Read One Plan Piggerery Planning Guide text version

OnePlan module: Piggery planning

A Blueprint for the Bush initiative undertaken by Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation

Contents

Introduction ............................................................................................................................ 3 1

1.1 1.2

About piggery plans ................................................................................................... 3

Must I prepare a plan?..............................................................................................................................3 How will it help me?..................................................................................................................................3

2

2.1 2.2

Getting started ............................................................................................................ 4

How do I prepare a piggery application? ................................................................................................4 About piggery plan worksheets...............................................................................................................6

2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.4 2.2.5 2.2.6 Property resources.....................................................................................................................................6 Piggery design ...........................................................................................................................................7 Piggery management .................................................................................................................................7 Effluent utilisation .......................................................................................................................................8 Solids (sludge) utilisation ...........................................................................................................................8 Environmental buffers ................................................................................................................................8

3

3.1 3.2 3.3

More information......................................................................................................... 9

Piggery management terms explained ...................................................................................................9 What resources are available? ..............................................................................................................10 Who do I contact for help?.....................................................................................................................10

Appendix A: Piggery plan worksheets

Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Piggery Plan Guidelines

2

Introduction

Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries' (QPIF) guidelines on developing a piggery plan are a module within the Queensland Government's OnePlan initiative. OnePlan is a resource to help landholders prepare property plans required by government. QPIF's role is to provide information for plans relevant to primary industries, such as cattle feedlots, piggeries and pest management. OnePlan is part of the Queensland Government's Blueprint for the Bush, a 10-year plan to build a sustainable, liveable and prosperous rural Queensland. This document provides guidelines to help landholders identify the issues and risks of developing a piggery, and also help landholders to develop an application if applicable. The guidelines include plan requirements and worksheets. Piggery plans help you to outline your proposal for approval

1

1.1

About piggery plans

Must I prepare a plan?

If you are applying for a piggery under the Integrated Planning Act 1997 and the Environmental Protection Act 1994, you will need to supply information to the administering authority. While a plan is not mandatory, it is the easiest way of outlining and supporting your proposal. Larger developments may find a different format more appropriate. Before you complete the piggery application, discuss your needs with an officer from QPIF's Intensive Livestock Environmental Regulation Unit. Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation Phone: 13 25 23 or 07 3404 6999 (interstate) Email: [email protected]

1.2

How will it help me?

Consistency with other plans As your piggery will be a central part of your farming operation, you should consider integrating your plan with: management plans you have developed for your property e.g. project, land and water, pest, vegetation and farm management system plans relevant catchment, district or regional plans e.g. pest, natural resources, biosecurity, codes of practice, threatened species or ecosystem recovery and conservation plans.

For information on other plans relevant to your property, please contact QPIF on 13 25 23 or refer to the OnePlan property planning website www.nrw.qld.gov.au/propertyplanning/index Legislation compliance Your piggery must comply with statutory obligations and permits under the following legislation: Integrated Planning Act 1997 (Qld) Environmental Protection Act 1994 (Qld) Vegetation Management Act 1999 (Qld) Nature Conservation Act 1994 (Qld) Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cwlth) Water Act 2000 (Qld) Animal Care and Protection Act 2001 (Qld).

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For a copy of the above legislations, visit the Queensland Government legislation website at www.legislation.qld.gov.au

2

2.1

Getting started

How do I prepare a piggery application?

Follow these simple steps to prepare your piggery application. Step 1: Complete the Integrated Development Assessment System (IDAS) forms The IDAS forms are required under the Integrated Planning Act 1997 (Qld) for state and local government approval of developments. Download the IDAS Development Application forms from the Department of Infrastructure and Planning website for the Integrated Planning Act at www.dip.qld.gov.au/ipa (refer to IPA and IDAS forms and templates). The forms required are from Form 1: Part A: Common details (applicable to all applications) Part D: Material change of use ­ assessable against a local government's planning scheme Part G: Environmentally relevant activity (ERA).

Step 2: Develop the written report The written report includes detailed information on the overall piggery proposal and worksheets (see Appendix A): property resources piggery design piggery management effluent utilisation sludge and solids utilisation environmental buffers.

The QPIF Piggery Assessment Spreadsheet is an important tool for preparing new and/or expanding piggery developments. The spreadsheet automates the calculations required for preparing applications and helps document proposed piggery design characteristics and management practices. See section 3.2 for a copy of the spreadsheet. Step 3: Prepare the base map The base map must show the proposed piggery location on the relevant lot on the plan. The piggery design should be easily visible and a suitable scale identified. Useful links include: Department of Environment and Resource Management OnePlan Making a Map webpage at www.nrw.qld.gov.au/propertyplanning/makingmaps for guidelines on property map preparation SmartMaps at www.nrw.qld.gov.au/property/mapping/blinmap/cadastral_maps Aerial photography information at www.nrw.qld.gov.au/property/mapping/aerial_photography to identify the property boundary.

