process or, for some, introducing them to the concept of attending college. · To get feedback on how to improve academically. The PSAT/NMSQT Score Report gives students personalized feedback on their test performance, including suggestions on how to improve specific academic skills, plus complete answer explanations so students learn from their mistakes. (See pages 16­17.) · To prepare for the SAT. On average, students who take the PSAT/NMSQT earn higher scores on the SAT than those who do not since the tests have the same formats, directions, sample questions, and question types. At www.collegeboard.com/ quickstart, high school students will have free access to a personalized SAT study plan based on their performance on the PSAT/NMSQT. · To earn scholarships and academic recognition. By taking the PSAT/NMSQT, students who meet entry requirements may enter National Merit Scholarship Corporation's scholarship competitions (see page 26), as well as other programs that give special recognition to high-achieving students (see box below). · To begin the college search process. Student Search Service® gives PSAT/NMSQT takers the option to receive admissions and financial aid information from colleges, universities, and scholarship programs. (See page 32.) · To explore colleges, majors, and careers. Students who take the PSAT/NMSQT receive FREE online access to My College QuickStart at www.collegeboard.com/quickstart until they graduate high school. (See pages 28­29.)

Benefits for Schools and Districts

Multiple reports to help schools learn from their students' performance (see pages 22­24): · For juniors and sophomores, Summary Reports show the number of test-takers and the mean test scores, with standard deviations, for the local group, the state, and the nation. They also provide group distributions for critical reading, mathematics, and writing skills scores; ethnic background; college major; and more. · The free online Summary of Answers and Skills (SOAS) report gives an analysis of aggregate test question information by grade, providing educators the opportunity to identify specific areas where their students are having difficulty. The SOAS also provides some aggregate skills feedback based on student performance on the PSAT/NMSQT. · The free online AP PotentialTM tool uses correlations between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam results to find additional students who may be successful in specific AP courses. This tool is designed to supplement, not replace, a school's current identification processes. · The Student data on Cd includes each student's scores, percentiles, answers to each test question, skills that need improvement, college major of interest, and more. These data can help identify common strengths and needs in student performance at the classroom level. (Optional report: $50 per school.)

Other Special Opportunities for PSAT/NMSQT Students

· national Hispanic Recognition Program (nHRP) provides the names of academically talented students to colleges that may recruit them and offer financial aid. Juniors who identify themselves as Hispanic or Latino on the PSAT/NMSQT will automatically be considered for this program. · national Scholarship Service (nSSFnS) offers a free college advisory and referral service for students who plan to attend two-year or four-year colleges. Scores will be sent for juniors who indicate that they are African American or black students. · Telluride Association offers scholarships to gifted juniors for summer seminars in the humanities and social sciences. Students who do not want their scores released to these recognition programs should write to the PSAT/NMSQT office by November 15.

PSAT/NMSQT Critical Reading Questions

Reading skills are fundamental for college success. Critical reading questions focus on a student's ability to read critically: to think logically, analyze, and evaluate.

Sentence Completions

Sentence completion questions require students to follow the logic of an idea expressed in a fairly complex sentence. Sentences are given with one or two words omitted. The correct answer is the word or set of words that, when placed in the blank, best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole. Although these questions are meant to test a student's ability to recognize logical relationships among elements of a sentence, some questions measure vocabulary in the context of the sentence.

· · · ·

Relate one part of a passage to another part Determine an author's purpose or perspective Distinguish conflicting viewpoints Make connections between different parts of a passage · Compare or contrast ideas in a passage or in a pair of related passages

For all American Indians, an integrated way of life was irrevocably upset by the arrival of Europeans and their expropriation of the land. The trauma of culture conflict had its origins in the very first Line 5 contacts between the Europeans, who could not comprehend the American Indians' attitude toward land as an everlasting resource for common use, and the American Indians, who could not comprehend the notion of land as private property 10 that could be sold and lost forever. In line 7, "common" most nearly means (A) coarse (B) familiar (C) mediocre (D) plain (E) shared

Example:

Example:

She is a skeptic, ---- to believe that the accepted opinion of the majority is generally ----. (A) prone..infallible (B) afraid..misleading (C) inclined..justifiable (D) quick..significant (E) disposed..erroneous

Passage-Based Reading

Passage-based reading questions measure students' ability to read, understand, and interpret reading passages. These passages are drawn from a variety of fields, including the humanities, social studies, and natural sciences. Passages may also be excerpted from works of fiction. The selections will vary in style and may include narrative, argumentative, and expository elements. Passages are usually drawn from actual published works, though this material is often adapted for testing purposes. Passages will range in length from about 100 to 850 words and will often include an introduction and/or footnotes. Some questions will be based on a pair of passages on a shared theme or issue. Questions may ask students to do the following: · · · · · · · Understand significant information in the passage Figure out the meaning of a word from its context Analyze and evaluate ideas, opinions, and arguments Make inferences and recognize implications Understand the tone of what is being said Understand the use of examples Recognize the purpose of various writing strategies

PSAT/NMSQT Mathematics Questions

The primary aim of the math section is to assess how well students understand math: can they apply what they already know to new situations and use what they know to solve nonroutine problems? The following math concepts are covered in the PSAT/NMSQT.

Number and Operations · Arithmetic word problems · Percent · Prime numbers · Ratio and proportion · Logical reasoning · Sets (union, intersection, and elements) · Properties of integers (even, odd, etc.) · Divisibility · Counting techniques · Sequences and series (including exponential growth) · Elementary number theory Algebra and Functions · Properties of exponents (including rational exponents) · Algebraic word problems · Substitution · Absolute value · Rational and radical equations · Equations of lines · Direct and inverse variation · Basic concepts of algebraic functions · Newly defined symbols based on commonly used operations · Solutions of linear equations and inequalities · Quadratic equations · Simplifying algebraic expressions Geometry and Measurement · Area and perimeter of a polygon · Area and circumference of a circle · Volume of a box, cube, and cylinder · Pythagorean Theorem and special properties of isosceles, equilateral, and right triangles · Properties of parallel and perpendicular lines · Coordinate geometry · Geometric visualization · Slope · Similarity Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability · Data interpretation · Statistics (mean, median, and mode) · Probability

Calculator Use

Although no question requires calculator use, students are strongly encouraged to bring a calculator. A scientific or graphing calculator is recommended.

Multiple-Choice Questions

For these questions, students must solve each problem and decide which of the five choices given is the best. Basic geometric formulas are included in the test booklet for reference, since the PSAT/NMSQT emphasizes application, rather than memorization, of this material.

Example:

(A) 212 (D) 225

Which of the following can be the average (arithmetic mean) of four consecutive even integers? (B) 216 (E) 228 (C) 220

Student-Produced Response Questions (Grid-Ins)

This group of math questions does not include answer choices. This kind of question may have more than one correct answer. Because guessing is almost impossible on grid-ins, there is no deduction for incorrect answers to grid-in questions. It doesn't matter in which column students begin entering their answers; as long as the correct answer is gridded, students will receive credit. Only answers entered in the ovals in each grid area will be correct. Students will not receive credit for anything written in the boxes above the ovals.

Example:

If operation # is defined by the equation a # b = 3a + b, what is the value of x in the equation 2 # x = x # 3 ?

.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

.

0 1 2

.

0 1 2 3

.

0 1

.

0 1 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

.

0 1 2 3 4

3 4 5 6 7 8 9

3 4 5 6 7 8 9

4 5 6 7 8 9

4 5 6 7 8 9

6 7 8 9

7

PSAT/NMSQT Writing Skills Questions

Writing skills questions present sentences and paragraphs that contain the kinds of errors that students must look for and learn to correct in their own writing.

Improving Sentences

These questions require students to select the most effective form of a sentence. Part or all of the sentence is underlined, and five ways of wording the underlined part are presented as choices (A) through (E). Choice (A) is always the same as the underlined part in the original sentence. If the original sentence seems to be the best one, students should choose (A).

Example:

As one travels inland, the details of the landscape become harsh, brutal, and it can frighten people. (A) become harsh, brutal, and it can frighten people (B) become harsh, brutal, and frightening (C) when they become harsh, brutal, and frightening (D) becoming harsh and brutal, and frightening to people (E) become harsh, brutal, and it can frighten one

Improving Paragraphs

Five questions relate to a flawed draft of an essay. Most questions require students to consider revisions in the context of the essay and to think about the interrelationships of sentences and paragraphs.

Example:

(1) Recently a group of workers from a clothing factory in my hometown picketed peacefully in front of a department store. (2) They carried signs, and passing shoppers were urged by them to buy products that were made in the United States. (3) A newspaper article suggested that they were wrong. (4) It pointed out that nearly all stores now sell goods that are not made in this country. (5) I would argue, however, that the demonstrators are right, consumers should think about the effect they can have on industries here in the United States.

Identifying Sentence Errors

This type of question asks students to find errors such as inappropriate usage, grammar, sentence construction, or punctuation in sentences. Four parts of the sentence are underlined and lettered (A) through (D). (E) is always "No error." Students should read each sentence carefully to determine which part, if any, must be changed to make the sentence correct. If all the underlined words or phrases seem correct, then students should select choice (E).

Example:

The leading roles in the widely acclaimed play, a modern

A C B

In context, which is the best version of the underlined portion of sentence 2 (reproduced below)? They carried signs, and passing shoppers were urged by them to buy products that were made in the United States. (A) (As it is now) (B) They carry signs and urge passing shoppers (C) Carrying signs and urging passing shoppers, the workers asked them (D) The workers carried signs that urged the passing shoppers (E) These signs urged passing shoppers

version of an Irish folktale, were performed by Jessica and he. No error.

D E

Correct answer is D.

Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD)

Look for complete information in the College Board Services for Students with disabilities (SSd) 2007­2008 Instructions for Completing the Student Eligibility Form and at www.collegeboard.com/ssd.

Accommodations

The College Board will provide appropriate accommodations to allow students with disabilities an equal opportunity to take College Board tests. The College Board must approve accommodations prior to testing. In order to simplify the process for schools and their students requesting testing accommodations, the College Board uses a common eligibility form for its testing programs--the PSAT/NMSQT, the SAT Program, and the Advanced Placement Program.

Extended-Time Administration

Each section of the PSAT/NMSQT is timed separately for extended-time tests. Students approved for extended time are section timed as follows: 50% Extended Time 38 minutes per section 38 minutes per section 45 minutes 100% Extended Time 50 minutes per section 50 minutes per section 60 minutes

Section Critical Reading (2 sections) Math (2 sections) Writing Skills (1 section)

Standard Time 25 minutes per section 25 minutes per section 30 minutes

Eligibility Requirements

A student must: 1. have a disability that necessitates testing accommodations, 2. have documentation on file at the school that supports the need for the requested accommodations and meets the Guidelines for Documentation, and 3. receive and use requested accommodations due to a disability for school-based tests. Students who do not meet all these requirements may apply for a College Board Documentation Review. See the 2007­2008 Instructions for Completing the Student Eligibility Form or go to www.collegeboard.com/ssd for more information.

Important Dates and Contact Information

August 29 Postmark deadline to submit SSD Eligibility Forms for students whose documentation must be reviewed. Late August · Submit SSD Confirmation and Order Roster to receive nonstandard practice materials September 12 · Postmark deadline to submit SSD Eligibility Forms for students whose documentation does not need review. SSd Contact information · · · · · Voice: 609 771-7137 TTY: 609 882-4118 Fax: 609 771-7944 E-mail: [email protected] Web site: www.collegeboard.com/ssd

Preparing Students and Families

Reasoning, Not Recall

It's important for students to know that the PSAT/NMSQT does not focus on information one can memorize. They won't have to recall facts--even the math formulas needed are supplied to them. Instead, the PSAT/NMSQT measures reasoning skills--for instance, knowing when to choose one of those math formulas and how to use it to arrive at the correct answer. It takes time to develop reasoning skills, and that's why the best preparation for the PSAT/NMSQT is long term: taking solid academic courses, reading widely, writing frequently, and studying hard. To do their best on the PSAT/NMSQT and the SAT, students should take the most challenging courses they can handle in English, mathematics, science, social studies, foreign languages, and the arts. This is the same preparation necessary for success in college-level course work.

Some Practical Advice

Students can take steps now to get ready for the PSAT/NMSQT. Short-term strategies include: · Taking the complete Practice Test contained in the Official Student Guide to the PSAT/NMSQT · Learning the format and timing of the test · Becoming familiar with the kinds of questions asked · Knowing the directions for each kind of question · Learning the difference between random and educated guessing Encourage your students to review the Official Student Guide in advance of test day to best prepare for the PSAT/NMSQT.

