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READING AND LEARNING STRATEGIES

Confirm Word Meaning

1 Teach / Model

Display and read aloud these sentences: Everything was ready for the singer's performance. The crew directed the spotlights toward her as she walked calmly onto the stage. Say: I'm not sure what spotlights are, so I'll try different ways to confirm, or make sure of, the word's meaning. Then model ways to confirm the meaning: · I see that spotlights has two parts. I know that a spot is something small and round and that lights make things bright enough to see. I think spotlights are lights that focus on one small area at a time. · The other words around the word might help, too. Those are called context clues. Point to performance, directed toward her, and stage, and explain how they help define spotlights. · To really be sure, I can look up the word in a dictionary. Look up the word and read its definition.

Confirm Word Meaning · Stop when you find a word you don't know. Ask: What does the word mean? · Confirm the meaning: look for word parts you know; read other words around it; look it up in a dictionary.

2 Practice

Use the Multi-Level Strategies to tailor the practice to students' proficiency levels:

BEGINNING Display and read aloud these sentences. Have students guess the meaning of each underlined word. Then work with them to confirm the meanings using context clues, word parts, and the dictionary. 1. The performer suddenly sprang onto the stage. 2. He began to strum the strings on his guitar. 3. Then he stepped up to the microphone and sang our favorite song. INTERMEDIATE Have students copy the sentences used for Beginning students and guess what each underlined word means. Then have them write the word, use one or more strategies to confirm its meaning, and then write the meaning and what they did to confirm it. ADVANCED Have students choose a paragraph from a selection they are reading. Ask them to find two or more unfamiliar or new words and confirm their meanings. Have them write a sentence for each word explaining how they confirmed the meanings.

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Confirm Word Meaning

3 Apply

Have students apply the skill in a book at their independent reading levels:

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

Have students confirm the meanings of the underlined words in these sentences. page 4 page 7 Its captain was Commander Farragut. (familiar word part: command; context clues: ship, captain) I stood on the deck of the Abraham Lincoln and looked out at the Pacific Ocean. (context clues: stood, Abraham Lincoln, looked out at ocean) But our cannonballs bounced right off the hide of the giant animal! (familiar words: cannon, balls; context clues: guns, bounced)

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Painters of the Caves

Have students read the first two paragraphs on page 5 to find the following words and confirm their meanings. · limestone (familiar words: lime, stone; context clues: definition given in second paragraph) · gorges (context clues: river, deep, cliffs) · dissolved (context clues: hollowed out, river, rainwaters)

The Color of My Words

Have students read Chapter 1 and write down words they don't understand. They can use word parts, context clues, and checking a dictionary to confirm word meanings. For example: page 5 page 5 page 6 sparkling (familiar word: spark; context clues: white, clean, sun) recite (context clues: tell Mami, thought, poem) gripped (context clues: pounding, hard, beat)

CLOSE AND ASSESS

Have students name three ways to confirm word meanings. (look for word parts you know, use context clues, check meanings in a dictionary)

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