Read Nepali-English, English-Nepali Glossary text version

NEPALI-ENGLISH

&

ENGLISH-NEPALI GLOSSARY

Shambhu Oja Banu Oja Mark Turin Elisabeth Uphoff

second edition

South Asia Program Cornell University June 2004

ii

Introduction to the Second Edition

The Nepali language is spoken by around 20 million people in the Kingdom of Nepal, where it is the national and official language. About 11 million of these speakers use Nepali as a mother tongue. Outside of Nepal, Nepali is also spoken in north-east India and in much of Bhutan. On account of its widespread use in the states of West Bengal (particularly in the district of Darjeeling) and Sikkim, the Indian Constitution recognizes Nepali as a major language of India. While Dzongkha is the national language of Bhutan, Nepali is widely spoken by many of its citizens and used as a lingua franca across the country. In short, Nepali is a major regional language used in numerous South Asian countries. Nepali is an Indo-Aryan language, and thus part of a linguistic grouping which includes other South Asian languages such as Hindi, Bengali, Marathi and Gujarati. Modern Indo-Aryan languages are related to Sanskrit, much as modern European languages are related to Latin. Nepali is written in the Devanâgarî (or `Nagari') script, which is also used for Hindi, Marathi and Sanskrit. Nepali Devanâgarî has 12 vowels and 36 consonants. The script is essentially phonetic, meaning that the pronunciation closely resembles the written form. The script is written from left to right, with a top line indicating the word boundaries. This volume is made up of two discrete glossaries, first Nepali-English and thereafter English-Nepali. While similar, the lexical corpora which make up the two glossaries are actually quite distinct. The Nepali-English Glossary closely follows the content of Shambhu and Banu Oja's Nepali Beginner's Primer, and the lesson number in which a word is first used is given in the penultimate column. This 51-page glossary is organised according to the Nepali alphabetic order. The English-Nepali Glossary does not map directly onto the content of the lessons in the primer, but rather provides an extensive corpus of terms which Cornell's Nepali language instructors have been asked to translate over the years. The content of this glossary reflects the interests of generations of Cornell students who have studied anthropology, ecology, economics, politics and sociology in Nepal and through Nepali. Shambhu Oja, Department of Asian Studies Mark Turin, Digital Himalaya Project Cornell University, Ithaca, New York June 2004

Acknowledgements to the Second Edition

The production of the second edition of this Nepali-English and English-Nepali Glossary has relied on the generous support of many individuals. First and foremost, without the financial and administrative support of the Department of Asian Studies at Cornell University, and specifically Professor Edward M. Gunn, Ann VanDeMark and Kim Steber, this revised and reworked glossary would never have seen the light of day. We are grateful for your trust and help. Second, the Nepali Unicode font team at Madan Puraskâr Pustakâlaya in Kathmandu have been a pleasure to work with. In particular, we would like to thank Amar Gurung and Pawan Chitrakar. Finally, we would like to express our appreciation to members of the Cornell community, in particular to Anne Stengle and Durga Bor at the South Asia Program for their help with the printing, Professor Kathryn March for her unflagging support and Sara Shneiderman for her careful editorial eye. Thanks to Ajay Rai of Wandering Spirits for the front cover photo. Needless to say, any remaining errors or typographical lapses are our responsibility.

iii

Introduction to the First Edition

The Nepali language program at Cornell faces several challenges that are likely to characterize similar programs elsewhere. The number of students taking Nepali changes every year, each student has a different level of ability and there is a scarcity of published Nepali texts and dictionaries. Most importantly, most Nepali language students have specific but widely diverse fields of interest. Some students come from the Peace Corps, some come after study or travel abroad, and increasingly some come from Nepalese-American families. This means that they have very different language backgrounds and very different reasons for wanting to learn Nepali. Some want to work in development on irrigation or healthcare; others want to do PhD research on questions of religious change or women's issues; others simply want to be able to talk to older members of their families. It has been our goal at Cornell to teach not only basic skills in spoken and written Nepali but to try to make our students linguistically competent in their chosen fields of specialization as well. Because of the difficulties in locating texts and reference books to suit all their varying needs, we have tried to create new kinds of instructional materials for Nepali which could: (a) teach increasingly complex grammatical structures (b) tailor additional vocabulary and dialogues to individual students' professional directions (c) wherever possible utilize material from Nepalese school books, folk stories, literature, songs, proverbs, Radio Nepal/Nepal TV, taped conversations, or other sources not created solely for the classroom We began the Nepali Computer Project in 1988 with support between 1988 and 1992 from the Northeast Consortium for Language Teaching and Learning, Cornell South Asia Program, and the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics. Our objective has been to develop an integrated system to provide Nepali language instructors with flexible teaching materials that can be readily adapted to suit their students' varying numbers, abilities, and wide range of interests. For this reason we chose a computer-based system because it offered the flexibility of organization and presentation that we needed. At present, the project consists of a Beginners' Primer, a Beginning Reader, an Intermediate Reader, and this Glossary which has been compiled from the vocabulary contained in the other materials using a computer database. All of the words in this glossary are coded by subject and by the chapter or story in which they are first introduced, so that it would be possible to print out specific vocabulary lists according to topic of interest and/or level of study. It has been a long and informative voyage from our first days, trying to produce new materials for each level of students. These volumes represent the effort not only of the language instructors and their main assistants, but also the cumulative questions, problems, and needs of students in Nepali language classes at Cornell for almost ten years. We hope that these volumes, and those that will follow, will continue to serve them in all of their diverse needs. Professor Kathryn March Department of Anthropology Cornell University Ithaca, New York 1992

iv

Acknowledgements to the First Edition

The Nepali Computer Project at Cornell owes thanks to many people. First, of course, is the Cornell South Asia Program which is making this publication possible and which has backed the Nepali language offerings at Cornell since 1984. We would like to thank the Northeast Consortium for Language Teaching and Learning for their financial support of this project. The Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics at Cornell, too, provided invaluable support both in the basic support of the Nepali language program and in the person of Ann VanDeMark, without whose administrative savvy any of this work would have been unthinkable. Professor James Gair's Sinhala glossary provided an important early model and inspiration for our efforts. And Professor Kathryn March was ever behind the project with constant advocacy and support. But above all, we are indebted to all the students through the years of Nepali teaching at Cornell who have read, revised, and added to this work. And of those students we are especially grateful for the special assistance of Christopher Scott and Bhushan Tuladar. We are glad to be able to offer this printed version of our Nepali language materials. However, please bear in mind that this is a first edition and may contain spelling or other errors. We would deeply appreciate feedback both on technical and methodological presentation so that we can make the second edition better. Banu Oja, Shambhu Oja, Elisabeth Uphoff Ithaca, New York 1992

Technical Notes

Work on the first edition of this glossary started in 1988 using an early Apple Macintosh computer, a database package called FileMaker+ and the Kånchi NR Devanagari font. The glossary was subsequently published in 1992. The second edition was prepared in May 2004 by Shambhu Oja and Mark Turin, using the Nepali Unicode environment devised by the Madan Puraskâr Pustakâlaya library in Kathmandu, Nepal. The original glossary was retyped as a tabulated Microsoft Word document, checked and then sorted according to the Nepali and English alphabetical orders. We have used a Unicode Nepali font called Kalimati, which is freely downloadable from the Madan Puraskâr Pustakâlaya website along with the keyboard layout <www.mpp.org.np>. The updated version of this bilingual glossary is currently being formatted as a searchable database for online delivery.

List of Abbreviations

an ag g h p = = = = = anthropology (words dealing with kinship or religion) agriculture general (basic glossary) household (food, utensils, parts of houses) politics

v

1

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali +

part

n adj n adj n adv n n n n n adj adv n adv n adv adj adv n n v conj adj adj conj n adj

English

hug English cupped hands dark darkness suddenly letter (alphabet) arena, station, base newspaper leader, guide sitting place around a hearth tall before, ago number (numeral) surprise spicy pickle, chutney these days, nowadays more, yet yet, still zone Zone Commissioner to be stuck therefore very additional, besides or court, court house exceeding, excess, more

lesson

L-8 L-24 -

subject

g g g g g g

-

- 7 < = A C F [email protected] IJ : @ @KL @ , @

L-28 -

g p g, p p h

L-8 L-12 L-23 L-7 L-3 L-5 L-24 L-19 L-17 -

g g g g g, h g g g p p g

L-31 L-5 -

g g g g p p, g

<, N

2

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali @ @+ @P -7 - @ JS @

part

n n n adj n n n n adj n adj n n v n n adj adj n n n adv n adj adj n adj

English

authority, right, power an authority, official kingdom incomplete, half-finished president, chairman (of a committee) ordinance grain (wheat, corn, rice, etc) drought then famine favorable, opportune, convenient grant, subsidy experience to experience, realize approval, permission guess, estimate estimated analogous, similar, resembling request directive, punishment, discipline, order research according (to) schedule, a list strange, odd, peculiar ignorant difference, gap, interval international

lesson

-

subject

p p p p, g p p ag ag

L-13 L-14 L-31 L-7 -

g ag, p p, g g, p p, g p, g g, p g, p g, p g, p g, p g, p g g g, p g g p, g p, g

N W

@

X

X X X[

3

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali X[ X[ X X X [email protected]< _` J @ b W c Nd @@ @@ bf N

part

n

English

international unity

lesson

-

subject

p, g

n

international law

-

p, g

adj n adv n v adj n adv adv n adj adj adj adj adj n adj adj adj adj v adj n adj

last, final guess approximately superstition to follow, observe uncomfortable, difficult office now, now then certainly condition, situation late sour precious other next, another economics apart, separate a little (when the amount can't be measured) a little (measurable) lazy to inform, notify unable result, effect good, pure

