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Active Seniors Nature and Outdoor Activities Holidays Canada Day, Independence Day, Tisha B'Av, Havdalah Let's Get Moving! Role of Physical Activity in Wellness and Culture Change Medical Notes Malnutrition Melodrama Hoppin' Hard Times at Mickey's Pub Professional Forecasting Inservice on Program Invitations
CELEBRATING 22 YEARS!
Publishers for the Activity Professional
A Monthly Publication for Activity & Recreation Professionals Vol. XXII, No. 7, July 2010, $6.00
July Is Celebrating Independence Month
Success Starts with Planning
CREATIVE FORECASTING, INC. P.O. Box 7789 Colorado Springs, CO 80933-7789, 719-633-3174, FAX: 719-632-4721 Editors: Mary Anne Clagett, CTRS, ACC and Pegi Schlis, CTRS, ACC Copyright © 2010 Creative Forecasting, Inc.
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In This Issue of Creative Forecasting
July 2010 Vol. XXII, No. 7
General Policy: It is the policy of Creative Forecasting that when we receive your new or expired renewal subscription, we will start your subscription with the next issue mailed. Issues are mailed 9 - 10 weeks prior to the month that is featured. Missed Issues: Notify our office within 30 days of any missed issues. After 30 days, issues will be replaced upon receipt of $6.00. Change of Address: Notification must be received in our office within 30 days of the change. Missed issues caused by a change of address will be replaced upon receipt of $6.00. Back Issues: The issues that have already been mailed to subscribers are considered back issues. Back issues are available for $6.00, postage paid, for each issue requested. Notice: Ideas and suggestions presented in this publication are intended for use by Activity and Recreation Professionals. Activities must be adapted for each resident or group as circumstances dictate. As always, the consultation of medical staff, physicians, or other applicable authority should be included in any activity program. Copyright Notice: Materials may not be reproduced from Creative Forecasting except for use with your residents and in the subscribing facility newsletter. Creative Forecasting cannot be copied for any other use without our express written permission. Use discretion when using and applying these materials so that you do not offend any of your readers or participants. Any reprinting must include this endorsement: REPRINTED WITH PERMISSION FROM CREATIVE FORECASTING, A Monthly Publication for Activity Professionals.
MELODRAMA Hoppin' Hard Times at Mickey's Pub...............................................................8 HOLIDAYS Canada Day, Independence Day, Tisha B'Av, Havdalah................................................11 LET'S GET MOVING Role of Physical Activity in Wellness and Culture Change..............................14 PROFESSIONAL FORECASTING Inservice on Program Invitations.................................................19 ACTIVE SENIORS Nature and Outdoor Activities...33 NATIONAL THERAPEUTIC RECREATION WEEK................................................................................34
JULY WORD PICTURES..........................................47 JULY BIRTHDAYS.....................................................48 BEARD & MOUSTACHE CHAMPIONSHIPS........48 FOODS OF JULY ......................................................49 BULLETIN BOARD TRIVIA......................................50 THIS WAS THE YEAR...1960...................................51 FIREWORKS & OTHER SUMMER TRIVIA............52 PERSON, PLACE, OR THING?...............................53 ANSWER PAGE.......................................................54
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8Creative Forecasting, Inc. July 2010 (719) 633-3174, Fax: (719) 632-4721, E-mail: [email protected] www.creativeforecasting.com
July 2010 Vol. XXII, No. 7
DATES TO CELEBRATE....................................................................................................................4 - 7 INTERGENERATIONAL ACTIVITIES Ice Cream.................................................................................15 OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH MEMORY-IMPAIRMENT Creative Expression.......16 MEDICAL NOTES Malnutrition....................................................................................................17 HOT FLASHES MDS 3.0 - Ready to Go!...............................................................................................20 MANAGEMENT SIMPLIFIED Communicating the Value of the Activity Program.............................21 MEN AT WORK July Activities..........................................................................................................22 REMINISCENT CORNER Remembering Historical Events.....................................................23 CRAFT IDEAS Canada Day Windsock, Patriotic Ribbon Pin, Beaded Dream Catcher...................24 CLIP ART............................................................................................................................................26 & 31 HUMOR PAGE Punny Country Music Song Titles, What's on the Menu?, Bad One Liners...................32 JOURNEY'S END July Historical Events in Quiet Corners...............................................................35 IT'S PARTY TIME! Build a Scarecrow Day.................................................................................................36 SIMPLE EXPRESSIONS (for Low Functioning Residents) A Place for Prayer.......................37 ACTIVITY EXCHANGE.........................................................................................................................38 SENSORY SENSATIONS Independence Day Sensory Kit..................................................................41 CREATIVE MUSINGS.............................................................................................................................42 MUSICAL NOTES Susan Boyle: The Underdog Singing Superstar..................................................43 TENNIS TERMS CROSSWORD PUZZLE............................................................................................44 FAMOUS RABBITS WORD SEARCH......................................................................................................45 RESOURCE SPOTLIGHT Book...................................................................................................46 FREQUENT REQUESTS Vacation Time Humor....................................................................................56 P.S.................................................................................................................................................................56 EVENT CALENDAR.................................................................................................................centerfold
Publisher: Creative Forecasting, Inc. Executive Editors: Mary Anne Clagett, CTRS, ACC, Pegi Schlis, CTRS, ACC Assistant Editors: Kinda Lenberg, BA, Susan Stoner, BFA Trivia Plus Editors: Rob Clagett, Nancy Logan, MS Circulation Manager: Rob Clagett Circulation Assistants: Nancy Logan, MS, Jan Caviness, BA Production & Operations Manager: Tim Schlis Artwork: MJW Designs, Zedcor, Inc., & Graphic Products Corp. Active Seniors Editor: Nancy Williams, CTRS, ACC Canadian Editor: Nancy J. Lewthwaite, BSR, OT Reg (BC) Nutrition Analyst: Norma Robinson, RD Medical Editor: Valerie J. Shereck, MSN, ANP-C Contributing Editors: Cathy Allen, CTRS, ACC, RCFE, Betsy Best-Martini, MS, CTRS, ACC, Natalie Davis, MA, ACC, Rev. David Ehline, M.Div., MSW, Casey Graham, CTRS, Barb Hartmann, CTRS, ADC, Debby Holmes, ADC, Tami Kremer, CTRS, ACC, Kimba Livesay, BS, ACC, Michele Mason, BA, John McIlvennan, BA, ADC, Rosann Moore, CTRS, Susan Newell, MA, CTRS, Michele Nolta, CTRS, ACC, Melissa Parker, BA-MT, Vicki Platt, MHA, CTRS, Brenda Scott, ADC, Linda Smith, MA, CTRS, LCSW, LPC, Mike Watters, MS, CTRS, ACC, Michelle Williams, BS, AD, Laura Wilson, BA-MT
8Creative Forecasting, Inc. July 2010 (719) 633-3174, Fax: (719) 632-4721, E-mail: [email protected] www.creativeforecasting.com
JULY 2010 Dates To Celebrate
Anti-boredom Month* Celebrating Independence Month** Cell Phone Courtesy Month Family Reunion Month Fireworks Safety Months (June & July)*** Herbal / Prescription Interaction Awareness Month Learn Arabic Month National Baked Beans Month National Bikini Month National Blueberries Month National Culinary Arts Month National Grilling Month National Horseradish Month National Hot Dog Month National Ice Cream Month National Make a Difference to Children Month National Peach Month National Picnic Month National Recreation and Parks Month National Tennis Month National Wheelchair Beautification Month Sandwich Generation Month Women's Motorcycle Month BIRTHSTONE - Ruby (Contentment) FLOWERS - Larkspur (Alt. - Water Lily) COLORS - Green and Russet
*For something different, involve residents and staff in performing a melodrama. See the melodrama, "Hoppin' Hard Times at Mickey's Pub," on pages 8 - 10. **Creative Forecasting has deemed July as Celebrating Independence Month since we are commemorating Canada Day on July 1 and United States' Independence Day on July 4. See "The Old Red, White, and Blue" and "This Is My Land" in Creative Musings on page 42. ***See Science section in Men at Work on page 22 and Fireworks & Other Summer Trivia in Trivia Plus on page 52. This month is sponsored by the North American Blueberry Council (www.nabcblues.org). In Canada, National Blueberry Month is celebrated in August. This month is sponsored by the Hot Dog & Sausage Council. Visit www.hot-dog.org (click on Facts & Trivia) for a hot dog trivia game and lots of other information. This month is sponsored by the International Dairy Foods Association (www.idfa.org/news--views/media-kits/ice-cream/ july-is-national-ice-cream-month). See Ice Cream in Intergenerational Activities on page 15. GUESS THE TENNIS TERMS - Dink Shot - Soft dipping shot that just clears the net that is often used in doubles, especially on return of the serve. Hopper - Container that holds large quantities of tennis balls. Solve Tennis Terms Crossword Puzzle on page 44 with residents. The founder of this month is the late Horace Knowles of Concord, CA. He believed the power of a single flower could brighten the image of an ordinary wheelchair to spread smiles. Attach a florist's water tube with Velcro near the top of each wheelchair to keep a flower in (inexpensive water tubes are available at florists). Another option is to use artificial flowers. ORIGIN OF JULY'S NAME - July was the fifth month in the early Roman calendar. It was named Quintilis, meaning fifth, and had 36 days. Romulus reduced it to 31 and Numa Pompilius to 30. Later, Julius Caesar restored one day giving it 31. In 44 B.C., Mark Antony named this month for Julius Caesar since Caesar's birthday fell on the 14th of the month. QUOTE FOR JULY - "The dandelions and buttercups gild all the lawn; the drowsy bee stumbles among the clover tops, and summer sweetens all to me." -James Russell Lowell. See Work-related section in Men at Work on page 22, Nature and Outdoor Activities in Active Seniors on pages 33 and 34, "Out Our Window" and "Memoirs of Summer" in Creative Musings on page 42, Foods of July picture page in Trivia Plus on page 49, and Fireworks & Other Summer Trivia in Trivia Plus on page 52. 1: Anniversary of the Battle of Somme (1916) - The Battle of Somme in France was the main Allied attack on the Western Front during 1916. The British army lost 57,470 troops that day (dead, seriously wounded, missing, and taken prisoner). For more information on this battle and other historical events that happened in July, see July Historical Events in Quiet Corners in Journey's End on page 35. 1: Anniversary of the Introduction of Zip Codes by the U.S. Postal Service (1963) 1: CANADA: Canada Day - See Holidays article starting on page 11, Cultural and Spiritual sections in Men at Work on page 22, and Canada Day Windsock in Craft Ideas on page 24. 1: Creative Ice Cream Flavors Day 1: International Joke Day - See Entertainment section in Men at Work on page 22. 1: National Postal Workers' Day - This day commemorates the anniversary of the first U.S. postage stamps that were issued in 1847. They were a 5-cent stamp with the picture of Benjamin Franklin and a 10-cent stamp with George Washington's likeness. Stamps were available prior to this date, but they were issued by private postal services. 2: 55th Anniversary of the TV Premiere of The Lawrence Welk Show (1955) 2: Halfway Point of 2010 - See activity ideas in Active Seniors in the June 2010 issue on page 33. Have a Halfway Point Party to celebrate this day. Decorate with signs with "½" written on them. Serve half portions of cookies and fruit and half full glasses of beverages. Have a sing-along, singing half of the songs.
8Creative Forecasting, Inc. July 2010 (719) 633-3174, Fax: (719) 632-4721, E-mail: [email protected] www.creativeforecasting.com
JULY 2010 Dates To Celebrate
2: I Forgot Day - This is a day to send an "I Forgot" greeting for missed birthdays, anniversaries, births, graduations, and other events. 2 - 4: 9th Annual Great International Chicken Wing Society Cook-off, Reno, NV (http://tgicws.com) 3: 2nd Annual North American Beard and Moustache Championship, Bremerton, WA (www.whiskerclub.org) - See Beard & Moustache Championships in Trivia Plus on page 48. 3: 37th Annual International Cherry Pit Spitting Championship, Tree-Mendus Fruit Farm, Eau Claire, MI (www.treemendusfruit.com) 3: Compliment Your Mirror Day 3: Stay Out of the Sun Day 3 - 25: FRANCE: 97th Annual Tour de France (www.letour.fr) - The world's best cyclists compete over three weeks for over 3,600 kilometers (almost 2,237 miles) in 1 prologue and 20 stages. The "Grand Depart" will take place from Rotterdam in the Netherlands. 3 - August 11: Dog Days - These are traditionally the hottest days in the Northern Hemisphere. In ancient times, the Sirius, the Dog Star, rose this time of year before or about the same time as the sunrise, and the people thought Sirius caused the hot weather. To appease the rage of Sirius, they sacrificed a brown dog at the beginning of this time of the year. 3 - August 15: Air Conditioning Appreciation Days 4: 40th Anniversary of the Radio Premiere of "American Top 40" (1970) - "American Top 40," hosted by Casey Kasem, was heard for the first time on this day on seven AM stations in the U.S. 4: Build a Scarecrow Day - See Build a Scarecrow Day in It's Party Time! on page 36. 4: Country Music Day - See Punny Country Music Song Titles on the Humor Page on page 32. 4: National Barbecue Day 4: U.S.: Independence Day - This day commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776 by the Continental Congress, representatives of the 13 colonies. This event led to autonomy from England and the formation of the United States of America. See Holidays article starting on page 12, Spiritual and Service sections in Men at Work on page 22, Patriotic Ribbon Pin in Craft Ideas on page 24, America the Beautiful Week in Activity Exchange on page 38, and Independence Day Sensory Kit in Sensory Sensations on page 41. 4: U.S.: Let Freedom RingTM National Bell Ringing Ceremony (www.let-freedom-ring.org) - The sponsors, Pennsylvania Society of Sons of the Revolution and its Color Guard, invite organizations to participate by ringing bells, just as the Liberty Bell will be symbolically tapped 13 times on July 4. Visit the web site for more information. 4 - 10: Be Nice to New Jersey Week 5: Anniversary of the Debut of the Bikini (1946) 5: U.S.: Independence Day (Observed) - Since July 4 falls on a Sunday, Monday is the legal public holiday. 5: Workaholics' Day 6: National Fried Chicken Day 6: Take Your Webmaster to Lunch Day 6: Use the information in the article, Creative Expression, in Opportunities for Individuals with Memory-impairment on page 16 for lots of activity ideas. 7: Father-daughter Take a Walk Day - See activity ideas in Active Seniors in the June 2010 issue on page 33. 7: National Strawberry Sundae Day 7: Tell the Truth Day 7 - 14: SPAIN: Running of the Bulls, Pamplona, Spain 8: GUESS THE YEAR - Popular movies this year were The Alamo, The Apartment, Elmer Gantry, Inherit the Wind, The Magnificent Seven, Pollyanna, Psycho, Swiss Family Robinson, and The Time Machine. ANSWER: 1960. See Trivia Plus on page 51. 8: HISTORICAL EVENTS ON THIS DAY - *In 1776, the Declaration of Independence was first read in public in Philadelphia. Tradition says that the Liberty Bell rang from the tower of the Pennsylvania State House (now known as Independence Hall). *In 1889, the first issue of the "Wall Street Journal" was published. *In 1969, U.S. troops began their withdrawal from Vietnam. See Remembering Historical Events in Reminiscent Corner on page 23 for two poems about two historical events and ideas of events for residents to talk or write about. 9: Dental Awareness Day (www.knowyourteeth.com) - This day is sponsored by the Academy of General Dentistry. Have a Dental Awareness Day Discussion with a dentist who specializes in oral care for older adults. 9: National Sugar Cookie Day 9: Student Intern Appreciation Day - Use the theme of We're All Smiles with You Here! Thanks! for recognition. Residents can make thank-you cards with lots of smiley faces to give. At a party, serve foods that can have smiley faces added to them (Cheez Whiz® on crackers, frosting on cupcakes, canned whipped cream on brownies).