The following free publications help you prepare your students and families for the PSAT/nmSQT. Title Type Booklet PSAT/NMSQT Official Student Guide Audience Description Students Contains sample test questions with explanations and a wealth of tips and strategies about guessing, pacing, and calculator use. It also contains descriptions and entry requirements for the programs administered by National Merit Scholarship Corporation. Booklet Students The Official Student Guide includes a full-length PSAT/NMSQT Practice Test that students should take and score. Full-Length Practice Students can then learn from their errors and use the Test tips and strategies provided to help improve for the actual test. Poster Students Duplicate and post this poster in common areas Take the of your school as students' official notice of the PSAT/NMSQT PSAT/NMSQT test administration. Space is available to indicate your school's test date, time, and fee information. Flyer Parents/ These flyers in English and Spanish can be duplicated PSAT/NMSQT: Families to help parents and guardians understand the The Parent important role of the PSAT/NMSQT in helping their Perspective & young adults' transition to college. Space is available PSAT/NMSQT: on the cover to indicate your school's test date, time, Perspectiva de los and fee information. Padres PowerPoint Students Designed to prepare students for the test by Preparing Presentation familiarizing them with key question types and testStudents for the taking strategies. It is available as an overhead slide PSAT/NMSQT: A Step master or PowerPoint presentation. to the Future Web site Students This site provides additional practice on critical www. reading, math, and writing skills, plus strategies, collegeboard.com/ hints, and other information. psat Where to Find It Order online at www.collegeboard.com/school.

Separate booklet inside the Official Student Guide to the PSAT/NMSQT.

Front pocket of this publication or download from www.collegeboard.com/ psatdownloads. Front pocket of this publication or download from www.collegeboard.com/ psatdownloads.

Download from www.collegeboard.com/ psatdownloads. Visit www.collegeboard.com/ psat.

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Take the 2007

The PSAT/NMSQT lets you:

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Student Guide

PSAT/ NMSQT

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Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test

· assess your critical reading, mathematical reasoning, and writing skills · get specific suggestions on how to improve your academic skills · prepare for the SAT with a free personalized study plan THIS SIDE: · enter Merit Scholarship Practice with this full-length Nationalfor recognition and Corporation National Merit competitions scholarships Scholarship Corporation ® · request free information from colleges and Scholarship universities Competitions · National Merit · use My College QuickStart to access free Scholarship Program Preliminary SAT/ · National Achievement resources and information about college and Scholarship Program National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test career planning FLIP SIDE: Date/Time: Timing The PSAT/NMSQT® has five sections. You will have 25 minutes each for Sections 1-4 and 30 minutes for Section 5. Cost: Test-taking help · Seven Types of Questions Scoring For each correct answer, you receive one point. For questions you omit, you Location: You'll See on the Test receive no points. For a wrong answer to a multiple-choice question, you lose a quarter ( / ) of a point. For a wrong answer to a math question that is not Additional information: · Practice Test multiple choice, you do not lose any points.

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With Answer Key The best way (Separate Pull-out Booklet) to get ready for the Guessing PSAT/NMSQT 00274-01442 · F77E5000 · Printed in U.S.A. is to take the practice test. Find time!

Marking Answers

If you can eliminate one or more choices as wrong, you increase your chances of choosing the correct answer and earning one point. If you can't eliminate any choices, move on. You can return to the question later if there is time.

Perspectiva de los Padres

2007

2. ¿Quién debe tomar el PSAT/NMSQT?

PSAT/NMSQT

®

Generalmente los estudiantes toman el PSAT/NMSQT en elAnswers 11mo. called, but you may not turn to any other section. grado de secundaria. También es beneficioso que estudiantes más jóvenes tomen el examen, para empezar desde temprano a mejorar las destrezas académicas necesarias para el éxito universitario y profesional. El año pasado más de la mitad de los participantes eran del 10mo. grado o menores. DO NOT OPEN THE TEST BOOK UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD

You must mark all of your answers on your answer sheet to receive credit. Make sure each mark is dark and completely fills the oval. If you erase, do so completely. You may write in the test book, but you won't receive credit for anything you write there.

Checking

You may check your work on a particular section if you finish it before time is

TO DO SO!

3. ¿Qué hay que hacer para prepararse para esteUnauthorized reproduction or use of any part of this test is prohibited. examen?

Las preguntas del examen se basan en lo que se aprende en clase, así que la mejor manera de prepararse es tomar cursos rigurosos y familiarizarse con el examen y su formato. Los estudiantes deben repasar la guía PSAT/NMSQT Official Student Guide, que está repleta de información útil y tiene incluso un Examen de Práctica completo. Esta guía y su Examen de Práctica ayudarán a los estudiantes a entender las instrucciones del examen y familiarizarse con los tipos de preguntas que se les va a hacer.

National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test

Fecha: __________________________________________________ Lugar: __________________________________________________ Hora: ___________________________________________________ Costo: __________________________________________________ Para más información comuníquese con: ___________________

NATIONAL MERIT SCHOLARSHIP CORPORATION

4BPT1

1

_________________________________________________________

The Parent Perspective

2007

No, en lo absoluto. En todo caso, el PSAT/NMSQT aumentará sus posibilidades, pues provee información personalizada sobre los tipos de destrezas que el estudiante necesita mejorar para prepararse para el SAT y para la universidad. Los resultados del PSAT/NMSQT no se envían a las universidades.

Preguntas más frecuentes

5. ¿Cuántas veces puede un estudiante tomar este examen?

Flip book over for

Scholarship Competitions

2007

4. ¿Si el estudiante no sale bien en este examen, le perjudicará en sus posibilidades de entrar a la universidad?

2007 PSAT/NMSQT Student Guide: Practice Test

A Step to the Future

Preparing Students for the 2007 PSAT/NMSQT

Sólo una vez al año, pero no hay límite en cuanto al número de años en que puede participar. Es sumamente importante que los estudian1. ¿Por qué deben los estudiantes tomar el tes de 11mo. grado tomen el examen para participar en el certamen PSAT/NMSQT? de becas de la National Merit Scholarship Corporation, además de El PSAT/NMSQT es una excelente preparación para la prueba de razo- prepararse para el SAT. Para los más jóvenes, el should take the PSAT/NMSQT? 2. Who beneficio principal es recibir un valioso informe sobre sus destrezas académicas y adelantar namiento del SAT Reasoning TestTM. Los estudiantes de 11mo. grado Typically, students take the PSAT/NMSQT in grade 11 of high school. It en el mejoramiento de las mismas, y en su plan para la universidad. que lo toman, y que llenan otros requisitos, podrían participar en los programas de becas de National Merit Scholarship Corporation. Lo is also beneficial for younger students to take the test to get a head start ® más importante es que el PSAT/NMSQT es un instrumento compre6. ¿Qué es el Student Search on improving academic Date: ___________________________________________________ Service y deben los skills needed for success in college and beyond. hensivo que provee valiosa información de resultados tanto al estuestudiantes poner "Yes"? Last year, more than half of all test-takers were in grade 10 or younger. diante como a la escuela. Cuando los estudiantes toman el PSAT/NMSQT, se les pregunta si Location: ________________________________________________ listado de estudiantes Student to prepare for this test? Todos los estudiantes que toman el PSAT/NMSQT recibirán un quieren participar en el servicio de 3. What should be done Score Report oficial. Ellos recibirán sus resultados en lectura crítica, Search Service® del College Board, un Classroom learning is the basis for test questions, so the best way servicio gratuito que les sumimatemáticas, y redacción y verán como comparan con los de otros nistra nombres de estudiantes a entidades educativas certificadas. students can prepare is estudiantes en todo el país. Repasando una por una las respuestas Time: ___________________________________________________ autoriza a las universidades,to involve themselves in rigorous courses Al decidir participar, el estudiante proand get familiar with the al de cada pregunta, los estudiantes podrán ver lo qué sacaron bien y en gramas de becas, organizaciones de oportunidades educativas, ytest and its format. Students should review the PSAT/NMSQT Official Student Guide, which is full of useful qué fallaron. Ellos recibirán también un informe personalizado sobre College Board a enviar información sobre por correo postal o electrólas académicas especificas que necesita ____________________________________________________ information, económica full-length Practice Test. The Guide and the Cost: atención junto con sugerennico sobre las oportunidades educativas y de ayudaincluding a que cias de pasos a seguir para mejorar esas destrezas. ofrecen. La información del estudiante es estrictamente controlada Practice Test will help students understand all the directions and be y segura, y los resultados individualesfamiliar withPSAT/NMSQT de la prueba the types of questions that will be asked. Los estudiantes que toman el examen recibirán acceso gratis a My nunca se divulgan a entidades externas. For more information, contact: College QuickStartTM, un herramienta de la Internet para planificación ______________________________

Official to the

Student Guide

PSAT/ NMSQT

THIS SIDE: Test-taking help

· Seven Types of Questions You'll See on the Test · Practice Test With Answer Key

(Separate Pull-out Booklet)

®

Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test

FLIP SIDE:

National Merit Scholarship Corporation

Scholarship Competitions

· National Merit® Scholarship Program · National Achievement® Scholarship Program

4. If students don't do well on this test, will it hurt de universidades y carreras que contiene: un PSAT/NMSQT Score 7. ¿Cuándo podemos esperar ver los resultados of getting into college? their chances Report en línea con SAT de cuentas proyectados, porcentajes esta_________________________________________________________ del PSAT/NMSQT? tales, y el poder de clasificar explicaciones de respuesta por tipo de Absolutely not. If anything, the PSAT/NMSQT will improve their pregunta y dificultad; un plan personalizado de studio para el SAT Las escuelas recibirán el informe de resultados Score Report en personalized information on the types of chances, since it provides para los estudiantes de escuela secundaria; listas personalizadas de diciembre, y notificarán a los estudiantes sobre cuándo, cómo y dónde universidades, concentraciones, y carreras; y acceso a MyRoadTM. skills that the student needs to improve to prepare for the SAT and obtener sus resultados individuales. La escuela recibe también una Para más información, visite collegeboard.com/quickstart. copia adicional para el expediente del college. PSAT/NMSQT scores are not sent to colleges. estudiante. Entre las oportunidades especiales1. Whyestudiantes de 11mo. take the PSAT/NMSQT? para los should students 5. How many times may grado que toman el PSAT/NMSQT,Thehalla el programo is the best preparation for the SAT Reasoning haciendo los estudiantes para a student take this test? se PSAT/NMSQT® nacional de 8. ¿Qué más deben estar reconocimiento a hispanos o National Hispanic Recognition Program. who take the test and meet other la universidad luego dethere is no limit to how many years a student tener la opción de ir a Only once a year, but que TestTM. Students in eleventh grade (Para más información vea al consejero académico del estudiante.) se gradúen? may participate. It is important that eleventh-grade students take the program entry requirements may enter National Merit Scholarship test to enter National Corporation programs. Most important, theel calendario que aparece al reverso de este folleto. En Merit Scholarship Corporation competitions, as Mire PSAT/NMSQT is a well as to información sobre el comprehensive tool that gives valuable feedback to both the student www.collegeboard.com/parents hallará más prepare for the SAT. For younger students, the main benefit PSAT/NMSQT, My College QuickStart, la planificación para la univeris to gain valuable skills feedback and get a head start on improving and the school. sidad y su financiación, así como información sobre otros programas All students who take the PSAT/NMSQT will receive an official Score ytheir academic skills and planning for college. del College Board, tales como el SAT el programa de adelanto escoReport. They will receive scores in critical reading, mathematics, and . 6. What is Student Search Service® and should students lar Advanced Placement Program® writing skills and will see how their scores compare to those of other check "Yes"? students across the country. Through a question-by-question review When students take the PSAT/NMSQT, they are asked if they would of answers, students will be able to see which answers they got right like to participate in the College Board's Student Search Service®, a or wrong. They will also receive a personalized statement of specific free service that provides names of students to certified educational academic skills that need attention along with suggested steps to organizations. If students choose to participate, they allow colleges, improve those skills. universities, scholarship programs, educational opportunity organizaStudents who take the test will receive free access to My College tions, and the College Board to send information via the mail and/or QuickStartTM, an online college and career planning tool that e-mail about the educational and financial aid opportunities they offer. contains: an online PSAT/NMSQT score report with projected Student information is strictly monitored and secure, and individual ® SAT score ranges, state percentiles, and the power to sort answer PSAT/NMSQT test scores are never shared with any outside entity. explanations by difficulty and question type; a customized SAT

Frequently Asked Questions

This material was produced solely by the College Board for its organizational purposes; National Merit Scholarship Corporation was not involved in its production.

study plan for high school students; personalized lists of colleges, majors, and careers; and access to MyRoadTM. For more information, visit collegeboard.com/quickstart. Other special opportunities for students who take the PSAT/NMSQT in eleventh grade include the National Hispanic Recognition Program. (See your student's counselor for more information.)

7. When may we expect to see the results from the PSAT/NMSQT?

Schools will receive Score Reports in December and will notify students regarding when, where, and how to get their individual reports. Schools also receive an extra copy for the student's file.

8. What else should students be doing to have college as an option after graduation?

Refer to the calendar on the back of this flyer. At collegeboard.com/parents, you'll find more information about the PSAT/NMSQT, My College QuickStart, planning and paying for college, as well as information on other College Board programs, such as the SAT and the Advanced Placement Program®.

Administering the PSAT/NMSQT

Be sure to review the 2007 PSAT/NMSQT Supervisor's Manual and the test administration information online at www.collegeboard.com/testright. These resources contain complete and approved test management procedures and checklists. Selected test management tips and highlights appear below.

