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20111126

1

317 322 9160009000 4 46 427 3444 5 1400 2919 61 1 622 71 12 825 826 9 2 1113-15

826 ()

151Sm

10 > : Xe, Zr, Mo, Nd, Cs, Ru 10 ­ 103 : 90Sr, 90Y, 137Cs, 137mBa, 103

: Sb, Ce, Eu, Pm, Ru, Rh, Kr

< : 99Tc, Pu

3H 90Sr 131I 99Tc 137Cs 238U

226Ra 239Pu

, , , , ,

12.35 y 29.1 y 2.1×105 y 8.04 d 30.0 y 1600 y 4.5×109 y 24065 y

12 d 6000 d 0.75 d 7.6 d 70 d 16000 d 15 d 72000 d

3

() () ()

4

·

137Cs+134Cs

826

· :

­ ()

· 90Sr · 99Tc TcO4- ·

·

­ ­ IVVI IIIIVVVI

(50-90%)V

5

·

­ ­

· · ·

826

·

­ ()

6

826 ()

:

Fe, Al, Mn (, , etc.)

()

7

9

F

10

11

2050

2040 2030

2020

CO2

2010

iPS/ES

HEV

100%

14

15

KURION Kd(Cs)~500 Kd(Sr)<20 /Shaw +Silicotitanate Kd(Cs) >2,000 Kd(Sr)<20 AREVA , BaSO4 Kd(Cs)>105 (Sr)~10 (Sr-90, I-129)

+ Silicotitanate

(DOEES/WM-49) 826

16

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