L-23 L-3 L-24 L-26 L-9 L-5

g g g an p, an g g g g g

L-16 L-2

g g g

L-5 L-5 L-8 L-5 L-7 -

g g p g, p g g g g g

L-26

p g

4

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali @ N @ J

part

adj n v adj n n adv n adv n n n v n v v n

English

uncommon, unusual third month in the Nepali calendar to hail (weather) unlimited sixth month of the Nepali calendar the day before yesterday some time in the far past hospital no now eye courtyard to have amoebic dysentery Sunday to arrive to come telegram

lesson

L-17 L-13 L-17 L-9 L-15 L-5 L-5 L-14 L-37 L-13 L-9 L-26 L-1 L-1

subject

g g g, ag g g g g g g g g g g g g g g

N = () l , J`l n N - p +

adj n n n adv adj v n n phr

next year back (of a person) conduct, behavior today nowadays nowadays to be nervous, be worried model, ideal exchange, giving and taking of things or ideas, correspondent et cetera

L-30

g g

L-4 L-4 L-4

g, p g g g g

-

p, g p g

5

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali

part

n n adj adj n adj adj n n n n n n n n v adv adj n n adj n n n n n adv n

English

order, instruction base, support modern happy, joyful self (himself, herself, one's self) one's own necessary, essential necessity sound, noise income (general) mother income income source fixed income (from a tenant farming land) beginning to rest with ease, leisurely, comfortably financial, economic potato hope amazed debtor wish, desire, aim, interest prestige, honor, self-respect, status engineer history et cetera water well

lesson

L-33 L-37 L-24 L-2 -

subject

p g p, g g g g g g g

@ X q r C N @N N t P [email protected] @ up , <

L-1 L-2

p g, an p p p g, p g g

N

L-13 L-37

p g, h g g

-

p, g g p p, ag g, p g ag

6

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali X X Xw X L b (+) P z n { W X X X {X

part

n n adj adj n n n n pron adj v adj v adj n adj v n n n n n pron pron n adj n n

English

God of Rain, King of Heaven (Hindu) justice, judgment just honest intention area, region name of a district in eastern Nepal estimate he (singular familiar) the above (written, said) to split, tear, unravel height to raise, lift, take up appropriate compliant(s) light to stand up, get up north; reply example goals, aims industry, enterprise, effort industry, enterprise, craft s/he, less formal than `wahaa', more formal than `u' they (familiar) progress, advancement improved (i.e. improved wheat) favor, help, benevolence, welfare novel

lesson

L-4 -

subject

an p p, g g g p, g p, g g g g g

L-8 L-24 L-1 L-16 L-8 L-4 g g g g g g g g g g, p g g g, p g g L-12 g

7

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali L | < , X |, | | @ b @ b J · ,

part

n adj n adj adj v

English

use, utilization, usage worth, fitting, suitable, useful usefulness, utility above-said, mentioned available, obtainable, attained to fast

lesson

-

subject

g g g g g an

adj n n adv v n v v v v n adj adj n adj n n adj adj n

ready at hand, present means, method, plan means, way out, scheme in the future, subsequently, hereafter, henceforth to jump produce, crop, yield to come up, be produced, yield to be left over, be surplus to boil to germinate, sprout, grow, spring up translation alike same unity, unanimity, oneness absolutely, a lot, very, quite unit (i.e. administrative unit) unification same alone aerogram

-

g g g

-

g g

L-14 L-14 L-13 L-13 L-8 L-13 L-7 L-7

g, ag g, ag g g g g g g p g p p g g g

8

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali P 7 @ X w | @ W N N|

part

n n interj n adj n n n n adv adv n n n n n adj adj n v n n v n n n n n

English

law, act dry oh tools, equipment very much malaria medicine class, grade in school turtle where? (usually used for directions) how much? story miser, stingy hair coffee control, possession; hinge weak at least earnings to earn shirt tax, excise, duty to tax, insist, force sorrow, grief debt duties machine pen

lesson

-

subject

p g

L-9 -

g p, ag g p, an g g, p -

L-16 L-1 L-12 L-37 L-14 L-5 L-13 L-24 L-1 -

g g g g g g, h p g g p p g p p g

L-1

p p p, ag g

9

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali + J JJ w F n ^ @

part

adv pron adv adv adv n n n n n n n n v n n adv n n n v n adj n n n n n

English

how? (by what means) whose? how? (color, quality, shape) when? sometimes fork uncle (father's brother) aunt (father's brother's wife) paper paper lime (fruit) work, duty; button hole village corral where stray cattle are kept as penalty to cut, chop seventh month in the Nepal calendar ear two days after tomorrow fast for Kali copy, notebook work to work work, occupation, business established, settled factory activity, act, deed official, employee, staff member, worker program, schedule action

lesson

L-4 L-1 L-2 L-4 L-5 L-18 L-3 L-3 L-2 L-34 L-17 L-9

subject

g g g g g g g, an g, an g g g, h p ag g g g g an

L-1 L-5 L-5 L-19 -

g g g p p p p p g p

N N NN N N+

10

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali [email protected] N J J Jn J J JX J J [email protected] J S J X N [email protected] N Jn NX< N

part

n v n adj n conj n n n adv conj v n n n n n n v pron pron pron adj phrase n v n v

English

procedure to carry out, execute office black black market or book division, section, item (of land) cadastral survey why? because to buy nail, stake farmer, peasant kind, sort, type installment, pay chicken broom to run which? which? (plural) which one? certain, some I don't know (colloquial) things, talk, chat to talk, speak with superstition (negative sense), bad custom to wait

lesson

L-26 L-3 L-19 L-5 L-1 L-7 L-5 L-6 L-16 L-37 L-24

subject

p p g, p g g, p g g p p g g g ag ag, p g p, ag g, ag g, h g

L-3 L-5 L-3 L-31 L-16 L-2 L-33

g g g g g g g p, an g

11

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali

part

n n n n adv n pron n n adj n adj n n adj pron adv n n n n n adj n adv n n v

English

original capital (wealth) family god, lineage deity irrigation ditch water-hole, shallow well please (formal) agriculture what? children (male and female) center central banana some (things) scissors remarks grey who? about coat quota room unit of distance (two miles) try, effort, endeavor some (people) order, series in order, step by step, serially, respectively area, constituency, region area tour, field trip to appoint, depute

lesson

-

subject

p an

L-8 L-1 L-31 L-2 L-27

ag ag g a, ag g g p p g, h g g

+ X X J

J

L-3 L-4 L-24 L-23 L-3 L-23 L-27 -

p g g g g p g, h g g g p p p p p

J 7 7-

12

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali OE @ n X + N N N N +

part

n n v v n n n adj n n n v n n v n n n v n v adj adj adv n adj adj adj

English

part, section loss, harm, damage to be finished (slang) to dig news head clerk ash bad rabbit purchase expense to spend (money) consumable supplies castrated goat to slip, fall, be dropped snack register book food to eat things to eat, edibles (food) to dismiss, abolish, expel empty, vacant special, actual, real especially, actually chili pepper (hot) open, frank pleased, happy very, extremely

lesson

L-12 L-27 -

subject

g g g ag, g g, p p g

L-26

g g

L-34 L-28 L-4 L-4 L-2 L-27 L-32 L-2 L-17 L-7 L-13

g g g g g, ap g g, h p g, h g g, h p g g g g, h g g g

N

+ N

13

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali +

part

n n n n n n n v adj n v n v v n n n n n v v adj v adj, n n adj n n

English

field (irrigated) cultivated property cultivation, farming farmer game sports, athletics playing fields to play brown cough to look for cage to open to snatch crab name of a river in Nepal, also name of a zone last year speed, condition date (Nepali calendar) to count to chat, gossip poor to do hot, summer carpet deep wheat marijuana

lesson

L-10 L-18 L-3 L-7 L-37 L-37 L-1 L-24

subject

ag ag ag ag g g g g g g g g g g -

< b

w P b , · OEw @ X

L-17 L-9 L-1 L-11 L-35 L-1 L-7 L-8 L-17

g g g g g g g g g h, g g ag g

N + N ^ q J

14

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali - C W @ N

part

n n n v adj v adj n n n n v n adj n n n n n v n v (tr.) v n n n n n

English

festival honoring cows in Kathmandu cattle, livestock village to sing dark (color) to scold, curse difficult song quality multiplication secret, confidential matter to lose, miss teacher sweet religious or cultural association, land owned by cultural association arch, archway Home Ministry rhinoceros cow shed to weed planet to subtract, decrease, reduce, diminish something to be decreased, be reduced watch hour bell pride, arrogance, ego house, home

lesson

L-32 L-31 L-8 L-12 L-3 L-36 L-7 L-12 L-15 -

subject

g, an ag g g g g g g g g g g

_

L-2 L-2 L-6 -

g, p g an g p g ag ag g

@ f q

-X · OE OE+ OE

L-15 L-23 L-9 L-7 L-9

g g g g g g

L-1

g, a

15

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali + C w ` X N + = J ' , C

part

n n n v v n n v n n n v n v adj n v adj n adj n n n adj v n n n

English

throat grass, fodder sun, sunlight to drag, pull to travel, walk, revolve wheel magician to climb, ride donation spoon, yes-man, sycophant (slang) bird to graze custom, use, manner to run, drive, stir, pick on someone clever, sharp or quick minded cleverness to dispatch, consign early silver interesting small change, ordinary, insignificant (slang) rice (husked, uncooked) manner, behavior, conduct running, functioning, outgoing to be needed cheese letter China

lesson

L-14 L-3 L-24

subject

g g, ag g g

L-11

g g an

L-12 L-24 L-31 L-16 L-9

g an, g g, h g, h g, ag g, an g g g

L-13 L-37 L-8

p g g g g

L-13 L-12 L-14 L-31

g, ag, h an, g g g g, h g g, p

16

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali X _ _ N

part

n v v adj n v v adj n n v v n n n n v n n n n v n n adj n n v

English

sugar to recognize, know, be acquainted with to slip, slide slippery tea to peep, peer to saw, chop cold (used for things) things election to be quiet to sit quietly, remain quiet cigarette twelfth month in Nepal calendar time a resting place under tree to sow (seeds), spread (things), scatter, broadcast grain umbrella pupil student hostel scrutiny, close examination to choose, select official stamp, seal skin, leather, animal hides fast moment vacation, day off, break to separate

lesson

L-2 L-22 L-23 L-23 L-3

subject

g, h g g g g, h g

L-37 L-7 L-11 L-18 L-26 L-6 L-17 L-26 L-36 L-6 L-9 L-9 -

g g g p g g g, h g g

, = + N X @ @ "