Before Test Day

Visit www.collegeboard.com/testright to obtain information on every aspect of administering the PSAT/NMSQT, helpful advice, and downloadable forms and scripts to help you manage test day. Copy and distribute the Associate Supervisor/ Proctor Checklist: Distribute copies of this checklist to the school staff who will be serving as test proctors on test day. distribute Copies of the Supervisor's manual: This is the test administration instructional manual included with your test book shipment and also available online at www.collegeboard.com/testright. All test proctors should set aside time to read it in advance and become familiar with the testing procedures. The manual includes notes on selecting and training assistants and proctors, along with other test day information, including the script that will be used by proctors on test day. Secure the Tests: Prevent any student from gaining an unfair advantage. See required test security measures in the Supervisor's Manual. You'll also find the Test Materials Security Checklist online at www.collegeboard.com/testright. Show the Video: Supervisors and proctors should watch Voices of Experience, the free test administration video with advice from colleagues in the field. Each school received a revised copy of this video as part of the Destination College Collection DVD that was included in 2006 PSAT/NMSQT Score Report shipments. Call 212 373-8730 if your school needs one. Note: Only a limited number are available. define Optional Codes, if desired: Use these to establish the order in which you want your school's score reports, rosters, and labels to be sorted. For example, you might want to assign optional codes to have materials sorted by homeroom teacher when you receive them. decide on the Preadministration Option: Students may fill in pages 1 and 4 of the PSAT/NMSQT answer sheet in school, under supervision, during the week prior to the test. See the Supervisor's Manual for details about this preadministration option and other pretesting steps and procedures.

During the Test

Allow Enough Time: Plan for about 35 minutes of time before the test for seating students, distributing test materials, and having students complete identifying information on their answer sheets. Test questions require 2 hours and 10 minutes. In addition, there is a 5-minute break after section 2 and a 1-minute break after section 4. Know Your Role: Test proctors should read aloud all directions exactly as they appear in the Supervisor's Manual; distribute and collect test books and answer sheets; and walk about the test room during the test to make sure each student is working alone and on the proper section. (Remember that testing requires your full attention. Don't read, grade papers, or do other activities unrelated to testing.) Know What Students Should Bring: During the test, students should have nothing on their desks but a test book, an answer sheet, No. 2 pencils with erasers, and a calculator (for the math sections only). All other materials are prohibited. Cell phones and other portable electronic devices must be turned off and put away. Watch alarms should be turned off. Turn Off Classroom Bells. Eliminate interruptions on test day. Read About nonstandard Administrations: Each section of the PSAT/NMSQT is timed separately for extended time tests. (See Services for Students with Disabilities, page 9.) Check Students' Answer Sheet gridding: Make sure students accurately and completely fill in the biographical information and correctly grid SUPERVISOR'S MANUAL for the ® their grade level, high school code, and other Procedures: Before, During, and After the Test identifying information. Wednesday, October 17, or Test Dates Saturday, October 20 Let them know about Materials Checklist 2007 the Student Search Service option to receive information about educational opportunities and financial aid. (See page 32.)

PRELIMINARY SAT/NATIONAL MERIT SCHOLARSHIP QUALIFYING TEST

PSAT/NMSQT

Check

Your school should receive with its test shipment:

Check materials immediately!

1. Test books and answer sheets in bags of 5 or 25. Verify count in each bag without opening. Check test form and date printed on test books and color of answer sheets to verify that all materials are for the same test day: Wednesday, Oct. 17, 2007, Form W (purple answer sheets) Saturday, Oct. 20, 2007, Form S (brown answer sheets) Confirm that test materials are for the day for which your school registered. 2. Supervisor's Manual (at least one for every 25 test books) 3. Shipping Notice 4. Supervisor's Report

5. Remittance Envelope (Go to www.collegeboard.com/school to fill out your Remittance Report after testing.) 6. Prelabeled Courier Answer Sheet Return Envelope/Boxes

7. Nonstandard Administration Envelope for return of answer sheets for students tested with accommodations

2007

Check

Your school should receive separately:

1. Nonstandard Administration Report (students' names listed) 2. Nonstandard test formats (if ordered)

Check

Your school should provide for each testing room:

1. Clock, large enough to be seen from any seat in the room 3. Pencil sharpener 4. Emergency supply of calculators (optional)

2. Emergency supply of No. 2 soft-lead pencils with erasers

After the Test

Check Student-gridded grade Levels and School Codes on Answer Sheets: Room supervisors should take the time to flip through answer sheets to make sure students gridded their grade levels and school codes properly. This is critical for the accuracy of your school's reports, as well as for accurate billing of test fees. Complete the Supervisor's Report: Be sure to fill out and sign the Supervisor's Report in pencil. Your school's score reports cannot be sent to you unless we receive your signed report. (See the column on the right for other ways to avoid score report delays.) Return Answer Sheets Promptly: Submit completed answer sheets and required accompanying forms immediately, but no later than the next school day after the test administration. Do not delay the mailing of answer sheets in order to complete your remittance report, as they must be mailed separately. destroy unused Answer Sheets. Confirm Answer Sheet Receipt: PSAT/NMSQT Coordinators will receive an e-mail after answer sheets have been received; they will also be notified by e-mail in November if answer sheets have not yet arrived at the scoring facility. Complete the Online Remittance Report: Log on to the PSAT/NMSQT Coordinator Site at www.collegeboard.com/school to generate your school's Remittance Report. It will compute your test fees so you can print the results and return the printout with your payment. (See page 14 for details about the online Remittance Report.) Complete the Fee-Waiver Roster, if Applicable: If your school received fee waivers, you must list, on the Fee-Waiver Roster, the name of each junior using a fee waiver. The number of fee waivers used must match the number of names listed on the roster and cannot exceed the number that was approved by the College Board. The Fee-Waiver Roster form will automatically print out with your Remittance Report at www.collegeboard.com/school. The number of fee waivers used will determine the number of spaces that will appear on the roster for writing in students' names.

How to Avoid Score Report Delays

Speed the return of your students' score reports by taking these steps to avoid the most common causes of reporting delays: Send Back Answer Sheets Right Away. Late receipt of answer sheets from schools is one of the most common causes of delays in score reporting. Return answer sheets within two working days of the test. Sign the Supervisor's Report. Don't let a missing signature hold up the works. Make sure you sign in pencil. Check gridding on the Supervisor's Report. Common errors occur when the number of students entered on the report doesn't match the number of answer sheets sent from a school. School codes are often incorrectly gridded or missing. Go over these details to prevent your school's reports from being put on hold until the errors are fixed. Check Students' gridding. Make sure the right school codes are entered on their answer sheets and that students' grade levels are marked correctly. include Required nonstandard Administration Forms. Be sure all nonstandard administration forms are completed and submitted as directed in the Supervisor's Manual. use the Correct Shipping materials. Schools sometimes return standard answer sheets in the envelope marked for nonstandard (SSD) answer sheets. Make sure you're using the correct labels, envelopes, and/or boxes by following the directions in the Supervisor's Manual. Complete the Supervisor's irregularity Report, if Applicable: Use this form to report any testing irregularities experienced at your school. (Located in the back of the Supervisor's Manual and online at www.collegeboard.com/testright.) Store Test Books Securely: Immediately after the test, place all used and unused test books (including those of students from other schools) in locked storage. Make sure that no answer sheets are in the test books. Organize test books for return to students with their score reports in December. (See page 15.) Remind Students About Test Security. Students may not discuss the test until they receive their score reports in December.

Complete Your Remittance Report and Fee-Waiver Roster Online

Go online to the PSAT/NMSQT Coordinator Site at www.collegeboard.com/school to complete your Remittance Report and Fee-Waiver Roster (if applicable). It's easy. Here's what to expect. Before you go online, make sure you have: 1. The number of completed answer sheets you're returning, by grade. 2. The number of tests you loaned/borrowed from other schools (if applicable). 3. The number of junior fee waivers used (if applicable). 4. The number of students tested at your school whose fees are being billed to the district, state, or other educational entity.

5. If you're paying by purchase order, the PO number. The online Remittance Report tool will ask you for this information to generate a report with the amount you should remit for test fees. Print and sign this report, attach your check or purchase order and Fee-Waiver Roster with student names (if applicable), and mail it in the Remittance Envelope provided in your test materials shipment to: PSAT/NMSQT 12192 Collection Center Drive Chicago, IL 60693 (Use this address for initial payment only.) For more information please refer to the Supervisor's Manual or visit www.collegeboard.com/testright.

Returning Score Reports and Test Books to Students

After the test is administered, all test books--including unused tests--must be stored in a secure location at your school. In December, when score reports are shipped to schools, the answers to test questions are disclosed and the test books can be reviewed by students, parents, and staff. When you distribute score reports in december, return each test book to the student who used it, so it can be used with the Review Your Answers section of the score report and with the online score report in My College QuickStart at www.collegeboard.com/quickstart. If you test students from other schools, please refer to the instructions contained in the 2007 PSAT/NMSQT Supervisor's Manual. Here are some tips to help facilitate the return of test books and score reports to students: · On test day, instruct students to write their names on the front of their test books. Have students write additional information on the test book cover, such as their homeroom, grade level, and/or school counselor, depending on how you plan to distribute score reports. · If you would like score reports (and score labels and rosters) returned in a particular order, e.g., by teacher, assign two-digit codes to each teacher and have students grid the Optional Code section of the answer sheet with the appropriate teacher code. · After the test, organize the test books in a manner that will facilitate their return to students in December. For example, if your school distributes score reports through counselors, sort the test books by counselor, place a sheet of paper with the appropriate counselor's name on top of each stack, and organize the test books in the boxes in which they came. Store the test books in a secure location until december. · If you are conducting a session to help students interpret the PSAT/NMSQT Score Report, use the Destination College: Planning with the PSAT/NMSQT video.* It explains the different types of information provided on the score report and in My College QuickStart. Many schools find it helpful to use a sample score report (see the back pocket of this publication) during this session, as it allows students to concentrate on the presentation without being distracted by their own personal score report. · If your school gives the PSAT/NMSQT to tenthgraders or younger students, duplicate the Score Report Tutorial in the back pocket of this publication for distribution to these students. · To help parents interpret the PSAT/NMSQT Score Report, give them a copy of A Parent Tutorial for Understanding PSAT/NMSQT Results (available in both English and Spanish) in the back pocket of this publication.

*Note: This DVD was sent to schools in December 2006. To request a copy, send an e-mail to [email protected] Only a limited number are available.

Destination College Collection

1. Destination College: Planning with the

PSAT/NMSQT® Learn how students interpret and use the PSAT/NMSQT Score Report to improve their academic skills and plan for college. Meet two hardworking and inspiring students .who became the first in their families to go to college.

A collection of four videos to help schools facilitate college access for all students.

2. Choose College: Stories of Success

3. Experience College Success: An Introduction to

the Advanced Placement Program® Hear testimonials from students, teachers, and college officials about the benefits of student participation in AP® courses. Learn how schools can administer a practice essay session to help students get ready for the writing section of the SAT. Use with the publication, ScoreWrite: A Guide to Preparing for the SAT Essay.

4. ScoreWriteTM: Scoring Practice Essays for the SAT®

Turn to page 28 of this guide for detailed information about My College QuickStart and MyRoad--free for all PSAT/NMSQT takers.

060041773

Ima B. Student's Score Report Plus Case Study

For a full-sized sample score report, see the back pocket of this publication.

Will Ima Be Able to Enter NMSC Competitions?

Add Ima's critical reading (50), math (52), and writing skills (44) scores; the total of 146 is her Selection Index. This index is used by National Merit Scholarship Corporation to designate groups to be recognized in its scholarship programs. If an asterisk had appeared next to Ima's score, it would mean she does not meet entry requirements for the programs. In this case, Ima meets entry requirements, but her score is not likely to take her further in the competition for awards. For entry requirements and information on how the competitions work, see the Official Student Guide to the PSAT/NMSQT or visit www.nationalmerit.org.

What Were Ima's Scores?

Ima's critical reading score is 50, mathematics is 52, and writing skills is 44. The average eleventh-grader's scores are between 47 and 49. Unless students earn scores that are much lower than average, they're probably developing the kinds of critical reading, math reasoning, and writing skills needed for academic success in college.

What Are Her Score Ranges?

No test measures precisely what someone knows, and many factors can affect results. That is why test makers think of each score as a range that extends from a few points below to a few points above the score earned. Her critical reading and math scores have similar ranges; her writing skills range is lower.

What About Educational Plans?

Under Educational Plans on Score Report Plus, we see that Ima's self-reported grade average is B, and that she is interested in computer engineering as a college major. The score report gives Ima helpful counseling information, including a description of the type of study and work that complement her interests, along with associated skills and recommended high school courses. Ima can then use MyRoad in My College QuickStart to explore college majors, colleges, and careers that interest her.

What Are Her Score Percentiles?

Since Ima is in eleventh grade, the percentiles compare her scores with those of all eleventh-graders taking the test. (If she were in tenth grade or younger, she would be compared to all tenth-graders.) Ima earned a critical reading score higher than 55 out of every 100 juniors tested. In math, she scored higher than 57 percent of juniors. Compared with peers who are college bound, Ima's critical reading and math percentiles are somewhat higher than average. She did not do as well on writing skills; she scored higher than 33 percent of juniors on that portion of the test.

