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The Society for Applied Anthropology 64th Annual Meeting March 31 ­ April 4, 2004 Fairmont Hotel

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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 31

Structure and the Reproduction of Culture in an Antarctic Town PANT, Dipak R. (Carlo Cattaneo U-Italy) "PlaceBrand" Strategy as Advocacy for a Sustainable Economic and Cultural Future in Peri-Urban Communities ZHU, Xioayang (Peking U) Extended Case Method and Reconstruction of a Rural Community ESPINOZA, Monica (U of Leuven-Belgium) Disability Advocacy on the Move: De-theorizing the Disabled Body BUCHBINDER, Mara (Case Western Reserve U) "Be a Scream Rather Than a Sigh": Self-Advocacy, Power, and the Construction of Self Among Youth with Disabilities ___________________________ GARDNER, Andrew (U of Arizona) Transnational Social Lives: Outreach in the Indian Diaspora of Bahrain FRIEDERIC, Karin (U of Arizona) Valuing (or Devaluing) Social Capital: Planning an Anti-FamilyViolence Initiative in Rural Northwestern Ecuador MANTHEI, Jennifer (U of Arizona) The Transformation of Ambition: Adolescent Girls in Brazil ILES-SHIH, Matthew D. (U of Arizona) Negotiating Medical Authority within a Transnational Activist Network ___________________________

(W-58) WEDNESDAY 1:30-3:15 Oak Women, Medicalization and the Anthropologist: Problematizing Pragmatism and Advocacy (SMA)

CHAIRS: PASHIGIAN, Melissa J. (Bryn Mawr College) and PICKARD, Lea (Luther College) DREW, Elaine (U of Kentucky) Decisions, Decisions: Women Confronting Hysterectomy in Central Appalachia PASHIGIAN, Melissa J. (Bryn Mawr College) Negotiated Relationships: Problematizing Pragmatism and Advocacy in Northern Vietnam PICKARD, Lea (Luther College) Anthropologist/ Advocate: Negotiating Shifting Identity Among the K'iche, Maya JENKINS, Gwynne L. (U of Kansas and John Hopkins School of Public Health) Medicalization, Professionalization And Parallel Agency DEWALT, Kathleen (U of Pittsburgh) Women's Work and Domestic Violence in Manabí, Ecuador ___________________________

(W-60) WEDNESDAY 1:30-3:15 Fountain Issues in HIV/AIDS: From Prevention to Advocacy (SMA)

CHAIR: PAGE, J. Bryan (U of Miami) DIERS SCHALL, Amanda (U of S Florida) I Wish We Were Cancer: Bipartisan Legislative Health Advocacy as a Social Scientist LEVY, Jennifer (McMaster U) HIV and Infant Feeding: the Need for Experience-based Policy MARTIN, Samantha (Southern Methodist U) Not Thinking Right: Native Americans, Substance Abuse, and Safe-Sex Prevention Programs MORRISSEY, Suzanne (Syracuse U) Get Your "Rigs" Here: Harm Reduction through Syringe Exchange in Rural Eastern Washington State PAGE, J. Bryan (U of Miami) Negotiable and NonNegotiable Details: Injection Behavior and How to Change It VOYTEK, Chelsea, GO, Vivian (Johns Hopkins School of Public Health), LE, Van Nam (Bac Ninh Dept of Health), BERGENSTROM, Anna, HO, Thi Van Anh (Johns Hopkins School of Public Health), CHUNG, A. (Nat'l AIDS Standing Bureau of Vietnam), CELENTANO, David and VU, Minh Quan (Johns Hopkins School of Public Health) "He Is a Human Being and So Am I": Endemic Resistance to HIV/AIDS-related Stigma Among Injecting Drug Users in Northern Vietnam ___________________________

(W-59) WEDNESDAY 1:30-3:15 Terrace Social Capital: Public Health Panacea or Palliative? (SMA)

