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Guidelines for End of Life information provision from manufacturers and recyclers, and for recyclability rate calculation of Electrical and Electronic Equipment.............3 Scope ............................................................................................................................4 Normative references .....................................................................................................4 Terms and definitions .....................................................................................................4 3.1 End-of-life (EoL) ....................................................................................................4 3.2 Waste....................................................................................................................4 3.3 Total product mass ................................................................................................5 3.4 End of life treatment ..............................................................................................5 3.5 Material separation ................................................................................................5 3.6 Re-use ..................................................................................................................5 3.7 Recycling ..............................................................................................................5 3.8 Recyclability ..........................................................................................................5 3.9 Recyclability rate ...................................................................................................5 3.10 Recovery ...............................................................................................................5 3.11 Recoverability........................................................................................................5 3.12 Recoverability rate.................................................................................................5 3.13 Disposal ................................................................................................................5 3.14 Manufacturer .........................................................................................................5 3.15 Recycler ................................................................................................................5 3.16 End-of-life-treatment scenario ................................................................................6 End-of-life treatment process ..........................................................................................7 4.1 4 End-of-life treatment process principle ................................................................7 Provision of information from manufacturers....................................................................9 Criteria for product parts requiring dismantling .......................................................9 5.1.1 Part re-use.................................................................................................9 5.1.2 Selective treatment ....................................................................................9 5.1.3 Single recyclable materials.........................................................................9 5.1.4 Parts difficult to process .............................................................................9 5.1.5 Treatment of remaining parts....................................................................10 5.2 Information to be provided ...................................................................................10 5.2.1 General ...................................................................................................10 5.2.2 Product identification ...............................................................................10 5.2.3 Information to mitigate environmental and personnel hazards ...................10 5.2.4 Information for treatment ..........................................................................10 Provision of information from recyclers..........................................................................11 Criteria for treatment characteristics ....................................................................11 Information to be provided ...................................................................................11 6.2.1 General ...................................................................................................11 6.2.2 Recycler and process information .............................................................12 6.2.3 Reuse system documentation and data.....................................................12 6.2.4 Recovery of single recyclable materials documentation and data...............12 6.2.5 Requirements affecting material separation documentation and data .........12 6.2.6 Material separation effectiveness documentation and data ........................13 6.2.7 Disposal documentation and data .............................................................13 6.2.8 Measures for pollution prevention .............................................................13 Variables and their symbols ..........................................................................................14 Calculation method .......................................................................................................14 6.1 6.2 5.1

4 5

6

7 8

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General principles ...............................................................................................14 End of life treatment scenario ..............................................................................14 Calculation of recyclability/recoverability rate .......................................................15 8.3.1 Recyclability rate .....................................................................................15 8.3.2 Recoverability rate ...................................................................................15 8.4 Calculation flow ...................................................................................................15 Annex A : Indicative List of materials or parts to be identified for selective treatment ............16 Annex B : Product information for use by recyclers or treatment facilities ............................17 B.1 Example ..............................................................................................................17 Annex C : Synthesis of information from recyclers ...............................................................18 General ...............................................................................................................18 Recycler information ............................................................................................18 Process description .............................................................................................18 Process capability for material separation ............................................................18 C.4.1 Product parts affecting treatment capabilities or requiring specific treatment .................................................................................................18 C.4.2 Single material product parts ....................................................................18 C.4.3 Material separation effectiveness .............................................................18 C.5 Pollution prevention .............................................................................................18 Annex D : Example of End of Life Treatment Scenario .........................................................19 D.1 Process description .............................................................................................19 D.2 Recyclability and recoverability rate data of the end of life treatment scenario.......19 Annex E : Example of Recyclability Rate Calculation ...........................................................22 C.1 C.2 C.3 C.4

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Guidelines for End of Life information provision from manufacturers and recyclers, and for recyclability rate calculation of Electrical and Electronic Equipment Introduction

All electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) have an effect on the environment throughout their lifecycle. While product design and innovation have prolonged the possible lifespan of electronics, the marketable life of EEE has decreased with technology turnover. As increasingly higher volumes of electronics reach their end of life, the treatment of waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) has become a key environmental issue. In particular, to increase the efficiency of natural resource use and maximize current resources, it has become necessary to improve the reuse, recycling and recovery of WEEE, which is often addressed by regional legislation. Eco-design and product end of life characteristics have become vital to optimize resource efficiency. One aspect is the evaluation of its potential for recycling, called recyclability rate. The recyclability rate is based on product characteristics and on end of life treatment process practices. Though a recyclability rate calculation based on a product mass approach is not the only criteria to ensure an efficient design(e.g. for rare materials), it is an important and commonly used parameter. This calculation may be then complemented by the material depletion index calculated according to Life Cycle Assessment. Additionally, information is needed on end of life treatment processes and capabilities for the calculation. There are a variety of practices with respect to handling WEEE around the world. Electronics may also originate in one country and reach their end of life in another. Therefore, the necessity to acknowledge the variances for handling WEEE and have a consistent international methodology for calculating recyclability rate and providing end of life information is becoming increasingly important. This Technical Report (TR) therefore addresses these aspects by providing information provision from manufacturers and recyclers, and a method for recyclability rate calculation. The first part focuses on recyclability rate calculation, to be used in particular at the product design phase. Product design may be improved as the recyclability rate can be an evaluation tool with regard to end of life aspects. Manufacturers can then express this resource efficiency aspect of "environmentally conscious design" by using this TR. By having a common methodology for calculating recyclability rates, the market will benefit from transparency and market distortion will be avoided. The second part focuses on product and end of life treatment scenario information exchange for manufacturers and recyclers. In order to improve product design and to potentially improve the EOL handling of WEEE, manufacturers need to know the processes taking place at the recycler level and recyclers need to know data related to products that might impact end of life treatment activities. Specifically, recyclers need certain information about a product to efficiently process the product and safely provide high material recovery rates. As a result, this section is intended to provide a consistent and harmonized method for the transfer of information related to products and end of life treatment scenarios. By establishing common methodologies for recyclability rate calculation and information exchange, the end of life of EEE can benefit from optimization as a result. Manufacturers can benefit from improving their products' eco-design, while recyclers can benefit from improved operational efficiencies. Ultimately this TR enables stakeholders to contribute to a more environmentally friendly life cycle of EEE.

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Part 1: End of Life Principles

1 Scope

This Technical Report (TR) provides the methodology for information exchange involving EEE manufacturers and recyclers, and for calculating the recyclability rate to: · · · enable appropriate and optimized end of life treatment operations provide sufficient information to characterize activities at end of life treatment facilities and help improve product design using that information evaluate the recyclability rate based on product attributes and reflecting real end of life practices

Recoverability rate calculation is also provided in the TR, taking the net material mass which contributes to energy recovery into consideration. Furthermore this TR includes: · · criteria to determine end of life treatment scenarios criteria to determine product parts to be dismantled before material separation and related information to be provided by manufacturers (location and material composition) information to be provided by recyclers on end of life scenarios and the results of end of life treatment activities a method for calculating the recyclability and recoverability rate of EEE. The calculation is limited to end of life treatment and does not cover collection. It is expressed as a percentage of mass of the product which can potentially be reused, recycled or energy recovered.

· ·

This TR can be applied to all electrical and electronic equipment.

2 Normative references

ISO 22628:2002 Road Vehicles -- Recyclability and recoverability -- Calculation method IEC 62474 Ed. 1.0: Material Declaration for Products of and for the Electrotechnical Industry IEC PT 62542 Standardization of environmental aspects ­ Glossary of terms IEC 62430 (2009-02) Ed. 1.0 Environmentally conscious design for electrical and electronic products

3 Terms and definitions

3.1 End-of-life (EoL)

life cycle stage of a product starting when it is removed from its intended use-phase [IEC 62075:2008 modified]

3.2 Waste any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard

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waste product mass reference which is inputted to the end-of-life treatment process

NOTE Total product mass is used for recyclability / recoverability rate calculation

3.4 End of life treatment

any operations after a waste has been handed over to a facility for recovery or preparation for disposal. This includes dismantling, material separation and disposal

