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SAPTAHIK Nepali National Weekly Friday, July 4, 2008

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· gjk|eft ;d"x ax]8jfn] ' ut z'qmaf/ ufO{3f6df dg;'g k"j­ { k|sf]k;DaGwL ;8s gf6s k|bz{g u/] s f] 5 . PS;gP8 g] k fn ufO{3f6sf] ;xof]udf k|:t't ;8s gf6s e"Ifo, af9L, klx/f], b}jL k|sf]k, e"sDk cflb cfpg'kj{ s;/L aRg " ;lsG5 eGg] ljifodf s]lGb|t lyof] . gf6ssf] aLr­aLrdf hgr]tgfd"ns uLtdf :yfgLo snfsf/x¿n] g[To k|:t't u/]sf lyP . · nfu"cf}ifw b'Jo{;g /f]Sg lxdfnog lyP6/n] cl3Nnf] laxLaf/ d~rg u/]sf] gf6s ...6f9} a;f}Ú+ bz{sn] ?rfPsf 5g\ . /+usdL{ h]aL ?jfnLåf/f lnlvt pQm gf6snfO{ ljZj nfu"cf}ifw lgoGq0f lbj;sf] cj;/ kf/]/ d~rg ul/Psf] xf] . a9\ b f] a] / f] h uf/L, kfl/jfl/s a]jf:tf, s'ntdf nfu]sf ;fyLsf] ;+uth:tf ljljw sf/0fn] o'jfk':tf b'Jo{;gdf km;]sf] ljifo gf6sdf ;d]l6Psf] lyof] . · /Tgkfs{, sf]6Zj/ tyf ] rfalxndf r]tgfd"ns ;8s gf6s ...ga'em\bfsf] kl/0ffdÚ d~rg ul/Psf] lyof] . PrcfO{ e L P8\ ; lj?4 hgr] t gf hufpg] p2] Z on] lxdfnog lyP6/n] d~rg u/]sf] pQm ;8s gf6sdf ;fgf] uNtLn] lhGbuL elTsPsf] syf ;d]l6Psf] lyof] . /fdafa' /]UdLåf/f lgb]l{ zt pQm gf6sn] ;­;fgf sdhf]/Ln] hLjgdf 7"nf] kl/jt{g Nofpg] x'bf " ;ts{ /xg' kg]{ ;Gb]z t af]ss} 5 ] o;afx]s k'?ifk|wfg ;dfhdf gf/Ldfly yf]kl/g] cf/f]k tyf ul/g] tLtf] Jojxf/;d] t gf6sdf ;d]l6Psf] lyof] .

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:jf:Yo u8a8 /xg ;S5 . sfddf cj/f]w cfpgfn] dgf]an 36\g5 . ] g}/fZotf Pj+ pbf;Lgtf a9\g5 . s'/f ] sf6\gx¿ ;lqmo /xg]5g\ . d+unaf/b]lv ] efUon] ;fy lbg yfNg]5 . k/fqmd a9\gsf ' ;fy} cw'/f sfd k"/f x'g5g\ . gof" sfd ] kfOg] ;Defjgf 5 . Joj;fodf ;'wf/ cfpg]5 . ;kmntfsf nflu uf]klgotf ckgfpg' /fd|f] x'g5 . ]

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;'vtl:yt ;'jf3f6sf] k'n {] b'36gfdf kÂ]sfx¿sf] { :d[ l tdf ufos uflosf rGb| ;'gf  ;fwgf kÂfh' n Ln] uLlt;+u|x ...;'jf3f6sf] k'nÚ >f]tfdfem NofPsf 5g\ . tÂ]nL ;+uLt s'~hsf] k|:t'ltdf ahfÂdf cfPsf] of] ;+uxdf :j/ | k|sfz 5]qL, rGb| ;'gfÂ, b]jL 3tL{du tyf ;fwgf kÂfh'nLsf] 5 . ;+uxsf] efu ! df 36gfsf] | cfnf] 3fpn] xf]nfg\ slt ?gL  efu @ df s;sf] 5ftL lrlÂGg  sfv} lÂQf] aGbf uLt ;'Gg ;lsG5 . uLtsf] zAb rGb| ;'gfÂn] n]vsf x'g\ . ]

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k/fqmd a9\g5 . cw'/f sfd ] k"/f x'g]5g\ . gof" sfd kfOg] ;Defjgf 5 . dfg­;Ddfg kfpg'xf]nf . c¿af6 ;xof]u xfl;n x'g5 . 7"nf JolQml;t ;+jfb x'g5 . ] ] cWoogdf ;kmntf kfOg] 5 . ;Gtfgsf] ;kmntfn] v';L a9\g5 . ] Joj;fodf nfe ldNg]5 . ljjfbdf cl3 ga9\g' g} plrt x'g5 . ]

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vr{ a9] klg k|z:t} cfDbfgL xf]nf . sfddf ;kmntf kfOg] a]nf 5 . Joj;fodf k|fKt x'g] nfe sfod} /xg]5 . c¿sf] ljZjf; lhTg ;lsg]5 . ofqf ug]{ cj;/ h'6g5 . \ ] af]nLsf] k|efj a9\g5 . cWoogdf ] cj/f]w v8f x'g;S5 . ;f]daf/ tyf d+unaf/ vr{, ljjfb Pj+ lrGtf a9\g] of]u 5 .

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;do /fd| f ] 5 . sfddf ;kmntf ldNg]5 eg] Joj;fodf nfe k|fKt xf]nf . k/fqmd a9\g5 . w]/} ] cw'/f sfd k"/f x'g5g\ . gof" sfd ] xft nfUg ;S5 . wg cfh{g ug]{ cj;/ h'6g5 . dfg­;Ddfg Pj+ \ ] dxOEjk"0f{ lhDd]jf/L kfOg] ;Defjgf 5 . a'waf/ tyf laxLaf/ lrGtf Pj+ cl:y/tf a9\g ;S5 .

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kl/>d ug'k/] klg wg cfh{g { ug]{ cj;/ h'6g5 . c¿sf] ljZjf; \ ] lhTg ;lsg]5 . k/fqmd a9\g5 eg] ] dfg­;Ddfg klg kfOg] ;Defjgf 5 . Joj;fodf ;kmntf xft nfUg]5 . ofqf x'g;S5 . cWoogdf ;kmntf xfl;n x'g5 . a'waf/ tyf ] laxLaf/ :jf:Yo u8a8 /xg ;S5 . dg lrlGtt x'g] of]u klg 5 .

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dfg­;Ddfg kfOg] ;Defjgf 5 . sfddf ;kmntf ldNg]5 . ;ef­ ;Dd]ng Pj+ ef]het]/df ;xefuL x'g] cj;/ h'6g5 . k/fqmd a9\g5 . \ ] ] w]/} cw'/f sfd k"/f x'g5g\ . gof" ] sfd kfOg] of]u 5 . cfkmGtx¿sf] ;xof]u kfOg]5 . /f]u Pj+ zq' a9\g] x' " b f vf" b f tyf af] N bf ljrf/ k'¥ofpg'xf]nf .

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;' ? df g} / fZotf Pj+ pbf;Lgtf a9\g5 . s'/f sf6\gx¿ ] ] ;lqmo /xg] 5 . :jf:Yo u8a8 x' g ;S5 . cfOaf/kl5 dfg­ ;Ddfg kfOg] 5 . wg cfh{ g x' g ] b] l vG5 . k/fqmd a9\ g ] 5 eg] cWoogdf ;kmntf ldNg]5 . efUon] ;fy lbg]5 . c¿sf] dg lht]/ ;kmntf k|fKt x'g5 . ]

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unt ljrf/ a9]/ sfddf cj/f]w cfpg ;S5 . lrGtf Pj+ 3/]n' ;d:of a9\g ;S5 . s'/f sf6\ g ] x ¿ ;lqmo /xg] 5 g\ . ;f] d af/kl5 wg cfh{ g ug{ ;lsg]5 . Joj;foaf6 nfe xf]nf . cWoogdf ;'wf/ cfpg]5 . c¿af6 ;xof]u klg kfOg] ;Defjgf 5 eg] k|;Ggtf a9\g5 . ]

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cj?4 u/] cfGbf]ngsf] r]tfjgL . · l8h]n cefjn] t/fO{ If]qdf /f]kfO" cnkq, kxf8L If]qdf $) k|ltzt /f]kfO" ;lsof] . · k;f{df kfgL;DaGwL ljjfbdf uf]nL rNof], [email protected] hgf 3fOt] . c;f/ !^ ut] ;f]daf/ · dw] ; jfbL bnx¿åf/f :jfoQ dw]; tyf ;]gfdf ;d"xut k|jz ljifonfO{ lnP/ ;bg cj?4 ] ePsf] ljifodf Ps eP/ hfg k|dv ' tLg bn ;xdt, ;/sf/;"u ljutdf ePsf ;Demf} t f sfjf{ G og ug{ sfo{bnsf] u7g . · ;/sf/n] cgldgsf] Dofb yk, s]xL clwsf/ s6f}tL ul/g] . · kf]v/fsf] vf"raf6 c9fO{ ] jif{ s L aflnsf arfpg] sdn g]kfnLnfO{ ;/sf/åf/f # nfv ?k}of" ;xof] u , a9L ;xof] u u/] s f] cj:yfdf afndgf]lj1fgdf c;/ kg]{ lrlsT;ssf] bfjL . · a9\bf] ljB'tsf] dfusf sf/0f \ jiff{df klg nf]8;]l8ª x6]g, avf{ ;lsPkl5 nf]8;]l8ªsf] ;do a9\b} hfg] ljB't\ k|flws/0fsf] egfO{ . · k]6f« l] nod Joj;foLåf/f aGb ul/Psf] t]nsf] laqmL k'gM k|f/De, cfon lgudn] kof{Kt glbPsf sf/0f cefj sfod} .

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xf] . To;f] t clgtfnfO{ klg ;a}dfem ;lhn} lrlgg ;Sg] If]q df]8lnª lgs} dg k5{ . Ao'6LsG6]:6df ;xefuL eP® cfkm"df cGt®lglxt k|ltef k|:km'6g ug{ kfp"bf pgL cfglGbt l5g\ . km®fl;nL ® ;a};u ldng;f® Jojxf® k|bz{g ug]{ " clgtf % lkm6 $ OGr cUnL l5g\ . ;n{Ss ldn]sf] hLp8fn, sfnf cf"vf ® l;NsL s]z®flzdf clgtf cfsif{s b]lvlG5g\ . sIff !! df cWoog ul®®x] s L clgtfn] klxnf] k|fyldstf cWoognfO{ g} lbPsL l5g\ . 3®sL sfG5L 5f]®L clgtfn] cleefjsx¿sf] kof{Kt dfof kfPsL l5g\ . lgs6 eljiod} kf]v®fdf x'g nfu] s f] ld; du® k| l tof] l utfdf pgn] sf]l®of]uf| kmL ug]{ lhDd]jf®L;d]t kfO;s] s L l5g\ . g[ T o, kqklqsf cWoogsf ;fy} ;fyLx¿;"u 3'Dg dg k®fpg] clgtfsf cfsif{s tl:a®x¿ ;f®f;+;f® 86sddf x]g{ ;lsG5 . ­lzj zdf{

;x/ rr f{

d'vfn]

cbfnt em"6 af]Ng] tyf em"6 aSg] ynf] aGb} uPsf] 5 . dLgaxfb'/ /fodfemL k|wfg GofofwLz ljlw / k|lqmofnfO{ gdfGg] xf] eg] ;+ljwfg;efsf] cf}lrTo /x"bg . } 8f= k|sfzrGb| nf]xgL ;ef;b\ /fli6«o hgzlQm kf6L{ ;ft bnaLr h' g lsl;dsf] bnLo /fhgLlt k|f/De ePsf] 5, To;n] u0ftGq lbuf] x'gdf cfz+sf pAhfPsf] 5 . ] cf]dsf/k|;fb >]i7 g]tf, g]kfnL sf+u; ]| sf+u|];n] cfkm" ;fgf] bn ePsf sf/0f k|ltkIfdf a:5' eg]sf] xf]Og, /fi6«klt kb gkfpg] ePkl5 k|ltkIfdf a:5f}+ eg]sf] xf] . emngfy vgfn dxf;lrj g]skf -Pdfn]_ dfcf]jfbLsf] nIo hgu0ftGq xf] eGg] s'/fdf s;}nfO{ z+sf 5 eg] p;n] wf]sf kfp"5 . bdggfy 9'ufgf, ;+ljwfgljb\ + ;du| dw]; Ps k|bzsf] ] dfu ;+ljwfgdf ;dfof]hg gu/] k]ml/ dw]; cfGbf]ng ;'? x'G5 . pk]Gb| ofbj, cWoIf dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d g]kfndf dw]; g} 5}g, o:tf] cj:yfdf :joQ dw];sf] dfu /fVg'sf] cy{ 5}g . s]zj d}gfnL cWoIf, r'/] efj/ Pstf kf6L{ Ps dw]; k|bz ;dfwfg xf]Og, ] of] t Pp6f 7"nf] ;d:of xf] . /fhs'df/ n]vL, dxfdGqL yf? sNof0fsfl/0fL ;ef

clgtf k'g

jfOg l;sfpg] xl/

7d]nsf] lsn/f]oh /]:6'/f"df ;]tf] ;6{, sfnf] kfOG6 / 3f"6Ldf rf"bLsf] df]6f] l;lqmdf em'G8\ofOPsf] rf"bLsf] ;fgf] srf}/f le/]sf xl/ aufn]nfO{ x/]s ;f"em e]6g ;lsG5 . \ pgL jfOg lkpg, lknfpg / hf"Rg vlKk; jfOg :k]l;oln:6 x'g\ . ...jfOg lkpg of]Uo 5 ls 5}g eg]/ hf"Rg of] srf}/fsf] k|of]u ul/G5 .Ú ­xl/n] srf}/f xftdf v]nfp"b} eg] . P3f/ jif{ hltcl3 P;Pn;L pQL0f{ u/]kl5 uf]/vfsf] Pp6f ufp"af6 pRr cWoogsf nflu /fhwfgL l5/]sf xl/n] cfO{sd ;s]kl5 7d]nsf] Pp6f Sofkm]df j]6/sf] hflu/ vfP . To;kl5 pgL lsn/f]ohdf j]6/s} hflu/ vfO/x]sf lyP . ;g\ @)))df jfOg :k]l;oln:6 /f]a6{ O=l8hf8]g lsn/f]ohdf cfP . pgL g]kfnLx¿df jfOg { sNr/ ljsf; ug{ rfxGy] . /f]a6{n] g]kfnL jfOg :k]l;oln:6 agfpg xl/nfO{ /f]h] . pgn] xl/nfO{ cfwf/e"t 1fg lbPkl5 jfOgsf] pb\ud :yn k|mfG; k7fP . Toxf" xl/n] ljleGg jfOgsf af/]df cWoog ug]{ cj;/ kfP . To;kl5 xl/ km]l/ Psk6s k|mfG; uP . pgL clxn] lsn/f]ohdf ;~rfng e}/x]sf] jfOg pT;jsf] s]Gb|ljGb' ePsf 5g\ . Toxf" cfpg] ;a}nfO{ pgL jfOg ;+:s[lt l;sfO/x]sf e]l6G5g\ . ...km/s vfnsf] sfd ug{ yfn]sf] 5', /dfOnf] nfu]sf] 5,Ú ­xl/n] cfkm\gf] cg'ej ;'gfP .

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July 4,

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u'0f:tl/o lzIffsf] kl/0ffd

5f]6f] ;dodf g} lkgfsn p= df= lj=÷sn]h cu|:yfgdf

pTs[i6 z}lIfs kl/0ffd lkgfsnsf] ;fg xf], pRr lzIffsf] qmddf of] sn]hdf egf{ ePsf k|To]s ljBfyL{sf] nIonfO ;fsf/ agfpg sn]h ;kmn 5 . k9fO dfq xf]Og, cltl/Qm lqmofsnfkdf klg plQs} Wofg lbPsfn] lkgfsn sn]h ljBfyL{sf] klxnf] /f]hfOdf 5.

· pRr dfWolds lzIff kl/ifb af]8{4f/f ;+rflnt Kn; 6' kl/Iffdf pTs[i6 kl/0ffd Nofpg ;Sg' g} lkgfsnsf] d'Vo pknAwL xf] . of] jif{ Kn; 6' sfnflu bzf}+ Aofr egf{ lng] t/v/df /x]sf] of] sn]hn] ljBfyL{sf] z}lIfs ljsf; dfq xf]Og, pgLx¿sf] ;jf{lª\u0f ljsf;df Wofg lbb} cfPsf] 5 . · P]Zjof{ ljBfkbs ljh]tf ;'lgtf l3ld/] pRr dfWolds lzIff kl/ifb af]8{ [email protected])^!­@)^@_ sf] k/LIffdf ;jf]Ts[i6 ljBfyL{ { x'g\ . ;'lgtfn] Kn; 6' df **[email protected]) k|ltzt NofPsL lyOg\ . pgL xfn g]kfnu~h d]l8sn sn]hdf k"0f{ 5fqj[lQdf PdljljP; cWoog/t l5g\ . ;'lgtf jfx]s o;sn]haf6 Kn; 6' plQ0f{ u/]sf bh{gf}+ ljBfyL{x¿n] PdljljP;÷ljl8P;, OlGhlgol/ª, x]Ny ;fOG;, rf6{8 PsfpG6]G6 -l;P_ df cfkm\gf] Sofl/o/ ljsf; u/]sf 5g\ . · s]xL ;do cl3 dn]l;ofdf cfof]hgf ePsf] k|l] ;8]G6 sk km'6an k|ltof]lutfdf x\ofl6«s u/]sf h'dfg' /fO{ o; sn]hsf csf{ zfg x'g\ . pgL lkgfsn sn] h df cWoog/t 5g\ . /fli6« o v] n f8Lx? o'unlszf]/ /fO{, lg/fhg v8\ s f nufot c08/ gfOlG6gsf clwsf+z o'jf v]nf8LnfO{ klg sn]hn] 5fqj[lQ k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . · clxn];Dd sl/a rf/ xhf/ ljBfyL{n] Kn; 6' plQ0f{ ul/ ;s]sf] of] sn]hsf k"j{ ljBfyL{x¿n] lkgfsn PNd'gfO P;f]l;P;g gfdsf] ;+:yf u7g u/]sf 5g\ . P;f]l;P;gn] lkgfsn ;]leË P08 qm]l86 sf]­cf]k/]l6e ;+rfngdf NofPsf] 5. · ljBfno txdf sflGtk'/L dfWolds ljBfno ;+rfng u/]sf] of] sn]hn] Kn; 6' df lj1fg, Joj:yfkg / dfgljsL ltgj6} ;+sfodf cWofkg u/fp"b} cfPsf] 5 . To;jfx]s lalaP;, laP:;L dfOqmf]afof]nf]hL, laP:;L lkmlhS;, l8Knf]df kmfd];L { sfo{qmddf cWofkg u/fp"b} cfPsf] of] sn]hn] of] jif{bl] v PdlaP; sfo{qmd klg ;+rfng ug]{ ePsf] 5 . pTs[i6 lzIffnosf] ;'lrdf cu|0fL klxrfg agfO;s]sf] lkgfsnsf] casf] nIo ljZjljBfnodf ¿kfGtl/t x'g' xf] . · dgf]/~hg ;+rf/sf] If]qdf klg lkgfsnsf pTkfbg cAan ;fljt ePsf 5g\ . sflGtk' / 6] l nlehgdf sfo{/t gj/fh cfrfo{, rnlrq ;xfos lgb]zs { ;' b g s] ; L, PleGo' h \ 6] l nlehgsL ;dfrf/ jflrsf uLtf Gof} k fg] , cd]l/sf cgnfOg l6eL l8l; g]kfn 86 sd df sfo{/t l/df ljs, k'j{ ld; nlntk'/ cg' >]i7 nufot cGo y'k}| k|ltefzfnL ljBfyL{x¿ o; sn]hsf uf}/a x'g\ . · pRr ef}lts k'jf{wf/, ;'ljwf;DkGg k|of]uzfnf, k':tsfno, / zx/sf ;a} d'Vo :yfgdf oftfoftsf] Joj:yf 5 . To:t} cg' z fl;t z} l Ifs jftfj/0fdf cWofkg u/fO{ G 5 . 5fqfjf;sf] Joj:yf ;d]t 5 . · lgDg / dWod jlu{o kl/jf/sf ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ nlIft ul/ :yfkgf ul/Psf] of] sn]hdf cf}ift z'Nsdf ljBfyL{nfO{ pRr lzIffsf] cj;/ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . k|fWofkg k]zfdf

nfdf] ;dob]lv ;+nUg k|fWofksx? cfkm}n] of] sn]hsf] Joa:yfkg u/]sf 5g\ . · sn]hdf k|fWofkg ug]{ lzIfsx? cfkm} g} kf7\o k':ts n]vs ePsfn] k|fl1s If]qdf sn]hsf] 5'§} klxrfg 5 . sn]hn] z}lIfs :tl/otf sfod /fVg cfGtl/s k/LIffdf ljz]if hf]8 lbPsf] 5 . · cfly{s ¿kdf sdhf]/ ePsf, k|jl] zsf /fd|f] c+s NofPsf ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ cj:yf x]/L 5fqj[lQ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . To;}ul/ blnt, hghftL, b'ud, 4G4lkl8t ljBfyL{x¿sf { nflu klg 5fqj[lQ pknAw 5 . · sn]hsf] o'lg6 6]:6df pTs[i6 x'g] ljBfyL{nfO dlxgfe/sf] z'Ns ldgfxf, cltl/Qm lqmofsnfkdf klg Tolts} hf]8 . af:s]6jn, elnjn, 6]an 6]lg;sf]6sf] Joj:yf . {

æ;a}sf nflu lzIff g} xfd|f] p4]Zo xf] .Æ

­CifL ltjf/L -lk|lG;kn_ ljBfyL{ x ?nfO{ u' 0 f:tl/o lzIff lbO{ ljZj d~rdf ;d]t k|lt:klw{ aGg ;s'g eGb} ;' l zlIft ;fdflhs gful/s pTkfbg ug'{ g} o; sn]hsf] k|dv Wo]o xf] . '

pTs[i6 ljBfyL{x¿sf] /f]hfO ag]sf] lkgfsn sn]hn] 5f]6f] ;dod} cfkm' n fO{ :tl/o sn]hx¿sf] ;'rLdf pEofpg ;kmn e};s]sf] 5 . ut jif{sf] sIff !! / [email protected] sf] kl/Iffdf pTs[i6 Nofpg ;kmn of] sn]h nlntk' / sf] ;' u d :yn nugv] n df cjl:yt 5 . ...pRr lzIffsf] qmddf s'g sn]h 5gf}6 ug]{ b'ljwf lyof] . P]Zjof{ ljBfkbs ljh]tf

eg]­ lkgfsnsf] lzIf0f ljlw + pTs[i6 /x]sfn] g} ljBfyL{n] k9]sf] s'/f /fd|/L a'em\g ;S5g\ . lo pbfx/0fn] of]Uo lzIfs, pTs[i6 Joj:yfkgsf aLrdf lkgfsnsf] casf] kl/ro e/kbf] { z} l Ifs k|lti7fgsf] ¿kdf cuf8L cfO;s]sf] 5 . sn]hn] l;l6Ole6Lsf] ;DaGwgdf # jif]{ kmfd];L { l8Knf]df klg u/fp"b} cfPsf]

lkgfsn g} lsg <

;'lgtf l3ld/]n] elgg\­ ...cflv/ lkgfsnsf] 5gf} 6 d] / f] Sofl/o/ ljsf;sf] lgDtL ;xL 7xl/of] .Ú PdlalaP; cWoog/t ;'lgtfsf] of] egfOn] klg z} l Ifs cWoogsf] nflu lkgfsn dfu{bz{s aGg ;S5 eGg] k'li6 u5{ . af]8s} k/LIffdf *& k|ltzt { c+s NofP/ t[lto :yfg xfl;n u/]sf tyf dl0fkfn sn]hdf k"0f{ 5fqj[lQdf PdljljP; cWoog/t ljZjDe/ yfkfn] 5 . $) ;L6sf nflu lnOg] kmfd]{;Lsf nflu k|j]lzsf plQ0f{ u/]sf] x'gk5{ . dWod ' / lgDg dWodjlu{o kl/jf/ sf ljBfyL{nfO{ nlIft u/]/ :yfkgf ePsf] of] sn]hsf] d'Vo p2]Zo cf};t z'Nsdf u'0f:tl/o lzIff k|bfg ug'{ xf] . k|fl1s k[i7e'dL ePsf lzIfsx¿sf] ;lqmotfdf ;+rflnt of] sn]hn] pRr z}lIfs jftfj/0fdf cWofkg u/fp"b} cfPsf] 5 .