-

ag g p p p p p g, ag g g g g

17

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali + · "@ = @ · X · < X X X C C N W+ - <

part

n n adj v adj n n n n adv n n n n n suf n n n n n n n adj v adj n n

English

knife, dagger vicinity, neighborhood, close at hand short (length) to leave, quit, give up intermingled, made of many things sparkle mane, short stiff hair on an animal's neck land jungle, forest about, approximately city in southern Nepal, also the name of a zone democracy, people's rule people, the people population public health suffix used for counting people animal animal birth answer gathering, meeting land landowner, usually one who employs tenant workers total to collect, gather important, urgent aquatic animals water resources

lesson

L-37

subject

g g

L-8 -

g g g g g

L-34 L-26 L-3 L-25 L-25

ag g, ag g p p p p p g g, ag g, ag g

L-2 L-29 L-6 L-37 -

g g, p ag ag, p g g g -

18

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali , [email protected] t =

part

n adj n adj adv n v v adj adj n n v v adj conj adj n n n

English

watershed full of water youth, young man like, similar to whenever, at any time test, exam, inspection to examine, test to attack cold (used only for weather) good, well magician information, knowledge to go to know how, have a skill Japanese whereas apparent, manifest, noted, known, obvious curiosity, inquest commodity, property responsibility, charge

lesson

subject

-

L-13 L-25 L-30

g g g p, g g g

L-7

g g an

+ X w ­ X C, C+ b @ [email protected]­ n

L-1 L-10 L-10 L-32 L-28 -

g g g g g p g p p, g

n n n n adj n adj

district livelihood life biology impure (food) shoe(s) whichever, any

L-26

g, p g

L-25 L-8 L-16 L-1 -

g g, ag, p g g, h g

19

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali C · u ­ P P P [email protected] OE - b · ·+

part

n n phr n v v n n n adj n n n adj adv adv v n v n n adj n n n n n n

English

district in the Western part of Nepal second month in the Nepali calendar in any case, anyway addition, sum; force, pressure; joint to add, join to plow name of a town in northwestern Nepal knowledge, wisdom jacket in excess, too much day-laborer astrologer quarrel, lawsuit fast, instantly, at once almost one day before, the day before yesterday to sparkle, glitter bush to take out brick tile cottage, hut false bag suspension bridge jail window head ticket, stamp

lesson

L-16 L-17 L-16 L-13 L-15 L-23 -

subject

g g g g g ag g g g g p, ag an

-

g, p g

L-10 L-9

g g g

L-34 L-37 -

g, ag g ag h g

L-1 L-1 L-14 L-7

g ag, g p g, h g g

· -- --, ! J

20

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali J J K J X p ~

part

n v n n n n n n n v n adj adj n v adj v adj n n v n adj n n adj adv adj

English

Tikaa, auspicious mark (frequently red) worn on the forehead to wear a Tikaa piece tourist table Western-style hat Nepali hat, cap ward (of a city or big town), street, for example Thamel Tol place to assume place right, okay, correct big contract, lease to make certain actual, solid to call, summon, invite one and a half (measurement) apartment methods, manner, style to cover, conceal, hide backbone, spine late, slow stone, rock door, gate rush, jostle, keen competition immediately, all at once contemporaneous, of that time, then

lesson

L-34 L-34

subject

g, an g, an g

L-16 L-1 L-3 L-3 L-25

g g, h h h g g g g

L-7 L-8 L-31 L-7 -

g g g, p g g g g g an, g g g

N ·

, · · J ·

L-9 L-19 L-1

g g g, h -

u u+

-

g g

21

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali TMA N+ N N J X _ N K

part

conj n pron conj n n n n n n adv n n n adj n v n v n n v n n n pron pron suf

English

and (formal, literary) statistics, census you (formal) but Terai, the southern part of Nepal vegetable(s) side, towards salary floor, level (i.e. first, second, etc) lake thus, therefore, on account of that layer, stratum, arrangement strength, energy reminder, pressure hot (for things) loom to pull heat to bask, warm oneself bamboo shoot finished, accomplishment, completion to finish, complete, accomplish date (Western calendar) lake, timing in music, rhythm training she (singular familiar) you (familiar) about (time), towards (direction)

lesson

L-31 L-1 L-5 L-11 L-3 L-36 -

subject

g g, p g g g, p g g g, p g g

L-7 L-37 L-24

g g g g g h g g g

L-37 L-9 L-10 L-17 L-8 L-4

g, ag g g g g, ag g g g g

+ @ @ @

22

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali @N @ WX @

part

adj n adj, pron adv n adj conj n v n n n prep adj adv adv adv adj, pron adv n n adv v n v v v

English

thirsty festival of brothers and sisters (in November) those immediately frost smart, bright although, even though, even so duty, assigned work to depute, appoint, decide, allocate cannon mustard weight until then that much, so much therefore, for that reason that is why there that quarterly fatigue, exhaustion addition, increment quietly, calmly to give more, add more slap to be trembling with fear to be tired, be exhausted to start, begin

lesson

L-7 L-30 L-3 L-21 L-13 L-25 L-26 L-30 L-10 L-5 L-5 L-3 L-1 L-7 -

subject

g g, an g g g, ag g g g g p h, ag g g g g g g g g g g g

J · + [email protected] u u u @ ~ _ _ · b N u u, u

L-26

g g g g

L-37

g

23

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali 7 N N q J P + p p~ p+ p p-p p

part

n n n n n adj n n n n v n n n v n n n n n n n n adj n n adj, n v

English

knowledge kind of Nepali bag things, type, kind south number of a section (in a document) kind petition, application cupboard entry (in office accounts or registers) view, vision, appearance to view, inspect, pay homage, ceremonially visit bad condition, state, bad days important Hindu festival, usually in October yoghurt to compare teeth older brother firewood gift (religious), contribution price, money daal and rice (Nepali meal) beard afternoon bored older sister day daily to give

lesson

L-5 L-31 L-29 L-16 -

subject

g g g g g, p g

L-28 -

p h, g p an, p, g an, p, g g

N N

L-30 L-7 L-14 L-2 L-37 L-3

g, an, p h g g g, an g, ag an g g, h g

L-4 L-7 L-2 L-5 L-12 L-1

g g g, an g g g

24

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali p : : @ | S

part

n n adj n n adj, pron adj adj adj v prep v n n adv adj v prep interj adj n n v n v adj adv n

English

diarrhea pain, grief, suffering, trouble painful, sad milk society, public, people, the world, subject both weak, thin (for people and animals) exact, accurate, correct cruel, wicked, immoral to show from to see Devi, a Hindu goddess country daily undecided, in a dilemma (literally: on two edges) to repeat by, through (the agency of) oh no, whoops rich thank you religion, duty, virtue, justice to possess, adopt water tap to weep (bitterly) very, many usually, mostly copy, imitation

lesson

L-7 L-7

subject

g g g

L-3 L-10 L-13 -

h p g g g g

W ·

L-18 L-1 L-18 L-34 L-8 -

g g g g, an g, p g g

@

N s n+ N X N W-W W ~

L-26 L-9 L-336 L-13 L-31

g g g g, p g, p, an g, p, an -

-

ag, an, p -

L-7 L-14 -

g g g, p

25

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali ~+ · u + + S > t , @@ @

part

adj n adj, adv n adj n n adj adj adj adj n n n n v v n n n n n n n

English

artificial, counterfeit, not genuine, fake map close by, nearby result, effect, consequence attached, file (of papers) threaded together river example, sample, model politely new unpleasant not good, bad pipe, tube, tobacco pipe destruction leader, chief, master, foreman nose to exceed, overcome, step over to dance term of affection (fem.), dear (for youngsters) measurement survey profit name destruction, ruin, loss export commodities

lesson

L-15 L-27 L-8 -

subject

g, p p, ag, g g g g g, ag p, g g

L-6 L-5 L-2 -

g g g ag, h g

L-14 L-12 L-39 L-1

p g p, g g g p, ag p, ag p, ag g g

-

p

n v v

exports to be cured, be healed to come out

L-12 L-30

p g g

@ @·

26

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali @ @ @u @X @^ @C @ @X @ @X N @@ @L @ @+7 @+7 @N @oe @oe @N @ @ @ @ @X @N @N N @L N

part

pron n adv adj adv adj n v n adj adj v adj n n n n n n n v adj n n adj adj n v

English

self (himself, oneself, etc) policy always sleepy one day after, the day after tomorrow the following control, restriction, limitation to control, restrict rule, principle (as distinguished from law) prescribed, assigned, regular appointed, designated to appoint near, close inspector, supervisor inspection, supervision, observation decision director guidance, direction, supervision election construction to construct blue request, application sure knowledge, resolution, determination fixed, certain without doubt salt to bathe

lesson

L-31 L-7 L-1 L-11 L-3 -

subject

g g, p g g g g p p p p p p g p p g, p g, p p p p, ag, g p, ag, g g g, p g g g

L-2 L-7

g, h g

27

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali @u + X X [email protected] K @ F-JN ` n @, @ < @ X < ·

part

n n n n adj n n v v prep n

English

leader leadership service loss, damage, harm warm justice, law judge to cook to fall, be thrown down after, later, afterwards five year plan

lesson

L-13 L-3

subject

p p p p, g, ag g p p g, h g

L-4 -

g p

n v v n n

to teach to read, study to investigate, find out letter newspaper, magazine

L-5 L-1

g, p g, p g

-

g g, p

n adv n n n n n n n n

rank, title, honor also hand, glove (anything with five fingers) abroad, a foreign country care, concern acquaintance, introduction result, outcome change, alteration assembly, council, member of council atmosphere, conditions, circumstances, situation