What Can We Learn from Ima's Answers?

The score report is designed to be used with the student's PSAT/NMSQT test booklet. It lists all of Ima's answers with a summary of how well she did on easy, medium, and hard questions. Ima can use My Online Score Report in My College QuickStart to review the questions she answered incorrectly or omitted and complete practice questions of the same type to learn from her results.

How Will Ima Do on the SAT?

Since Ima is in high school, she is able to go online at www.collegeboard.com/quickstart to access her personalized SAT study plan that includes her projected SAT score ranges, state percentiles, a complete SAT practice test, and resources to help her prepare for the essay that appears on the SAT. Using these free resources and taking rigorous courses will help Ima do her best on the SAT.

How Can Ima Improve Her Academic Skills?

The Improve Your Skills section provides personalized critical reading, math, and writing skills feedback based on Ima's pattern of responses across test questions. The skills listed are those that Ima has the best chance of improving. For example, in writing skills, she needs improvement in being precise and clear and recognizing logical connections within sentences and passages. The How to Improve tips, keyed to pertinent test questions, are provided to help students strengthen skills.

Name: STUDENT, IMA B

Year: 2007

Grade: 11

School Code: 123456

Optional Code: 00

A02670146P

Your Scores

Ranges

Percentiles

20

Critical Reading

50

Mathematics

52

Writing Skills

44

80 20

Scores within these ranges can be considered similar to yours:

80 20

80

National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) Programs

46

54

48 56

You scored higher than 57% of juniors. 100% 50% 100%

40

48

Selection Index

146

You scored higher than 55% of juniors. 50%

You scored higher than 33% of juniors. 50% 100%

Percentile

compares your performance with college-bound juniors

47

SAT SAT Critical Reading 800 200 200 Check your projected SAT scores online: Did you know you can add a "0" toMath of each PSAT/NMSQT score to find the SAT Writing scores? 800 200 the end equivalent SAT See how your performance compares to that of students in your state: Did you know two-thirds of U.S. students begin college in their home state?

High school students: Get a personalized SAT study plan at www.collegeboard.com/quickstart

460 560 480 580

YOUR CODE:

A02670146P

800

420

540

The Selection Index (S.I.) is the sum of your critical reading, mathematics, and writing skills scores. NMSC uses the S.I. as an initial screen of over 1.4 million students who enter its scholarship programs (see reverse).

Review Your Answers

Ask for your test book back so you can see the questions.

r swe r n t An swe y stio rec r An cult Que Cor You Diffi

Sentence Completions 2

1

SECTION 1

Passage-Based Reading

Key

o u e m h

Alg Data

Geom Num

SECTION 4

Correct Omitted Unscorable Easy Medium Hard Algebra & Functions Data Analysis, Statistics & Probability Geometry & Measurement Number & Operations

Sentence Completions Passage-Based Reading

Scoring

Correct answer = PLUS 1 POINT. Omitted answers = NO POINTS. Wrong answers to multiple-choice questions = MINUS 1/4 POINT. Wrong answers to math questions 29­38 = NO LOST POINTS.

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

A B A C B D B D B E D C A B A C A E B B E D E A D D D A C D A E B D A E C B B C B C E C D A C E

C A E

SECTION 2

o B

A

E B

E B A

A

C A E

B B E A

e m h h e m e m h h m m m e m e m m m m h m m m e e e e m h h h e e e m m h h h m m m m m e m

Multiple-Choice

Multiple-Choice

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

wer Ans wer tion ct Ans ulty nt ues Corre Your Diffic Conte Q

D E E C B B C A B D B D B A E E A E D D B C A D B D C A e e e e e e e m m m m m m h m m h h h h e e m m m e m m Alg Data Geom Alg Geom Alg Num Geom Data Alg Geom Alg Alg Data Alg Num Num Geom Alg Geom Num Alg Geom Num Geom Alg Alg Num

Improving Sentences

o

o D D D C o A C

Identifying Sentence Errors

A B

Student-Produced Responses

Que stio

7 3 4.5 or 9/2 1000 10, 12, 14, or 16 8/5 or 1.6 29 108 42 8 50.9 4.2 10 o o o

n

Correct Answer(s)

r You

Ans

wer

y cult tent Diffi Con

Alg Num Alg Data Alg Geom Data Num Alg Geom

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

m m m m h h h h m h

Improving Paragraphs

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

r swe r n t An swe y stio rec r An cult Que Cor You Diffi

A C A B E B A C C A B B D D E B D A C E C B E C D A A C C D B A D D E A B C C E E B D C E D C E E E E C e e m m h e m h m h h m m m e m e m m m m h m m m e e e m m h h h e e e m m h

Below is information you provided on your answer sheet.

Full-time high school student:

Entry Requirements

Yes

Year to complete high school and enroll full time in college:

2009 4

SECTION 5

Years to be spent in grades 9--12:

B E

U.S. citizenship:

Yes

A B A A A C A D

If your Selection Index places you among the 55,000 high scorers who qualify for program next September.

Your Educational Plans

Grade Average B College Major Computer Engineering

Information above is self-reported.

Description: In the computer engineering major, students learn to design and develop computer and computer-related systems. These systems include software systems, hardware systems, and combined hardware/software systems. Students take courses in basic sciences, mathematics, and engineering science and design. Associated Skills: Computing, basic sciences, mathematics. Recommended High School Courses: English 4, precollege mathematics 4, biology 1, chemistry 1, physics 1, social studies 3­4, history 2­3, foreign language 2­4, music .5, visual arts .5, and computer science .5­1.

SECTION 3

You answered correctly 16 of 39 writing skills questions and earned 16 points. 4 of 11 easy questions 9 of 19 medium questions 3 of 9 hard questions You omitted 0 question(s). You answered incorrectly 23 question(s) and lost 6 point(s).

You answered correctly 29 of 48 critical reading questions and earned 29 points. 11 of 14 easy questions 15 of 23 medium questions 3 of 11 hard questions You omitted 1 question(s). You answered incorrectly 18 question(s) and lost 5 point(s).

You answered correctly 21 of 38 math questions and earned 21 points. 9 of 10 easy questions 10 of 18 medium questions 2 of 10 hard questions You omitted 6 question(s). You answered incorrectly 11 question(s) and lost 2 point(s).

Points are totaled, then converted to scores on the 20--80 scale.

VIEW PSAT/NMSQT questions and answer explanations at www.collegeboard.com/quickstart

YOUR CODE:

A02670146P

Improve Your Skills

The skills listed are based on your individual performance on the test and represent those that you have the best chance to improve with extra work. Follow the suggestions to improve in each area.

Determiningan author's purpose or perspective How to improve: Authors write for a variety of purposes, such as to inform, to explain, or to convince. When you read, try to determine why the author wrote what he or she wrote. See questions 20, 42, 48. Understandingcomplex sentences How to improve: Ask your English teacher to recommend books that are a bit more challenging than those you're used to reading. Practice breaking the sentences down into their component parts to improve your comprehension. Learn how dependent clauses and verb phrases function in sentences. See questions 5, 33. Understandingsentences that deal with scientific ideas How to improve: Read magazine articles comfort level in this area. See questions 8, 36.

Dealing with probability, basic statistics, charts, and graphs How to improve: Practice solving problems that involve basic probability, basic countmean), median, and mode. Look for charts and graphs in newspapers and magazines, and practice interpreting the data in them. See questions 13, 14, 19. Understanding geometry and coordinate geometry How to improve: Review geometry units in your textbook involving perimeter, area, volume, circumference, angles, lines, slope. Familiarize yourself with the formulas given at the beginning of math sections of the test. See questions 7, 11, 13. Making connections among mathematical topics How to improve: Practice problems that require combining skills acquired in different math courses, such as problems that use combinations of arithmetic, algebra, and geometry. See questions 7, 11, 15.

Being precise and clear How to improve: Learn to recognize sentence elements that are ambiguous and confusing. In your writing, choose words carefully and connect them for clear meaning. See questions 4, 6, 8. Recognizing logical connections within sentences and passages How to improve: Use the writing process to help you revise your draft essays. Work with classmates and teachers to clarify meaning in your writing. See questions 8, 28, 29.

FIND

a personalized list of colleges, majors, and careers and use MyRoad at www.collegeboard.com/ quickstart

YOUR CODE: A02670146P

7

Tools for Understanding PSAT/NMSQT Results

The following free tools and publications will help you, your students, and their families understand PSAT/NMSQT results. To learn about the free PSAT/NMSQT reports that schools receive after the test, please see page 22. Title My College QuickStart Type Web site Audience Description Students Students receive free online access to: · explanations for the answers to all the PSAT/NMSQT test questions · personalized SAT study plan (for high school students) · MyRoad: major, college, and career exploration tool · And more (see page 28) Students Duplicate and distribute these to middle school students and ninth- and tenth-graders to help them put their score report results into proper perspective. Students This video will help guide students through each section of their score report. It is also designed to help students plan effectively for the SAT and for college, and includes interviews with high school and college students as well as school counselors. In English and Spanish. This presentation can help counselors advise students on using the personalized feedback provided on the score report to plan for college. Where to Find It Visit www.collegeboard.com/ quickstart.

Score Report Flyer Tutorials for Younger Students Destination College: Video Planning with the PSAT/NMSQT Understanding Results from the PSAT/NMSQT

Back pocket of this publication or download from www.collegeboard.com/ psatdownloads. Included on the Destination College Collection DVD sent to schools in December 2006. Download from www.collegeboard.com/ psatdownloads. Back pocket of this publication or download from www.collegeboard.com/ psatdownloads. Included in the December score report shipment or download from www.collegeboard.com/ psatdownloads.

PowerPoint Students/ Presentation Parents

A Parent Tutorial Flyer for Understanding 2007 PSAT/NMSQT Results Understanding 2007 Booklet Scores

Parents

Duplicate this flyer for parents to help them understand the PSAT/NMSQT Score Report. In English and Spanish.

Counselors This brochure will give you everything you need to know to understand PSAT/NMSQT scores, including percentiles and mean scores, answer keys, score conversions, and the skills identified by the Improve Your Skills section of the score report.

2007 PSAT/NMSQT® Score Report Tutorial Parent Tutorial for Understanding 2007 A

for 9th- and 10th-Grade Students

You've already taken the first step toward college!

By taking the PSAT/NMSQT® in ninth or tenth grade, you took your first step on the path to college. The test shows you firsthand the kinds of reading, math, and writing skills you'll need to succeed in college. It also prepares you for college admissions tests like the SAT®.

2007

Who takes the PSAT/NMSQT? How is the PSAT/NMSQT scored?

First, a raw score is computed. Students receive one

PSAT/NMSQT® Results

Name: STUDENT, IMA B Year: 2006 Grade: 11

How Did I Do?

Are you in ninth or tenth grade? Yes? Then relax. The PSAT/NMSQT shows skills you've learned and skills you may still need to work on before you go to college. It does not expect you to perform as well as students in eleventh grade and you still have time to learn and improve.

section shows you skills that you need to improve. Read and follow the suggestions for tips on how to strengthen the skills you'll need for college. The best way to review your test results is to go online at www.collegeboard.com/ quickstart and use your interactive score report. When you choose a question to review, it will display the question plus a thorough answer explanation so you can improve your skills.

PSAT/NMSQT Score Report preferred major, that can be ® Take according expanded or refined a look at your student's PSAT/NMSQT Score Report. Notice that each section of the test--critical to your interests reading, mathematics, and writing skills--has · Access to MyRoadTM--an its own color-coded column. Within each colorinteractive majors, college, and coded section is a great deal of information that career exploration program

Visit www.collegeboard.com/ ways to improve academic skills. quickstart to get your My College QuickStartTM. Use 1 "Your Scores" Section: the access code provided on your·score report. Each PSAT/NMSQT score--critical reading, mathematics,

School Code:123456

Optional Code:00

A02670146P

Your Scores

Critical Reading

50

Mathematics

52

Writing Skills

44

1

Ranges

20

80 20

Scores within these ranges can be considered similar to yours:

80 20

80

National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) Programs

46

54

48 56

You scored higher than of juniors. 57% 100%

40

48

Selection Index

146

You scored higher than of juniors. 55% 50%

You scored higher than of juniors. 33% 100% 50% 100%

Percentiles

provides a thorough review of performance and

YOUR www.collegeboard.com/psatextra CODE: students at GETa personalized SAT study plan for high school Math A02670146P SAT Critical 200 Check your projectedReading Did you know you can add a "0" toSATend of each PSAT/NMSQT score r SA scores? SAT Writing 800im200 uto quickly 800 SAT scores online:800 200 the est ate yo T

See how your performance compares to students in your state: Did you know two-thirds of U.S. students begin college in their home state?

6

D E E C B B C A B D B D B A E E A E D D B C A D B D C A

50%

compares your performance with college-bound juniors

Percentile

47

460 560

When reviewing your answers, refer to the questions in your test book.

wer Ans wer y stionect r Ans cult Que Corr You Dif

A e m h h e m e m h h m m m e m e m m m m h m m m e e e e m h h h e e e m m h h h m m m m m e m

480 580

Review Your Answers

Ask for your test book back so you can see the questions.

