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INNOVATIVE ELECTRONICS

GP450X

M A R I N E G P S P LOT T E R

I N s t r u c t I o N

m a N u a l

coNtENts

CAUTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Geodetic Chart System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 TERMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 BRG (Bearing) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 RNG (Range) The distance from your vessel to a destination or Waypoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 SOG (Speed over Ground) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 COG (Course over Ground) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 XTE (Cross track error) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 ETA (Estimated time of arrival) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 TTG (Time to go) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Waypoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 MAINTeNANCe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 ACQUIRING GPS SIGNALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Satellite Display Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 CONTROLS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Using the Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Cycling through the Displays (DISP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Highway Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Navigation Data Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Compass Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Positional Navigation Data Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 User Configurable Navigation Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Speedometer Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Controlling the Plotter Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 WAYPOINTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Entering a Waypoint from the Cursor Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Marking a Waypoint at the Vessels Position . . . . . . . . . . 7 Erasing Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 SeTTING DeSTINATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Setting destinations by Cursor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Setting destinations by Waypoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Setting destinations by Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Setting destinations by MOB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Setting User Waypoints as a Destination . . . . . . . . . 15 Cancelling your Destination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 ALARMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Arrival and Anchor Watch Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Cross Track Error (XTE) Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Speed Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Time Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Trip Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Odometer Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Buzzer Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 OTheR NAvIGATION FUNCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Calculating Range, Bearing, TTG and ETA . . . . . . . . 17 MAIN MeNU - CONFIGURING YOUR GP450X . . . . . . 18 GPS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Displaying the Message Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 SYS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Plotter Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Clearing Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Installing the Display Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Installation of Antenna Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Grounding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 CONNeCTING eXTeRNAL DevICeS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Uploading and Downloading Waypoint & Route Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Connecting to External Marine Devices . . . . . . . . . . 25 Selecting the NMEA Version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Downloading Data to a PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Uploading Data from a PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Output data format, data sentences . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Waypoint Data Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 SPeCIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 GP450X CUTTING TeMPLATe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 STATUTORY WARRANTIeS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Entering a Waypoint from the Waypoint List . . . . . . . . 7

Editing Waypoint Attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Marking an MOB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Nearest Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Proximity Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Editing the Proximity Waypoint List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Erasing Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 ROUTeS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Creating Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Creating a Route using the Cursor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Creating a Route from the ROUTE Menu . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Creating Routes from the Waypoint List . . . . . . . . . . 11 Creating a Track-based Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Editing Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

GP450X

cautIoNs

· The GPS system is operated and controlled by the U. S. Department of Defence (DOD) who is responsible for its maintenance and accuracy . The accuracy and reliability of all GPS equipment will be affected by any changes in the GPS system . Because of this, your GP450X should only be used as an aid to navigation and should not be relied on to precisely measure distance, direction or position . · To ensure safe navigation you should constantly compare information from your GPS against other navigation aids such as paper charts or visual sightings . If there are any variations you should resolve these before continuing . Chart Plotters are not a replacement for officially published mariner's charts . Your GP450X should be used in conjunction with a range of navigation systems such as visual sightings, paper charts and depth soundings . Mariners should never rely on just one navigation tool . · Please thoroughly read this Instruction Manual before using your GP450X on your vessel . We recommend you practice with the Simulator mode before you begin real navigation on your vessel . · Do not open or disassemble your GP450X . Your unit should only be serviced by fully qualified personnel . · If the fuse blows, replace it with another fuse of the correct rating . Using an incorrect fuse could cause a fire or damage the unit beyond repair . If after replacing the fuse, it blows again, you should return your unit to an authorised service agent for repair . · Your GP450X is designed to operate from a power source of 12 to 24 Volts DC . Operating the unit from voltages outside this range may damage the unit which is not covered by warranty .

Eta (EstImatEd tImE of arrIval)

The time you are expected to arrive at your destination .

ttG (tImE to Go)

The amount of time left before you arrive at your destination .

WayPoINt

A selected destination saved on your GPS unit .

routE

A set of Waypoints saved in a sequence that when activated will guide you to your destination along Waypoints .

maINtENaNcE

Regular maintenance is important to maintain performance . Check the following points regularly to help maintain performance . · Check that connectors on the rear panel are firmly tightened and free of corrosion . · Check that the ground system is free of corrosion and the ground wire is tightly fastened . · Check that battery terminals are clean and free of corrosion . · Check the antenna for damage. Replace if damaged. · Dust and dirt on the keyboard and display screen may be removed with a soft cloth . Do not use chemical cleaners to clean the equipment; they may remove paint and markings . · Use special care when cleaning the LCD Window ­ it is easily scratched .

acQuIrING GPs sIGNals

Before your unit can acquire a GPS position the antenna must be connected and be in full view of the sky . If the antenna's view to the satellites is obscured by solid objects such as buildings or terrain or even parts of your vessel's structure, it will not be able to receive signals from those satellites . When you first turn on your GP450X, it will need to download fresh data from the satellites . This data contains important information about the satellites that the GPS receiver requires in order to calculate positions . If your GP450X hasn't been used recently or you have moved a long way from your last position, it may take a minute or so to download this data and acquire a position . This is known as a `Cold' Fix . Once the data has been downloaded it is stored in the receiver and continuously updated while the receiver is on . This data remains valid for several hours after you turn the unit off, so that, if you turn the unit back on during this period it will use the stored data to reacquire your position much faster (`Warm' or `Hot' fix) . Your GP450X requires at least 3 satellites to calculate a 2D position (latitude and longitude) and at least four satellites for a 3D position (latitude and longitude and altitude) .

GEodEtIc chart systEm

Your GP450X uses the WGS 84 chart datum . This is the standard datum used by GPS based charts worldwide . Some countries may have localised variations of the WGS 84 datum e .g . new charts in Australia may use the GDA 94 datum . The variation between GDA 94 and WGS 84 is so small it can't be measured by your GP450X and the WGS 84 datum will provide the same positions .

tErms

BrG (BEarING)

The direction from your vessel to a destination or Waypoint as measured by a compass .

rNG (raNGE)

The distance from your vessel to a destination or Waypoint .

soG (sPEEd ovEr GrouNd)

The speed of your vessel relative to the ground . GPS systems measure all speed referenced to the ground . This is different to your water speed as water currents can increase or decrease your ground speed .

satEllItE dIsPlay PaGE

The satellite display page provides a sky view of the satellite positions along with their signal strengths . The satellite page is useful for checking the status of your GPS reception . The sky view consists of an outer ring marking the horizon and an inner ring marking a circle 45 °above the horizon . The dot in the centre represents a spot directly above your location and the top of the page faces north . The satellites are identified by numbers . The sky view assists in determining which satellites you are receiving and whether any satellites are being blocked by surrounding structures or terrain . The signal bars indicate the relative strength of the signals being received . Solid bars indicate the satellite is being used in the position fix . A shaded signal bar means the receiver is downloading data from the satellite . Once the data is

PAG E 3

coG (coursE ovEr GrouNd)

Also called a Track, it is the actual path followed by your vessel over the ground . This may be different to your heading as water currents and water movement can cause your real path to drift sideways .

XtE (cross track Error)

The distance that you are off to the left or right of an intended course .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

downloaded that signal bar will become solid . A hollow bar indicates the receiver is not yet receiving a signal from that satellite (it may be blocked by obstacles) . To access the satellite display page select satEllItE from the main menu . Receiver Status 450 Elevation North Dilution of Precision DOP (value) . Bars show signal level . Receiving /Using Signal . Downloading Data . Altitude Satellite numbers being used for positioning are highlighted on the display .

turNING thE uNIt oN aNd off (dIm/PWr) To turn the GP450X on, briefly press the dIm/PWr key . The unit will beep and turn on . To turn the GP450X off, press and hold the dIm/PWr key for 3 seconds . The unit will count down then turn off . adJustING thE dIsPlay coNtrast aNd BacklIGht (dIm/PWr) To adjust the display brilliance and contrast, briefly press the dIm/PWr key . Press the Press the or or keys to adjust the Brilliance . keys to adjust the contrast .

Press the ENt key to exit and save the new settings .

50 Elevation

The following table shows the receiver status indicators that can be displayed in the top left of the satellite page . INdIcator 2D 3D S2D S3D SIM mEaNING 2D GS position fix 3D GPS position fix 2D SBAS GPS position fix 3D SBAS GPS position fix Simulator mode mark/moB Briefly press the mark/moB key to save the current location as a Waypoint . Press and hold the mark/moB key to store your current location as an MOB (Man Over Board) Waypoint . You will be offered an option to immediately navigate back to the point .

coNtrols

usING thE kEyPad

cursor keypad: Adjusts cursor position on screen . Selects Menu items . Enters first Press: Screen Zoom range . alphanumeric data . Also escapes from current function . second Press: Accesses Main Menu options .

cyclING throuGh thE dIsPlays (dIsP)

Briefly press the dIsP key to cycle through the available navigation screens. The GP450X has seven display modes ­ Plotter, Highway, Steering, Compass, Navigation Data, and two user configurable display options - Big Numbers and Speedometer .

Accepts selected menu items .

Cycles through Navigation Display screens .

Selects or cancels a destination .

turns unit on or off. Allows adjustment of screen contrast and backlight brilliance .

short Press: Marks your current position as a waypoint . long Press: Marks your current potion as an MOB point .

INSTRU CTION MANUAL GP450X

PAG E 4

Plotter display The plotter display shows your ships position, track history, bearing and range to target, course and speed over ground and zoom range . Bearing Waypoint Range to Target Vessel Speed over Ground Ship's Position when Navigating Cursor Position when Cursor is displayed .

NavIGatIoN data dIsPlay

The Navigation display provides a sliding compass scale . The vessel arrow in the centre shows your vessel's present compass heading . The Waypoint Marker shows the direction of your destination Waypoint relative to your track . Bearing reference (Magnetic or True) . Receiver Status . Speed over Ground . Destination (CURSOR or Waypoint name) . Destination Marker . Time Compass Scale . Vessel Course over Ground . Range from your vessel to destination . Time to Go (TTG) to destination . Bearing Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) at destination .

Course over Ground Screen Range

The Plotter page allows you to view your current location . It also displays a record of your track along with nearby Waypoints . The `ship' on the screen shows your present position and heading (the bow of the ship points in the direction of travel . At the corners of the screen are displayed the Bearing (BRG), Range (RNG), Course over Ground (COG) and Speed Over Ground (SOG) relative to your destination . Your present Latitude and Longitude is displayed at the bottom of the screen . If the unit is in `cursor' mode, the Latitude and Longitude will display the position of the cursor on the screen and the BRG and RNG will display values relative to the cursor .