L-2 L-1 -

p g p g g g g p g

K K KN K· K

28

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali < @N - b J Jt J J` J J " N

part

n n n n n adj v n n n n v n v n v n v suf n n n adj n n n v n

English

pigeon the day after tomorrow domestic animal animal husbandry store, shop yellow to be available lesson kid (baby goat), sheep leaf water to irrigate support, maintenance, respect, nurture to support, maintain, obey, follow, respect, practice, nurture turn to tame, domesticate, grow, raise mountain to drink each, every, individually flour back (of a person) sadness, sorrow, worry hot (spicy) capital (money) capitalism capitalist to wipe dwarf

lesson

L-4 L-7 L-3 L-6 L-2

subject

g, ag g ag ag g g g g, p ag

L-3 L-3 L-19 -

g, ag g, ag g, ag g g g ag

L-8 L-6 L-7

g, ag g g h -

L-7 L-2 -

g g, h p p p g -

< ·

29

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali : W

part

adv adj n n n v n n n adv adj n adj n adj n n n n n n n n adj v n v n

English

again old man, male book library to submit advance (money) a city in western Nepal last year quarter to, 3/4 purple kind(s), sort(s) published nature famous progress publicity people reaction representative competition defense, reply (of a lawsuit), counteragreement copy, number (of paper), towards (people only) each to present, display big fair, exhibition to display, exhibit act of giving (a gift or donation)

lesson

L-6 L-10 L-9 L-3

subject

g g g g g g g g g g g g

N _ @ @@@ @@ @· u N N N ^ N · w, w

-

g g g, p p, g p p

L-34 -

g g g g, p g g g g g g

30

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali X + u N N

part

adj n n adj adj v v n v adj adj n n n n n n v n n n n n adj adj n adv adv

English

chief, prime, main Prime Minister influence, effect influential chief, main to attempt, endeavor (formal) to use speech, lecture to praise, appreciate plenty, sufficient, abundant, more than enough administrative administration practical education or training questionnaire extension (i.e. agricultural extension), spreading maternity hospital proposal to present, show, exhibit, declare departure, going away question living beings zoology priority received, obtained, acquired technical technician often frequently, generally

lesson

-

subject

p p g, p g, p p g g g g

N J 7 + N J­ @ z @@ @@­

L-2

g p p p p, ag, an g g p, g g g g g

L-3 L-5 L-5

g g g p, ag p, ag g g

31

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali -N N N N b J JN ~ , t N, N N b K

part

adv n v v adj n n n n n v adj n adj adj v n n v v adv adj n n v (tr.) n n

English

usually love-talk to return to send back, restore wide fruit so and so, such and such (person or things) iron (metal) section, division, a wide open space of land (usually cultivated) eleventh month of the Nepali calendar to brush off, throw light (color) return, refund independent, free little, tiny (boy or girl) to break, smash, cause dissention free time, leisure egg to lay an egg to bloom again dirty time pocket to ring (a bell), play musical instrument, cause others to quarrel bazaar, market budget

lesson

L-5

subject

g g

L-10 L-8 L-6 L-37 L-17

g g g g, h, ag g g g g g

L-3 -

g g p, g g

L-21 g L-37

g g h, g, ag ag g, ag

L-26 L-8 -

g g g g, h

, + Y

L-9 L-6 -

g g p

32

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali P " b N + < ` + J­ X N X N N @N N, N b-b J + N

part

v v n v adj n adj n v n n v v n prep phrase n n adj n n n n adv n n v v n

English

to strike, ring to collect, gather pack to sweep excess, more than enough or needed promotion more, excess replacement to replace forest battery to make to close arrangements, management in accordance with type of berry account, description, explanation regular, equal social class class organization year monsoon by hook or by crook, at last, finally bus domestic animals, goods, objects to sit to mislead, tempt, beguile younger sister

lesson

L-9 L-6

subject

g g g h

L-33 L-8 L-3 L-1 -

g p g p p g, ag g, p g g p g ag

L-4 L-29

p, g g, p p p g g, ag g

L-11 L-1

g g, ag g g

L-2

g, an

33

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali w @ · + J J @ @@ @ @X @J @J

part

n adj n v n n n n prep n v n prep interj n n n n n phrase adj prep n adj n n n n

English

remaining, left over uncultivated, fallow, barren dam to be tied bamboo father goat (in general) she-goat from road, trail, path, way to distribute habit for, in place of, instead of wow fence Children's Organization name of an area in Kathmandu crops, harvest fact, actually in fact factual, actual outside seed developed development decentralization sale sales tax

lesson

L-9

subject

g

-

ag g

L-2

ag, h g, an ag

L-6 L-11 L-9 L-35 -

ag, h g g p g, an g g g, h, ag p g ag g, p g, p

L-8

g, p g ag

-

p p p g p

34

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali @@ @ @ @ @ N @­ @ @{ @{^ @ @X @ @ @ @ @ @W¡ @W< @W @ @ @N @J{ @< @< @¢ @

part

v n adj n v n adj n n n n n n n n n n adj n n n adj v n adj n v n

English

to be broken, not functioning unit of land measurement, 5/8 acre poor, unfortunate thought, opinion to think science past (time, events) education, learning student Power Department widow request, urge detailed description, procedure argument, dispute department allocation, division tragedy opposed, against seedling plant opposition, contest, protest antagonistic, hostile, opposed to forget university faithful, sure, reliable confidence, faith, trust, belief to convince morning

lesson

L-11 L-3 L-3 L-5 L-2 -

subject

g ag g g g p g p g, p p an

@{ @

-

g g g p p g

L-24 L-11 L-23 L-4

p ag g, ag p p g g g g, an g, an g

35

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali @J -- + n J¡ P t + @@

part

n v v n n n n n v adj n adv phrase n adj adv n n n n n v n n n adj n n n

English

Thursday to explain to understand Wednesday daughter-in-law, younger brother's wife profession, occupation growth insult to sell meaningless inopportune time, untimely description in all its details evening fine, good excessively, amply meeting frustration, depression plant, tree circular sack to speak individual (person) administration, arrangement, management, authorization use, manner, treatment, practice practical, in common use, routine points, details, body of writing interest (financial) trade, occupation, business

lesson

L-24 L-8

subject

g g g g an

-

p g g

L-37 -

g g, p an, g p

L-4 -

g g g p -

= N b |n | | |+ |, | |

-

ag p g g g p p p p p g, p

36

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali |_ n X @ A N + @ X X +, @

part

adj n n n v n adj adj adj v adj adv n n n n n n n n n n n n n n n prep

English

full, widespread, extensive, pervasive God allowance (i.e. for travel) fifth month in Nepali calendar to tell, say future fearful, dreadful, ferocious terrible later on, afterwards to fill good, fine sincerely building Building Department utensil (general) younger brother part, section rent, hire kitchen sister's son load, burden bear male (for animals) attitude, way of thinking or feeling speech, lecture language language school inside

lesson

L-17 L-1 -

subject

g an, g p g g g, p, an g

L-36 L-31 L-2 L-2 L-15

g g g g g, p g p g g, an g, an g g, h an g, ag g

L-4 L-8

ag p, an g, p g g, p g

37

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali u

part

n n n n n

English

pineapple geography fur land reform Ex-Soldier's Organization

lesson

L-6 L-5

subject

g, h g, p g

-

p, ag p

N @ Y

n v n v adj n n adv n n n pron n n n n n n n v n n

meeting, visit, interview to meet sheep to pierce, make a hole in; bewitch hungry famine party tomorrow physics frog tour, field trip I purpose joy, happiness; Mars Tuesday eighth month of the Nepali calendar kerosene group or bunch of people, orbit, congregation aim, intention, meaning to help middle-class mind

L-1

p g ag g

N + @ d £ ·· · · ·@ " OE +

L-7 L-7 L-4 L-8

g p, ag, an g g g -

L-1 L-17 -

p, ag g g g g g h, g an

L-34 L-5

g g p g

N - N

38

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali N = , + ¤ X X X X X · u< u<N N

part

v v n n v n n n n n v n adj n n n adj n adj n n v n n n n prep n

English

to like to feel like intention, desire ban, prohibition to celebrate entertainment Ministry Minister temple repair(s) to repair manure miscellaneous last day of the month ink draft (of a paper) expensive importance, value important tax, rent, duty, excise, fee realization, feeling to realize continent month Women's Organization sir, gentleman in, on, at mother's brother's wife

lesson

L-5 L-5

subject

g g g

L-36 L-17 L-36

g, p g g p p g, an g g ag

L-10 L-8 L-10 L-1 L-2

g g g g g g g p g g g, p g g, p g, p, an g an

N J J

39

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali = + d @ X X N N N N ¥ @ @ @ N N

part

n n v n n n n n adj n n n n n n v v n v n v prep n n n adj n n

English

minute book (of meetings) demand to ask, demand, beg tenth month in the Nepali calendar fish fish pond middle soil only intoxicating substance respect, rank anthropology name of a lake in Tibet person person to agree, obey, respect, follow or practice (a religion) to excuse, pardon mother's brother to love avenue, road to kill care of, through, via goods, freight Revenue Office meat tasty date (general) friendship

lesson

L-27 L-17 L-35 L-31 L-20 L-6 L-8 L-22 L-3 L-3 L-36 L-10 L-2 L-36 L-36 L-26 L-6 L-2 L-9 L-31

subject

p g g g g, h ag g g, ag g g g g, an, p g g g g g g, an g g g g g p h g g g

40

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali @ @ @ @d @J N @J L ' ¦ @ N ^

part

adj v v n v adj n n n adj n adj n n adj n n n n n adj n n n n n n n

English

friendly to bring together, join, adjust, reconcile, fix to mix mechanic, wood worker, mason to work hard diligent name of a religious site in western Nepal mouth, face headman of a village, patriarch, senior clerk wrinkled handful, palm in accordance with court-case, law-suit profit stupid statue country, state national laws, legal code value, worth, price evaluation difficult a district in northern Nepal elements, rudiments deer chair agreement, accord open field socks

lesson

L-8 L-16 L-25 L-25 L-22 L-14 -

subject

g g g ag, p, g g g g g p, ag g g

-

g

g g

L-20 L-23 L-16 -

g p p g g g g g g

b

w b§ ·

L-1 L-1

g, h g g g, h

41

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali @ + C p J J = 7 · · = · J·-J· u N N ,

part

adj n n n n n n conj adv adv adv n n v adj pron pron pron n n conj n n n v n adj n