CHAIR: GLANTZ, Namino (U of Arizona) GLANTZ, Namino (U of Arizona) Is the Treatment Worse than the Disease? Risks of Attempts to Increase Social Capital in Minority Groups CASTANEDA, Heide and TEUFEL-SHONE, Nicolette (U of Arizona) Tobacco Control Strategies: Thinking of Social Capital as a Resource

(W-61) WEDNESDAY 1:30-3:15 Florentine Political Economy of Health Care (SMA)

CHAIR: KAMAT, Vinay (U of British Columbia) EICHELBERGER, Laura (U of Arizona) Epidemic Psychology Goes Global: Psycho Social Reactions to Epidemics in a Globalized World

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SESSION ABSTRACTS

identified and at times actually created conflict oriented situations. Advocacy appears to be more successful on a local or grassroots level as opposed to responses from environmentally related organizations at the national level. This session will explore both applied research and attempts at altering policy from projects investigating agricultural pesticides, both occupational and resident exposures, and ATV use and related injuries. [email protected] (T-30) ___________________________ GARDNER, Andrew (U of Arizona) and HOFFMAN, David (U of Colorado) Dispatches from the Field: Exploring the Relationship Between Advocacy and Fieldwork. Advocacy seems increasingly relevant to the anthropological enterprise. At the same time, the practical and ethical dilemmas of performing advocacy provide significant challenges to contemporary anthropologists. In this session, graduate students with recent field experience describe the dilemmas they faced in conducting fieldwork in various locales, and lay bare the tenuous relationship between the foundations of anthropology, advocacy, and the people they came to know in the field. Together, these papers use an essay format to address the mismatch between conceptions of the field purveyed in the classroom and the practical dilemmas of fieldwork in the new millennium. [email protected] arizona.edu (T-03) ___________________________ GEZON, Lisa L. (State U of W Georgia) Political Ecology and the Challenges of Advocacy: An Interactive Discussion. Political ecology has long rejected simple technical solutions for solving environmental crises. Instead, political ecologists have considered macro-political economic explanatory factors, often pointing to the destructive environmental consequences of profit-oriented global capitalism. Political ecologists identify structural inequities, analyzing how they play out in specific locales, given local practices and discourses. Given an inclination toward a radical critique of existing structures, how do political ecologists engage in everyday practices of advocacy and activism? How do we choose the focus of our research? How do we operate both within and outside of formal institutional settings? This session encourages dialogue. [email protected] (T-21) ___________________________ GLANTZ, Namino (U of Arizona) Social Capital: Public Health Panacea or Palliative? Social capital refers to features of social organization, such as trust and shared norms, which are resources for individuals and facilitate cooperation. Observing that higher levels of social capital are associated with better health, advocates recommend strengthening individuals, social assets to improve health. Critics contend that the social capital approach is used as a palliative, and may facilitate reproduction of social inequality. Based on health-related fieldwork in at least five countries, papers address strengths and dangers of the social capital framework, guidelines for successful investment in social capital, NGOs, roles in promoting and resisting the model, and transnational social capital. (W-59) ___________________________ GLUESING, Julia (Wayne State U) and HAMADA, Tomoko (College of William and Mary) Information Technology (IT) and Anthropological Advocacy. Anthropologists often work as cultural advocates on behalf of small-scale, indigenous