Sentence Completions 2 B

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

A C B D B D B E D C A B A C A E B B E D E A D D D A C D A E B D A E C B B C B C E C D A C E C A E

1

o B

SECTION 1

Passage-Based Reading

If the test seemed hard, remember-- it's aimed at students in the eleventh grade.

If you took the PSAT/NMSQT before eleventh grade, don't feel discouraged if your scores seem low. Look at your percentiles to see how well you did compared to all tenth-graders who took the test. So relax, and don't focus on your scores. Your PSAT/NMSQT results will improve the longer you're in school, the more courses you take, and the harder you work.

Prepare for the next time you take the PSAT/NMSQT.

Once you've zeroed in on your own strengths and weaknesses, the best way to get ready for the test is to work hard in your regular classes and read as much as possible. Before taking the test again, read the PSAT/NMSQT Official Student Guide. Review all the directions and sample questions, study the test-taking tips and strategies, and take the Practice Test.

How developed are your academic skills? Use your PSAT/NMSQT Score Report to find out.

Use your score report to identify those skills you need to develop. First take a close look at the "Review Your Answers" section. Locate the questions you got wrong. Then look at your test book. · Did the questions cover material you still need to learn? · Did you get the easy questions right and leave the harder ones blank? · Did you guess when you didn't know the answer? · Did you get stuck on a couple of hard questions and run out of time? Now look at the "Improve Your Skills" section. Based on your answers to the test questions, this

Learn how to guess wisely.

Because you can lose ¼ point for each wrong answer, how you guess on multiple-choice questions can affect your score. When you don't know the answer, do you make wild guesses or educated guesses? Guessing wildly means that you pick any answer. Educated guessing means that you eliminate answer choices you know are wrong and guess from those remaining. With educated guessing, you improve your chances of picking the right answer with each choice you can eliminate. Try it.

Use My College QuickStartTM to Get Ready for College.

By taking the PSAT/NMSQT, you receive free access to this personalized online college planning kit that will help you learn from your test results, including: · An online PSAT/NMSQT Score Report, including projected SAT score ranges, state percentiles, the power to sort questions by difficulty and type, and complete answer explanations · A customized SAT study plan with a complete practice test · Personalized lists of majors and careers · A personalized list of colleges, based on your location and

and writing skills--is based on a scale of 20 to 80. · The score ranges show how much scores might vary With the help of teachers and if students were to take the PSAT/NMSQT repeatedly counselors, use the information without learning additional skills. In other words, the scores provided on your score report within this range are considered "equal" statistically. and in My College QuickStart to improve your academic skills and · Percentiles compare your student's performance with plan for college and beyond.other students. Eleventh-graders are compared those of Here are some suggestions: eleventh-graders who took the test; tenth-graders to all · Meet with your counselor to students are compared to all tenth-graders and younger review your PSAT/NMSQT who took the test. performance and course · Information selections relevant to your on accessing your student's online personalized My College QuickStartTM. future plans. · Consider taking honors and/or AP® courses. 2 "Review Your Answers" Section: This section shows the correct answer, the student's response, and the · Review your online score report difficulty level and SAT study plan in My of the question. (Mathematics questions also College QuickStart. the general math area covered in the question.) indicate · Retake the PSAT/NMSQT. Students should have received their test book along with their score report. At · Get involved in extracurricularthe bottom of this section is an overview and community activities. number of correct answers for each level of showing the · Research majors, colleges, and number of points subtracted for wrong difficulty and the careers using answers. Encourage your child to go over questions she or he MyRoad. · Visit www.collegeboard.com/ or he really not know the answer? Make a got wrong. Did she student oftencareless error? Guess instead of leaving the question blank? In to obtain more free information to help you My College QuickStart, complete answer explanations are plan for college. provided to help students learn from their mistakes.

SECTION 5

What happens now?

A

Key

o Omitted u Unscorable e Easy m Medium h Hard

Alg Algebra & Data Data Analysis,

Correct

E B

Functions

Geom Geometry & Num Number &

Statistics & Probability

Sentence Completions Passage-Based Reading

2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Multiple-Choice 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

1 Multiple-Choice

wer Ans wer y stionect r Ans cult tent Que Corr You Dif Con

e e e e e e e m m m m m m h m m h h h h e e m m m e m m Alg Data Geom Alg Geom Alg Num Geom Data Alg Geom Alg Alg Data Alg Num Num Geom Alg Geom Num Alg Geom Num Geom Alg Alg Num

Note that an SAT writing score is also based on an essay. wer Ans wer y stionect r Ans cult Que Corr You Dif

420

540

The Selection Index (S.I.) is the su of your critical reading, mathem and writing skills scores. NMSC u the S.I. as an initial screen of ove 1.4 million students who enter it scholarship programs(see reverse)

o

o D D D C o A C

A B

SECTION 4

Measurement Operations

E B A

Student-Produced Responses

Que stion

y cult tent Correct Answer(s) Your wer Dif Con Ans m Alg

o o m m m h o 50.9 4.2 10 h h h m h Num Alg Data Alg Geom Data Num Alg Geom

2

Scoring

Correct answer = PLUS 1 POINT. Omitted answers = NO POINTS. Wrong answers to multiple-choice questions = MINUS 1/4 POINT. Wrong answers to math questions 29­38 = NO LOST POINTS.

A

C A E

29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

7 3

4.5 or 9/2 1000 10, 12, 14, or 16 8/5 or 1.6 29 108 42 8

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Identifying 22 Sentence Errors 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 Improving 36 Paragraphs 37 38 39

Improving Sentences

SECTION 3

A C A B E B A C C A B B D D E B D A C E C B E C D A A C C D B A D D E A B C C

E E B D C E D C E E E E C

B E

A B A A A C A D

e e m m h e m h m h h m m m e m e m m m m h m m m e e e m m h h h e e e m m h

SECTION 2

Below is information you provid on your answer sheet.

Full-time high school student:

Entry Requirements

4

Yes

Year to complete high school and enroll full time in college:

2008 4

Years to be spent in grades 9--12: U.S. citizenship:

Yes

If your Selection Index places you among the 55,000 high scorers who qualify for program next September.

Your Educational Plans

Grade Average B College Major Computer Engineering

Information above is self-repor

Description: In the computer engineering major, students learn to design and develop computer and computer-related systems. These systems include software systems, hardware systems, and combined hardware/software systems. Students take courses in basic sciences, mathematics, and engineering science and design.

B B E A

16 of39 You answered correctly writing skills 16 points. questions and earned 4 of 11 easy questions 9 of 19 medium questions 3 of 9 hard questions 0 question(s). You omitted 23 question(s) and You answered incorrectly lost6 point(s).

Approximately half of the three million students who take the test are high school juniors; the remainder are students in the tenth grade or younger. Nearly all students who take the test indicate they plan to attend college. e 22,000 high schools that test-takers attend vary greatly in size, curricula, standards, grading systems, population served, and source of support. For students who take the PSAT/NMSQT®, the score report provides a standardized view of their scholastic skills, regardless of the school attended, and helps them compare themselves to other college-bound students nationwide.

29 of48 You answered correctly critical reading questions and earned 29 points. 11 of 14 easy questions 15 of 23 medium questions 3 of 11 hard questions 1 question(s). You omitted You answered incorrectly 18 question(s) and lost5 point(s).

21 of38 You answered correctly math questions and earned 21 points. 9 of 10 easy questions 10 of 18 medium questions 2 of 10 hard questions 6 question(s). You omitted You answered incorrectly 11 question(s) and lost2 point(s).

5

point for each correct answer (regardless of dif culty). For incorrect answers to multiple-choice questions, a quarter (1/4) of a point is deducted. Nothing is deducted for unanswered questions or for incorrect answers to student-produced response (grid-in) questions. Next, the raw score is converted to a score on the PSAT/NMSQT scale of 20 to 80. is statistical procedure, called equating, adjusts for di erences in dif culty between various forms, or editions, of the test. Equating makes it possible to compare the scores of students who have taken di erent editions of the test; it also makes the scores from last year's test comparable to those from this year's PSAT/NMSQT.

Associated Skills: Computing, basic sciences, mathematics. Recommended High School Courses: English 4, precollege mathematics 4, biology 1, chemistry 1, physics 1, social studies 3­4, history 2­3, foreign language 2­4, music .5, visual arts .5, and computer science .5­1.

Points are totaled, then converted to scores on the 20--80 scale.

www.collegeboard.com/psatextra CODE: YOUR A02670146P VIEWPSAT/NMSQT complete answer explanations at

Determining an author's purpose or perspective How to improve: Authors write for a variety of purposes, such as to inform, to explain, or to convince. When you read, try to determine why the author wrote what he The skills listed she wrote. or are based on See questions 20, 42, 48. Understanding complex sentences your individual How to improve: Ask your English teacher performance to recommend books that are a bit more challenging on the test and ading. Prathan those iyou're usedetoces re ctice break ng the sent n represent those that into their component parts to down you have the best improve your comprehension. Learn how dependent clauses and verb phrases funcchance to improve tion with extra work. in sentences. See questions 5, 33. Understanding sentences that deal Follow the with scientific ideas suggestions to to improve: Read magazine articles How

6

What does the PSAT/NMSQT measure?

e PSAT/NMSQT measures skills in three basic academic areas important for success in college. Critical reading questions assess students' ability to draw inferences, synthesize information, distinguish between main and supporting ideas, and understand vocabulary as it is used in context. Math problem-solving questions deal with number and operations, algebra and functions, geometry and measurement, and data analysis, statistics, and probability. Writing skills questions measure the ability to identify appropriate expressions in standard English, detect faults in usage and structure, choose e ective revisions to sentences and paragraphs, and recognize appropriate writing strategies.

Improve Your Skills

Dealing with probability, basic statistics, charts, and graphs How to improve: Practice solving problems that involve basic probability, basic countmean), median, and mode. Look for charts and graphs in newspapers and magazines, and practice interpreting the data in them. See questions 13, 14, 19. Understanding geometry and coordinate geometry How to improve: Review geometry units in your textbook involving perimeter, area, volume, circumference, angles, lines, slope. Familiarize yourself with the formulas given at the beginning of math sections of the test. See questions 7, 11, 13. Making connections among mathematical topics How to improve: Practice problems that require combining skills acquired in different math courses, such as problems that use combinations of arithmetic, algebra, and geometry. See questions 7, 11, 15.

3

Being precise and clear How to improve: Learn to recognize sentence elements that are ambiguous and confusing. In your writing, choose words carefully and connect them for clear meaning. See questions 4, 6, 8. Recognizing logical connections within sentences and passages How to improve: Use the writing process to help you revise your draft essays. Work with classmates and teachers to clarify meaning in your writing. See questions 8, 28, 29.

Do PSAT/NMSQT scores fairly reflect students' skills?

FIND

improve in each area. comfort level in this area.

See questions 8, 36.

a personalized list of colleges, majors, and careers using MyRoad at: www.collegeboard.com/psatextra

YOUR CODE: A02670146P

6

3 "Improve Your Skills" Section: This section The Preliminary SAT/National demonstrates to students some specific skills that need Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test is cosponsored by theimprovement. These were identified based upon the pattern College Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation. of responses across test questions. For each student, College Board, SAT,personalized feedback is provided for up to three critical and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College reading and mathematics skills and up to two writing skills. Board. connect to college success, My College QuickStart,This does not necessarily mean that these are the only skills and MyRoad are trademarks owned by theneed improvement. However, the skills listed here are that College Board. PSAT/NMSQT is a registered trademark the National of the College Board andones that can be best improved through additional Merit Scholarship Corporation. Visit learning. Share this information with teachers, attention and the College Board on the Web: www. affect classroom performance and are as these skills collegeboard.com. important for success in college.

"National 4 Programs"Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC) Section: NMSC cosponsors the PSAT/ NMSQT, which stands for Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test. High school students enter NMSC programs, usually as eleventh-graders, by taking the

PSAT/NMSQT and meeting other published entry requirements. NMSC uses the Selection Index score--the sum of the critical reading, mathematics, and writing skills scores--as an initial screen of students who enter its programs and to designate groups of students to be honored. If the Selection Index has an asterisk, refer to the NMSC section on the back of the score report. NMSC will notify principals of students whose Selection Index scores qualify them for recognition. For more information about NMSC scholarship programs, visit www.nationalmerit.org. "Your Educational 5 each student providedPlans" Section: Before the test, information on her or his grade point average and the college major she or he is considering pursuing. In this section, the College Board provides important information about the indicated major, including recommended high school courses that will help prepare students for college-level work. Information About Your 6 QuickStart. See the reverseStudent's My College free side to learn about this online resource.