English

fat, healthy pearl price, cost tenant or sharecropper chance, opportunity, occasion weather due date, time limit if for this reason, so this is why here yak transportation to memorize, remember here (also very polite for `you') these this this one qualification written plan, project and sum, amount, kind, sort, item protection rakshi, alcohol, hard liquor to be drunk color multicolored name of a park in Kathmandu

lesson

L-13

subject

g g

L-17 L-18 L-5 L-5 L-3 L-6 L-26 L-22 L-3 L-1 L-3 L-2 -

g g, p g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g

L-10 L-16 L-3 L-3 L-36

g, h g g g g

42

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali d @ · @ @ d @ [@ J[ KL Kn W W W W N @ WJ

part

adj n n v n v n n n n adj n n adj n n adj n adj n n v n n particle v n

English

pleasant chemistry receipt to be found, remain desire to put, keep ambassador capital politics political science political night red good, beautiful opinion, idea president national vacancy (place) vacant tree cold (sickness) to cry form, appearance, shape rupee (primary unit of currency in Nepal) used at the end of a phrase or sentence when information is second hand or reported to supervise, look after radio

lesson

L-5 L-8 L-22 L-29 L-3 L-17 L-8 L-4 L-3 L-2 L-18 L-25 L-7 L-36 L-5 L-18

subject

g g, p g g g g p g, p p g, p p g g g g p g, p g g g, ag g g g g g g g

43

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali + J· = @ N = @ @· @· J· @ · b <

part

n n n n interj n n n v v prep v v n adj adj n n v n v v n n adj interj v suf

English

disease bread ferris wheel land measurement common in the hills well, okay aim, target, goal millionaire cost, price to wear, put on (clothes); grow grain to take with for to apply, implement to feel like, assume gain, advantage, profit long written gender long rope swing tied to four bamboo trees to take writer, author to write to bring with, carry away people, world, planet, universe public service greedy well, okay to bring used for counting inanimate objects

lesson

L-31 L-34 L-34 L-9 L-19 L-27 L-12 L-7 L-8 L-5 L-1 L-27

subject

g g, h g ag g g g, p g g, h g g g g g g g g, an g g g g, p g g, p

L-37 L-9 L-26 L-3

p g g g g

44

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali N @ @ X X 7 7 ¡ @ ·

part

v pron n n n n n n n adj adv n n adj adj n n n n n n n prep n n n n v

English

to sweep s/he (formal) doubt, suspicion Saturn (planet) Saturday branch (of a Department or Ministry) peace Peace Corps teacher educated at once, immediately, soon Venus (planet) Friday clear, pure, correct good, auspicious labor, toil voluntary labor Mrs, wife Mr, husband emergency sign, code, gesture, hint, symbol numbers with organization director, conductor directing council, executive committee use, direction to direct, conduct, execute

lesson

L-24 L-1 -

subject

g g g -

L-17 L-21 -

p g g g, p g, p g -

L-22 L-33 L-1 L-3 -

g g g g, p g g g g g g p p, g p g g

@@ N

45

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali n

part

adj adj n n n n v v v n n v adj prep n n n n n n n adv n n prep adj n n

English

fine, well, good combined, united, joined United Nations world culture institution, organization to be finished to be able, can to help, assist music secretary to be decorated easy, simple instead of road Department of Roads reality, truth capital, place of control; approval, sanction headquarters member membership always Saturday satisfied, satisfaction face to face clean quarter early morning, dawn

lesson

L-4 L-8 L-29 L-37 L-9

subject

g g p g g, p, an p g g g, p

n [W · J J· " @ u q @ X, X X

L-18 -

g g g

L-7 L-37 L-6 L-5 L-9

g g g p g p p p p g g g

L-8 L-9 L-37

g g g g

46

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali N N d u @@

part

adj n adj n n n v n n adj adv v n adj n adj adj n adj prep n n n n adv adj adj n

English

all time powerful, capable, able support, corroboration, ratification problem sociology to catch, grab, hold council, committee community community including, together to remind, counsel, convince wealth, property completed, accomplished, well-off (i.e. a family) contact, relationship complete, all, whole the concerned concerning, related to probable up to, up until approval meeting, conference correction, amendment, revision hundred without asking permission without stopping transferred, contagious government

lesson

L-7 L-12 L-8 L-36 L-36

subject

g g g g g g, p g p p p g g, p g

C C C© C N CN CX CX C C C ~ W< N C CJ

L-1 L-3

g g g g g g g g p g g g g

L-22

p g, p

47

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali N oe 7 b , @

part

v n n n adj v

English

to transfer, shift, move (to a new house) supervision, survey, inspection matches (to light a fire) advice cheap to help, assist

lesson

L-36 L-10 L-34

subject

g p g, h g g g, p

adj n n adj n adj n n adj n n n n adj adj n prep adj n adv adj

bearable cooperation, assistance city narrow evening cultural bicycle fourth month in the Nepali calendar literate vegetable garden half, half past (time) friend resources, aids, means, equipment ordinary, simple little, small power, strength, ability, vigor in front collective, group communism perhaps all L-12 L-17 L-21 L-9 L-2 L-8 L-34 L-8 L-8 L-4 -

g g, p

@ 7 + TMN J C

g g an, p g g g, p ag g g g g g g g p p g g

48

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali [email protected] N

part

adj n v n n n adj n v v n n n n adj n v n n adj n adj n n n n n adj

English

public breath to breathe shopkeeper (male) shopkeeper (female) sir very carpenter to teach to learn education irrigation sitaar (a musical string instrument) dew straight, fair principles, doctrines, ideology to be finished cinema, movie, film skill skilled, skillful recommendation limited sewing, needlework glass, lead (material) injection person without land, homeless Friday happy

lesson

L-25 L-25 L-5 L-6 L-12 L-33 L-1 L-1 L-10 L-13 L-13 L-10 L-26 L-9

subject

p g g g g g g g g g g, p ag g g g g g g p g g g g g g ag, p g g

@^ @· @7 @ @ @ @

@

@X @@ @ @ @ @K @@ @ @

C

49

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali =, =+ u ¡ +

part

adj n n v adj n v n n v n n v adv adj v n n adj n n n n v adj v n adj

English

neat, clean information, notice notice board to sleep correct improvement, reform to improve, reform, correct gold orange (fruit) to listen, hear convenience, comfort, facility highest rank of civil officer, also a respectable term of address to start, begin immediately, without stopping informed to inform catalog, index suggestion white army, corps share (i.e. financial), partnership a donut-like bread service to think straight, fair, honest to ask Monday same

lesson

L-25 L-12 L-2 L-24 L-33 L-37 L-2 L-4 L-13 L-4 L-34 L-37 L-2 L-9 -

subject

g g g g g g, p g, p g g, h g g p g g g g g g g g, p g, p h g, p g g g g g

N X X @ | W N W-W

N

,

,

+ t - +

50

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali @ S <

part

n n adj n adj n n n n n n n n n adj adj n adj n n adv n n interj adj suf adj n

English

level, standard place, position local situation, conditions, circumstances clear, plain, evident apple account book, book keeping source native country, homeland native (for a country) nature, disposition largest Buddhist temple in the world, located in Kathmandu heaven taste tasty natural, inherent self-interest selfish health thousand yes please (formal), excuse me grandmother grandfather oh no, whoops green used to make nouns plural every noise

lesson

L-34 L-2 L-25 L-34 L-24 L-3 L-1 L-2 L-2 L-9 L-3 L-3 L-34 L-18

subject

g g g g g g, h g, p g g, p g, p g g, p g, an g g g g g g g g g, an g, an g g g g g

< < <N < <p <J <N <^ n+ W b K <, <TM <C

51

Nepali - English Glossary

Nepali < , < · n W b < J J J J JX J J J N w JX+

part

n adv n v n n pron n v n v n n adj adv n adj, n n n, adj n v n v adj adv

English

airplane okay (polite affirmative) branch to drive bone elephant we condition to set, place, put into wind, air to laugh snow yesterday nowadays by foot (walking) Hindi language Hindu diamond mud, muddy math, account, sum to be postman to look, watch short (height) maybe

lesson

L-4 L-6

subject

g g g

L-21

g g

L-10 L-4

g g g

L-23 L-24 L-36 L-13 L-4 L-5 L-16 L-10 L-17

g g g g g g g g g g

L-23 L-5 L-5 L-31 L-3 L-8 L-5

g, ag g, p g g g g g

52

53

English - Nepali Glossary

English

abandon able (to be) about above above (said) absolutely accept accomplish accomplished (successful) according (to) account (description) account (financial) account-book acknowledge act act (law) acting actions activities actual actually add addition additional adjust administration administrative

part

v v prep prep adj adv v v adj v n n n v n n adj n n adj adv v n adj v n adj

Nepali #, &) + 7 1, 1 , 1:, = > , = = =, =

subject

g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g, p g g g g g g g g g p, g p