JULY 2010 Dates To Celebrate
9 - 18: CANADA: Calgary Stampede, Calgary, AB (http://cs.calgarystampede. com) - This event is one of the world's largest rodeos. Other attractions are agricultural fair, parade, carnival, and entertainment. 10: Don't Step on a Bee Day 10: Teddy Bear Picnic Day - See activity ideas in Active Seniors in the June 2010 issue on page 33. In addition, see The Teddy Bears' Picnic in Intergenerational Activities on page 40 in the June 2009 issue. 11: 2010 FIFA World Cup Final, Johannesburg, South Africa (www.fifa.com/worldcup) - After one month of competition between 32 teams from around the world, the final two teams play today for the World Cup. For a Sunday activity, have a World Cup Final Party and watch the game. Check your local TV listings for time and channel. 11: Cheer Up the Lonely Day - See Social section in Men at Work on page 22. 11 - 17: National Laundry Workers' Week - Use the recognition activity mentioned on page 5 in Student Intern Appreciation Day on the 9 th. 11 - 17: National Therapeutic Recreation Week - See article on page 34 and use the recognition activity mentioned on page 5 in Student Intern Appreciation Day on the 9 th. 11 - 17: Sports Cliché Week 12: National Pecan Pie Day 12: PERSON, PLACE, OR THING? - Here's a clue: The entire project, begun in 1927 and completed in 1941, cost $989,992.32. Amazingly, no workers died during the carving. For more clues, see Trivia Plus on page 53. 13: 81st Annual Major League Baseball All-Star Game, Angel Stadium, Anaheim, CA (http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/events/ all_star/y2010/index.jsp) 13: QUOTE FOR THE DAY - "Do what we can, summer will have its flies." -Ralph Waldo Emerson 13 - 15: JAPAN: Obon Festival - Obon (some sources say O-bon or Bon) or "Festival of the Dead" is an important Buddhist tradition in the Japanese culture. According to Buddhist belief, the dead revisit the earth during these three days, and lanterns are lighted for the souls. On the last day, bonfires in the shape of the character dai are burned on hillsides, bidding farewell to the spirits of the dead. In some areas, Obon is celebrated on August 13 - 15. 14: 100th Birth Anniversary of William Hanna (1910 - 2001) Hanna was an animator, producer, director, and writer. He was the co-creator of animated characters such as Tom and Jerry, Yogi Bear, and Snagglepuss and had a long professional partnership with Joe Barbera. They created The Flintstones, The Jetsons, and Scooby-Doo, and many other cartoons and characters. 14: FRANCE: Bastille Day or Fête Nationale - On this day in 1789, The Bastille, which held political prisoners and became a symbol of oppression by the monarchy, was stormed, and the prisoners were freed. This event launched the French Revolution. See Educational section in Men at Work on page 22. 15: 48th Annual Hot Dog Night, Luverne, MN (www.luvernechamber.com) 15: Gummi Worm Day 15 - 21: National Rabbit Week - Complete the Famous Rabbits Word Search on page 45 with residents. 16: ONE LINERS HUMOR FOR THE DAY - *There's a special animal church for birds of prey. *Years ago, rye bread was a dime and pumpernickel. See What's on the Menu? and Bad One Liners on the Humor Page on page 32. 16: Use the information about Malnutrition in Medical Notes on pages 17 and 18 to share with your staff. 17: 55th Anniversary of the Opening of Disneyland, Anaheim, CA (www.disneyland.com) 17: CANADA: Canada's Parks Day (www.parksday.ca) - This day showcases Canada's parks and historical sites through numerous events taking place around the country. 17: National Peach Ice Cream Day 17: National Woodie Wagon Day 18: National Ice Cream Day a.k.a. Sundae Sunday - Hold a Sundae Sunday Social inviting residents, family members, and staff to make their own sundaes using different flavors of ice cream and a variety of toppings. Schedule live entertainment to add to the festive atmosphere. 18 - 25: Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) Education and Awareness Week 19: National Get Out of the Doghouse Day 19: National Hug Your Kids Day 19: QUOTE FOR THE DAY - "Nothing is more memorable than a smell. One scent can be unexpected, momentary, and fleeting, yet conjure up a childhood summer beside a lake in the mountains . . ." -Diane Ackerman. 20: JEWISH: Tisha B'Av or Fast of Ab - Tisha B'Av begins at sundown on the 19th. See Holidays article on page 39. 20: Lollipop Day 20: Moon Day - Moon Day celebrates the anniversary of man's first landing in the moon in 1969. Two U.S. astronauts, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, Jr., landed the lunar module Eagle and stayed on the moon over 21 hours. Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon, and Armstrong and Aldrin were on the moon's surface about three hours. 21: National Junk Food Day
21: Use Musical Notes on page 43 to introduce residents to Susan Boyle, a Scottish woman who gained international attention when she appeared as a contestant on the reality TV program, Britain's Got Talent, on April 11, 2009. 21 - 24: 20th Annual National Baby Food Festival, Fremont, MI (www.babyfoodfest.com) - This festival is held in the hometown of Gerber Products. 22: Birth Anniversary of Rev. William Archibald Spooner (1844 - 1930) - Rev. Spooner, a warden of New College, Oxford, had frequent slips of the tongue that led to the term, spoonerisms. Examples are Bleeping Sleauty for Sleeping Beauty, swell foop for fell swoop, tons of soil for sons of toil, blushing crow for crushing blow, and half-warmed fish for half-formed wish. 22: Hammock Day 23: Birthday of the Ice Cream Cone (1904) - According to the International Ice Cream Association, this date is considered the real birthday of the ice cream cone because of the great stir it caused at the St. Louis World's Fair on this day in 1904. 23: Gorgeous Grandma Day 23: Hot Enough for Ya Day 23: National Vanilla Ice Cream Day 23 - 25: 32nd Annual Gilroy Garlic Festival, Gilroy, CA (http://gilroygarlicfestival.com) 23 - August 1: Cheyenne Frontier Days, Cheyenne, WY (www.cfdrodeo.com) - This event has been held annually since 1897. It is known as the "Daddy of 'em All" and is the world's largest outdoor rodeo. There are many other events throughout these 10 days including parades, food, carnival, and entertainment. 24: 6th Annual National Day of the Cowboy 24: JEWISH: Havdalah - The Havdalah service marks the end of Shabbat, which begins at sunset on Fridays and ends on Saturdays at sunset. Havdalah officially begins when people can see stars in the sky. See Holidays article starting on page 39. 24: National Cousins' Day 24: National Drive-thru Day 24: National Tell an Old Joke Day 25: Act Like a Caveman Day 25: For a Sunday activity, have a Vacation Time Display. Previous to the activity, ask staff and family members to share vacation pictures. They can show photos or make a PowerPoint presentation or video. Start the activity by sharing the Vacation Time Humor in P.S. (back page), then the guests can share their multimedia vacation memories. Another option is to check out travel videos or DVDs from the library to show. 25: Full Moon - The Colonial American names are summer moon, buck moon, thunder moon, hay moon, and mead moon. The Choctaw Indian name is crane moon, and the Oto Indian name is buffalo rutting season moon. See Nature section in Men at Work on page 22. 25: Parent's Day - See Creative section in Men at Work on page 22. 26: 20th Anniversary of the Signing of the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990) - This law required that public facilities be made accessible to people with disabilities. 26: VIRGIN ISLANDS: Hurricane Supplication Day - This is a legal holiday when people attend churches to pray for protection from hurricanes. 27: 70th Birthday of Bugs Bunny (1940) 27: Anniversary of the Korean War Armistice (1953) - This agreement ended the Korean War that lasted three years and 32 days. 27: Walk on Stilts Day 28: National Milk Chocolate Day 28: The residents can make the Beaded Dream Catcher craft in Craft Ideas on page 24. 28: THOUGHT FOR THE DAY - "Rest is not idleness, and to lie sometimes on the grass under trees on a summer's day, listening to the murmur of the water, or watching the clouds float across the sky, is by no means a waste of time." -John Lubbock 29: National Chili Dog Day 29: National Lasagna Day 29: OLD WIVES' TALE FOR THE DAY - "Wind in the east, the fish bite the least. Wind in the west, the fish bite the best." See "Gone Fishing" in Creative Musings on page 42. 29 - 31: Great Texas Mosquito Festival, Clute, TX (www.mosquitofestival.com) 30: National Cheesecake Day 30: National Father-in-law Day 31: Anniversary of the Laying of the Cornerstone of the First U.S. Government Building (1792) - Ask residents what this building was. ANSWER: Philadelphia Mint 31: Birthday of Shredded Wheat® (1893) 31: National Raspberry Cake Day
JULY 2010 Dates To Celebrate
Hoppin' Hard Times at Mickey's Pub
C.J. Calhoun This melodrama takes place in the late 1800s in Sierra City, CA. CHARACTERS AND COSTUMES MICKEY LOBE - Pub and brewery owner and father of Stella. Speaks sternly, with a western-style drawl. He is very protective of his daughter, especially since the death of his wife, Corina, in a freak beer-brewing explosion (caused by the villain, Bud Brewster). Costume is overalls, old raggedy hat, and bushy moustache. SAM MILLER - Macho and good looking, but not incredibly bright. He is a regular at the pub and infatuated with Stella; however, he has never had the courage to tell her this and is afraid that if the pub closes, he will miss his chance. Bottom line is that Sam Miller loves beer and Stella and will not let anything keep him from either. Costume is cowboy boots, jeans, and a flannel shirt. BUD BREWSER - Villain intent on ruining Mickey Lobe's life. He was in love with Corina and hatched a plan to kill Mickey by placing dynamite into a brewing tank. Unfortunately for everyone, the plan backfired and killed Corina instead, a fact that is unknown to anyone other than Bud Brewser. Since then, he has been obsessed with bringing down Mickey's business. Costume is black pants, black boots, and a red shirt, preferably button-up. STELLA LOBE - Daughter of Mickey and bartender and waitress at the pub. Stella had plans to move to the big city (San Francisco) and escape the small town life until her mother's death which forced her to help her increasingly protective father. Although she loves her father very much, she has yet to find contentment in her current living situation. Costume is a modest dress, as old-styled as you can find, and long, curly hair. EXTRA PUB CUSTOMERS - Have extra customers sitting around Mickey's Pub, as space permits. SHERIFF - Tough guy. Costume is blue jeans, long-sleeved shirt with vest and badge and holster. SET To bring the pub to life, have a few tables for pub customers to sit at and another table for Stella to make the drinks. Use a folding screen to designate what happens inside and outside the pub. Set up a large barrel with a long rope tied on the side outside the pub. Add a large sign behind the barrel that says, "Outhouse." HINTS This is a comedy melodrama. The characters are written with exaggeration in mind. They should be played with great physical and verbal energy. In other words, these people are bigger than life, and life in the world of melodrama is black and white. Good is always very good, and evil is always very evil. Do not be afraid of overacting or overreacting. Melodramas need audience participation to be really fun. Make two sets of poster board signs. Following are the titles that need to be included in each set. YEAH! HOORAY! (hero's entrances and anytime anything good or heroic happens) OOH-AAH! (heroine's entrances and whenever anything sweet is said by her) AAHH! (love scenes or when sad things are happening or being said, especially during crying scenes) BOO! HISS! (villain's entrances and scenes; use with great abandon as true villains thrive on this abuse) Include in your cast two people to be sign holders. Have them stand on either side of the area where the action is. When anything is said or happens that the audience can respond to, hold up the appropriate signs. The sign people are "plants." They need to initiate the responses to encourage the crowd to join in (these responses are not included in the script) and are important to the overall feeling of the melodrama. A piano player also adds great flavor to this type of show. It can be simple chords played as punctuation to the action or background music throughout the melodrama and between scenes.
SCENE 1 - Inside Mickey's Pub MICKEY: Hey there, darlin', you keepin' them suds flowin' today? That storm last week really dealt a beatin' to our house, but I really don't have the moolah for repairs, so I'm prayin' for good business! STELLA: Oh, hi, father. Yeah, business is going fine. I think everyone in town heard that our walls nearly blew over, and a pub is the perfect place to gossip about ours and everyone else's damage! I won't complain though, anything to get that hole in my wall patched! I woke up this morning to a bird perched on my nose! MICKEY: (looking pitifully sad) Aw, Stella, I'll get that fixed first thing. Don't you worry yourself about it. You're all I got since your mom left. What am I doing if I'm not taking care of you? STELLA: Thanks, dad. (turns around to wipe out a glass and speaks to herself dejectedly) I can't believe I'm stuck in this town forever! Sierra City just doesn't have anything for me, but I could never leave daddy alone. SCENE 2 - Walking Towards and Eventually into the Pub BREWSER: (to the tune of Oh Susannah) Oh, Corina! How could you die on me? When I tried to make you mine, you went and got yourself some wings. (stops singing) Well, Corina, I may not have been able to be with you, but I sure am going to mess up that too-lazy-to-go-back-to-the-brewery-and-get-his-own-beer husband of yours. I'll never forgive him for sending you to get that barrel. I set that dynamite for him, gall dang-it! We'll see how much business he gets if his beer makes people sick! (checks his pockets to make sure something's there) This here poison should take care of that. (enters pub, spots Mickey, speaking very suspiciously cocky) Well, Mickey Lobe, if it ain't the man I came to see! I hear you got yourself a new brew that's the talk of the town. I figured it was high time I came down here to try it! MICKEY: Bud, you know what? You might be the only man in town I'd rather not try my new beer. I think the only halfway decent thing you've ever done was cry at Corina's funeral. At least that was the first time I ever seen you act anything but cold. Oh whatever, take a seat, I need your money anyhow. (yells towards the bar) Stella, bring me one of the Thunder Ales. (leaves the scene) BREWSER: (takes beer from Stella and hands her money) Keep the change; you might need it. (laughs suspiciously) SAM: Stella, do you think you could bring me a pint as well? Whenever it's convenient for you, of course. STELLA: Sure, Sam, coming right up. (brings Sam a glass) SAM: Golly thanks, Stella. Say, do you think sometime....oh never mind. Say, where did Mickey move the outhouse to? STELLA: It's just out back past the brewery. (walks back to the bar and Sam heads outside) BREWSER: (says under his breath) I think I'll be headin' that way soon myself, as well. (very sinister laugh) SCENE 3 - Outside the Pub BREWSER: (walks out of the pub and sees the barrel) Well, I say! If this ain't gonna be easier than counting to five! I should've done this years ago! One, find yer-self some poison. Two, get it into Mickey's business establishment, very sneaky like. Three, make my way back to the brewing barrel under false pretenses, also very sneaky like. (kind of mumbles of) I should teach a sneak class when I finish this. Do they have those? I bet I could . . . (shaking his head back to reality) Oh, anyway (standing next to the barrel), and here we are at the end. Easier than counting to five, like I thought! Step number four (pulls the poison out of his pocket), pour the poison into the barrel. SAM: (walking out of the outhouse, spots Brewser, and kneels down to hide, talking to himself) Now, Mr. Bud Brewser, what in the Sam heck do you think you're doing today? Call me crazy, but I'd bet that Mickey didn't ask you to go piddlin' around his beer. What is that he's got there? (squinting) I see an X, and maybe a circle? No! Wait! That's a face! I know that symbol. It's a skull and crossbones! That's poison he's dumping into that there beer! (running into Brewser to stop him) Oh, no you don't, you dirty rotten little rat! (Stella, hearing the commotion, comes outside, though Sam doesn't see her.) As long as I can help it, I'll never let anyone bring harm to Stella or her family! She's a good and beautiful girl who's already had too much to deal with in her young life! (Sam ties Brewser to the barrel.)
STELLA: Sam, what in the wide world is going on here? SAM: Stella! This scoundrel was trying to poison that new brew of yours! I was coming back from the outhouse, when I spied him. (Mickey enters behind the scene where no one notices him.) I saw him pour a little bag with the skull and crossbones symbol into that barrel of beer over there. As soon as I knew what he was doing, I did what I could to stop him. STELLA: Oh, Sam! I never knew you were so heroic! You saved my daddy's business. Thank you so much! (gives Sam a big hug) And you! (sounding angry and turning towards Brewser) How dare you try to hurt my father and in this way! The same way my momma... (trailing off as it hits her) died. You did that, too, didn't you, Bud Brewser? (looking at Sam) It's like they always say, isn't it? How the criminals always return to the scene of the crime. He thought he was successful with killing my momma this way, he'd just go ahead and try and ruin our family some more. MICKEY: You mean son of a (interrupted by Sam). SAM: Whoa there, Mickey, watch the French! Your daughter's around. MICKEY: I knew you were a rat, Bud Brewser, but I would've never guessed you to be that low! To kill Corina! BREWSER: I never meant to kill Corina, you ignorant buffoon! It was YOU I was trying to get rid of. I was trying to clear the path to the love of my life that you blocked years ago. And then you went and sent her back to get the next batch of brew, and ruined the whole darn thing! STELLA: (dumps the barrel on him) Guess you and your plans are all washed up, Brewser! SCENE 4 - A Happy Ending MICKEY: Sam, can you stay here and watch this rat while I go and grab the sheriff? SAM: 'Course, Mickey. MICKEY: Thanks, Sam. You've really been some kind of huge help today! (walks out of the scene) STELLA: You sure have been, Sam! SAM: Well, Stella, I may not have the courage to talk to you usually, but when it comes to someone trying to cause you harm, that's over the line. I'd never let anyone hurt you, if I can help it! STELLA: Shucks, Sam, I never knew you were so inclined to feel that way about me. I spend so much time trying to take care of daddy that I haven't taken much time to think that someone might want to take care of me! (hugs Sam) Maybe staying around this town isn't the unfortunate fate I've always thought it was. MICKEY: (walks back into the scene followed by the sheriff) There he is, sheriff. Get him out of here! SHERIFF: All right, Bud, I think we have some things we need to discuss back at my office. (picks Brewser up and pushes him along off the set) BREWSER: (on his way out) I'll get you someday, Mickey Lobe. I swear I will! MICKEY: Well, what do you guys think? Shall we go have ourselves a drink to celebrate? STELLA: (winks at and nudges Sam) Well, we do have a lot to celebrate, don't we? SAM: (taking Stella arm in arm) We sure do, Stella, we sure do. CJ is a jeweler in Topeka, KS since 2003. He lives in Lawrence, KS and spends his free time playing in bands and actively promoting arts in his community. CF
CANADA DAY July 1, 2010
Nancy J. Lewthwaite, BSR, OT Reg (BC) On Thursday, July 1, Canada will celebrate her 143rd birthday! It is a holiday and an opportunity to gather proudly in communities to celebrate our country and her citizens with a variety of activities and events. On Canada Day, many cities and towns hold citizenship ceremonies for the numerous immigrants who wish to become Canadian citizens. Canada has welcomed generations of newcomers from all over the world inside its borders to build a free, law-abiding, and prosperous society. Diverse groups make up the Canadian identity and multicultural society. The largest groups are English, French, Scottish, Irish, German, Italian, Chinese, Aboriginal, Ukrainian, Dutch, South Asian, and Scandinavian. Since the 1970s, most of the immigration has been from Asian countries. Obtaining citizenship means an immigrant becomes a full member and participant in Canadian society, taking advantage of the rights available to them. The rights, enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, include democratic rights, mobility rights (live and work anywhere in Canada, enter and leave the country, apply for a passport), legal rights, equality rights (men and women equal under the law), and language rights. By becoming a Canadian citizen, immigrants are able to apply for a passport, vote in an election, and run for political office. Along with the rights outlined above come certain responsibilities for every citizen. These responsibilities include obeying Canada's laws - no person or group is above the law, taking responsibility for oneself and one's family (i.e., obtaining a job and working hard), serving on a jury when called upon to do so, helping others in the community (volunteering), caring for and protecting Canada's heritage and environment, respecting the rights and freedoms of others, and voting in elections. All citizens derive benefits from the society, so it is their responsibility to make a positive contribution to society. Immigrants must study and pass a citizenship test prior to becoming a citizen. When they pass the test and meet all other requirements, they receive a Notice to Appear to take the Oath of Citizenship and are given the time and date for this to occur. At the ceremony itself, the person takes the oath of citizenship, signs the oath form, and receives a Canadian citizenship certificate.
The following questions are based on the citizenship test. Keep score if you wish and offer a small Canadian flag as a prize to the person with the highest score. CANADIAN CITIZENSHIP QUIZ P Whose portrait is on the $5 bill? SIR WILFRED LAURIER P What is the capital of Saskatchewan? REGINA P Who is Canada's greatest soldier? GENERAL SIR ARTHUR CURRIE P What are the three branches of government? EXECUTIVE, LEGISLATIVE, JUDICIAL P What is the Friday holiday immediately preceding Easter Sunday? GOOD FRIDAY P Which is the only official bilingual province? NEW BRUNSWICK P Canada's largest naval base is also the capital of Nova Scotia. What is it? HALIFAX P What is Canada's highest court called? SUPREME COURT OF CANADA P What is the right to challenge unlawful detention by the state called? HABEUS CORPUS P How many judges are there on the Supreme Court of Canada? NINE P Who was the first person to map Canada's Atlantic shore? JOHN CABOT P What is the highest honor available to Canadians? VICTORIA CROSS P Who is known as "The Greatest Living Canadian"? DR. WALTER PENFIELD P Who is Canada's largest international trading partner? UNITED STATES P Queen Elizabeth has been Queen of Canada since what year? 1952 P What province is known as the birthplace of confederation? PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND P What is the head of government called? PRIME MINISTER P What are the colors of the Canadian flag? RED AND WHITE P Who was the founder of the women's suffrage movement in Canada? DR. EMILY STOWE Print copies of the oath of citizenship and read aloud together. Oath of Citizenship I swear That I will be faithful And bear true allegiance To Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second Queen of Canada Her Heirs and Successors And that I will faithfully observe The Laws of Canada And fulfill my duties as a Canadian citizen.