Note: The compass scale requires your vessel to be moving in order to determine your direction . It does not work while your vessel is stationary . The centre of the page features a sliding compass scale that shows your course over ground (current track) while you are moving . Your present course over ground is indicated by the vessel pointer in the centre of the display . A destination marker shows the Bearing to your destination Waypoint relative to your current track (COG) . The compass scale and Waypoint marker work independently to show at a glance the direction of your movement and direction to your destination . e .g . if the destination marker is to the left or right of your vessel's current track you should steer towards the marker until it is directly above your vessel's pointer . Once your vessel's pointer is aligned with the destination marker, you are travelling towards your destination .

hIGhWay dIsPlay

The highway display provides a 3D view of your own vessel's progress towards a destination (Waypoint), along with associated navigation data . Destination Waypoint location . Moves forward as your vessel nears its destination .

Direction you need to Steer to return to the correct course .

Appears to the right or left of the centreline depending on Bearing steering direction required . from your vessel to destination waypoint . Destination (cursor or waypoint name) .

comPass dIsPlay

Course over Waypoint name Ground marker . Waypoint Symbol Speed over Ground .

Course over Ground .

Highway

Range from vessel to destination . Course over ground .

Digital XTE Speed over ground . Boat Mark ­ displays course as follows: When waypoint is set, arrow shows boats course towards destination . When no waypoint is set, mode is North Up and arrow shows boats course towards destination . Analogue Cross Track Error (XTE) Scale . Arrow shifts with vessels XTE . When the arrow is aligned with the centreline, the boat is on course . Arrow blinks if vessel's XTE is greater than the XTE scale . `N' (North) is displayed instead of arrow when no destination is set . Range from your vessel to Destination waypoint .

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Bearing to destination . Compass Ring Bearing Pointer Bearing Marker

When a destination is set the compass page will guide you to your destination with digital readouts and a graphic compass display which includes a bearing pointer . The Compass page is a good alternative to the highway page when travelling at slower speeds or when making frequent directional changes such as when straight line navigation is not possible due to obstructions or terrain . Note that the compass page requires your vessel to be moving in order to determine your direction . It does not work while your vessel is stationary . The centre of the page features a rotating compass that shows your course over ground (current track) while you are moving . Your present course over ground is indicated at the top of the compass ring . A Bearing Pointer in the centre of the compass

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

ring points to your destination Waypoint relative to your current track (COG) . The compass ring and Bearing Pointer work independently to show at a glance the direction of your movement and direction to your destination . e .g . if the Bearing Pointer points Up you are travelling directly towards your destination . If the Bearing Pointer points in any other direction you must turn towards the pointer until it points Up in order to continue towards your destination .

Each field can be individually configured to display · Time · Speed over Ground (SOG), · Cross Track error (XTE) · Odometer Distance · Position · Course over Ground (COG) · Time to Go (to Destination) (TTG) · Trip Distance · External Voltage (Volts) · Range and Bearing to Waypoint · Estimated time of Arrival (ETA)

PosItIoNal NavIGatIoN data dIsPlay

Receiver Status Date Time

sPEEdomEtEr dIsPlay

Speed Pointer Analogue Speed dial

Speed over ground .

Course over Ground .

Position in Latitude and Longitude .

The positional navigation data display provides GPS status, position in Latitude and Longitude, course over ground, speed over ground and the time and date . This page is useful for determining your current location for relaying to others or for simply confirming the current time or date .

Digital Speed The Speedometer displays Speed over Ground . The display can be configured to suit the speed limitations of your vessel or the speed range of a specific application (such as trolling) . The Speedometer has 5 interval calibrations from minimum to maximum . Simply set the minimum speed and the interval speed and the Speedometer will be calibrated automatically . The example above shows the minimum speed set to 0 knots with the intervals set to 10 knots resulting in a Speedometer calibrated from 0 to 40 knots with 10 knot intervals .

usEr coNfIGuraBlE NavIGatIoN dIsPlays

There are two User Configurable Navigation displays that can be set either as `Big Number' navigation fields or as an analogue Speedometer . Big Number Navigation display field 1 e .g . External Voltage field 2 e .g . Speed over Ground .

coNtrollING thE PlottEr dIsPlay

display range You can select the display range (Zoom Level) on both the plotter and highway displays . On the plotter screen the horizontal display range is shown in the lower left corner of the display . The range of the plotter display can be set from 0 .02 to 320 display units . The display units can be preset to nautical miles, kilometres or statute miles . For maximum display range set the units to nautical miles to provide a maximum range of 320 nm . On the highway screen the zoom range can be set from 0 .2 to 16 display units . selecting the display range The `Big Number' Navigation display is used to show digital navigation information . It can be configured into 1, 2, 3 or 4 separate fields on the screen as shown below . With the plotter or highway window selected; 1 . Press the mENu key . The Zoom, shIP to cENtrE menu appears and Zoom IN/out is highlighted .

field 3 e .g . Trip Meter

field 4 e .g . Course over Ground .

One Field

Two Fields

Three Fields

Four Fields

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

GP450X

Note: The shIP to cENtrE option only appears when the Plotter display was selected . 2 . Press the ENt key to select the highlighted option . The Zoom control window appears . 3 . Press to zoom out or to zoom in . The plotter or highway window changes automatically to represent the new range selection . 4 . Press ENt to exit and return to the main display . moving the cursor Press the Cursor keypad to activate the cursor mode and move the cursor on the plotter display . The cursor moves in the direction of the keypad arrow . To move the cursor diagonally, press the keypad diagonally . To pan the entire screen beyond the currently visible display area, move the cursor beyond the edge of the display screen . cursor turned on When the Cursor mode is active the cursor `cross' is displayed on the screen and the cursor position is displayed in latitude and longitude at the bottom of the display . The range and bearing from your vessel to the cursor is displayed in the upper corners of the display . You can use the Cursor mode to explore the plotter screen by panning the display or you can move the cursor to a specific position to store as a Waypoint or select as a destination . Note: When the Cursor mode is active, the display will remain at the cursor position . If your vessel is moving the vessel icon may move off the screen and be no longer visible . To re-locate the display to your vessel's position see 'centering your vessel's Position' further below . cursor turned off When the cursor is off the plotter displays your vessel on the screen and your vessel's latitude and longitude at the bottom of the display . Navigation data is displayed at the screen's corners . If the track function is turn on, a trail showing a record of your vessel's movements is shown on the screen . centering your vessel's Position. If your vessel is no longer visible on the screen, you can relocate the display to your vessels position as follows: 1 . Press the mENu key, 2 . Select shIP to cENtrE then press ENt . The Plotter screen will be restored with the vessel in the centre of the display . track recording Your GP450X can record a log of your vessel's movements . Track points are stored in memory at regular intervals and displayed on the screen as a trail extending behind your vessel . The points are stored at distance intervals determined by settings in the Plotter Setup menu . A shorter interval allows more track points to be recorded which provides a more detailed log but uses more memory resulting in a shorter storage time . A longer interval will allow much longer recordings but there will be less detail . Once the track memory becomes full, the current track log will overwrite the oldest track points with newer points . If track recording is not required it can be turned off .

Waypoints can be entered into your GP450X in one of three ways;

· from the cursor position, · from your vessels own current position or · by manually entering a known latitude and longitude.

ENtErING a WayPoINt from thE cursor PosItIoN

On the Plotter display, use the cursor keypad to place the cursor at the location desired for the Waypoint . You can select the position by reading the latitude and longitude from the bottom of the screen or alternatively, create a position by moving the cursor to a point that is a specific distance and bearing from your vessel's current location as indicated by the fields in the upper left and right of the display . With the cursor at the desired location, press the ENt key . The Waypoint entry window appears and a default numerical Waypoint name is displayed .

Waypoint Name Entry Window 1 . To accept the default Waypoint name simply press ENt . 2 . To change the default Waypoint name, press the or keys to change the character at the cursor position . Press the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . The Waypoint name may consist of up to six alphanumerical characters . When the required name is displayed press the ENt key . The Waypoint attribute page appears showing the position, Waypoint symbol, time and date and arrival information for your new Waypoint . To accept the default fields press ENt.

Default Waypoint Name .

Waypoint attribute Window To edit the other Waypoint properties, see section on Editing Waypoint attributes on page 8 .

markING a WayPoINt at thE vEssEls PosItIoN

1 . To mark your vessels present location, briefly press the mark key . Your current location is automatically saved to memory with a default numerical Waypoint name and the Waypoint attribute page is displayed to allow you to edit the Waypoint's properties if you wish . EXIt is highlighted . 2 . To accept the default Waypoint name and attributes simply press ENt to finish . To edit the Waypoint properties, see section on Editing Waypoint attributes on page 8 .

WayPoINts

In navigation terminology a Waypoint is a particular location on a voyage . It can be a start point, a destination or an intermediate location along the way . Your GP450X can store up to 999 Waypoints .

ENtErING a WayPoINt from thE WayPoINt lIst

1 . Press the mENu key to access the main menu . Highlight the WayPoINts option and press ENt . The Waypoint list options are displayed .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

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changing the Waypoint Name 1 . Press the or press ENt . keys to highlight the Waypoint name and

2 . Press the or keys to change the character at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . Press ENt when done . The window below appears . 2 . Press ENt to select the lIst option . The Waypoints list page is displayed showing all of your Waypoints listed in alphabetical order . NEW is highlighted . NotE: There are three default systemgenerated waypoint names . cursor: The last destination set using the cursor position . moB: The last Man Overboard position set by the MOB key . start: Your starting point when the last destination was selected .

CREATE? RENAME?

3 . Press to highlight rENamE then press ENt . The original Waypoint name will be overwritten with the new name . changing the Waypoint symbol (mark) The Waypoint symbol appears on the plotter display to mark the location of your Waypoint . You can select from nine different Waypoint symbols to help categorise your Waypoints . 1 . Press the or and or keys to highlight the currently displayed symbol (the default symbol is X . Press the ENt key . 2 . Use the or keys to scroll through the list of symbols . The following symbols are available .

Waypoint List

3 . To create a new Waypoint, press ENt to select the NEW option . The Waypoint entry window appears and a default numerical Waypoint name is displayed .

3 . When the required symbol is displayed press the ENt key changing the comments field The Date and Time field can be replaced with a comment if required . A maximum of 16 characters is available . 1 . Press the or keys to highlight the Date and Time field and press the ENt key . 2 . Press the or keys to change the character at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . To create a `space', choose the `blank' character . Press ENt when done . setting the log route function The Log Route function adds the Waypoint to the active route . For more details on this feature please refer to the routes section .