3.5 Material separation

operations to separate materials, including mechanical, chemical or thermal process (e.g. shredding, smelting, sorting , etc ) other than dismantling

3.6 Re-use operation by which a product, or a part thereof, having reached the end of one use-phase is used again for the same purpose for which it was conceived 3.7 Recycling processing of waste materials for the original purpose or for other purposes, excluding energy recovery [ISO 15270:2008 modified]

NOTE The term recycling is used synonymously with the term material recovery

3.8 Recyclability (1) (2) ability of waste product parts to be reused or waste materials to be recycled ability of waste product parts or waste materials to be reused or recycled. or

3.9 Recyclability rate percentage of recyclable product mass to total product mass 3.10 Recovery process in which a waste product and its constituent material(s) is subjected to part re-use, recycling (material recovery) or energy recovery

NOTE The material released could be used for its original purpose or some other purpose.

3.11 Recoverability ability of a waste product to be recovered 3.12 Recoverability rate percentage of recoverable product mass to total product mass 3.13 Disposal

Any treatment operation which is not recovery such as incineration, landfill or other permanent storage 3.14 Manufacturer text from (IEC 62075) 3.15 Recycler organisation with the facility to carry out waste treatment

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description of a end of life treatment process and corresponding recycling rates of product parts and materials

note 1 : definitions above are harmonised with the glossary of terms currently under development note 2 : the following figure provides a synthesis of the main definitions

197 198

Figure 1 ­ Table of key terms covering End of Life treatment

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199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215

4 End-of-life treatment process

4.1 4 End-of-life treatment process principle The End-of-Life treatment needs to comply with applicable regulations, observe relevant industry practices and allow efficient recycling and recovery, meanwhile addressing safety and environmental concerns. It generally presents 4 phases a) Pre-treatment: pre-treatment usually includes dismantling and required selective treatment: parts are dismantled when there is a possibility for re-use, or because they require a selective treatment, or because this would allow a better end of life treatment ratio. b) material separation: several techniques may be used, such as mechanical separation ( e.g. shredding), chemical separation or thermal separation (smelting), with appropriate sorting process. c) energy recovery: after these operations, the remaining and unsorted material are normally considered for energy recovery d) disposal: residues are then disposed in appropriate landfills. The conventional steps of EoL treatment are described in figure 2, with each part or material flow having its own recycling rate.

Reuse

-

Specific

Single

Material

216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 Figure 2 - End of life treatment process The provision of product information from the manufacturer to the recycler is then necessary to allow recyclers to implement treatment that respects environmental and safety requirements, and optimise parts and material recovery. Criteria to define these parts are based on their characteristics and existence of dedicated EoL channel. This may require information from recyclers. These criteria are detailed in the clause 5.1 and related information to be made available is given in clause 5.2.

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The scheme of Figure 2 is also used in calculating the recyclability and recoverability rates, based on end-of-life-treatment scenario characteristics. The provision of end of life treatment information from the recycler to the manufacturer is necessary to assess the characteristics of the end of life-treatment process, including recycling rates of the different elements, and allow recyclability and recoverability rate calculations. This can also enable improvements in product design with regards to recyclability aspects. Criteria for treatment characteristics identification are given in clause 6.1 and related information to be made available is given in clause 6.2

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Part II: Information Provision from Manufacturers and Recyclers

5 Provision of information from manufacturers

5.1 Criteria for product parts requiring dismantling 5.1.1 Part re-use Re-use of parts can have environmental benefits and might be economically viable, when a stable re-use system is in place and when there is a market. A part should be declared reusable by the manufacturer when the following two (2) conditions are fulfilled: a) It is possible to separate the part from the product while maintaining the part or component's functional integrity. In practice, this implies the product design allows accessibility and that binding systems are reversible. b) The manufacturer can provide evidence that a commercial re-use and refurbishment system has been established for that part that respects regulation and market expectations. This can take the form of contracts with commercial partners, availability of refurbished parts in the marketplace, or other evidence that there is an established system. 5.1.2 Selective treatment Certain product parts may need specific treatment requirements as they present potential hazards for people or the environment.

