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[email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] , &quot; RN,MA , &quot; RN,MA , &quot; RN,MA , &quot; RN,MA , &quot; RN,MA , &quot; RN,MA , &quot; RN,MA , &quot; RN,MA , &quot; RN,MpH &quot; RN,MA ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' '

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: :' , , , , . ( ) :' , , , , , , , ,, ,.. . , , Karch, A. M. (2011). Lippincott's Nursing Drug Guide. Lippincott ,New-York. Karch, A. M. (2012). Lippincott's Nursing Drug Guide. Lippincott ,New-York. Berman, A.&amp;, Snyder, S.(2012)., Kozier, B., &amp; Erbs, Fundamentals of nursing (9th ed.) Boston: Pearson. ­ : . - : .(2007) .. , ,.. , .&quot;

: . - () .(2010) . , . , &quot;

Smeltzer, S.C., &amp; Bare B.G. (2010). Brunner &amp; Suddarth's Textbook of Medical- Surgical Nursing (12th ed.) Lippincott ­Raven: Philadelphia. Apelqvist,J.,Bakker,K.,Van Houtum,W. &amp; Schaper,N.(2008). Practical guidelines on the management and prevention on the diabetic foot. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, 24(Supl.1):S181-S187. Crawford,A&amp; Harris,H(2011). I.V, Fluids what nurses need to know. Nursivg ,41(5) 30-38

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: : 6 , : : ' ,( ,IBD- ' , ' , ) , , ,( Nasogastric Tube- : Feeding Tube - *PEG / Gastrostomy Jejunostomy - Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)* *K ,Na, Ca, Mg, P - * (CVP)* * * * &quot; , , : , , : Cardiogenic, , Septic, Anaphylactic Neurogenic, Spinal, Hypovolemic 46 : .(1 ) , *

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: : , , , , , , , , . : , , , Pulse Oximetry , X-ray ,CT, MRI, Angiography, Bronchoscopy+ Biopsy, Puncture Pleural (Thoracentesis) , , , Dyspnea, Cough, Bradypnea, Tachypnea, Hypoxia, Anoxia, Atelectasis, Aspiration : * , , Respiratory Acidosis &amp; Alkalosis, Metabolic Acidosis &amp; Alkalosis Pneumonia , Tuberculosis , Lung Abscess SARS- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ( ) Pleural Effusion, Empyema Asthma COPD (Chronic Bronchitis, Emphysema, Cor Pulmonale) ARF -Acute Respiratory Failure ARDS- Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Pulmonary Embolism Carcinoma of Lung *

Pleura-

Rib Fractures - , Flail Chest Pulmonary contusion ,Pneumo &amp; Hemothorax Cardiac Tamponade Subcutaneous Emphysema Endotracheal Intubation, Tracheostomy** :Mechanical Ventilation Modes ­ - Volume / Pressure Ventilators - Negative / Positive-Pressure Ventilation - Noninvasive: CPAP / Bi-PAP * 37 :

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, * .(1 ) .(' ) ... **

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: : , , , , , , , . , , : , Homocysteine, , Brain (B-Type) Natriuretic Peptide , C-Reactive Protein : X-RAY - Holter - ,Telematry ,Electrocardiography - &quot; - Cardiac stress testing -- - Echocardiography, TEE - - Computed Tomography (CT) - Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - Radionuclide Imaging - Thallium 201, Technetium 99m - Multiple Gated Acquisition Scanning (MUGA) - Positron Emission Tomography (PET) - Electro Physiological Study ( EPS ) Cardiac Catheterization - , , , ­

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) Angina Pectoris - Stable &amp; Unstable Acute Coronary Syndrome - Myocardial Infarction (M.I) : Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)+ Stent Mitral Valve: Prolapse, Regurgitation, Stenosis Aortic Valve: Regurgitation, Stenosis Cardiomyopathies: Dilated, Hypertrophic, Restrictive

Myocarditis, Pericarditis ,Endocarditis (Rheumatic &amp; Infective) Congestive / Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) (Right &amp; Left, Systolic &amp; Diastolic) Acute Heart Failure (Pulmonary Edema) Cardiogenic Shock, Thromboembolism :