Step 4: Prepare the piggery plans The piggery plans are to include plans for the property, site, yard, drainage and environmental buffers, as well as a recent aerial photograph. Smaller piggeries can combine some of the plans for their piggery application. Piggery plans Property plan ­ the base map plus extra information about the existing features of the property: infrastructure e.g. roads, buildings, dams, bores natural resources (property features) e.g. watercourses, topography, vegetation effluent and sludge utilisation areas. Site plan ­ a plan of the proposed piggery layout: piggery sheds effluent ponds roadways drains sumps or other waste pre-treatment devices overland flow dams solid waste stockpiling and composting areas effluent mixing facilities.

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Shed details ­ a plan of the proposed piggery: shed purpose (e.g. farrowing, growing) pen layout and dimensions laneway dimensions location of feeding and watering points number of pigs per pen. Drainage plan ­ a plan of the drainage system: flow direction in the sheds and drains direction of effluent flow between the sheds and ponds flow points into and out of the waste pre-treatment system flow into the holding pond boundary of the controlled drainage area stormwater diversion structures and pipelines. Environmental buffer plan ­ the location of the piggery in relation to all receptors (neighbours): residences towns public areas watercourses roads. Step 5: Submit the piggery application with the IDAS forms to your local council. Please note that there are Local Government and other agency fees involved. Check with your Regional Council and other relevant agencies for assistance regarding application fees. You may wish to contact your local Environment and Resource Management business centre and ask to speak to a Water Management & Use Officer to discuss your requirements for runoff effluent control. Centre locations and contact telephone numbers can be found at www.nrw.qld.gov.au/services_resources/offices

Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Piggery Plan Guidelines

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2.2

About piggery plan worksheets

The following information will help you complete the worksheets for a piggery application.

2.2.1

Property resources

This information complements details used for your base map. Main features The three main features you should note when describing land are: Landform (e.g. low hills, undulating rises, gently sloping, flats/floodplains) vegetation (including pasture and crop types) soil types.

You can usually get this information from land systems or land type data, or broad descriptions of regional ecosystems. For a copy of this data, contact the Department of Environment and Resource Management on 13 13 04. By documenting land condition and land types on a paddock, you can also determine if the paddock is suitable for effluent and manure use. You will also need to provide information on soil parameters taken from soil samples in the proposed effluent and manure areas. The soil parameters include: Colwell Phosphorus (Colwell P) Nitrate Nitrogen (NO3-N) Exchangeable Sodium Percentage Electrical Conductivity (EC) pH Chloride.

The QPIF Sampling Manual for Environmental Monitoring by Intensive Livestock Producers outlines the method for soil sampling, and can be downloaded from QPIF's website at www.dpi.qld.gov.au and follow the links: Environment > Intensive livestock > Products and publications. Overall enterprise description and land use Describe the additional components of your current and proposed land use: crop types and rotations current stocking rate irrigation regime native vegetation.

Document the historical details and influences on the property: change in land use occurrence of floods.

Specific property information Outline the more specific information on the property resources, such as: Property: average annual rainfall average temperature. Groundwater and surface water: site geology site hydrogeology potential for contamination of groundwater resources, and contamination of surface waters by discharge or contaminated groundwater surface watercourses and water storages on the property (e.g. creeks, rivers, drainage lines, dams) potential for contamination of surface waters.

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2.2.2

Piggery design

This information should complement the details used for developing your site and yard plan. Shed design Outline the proposed shed design: number of sheds shed dimensions number of pigs and pig class in each shed effluent management system (flushing, pull plug, deep litter).

Waste collection and transport Outline the proposed waste collection and transport methods pen and laneway cleaning practices types and configurations of waste collection pits flushing volumes and frequencies recycling practices for flushing water drain types and construction methods drain cleaning procedures.

Effluent pre-treatment information Outline any proposed pre-treatment system such as solid separators, run down screens and screw presses, and their operating details: removal rates for total solids, volatile solids, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and salt maintenance plans storage methods processing methods handling and transport of solids removed.

Liquid waste information Outline the proposed pond system (including both anaerobic and wet weather ponds): number of ponds pond dimensions (including surface area and volumes) operating freeboard suitability of soil to construct effluent pond.