Kn; 6' sn]hx¿sf] ;'rLdf lkgfsnsf] pkl:ytL sxf"g/ ] 5<

­:tl/o cWofkg / Joj:yfkgsf sf/0f lkgfsn Ps]8dL pTs[i6 sn]hx¿sf] ] ;'rLdf cu|kQmLdf 5 . of] + ;kmntf k|fKt ug{df k|fWofkg, Joj:yfkg ;d'x / ljBfyL{ tyf cleefjs ;a} s f] of]ubfg 5 . lkgfsnn] e/ kbf]{ z}lIfs k|lti7fgsf] ¿kdf kl/ro agfPsf] 5 .

sn]hsf] d'Vo ljz]ztf <

­cf};t z'Nsdf ljBfyL{nfO kof{Kt ;'ljwf k|bfg ub}{ u'0f:tl/o lzIff k|bfg ug'{ xfd| f ] ljz] z tf xf] . cg' z fzgdf klg Tolts} Wofg lbPsf 5f}+ . lgoldt cWofkg jfx]s cGo

s'g} ;'ljwf 5g <

­xf], ljBfyL{n] clxn] Sofl/ o/ lgdf{0f ug]{ a]nf xf] . To;}n] pgLx¿sf] ¿rL cg';f/sf] Sofl/o/ k/fdz{ ;]jf ;d]t pknAw u/fOPsf] 5 .

s'g ju{nfO nlIft u/]/ sn]h :yfkgf ug'ePsf] xf] < {

cfly{s l:ylt sdhf]/ ePsf h] x Gbf/ tyf nuglzn ljBfyL{x?nfO{ ljleGg cfwf/ df 5fqa[ l Q lbO{ lzIff ;a}sfnflu eGg] p4]Zoaf6 sn]h lgb]{lzt 5 . ;fy} dWod kl/jf/af6 cfPsf

cGTodf lkgfsnsf] egfO <

­;j{kyd P;Pn;L kf; ug]{ | ;a}df d]/f] xflb{s z'esfdgf tyf awfO{ 5 . P;Pn;L plQ0f{ u/]/ pRr lzIffsf] nflu sn] h 5gf} 6 ug] { of]hgfdf /x]sf ljBfyL{x¿sf] lgDtL lkgfsnsf] 9f]sf v'Nnf 5.

PINNACLE COLLEGE

Lagankhel (Eastern Part of Bus Park), Lalitpur, Nepal Tel: 5544023, 5544024, 5524723 Email: [email protected]np [email protected] Web: www.pinnacle.edu.np Advt.

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July 4,

2008

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;xof]u ug'k5{ . ljifoj:t' ghfg]/ { eGbf klg d];f] gkfP/ sltko ljBfyL{ c;kmn x' G 5g\ . o; k|sf/sf ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ lzIfsn] ljz]if lgu/fgLdf /fv]/ k/LIffsf b[li6n] dxOEjk"0f{ k|Zgx¿sf] tof/L ug{ nufpg' kmnbfoL x'G5 . k/LIffsf nflu rflxg] clgjfo{ tOEj eg]sf] ;sf/fTds ;f]r / cfTdljZjf; g} xf] . To;}n] k"/s k/LIffdf ;xefuL ljBfyL{x¿n] klg ev{ / } lbPsf] k/LIffnfO{ cg'ejsf ¿kdf lnP/ o; df}sf k/LIffnfO{ ztk| l tzt pkof] u ug'k5{ . d c;kmn eP", ;a} ;fyLn] { pl5g], ca t vQd eOof], a]OHht eof] eGg] h :tf lg/fzfjfbL efjgfx¿ dgdf cfpg lbg' x'bg . " } cf7j6f ljifodf 5­;ftj6f s6\of] eg] ca Ps­b'Oj6f ljifo s6fpg { dnfO{ s'g} cK7]/f] 5}g, plrt tof/L u¥of] eg] ;lhn} pQL0f{ x'g ;S5' eGg] ;sf/fTds ;f]r eP ;kmntf k/ /xg] s'/} cfp"bg . } P;Pn;L k"/s k/LIffsf] tof/L ul//x]sf ljBfyL{x¿sf nflu ;do tflnsf ;kmntfsf] ultnf] cfwf/ aGg ;S5 . lsg eg] Ps jf b'O{ ljifosf nflu af¥x­kGw| 306fsf] ;do /fd|f;u Joj:yfkg ug{ ;lsof] ] " eg] hlt;'s} afwf­Jojwfg cfP klg ;kmntfnfO{ /f]Sg ;Sb}g . k"/s k/LIffdf ;kmntf rfxg] ljBfyL{x¿n] k/LIff cfof] eg]/ tgfj a9fpg] xf] O g ls d] x gt a9L ug'{k5{ . k/LIffsf af/]df ;f]r]/ tgfj a9\of] eg] g t k9\g g} ;lsG5, g ;f]r]h:tf] glthf g} cfp" 5 . To;} n ] k/LIffnfO{ xfpu'hLsf] b[li6n] x]g{' x'bg . k/LIff "} lbg hfg] lbg klg ;dodf g} k/LIff s]Gb|df k'Ug], k|jz kq n}hfg ] gla;{g,] sDtLdf b'Oj6f snddf { d;L e/]/ nfg], Hofldlt aS;h:tf cfjZos ;fdu|L af]Sg ge'Ng], ;fy} ;kmf sk8f, x"l;nf] cg'xf/ eP ;f]rh:tf] ] glthf xft kg{ uf¥xf] x'bg . "} ­sljtf k/fh'nL lzj d'lvof sf8df8f}-- P;Pn;Lsf] + glthf cfPnuQ} pRr lzIffsf nflu cfkm"n] /f]hsf] ljifo / ] SofDk; 5gf}6 ug]{ Pj+ cfjZos z}lIfs k/fdz{ lng] cj;/ Ps} ynf]df kfP/ jfg]Zj/sL k"gd l3ld/] b+u kl/g\ . ...sn]h vf]Hb} lx"8gkg]{ ;d:of ePg .Ú P;Pn;L \ ' k|yd >]0fLdf pQL0f{ k'gdn] elgg\­ ...Ps} 7fp"df ljleGg SofDk; / To; SofDk;df k9fO x'g] ljifosf ;DaGwdf a'em\g] cj;/ kfOof], cfkm"n] s'g ljifo cWoog ug]{ jf s:tf] sn]h /f]Hg] eGg] cGof}n /x]g,Ú k|fljlws ljifodf pRr lzIff xfl;n ug]{ nIo lnPsL k"gdn] Toxf" k|fljlws lzIff lbg] bh{gf}+ z}lIfs ;+:yf km]nf kfl/g\ . To;f] t k"gd dfq xf]Og, pRr lzIffsf] vf]hLdf nflu/x]sf o'jfo'jtLx¿sf nflu 8fO/]S;g g]kfnn] k|f=ln=n] cfof]hgf u/]sf] z}lIfs d]nf pko'Qm uGtJo aGof] . pRr lzIffsf] tof/L ul//x]sf ;fy} ljleGg ljifodf bIftf xfl;n ug{ rfxg] o'jfo'jtLnfO{ nflIft u/]/ ;~rfng ePsf] 5}6f}+ xfo/ Ph's;g PG8 Sofl/o/ k]mo/­ ] @))* df o'jfo'jtLsf] afSnf] hd36 lyof] . ^) j6f :6ndf g]kfnnufot ef/t, c:6«l] nof, o'sh:tf d'nsx¿sf ljleGg ] ' z}lIfs ;+:yfn] cfkm\gf] z}lIfs sfo{qmdsf ;DaGwdf k/fdz{ lbPsf lyP . Jofrn/ l8u|L Og df]afOn km];g 6f]Sgf]nf]hL, OG6l/o/ l8hfOg, km/]l:6 sn]h, ;fOsf]nf]hL Sna, rf6{/ PsfpG6]G6, xf]6n Dofg]hd]G6, df; sDo'lgs];gh:tf z}lIfs sfo{qmdx¿n] ljBfyL{ Pj+ cleefjssf] dg tfg]sf] lyof] . cfkm\gf] Sofl/o/sf ;DaGwdf ;r]t o'jfo'jtLx¿sf nflu of] z}lIfs d]nf lgs} kmnbfoL ePsf] 8fO/]S;g g]kfnsf bLks yfkfn] atfP . ...cfkm\g} lg0f{odf sn]h tyf ljifo 5gf}6 / To;sf nflu cfjZos tof/Lsf ;DaGwdf a'em\g] /fd|f] df}sf xf] Ú yfkf eG5g\­...Ps} ynf]df ljleGg z}lIfs sfo{qmdsf ;DaGwdf lj:t[t hfgsf/L kfpg' g} d]nfsf] d'Vo cfsif{0f xf] .Ú ljBfyL{sf] Ifdtf Pj+ 3/sf] cfly{s cj:yfcg'¿k s:tf] lzIff cfh{g ug]{ eGg] ljifodf dgf]j1flgs k/fdz{ lng]x¿n] } klg sDtL lyPg . ljleGg k|fljlws ljifodf lzIff lng rfxg] ;fy} g]kfnaflx/sf Zofd a/fnn] atfP . ljleGg gof" z}lIfs sfo{qmdx¿sf] ;d]t cfs{if0f /x]sf] d]nfdf Jofrn/ l8u|L Og df]afOn PlKns];gk|lt klg ljBfyL{n] ?lr b]vfPsf lyP . sf7df8f}l+ :yt sdnkf]v/Ldf o;} jif{bl] v ;'? x'g] of] z}lIfs sfo{qmd blIf0f Pl;ofd} klxnf] ePsf] w'j| ;]gsf] bfjL 5 . k/fdz{bftf ;]gsf cg';f/

P;Pn;L k"/s k/LIffsf] pkof]u s;/L ug]{ < z}lIfs d]nfdf ljBfyL{sf] cfsif{0f

P;Pn;L k/LIffsf] &$ jif]{ Oltxf;d} o;k6s ;a}eGbf a9L ^# bzdnj &# k|ltzt ljBfyL{ pQL0f{ eP eg] #^ bzdnj @& k|ltzt ljBfyL{ eg] of] kmnfd] 9f]sfaflx/} /xg afWo eP . oBlk ;/sf/n] a9Ldf b'O{ ljifo ;Dd cg'QL0f{ x'g]nfO{ k"/s k/LIffsf] Joj:yf cl3Nnf jif{df em}+ o; jif{ klg u/]sf] 5 . To;}n] c;kmn eP" eg]/ lrGtf lnP/ a:g'eGbf k"/s k/LIffsf] clwstd pkof]u s;/L ug] { eGg] t km{ ljrf/ k' ¥ ofpg' a'l4dQf x'G5 . ;fpg t];f| ] ;ftfb]lv ;'? x'g] k"/s k/LIffsf nflu sDd/ s;]/ nfUg] xf] eg] cem} s]xL lat]sf] 5}g . lsgeg] k"/s k/LIffdf pQL0f{ x'gn] ;d]t o;} jif{ sn]h k9\g ] kfpg] ePsfn] jif{ u'Dg] s'/f ePg . To;}u/L c;kmn e} Ps k6s kfPsf] lzIff eljiosf nflu dfu{bz{s alglbof] eg] Tof] g} 7"nf] s'/f xf] . cg';Gwfgx¿n] s] klg b]vfPsf] 5 eg] P;Pn;Ldf k"/s k/LIffdf pQL0f{ ePsf w]/} ljBfyL{ Kn; 6' n]endf /fd|f] c+ssf ;fy pQL0f{ eP/ lgoldt tkm{ pQL0f{ ePsf ljBfyL{x¿n] eGbf /fd|f] ul//x] s f klg 5g\ . To;} n ] ljutaf6 kf7 l;s]/ k"/s k/LIffsf] tof/Ldf h'6g l9nfO ug'{ x'bg . \ " } o;sf nflu k/LIff lbg] ljBfyL{ :jod\ hfu¿s x'g' cfjZos 5

eg] ljBfno, lzIfs tyf cleefjsx¿n] ;xof]uL jftfj/0fsf] l;h{gf ul/lbg'k5{ . P;Pn;L k"/s k/LIff lbg] ljBfyL{x¿sf nflu ljz]if Joj:yf gx'bf w]/} ljBfyL{n] of] cj;/sf] " pkof]u ug{ ;ls/x]sf 5}gg\ . :ki6;"u eGg'kbf{ h;n] JolStut kxn u¥of], pm pQL0f{ x'G5, xf]Og eg] k'gM km]n e} a:g'kg]{ lj8Dagf xfdLsxf" 5 . To;}n] sDtLdf klg ;a} ljBfnon] k"/s k/LIffdf ;fd]n x'g] cfÎgf ljBfyL{nfO{ Pslqt u/]/ oy] i 6 cEof;sf] df} s f k| b fg ug'{k5{ . ljz]if u/L w]/} ljBfyL{ ul0ftdf c;kmn x'G5g\ eg] ul0ft ljifosf nflu a9L cEof; cfjZos x'G5 . To;}n] casf] Ps dlxgf k" / s k/LIffdf ;xefuL x' g ] ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ ljBfnodf g} 8fs]/ b}lgs sDtLdf tLg 306fsf] sIff lng ;lsof] eg] o;sf] glthf /fd|f] cfpg]df s'g} z+sf 5}g . lsgeg] ev{/} cf7­cf7j6f ljifosf nflu tof/L u/]sf ljBfyL{sf nflu Ps jf b'O{ ljifosf] tof/L ug'{ s'g} 7"nf] s'/f x'bg . " } o; k|sf/sf] cEof;n] tLg 306fleq tf]lsPsf ;a} k|Zg xn ug]{ afgLsf] ljsf; x'G5 g} ;fy;fy} k"/s k/LIffsf nflu rflxg] cfTdljZjf; klg ylkG5 . cleefjsx¿n] klg cfÎgf gfgLx¿sf] ;fy 5f8\g' x'"b}g . pgLx¿nfO{ lg/Gt/ xf};nf k|bfg u/]/ k"/s k/LIffsf] tof/Ldf h'6g \

d'nsx¿df cWoog ug{ OR5's ' ljBfyL{x¿sf nflu klg of] d]nf lgs} k|efjsf/L /x\of] . cfdfafa'n] /f]Hg] 8fS6/, OlGhlgo/eGbf k[ys\ ljifox¿df lzIff lnP/ Sofl/o/ agfpg rfxg] ljBfyL{x¿s\b} uPsf] d]nfdf ;xefuL ;lgh >]i7n] atfP . sn]h ckm km];g 6]Sgf]nf]hLsf] :6naf6 pQm z}lIfs sfo{qmdsf ;DaGwdf k/fdz{ lbO/x]sf ;lghsfcg';f/ k/Dk/fut lzIffk|0ffnLeGbf Jofjxfl/s Pj+ k|of]ufTds lzIffdf o'jfo'jtLsf] ?lr a9]sf] 5 . cfkm\gf] ?lr / Ifdtfljk/Lt cleefjssf] s/sfkdf cfh{g u/]sf] lzIffn] ljBfyL{sf] eljio lau|g] 8/ ePsf] g];gn OlG:6Ro'6 ckm ;fOsf]nf]hLsf k/fdz{bftf cg'k e08f/L atfp"5g\ . k|lt:kwf{Tds ;dodf k/fDk/fut 9+uaf6 lbOg] lzIffn] ljBfyL{sf] lxt gug]{ a? pN6} ;do, >d / k};f v]/f] hfg] d]nf cjnf]sg ul//x]sf emfkfsf

df]afOnsf] k|of]ustf{ a9\b} uPsf] j]nf df]afOnsf ;km\6j]o/ ljsf; ug{ l;sfOg] of] lzIff cfkm\gf] Sofl/o/ agfpg] /fd|f] dfWod xf] . ut laxLaf/b]lv cfOtaf/;Dd o'gfO6]8 jN8{ 6«8 ] ;]G6/sf] 8fO/]S;g PlShlj;g PG8 sGe]G;g ;]G6/df ;~rfng ePsf] of] z}lIfs d]nfaf6 z}lIfs ;+:yfsf] vf]hLdf ef+tfl/x]sf xhf/f}+ ljBfyL{ Pj+ } cleefjs nfeflGjt eP . @) xhf/b]lv nfvf} ?k}of";Ddsf] z}lIfs sfo{qmd /x]sf] d]nfdf SofDk;sf ;DaGwdf k|ToIf cGtlqm{of ug{ kfp"bf cjnf]sgstf{x¿ xlif{t b]lvGy] . sltko z}lIfs ;+:yfn] ;f]xL d]nfdf egf{ ug]x¿sf nflu ljif]z { 5'6sf] ;d]t Joj:yf u/]sf lyP . 8fO/]S;g g]kfn k|f=ln=n] a;]l{ g cfof]hgf ub}{ cfPsf] pQm z}lIfs d]nfsf] cjlwe/ lzIffsf ljleGg ljifodf 5nkmn uf]i7L;d]t cfof]lht ul/Psf] lyof] .

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July 4,

2008

&

Ps/fh ;'jbL ] ;lngf e§/fO{ /fhwfgLsf] sf]nDa; sn]hdf Kn; 6'df k9\l5g\ . pgL;"u lzIff 9sfn klg k|foM ;fy} x'lG5g\ . lvfhf / uf8L ef8fdf pgLx¿sf] a9L k};f vr{ x'G5 . xNsf d]scksf nflu klg ;do­;dodf pgLx¿ oxL k};f pkof]u u5{g\ . dlxgfdf xhf/b]lv kGw| ;osf] xf/fxf/Ldf cleefjsn] pgLx¿nfO{ ks]6 vr{ pknAw u/fp"5g\ . ;' dgk|;fb vltj8f dbg e08f/L d]df]l/on sn]h, pQd sfsL{ ;ldk OG6]lG;e OG6/g];gn sn]h / k| ] l /t b] j sf] 6 f uf] N 8] g u] 6 OG6/g];gn sn]hsf ljBfyL{ x'g\ . pgLx¿sf] ks]6 vr{df clnslt km/s 5 . pgLx¿nfO{ d]scksf nflu 5'§} k};f cfjZos kb}g . a? s]xL { k};f alrxfNof] eg] :6];g/Lnufotsf ;fdfgdf vr{ u5{g\ . vfhf ljBfyL{sf] ks]6 dlgdWo] w]/h;f] } efu vfhfdf vr{ x'G5 . k|foM sn]hx¿ laxfg ;~rfng x'G5g\ . laxfg 3/af6 lgl:sPkl5 (÷!) ah]sf] xf/fxf/Ldf sn]h a|ssf] ;do ] x'G5 . oxL ;donfO{ pgLx¿ vfhf vfgsf nflu pkof]u u5{g\ . vfhfdf ;df];f, rfprfp, ksf}8f cflb g} w]/sf] } /f]hfO x'g] ;'dg atfp"5g\ . o;afx]s s'/s'/,] n]hh:tf h+s / 8«fO km'8 klg cfkm" x ¿sf] /f] h fO x' g ] lzIffsf] egfO 5 . oL h+s km'8n] z/L/nfO{ kmfObf ub}gg\ eGg] s'/f { pgLx¿nfO{ klg yfxf 5 . ...t/ s] ug]{ vfg dg nfluxfN5, sG6«fn ug}{ ] ;ls+bg . cflv/ ;w} oxL vfOg] t } xf]Og lg < slxn]sfxL+ dfq vf"bf To:tf] a9L c;/ ub}g xf]nfÚ­ ;lngfn] atfOg\ . { clxn] s f ljBfyL{ x ¿df r'/f]6nufot cGo kbfy{ ;]jg ug]{ nt klg b]lvG5 . oxL s'/fnfO{ lg?T;flxt ug{ cfkm\gf] sn]hn] vfhfsf nflu sDKffpG8aflx/ hfg lgif]w u/]sf] 5 t/ pgLx¿ sn]hsf] u]6kfn]sf] /f]xj/df aflx/af6 :GofS; dufP/ vfg eg] ;S5g\ . sn] h sf] SoflG6gdf ;fyLefOx¿;"u xf":b} ukm ub}{ vf"bf lgs} /dfONff] x'G5 . cfkm"nfO{ vfg dg nfu]sf] rLh pgLx¿ cfkm} c8{/ u5{g\ . k};f ltbf{ eg] k|foM O6LkLP; l;:6d ckgfpg] ;lngf atfp"l5g\ . Ol6ª 6'u]b/ k]Oª ;]k/]6\nLnfO{ 5f]6s/Ldf pgLx¿ Ol6kLP; eG5g\ . oBlk sltko ;fyLefO kfnf] u/]/ Ps lbg Ps hgfn] / csf]{ lbg csf]n] klg lt5{g\ . { SoflG6gdf ukm SoflG6g km';b ;b'kof]u ug]{ / { l/k|m;d]G6 ug]{ pko' Qm dfWod ] xf] . of] ;dodf ljBfyL{x¿aLr ljleGg ljifodf ukmufkm rN5 . tL ukm ev{/} k9]sf ljifoj:t'df s]lGb|t x'gkg]{ xf] t/ jf:tljstf ;w}+ To:tf] ' x'bg . cGgk"0f{ sn]hsL d'gf g]kfnL "} / ;u/dfyf sn] h sL ljlgtf clwsf/Lsf cg';f/ ukm vf;u/L rnlrqsf af/]df s]lGb|t x'G5g\ . of] ukmn] ljz]ifu/L z'qmaf/ Jofkstf kfp"5 . z'qmaf/ rnlrq l/lnh x'g] ePsf sf/0f klg tL rnlrqsf af/]df pgLx¿df a9L sf}txntf x'G5 . " oxL ukms} qmddf sltko cj:yfdf rnlrq x]g{] of]hgf ;d]t aG5g\ . cflv/ rnlrq x]g{s} nflu klg pgLx¿ cfkm"n] 5'6ofPsf] ks]6 vr{s} \ pkof]u u5{g\ . Go' ;ld6 sn]hsL bLkf yfkfsf cg';f/ :gfts txdf hfg yfn]kl5 kl/kSjtfsf] ljsf; x'b} hfg] ePsf sf/0f klg pgLx¿ " l;l/onsf af/]df a9L rf;f] /fVg yfN5g\ . l;l/onsf af/]df x'g] ukm klg a9\b} uPsf] kfOG5 . o;afx]s lzIfssf af/]df klg ukmx¿ x'G5g\ .

ljBfyL{sf] ks]6 vr{

lzIfssf] JolQmTjb]lv lnP/ k9fpg] tl/sfsf af/]df klg ukm x'G5 . g/fd|f nt klg sltko ljBfyL{ sn]heGbf aflx/sf lrof k;nb]lv lnP/ /]:6'/f";Dd klg k'Ug EofPsf x'G5g\ . of] cj:yfdf r'/f]6 vfg] rngn] ;d]t km];gsf] ¿k lnPsf] 5 . OG6]lG;e OG6/g];gn sn]hsf pQd sfsL{ /fhwfgLsf sltko /]:6'/f"df vf;u/L laxfgsf] ;dodf o:tf b[Zo k|z:t} b]Vg kfOg] atfp"5g\ . o:tf ljBfyL{n] clt g} ePkl5 sn]hsf] 6\jfOn]6nfO{ ;d]t n's/ r'/f]6 lkpg] ] ynf] agfp" 5 g\ . uf] N 8] g u] 6 OG6/g] ; gn sn] h sf k| ] l /t b] j sf] 6 fsf cg' ; f/ sltkon] ;fyLx¿;"u ...cf]P % ?k}of" b] g of/Ú eGb} dfu]/ ;d]t r'/f]6 vfG5g\ . sltko cj:yfdf k};f p7fP/ lao/;d]t vfg] u/]sf] kfOG5 . ;u/dfyf dlN6kn sn]hsL ljlgtf clwsf/Lsf cg';f/ r'/f]6 vfg] rng 5fqfx¿df ;d]t a9\b} uPsf] 5 . sn]hsf] k9fO / cGo s'/fsf] 6]G;gaf6 5'6sf/f kfpg] Pp6f ultnf] \ axfgfsf ¿kdf ;d]t pgLx¿n] o;sf] k|of]u u/]sf] kfOG5 . rnlrqsf] gzf k|foM k/LIff ;lsPsf] lbg cyjf ef]lnkN6 pgLx¿ rnlrq x]g{ xndf k'U5g\ . o;afx]s cln klAnl;6L ePsf] rnlrq 5 eg] cGo cj:yfdf klg pgLx¿ ;do ldnfP/ rnlrq x]g{ hfG5g\ . ePg . o;nfO{ of] k' : tfsf 5fq5fqfdf knfPsf] Pp6f ljs[ltsf ¿kdf lng'k5{ . ;lngfsf cg';f/ 5fqfx¿ ne :6f]/L ePsf] rnlrq x]g{ ?rfp"5g\ . pgsf] ljrf/df 5fqfx¿ PS;g / ly|n/ rnlrq ?rfp"5g\ . oBlk of] s'/fdf c¿n] k|ltjfb u/] . pgLx¿sf cg';f/ dflg;sf] :jefj / ?lrn] of] s'/fdf e"ldsf lgjf{x u5{ . k|ljlwsf] rf;f] er'cn ;+;f/df /dfpg klg { pgLx¿n] ks]6 dlg g} vr{ u/]sf] kfOG5 . 3/df ;fOa/ hfgsf nflu 5'§} k};f dfUg' pko'Qm klg gePsf] pgLx¿sf] ts{ 5 . ;fdfGotM b'O{ lbgsf] km/sdf cfkm" ;fOa/ hfg] u/]sf] ;lngf atfp"l5g\ . ;'dgsf] eg] o:tf] lgoldttf 5}g . pgL slxn]sfxL+ k|To]s lbgh;f] ;fOa/ k'U5g\, slxn] eg] Ps xKtf;Dd klg ghfg] atfp"5g\ . vf;u/L d'8 / km';bn] o;df e"ldsf v]Ng] pgsf] { egfO 5 . of] sfo{ labfsf lbgdf cln a9L x'g] klg pgL atfp"5g\ . vf;u/L d]n r]s tyf cgnfOg

sltko sn]hsf lbgdf klg rnlrq xndf k'usf] kfOG5 . lzIff elG5g\­ ] sn]h a+s ug]{ rng klg a9]sf] 5 . sltko ljBfyL{ sn]h a+s ug'nfO{ g} { cfkm\gf] axfb'/L dfG5g\ . ;lngf elG5g\­ o;f] x"bf pgLx¿ d}n] a+s ' xfGg ;s+] eg]/ uj{ u5{g\ . sltko cj:yfdf sn]h guP/ af6f]af6} sn]h 8«;d} klg pgLx¿ lkmNd xndf k'U5g\ . ] ;r] t sn] h x¿n] cfkm\ g f 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ sn]h gk7fPsf] ljifodf hfgsf/L lngsf nflu ;DalGwt cleefjsnfO{ kmf]g klg u5{g\ . of]

cj:yfsf nflu ;d] t To:tf ljBfyL{x¿n] rnfvL ckgfpg] u/]sf] kfOG5 . pgLx¿sf cg';f/ sltko 5fqx¿n] a'afsf] / 5fqfx¿n] cfdfsf] df]afOn kmf]g eg]/ ;Dks{ gDa/ pknAw u/fPsf x'G5g\ t/ Tof] lbg a'af cyjf cfdf eg]/ sn]haf6 kmf]g cfof] eg] pgLx¿ g} a'jf cyjf cfdf alglbG5g\ . 5f]/f] la/fdL 5 cyjf 5f]/L st} kmnfgf] sfddf uPsL 5] eg]/ kmf]gdf elglbP k'Uof] . Toltsf ljBfyL{df ;a}sf] :j/ lrGg] s'/f klg