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&quot; Normal Sinus Rate - : -Sinus node dysrhythmias Sinus Bradycardia &amp; Tachycardia, Sinus Arrhythmia - Atrial dysrhythmias Premature Atrial Complex, Atrial Flutter, Atrial Fibrillation (Paroxysmal/Chronic) -Junctional dysrhythmias Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT) -Ventricular Dysrhythmias Premature Ventricular Complex, Ventricular Tachycardia, Ventricular Fibrillation, Ventricular Asystole -Conduction Abnormalities Atrioventricular Block : (Degree I, II, III) : -Electrical Cardioversion and Defibrillation -Catheter Ablation (CPR) *( ) , ,(ICD)(/ ) , Coronary Artery Bypass Grafts - CABG Valvuloplasty Valve Replacement : , , , , , ,(- ) , , , , ,

) (

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-Doppler -Duplex Ultrasonography -Angiography, Phlebography Arterial disorders: Peripheral arterial insufficiency Peripheral arterial occlusive disease: Buerger's disease Aortic Aneurysm Arterial thrombosis Raynaud's disease Surgical management: - Aortic and Carotid Endarterectomy - Baypass grafts, Femoral to Popliteal Graft - Stent / Wall Graft Venous disorders: Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) Chronic venous insufficiency Leg ulcers, Debriedement Varicose Veins - Ligation and Stripping - Thermal / Laser ablation - Sclerotherapy 37 :

, * .(1 )

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: : , , , , , , . , , . : , ,- , , (), . PET ,MRI ,CT , , . ,, : : , , , , , , * , , ­ (' ) .. Achalasia Hiatal Hernia: Sliding, Para Esophageal Diverticulum Chemical Burns Esophageal Reflux Barrett's Esophagus Esophageal Tumor - Esophagectomy - Esophagogastrostomy Gastritis Peptic Ulcer Disease - Vagotomy - Pyloroplasy - Antrectomy (Billroth I, II) Gastric Cancer - Total / Subtotal Gastrectomy Morbid Obesity - Surgery for morbid obesity (Bariatric Surgery) Irritable Bowel Syndrome ( IBS) Acute Inflammatory Intestinal Disorders: - Appendicitis - LAP/Open Appendectomy - Diverticulosis - Diverticulitis - Hartmann procedure Peritonitis Inflammatory Bowel Disease ( IBD ) - Ulcerative Colitis - Crohn's Disease - Total Colectomy

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Intestinal Obstruction: Small Bowel/ Large bowel - Colostomy \ Ileostomy Hernia Anorectal absecess Anal Fistula Anal Fissure Hemorrhoids Pilonidal Sinus

: , , - Viral Hepatitis ­ * - Liver Cirrhosis ­ ( ) , - Cholelithiasis - Cholcystitis - - Lap/Open Cholecystectomy, - Choledochotomy, Choledochojejunostomy - Acute / Chronic Pancreatitis - - Pancreatic Cyst Tumors of the Pancreas - Pancreaticduodenectomy ( Whipple procedure)

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() : : , , , , , , , , . Hypopituitarism Disease: Hypersecretion - Acromegaly, Hyposecration- Dwarfism Pituitary Tumors - Hypophysectomy Diabetes Insipidus - (D.I.) Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion -(SIADH) Hypothyroidism : Myxedema Hyperthyroidism : Grave's disease, Thyrotoxicosis Thyroiditis: Acut, Sub acute,Chronic (Hashimoto's disease) Thyroid Tumor: Goiter (Endemic, Nodular) ,Ca .of Thyroid - Thyroidectomy ** Hypoparathyroidism Hyperparathyroidis Pheochromocytoma Addison's disease Cushing's syndrome Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1, Type 2 18 : , * .(1 ) (' ) ... ** - Pituitary gland

- Thyroid gland

Parathyroid ­ gland Adrenal gland­

Pancreas -

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: : , , , , , , . , , , : * .( ) .penrose ,* ,(BUN) , : ,- , , : - Ceratinine Clearance test : U.S, C.T , , IVP -Pyelography Retrograde Cystoscopy, Cystography, TRUS-Trans Rectal Ultrasound , Renal Angiography , Urodynamic Studies Urinary Retention Urinary Incontinence Neurogenic bladder Self Catheterization Creatinine, Urea , BUN : - Nephrotic Syndrome - - Acute Renal Failure - - Chronic Renal Failure- - Uremic Syndrome - - &quot; Peritoneal Dialysis - &quot; Hemodialysis . Renal Cell Carcinoma : -Radical Nephrectomy Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) ­ Upper: - Glomerulonephritis - Pyelonephritis - Renal Abscess

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- Urosepsis Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)- Lower: - Cystitis - Urethritis

: Urolithiasis ­ ( ,Uric Acid, Cystein, Calcium) Renal Colic Hydronephrosis : - Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) - Percutaneous Nephrostomy Prostatitis