Note These operations have also been called "de-pollution".

For these, there are generally legal requirements that impose dismantling and separate treatment. Annex A provides an indicative list of product parts and materials that should be dismantled.

Note 1 Examples are removal of batteries by EU WEEE and implementing legislation for each country, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) containing capacitors in accordance with Council Directive 96/59/EC or refrigerant removal as required by international agreements and implemented by individual countries (see USA Clean Air Act as an example). It is important that the source of the requirement is communicated as well as the final disposition and material recovered from disposal in order to calculate the recyclability rate.

5.1.3 Single recyclable materials When a part of the product is made from a homogeneous recyclable material, dismantling of this part can be beneficial. Single part with materials is well suited for end of life treatment without further processing. Recycling rates for this class of materials are typically high. This is applicable when the following two (2) conditions are fulfilled: c) a) The size and nature of material is such that there is an economical interest for dismantling. Due to the variety of end of life treatment practices, it is left to the manufacturer to identify components or parts that may lead to improved recovery because of their nature. d) b) There is a specific EoL channel for these materials with higher recycling rates compared to the results obtained after material separation. The manufacturer should identify to the recycler the treatment requirements for parts that will facilitate effective recovery or recycling. 5.1.4 Parts difficult to process Some parts may require specific treatment to optimize end of life treatment operations. This may be due to the physical characteristics of the part that cannot fit with the capacity of the shredder or with the material sorting process after size reduction. Examples of parts that may require removal are castings, certain plastics, wire or cable motors in refrigerators or certain metal components that are difficult to process through size reduction.

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Parts difficult to process should be declared based on the recycler requirements. 5.1.5 Treatment of remaining parts It is assumed that further part dismantling would not improve end of life treatment safety or efficiency and that remaining parts can be processed as a whole in any mechanical, chemical, thermal or other means to separate recyclable materials. 5.2 Information to be provided 5.2.1 General The manufacturer should make EoL product information available to relevant stakeholders. Information can be provided on paper or in electronic form. Details of information are given in the clauses 5.2.2 to 5.2.4. The format is left to the initiative of the manufacturer. Sketches or pictures are recommended to ease the interpretation. Annex B gives a practical template for manufacturer declaration. 5.2.2 Product identification Product identification should contain: a) b) c) d) e) f) Manufacturer identification Contact point Name, model or type of Product Total product mass and dimensions. The manufacturer should specify which accessories or consumables are included Date of information release. It is recommended to keep the revision history When special transportation consideration is required the recommended transportation methods should be noted

5.2.3 Information to mitigate environmental and personnel hazards Manufacturers should provide information to allow recyclers for identifying the sources of potential harm to personnel or the environment and take the appropriate measures to prevent harm or to mitigate it before any dismantling or material separation operation. The information may come from stakeholders in the upstream part of the supply chain and from a variety of sources including regulation, recycler requirements, etc. Annex A provides a practical list of materials and parts that should be declared to cover main legislations.

Note: Examples may include the de-energization/removal of springs or high pressure fluids, power capacitors, CFLs, etc.

Manufacturers should indicate when relevant which operation shall be done before further product dismantling and treatment. 5.2.4 Information for treatment Product breakdown relevant to end of life treatment should be provided in compliance with IEC 62474. It should provide product parts corresponding to sub-clauses 4.2.1 to 4.2.4 and the remaining with relevant material classes. For each part that requires removal, the following information should be declared based on the need of recyclers: · identification of the part

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It is recommended to provide information concerning the dismantling procedure (dismantling steps, tool, etc).