DE, ), 1, G , , I I , M =, -, =M =M, =, 1 , , #, V , 1X7, I 1 Y, Z E, =, N, Q

54

English - Nepali Glossary

English

admit admit in advance (of money) advantage adversary advertisement advice advise aerogram after afternoon again against (opposed) ago agree agreement agriculture aim air airplane alcohol (liquor) all allocate almost alone also although always

part

v v n n n n n v n prep n adv prep adj v n n n n n n adj v adv adj adv conj adv

Nepali E, =, = = = Z, 1 I` : : Q 1 Q

subject

g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g, ag g g g g, h g g g g g g g

,

M,

1>b, Ic , 1 E , I , h h + , j + 1 1 +, =

k , 1&

55

English - Nepali Glossary

English

amaze ambassador amendment amount and animal (domestic) animal (wild) animal husbandry another answer anthropology any anyway apart apartment apparent appearance apple application (put into use) application (request) appoint appointed appropriate approval approximately arch, archway area arena

part

v n n n conj n n n adj n n adj adv adj n adj n n n n v adj adj n adv n n n

Nepali = ), D E , E, p

subject

g p p g g ag, g ag, g ag, g g g g, an g g g g, h g g g, h g g g g g g g g g g

, D,

, 7 1,

q, I`, I`

, &c

>, , , r : 1 , +, 17 = M, Z 7, 1,

1, , h1

E, 1, , 1 , c

, = c,

56

English - Nepali Glossary

English

argument army arrange arrangement/s arrive artificial ash ask ask (for) assembly assistance assistant assume astrologer at atmosphere attach attack attempt (formal) auspicious authority authorization available available (be available) back (of a person) bad bag bamboo

part

n n v n v adj n v v n n n v n prep n v v n adj n n adj v n adj n n

Nepali 1, , 1 1, Q = E, Y, E ), u, ) ) , , , , E, = v1 X1, , j w =, #, x &, ), =, = , G, I, -= 1, 1, &h 1 r, , V , I{, , , tM, M, 1

subject

g g, p g g g g g g g p g g g an g g g g g g p g g g g g g g, ag

57

English - Nepali Glossary

English

bamboo shoot ban banana barren base, basis bask bathe bazaar be bear bearable beard beautiful because bedroom before beg begin beginning behavior belief bell beside besides bicycle big biology black

part

n n n adj n v v n v n adj n adj conj n prep v v n n n n prep adj n adj n adj

Nepali M, , 1E

subject

g, ag g, p g, h ag g g g g g g g g g g g, h g g g g g g g g g g g g, p g

, , V, + , ) }, M , E, , I, II & ) , 1, I > =, :

D, >, , Y Ih jM , 1, E , , -1`, q

58

English - Nepali Glossary

English

black market bloom blue boil bone book boredom botany both branch (of a Ministry, Department or bank) branch (of a tree) bread break break (shatter) break (time off) breath breathe bring bring (away) broadcast (media) broken (to not function) broom brother (older) brother (younger) brown budget building Building Department

part

n v adj v n n n n adj n n n v v n n v v v v v n n n adj n n n

Nepali : 1 : I, Qt 1 1` , 1 M · 1 = : 1 , = 11 ·, Y I I

subject

p g g g g g g g g p g g, h g g g g g g g p g h g, an g, an g g, p g p

,

59

English - Nepali Glossary

English

bus bush business (trade) busy but buy by (through the agency of) cage call can (be able) capable capital (city) capital (economic) capital sum (as opposed to interest) capitalism capitalist car care carpenter carpet case (legal) catch cattle celebrate cement center central certain

part

n n n adj conj v prep n v v adj n n n n n n n n n n v n v n n adj adj

Nepali Y, , Y Y IE , , + + =, ), , ,

subject

g g, ag g g g g g g g g g g, p p p p p g g g h p g p, ag g, an g g g g

, 1, = 1, , 1 ,, ..., , & 1E E, 1 EM 1, t

60

English - Nepali Glossary

English

certainly certificate chair chairman chance change chat cheap cheese chemistry chicken chief chief children choice choose cigarette cinema circumstances city clash class (school) class (set) class (social) clean clear clerk clever

part

adv n n n n n v adj n n n n adj n n v n n n n n n n n adj adj n adj

Nepali , 1 uc, , X= q , , , ^ M =

subject

g g g, h p g g g g h g h, ag, g p p g, an g g g, h g g g g g g g g g g g

, E, v 1 t, I c I7 = b, I

X1, , 1

61

English - Nepali Glossary

English

cliff climb close close cloud coat code (legal) coffee cold (sickness) cold (things) cold (weather) collect color combine come come out comfortable commentary committee communal communism community compare comparison competition complaint complete completed

part

n v v adj n n n n n adj adj v n v v v adj n n adj n n v n n n adj adj

Nepali 1 E = 1, -, I Z >, > G

subject

g g g g g g g g, h g g g g g g g g g p, g p g, ag p p, an g g g g g g

:, =, D = 1, 1 1+ I, , c, M-IV 11 I D , , , M DS

v, = 11, 1=, D=, =,

62

English - Nepali Glossary

English

comply concerning condition conduct conduct confidence connection constituency construction consult contemporary continent contract control control convenience convenient convince cook cooked (to be) cooperation cooperative copy copybook corn correct correct correction

part

v prep n n v n n n n v adj n n n v n n v v v n n n n n adj v n

Nepali E, DE, DE , X1, 1, , , = DE 1= c, 1= j 1= : 1, Q 1, t Ih,<, &,

subject

g g g g g g g p g g g g, p g, p g, p g, p g g g g, h g g, p p, ag g g ag g g g

r, 1E r ^ , 1

, 1 +

, , D

1, X, 1 M, , t, b, Q

=, ·

,

63

English - Nepali Glossary

English

cost cottage industry cottage, shack cough council counsel count country court (law) courtyard cow-shed crab creditor crop crops cruel cry cultivated property cultivation cultural culture cupboard cured (to be) curiosity custom cut daily daily

part

v n n n n v v n n n n n n n n adj v n n adj n n n n n v adv adj

Nepali = =, OE , Z X, 11 : Q, = Q E , G , X r, r, S M > -M - , 1=, =

subject

g p h g p g g g, p g, p g ag g p ag ag g g ag ag g, p, an g, p, an h g, an g g, an g g -

1

, X1X 1 , 1 ` · 1 , X1X QQ

64

English - Nepali Glossary

English

dam damage dance danger dangerous dark dark (color) date (general or official correspondence) date (Nepali calendar) date (Western calendar) daughter-in-law day day after tomorrow day before yesterday day-laborer dear debt debtor decentralization decide decision declare decorate decrease deep deer demand demand

part

n n v n adj n adj n n n n n adv adv n n n n n v n v v v adj n v n

Nepali 1, + · M , u, E 11 X M Q v, I, V =, X , X IE +, 1 =, 1= = 1=, 1 =

subject

g, ag g g g. h g g g g g g an g g g g, ag, p g g, p g, p p g g g g g g g g g

, I =, = ·, I ),

65

English - Nepali Glossary

English

democracy department Department (of a Ministry) departure depute description desire destruction details developed development diamond diarrhea die difference difficult dig diligent direct director dirty discipline disease dismiss dispatch (mail) display dispute dissent

part

n n n n v n n n n adj n n n v n adj v adj v n adj n n v n v n n

Nepali E, E I I , 1 , I ·, , , I I M Q = E, , 1E p, E 1, X = , 1Z , , 1 , =, · = = = 1, , 1 I1

subject

p p p g g g g g g g, p, ag g, p, ag g g g g g g g g g, p g g g g g g g g

66

English - Nepali Glossary

English

distribute district divide division doctrine domesticate donation doubt draft (of a paper or budget) drink drive dropped (to be) drought dry duty duty (tax) each ear early earn east easy eat economics education effect effort egg

part

v n v n n v n n n v v v n adj n n adj n adj v n adj v n n n n n

Nepali #, 1 = : = , I 1E : E I , + , M , ^ =Y , , =

subject

g g, p g g g ag p, an g p, g g g g ag g g p g g g g g g g g, p g, p g g h, g

= q c , , &

67

English - Nepali Glossary

English

elect election elephant emerge emergency employee employment empty energy engineer English enlarge enough entertainment entitlement (to land) entry (in an official account) equal equipment especially essential establish estimate estimated etcetera evaluation evening every evident

part

v n n v n n n adj n n adj v n n n n adj n adv adj v n adj conj n n adj adj

Nepali E, E 7 1=, 1, =M, 1 1, 1 M, X7 , 7 '1

subject

p p g g g g g g g ag, g g g g g ag, p g, p g g g g g g g g g g g g

·1, 1

), =V, , Z , E = , , M , >M =, I = 1 &M , , &c :·

, , E

68

English - Nepali Glossary

English

exact exam examine example exceed excellent excess excessive excuse exhibit exhibition expense expensive experience expert explain explanation export extensive extremely eye face to face fact factory factual fair fair faith

part

adj n v n v adj n adj v v n n adj n n v n v adj adv n phr n n adj n adj n

Nepali >, Q , Xc ·, Xc = , ", I , M 1, &1 = = = = G , M, I` , =, r^ = , r^ 1 =, 1= = 1, r &1, 1

subject

g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g, p g g g, p g g g g g g g g g g