Solid waste treatment and storage Outline the proposed solid waste (including sludge) treatment and storage methods including practices for drying, stockpiling and composting.

2.2.3

Piggery management

See section 3.1 Piggery management terms explained to assist with the terms used in the piggery management worksheet. General information Outline the following information on the general management of the piggery: piggery name piggery operator (must be a legal entity) property identification code (PIC number) for the piggery.

Specific information Outline the following: the capacity of the piggery at full production maximum number of standard pig units production system shed management system type (flush, pull plug, deep litter) whether the piggery will be constructed in stages.

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Carcass management Outline the proposed method for: routine pig carcass disposal mass burial of carcasses.

2.2.4

Effluent utilisation

This information should complement the details used for developing your site plan. Effluent characteristics Outline the following information on the proposed effluent: average annual irrigation volume effluent dilution irrigation method.

Effluent irrigation area Outline the following information on the proposed effluent utilisation area: area dimensions effluent irrigation soil types proposed crop(s) / pasture(s) location of any buffers to watercourses.

2.2.5

Solids (sludge) utilisation

This information should complement the details used for developing your site plan. Sludge and solids characteristics Outline the following information on the sludge to be used: pond de-sludging method and frequency storage and processing method tonnage to be exported offsite estimated tonnage of solids available for spreading spreading method.

Solids spreading area Outline the following information on the proposed solids spreading area: area dimensions spreading rate spreading area soil types proposed crop(s) / pasture(s) location of any buffers to watercourses.

2.2.6

Environmental buffers

This information should complement any details used for developing your environmental buffer plan. Nearest receptors Outline the following information on your nearest receptors i.e. those people or places nearest to your proposed piggery: name of the receptor type of receptor e.g. house, town, public area direction from the proposed piggery topography between the piggery and the receptor distance between the piggery and the receptor, and how this distance was determined.

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3

3.1

More information

Piggery management terms explained

Standard Pig Unit A Standard Pig Unit (SPU) is a unit of measurement for determining the size of a pig production enterprise in terms of its waste output. One SPU produces an amount of volatile solids equivalent to that produced by an average size grower pig (approximately 40kg). The table below gives the SPU equivalent for all classes of pigs. SPU equivalent multipliers for each class of pig Pig classification Gilt Boar Gestating sow Lactating sow Sucker Weaner Grower Finisher Mass range (kg) 100-160 100-250 160-230 160-230 1.4-8 8-25 24-55 55-100 Age range (weeks) 24-30 24-128 0-4 4-10 10-16 16-24 SPU multiplier 1.8 1.6 1.6 2.5 0.1 0.5 1.0 1.6

3.2

What resources are available?

QPIF has further information on piggeries on its website, including information on establishing a piggery and waste management. Visit QPIF's website at www.dpi.qld.gov.au (follow the links: Animals > Pigs > Environmental management). Obtain a copy of the Separation guidelines for Queensland piggeries from www.dpi.qld.gov.au (follow the links: Environment > Intensive livestock > Products and publications). The QPIF Piggery assessment spreadsheet is also available to assist in the preparation of new and expanding piggery developments. The spreadsheet is available on www.dpi.qld.gov.au (follow the links: Environment > Intensive livestock > Products and publications), or by contacting QPIF on 13 25 23. The Environmental code of practice for Queensland Piggeries can be purchased from the Government Bookshop at www.publications.qld.gov.au

3.3

Who do I contact for help?

Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation Intensive Livestock Environmental Regulation Unit Phone: 13 25 23 or (interstate) 07 3404 6999 Fax: 07 3404 6900 Email: [email protected] www.dpi.qld.gov.au Useful industry contacts Australian Pork Limited Phone: 02 6285 2200 or freecall 1800 789 099 Fax: 02 6285 2288 Email: [email protected] www.australianpork.com.au Queensland Pork Incorporated Robyn Boundy Vice-President/Treasurer/Secretary Phone: 07 4092 3014 Fax: 07 4092 3946 Email: [email protected] 9

Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Piggery Plan Guidelines

Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Piggery Plan Guidelines

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Appendix A: Piggery plan worksheets

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Worksheet: property resources Piggery planning

Please complete this worksheet and submit it with your piggery plan application. Attach the information requested if insufficient space is provided below. Overall enterprise description and land use History of property land use changes flood history

Current land use landform soil types vegetation (including pasture) crop types and rotations current stocking rate irrigation regime

General property details Items and attributes permits/licences/ approvals agreements easements developmental controls e.g. local government planning conditions state interests (main roads, national parks, stock routes, reserves) Note: can also be base map overlays

