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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

American English

Phrasal Verbs

and collocations

Michael Barlow and Stephanie Burdine

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

© 2006 Athelstan Publications ISBN: 978-940753-18-1 Revised 1

Athelstan 2476 Bolsover St, Ste 464 Houston TX 77005 USA www.athel.com www.corpuslab.com [email protected]

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3 To the Student

Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

The CorpusLAB series of books are based on computer-aided analysis of spoken and written American English. By studying the exercises in this book, you will be learning the most frequent phrasal verbs and associated phrases (collocations) in American English and you will be working with sentences based on real American English. American Phrasal Verbs is designed to help you improve your understanding of the most frequently used phrasal verbs in everyday English. The phrasal verbs and the phrases and sentences used in this book have been selected on the basis of an analysis of real American English: both spoken and written. Frequency. Phrasal verbs are very common in English, especially spoken English. The frequency is indicated at the top of each unit by a number of circles. abc The top line shows the frequency in speech and the second line shows the frequency in writing. All the phrasal verbs in this book are very frequent in English. Meaning. We give several common meanings for each phrasal verb. These meanings are often extensions from the core meaning and they may be abstract. You should study the sentences carefully to see how each phrasal verb is used. Some hints on the meaning are given next to each sentence. Collocations. Each meaning of a phrasal verb is usually associated with a set of particular words (collocates) within the sentence. For example, complaints is a collocate of deal with, as in the sentence we had to deal with a lot of complaints. Studying the sentences will help you learn these very important word associations. Also the collocate complaints provides a clue to the appropriate meaning of deal with. Idioms. Phrasal verbs are often used in idioms such as the expression look at the big picture. We include a number of idiomatic uses in this book Each unit concentrates on one phrasal verb (e.g., go out). The phrasal verb is introduced in a table format that (a) highlights the grammar of the phrasal verb, (b) defines its most common meanings, and (c) provides examples of how the phrasal verb is used in everyday English. The information in the table is brief, easy-to-follow, and can be consulted at any time for quick reference. Studying these tables will help you to learn American English as it is used in everyday situations. Each table is followed by a series of exercises intended to check your understanding of the meaning and uses of the phrasal verb presented in the unit. The exercises generally progress from controlled practice to more open-ended exercises. A wide variety of question types are used; including, fill-in-the-blanks, multiple choice, crossword puzzles, sentence matching, and re-writing, as well as pattern identification, concordance-based research, error correction, and discussion.

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

Following every four units, you will find a short set of comprehensive review exercises dealing with the phrasal verbs from the previous four chapters. You will also find a key to all of the exercises at the end of the book, which you can use to check your answers. The index contains a list of a list of the phrasal verbs and collocations used in he book. We hope that you will enjoy finding out more about everyday phrasal verbs by going through this book step by step, and feel challenged as you deal with the information and work out answers to the exercises. Believe in yourself and really get into it! Who knows where you might end up?

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

CONTENTS

Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

LOOK AT DEAL WITH DO WITH GO BACK

REVIEW: look at, deal with, do with, go back

COME UP GO ON COME BACK WORK ON

REVIEW: come up, go on, come back, work on

GO THROUGH GET INTO FIND OUT SET UP

REVIEW: go through, get into, find out, set up

COME OUT FIGURE OUT GO INTO PUT IN

REVIEW: come out, figure out, go into, put in

GO OUT KNOW ABOUT GO AHEAD MEET WITH

REVIEW: go out, know about, go ahead, meet with

COME IN PUT ON MOVE ON GET BACK

REVIEW: come in, put on, move on, get back

GET OUT END UP PICK UP GIVE UP

REVIEW: get out, end up, pick up, give up

DEPEND ON POINT OUT WORK OUT GO WITH

REVIEW: depend on, point out, work with, go with

TAKE ON PUT OUT FOLLOW UP MAKE UP

REVIEW: take on, put out, follow up, make up 5

7 9 11 13 15 17 20 22 24 26 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 50 51 52 53 55 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 71 72 73 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 89

6 Unit Unit Unit Unit Unit

Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine 46 GET AT 47 GET ON 48 BELIEVE IN 49 PUT UP 50 REVIEW: get at, get on, believe in, put up 90 91 93 94 95 96 97 117

Unit 51 TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE ANSWER KEY INDEX of Phrasal Verbs and Idioms

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

Unit 21: GO OUT

STUDY THESE SENTENCES

In China, people often go out after dinner. Three months later, she started going out with Craig. The advertising brochures will go out on May 1. They were trapped in the elevator when the power went out.

IDIOMS

abc

1 2 3 4

leave my/your house have a romantic relationship with a letter, etc. being mailed, sent out =power supply fails

Every year hundreds of farmers go out of business. The boss went out of his way to thank everyone personally.