Waypoint Name entry Window 4 . To accept the default Waypoint name simply press ENt . 5 . To change the default Waypoint name, press the or keys to change the character at the cursor position . Press the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . The Waypoint name may consist of up to six alphanumerical characters . When the required name is displayed press the ENt key . 6 . The Waypoint attribute window appears showing the position, Waypoint symbol, time and date and arrival information for your new Waypoint . To accept the default fields and store the Waypoint press ENt. To edit the rest of the Waypoint properties, see section on `Editing Waypoint attributes' below .

markING aN moB

The MOB mark denotes a `Man Overboard' position . It allows you to instantly mark your current location in an emergency and quickly get navigation instructions back to it . The MOB location is stored in the Waypoint list as MOB . Only one MOB point can be stored . Each time you save a new MOB point the previous MOB is overwritten . 1 . To save your current location as an MOB point press and hold the mark/moB key . The MOB point is saved and the following screen appears offering to navigate you back to the MOB point .

EdItING WayPoINt attrIButEs

When creating a new Waypoint from the Cursor position, from your Vessel's position or from the Waypoint List, the Waypoint Attribute page is displayed . This page is filled with default Waypoint information including the position, Waypoint symbol, time and date and arrival information for your new Waypoint . To accept the default fields and store the Waypoint press ENt, otherwise follow the steps below to edit the Waypoint attributes . Comment Field

FISH01

Waypoint Name

Saving an MOB point 2 . To navigate to the MOB point press the key to select yEs then press ENt . The plotter page will appear with the

GP450X

TTG & ETA calculated according to TTG/ETAspeed in plotter setup .

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Waypoint Symbol

INSTRU CTION MANUAL

MOB position shown as your destination and the required navigation data shown in the corners of the screen . Bearing and Range to MOB point

Your Vessel Vessel's Course

Proximity Alert Area

Vessel

MOB point

Alarm triggers here Alarm Distance

Route to MOB Plotter display with moB set as destination

Note: If you don't wish to immediately navigate to the MOB point, simply press ENt to accept the No option . The point will remain in the Waypoint list in case you wish to navigate to it later .

Proximity Waypoint

1 . To access the Proximity Waypoint page, from the main menu, select WayPoINts and press ENt . 2 . Select ProXImIty and press ENt . The Proximity Waypoint list is displayed . Proximity Waypoint Name . Active Proximity Alert . Range to active Proximity Waypoint . Preset Alarm Distance .

NEarEst WayPoINts

The Nearest Waypoints list displays the Waypoints that are closest to your present location . It is useful for quickly finding nearby locations such as safe harbours, fuel, boat ramps or even fishing spots etc that you have previously stored in the Waypoint list . To view the nearest Waypoints, from the main menu, choose WayPoINts and press ENt . Select NEarEst from the list and press ENt . A Waypoint list is shown with the nearest Waypoints at the top of the list along with their range and bearing from your present location .

Proximity Waypoint list

Indicates the Alarm has been triggered on this Waypoint .

If you have not yet created any proximity Waypoints the list will be blank otherwise any Proximity Waypoints you have created will be listed . The Waypoint name is displayed on the left . On the right is the distance (circle radius) from the Waypoint at which the alarm will trigger . While viewing the Proximity Waypoint list, if a Proximity alarm is triggered, an exclamation mark will flash to the right of the affected Waypoint to identify it in the list . The range from your vessel to that Waypoint will also be displayed . 3 . To add a Proximity Waypoint, use the or keys to highlight the first blank Waypoint position and press ENt . The standard Waypoint list is displayed . 4 . Select the required Waypoint and press ENt . The screen returns to the Proximity Waypoint list . A default alarm distance is applied automatically . NotE: You must have first stored the required location as a Waypoint . 5 . To change the distance at which the alarm will sound, highlight the Waypoint's alarm distance and press ENt . 6 . Use the or keys to change the number at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . 7 . Press ENt when done .

Waypoints listed by Nearest To display the TTG (Time To Go) and ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) to each Waypoint press the key .

Waypoints listed by ttG and Eta To return to the Waypoint by distance list press the key . Press the mENu key to close the Nearest list and return to the Menu .

ProXImIty WayPoINts

A Proximity Waypoint is a Waypoint to which a proximity alarm has been applied . The alarm effectively places a `circle' around that location . If you enter the area of the circle the alarm will trigger to warn you of your close proximity to that Waypoint . Proximity Waypoints are useful for warning of dangerous locations such as rocks, shallow water or other hazardous places . The Proximity Waypoint list in your GP450X can store up to 10 Proximity Waypoints .

EdItING thE ProXImIty WayPoINt lIst

To edit the Proximity Waypoint list, highlight the Waypoint you wish to edit and press ENt . · Select rEvIEW to display or edit the standard properties of that Waypoint (such as location, symbol or comments etc) . · Select rEmovE to delete that specific Waypoint from the Proximity List . Note the Waypoint is only removed from the Proximity list, the original Waypoint still remains in the normal Waypoint list . · Select clEar all to delete ALL Waypoints from the Proximity list .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

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ErasING WayPoINts

1 . At the main menu, highlight ErasE and press the ENt key . The Erase screen appears .

Example route along a river

crEatING routEs

2 . The WayPoINts/marks option is highlighted by default . Press the ENt key . The ERASE WPTS/MARKS screen is shown listing your current Waypoints . The GP450X can hold up to 50 stored routes plus one Route Log . Each route may contain up to 30 Waypoints . If you attempt to store more than 30 Waypoints a message will inform you that you can no longer save additional Waypoints to that route . A route may be constructed in one of four ways; · from the cursor · from the Waypoint list · from the route list or · storing your current position either automatically or manually.

crEatING a routE usING thE cursor

3 . To erase individual Waypoints, use the cursor keys to select the required Waypoint name then press ENt . The Waypoint properties window appears for the selected Waypoint . 4 . Press the key to select the ErasE option and press ENt . The Waypoint is immediately erased . 1 . With the plotter screen displayed, use the cursor keypad to place the cursor at the location of the first Waypoint (the latitude and longitude of the cursor is displayed at the bottom of the screen) . 2 . Press the ENt key . The following window appears .

Note: You cannot erase system generated Waypoints such as CURSOR, MOB or START 5 . To erase ALL the Waypoints in your unit, highlight the all? option and press ENt . You will be asked to confirm your selection .

The cursor will be on the second line ready to edit the Waypoint name if required . A default Waypoint name is offered which is the lowest Waypoint number currently available in your unit . 3 . If you are happy to use the default Waypoint number supplied, simply press ENt to register the Waypoint under that number . If you prefer to change the Waypoint name then use the or keys to change the character at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . The Waypoint name can have a maximum of 6 characters . Press ENt when done . The Waypoint attribute window is displayed .

6 . Press the key to select yEs then press ENt . All your Waypoints will be deleted leaving just the system generated Waypoints cursor, moB and start .

routEs

Often a trip from one place to another involves several course changes requiring a series of Waypoints . This sequence of Waypoints leading you to your destination is called a route . Your GP450X can be programmed to traverse a sequence of Waypoints, automatically advancing to the next Waypoint as you progress, so you do not have to repeatedly switch to the next Waypoint . You can also travel the route in the opposite direction, using it to return back home again .

4 . If required, you can change the latitude and longitude and Waypoint Icon (Mark) . You can also replace the time and date with a comment (up to 16 characters) . Once any required changes are completed, select loG rtE and press the ENt key . This will store the Waypoint into the Route Log memory .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

5 . Repeat the steps above to log additional Waypoints to the Route Log memory . 6 . Once you have entered and logged all the required Waypoints for that route, press the mENu key twice to access the main menu . Select routEs and press the ENt key . 7 . The routE menu will show the assembled route under the LOG heading . The route will be automatically labelled using the first and last Waypoints in the route .

route Entry Window 3 . Press the ENt key . Use the or keys to scroll through the characters at the first cursor position . As you scroll through the characters your GP450X looks for stored Waypoints matching the characters you select and displays them . If more than one Waypoint exists with the same first letter (e .g . RAMP and RAMP2) use the or keys to move the cursor position left or right to select other letters that spell the name of the Waypoint you require . 4 . When the required Waypoint name is displayed (RAMP in this example), press ENt . The next Waypoint position 02 is highlighted . Repeat the steps above to select the next Waypoint (fIsh1 in this example) . Press ENt when done . You should now have two Waypoints stored in the route .

LOGGED ROUTE 001

003

route menu 8 . To save the route, highlight the loG route (001 -> 003 in the example above) and press the ENt key . The Route processing options are displayed .

route Processing options 9 . Select movE and press the ENt key . The route will be moved from the Route Log memory to the first available sequential route number and the Route Log will listed as empty .

5 . If you enter a Waypoint name that is not in the Waypoint list your GP450X screen will show the following message:

Route Log

If you wish to edit the route later on, follow the steps described under EdItING routEs later in this section .

Press to choose yEs then press the ENt to create a new Waypoint (or choose No to return to the Route entry screen) . 6 . The Waypoint attribute edit window is displayed . Edit the latitude, longitude Icon (Mark) and comments as necessary then select EXIt and press ENt to return to the Route/ entry screen .

crEatING a routE from thE routE mENu

The following process describes how to create a route using two Waypoints already stored in the Waypoint list . In this example the Waypoints are called ramP and fIsh1 . 1 . From the main menu select routEs and press the ENt key . The Route list is displayed .

crEatING routEs from thE WayPoINt lIst

This method is very similar to the method described for creating routes from the cursor . 1 . From the main menu select WayPoINts and press the ENt key . 2 . Choose lIst or NEarEst and press the ENt key . The Waypoint list is displayed . 3 . Choose a Waypoint from the list and press the ENt key . The Waypoint attribute page is displayed .

route list 2 . Select NEW and press the ENt key . The Route Entry screen appears (next column) . The route automatically uses the first available route number (Route 02 in the following example) . The first Waypoint position 01 is highlighted by default .

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4 . Choose loG rtE and press the ENt key . 5 . Repeats steps 3 and 4 to build the route . 6 . When the route is completed press the mENu key once to return to the main menu then select routEs . The route you have assembled is stored under the loG heading . 7 . Highlight the loG route and press the ENt key .

INSTRU CTION MANUAL

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8 . Select movE and press ENt . The route will be saved in the next available route memory and the LOG route will be cleared . 9 . Press the mENu key twice to exit .