Invite a member or members of the group who may be of a different culture to share information about their origins and what it meant to become a Canadian citizen. Another option is to invite someone from the community to share his views and perspectives of coming to Canada. Make ethnic foods such as Double Tomato Bruschetta (recipe below). See other suggestions below. DOUBLE TOMATO BRUSCHETTA (ITALIAN) · 6 Roma tomatoes (plum tomatoes) · ½ cup sundried tomatoes packed in oil · 3 cloves garlic, minced · ¼ cup olive oil · 2 Tbsp. balsamic vinegar · ¼ cup fresh basil, stems removed · ¼ tsp. salt · ¼ tsp. black pepper · 1 French baguette (skinny bread loaf) · 2 cups shredded mozzarella cheese 1) Preheat oven on broiler setting. 2) In bowl, combine first eight ingredients. Let sit for 10 - 15 minutes. 3) Cut baguette into half-inch slices. On a baking sheet, arrange slices in a single layer and broil for 1 - 2 minutes until lightly browned. 4) Divide tomato mixture evenly over the baguette slices. Top with mozzarella cheese. 5) Broil 4 - 5 minutes until cheese is melted and tomatoes are heated through. YIELD: 12 servings Per Serving - 180 calories, 11 g fat, 15 mg chol, 15 g carbo, 6 g protein, Exchanges - ½ protein, 1 starch, 1½ fat Other Suggestions Purchase ready-made samosas (East Indian). Serve warm with purchased mango chutney sauce. Purchase frozen pierogies (Ukrainian). Heat and serve with sour cream and pickles. Serve Chinese tea and fortune cookies.
ACTIVITY IDEAS Tell true stories about our Founding Fathers. There are amazing stories about our Founding Fathers of perseverance and bravery. The following excerpt is from "The Bullet Proof President" from America's Godly Heritage by David Barton. It is reprinted with permission from WallBuilders. This excerpt speaks of the protection of George Washington during a battle in the French and Indian War. "The next day, Washington wrote a letter to his family explaining that after the battle was over, he had taken off his jacket and had found four bullet holes through it, yet not a single bullet had touched him; several horses had been shot from under him, but he had not been harmed. He told them: `By the all powerful dispensations of Providence, I have been protected beyond all human probability or expectation...' " "However, the story does not stop here. Fifteen years later, in 1770--now a time of peace--George Washington and a close personal friend, Dr. James Craik, returned to those same Pennsylvania woods. An old Indian chief from far away, having heard that Washington had come back to those woods, traveled a long way just to meet with him. He sat down with Washington, and face-to-face over a council fire, the chief told Washington that he had been a leader in that battle fifteen years earlier, and that he had instructed his braves to single out all the officers and shoot them down. Washington had been singled out, and the chief explained that he personally had shot at Washington seventeen different times, but without effect. Believing Washington to be under the care of the Great Spirit, the chief instructed his braves to cease firing at him. He then told Washington: `I have traveled a long and weary path that I might see the young warrior of the great battle...I am come to pay homage to the man who is the particular favorite of Heaven, and who can never die in battle.' " Read more stories about the Founding Fathers. Four good books available at www.wallbuilders.com are America's Godly Heritage by David Barton, The Bulletproof George Washington by David Barton, Lives of the Signers of the Declaration and Wives of the Signers. They are very inexpensive books. Ask the seniors to tell their war stories. Listen to residents' personal stories and record them. Invite a group of children to visit when the stories are told.
INDEPENDENCE DAY July 4, 2010
Michele Mason, BA Independence Day commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. We cherish the gift of freedom that so many fought and died for and still die for today and honor the brave leaders and military men and women who have the integrity and courage that our forefathers had. There are a few groups that are dedicated to preserving freedom and educating people about the forefathers and what they went through to acquire our freedom. One of those groups is Wallbuilders. Visit www.wallbuilders.com (click on Library) to find out more and print various historical documents.
Write acrostic poems from words associated with Independence Day. Examples of words are America, bravery, freedom, and fireworks. To make an acrostic, write the letters vertically down the page. Use each letter as the first letter of words that describe the word being written about. Here's an example: Founding Fathers Revolutionary War Everyone created equal Endowed by Creator - Life, Liberty, Pursuit of Happiness Declaration of Independence Only the brave need apply Marines, Army, Navy, Air Force Make patriotic streamer flags. Tape red, white, and blue streamers or tissue paper cut into strips to craft sticks. Use during exercises while playing patriotic music or the seniors can wave them during a patriotic sing-along. Listen to patriotic music. Listen to Wee Sing America. It is for children, but it is good for adults to listen to also. It has the Preamble to the Constitution and quotes from various Presidents mixed in between the songs. Make a patriotic collage. Seniors can cut out pictures of soldiers, historical figures, and other patriotic pictures from magazines. Copies of pictures can also be made of the seniors' relatives who served in the military. They can glue the pictures to make a collage. Markers can be used to draw pictures or write comments around the collage. Make a pointillist flag. In the artistic style of pointillism, dots of paint are placed next to each other, without mixing them together, to make a brilliant picture. Show the seniors an example of pointillism, "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte" by Seurat. (Visit www.artchive.com/artchive/S/seurat/jatte.jpg.html.) This painting is as large as a wall and has over three million dots! Provide the seniors with acrylic paints, cotton swabs, and paper. If they wish to do so, participants can draw a flag on their papers (very lightly) to use as a guide when painting. Using the paint and cotton swabs, they can make dots on their paper to paint their flags. Another way to make a pointillist picture is by using paper dots. Simply use a hole punch and colored paper to punch out various colors of dots to glue onto paper to make a picture. Play an intergenerational red, white, and blue guessing game. Have seniors and children sit in a circle. Go around the circle asking each person to name an object that is the color red (i.e., strawberries, apple, stripes on the American flag). Give a limited time for people to name objects. If they can't name an item, go onto the next person or let the others help. Keep going until no one can think of any more red items. Then ask the participants to name white items, then blue.
GUESS THE PRESIDENTS P Before I was President, I was the commanding general for the Union army during the Civil War. ULYSSES S. GRANT P I served as Ronald Reagan's Vice President before I became President myself. GEORGE H.W. BUSH P As President, I bought California and New Mexico to add to the Union. JAMES K. POLK P I was known as Silent Cal. CALVIN COOLIDGE P I said, "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!" RONALD REAGAN P I gave the famous speech, The Gettysburg Address. ABRAHAM LINCOLN P My son was also President. (Hint: two possibilities) JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, GEORGE W. BUSH P I served two terms and was there during 9-11. GEORGE W. BUSH P I did not want to be President. GEORGE WASHINGTON P I said, "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country." JOHN F. KENNEDY P I proposed the Great Society program. LYNDON B. JOHNSON P I wrote the Declaration of Independence. THOMAS JEFFERSON P Because of polio, I used a wheelchair. FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT P I am the first African-American President. BARRACK OBAMA P I was a football player for the University of Michigan in my college days. GERALD FORD P I was known for my love of Jelly Bellies® and was known as "The Gipper." RONALD REAGAN P I said, "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself." FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT P I was the first President who was impeached. ANDREW JOHNSON P I had to make the difficult decision to drop the atomic bombs during the Second World War. HARRY S TRUMAN Flag Trivia: There are eight sites where flags are flown 24 hours a day according to an executive order. They are The White House, Washington Monument, Iwo Jima Memorial in Arlington, VA, Winter Encampment Camps in Valley Forge, PA, Fort McHenry in Baltimore, MD (after a battle here in the War of 1812, a flag flying inspired Francis Scott Key to write The Star-Spangled Banner), The StarSpangled Banner Flag House in Baltimore, MD, All points of entry to the U.S., and Battleground in Lexington, MA (where the first shots of the Revolutionary War were fired).
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Let's Best-Martini, MS, CTRS Get Moving! Betsy
ROLE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN WELLNESS AND CULTURE CHANGE
Activities and recreational therapy are based on the dimensions of wellness as a core component of service. The six programs offered include the physical, intellectual, social, vocational, emotional, and spiritual. State and federal regulations in skilled nursing, assisted living, and adult day health settings mandate communities offer these as core elements of meaningful and person-centered programs. We have embraced wellness as an essential part of what creates quality of life in all settings. Culture change is also a part of our history in long term care settings. It began back in the 1970s, but truly has not been fully integrated into our programs and settings until the past few years. In this column, I continually focus on the need for the Activity Professional to be a role model in helping individuals and communities change. This is the perfect time for the wellness focus and culture change focus to be a priority goal for your work with older adults and frail elders. Be a part of this positive and exciting change. The International Council on Active Aging (ICAA, www.icaa.cc) uses the wellness model as the core of its philosophy and organization. Just this year, the ICAA is adding a seventh dimension, environment. I look forward to the addition of environment, as it is a crucial, revolutionizing agent in culture change, along with wellness. Address the physical, personal, spiritual, American with Disabilities Act guidelines, cultural, psychosocial, and working environments in the context of meaningful programs. Use the forms in this resource for your use in quality assurance pertaining to environment. Activity Professionals need to take a closer look at the environment of their settings to determine how it also supports and nurtures the physical dimension of wellness. When we focus on the physical dimension of wellness in our programs, it strengthens all the other dimensions. WAYS TO FOCUS AND CREATE ENVIRONMENTS THAT BUILD THE PHYSICAL COMPONENT OF WELLNESS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Redefine Aging < Old stereotypes limit both older adults and the people / staff who work with them. Look less at chronological age and more at the essence of the individual. We all feel young at heart when we feel well. Physical activity has both physical and psychological evidence-based positive results. Think about your own experiences in the aging process and assure that your programs focus on the positive aspects and how you would like programs to be if you were a client in any of these settings.
Create Environments that Enhance and Motivate Physical Activity < Do you have gardens that are inviting enough from the windows that people want to walk or sit outdoors? < How accessible is your physical environment both indoors and outdoors to create ease in mobility and activity? < Measure the distance of outdoor paths and indoor halls. Promote walking and wheelchair mobility with maps of distances, pedometer use, simple one- or two- exercise stations for people to exercise on their own. < Get staff involved in promoting this wellness concept. It needs to be a culture which means everyone is a part of it succeeding. Are you getting assistance in transporting clients to and from events and encouraging participation? < Create a physical activity committee to review what currently is offered and get input from the people who live there. Are you really understanding their needs and interests? Assess Your Population's Physical Activity Needs < This sounds like a simple suggestion, but it is not. We work in the most diverse settings in terms of needs, abilities, and limitations. < Create physical activity programs that enhance current skills, even if improving skills is not realistic. Work with the talents there. < Create a good blend of both seated and standing exercise routines, along with balance classes for both seated and standing. < Design smaller specialty groups for specific disorders such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, arthritis, Parkinson's disease, and dementia-specific physical activity programs. < Get the training you need to lead physical activity programs or seek specialists and therapists in this area. Injuries can occur easily if individual goals and needs are not clearly understood. With one injury, an individual may choose not to come back to physical activity. This choice could impact physical function for the rest of his life. < Focus on the individual needs and then design the groups to meet these needs. RESOURCES < Rose, D. (2008). FallProof. Human Kinetics. www.human kinetics.com < Scott, S. (2008). ABLE Bodies Balance Training. Human Kinetics. www.humankinetics.com < Spirduso, W., Francis, K., MacRae, P. (2005). Physical Dimensions of Aging. Human Kinetics. www.human kinetics.com < Best-Martini, E., Weeks, M. Wirth, P. (2008). Long Term Care, 5th Edition. Idyll Arbor. www.idyllarbor.com < Best-Martini, E. & Botenhagen, K. (2003). Exercise for Frail Elders. Human Kinetics. www.humankinetics.com Let's Keep Moving toward wellness and culture change in 2010! Contact me with any questions or specifics about your programs: [email protected] or www.betsybest.com. CF 14
Michele Mason, BA
Doesn't everyone love ice cream? During National Ice Cream Month, engage in some of the following activities with the seniors and a group of hungry children. ICE CREAM RECIPES MINI ICE CREAM CONE CAKES · 18.25-oz. box cake mix and ingredients to make it · 18-count pkg. ice cream cones · 1 can frosting · variety of toppings (i.e., red, white, and blue candy sprinkles, M&M's®, and candy cake decorations) 1) Make the cake mix according to directions on the box. 2) Pour the batter into the ice cream cones, filling them half full. 3) Place cones in muffin tins and bake in a 350° oven for 25 minutes. Let cool. 4) Frost cone cakes and decorate with toppings. YIELD: 18 cakes CLOWN ICE CREAM CONES · 2- 1.75 quart cartons of ice cream, vanilla · 12-count pkg. waffle ice cream cones · 6.4-oz. red, yellow, and blue decorator cans of icing with tips · candies to decorate clown face (candy sprinkles, red hots, M&M's®) 1) Put a large scoop of ice cream in a cone. 2) Flip the cone upside down on a paper plate. Push the ice cream down slightly so it stays in place. 3) Decorate the cone hat of the clown with the decorator icing. 4) Decorate the clown's face by putting candies into the ice cream for the eyes, nose, and mouth. 5) Put back in the freezer for at least one hour to harden, then serve. YIELD: 12 clowns cones DIRT DESSERT ICE CREAM CAKE · 1.75 quart any flavor of ice cream · 1 lb., 2-oz. pkg. Oreo® cookies 1) Take ice cream out of refrigerator and let thaw a bit. 2) Place plastic wrap along the bottom of a 9" x 9" pan. 3) Place 2/3 of the Oreos® in a gallon-size zipper-closing bag and crumble the cookies with a rolling pin. 4) Place half of the cookies in the bottom of the pan. 5) Scoop the ice cream on top of the crumbled cookies, pushing the ice cream down slightly and smoothing the top with a spatula.
6) Place the other half of the crumbled cookies on top of the ice cream and cover with aluminum foil. 7) Place in the freezer for at least 3 - 4 hours. Remove from freezer, cut, and serve. YIELD: 12 servings ICE CREAM CONE GAMES + Play Waffle Cone Catch. Pair the seniors and children. Give each pair two empty waffle cones and a small rubber ball that will fit easily into the cones. Let them play catch by throwing and catching the ball in their cones. + Sing Ice Cream Karaoke. Have you ever noticed that microphones look like ice cream cones? Point this out to the seniors and children, then join in with some Ice Cream Karaoke. Don't forget to sing "I scream, you scream, we all scream for ice cream!" + Play Ice Cream Twister®. Turn a regular Twister® game into Ice Cream Twister®. Instead of calling out the colors on the mat (red, blue, yellow, green), call out ice cream flavors (strawberry, blueberry, vanilla, and mint). + Guess which ice cream flavors are the favorites. The information listed is from the International Ice Cream Association based in Washington, DC. The favorite flavors worldwide are 1. Vanilla, 29% 2. Chocolate, 8.9% 3. Butter Pecan, 5.3% (Tied for third place) 3. Strawberry, 5.3% (Tied for third place) 5. Neapolitan, 4.2% 6. Chocolate Chip, 3.9% 7. French Vanilla, 3.8% 8. Cookies and Cream, 3.6% 9. Vanilla Fudge Ripple, 2.6% 10. Praline Pecan, 1.7% + Have an Ice Cream Shop. When I was a secondgrade teacher, one of our benchmark activities (ending with the mastery of a skill, in this case, money) was participating in an ice cream shop. The children would earn play money through good behavior and save it for the ice cream shop. The more money they earned, the more ice cream or toppings they could buy. The ice cream shop was set up in centers (tables that were decorated with posters) that had various ice cream items to buy. The children started at table one to pay for the items with the appropriate amount of money and continued from table to table. Table 1 - Ice cream cone or dish and spoon - 25¢ Table 2 - Bananas for banana splits - 35¢ Table 3 - Ice cream - $1.00 (set the ice cream in coolers when not being used) Table 4 - Toppings: chocolate, strawberry, pineapple, and caramel - 15¢ each Table 5 - Candy sprinkles - 50¢ Table 6 - Whipped cream - 25¢ Table 7 - Maraschino cherries - 10¢ each CF
Opportunities for Individuals with Memory-impairment
Cathy Allen, CTRS, ACC, RCFE
Creative expression is an excellent way to stimulate both sides of the brain for individuals with memory-impairment. This article has lots of examples to implement creative expression. ART PROGRAM GOALS Promote individuality and a sense of well-being Offer opportunities for self-esteem building through the process of participating in the art program Elevate the residents' mood Provide opportunities for increased tactile stimulation Increase visual stimulation through examples and residents' work Decrease agitation and anxiety Increase decision-making opportunities Create problem-solving opportunities Provide opportunities for socialization with peers, staff, and volunteers Enhance verbal and non-verbal communication skills Suggested art and craft supplies to use are watercolor paints and paper, oil paints, tempera paints, poster paints, paintbrushes, sponges, clay (non-toxic), wire, metal, ceramics, foam, stones and small rocks, pipe cleaners (great for bending and creating three-dimensional designs), calendars (use as reference or to copy pictures), magazines (great for collages), sponges, construction paper (variety of colors), drawing paper, lead pencils, colored pencils, colored markers (variety of sizes and colors), colored chalk, charcoal, and India ink. COLLAGE Allow the resident to cut, tear, or sort pre-cut pictures from a variety of magazines and place them on paper as a wonderful opportunity for self-expression. DRAWING Offer a variety of paper and drawing utensils such as lead pencils, colored pencils, and colored markers. AROMATHERAPY PROGRAMS Aromatherapy is proven to reduce agitation and anxiety. Scents of chamomile, lavender, and lemon are good to calm the environment, while peppermint is a good choice to lift the mood of the residents and make them more alert. CREATIVE WRITING Some residents will be able to do this task. Some might need a staff member or volunteer to do the writing for them. This activity can be implemented by providing a theme, writing the word on the top of a sheet of paper, and allowing
the residents to write or draw as they want. In addition, you can use this time as a reminiscing program. For example. write Independence Day at the top of the paper. Let the residents write, draw, and discuss their memories about Independence Day. GARDENING Provide gardening programs as a wonderful way to enhance the residents' memories of gardening and farming and provide task completion activities and tactile stimulation. HOMEMADE PLAY DOUGH Use homemade play dough to provide tactile stimulation and fine motor control. In addition, the residents can manipulate the dough to make figures or shapes. When the dough dries, the residents can paint it. Editor's Note: See recipe for Homemade Play Dough on page 38. COOKING Provide a cooking kit for the residents to see, touch, and reminisce about. Make simplified recipes. Allow the residents to assist with measuring, mixing, and cutting with plastic utensils or a blunt knife with supervision. DANCING Many residents used to go ballroom dancing, tango, square dancing, classical dancing, two-step dancing, etc. COLLECTIONS Many elderly residents had collections (i.e., coins, stamps, buttons, dolls, spoons, bells) at some point in their lives. If individuals in the early stage of memory impairment have collections, they can talk about them. BIRD WATCHING Bird watching helps the novice or the experienced watcher identify birds and is part of nature's beauty. MUSIC PROGRAMS Provide music-related programs such as bell ringing, playing instruments, singing, and dancing for individuals with memory-impairment to express independence and as a result, enhance self-confidence. Memory Impairment - An Educational Resource & Training Manual for Working with the Memory Impaired, by Cathy Allen, is for sale for $35 plus $5 s/h from Cathy Allen, P.O. Box 53574, Irvine, CA 92619, (714) 376-6169, fax (949) 551-2566, e-mail: [email protected] For Canadian residents, the book is $43 plus $8 s/h (total in U.S. funds). CF
Valerie J. Schereck, MSN, ANP-C
Malnutrition is a broad term. Typically, it refers to inadequate nutrition. Nutrition in older adults is complicated and impacted by other factors such as health problems, access, preparation and digestion of foods, energy expenditure and caloric requirements, as well as personal food preferences. Malnutrition is more common in older adults than in younger adults and is complicated by the fact that older adults have less ability to experience hunger. Therefore, older adults are less likely to regain weight and return to baseline without some type of intervention or treatment. Malnutrition is usually characterized by involuntary weight loss in older adults. Some studies suggest that weight loss in older adults is predictive of mortality. Loss of as little as 5% of weight over a three-year period is associated with increased mortality in studies done among communitydwelling older adults. Weight loss is considered to be clinically significant with the following parameters: 1.) 2% decrease of baseline body weight in one month; 2.) 5% decrease in three months; or 3.) 10% decrease in six months. As defined by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) of 1987, nursing home residents are considered to have meaningful weight loss if they have lost 5% of usual body weight in 30 days or 10% in six months. IDENTIFICATION There are multiple screening tools that have been developed for identifying malnutrition in older adults. Among these are the Simplified Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ); Senior in Community Risk Evaluation for Eating and Nutrition (Screen II); Malnutrition Universal Screening Tools (MUST); DETERMINE, which was developed by the USA Nutrition Screening Initiative, and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Perhaps the simplest screen for nutritional adequacy in older adults is serial measurements of body weight. Obtaining accurate weights in the elderly may be challenging, especially among the frail. A chair or bed scale may be needed for individuals who cannot stand. CAUSES Involuntary weight loss in the elderly is usually caused by one or more of the following factors: inadequate dietary intake, loss of appetite, disease processes, and loss of muscle mass (atrophy). Multiple factors can be involved in weight loss due to inadequate dietary intake. These factors can include social factors (i.e., poverty, social isolation), psychological factors such as depression or dementia, medical factors such as difficulty chewing or swallowing, or effects of medications.