· Concern for fairness is an integral part of the develop-Understand your scores · Learn about NMSC scholarship programs Preliminary SAT/ · Find out about college planning resources National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test ment of the PSAT/NMSQT. Comprehensive reviewsincluding online SAT preparation and analyses ensure that questions and tests are fair for di erent groups of students. Although di erences TA K E T H E N E X T S T E P : in test performance may be the result of many factors, COLLEGEBOARD.COM VISIT long-term educational preparation is the primary Access your F R E E PSAT/NMSQT college planning kit, My College QuickStart , at cause. e test itself re ects such di erences but www.collegeboard.com/quickstart · View questions and answers explanations does not cause them. · See how your performance compares to that of Individual student scores. Score reports show ·astudents in your state study plan Get a personalized SAT · Find lists of colleges, majors, and careers right numerical score for each area measured, as well asyou for a range that extends from a few points below the score to a few points above. is range shows the extent to which a student's score might di er with repeated testing, assuming that the student's skill level remains constant.

®

2007

Score Report Plus

INSIDE

· See your scores · Review your answers · Improve your skills · Check your entry to NMSC scholarship programs

Understanding

PSAT/NMSQT

OUTSIDE

Results

TM

The PSAT/NMSQT is cosponsored by the College Board and the National Merit Scholarship Corporation.

To qualify for scholarship consideration, you must take the test again in grade 11.

Important Reminder:

PSAT/NMSQT List of Academic Skills

The PSAT/NMSQT Score Report prioritizes and customizes skills feedback for each student. The skills reported represent those that have the best chance of improvement with extra work.

CR8 making connections between information in different parts of a passage

How to improve: Work on figuring out the relationship between the material presented in one part of a reading passage and material presented in another part. Ask yourself, for example, how facts presented in the beginning of a magazine article relate to the conclusion.

Critical Reading Skills

CR1 understanding main ideas in a reading passage

How to improve: Read the passage carefully and try to determine the author's overall message. Practice making distinctions between the main idea and supporting details.

CR9 distinguishing conflicting viewpoints

How to improve: When reading, practice summarizing main ideas and noting sentences that mark transition points. Learn to understand methods of persuasion and argumentation. Expand your reading to include argumentative writing, such as political commentary, philosophy, and criticism.

CR2 understanding tone

How to improve: When reading, consider how an author's choice of words helps define his or her attitudes. Pay attention to the way in which tone conveys meaning in conversation and in the media.

CR10 Being thorough

How to improve: Don't just pick the first answer choice you see that looks tempting. Be sure to evaluate all the choices before you select your answer, just as you would read an entire paragraph rather than assume its meaning based only on the first sentence.

CR3 Comparing and contrasting ideas presented in two passages

How to improve: Read editorials that take opposing views on an issue. Look for differences and similarities in tone, point of view, and main idea.

CR11 understanding difficult vocabulary

How to improve: Broaden your reading to include newspapers and magazines, as well as fiction and nonfiction from before the 1900s. Include reading material that is a bit outside your comfort zone. Improve your knowledge of word roots to help determine the meaning of unfamiliar words.

CR4 understanding the use of examples

How to improve: Authors often include examples in their writing to communicate and support their ideas. Read different kinds of argumentative writing (editorials, criticism, personal essays) and pay attention to the way examples are used. State the point of the examples in your own words. Use examples in your own writing.

CR5 Recognizing the purpose of various writing strategies

How to improve: Writers use a variety of tools to achieve their effects. While you read, look for such things as specific examples, quotations, striking images, and emotionally loaded words. Think about the connotations of specific words and why the author might have decided to use them.

CR12 understanding how negative words, suffixes, and prefixes affect sentences

How to improve: When reading, pay attention to the ways in which negative words (like "not" and "never"), prefixes (like "un" and "im"), and suffixes (like "less") affect the meaning of words and sentences.

CR13 understanding complex sentences

How to improve: Ask your English teacher to recommend books that are a bit more challenging than those you're used to reading. Practice breaking down the sentences into their component parts to improve your comprehension. Learn how dependent clauses and verb phrases function in sentences.

CR6 Applying ideas presented in a reading passage

How to improve: When you read, try to determine the author's ideas and assumptions and then think about how they might apply to new situations.

CR7 determining an author's purpose or perspective

How to improve: Authors write for a variety of purposes, such as to inform, to explain, or to convince. When you read, try to determine why the author wrote what he or she wrote.

CR14 Recognizing connections between ideas in a sentence

How to improve: Learn how connecting words (such as relative pronouns and conjunctions) establish the relationship between different parts of a sentence.

PSAT/NMSQT List of Academic Skills (continued)

CR15 Recognizing words that signal contrasting ideas in a sentence

How to improve: Learn how certain words (such as "although," "but," "however," and "while") are used to signal a contrast between one part of a sentence and another.

m2 understanding geometry and coordinate geometry

How to improve: Review geometry units in your textbook involving perimeter, area, volume, circumference, angles, lines, and slope. Familiarize yourself with the formulas given at the beginning of math sections of the test.

CR16 Recognizing a definition when it is presented in a sentence

How to improve: Learn how such elements as appositives, subordination, and punctuation are used to define words in a sentence.

m3 dealing with probability, basic statistics, charts, and graphs

How to improve: Practice solving problems that involve basic probability, basic counting, and finding the average (arithmetic mean), median, and mode. Look for charts and graphs in newspapers and magazines, and practice interpreting the data in them.

CR17 understanding sentences that deal with abstract ideas

How to improve: Broaden your reading to include newspaper editorials, political essays, and philosophical writings.

m4 Creating either figures or algebraic equations, inequalities, or expressions to help solve problems

How to improve: Practice solving problems by drawing or visualizing figures to help you understand the problem. Practice developing equations, inequalities, or expressions from verbal descriptions, figures, or numerical data.

CR18 understanding and using a word in an unusual context

How to improve: Work on using word definitions when choosing an answer. Try not to be confused by an unusual meaning of a term.

CR19 Comprehending long sentences

How to improve: Practice reducing long sentences into small, understandable parts.

m5 using basic algebraic concepts and operations to solve problems

How to improve: Review algebraic concepts and rules, such as those involving substitution, exponents, solving equations and inequalities, and combining algebraic expressions.

CR20 Choosing a correct answer based on the meaning of the entire sentence

How to improve: Make sure your answer choice fits the logic of the sentence as a whole. Don't choose an answer just because it sounds good when inserted in the blank.

m6 making connections among mathematical topics

How to improve: Practice problems that require combining skills acquired in different math courses, such as problems that use combinations of arithmetic, algebra, and geometry.

CR21 understanding sentences that deal with scientific ideas

How to improve: Read magazine articles about scientific subjects to improve your comfort level in this area.

m7 Organizing and managing information to solve multistep problems

How to improve: Write down your steps in solving the problem. Monitor the steps as you go along, keeping in mind what the question is asking.

Mathematics Skills

m1 using basic concepts and operations in arithmetic problem solving

How to improve: Practice solving problems involving positive and negative integers, fractions, decimals, ratio, percent, exponents, square roots, place value, and digits. Also practice solving problems involving odd and even integers, prime numbers, multiples, divisibility, and remainders.

m8 using logical reasoning

How to improve: Practice solving problems in which you must consider different possible cases. Make adjustments in your solution strategy when things aren't going as well as they should. It may help to look at the problem from different perspectives. Solving problems that require you to justify your answer may help you develop this skill.

0

PSAT/NMSQT List of Academic Skills (continued)

m9 Recognizing patterns and equivalent forms

How to improve: Try recognizing a pattern by considering a simpler case. Try rewriting or rearranging the given expressions in a different form.

W5 Recognizing improper pronoun use

How to improve: Learn to understand the distinction between informal, spoken pronoun usage and standard written pronoun usage. Review the way you use pronouns in your own writing. Ask your teacher to help you identify and correct pronoun errors in your own writing.

m10 Recognizing logical key words

How to improve: Pay attention to key words, such as "not," "at least," "at most," "must be," "could be," "possible," and "different." These words determine the meaning of the question and therefore must be understood to correctly solve the problem.

W6 understanding the structure of sentences with unfamiliar vocabulary

How to improve: Read material that contains unfamiliar vocabulary. Look for context clues to help you guess at the meaning of unfamiliar words as you read.

m11 using answer choices to help solve the problem

How to improve: Looking at the answer choices may help you understand the problem. Sometimes the choices can help identify a strategy for solving the problem.

W7 understanding complicated sentence structures

How to improve: Refer to a grammar book to identify various sentence patterns and their effective use. Vary the sentence patterns in your own writing.

Writing Skills

W1 Being precise and clear

How to improve: Learn to recognize sentence elements that are ambiguous and confusing. In your writing, choose words carefully and connect them for clear meaning.

W8 understanding the structure of long sentences

How to improve: As you read, break long sentences into smaller units of meaning.

W2 Following conventions in writing

How to improve: Review the chapters in a grammar book that cover grammatical conventions, such as word choice, use of noun and prepositional phrases, and sentence construction. Work with your teacher to become more familiar with the conventions of Standard Written English.

W9 understanding the structure of sentences with abstract ideas

How to improve: Read newspapers, magazines, and books that deal with subjects such as politics, economics, history, or philosophy.

W10 understanding the structure of sentences that relate to science or math

How to improve: Focus on how something is said as well as on what is said. Write about the things you are learning in math and science classes. Read articles in the science section of newspapers and magazines so that you will feel more comfortable with scientific or math content.

W3 Recognizing logical connections within sentences and passages

How to improve: Use the writing process to help you revise your draft essays. Work with classmates and teachers to clarify meaning in your writing.

W4 using verbs correctly

How to improve: Make sure that you can identify the subject and verb of a sentence. Make sure you understand subject and verb agreement.

W11 understanding the structure of sentences that relate to the arts

How to improve: Focus on how something is said as well as on what is said. Read articles in newspapers and magazines about the arts so that you will feel more comfortable with these subjects.

Standard Reports

In early to mid-December, your school will receive: · Two sets of students' Score Report Plus · Roster of Student Scores and Plans · For schools that tested at least 50 juniors and/or 50 sophomores: School Summary Report (includes number of students tested, mean test scores, ethnic background, and college major of interest) · One set of score labels (includes year tested, grade level, scores, Selection Index, and percentiles) The following free reports are available to schools online at www.collegeboard.com/reports:

AP PotentialTM

at www.collegeboard.com/reports

What is it?

AP Potential is a Web-based tool that helps school administrators find potential AP students from among their school's PSAT/NMSQT test-takers. AP Potential analyzes current PSAT/NMSQT student score data from the October administration and generates a roster of students at your school who are likely to score a 3 or better on a given AP Exam. Use this tool to open the doors of your AP classrooms to students who can and will succeed, gaining the skills that will enable them to succeed in college.

2007 PSAT/nmSQT College-Bound Junior and Sophomore State Reports

These free reports summarize the characteristics, scores, and educational plans of the class of 2009 and class of 2010 for each state. They include: number of testtakers, ethnic background, participation in Student Search Service, self-reported GPA, year completing high school and entering college, performance by score range, and college major. Refer to your School Summary Report to compare your local school data with the state-level data in these reports. State-level data is also compared to the region and the total test-taking population for each grade. Available online in February.

How does it work?

You select a performance criterion for each AP class your school offers or is considering and then click one button to generate a roster of potential students at your school for that course. Each roster includes students' names, ethnicity, gender, and PSAT/NMSQT scores. Principals and counselors attest that AP Potential has enabled them to find and encourage students who otherwise would not have been considered for AP course participation.

How accurate is AP Potential?

AP Potential is based on research that establishes meaningful correlations between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam grades. This study shows that PSAT/NMSQT scores are significant predictors of students' AP Exam grades and could supplement more obvious and traditional signposts like high school grades, grades in previous same-discipline course work, and the number of same-discipline courses a student has taken. Plus, the data indicate that the relationship of PSAT/NMSQT scores to AP Exam grades is substantially the same for all ethnic and racial groups.

PSAT/nmSQT Skills mapped onto State Standards

These reports describe how the academic skills assessed on the PSAT/NMSQT align with the state standards for every state in the continental United States. Available online now. School access codes for the following free reports will be printed on the Roster of Student Scores and Plans: · AP Potential (Available online by the end of December.) · Summary of Answers and Skills (SOAS) for schools that tested at least 25 students at the same grade level. (Available online by the end of January.)

How should AP Potential be used?

Researchers are quick to note that even such a strong indicator only accounts for a portion of the factors that ultimately determine a student's AP Exam grade. Individual student motivation and preparation, parental support, and teacher efficacy all play powerful and significant roles in a student's academic success. Accordingly, a student should never be barred from participation in AP courses simply because his or her name doesn't appear on the roster of AP Potential students. On the contrary, AP Potential has been designed to assist schools by providing rosters that help counselors, administrators, and teachers make sure that no student who has a chance of succeeding in AP courses is overlooked. AP Potential should never be used to exclude students from AP courses.

Note:

PSAT/NMSQT scores should not become part of any student's transcript or permanent record that is routinely shared with outside entities, such as colleges, scholarship organizations, or potential employers, etc. Sharing of scores should only be at a student's request.

Standard Reports (continued) Summary of Answers and Skills

at www.collegeboard.com/reports · Summary Review of Skills: Provides information on skills covered in each section of the PSAT/NMSQT, and how your students' skills compared to national and state performance on each skill assessed by the test.