=, c =

, , E, , & I =, , E h·, E Ih, 1

69

English - Nepali Glossary

English

faithful fall fallow false famine famous farmer fast fast fat fat father fatigue favorable fearful fee feel (to) feel like feeling fence fertilizer field (irrigated) field-trip fill final financial financier find

part

adj v adj adj n adj n adj v adj n n n adj adj n v v n n n n n v adj adj n v

Nepali Ih, 1h, u =, =, 1, M ^ 1, I 1, ,

subject

g g ag g g, ag g ag g an g g, h g, an g g g g g g g g ag ag g g g g, p p g

, , , I , h , I, IM ·, ) , ) , I = E, M ), , = =, ·, =

-Y DE, 1= , 17-r

70

English - Nepali Glossary

English

fine finished finished (to be) firewood fish fish-pond floor (first, second, etc) flour flower follow food for forbid foreign country foreigner foreman forest forget fork form formerly found (to be) free frequently Friday friend friendly friendship

part

adj adj v n n n n n n v n prep v n n n n v n n adv v adj adv n n adv n

Nepali E , , c, X N, M I , E 1, 7 , I, 1u

subject

g g g g, h, ag g, ag, h ag g g, h g, ag g g, h g g p, g g, p g g, ag g g, h g g g g g g g g g

, =, 1 = , I 1= I, , G

>, 1, , I, 1 , t, E, 1 XX, , 1, 1 1 1

71

English - Nepali Glossary

English

frog from frost fruit frustration full function funny furthermore future game gap gate gather gathering (of people) gender gentle gentleman geography germinate gesture get gift give give up glass go goal

part

n prep n n n adj v adj adv n n n n v n n adj n n v n v n v v n v n

Nepali x , X, E

subject

g g g, ag g, ag, h g g g g g g g g g g g, p g g g g, p g, ag g g g, an g g g g g

, = D =, : v, 1 I >, ,

E, 1 D =, : , 1G 1 , , , , M, M Q #, &) ,

72

English - Nepali Glossary

English

goat (castrated) goat (female) goat (uncastrated) god god (family) goddess gold good good (health) goods government grab grain grandfather grandmother grant grass graze great greedy green grey grow (intransitive) grow (plants) growth guard guess guest

part

n n n n n n n adj adj n n v n n n n n v adj adj adj adj v v n n n n

Nepali ,

subject

g, ag g, ag g, ag g, an an g, an g g g g g, p g ag g, an g, an g g, ag g, ag g g g g g g, ag g g g g

, , , E , , 1 &, , E ,

, v , 7 M Ib , , I

1, =,

, E ,

73

English - Nepali Glossary

English

guidance habit hail hair half hand happy harm hat (Nepali) hat (Western) he (familiar) he (formal) head headman headquarters health hear heat heaven height help here hereafter highway Himalaya Hindu hint hire

part

n n n n n n adj n n n n n n n n n v n n n v adv adv n n n, adj n n

Nepali = 1Z 1 , E, +, 1 - w E = E I IE · () =, ,

subject

g g g, ag g g g g g g, h g, h g g g p g, p g g g an, g g g g g g g g g g

74

English - Nepali Glossary

English

historical history hold holiday home homeland honest honor hope hospital hospital (maternity) hostile hot (spicy) hot (things) hot (weather) hour house housework how (by what means) how (much/many) how (quality) human being hundred hunger hurry I i.e. idea

part

n n v n n n adj n n n n adj adj adj adj n n n adv adv adv n n n n pron abbr n

Nepali 11 1 & E v, D , I& I j , = M 1 - 77, , I I, c 1, ~

subject

g g g g g, h g, p g g g g g g g, h g g g g, h g, h g g g g g g g g g g

75

English - Nepali Glossary

English

if ignorance illiterate immediately implemented importance important improve improved improvement in include including income income tax incomplete increase independent indicate individual industry influence influential information informed inherent injection ink

part

conj n adj adv adj n adj v adj n prep v adj n n adj v adj v n n n adj n adj adj n n

Nepali Q `, c >E, & &h >M =, S =, = E , E, X =

subject

g g g, p g g g g g g g g g g g, p p g g p, g g g g, p g g g g g g g

, =Eh X

, I

D, , 1Ib t, E, h1 Y7

1Z =, , · = ..., X M ,

1I, E=, I

76

English - Nepali Glossary

English

inopportune (time) inside inspect inspection inspector instead institution insult intention interest (financial) interesting interim international interview introduction invite iron irrigate irrigation irrigation ditch item jacket jail Japanese job join joint journey

part

adj prep v n n adj n n n n adj n adj n n v n v n n n n n adj n v adj n

Nepali , I 1 X= =, 1Xc =, = X=, 1Xc, Zc, 1Xc, c ~, v, r

subject

g g g g g g g, p g g p g g g, p g g g g g, ag ag ag g g p g g g g g

, , , 1 ) EX E E= X, 1, 1

+, , 1D = , 1 =

, , - v , 1, r, E # , 7, , , s

77

English - Nepali Glossary

English

judge judgment jump just justice kerosene kind kind kingdom kitchen know (be acquainted) know (to have skill) knowledge known labor lake land land reform landless (person) landowner language last late later laugh law lawsuit layer

part

n n v adj n n n adj n n v v n adj n n n n n n n adj adj adv v n n n

Nepali E1 E, E, EZ, E E, E I~ 1v E E ` , ) D 1E E, M I, , 1, ... E, E I1, ,

subject

p p g p p g, h g g g, p g, h g g g g g, ag g g, ag ag ag ag g g g g g g, p p g

,

78

English - Nepali Glossary

English

lazy lead leader leadership leaf learn leather leave leave (from work) lecture left over legal code (national law) leisure lesson letter letter (alphabet) level (standard) library license life lift light light (color) like like (similar to) lime limited link

part

adj n n n n v n v n n v n n n n n n n n n v n adj v prep n adj n

Nepali : 1, X , , =-= & 1+ # I~, 1

subject

g g an, g, p an, p g, ag g g, h g g g, p g p g g g g g g g, p g g g g g g g, ag, h g g

, r^ 1, Z Z =, = , c, ·, c ,

1, 1, E :, v It = , 1 DE,

79

English - Nepali Glossary

English

list listen literate literature little little (measurable) little (unmeasurable) living standard load local long look loom loss love love-talk machine magazine magician maintenance majority make malaria male (animal) male (human) management manner manure

part

n v adj n adj adj adj n n adj adj v n n v n n n n n n v n n n n n n

Nepali , , E c I& , , E 11 11 1, M , = , + = -= 1

subject

g g g, p g g g g g, p g g g g h g g g g g, p g, an g g, p g g, h g, ag an, g g g ag

, E , Z , I, 1, I 1, , ^ ) E E, Y , , , ,

80

English - Nepali Glossary

English

many map Mars math matter mature maximum maybe meaning meaningless means measurement meat mechanic medicine meet meeting member membership memorize mentality method middle military milk millionaire mind minister

part

adj n n n n adj adj adv n adj n n n n n v n n n v n n n n n n n n

Nepali , 1t , , , 1 + G I = t, X+h I , 1q, M 1, · , , z, , =

subject

g g, p g g g g g g g g g g g, h g, ag g, h, an g g g, p, h p g g g g g, p g, h, an g g p

=, D

, 7, 1 Y , G, X, M , 1, , Q, 7 E

81

English - Nepali Glossary

English

ministry miscellaneous miser mix model modern moment Monday monkey monsoon month more morning mostly mother mountain mouth move Mr Mrs mud, muddy multiplication mustard nail name narrow national natural

part

n adj n v n adj n n n n n adj n adv n n n v n n n, adj n n n n adj adj adj

Nepali E 11, 1

subject

p g g g g g g g g g, ag g g g g g, h g g g g g g g g, h g, h g g g, p g

, ¡, , =, 1 =, = I , , 1 : , 1 I M Z M 1, hI 1, c

,

82

English - Nepali Glossary

English

nature nature (character) near nearby neat need, to be needed nephew (brother's son) nephew (sister's son) new news newspaper night no noise north nose notice notice board novel now nowadays number obey occupation offering office officer often

part

n n adj adj adj v n n adj n n n adv n n n n n n adv adv adv v n n n n adv

Nepali h 1, )M, 1, E , , 1 , : 7

subject

g g g g g g an an g g, p g, p g g g g g g g g g g g g g g, an g p g

I,

M E 1, I, ^, · E

, 7, , , 1, M, OE = 1M, =M ,

83

English - Nepali Glossary

English

okay (agreement) okay (polite) old on only open open opinion opponent opportune opportunity opposed opposition or orange order (command) ordinance ordinary organization organizer original other outside overcome own (one's) pack paper pardon

part

interj interj adj prep adj v adj n n adj n adj n conj n n n adj n n adj adj n v adj n n v

Nepali E, : , : 1, 1 I>b, Ic 1, I, 1c, I, h E , , h

subject

g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g, h, ag g, p p g g g g g g g g g g g