Social factors such as social isolation at meal times can have a profound effect on the eating habits of the elderly. Several studies have shown that older adults who eat in the presence of others consume more food than those who eat alone. Financial concerns can also affect an elderly individual's ability to acquire food. He may limit food intake in order to pay for medications or other necessities. The most important medical and psychiatric causes of weight loss in the elderly are malignancy (cancer) and depression. Difficulty swallowing is present in approximately 7% - 10% of the older population. It occurs in about one half of individuals who suffer a stroke or have Parkinson's disease. Other important medical causes of weight loss in the elderly include thyroid disorders or newly diagnosed diabetes, congestive heart failure, kidney failure, liver failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis, gastrointestinal disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, neurological disorders, drug or alcohol abuse, and side effects of medications. Age-related changes or physiologic factors can be associated with malnutrition in the elderly. As individuals age, they have lower perceptions of odor and odor intensity. Although the number of taste buds is constant, the threshold for detecting salt and other tastes increases. These changes in taste and smell can alter their appetite and the ability to enjoy certain foods. As individuals age, they experience delayed gastric emptying, thus causing a feeling of fullness after only eating a small amount and not being able to eat as much. Decreased physical activity and decreased resting energy expenditure can also cause decreased appetite. EVALUATION OF MALNUTRITION Malnutrition and weight loss in the elderly should always be a concern. Body weight and changes should be documented over time through serial weights. Appetite and dietary intake can be assessed using one of the screening tools mentioned previously. A complete history and physical should be performed by the individual's primary care provider. Comprehensive laboratory data should be obtained to evaluate for evidence of metabolic or inflammatory disease. Laboratory data should also include a Vitamin B12 level and Vitamin D level, as these minerals are often found to be deficient in the elderly (especially in those who are malnourished). Chest films and plain abdominal films may be considered. There is some controversy whether more aggressive testing such as CT scan or MRI of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis should be done in individuals with ongoing weight loss. Colonoscopy is not usually indicated in individuals with weight loss or malnutrition, as colon cancer does not usually cause weight loss unless there is obstruction or extensive metastasis. TREATMENT Treatment of malnutrition is based on the underlying cause (i.e., depression). If the person's food intake is inadequate, dietary restrictions should be lifted whenever possible.
High-calorie foods should be provided. Between-meal snacks should also be encouraged. Social support should be provided to ensure that feeding or shopping assistance is available. Care should be taken in assessing the individual's food preferences, especially being sensitive to cultural and religious preferences. Dietary supplements such as Ensure® and Boost® can be used between meals. Adding milk powder, whey protein, egg whites, or tofu can increase the protein content of food and increase the nutrient density. Giving a multivitamin and mineral supplement is important in the treatment of malnutrition in the geriatric population. The use of appetite supplements such as Megace® has been shown to cause weight gain in individuals who have decreased appetite and weight loss. Its use has not been well studied in the elderly and may be contraindicated in some conditions such as congestive heart failure. The involuntary loss of more than 5% - 10% of an older individual's weight during one year is an important clinical sign associated with increased risk for mortality. A thorough history and physical exam, as well as a nutritional evaluation, should be done on these individuals in search of a causative factor or factors. Treatment should be based on the underlying cause, but may be multifaceted. ACTIVITY IMPLICATIONS Barb Hartmann, CTRS, ADC For many people, eating is such a pleasure, regardless of whether it is done alone, with family, or socializing with friends. Yet there are many mature adults at high risk for malnutrition due to age-related loss of appetite or health conditions such as poorly controlled diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and dementia. Nursing homes are challenged to provide an atmosphere for residents that promotes a pleasurable dining experience, as well as choices and independence. It's important that activity departments work closely with dietary and nursing to provide snacks, special meals, and other foodrelated programs that meet these goals. RESIDENTS WITH DEMENTIA + May not be able to recognize hunger or thirst + May not be able to communicate that they are hungry or thirsty + May have declining perceptions of smell and taste + May have difficulty swallowing (dysphasia) + May not be able to recognize dining utensils + Eventually may lose the ability to feed themselves Suggestions for Promoting Eating Offer frequent nutritional snacks such as finger foods during programs. Play pleasurable music (soft piano or instrumental) when serving food, as this can provide positive stimulation. Avoid loud television or other noise that might distract residents during the meal.
Plan several social events or happy hours in which snack foods and fruit beverages are served. Create opportunities for residents to help with the meal such as setting the table, cleaning off the table, or placing a centerpiece on the table. Pop popcorn or bake bread or a pie prior to a meal to provide a pleasant aroma that may stimulate the appetite. Whenever possible, sit with residents and make good eye contact and conversation during snacks or special meals. Offer a familiar gesture such as a toast to encourage residents to drink their fluids. Provide contrasting colors with tableware to avoid whiteon-white situations and to help residents recognize food items. Provide constant cueing as necessary to help residents focus on the meal. For residents with severe dementia who are no longer able to eat, work with nursing for ways to help moisten their mouths during groups or one-to-one visits. RESIDENTS WITH POOR APPETITES May have physical or emotional illnesses May be dealing with stress or anxieties May be taking medications that affect their appetite May have difficulties with chewing due to poor-fitting dentures or mouth pain Suggestions for Activity Staff Work with the dietary department to offer snacks that might stimulate the appetite or increase calories. Offer to decorate tables in the dining room or a smaller area for dining to provide a more enjoyable atmosphere. If the residents are able, encourage mild movement and exercise groups to increase their appetite. Offer relaxation programs to residents who are challenged with stress and anxiety. Consider using spices and herbs to stimulate the appetite. Add cinnamon to puddings, breads, and teas, offer ginger ale before a meal (check labels to make sure it contains real ginger), and offer peppermint tea. Plan restaurant eat-ins for smaller groups of residents choosing foods (when possible) that are favorites of someone with a poor appetite. Monitor for signs and symptoms of difficulties with eating such as poor-fitting dentures, nausea, etc. RESOURCES + Alzheimer's Association www.alz.org + Culture Change Now www.culturechangenow.com + Pioneer Network www.pioneernetwork.net CF
Michele Nolta, CTRS, ACC
INSTRUCTIONS Explain that your inservice will begin with an interactive icebreaker. Divide the participants down the center of the room into two equal groups. Tell the participants that there is an imaginary party at the front of the room. One half of the room will be the Inviters. The other half of the room will be the Party Guests. Use exaggerated hand gestures to indicate the two halves of the room and the front of the room, rather like a flight attendant indicating airplane exit doors. The Inviters will be inviting the Party Guests to come to the party. The Inviters should use all of their best skills to encourage the Party Guests to come. The Party Guests will each be handed a slip of paper that they are to keep secret. Again, use exaggerated demonstrations to show how they will peek at their piece of paper and hide it folded up in their hands. Explain that the Party Guests will accept an invitation ONLY if an Inviter has given them the motivation that is described on the piece of paper that you are about to give each of the Party Guests. For example, if you are a Party Guest and your piece of paper says, "Accept an invitation if your inviter gives you three pieces of chocolate," then you will accept the invitation only if your inviter DOES give you three pieces of chocolate. Let the Inviters know that none of the slips of paper actually suggest this type of bribery. If you are a Party Guest and your Inviter does the right thing (he does essentially what is written on your slip of paper), stand up and go to the imaginary party at the front of the room together. If you are an Inviter and your Party Guest goes to the party with you, take him to the party and then go to help other Inviters. It may take more than one Inviter to encourage the more reluctant Party Guests. The icebreaker will be complete when everyone is at the front of the room. PROCEDURES Ask if anyone has any questions. Pass out the slips of paper to the staff on one side of the room, the Party Guests. Remind them to keep the sentences on their slips of paper a secret. Once all of the Party Guests have read their paper slips, ask the Inviters to stand up, go to the other side of the room, and invite a Party Guest to come to the party.
INSERVICE ON PROGRAM INVITATIONS
Activity Professionals often request an inservice to teach nursing assistants about the importance of bringing more residents to activity programs. This inservice on program invitations is a good first building block. It can help staff to consider and discuss the intricacies of how to invite each resident to attend a program or event. LEARNING OBJECTIVES Participants will be able to: Describe several different techniques that can encourage residents to accept program invitations. List several things that can be done to encourage resident attendance. TIME 30 - 45 minutes PARTICIPANT GROUP This inservice is appropriate for all staff members who take part in inviting residents to activity programs. It works best with groups of 14 or more participants. PREPARATION Put the following sentences on slips of paper. You can retype the sentences or photocopy and enlarge this page using a copy machine. Make enough slips for one half of your inservice participants. (For example, if you expect 24 staff persons at the inservice, 12 sentences are enough.) P Accept an invitation if your Inviter touches you. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter makes sustained eye contact. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter smiles at you. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter entices you with conversation about the food. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter compliments you. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter says he'll sit with you. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter says he'll help you find a nice seat. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter makes you laugh. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter says he'll walk with you. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter addresses you by name. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter entices you with comments about getting something to drink. P Accept an invitation if your Inviter says some of your friends might be there.
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Hot Flashes Susan M. Newell, MA, CTRS
MDS 3.0 READY TO GO!
Information regarding implementation of the Minimum Data Set, Version 3.0 (MDS 3.0) was shared during the January 21, 2010, Skilled Nursing Facility Open Door Forum (SNF ODF). According to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), implementation of MDS 3.0 is still set to begin October 1, 2010 (most current information when this article was submitted). CMS provided information related to MDS 3.0 training, as well. From March 15 - 19, 2010, training was held in Baltimore, MD, for State RAI (Resident Assessment Instrument) Coordinators, Long Term Care Surveyor Trainers, and appropriate State Medicaid Agency personnel. A "train the trainer" conference was scheduled for April 13 - 15, 2010, also in Baltimore, for selected individuals representing provider associations in long term care and quality care in nursing homes, etc. CMS planned to make the video and print files used for the March and April training sessions available on its web site immediately following the April conference. This provides consistency and accuracy of training across states and ensures everyone received the same information and materials. Additional training was also to be established for later spring and summer as CMS worked with state agencies to complete training for all organizations / agencies across the country. As discussed in the Hot Flashes article in the April 2009 issue of Creative Forecasting, starting on page 20, changes in the MDS 3.0 directly impact Activities. To prepare for these changes, as Activity and Recreation Professionals and members of the interdisciplinary care plan team, we need to become familiar with and knowledgeable about the entire RAI process. As of January 27, 2010, the complete Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) Manual (the MDS instruction manual) was available for download on CMS's web site: w w w. c m s . h h s . g o v / N u r s i n g H o m e Q u a l i t y I n i t s / 25_NHQIMDS30.asp#TopOfPage (Scroll to the Downloads Section. Click on the file: MDS 3.0 RAI Manual Jan 27, 2010 [ZIP 20 MB].) This manual contains six chapters of instructions and eight appendices of support information, along with samples of all the MDS forms. Given its length (it fills a three-inch three-ring binder), the following general information is provided to help you quickly locate the content you want / need. Areas of specific interest are noted in italics.
RAI MANUAL CHAPTERS Chapter One provides a brief overview of the RAI and its three basic components for nursing homes (MDS 3.0, Care Area Assessment [CAA] process, and RAI utilization guidelines). A six-step nursing process related to the RAI is also discussed. Chapter Two includes the instructions and schedules for completing the various mandated assessments, as required by federal OBRA regulations and Medicare Prospective Payment System (PPS) requirements. Chapter Three provides an item-by-item guide for completing each section and element of the MDS 3.0. For each item, information is consistently arranged in nine helpful categories. Content includes why the item was included, its purpose, coding instructions, and how the element impacts the person's health-related quality of life. When reviewing this chapter, pages are labeled according to MDS 3.0 sections. For example, Section F: Preferences for Customary Routine and Activities is covered in pages F-1 through F-16. Chapter Four addresses the Care Area Assessment (CAA) Process and how it is used for care planning. In Version 3.0 of the RAI, the CAA and Care Area Triggers (CATs) are used instead of Resident Assessment Protocols (RAPs). The 20 care areas incorporate the 18 RAPs previously used with MDS 2, plus two new care areas for "Pain" and "Return to Community Referral." A Care Area Trigger Legend is provided at the end of the chapter, identifying ALL triggers for ALL Care Areas. Care Areas directly impacting Activities include 1. Delirium, 2. Cognitive Loss / Dementia, 3. Visual Function, 4. Communication, 7. Psychosocial Wellbeing, 8. Mood State, 9. Behavioral Symptoms, 10. Activities, 14. Dehydration / Fluid Maintenance, 19. Pain, and 20. Return to Community Referral. Chapter Five lists and explains the requirements for submitting and correcting each type of MDS assessment. Chapter Six addresses how MDS 3.0 impacts the Medicare Skilled Nursing Facility Prospective Payment System (SNF PPS). Details are related to reimbursement and the use of the new Resource Utilization Groups Version IV (RUG-IV) classification system.