Rofl6ª ug{df a9L ;do laTg] pgLx¿ ;a}sf] wf/0ff 5 . dgf]/~hg If]qsf ;fO6x¿ klg pgLx¿sf] /f]hfOdf k5{g\ . o;df klg lkmNd If]qs} ;fO6x¿ pgLx¿ a9L x]5{g\ . alnp8sf] k|efj oxf" klg 5 . OlG8of 86 sd, alnp8 86 sd h:tf ;fO6x¿ cfkm"n] x]g{] u/]sf] lzIffn] atfOg\ . ;+;f/el/sf o'jf k':tfdfem nf]slk|o aGb} uPsf ;fdflhs ;~hfnx¿sf] gzf eg] pgLx¿df cem};Dd gr9]sf] kfOof] . dfO:k];, xfOkmfOa h:tf ;fO6sf af/]df k9]sf / ;'gsf eP klg ltgsf] k|of]u ] eg] gu/]sf] pgLx¿ ;a}n] atfP . labfsf lbg labfsf lbgdf ;/;kmfO nufotsf sfo{df pgLx¿sf] a9L ;do laT5 . o; afx]s ;fyLefO;"u kmf]gdf k9fOsf af/]df klg s]xL 5nkmn x' G 5 . s] x L ;do 6]lnlehgsf /dfOnf sfo{qmdx¿ klg x]g{] u/]sf] pgLx¿ atfp"5g\ . pgLx¿ slxn]sfxL+ ;fyLx¿;"u ljleGg :yfgdf 3'Dg klg hfG5g\ . 3'Dgsf nflu Go'/f]8, afnfh' kfs{, uf]bfa/L h:tf :yfg pgLx¿sf /f]hfOdf k5{g\ . pgLx¿ kfs{x¿df /dfOnf]sf nflu k'U5g\ eg] Go'/f]8 h:tf :yfgdf Toxf"sf] /demd x]g{ k'U5g\ .

c;f/ @), @)^%

July 4,

2008

*

;jnf¨sf nflu s]xL c;Dej 5 eGg] 5}g t/ cfkm\gf] :jf:Yo cj:yf cg'snsf] sfo{If]q /f]Hbf sfo{ cem " ;/n / ;kmn x'G5 . To;}n] cfk\mgf] :jf:Yo cg'snsf] sfo{If]qk|lt Wofg " s]lGb|t ug'{ cfjZos 5 . kl/l:ylt / lk|ohg M cfk\mgf] sfddf kl/jf/, ;fdflhs kl/j]z / ldqn] slQsf] ;xof]u k'¥ofpg ;S5g\ < slQsf] hfgsf/L pknAw u/fpg ;S5g\ < ljrf/ k' ¥ ofpg' k 5{ . k' " h L h' 6 fpg] , hfgsf/L pknAw u/fpg], ;/;Nnfx pknAw u/fpg]nufot cGo s'/fdf klg kl/jf/ / ;fyLefOsf] ;xof]u cfjZos x'g] ePsfn] pgLx¿sf] e"ldsfnfO{ dxOEj lbg'k5{ . 7"nf] l8u|L xfl;n u/]kl5 Ps}k6s 7"n} kb kfOG5 eGg] ;f]Rg' x'bg . To;}n] "} ;a}lt/af6 kl/l:yltnfO{ cg's"n agfpg ;s/fTds ;f]r Pj+ b[9 c7f]6 lnP/ cl3 a9\gk5{ . '

hLjgdf s] ug]{ eGg] of]hgf nfdf] / hl6n nfu] s]xL ;lhnf] pkfo cjnDag ug'{ pko'Qm x'G5 . o;sf nflu kf"r d'Vo ;'emfjdf Wofg lbg' cfjZos x'G5 . cfkm\gf] ?lr jf rfxgf M olb tkfO{nfO{ s'g} sfo{ Hofb} dg k5{ . + pQm sfdk|lt nufj 5 jf Tof] sfo{ ug{ cfgGb cfp"5 / hf"u/ rN5 eg] o;af6 tkfO{sf] ?lr s]df 5 + eGg] s'/f kQf nufpg ;lsG5 . oBlk x/]s dg kg]{ sfo{ Sofl/o/ aGg'k5{ eGg] 5}g . cfkm"nfO{ dgkg]{ sfo{ klg Pp6f ;Ldf;Dd dfq ug{ ;lsG5 . s'g} klg Sofl/o/sf] k|fylds nIo cfly{s cfjZostf k"lt{ xf] eg] clGtd nIo cflTds ;Gt'li6 . s'g} klg sfdnfO{ 6fOd kf; jf ;f}vsf ¿kdf lng' Sofl/o/ xf]Og . Sofl/o/ lgdf{0fsf nflu cfjZostfcg';f/ ?lrdf klg kl/jt{g Nofpg'k5{ . Sofl/o/df cfkm\gf] kl/jlt{t ?lr / rfxgfn] ljlzli6 dxOEj /fv]sf] x'G5 . lsgls ?lrk"j{s ul/Psf] sfd /fd|f];"u

Sofl/o/ of]hgfsf nflu s]xL pkof]uL hfgsf/L

;DkGg ug{ ;lsG5 / cfTd ;Gt'li6 klg k|fKt x'G5 . Ifdtf / of]Uotf M lglZrt bfloTj k" / f ug{ JolQmdf lhDd]jf/Lcg';f/sf] of]Uotf / Ifdtf cfjZos x'G5 . of]Uotfsf nflu lzIff cfjZos ePem}+ s'g} 7Ls / pko'Qm lg0f{o lng], ;fdlos lg0f{o lng] Pj+ ;dod} sbd rfNg] Ifdtf cfjZos x'G5 . To;}n] JolQmn]

cfkm\gf] rfxgfcg';f/sf] Sofl/o/ ¿k/]vf tof/ ubf{ cfk\mgf] of]Uotf / IfdtfnfO{ klg Wofg lbg'k5{ . JolQmn] cfkm"n] ug{ vf]hsf] sfd ] sd pd]/d} kfP JolQm cl3 a9\g] / pRr kb;Dd k'Ug] ;Defjgf x'G5 . s'g} klg sfd ;fgf] 7"nf] x'bg . " } a9\bf] hg;+Vof / k|lt:kwf{sf aLrdf klg gof" l;h{ g fTds ;f] r / Ifdtfsf ;fy cl3 a9\bf cjZo klg sfd kfpg ;lsG5 . pkof]lutf / cfjZostf M sfd ug'{cl3 pQm sfdn] slt If]q cf]u6]sf] 5 eGg] s'/fdf Wofg lbg'k5{ . pQm sfdsf] dfu slt 5 < ;dfhdf To;sf] pkof]lutf, :yfg / cfjZostf slt 5 < sfdsf] kl/j]z s] xf] < Joj;foaf6 slt cfocfh{ g ug{ ;lsG5 < cflb . u|fdL0f e]sdf Sofl/o/sf]

cnu If]q klg x'g ;S5 t/ ;x/df cfw' l gs ljsf;sf If] q x¿ g} Sofl/o/ lgdf{ 0 fsf If] q x' g \ . ;~rf/dfWod, OlGhlgol/ª, lrlsT;f, On] s l6« s n, xf] 6 n Dofg] h d] G 6, ko{ 6 g, OG6] l /o/ 8] sf]/] ;g, l8hfOlgª, df]8lnª lj1fkg, Ao' l 6l;og, Jofkf/­ Joj;fo, pTkfbg pBf]uwGwfdf ljz]if1tf cflb If]qdf sfd / gfd b' j } kfpg ;lsG5 . ;/sf/L hflu/sf] If]q a[xQ/ x'bfx'b} klg " " o; If]qdf tLj| k|lt:kwf{ klg 5 . o;sf ;fy} lbg­k|ltlbg ;'ljwf / cfsif{0f 36\b} uPsfn] lghL Joj;fo jf If] q klg Sofl/o/sf nflu pko'Qm k|ultd"ns tyf ;'vb af6f] aGg;S5 . dxOEjfsf+Iffsf] cf"sng M s'g} dxOEjfsf+Iff / p2]Zo g} gePsf]

JolQm ;dfhdf x'bg . p2]ZoljxLg " } dfG5]sf] hLjg af"Rg'sf] s'g} cy{ klg x'bg . dxOEjfsf+Iffsf] cGTo " } x'g' eg]sf] JolQmsf] k|ultsf] klg cGTo x'g' xf] . To;}n] jt{dfg cfw'lgs / k|lt:kwf{Tds o'udf pRr dgf]an / dxOEjfsf+Iff /fVg] JolQm g} k|ultsf] lzv/ r9\g ;S5 . dgf]ljZn]ifsx¿sf cg';f/ dxOEjfsf+IfL JolQmn] cfkm\gf]] cfly{s x}l;ot, of]Uotf / IfdtfeGbf 7"nf] ;kgf b]Vg' x'bg . x}l;oteGbf 7"nf] "} dxOEjfsf+Iff k"/f gx'g ;S5 . To;}n] cfk\mgf] k|ltef, of]Uotf, Ifdtf tyf cfly{s x}l;ot;"u ;fd~h:o x'g] dxOEjfsf+Iff / p2]Zo lnP/ k|ultsf] lzv/ r9\gk5{ . ' dfgl;s Pj+ zf/Ll/s cg'sntf M olb Sofl/o/ JolQmsf] " dfgl;s Pj+ zf/Ll/s :jf:Yo cg'sn 5}g eg] ;Dk"0f{ s'/f uf}0f " x'g k'U5 . cfkf¨n] klg cgf}7f] sfd ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf /fV5 . o; b[li6n]

cf}Bf]lus k|bz{gL d]nf

ufO{3f6­ ;Lk l;sf},+ pBdL agf}+ eGg] gf/fsf ;fy ufO{3f6df ut jif{em}+ of] jif{ klg tLglbg] cf}Bf]lus 3/]n' k|bz{gL d]nf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . pQm d] n f :yfgLo :t/sf ;j{;fwf/0fx¿sf] ;Lk / snfaf6 tof/ kfl/Psf ;fdu|Lx¿sf] ahf/ lj:tf/ Pj+ k|fT;fxg ug]{ p2]Zon] ] ;fgf tyf 3/]n' pBf]u dxf;+3 ufO{3f6n] cfof]hgf u/]sf] xf] . k|bz{gL cjnf]sg ug{ pbok'/ lhNnfsf ljleGg e] u af6 cfPsf ;j{;fwf/0fsf] eL8 nfu]sf] lyof] . k|bz{gLdf cGo lhNnfsf pBdL Pj+ cjnf]sgstf{x¿sf] ;d]t pNn]Vo pkl:ylt b]lvPsf] lyof] . k|bz{gLdf ljleGg ;ftj6f 3/] n ' pTkfbg ;Da4 pTs[ i 6 pBdLx¿nfO{ gub % ;o tyf k|df0fkq k|bfg ul/Psf] lyof] . k'/:s[t x'gx¿df 9fsf sk8f, vfBfGg j:t', ] l;nfO­s6fO, xft] xf]lhof/L, jghGo tyf hl8a'6L pTkfbg, wft'hGo ;fdu|Lsf pTkfbgstf{ pBdLx¿ 5g\ . ljut rf/ jif{bl] v pbok'/ ;b/d'sfd ufO{3f6df cfof]hgf x'gkg]{ If]qLo ' cf}Bf]lus d]nf eg] Joj:yfkgsf nflu k"jf{wf/ gePsf sf/0f x'g g;s]sf] pBdL ?b| >]i7n] atfP .

c;f/ @), @)^%

July 4, 200 8

(

c8\sf] yfKg ;Sg] 7fp" x'bf;Dd klg " ;d:of k/]sf] x'g;S5 eGb} sfd ul/lbPsf] pgL atfp"5g\ . lglvns} zAbdf clxn] klg !) nfv eGbf a9L k};f p7fpg} af"sL 5 . rnlrq ;fjwfgsf] Pp6f lk|G6 ;'lgn dfgGw/s} ;d"xn] ef/tdf a]rsf] yfxf kfP klg ] Jo:ttfsf sf/0f s]xL ug{ g;s]sf] ug]{ elgPsf] Tof] rnlrqdf sfd ug]{ ;Demf}tfkl5 klg s'g} rnlrqdf nu]/ km'6h ghf]8g] ;xdlt ePsf] ] \ lyof] .Ú lglvn eG5g\­ ...t/ crfgs k|bz{gdf cfpg g;s]sf] k'/fgf] rnlrqsf] b[Zo ck|f;ª\lus 9+un] hf]l8Psf] yfxf kfPkl5 d}n] d'2f xfn]sf] xf] .Ú lglvnn] af]8af6 ;xof]u kfpg] { jrg kfO;s]sf] pNn]v u/] . tkfO{+ cfkm}+ eGg'xf];\ t < k|ltk|Zg ub}{ pgn] eg]­ o:tf k|jl[ Q gx6];Dd g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]u p"ef] nfUnf t < o;afx] s klg lglvnn] rnlrq pBf]udf w]/};"u b':dgL df]Ng'k/]sf] 5 . rnlrq lgdf{0fsf qmddf /fd| f ] ;DaGw /x] klg rnlrqsf] kf]:6k|f8S;g;"u} w]/;u ] } " ljjfb ug' { k /] s f] 36gf pgL ;DemG5g\ . lglvn eG5g\­ g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]udf sfd ;lsPkl5 s'/f sf6]/ a:g]x¿sf] ;+Vof pNn]Vo 5, t/ o:tfx¿s} aLrdf d]/f] ofqf cljrlnt ¿kdf cl3 al9/xg]5 . ljb'/ vltj8f

emu8f­d'2fdf klg

Jo:t lglvn

clUg / dxf;+ u | f dsf] 6] G ;g ylkPsf] xf],Ú lglvn eG5g­ d k];fn] g} snfsf/ x'" . d}n] 3/df ;'t/ pxf"x¿sf] rnlrqdf sfd ] gu/]sf] xf]Og\ .Ú rnlrqdf sfd ub}{ hf"bf 3fOt] eP/ jf la/fdL eP/ a;]sf] cj:yfdf 8]6 ;fg]{ ls eGg] k|:tfj cfkm"n] /fv]sf] lglvn atfp"5g\ . :6G6 lx/f]sf ¿kdf :yflkt gfos lglvn pk|tL ] :6G6s} sf/0f cfkm" b'3{6gfdf kl//xg] atfp"b} eG5g\­ d s;}nfO{ wf]sf lbg] lgotn] sfd ulb{g," pxf"x¿n] h;/L eP klg sfd ul/lbg u/]sf] cfu|xsf sf/0f 8]6 lbg] u/]sf] t/ pQm ;dodf cfkm" czQm x'g] kl/l:ylt cfOlb"bf wf]sf lbPh:tf] b]lvg] u/]sf] 5 . ;f]let a:g]tn] lgb]{zg u/]sf] rnlrq ...clUgkyÚ df klg lbPsf] 8] 6 df sfd gu/] k l5 pgnfO{ ckx/0fs} z} n Ldf gf/fo0fu9l:yt ;' l 6ª :k6 k'¥ofOPsf] lyof] . a:g]tsf efO gfos hols;g a:g] t sf] g] t [ T jdf #) hgfsf] ;d" x n] pgnfO{ gf/fo0fu9 nu]sf] lyof] . gfos e' j g s] ; L;" u lglvnsf] ljjfb klg rlr{ t /x\of] . e'jg s];Lsf] kl5Nnf] rnlrq ...d ltdLlagf dl/xfN5' lgÚ df sfd ug]{ eg]/ lglvnn] wf]sf lbPsf] e'jgn] atfPkl5 lglvnn] pQm rnlrqdf sfd ug]{ s'g} lnlvt ;xdlt gePsf] atfP . pgn] l;Q}+df rnlrq v]lnlbg cfu|x u/]sf lyP, lglvn eG5g\­ ltdLnfO{ kf"rtf/] xf]6nsf] vfgf / n]lj; uf8Ldf ;o/ u/fp"5' t/ k};f lbGg eg]kl5 d}n] Tof] ;'ljwf cfkm}+ Joj:yf ug{ ;Sg] atfp"b} sfd gug]{ eg]sf] xf] . e'jgsf] l;Q}df sfd u/fpg vf]Hg] + k|jl[ Qsf lj?4 cfkm"n] sfd gu/]sf] lglvn atfp"5g\ . ljjfbsf 36gfdf cfO/xg] lglvn clxn] klg ljleGg d'2fdf clNem/x]sf 5g\ . ...d]/f] Sofl/o/df y'k}| ljjfb cfP, t/ tL ljjfbs} sf/0f d emu8fn' k|jl[ Qsf] dfG5] eGg] ;fljt ug'{ d'Vof{O" dfq xf]Ú lglvn eG5g\­ ...sfddf Jo:t ePsfn] oL ljjfbsf ;DaGwdf k|;df cfkm\gf] s'/f eGg gkfp"bf ] d 5'Rrf]h:tf] b]lvPsf] 5' .Ú lglvnsf cg';f/ rnlrq pBf]udf ;a}eGbf w]/} p7fpg af"sL /sd s;}sf] 5 eg] Tof] lglvn pk|tLsf] ] xf] . rnlrqdf k"/f kfl/>lds gkfP 8laªdf ;do lbg g;Sg] pgL atfp"5g\ . s]xL lbgcl3 dfq lglvnn] rnlrq ljsf; af]8df Pp6f d'2f xfn] . { 5fof+sg g;ls"b} t'lxPsf] rnlrq vf]nfjfl/ vf]nfkfl/df pgn] clego

u/]sf] km'6hnfO{ ;dfof]hg ul/Psf] ] ljifonfO{ lnP/ lglvnn] pQm d'2f bfo/ u/]sf x'g\ . clxn] s[i0f gfd /fv]/ k|bz{gdf cfpg nfu]sf] pQm rnlrqdf s[i0fsf] e"ldsfdf gfos lglvn pk|tL b]lvg]5g\ . ...b'O{ o'jf ] rnlrqsf] u]:6 /f]ndf clego ul/lbg cfu|x ub}{ d sxf" cfPsf lyP, gof" snfsf/nfO{ /fv]/ sfd

cleg] t f lglvn pk| ] t L rnlrqdf hlt Jo:t x' G 5g\ \ , TolQs} emu8f­d' 2 f cflbdf kml;/xG5g\ . rnlrqsf] kbf{df ;fx;L :jefj k| : t' t u/] h :t} jf:tljs hLjgdf klg ToxL :jefj k|:t't ug]{ pgsf] afgLsf sf/0f emu8f­d'2fn] pgnfO{ ;tfO/xg] rnlrqsdL{x¿ atfp"5g\ . rnlrq lglvn bfOsf] e'QmfgL gePsf] ljifodf lgdf{ t f ;' g Ln dfgGw/;"usf] lglvnsf] emu8fn] l;g]j[Qdf dfq ge} aflx/ klg TolQs} rrf{ kfPsf] lyof] . ;'gLn dfgGw/n] lgdf{0f ug{ nfu]sf] csf]{ rnlrq ...lbbLefOÚ df sfd ug]{ eg]/ gu/]kl5 lgdf{0fkIfn] pgnfO{ rnlrq v]Ng lbPsf] bafasf] ljifo To; a]nf xg'dfg9f]sf k'u/ ;fDo ] ePsf] lyof] . lglvnsf] egfOdf clxn];Dd klg lglvnbfOs} k]dG6 gkfO;s]sf] ] cj:yfdf ToxL Aofg/sf] csf]{ rnlrqdf s;/L sfd ug]{ eg]/ Tof] ljjfb a9]sf] lyof] . lglvnn] lbbLefOsf lglDt lnPsf] k};f klg kmsf{OlbPsf lyP . To;cl3 5lj cf]emfsf] rnlrq ...lxDdtÚ df sfd ug]{ eg]/ ;fOlgª cdfp06 lnPsf lglvnn] kl5 pQm rnlrqdf klg sfd u/]gg\ . %) xhf/ ?k}of" ;fOlgª cdfpG6 lnPsf lglvnn] lxDdtdf sfd gu/] a fkt xhf{gf;lxt ! nfv ?k}of" a'emfP . /]vf yfkf lgdf{t[ /x]sf] lxDdtdf sfd gu/]kl5 gflosf /]vf / gfos

lglvnaLr cf/f]k­k|Tof/f]ksf] v]n ;'? eof] . To;kl5sf s'g} klg rnlrqdf oL b'jn] Ps;fy sfd } gu/]sf dfq xf]Ogg\, Ps­csf{sf ljifodf s6fIf ug{ klg b' j } cu|k+lQmdf 5g\ . gfos lglvn pk|tL rnlrq pBf]ud} ;a}eGbf a9L ] ljjfbdf cfO/xG5g\ eGg] pbfx/0f c¿ klg 5g\ . ...hf] a9L rN5, To;s} ljifodf a9L vf]lhlgtL x'g] ePsfn] d]/f emu8f­d'2f n'Sg ;Sb}gg\,Ú ljjfbdf cfO/x]sf] s'/f :jLsf/ ub}{ lglvn eG5g\­ ...emu8f­d'2fn] d]/f] k|fkm];gn Sofl/o/df s'g} ;d:of ] NofPsf] 5}g .Ú gfos lglvn pk|tLn] s]kL ] kf7sn] lgdf{0f ug]{ elgPsf] rnlrq ...clUgÚ df ;d]t sfd u/]gg\ . ;fOlgª cdfpG6 %) xhf/ lnPsf pk|tLn] pQm rnlrqdf sfd ug{ ] gEofPsf] atfP . lbOPsf] 8]6df gfosn] ;fy glbPkl5 lgdf{tf kf7sn] Tof] rnlrq lglvns} dfWodaf6 lr/~hLjL a:g]tnfO{ a] l rlbP . kf7s eG5g\ ­ ...of] rnlrqdf wf] s f kfPkl5 d} n ] o:tfsf kl5 nfu]/ rnlrq agfp"5' eGg] ;f]r g} ToflulbP" .Ú åGå lgb]zs /fh]Gb| v8\uLn] { lgdf{0f u/]sf] rnlrq ...dxf;+uf| dÚ df klg ;fOlgª cdfpG6 lnP/ lglvnn] sfd u/]gg\ . d'xtsf] lbg " { d'Vo gfos g} pkl:yt gePkl5 lgdf{tf v8\uLn] csf{ gfos ;'dg l;+xnfO{ pQm rnlrqsf] gfos lnP . ...lbPsf] 8]6df sfd ug{ g;s]kl5

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July 4, 200 8

!)