:( ) - Trans Rectal US Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): - Transurethral Prostatectomy (TURP) - Supra Pubic Prostatectomy (SPP) - Retro pubic Prostatectomy (RPP) Carcinoma of Prostate: -Radical Prostatectomy Orchitis Epididymitis

Testicular cancer - Orchiectomy Carcinoma of Bladder - Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor, (TURBT) - Radical Cystectomy: -Urostomy ­ Ileal Conduit -Uretro-Sigmoedectomy -Bladder replacement

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: : , , , , , , . , , , , , , , , : . , , , Ig A Deficiency, Common Variable Immunodeficiency , , , \ AIDS*- Acquired-Immunodeficiency-Syndrome Arthritis Rheumatoid Arthritis Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) Scleroderma Polymyalgia Rheumatica Fibromyalgia Gout Osteoarthritis 12 : , * .(1 ) ­ *

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() : : , , , , , , . , , , , Macula, Papule, Nodule, Vesicle, Wheal, Pustule, Cyst Erosion, Ulcer, Fissure, Scales, Crust, Scar, Keloid, Atrophy , Lichenification, Petechia, Ecchymosis ,Cherry angioma Seborrheic Dermatoses, Acne Vulgaris, Contact Dermatitis, Psoriasis Impetigo, Folliculitis, Furuncles, Carbuncles Herpes: Zoster, Simplex Candida, Tinea Pediculosis, Scabies Pemphigus ,Bullous Pemphigus, Dermatitis Herpetiformis, Cycts ,Solar &amp; Seborrheic &amp; Actinic Keratoses, Verucae Angiomas ,Pigmented Nevi ,Keloids , Dermatofibroma Basal &amp; Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Malignant Melanoma Syphilis, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Trachomatis, Condylomata 8 :

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: : , , , , , , . , , Debridement Biologic Dressing - Flaps - Skin Grafts - : -Autografts \ Homograft - Allografts - Xenografts/Heterograft , : .

8 :

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: : , , , , , , . , ,

- Direct 0phthalmoscopy - Indirect 0phthalmoscopy - Slit Lamp Examination - Color Vision Testing - Ultrasonography - Fluorescein Angiography - Fundus - Emmetropia, Myopia , Hyperopia, Astigmatism Blindness: - Diabetic Retinopathy - Macular Degeneration - Glaucoma ( Open Angle and Closed Angle ) - Corneal Dystrophies - Keratoconus - Corneal Ulcer/Abscess - Retinal Detachment - Retinal Vascular Disorders - Macular Degeneration - Cataracts Orbital Trauma: - Soft Tissue Injury &amp; Hemorrhage - Fractures - Foreign Bodies - Ocular Burns Dry Eye Syndrome, Conjunctivitis, Uveitis , Orbital Cellulites 8 :

- (Corneal) - (Retina) (Lens)-

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: : , , , , , , . , , Acute, Chronic &amp; Allergic Rhinitis Acute &amp; Chronic Sinusitis Nasal Obstruction &amp; Trauma Epistaxis ( Nosebleed ) EXTERNAL &amp; MIDDLE EAR - - Tympanic Membrane Perforation/ Injury - Otitis Media : Acute , Serous &amp; Chronic INTERNAL EAR- -Meniere's Disease -Tinnitus -Labyrinthitis -Ototoxicity -Acoustic Neuroma ( ,) : Parotitis, Sialadenitis Acute / Chronic Pharyngitis Tonsillitis and Adenoiditis Peritonsillar Abscess Laryngitis Obstruction and Trauma of the Upper Respiratory Airway Cancer of Larynx - Laryngectomy - Neck Desection - Thyroidectomy - Tracheostomy* - Speech Therapy ­ 8 : , * .(1 ) *

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: : , , , , , , . , , . , , CT, MRI, X-Ray, PET, EEG, Evoked Potential Study, U.S of Carotid, Angio &amp; Myelography, LP., EMG Monroe &amp; Kellie Hypothesis, ICP

Skull Fractures, Concussion, Contusion, Intracranial Hemorrhage Spinal Cord Injury (Acute Phase), Neurogenic Shock, Quadriplegic/ Paraplegic Patient Glioma, Meningioma, Aucustic Neuronoma, Angioma, Pituitary Adenoma, Metastasis, Craniotomy, Burr Hole, Transphenoidal Approach, Stereotactic Surgery Stroke (Ischemic, Hemorrhage- Cerebral Aneurysm &amp; Intracerebral) Epilepsy, Status Epilepticus Migraine Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Huntington's, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Guillain Barre Syndrome Myasthenia Gravis Multiple Sclerosis Viral &amp; Bacterial Meningitis, Brain Abscess, Encephalitis 38 :