6 Provision of information from recyclers

6.1 Criteria for treatment characteristics Because of the wide variety of material separation methods, a recycler may need to provide a manufacturer with detailed information on its process capability. This information concerns the methods used by the recycler and local requirements for processing of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) for end of life treatment. It includes any process that sorts materials by density, electrical characteristics, magnetic, eddy current, spectrometry or other methods based on one or more material properties. This also includes separation by human pickers or sorters on a conveyer line. In particular, the recycler should bring its concerns to the attention of the manufacturers for consideration in the product design and in the calculation of the recovery and recycling rates. In particular, they should identify what need to be dismantled and recovered or recycled in specific channels. This is , for instance, when it is necessary to separately treat a material or part e.g. plastics containing substances of concern not able to be sorted out on line, or part presenting unacceptable characteristic for the treatment process or environmental and safety risks if In general, information should be provided so that the extent of separation and disposition of parts and materials can be determined. Recyclers should identify critical issues affecting material separation such as difficulty to shred, contamination and dismantling costs. This aids the manufacturer to get feedback on the practicality, feasibility, and any issues with end of life treatment. In addition, recyclers should indicate to manufacturers which product information is needed to optimise their process, and be sure of adequate treatment. Recyclers should also indicate to the manufacturers the mass of materials, parts or components that should be dismantled. For these instances, the recycling rate should be also indicated. The numbers reported should reflect the actual performance of the system employed by the recycler and not the theoretical capability of the equipment installed. The information from recyclers should be detailed when a particular product is treated in a dedicated stream. An average recycling rate can be given when the product is processed in a mixed stream, or when a generic end of life treatment process is referred to, as appropriate. Recyclers may be required to obtain information from downstream recyclers or treatment providers. 6.2 Information to be provided 6.2.1 General Upon request and when relevant, waste treatment information should be made available to the manufacturer of the products. Details of information are given in clauses 5.3.2 to 5.3.7.

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A summary of information from recyclers is given in Annex C. It can be provided on documents or by electronic medium. 6.2.2 Recycler and process information A lead page describing the contact information for the recycler and a description of the end of life treatment process (general diagram and techniques, or generic end of life treatment process category) should be provided by the recycler. This cover page provides significant help in matching the recyclability calculation to the actual end of life treatment operation. It should contain: · · · · Company Name and Address Contact name and email address Process diagram Date of release

6.2.3 Reuse system documentation and data The recycler shall provide documentation that a commercial reuse and refurbishment system has been established for that part/component. Evidence of such a system can take the form of contracts with commercial partners, availability of refurbished parts in the marketplace, or other evidence that there is an established system. Documentation of the statistics on the rate of reuse of parts from end of life treatment should also be included either in the form of sales numbers or third party industry wide surveys. 6.2.4 Recovery of single recyclable materials documentation and data For product parts made of single recyclable materials, recycler specification should include :

· · ·

·

material description minimum purity (acceptable contaminants) size and/or mass material recycling rate and / or energy recovery rate when appropriate

Documentation should consist of a statement of results for the recovery/recycling process. If required, to obtain the information from the purchaser of the material after removal/disassembly of the product, the material recycler may need to be consulted to obtain the actual recovered material rate. In that case, a statement from the final processor of the material stating the recovery rate should be included. 6.2.5 Requirements affecting material separation documentation and data For product parts affecting material separation or requiring special EoL process, recycler specification should include :

· · ·

· ·

product part description reason for requirement restriction criteria materials recovered during processing of these parts recycling rate and / or energy recovery rate when appropriate

Documentation should consist of a statement of results from the final end of life treatment of the removed parts/components. It may be necessary to obtain the information from the purchaser of the material after removal/disassembly of the product; the material recycler may need to be consulted to obtain the actual recovered material rate. If that is the case a statement from the final processor of the material stating the recovery rate should be included.

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6.2.6 Material separation effectiveness documentation and data Documentation should consist of the input and output statistics for the reporting facility using the reported process and products. Documentation should include the input material mix or product, the recovered material streams and the rate of recovery for each stream. 6.2.7 Disposal documentation and data Recyclers supplying data for final disposition should have validated records from the processor that states the method and final disposition of the removed components. If specific material recovery rates are also being reported, evidence that the processor actually recovered materials at that rate should also be included. 6.2.8 Measures for pollution prevention Recyclers should provide the manufacturer with information on how they took pollution prevention measures in compliance with any specific requirements from the manufacturer. In addition, recyclers should inform manufacturers of any difficulties they have experienced or they may face in pollution prevention.