societies or minority groups whose cultures, languages, traditions, lands, and rights are threatened by other people. The recent advancement of information technology has created new opportunities and challenges in this contending arena. How should cultural advocates set up and organize their work, utilizing IT? How can we use IT to create workable solutions for indigenous self-determination? This session will explore IT related advocacy strategies and will present empirical cases in domestic and international settings. The panelists will collectively explore methodological challenges and theoretical perspectives as they work directly and intimately with community members for empowerment. [email protected] (S-08), (S-27) ___________________________ GOLAND, Carol (Denison U) and ANDREATTA, Susan (U of N Carolina-Greensboro) Seeding Sustainability: Farmers Preserving Cultural Identity and Crop Biodiversity. Worldwide, our millenniaold legacy of crop biodiversity is declining, a loss leading to social and environmental disruption and damage. Despite the considerable pressure(s) operating to erode this diversity, however, some farmers persist in producing a genetically diverse array of crops. The focus of this session is the maintenance of crop biodiversity, especially intra-specific genetic diversity. The papers offer case studies of farming systems in which seed biodiversity is preserved, examining the opportunities, barriers, motivations, and benefits presented to farmers who are actively maintaining diverse crop arrays. The papers also link this diversity to broader issues of cultural and environmental sustainability. [email protected] (F-22) ___________________________ GRANT, Kathryn (U of Florida) and RAGSDALE, Kathleen (Ctr for AIDS Intervention Research, Med College of Wisconsin) Raising Awareness: HIV/STD Risks among Women of Diverse Ages, Ethnicities, and Backgrounds in the US. Outside of academia, community organizations are working with Latinas of diverse ages and acculturation levels to influence positive sexual health practices. La Casa de Esperanza, a non-profit serving Waukesha, Wisconsin, conducts programs focusing on sexual health using the Risk Reduction Program, an AIDS/HIV prevention education program. Despite the fact that Latinas are not naïve to the realities of sexual health conflict, norms dictating sexual communication leave some Latinas silent. This lack of communication can put those women at considerable sexual risk. Using case studies we discuss the sexual health practices of Latinas in Waukesha and their responses to HIV/AIDS education. [email protected] (T-31) ___________________________ GREENBERG, James B. (U of Arizona) Rethinking the Past, Looking to the Future: Lessons Learned from Applied Anthropology at The University Of Arizona Since 1952. While applied anthropology is increasingly gaining recognition as constituting the 5th field, ours is a science that seems not to have reflected deeply upon its own history. While there are many reasons for this, unless we begin to do so, that history may be lost. In this session, participants will examine projects they were a part of and attempt not only to place them in their historical, theoretical, and methodological contexts, but also, with the benefit of hindsight and years of experience since, rethink these projects and attempt to draw lessons that we may do well to remember, lest, as the old adage goes, those who do not learn from the past may be condemned to repeat it. [email protected] (S-23) ___________________________ GUERRÓN-MONTERO, Carla (Regis U) and WALLACE, Tim (N Carolina State U) Tourism, Anthropology, and Advocacy. In this session, participants will discuss a series of issues where tourism, anthropology, and advocacy intersect: environmentalism versus traditional use of natural resources, and the complex interactions among advocates of each proposal; the participation of anthropologists as