Skills

X State

Local M01 Using basic concepts and operations in arithmetic problem solving M02 Understanding geometry and coordinate geometry M03 Dealing with probability, basic statistics, charts, and graphs M04 Creating gures or algebraic equations to help solve problems M05 Using basic algebraic concepts and operations to solve problems M06 Making connections among mathematical topics M07 Using logical reasoning M08 Recognizing patterns and equivalent forms M09 Solving problems that appear unfamiliar M10 Recognizing logical key words M11 Using answer choices to help solve the problem

What is the Summary of Answers and Skills?

The Summary of Answers and Skills (SOAS) report allows you to take a closer, detailed look at your students' academic skills at each grade level by providing a snapshot of their performance on each PSAT/NMSQT test question. Presented via secure online access, the report may be downloaded and easily shared with administrators and faculty within your school, as it is arranged by the critical reading, math, and writing content areas.

X X X X X X X X X X X

What is included in the SOAS?

· Correct Answer Analysis: Contains a review of your students' performance on each question. Tables and graphs compare your students with college-bound students in your state, nationwide, and a comparable group.

+ c

C

100%

How can the SOAS be used?

· Compare how your students performed against comparable, national, and state groups on identical test items, identifying those skill areas in need of attention. · Link classroom activities with the skills the PSAT/NMSQT measures: critical reading, math problem solving, and writing skills (and focus on the weak skills that need improvement). · Foster discussion among your school's faculty to implement additional means to develop students' skills and improve their performance before they retake the PSAT/NMSQT or take the SAT.

X

X C X

C C X C X

X

C

X

C C C

X C X X X

C

X

C

X

80% 60% 40%

C

X

C C C X

X X

C C

C

C C

X

X X

C C

X

X X X

C

X

20% 0%

C X

6 7 8

1

2

3

4

5

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

+10% +5% 0% -5% -10%

Resources to Support SOAS Use

The following resources, also located at www.collegeboard.com/reports, can help you analyze student performance with the SOAS: · PSAT/NMSQT Test Question Details (available in both Excel and PDF formats): Lists the correct answer, level of difficulty, question type, and the academic skill tested for each test item. · 2007 PSAT/NMSQT Questions, Answers, and Answer Explanations · SOAS Tutorial (available in both PowerPoint and PDF formats) · PSAT/NMSQT List of Academic Skills

· incorrect Answer Analysis: Gives insight into problems students might have had with individual questions and compares answering patterns to those of the state and nation.

KEY Percent of Answers

Question Difficulty Group

A B C D E

Distribution of Answers

Omitted 20%

A A A A A B B B C C B B D D C D E D D D E E E D C

Correct Answer

37

5 4 4

38 39

Local State Nation Local State Nation Local State Nation

10 9 9 9 9 10 44 42 43

5 8 7 12 19 18 5 8 7

7 10 9 57 50 47 6 6 5

23 21 20 4 5 4 13 13 12

43 42 42 5 5 5 17 16 15

12 11 14 14 13 17 15 15 19

40%

60%

80%

E E E

SECTION 5

A C C

B D

D

E

C

C A A

B

B

B

C

E

A

Optional Reports

Student Data on CD $50 School Summary Report $30

This electronic file, available in either Excel-ready or ASCii format, allows schools to use and organize student data in spreadsheet or database formats. The file includes each student's PSAT/NMSQT scores, percentiles, answers to every test question, the skills in which the student needs to improve, grade level, selfreported high school grade average, college major, and more. Before ordering, check with your school's data administrator to confirm the best format in which to receive the Student Data on CD. Here are some suggested ways to use this data: · Add fields relevant for your school. One suggestion is a column with the names of each student's math and English teachers. Other fields you might consider: state test results, current English and math grades (to look for inconsistencies between performance on the PSAT/NMSQT and in the classroom), and any other relevant data that could assist in providing a comprehensive picture of the student. · Share information with teachers. Sort the data by teacher. Copy data for each teacher's students and paste this data into new spreadsheets. Teachers can add a field to sort students by class. · Review responses to test questions. Teachers can sort the spreadsheet by responses to PSAT/NMSQT questions. How many students answered a particular question correctly or incorrectly? Did they choose one wrong answer more frequently? Using the test booklets that schools return to students with their score reports, teachers can review test questions with the class. Teachers can also access complete answer explanations online at www.collegeboard.com/reports (see page 23). · Review skills needing improvement. Remember, these are skills that students have the best chance of improving with some additional attention. This option is only for schools testing fewer than 50 juniors/50 sophomores OR schools with juniors/ sophomores who tested at another school. Schools that test at least 50 of their juniors/sophomores automatically receive these data in the School Summary Report sent with score reports. The School Summary Report provides statistical and background information for juniors and sophomores. Seven tables display (1) the number of students tested; (2) critical reading, math, and writing skills scores, including distributions, means, and standard deviations; (3) the year completing high school and entering college; (4) participation in Student Search Service; (5) selfreported grade average; (6) ethnic background; and (7) college major of choice. Use this report with the College-Bound Junior and Sophomore State Reports (see page 22).

How to Order Optional Reports

Place your order online at www.collegeboard.com/ school. The ordering deadlines are October 31, 2007 , to receive these items in January 2008, and January 31, 2008, to receive them in March 2008.

Note:

Student information is confidential. Be sure to share student data only with school administrators and teaching staff. Mark it confidential; password-protect electronic files and remove data fields (e.g., social security number) that are not necessary for teachers.

PSAT/NMSQT Score Trend Data

A graph of average PSAT/NMSQT scores for the past five years reveals that national scores go up and down, just as local scores may fluctuate when analyzed over time. Schools should encourage as many students as possible to take the PSAT/NMSQT. In general, we expect mean scores to be lower as greater numbers of students take a test. This may be particularly true for the PSAT/NMSQT because it is a practice test, and for many students it is their introduction to a comprehensive standardized test of the types of skills required for success in college. The PSAT/NMSQT is not designed to be used as a barometer of school performance but rather as an early indicator of students' readiness for college-level work, providing an opportunity for students and schools to identify and improve weak academic skills.

mEAn SCORES FOR ELEVEnTH-gRAdERS 2002-06

Year

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Critical Reading

48.0 47.2 47.0 47.5 47.5

Math

49.2 48.1 48.9 49.2 48.5

Writing Skills

48.8 49.8 50.5 49.3 45.7

CRITICAL READING MATHEMATICS WRITING SKILLS

Information About 2006 PSAT/NMSQT Writing Skills Scores

If you saw a decrease in your students' 2006 PSAT/NMSQT Writing Skills scores, don't be alarmed: your students' writing skills may have actually improved. For the 2006 PSAT/NMSQT Writing Skills section, the national means are lower than in 2005. This does not imply that students in 2006 were poorer writers than students in 2005. The mean dropped because the 2006 Writing Skills section was the first to be created from the new SAT writing section; therefore, it moved to a different score scale. (Previously, the scale had been based on the SAT II: Writing Test.) Use the interpretive information from Understanding 2006 PSAT/NMSQT Scores, especially the percentile tables, to put 2006 scores into proper perspective.

PSAT/nmSQT SOPHOmORE-TO-JuniOR SCORE imPROVEmEnT* Percentage of juniors with a score gain of two or more points Sophomore-Year PSAT/NMSQT Writing Scores Verbal % Math % Skills % 28­32 75 81 81 33­37 38­42 43­47 48­52 53­57 58­62 63­67 68­72 66 62 59 55 56 48 50 42 68 68 65 65 58 57 52 42 68 60 58 56 50 50 52 48

60 58 56 54 52 50 48 46 44 42 40 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

mEAn SCORES FOR TEnTH-gRAdERS 2002-06*

Year

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Critical Reading

44.4 43.0 42.5 42.5 42.3

Math

45.5 43.9 44.2 44.0 43.2

CRITICAL READING MATHEMATICS WRITING SKILLS

Writing

45.9 46.3 46.4 44.9 40.4

Data are based on 392,150 students who took the PSAT/NMSQT as sophomores in October 1997 and as juniors in October 1998.

*For each sophomore score range, the table shows the percentage of students who improved their scores by 2 points or more (the equivalent of 20 SAT points) when they took the PSAT/NMSQT in their sophomore year and then repeated the PSAT/NMSQT in their junior year.

60 58 56 54 52 50 48 46 44 42 40

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

*Downward trend is normal, as a large number of states and districts are sponsoring inclusive testing of all sophomores.

National Merit Scholarship Corporation Academic Competitions for Recognition and College Scholarships

National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC)

NMSC is an independent, not-for-profit organization that operates without government assistance. NMSC conducts two annual competitions for recognition and scholarships--the National Merit ® Scholarship Program and the National Achievement ® Scholarship Program. As cosponsor of the Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (PSAT/NMSQT), NMSC receives the scores of all students who take the test as well as information they provide on their answer sheets.

National Merit Scholarship Program

The National Merit Program is open to all students who meet entry requirements. Each year some 1.4 million high school students enter the competition; 50,000 are recognized for their academic potential; and 9,700 win Merit Scholarship ® awards or Special Scholarships for college undergraduate study. (Special Scholarships are provided by corporate sponsors for students who meet their criteria and are high performers in the competition, but not Finalists.) Students who qualify for recognition in the National Merit Program are notified through their schools in September.

The 2007 PSAT/NMSQT is the entry vehicle for NMSC's 2009 programs. Who should take it?

NMSC uses the PSAT/NMSQT Selection Index (the sum of the critical reading, mathematics, and writing skills scores) as an initial screen of program entrants and to designate groups of students to receive recognition. To enter NMSC competitions, students must take the test in the specified year of their high school program and meet other published entry requirements. Almost all entrants are in their third year (grade 11, junior year) of high school. Students completing high school a year or more early who are in their last or next-to-last year also may enter. For other situations, contact National Merit Scholarship Corporation: 1560 Sherman Avenue, Suite 200, Evanston, IL 60201-4897; phone: 847 866-5100.

National Achievement Scholarship Program

The National Achievement Program is an academic competition in which only black American high school students participate. Black students who wish to enter the National Achievement Program as well as the National Merit Program request consideration in the National Achievement Program by marking Section 14 of the PSAT/NMSQT Answer Sheet. More than 140,000 students enter each annual competition; 4,600 participants receive recognition; and some 800 win Achievement Scholarship ® awards. Students who qualify for recognition in the National Achievement Program are notified through their schools in September.

Need more information?

Detailed information about entry requirements, program recognition, and scholarships may be found in the NMSC section of the Official Student Guide to the PSAT/NMSQT (addressed to PSAT/NMSQT Coordinators); NMSC program publications (addressed to principals) sent to schools in September; and on NMSC's Web site, www.nationalmerit.org.

Flip book over for

Test-taking help

Official to the

Student Guide

PSAT/ NMSQT

THIS SIDE:

National Merit Scholarship Corporation

®

Scholarship Competitions

· National Merit® Scholarship Program · National Achievement® Scholarship Program

Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test

FLIP SIDE: Test-taking help

· Seven Types of Questions You'll See on the Test · Practice Test With Answer Key

(Separate Pull-out Booklet)

00274-01442 · F77E5000 · Printed in U.S.A.

2007

National Merit Scholarship Corporation 007-0 Important Dates for Schools

2007 August 14 Posters announcing entry to the 2009 competitions of the National Merit Scholarship Program and the National Achievement Scholarship Program are mailed to principals. Notification of 16,000 Semifinalists in the 2008 National Merit Program and Merit Scholarship application materials are mailed to principals. Notification of 1,600 Semifinalists in the 2008 National Achievement Program and Achievement Scholarship application materials are mailed to principals. Release to media names of 2008 National Merit Scholarship Program Semifinalists. Notification to principals of Commended Students in the 2008 National Merit Program. Notification to principals of outstanding participants in the 2008 National Achievement Program who are being referred to U.S. colleges and universities. Release to media names of 2008 National Achievement Scholarship Program Semifinalists. Schools administer the 2007 PSAT/NMSQT on one of these dates for entry to NMSC's 2009 programs. Authorized SAT administrations for Semifinalists in NMSC's 2008 programs. NMSC mails to principals scholarship applications for 2008 National Merit Program Special Scholarship candidates. January 23 2008 Principals are mailed notification of their 2008 National Achievement Program Semifinalists who have advanced to Finalist standing, and certificates for presentation to them. Principals are mailed notification of their 2008 National Merit Program Semifinalists who have advanced to Finalist standing, and certificates for presentation to them. 2008 Achievement Scholarship offers are mailed to recipients' home addresses and notification is sent to their principals. Postmark deadline for students who missed taking the 2008 PSAT/NMSQT to request consideration for alternate entry to 2009 competitions conducted by NMSC. NMSC begins mailing offers to 2008 corporatesponsored Merit Scholarship winners and Special Scholarship winners at their home addresses and notification to their principals. NMSC begins mailing award offers to 2008 National Merit $2,500 Scholarship recipients at their home addresses and notification to their principals. NMSC asks school officials to confirm their students' requests to participate in the 2009 National Achievement Scholarship Program. Media release date for 2008 winners of Achievement Scholarship awards. Some 50,000 National Merit Program entrants with the highest 2007 PSAT/NMSQT Selection Index scores are contacted through their schools and offered the College Plans Reporting Service. NMSC begins mailing 2008 college-sponsored Merit Scholarship offers to winners at their home addresses and notification to their principals. Media release dates for 2008 Merit Scholarship winners.

