Read CPV Energy Solutions Delivering on the Promise of Cost-Effective Solar Energy text version

CPV Industry Overview

Nancy Hartsoch

Presented by

Chairman, CPV Consortium VP Marketing and Sales, SolFocus

Discussion Topics

Technology Snapshot CPV Value Proposition Challenges for CPV in Going to Scale The State of Commercialization More Case Studies A Rapidly Growing Market

2

High Concentration PV Technology

High-Efficiency, III-V Multi-Junction Cells

>2X Efficiency of Silicon PV Cells ~39% Efficiency in Production >42% Efficiency in the Lab Steep Trajectory for Efficiency Improvements in Upcoming Years Many New Cell Technologies Under Development

3

High Concentration PV Technology

High-Efficiency, III-V Multi-Junction Cells

Concentrating Optical System

Reflective - Mirror Refractive - Lens

Two Basic Approaches: Reflective or Refractive Optical Systems Optics Collect Large Area of Sunlight Focus Sunlight on Small Area of PV Cell High Concentration: ~500-1000+

4

High Concentration PV Technology

High-Efficiency, III-V Multi-Junction Cells Concentrating Optical System Dual Axis Trackers

Incorporate Dual-Axis Tracking Systems Track Sun Sunrise to Sunset Best Match to Peak Demand

5

Right Technology for Key Segments

Best Technology for Sunny Dry Areas Scalable Deployment Reduces Risk and Speeds Deployment

6

CPV Provides Consistent Energy

1,200

PEAK DEMAND

Power Output (kW)

900 600 300 0 4:00

SolFocus-CPV Typical C-Si-Fixed Tilt Typical Thin Film-Fixed Tilt Typical C-Si One-Axis Tracking PV

8:00

12:00

16:00

20:00

7

More Energy per Megawatt Installed

Energy Output (MWh) by Location and Technology for 10MW-DC Power Plant

Can you add Avg PV ­ with trackers

Compelling Cost Advantage

CPV has a competitive LCOE(1) in its target market (>6 DNI)

· Higher consistent energy production · Increasing system efficiency · Decreasing manufacturing costs

32

Price-Based 2011 LCOE (c/kWh)

SolFocus - 2 axis tracked

28

SunPower - 1 axis tracked First Solar C-Si CSP

24

20

16

(1) LCOE:

12

Sources: Industry reported data through 2010, projections through 2012

8 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Levelized Cost of Energy (includes all costs over lifetime of the project including initial investment, operations and maintenance, consumables and capital).

DNI

Lower LCOE at >6 DNI with Greater Future Potential vs. cSi & Thin Film

Flexible Deployment Options

Scalable from 1 MW Commercial/Industrial to 20MW+ Utility Scale Plants Lower Fixed Capital Costs Sized to Demand Technology Expandable with Growing Demand High Energy Yield Distributed Gen near Use Points

20+MW Utility Plants

1+ MW Industrial/Commercial

Fast and Flexible Deployment

Time to operation

CSP

1st grid connection

permitting construction

CPV

expansion

months

11

Environmentally Advantaged

No Permanent Shadowing Minimal Impact to Land Dual Land Usage Flexible Layout Sites Best Cradle-to-Cradle Footprint No Water Usage for Electricity Generation

Challenges for CPV in Going to Scale

13

Understanding CPV Versus PV

Rating Structure Challenges

Flat Plate Standard:1,000 W/m2 GHI,

25 deg C cell temperature

CPV: 850 W/m2 DNI, 20 deg C ambient Different Rating Methods Require Adjustments Across Different Technologies

Modeling Challenges

Third Party Modeling Tools not Well Supported for CPV Dependence on "In-house" Models

14

Bankability of the Technology

EPC Technology Partnerships with Project Wraps Third Party Performance Insurance Proven, Reliable Product

Certification: IEC 62108, CEC-listed Field performance data Proven track record of PV cells