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Worksheet: property resources Soil characteristics Soil sample results from the effluent and manure utilisation areas Colwell Phosphorus (Colwell P) at depths of (0-10cm, 50-60cm, 90100cm) Nitrate Nitrogen (NO3- - N) at depths of (0-30cm, 50-60cm, 90100cm) Exchangeable Sodium Percentage (ESP) at depths of (0-30cm, 5060cm, 90-100cm) Electrical Conductivity (EC) at depths of (0-30cm, 50-60cm, 90100cm) pH at depths of (0-30cm, 50-60cm, 90-100cm) Chloride at depths of (0-30cm, 5060cm, 90-100cm) Detail the soil analysis result for each soil parameter at the depths noted with an asterisk (*) Depth cm Soil parameters Colwell P 0-10 0-30 * * * * * * NO3N ESP EC pH Chloride

50-60

*

*

*

*

*

*

90100

*

*

*

*

*

*

Specific property details Climate average annual rainfall average temperature

Groundwater and surface water information Groundwater site geology site hydrogeology potential for contamination attach any logs or bore cards from any bores on the property, or neighbouring properties if relevant

Surface water surface watercourses and storages include creeks, rivers, drainage lines and dams potential for contamination

Note: a separate written report by an appropriately qualified consultant may be required.

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Worksheet: piggery design Piggery planning

Please complete this worksheet and submit it with your piggery plan application. Attach the information requested if insufficient space is provided below. Piggery design Shed name Pig type housed in each shed Shed 1 Shed 2 Shed 3

Shed dimensions

Pen and laneway cleaning practices Type and configuration of waste collection pits Shed flushing volume

Shed flushing frequency Percentage of recycled flushing water

Liquid effluent collection system Pond dimensions

Pond 1

Pond 2

Pond 3

Pond surface area Pond volume

Operating freeboard

De-sludging frequency De-sludging method

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Worksheet: piggery management Piggery planning

Please complete this worksheet and submit it with your piggery plan application. Attach the information requested if insufficient space is provided below.

General information Piggery name Piggery operator

Property Identification Code (PIC)

Piggery information Maximum capacity of Standard Pig Units (SPU) (the maximum operating level) Herd Breakdown (in pig classes)

(A description of the number of each class of pig and the equivalent SPU. Refer to Table SPU equivalent multipliers for each class of pig in section 3.1.) Pig classification Gilt Boar Gestating sow Lactating sow Sucker Weaner Grower Finisher Heavy finisher Number of pigs SPU multiplier 1.8 1.6 1.6 2.5 0.1 0.5 1.0 1.6 1.8 Total SPU

Production system (e.g. Breeder Unit, Farrow to Finish) Proposed staged development

(If the development is to be constructed in stages, provide details for each stage.)

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Worksheet: piggery management cont'd Carcass management Routine pig carcass disposal method (burial or composting) Mass burial of carcasses' location

(This can be indicated on a plan.)

Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries Piggery Plan Guidelines

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Worksheet: effluent utilisation Piggery planning

Please complete this worksheet and submit it with your piggery plan application. Attach the information requested if insufficient space is provided below.

Effluent characteristics Average annual irrigation volume

Effluent dilution method

Effluent irrigation method Effluent irrigation area Area available for effluent irrigation (ha)

Soil type in the effluent irrigation area

Proposed crop(s) / pasture(s) Location of any buffers to watercourses

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Worksheet: sludge and solids utilisation Piggery planning

Please complete this worksheet and submit it with your piggery plan application. Attach the information requested if insufficient space is provided below. Sludge and solids characteristics Solids storage and processing method

Average annual tonnage of solids produced Average tonnage to be exported offsite

Proposed spreading method

Solids spreading area Area available for solid spreading (ha) Spreading rate

Soil type in the spreading area

Proposed crop(s) / pasture(s) Location of any buffers to watercourses

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Worksheet: environmental buffers Piggery planning

Please complete this worksheet and submit it with your piggery plan application. Attach the information requested if insufficient space is provided below.

Receptor information Receptor name

Receptor 1

Receptor 2

Receptor 3

Receptor 4

Receptor 5

Receptor 6

Receptor type

(e.g. farm house, town, rural school. Refer to the publication Separation guidelines for Queensland piggeries listed in section 3.2)

Direction from piggery

Topography between receptor and piggery

(e.g. flat, undulating hills, cultivation, valley. Refer to the publication Separation guidelines for Queensland piggeries listed in section 3.2)

Distance available between receptor and piggery Method of determining distance

(scaling, odometer, GPS)

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