kf]v/f u}/kf6gsf /fhaNnen] ] rf/ jif{ kf]v/f PkmPddf cf/h]sf ¿kdf sfd u/]sf lyP . To;kl5 sf7df8f}+ cfP/ sn]h ckm lkmND; :6l8h cfP/ clegodf :gfts tx cWoog ug{ yfn] . sf7df8f}+ uP/ ToxL ljifodf cWoog ul/of] eg] g]6jls{ª / klAns l/n];g a9\5, clg d]/f] ;kgf k'/f x'G5 h:tf] nfUof], pgn] eg] ­ geGb} rnlrq clego;DaGwL /fd|f;u a'em\g] df}sf ] " kfP", To;kl5 d}n] /fd|f] snfsf/ aG5' eGg] p2]Zo agfP . /fh rnlrqsf] syfcg';f/sf] lx/f] x'g] cfsf+Iff /x]sf] atfp"5g\, xfjfbf/L lx/f] xf]Og, pgL eG5g\­ cfkm" / rnlrq b'j} ;'xfp"bf] xf];\ . rnlrqsf] d'Vo kIf clego ePsfn] gfossf lglDt cfjZos kg]{ dxOEjk"0f{ u'0f cfkm"df /x]sf] pgL atfp"5g\ . sf]O/fnf eG5g\­ To;f] t PS;g, åGå / g[To klg plQs} cfjZos x'g] ePsfn] To;df klg lkm6 x'g] k|of;df 5' . g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]udf hDg PS;g clgjfo{ ePsf] s'/f /fd|f;u a'em]sf oL gfos casf ] " lbgdf k|fljlws ¿kn] dfq xf]Og alnof] syfdf rnlrq aGg] ePsfn] To:tf rnlrqdf gof" k':tfs} babaf /xg] atfp"5g\ . gL/h a/fn Pp6f ;+of]u ld:6/ g]kfn @))@ df d'Vo pkflw hLjg n'O6nn] "] kfPsf lyP eg] bf];f| ] cyf{t\ km:6 /g/cksf] pkflw gL/h a/fnn] xft kf/]sf lyP . ld:6/ emfkf eP/ ld:6/ g]kfndf k|lt:kwf{ ug{ sf7df8f}+ cfPsf gL/h d'Vo pkflw hLjgaf6 vf]l;Pkl5 pgL csf]{ bx|f] k|lt:kwf{sf] vf]hLdf lyP . g]kfn sd;{ SofDk;, dLgejgdf aLaLP cWoog/t x'bf " pgn] csf]{ cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] k|lt:kwf{df efu lng] df}sf kfP . z}lIfs ¿kdf of]Uo x'gx¿n] k|lt:kwf{ ] ug{ kfpg] ld:6/ o' l gel;{ 6 L OG6/g];gn­@))^ df k|lt:kwf{ ug{ pgL 5gf}6df kg{ ;kmn eP . k|ltefsf] sb/ x'G5, of] egfO gL/hdf nfu" eof] . cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] k|ltof]lutfsf] zLif{ pkflw lht]/ pgL g]kfn kmls{P . PsfPs g]kfnL ldl8ofdf pgsf] rrf{ r'lnof], gL/hsf] k| f ] k m] ; gn df] 8 lnª Sofl/o/sf lglDt dfq xf]Og, ;du| g] k fnsf lglDt of] pNn] v gLo pknlAw lyof] . gL/hsf lglDt ;+uLtf >]i7n] lgb] { z g u/] s f] b' O { j 6f Do' l hs lel8of]df clego ug'{ 6lg{ª KjfOG6 aGof] . uf]kLs[i0f Aofg/n] l8«d k|fhS6sf ¿kdf lgdf{0f ug{ nfu]sf] ] ] s';d] ?dfnsf] l;Sj]nsf nflu Ps ' jif{bl] v snfsf/sf] vf]hL e}/x]sf a]nf Do'lhs lel8of]df b]lvPsf gL/hnfO{ lgdf{0f;d"xn] pko'Qm JolQm dfGof] . lgb]zs lg/s kf}8nn] gL/hdf l8«d { ] lx/f] x'g;Sg] v'aL b]v]s} sf/0f pgnfO{ d'Vo e"ldsfdf clego u/fpg] lg0f{o u/] . ...s';d] ?dfn ;fOg ' ug'cl3 rnlrqdf sfd ug]{ s'/f { ;f]lr;s]sf] lyOg",Ú lg/hn] eg]­ ...t/ lg/shL;"u e]6 ePkl5 gof" l6dsf ;fydf gof" sG;]K6df sfd ug'{ /fd|f] x'G5 eGg] nfUof] . pQm rnlrqdf sfd u/]kl5 pgn] g]kfnL rnlrq lgdf{0fdf Jofks kl/jt{g cfPsf] xf] ls eGg] dx;'; u/]sf] atfP . df]8lnªdf pkNnf] :t/sf] pknlAw xfl;n u/]sf oL gfos rnlrq pBf]uaf6 klg To:t} pknlAw kfpg] s'/fdf cfzfjfbL b]lvG5g\ . 6«G8 ] kl/jt{g eP/ g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]un] gof" af6f] lnP cfkm"h:tf gof" lx/f]x¿sf] eljio /fd|f] x'g] pgn] atfP . gL/h eG5g\­ ...rnlrqdf cfkm"nfO{ ;dk{0f u/]sf] 5', x]/f}+ k|ltkmn s:tf] kfpg] /x]5' .Ú

k[i7 ! af6 hf/L oltv]/ g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]udf nueu Ps bh{g gof" gfos cfkm\gf] efUo chdfpg cfOk'usf 5g\ . km/s ] k[i7e"ldaf6 cfPsf oL gfosx¿dWo] ^ hgfnfO{ ;Defljt :6f/sf ¿kdf lnP/ pgLx¿sf] pBf]udf cfudgsf] syf k|:t't ug]{ hdsf]{ ;fKtflxsn] u/]sf] 5 . hLjg n'O6n " ] cfnf]s g]Djfªn] lgb]zg u/]sf] { rnlrq ...;fgf] ;+;f/Ú k|bz{gsf] tof/Ldf 5, h;df hLjg n'O6nn] " ] clego u/]sf 5g\ . ;g\ @))@ df ld:6/ g]kfn ag]sf hLjg n'O6n k'?if df]8nsf " ] ¿kdf To;otf lg/Gt/ df]8lnª If]qdf ;lqmo 5g\ . ld:6/ sf];L eP/ sf7df8f}+ cfPsf oL gfossf lglDt ld:6/ g]kfnsf] pkflwn] gof" af6f] vf]nsf] lyof] . w]/sf lglDt ] } df]8lnª k];f aGg g;ls/x]sf] cj:yfdf hLjgn] oxL If]qnfO{ cfkm\gf] k];f agfP . bz{sx¿sf] Pp6f ju{n] rsn]6L cg'xf/nfO{ kbf{df klg x]g{ rflx/x]sf] a]nf hLjgsf] rnlrqdf cfudg cfkm}df + Pp6f gof" k|of]u lyof] . ...of] aLrsf] ;dodf df]8lnªdf klxnf] /f]hfOdf /x]/ sfd ug{ ;kmn eP",Ú hLjg eG5g\ . cfkm"nfO{ ;]S;L, ...of]ªu ne/ \ AjfOÚ sf ¿kdf bz{sn] ;lhn} u|x0f ug]{ ljZjf; lnPsf hLjg rnlrq ...;fgf] ;+;f/Ú nfO{ cfkm\gf] hLjgsf] 6lg{ ª KjfOG6 dfG5g\ . ...of] rnlrqdf d d'Vo lx/f] geP klg sdl;{on lx/f]sf ¿kdf cfp"b5,' Ú } hLjg eG5g\­ ...To;kl5 rnlrq If]qdf d]/f] klxrfg :yflkt x'g5 .Ú ] ;fgf] ;+;f/df sfd u/]nuQ} pgn] ;'bz{g yfkfsf] lgb]zgdf lgdf{0f { e}/x]sf] rnlrq d]/f] Pp6f ;fyL 5 df sfd ul//x] s f 5g\ . o;afx] s ljsf; cfrfo{ s f] lgb]zgdf rnlrq ...gl;aÚ df klg { pgL d'Vo e"ldsfdf 5g\ . ...of] jif{nfO{ t d Kofs e};s],+ Ú ulj{nf] cfjfhdf hLjgn] eg]­ ...ljsf; cfrfo{s} csf]{ rnlrq cf/h' klg ;fOg u/],+ o;afx]s cGo b'Oj6f { rnlrqdf sfd ug]{ kSsf e};s]sf] 5 .Ú rnlrqdf sfd ug]{ rfxgf slQsf] lyof] < hLjgn] eg] ­ ...afNosfndf Ps k|sf/sf] h'g'g lyof], rnlrqnfO{ a'lem;s]kl5 Tofu, tk:of / ;dk{0f ul/of], clxn] cfP/ rnlrq / clego eg]s} hLjg xf] .Ú %^­%& lt/ lxdfno lkmND; Aofg/df k|bLk >]i7n] lgb]zg u/]sf] d]3f l;l/on { ...k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxÚ df k[YjLgf/fo0f

zfxsf] e"ldsfdf hLjgn] clego u/] s f lyP, t/ pQm l;l/on ;do;fk]If gePsf] lgisif{ lgsfNb} crfgs :ylut eof] . ...o;n] Ps k|sf/sf] lg/fzf NofPsf] lyof],Ú hLjg ;DemG5g\ . ch'g sfsL{ { ch' { g clegLt klxnf] rnlrq lbbLefO k|bz{gsf] tof/Ld} 5, t/ of] rnlrqdf sfd ul/;s]kl5 ch'gsf lglDt s'g} lbg { km';l{ bnf ag]gg\ . clego u/]sf] klxnf] rnlrq k|bz{g x'g'cufj} ch'gn] sl/a Ps bh{g rnlrqdf { sfd kfP . ch' { g sf] rnlrq cfudgsf] syf klg /f]rs 5 . %@ ;fndf P;Pn;L lbP/ df]/ªaf6 sf7df8f}+ xflGgPsf oL o'jsn] sfdsf] vf]hLsf qmdd} rnlrq If]qnfO{ /f]hsf lyP . ufp"d} x'bf ] " l;s]sf] df;{n cf6{nfO{ kbf{df b]vfpg] ;kgf ;f"rsf sfsL{n] To; ] a]nf;Dd lx/f] x'g] sNkgf klg u/]sf lyPgg\ . Ps bzsb]lv rnlrq If]qdf k|fljlwssf ¿kdf sfd u/]sf ch'gnfO{ Ps lbg lzj >]i7n] ltdL { lx/f] x'g ;S5f}, d]xgt u/ eg]/ pS;fOlbP . rnlrqdf kmfO6/sf] clego ug{ tyf gfosx¿sf] 8'lKns]6 :6G6 ug{ ch'gsf] vf]hL { x'GYof] . o;aLr pgn] s]xL åGå lgb]zssf] ;xfos eP/ klg ;Lk { b]vfPsf lyP . ch'g eG5g\­ d}n] {

cfP lx/f]x¿

nIo / n]vfGtdf åGå lgb]zs eP/ { sfd u/]sf] lyP" . ...dxOEjfsf+Iff t lyPgÚ, pgn] eg]­ ...t/ cfkm}+ d]xgt eg] ub}{ lyP" .Ú lx/f]lu/Lsf] ;kgf ;f"rsf] ] rf/­kf"r jif{ laTbf klg pgn] lg/Gt/ k' / fg} sd{ d f Jo:t x'gkl//x]sf] lyof] . Ps lbg afa' ' anfdLn] Pnl;8L rnlrq h+unL dfG5]df k|d'v gfossf ¿kdf clego ug{ cfu|x u/] . ch'{g eG5g\­ ...To;df d}n] / h+unL dfG5] b'jn] ;kmntf kfof}+ .Ú } lg/Gt/ rnlrq kfpg'sf] /x:o atfp"m < pgn] alu/x]sf] syf;"u} /x:odo k|:tfj t]:of{P, s'/f /}Ú5 aGg g;s]sf] rnlrq 8\of8Lsf] . z'ed'xt{ u/]/ cl3 a9\g " g;s]sf] of] rnlrqsf] d'xtsf] lbg " { pgn] %)­^) j6f kmnfd] lsnf z/L/df cfwf OGrhlt vf] k ] / aln/x]sf] O"6fnfO{ 6fpsf]n] km'6fPsf] ;6 lbPsf /x]5g\ . Tof] b]v]kl5 lgdf{tf ;'gLn dfgGw/n] cfkm\gf kf"rj6f rnlrqdf lx/f] alglbg k| : tfj u/] . klxnf] rnlrq lbbLefOsf nflu %) ld6/ dfyLaf6 afOs p8fPsf] :6G6n] pgnfO{ cem rrf{df Nofof] . ...To;kl5 d}n] s]xL ug}{ k/]g,Ú ch'gn] eg]­ ...To;kl5 { clxn] b' O { l;km\ 6 df sfd ug{kl//x]sf] 5 .Ú ch'gsf] Jo:ttf ' { PS;g :6f/x¿ lglvn pk|]tL / lj/fh e§ b'j}sf lglDt r'gf}tL ag]sf] Ps lgb]{zs atfp"5g\ . ch'{g eG5g\­ ...g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]un] gof" kl/jt{g vf]lh/x]sf] 5, olb d}n] cfkm"nfO{ To;cg'¿k 9fNg ;s]+ eg] dfq ;kmntf kfpg]5' . cfo{g l;Ub]n ...clxn] klg af6f]df lx+8bf cf] \ kfnL{ s] 5 va/ < eg]/ ;f]W5g\Ú\ sflGtk'/ 6]lnlehgaf6 k|;fl/t 6]ln>[ª\vnf ...xfp;km"nÚsf kfnL{ cyf{t\ cfo{g eG5g\­ ...w]/nfO{ kfnL{sf] } Tof] Sof/]S6/n] k|efljt agfPsf] x'gk5{, Toltdfq xf]Og, xfp;km"n ' k|;f/0fdf cfPkl5 d]/f lglDt cj;/sf w]/} af6f v'nsf x'g\ .Ú ] :6]h kkm{dG;cGtu{t gf6s tyf ] g[Todf sfd ug]{ l;Ub]n ljleGg ;f+ : s[ l ts sfo{ q md u/] s f] ;DemG5g\ . oL gfosn] clego u/] s f] klxnf] rnlrq ls:dt ;'k/lx6 ePkl5 pgn] k5fl8 kms]/ {

x]g'{k/]sf] 5}g . cfo{g cfufdL jif{;Ddsf nflu Kofs e};s]sf 5g\ . cfo{gn] klxnf] 6]ln>[ªvnf ...lrtfsf] \ HjfnfÚ df clego u/]sf lyP, h'g cfh;Dd k|;f/0f ePsf] 5}g . P;Pn;L lbPnuQ} clegonfO{ k];f agfpg] lgwf] u/]sf cfo{gnfO{ 6]ln>[ªvnfdf df}sf ldn] klg k};f \ lbg] s'/f gePkl5 pgn] sfd ug{ cfjZos dfg]gg\ . pgn] cfwf bh{ghlt Do'lhs lel8of]df ;d]t sfd u/]sf lyP . o;aLr pgL l/ofln6L ;f] ;' k /PlS6ª slDkl6;gsf] ;~rfnssf ¿kdf klg b]lvP . v';L kne/df sfd ubf{ub}{ pgn] ls:dtsf] ckm/ kfPsf lyP . To;kl5 pgn] ;+ho s'6'sf] lgdf{0fdf ag]sf] rnlrq df};ddf ;d]t clego ul/;s]sf 5g\, h'g clxn] k|bz{gsf] kvf{Odf 5 . df} ; dnuQ} pgL ;' b z{ g yfkfåf/f lgb]l{ zt ...d]/f] Pp6f ;fyL 5Ú df d'Vo e"ldsfdf clego ul//x]sf 5g\ . 7"nf] ah]6sf] of] rnlrqnfO{ pgL l8«d k|f]h]S6sf] ;+1f lbG5g\ . g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]usf k'/fgf lx/f]x¿sf] Sof6f]u/Ldf cfkm" gkg] { cfo{ g sf] lhls/ 5 . d ne:6f]/Lsf] rsn]6L lx/f] x'," cfo{g eG5g\­ ...cfw'lgs syfdf clxn]sf o'jfx¿sf] k|ltlglwkfq x'g;S5' h:tf] nfU5, h;df ljljwtf 5, p;n] of] pBf]udf ;lhn} cfkm"nfO{ hdfpg ;S5,Ú cfo{g eG5g\­ ...d;"u PlS6ª, 8fG; / km]; ePsfn] lx/f] x'gsf lglDt of]Uo 5' h:tf] nfU5 .Ú ;'dg l;+x t'n;L l3ld/]n] df]8n ;'dg l;+xnfO{ b]vkl5 lx/f] agfpg] lg0f{o ] u/] . g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]us} ;kmn lgb]zsn] lbPsf] Tof] ckm/ ;'dgn] { ;xh} :jLsf/ u/] . of] s'/f xf] rnlrq b' O { lsgf/fsf] . bk{ 0 f 5fof"h:tf] ;'k/lx6 rnlrq lgb]zg { u/]sf l3ld/] of] rnlrqdf eg] c;kmn 7xl/P . rnlrq ;kmn x'g Aofg/ / lgb]zsdfq kof{Kt x'bgg\ { " } eGg] a'em]kl5 ;'dgn] klg clego ofqfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg d]xgt ug{ cfjZos dfg] . Tof] aLrsf] ;dodf lx/f] x'g ...s]xL rflxG5Ú eGg] s' / fnfO{ km' n lkmn u/] s f] pgL atfp"5g\ . ut jif{ l;+xåf/f clegLt csf]{ rnlrq 3fts k|bz{g eof],

of] rnlrqn] pNn]vgLo ;kmntf gkfP klg ;'dg g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]udf ;Defjgf af]ssf gfosdf bl/P . ] of] aLrsf] ;dodf pgL ;fgf] kbf{df a9L Jo:t eP . ;'dgnfO{ k| 1 f hf] z Ln] lgdf{ 0 f u/] s f] 6]ln>[ªvnf l;Gb"/n] /fd|f] klxrfg \ lbof] . ne/AjfO / PS;g lx/f] b'j} ljwfdf sfd ug{ ;Sg] zf/Ll/s agfj6n] pgnfO{ km]l/ 7'nf] kbf{df cfpg;Sg] ;Defjgf k|bfg u/]sf] lyof] . ;'dg eG5g\­ ...dnfO{ ;fgf] kbf{n] dfof u¥of], h;af6 d}n] w]/} s'/f l;Sg] df}sf kfP" .Ú ;'/h >]i7 lgb]l{ zt Do'lhs lel8of] ufhn'n] cf"v} 5f]kL Sof /fd|L d]/L dfofn'====n] pgnfO{ cem a9L rrf{ lbof] . sl/a Ps bh{g Do'lhs lel8of]df 5fPkl5 pgnfO{ rnlrq /fHodf sfd ug]{ cj;/ ldNof] . /fHodf sfd u/]nuQ} pgL klg Jo:t gfossf] ;"rLdf kg{ yfn] . tkfO{+ cfkm"nfO{ s'g Sof6f]u/Lsf] lx/f] dfGg'xG5 < ' ;'dgn] eg]­ ne / PS;g b'jdf } dHhfn] sfd ug{ ;S5' h:tf] nfU5 . ;fgf] kbf{nfO{ klg dfof gdfg]{ atfpg] ;'dg ca g]kfnL rnlrq pBf]udf gof" k':tfsf] babaf /xg]df 9'Ss x'g cfu|x u5{g\ . l;+x eG5g\­ ...ca kfnf] xfd|} xf], h;n] bz{snfO{ gof" :jfb lbg;S5 .Ú /fhaNne sf]O/fnf l/ofln6L ;f] ;'k/ PlS6ª slDkl6;gdf /fhaNnen] u/]sf] clegon] lg0ff{osx¿sf] dg olt 5f]of] ls pgnfO{ ToxL+ rnlrq v]Ng] ckm/;d]t cfof] . xftdf cfPsf] bfgjLo zlQmsf] cfqmd0f cfkm}n] ;fdgf u/]sf] b[Zodf pgn] + u/]sf] hLjGt clegon] lg0ff{ossf] dfq xf]Og, ;a}sf] dg lht]sf] lyof] . lgb]zsx¿ bLks >]i7 / gf/fo0f { k'/Ln] cfkm\gf cfufdL rnlrqdf /fhaNnenfO{ lng] 3f]if0ff ToxL sfo{qmddf u/]sf lyP . bLks >]i7n] t cfkm\gf] jfrf k"/f u/], t/ gf/fo0f k'/Ln] Tof] 3f]if0ff klg lal;{;s] xf]nfg\ . oL kf]v/]nL o'js ;fgf] pd]/b]lv g} rnlrqsf] kbf{df cfkm" gfos ePsf] sNkgfdf 8'Ay] . ToxL sNkgfzLntfn] pgdf clegok|ltsf] ulx/f] df]x hufOlbof] . sf]O/fnfsf] ;kgf Tolta]nf dfq ;kmn 7xl/of], ha pgsf] klxnf] rnlrq klv{a;]+ Ps}k6s d'nse/ ' k|bz{g eof] . uf]kLs[i0f Aofg/sf] dxOEjfsf+IfL rnlrq klv{a;]+ k|bz{gdf cfPnuQ} pgnfO{ PsfPs gof" rnlrqdf sfd ug]{ ckm/x¿ cfpg yfn]sf 5g\ .

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July 4, 200 8

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lkmNdL va/

· 5 dlxgfcl3 5fofª\sg cf/De ePsf] rnlrq ...knkndfÚsf] 5fofª\sg aLrdf /f]lsP klg ut ;ftf pQm rnlrqsf] ;a} 5fofª\ s g ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . rnlrqsf lgb]zs ps]z bfxfnsf { cg' ; f/ gfos /ldt 9' + u fgf cd]l/sf hfg] ePsfn] b'O{ ;ftfcl3 5fofª\sg ug{ /ldtnufot pQm rnlrqsf ;a} hgf tLg /ft rf/ lbg glgbfO{ cgj/t sfd ul//x] . To;kl5 csf{ gfos lbnLk /fodfemL, gflosf piff kf}8n tyf gfos ljqmfGt ] a:g]tsf b[Zox¿ 5fofª\sg u/]kl5 xfn pQm rnlrqsf] ;Dkfbg ug]{

tof/L e}/x]sf] 5 . rnlrqdf k'?if j]Zofsf] syf ;d]l6Psf] 5 . · xf:osnfsf/ l;kL kf}8n ] sfo{sf/L lgdf{tf /x]sf] rnlrq ...l;nl;nfÚdf k|]d tyf ldqtfsf] lg/Gt/tfnfO{ ;d] l 6Psf] 5 . kf}8nsf cg';f/ pQm rnlrqsf] ] 5fofª\sg ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . lj/fh e§, /]vf yfkf, ldlynf zdf{, /fh ltldlN;gf, ;f]lgof s];L, uf]ljGb 9'+ufgf, d~h' >]i7, cf/kL kGt, ;"/jL/ kl08t, ;'zLn kf]v/]n cflb snfsf/n] clego u/] s f] of] rnlrqdf j;Gt yfkfsf] ;+uLt, lbks jfGtjfsf] 5fofª\sg, lxdfn s];Lsf] åGå tyf zfGtf g]kfnLsf] g[To lgb]zg x]g{ kfOg]5 . /fh]Gb| { pk|]tLsf] lgb]{zgdf ag]sf] of] rnlrqdf gflosf /]vf yfkf ...6d AjfOÚsf] rl/qdf b]vf kb}l{ 5g\ . · lgdf{tf, lgb]{zs tyf g[ T o lgb] { z s /fh' zfx csf] { rnlrqsf] 5fofª\sg o'/f]kdf ug]{ tof/L ul//x] s f 5g\ . k| f Kt hfgsf/Lcg';f/ xfn gfd gh'/fOPsf] pQm rnlrqdf lj/fh e§, Crf l3ld/], bLks/fh lu/L, bLkf>L lg/f}nf cflb snfsf/n] clego ub}5g\ . rnlrqsf] 5fofª\sgsf { nflu cfufdL dlxgf o'lg6 o'/f]k k|:yfg ug]{ tof/Ldf 5 . zfxsf] lgdf{0f Pj+ lgb]zg /x]sf] cl3Nnf] { rnlrq ...;kgfsf] gf}nf] ;+;f/Ú /fhwfgLdf k|bz{gsf] tof/Ldf 5 .

ne u'? /]vf

kf7sx¿sf] k| ] d lh1f;f Pj+ ;d:of ;dfwfg ug] { p2] Z on] xfdLn] of] :tDe ;' ? u/] s f xf} + . cfkm\ g f k|d;DaGwL ljleGg ;d:of ] xfdLnfO{ n]lvk7fpg' xf];. tL \ ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ljleGg ljz]if1sf] /fo­;Nnfxcg'¿k gflosf /]vf yfkfn] vf]Hg] k|of; ug'xg5. of] :tDesf nflu s'g} {' ] z'Ns nfUg]5g. cfkm\gf] ;d:of } ;fKtflxssf] 7]ufgfdf k7fpg'xf]nf.

d @@ jifL{o o'js x'" . s]xL jif{cl3 ufp"glhssL Pp6L lszf]ÂL;"u d]Âf] lhghfgL eof] . e]63f6 x'g yfn]kl5 Tof] ;DaGw k|ddf klÂ0ft ] x'g k'Uof] . k|dn] uDeL ¿k lnPkl5 xfdL PSn} e]6 c"ufnf]df af"lwP ] ] ?GYof}+ . xfdL Ps­csf{df slxn} g5'l§g] s;d vfGYof}+ . PskN6 d}n] cfkm\gf] cf}nf sf6] Âutn] pgsf] l;p"bf] klg ª\UofP . pgn] klg + cfhb]lv ltdL d]Âf] klt eof}+ egL c"ufnf] xfn] Âf]Og\ . o;ÂL xfd|f] slnnf] dgn] Ps­csf{nfO{ hLjgel ;fy lbg] lg0f{o u¥of] . d klg efjL >LdtLsf] hLjgnfO{ s;ÂL ;'vL agfpg] eGf] lrlGtt x'g yfn] . oBlk cfhef]ln pgL d;"u 6fl9PsL l5g\ . zfÂLlÂs ¿kdf 6fl9P klg pgn] kmf]g, lr7L jf df}lvs ;Gb]z k7fP xfd|f] k|d oyfjt\ Âx]sf] ] ;Gb]z lbg ;lSyg\ . Tof] klg aGb ePsf] 5 . pgL daf6 d'Qm x'g vf]hsf] s'Âf yfxf kfpg yfn]sf] 5' . o;n] dnfO{ 7"nf] kL8f lbPsf] 5 . ] d s] uÂf}+ < /ljg rnlrqsf] kbf{df h:tf], sfNklgs pkGof;df j0f{g ulÂPsf] h:tf] tkfO{sf] k|d b]v dnfO{ klg ÂdfOnf] nfUof] . t tkfO{x¿ Ps­ + ] ] + csf{af6 6f9f x'g yfn]sf] s'Âf k9\bf eg] gÂdfOnf] nfUof] . d}n] a'em];Dd g]kfnL dlxnfsf] hLjg pgLx¿sf] xftdf dfq 5}g . pgLx¿ cleefjs, ;dfh Pj+ klÂl:ylt;"u n8\g 8Âfp"5g\ . o:tf] a]nfdf k'?ifn] a'l4 k'¥ofP sfd lng'k5{ . hxf";Dd pgL tkfO{af6 d'Qm x'g + vf]hsf] s'Âf pNn]v 5, To;n] tkfO{s} sdhf]ÂLtkm{ ;ª\st u5{ . ] +{ ] dflg; To;af6 d'Qm x'g vf]H5, h;af6 p;n] aGwgdf kÂ]sf] dx;'; uÂ]sf] 5 . olb pgL klÂjf tyf ;dfhaf6 bafa dx;'; ulb{gg\ eg] tkfO{sf] k|ddf s'g} vf]6 5 . tkfO{n] g} pgnfO{ k|dsf gfddf aGwgdf + ] + ] kfg'ePsf] x'g;S5 . k|d eg]sf] lbg' xf], lng' xf]Og . v';L agfpg' xf], { ] b'MvL agfpg' xf]Og . To;}n] pgsf] efjgf a'em] Jojxf ug'xf];\ . { olb tkfO{af6 uNtL ePsf] 5 eg] dfkmL dfUg'xf];\ . unt Jojxf + ;Rofpg'xf];\ . To;kl5 b'j} hgf ldn] cleefjs Pj+ ;dfh;"u n8\gxf];\ . ' b'j} sfddf tkfO{nfO{ ;kmntf ldnf];,\ d]Âf] z'esfdgf . +

df]xgL­dL/fsf] ld7f;sf]

g]kfnon] ...cf/Ú zfnfdf x/]s c+uhL dxLgfsf] clGtd z'qmaf/ ]| cfof]hgf ug]{ u/]sf] kn]6L >[vnfdf + + o;k6s l8Uaf]O, cf;fdaf6 cfPsL zf:qLo ;ª\uLtsL ljzf/b dL/f yfkfn] pkl:yt bz{s­>f]tfnfO{ xl/eQm s6'jfnn] cf;fddf /x"bf /r]sf g;'lgPsf uLtx¿ ;' gfOg\ . nfdf] ;dob]lv ;lqmo ufogaf6 6f9f /x]sL oL uflosfn] klxnf] k6s Psn sfo{qmd k|:t't u/]sL x'g . dL/fn] ...of] b]zsf] df6f]n] eG5Ú uLtaf6 sfo{ q mdsf] ;' ? jft ugf{;fy pgsf] a+ufnL ;+uLtdf ;lwPsf] :j/sf] ld7f;n] >f]tfx¿nfO{ df]xgL nufO;s]sf] lyof] , ;fy} p g n ] / j L G b | ;ª\ u Lt / cfvfldof nf] s uLt klg ufP/ jftfj/0fnfO{ /f] r s agfPsL lyOg\ . ...;'?df t d cln xlRsPsL lyP" , t/ >f] t fx¿sf] dfof / xf};nfn] dnfO{ of] d]/f] hLjgsf] klxnf] Psn sfo{qmd xf] eGg] dx;'; x' g lbPg . dnfO{ t cfkm\ g } kl/jf/sf] aLrdf a;]/ ufPsf] h:tf] ;lhnf] nfUof] .Ú sfo{qmd ;lsPkl5 pT;flxt dL/fn] elgg\­ ...g]kfndf cfP/ o;/L ufpg kfpg' uj{sf] s'/f xf] / d of] cg'ejnfO{ hLjge/ la;{g ;lSbg" .Ú kn]6Ldf + pkl:yt ePsf jl/i7 ufos kmQ]dfgn] olt 6f9f a;]/ klg g] k fnL uLt ;ª\ u LtnfO{ dfof u/]sf]df pgnfO{ wGojfb lbg'kg]{ atfP . dL/f yfkfsf] gfd oxf" Tolt kl/lrt geP klg o; k6ssf] kn]6Lsf ;a} l6s6 clu|d a'lsË + e};s]sf lyP .