*

, * .(1 )

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: : , , , , , , . , , EMG, Biopsy, Arthrocentesis ,Arthroscopy ,BMD : Complete , Incomplete ,Comminuted , Closed ,Open : Compartment Syndrome, Neurogenic /Septic Shock A vascular Necrosis, Fat Embolism Syndrome ,,, :

Shaft , Humeral Neck, Clavicle Humeral, Wrist, Hand , Shaft - , Hemi arthroplasty ,

Stable Pelvis Fractures, Unstable Pelvic Fractures, Vertical Shear Pelvic Fractures Total Knee Replacement Total Hip Replacement Sprains ,Strain , Arthrodosis : Osteomyelitis Hammer Toe, Hallux Valgus ( ) Osteoporosis, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Amputation . , , Scoliosis, Kyphosis, Lordosis, Low Back Pain ­ - Laminectomy - Disectomy , 20 :

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() : : , , , , , , . , , Grade - Stage, : , : , , , , : , , , , , Mid Line, Picc-Line, Hickman) * **(Port-A-Cath , . , , , , , : , , , , , , : , , : ( ) , : , GVH - . ( , ) , , , , : , ,(stomatitis) , ,

- Palliative Care

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Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Spinal Cord Compression Hypercalcaemia Pericardial Effusion and Cardiac Tamponade Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy (DIC) Consumption Coagulopathy SIADH - Syndrome of Inappropriate Secretion of Ant diuretic Hormone Tumor Lysis Syndrome 16 :

, * .(1 ) . , &quot; .(2002) . **

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: : , , , , , , . , , , , Complete Blood Count - Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy Serum Iron Level ( Fe);Iron Saturation , Ferritin Serum Total Iron Binding Capacity ( TIBC) Serum Vitamin B12 and Folete PT,PTT, Thrombin Time- Serum Fibrinogen Level Fibrin Degradation Produce (D-dimers) Serum Bilirubin Level Coombs Test Anemia Hypoproliferative - - Iron Deficiency - Vitamin B12 Deficiency - Folate Deficiency - Decreased Erythropoietin Production - Anemia of Chronic Disease - A plastic Anemia - Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Bleeding - - Bleeding (Hemorrhagic) Hemolytic - - Inherited Hemolytic Anemia: - Sickle Cell - Thalassemia - G6PD Deficiency - Acquired Hemolytic Anemia - Hypersplenism (hemolysis) - Drug ­ induced - anemia - Autoimmune anemia - Mechanical heart valve related anemia

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Polycythemia Vera, Secondary Polycythemia - Leucopenia: Neutropenia, Lymphopenia - Leukemia: - Acute &amp; Chronic Myeloid (AML,CML) - Acute &amp; Chronic Lymphocytic (ALL, CLL) - Lymphomas: Hodgkin's &amp; Non- Hodgkin's Multiple Myeloma (M.M) - Primary &amp; Secondary Thrombocytemia - Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP), - Hemophilia A+ B - Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy ( DIC) - Von Willebrand Disease - Antiphospholipid syndrome - Heparin ­ induced thrombocytopenia - Splenectomy - Therapeutic Apheresis (Hematopheresis) - Therapeutic Phlebotomy ­* - Blood Component Therapy ­* - Chemotherapy - Bone Marrow Transplantation - - Immunotherapy 14 :

Polycythemia .

:

, * .(1 )

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: : , , , , , , . , , , , : Mammography , Ultrasonography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (M. R. I.) Fine Needle Aspiration ( F. N. A.) Percutaneous Biopsy: - Fine-Needle Aspiration - Core Needle Biopsy - Thru- Cut Core Biopsy - Stereotactic Core Biopsy - Ultrasound-Guided Core Biopsy - MRI-Guided core Biopsy Surgical Biopsy : - Excisional Biopsy -Incisional Biopsy, - Wire Needle Localization Markers: - BRCA2, BRCA1 Mastitis, Lactational Abscess Cysts Fibrocystic Changes Fibro adenoma Benign Proliferative Breast Changes Carcinoma in Situ (noninvasive) Invasive Carcinoma

: , , , - Lumpectomy - Wide Excision - Partial / Segmental Mastectomy - Quadrantectomy - Modified Radical Mastectomy - Total Mastectomy - Auxiliary Lymph Node Dissection

Reconstructive 6 :

­ Surgery

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