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Part 3: Method for recyclability and rate calculation

7 Variables and their symbols

Table 1 describes the symbols of the mass variables used in calculating the recyclability and recoverability rates. Table 1 -- Masses -- Symbols and definitions mass of ith part recycling rate of the ith part in the corresponding end of life treatment scenario recovery rate of the ith part in the corresponding end of life treatment scenario recyclability rate recoverability rate Total product mass Note : All masses should be expressed in the same unit

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8

Calculation method

8.1 General principles To calculate the recyclability rate and recoverability rate of electrical and electronic equipment, the general principles are applied as below, based on the scheme in Figure 2 : a) Selection of an end of life treatment scenario: generally the manufacturer has limited control or influence over EoL treatment of a product. However the designer may need to choose the end of life treatment scenario that will be used in the calculation. b) Apply data corresponding to the selected scenario and relevant product information

NOTE: A generic end of life treatment scenario may be used for the estimation of end of life treatment and recovery rates when information on the specific end of life treatment scenarios is not available. Manufacturers can use also their own data for the calculation on the basis of proven end of life treatment technologies.

8.2 End of life treatment scenario An end of life treatment scenario is a description of an end of life treatment process and corresponding recycling rates and recovery rates of product parts and materials. This should reflect typical current end of life treatment practices. There are two main elements which influence recycling rates and recovery rates of EEEs in EoL treatment. The first element depends on the local infrastructure for end of life treatment, markets for recycled materials, and the type, technology and efficiency of an end of life treatment operation. These elements can vary significantly when the market value of recycled materials and end of life treatment infrastructure are changed. The other element is design characteristics of the product such as the structure, material composition, size, weight, ability of part dismantling, etc. The manufacturer can use representative data such as data from a government or industry association for the calculation of the recyclability rate for a specified region and product group. An end of life treatment scenario should include following information: · · Specific end of life treatment flow including dismantling Recycling and recovery rates of each product part and material

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Annex D shows examples of end of life treatment scenarios. These examples are from Korean and European experiences and can be used as representative data where appropriate. 8.3 Calculation of recyclability/recoverability rate 8.3.1 Recyclability rate Calculate the recyclability rate, R cyc , of the product, as a percentage by mass (mass fraction in percent), using the formula:

Rcyc =

459

sum of recyclable masses of each parts × 100% Total product mass

(i )

=

(m

× RCR(i ) )

mEEE

× 100%

460 461 462

8.3.2 Recoverability rate Calculate the recoverability rate, R cov , of the product, as a percentage by mass (mass fraction in percent), using the formula:

Rcov =

463

sum of recoverable masses of each parts × 100% Total product mass

(i )

=

(m

× RVR(i ) )

mEEE

× 100%

464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482

8.4 Calculation flow Recyclability rate and recoverability rate can be conducted through the following calculation flow: a) Select a scenario for the calculation b) Prepare data of the product specified; this would include a description of the parts and materials in terms of their masses

Note: For this purpose IEC 62474 may be used

c) Identify parts for dismantling and their mass and corresponding recycling rate and recovery rate by using end of life treatment scenario: ­ ­ ­ ­ reusable product parts (see 5.1.1) parts for selective treatment (see 5.1.2) parts with single recyclable material and easy to dismantle (see 5.1.3) parts difficult to process (see 5.1.4)

d) Identify mass of parts with recyclable materials through material separation and corresponding recycling rate and recovery rate by using end of life treatment scenario (see 5.1.5) ­ ­ parts containing recyclable metals parts containing recyclable or energy recoverable non-metal materials

e) Calculate recyclability/recoverability rate of the product (see 8.3)

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Annex A : Indicative List of materials or parts to be identified for selective treatment

­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ Parts containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) Parts containing mercury , such as switches or backlighting lamps, batteries Printed circuit boards if larger than 10 square centimeters Toner cartridges, liquid and pasty, as well as colour toner Plastic containing regulated flame retardants (see IEC 62474) Part containing asbestos Cathode ray tubes Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) or hydrofluorocarbons (HFC), hydrocarbons (HC) Gas discharge lamps Liquid crystal displays (together with their casing where appropriate) of a surface greater than 100 square centimetres and all those back-lighted with gas discharge lamps External electric cables Components containing refractory ceramic fibres Components containing radioactive substances Electrolyte capacitors containing substances of concern (height > 25 mm, diameter > 25 mm or proportionately similar volume)