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go out of business; go bankrupt; =close a business go out of my way =make a special effort to do something

EXERCISES

A. Study the following concordance lines.

a) b) c) d) e) f) g)

Some guys go out and drink after work. Many parents are going out and buying new laptop computers. He told me I should go out and get myself a new car. Candidates have to go out and raise a lot of money. We have to go out and play as a team. We had to go out and look at new carpets. I'll just go out and buy it, if I find something I really like.

1. What conjunction often follows the phrasal verb go out? 2. What kind of information follows the conjunction? 3. How can you summarize the pattern that you have just observed?

4. Using the pattern illustrated above, complete these sentences using your own words and an appropriate form of go out:

a) Last night, I ................................................................................................................................................... . b) Today I plan to ................................................................................................................................................... . c) Some people enjoy ................................................................................................................................................... .

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

1. Read the following sentences with go out of one's way:

a) The boss went out of his way to thank everyone personally. b) The president has gone out of his way to maintain good relations with the prime minister. c) The committee members went out of their way to insist that an agreement could still be reached. d) They have made a special effort and gone out of their way to meet everyone.

2. List the verbs that collocate with go out of one's way. 3. Does go out of one's way appear to have a positive or negative connotation? 4. Explain the meaning of the following use of go out. Use a dictionary, if necessary:

My heart goes out to the family of the missing child.

C. Complete the sentences with a suitable form of go out (e.g., is going out) and one of the words from the box. Be sure to use the correct article (e.g. a/the) with the noun where required: dark way letter praise cameras flirted

1. Last Sunday, the minister ........................................... of his way to ................................ his staff. 2. The president has ............................................... of his ....................................................... to maintain good relations with the prime minister. 3. We .................................................................. a lot in high school, but we never really ......................................................................... together until last year. 4. I pulled myself together and ............................................................................... to face ................................................. . 5. I never ......................................................... after .................................................. anymore. 6. I should have been more responsible and read ............................................... before it ......................................................

I think I'd like to go out with Donald Trump 48

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

Unit 22: KNOW ABOUT something/someone

STUDY THESE SENTENCES

know (quantity) about The book covers everything you want to know 1 about a wedding.

OTHER PATTERNS

abc

be aware of, have knowledge of something

EXERCISES

A. Draw a line between the two halves of each sentence.

a. What do high school students know b. The more we know c. Parents have a right to know d. He does things nobody knows e. I don't know

B. Study the following concordance lines.

about the selection process. about you, but I get busier and busier. about finance? about each other, the better. about.

a. I knew nothing about antiques. b. Do you know anything about that topic? c. We know so little about climate change. d. She knows a lot about making clothes. e. I'd love to know more about it. 1. What information occurs between know and about? 2. Summarize the basic pattern observed above, then write your own sentence based on the same pattern.

C. Discussion Question

1. What subject do you know a lot about? How did you learn about it? 2. What subject do you know nothing about? Where could you find out more?

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

Unit 23: GO AHEAD (with)

STUDY THESE SENTENCES

I told them to go ahead and start the party without me.

IDIOMS

abc

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carry on, start

A: Can I ask another question? B: Go ahead, Gail

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go ahead =an invitation to speak

EXERCISES

A. Study the following concordance lines.

a. I tried to persuade them not to go ahead with the merger b. I went ahead with it because I didn't want to disappoint my parents c. We are planning to go ahead with the sale d. The mayor will determine whether to go ahead with plans to build a new stadium e. Is he still planning to go ahead with his trip? 1. What preposition follows the phrasal verb go ahead? 2. What kind of information follows the preposition? Make a list. 3. How can you summarize the pattern that you have just observed?

B. Complete the sentences with a suitable form of go ahead (e.g., is going ahead) and one of the words from the box. Be sure to use the correct article (e.g. a/the) with the noun where required: lunch plans insisted say agreement

1. Bill, why don't you ................................... .......................... with what you wanted to ......................................................................? 2. After months of discussions we finally ............................................................. with our .................................................................. . 3. We have .................................................. to ................................................... with the sale. 4. The company .............................................................. on ...................................................... with its plans. 5. It is 12:30, so maybe we should ................................................................... and break for .................................................. .

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

Unit 24: MEET WITH someone/something

STUDY THESE SENTENCES

Last week the president met with three foreign diplomats. The mayor is hopeful that the new policies will meet with public approval. 1 2 abc

meet (for business or discussions) =a focus on the reactions to or consequences of something

EXERCISES

A. For each sentence decide if meet with refers to (1) meeting as a result of planning or (2) reactions or consequences and write the number on the line.