August 20

February 1

August 24

February 22

September 12 September 17 September 24

March 1

March 7

September 26 October 17 or 20 October 6, November 3, December 1 Late November

March 20

March 28

April 2 Mid-April

April 30

April 16, April 30, May 28, and July 14

7

My College QuickStart TM and MyRoad

What Is My College QuickStart?

My College QuickStart is an online personalized college and career planning tool for all students who take the PSAT/NMSQT. Students have access to this tool until they graduate from high school. My College QuickStart is designed to help students prepare for college by offering personalized skills advice and suggestions for improvement based on their performance on the PSAT/NMSQT. It even contains free access to MyRoad --an interactive college, majors, and career exploration tool.

TM

What comes with My College QuickStart?

There are four components to My College QuickStart: 1. 2. 3. 4. My My My My Online Score Report SAT Study PlanTM College Matches Major and Career Matches

my Online Score Report is an interactive, supplemental PSAT/NMSQT Score Report that includes: · Every test question with complete answer explanations; includes the ability to sort questions by difficulty level and by type. · Projected SAT score ranges so students can estimate how they might perform on the SAT based on their PSAT/NMSQT score (for high school students). · State percentiles, so students can see how they performed compared to other students in their state (for high school students). Note: High school students outside the United States will see comparisons to all students outside the United States. · When students retake the PSAT/NMSQT, they will be able to view My Online Score Report for each year's administration in which they participated.

my SAT Study Plan (for high school students) is a personalized study plan based on each student's performance on the PSAT/NMSQT and includes: · Advice and hands-on practice to improve academic skills--students can review PSAT/NMSQT questions they missed and answer SAT practice questions of the same type. · Higher-level math practice and SAT essay-writing practice. · Official SAT practice test, complete with score report. · SAT test-taking advice. · Express SAT test registration--students can link to a pre-filled online SAT registration form.

my College matches lists colleges in each student's home state that offer the chosen major as indicated on the PSAT/NMSQT paper score report. There is a detailed profile for each college that includes specific information on: · Admissions · Tuition costs and financial aid · Majors offered · Sports, housing, and more Students can use the College MatchMaker feature to edit their personalized college list by adding and deleting search criteria such as distance from home, extracurricular activities, tuition costs, financial aid, and more.

my major and Career matches contains a personalized list of majors and associated careers based on the chosen major of interest indicated on the PSAT/NMSQT paper score report. It connects students to profiles of: · The chosen major · Related majors · Related careers If students selected "other" or "undecided" for the major on the PSAT/NMSQT answer sheet, they will be prompted to use MyRoad to explore a range of possible majors and careers. Taking one of the personality profilers in MyRoad is a good place for these students to begin.

myRoad is the College Board's comprehensive online major, college, and career exploration program and is included in My College QuickStart. Students can use MyRoad to further research their interests and chart their path to college and beyond. MyRoad features: · ORA Personality Profiler: An assessment tool that students can take to learn about their personality types and receive additional major and career suggestions · 69 profiles of academic fields--from aeronautics to zoology, representing 175 instructional programs · Fascinating articles covering more than 450 occupations--everything from hot new careers like medical technician to more traditional pursuits like law and medicine · The latest information on more than 3,500 four-year and two-year colleges and universities · In-depth coverage of associate, bachelor's, and graduate degree programs · An online magazine packed with insights and tips for making important educational and career choices · My Plan: Students can record their interests, track their activities on the site, and build a résumé Reminder: The Roster of Student Scores and Plans will contain My College QuickStart access codes for all the PSAT/NMSQT takers in your school.

MyRoad Resources for Schools

All schools that administer the PSAT/NMSQT receive free educator access to MyRoad. Each school's educator access code is printed on the upper-right corner of the PSAT/NMSQT Roster of Student Scores and Plans. Provide this code to all school staff who are interested in creating a free account. At www.collegeboard.com/psatdownloads, educators can download free presentations, detailed lesson plans, and other MyRoad-related resources to help support their students in using MyRoad.

A MyRoad Option for PSAT/NMSQT Schools

Students who take the 2007 PSAT/NMSQT receive free access to myRoad through My College QuickStart until they graduate from high school. For schools that administer the PSAT/NMSQT and would like to offer MyRoad to all their students, pricing begins at only $200 per year. For more information and to obtain an order form, please visit www.collegeboard.com/myroadeducator.

0

Preparing for the SAT with the PSAT/NMSQT Program

®

The PSAT/NMSQT covers the same topics under the same test conditions as the SAT, while the program resources help schools get their students ready.

Using PSAT/NMSQT Scores to Estimate SAT Scores

Critical reading and math questions in the PSAT/NMSQT are the same kind as those in the SAT. The writing skills multiple-choice questions in the PSAT/NMSQT are the same kind as those in the SAT writing section, although the PSAT/NMSQT Writing Skills section does not have an essay component like the SAT does. These similarities are intentional, as the PSAT/NMSQT is designed to be preparation for the SAT. The PSAT/ NMSQT scale of 20 to 80 is comparable to the SAT scale of 200 to 800. It is possible to estimate from a student's PSAT/NMSQT score an SAT score range that a student may expect to fall within, and this range is included in the table on the next page. Two times out of three, eleventh-graders will earn SAT scores within the predicted SAT ranges. But scores actually earned may be higher (or lower) than these estimates. Students who wish to improve their estimated performance on the SAT should: · develop academic skills through rigorous course work; · participate in problem-solving activities; · do extensive, quality outside reading; · become familiar with test directions, types of questions, and pacing. Eleventh-graders frequently take the SAT six or seven months after taking the PSAT/NMSQT. Tenth-graders may not take the SAT for 18 months, so there is a greater likelihood that these intervening activities will influence their SAT scores more. The graph below shows how scores change for students who take the PSAT/NMSQT in October and the SAT the following spring. Estimated Ranges of Eleventh-grade SAT Scores from Eleventh-grade PSAT/nmSQT Scores

PSAT/NMSQT Score 20­24 25­29 30­34 35­39 40­44 45­49 50­54 55­59 60­64 65­69 70­74 75­80 SAT Critical Reading Range 250­370 260­400 280­430 320­470 360­510 410­550 460­600 510­650 550­690 600­740 650­780 690­800 SAT Math Range 240­370 260­400 290­430 330­470 370­510 420­560 460­600 510­650 560­690 600­740 640­770 680­790 SAT Writing Range 310­380 320­410 330­450 350­490 390­540 430­590 470­630 510­680 550­720 590­750 630­780 670­800

My SAT Study PlanTM in My College QuickStart

At www.collegeboard.com/quickstart, high school students get a free personalized study plan for the SAT that includes: 1. SAT score ranges. Students can use their score on the PSAT/NMSQT to estimate an SAT score. 2. Performance in relation to peers on the PSAT/nmSQT. Students can see how they performed compared to other test-takers in their state (U.S. students) or region (students outside the United States). 3. Skill improvement advice. Students receive a guided review of their PSAT/NMSQT results and get advice to improve their academic skills--skills that are essential for college success. 4. SAT essay preparation. Students can find out about how the SAT essay will be scored and see samples of student-written essays for the SAT practice essay prompt that appears on the PSAT/NMSQT Score Report. 5. Official SAT Practice Test. After learning from their PSAT/NMSQT results, students can take an SAT practice test to see how well they do and on which skills to focus before test day. They can return to their SAT study plan to review questions and test-taking strategies for all areas in which they would like to improve.

2007-08 ScoreWrite

®

ScoreWriteTM: A Guide to Preparing for the SAT Essay

ATTENTION!

TM

Chair h Depar tment Route to: Englis ____ _____ _____ (Name): _____ From: PSAT/ NMSQ T Coordinator _____ ____ t attention _____ (Name): _____ your promp Message: For

A Guide to Preparing for the SAT Essay

Complements the

Writing Skills Section

Every school that uses the PSAT/ NMSQT receives ScoreWrite TM: A Guide to Preparing for the SAT Essay each year in the shipment with The Official Educator Guide to the PSAT/NMSQT. ScoreWrite complements the PSAT/NMSQT Writing Skills section by giving schools the option of administering and scoring an SAT practice essay.

Official Educator Guide

· Give your students practice for the SAT essay · Provide faculty with a valuable professional development experience

Student Search Service : Connecting Students to College

®

When students take the PSAT/NMSQT, they are asked if they would like certain information they supply on their answer sheets sent to colleges, universities, nonprofit educational opportunity organizations, and some scholarship programs that request it from the College Board. This is the function of Student Search Service (SSS ®), a program dedicated to serving students by providing the means for them to indicate an interest in receiving information about admissions, financial aid, and other postsecondary opportunities. · Only colleges, universities, and consortia of colleges and universities; scholarship agencies; governmental agencies; and nonprofit organizations may participate in the SSS program. · The College Board monitors compliance with its eligibility rules for each and every participant. · Names are used only to identify potential students and are not divulged to third parties or used to conduct market research or for discriminatory purposes. · The College Board monitors messages sent to students. · Absolutely no commercial advertising of any sort is permitted in information sent to students by participating institutions.

Benefits of the SSS® Program

· Students enjoy the advantage of having a diverse group of colleges provide information about educational opportunities and financial assistance at an early, but appropriate, stage in their college planning process. · Colleges and universities can expand their outreach efforts to be more inclusive geographically and reach out to students who otherwise would not have much contact with the broader array of postsecondary opportunities.

Student Search Service Works for Students

· More than 1,600 colleges, universities, scholarship organizations, and nonprofit organizations whose mission and offerings supplement the path to higher education employ SSS to reach out to students. · Colleges and universities report that SSS helps them find the right students for their programs, scholarships, and special activities. · Millions of students have opted in over the years, making SSS an important part of how colleges connect with them and their interest in higher education. · Students consistently report that they enjoy receiving information about colleges and universities they know, but that they especially enjoy hearing from colleges and universities with which they were previously unfamiliar. This is particularly the case for students currently underrepresented in higher education and students from first-generation college families.

Things to Consider

· Students' participation is completely voluntary, and they pay no fees for participating in the SSS. · Course grades, telephone numbers, and social security numbers are not released. · Institutions may select students within a specified range of scores; however, individual student scores are not shared with these institutions. · Students may request that their name, e-mail address, or both be removed from the service at any time by calling 800 626-9795. · The SSS does not release names from its pools to other list vendors or third parties and prohibits its collegiate users from doing so.

ContactInformation

Counselor Hotline for Schools

WithintheUnitedStatesandCanada: 888477-PSAT OutsidetheUnitedStatesandCanada: 609771-7070 (Phonelinesarebusiestfrom 11:30a.m.to1p.m.EasternTime.)

By Mail:

PSAT/NMSQTOffice P.O.Box6720 Princeton,NJ08541-6720

National Merit Scholarship Corporation

1560ShermanAvenue,Suite200 Evanston,IL60201-4897 847866-5100 www.nationalmerit.org

Services for Students with Disabilities (SSD)

609771-7137 TTY:609882-4118 E-mail:[email protected]

Parents and Students

609771-7070 TTY:609882-4118 E-mail:[email protected]

National Hispanic Recognition Program

TheCollegeBoard 11911FreedomDrive,Suite300 Reston,VA20190-5602 800626-9795 E-mail:[email protected]

2007-08DatesataGlance

August 31

LastdayforU.S.schoolstoreducetestbookorderstoavoidunusedtest fee.Finaldatetorequestfeewaiversonline(ifstillavailable).

October 20

SaturdayTestDay--ReturnanswersheetsnolaterthanOctober22.

September 12

FinaldeadlinetosubmitServicesforStudentswithDisabilities(SSD) EligibilityForms.

October 31

Firstduedatefororderingoptionalreportsat www.collegeboard.com/school.

Mid-September

Official Student Guide shipmentsdeliveredtoschoolsthatregisteredbyJune15.GotothePSAT/NMSQTCoordinatorSiteat www.collegeboard.com/school totrackshipments.

November 19

DeadlinetosubmitRemittanceReportandFee-WaiverRosterwithlistof students.

December

PSAT/NMSQTScoreReportsandinterpretivematerialsaremailedto schools.

By September 14

TestmaterialsdeliveredtoschoolsoutsidetheUnitedStates.

September 26

LastdayforU.S.schoolstoordertestsandincreasetestbookorders toensuredeliverypriortotestday.

January 31, 2008

Extendedduedatefororderingoptionalreportsat www.collegeboard.com/school. Optionalreports(orderedby10/31)availabletoschools.

By October 10

TestmaterialsdeliveredtoU.S.schools.Trackyourordersat www.collegeboard.com/school.Contactusimmediatelyifyour schoolhasn'treceivedtestmaterials.

February

WebreleaseofSOASreports,APPotentialTM,andStateSummaryReports.

March 31

Optionalreports(orderedby1/31)availabletoschools.

October 17

WednesdayTestDay--ReturnanswersheetsnolaterthanOctober18.

Mid-April

Registrationannouncementsenttoschoolsforthe2008PSAT/NMSQT (Wednesday,10/15,orSaturday,10/18).

Important NMSC program dates are located on page 29. OrderandtrackPSAT/NMSQT®testmaterials atwww.collegeboard.com/school.

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