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Annex B : Product information for use by recyclers or treatment facilities

B.1 Example

Product name: Product Identification Producer/ Manufacturer Name company: Address: Zip code: Country: 505 506 507 508 509

504

Image of Product/ product family

1.1.1.1.1.1 1.1.1.1.1.2 Size : H x L x D mm or m Mass : M in g or kg

510 Items: Information for end of life treatment Re-usable parts Location

Selective treatment

Single recyclable material parts Parts difficult to process 511 512

Image to identify and locate parts and material listed

513 Document Reference number

Date: of publication

514

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Annex C : Synthesis of information from recyclers

C.1 General

When a manufacturer refers to a specific EoL channel (e.g. for reuse of single material part), it shall provide documentation that a commercial and reuse or end of life treatment system has been established for that part. This information should be based upon recyclers' declarations. At a minimum, a communication of information about treatment of these parts should contain the following: part description, commercial reuse or end of life treatment system, commercial partners, percentage of part effectively reused or material effectively recycled. Documentation of the statistics on the rate of reuse of parts should be in the form of sales numbers from end of life treatment or third party industry wide surveys. Only the fraction of the part eventually resold shall be counted as having been recycled by reuse.

Note: in some national end of life treatment , 100% of the part mass should be reported as recycled content regardless of the actual reused portion.

C.2

Recycler information

Date: Contact Email:

Company Name: Company Address: Contact Name: 530

C.3

Process description

Process Diagram and treatment methods

531 532

C.4

C.4.1

Process capability for material separation

Product parts affecting treatment capabilities or requiring specific treatment Reason for Restriction restriction criteria Materials Recycled/Recovered Recycling/Recovery Rate

Product Part Description 533 C.4.2

Single material product parts Minimum Purity (acceptable contaminants) Size Restrictions Materials Recycled/Recovered Recycling/Recovery Rate

Material Description

534

C.4.3

Material separation effectiveness Recovered Material Recovery Rate

Product or Material Mix

535

C.5

Pollution prevention

XXX © IEC:TR merge 62635-62650 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554

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Annex D : Example of End of Life Treatment Scenario

Example 1: KEA Scenario for Large Household Appliances The data of following tables come from a study of KEA (Korea Electronics Association) in which the end of life treatment practise of Korean end of life treatment centres for a large household appliance are investigated.

D.1

Process description

Dismantled before shredding - parts which require selective treatment - product parts with single recyclable material and easy to dismantle - product parts difficult to process (shredding) Separation after shredding

Note: the process below should be harmonized with Figure 2.

-

magnetic separation of ferrous metals eddy current separation of metals water and salt water separation of plastics

D.2

Recyclability and recoverability rate data of the end of life treatment scenario

Table B.1: Recyclability rate of product parts which require selective treatment

Note: All abbreviations should be followed by full spelling terminology

Part or Material Power cable Capacitor(PCB) Switch(Hg) Backlighting lamps(Hg) Batteries(internal) PCB (Printed circuit board) BFR plastics Asbestos CRT CFC - R11, R12 HCFC - R141b HFC - R134a HC - R600a Fluorescent tubes Gas discharge lamps(exclude Fluorescent tubes) LCD Refractory ceramic fibers

Recycling rate 50 50 50 80 0 10 0 0 80 90 90 90 0 95 70 0 0

Recovery rate 90 90 90 90 0 90 90 0 80 90 90 90 0 95 70 0 0

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radioactive substances Electrolyte capacitors

555 556

0 0

0 0

Table B.2: Recyclability rate of product parts with a single recyclable material

Material ABS PP HIPS GPPS SAN PC Steel(General) Stainless steel(Magnetic) Stainless steel (Non-Magnetic) Aluminum Copper Nickel Pure Zinc Die Casting Magnesium EP (Epoxy resin) PF (Phenol formaldehyde resin) PUR(Polyurethane foam) glass(door panel) glass(shelf)