NotE: Since each route has a limit of 30 Waypoints, you should choose intervals that will extend the route to last the length of your trip . If you need to use smaller intervals you may need to save the points over several routes . 6 . Select voyaGE routE and press the ENt key . Select start and press the ENt key . The GP450X will begin storing points according to your settings, starting with your current position . If you wish you can press mENu twice to return to your previous navigation screens . The GP450X will continue to log points in the background . Each time a new point is saved, `XXX savEd' (where XXX is the Waypoint number) will be displayed at the top of the screen . When 30 Waypoints have been saved a message will inform you that you have reached the maximum number of Waypoints for your route and you can no longer save any more points . If this happens, press the ENt key to erase the message . To manually stop saving positions; 1 . From the main menu select routEs. 2 . Select voyaGE routE and press the ENt key . 3 . Select stoP . The route is automatically saved under the loG route memory in the routEs menu . To store the route; 1 . Use the mENu key to access the main menu . Select routEs and press the ENt key .

crEatING a track-BasEd routE

There are two methods by which you can create a track-based route; either by the manual input of track points using the MARK/MOB key or by the automatic inputting of track points from the ROUTES menu . A track-base route is very handy for retracing your track . manual method This method creates a route by storing a position each time the MARK/MOB key is pressed . Each time you alter your course, store a new position to mark that location . Your GP450X will create a route from these points that can be used for future navigation or as a route to follow when returning home . 1 . Press the mark/moB key momentarily . The Waypoint attribute window is displayed .

2 . Change the name, comment and Waypoint Icon (Mark) if desired, otherwise accept the defaults . 3 . Select loG rtE and press the ENt key 4 . Repeat steps 1 to 3 each time you change your heading so that another Waypoint is stored at that location . Up to 30 positions can be saved into the route . 5 . When you have entered all the positions you need, use the mENu key to access the main menu . Select routEs and press the ENt key . 6 . Highlight the loG route and press the ENt key . 7 . Select movE and press the ENt key . The route is moved and stored in the next available route memory . 8 . Press the mENu key twice to exit . automatic method This method creates a route by automatically storing positions at intervals of time or distance . Up to 30 positions can be saved into the route 1 . Use the mENu key to access the main menu . 2 . Select routEs and press the ENt key . 3 . Select INtErval and press the ENt key . 4 . Select tImE or dIstaNcE as the method by which the position will be stored and press the ENt key . 5 . Use the cursor keys to set the value for the time or distance interval and press the ENt key . For Example; To record a point every 15 minutes, set the interval to tImE and set the value to 00h 15m . To record a point every 2 km, set the interval to dIstaNcE and set the value to 02.0 km

2 . Highlight the loG route and press the ENt key . 3 . Select movE and press the ENt key . The route is moved and stored in the next available route memory . 4 . Press the mENu key twice to exit .

EdItING routEs

replacing Waypoints in a route To replace a Waypoint with another Waypoint from your Waypoint list: 1 . Use the mENu key to access the main menu . 2 . Select routEs and press the ENt key . 3 . Select the route you wish to edit and press the ENt key . The route list is displayed . 4 . Highlight the Waypoint you wish to replace and press the ENt key . 5 . The route edit window appears .

route menu Window 6 . Select chaNGE and press the ENt key . The Waypoint attribute window appears . 7 . Highlight the Waypoint name and press the ENt key . Use the cursor keys to select a new saved Waypoint name . Press the ENt key when done .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

8 . Select EXIt and press the ENt key to return to the route list ­ or simply press the mENu key twice to return to your navigation screen . Note: When changing the Waypoint name, if you enter a name that doesn't exist in your Waypoint list, you will be asked to either crEatE a new Waypoint or rENamE the current Waypoint . Permanently deleting a Waypoint from a route 1 . Use the mENu key to access the main menu . 2 . Select routEs and press the ENt key . 3 . Select the route you wish to edit and press the ENt key . 4 . Highlight the Waypoint you wish to delete and press the ENt key . The route edit window appears . 6 . Press the mENu key twice to finish . temporarily skipping a Waypoint within a route If required, you can temporarily skip a Waypoint from within a route . In the example below Waypoint 002 has been skipped causing the route to bypass that Waypoint . The Waypoint remains in the route list but is not used in the route .

CHANGE ? REMOVE ?

route menu Window 5 . Select rEmovE from the route edit menu and press the ENt key . 6 . Press the mENu key twice to exit . Inserting a Waypoint into a route To insert a Waypoint into a route 1 . From the main menu select routEs . 2 . Select the desired route and press the ENt key . 3 . Select the Waypoint that will come AFTER the Waypoint you are inserting and press the ENt key . For example, to insert a Waypoint between Waypoints ramP and 001 in the example below, select 001 and press ENt Waypoint 002 has been skipped To skip a Waypoint; 1 . At the main menu select routEs and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the desired route and press the ENt key . 3 . Highlight the name of the Waypoint you wish to deselect and press the ENt key . 4 . The route edit window appears . Choose INsErt and press the ENt key . 4 . Select skIP from the Route Edit window and press the ENt key . 5 . X appears to the left of the skipped Waypoint . The route will now bypass the skipped Waypoint . 6 . Press mENu twice to return to the navigation screen . to restore the skipped Waypoint 1 . Repeat the steps above and select skP off from the Route Edit Window at step 4, then press the ENt key .

Waypoint 002 is included in the route

route menu Window 4 . Use the cursor keypad to select the name of the Waypoint you wish to insert . For example to insert a Waypoint called markEr use the or keys to change the character at the cursor position to M . The Waypoint called markEr should appear . 5 . Press the ENt key . The new Waypoint will be inserted into the route as shown below .

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2 . The Waypoint is now restored and will be included in the route . Press mENu twice to exit .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

changing a route comment You can change the comment (name) of a route as follows . Up to 16 alphanumeric characters can be used . 1 . From the main menu select routEs and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the required route and press the ENt key . 3 . Choose cmNt and press the ENt key . 4 . Use the cursor keypad to enter the required comment (name) . Use the or keys to change the character at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . 5 . When the required comment has been entered press the ENt key . 6 . Press mENu twice to return to the navigation screen .

3 . Use the cursor keypad to move the cursor to the desired location to be used for your destination . The destination can be determined either by reading the latitude and longitude from the bottom of the screen or as a Range and Bearing from your current location using the fields at the top corners of the screen . 4 . Once the cursor is in the correct location press the ENt key . cursor is displayed at the cursor location and a dotted line connects your ships current position with the cursor position as shown below .

ErasING routEs

To erase a route; 1 . From the main menu select ErasE and press the ENt key . 2 . Select routEs and press the ENt key . 3 . Select the route you wish to erase and press the ENt key . NotE: If you want to erase all the route select all and press the ENt key 4 . The ErasE routE option window appears . Select yEs and press the ENt key . destination set by cursor

sEttING dEstINatIoNs By WayPoINt

This method uses a Waypoint from your Waypoint list as your destination . 1 . Press the Goto key . 2 . Select either WPt-lIst? or WPt-NEar and press the ENt key . NotE: WPT-LIST displays a list of all your Waypoints . WPT-NEAR displays the Waypoints closest to your present location .

5 . The select Route will be erased . 6 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen .

3 . Choose a Waypoint and press the ENt key

sEttING dEstINatIoNs

Destinations can be set in one of four ways; · by Cursor · by Waypoint · by Route · by MOB Use the Goto key to set a destination as shown below . 4 . The plotter screen will appear with a dotted line extending from your ships position towards the selected Waypoint .

sEttING dEstINatIoNs By cursor

This method uses the location of the cursor as your destination . 1 . Press the Goto key . The Goto option screen appears .

Navigating to Waypoint

Navigating to Waypoint beyond zoom range

2 . Select cursor? and press the ENt key . The plotter screen appears with a ? to the right of the cursor .

NotE: If the selected Waypoint is not visible, its range may be beyond the selected zoom range of the screen and the dotted line will extend off the screen towards the Waypoint .

sEttING dEstINatIoNs By routE

1 . Press the Goto key 2 . Select routE? and press the ENt key . The Route list is displayed .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

GP450X

reappears and your selected Waypoint (ramP) is now listed as a Goto Waypoint .

route list 3 . Select a route from the list and press the ENt key . The Route Direction window appear .

GOTO Options window with new User Waypoint (RAMP) inserted

New GOTO Waypoint Symbol

4 . Press mENu to exit and return to the navigation screens . route direction Window 4 . Choose forWard or rEvErsE to select the route direction . Choosing forWard will guide you along the route starting from the first Waypoint in the route and ending at the last . Choosing rEvErsE guides you back along the route in the opposite direction, starting from the last Waypoint and ending at the first . The rEvErsE option can be useful for finding your way back home at the end of the day . To navigate to your user Waypoint at any time, simply press Goto, select your User Waypoint and press the ENt key . The plotter screen will appear with a dotted line extending from your vessel to the User Waypoint .

caNcEllING your dEstINatIoN

You can cancel your selected destination as follows; 1 . Press the Goto key . 2 . Select off? and press the ENt key . 3 . The plotter screen will reappear and the selected Waypoint and dotted navigation line will no longer be visible .

sEttING dEstINatIoNs By moB

Normally when you save an MOB you are offered an option to immediately navigate to it . If you choose not to do so, you can use the GOTO function to call up the MOB later on . 1 . Press Goto 2 . Select WPt-lIst? and press the ENt key . 2 . Choose the moB Waypoint and press the ENt key . 3 . The plotter screen will appear with a dotted line extending from your ship's position towards the moB point .

alarms

Your GP450X has a number of alarm conditions that can generate both visual and audible alarms . The available alarms are; · Arrival Alarm · Anchor Watch Alarm · Cross Track Error (XTE) Alarm · Speed Alarm · Trip and Odometer Alarm · SBAS Alarm When an alarm is activated the buzzer sounds and the name of the offending alarm appears on the display along with an alarm Icon . To silence the buzzer and remove the visual alarm notification, simply press any key . The alarm Icon remains on the screen until the reason for the alarm is cleared . message Board In some instances, multiple alarms may be triggered . These alarm messages can be viewed on the Message Board . To view the message board; 1 . From the main menu, select mEssaGEs and press the ENt key 2 . Current messages will be listed .

sEttING usEr WayPoINts as a dEstINatIoN

You can insert a User Waypoint into the Goto Options list . This allows you to quickly select a commonly used Waypoint for navigation . For example you could save the location of your local Boat Ramp as a Waypoint then insert this into the Goto Options list . This makes your boat ramp Waypoint easy to find when you need to navigate yourself back to the ramp at the end of the day . 1 . Press Goto. The Goto options window appears .

2 . Select sEtuP and press the ENt key . The Select User Waypoint list appears .

message Board For more information about the message board please refer to the maINtENaNcE section later in this manual . 3 . Select the desired Waypoint (ramP is selected in the example) and press the ENt key . The Goto window

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NotE: The arrival and anchor watch alarms cannot both be activated at the same time .

arrIval aNd aNchor Watch alarms

arrival alarm The arrival alarm alerts you when your vessel is approaching a destination Waypoint . The area that defines the arrival zone is a circle surrounding the destination Waypoint . The alarm is triggered when your vessel enters the circle .

anchor alarm

setting the anchor Watch alarm 1 . From the main menu select alarms and press the ENt key 2 . Select the arv/aNc field and press the ENt key . 3 . The Arrival/Anchor Options list appears .

arrival alarm

setting the arrival alarm 1 . From the main menu select alarms and press the ENt key 2 . Select the arv/aNc field and press the ENt key .