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g] k fnL rnlrqdf Pp6L ;kmf XbosL, em6\ 6 § x] b f{ s' g } k'tnLh:tL, ;fgL t/ /fd|L o'jtL cyf{t\ gd|tf >]i7sf] cfudg ePsf] 5. bh{gf}+ Do'lhs lel8of] tyf lj1fkgdf cleog ul/;Sbf klg pgdf rnlrq gflosf x'g] ;f]r Ps k|ltzt klg lyPg. clxn] gd|tfn] clego u/]sf] klxnf] rnlrq `;fgf] ;+;f/' k|bz{gsf] tof/Ldf 5 eg] `d]/f] Pp6f ;fyL 5' sf] 5fofª\sg e}/x]sf] 5. pgn] nuftf/ b'Oj6f rnlrqdf clego { ul/g\, ca pgL o;nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lblG5g\ t < o:tf sltko k|ZgaLr >]i7;"u hDsfe]6. gflosf x' " b fsf] cg' e j s:tf] 5 < ®dfOnf] . ;fgf] ;+;f/ / d]/f] Pp6f ;fyL 5 dWo] s'g ;d"x;"u sfd ubf{ /dfOnf] eof] < o;®L bf"Hg ldNb}g . ...;fgf] ;+;f®Ú sf] ;d"x;"u d ;ft dlxgf;Dd ®x]" . pxf"x¿n] s]xL k|lzIf0f klg lbg'eof] . ...d]®f] Pp6f ;fyL 5Ú ;d"xsf] sfd ug]{ z}nL clns km®s 5, t® pxf"x¿;"u klg ;do lat]sf] kQ} kfO®x]sf] 5}g . rnlrqdf clego ulb{g" eGg'x'GYof] . km]l/ lsg v]Ng of] If]qdf < clego ulb{g" rflx" eg]sf] lyOg" . :gfts g;sL v] l Nbg" eGg] ;f] r fO lyof] . cfnf] s g] D jfªn] ;fgf] ;+ ; f®df ckm® ug' { e of] . ®f] n ®fd| f ] nfUof] ® clego u/] " . To;kl5 ...d]®f] Pp6f ;fyL 5Ú sf] ckm® cfof] . s]xL ;do;Dd t pxf"x¿nfO{ klg clego ulb{ g " elg®x] s f] lyP" . kl5 cgfof;} clego ug]{ lgwf] u®]," t® ca of] jif{ :gfts g;sL csf]{ rnlrqdf clego ulb{g" . s:tf] e"ldsf ug{ dg 5 < o:t} eGg] 5}g . km®s x'gk5{, Tolt xf] . ' g]kfnL rnlrq x]gxG5 < {' ' klxn] ­ klxn] t' n ;L l3ld®] n ] agfPsf rnlrq x] ® ] s L lyP" . xfn;fn} ...ls:dtÚ ® ...kvL{ a;] " Ú x] ® ] + . s:tf] nfUof] < ®fd|f] . k'/fgf rnlrqsdL{x¿n] agfpg] rnlrqdf clego ug'xG5 < {' k'®fgf rnlrq ;h{sx¿n] gof" ;f]rdf rnlrq agfpg'eof] eg] clego u5',{ t® klg d ;w}+ gflosf x'g ;S5' ls ;lSbg" eGg] s'®fsf] lgwf{®0f x'g af"sL g} 5 . ...;fgf] ;+;f®Ú ® ...d]®f] Pp6f ;fyL 5Ú kl5 bz{s tyf ;~rf®sdL{x¿af6 s:tf] k|ltlqmof cfp"5, To;kl5 lg0f{o u5'{ .

s]jn Ps k|Zg

tkfO{+nfO{ s:tf] k'?if dg k5{ <

k'?ifdf ;'GbÂtfeGbf klg ljj]s x'gk5{ . gfÂLsf] ' b'v­;'vdf ;fy lbg], xÂ]s k];fnfO{ ;Ddfg ug]{  ;a}sf] b'v a'em\g] tyf kn­ kndf ;fy lbg] u'0f ePsf] k'?if Âfd|f] nfU5 . h]gL s'j/, " rnlrq lgdf{qL k'?ifdf cfsif{0f ug]{ s'g} tOEj g} x'bg, lsgeg] " } k'?ifdf k|fs[lts sf]dntf x"bg . k'?ifsf] Tof] cfsif{0f '} ug{ g;Sg] s'Âf g} dnfO{ dg k5{ . dflg;nfO{ ;w}+ ;sfÂfTds s'  f dfq xf]Og, gsfÂfTds s'Âf klg Âfd|f] nfU5 . sf]dn jnL, uflosf xf";f] ==s:tf] k'?if eGg] < o;sf] hjfkm g} yfxf ePg . Psl5g x}, Âfd|f] 8«;ck ug],{ k|efjzfnL ] af]nLjrg ePsf], cfw'lgs eP klg cfkm\gf] ;+:s[lt;"u ldNg], ;a};u Âfd|f] Jojxf " ug]{ k'?if Âfd|f] nfU5 . df};dL u'?ª, uflosf -nfdf] xf";f]===_ dnfO{ To:tf] k'?if dg k5{ hf] x] b f{ gfos hf] g ca|fxdh:tf] xf];,\ o'jf g]tf uug yfkfsf] h:tf] JolQmTj xf];\ clg cfkm"nfO{ a'em\g] xf];\ . lxdfgL 8L;L, gflosf d h]G6n, o'jtLsf] efjgf a'em\g], gfÂLnfO{ ;Ddfg ug]{, ;fwfÂ0f  JolQmTjjfg\ k'?ifk|lt d cfslif{t x'G5' . /]lhgf pk|lt, gflosf ]

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July 4, 200 8

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;Qfsf] rfs8Ldf k'/:sf/ gof" k':tfsf] Od]h Pjf8{

;fKtflxs ;dfrf/ sf7df8f}+­ ;jf]Ts[i6 PNad /]Zdf { ;'gjf/sf] ...d} 7"nL e}Ú5' ' /] Ú , Do' l hs lel8of] lgb]{zs ;'/h >]i7, 5fof" s f/ k' ? iff] Q d k| w fg, uLtsf/ of]uGb|dl0f bfxfn, /s ] ufos g/] g lnDa" , ;d"x ufogdf gokfn Aof08, gjsnfsf/ bfjf u'?ª, dlxnf ufog /fwf /fO{, kk uflosf zlz /fjn o:tf y' k | } gof" ;+uLtsdL{x¿ zlgaf/ k'/fgfnfO{ pl5Gb} lyP . zlgaf/ ;DkGg Od]h Pjf8{sf] b;f}+ >[+vnfdf ljut b'O{­ rf/ jif{ o tf pbfPsf kl5Nnf k':tfsf ;+uLtsdL{x¿sf] jr{:j /x\of] . ;f"em ;jf rf/ ah] cf/De ePsf] Od]h Pjf8{ sfo{qmdsf] cf/De j;Gt rf}w/Lsf] /rgf tyf Gx\o' ah|frfo{sf] ;+uLtdf bh{g ufos­uflosfx¿n] Ps} :j/df ufPsf] uLt ...zflGt n' s fp" m sxf" Ú af6 ul/of] . sfo{ q mdsf] cf/Dedf ljb]zL k'/:sf/x¿df h:tf] .../]8 sfk]{8Údf lrl/Rof"6

rnlrq

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ut jif{ ...tf/] hldg k/Ú sf] lgdf{0f tyf lgb]ZFg u/]/ ;kmntf xfl;n u/]sf cleg]tf { cfld/ vfgn] csf]{ rnlrq lgdf{0f u/]sf 5g\, ...hfg] t'===of hfg] gfÚ . cfld/ vfg k|f8S;gsf] " ] of] rnlrqsf] ;fj{hlgs k|bz{g cfh z'qmaf/b]lv x'b5 . cAaf; 6fo/jfnfsf] lgb]Zfgdf tof/ ePsf] "} { of] rnlrqdf lgdf{tf vfg s'g} klg e"ldsfdf b]lvPsf 5}gg\, t/ pgn] cfkm\gf efGhf Od/fg vfgnfO{ o;}dfkm{t cleg]tfsf ¿kdf alnp8df k|jz u/fp"b5g\ . rnlrqdf Od/fg vfgnfO{ blIf0f ef/tLo ] } cleg]qL h]gl] nof l8;'hfn] gflosfsf ¿kdf ;fy lbPsL l5g\ . rnlrqsf cGo snfsf/df /Tgf kf7s, d~h/L kmlG8;, cg'/fwf k6]n, hoGt s[knfgL 5g\ . P=cf/=/xdfgsf] ;+uLt lgb]Zfg /x]sf] of] rnlrqsf { uLtdf ;+uLtsf/ /xdfg;lxt ;'vljGb/ l;+x, /l;b cln, df]xDdb c;nd, cg'kdf b]zkf08], a]GgL bofn cflb ufos­uflosfsf] :j/ ;'Gg ;lsG5 . o'jf k|dsf] r~rn kIFnfO{ phfu/ ul/Psf] of] rnlrqsf] ] syf Pp6f Po/kf]6af6 k|f/De eP/ Po/kf]6d} 6'l+ uG5 . rnlrq k|bz{g { { x'gcl3 g} o;sf uLt­;+uLt nf]slk|o e};s]sf 5g\ . rnlrqn] o'jf ' bz{ssf] dg lhTg] s'/fdf lgdf{tf cfld/ vfg 9'Ss 5g\ .

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cfld/ vfgn] cfkm\gf efGhfnfO{ alnp8 leoeofpg lgdF{0f u/]sf] rnlrq k|bz{g ePs} lbg cyf{t\ cfh z'qmaf/ csf{ Ps gof" cg'xf/ x/dg afa]hfsf] klxnf] rnlrq ...nj :6f]/L­ @)%)Ú klg k|bz{g x'b5 . " } x/dgsf a'jf x\of/L afj]hfn] 5f]/fnfO{ alnp8df :yflkg ug{ lgdf{0f tyf lgb]zg u/]sf] of] rnlrq k|bz{g x'gcl3 g} rlr{t 5 . To;}n] { ' xf]nf, rnlrq k|bz{g x'gcl3 g} x/dgn] cfwf bh{geGbf a9L gof" ' rnlrqdf sfd ug]{ cj;/ kfO;s]sf 5g\ . rnlrqdf x/dgs} k|l] dsf lk|osf rf]k8fn] gflosfsf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sL l5g\ . cg' dlnssf] + ;+uLt tyf hfj]b cVt/sf uLtx¿ ;dfj]z ePsf] of] rnlrqdf af]dg O/fgL tyf cr{gf k'/gl;+xn] klg k|dv e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf 5g\ . ' rnlrqsf] zLif{sem}+ o;df cfh eGbf [email protected] jif{kl5sf] k|d s:tf] x'g5 ] ] eGg] sNkgfdf cfwfl/t 36gfqmdnfO{ ;d]l6Psf] 5 . rnlrqdf ;g\ @)%) sf] ljZjnfO{ lrq0f ug{ lgb]Zfsn] :k]zn Okm]S6sf] ;xof]u { lnPsf 5g\ . rnlrqdf gfossf sfsf ag]sf af]dgn] 6fOd d]l;gdfkm{t ;g\ @)%) sf] d'DaO{df k'Ug ;lsg] k|ljlwsf] ljsf; u/]kl5 x/dg, lk|osf cflb + snfsf/ p8\g] sf/, p8\g] /]n, b'O{ ;o tNnfeGbf cUnf 3/ ePsf] d'DaO{df k'U5g\ . pgLx¿ Toxf" k'ukl5 rnlrqsf] syfn] /f]rs df]8 lnG5 . ]

sf7df8f}­ ;f]daf/ /fhwfgLdf + Pp6f rnlrq k'/:sf/ ;df/f]x cfof]lht ul/of] . sfo{qmddf k|dv ' cltly lyP, g]skf dfcf]jfbL g]tf k'iksdn bfxfn ...k|r08Ú . pgn] ;jf]Ts[i6 @) hgfnfO{ k'/:sf/ k|bfg { u/] . h;df ;ftj6f k'/:sf/ dfcf]jfbL hgo'4df cfwfl/t rnlrq;"u ;DalGwt rnlrqsdL{sf] kf]N6fdf kfl/of] . ljtl/t s'n k'/:sf/dWo] ;a}eGbf a9L -kf"rj6f_ k'/:sf/ ...hgo'4Ú zLif{ssf] rnlrqnfO{ lbOof] . rnlrq ljsf; af]8sf] afu8f]/ { clxn] dfcf]jfbLsf] xftdf 5 . af]8n] { cfkm\gf] cf7f}+ jflif{sf]T;jsf] cj;/ kf/]/ pQm k'/:sf/ ljt/0f u/]sf] lyof] . h;df dfcf]jfbL lgs6 rnlrq jf rnlrqsdL{n] w]/} k'/:sf/ s'DNofPsf] s'/f cfnf]rgfsf] ljifo aGof] . /]vf yfkf cfkm}+n] agfPsf]

rnlrq ...ls:dtÚaf6 pTs[i6 cleg]qL ;flat eOg\ eg] pgsf] lgb]zs { pHHjn l3ld/] pTs[i6 lgb]zs bl/P . { pQm rnlrqn] c¿ b'O{ ljwfdf k'/:sf/ yfk]/ w]/} k'/:sf/ kfpg] rnlrq ...hgo'4Úsf] xf/fxf/Ldf cfkm"nfO{ pEofof] . cleg]qL dfnf l;Gxf / cleg]tf tyf ufos l;kL nf]xgL cflb s]xL rnlrqsdL{sf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] pQm k'/:sf/ ljt/0f sfo{qmd ljjfb d'Qm eg] /xg ;s]g . ;/sf/L tj/af6 k|bfg ul/Psf] .../fli6«o k'/:sf/Ú k"jf{u|xL ePsf] cf/f]k rnlrqsdL{x¿n] nufPsf 5g\ . af]8sf cWoIf O{Zj/rGb| 1jfnLn] { o;nfO{ k'/:sf/ gkfpg]x¿sf] lj/f]w atfPsf 5g\ .

k/]/ ...kmd{nÚ klx/gdf cfpg'k5{ eGg] s'/f ;+uLtsdL{x¿n] ;fob} yfxf kfPsf lyP . .../]8 sfk]{6Údf pkl:yt x' g ] snfsf/x¿sf] klx/g ...:6fOln;Ú x'g'k5{ eGg] dfGotf 5, t/ Od]h Pjf8{df clwsf+z snfsf/ eg] lhG; / l6;6{d} cfP . x/]s jif{ k|bfg ul/g] Od]h Pjf8{ s f] b;f} + >[ + v nfdf cfP/ pgLx¿nfO{ ;Ddfg ul/Psf]df ;a} v';L g} 5g\ . o;k6s cfof]hs Od]h Rofgnn] ufos of]uz j}B tyf ] uLtsf/ ls/0f v/]nnfO{ nfOkm 6fOd Plred]G6 cjf8{ k|bfg u¥of] eg] Od]h /fli6«o jif{ JolQmTjaf6 8f= ;Gb's ?OtnfO{ ;Ddflgt ul/of] .

Od]h Pjf8{ ljh]tfx¿

/fli6«o efjgfsf] uLt M ...zflGt n'sfp" sxf"Ú -j;Gt rf}w/L_ uLt /]sl8{ª M rDkf -dx]Zj/ /fhe08f/L_ ;+uLt ;+of]hg M ?dfn n'sfO{ -;dL/ dfgGw/_ rnlrq ;+uLt M 8/ -;'/z clwsf/L_ ] nf]suLt M s~rgh+3f lz/ -u0f]z Gof}kfg]_ bf]xf]/L uLt M k"jdf em\ofn /fv] -k'?iff]Qd ÷nIdL Gof}kfg]_ }{ g]kfn efiff uLt M hLjg kf;f -;'dg skfnL_ d}lynL efiff uLt M k|ds] /:t]d] -k|anbLk ljZjf; / ;'lg/f rf}w/L_ ] Do'lhs lel8of] :k]zn Okm]S6\; M ltdLnfO{ 5'g] -ljZjbLk nfld5fg]_ Do'lhs lel8of] ;Dkfbs M d} 7"nL e}Ú5' /] -k|sfz t'nfw/_ Do'lhs lel8of] 5fof"sf/ M ufhn'n] cf"v} 5f]Kg] -k'?iff]Qd k|wfg_ Do'lhs lel8of] lgb]zs M { ufh'nn] cf"v} 5f]Kg] -;'/h >]i7_ ' Do'lhs lel8of] M dnfO{ laxfg -cfl;km zfx_ gj ufos M elGbg d -bfjf u'?ª_ ;+uLtsf/ M d /fd|f] / g/fd|f] -/fh' l;+x_ uLtsf/ M ltd|f] ;fy -of]uGb|dl0f bfxfn_ ] ;d"x ufog M gokfn Jof08 /s ufog M clGtd dfof -g/]g lnDa"_ kk uflosf M rfxgf ;lsof] -zlz /fjn_ kk ufos M e'df] -;'lhn sdf{rfo{_ uflosf M vf]kL /fv'nf" lg n}n} -/fwf /fO{_ ufos M P af]tn -:j¿k/fh cfrfo{_ uLt M ;'kf/L bfgf -sdf{ ;d"x_ PNad M d} 7"nL eO5' /] -/]Zdf ;'gjf/_ '

k'/:sf/ kfpg]x¿

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slyt blnt / pRr hftaLrsf] e]befj, 5'jf5"t Pj+ juL{o c;dfgtfnfO{ d"n ljifo agfP/ lgdf{0f ul/Psf] rnlrq cg'uxsf] | ljz]if k|bz{g kf]v/fdf ul/Psf] 5 . afOannfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ lgdf{0f ul/Psf] of] rnlrqsf] syf tyf lgb]zg /fh]Gb| clwsf/L ck"0f{n] u/]sf { x'g\ . k/d]Zj/sf] ;[li6df ;a} hfthflt ;dfg x'G5g\ . hftLo / juL{o ¿kdf s;}n] s;}nfO{ xf]Rofpg', bafpg' jf ckx]lnt ug'{ k/d]Zj/sf] b[li6df dxfkfk xf] eGg] ;Gb]z af]ssf] of] rnlrqn] 5'jf5't / To;n] ] " lgDTofPsf] ;fdflhs lj;+ultnfO{ s]nfpg] k|of; u/]sf] 5 . rnlrqdf slyt tNnf] hft / pkNnf] hftsf s]6fs]6LaLr j}jflxs ;DaGw :yflkt u/fP/ ;a} dflg; Ps x'g\ eGg] ;Gb]z lbg vf]lhPsf] 5 . cgdf]n lkmNd k|f8S;gsf] Aofg/df ag]sf] rnlrqsf] 5fof+sg kj{t lhNnfsf] ] /fDhf ltnfxf/ / kf]v/fdf ul/Psf] 5 . of] rnlrqdf /fh] G b| clwsf/L ck" 0 ff{ , zld{ n f a:g] t , bLks kxf/L, /fhs' d f/ nfld5fg] , ;hgf kl/of/, x+ ; /fh vjf;, k' i s/ yfkf cflbn] clego u/] s f 5g\ . ;' g Ltf clwsf/L tyf cdf] n clwsf/Ln] lgdf{ 0 f u/] s f] rnlrqsf] 5fof+sg bLks kxf/L / lht]z k|wfgn] u/]sf x'g\ .

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· ...dt vfOÂxG5' lgÚ eGg] y] u f] af] n ]  rrf{ d f cfPsf xf:osnfsf lji0f' ;fksf]6f ca km]l ToxL y]uf];lxt b]lvg]5g\ . ;fksf]6f cfkm}n] lgdf{0f uÂ]sf] xf:o + 6]ln>[vnf ...e}uf] lg tÚ df pgL + Tof] rlÂqdf b]lvg] ePsf x'g\ . xfn lgdf{0fsf] qmddf Âx]sf] pQm 6]ln>+vnfdf Âxg] cGo snfsfÂsf [ afÂ]df kl5 atfOg] ;fksf]6fn] hgfP . xf:osnfsf ;fksf]6f cr]n xf:o>[vnf ...tLtf] ;ToÚdf + ;lqmo 5g\ . · xÂ]s z'qmaf Âflt kf}g] gf} ah] g]kfn 6][email protected] af6 k|;fÂ0f e}Âx]sf] g[To k|ltof]lutfsf] sfo{qmd ...l3GtfªÚdf pTs[i6 b;sf] 5gf} 6 ePsf] 5 . sfo{ q mdsf lgb]zs k|;Gg kf}8nn] atfPcg';f { ] ca sfo{qmdnfO{ cem Âf]rs 9+uaf6 k|:t't ulÂg]5 . sfo{qmddf ;xefuL b; hgf k|ltof]uL Ps­csf{nfO{ r'gf}tL lbg] v'aL ePsf 5g\ . ca sfo{qmddf b; hgfaf6 bz{s

P;PdP; dtsf cfwfÂdf pTs[i6 kf" r hgfsf] 5gf} 6 ulÂg] 5 . To;kl5 ;ftflkR5] Ps­Ps hgf bz{s dts} cfwfÂdf aflxlÂ"b} hfg]5g\ . casf sfo{qmddf xÂ]s ;ftf sf]xL g sf]xL ;]lna|6L cltly ] lg0ff{ossf ¿kdf ;xefuL x'g] kf}8nn] atfP . ] · 5'jf5"tlj?4sf] 6]ln>[vnf + ...bngÚsf] k|;fÂ0f cfÂDe ePsf] 5 . k"0f{ l;+x aÂfOnLn] lgdf{0f uÂ]sf] pQm >[vnf xÂ]s cfOtaf Âflt + *M$) df g]kfn 6]lnlehgaf6 k|;fÂ0f x'G5 . lgdf{0f ePsf] rf jif{kl5 pQm >[+vnfn] k|;fÂ0fsf] cg'dlt kfPsf] xf] . 6]ln>[vnfsf + lgb]zs gjLg ;'Aafn] lj=;+= @))& { b]lv )%@;Dd 5'jf5"tlj?4 g]kfnsf blntju{ n ] uÂ] s f] ljleGg cfGbf]ngnfO{ pgLx¿s} b[li6sf]0faf6 k| : t' t ulÂPsf] atfP . of] >[+vnfnfO{ g]kfnsf] clxn];Dds} ;a}eGbf dx"uf] >[vnf atfOPsf] + 5 . lgdf{0f kIfsf cg';f Ps efusf] lgdf{0fsf nflu $ nfv ?"kofeGbf a9L vr{ nfu]sf] 5 . }

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July 4, 200 8

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\ tGg]/L /dfOnf] M ufos l8NnL zdf{sf] Do'lhs lel8of] 5fof"ªsgdf / dfOnf] ub}{ df]8n l;dnf /fodfemL tyf cGo .