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Natalie Davis, MA, ACC
COMMUNICATING THE VALUE OF THE ACTIVITY PROGRAM
The Activity Department Manager is responsible for disseminating information about the program to others. The words used and style of communication can impact the image that others have of the department. Frequently, Activity Professionals feel that others outside of the department do not place a high value on the work that they do. Phrases like "Your job is easy, You have all the fun," or "Your job isn't work," indicate that the true value of the program is not shared by all staff. Communicating the value of the work we do as Activity Professionals is an ongoing process and involves several steps. First, we must understand the image that others have of the activity department. To work effectively as a team, it is vital to see things from the perspective of others. It is important to step outside of our role as an Activity Professional and examine what others see and hear. Think about the following questions, and remember, you are the only person that sees or knows all of the aspects of the program. STAFF PERSPECTIVE P What do other staff members see? Do they see mostly parties, entertainment, food? P What do other staff members hear? Do they hear the word FUN as you invite? P How would staff define activities? Is an activity a large, visible event? P Are activities evaluated on the size, the bigger the better? P If a resident is not interested in a particular program, is that a negative evaluation of the activity? Do others understand that all activities are not for all people? P Do other staff members see the administrative aspects of planning, preparation, and documentation? P Do staff members stereotype residents, underestimating their abilities? Do they devalue the capabilities of residents and wonder what they could do in an activity? FAMILY PERSPECTIVE P What do families see when they visit? What time of day is it? Is it a weekend? P Is the calendar of activities perceived as the total program by families? Is the program evaluated strictly by the entries on the monthly calendar? P Do the names on the calendar give a clear understanding of the goals of the program? WHAT YOU CAN DO As you see things from another point of view, you can gain a better understanding of why others do not place a high value on the work of Activity Professionals. In most cases,
it stems from a lack of education about the program and lack of awareness of the positive outcomes that are fulfilled for residents. Unless you make a focused effort to communicate the true value, others will see Activity Professionals only dressed in costumes, wearing hats, and dancing. They will only hear us say, "It will be FUN" or "That was FUN". In other people's eyes, FUN and work are opposites! We must learn to communicate in different ways. Here are some suggestions: Make a list of words that you would use to describe the activity program. Include words that tell the true story of what you do, words that show the positive outcomes of activities for residents. Practice using these more descriptive terms such as reinforce identity, promote worth and self-esteem, increase autonomy and decision making, and connect to past habits and skills. Describe each activity listed on the calendar to include the benefits or value. Put this either on the back of the calendar or posted by the large calendars. Don't assume that others understand what takes place at the activities. Design the calendar with names that are dignified and use names that promote the goal of the activity. The title, Good Company, shows the socialization component of the visit instead of the phrase, one-to-one visit. The title, Awakenings, shows it promotes wakeful interactions with the environment for lower cognitively functioning residents. The title, Competitive Challenge, shows it promotes physical challenge and exercise through games and sports. When displaying pictures of residents, include captions that describe the therapeutic value or benefit. Display mostly individual pictures that capture the feeling and emotion of the activity. Include photos of small groups of residents interacting, involved in meaningful projects, or accomplishing a task to promote the true value of the program. Offer to begin care plan meetings with a review of the life story of the person. Instead of listing everything as activities, specify the type of activity. For many people the word activity is related to kids, camp, or school. For example, list monthly activities as: Events and celebrations Classes or study groups Clubs Organizations or councils Self-help or wellness groups Projects Community service Leisure pursuits and hobbies When announcing the schedule of events at meetings include the following: name, goals, and expected outcomes, and time needed for preparation and planning, and include a summary statement such as "For this event to be successful, the following support is needed..." Communicate with families through newsletters and email. Emphasize all the informal individual and small group activities that take place, not just the big events. Highlight the traditions and specialties of your activity program. Create a promotional brochure or slide presentation that shows how your program is unique. By recognizing the image that others have of the activity program and communicating in different ways, it is possible to increase the perceived value of the program. CF
Men at Work
Mike Watters, MS, CTRS, ACC
PHYSICAL Flexibility is vital to a healthy body. Stretching allows an increase in flexibility and blood flow throughout the body. Create a stretch for the men and other residents four times a day (i.e., before and after exercises, during activities, before meals). SENSORY Stimulate memories of baseball (i.e., playing, going to games, listening to games) by showing different types of baseball mitts, bats, baseballs, and other equipment, listening to a game on the radio, watching a game on TV, smelling and feeling freshly cut grass, and grilling and eating hot dogs. SOCIAL Cheer up the Lonely Day is July 11. Invite the men to put on red noses and dress in colorful outfits to visit residents who could use cheering up. They could share jokes and favorite sayings and invite the residents to special events. CULTURAL Canada Day is July 1. Have a discussion regarding our northern neighbors. Show the country on a map. Visit http:/ /canadaonline.about.com/od/canadaday/Canada_Day.htm for lots of information. Talk about the men's trips to Canada. SPIRITUAL Ask a few of the men to offer blessings or prayers at the beginning of the Canada Day or Independence Day celebrations. Visit http://christianity.about.com/od/ 4thofjulyprayersverse/qt/prayers4ofjuly.htm for different prayers. EDUCATIONAL Bastille Day, July 14, 1789, marked the beginning of the French Revolution. The men can talk about what sparked this event. Visit www.angelfire.com/va/frenchrev/ timeline.html for a time line leading up to Bastille Day and what happened after that. CREATIVE Parent's Day is July 25. This is a perfect time to have the men talk or write about their parents' histories. Have a large map of North America so the men can show their travels. The men can share stories and show pictures. ENTERTAINMENT International Joke Day is July 1. The men can gather their favorite jokes and share them with each other and/or other residents and staff.
SERVICE Ask one of the men to dress up as Uncle Sam for the Independence Day Party. If more men want to dress up, they can dress as variations of Uncle Sam. Ask the staff to help get the outfit(s) together. Visit www.buycostumes.com/ Uncle-Sam-Adult-Costume/12337/ProductDetail.aspx and http://sewing.patternreview.com/cgi-bin/patterns/ sewingpatterns.pl?patternid=3758 to get ideas for the outfit(s). MENTAL The men can play a guessing game using animals as the theme and to give the male, female, and baby names of the animals (i.e., drake, duck, and duckling) as well as group names (i.e., group of ducks is known as a brace, bunch, flock, paddling, raft, or team). Visit www.enchanted learning.com/subjects/animals/Animalbabies.shtml for a list of animals with male, female, and baby names as well as group names. WORK-RELATED The men can make lemonade from freshly-squeezed lemons. Visit http://elise.com/recipes/archives/000479perfect_ lemonade.php for an old-fashioned recipe of lemonade. Put up a sign that says, "This lemonade was made by a bunch of sweet guys." SCIENCE The men can study fireworks discussing how fireworks were invented and how they are manufactured. Visit www.pyrouniverse.com/manufacture.htm that shows how fireworks are made. NATURE There will be a full moon on July 25. The men can talk about the myths of a full moon. Visit www.allsands.com/ Religious/moonmyths_zim_gn.htm for lots of myths. Send me your ideas for men's activities by e-mail: [email protected] or mail: 1447 Holly St., West Linn, OR 97068 that can be mentioned in future Men at Work articles. CF
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Pegi Schlis, CTRS, ACC
SUMMER EXCURSION - JULY 24, 1915 June Moberg, Creekside Village Retirement, Beaverton, OR Paul Drake, a most happy man of nineteen, put on his straw skimmer, that morn in July then hurriedly kissed his mother goodbye. He boarded the streetcar with thought of the trip, the fun with his cronies aboard that big ship. Paul was dressed in his best, and carefree of mind then looking down, noticed his shoes still unshined. He glanced at his watch, thought there should be time to stop at a bootblack and get a quick shine. The bootblack was slow, Paul's eyes watched the clock. His shoes at last shined, he raced to the dock. Paul saw the boat and heard the band playing. People were singing - the boat began swaying. The voices of picnickers, merry at first became apprehensive, as the boat lurched! The chatter, the sounds, the jubilant scene had now changed to chaos and terrible screams. Paul watched, disbelieving his horrified eyes as this great boat, the Eastland, rolled and capsized! There were few signs of life in the waters below where many had jumped, vainly struggling to shore. And the women in long, diaphanous gowns were caught in wet traps that were weighing them down. In the waters around the huge overturned boat straw skimmers were bobbing, bizarrely afloat. As the cries from the boat, mere moments before were echoed by those standing helpless on shore. Some say the boat tipped when the people on board all rushed to the dockside to bid friends goodbye. Additional lifeboats on the top deck also were blamed for this terrible wreck which claimed the lives of 800 or more under the Eastland, still at the shore. Several years later, Paul married in May and a year after that, on an early June morn, Paul was a father, because I was born. This is the thought often haunting my mind: "What if Dad had not stopped to have his shoes shined?" Writer's Note: This happened at the Chicago River's dock. The Eastland was to take Western Electric Co. employees across Lake Michigan to Michigan City, IN. My mother's 20-year-old cousin lost her life that day. CF
REMEMBERING HISTORICAL EVENTS
There are historical events that affect the lives of people in many ways. Below are two poems about events that impacted the lives of the writers. Read these to your group, then choose some events for the participants to reminisce about. Here are some historical events that can be discussed: Stock Market Crash of 1929 (October 29, 1929), Hindenburg Explosion (May 6, 1937), Attack on Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941), Assassinations of John F. Kennedy (November 22, 1963) and Martin Luther King, Jr. (April 4, 1968), First Walk on the Moon (July 20, 1969), Eruption of Mount St. Helens (May 18, 1980), Explosion of Space Shuttle Challenger (January 28, 1986), Oklahoma City Bombing (April 19, 1995), and Attack on America (September 11, 2001. For more historical events visit http://history1900s.about.com/cs/crimedisaster. OKINAWA Monroe Kurman, Port St. Lucie Nursing and Restorative Care, Port St. Lucie, FL Okinawa 1945 Easter Sunday, all personnel knelt to pray. The battle for Okinawa was audacious and complex. The greatest naval armada ever, the Americans were wily and clever. Ernie Pyle, well-known combat correspondent, hit by fire in the process of completing his final wire. U.S. forces stalled by Japanese defense, taking lives made no sense. Yamamoto the largest warship ever built, torpedo hit starboard side and causing it to beach and tilt, anchored in the South China Sea out of harm's way to safety. Transporting sick and wounded Army and Navy personnel, all the glory tales they would have to tell. Red and white painted bright, hospital ship visible by night. U.S.S. Bountiful 477 patients full compliment, none armament, while underway ignoring the Geneva Convention, too ghastly to mention.
Craft Ideas Debby Holmes, ADC
CANADA DAY WINDSOCK See example below and pattern on page 25. Materials: (for each project) · 9" x 12" sheets of craft foam - one red, one white · scissors · pencil · Tacky glue · stapler · ¾"-wide white and red grosgrain ribbon, 4 - 20" lengths of each color · standard hole punch · 4 - 12" lengths of heavy string or cord Procedure: 1) Cut out two 4" x 6" rectangles from the sheet of red craft foam. 2) Using the pattern on page 25, trace the maple leaf onto the remaining red foam and cut out. 3) Glue the two red 4" x 6" rectangles onto the sheet of white craft foam, with the maple leaf in the center, and the rectangles on either side. Let dry completely. 4) Bend the foam sheet into a cylinder shape and staple it to hold the shape. 5) Staple the eight ribbon lengths around the bottom of the cylinder shape, evenly spaced apart, alternating colors. 6) Punch four evenly spaced holes at the top of the cylinder. 7) Thread the heavy string or cord through each hole, knot together, and hang. PATRIOTIC RIBBON PIN See example below. Materials: (for each pin) · 6" length of ½"-wide red, white, and blue colored ribbon · Tacky glue · tie tack pin (Purchase at a craft store in the jewelry-making department.) · metal or fabric small gold decorative star · hot glue gun Procedure: 1) Cross the ribbon length over in the center forming a loop. 2) Use a dot of Tacky glue to adhere the loop at the crossover point. 3) Using the hot glue gun, adhere the star onto the top of the tie tack pin. 4) Tack the pin through the crossover point on the ribbon to wear.
BEADED DREAM CATCHER Hang the dream catcher near your bed. Native American legend says that bad dreams will be caught in the web, and then they disappear in the sunlight. See example below and additional examples on page 25. Materials: (for each project) · 4" wire or wooden hoop · 48" length of jute cord or string · large glass bead · 3 - 6" lengths of jute cord or string · pony beads of different colors · 10" length of leather cord Procedure: 1) Tie one end of the 48" jute cord or string to the hoop, and begin tying a half hitch. A half hitch is made by looping a cord or rope around an object and then back around itself, bringing the end of the cord through the loop, all around the hoop, forming loops. See example of a half hitch on page 25. 2) Pull the cord or string tightly with each loop formed and keep on tying half-hitches until you get to the center. 3) Knot off at the center, and with the remaining cord or string, thread through the large bead and tie on. 4) Tie each of the 6" lengths of the cords or strings to the hoop, two at each side and one from the bottom. 5) String the pony beads onto the three lengths and knot. 6) Tie the leather cord at the top of the hoop for hanging. CF
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PHOTOCOPY CRAFT EXAMPLES (DO NOT CUT ORIGINAL)
CANADA DAY WINDSOCK
(FROM PAGE 24)
Maple Leaf Pattern
BEADED DREAM CATCHER
(FROM PAGE 24)
Example of Half Hitch
"Hoppin' Hard Times at Mickey's Pub"
CANADA DAY INDEPENDENCE DAY
Halfway Point Party
We're All Smiles with You Here! Thanks!
BACK OF EVENT CALENDAR
11" x 17" Centerfold Event Calendar in every issue!
LEFT SIDE OF EVENT CALENDAR
11" x 17" Centerfold Event Calendar in every issue!
RIGHT SIDE OF EVENT CALENDAR
11" x 17" Centerfold Event Calendar in every issue!
BACK OF EVENT CALENDAR
11" x 17" Centerfold Event Calendar in every issue!
Build a Scarecrow Day
Dental Awareness Day Discussion
National Therapeutic Recreation Week July 11 - 17, 2010
SUNDAE SUNDAY SOCIAL
VACATION TIME DISPLAY
Journey's End to Historical Places
PUNNY COUNTRY MUSIC SONG TITLES
Source Unknown M M M M M M M M He Used to Go Bananas for Me - Now I've Lost Appeal I'm Tired of Your Garbage, So Why Am I in the Dumps? She Says I'm Her Pet But She Treats Me Like a Dog We Used to be Lovebirds - Now I'm Eating Crow Why Did I Go Ape for that Baboon? Why Does My Honey Sting Like a Bee? I've Got a Pickup in My Pickup If You're Burning with Desire, Then I'm Your Match
BAD ONE LINERS
Source Unknown M I saw a dairy store the other day. It was named Whey To Go. M The latest economic report says taxi drivers make a fare living. M Is it true that guys who fix smashed cars are called dentists? M The woman didn't understand the directions shouted at her through the fog . . . must have been mist-communication. M The man knelt so long in the Shinto Temple that he got Japan-knees. M The best cabbage for sauerkraut is grown when the seeds have German-ated. M She said to him, "May divorce be with you." M I noted that each and every ship along the dock had rubber bumpers, undoubtedly because of pier pressure.
WHAT'S ON THE MENU?
Source Unknown M M M M M M M M M Used car dealer - Lemon pie Comedian - Corn bread Wild pitcher - Bean salad Exterminator - Shoo-fly pie Pan handler - Sponge cake Real estate agent - Home fries Mama's boy - Coddled eggs Inept furniture mover - Chipped beef Time keeper - Minute rice
COMPLETE THE CAPTIONS
Nancy Williams, CTRS, ACC
NATURE AND OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES
You don't have to be a tree hugger to enjoy nature and outdoor activities, but with the differing age populations in our active senior communities, we need to plan for several different types of outdoor activities. Here are many physical and nonphysical programs that your seniors might enjoy. GARDEN CLUB Organizing a Garden Club is the perfect solution to the problem of who will take care of the facility's flower beds as well as the indoor plants. To ensure that the plants are not too well cared for or neglected (i.e., overwatered, overfertilized or not at all), have the club members sign up for their specific duties and days. Encourage them to trade with other club members if they won't be available on their assigned days. During the growing season, members may enjoy using the cutting flowers to make floral arrangements for the facility's common areas. In addition to caring for the facility's plants, the Garden Club should also have monthly meetings. During the meetings, set aside a time for speakers. Speaker topics can range from container gardening and native plants to wildflowers. Contact your local home / agricultural extension agency for suggested speakers. Plan the meeting time around the noon meal and serve a special lunch for a nominal fee or donation. The proceeds can go towards the cost of the meal or towards the care of the facility plants. Another activity the group might enjoy is to visit local nurseries and greenhouses. Some people may wish to become Master Gardeners. A Master Gardener is someone who wants to go that extra mile to learn more about the care of flowers, trees, lawns, and vegetable gardens. Training is usually provided by the local agricultural extension agency (varies by state and Canadian province), and people volunteer their time in teaching others. The following web site http://users.hal-pc.org/ ~trobb/mastgar.html gives information about the Texas Master Gardener program, but it also provides links to all 50 states and the Canadian provinces (only available in Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, and Saskatchewan). FIREWISE COMMUNITY There are senior communities across the U.S. that, because of where they are located, have chosen to become certified as a Firewise Community. This means the immediate landscaping as well as the surrounding terrain around the retirement community is less vulnerable to wildfires. This includes landscaping that uses rock walls and walkways,
plants with a high moisture content, and trees and shrubs that are well-spaced to create a buffer to slow or stop any wildfires. Even if your community isn't located in an area that is prone to wildfires, consider using some of the ideas of Firewise such as removing vines, underbrush, and other fuels from common areas and pathways. To get your senior community certified, establish a Firewise Committee which could be your current Fire Safety Committee. Hold meetings with your residents and provide them with informational brochures about how to be Firewise. For assistance in how to make your community Firewise, contact your local forest service or fire department and visit www.firewise.org. METEOR SHOWERS Remember the song lyrics, "When you make a wish upon a falling star, all your dreams will come true..." from Disney's Pinocchio? This may not be true, but watching falling stars (meteor showers) is a childhood memory that many of your residents might remember. There are still four opportunities remaining in 2010 to view meteor showers: the nights of August 12, October 21, November 17, and December 13. October 21 may not be the best viewing night due to an almost full moon, so only the brightest meteors can be seen. Invite family members to view the shooting stars with your residents especially if your retirement community is away from the bright city lights. Before the night arrives, familiarize your residents with the current night sky maps so they will know where to look for the meteor showers. Remind people to bring lawn chairs or blankets so they can sit back and comfortably view the show. They may also want to bring their own snacks and drinks. Depending on where you are located, don't forget the bug spray especially for the August and October dates and to bundle up for the November and December dates. MORNING COFFEE OR AFTERNOON TEA As summer turns into fall, it is the perfect time to plan a weekly Morning Coffee or Afternoon Tea. Hold the activity outside on the terrace or patio. The purpose of the activity is social, therefore it should be more of a come-and-go program during a set time frame. Have soft music playing in the background to encourage yet not deter talking. Tell your seniors that you will provide the beverages and light snacks, and they should provide the conversation. CYCLING CLUB The youngest residents of your senior community could be bike enthusiasts. Start a Cycling Club to give the cycling fans an opportunity to participate in this activity with other enthusiasts. If your facility is located in a town that has bike paths, plan trips to local restaurants for lunch or picnics in the park.