, `,

u, X, 1, 1 ` , I, M , , Y D, 1 > I I , = ¢ , M, D, ~ , =

84

English - Nepali Glossary

English

parents part partnership party party (political) past pay pay peace Peace Corps peasant peculiar pen people pepper (hot) percent perhaps permission person persuade petition physics picture piece pineapple place plain plan

part

n n n n n adj v n n n n adj n n n n adj n n v n n n n n n adj n

Nepali - , j, I , I, 1 , c 1, 1= , v, X1 E E

subject

g, an g g g p g g g g g ag, p g g g g g g g g g p g g g g, h, ag g g g

I, 1h

, D >, , , = 1 E , 1 , Ih , , , 1E 1 q +, , I, , E , £, , D, , , 1,

85

English - Nepali Glossary

English

planet plant play play (musical instrument) playing field pleasant please plenty plough pocket policy politely political political science politics poor (unfortunate) poor (wealth) population position post office postman potato power powerful practical

part

n n v v n adj n n v n n adv adj n n adj adj n n n n n n adj adj

Nepali , c 1>, : & 1 M, : =, = 1 1 1 X ^ , , Z w=, 7, c, , 7M, , & YX, ) I1, x, , r E, x = 1 q

subject

g g g g g g g g ag g p g p p p g g g g g g g, h, ag g, an, p g, an, p g

practice practise

n v

g g, an

86

English - Nepali Glossary

English

precious preliminary present present president prestige price pride prime minister principal principle priority probable problem procedure profession profit program progress prohibit prohibition project promise promotion proof proper property proposal

part

adj adj v adj n n n n n adj n n adj n n n n n n v n n v n n adj n n

Nepali : D, 1 v, , 1 , :, -E j, =, ^, , = £ 1, , 1E 1 Z X, Y, =-11 7, = , S =, M =, 1 = M, 1, 1E 1` =, = , , =, =,

subject

g g g g p an, p g g p g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g

DI, 1

, S, z , D

87

English - Nepali Glossary

English

proposed protect protection protest public public public health public service publicity published pull punishment pupil purchase pure purpose put put (on) qualification quality quarter (measurement) quarter to (measurement) quarterly question questionnaire quiet (to be) quit quota

part

adj v n n adj n n n n adj v n n n adj n v v n n n n adv n n v v n

Nepali I c =, c ^, c = c, c 1, I =1, = E, , hw , E, : , j M b +, , , 1 ^ ) 1 M # , EM

subject

g g g g p p p p p g g g, p g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g

)

88

English - Nepali Glossary

English

radio rain raincoat raise (bring up) raise (lift) raksi (liquor) rank rate ratification reach (some place) reaction read real reality realization realize receipt receive recent recognize recommendation reconcile red reform reform region regular relation

part

n v n v n n n n n v n v n n n v n v adj v n v adj n v n adj n

Nepali 1 =M : : + , , 1, =, ), 1 1 , I &, I 1 E 1X 1, 1 =, Z = =, = =

subject

g g g p, ag g g, h g g p g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g, p g g g, an g

=

, c

, 11, r , DE

89

English - Nepali Glossary

English

relationship reliable religion remain remaining remember remind remove rent repair replace replacement reply representative request required research resources respect respect responsibility responsible rest restore result return return (to) review

part

n adj n v adj v v v v v v n n n n adj n n v n n adj v v n n v v

Nepali DE Ih, p = Z =, D D , = M = M , 7 11 1E, , 1 I, c E ,

subject

g g g, an g g g g g g g g g g g, p g g g g, ag g, an g, an g g g g g g g g

E, =, & = , 1, D, v D, DM, I&h D, 7 =

& =, : = X, 1, I= , I = =

X =, 1= =

90

English - Nepali Glossary

English

revise revised revision rhinoceros rice (cooked) rice (husked) rice (unhusked) rich right ring ripen (to) river road rock roof room routine routine

part

v adj n n n n n adj n v v n n n n n adj n

Nepali =, 7 = 1, ·, 7 , ,, 1, + M , , = G , 1¥, 11 =, >I, Q=, 1&= rr , , D, & 1 ¦, =, ), ) =, >I : 1I v,

subject

g g g g ag, g, h ag, h ag, h g g g ag g g g h h g g

rudiment rule run run (administer) rupee sack sadness salary sale

n n v v n n n n n

g g g p g g g g g

91

English - Nepali Glossary

English

salt same sample satisfaction Saturday Saturn save say science scissors scold search secret secretary section (of an office) see seed seedling selected selection selfish selfishness self-respect sell send back separate separate service

part

n adj n n n n v v n n v v n n n v n n adj n adj n n v v adj v n

Nepali , , M E, E 1 1 , =, E I` ,, 1 =, = v 1 ^ 1>h I, r , , &I · = = Ib, 1= N, N, V

subject

g, h g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g ag ag g g g g g, an g g g g g

) , , ·, §, I~, = M,

92

English - Nepali Glossary

English

settle sewing share (financial) shared she (familiar) she (formal) shirt shoe(s) shop shopkeeper (female) shopkeeper (male) short (height) short (length) show show signature silver simple sincerely (yours) sing sir sir (business letter) sister (older) sister (younger) sitar situation skill skillful

part

v n n adj pron pron n n n n n adj adj v n n n adj adv v n n n n n n n adj

Nepali = 1 , I , 1, 1 7

subject

g h g g g g g, h g, h g g g g g g g g g g g g g g an an g g g g

= M M M QM I 1 1, , 1, 1=,

1, c, 1, =

93

English - Nepali Glossary

English

skin sleep sleepy slip slippery small smallpox smart snack snatch snow so social society sociology socks soil soldier solid some (people) some (things) sometimes sorrow sound sour source south sow

part

n v adj v adj adj n adj n v n conj adj n n n n n adj adj adj adv n n adj n n v

Nepali & 1E V V 1 , I -q 1 M M II h 1 = c

subject

g g g g g g g, h g g g g g an an, p g g, h g, ag g, p g g g g g g g g g ag

¨, :

94

English - Nepali Glossary

English

sparkle sparkle speak speak with special specially speech speed spend spike spoon sports staff (employee) stake (wooden) stamp stamp (office), seal start state statistics statue still stipend stir stomach stone store story straight

part

n v v v adj n n n v n n n n n n n v n n n adv n v n n n n adj

Nepali :, : : = , I I 1 , = = D

subject

g g g g g g g g g g g, h g g g g p g g g g g g g g g g g g

Z, 1

=M, == I I :, > = , v w· 1= 7 G

1

95

English - Nepali Glossary

English

strange strength strong student student hostel study stupid submit subsidy subtract subtraction successful suddenly sugar suggestion suitable summon sun Sunday sunshine, sunlight superfluous superstition supervise supervision support sure surplus survey

part

adj n adj n n v adj v n v n adj adv n n adj v n n n adj n v n n adj n n

Nepali , , w= 1 IOE = , u = = , 1b, I , t1 ,

subject

g g g g g g g g g g g g g g, h g g g g g g g an g g g g g g

, 1=

, , 7 =

+, =, © = , I E , : >, EIª, >IM = 1Z

=, , - 1¥, , 1E , Z , , Zc

96

English - Nepali Glossary

English

suspicion sweep sweet swim swing symbol table take (out) take (to) take (with) talk (with) tall taste tasty tax tax tea teach teacher technical technician tell temple tenant (land) terrible test thank you that

part

n v adj v n n n v v v v adj n adj v n n v n adj n v n n adj n phrase adj

Nepali =, = 1 IG : , , E 1 + ), 1 , 1 = ) h 1, hQ 1, c, > I1 I1` E E M & E

subject

g h g g g g h g g g g g g g p p g, h g g g g g an ag g g g g

97

English - Nepali Glossary

English

then there therefore these they thick thin thing things think thirst this those thought thousand throat through Thursday thus ticket tika time time (occurrence) tired (to be) tobacco today tomorrow tools

part

adv adv adv adj pron adj adj n n v n adj adj n n n prep n adv n n n n v n adv adv n

Nepali 1 & &, , = > + , 1 1= 1 I M , , = 1I =, &= I I , , , , :, M + , 1 ·, I =

subject

g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g h, an g g g g g g g

98

English - Nepali Glossary

English

tooth total tour tourist towards (direction) towards (here) towards (there) trade tragedy training transfer translation transportation travel tree trouble truth try Tuesday turn turtle type umbrella unable unanimity uncle (material) uncle (paternal) uncomfortable

part

n n n n prep prep prep n n n v n n v n n n v n n n n n adj n n n adj

Nepali D 1 1 & 1 Y 1 1 =, X

subject

g g g g g g g g, p g g g g g g g, ag g g g g g g g g g g p p g

=, >h = , :

D, =, = >, & 1, = G , I1, , = , =D1, , + V{,

99

English - Nepali Glossary

English

uncommon uncultivated under (authority) unification unit united United Nations unity universe university unlimited unpleasant until (now) unusual up to urgent usage use usefulness usually utensil utility vacancy vacant vacation value vegetable garden Venus (planet)

part

adj adj prep n n adj n n n n adj adj prep adj prep adj n n n adv n n n adj n n n n

Nepali E= I 7 7 ¬ 1h

subject

g ag p p g g p g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g g h g

1h1OE 11 D D >M , Y , 1, X , , , 7, 1 XY XY 1, ~ : -M, =M M

100

English - Nepali Glossary

English

very village visit voluntary labor wait walk want warehouse (for grain) warm wash watch watchman water water hole water pipe water resources water supply watershed way we weak wealth wear weather Wednesday weight well west

part

adj n v n v v v n adj n n n n n n n n n n pron adj n v n n n n n

Nepali , 1t , , , = = =, = E M 1 , > D , ¥ , r

subject

g ag, an, g g p g g g ag g g g g g g ag ag g ag g g g g g g g g ag, h g

I#, I , s

101

English - Nepali Glossary

English

what what time wheat when where (direction) which (plural) which (singular) whichever white who why wide wind window with work work worker world worry worship worthy writer wrong yak year yellow yes (polite)

part

adj, adv phrase n adv/pron adv/pron adj/pron adj/pron pron adj pron pron adj adj n prep n v n n n v adj n adj n n adj adv

Nepali 1 I , 1 I =, I, h s , = = ==, , I = , ) :, b, Q , M =,

subject

g g g g g g g g g g g g g h g g g g g g an g g g g g g g

102

English - Nepali Glossary

English

yesterday yet yogurt you (familiar) you (polite) youth zonal commissioner zone zoology

part

n, adv adv n pron pron n n n n

Nepali I I 1 1 - -1`

subject

g g h g g g g g g

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Nepali-English, English-Nepali Glossary

107 pages

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