Âfh]z kfon ÂfO{, ;fwgf ;Âud, bLks lnDa', ;~hLjgL tyf dlNnsf sfsL{sf] :j ;d]l6Psf] 5 . of] PNadnfO{ Do'lhs g]kfnn] ahfÂdf NofPsf] xf] . lqm:6n ;d" x sf ufos lgltg yfkfsf] Psn PNad ...lqm:6nÚ ahfÂdf cfPsf] 5, h;df ;d"xsf ln8 lutflÂ:6 efg'bLk ÂfO{, a]; lutflÂ:6 ldng ÂfO{ tyf 8«d lj? >]i7n] ;+uLt ahfPsf 5g\ . PNadsf] laqmLaf6 k|fKt x'g] Âsd cGwf tyf ckf+ux¿sf] ;+:yfnfO{ k|bfg ug]{ ufos yfkfn] hgfPsf 5g\ . nf]suflosfx¿ cfufdL ebf} dlxgfdf kg]{ dlxnfx¿sf] dfq kj{ xlÂtflnsf tLhsf nflu uLltPNad tof kfg]{ sfddf h'l6;s]sf 5g\ . o;}qmddf xÂ]s jif{ tLhdf rrf{ kfpg] uLt;lxtsf] PNad ahfÂdf Nofpg] uflosf sf]dn cf]nLn] klg cfkm" n ] gof" tLh uLt tof kflÂ;s]sf] atfPsL l5g\ . uflosf cf]nLn] PNadsf] ;a}sfd ;lsPsf] atfp"b} elgg\­ ...o;k6s klxn]sf]

eGbf txNsf dRrfpg] uLt ;'Gg kfpg'xg5 .Ú ' ] ufos sdn If]qLsf] klxnf] PNad ...gfrgÚnfO{ lÂa]n lqmo;gn] ahfÂdf Nofpg] ePsf] 5 . pQm PNaddf ;dfj]z zLif{uLtsf] Do'lhs lel8of] cfufdL ;ftf leh] tyf Do'lhs lel8of] lgb]zs ;'Âhl;+x 7s'ÂLn] tof { kfb}5g\ . Do'lhs lel8of]df kmÂs z}nL { k|:t't ug{ nfu]sf] ufos 5]qLn] ;fKtflxsnfO{ atfP . ;f"emkv ha ;Demgfdf lsg cfpg' uLt ufP rrf{ kfPsf ufos o'jÂfh rf}nfufO{+ oltv] lÂldS; ufogdf Jo:t 5g\ . ljleGg Do'l' hs sDkgLn] ahfÂdf Nofpg nfu]sf sn]S;g lÂldS;­;+u|xdf ufos rf}nfufO{n] cfkm\gf] :j lbPsf 5g\ . + OGb|lht ldemfÂn] ufPsf] rlr{t uLt ...6'ªgfsf] w'gdf 8f"8fkfL h"gdf==Ú \ plbtgfÂfo0f emfåfÂf :jÂa4 rlr{t uLtx¿ d'LUngkflÂ===, lqz"nL au] d:of{ªbLdf===sf] lÂldS; e;{gdf ufos \ rf}nfufO{n] :j k|bfg uÂ]sf 5g\ . + of]ubfgsf] sb/:j¿k ;f] ;Ddfg ug]{ ePsf] xf] . ­/fhwfgLnufot kf]v/f, emfkf, lj/f6gu/, jL/uGh, lrtjg cflb 7fp"df lnl6n lSjg PG8 df:6/ lsª gfds k|lt:kwf{ cof]hgf ul/;s]sf] P/f] df]8lnª Ph]G;Ln] o;k6s sfe|sf afnaflnsfx¿sf] ] k|lt:kwf{ u/fpg] tof/L u/]sf] 5 . ef]ln zlgaf/ ag]kfl:yt do"/ rnlrq dlGb/df cfof]hgf ul/g] lnl6n lSjg PG8 df:6/ lsª sfe|] zLif{scGtu{t sfe|] lhNnfsf clwsf+z ljBfnosf %) eGbf a9L 5fq5fqfaLr of] k|lt:kwf{ ;~rfng x'b5 . "}

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July 4,

2008

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Ps lbg ;[li6stf{ a|x\df dflg;sf] l:yltsf] cWoog ug{ kljq b]je"ld sf7df8f}df + dflg;sf] e]ifdf cf]ln{P5g\ . sf7df8f}sf] Go"Âf]8df k'u pgn] rfÂ}lt + ] gh bf}8fP . Toxf" pgn] ;8ssf] lr;f] k]6Ldf gf¨} u'"8'lNsÂx]sf  ef]sn] lrRrfOÂx]sf PsyÂL dflg; b]v] . To;sf ;fy} cg]sf}+ d] j f­ldi6fGgn] 9fl8P eJo dxnsf c§flnsfaf6 8sflÂÂx]sf  ToxL ;8sdf ax'd"No cfe"if0fn] ;lhP e'"8L kN6fp"b} lx+l8Âx]sf csf{yÂL dflg; klg b]v] . ...tL ;8sdf gf¨} u'8l' NsPsf  ef]sn] " lrRrfOÂx]sf sf] x'g\ <Ú­ ;[li6stf{ a|xdfn] \ crDd dfGb} Pshgf eb|enfb\dL;"u k|Zg uÂ] . ...tL vft] x'g\ <Ú eb|enfbdLn] hjfkm lr;f] atf;n] 5f]O{ uof] 5]jaf6 dnfO{ } lbof] . Tof] ;'g ;[li6stf{ a|xdf Go'Âf]8sf] ] \ lagf cg'dlt dgkÂL uÂL uof] glhsaf6 dnfO{ aLr ;8sdf PSsf;L lrRofP­ g d}n] Âf]Sg ;s]," g d}n] 5]Sg ;s]" nf}g ...vaÂbf . d}n] dfgj­dfgjdf o:tf] lje]b pm cfof], pm uof] 6\jfNn x'gk¥of] nf}g ' xf]nf eg] ;[li6 uÂ]sf] lyOg" . of] cgy{ eof] .Ú rfn} kfOg" cfsf], ufsf] ofb lb uof] dnfO{ To;kl5 j[4 a|xdf a]xf]; eP e'Odf 9n]  \ " lr;f] atf;n] 5f]O{ uof] 5]jaf6 dnfO{ } lgÂLx x'b} tL vft]x¿lt clGtd gh lbP . " clnslt zLtn cg'el" t ePsf] s]xL kn Tof] oBlk tL cnUu} PsyÂL dflg;nfO{ pgLx¿eGbf dflysf] Tof] ljzfn v'nf cfsfzn] 7luPsf] knem}" em;¨ eP" lat]sf] kn Tof] ;Gt'li6sf] ;ÂÂ{===;ÂÂ{ sfgdf s]­s] egL uof] dnfO lgM:jfy{ cf]t lbOÂx]sf] lyof] . ;a}sL KofÂL wÂ0fLn] lagf e]befj cfkm\g} ddtfdoL sfvdf l{ r;f] atf;n] 5f]O{ uof] 5]jaf6 dnfO{ . } ­ lgd]if t08'sf/ lgM;t{ zÂ0f lbOÂx]sL lyOg\ . ­6+s e§/fO{ dnfO{ g} ;w} cfkm\gf] k|dL eG5\of} ;f]lanf < ] ltdL d]Âf] cd dfof aG5\of} ;f]lanf < ;'v t oxf" yf]Â} 5, b'Mv} b'Mvsf] hLjg s] d]Âf] x b'Mvdf ;fy lx"85of} ;f]lanf < \ \ csf]{ h'gLsf] s] eÂ, s]jn oxL h'gL d;"u dfq dfofsf] s'Âf u5\of}{ ;f]lanf < slxn]sfxL" cGhfgd} e"n x'g ;S5 ltdLn] cfkm\g} dfgL cf"vf t5\of}{ ;f]lanf < ef]ln d ltdLnfO{ af6f]df klv{Âxg]5' ltdL dnfO{ e]6g tn af6f]df em5\of}{ ;f]lanf < \ lhGbuLsf] ofqfdf d PSn} 5' of] ;dÂnfO{ ;fy lbg ltdL cl3 ;5\of}{ ;f]lanf < ­ cfut s]=;L=

cwa}+;] a"9f­a"9L ahfÂdf lx"8\b} lyP . Pp6L o'jtL h;n] Psbd} 5f]6f klx/g nufPsL lyO{ . pgLx¿sf] cufl8af6 lx"8L . ...x]g;\ t xh'Â,Ú a"9Ln] egL­ {' ...o:tf] d eP" eg] t 3Âaf6 lgl:sGg .Ú ...uf]km\nsL cfdf,Ú nf]Ug]n] ] udSs kb}{ eGof]­ ...t" o:tL eO;\ eg] t d klg 3Âaf6 lgl:sGg lg .Ú ))) Pp6f o'jssf] Pp6L s]6L;"u ev{ e]63f6sf] sfo{qmd ;'? ePsf] lyof] . zlgafÂsf] lbg o'jsn] o'jtLnfO{ af]nfof], ;lkª uÂfof], cfO;lqmd Vjfof], s]xL xf]nf ls eg] kfs{ 3'dfpg nUof] t s]xL pknlAw xft nfu]g . tLg ah]sf] l;g]df x]Âfof] t klg s]xL pknlAw ePg . rnlrq ;lsPkl5 Âft k¥of] . l56f] 3 hfg'k5{ eg] s]6Ln] s ug{ yfnL . s]6LnfO{ k'¥ofpg s]6f] 3Â;Dd uof] . ...d ef]ln klg 3Âd} x'G5'Ú s]6Ln] u]6af6 k|jz ub}{ egL . ] ...d klg 3Âd} x'G5'Ú s]6f]n] hjfkm lbof] . )))

lbn vf]nL jft dfg]{ s'Âf klg To;} ef] cfPg va ltd|f] lr7Lkq} aGb ef] cfp"5' eGYof} kms] pt} xÂfOlbof} { e'Nof} ;fob otf dnfO{ t8\kfP Âflvlbof} cfPg va ltd|f] lr7Lkq} aGb ef]Ú ;kgf k"Âf ug]{ jfrfx¿ stf uf]Ú ;don] lgi7' gbL aufP Nofof] SofÂ] dgnfO{ s7f] kfÂL dfG5] e'nL a:5g\ Â] olt glhs x'g] dfG5] cfh lsg 6f9f uf]Ú < cfPg va ltd|f] lr7Lkq} aGb ef]Ú . --/];ds'df/ ;'gjf/ '

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ck/fw ug'eGbf {

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" lxnf]df Jofkf/L­sd{rf/L le8Gt cfgGb sfsL{;u /dfP uhnkf/vL

lj/f6gu/­ emdemd k/]sf] kfgLdf 7"N7"nf e'8L xNnfp"b} cwa};] " + / j[4x¿ rf}/df nl8/x]sf lyP . pgLx¿nfO{ b] V g] hf] s f] x L k] 6 ldrLldrL xf" l ;/x] s f b] l vGy] . ;'lsnf n'uf nfP/ ;sL­g;sL bf}l8/x]sf eb|­enfbdLx¿ n8]/ lxnfDd] ePsf lyP . ;f+:s[lts kj{ c;f/ !% sf lbg ut cfOtaf/ g]kfnd} gfd rn]sf pBf]uklt, Jofkf/L Pj+ sd{rf/L lj/f6gu/sf] ;lxb d}bfgdf e]nf eP/ a]:;/L lxnf]df nl8a'8L v]n] . pgLx¿ d}qLk"0f{ km'6an v]ndf ;xefuL eP/ lxhf]sf] dhf lnO/x]sf lyP . sd{rf/L ldng s]Gb|n] lxnf] v]Ng] lbg tyf cGt/f{li6«o wfg lbj;sf cj;/df cfk;L ;b\efj sfod /fVg sd{rf/L­!! / pBf]uL, Joj;foL­!! aLr k| l tof] l utf cfo]lht ul/Psf] lyof] . b}lgs Jofofd u/] / l:nd b] l vg] sd{rf/Lsf] 7"nf e'8L xNnfp"b} bf}8g " g;Sg] pBf]uL­Jofkf/Lx¿sf ;fd' s]xL nfu]g . sd{rf/LnfO{ @ sf lj?4 # uf]n u/L pBf]uL ;d"xn] lht xfl;n ubf{ sd{rf/Lx¿ lvGg b]lvGy] . v]n ;dfkgnuQ} Ps k|x/L clws[tn] eg]­ ...pBf]uL, Jofkf/Ln] sd{rf/LnfO{ 6]and'lgaf6 VjfO/x]sf ' lyP, cfh uf]n klg VjfP .Ú lxnf]df 8'asf v]nf8LnfO{ x]b{ } ] /dfpg] bz{ssf nflu cfof]hsn] c;f/ !% sf] ef]h bxL­lrp/f VjfPsf] lyof] . ­sdn l/dfn a'6jn-- a'6jndf klxnf]k6s rlr{ t ufos cfgGb sfsL{ s f] ;fydf uhn ;f"em x'"bf oxf"sf uhnkf/vLx¿ t /dfP g}, c¿ ;+ u Ltk] | d Ln] klg dgf] / Ghgsf] km/skg cg'ej ug]{ cj;/ kfP . oxf"sf] Ps /]:6'/f" pb\3f6g ug{ af]nfOPsf ufos sfsL{n] ;f]xL

cfPsf ;a}n] klxnf] lbg t xn el/Pkl5 l6s6 g} kfPgg\ . cfgGb " /]:6'/f"df cfof]lht ...uLt uhn ;f"emÚ sfsL{;u} :yfgLo lj/]Gb| cu|x/L, ] df # lbg;Dd k|z;sx¿nfO{ cfkm\gf] ;'/z ;]Gr'/L, gf/fo0f yfkf, j;Gt + dL7f] :j/dfkm{t dgf]/~hg k|bfg >]i7n] klg uhn k|:t't u/]sf lyP . u/] . laxLaf/, z'qmaf/ / zlgaf/ k|To]s ;f"em & ah]bl] v $ 306f;Dd pgn] cfkm"n] /f]h]sf / >f]tfn] kmdf{O; u/]sf uhn;"u} cfw'lgs uLt klg ufP . sfsL{sf] uhn ;'Gg

:yfgLo snfsf/sf] k| : t' l taf6 k|efljt sfsL{sf] k|ltlqmof lyof]­ ...pxf" x ¿ klg sd x' g ' x ' G g, pxf" x ¿nfO{ lgoldt Kn] 6 kmd{ lbg'k¥of] a'6jnjf;Ln] .Ú

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2008

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j}blzs Âf]hufÂLdf Âx]sf sdn nfdf @# jif{sf 5g\ . k|jL0ftf k|df0fkq tx cWoog uÂ]sf nfdf cljjflxt x'g\ . % lkm6 ^ OGr cUnf sdn gd| :jefjsf 5g\ . u'xuf]Âf] j0f{sf nfdfnfO{ '" kqldqtf Pj+ ;+uLtdf ?lr 5 . glÂ;fpg] tyf kqldqtfnfO{ lgÂGtÂtf lbg] ;fyLsf] vf]hL ulÂÂx]sf nfdfnfO{ 5fq]af"em­#, uxt], sfe|knf~rf]sdf kqfrf ] ug{ ;lsG5 . w"dkfg tyf dWokfg gug]{ eLd;]g cfrfo{ @$ jif{sf 5g\ . ^ lkm6 cUnf eLd;]g ljjflxt x'g\ . Kn; 6' pQL0f{ uÂ]sf cfrfo{ ;xof]uL efjgfsf 5g\ . ux'uf]Âf] " j0f{sf cfrfo{ hfluÂ] x'g\ . pgL cfkm"h:t} w"dkfg, dWokfg gug]{ akmfbf Pj+ u0ftGqjfbL ;fyLsf] vf]hLdf 5g\ . pgnfO{ gfª\nefÂ]­ ] !, k~rkfn], sf7df8f}df kqfrf + ug{ ;lsG5 . @@ jifL{o Âfh' jfUn] % lkm6 $ OGrsf 5g\ . snfsflÂtfdf nfu]sf jfUn]n] aLaLP; pQL0f{ uÂ]sf 5g\ . g[Todf ?lr ÂfVg] jfUn] cljjflxt x'g\ . ux'uf]Âf] j0f{sf " jfUn] c¿nfO{ cfb ug]{ tyf g[Todf ?lr ePsf o'jf­ o'jtLnfO{ ;fyL agfpg rfxG5g\ . pgnfO{ u'?s"n 8fG; ;]G6Â, dxfÂfhuGh, rqmky, sf7df8f}df kqfrf ug{ + ;lsG5 .

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P n'Â] < stf xf] < lxhf]cfh t dsxf" cfp"bf klg cfp"bg;\ . } Sof xf] cfkm\gf] jrg cfkm}" la;{g] d}n] t"nfO{ xf]Og t}n] g} dnfO{ xQ] + uÂ]sf] lyO;\ . lsg clxn] lgi7'ÂL < Psk6s t kmf]g p7f . s]= ÂTgkfs{df 6]Dk' r9\g] qmddf 6fpsf] 7f]lSsPsf] x]G8;d s]6f . d}n] hfgLhfgL 6fpsf] 7f]s]sf] xf]Og . cfO{ Pd ;ÂL PG8 d ltd|f] lhGbuLdf km]l Psk6s cfpg rfxG5' . cg'dlt 5 eg] cfOtaf @ ah] lrl8ofvfgfsf] l6s6 u]6 cufl8 cfpm x}, d Toxf" kf"r ldg]6 dfq a:g]5' . b'36gfu|:t s]6L { s'df/L, d cfzfsf] lbof]df ljZjf;sf] t]n yKb} ltd|f] / d]/f] k|dsf] bLk k|Hjng ub},{ ToxL bLksf] ] ph]nL;"u} ltd|f] af6f] s'l//x]sf] 5' . bfjf ?hf, nf]stflGqs u0ftflGqs g]kfnsf] gful/s ePsf]df xflb{s awfO . ;fy} k'/fgf] g]kfndf c;kmn ePsf] xfd|f] k|d gof" g]kfndf ;kmn ] x'G5 eGg] ck]Iff u5{' . dgf]h c;f/ dlxgfdf hGdlbg k/]sf ;fyLx¿ ?lSd0fL / ;'l:dtfnfO{ ;':jf:Yo, bL3f{o' Pj+ pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] xflb{s z'esfdgf . cfOl;+x l8= tfdfª ;'/h, bLks, ;Ltf, ;ljtf, c~h', uf]ljGb, gf/g ;fy} hd'gf efph" , 8NnL lbbL / u+ u f ;a}nfO{ w]/} ;Demgf clg ;a}nfO{ 6fj/ l6Kg] 7fp"df df]afOn /fVg

clGtd lr7L

lk|o, xfd|f] k|dsyf s'g} rnlrqsf] ] sxfgL h:t} eof] eGb} lx"8sL 5\of} ] Â] . xf], ;xL eGof} ltdL cflv d]Âf] lhGbuLsf] ÂËd~rdf dfofsf] bdbf clego uÂ] ;kmn cleg]qL aGof} . awfO{ 5 ltdL  ltd|f] clegosf cAan ;xofqL, cËÂIfs clg c3f]lift cwf{ËnfO{ . h;n] c¿sf] lhGbuLnfO{ la5f]8df ws]n ] cfkm\gf] hLjgdf ldng Nofpg'nfO{ zf}efUo dfG5 . rfx] klg ltdLnfO{ e'Ng ;lsÂx]sf] 5}g . nfU5, ltdL d]Âf] lhGbuLsf] slxNo} lgsf] gx'g] 3fp xf}, h;sf] s'g} cf]vtL 5}g . ;fy lbG5', dfof u5'{ eg] gf6s ub}{ ljjfxsf] ;d]t 6'Ëf]df k'Ug] ltdL g} lyof} . xfd|f] k|dsf] ;'vb cGTo ] x'b} lyof] . xfdL b'jsf] klÂjfÂaf6 " } xfd|f] ljjfxsf nflu ltly, ldlt  ;do to e} ;Dk"0f{ tofÂL eP clGtd laGb'df k'ukl5 ltdLnfO{ ] c¿sf] dL7f] cfZjf;gsf] vf]nfn] aufP5 . :jfy{ s f] cf]  fnf] e]6\g]lalQs} xfdLn] lx"8\g] uÂ]sf] d"naf6f] r6Ss} e'Nof} ltdLn] . xfdLaLrsf] dfof, Tofu  tk:ofnfO{ ;xif{ :jLsf ug]{ xfd|f] b'j} klÂjfÂsf] dxfgtfnfO{ slt ;lhn} s'lNrof} < d}n] s}of}kN6 d]Âf] + dfof  v';Lsf] eLv dfu]+ ltdL;"u t d xfÂ]+ . ltdLleq t kTyÂsf] dg Âx]5 . d?e"lddf d"n km'6fpg  kTyÂdf km"n km'nfpg vf]Hg' ldYofg} eof] . ltdL  daLrsf] ;DaGw dfofk|dsf] dfq lyPg . Tof] Ps ] c3f]lift j}jflxs hLjg g} lyof] . olb d}n] ltdLnfO{ cfsif{0fsf] ¿kdf dfq} lnPsf] eP ltdLaf6 d}n] kfpg'kg]{ af"sL s]xL lyPg . ljjfx t cf}krflÂstf dfq x'g] lyof] . olb of] ;To yfxf ePsf] eP d r'Sg] klg lyOg" clg d]Âf] caf]w dfofsf] lgd{d xTof x'g] lyPg . d}n] ldqtfdf klg gdL7f] 3ft kfP" . d}n] cfkm\g} hLjg hlQs} KofÂf] dfg]sf] ;fyLn] d]Âf] ljZjf;sf] xTof uÂ] ltdLdfly h'g k'?iffy{

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s'kg ;Gb]z

kfpg] M k7fpg] M ;Gb]z M

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kbf{kmf; gePs} hftL . ltdL clxn] daf6 ;bfsf nflu 6fl9P gof" ;+;fÂdf 5f} . d klg gof" hLjg af"r]sf] 5' t ckmzf]r xfdLaLrsf] gdL7f] ctLtn] d]  f] gof" lhGbuLsf] af6f] d f gÂfd|f;u laemfOÂx]sf] 5 . d ljjz ] " 5' . xfd|f] af6f] kmÂs ePkl5 dLgejgsf] a; la;f}gLdf ltdL;"u d]Âf] b'Mvb hDsfe]6 ePsf] If0f e'n]sf] 5}gf} xf]nf . ha ltdLdf PSsfl; d]Âf b'O{ gog 7f]lSsP, d :tAw eP", cf"vfx¿ Â;fP . dg yfDg} ;lsg" . s'gfdf a;] Ps ;sf] { Âf] P " . x7ft\ ;DxflnP ltdL;"u af]Ng vf]Hbf ltdL lz lgx'ÂfP cfkm\gf] uGtJo g} 5f]8 ] cs}{ af6f] nfUof} . d ltd|f] tLj| kfOnflt cjfs\ eP EofP;Dd x]lÂÂx],+ x]bf{xb{} ltdL cf]em]n k¥of} . ] d}n] dg a'emfP"­ of] e|dsf] ;+;fÂdf xfdLh:tf k| ] d kyaf6 ljrlnt ofqLx¿ t slt 5g\ slt < cflv y'k|} bfz{lgs, ljåfg\x¿ klg t k|ddf 3fOt] ePs} lyP . nfU5, ] k|dsf] uGtJo ljjfx dfq xf]Og . ] of] t cgGt ofqf xf] . ltdLk|lt d df s'g} k"jf{ux 5}g . ltdL d]Âf] | klxnf] dfof xf} . hLjgko{ G t e'Ng]5g ltdLnfO{====. lhGbuLsf] s'g} } df]8df csf]{ e]6 s;f] gxf]nf < ­ s]= cf/

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gf]6 M tl:a/ / gub ?= %).­ clgjfo{ 5 . cfkm"n] pNn]v ug{ rfx]sf] yk ljj/0f 5'§} kfgfdf k7fpg ;lsg]5 .

a'6jn . ...g8'a of] gzfdf==Ú a'6jnsf czf]s ;]gn] :6]haf6 of] uLt pRrf/0f ug{ s] EofPsf lyP ;8sdf /x]sf] 7"nf] eL8n] Ps} :j/df ;fy lbg yfNof] clg em'Dof] a'6an/ lbge/ o;}u/L gzflj/f]wL uLt;+uLtsf] gzfdf . k"j{ nfu'kbfy{ k| o f] u stf{ czf] s / pgLh:t} ;fyLx¿sf] :km"lt{k0f{ ;Gb]zd"ns " uLtn] ;a}nfO{ pT;fx k|bfg u¥of] . cGt/f{li6«o nfu"kbfy{ b'?kof]u tyf cf] ; f/k;f/lj?4sf] lbj;df laxLaf/ cfof] l ht sfo{ q mddf a'6jnsf] Jo:t Jofkfl/s ynf] /fd­ b' u f{ dlGb/ nfOg ce" t k" j { hd36sf aLr ;f"em ca]/;Dd ;+uLtdo aGof] .

u'gf;f] cfO/x]s} a]nf g]kfnL snf / ;+:s[ltk|lt pT;'s snfsdL{x¿sf] k|fT;fxg ub}{ cfjZos x/]s ;xof]u ] pknAw u/fpg ;xh xf];\ eGg] x]tn] Ps ;xfotf sf]if v8f ug]{ ' p2]Zosf ;fy t]Dkf u'?ª z]kf{n] cfkm\g} ;Dk"0f{ cfly{s vr{df pQm sfo{qmd cfof]lht u/]sf lyP . --lj/fh zdf{ / k|sfz ltjf/L