1. The company's proposal met with harsh criticism. ____ 2. When you have gathered all the information, you are ready to meet with your boss. ____ 3. His efforts met with only limited success. ____ 4. The peace offering has been met with renewed violence. ____ 5. The new bylaws did not meet with public approval. ____ 6. The proposed bills met with major skepticism from some Republicans. ____ 7. Attempts to introduce a set of revised rules met with vigorous opposition. ____ 8. The manager met with the coaches to discuss the problem. ____ 9. His claims were met with utter disbelief. ____ 10. Talk of the merger was met with cautious optimism. ____

B. Using the sentences from A, identify all of the collocations relating to negative reactions about something. The first has been done for you:

Noun criticism Collocates with harsh Example The company's proposal met with harsh criticism.

D.Discussion Question

1. Have you ever met with a career guidance counselor?

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

Unit 25: REVIEW GO OUT, KNOW ABOUT, GO AHEAD, MEET WITH

A. Using complete sentences, answer these questions about the phrasal verbs examined in units 21-24:

1. If Lindsey is going out with Ryan, does this mean they are dating? 2. Kayla was aware of the return policy before she bought the DVD player. Does this mean she knew about the policy before buying it? 3. The mayor decides not to go ahead with the plan. Does this mean that he is going to proceed with the plan? 4. The university's admission letters went out on April 1st. Were the letters sent? 5. The client's proposal was met with disapproval. Was the proposal well received?

B. Read the following statements and decide which people are experiencing negative feelings and which are experiencing positive feelings:

1. Ann: "Her parents made a special effort at the wedding and went out of their way to meet everyone." 2. Caleb: "You don't know anything about me!" 3. Michelle: "I tried to tell them not to go ahead with it, but they wouldn't listen." 4. Alex: "He knows so much stuff about computers." 5. Chris: "I didn't want to do it, but I went ahead with it anyway."

C. Replace the underlined word or phrase with the appropriate phrasal verb or idiomatic phrase:

1. We are planning to proceed with the merger. 2. He is aware of the dangers of skydiving. 3. During the recession, many owners of small companies could no longer operate their businesses. 4. They dated for years before he finally proposed marriage. 5. The check was mailed a week ago.

D. Correct the errors in these sentences. There is one error in each sentence.

1. The president has went out of his way to maintain good relations with the United Nations. 2. Is she still planning to going ahead with her trip? 3. We so little know about earthquakes. 4. Last week the teacher meets with three new students. 5. Many parents are going out and buy new laptops for their kids.

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

Answer Key

Unit 21: Go out A. 1. Go out is followed by the conjunction and. 2. It is followed by a second verb. 3. Summary of pattern: somebody goes out and does something 4. Students' answers will vary. B. 2. List of verbs: thank, maintain, insist, meet. 3. Go out of one's way appears to have a positive connotation. 4. If your heart goes out to someone, you feel compassion for him/her. C. 1. Last Sunday, the minister went out of his way to praise his staff. 2. The president has gone out of his way to maintain good relations with the prime minister. 3. We flirted a lot in high school, but we never really went out together until last year. 4. I pulled myself together and went out to face the cameras. 5. I never go out after dark anymore. 6. I should have been more responsible and read the letter before it went out. Unit 22: Know about A. 1. a. What do high school students know about finance? b. The more we know about each other, the better. c. Parents have a right to know about the selection process. d. He does things nobody knows about. e. I don't know about you, but I get busier and busier. B. 1. nothing, anything, so little, a lot, more 2. The basic pattern is: know/don't know X (QUANTITY) about Y C. Students' answers will vary. Unit 23: Go ahead A. 1. with 2. With is followed by a noun, including sale, merger, plans, trip, and it. 3. The basic pattern is: go ahead with X B. 1. Bill, why don't you go ahead with what you wanted to say? 2. After months of discussions we finally went ahead with our plans. 3. We have an agreement to go ahead with the sale. 4. The company insisted on going ahead with its plans 5. It is 12:30, so maybe we should go ahead and break for lunch. Unit 24: Meet with A. 1. 2 2. 1 3. 2 4. 2 5. 2 6. 2 7. 2 8. 1 9. 2 10. 2 53

54 B. Noun success violence approval skepticism opposition disbelief optimism

Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

Collocates with limited renewed public major vigorous utter cautious

D. Students' answers will vary. Unit 25: REVIEW A. 1. Yes, this means they have a romantic relationship. 2. Yes, if he was aware of the policy, this means he knew about it. 3. No, this means he will not proceed with the plan. 4. Yes, they were sent on April 1st. 5. No, the proposal was not approved. B. 1. Ann: positive 2. Caleb: negative 3. Michelle: negative 4. Alex: positive 5. Chris: negative C. 1. We are planning to go ahead with the merger. 2. He knows about the dangers of skydiving. 3. During the recession, many owners of small companies went out of business. 4. They went out for years before he finally proposed marriage. 5. The check went out a week ago. D. 1. The president has gone out of his way to maintain good relations with the United Nations. 2. Is she still planning to go ahead with her trip? 3. We know so little about earthquakes. 4. Last week the teacher met with three new students. 5. Many parents are going out and buying new laptops for their kids.