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PAPER ABSTRACTS

GETRICH, Christina (U of New Mexico) Health Care Snares: Barriers to Access at a San Diego Community Clinic. This paper evaluates efforts of Amigo Family Clinic, a community health clinic in San Diego County, to identify barriers that their low-income immigrant Mexican and Filipino clients face in accessing health care and social services. Research investigated reasons behind the underutilization of insurance programs and social service programs offered by the clinic. Quantitative and qualitative research conducted over a two-year period also provided insight into the ways in which access obstacles could be surmounted for Amigo Family Clinic as well as for other community clinics that serve similar demographics. (F-11) ___________________________ GIBSON, Jane (U of Kansas) What If They Don't Like Your Findings? A project to assess the impacts of ecotourism on host households in Costa Rican Caribbean communities coincided serendipitously with national plans to promote mass tourism in the area. Ecotourism has increased the racial and ethnic diversity in two communities as well as the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and opportunity. Compounding demographic, social, economic, and political complexity within communities were differences between communities in environmental protection policies. Collectively, these diverse conditions meant data supported the political positions and aspirations of some, but certainly not all of the stakeholders in the communities' futures. [email protected] (F-25) ___________________________ GIBSON, Ginger (U of British Columbia) Hazardous Waste and Disrupted Lives: Problematizing Risk Assessment in First Nation Communities in Canada. Ginger Gibson will consider a case in northern Canada where a government funded risk assessment neglected to consider high consumers of wild game--the local First Nations communities--when placing a consumption advisory after a chemical spill from a hazardous waste treatment plant. A second risk assessment targeted the physical risk to First Nations, but failed to consider risks other than the physical. A subsequent community based study, documented cultural and social risks to the community due to the spill of PCBs, dioxins and furans. Through the lens of mismanagement of risks, this paper will attempt to tackle regulation of risk and differential experiences of the same contaminant. [email protected] (S-28) ___________________________ GINSBURG, Ellen S. (Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences) Not Just Counting. The practice of pharmacy in the United States is being subjected to increasing simplification and regimentation of clinical thought, standardization, centralized outside control, mechanization and minimalist philosophy of responsibility (Kormos). This paper explores the application of collaborative ethnography leading to the uncovering of patterns and levels of meanings and relationships not discernible by standard regimentation of clinical thought. Examining the fault line around localism/universalism, clinical explanation/biological, and emic/etic frameworks has the potential to bring together advocacy and scholarship. Helping learners and teachers to become subjects of their own education, collaborative ethnography has the potential to interrupt existing powers of imbalance. (S-60) ___________________________ GIROUX, Stacey, NEGRON, Rosalyn and MCCARTY, Chris (U of Florida) A Personal Network Approach to Anthropology and Mental Health: Using Network Visualizations as an Interviewing Tool Part II. Mental health therapy sessions typically involve questions about family and friendship structures. These are often illustrated using genograms, a family charting technique based on kinship diagrams. A more rigorous approach is to elicit a personal network of 40 or more network members and ask the respondent to evaluate all of the potential ties between those members. This yields an adjacency matrix that can be used to calculate a set of structural measures and a network visualization that serves as an excellent interviewing tool. Anthropologists can also apply this method with key informants to better understand their social environment. [email protected] (W-75) ___________________________ GLANTZ, Namino (U of Arizona) Is the Treatment Worse than the Disease? Risks of Attempts to Increase Social Capital in Minority Groups. The quest to raise levels of social capital rests on the assumption that better well-being will result. However, such efforts may actually be counter-indicative for the poor, ethnic/racial minorities, women, and the elderly, who are, ironically, those in most need of social capital development and better health. I will discuss the potential ramifications of attempts to increase social capital in these groups, including harm to preexisting social capital assets and facilitating the reproduction of stratified access to social capital. I will also address some related challenges in the successful operationalization of the social capital framework in health research and intervention. (W-59) ___________________________ GLAZER, Mark and GARCIA, Homero (U of Texas-Pan American) Age, Gender and the Practice of Love Magic. The paper examines the folk aspects of the belief in and practice of love magic, and focuses on the differences between age and sex in the practice of love magic among South Texas Chicanos. In a sample of 1863, 19% of the women and 10% of the men believe in its efficacy, and 7% of the women and 2% of the men admit to practicing it. Belief in love magic is stable at between 27% and 30% of the population at all ages. [email protected] (F-62) ___________________________ GLAZIER, Edward (Impact Assessment Inc) Social and Economic Assessment of Fishing Communities in the Gulf of Mexico. This paper describes the rationale, research methods, and challenges and solutions for a NOAA Fisheries-sponsored study of over 300 fishing communities in the Gulf of Mexico. Summary findings address the utility of such research for analysts seeking to understand community-level effects of marine fisheries policy and its potential for benefiting the individual participant in marine fisheries industry and recreation. (W-50) ___________________________ GLITTENBERG, JoAnn (U of Arizona) A Center for Health Equity and Empowerment: CHEE. CHEE symbolically means "chi", the Chinese symbol for energy. Doctoral students and Professor Glittenberg developed this model. Theoretical frameworks include: feminist, critical, chaos theories, and social ecology. Construct and concepts for the model include: marginalization, vulnerability, stigmatization, racism, social capacity, justice, expanding community, praxis, and health disparities. CHEE focuses on strengths, resilience, and capacities to promote health within individuals, groups and communities through partnerships with people, organizations, and institutions to potentiate and strengthen peoples' attainment of health. Application practice, teaching, and research are given as examples. [email protected] (W-56) ___________________________

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