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2008 k|Zg M d !* jifL{of o'jtL x'" . d]/f] cg'xf/ ux'uf]/f] 5 . cg'xf/df " ;fgf] s]xL sfnf] bfu jf h] cfP klg jf§ b]lvG5 . d]/f] cg'xf/df sfnf s'g­s'g} v}/f vfnsf ;fgf cfsf/sf } ltn sf]7L 5g\ . o;n] d]/f] cg'xf/ g/fd|f] b]vfPsf] x'bf d}n] cfo'jl]{ bs " cf}ifwL k|of]u u/]+ clg d]/f] ;d:of 7Ls klg eof] . cf}ifwL l;l4Psf sf/0f d}n] km]l/ Ps dlxgfkl5 ToxL cf}ifwL k|of]u u/], t/ kl5 7Ls geO{ + emg\ gePsf] 7fp"df klg cfPsf] 5 . d of] ;d:ofaf6 ;bfsf nflu 5'6sf/f \ kfpg rfxG5' . ;fy} d]/f] cg'xf/ 8«fO{ h:t} lgwf/, gfs, gfsd'lg cf]7d'lg lrNnf] cfPh:t} x'G5 . d]/f] ufnf lgwf/ / d'veGbf uf]/f] g} 5 . d]/f lgwf/, gfsd'lg / cf]7d'lgsf] efu ufnfeGbf cln sfnf]h:tf] 5 . o;sf] ;dfwfgsf nflu s] ug'knf{ < { ­ cgfd pQ/ M s'g} JolQm sfnf] / s'g} uf]/f] lsg x'G5 < JolQm sfnf] jf uf]/f] x'g' eg]sf] 5fnfsf] /Ësf] sf/0fn] g} xf] . 5fnfsf] /Ë lsg uf]/f] jf sfnf] x'G5 < 5fnfsf] /Ë melanin gfds pigment n] lgwf{/0f u5{ . uf]/f] tyf sfnf] b'j} k|sf/sf 5fnf ePsf JolQmdf of] pigment x'G5 . of] klg b'O{ k|sf/sf] x'G5 . s]xL /ftf]kgb]lv kx]nf]kg + ePsf] pigment nfO{ pheomelanin elgG5 eg] sfnf] jf uf9f s}nf]nfO{ eumelanin elgG5 . uf9f /Ë ePsf JolQmdf eumelanin sf] pTkfbg a9L x'G5 eg] uf]/f] 5fnf ePsf] JolQmdf pheomelanin . o;sf] ;+Vof tyf cfsf/n] g} JolQmsf] 5fnfsf] /ËnfO{ lgwf{/0f u5{ . melanin ;fdfGotof 5fnfsf] aflx/L txdf x' G 5 / melanocyte gfds ljz]if sf]ifn] pTkfbg u5{ . melanin n] kf/hDa' /lZd - ultraviolet rays_ sf] ljls/0faf6 arfp"5 . 5fnfsf] s'g} efudf lsg /+u kl/jt{g x'G5 < ljleGg sf/0fn] 5fnfsf] s'g} efu s] x L uf9f /Ësf] x' G 5 . ;fdfGoeGbf a9L dfqfdf

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melanocyte n] melanin pTkfbg ug'{ g} o;sf] sf/0f xf] . k/LIf0fsf] cefjdf o;} eGg g;lsP klg tkfO+sf] ;Gbe{df melasma ePsf] { x'g;S5 . elgG5, j+zf0f'ut ¿kd} s]xL JolQmdf o:tf] x'g] ;Defjgf a9L x'G5 / ljleGg sf/0fn] o:tf] s'/fsf] ;'?jft ug{ ;S5 . uef{j:yfdf x'g] t w]/n] ;'Gg' ePs} xf]nf . To;} } u/]/ xfdf]g ePsf cf}ifwLsf] k|of]u { klg o;sf] sf/0f x'g;S5 . ;"osf] { ;Lwf k|sfzsf] k|efj klg o:tf] s'/fsf] ;'?jft x'g;S5 . sltko ;'ulGwt ;fa'g, ;f}Gbo{ k|;fwgsf] k|of]u ubf{ s;}s;}nfO{ phototoxic reaction x'g;S5 . sltkodf o:tf] lsg ePsf] xf]nf eg]/ o;} eGg ;lsg] l:ylt x'bg . "} k'?ifsf] t'ngfdf dlxnfdf a9L melasma kfOG5 . of] o:t} #) b]lv $) jif{sf] pd]/df a9L b]lvG5 . ljz]if u/]/ 3fddf a:bf ;lhn} 5fnf sfnf] x'g] jf 5fnfsf] /Ë s]xL uf9f ePsf JolQmdf uf]/f] JolQmdf eGbf o:tf] ;d:of a9L x'g] b]lvPsf] 5 . ljz]if u/]/ o;n] lgwf/, ufnf clg dflyNnf] cf]7sf] efunfO{ k| e fljt u5{ . o:tf] x' " b f lald/fh:tf dfq} jf cln 7" n f bfu b] l vG5 . slxn] s fxL+ of] cg' x f/ jf z/L/sf] cGo efudf klg b]lvg ;S5 . pkrf/sf nflu tkfO{ + n ] lrlsT;s jf ;lsG5 eg] rd{/f]u ljz]if1;"u ;Dks{ /fVg' a]; x'G5 . cGo lrlsT;fk4ltdf klg o;sf] pkrf/ xf]nf, t/ o;sf af/]df o;} eGg ;lsg] l:ylt ePg . ljrf/ ug'kg]{ s'/f s] xf] eg] pkrf/ { ;'? u/] klg kmfObf ePsf] b]lvg w]/} ;do nfUg;S5, To;}n] w}o{ cfjZos 5 . xfdf]g ePsf cf}ifwL {

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Âfd| L b] l vg l:nd aGg ca xfd|f] kfnf] vf]H5g\ . cGbLk pk|tL -!(_, ;nf{xL of] :tDedf xfdLn] /fv]sf k|Zgsf] #) zAbdf ga9fO{ pQ/ ] o'jtLx¿nfO{ Âfd|f;u yfxf k7fpg'kg]{5 . k|To]s pQ/sf ;fydf cfk\mgf] k"/f gfd, 7]ufgf / ] " 5 s]6fx¿nfO{ af]Sg cK7\ofÂf] x'G5 pd]/ n]Vg glal;{g'xf]nf . k|Zg gDa/ Ps ;w}+ cfufdL k|Zgsf eGg] s'Âf, ToxL eP s'g} cK7\ofÂf] ¿kdf /xg]5 . Pp6f kfgfdf Pp6f pQ/ dfq :jLsf/ ul/g]5 . != o'jsx¿ lsg o'jtL eg]kl5 dl/xQ] u5{g\ < gxf];\ eg] l:nd aGg vf]H5g\ . { /fd lqkf7L [email protected]@_, ;nf{xL @= o'jfx¿nfO{ nfu"cf}ifwsf] b'Jo{;gaf6 d'Qm ug{ s] ug'knf{ < ] { ;8sdf lx"8\bf s]6fx¿n] #= k|ddf lsg dg]­dfg]{ s;d vfOG5 < $= ljjflxt k'?ifnfO{ s;/L lrGg ;lsG5 < l;6L df¿g\ eg] xf]nf lg . {' ;'/h l;+x, hgsk'/ %= tkfO{+ 6fOd kf; ug{ s] ug'xG5 < cfsif{s b]lvgnfO{ xf]nf . ^= zf/Ll/s ¿kdf alnof ;'ul7t k'?if cfsif{s x'G5g\ ls rsn]6L cg'xf/sf ;fwf/0f k'?if < lsg < lsgls k|foM s]6fx¿ l:nd s]6L &= of] ;+;f/ s:tf] 5 < dg kÂfp"5g\ . + lgd{n lai6, sf7df8f}+ *= tkfO{nfO{ gof" g]kfn s:tf] nflu/x]5 < df]6L x'bf s;}n] klg cf"vf (= s:tf o'jtL /fd|f x'G5g\ < lsg < " gnfpg] eP . !)= s:tf o'js /fd|f dflgG5g\, lsg < j}wgfy sf]O/fnf, wflbªa+;L ] af6f]df lx"8\bf s's' kl5 o'jfx¿nfO{ cfslif{t ug{ klg xf] . nfu]h:t} s]6fx¿ kl5 nfu'g\ eg] o'jfx¿n] g} To:t} o'jtLx¿ dg xf]nf lg . kÂfpg] ePsf] x'bf o'jtLx¿ To:tf] " ;dk{0f e§/fO{, hgsk'/ aGg vf]hsf] x'gk5{ . ] ' Âfd|L b]lvg xf] ls < bLk]Gb| sfsL{ -!(_, ;Nofg o'j/fh l3ld/] [email protected]*_, ;+vjf;ef ' Tof] pgLx¿sf] JolQmut s'Âf st} rnlrqsf] lxÂf]Og e}xfn] xf], sf]xL jhg 36fpgnfO{, sf]xL lxÂf]nfO{ af]Sg ;lhnf] xf];\ eg] :j:y ÂxgnfO{ t sf]xL cfsif{s xf]nf lg . b]lvgnfO{ x'g;S5 t csf{sf] lghL lg/f]h e§/fO{ s'Âfdf xft xfn] 6fpsf] b'vfpg] s]6fx¿n] dg kÂfpg\ eg] . sfd lsg ug]{ x" < rt'/ s'nª -!*_, 5]:sfd, ;f]nvDa' ' ' ' /]zd ;'gjf/ ' v} o'js klÂof] cfkm" t . cfkm"nfO{ ;]S;L -cfsif{s_  ho/fd e§/fO{, hgsk'/ sd pd]Âsf] b]vfpg . km"lt{nf] aGg, Âfd|L b]lvg, yk l8o/ pQd [email protected])_, kfNkf eGg'kbf{ k'?ifnfO{ cfslif{t ug{ . cfw' l gstf;" u } cfkm\ g f] s] x L sfd ug{ klg Âfd| L x' g ' JolQmTj ljsf; ug{ . cfjZos 5 . To;sfÂ0f klg l:nd ;Dk"0f{ k|hfklt, lydL x'g vf]Hg' :jfefljs xf] . ;DkfbsHo", @! cf}" ztfAbLsf o;f]bf dxt [email protected]!_, ;f}7f, df]/ª o'jsx¿n] sDd l5g]sf o'jtLnfO{ sk8fsf] lskmfotL xf]nf lg . a9L k|fyldstf lbg yfn], o:tf] ;'lgn d+uftL -!*_ | cj:yfdf o' j tLx¿n] l:nd ;fKtflxssf] dWok[i7df k|foM aGg}k¥of] lg . w]Âh;f] o'jtL ;]S;L b]lvg } eg] sf]xL Âfd|f] lkmlhS;sf nflu l:nd o'jtLs} tl:a x'G5, st} k|ltdf >]i7 [email protected]!_, s'8x/, kf]v/f " To;s} k|efj t xf]Og < l:nd x'G5g\ . of] hdfgfdf hxf"txL" ;'Gb b]lvg] ;'ljg >]i7, x]Dhf, kf]v/f xf]8 5 . clg t hf] sf]xL o'jtL l:nd la? g'uf] km'?Da' v} yfxf t 5} g t} k lg aGg lsg vf]Hb}gg\ t < s]6fx¿nfO{ cfsif{0f ug{ xf] ls < uf]s0f{ nfld5fg], :joDe" clnslt hjfkm n] l vxfnf} " . v8\sdl0f yfdL [email protected]%_, a:tLk'/

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k;ndf vl/b ul/Psf] lhG;nfO{ lkml6ª / :6fOln:6 agfpg lhG; lkml6ªdf k'Ug'kg]{ x'G5 . o'js­o'jtL dfq xf]Og pd]/ kfs]sf;DdnfO{ lhG;s} klx/gn] tfg]sf] 5 . lhG; lkml6ª ;]G6/df e]l6PsL $% jif{ s6]sL Ps dlxnfn] nhfp"b} elgg\­ ...lhG;df ;lh"bf pd]/ gvfPh:tf] b]lvG5 .Ú pgL h:t} w]/nfO{ } lhG;sf km/s­km/s :6fOnn] cfslif{t ul//x]sf] 5 . lhG;sf] :s6{df u|Gr / a'§f e/]/ ;lhPsL df]8n ;¿ dfgGw/n] elgg\­ ...lhG;df :6fOln:6 b]Vg ;lsG5 . r'h, :s6{,{ ldgL :s6{,{ ly| Sjf6/ kfOG6, Hofs]6, xfkm 6K;df klg ljleGg cf6{ u/]sf] / u|Gr -wfuf] lgsfn]sf]_ u/]sf] lhG; :6fOnn] km];g]an o'jf­ o'jtLx¿nfO{ cfslif{t ul//x]sf] 5 . kl5Nnf] k6s a9L rn]sf] :6fOn lhG;sf km/s­km/s :6fOndf u|Gr ug'{ xf] . kfOG6­;6{nfO{ wfuf] lgsfn]/ hlt RofTof] TolQs} km];g]an x'g] u/]sf] 5 . lhG;sf o:tf :6fOnn] clxn]sf] ahf/ vfPsf] 5 . kf]v/f lhG; lkml6ª PG8 ODa|fO8/Lsf ] ;~rfns laSs' gjfª eG5g\­ lhG;sf km/s­km/s :6fOnsf] dfu k"/f ug{ xDd]­xDd] e}/x]sf] 5 . :yfgLo dfq xf]Og ljb]zL;Ddn] gof"­gof" lhG; :6fOn vf]H5g\ . xªsªaf6 ;d]t ;]G6/df lhG;sf] 6K; / ldgL :s6{{ a9L l8dfG8 x'g] u/]sf] laSs' atfp"5g\ . afOs :s'6/df x'Ol" sP/ lx+8gb]lv ;x/sf uNnL­ \ ] rf]sdf cf]xf]/bf]xf]/ ug]{ tGg]/L­t?gLx¿ lhG;sf nf]enfUbf klx/gdf lx+8bf x/]ssf] gh/ k5{ . \ s'g} k;ndf lsg]sf] lhG;nfO{ gof" :6fOndf 9fNg'k¥of] eg] ;a}hgf lhG; ;]G6/ g} k'U5g\ . ljz]ifu/L tGg]/L o'jfx¿df u|Gr u/]sf] lhG; kfOG6cl3 ydlkg 6f";/ nufpg] rng a9]sf] 5 . ;6{ kfOG6 / :s6{df ] ljleGg vfnsf lrqx¿ agfP/ nufpg]x¿ klg plQs} e]l6G5g\ . o'jtLx¿ ljz]ifu/L lhG;sf] ly|Sjf6/, Sjf6/ / 6K;df lrl/Rof§ kg]{ u/]sf 5g\ . udL{df / hf8f] b'j} df};dsf nflu x'g] ePsfn] klg lhG;sf klx/g af¥x} dlxgf rNg] u/]sf x'g\ . lhG;sf kf/vLx¿sf] dfu k"/f ub}{ cfPsf] ljzfn ahf/l:yt Go"lqmo;;gsf ;~rfns ;'/zs'df/ /fgf eG5g\­ clxn] u|Gr, snl/ª ] / ODa|f8/L lhG; rNtLdf 5 .Ú ] ­lzj zdf{

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o;k6ssf] k| a n bfa] b f/ dflgPsf] kf] r ' { u nnfO{ hd{g Ln] Sjf6/ kmfOgndf @ sf lj?4 # uf] n n] k/flht u¥of] eg] ;]ldkmfOgndf of] k|ltof]lutfsf] 8fs{ xif{sf ¿kdf /x]sf] 6sL{nfO{ @ sf lj?4 # uf]nn] k/flht u/]/ kmfOgndf k|jz u/]sf] lyof] . ] o'/f]ksf km'6an kl08tx¿n] o;k6ssf] o'/f]lkog RoflDkogl;k k| l tof] l utfdf Oª\ N ofG8 5gf} 6 gePkl5 k|ltof]lutf g} vNnf] x'g] cg'dfg u/]sf lyP, t/ pgLx¿sf] ;f]rfOcg';f/ k|ltof]lutf Tolt vNnf] ePg, t/ o'/f]lkog km'6ann] cGt/f{ l i6« o If] q df agfPsf] 5ljcg';f/sf] k|ltof]lutf klg x'g ;s]g . o'/f]lkog RoflDkogl;ksf] pkljh] t f u| L ; o;k6s lnu r/0faf6} 3/ kmls{Psf] lyof] . ;d"x ...8LÚ df k/]sf] u|L;n] cfkm"n] v]nsf ] tLg v]ndWo] ;a}df xf/ cfTd;ft\ ug'k¥of] . To;}u/L ;f]xL ;d"xdf { /x]sf] :jL8]g klg lnu r/0faf6} 3/ kmls{Psf] lyof] . ;g\ !(*$ / @))) sf] RoflDkog k|mfG;n] klg o;k6s g/fd|f] k/fhosf] ;fdgf ug'k¥of] . { k| m fG;n] lnu r/0fsf] v] n df /f]dflgof;"u uf]n/lxt a/fa/Ldf /]k|mLn] v]n ;dflKtsf] lx\jl;n ahfpg dfq af"sL x'bf uf]n/Ifs " ?:t' /]Sa/n] xfg]sf] an l8­aS; If]qdf lgoGq0fdf ln"b} ;]Gt'sn] pQm { gf6sLo uf]n u/]sf lyP . ;]Gt'sn] { a/fa/L u/]kl5 6fOa|s/df 6sL{ ! ] sf lj?4 # uf]nn] ljhoL ePsf] lyof] . :jLh/NofG8 / hd{gLlj?4 klg annfO{ hfnL r'dfPsf ;]Gt'sn] { o'/f]df s'n # uf]n u/] . lrQ a'emfpg'k/] klg g]b/NofG8åf/f ! sf lj?4 $ uf]nn] / O6fnLåf/f z"Gosf lj?4 @ n] k/flht eP/ 3/ kmls{gk/]sf] lyof] . k/fhosf] ' >+vnfdf 7"nf] wSsf o'/f] @))* [ sf cfof] h s cl:6« o f / :jLh/NofG8n] klg ef]u] . ;d"x ...aLÚ df /x]sf] cl:6«ofn] klxnf] k6s o' / f] l kog RoflDkogl;ksf] kmfOgndf plqPsf] kf]NofG8;"u !­ ! uf]nsf] a/fa/L ug'{ g} p;sf nflu ;kmntf 7xl/of] eg] csf]{ cfof]hs :jLh/NofG8n] cfkm\gf cl3Nnf b'j} v]ndf k/fho ef]u] klg lnu r/0fsf] clGtd v]ndf kf]runnfO{ z"Gosf lj?4 @ uf]nn] {' k/flht u/]/ k|ltof]lutfs} cfZro{hgs glthf k|:t't u/]sf] lyof] . Sjf6/ kmfOgnsf v]nx¿df hd{gLåf/f kf]run k/flht x'g' hlt {' /f] d f~rs lyof] Tof] e Gbf a9L /f] d f~rs ¿;åf/f g] b /NofG8, 6sL{åf/f qmf]Pl;of / k]gfN6L ;'6 cfp6dfkm{t\ :k]gåf/f O6fnL k/flht x'g' /x\of] . o'/f] sk prfNg] bfpdf ;]ldkmfOgn k'usf 6sL{ / ¿;nfO{ ] /f]Sg hd{gL / :k]g ;kmn eP . 6sL{ hd{gLåf/f @ sf lj?4 # uf]nn] / ¿; :k]gåf/f z"Gosf lj?4 # uf]nn] k/flht ePsf lyP .

cl:6«ofsf] leogfl:yt cg]:6 { xf]kn /+uzfnfdf tLg k6s o'/f]lkog ] RoflDkogl;k k|ltof]lutfsf] pkflw lhlt;s]sf] hd{gLnfO{ z"Gosf lj?4 ! uf]nn] k/flht ub}{ :k]g bf];f] | k6s o'/f]lkog RoflDkog ag]sf] 5 . ut cfOtaf/ g] k fnL ;docg' ; f/ dWo/ftdf ePsf] kmfOgndf ;f9] %! xhf/ bz{sdfem :k]gsf kmgf{G8f] 6f]/];n] ## cf}+ ldg]6df u/]sf] uf]n g} v]nsf] lg0ff{os uf]n ;flat ePsf] lyof] . ;g\ !(^$ df bf];f] o'/f]lkog | RoflDkogl;k k|ltof]lutf cfof]hgf ubf{ kmfOgndf ;f]leot ;+3nfO{ ! sf lj?4 @ uf]nn] k/flht u/]kl5 :k]gn] 5ljcg';f/ s'g} klg 7"nf k|s[ltsf km'6an k|ltof]lutfdf ;kmntf xft kfg{ ;s]sf] lyPg . ;g\ !(*$ sf] ;ftf}+ o'/f]lkog RoflDkogl;ksf] kmfOgndf k'u] klg :k]g cfof]hs k|mfG;åf/f z"Gosf lj?4 @ uf]nn] k/flht ePsf] lyof], oBlk o;k6s :k]gn] k|ltof]lutf k|f/Deb]lv g} cfkm\gf] ljhoL 5lj k|:t't u/]sf] lyof] . ;d"x ...8LÚ df /x]/ cfkm\gf] ljhoofqf k|f/De u/]sf] :k]gn] lnu r/0fsf] s'g} klg v]ndf k/fhosf] ;fdgf ug'k/]g . cfkm\gf] { ;d"xdf :k]gn] ¿;nfO{ ! sf lj?4

:k]gsf] kf]N6fdf bf];f| ] k6s o'/f] sk

o'/f] @))* sf v]nx¿

v]n gDa/ @( hd{gLlj?4 6sL{ o'/f] @))* sf] pGgtL;f}+ tyf klxnf] ;]ldkmfOgn v]ndf hd{gLn] 6sL{nfO{ @ sf lj?4 # uf]nn] k/flht u/L kmfOgndf k|jz u¥of] . ] pQm k|lt:kwf{df hd{gLsf tkm{af6 afl:6g :j]:6]u/, ld/f]:nfe Snf]; / lkmn n]xofdn] !÷! uf]n u/]sf \ lyP eg] 6sL{sf tkm{af6 ;]lxd ;]G6f]s / pu/ af]/fnn] !÷! uf]n u/]sf lyP . v]n gDa/ #) ¿;lj?4 :k]g o'/f] @))* sf] tL;f}+ tyf bf];|f] ;]ldkmfOgn v]ndf :k]gn] ¿;nfO{ z"Gosf lj?4 # uf]nn] k/flht u/L kmfOgndf k|jz u¥of] . ] pQm k|lt:kwf{df :k]gsf tkm{af6 hfeL xgf{G8]h, 8]le8 l;Nef / 8\oflgon luhfn] !÷! uf]n u/]sf lyP . v]n gDa/ #! hd{gLlj?4 :k]g o'/f] @))* sf] PstL;f}+ tyf kmfOgn v]ndf :k]gn] hd{gLnfO{ z"Gosf lj?4 ! uf]nn] k/flht u/L pkflw xft kf¥of] . pQm k|lt:kwf{df :k]gsf tkm{af6 kmgf{G8f] 6f]/];n] lg0ff{os ! uf]n u/]sf lyP .

$ uf]nn], :jL8]g / u|L;nfO{ ;dfg :sf]/ ! sf lj?4 @ uf]nn] k/flht ub}{ Sjf6/kmfOgndf k'usf] lyof] . ] Sjf6/kmfOgndf :k]gn] O6fnLnfO{ k]gfN6L ;'6 cfp6df @ sf lj?4 $ uf]nn] / ;]ldkmfOgndf ¿;nfO{ #­ ) uf]nsf] cGt/n] k/flht u/]sf] lyof] . o' / f] l kog RoflDkogl;k k|ltof]lutfdf ;jf{lws ^ k6s kmfOgndf k|jz kfPsf] hd{gLn] ;g\ ] !(&@, !(*) / !((^ sf] o'/f]lkog RoflDkogl;ksf] pkflw xft kf/]sf] lyof] eg] ;g\ !(&^ / !((@ df

pkljh]tfd} lrQ a'emfPsf] lyof] . o; k6ssf] o'/f] k|ltof]lutfdf hd{gLn] lnu r/0fdf qmf]Pl;of;"usf] k/fhosf] ;fdgf ug'k¥of] . klxnf] { k6s o'/f]lkog RoflDkogl;ksf] kmfOgndf plqPsf b' O { d' n ' s cl:6«of / kf]NofG8nfO{ qmdzM z"Gosf lj?4 ! / z"Gosf lj?4 @ uf] n n] k/flht u/] klg qmf]Pl;of;"u eg] hd{gL ! sf lj?4 @ uf]nn] k/flht ePsf] lyof], t/ hd{gLn] gscfp6 r/0fdf eg] cfkm\gf] /f]df~rs v]n b]vfof] .

tYof+sdf o'/f] @))*

· o'/f] @))* df ;~rfng ePsf k|ltof]lutfsf] ;+Vof­ #! · lgwf{l/t () ldg]6df lg0f{o ePsf v]nsf] ;+Vof­ @% · lgwf{l/t () ldg]6sf] v]ndf a/fa/Ldf ePsf v]nsf] ;+Vof­ ^ · cltl/Qm ;dodf lg0f{o ePsf v]nsf] ;+Vof­ ! · k]gfN6L ;'6 cfp6sf cfwf/df lg0f{o ul/Psf v]nsf] ;+Vof­ @ · uf]nsf] ;+Vof ­ && · k|ltv]n @ bzdna $* sf] cf};tn] uf]n ePsf] lyof] . · k]gfN6Lsf] ;+Vof­ % · k]gfN6L k|xf/ /f]lsPsf] ;+Vof ­ $ · /ftf] sf8{sf] ;+Vof­ # · /ftf] sf8{ kfpg] v]nf8Lx¿­ afl:6g :j]:6]u/ -hd{gL_, ef]Nsfg

8]ld/]n -6sL{_, Pl/s clabn -k|mfG;_

Os/ sfl;nf;, :k]g

o'/f]sf lx/f]

leNnf $ uf] n ;lxt o' / f] / uf]n ug]{ klxnf] v]nf8L ag] . RoflDkogl;ksf ;jf{lws uf]nstf{ ag] . cltl/Qm v]nf8Lsf ¿kdf d}bfg k|jz ub}{ lnudf kf]NofG8lj?4sf] ] dfOsn afnfs, hd{gL lhtdf pgn] lg0ff{os Ps dfq uf] n u/] . 6sL{ l j?4 gf6sLo Sjf6{/kmfOgndf ! ;o !( cf}+ ldg]6df pTs[i6 uf]n ub}{ SnflHgsn] qmf]Pl;ofnfO{ cu|tf lbnfPsf lyP .

cfGb|O cf;{leg, ¿; ]

¿;sf] ;]dLkmfOgn ofqfdf cfqmds ld8lkmN8/ cfGb| ] O cf;{ l eg gfos ag] . 5gf} 6 r/0fdf /ftf] sf8{ kfPsfn] @ Dofrsf] k|ltaGwkl5 lnusf] clGtd v]ndf :jL8]glj?4 d}bfgdf kmls{Psf cfGb|On] Ps uf]n ub}{ csf]{ uf]nsf] ] df}sf l;h{gf u/]/ ¿;nfO{ z"Gosf lj?4 @ uf]nn] lhtfP . Sjf6{/kmfOgndf alnof] g]b/NofG8\;lj?4 ! sf lj?4 # uf]nsf] lhtdf klxnf] uf]n u/]sf cfGb|O nuftf/ @ kN6 Dofg ckm b ] Dofr eP .