For residents who are new to biking, take a trip to the local bike shop for assistance in choosing a bike that will meet their needs. Reassure the newbies that today's road bikes are much different than the bikes of yesteryear as they come with bigger seats, higher handlebars, and automatic gear shifting. Some of the veteran bikers may want to visit the bike shop so they can spiff up or even upgrade their bikes. OUTDOOR SPORTS Because of the vast age differences of the residents of some senior communities, the Activity Director / Resident Life Director has to be able to meld together the outdoor leisure pursuits of the differing age groups. In today's senior communities, the shuffleboard courts are being complemented with more active sports such as hiking, canoeing, golf, and tennis. For sports that aren't quite as strenuous, offer outdoor lawn games such as lawn bowling, bocce ball, and croquet. Plan a hiking trip on trails in a forest preserve, state park, or nearby national forest. Because the endurance levels of your residents are probably different, let your residents know how long each hike will take, as well as the terrain of the trail. Each hiker should bring his own backpack, water, and protein snacks such as trail mix. There are a number of water sports other than swimming that can be offered. If your senior community isn't built around a lake where it would be easy to offer canoeing or kayaking, consider daytrips to a nearby lake or river. Some of your seniors may even be interested in a high country sport such as whitewater rafting. CHARITY WALKS Many seniors look for ways to help in their community. Charity Walks are a great opportunity for them to get exercise outdoors while raising funds for worthy causes. Some Charity Walks that your residents might enjoy are March for Babies, Relay for Life, Alzheimer's Memory Walk, and Light the Night. Encourage your residents to join forces and choose one or more of the Charity Walks to support. March for Babies is a walk for the March of Dimes that is usually held in April or May. There are over 900 walks throughout the U.S. Visit www.marchforbabies.org for more information. Relay for Life is a fund raiser for the American Cancer Society. They are held at various times throughout the year. A unique feature of the Relay for Life is that because cancer never sleeps, the event is held overnight, and some are even held for up to 24 hours. The events are held where there is a track so relay teams take turns doing laps, either running or walking. Visit www.relayforlife.org/relay for more information.
Alzheimer's Memory Walk is typically held in late summer or fall of each year. Visit www.alz.org/memorywalk for more information. Light the Night Walk is held each fall to raise funds for Leukemia and Lymphoma research. Participants carry illuminated balloons in a casual fund raising walk. Visit www.lightthenight.org for more information. BASEBALL GAMES The song, Take Me Out to the Ball Game, is synonymous with summer, and watching a baseball game is almost a must. If you aren't lucky enough to have a major league baseball team within close proximity, consider watching minor league or even Little League baseball games. Survey your residents to see if anyone has grandchildren that play on Little League teams so residents can watch their games. There may even be enough interest to follow a Little League team during the season. The children will get a kick out of having their own personal cheering section. You may even want to sing Take Me Out to the Ball Game during the fourth-inning stretch (Little League games are only six innings long). If you are attending a major league or minor league game, contact the stadium and inquire about discount group tickets. And while you are at the baseball game, don't forget to enjoy hot dogs along with peanuts and Cracker Jacks®. CF
NATIONAL THERAPEUTIC RECREATION WEEK July 11 - 17, 2010
National Therapeutic Recreation Week, which was established by the National Therapeutic Recreation Society (NTRS), has been celebrated during the second week of July since 1984. The purpose of National Therapeutic Recreation Week is to enhance public awareness of therapeutic recreation programs and services and expand recreation and leisure opportunities for individuals with disabilities. Therapeutic recreation uses treatment, education, and recreation services to help people with illnesses, disabilities, and other conditions to develop and use their leisure in ways that enhance their health, functional abilities, independence, and quality of life. Visit NTRS's web site, www.nrpa.org/ntrs (click on NTRS Programs & Resources) for more information. CF
John McIlvennan, BA, ADC
JULY HISTORICAL EVENTS IN QUIET CORNERS
At any time, extraordinary events can occur anywhere in the world, not just in huge, populated cities. Here are a few historical occurrences that have happened in the quietest corners during the month of July. SOMME, FRANCE July 1, 1916 When the platoon officers' whistles had blown along the line of allied trenches at 7:30 a.m. July 1, 1916, near the hills of Somme, France, some 120,000 British men climbed ladders to engage the German machine guns and mortar fire. In a single day, 57,470 men were lost, killed or missing, including 60% of all officers. Fewer than three square miles of territory had been gained. Wrote Corporal George Coppard, "Hundreds were strung out like wreckage washed up to a high-water mark." The offensive in the pastures and hills of the little town of Somme didn't end on that July 1 morning, but lasted another 141 days. By the end, the battle led to the combined casualties of more than one million soldiers. The flower of European youth had been trampled in the trenches. A generation had been lost. CONCORD, MA July 4, 1845 Oddly enough, by accident, on Independence Day 1845, Henry David Thoreau moved into his cabin at Walden Pond. It really was simply a hut in the midst of an extensive wood, about a mile and a half south of the village of Concord, made famous during the Revolutionary War. Over the next 26 months, Thoreau became a writer of renown. It is true that he was little known during his short life, but he lives on today in his writing. His voice was admired by the likes of Martin Luther King, Jr., Gandhi, John Muir, and countless others around the world. Thoreau has been a beacon for those who believe in peaceful civil disobedience, self-reliance, and the beauty of nature. His reason for going? "I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived." DAYTON, TN July 10, 1925 The trial of schoolteacher John Thomas Scopes began on this date. Earlier that year, Tennessee passed a law forbiding the teaching in public schools of any theories on the origin of humanity that contradicted the Biblical story of creation. Scopes decided to test the law's constitutionality by getting himself arrested for violating it. The trial drew huge worldwide attention. Famous lawyer Clarence Darrow de-
fended Scopes, while William Jennings Bryan, a prominent politician who had run three times for President on a major political party ticket, aided the prosecution. Scopes was found guilty and fined $100, but his case was overturned on a technicality. He later admitted that he never actually taught the subject he was accused of violating because he was too busy coaching the school football team. WEEHAWKEN, NJ July 11, 1804 Aaron Burr shot and killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel in this town overlooking the Hudson River. Burr and Hamilton were both intensely ambitious men from New York. Each was close to George Washington, and each served in high office - Hamilton as the first U.S. secretary of the treasury and Burr as our third vice president. They crossed paths many times, with Hamilton always coming out on top. Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel and Hamilton accepted. Hamilton fired his pistol in the air; Burr shot straight, killing Hamilton. Hamilton still came out the winner according to history. Burr ruined his political career, and Hamilton is remembered fondly for his accomplishments. ALAMOGORDO, NM July 16, 1945 The world's first atomic bomb was successfully tested in this remote southwestern area. Three years before in Chicago, it had been proven that an atomic nucleus could be split, resulting in a chain reaction of incredible power. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the development of a weapon. Named the Manhattan Project, the top-secret enterprise was led by physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. In 1943, during the depths of the war, the base of operations was moved to the seclusion of Los Alamos, NM. Within two years, the core of the atomic bomb was driven from Los Alamos to the desert town of Alamogordo, NM. There, at a place called Trinity Site, it was detonated on July 16. SENECA FALLS, NY July 19, 1848 In early 1848, two women involved in the movement to abolish slavery issued a call for all women and sympathetic men to attend a Women's Rights Convention. As Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote, "A missionary work for the emancipation of women in the `land of the free and the home of the brave' was then and there inaugurated." The results of the Seneca Falls Convention, held during the course of two days in a Methodist Church, attracted more than 500 men and women. The convention adopted a set of 11 resolutions. One called for the right for women to vote in the United States. That eventually happened...three generations later. These half-dozen out-of-the-way places have been overlooked by the typical tourist. Yet, history occurred in these quiet corners during the month of July. CF
It's Party Time!
Vicki Platt, MHA, CTRS
BUILD A SCARECROW DAY
Those darn crows! They can destroy a row of corn faster than you can say, "Betty bought butter but the butter was bitter, so Betty bought better butter to make the bitter butter better." OK, that might not be the best example because you can do just about anything in the time that it takes to say that tongue twister! But the point is, crows wreak havoc on a vegetable garden. As a result, scarecrows have stood tall and proud over the centuries doing what they do best, scaring crows and keeping them from feeding on newly planted seeds and growing crops. Throughout history, scarecrows have made their way from the fields into literature, film, comics, and music. The most famous scarecrow of all time came to life and starred in L. Frank Baum's story, The Wizard of Oz, which was released in 1939. In that story, the scarecrow, who wished he had a brain, joined Dorothy and Toto, the Cowardly Lion, and the Tin Man to follow the yellow brick road in search of the Wizard of Oz, only to be attacked during their journey by crows, wolves, bees, winkie soldiers, and winged monkeys. As you let your imagination soar, you will see that a scarecrow's sole purpose is not just for scaring crows away or starring in films and comics. A scarecrow can sport attire to suit any occasion or holiday and be put on display for all to enjoy. EVENT PLANNING In honor of Build a Scarecrow Day on the first Sunday in July (July 4 in 2010), consider hosting a Build a Scarecrow Day at your facility. Have supplies available for contestants to utilize, but also encourage them to provide what they think might be necessary to create distinctive and unique scarecrows. Basic Supplies: Be certain to have these supplies readily available to the contestants on the day of the event. P Bales of hay or crumbled-up newspapers for stuffing P Clothing of all shapes, colors, and sizes P Variety of hats P Bags, pillowcases or nylon stockings for the head P Boots and shoes P Gloves P Miscellaneous items like staplers, glue guns, needle and thread, yarn, permanent markers, paint, buttons, felt, rope, and rubber bands P Wood, hammer, and nails for a standing scarecrow or lawn chairs for a sitting scarecrow
Guidelines: P Ask people to sign up to build a scarecrow in advance. The best scenario would be to team a resident and family member or resident and staff member to plan and build their own scarecrow. They can decide what type of scarecrow they would like to build (i.e., farmer, farmer's wife, Uncle Sam, musician, animal). P Announce in advance the criteria in which each scarecrow will be judged. Overall appearance, use of supplies and materials, sturdiness, and creativity may top your judging list. P Select a panel of judges. Judges can be non-biased residents, staff and family members, or community dignitaries such as the mayor, sheriff, school principal, president of the chamber of commerce, politicians, and/or radio and TV personalities. P If you wish to involve all your guests in judging, you can raise money by having containers with slits in the lids situated in front of each scarecrow. Guests can drop money into the cans of their choice. The winner would be the scarecrow who collected the most money. P All participants should receive certificates of participation. In addition, consider awards for first-, second-, and third-place scarecrows. Awards may consist of money, gift cards, or trophies. P Throughout the Build a Scarecrow Day, make certain there is plenty of shade for the participants and guests, as the heat from the sun in July can be scorching. Arrange for live or recorded country western music to be played, with square dancing, two stepping, and line dancing demonstrations planned. Serve country-fair themed refreshments (i.e., corndogs, watermelon, home-baked berry pies, popcorn, ice cream, freshly-squeezed lemonade, sun tea). P Have a photographer on hand to take pictures of the teams building the scarecrows and the judging and awards ceremony. (Photo and name releases should be obtained ahead of time if you plan to display the photos or submit them to the local media.) Build a Scarecrow Day could become a wonderful annual event. Each year, the challenge is on to make a scarecrow bigger and better than the last. As Dorothy said to Toto, "Don't be silly, Toto. Scarecrows don't talk." But a handcrafted scarecrow, more so than a picture, says a thousand words. Enjoy the day! CF
Rosann Moore, CTRS
A PLACE FOR PRAYER
Prayer can be done anywhere and at any time - at home, in the car, at church, or even at a sporting event, but having a special place to pray can be calming and comforting. A quiet place set aside can be meditative and spiritual. It can offer someone a place to relax and simply be. Some facilities may have chapels where prayer can take place, but many do not. Often, residents may not have quiet time, since many have roommates or sit with others in common areas. Offering a beautiful and quiet place such as a prayer garden might be something that residents would enjoy. Individuals who are low functioning would benefit as well, enjoying the sights and sounds of a peaceful garden. PRAYER GARDEN For those with an unused outdoor area or an area in need of a makeover, consider creating a prayer garden. A prayer garden can be of any sizeeven a simple sitting area, if that is all you have room for. You may wish to include your residents when planning what will go into this area as residents often have wonderful ideas. As you are looking for a space and what to put in it, consider these words: calming, spiritual, meditation, prayer, comforting, pleasing, sensory. Also consider these ideas: Fountains - The sound of running water is often a soothing sound. There are many types of fountains that come in different sizes and figures. Pick one your budget will allow. Paths - If you have an area with a path for strolling, it will promote physical exercise, as well as being spiritual. Consider the safety of your path for residents in wheelchairs and those who are ambulatory. Plants - Many prayer gardens have plants from the Bible. When making plant choices, consider what will thrive in your area. You may label plants so visitors know what the names are. Just type "Biblical Plants" in your search engine on the Internet and you may find plants that will work for you. Of course, many other plant choices can create a peaceful garden.
Figurines - There are many figurines including angels and other religious figures available at various stores. If religious figures are not what you want, there are many others such as children, animals, etc. to choose from. Stones and Plaques - Stones with words such as joy, love, and hope can be placed around the garden. Stores carry these, but you may wish to create some of your own with large rocks and paint or markers. Plaques and stepping stones many times have spiritual or meditative sayings and can be placed around the garden, as well. Chimes - Chimes make a calming sound in the breeze and can hang from a tree or shepherd's cane. Benches - Sitting in a garden allows an individual to sit and pray, think, and be reflective. Provide a safe place for wheelchairs, as well. Using Your Prayer Garden - A prayer garden can be used for groups, one-to-one visits, and for individual use. Remind religious volunteers that the prayer garden is available (if you choose to make it available). If your prayer garden is large enough, use it to hold groups such as Bible study, church services, and hymn sings. Other groups to consider are a relaxation group or tai chi, or any other group you offer of this nature. Things to consider with outdoor groups are the weather, using sunscreen and hats, and hydration in warm weather. This is a wonderful place for one-to-one visits, especially for those residents who enjoy the outdoors and for those who are religious or spiritual. You may wish to sit together and enjoy the quiet, read the residents' favorite Bible verses or other prayers, use the garden as sensory stimulation (touching plants, listening to chimes and fountains, looking at plants and statues, smelling the flowers, drinking lemonade), reminiscing, and being reflective on life. Residents who are low functioning may visit on an individual basis, but may need assistance from a staff member, volunteer, or family member to ensure their enjoyment and safety. CF
AMERICA THE BEAUTIFUL WEEK
Tracy Bunch, Activity Director, Independence Manor Care Center, Independence, MO We celebrated America the Beautiful Week and decorated the facility in red, white, and blue. The staff participated in a State Contest. Each person chose a state and decorated a designated 4' x 4' space in the hall. The display had to include key items like the state symbols (i.e., bird, flower, tree, song) and famous landmarks. If the display met all the requirements, the person was eligible to win $100. It was very interesting and educational for the residents to see the Hall of States. Each day of the week, a different state was celebrated. State trivia was announced in the morning. The afternoon activity was a special event that coincided with a theme chosen for each state. On Monday, we celebrated Florida and had a beach party outside. On Tuesday, we celebrated Louisiana and played jazz music while we had a Mardi Gras celebration serving gumbo and jambalaya. On Wednesday, we celebrated Texas with a barbecue and country music. On Thursday, we celebrated Hawaii with a luau with pina coladas and other tropical drinks. On Friday, we celebrated California with an Oscars Awards Ceremony. Staff and family members brought in old prom, bridesmaid, and formal dresses, suits, top hats, ties, and jewelry. We turned the activity room into backstage at the Oscars. We had five hairdressers doing hair and make-up all day getting the residents ready. We gave each resident an award (i.e., friendliest, best smile, most helpful, most active). It was a great way to end the week.
FAUX LEATHER BOTTLES CRAFT
Activity Department, Crossroads Care Center, Woodstock, IL This is a craft that individuals of all levels of functioning can do. (We had people who were high functioning, low functioning, and visually impaired who participated.) Before the activity, collect bottles (i.e., salad dressing bottles, wine bottles, old vases) that can be used. Rinse them before using and let dry. Materials: · variety of bottles · rolls of masking tape · shoe polish · rags · clear gloss spray (optional) Procedure: 1) Choose a bottle. 2) Put pieces of masking tape on the bottle until there is no glass showing. Note: For most of our residents, we ripped pieces of masking tape and stuck them on the edge of the table, so they could pick them up easily. 3) Put shoe polish on a rag and rub it on the bottle. Let dry, then buff it with a clean rag. 4) If desired, spray with a clear gloss finish.
HOMEMADE PLAY DOUGH
Activity Department, Daily Living Centers Adult Health Services, Oklahoma City, OK This is a play dough recipe that can be used for tactile stimulation (stays moist in a zipper-closing bag) or to dry and make different shapes with molds or cookie cutters. If desired, magnets can be glued to the backs of the shapes. Materials: (for each batch) · 1 cup flour · ½ cup salt · 2 tsp. cream of tartar · 1 Tbsp. cooking oil · 1 cup water · 2 to 4 drops food coloring · acrylic paints · paintbrushes · clear gloss spray · magnets and hot glue gun (optional) Procedure: 1) Mix flour, salt, and cream of tartar in a heavy aluminum pan. 2) Stir in the oil, water, and food coloring. Cook on medium heat until the mixture rolls around in the pan. 3) Put the mixture on wax paper and let cool a little. 4) If drying the play dough, roll out as thin as possible, then cut out as desired. Let shapes dry for two or three days (turn over after a day) or bake at 350° for 15 minutes. 5) Paint with acrylic paints, as desired. Let dry. 6) Spray with a clear gloss finish. Let dry. 7) If making magnets, hot glue the magnets on the backs of the shapes. CF
Mary Eversole, Activity Director, Pinehurst Combined Level of Care & Rehabilitation, Centerville, IN Our residents like to play the Stacking Game. Participants sit four to a table. Each person receives10 lightweight plastic cups. They are given one minute to see how many cups they can stack. We repeat the contests until there is a winner at each table. The winners then sit together to compete against each other until a grand prize winner is declared. We give a prize to the winner and consolation prizes to the runners-up.
Holidays, continued from page 13 TISHA B'AV July 20, 2010
Brenda Scott, ADC Tisha B'Av itself is the saddest day on the Jewish calendar because of the incredible series of tragedies that occurred on that date throughout Jewish history. This year, Tisha B'Av begins at sunset on July 19. On this day, it was decreed that the forefathers were to remain in the desert and not enter the land of Israel. It was on that day that both the first and second holy Temples were destroyed in Jerusalem. At a later period on that date, the city of Bethar was captured, and tens of thousands of Jews were killed. On that very same day in a different decade, the wicked Turnus Rufus plowed the site of the holy Temple and its surroundings. Although this holiday is primarily meant to commemorate the destruction of the Temple, it is appropriate to consider on this day the many other tragedies of the Jewish people such as expulsion from England in 1290 and the mass deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto. There are various mourning-related customs and observances that are followed for the entire three-week period. During this time, devout Jews don't Conduct weddings. (Engagement parties, without music, are allowed.) Play musical instruments or listen to music. Cheerfully greet others or give gifts. No idle chatter or leisure activities are done. Wear new clothing or leather shoes. Take a haircut or shave. Anoint oneself for pleasure. (Deodorant is permitted.) Wear any makeup. Have marital relations. Study the Torah, as that is seen as pleasurable. Recite the Shehecheyanu blessing.** In 70 C.E., the Romans breached the walls of Jerusalem, then spent the next three weeks ransacking the city until the Second Temple was burned on the ninth of Av. In remembrance of this event, Jews fast on the 17th of Tammuz and observe a time of mourning during the three weeks leading up to Tisha B'Av. As it gets closer to Tisha B'Av, the restrictions become more stringent. During the nine days before Tisha B'Av, it is customary to refrain from eating meat or drinking wine, except for the Sabbath, since animal sacrifices were made during the Temple times. Synagogue services on Tisha B'Av are an emotional experience. During the evening service, the book of Lamentations is read and the congregation at times will moan and cry out in grief. Restaurants and theaters are closed in modern-day Israel on Tisha B'Av. **The Shehecheyanu blessing was introduced to encourage Jews to offer thanks for new and unusual experiences.