4 . Select aNc and press the ENt key . 5 . The Alarm Range field is automatically highlighted . Press the ENt key . 6 . Use the Cursor keypad to enter the alarm range . Use the or keys to change the number at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . When finished press the ENt key . 7 . Press mENu twice to exit and return to the navigation screen . When your vessel drifts beyond the range set here the buzzer sounds and the message aNc alarm! is displayed .

3 . The Arrival/Anchor Options list appears .

cross track Error (XtE) alarm

The XTE error occurs when your ship strays from its intended course . The XTE is useful when navigating through narrow channels or as a simple warning in case you are distracted while navigating .

4 . Select arv and press the ENt key . 5 . The Alarm Range field is automatically highlighted . Press the ENt key . 6 . Use the Cursor keypad to enter the alarm range . Use the or keys to change the number at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . When finished press the ENt key . 7 . Press mENu twice to exit and return to the navigation screen . When your vessel approaches a destination Waypoint at the range set here the buzzer sounds and the message arv alarm! is displayed . anchor Watch alarm The Anchor Watch alarm warns you that your anchored vessel is moving excessively when it should be at rest . It works similarly to the arrival alarm except that it alerts you when your vessel leaves a circle rather than enters it . When setting the alarm you should allow for the possible distance your vessel may legitimately drift while at anchor . The alarm distance should be set to warn if the anchor is dragging and your position is moving excessively .

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XtE Error alarm

setting the XtE alarm 1 . From the main menu select alarms and press the ENt key 2 . Select the XtE field and press the ENt key . 3 . The XtE Options list appears . Select oN and press the ENt key . 4 . The Alarm Range field is automatically highlighted . Press the ENt key .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

5 . Use the Cursor keypad to enter the alarm range . Use the or keys to change the number at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . When finished press the ENt key . 6 . Press mENu twice to exit and return to the navigation screen . When your vessel strays from its intended course by the distance set here, the buzzer will sound and the message XtE alarm! will be displayed .

5 . Use the Cursor keypad to enter the trip distance . Use the or keys to change the number at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . When finished press the ENt key . 6 . Press mENu twice to exit and return to the navigation screen . When the distance that your vessel has travelled exceeds the preset distance, the buzzer sounds and the message trIP alarm! is displayed .

sPEEd alarm

The speed alarm provides visual and audible alerts when the ship's speed is higher or lower than the alarm range setting . setting the speed alarm 1 . From the main menu select alarms and press the ENt key . 2 . Select sPEEd and press the ENt key . The Speed Options menu appears . 3 . Choose loW or hIGh and press the ENt key . - The loW settings sounds an alarm when the speed falls below the Speed Alarm setting - The hIGh setting sounds an alarm when the speed exceeds the Speed Alarm setting . 4 . The Speed Range field is automatically highlighted . Press the ENt key . 5 . Use the Cursor keypad to enter the alarm speed . Use the or keys to change the number at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . When finished press the ENt key . 6 . Press mENu twice to exit and return to the navigation screen . When your vessel violates the speed alarm setting the buzzer sounds and the message sPd alarm! is displayed .

odomEtEr alarm

The Odometer Alarm is similar to the trip alarm . Whereas the Trip Alarm can be reset regularly to monitor short trips the Odometer Alarm can be left to accumulate much larger distances over multiple trips . setting the odometer alarm 1 . From the main menu select alarms and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the odomEtEr field and press the ENt key 3 . Select oN and press the ENt key . 4 . The Odometer Distance field is automatically highlighted . Press the ENt key . 5 . Use the Cursor keypad to enter the odometer distance . Use the or keys to change the number at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . When finished press the ENt key . 6 . Press mENu twice to exit and return to the navigation screen . When your vessel has travelled further than the preset odometer distance the buzzer sounds and the message odomEtEr alarm! is displayed .

BuZZEr sElEctIoN

The buzzer sounds whenever an alarm is activated . You can choose the buzzer parameters as follows; 1 . From the main menu select alarms and press the ENt key . 2 . Select BuZZEr and press the ENt key . The Buzzer Options menu appears . 3 . Choose from short, loNG or coNstaNt . - short provides three short beeps then stops . - loNG provides three long beeps then stops . - coNstaNt will beep continuously until cancelled by pressing any key . 4 . Press mENu twice to exit and return to the navigation screen .

tImE alarm

The time alarm works as an alarm clock to provide a visual and audible alert at the set time . setting the time alarm 1 . From the main menu select alarms and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the tImE field and press the ENt key 3 . Select oN and press the ENt key . 4 . The Time setting field is automatically highlighted . Press the ENt key . 5 . Use the Cursor keypad to enter the alarm time . Use the or keys to change the number at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor position left or right . When finished press the ENt key . 6 . The am/Pm indicator is automatically highlighted . Press the ENt key . 7 . Select am or Pm and press the ENt key . 8 . Press mENu twice to exit and return to the navigation screen . When the preset time is reached the buzzer sounds and the message tImE alarm! is displayed .

othEr NavIGatIoN fuNctIoNs

calculatING raNGE, BEarING, ttG aNd Eta

range and Bearing between two Waypoints 1 . From the main menu select calculatE and press the ENt key . The calculation window is displayed .

trIP alarm

The Trip Alarm is triggered when the distance travelled by your vessel exceeds the distance preset in the Trip Alarm . setting the trip alarm 1 . From the main menu select alarms and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the trIP field and press the ENt key 3 . Select oN and press the ENt key . 4 . The Trip Distance field is automatically highlighted . Press the ENt key .

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2 . The modE option is highlighted by default . Press the ENt key to select . 3 . The Mode Option menu appears . Choose WayPoINts and press the ENt key .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

4 . Highlight the Route Number (default is 01) and press the ENt key . 5 . Use the Cursor keypad to select the required Route number then press the ENt key . The names of the Start and Destination Waypoints of the selected route are displayed along with the number of Waypoints in the route . 4 . The from field is highlighted . Press the ENt key . 5 . Use the Cursor keypad to select the first Waypoint from the Waypoint list . Press the ENt key when done . 6 . Highlight the to field and press the ENt key . 7 . Use the Cursor keypad to select the second Waypoint from the Waypoint list . Press the ENt key when done . 8 . Highlight the sPd field and press the ENt key . 9 . Choose auto or maN (Manual) and press the ENt key . - auto uses your vessel's average speed . - maN uses a speed that you choose . 8 . If auto was selected the ttG, Eta and Range are automatically displayed at the bottom of the screen . These values are calculated using your vessel's average speed . - auto uses your vessel's average speed . - maN uses a speed that you choose . 10 . If auto was selected the ttG, Eta, Range and BrG are automatically displayed at the bottom of the screen . These values are calculated using your vessel's average speed . No of Waypoints in the Route Time to Go Range

Estimated Time of Arrival

6 . Highlight the sPd field and press the ENt key . 7 . Choose auto or maN (Manual) and press the ENt key .

Start and Destination Waypoints

Time to Go 9 . If maN was selected a speed field appears . Bearing Range Estimated Time of Arrival 11 . If maN was selected a speed field appears . 12 . Press the ENt key to access the sPEEd field . Use the Cursor keypad to select the required speed value . Press the ENt key when done . 13 . The ttG, Eta, Range and BrG are displayed at the bottom of the screen . These values are calculated using the speed value you entered above . 14 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen . range, ttG and Eta of a route This function calculates the Range, TTG and ETA between the first and last Waypoints of a route . 1 . From the main menu select calculatE and press the ENt key . The calculation window is displayed 2 . The modE field is highlighted by default . Press the ENt key to select . 3 . The Mode Option menu appears . Choose routE and press the ENt key . 10 . Press the ENt key to access the sPEEd field . Use the Cursor keypad to select the required speed value . Press the ENt key when done . 11 . The ttG, Eta and Range are displayed at the bottom of the screen . These values are calculated using the speed value you entered above . 12 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen .

maIN mENu - coNfIGurING your GP450X

GPs sEtuP

The GPS Setup menu smoothes position and course, averages speed, applies position offsets and deactivates unhealthy satellites . Position smoothing If the GPS satellite signal condition becomes temporarily unfavourable, the accuracy of the GPS position can be affected to the point where your position on the plotter may appear to move around even though your vessel is not moving . This effect can be reduced by smoothing the raw GPS measurements so that their effect on your navigation is minimised . The setting range is from 0 to 999 seconds . The higher settings provide more smoothing but will slow the time that the unit responds to valid changes in position, especially at higher speeds . The default setting is 0 seconds . Increase this setting if the GPS position fix is changing greatly when you are not moving . speed and course smoothing As with your position, your vessel's speed and course is directly measured using the GPS satellite signals . This means the raw velocity data will be affected by unfavourable satellite signal

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

GP450X

conditions . You can reduce these affects by increasing the Speed and Course smoothing . As with position smoothing, the higher the value you select for Speed and Course Smoothing the more smoothed will be the raw data . If the setting is too high the response to speed and course changes will become slower . The setting range is from 0 to 9999 seconds . average speed (speed averaging) Speed averaging over a period of time is useful for calculating ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) and TTG (Time to Go) . If the averaging period is too long or too short, the accuracy of the ETA and TTG calculations will be affected . The default setting is 60 seconds . The available setting range is 0 to 9999 seconds . lat/loNG offset The Latitude and Longitude Offset can be used to adjust position accuracy . It is especially useful when you are referencing to a paper chart that is not using the same WGS 84 datum as your GP450X . This could result in the positions measured on your GP450X not matching those on the paper chart . By applying a position offset to your GP450X you can calibrate the measured positions on your GP450X to match those on the paper chart . disable sv (satellite visibility) The Disable SV option allows you to deselect satellites that you do NOT wish to use in position calculations . This might be because they have been reported as unhealthy and therefore unreliable or perhaps because their visibility is poor resulting in inconsistent position accuracy . Up to three satellites can be disabled . fix mode The fix mode allows you to select either 2 dimensional (latitude and longitude) or 3 dimensional (latitude, longitude and altitude) fixes . If 2/3D is selected your GP450X will provide fixes in 3 dimensions where satellite visibility is good . Where satellite visibility is poor your unit will automatically switch to 2D fix mode until the signal improves, with a reduced positional accuracy . To improve positional accuracy in these situations you can manually select the 2D fix mode . You will then be asked to enter the altitude to be used in the calculation, to make the position more accurate . To apply these settings; 1 . From the main menu select GPs sEtuP and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the smooth Pos field and press the ENt key . 3 . Use the cursor keys to enter a speed smoothing value from 000 to 999 seconds . For example, if you select 3 seconds, your position measurement will be smoothed over a three second period . Press ENt when complete . 4 . The smooth sc field is highlighted . Press the ENt key . 5 . Use the cursor keys to enter a Course smoothing value from 0000 to 9999 seconds . Press ENt when complete . NotE: For long trips you may prefer to use larger values . For shorter trips or when regular direction changes are needed you should use smaller values . To disable Position or Course smoothing, set these values to 0 . 6 . The avr sPEEd field is highlighted . Press the ENt key . 7 . Use the cursor keys to enter the period over which your speed will be averaged . For example, if you select 60 seconds, your speed will be averaged over a 1 minute period . Press ENt when complete . 8 . The lat offsEt field is highlighted . Press the ENt key . 9 . Use the cursor keys to enter the Latitude offset in minutes and decimal minutes and to select N (North) or s (South) . The default is 0.000. When finished press the ENt key . 10 . The loN offsEt field is highlighted . Press the ENt key .