· kx]nf] sf8{sf] ;+Vof­ ! ;o @@ · ;jf{lws uf]n ug]{ l6d­ :k]g, [email protected] uf]n · ;jf{lws sd uf]n vfg] l6d­ qmf]Pl;of, @ uf]n · ;jf{lws sd uf]n ug]{ l6d­ cl:6«of, k|mfG;, lu|;,

kf]NofG8 / /f]dflgof, ! uf]n

lgxft sfxe]rL, 6sL{

7"nf k|ltof]lutfdf cefuL dflgg] :k]g ;w}+ Sjf6{/kmfOgndf r'Sg] uYof],{ t/ o;k6s eg] o'/f]sf] ljh] t f g} aGof] . 6fOa| ] s /df O6fnLsf 8flgon 8] /f] ; L / PG6f]lgof] 8L gtfn]sf] k|xf/ /f]Sb} sKtfg Pjd\ uf]n/Ifs sfl;nf;n] :k]gnfO{ ;]dLkmfOgndf k'¥ofPsf lyP . k|To]s Dofrdf pTs[i6 k|bz{g u/] s f sfl;nf;n] o' / f] RoflDkogl;ksf ^ v]ndf # uf]n dfq} vfP/ cfÎgf] l6dsf nflu ljhosf] ;+/rgf tof/ u/] .

· k|ltof]lutf cjlwe/ ;jf{lws uf]n ePsf v]nx¿­

:k]g­¿; -$­!_, g]b/NofG8­k|mfG; -$­!_, 6sL{­r]s l/klAns -#­@_, kf]run­hd{gL [email protected]­#_, {' hd{gL­6sL{ -#­@_ ­ % uf]n · km/flsnf] uf]n cGt/ ePsf v]nx¿­ g]b/NofG8­O6fnL -#­)_, :k]g­¿; -$­!_, g]b/NofG8­ k|mfG; -$­!_, ¿; ­ :k]g -)­#_ · x\ofl6«s­ 8]le8 leNnf -:k]g_ ¿;lj?4 .

kmgf{G8f] 6f]/;, :k]g ]

d'Vo :6«fOs/ 8]lj8 leNnfsf] cg'kl:yltdf kmfOgndf cfqmd0fsf] lhDdf kmgf{G8f] 6f]/];sf] sf"wdf lyof] . hd{gLlj?4 kmfOgndf Ps dfq uf]n ub}{ lne/k'n :6«fOs/ jfl:6og :j]:6]Ou/, hd{gL 6f]/;n] $$ jif{ kl5 :k]gnfO{ o'/f] ] jfog{ Do'lgvsf @# jifL{o RoflDkog agfP . h:tf];s} l:yltdf ld8lkmN8/ :j]:6]Ou/ gof" hd{g ' klg uf] n ug{ vlKk; 6f] / ] ; n] lx/f] sxlnP . pkljh]tfd} /f]lsP k|ltof]lutfdf s'n @ uf]n u/] . klg hd{ g Ln] Sjf6{ / kmfOgndf alnof] kf]runnfO{ @ sf lj?4 # {' 8]lj8 leNnf, :k]g lnu r/0fsf] klxnf] v]nd} uf]nn] k/flht ubf{ pgn] Ps uf]n ¿;lj?4 x\ofl6«s ub}{ 8]lj8 leNnfn] dfq} u/]gg\, af"sL @ uf]nsf cj;/ txNsf dRrfP . k| l tof] l utfs} klg l;h{gf u/] . lnusf] bf];|f] Psdfq x\ofl6«sstf{ leNnfn] lnus} v]ndf qmf]Pl;oflj?4 /ftf] sf8{ bf];f] v]ndf :jL8]glj?4 OGHo'/L kfPsf :j]:6]Ou/n] ;]dLkmfOgndf | 6fOddf lg0ff{os uf]n ub}{ :k]gnfO{ 6sL{lj?4 klxnf] uf]n klg u/] . Sjf6{ / kmfOgndf k' ¥ ofP . cGo Oefg SnflHgs, qmf]Pl;of v]ndf uf]n gu/] klg pTsi6 k|bz{g qmf]Pl;ofnL :6«fOs/ Oefg u/]sf leNnf ;]ldkmfOgndf 3fOt] SnflHgs @ uf] n ub} { d[ u f} n f ePsfn] kmfOgn v]Ng kfPgg\ . k|Tof/f]k0fkl5 7"nf k|ltof]lutf v]Ng]

hd{ g Lsf dfOsn afnfs ;bfjxf/ gfossf ¿kdf k|Voft 5g\ . rf}yf]kN6 hd{gLnfO{ o'/f] ljh]tf agfpg r's] klg cGt/f{li6«o km' 6 andf ;af{ l ws uf] n ug] { ld8lkmN8/ afnfssf] k| b z{ g k|z;gLo lyof] . pgn] lnu r/0fdf + cl:6« o f / Sjf6{ / kmfOgndf kf]runlj?4 lg0ff{os ;dodf !­ {' ! uf]n u/] . hd{g sKtfg afnfsn] uf]n ug]{ / uf]nsf cj;/ l;h{gf ug]{ cfkm\gf] pTs[i6tf o'/f]df klg b]vfP .

o'/f]df c;kmn :6f/x¿

lqml:6ofgf] /f]gfN8f] pkflw bfj]bf/dWo]sf] Ps kf]run Sjf6{/kmfOgndf hd{gL;"u {' #­@ n] k/flht eof] . ;g\ @))& df jif{ s f] pTs[ i 6 v] n f8Lsf] dgf]gogdf k/]sf / o; jif{ klg bfj]bf/ dflgPsf /f]gfN8f] of] v]ndf :jfefljseGbf sdhf]/ b]lvP . k|ltof]lutfdf ;g;gL km}nfpg] ck]Iff ul/Psf /f]gfN8f]n] ;f] v]ndf sdhf]/ k|bz{g u/]kl5 kf]r'{un k|ltof]lutfaf6} aflx/ eof] . PG6]lgof] 8L gf6fn] O6fnLsf oL ld8lkmN8/nfO{ g] b /NofG8;" u sdhf] / k| b z{ g u/]kl5 l6daf6 afxL/ /flvPsf] lyof] . /f]dflgof / k|mfG;;"u v]Ng] df}sf gkfPsf gf6fn]nfO{ O6flnog k| l zIfs /fa] 6 f] { 8fgf8f] g Ln] :k] g ;" u sf] v] n df j} s lNks v]nf8Lsf ¿kdf d}bfgdf k|j]z u/fP . :k]g;"usf] Sjf6/{kmfOgndf pgn] /fd|f] df}sf kfP klg pgsf] x]8nfO{ :k]gsf uf]n/Ifs cfOs/ sfl;nf;n] arfPkl5 O6fnL lhtaf6 jl~rt eof] . 6fOa|s/df ] pgsf] k] g fN6L k| x f/nfO{ klg sfl;nf;n] arfPkl5 O6fnL k|ltof]lutfaf6 aflxl/Psf] xf] . cfl8«ofgf] d'6' /f] d flgofsf oL :6f/n] k] g fN6Ldf uf] n ug{ g;Sg' g} /f]dflgof k|ltof]lutfsf] klxnf] r/0faf6 aflxl/g'sf] k|dv sf/0f ' aGof] . O6fnL;"usf] klxnf] r/0fsf] v]ndf !­! uf]nsf] a/fa/L ePsf] cj:yfdf /f]dflgofn] k]gfN6Lsf] cj;/ kfPsf] lyof] . d' 6 ' s f] k| x f/nfO{ O6flnog uf] n /Ifs lhofgn'Osf a'kmf]gn] arfPkl5 /f]dflgof ;+s6df k/]sf] lyof] . g]b/NofG8 klxnf] r/0fdf ;d"xdf klxnf] :yfg xft kfg]{ tLg l6d Sjf6/{kmfOgndf k/flht eP . h;dWo] g]b/NofG8sf] k/fhonfO{ ;a}eGbf cfZro{sf ¿kdf lnOof] . klxnf] r/0fdf g] b /NofG8n] k| m fG;nfO{ $­!, O6fnLnfO{ #­) tyf /f]dflgofnfO{ @­) n] k/flht u/]sf] lyof] . ¿;;"usf] k/fhokl5 g]b/NofG8sf tL ;a} k|bz{g cy{xLg ag]sf lyP .

xfsg oflsg, :jLh/NofG8

lnu r/0faf6} aflxl/g] kSsf e} ; s] s f] 6sL{ n fO{ sfxe] r Ln] gf6sLo ¿kdf ;]dLkmfOgn;Dd k'¥ofP . lnusf] clGtd v]ndf alnof] r]s l/klAnslj?4 @ uf]nn] k5fl8 /x]sf] l:ylt pN6fp"b} *^ / *( cf}+ ldg]6df pTs[i6 uf]n u/]/ pgn] 6sL{nfO{ @ sf lj?4 # uf]nsf] lht lbnfPsf lyP . k|To]s v] n df pTs[ i 6 k| b z{ g u/] s f leNnfl/on Kn]ds/ sfxe]rL 3fOt] ] ePsfn] ;]dLkmfOgndf hd{gLlj?4 o'/f] RoflDkogl;ksf] !# cf}+ eg] cg'kl:yt /x] . ;+:s/0fsf] ;x­cfof]hs :jLh/NofG8 ;]ldx ;]Gt's,{ 6sL{ pTs[i6 k|bz{g ubf{ub}{ klg lnu r/0faf6} sdAofs lsª 6sL{ / 8fs{ aflxl/of] . :jL; l6dsf lglDt ;a} x;{ qmf] P l;ofaLrsf] o' / f] # uf]n u/]/ #! jifL{o cfqmfds RoflDkogl;ksf] ;jf{lws /f]df~rs ld8lkmN8/ xfsg oflsg cfof]hs / gf6sLo v]nsf gfos ;]ldx l6dsf lx/f] ag] . pgn] 6sL{lj?4sf] ;]Gt's{ x'g\ . yk #) ldg]6sf] ;do xf/df Ps uf]n kmsf{P . pgs} @ uf]ndf {' ;lsg Ps ldg]6cl3 SnflHgsn] :jLh/NofG8n] kf]runnfO{ z"Gosf lj?4 qmf] P l;ofnfO{ lbnfPsf] cu| t f @ uf]nn] k/flht u¥of] . ­/fh' l3l;ª OGHo'/L 6fOddf ;]Gt'sn] e+u u/] . {

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n'O; cf/fuf]g;, :k]g ]

v]n lhTbf v]nf8Lx¿sf] v'a} rrf{ x'G5 . pgLx¿nfO{ s;/L v]Ng] egL l;sfpg] k| l zIfsx¿ eg] g]kYod} x'G5g\ . ^( jifL{o k|lzIfs n'O; cf/fuf]g;n] :k]gnfO{ gof" o'/f] ] RoflDkog agfPsf x' g \ . 7" n f k|ltof]lutfdf ;w}+ Sjf6{/kmfOgnaf6 aflxl/"b} cfPsf] :k]gnfO{ lg/Gt/ @) v]n;Dd ck/flht ofqfdf pgn] $$ jif{ k5fl8 o'/f]k]nL pkflw lbnfPsf x'g\ . :k]gL l6d ;Dxfn]sf] $ jif{ d f klxnf] k N6 /fpn uf]~hfn]hh:tf cg'ejL :6«fOs/nfO{ a]jf:tf u/L o'jf v]nf8Lx¿sf] jr{:jdf pkflw lht]sfn] cf/fuf]g; ] :ofjf;Lsf kfq ag]sf 5g\ . s8f :jefjsf n'O;n] afl;{nf]gf, l/on a]l6;, Eofn]lG;of, PYn]l6sf] Dofl8«8, ;]len, l/on dfnf]sf{h:tf 7"nf :k]lg; Snax¿nfO{ @* aif{ k|lzIf0f lbO;s]sf 5g\ .

efUodfgL PgkL;L clGtd rf/df

;d"x ljh]tf aGg g;s] klg g] k fn k' l n; Sna -PgkL;L_ k| ] l ;8] G 6\ ; sk km' 6 ansf] ;]ldkmfOgn k|jz u¥of] . ut ;ftf ] dn]l;ofdf ;DkGg ;d"x ...PÚdf bf];f| ] :yfgd} lrQ a'emfPsf] PgkL;Ln] ;jf]Ts[i6 ;d"x pkljh]tfsf ¿kdf { clGtd rf/df k|jz kfPsf] xf] . ] ;d"x ...aLÚdf # l6d dfq ePsfn] cGo ;d"xsf] c+s tflnsfdf k'R5/sf l6d;"usf] glthf cy{xLg x'bf ut jif{sf] pkljh]tf PgkL;Lsf] " efUo rlDsPsf] xf] klxnf] v]ndf a+unfb]zsf] caxgL lnld6]8nfO{ $­) n] k/flht u/]sf] PgkL;Ln] bf];f| ] v]ndf kfls:tfgsf] jfK8fnfO{ d'l:snn] !­! sf] a/fa/Ldf /f]ssf] ] lyof] . lnu r/0fsf] clGtd v]ndf tflhls:tfgsf] /] u / tf8fhn] z'qmaf/ @­@ sf] a/fa/Ldf /f]skl5 ] PgkL;Lsf v] n f8Lx¿ klxnf] r/0faf6} aflxl/of] eg]/ lg/fz e} d}bfgd} /f]Psf lyP . ...Pl;ofnL km'6an dxf;+3 -PPkm;L_n] v]n ;lsPsf] Ps 306f k5fl8 xf] 6 ndf pTsi6 ;d" x pkljh]tfsf ¿kdf clGtd rf/df k|j]z kfPsf] hgfP,Ú ­PgkL;L :6«fOs/ h'dg' /fO{n] eg] . k|lzIfs lj/f6s[i0f >]i7 eG5g\­ ...lg/fzf 5fPsf] xfd|f] l6ddf PPkm;Lsf] Tof] va/n] xiff]{Nnf; Nofof] .Ú ;d"x ljh]tf aGg g;s] klg ;]ldkmfOgn k'Ug] nIo k|fKt ePsf]df pgL b+u 5g\ . b'O{ lht / Ps a/fa/L v]nsf] ] k|]l;8]G6\; sksf] k"j{ljh]tf /]u/ tf8fh & c+s;lxt ;d"x ...;LÚ ljh]tf eof] . ck/flht PgkL;Ln] % c+s hf]8of] . \ b'OkN6sf] ljh]tf lslu{:tfgsf] { 8f]/8f]O{ 8fogfdf] ;d"x ...aLÚ / t'sdl] g:tfgsf] cZuaft ;d"x ...;L×Ú {] ljh]tf eO{ clGtd rf/df k'u] . ;d"x ...;LÚ pkljh]tf sfGafjhfn] ^ c+s hf]8klg k'R5/sf l6d;"usf] ] glthf PPkm;Lsf] lgodcg';f/ cy{xLg ePsfn] PgkL;Lsf] efUo v'n]sf] xf] . k'R5/sf l6d;"usf] v]nsf] u0fgf gubf{ sfGafjhfsf] # / PgkL;Lsf] $ c+s x'G5 . ;f]daf/ hf/L ...8«Ú cg';f/ ;]K6]Da/

hf]lrd nf]p, hd{gL

a"9f] af3sf ¿kdf kl/lrt hd{gLn] pkflw glht] klg k|lzIfs hf]lrd nf]p v';L g} 5g\ . tLgkN6sf] ljh]tf hd{gLnfO{ 5}6f}+kN6 o'/f] RoflDkogl;ksf] kmfOgndf k'¥ofPsfn] pgL clxn] hd{gx¿df nf] s lk| o ag] s f 5g\ . cfqmds v]nz}nL, o'jfnfO{ l6ddf cj;/ Pj+ k|efjzfnL k|lzIf0fsf sf/0f cfufdL ljZjsk;Dd $* jifL{o k"jl{ d8lkmN8/ nf]pnfO{ hd{g l6dsf] lhDd]jf/L lbO;lsPsf] 5 . lg/Gt/ ;kmntf;"u} pgn] hd{gLnfO{ o'/f] @))* df 5gf}6 x'g] klxnf] l6d agfPsf lyP . ...pgsf] of]Uotf ;xfos k|lzIfs dfq xf]Og,Ú ­b'O{ jif{cl3 hu]g lSnG;Dofgn] cfkm\gf ;xfos /x]sf nf]psf af/]df eg]sf of] { jfSoaf6} pgsf] k|ltef k|:6\ofp"5 .

!( df lslu{ : tfgdf x' g ] ;]ldkmfOgndf PgkL;Ln] alnof] 3/]n' l6d 8f]/8f]O{ 8fogfdf]sf] ;fdgf ug]5 . csf]{ ;]ldkmfOgndf { /]u/ tf8fhn] c:uaft;"u ;]K6]Da/ @! Df v]Ng]5 . k|l] ;8]G6\; skdf ;f] l eot ;+ 3 af6 ljeflht d'nsx¿nfO{ r'gf}tL lbg] Psdfq ' l6d PgkL;L xf] .

ut jif{ g]kfndf /fli6«o lnu gePsfn] ;lxb :df/s lnusf] k"jl{ jh]tfsf ¿kdf k|l] ;8]G6\; sk v] N g] df} s f kfPsf] PgkL;Ln] dn]l;ofdf pTs[i6 k|bz{g u/]sf] k|lzIfs lj/f6s[i0f >]i7n] atfP . >]i7n] ;fKtflxs;"u eg]­ ...;a}n] /fd|f] v]nsfn] l6d js{ pTsi6 /x\of] . ] tLgj6} v]ndf an lgoGq0f u/]

klg w]/} uf]nsf df}sf r'sfp"bf ;d"x ljh]tf aGg ;s]gf}+ .Ú ld8lkmN8/ kj{t kf08]sf] pgn] k|z;f u/] . + PgkL;Lsf k|To]s v]ndf :6«fOs/ h'dg' /fO{ gfos /x] . klxnf] v]ndf caxgLlj?4 x\ofl6«s u/]sf pgn] jfK8f / /]u/ tf8fh;"u klg Ps­ Ps uf]n 7f]s] . Ps dlxgfotf PPkm;L Rofn]~h sksf] 5gf}6 r/0f, ;fkm RoflDkogl;k / of] k|];L8]G6\; sksf !) v]ndf ;nf{xLsf @$ jifL{o tGg]/L h'dg'sf] uf]n ;+Vof !) k'usf] 5 . ;fkmdf @ / Rofn]Gh ] skdf # uf]n u/]sf /fO{n] ut jif{sf] k|;L8]G6\; skdf klg $ uf]n xfg]sf ] lyP . caxgLlj?4 cgGt yfkf / /]u/ tf8fh;"u r]tg l3ld/]n] PgkL;Lsf lglDt Ps­Ps uf]n u/] . jfK8f;"usf] v]ndf /ftf] sf8{ kfPsf cg' e jL /Ifs /fs] z >] i 7 ;]ldkmfOgn v]Ng kfpg] ePsfn] b'OkN6sf] ljh]tf 8f]/8f{Ol{ j?4 s8f { r' g f} t L k| : t' t ug] { d f PgkL;L k|lzIfs >]i7 9'Ss 5g\ . ­/fh' l3l;ª

u'; lxl8+s, ¿;

g] b /NofG8sf gful/s u' ; lxl8+s ljZj km'6ans} k|efjzfnL k| l zIfs x' g \ . ljZjskdf g]b/NofG8nfO{ ;g\ !((* / blIf0f sf]l/ofnfO{ ;g\ @))@ df ;]ldkmfOgn tyf c:6« ] l nofnfO{ @ jif{ c l3 gscfp6 r/0f k'¥ofPsf lxl8+sn] o' / f] RoflDkogl;kdf ¿;nfO{ cfZrfo{ h gs l6dsf ¿kdf ;]ldkmfOgn;Dd 8f]¥ofP . 5gf}6 r/0fd} ;g;gL dRrfPsf] ¿;nfO{ pgn] ;f] e ot ;+ 3 ljefhgkl5 klxnf]kN6 7"nf k|ltof]lutfsf] gscfp6 r/0f k|jz u/fP . Sna km'6an ] k|lzIf0fdf klg y'k}| ;kmntf xfl;n u/]sf ^@ jifL{o k|lzIfs lxl8+sn] cfufdL ljZjsk;Dd ¿;L l6dnfO{ k|lzIf0f lbg]5g\ .

kmfltx t]l/d, 6sL{

kmfltx t] l /dsf] ;kmn k|lzIf0fs} sf/0f 6sL{sf hgtfn] pgnfO{ ...km'6an ;d|f6\Úsf] pkdf lbPsf 5g\ . O6flnog Sna P;L ldnfgsf] g]tTj ul/;s]sf %% jifL{o [ t]l/d v]nf8Lx¿nfO{ Jofoj;flos cg' z f;gdf v] n fp" b } h:tf] ; ' s } l6dlj?4 klg clGtd ;]sG8;Dd ;+3if{ ] ug]{ k|lzIfssf ¿kdf lrlgPsf 5g\ . 6sL{nfO{ o'/f] RoflDkogl;ksf] ;]ldkmfOgn k'¥ofPsf t]l/d v]n ;lsPsf] lx\jl;n gah];Dd xf/ dfGb}gg\ . r] s l/klAns tyf qmf]Pl;oflj?4sf] lht pgsf] ;+3if{s} kl/0ffd xf] . ;+3if{k0f{ ;]ldkmfOgndf hd{gL;"u 6sL{ #­@ n] " k/flht e} 3/ kmls{Psf] lyof] .

;jf{lws uf]n ug]{ v]nf8Lx¿

:nfe]g lalns, qmf]Pl;of

gf6sLo Sjf6{ / kmfOgndf 6sL{;"u qmf]Pl;of xf/] klg o'/f] RoflDkogl;ksf ;a}eGbf sfG5f #( jifL{o k|lzIfs :nfe]g lalns lgs} rrf{ eof] . 5gf}6 r/0fsf b'j} v]ndf Oª\NofG8nfO{ k/flht u/]/ pgn] cfkm\gf] v'aL b]vfO;s]sf lyP . o'/f] RoflDkogl;ksf] lnu r/0fdf hd{gLnfO{ k/flht u/]/ qmf]Pl;ofn] txNsf g} dRrfof] . klxnf] 7"nf] k| l tof] l utf ljZjsk­(* df qmf]Pl;ofnfO{ t];|f] :yfg lbnfpg dxOEjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]nsf k"jl{ 8km]G; lalns ax'dvL k|ltefsf wgL x'g\ . ] ' x]eL d]6n AofG8 .../faf]pÚsf lutfl/:6 lalns sfg'gdf :gftsf]Q/ x'g\ .

$ uf]n 8]le8 leNnf -:k]g_ # uf]n xsfg oflsg -:jLh/NofG8_ ;fd]x ;]G6«s -6sL{_ ' /f]dfg kfen]Gr]Gsf] -¿;_ n'sf; kf]8f]n:sL -hd{gL_ @ uf]n 8\oflgon luhf -:k]g_ Oefg Snfl:gs -qmf]Pl;of_ Hnf6fg Oa|fdf]ler -:jL8]g_ /f]lag Eofg k];L{ -g]b/NofG8_ ?8Eofg lg:6f]n/f]o -g]b/NofG8_ lgxft sfe]rL -6sL{_ cfGb|O cf;{leg -¿;_ ] jf:n] ;]H8/ -g]b/NofG8_ c8«f y'/fg -6sL{_ afl:6og :j]:6]u/ -hd{gL_ kmgf{G8f] 6f]/; -:k]g_ ] ld/f]:nfe Snf]; -hd{gL_ dfOsn afnfs -hd{gL_

h]7 #! @), @)^% July 4,2008 c;f/ @)^% June 13, 200 8

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