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine (the) economy picks up 68 end up 65, 71 figure out 39, 45 find a solution 74 find out 31, 35, 39 find out the answer 32 follow up 84, 89 follow up on 84 follow up on questions 84 follow up with a phone call

INDEX

as time goes on believe believe believe believe believe believe come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come come in in in in in in 20 93, 95 a principle 93 freedom of choice 93 God 93 myself/yourself 93 UFOs 93

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back 22, 26 back down to earth 23 back in style 22, 23 back to haunt you 23 back to life 23 in 53, 61 in first 53 in for blame 53, 54 in for criticism 53, 54, 61 in handy 53, 54, 61 in second 53 in useful 53 out 37, 45 out against 37 out ahead 38 out in droves 38 out in support of 37 out of nowhere 37 out of retirement 38 out of the closet 38 out on top 37 up 17, 26 up against a brick wall 18 up against 17 up empty handed 17 up in the world 17 up short 17, 18 up with 17

date back 13 deal with 9, 15, 21 deal with it 9 depend on 72, 78, 79 do business with 9 do with 11, 15 draw attention to 73

get at 90, 95 get at the truth 90 get back 59, 61 get back at 59 get back on track 59 get back to me/you 59, 60 get back to normal 59 get into 29, 35 get into an argument 29 get into drugs 29 get into my/your clothes 29 get into trouble 29 get into university 29 get me/you out of hot water 64 get my/your money back 59 get on 91, 95 get on a bicycle 91, get on a bus 91 get on a plane 91 get on a train 91 get on in years 92 get on my/your case 92 get on my/your good side 92 get on my/your nerves 92 get on the phone 91 get on the road 91 get on top of 92 get on TV 91, 92 get on with my/your work 91, 95 get out 63, 71 get out of 63 get out of control 63 get out of hand 63, 71 give up 69, 71 give up cigarettes 70, 71 give up drinking 69 give up hope 69 give up smoking 70 55

56 go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go go

Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine ahead 50, 52 ahead with 50, 52 back 13, 15 back a long way 13 back on 13 back to square one 13 back to the drawing board 13, 14 bankrupt 47 hand in hand with 77 into 41, 45 into a profession 41 into business 42, 45, 46 into debt 41 into effect 41 into recession 41 into service 45 into shock 41 into withdrawal 41 on 20, 26 on ahead 20, 26 on and on 20, 21 on drugs 20 on TV 20, 21 out 47, 52 out of business 47 out of my/your way 47, 48, 52 out with 47, 52 through 27, 35 through a divorce 27 through a mid-life crisis 27 through my/your mind 27, 28 through the roof 27, 28 through with 27, 28 with 76, 78 with my/your gut feeling 77 make up an excuse 87 make up for lost time 86 make up ground 86 make up my/your mind 86 meet with 51, 52 meet with approval 51 meet with disbelief 51 meet with optimism 51 move ahead on 57 move on 57, 61 nothing to do with 11, 12

handle the heat 15 (my) heart goes out 48 it's not much to look at know about 49, 52 know a lot about 49 know nothing about 49 look at 7, 15 look at the big picture make a comeback make up 86, 89 22 7, 8 7

pick up 67, 68, 71 pick up a bug/cold 67 pick up the pieces 67 pick up the tab 67 pick up where you left off 67 point out 73, 78 (the) power went out 47 pull myself/yourself together 48 put in 43, 45 put in 50 hours a week 43, 44, 45 put in a request 44 put in charge 43 put in place 43 put it in writing 44 put it on my/your credit card 56 put it out of action 82 put it out of its misery 82 put it up for sale 94 put me/you in a difficult situation 44 put me/you on 55 put me/you up at a hotel 94 put myself/yourself out there 82 put on 29, 55, 61 put on a play 55 put on clothes 29, 55 put on hold 55 put on weight 55 put out 82, 89 put out fires 82, 83, 89 put out to pasture 82 put up 33, 94, 95 put up a fight 94, 95 put up a sign 94 put up or shut up 94 put up with 94 rely on 56 72

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Sample: American Phrasal Verbs, 2006. Barlow and Burdine

set me/you up for life 33, 34 set up 33, 35 set up a business 36 set up a company 33 set up a meeting 33 set up camp 34 set up house 34 set up shop 34 solve a problem 74 something to do with 11 something's come up 17, 26 take take take take take take take a risk 82 on a life of its own 80 on a new lease of life 81 on debt 81 on responsibility 81 on 80, 89 out 63

what are you getting at? 90, 95 what's gotten into you? 29 work on 24, 26 work on the assumption 24 work out 39, 74, 78 work out an agreement 74 work out differences 78 work out for the best 74 work out the details 74

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