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LITERARY ANALYSIS

Narrator's Point of View

1 Teach / Model

To help students recognize point of view, display and read aloud the following paragraph. Have students listen for how the narrator feels: Most of my friends are on the baseball team. They keep saying, "Russ, you've got to try out for the team!" I can't decide what to do. If I don't try out, I won't get on the team. If I do try out, I might not make the team anyway. That would be embarrassing. Ask students how Russ feels. Then say: This story is told from Russ's point of view. When you read a story written from one character's point of view, that character is the narrator. You get to know how that character thinks and feels. In other stories, the narrator is unknown. The narrator then knows the thoughts and feelings of all the characters.

Point of View To understand the point of view of a story, ask: · Who tells the story? · Whose thoughts and feelings do you learn about?

2 Practice

Use the Multi-Level Strategies to tailor the practice to students' proficiency levels:

BEGINNING Read aloud this paragraph and ask questions to help students identify the point of view: We have our first game in a week and, as the coach, I still don't have a pitcher. I wonder if that kid Russ might play for us. He sure has a strong arm. 1. Who is speaking? (the coach) 2. How does the speaker feel about Russ? (He admires Russ's skill.) 3. How is this story different from Russ's story? (We learn the coach's thoughts instead of Russ's.) INTERMEDIATE ADVANCED

Provide copies of the Beginning paragraph. Have students respond to these questions: 1. Whose point of view do we learn about? (the coach's) 2. Who is the narrator? (the coach) 3. What is the narrator's point of view, or what does he think? (He needs a pitcher. He thinks Russ would be good.)

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© Hampton-Brown

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Narrator's Point of View

3 Apply

Have students apply the skill in a book at their independent reading levels:

A Weave of Words

After students read the book, ask questions to help students identify the point of view: 1. Is the narrator a character in the book or an unknown person? (unknown person) 2. Does the narrator like the dev? How can you tell? (No. The dev is described in a negative way.) 3. How would the story be different if Anait told it? (The reader would know more about her and less about other characters.)

The Star Fisher

Have students answer these questions about Chapter One: 1. What thoughts and feelings do we learn about? (how Joan feels about moving to West Virginia) 2. What is the narrator's point of view? (being Chinese American makes her feel different) 3. Who is the narrator? (Joan Lee) Have students choose another character in the chapter and tell how the story would be different if told by him or her.

CLOSE AND ASSESS

Have students tell what a character's point of view is. (A character's point of view is the way he or she thinks or feels about things.)

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© Hampton-Brown

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