G P 4 5 0X

11 . Use the cursor keys to enter the Longitude offset in minutes and decimal minutes and to select E (East) or W (West) . The default is 0.000. When finished press the ENt key . 12 . The dIaBlE sv field is highlighted . Press the ENt key . 13 . Use the cursor keys to select the satellite number you wish to disable . Press the ENt key when done . To disable more than one satellite press the key to move the cursor to the right and press the ENt key to select the next satellite field . Up to three satellites can be disabled . NotE: To restore disabled satellites, set the satellite number to 00 . 14 . The fIX modE field is highlighted . Press the ENt key . 15 . Select from 2d or 2/3d and press the ENt key . If 2d mode is selected you will be asked to enter a default altitude . Use the cursor keys to enter an altitude and press the ENt key . If you are at sea you can set an altitude of 0 .

dIsPlayING thE mEssaGE Board

The message board displays error messages and alerts . You can display it as follows: From the main menu select mEssaGEs and press the ENt key .

Message Board

The Message Board will be displayed along with any messages . The following messages are available .

message ANCHOR WATCH! ARRIVAL ALARM! BACKUP ERROR DATA! BATTERY ALARM! GPS NO FIX! HIGH VOLTAGE! LOW VOLTAGE! ODOMETER ALARM! RAM ERROR! ROM ERROR! RTC ERROR! SPEED ALARM! TIME ALARM! TRIP ALARM! XTE ALARM!

meaning Anchor watch alarm triggered . Arrival alarm triggered . RAM data corrupted . Try to clear backup data . Voltage of battery in display unit is low . Request replacement . No GPS signal . Check antenna cable Power source voltage too high . Power source voltage too low . Odometer distance alarm triggered . Return for service . Return for service . Return for service . Speed alarm triggered . Time alarm triggered . Trip distance alarm triggered . Cross Track Error alarm triggered .

INSTRU CTION MANUAL

PAG E 1 9

sys sEtuP

language Your GP450X supports the following languages; · English · French · Spanish · Italian · Chinese To change the language setting; 1 . From the main menu, select sys sEtuP and then press the ENt key . 2 . Select the laNGuaGE field and press the ENt key . 3 . Use the or keys to select the required language then press the ENt key . 4 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen . units of measurement Distance and Speed can be displayed in Nautical Miles/Knots, kilometres/kilometres per hour or statute miles/miles per hour . to change the settings 1 . From the main menu select sys sEtuP and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the uNIts field and press the ENt key . 3 . Choose the distance/speed combination required and press the ENt key .

simulator To practice with your GP450X you can select the Simulator mode . This mode provides a simulated operation allowing the unit to function as if it were calculating positions and moving around . All controls will operate normally and you can create Waypoints and follow routes to their destinations . 1 . From the main menu select sys sEtuP and press the ENt key 2 . Select sImulator and press the ENt key . 3 . Select the modE field and press the ENt key .

Turns Simulator ON or OFF . Sets Simulation Speed . Sets Simulation Starting Position .

4 . Choose oN and press the ENt key . The simulation mode is now active . 5 . Select the sPEEd field and press the ENt key 6 . Use the cursor keys to enter a speed that you would like the unit to simulate while following routes . Press the ENt key when done . 7 . Select the coursE field and press the ENt key . 8 . Choose auto or maN and press the ENt key . To automatically simulate routes to chosen destinations you should select auto . 9 . Select lat and press the ENt key . 10 .Use the cursor keys to enter the latitude of your simulation starting position and press the ENt key . 11 . Select loN and press the ENt key . 12 . Use the cursor keys to enter the longitude of your simulation starting position and press the ENt key . 13 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen . Press the dIsP key repeatedly until the Plotter screen is displayed . sIm appears in the upper left of the display when the simulator is active . To turn off the simulator, set the simulator modE in step 3 to off . Note the simulator mode will be also be turned off automatically when the unit is switched off . diagnostics The diagnostic test checks rom, ram, data port, beacon receiver, battery, rtc, keyboard and lcd for proper operation . 1 . From the main menu select sys sEtuP and press the ENt key . 2 . Choose tEst and press the ENt key . You will be asked if you are ready to start the test .

4 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen . time difference (local time), time format The GPS system uses the international time standard UTC based at Greenwich in England . To display local time you need to apply a time offset to the GPS time . Your GP450X can also display time in 12 or 24 hour format . to set local time 1 . From the main menu select sys sEtuP and press the ENt key 2 . Select the tImE dIff field and press the ENt key . 3 . Press the or keys to change the first character to + or ­ . 4 . Press the key to move the cursor to the right . Use the or keys to change the value of the time offset to suit your local area . e.g. for sydney the offset would be set to + 10:00. NotE: During Daylight Savings time add 1 hour to the normal time offset . 5 . When finished press the ENt key . 6 . The tImE dIsP is highlighted . Press the ENt key . 7 . Choose 12 hour or 24 hour and press the ENt key . 8 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen

3 . Select yEs and press the ENt key to start the test .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

GP450X

4 . The GP450X tests rom, ram, data port, beacon receiver, internal battery and rtc . The results are individually displayed as ok or NG (No Good) .

Select Auto to let the GP450X define the track log recording interval automaticaly . The interval will change with the zoom range setting . Select off to disable the track logging function altogether . Interval Sets the distance interval for when Distance is selected in the Track Recording option above . When the Track Recording option is set to off or auto this setting is not available . To set the interval press the or keys to highlight the `INtErval' option and press ENt . Use the keys to change the value and the keys to move left or right through the fields .

5 . After the equipment has displayed the test results, a beep sounds and the message Push kEy appears at the top right-hand corner . 6 . Press each key one by one . The name of the key pressed momentarily appears at the top right-hand corner if the key is functioning properly . If no key is pressed within around 5 seconds, the GP450X automatically proceeds to the next stage . 7 . The equipment displays the following message to inform you that it is now going to check the lcd .

Bearing reference Your vessel's course and bearing to a destination may be displayed in either True or Magnetic formats . A True bearing is one referenced to the earth's geographic North Pole . A Magnetic bearing is referenced to the magnetic north pole which is offset from true north . This magnetic variation changes according to your location . The magnetic bearing is identical to that measured by a standard magnetic compass . It is recommended you select the bearing reference that matches other navigation equipment in your vessel . Select Magnetic to match a magnetic compass or True if you use a gyrocompass . The default setting is Magnetic . To change the setting 1 . From the main menu select PlottEr and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the BrG rEf field and press the ENt key .

8 . The lcd is checked and the test is then repeated . 9 . To stop the test, turn off the power . Note 1: DATA2 requires a special connector to check. - - appears as the result when no connector is connected . Note 2: CNT shows the number of times the test has been executed consecutively . Plotter setup menu 3 . Choose maG or truE as required and press the ENt key . 4 . Press mENu twice to return to the navigation screen . magnetic variation The location of the magnetic north pole is different to the geographic North Pole . This results in a difference in the direction of North between the true and the magnetic headings . This difference is called the Magnetic Variation . The variation is not constant; it varies considerably depending on your location on the earth's surface . For example, the magnetic variation in Sydney is around 12° East of true north which is quite different from the magnetic variation in Perth of 4° West of true North . Your GP450X is pre-programmed with all of the earth's magnetic variations and can automatically apply the correct magnetic offset for your location . However if you prefer, you can enter the magnetic variation manually as described below . track recording To record a copy of the ships track, the ships position is stored in memory at regular intervals of distance . A shorter distance interval provides more track points and a more detailed log of your track but more memory is used resulting in a shorter storage time . When the track memory becomes full, the older track points are overwritten by the newer points . To change the setting press the or `track rEc' option and press ENt . Select Distance to define your own fixed value for the track log interval . The distance interval will remain constant at all zoom ranges . keys to highlight the 1 . From the main menu select PlottEr and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the maG var . field and press the ENt key . 3 . Choose auto or maN as required and press the ENt key .

PlottEr sEtuP

4 . If auto is selected the unit will automatically apply the correct magnetic variation for your current location (measured by the GPs receiver) . Go to step 7 .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

PAG E 2 1

5 . If maN is selected, an additional field is displayed and highlighted to allow manual entry of the magnetic variation . Press the ENt key .

2 . Select 1 or 2 and press the ENt key .

3 . Choose from off, dIGItal or sPEEdomEtEr and press the ENt key . Instructions for each option are shown below off Select off to turn the selected user display off . When off is selected, nothing will be displayed for the selected user display when the dIsP key is cycled . dIGItal Select dIGItal to format the display with digital fields . The field layout will be highlighted . 1 . Press ENt to select the require layout of 1 to 4 data fields .

6 . Use the Cursor keypad to select the required magnetic variation . Press the or keys to change the first character to E (East) or W (West) then press the key to move the cursor to the right . Use the or keys to change the value (in degrees) of the magnetic variation . Press the ENt key when done . 7 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen . WPt Name This defines how Waypoints are displayed on the plotter screen . 1 . From the main menu select PlottEr and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the WPt NamE field and press the ENt key . 3 . Choose from dsP Goto, dsP rtE or dsP all and press the ENt key . 4 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen . dsP Goto: Displays only the Goto Waypoint name . dsP rtE: Displays all Waypoint names in the currently active route . dsP all: Displays all Waypoint names . ttG/Eta sPd Select this option to define how the GP450X will calculate Time to Go (ttG) and Estimated Time of Arrival (Eta) . 1 . From the main menu select PlottEr and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the ttG/Eta sPd field and press the ENt key . 3 . Choose auto or maN and press the ENt key . auto: The unit will calculate ttG and Eta based on your vessels average speed . maN: The unit will calculate ttG and Eta using a speed you enter . 4 . If maN was selected a Speed field appears, press the ENt key . 5 . Use the cursor keys to select the required speed for use in ttG and Eta calculations, then press the ENt key . 6 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen . user display setup There are two user displays that can appear when cycling the dIsP key . They can be set to show a Speedometer and/or a set of digital numeric fields in a combination that you choose . to setup the user displays: 1 . From the main menu, select usEr dIsP and press the ENt key . Two user display screen selections are provided .