557 558

Recyclability rate 90 90 90 98 98 90 95 95 95 95 98 95 95 95 0 0 0 0 0

Recoverability rate 90 90 90 98 98 90 95 95 95 95 98 95 95 95 90 90 90 0 0

Table B.3: Recyclability rate of product parts difficult to process

Part Name Compressors AC motor Resin Motor Clutch Evaporator Transformer (MWO) Cement Weight Balance Steel Weight Balance

559 560

Recyclability rate 90 90 0 90 90 90 0 95

Recoverability rate 90 90 0 90 90 90 0 95

Table B.4: recyclability rate of product parts which go to separation process

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Material Name ABS ABS (GF) EPS (Expandable polystyrene) PA (Polyamide) PC (Polycarbonate) PC/ABS PC/PBT PC-G (Glass reinforced) PE_HD (High density) PE_LD (Low density) PMMA (Polymethyl methacrylate) PET (Polyethylene Terephalate) PET Blended PUR (Soft Foamed plastic) POM (Polyoxymethylene, Polyacetal) PP (Polypropylene) PP-T (Talcum reinforced) PS (Polystyrene resin) HIPS GPPS MIPS PVC SAN (Styrene acrylonitrile plastic) PBT PBT+PC EP (Epoxy resin) PF (Phenol formaldehyde resin) PUR(Polyurethane foam) Steel(General) Stainless steel(Magnetic) Stainless steel (Non-Magnetic) Aluminum Copper Rubber (General)

Recyclability rate 70 0 0 70 70 70 70 0 70 70 70 70 0 0 70 70 0 70 70 78 0 0 78 70 70 0 0 0 93 93 60 90 93 0

Recoverability rate 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 98 90 90 98 90 90 90 90 90 93 93 60 90 93 90

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Annex E : Example of Recyclability Rate Calculation

This example shows a recyclability rate calculation for a refrigerator based on the scenario "KEA Scenario for Large Household appliance".

Table A.1 recyclability rate calculation table

Brand name : Model (type/Variant) :

name of part

KEA-Ref Ref-541

mass(g)

Recycling Scenario Total weight (mEEE) :

material recycling rate(%)

KEA Large Home appliance 98,271g

recovery rate(%) recoverable mass(g) 90 90 375 72 ... 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 93 93 90 90 90 90 90 1,656 1,566 792 625 195 324 756 810 ... 978 2,399 323 ... 950 11,414 990 ... 39 8,411 9,306 1,863 ...

recyclable mass(g) -

Reusable parts Parts for selective treatment

PCB Main PCB F AS ... CASE VEGETB A CASE VEGETB B POCKET R S POCKET R M COVER DISPNS BOX Cover M/PCB BOX GASKET F DR AS GASKET R DR AS ... COMPRESSOR 10,870 2,665 359 1021 12273 1100 43 9345 10340 2070 Comp. motor motor Steel Steel Aluminium ABS ABS ABS PP ... 90 90 90 93 93 90 70 70 70 70 1,840 1,740 880 694 217 360 840 900 PS PS PS PS ABS PP PVC PVC 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 417 80 PCB PCB 10 10

42 8 ... 1,656 1,566 792 625 195 324 756 810 ... 978 2,399 323 ... 950 11,414 990 ... 30 6,541 7,238 1,449 ...

Parts with single recyclable material

Parts difficult to process

GEARED MOTR MOTOR R FAN AS ... PLATE DV AS

Metal separation

PLATE CAB EVAPORATOR AS ... DECO HNDLE T LINER F LINER R BASE CAB ...

Non-metal separation

Sum

(m

Recyclability Rate : Rrcy Recoverability Rate : Rrcv

(i )

× RCR(i ) )

(m

(i )

× RVR(i ) )

=74,035

=80,452

(m

(i )

× RCR( i ) )

mEEE

×100% =75.3%

(m

(i )

× RVR(i ) )

mEEE

× 100% =81.9%

566

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