It is typically recited at the beginning of holidays and to celebrate special occasions. (Blessed are you our God, creator of time and space, who has supported us and protected us, and brought us to this moment.) ACTIVITY IDEAS Have a discussion on one or more of the events that took place. Perhaps a movie about the Holocaust would be timely and lead to a discussion. Two I can recommend that are fairly recent are The Boy in the Striped Pajamas and Defiance. Ask the residents if they could / would follow the previously mentioned restrictions and what traditions they observe in time of mourning. Have your chaplain (or invite a minister) hold a discussion on the book of Lamentations. The entire book is only five chapters. Jewish tradition ascribed the book of Lamentations to the prophet Jeremiah. The book expresses grief over the fall of Jerusalem.
Brenda Scott, ADC The celebration of Shabbat honors God for creating the world in six days and resting on the seventh day. Jews around the world celebrate the day of rest and relaxation in many ways, each according to how they interpret their religion. The fourth commandment (Exodus 20: 8-11; Deuteronomy 5: 14-15), translated from Hebrew, reads, "Remember [observe] the Sabbath day and keep it holy." Havdalah, a short and simple ceremony, is one that has great significance in the Jewish religion. When literally translated from Hebrew to English, Havdalah means "to differentiate." Jewish people observe Havdalah to define the transition from the Sabbath to the ordinary days of the week. It is best described as marking the transition from the "holy" back to the ordinary. Havdalah can be enacted either in a synagogue to mark the end of the evening prayers or in a family home. Shabbat commences at sunset on Friday evening and ends on Saturday at sunset. Havdalah can officially begin when you can see the stars in the sky. There are three things you need to conduct the Havdalah ceremony: wine or grape juice, container of spices, and braided candle with two wicks. Blessings are recited over each. The wine represents joy and sanctifies the moment. It is customary to fill the Havdalah cup until it overflows its rim. This is symbolic of the overflowing of blessings wished for in the upcoming week. The blessing over the wine is simple. "Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine."
Continued on page 41
Professional Forecasting, continued from page 19
During the icebreaker, you may need to float around the room and assist the Inviters. You may need to remind Inviters to go back and help other Inviters if some Party Guests are particularly reluctant. Once everyone is at the front of the room, have everyone sit back down in their original seats. DISCUSSION Ask open-ended questions of the staff. P How did it feel to be an Inviter? P How did it feel to be a reluctant Party Guest? P Did the Inviters succeed very quickly? P What types of motivations were there? (They won't know what is on each other's slips of paper, so you can review all of the content for the paper slips.) P Let them tell their stories. P If they are not a talkative group, review each slip of paper. Ask if they can name a resident who might respond to each particular motivation. Generalize the discussion. Ask, "If you don't feel like doing something or going somewhere, what motivates you?" EXPOSITORY TEACHING This inservice can be expanded with expository content to teach about what motivates different people. As an example, you can prepare with information from web sites such as the DISC personality report developed by Dr. Robert A. Rohm (www.discoveryreport.com). The motivators listed within Dr. Rohm's model include challenges, choices, control, recognition, approval, popularity, security, appreciation, assurance, answers, excellence, and value. Each of these motivators could be defined and discussed with relevance to specific recreation programs and residents. SUMMARY At the conclusion of this inservice, you can summarize informally by asking the staff members what they learned during the icebreaker or inservice. If your care center requires a more formal completion measurement, you can ask each participant to respond in writing to the following questions: Describe several different techniques that can encourage residents to accept program invitations. List several things that can be done to encourage resident attendance. OPTIONAL You can serve refreshments after the icebreaker, if desired, to add fun to the imaginary party destination. CF
Hot Flashes, continued from page 20
APPENDICES P Appendix A - A Glossary of terms used in the RAI Manual is provided. You might want to keep the three pages (A-37-39) of common acronyms handy when reading! P Appendix B - State agency and CMS Regional Office RAI / MDS contact information is listed. P Appendix C - CAA Resources are provided for all 20 Care Areas. Information pertaining to Care Area 10 Activities can be found on pages C-41 through C-44. P Appendix D - Tips for interviewing residents are given. P Appendix E - A diagram of the Scoring Rules for the Cognitive Performance Scale (CPS). (This scale is used with RUG-IV.) P Appendix F - The MDS 3.0 Draft Matrix. This list identifies each item of the MDS 3.0 and any / all form(s) that use the item. P Appendix G - References / resources and web sites related to the RAI and MDS 3.0 are given. P Appendix H - Samples of ALL MDS forms are provided here. The Comprehensive MDS 3.0 form used for nursing homes is labeled "MDS3.0 NC_Comp_v1.0 Nov 2009.pdf." The Quarterly MDS 3.0 form for nursing homes is labeled "MDS3.0 NQ_Quarterly_v1.0 Nov 2009.pdf." OTHER INTERNET RESOURCES P The RAI Utilization Guidelines (instructions for when and how to use the RAI, located in Appendix PP of the State Operations Manual) can be accessed at www.cms.hhs.gov/ manuals/Downloads/som107ap_pp_guidelines_ltcf.pdf. P To sign up and be notified of Open Door Forums for Skilled Nursing Facilities and MDS 3.0, go to www.cms.hhs.gov/OpenDoorForums. Scroll down to "Related Links Inside CMS," then click on the option "All Open Door Forum Mailing List Sign Up." Susan has provided training and resource materials for Activity, Therapeutic Recreation, and Social Service Professionals across the nation for more than 25 years. Go to www.trtips.net or www.trtips.com for more information about having Sue speak on the MDS 3.0 or to check out new products such as Care Plans for Culture Change - Cognitive Impairments, Alzheimer's, and Dementias, Do-It-Yourself Survey Workbooks, and comprehensive how-to manuals to meet all your regulatory needs. CF
Tami Kremer, CTRS, ACC
Holidays, continued from page 39
The spice fragrances are inhaled to comfort the soul at the loss of Sabbath. The spices represent a compensation for the loss of the special Sabbath spirit. The spices commonly used are cloves, cinnamon, or bay leaves. They are kept in a special decorated holder called a b'samim box. The blessing over the spices is simply "Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, Creator of different types of spices." Lastly, the candle is lit which symbolizes light and darkness and the ability to see the difference in a very real way. It is customary to hold up your fingers to see the light and shadows dancing upon them. The blessing on the lighted candle is "Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe. Creator of the light of fire." Scriptures that are sometimes recited during the evening are Isaiah 12:2-3, Psalms 16:13, Psalms 104:15. The last blessing recited for the evening is "Blessed are you, Lord, our God, sovereign of the universe Who separates between sacred and secular between light and darkness, between Israel and the nations between the seventh day and the six days of labor. Blessed are You, Lord, who separates between sacred and secular"(Amen). Many families and synagogues have refreshments after the ceremony. They eat dried fruits such as dates, apricots, and figs. Nuts and whole grain crackers are often added. Apple juice is a common drink. ACTIVITY IDEAS Talk about the Havdalah ceremony. If you have Jewish residents, have them share their memories of the celebration as a child. Show pictures of a Havdalah set (many web sites have pictures you can print). Locate a set to show. Read the blessings and scriptures, then discuss them. Serve appropriate refreshments. CF
INDEPENDENCE DAY SENSORY KIT
Editor's Note: For Canadian readers, adapt these ideas to put together a Canada Day Sensory Kit. Independence Day, also known as the Fourth of July, is celebrated all over the country in some very traditional ways. Patriotism is at an all-time high when celebrating this holiday. Parades, picnics, concerts, family gatherings, baseball games, and the ever-popular fireworks display all add excitement to the day marking our declaration of independence from Great Britain in 1776. Interesting discussions ensue when revisiting how group participants each celebrated this holiday as children. Did they attend small town parades? Who was in the parade? Were picnics a family tradition? If so, where were they held, and what was the typical fare? What family members did they spend the holiday with and where? Were baseball games included in the day's festivities? What kind of fireworks did they set off, or watch, and where? Visual Display American flags and other red, white, and blue patriotic décor. Show photos of some of our Founding Fathers like George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin for good prompts for discussion. Watch a video of a small town Independence Day parade. Display caps or hats from different branches of the military. Better yet, display a serviceman's uniform and discuss the significance of the insignias, medals, etc. Auditory Play recordings of patriotic songs as background music during the session. Sing The Star-Spangled Banner, America, Battle Hymn of the Republic, and America the Beautiful together. Read the entire poem by Francis Scott Key that depicted the battle in the War of 1812 and eventually became our treasured national anthem. Read some of the Declaration of Independence to spark memories. Patriotic trivia would be a great way to revisit the amazing struggle for independence our country succeeded in making. Tactile Give each participant a small flag to wave while they sing patriotic songs. Recite the Pledge of Allegiance, asking each person to put his hand over his heart. Taste and Smell Provide glasses of lemonade, slices of watermelon, or other typical picnic fare for the participants to enjoy as refreshments. CF
This column is dedicated to the creative writings that are submitted by residents and readers. It is assumed that by submitting works, permission has been given by the author to printing in Creative Forecasting. Thanks to all those who have sent us "Creative Musings"!
THE OLD RED, WHITE, AND BLUE
Janet H., The Heritage of Huntington, Huntington, IN This is not my home, he said, Seems I'm always in the red. America has always been to me Freedom of choice. But when it comes to distributing my wealth Seems I have no voice. Then I'm left with no gain and in the red again. Still, it's the old red, white, and blue, And hopefully, it will help see me through.
OUT OUR WINDOW
Residents, Lakeshore Wedgewood, Nashville, TN We looked out our window and what did we see? Eight beautiful trees, daylilies are in bloom; we'd like some in our room. Surprise, surprise, we see a nest in a tree. The aviary is full of birds in our facility. We watch the children romp and play, and the birds sing every day. The sun is shining brightly, and the wind is blowing lightly. The weather is mild for July. The birds are starting to fly. We look into the bright sky, and watch the people go by. We smile, and give a contented sigh!
THIS IS MY LAND
Fine Arts Club, The Heritage of Huntington, Huntington, IN This is my land, A land so grand. May my country forever stand. Mountain and valley, land and sea, Equality of humanity Where everyone is free. Here we live together blissfully. Ring out, ring out, O bell of liberty Where freedom reigns for all to see. God is our king, in all His majesty. He reigns throughout eternity And in this land with its humanity. This land of the pilgrims that I love Is nurtured from our God above. This land, mine and yours, that I love. We stand together, full of pride Like strong, tall trees, side by side, Hopefully, in this manner we will forever abide. This land, our land, A land so grand. May our country forever stand.
MEMOIRS OF SUMMER
Residents, DeMay Living Center, Newark, NY As I sit among the blossoming trees and listen to the music of the bees, I tend to smile and enjoy the sun because I realize summer has come. The summer sun is bright, the clouds are billowing and white. As the evening turns to night the sunset is quite a sight. Don't speculate, summer's not over yet, strawberries are ripe, you can bet. All other fruits are in season; let's go on a picnic, we have a reason. As the end of the summer is drawing near, I shall remember another year of fairs, flowers, and picnics so dear and once again, the birds will disappear.
Residents, Bucktail Medical Center Skilled Nursing Facility, Renovo, PA Went on a trip along the stream. Took my fishing pole to sit and daydream. I caught a few fish, but not big enough to keep, so I told a story to my friends, Joe and Pete. I caught a monster of a fish with fangs and claws. They looked at me with open jaws. I knew he wouldn't be too much of a sweet treat, so I threw him back with a sigh of relief. Packed up my stuff and quickly ran home alone. When I got there, I realized he had followed me home.
Laura Wilson, BA-MT
SUSAN BOYLE: THE UNDERDOG SINGING SUPERSTAR
Throughout musical history, there have been very few singers who have had a more unique and unlikely path to stardom than Scottish singer Susan Boyle. Literally almost overnight, this middle-aged woman from a small town became one of the most recognizable people in the world. The wheels were put in motion when Boyle, at the age of 48, auditioned to sing for a television show called Britain's Got Talent. When she initially walked on stage, the audience and even the judges of the show snickered at her rather frumpy attire and plain appearance. No one gave her much of a chance. Boyle ended up having the last laugh, though, and proved the old saying true that "you can't judge a book by its cover." Her voice and story have touched the lives of many people around the world, and her first CD, I Dreamed a Dream, became the largest-selling debut of any female artist in music history. This month's music activity will feature the music and life of Scottish singer Susan Boyle. Your group will hear about her history, listen to her music, and discuss her unlikely rise to worldwide fame and success. OBJECTIVES Music appreciation Discussion SUPPLIES CD player Pictures of Susan Boyle MUSIC Susan Boyle's debut CD, I Dreamed a Dream. You can purchase the CD or download two or three songs online at www.iTunes.com. Here are a few suggestions: I Dreamed a Dream - This is the song she sang on Britain's Got Talent. Wild Horses - This song is a beautiful interpretation of a Rolling Stones classic. Who I Was Born To Be - This song speaks to Boyle's unique journey. Biography of Susan Boyle Susan Boyle was born in a small town in Scotland on April 1, 1961. Her birth was a difficult one and as a result, she suffered some oxygen deprivation. As a child, she was diagnosed with several learning disabilities and was constantly made fun of and bullied. She didn't do particularly well in school and never had a steady career path after her education was finished. Boyle always loved to sing and
won many local talent competitions. She also sang in her church choir and took vocal lessons. Most of Boyle's adult life was spent caring for her mother, who died recently at the age of 91. At her mother's urging, Boyle auditioned for the hit television show, Britain's Got Talent. A video was made of Boyle's audition and interview before her performance. Boyle announced in the interview that she was going to "rock that audience." As she walked on stage, many people in the audience laughed and snickered at the 48year-old's attire and rather average looks. Even the judges didn't take her seriously. When she started singing, though, everything changed. Her beautiful voice awed the crowd, and the judges appeared to be dumbstruck. By the end of her performance, the crowd and judges were on their feet cheering. The video of her audition immediately hit the Internet and became the most-viewed video ever on youtube.com with more than 100 million people watching as Boyle completely stunned the audience. She literally became an overnight success, and the media went crazy over her story. Boyle didn't end up winning Britain's Got Talent that year; she placed second. Undeniably, there have been a few bumps in the road as she adjusted to her new life in the public eye. She released her first CD in 2009, and it became the best-selling debut of any female singer in history and went to No. 1 on the charts around the globe. Boyle still lives in the same house she grew up in and continues to volunteer at her church, where she visits seniors in their homes. Her story has led to many discussions, and she has said that she hopes people will be less likely to judge individuals on their appearance and instead focus on their talents. ACTIVITY STEPS Show your group a photo or two of Susan Boyle and ask if any of them recognize her. Get your group's reaction to her appearance and ask them if she looks like a famous singer. Read the first half of Boyle's biography to the point where she auditions for Britain's Got Talent. Play I Dreamed A Dream for your group. Get reaction from your participants. Read the rest of Boyle's biography and discuss her story with your group. Play a couple more music selections including Wild Horses and Who I Was Born To Be. Proceed to discussion questions GROUP DISCUSSION QUESTIONS How is Susan Boyle a classic underdog? Why did people initially judge Boyle so harshly because of her appearance? What seems to be more important in the entertainment world, talent or appearance? Did you like Susan Boyle's voice and music? CF
TENNIS TERMS CROSSWORD PUZZLE
1 2 3
1. FIRST POINT OF A GAME FOR EITHER PLAYER 4. MATCH BETWEEN TWO TEAMS OF TWO PLAYERS EACH 6. PERFECT SERVE THAT THE OPPONENT CANNOT RETURN
AND IS NOT TOUCHED BY THE RECEIVER
BY THE SERVER'S FOOT ENTERING THE COURT BEFORE THE RACKET CONTACTS THE BALL.
8. ACTION OF TOSSING THE BALL INTO THE AIR TO INITIATE
10. SHOT THAT DIAGONALLY IS HIT FROM ONE SIDE OF THE
COURT TO THE OTHER
11. MOVE INTO THE FORECOURT TOWARDS THE NET TO HIT VOLLEYS QUICKLY INTO THE OPPONENT'S SIDE. ____ THE
FOOT ____ 2. PAIN CAUSED BY TOO MUCH PLAY, IMPROPER TECHNIQUE, OR RACQUET TENSION. TENNIS ____ 3. TO PUT THE BALL AWAY AND END THE POINT 5. HE RETRIEVES BALLS FOR PLAYERS. 7. THIS AREA IS 78' LONG, 27' WIDE FOR SINGLES. 8. WALL USED FOR PRACTICING ALONE 9. SPECTATOR AREA 13. SHOT THAT FAILS TO CROSS THE NET OR LANDS
OUT OF COURT
12. TERM FOR NO SCORE 15. AREA ON EACH SIDE (A.K.A. TRAMLINES) 17. UMPIRE'S SEAT
OF THE SINGLES COURT THAT
ENLARGES THE COURT AREA WHEN DOUBLES IS BEING PLAYED
14. SCORE WHEN PLAYERS ARE TIED AT 40 16. POINT THAT WILL END THE GAME. ____ POINT
WORD LIST: ACE, ALLEY, ATTACK, BACKBOARD,
BALL BOY, BALL TOSS, CHAIR, COURT, CROSS COURT, DEUCE, DOUBLES, ELBOW, ERROR, FAULT, FIFTEEN, GALLERY, GAME, KILL, LOVE Answers on page 46
FAMOUS RABBITS WORD SEARCH
O B X W P N W Q B E Q M E L B I F R D H H H X R Y Y R B R E R A B B I T U T L R N T H U M P E R T L L B V E L V E T E E N U E I S P S A N K C K N O C I M N F Q M S L L Z E A T Q I F Y U Q R T I Y R F B F U T T I Y D H E U G O U M V M S K A X O D R I O G Q B Q L F P G G S P Z F S E J C F L L H S O Y E O H H R X K X J R G Q H R O H Q S Y
$ $ $ $ $ $ $ BR'ER RABBIT BUGS BUNNY DURACELL BUNNIES EASTER BUNNY ENERGIZER BUNNY LITTLE BUNNY FOO FOO NESQUIK BUNNY $ $ $ $ $ $ $ PETER RABBIT RABBIT (Winnie the Pooh's friend) ROGER RABBIT THUMPER TRIX RABBIT VELVETEEN RABBIT WHITE RABBIT
Answers on page 46
Resource Spotlight Creative Forecasting Editors
LET'S LOOK TOGETHER An Interactive Picture Book for People with Alzheimer's and Other Forms of Memory Loss Rae-Lynn Cebul Ziegler, OTR Health Professions Press P.O. Box 10624 Baltimore, MD 21285-0624 (410) 337-9585 Fax: (410) 337-8539 www.healthpropress.com Let's Look Together is a 56-page 8½" x 11" publication that can be used with people who have Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. It is filled with 27 full-color photographs portraying an array of easily recognized emotions and activities such as joy, sadness, surprise, contentment, stubbornness, unexpected encounters, nurturing family interactions, and more. This photo gallery creates a visual and emotional journey for each person every time the book is opened. Research demonstrates that sensory integration in the brain reinforces and excites neural connections. Using the principles of sensory integration, occupational therapist Rae-Lynn Ziegler presents photographs that trigger multiple and varied sensory reactions: visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, gustatory, and vestibular and proprioceptive (motion and movement). Tested with people with middle to late Alzheimer's disease, Ziegler's work demonstrates that spending time with an interactive picture book can keep people with memory loss connected and engaged.