4 . Once the required layout is selected, the field data option screen is displayed along with the current settings for each field . The fields are labelled a, B, c & d to match the field position legend to the right of the display (see image below) . The field position legend will match the number of fields you have selected .

5 . Use the or keys to select the required field (a, B, c or d) and press the ENt key . 6 . Use the cursor keys to select the require data to be displayed at the selected field . Press the ENt key to accept it .

data field options The data field options are; NoNE: No Display odo: Odometer distance

PAG E 22 INSTRU CTION MANUAL

soG: Speed over ground coG: Course over ground

GP450X

trIP: Trip distance tImE: Time and date PosN: Position. PoWEr: Power source voltage .

WPt: Range and bearing to Waypoint . XtE: Cross track error ttG: Time to go (to destination) . Eta: Estimated time of arrival (at destination) .

resetting trip and odometer distances. 1 . At the main menu, select ErasE and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the rEsEt trIP? field and press the ENt key . The Reset Trip Meter window is displayed .

7 . Repeat to select options for the other available field locations . 8 . When finished, press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen . The Digital display options you selected will now be available when the dIsP key is cycled . 3 . Choose yEs and press the ENt key . The Trip meter is reset to 0 . 4 . Select the rEsEt odo? Field and press the ENt key . The Reset Odometer window is displayed .

sPEEdomEtEr Select Speedometer to calibrate and display an analogue speedometer on the User Display . 1 . The start from field is highlighted . Here is where you calibrate the Speedometer . Press the ENt key to begin . Minimum Speed

5 . Choose yEs and press the ENt key . The Odometer is reset to 0 . 6 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen .

clEarING data

You may clear GPs data, menu settings and all backup data to start afresh . 1 . From the main menu select ErasE and press the ENt key . 2 . Select from GPs data, mENu sEttING or all BackuP data and press the ENt key . 3 . One of the following messages appears;

Speed Interval Minimum Speed Speed Interval 4 . Choose yEs and then press the ENt key . A beep sounds while the selected item is being erased . NotE: If you were using the simulation mode, when data is cleared, the message start simulation - are you sure? appears . Choose yEs and press the ENt key to restart the simulation mode, or press the ENt key to select No and start normal operation . NotE: When the memory is cleared the GP450X is restored to a default position as shown in the table below . language English German French Spanish Chinese Example of the sPEEdomEtEr user display

G P 4 5 0X INSTRU CTION MANUAL PAG E 2 3

2 . Use the cursor keys to enter the minimum speed you want the speedometer to display . Press the or keys to change the value at the cursor position and the or keys to move the cursor to the left or right . The range can be set from -99 to +99 . Press the ENt key when done . 3 . The Interval field is highlighted . Press the ENt key . 4 . Use the cursor keys to enter the speedometer scale interval . The range can be set from 1 to 99 . Press the ENt key when done . Note: The resulting speedometer scale is displayed at the bottom of the screen . 5 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen . The Speedometer display options you selected will now be available when the dIsP key is cycled .

default Position N 22° 47, E115° 22 N 54°, E10° N48° 52, E2° 18 N40° 26, W3° 40 N22° 47, E115° 22

units nm, kt nm, kt km, km/h nm, kt nm, kt

time difference 0:00 0:00 0:00 +2:00 +8:00

INstallatIoN

INstallING thE dIsPlay uNIt

mounting considerations We recommend spending a little time selecting the best location for your GP450X . The mounting bracket can be rotated to allow the unit to be mounted above, below or behind the unit, enabling it to be installed in a wide range of locations . The unit can also be flush mounted using the four threaded inserts in the rear of the case . Refer to the drawings below . When choosing a mounting location, please keep in mind the following points: · Locate the unit away from exhaust pipes and vents. · Mount the unit where it is well ventilated. · Select a location where shock and vibration are minimal. · Avoid locations which generate electromagnetic fields such as a motors or generators . · Allow sufficient space at the sides and rear of the unit and leave sufficient slack in cables, to facilitate maintenance and servicing . · Observe the compass safe distance (as noted on the specifications page) to prevent interference to a magnetic compass . desktop and overhead mounting

INstallatIoN of aNtENNa uNIt

mounting the antenna Mount the antenna in a location that has an unobstructed view of the sky . Avoid locations that are near obstacles such as masts, cabin, antennas or other equipment that might `shade' the GPS antenna and restrict its visibility to the satellites . For yacht installations avoid mounting the antenna high up on the mast to avoid effects caused by movement of the mast when heeling or changing tack . The antenna unit is fitted with a standard 25 mm 14 TPI mounting thread allowing it to be installed onto one of a range of threaded fittings available from your local marine shop . These provide mounting options for masts, bow rails or flat surfaces . Ensure the antenna is mounted in an upright position in a location that will minimise exposure to interference from objects and water spray . Do not shorten the antenna cable . If you have a Radar unit installed, choose a location out of the radar beam . The radar beam may affect the reception of the GPS signal . The location should also be well away from VHF/UHF marine radio antennas . A GPS receiver may receive interference from vhf/uhf transmissions . If the antenna cable is to be passed through a hole which is not large enough to pass the RF connector, you may unfasten the connector with a needle nose pliers and 3/8-inch open ended Spanner . After running the cable through the hole refit the connector as shown below . Spring Washer Gasket Nut Sheild Pin Connector

Upright Mounting flush mounting

Overhead Mounting

Wall or Panel

how to assemble the RF Connector

To flush mount the GP450X, first select a suitable panel location . Ensure there is at least 100 mm of clearance behind the panel to allow for the depth of the unit and the fitment of cables etc . You will also need rear access to install the mounting screws from behind the panel . Use the template to mark up the panel . Take care to ensure your measurements are correct, then cut the hole . Mark the location of the four mounting holes in the corners and drill using a 3 mm drill bit . Place the GP450X unit in the hole and fix using four M3 brass or stainless steel bolts of the correct length . Refer to the diagrams for details . Important: When determining the length of the mounting bolts, take care to ensure the thread extends no more than 5 mm into the case otherwise damage to the case may occur . The correct length should be determined by taking the thickness of the panel you are mounting to and adding 5 mm as shown in the diagram (e .g . if the panel is 10 mm thick, your bolts should be no more than 15 mm long . If in doubt pass the bolts through the holes in the panel and measure the extended length . If it exceeds 5mm your bolts are too long and you should cut them to the correct length before use .

Panel 5mm Max Washer M3 Bolt GP450X

Wiring The illustration below shows where to connect cables on the rear of the display unit .

Wiring Diagram

GrouNdING

External equipment Many modern electronic marine devices contain a microprocessor which can radiate small amounts of very low level electronic noise . This can sometimes be heard as interference on other nearby radio equipment, particularly radio receivers . If you are experiencing this, you can reduce its affect by grounding your GP450X using the wing nut fixture on the rear panel . Connect a length of wire from this wing nut to a ground point on your vessel . The ground wire should be kept as short as possible . Note: Although the signal ground and frame ground are separated, the power line is not isolated . Therefore, if your vessel uses a positive ground installation do not connect the

PAG E 24

INSTRU CTION MANUAL

GP450X

signal ground to the frame ground when connecting other equipment which is connected to a positive ground battery . replacing the fuse The 0 .5 Amp fuse in the power cable protects the equipment from over current, reverse polarity and equipment fault . If the fuse blows, find the cause before replacing the fuse with the correct 0 .5 Amp fuse replacement . If the fuse blows again and everything is connected correctly, obtain the advice of a qualified installer or arrange for your GP450X to be serviced .

5 . If necessary, configure the serial port on your Pc to the following settings .

Baud rate : 4800 bps character length : 8 bit stop Bit : 1 bit Parity : None X control : XON / OFF

coNNEctING EXtErNal dEvIcEs

Your GP450X can output navigation data such as position information to external equipment such as a radar or fish finder, in NmEa 0183 format .

Note: No position fix is available during uploading or downloading .

coNNEctING to EXtErNal marINE dEvIcEs

1 . From the main menu select I/o sEtuP and press the ENt key .

3 2 1

4

1

5 6 7

2 3 4 5 6 7

Power Data Connector Wiring

uPloadING aNd doWNloadING WayPoINt & routE data

Waypoint and Route data can be downloaded from your GP450X to your Pc or uploaded from your Pc to the GP450X . The GP450X is designed to connect to the serial port on your Pc . Wiring A wiring diagram for connecting your GP450X to a Pc can be displayed on the GP450X screen from the menu . 1 . From the main menu select I/o data and press the ENt key . 2 . Select WIrING INfo? and press the ENt key

I/O SeTUP menu

2 . Choose the required data port data1 or data2 as appropriate and press the ENt key . NotE: choose DATA1 for standard NMEA connections to marine devices . choose DATA2 for RS232 connections to PCs and serial devices . 3 . The following options appear .

For DATA 1

For DATA 2

4 . Use the cursor keys to select the required option then press the ENt key . 3 . The following screen is displayed . Choose NmEa-rEm1 or rEm2 to output data to a Radar, Fish Finder etc . Choose NmEa-aP to output data to an Auto Pilot . 5 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen .

sElEctING thE NmEa vErsIoN

Your GP450X supports a number of NmEa variations to ensure compatibility with a wider range of external devices . You should consult the instruction manual of your other device to determine which NmEa version is compatible . To select the NmEa version on your unit; 1 . From the main menu, select I/o sEtuP and press the ENt key . 2 . Select the NmEa vEr field and press the ENt key . 3 . Select from vEr1.5, vEr2.0 or vEr2.1 and press the ENt key . 4 . Press the mENu key twice to return to the navigation screen .

PC Interface Wiring Diagram (9 pin D)

4 . Use this diagram to make a Pc interface cable using a standard 9 Pin d connector . NotE: A 25 pin connector may also be used . In this case connect the 25 pin connector using the diagram below

doWNloadING data to a Pc

PC Interface Wiring Diagram (25 pin D)

5 . From the main menu, select I/o sEtuP and press the ENt key .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

PAG E 2 5

6 . Choose savE WPt/rtE -> Pc and press the ENt key .

7 . The savE WPt/rtE page is displayed . Press the ENt key to continue .