Third Party Validations Supportive Financing Options: i.e. DOE Loan Guarantees

Key Milestone of Commercialization1:

Validated Predictable Performance

Annual Energy Output for 25 Years

3,000 2,500

Energy Output (MWh)

2,479

2,395

2,295

2,199

2,107

2,019

2,000

1,500

1,000

500

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

Monthly Energy Output in Year 1

350 300 254

Energy Output (MWh)

262 224 230 221 198 181 166

250 200 164 150 100 50 0

January February March

235 191 154

April

May

June

July

August September October November December

± 2-4% of Actual to Predicted Energy Performance

Key Milestone of Commercialization 2:

Volume Manufacturing & Fieldability

Source: NREL Report 11/09

Key Milestone of Commercialization 3:

Validated Reliability, Certifications

Manufacturer

Atlantis Energy

Model

ATL 120/125W

Technology

Photovoltaic Skylight 10,300W High Concentration Photovoltaic Module

Notes

NA

Amonix Inc

7000 Mega Module

NA

Concentrix Solar

CX-75-III

75 Watt Concentrator PV Module 190W Low-Concentrating Polycrystalline PV Module 210W Low Concentrating Monocrystalline PV Module

NA

Solaria

CMT-190

NA

Solaria

Solaria 210

NA

Solaria

Solaria 220

220W Low Concentrating Monocrystalline PV Module

NA

Solaria

Solaria 230

230W Low Concentrating Monocrystalline PV Module

NA

SolFocus SolFocus

SF-1000P SF-1100P

210W Concentrator PV Module 300W Concentrator PV Module

NA NA

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Case Studies:

- Evidence of Commercialization - Validation of Value Proposition

19

Alice Springs Airport, Australia

Alice

Springs, Australia: 7.2 DNI Competitive RFP

Beat best-in-class thin film and best in class SiPV Selected based on "price and iconic technology"

28 Arrays for 235kW 30% of Airports Energy Demand Rapid Deployment Ground breaking late May 2010 Completion Estimation July 2010

Note: Image of projected deployment.

Chevron Technology Ventures ­ 1MW

Questa, New

Mexico: DNI >7 Ground Breaking ­ Imminent Mine Tailings Site Brownfield PPA to Kit Carson Electric Cooperative Technology Showcase and Brownfield Usage

Conceptual of project to be deployed at high desert mine site in Questa, New Mexico.

Portuguese Government Project

2020 Renewable Portfolio Standards Commitment CPV - Key Part of Strategy to Achieve RPS Standards with High Solar Resource 5MW Awarded in Preliminary Phase Projects to 5 CPV Companies Construction to Begin on Many in Q3 2010

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Other Recent Announcements

Deployments in South Africa (Concentrix and SolFocus) 30MW Cogentrix Project in Alamosa (Amonix) Deployments in Middle East

800kW ISFOC at Masdar City (Multiple CPV Technologies) 200kW in Saudi Arabia (SolFocus)

Deployments in China (Emcore and Local Suppliers)

CPVInstallations

CPV target areas

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Fastest Growth in CPV Target Market

12

>6 DNI <6 DNI

CPV Target Areas with >6 DNI (1) Market Growing at 78% CAGR for CPV Target Geographies: 3GW by 2013

53%

10

63%

Demand (GW)

8

125%

6

32% 26%

4

40%

2 0 2010 2011 2012 2013

Ground mount portion of market.

(1)

CPV target areas

DNI: Direct Normal Irradiance, the average amount of solar radiation received per unit area per day (kW/m2/day)

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CPV Market Forecast 2010

1600 1500 1400 1250

Megawatts (MW) Installed Per Year

1200

1000 850 800

600

515

400

200 2 2007 10 2008 2 2009 20 2010

150

0

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Sources: 2007-2009 EPRI; 2010-2015 CPV Consortium 2010 Report

25

Thank You

www.cpvconsortium.org [email protected]

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CPV Energy Solutions Delivering on the Promise of Cost-Effective Solar Energy

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