Let's Look Together is intended to be used as an activity that encourages meaningful interaction between a person living with a cognitive disability and a caregiver, family member, or others who wish to make emotional or cognitive connections. It is meant to be used in a failure-free manner and is a tool to connect with the person with cognitive impairment wherever he is at any given moment. The goal of each turn of the page is to wake up the brain so the person interacts and responds to the photographs. There is a very helpful User's Guide in Let's Look Together with several tips for using this book, as well as Secrets for Successful Communication including questions to ask with each photograph. Let's Look Together can be used in oneto-one situations as well as group sessions. Let's Look Together (Stock #29517) is available for $28.95 plus s/h which is based on the order total. If the total order is $55.00 or less, the s/h would be $6.49. If the total order is $55.01 or more, s/h would be 12% for U.S. orders. Canadian orders are $28.95 and 15% of the product total (total amount in U.S. funds). CF
Answers to TENNIS TERMS CROSSWORD PUZZLE (from page 44)
1 2 3
F A U
E L B
K I L
Answers to FAMOUS RABBITS WORD SEARCH (from page 45)
O B L B I F R D H H H X R Y Y R B R E R A B B I T U T L R N T H U M P E R T L L B V E L V E T E E N U E I S P S A N K C K N O C I M N F Q M S L L Z E A T Q I F Y U Q R T I Y R F B F U T T I Y D H E U G O U M V M S K A X O D R I O G Q B Q L F P G G S P Z F S E J C F L L H S O Y E O H H R X K X J R G Q H R O H Q S Y
B A L
C O U
R T T A C
C K B
P N W
L E R Y
E R R O R
D L L E U
A R D
G H A M E I R
E Q M E
JULY 2010 WORD PICTURES
YOU NEED TO THINK LITERALLY TO SOLVE THESE WORD PICTURES.
BET BET BET BET BET BET BET BET
SV IC U O I I O U C I VS
COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION
LOOKING OUT #1 #1 #1 #1
SHINING C C SHINING
Answers on page 54
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 12th 13th 15th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st 23rd 28th Lead singer of the late '70s new wave group, Blondie .................................................. Deborah Harry 1945 First black U.S. Supreme Court justice; appointed by LBJ ............................ Thurgood Marshall 1908/93 Talk show host also associated with providing affordable prescriptions .................... Montel Williams 1956 Complicated inventions designed for simple tasks are named after him .............. Rube Goldberg 1883/1970 Spiritual leader of Tibet and Nobel Peace Prize winner .................................................... Dalai Lama 1935 Mesmerizing figure skater who never won Olympic gold ............................................ Michelle Kwan 1980 Pittsburgh-born bass-baritone and bandleader whose members at different times included Miles Davis, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, and Sarah Vaughan ................................................ Billy Eckstine 1914/93 Although found not guilty, many believe he killed his ex-wife and her friend .................... O.J. Simpson 1947 Famous son and singer of Alice's Restaurant and The City of New Orleans ................. Arlo Guthrie 1947 Engineer, philosopher, architect, and inventor of the geodesic dome ............ Buckminster Fuller 1895/1983 Writer, comedian, and actor whose comedy partner was Chong ................................. Cheech Marin 1946 Born in Athens, Greece, she is an author and online political journalist ................ Arianna Huffington 1950 Cackling, wild-haired comedienne who wisecracked about her husband, Fang ............... Phyllis Diller 1917 Former President of South Africa who spent 28 years in jail .................................... Nelson Mandela 1918 Nobel Prize-winning medical physicist who researched insulin levels in blood ............... Rosalyn Yalow 1921 West Side Story actress who drowned off Catalina Island in a boating mishap .......... Natalie Wood 1938/81 Communications professor and author known as the "Canadian sage of the electronic age" whose memorable quote was "The medium is the message."....................................................... Marshall McLuhan 1911/80 Texas rancher and politician whose last name became synonymous for a stubborn person (because he refused to brand his cattle) .......................................................................................... Samuel Maverick 1803/70 English author and illustrator of the Peter Rabbit stories ...................................... Beatrix Potter 1866/1943
BEARD & MOUSTACHE CHAMPIONSHIPS
S The North American Beard and Moustache Championship occurs July 3, 2010 in Bremerton, WA. Facial hair competitions are popular in Europe and are catching on "across the pond." Men with all types of facial hair enter and are judged just like a beauty contest. They primp backstage with mirrors, hairbrushes, combs, spray, wax - you name it - and often add a costume to accentuate their look, such as Wild West, Musketeer, or Salvador Dali. S The World Beard and Moustache Championships is a biennial competition held in Europe and the U.S. Germany hosted the 1990 inaugural event, Alaska in 2009, and Norway hosts in 2011. Team Canada joined the contest for the first time in 2009. Four main brackets are Moustache, Sideburn, Partial Beard, and Full Beard, with specific categories in each bracket. Check out some amazing facial hair photos at www.worldbeardchampionships.com. S Match these well-known, hirsute characters with their descriptions below: 1. Olympic Winter Games champion sporting a soul patch A. Groucho Marx 2. Scientific genius with wild hair and moustache B. Smith Brothers 3. Several band members wear long beards (and hair) C. Apolo Anton Ohno 4. Strongman actor known for his Fu Manchu D. Bearded Lady 5. Wore glasses and chomped on a cigar E. Albert Einstein 6. Often a sideshow attraction F. ZZ Top 7. Cherry cough drop, anyone? G. Hulk Hogan Answers on page 54
FOODS OF JULY
1. 2. 3.
Answers on page 54
BULLETIN BOARD TRIVIA
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. Why is the U.S. flag folded into a triangle when not being flown? Which Washington, DC monument has the inscription, "We hold these truths to be selfevident that all men are created equal..."? Who is the only U.S. President who never lived in the White House? The Washington Monument is a four-sided, 500-foot-tall pillar. What is that shape called? What was Francis Scott Key's profession? When is it permissible to fly the American flag upside down? Who was given the right to vote on March 23, 1971? The first U.S. national park was created in 1872. Name the park. T/F: Election Day is a national holiday. What is the most circulated U.S. coin? Who is the honorary chairperson of the American Red Cross? In which military branch did "March King" John Philip Sousa serve when he wrote the music he is so famous for? Name the U.S. President who integrated the military with an executive order. On the first U.S. flag, why are the stars in a circular pattern? What did "Yankee Doodle" call the feather in his hat? According to the U.S. Census Bureau, what are the five most common U.S. surnames? Which state is America's flattest, with a difference of only 345 feet between its highest and lowest points? How many signers of the Declaration of Independence served as U.S. President? Who was the first American to walk on the moon? What is the only U.S. state that borders only one other state? In which hand does Lady Liberty hold her torch? What were the first battles of the American Revolution? What was the last major battle of the American Revolution? Who was the leader of the Green Mountain Boys? Who said to the British upon near defeat, "I have not yet begun to fight"? The land that became the District of Columbia was given to the federal government by which two states? Why was John Hancock the first signer of the Declaration of Independence? On July 2, 1776, 12 of the 13 colonies voted for independence. Which delegation abstained? What were the two capital cities before Washington, DC? How many states have adopted the eagle as the state bird? Name the four state capitals named after U.S. Presidents.
Answers on page 54
THIS WAS THE YEAR...1960
U.S. PRESIDENT & VICE PRESIDENT: Dwight D. Eisenhower & Richard M. Nixon HEADLINES: Soviets Capture American Pilot after Shooting Down U-2 Spy Plane Israeli Agents Capture Adolf Eichmann in Argentina Castro Nationalizes All U.S. Property Communist Guerrillas Known as Vietcong Established Young MA Senator Wins Democratic Presidential Nomination in Los Angeles Texan LBJ Is Surprise Vice Presidential Pick Kennedy Narrowly Defeats Nixon for U.S. Presidency Civil Rights Issues Percolate in Southern States U.S. Congress Investigates "Payola" in Broadcasting / Recording Industries Canadian Indians Granted Voting Rights
TIME MAGAZINE MAN OF THE YEAR: U.S. Scientists COST OF LIVING: ·New House - $12,675 ·New Car - $2,610 ·Gasoline - 25¢ per gallon ·Movie Ticket - $1 COST OF FOOD: ·Granulated Sugar - 89¢ per 10 pounds ·Ground Coffee - 97¢ per pound ·Eggs - 30¢ per dozen ·Fresh Bread - 20¢ per loaf ·Average Income - $3,199 per year ·Average Rent - $98 per month ·Harvard Tuition - $1,250 per year ·Postage Stamp - 4¢ ·Vitamin D Milk - $1.04 per gallon ·Bacon - 65¢ per pound ·Ground Hamburger - 58¢ per pound
NEW FOOD PRODUCTS: ·Coffee Rich® ·Aluminum cans FIRSTS: ·Pacemakers ·Laser ·Copy machine (Xerox®) FADS: SONGS:
·Granny Smith apples ·Domino's® pizza
·Single-serving ketchup packets
·Birth control pills ·Weather satellite ·Librium (anti-anxiety drug) ·The Twist ·Oversized eyeglasses
·Cramming into telephone booths
Alley-Oop (The Hollywood Argyles), Are You Lonesome Tonight? and It's Now or Never (Elvis Presley), Cathy's Clown (The Everly Brothers), Everybody's Somebody's Fool (Connie Francis), He'll Have to Go (Jim Reeves), I'm Sorry (Brenda Lee), Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polka Dot Bikini (Brian Hyland), The Twist (Chubby Checker), Only the Lonely (Roy Orbison), Teen Angel (Mark Dinning), Theme from A Summer Place (Percy Faith)
SPORTS: ·Champions include the Pittsburgh Pirates (baseball) and Ohio State (college basketball). ·Arnold Palmer wins eight out of twenty-seven golf tournaments including the Masters and U.S. Open. ·The Negro American Baseball League disbands; the oversized catcher's mitt is introduced. ·Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox retires with a career batting average of .344. Many still think he is still the greatest hitter of all time. ·Associated Press Athletes of the Year are Rafer Johnson (track and field) and Wilma Rudolph (track and field).
FIREWORKS & OTHER SUMMER TRIVIA
Fireworks shows will be watched by millions celebrating Canada Day and the Fourth of July. Originally designed and packed by experts called pyrotechnicians (pyro from the Greek word pur meaning fire), high-tech computers now control many contemporary shows and often broadcast accompanying music. The Chinese probably invented fireworks more than 1,000 years ago, and colonists who settled in America used "illuminations" (their word) at the July 4, 1776 celebration of the new country. Below are descriptive terms used by fireworks experts: STARS - marble-sized, hard balls made of black powder that create the actual lights we see AERIALS - fireworks that explode high in the sky ILLUMINATIONS - fireworks that explode near the ground MORTARS - metal or plastic tubes that hold the shells and launch the fireworks BATTERIES - wooden frames that hold mortars in place MAGAZINE - concrete or metal building used to store fireworks SALUTES - loud, repeating booms CHRYSANTHEMUM - round burst that keeps its shape before fading COMET - ring that shoots out a long stream or streak of glitter PEONY - star that bursts from the center without trailing glitter SPIDER WEB - bright center with distinct lines shooting out STROBE - flashing silver lights that slowly float to the ground WEEPING WILLOW - stars that trail down and look like a weeping willow tree SET PIECES - fireworks attached to wooden grids on the ground that spell out words or create a picture SUMMER MEMORIES Classic BCTM Paddle Ball Potholder Kit with Loom Cold drinks in brightly colored anodized aluminum glasses Stick-on Colorform® sets (Miss Weather is one of the most popular.) Jump rope and marbles Die-cast metal cars and balsa propeller airplanes Bike parades with noisy baseball cards clipped to the spokes Neighbors or friends named Betty, Mildred, or Bea - Harvey, Larry, or Bud Picnics with food in a wooden basket and a transistor radio Straw hat and fishing pole Chasing lightning bugs No sunscreen! JULY QUOTES & JOKES ·"Summer afternoon, summer afternoon ... the two most beautiful words in the English language." (Henry James) ·"A lot of parents pack up their troubles and send them off to summer camp." (Raymond Duncan) ·"Dirty hands, iced tea, garden fragrances thick in the air, and a blanket of color before me - who could ask for more?" (Bev Adams, Mountain Gardening) Did you hear the one about the Liberty Bell? What did one flag say to the other? Yes, it cracked me up. Nothing, it just waved.
PERSON, PLACE, OR THING?
1. The Lakota Sioux knew me as the "Six Grandfathers." Per the Treaty of Fort Laramie, signed in 1868, the entire area was to belong to the Lakota in perpetuity. The land was seized by the United States nine years later. I was renamed for a prominent New York lawyer after his 1885 prospecting expedition. My home state's historian, with an eye toward promoting tourism, conceived the idea. Congress finally approved the bill after being convinced by President Calvin Coolidge and my state's delegation; work was started in 1927. Off and on for the next 14 years, Congress had to approve additional moneys to ensure completion. The project would not be possible without Alfred Nobel's invention. I was a witness to six dedications - one at the project's beginning, four when each of the subjects was completed, and one on the 50th anniversary of completion. Presidents spanned Calvin Coolidge to George H.W. Bush. Alfred Hitchcock's film classic, North by Northwest, puts Cary Grant and Eva Marie Saint in a precarious position. My creator was born in Idaho to Danish immigrants. His father was a carpenter and woodcarver. While studying in Paris, he came to know Auguste Rodin and was influenced by Rodin's use of light-catching surfaces. His was the first sculpture by a living American purchased by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. He also won the Logan Medal of the Arts. With these accomplishments, his reputation surpassed that of his younger brother, Solon. Work that he started but did not finish on Stone Mountain in Georgia gave him the confidence that he could succeed on this mammoth project. My creator chose the subjects, and his choice to represent "Manifest Destiny" was controversial at best. When he was traveling, working on other projects, or raising funds, his son, Lincoln, took his place on site.
Answer on page 54
2. 3. 4.
7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.
2. Charles E. Rushmore 3. Doan Robinson 5. Dynamite 7. The intense movie ending was filmed in Hollywood because the National Park Service would not let Hitchcock film a violent scene at this location. 13. Theodore Roosevelt
WORD PICTURES, Page 47 1. Tulips 2. All bets are off. 3. Tough break 4. Vicious circle 5. Lines of communication 6. Looking out for number one 7. Mini-me 8. Girl Scout 9. Mikey ate it. 10. Declining tax base 11. Sea to shining sea 12. Bipolar BEARD & MOUSTACHE CHAMPIONSHIPS, Page 48 1. C 2. E 3. F 4. G 5. A 6. D 7. B FOODS OF JULY, Page 49 1. Barbecuing or grilling 2. Hot dog 3. French fries 4. Chips 5. Blueberries 6. Ice cream 7. Fried chicken 8. Lollipop 9. Picnic basket 10. Garlic 11. Pecan pie 12. Peach BULLETIN BOARD TRIVIA, Page 50 .1. It represents the tricorner hats worn by American Revolutionary soldiers. 2. Jefferson Memorial 3. George Washington 4. Obelisk 5. Lawyer 6. As a sign of distress or danger 7. 18 year olds (The 26th Amendment was ratified on July 1, 1971 when North Carolina's legislature approved the measure.) 8. Yellowstone National Park 9. False 10. Quarter 11. President Barack Obama is the 2010 honorary chairperson. (It is always the current President.) 12. Marines 13. Harry S Truman 14. So no one colony stood above another 15. Macaroni (which was a type of wig, not pasta) 16. Smith, Johnson, Williams, Jones, and Brown (in this order) 17. Florida (Delaware ranks second flattest.) 18. Two - John Adams and Thomas Jefferson 19. Neil Armstrong 20. Maine 21. Right hand 22. Lexington Green and Concord 23. Yorktown 24. Ethan Allen 25. John Paul Jones 26. Virginia and Maryland 27. He was the president of the Continental Congress. 28. New York (which finally concurred on July 9, 1776) 29. New York City and Philadelphia 30. None 31. Jackson, MS; Jefferson City, MO; Lincoln, NE; Madison, WI PERSON, PLACE, OR THING?, Page 53 The answer is Mount Rushmore and sculptor Gutzon Borglum.
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VACATION TIME HUMOR Source Unknown Daffynition: Relaxing Boat Ride Snooze Cruise Joe: You didn't take a vacation this year, did you? John: No, I thought I needed a rest. Mother: What did your father sleep in during the campout? Son: Pop tent Husband to wife: Remember on our vacation when we spent money like there was no tomorrow? Well, it's tomorrow. What washes up on really small beaches? MICROWAVES Where do cars get the most flat tires? WHEN THERE'S A FORK IN THE ROAD Why does the Statue of Liberty stand in New York City? BECAUSE IT CAN'T SIT. What do they call cabs lined up at the Dallas, TX Airport? YELLOW ROWS OF TAXIS Why did the traveler leave his watch at home when he took an airplane trip? BECAUSE TIME FLIES AWAY
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