Data is being loaded . Press the eNT key to cancel . Saving is completed . Press any key to exit .

outPut data format, data sENtENcEs

NmEa 0183 version 2 .0 data1: Current loop data with Waypoint (for connection to another marine device) .

With Waypoint AP GLL 8 . At the next window select yEs and press the ENt key . VTG ZDA AAM* APB* BOD*

Data being saved . Press the eNT key to cancel . Saving is completed . Press any key to exit .

REM1 GLL GGA VTG ZDA RMC RMB*

REM2 GLL GGA VTG ZDA RMC RMB* BWC*

BWC* XTE* (1s interval) (1s interval)

(2s interval)

9 . Data will be saved to your Pc .

* No output when no Waypoint is set . aP = Autopilot . rEm1 & rEm2 = Radar, Fish Finder, etc . data2: rs-232c level (for connection to a Pc or other serial device)

With Waypoint AP REM GLL GGA GLL VTG 1 . From the main menu, select I/o sEtuP and press the ENt key . 2 . Choose savE WPt/rtE -> Pc? And press the ENt key . ZDA AAM* APB* BOD* BWC * XTE * *No output when no Waypoint is set . 3 . The load WPt/rtE page is displayed . Press the ENt key to continue . 4 . At the next window select yEs and press the ENt key . VTG ZDA RMV RMB * BWC *

uPloadING data from a Pc

PAG E 26

INSTRU CTION MANUAL

GP450X

data sentence description Sentence AAM APB BOD BWC Description Arrival alarm Autopilot data (XTE and bearing to Waypoint) . Bearing from your vessel to destination . Range and bearing to Waypoint (great circle navigation) . GPS position fix condition (time of fix, latitude, longitude, receiving condition, number of satellites used, DOP) Latitude and longitude Generic navigational information (cross track error, steering direction, starting Waypoint no ., destination Waypoint no ., latitude and longitude of starting Waypoint, latitude and longitude of destination Waypoint, range and bearing to Waypoint, range and bearing from present position to destination Waypoint, velocity to destination, arrival alarm) . Generic navigational information (UTC time, latitude, longitude, ground speed, true course, day, month, year) . Actual track and ground speeds . Course error amount and direction to steer . UTC time (day, month, year) .

9 . UTC (Always NULL) 10 . Day (Always NULL) 11 . Month (Always NULL) 12 . Year (Always NULL) [Note 1] Waypoint comment (2 bytes for mark code + 16 characters of comment .) 1st byte of mark code: Fixed to `@'. 2nd byte of mark code: 0 x 71 through 0 x 79 (Internal mark code 0 x 10 through 0 x 18) Number of characters for comment is less than 16 (variable length) . The following characters are available for use in comments . _ABCDeFGhIJKLMNOPQRSTUvWXYZ0123456789&()+-/=?} Internal mark codes

0x10 0x15 0x11 0x16 0x12 0x17 0x13 0x18 0x14

GGA

GLL RMB

route data format

RMC

1 . Number of sentences required for one complete route data (1 to 4) . See Note . 2 . Number of sentences currently used (1 to 4) . 3 . Message mode (Always set to C) . 4 . Route No . (01 to 51 (51 is LOG route, 2 digits required) 5. Through 12: Waypoint name (Max. 8 names, length of each Waypoint name is fixed to 7 byte) 1st byte: Skip code `-' (Hyphen) = Skip ON, Space code = Skip OFF . after 2nd byte: Waypoint name (fixed to 6 bytes) . NotE: A route can contain max . 30 Waypoints and GPRTE sentence for one route data may exceed 80-byte limitation . In this case, route data is divided into several GPRTE sentences (Max . 4 sentences) . This value shows the number of sentences route data has been divided . route comment data format

VTG XTE ZDA

WayPoINt data format

$PFEC, GPwpl,IIII.II, a, yyyyy.yyy, a, c...c, c, c...c, a, hhmmss, xx, xx, xxx < CR > < LF > 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

Waypoint Data Format 1 . Waypoint latitude 2 . N/S 3 . Waypoint longitude 4 . E/W 5 . Waypoint name (Number of character is fixed at 6 . Where less than 6 characters are used, remainder are filled with space characters) . 6 . Waypoint colour (this field is always NULL) . 7 . Waypoint comment (2 Bytes for MARK code plus 16 characters of comment) . [See Note 1 next column] 8 . Flag making Waypoint . Always set to A . `A' = Displayed `V' = Not displayed

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Route Comment Data Format

1 . Route No . (01 to 51, 2 digits required) . 2 . Route comment (Max . 16 characters, variable length) . The same characters of the comment for Waypoint comment can be used . End of sentence

end of Sentence Format

INSTRU CTION MANUAL PAG E 2 7

sPEcIfIcatIoNs

channels: Waas/EGNos/msas: Waypoints: routes: tracks: max velocity: accuracy: acceleration: altitude: acquisition time: Warm: cold: lcd type: lcd dimensions: lcd resolution: alarms: Plotter scale (range): Interface: sentences output: sentences Input: Pc Interface: Power: current: temperature range: Waterproofing: coordinates: datum: Nearest Waypoints: moB: update rate: Weight: antenna cable length: compass safe distance: 12 Parallel channels 1 Additional channel 999 50 Routes with 30 Waypoints/Route 2500 points 500 m/s (972 knots) <15 m (95%) 4g 18,000 m Hot: 15 secs 45 Secs 60 Secs Monochrome 95 (W) x 63 (H) mm 240 x 160 pixels Arrival, Anchor, Cross Track Error (XTE), Odometer, Speed, Time, Trip 0.02 ­ 320 nm NMEA 0183 v1 .5, v2 .0, v2 .1 GLL, GGA, VTG, ZDA, RMC, RMB, BWC, AAM, APB, BOD, XTE WPL (Waypoints) Waypoint & Route Data 12 ­ 24 Volts 2 .8 Watts (240/120 mA) Display Unit: -15C to +55C Antenna: -25C to +70 C Receiver: IPX5 Antenna: IPX6 Lat/Lon DMS WGS84 7 Yes 1 Second 476 g 30 ft (10 m) Standard Compass: 0.8 m Steering Compass: 0.5 m

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

GP450X

GP450X cuttING tEmPlatE

cut aloNG dottEd lINE

19 .20 mm

19 .20 mm

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

105 mm

164 mm

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125 mm

4 .60 mm

96 mm

4 .60 mm

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

GP450X

statutory WarraNty

1. statutory WarraNtIEs 1 .1 The Trade Practices Act Part V, Division 2A and other legislation imply conditions, warranties and other obligations on us to consumers that cannot be excluded, restricted or modified . Those provisions apply to the extent required by law . 1 .2 We exclude all other conditions, warranties and obligations which would otherwise be implied concerning the activities covered by this agreement . 1 .3 We limit our liability where we are allowed to do so . Examples of where we are allowed to limit liability are (a) you acquire goods from us for re-supply; (b) the goods or services we supply are not of a kind ordinarily acquired for personal, domestic or household use or consumption . 1 .4 Where we are allowed to limit our liability, to the extent permitted by law, our sole liability for breach of a condition, warranty or other obligation implied by law is limited . (a) in the case of goods we supply, to any one of the following as we decide (i) the replacement of the goods or the supply of equivalent goods; (ii) the repair of the goods; (iii) the payment of the cost of repairing the goods or of acquiring equivalent goods; (iv) the payment of the cost of having the goods repaired; or (b) in the case of services we supply, to any one of the following as we decide (i) the supplying of the services again; (ii) the payment of the cost of having the services supplied again . 2. addItIoNal WarraNtIEs 2 .1 The warranties in this clause are in addition to the statutory warranties referred to in the previous clause . 2 .2 We warrant our goods to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for one year from the date of original sale (or another period we agree to in writing) . During this period and as our sole liability to you under this warranty, we agree to, at our option, either repair or replace goods which we are satisfied are defective . We warrant replacement parts for the remainder of the period of warranty for the goods into which they are incorporated . 2 .3 We warrant our other repairs to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for three months from the date of the original repair . During this period and as our sole liability to you for the repair, we agree to repair or replace (at our option) repaired goods which we are satisfied are defective . 2 .4 We warrant that we will perform services with reasonable care and skill and agree to investigate any complaint made in good faith that we have performed services unsatisfactorily . If we are satisfied that the complaint is justified, and as our sole liability to you under this warranty, we agree to supply those services again at no extra charge to you . 2 .5 If you want warranty service under this clause you must give us an original or copy of the sales invoice from the transaction or some other evidence showing details of the transaction . 3. othEr lImItatIoNs 3 .1 You may not rely on any representation,warranty or other provision by or for us which is not covered by clause [ 1 ] or repeated in this agreement in clear terms . 3 .2 We are not liable (nor are our employees, contractors and agents) for any damage, economic loss or loss of profits whether direct, indirect, general, special or consequential (a) arising out of any breach of any implied or express term, condition or warranty; or (b) suffered as a result of our negligence (or that of our employees, contractors or agents) apart from liability as set out in the previous two clauses . 3 .3 The liability of a party under this agreement (whether arising in contract, tort or by statute) is to be reduced by the same proportion as represents the proportion of the loss or damage caused or contributed to by the other party, its contractors or agents .

GmE aftEr salEs sErvIcE

Your GME GP450X is especially designed for the environment encountered in mobile or portable applications . The use of all solid state circuitry, careful design and rigorous testing, result in high reliability . Should failure occur however, GME maintain a fully equipped service facility and spare parts stock to meet the customer's requirements long after expiry of the warranty period .

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INSTRU CTION MANUAL

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A Division of Standard Communications Pty . Ltd . head office: sydNEy Locked Bag 2086, North Ryde, NSW 1670, Australia . T: +61 (0)2 9844 6666 F: +61 (0)2 9844 6600 Branches:

mElBourNE 7 Mircro Circuit Dandenong South vic . 3165 Tel: (03) 9798 0988 Fax: (03) 9798 0177

adElaIdE 14 Phillips St . Thebarton SA 5031 Tel: (08) 8234 2633 Fax: (08) 8234 5138

PErth Unit 1 10-12 harvard Way Canning vale WA 6155 Tel: (08) 9455 5744 Fax: (08) 9455 3110

BrIsBaNE Unit 1 89-101 Factory Rd . Oxley Qld . 4075 Tel: (07) 3278 6444 Fax: (07) 3278 6555

sydNEy Unit B 22-24 College St . Gladesville NSW 2111 Tel: (02) 9879 8888 Fax: (02) 9816 4722

aucklaNd 2/24 Bishop Dunn Place east Tamaki Manukau 2013 NZ Tel: (09) 274 0955 Fax: (09) 274 0959

Web Site: www.gme.net.au

Part Number: 310470 Drawing Number: 44806-2

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